LESSON 110 Ahara Sutta Nutriment 13 12 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY
Traditionally the are 84,000 Dharma Doors - 84,000 ways to get Awakeness. Maybe so; certainly the Buddha taught a large number of practices that lead to Awakeness. This web page attempts to catalogue those found in the Pali Suttas (DN, MN, SN, AN, Ud & Sn 1). There are 3 sections:
The discourses of Buddha are divided into 84,000, as to separate addresses. The division includes all that was spoken by Buddha.”I received from Buddha,” said Ananda, “82,000 Khandas, and from the priests 2000; these are 84,000 Khandas maintained by me.” They are divided into 275,250, as to the stanzas of the original text, and into 361,550, as to the stanzas of the commentary. All the discourses including both those of Buddha and those of the commentator, are divided into 2,547 banawaras, containing 737,000 stanzas, and 29,368,000 separate letters.
CDB i 540
Ahara Sutta: Nutriment
translated from the Pali by
This discourse incorporates the teaching on the four nutriments (see -) into the pattern for dependent co-arising, placing them in the position usually occupied by clinging: after craving and before becoming. Putting nutriment in this position highlights one of the connotations of the Pali word for clinging, upadana, which can also mean “sustenance.” It also highlights one of the connotations of the Pali word for craving, tanha, which can also mean “thirst.”
The Commentary to this discourse tries to fit this teaching into the three-lifetime interpretation of dependent co-arising, emphasizing the role of the four nutriments in the mechanics of death and rebirth, but there is no need to limit the teaching to this interpretation. The teachings both in this discourse and in the following one show the complex interactions and feedback loops among the different factors of dependent co-arising, both between lifetimes and within a single lifetime — even a single moment. Craving is what takes material form, contact, intention, and consciousness — all of which precede it in the chain of dependent co-arising — and turns them into food for further becoming: continued becoming in this lifetime, and future becoming in the next.
I have heard that on one occasion the Blessed One was staying near in Jeta’s Grove, Anathapindika’s monastery. There he addressed the monks, “Monks, there are these four nutriments for the maintenance of beings who have come into being or for the support of those in search of a place to be born. Which four? Physical food, gross or refined; contact as the second; intellectual intention the third; and consciousness the fourth. These are the four nutriments for the maintenance of beings who have come into being or for the support of those in search of a place to be born.
“Now, these four nutriments have what as their cause, what as their origination, what as their source, what as that which brings them into play? These four nutriments have craving as their cause, craving as their origination, craving as their source, craving as that which brings them into play.
“And this craving has what as its cause, what as its origination, what as its source, what as that which brings it into play?… Feeling…
“And this feeling has what as its cause…? …Contact…
“And this contact has what as its cause…? …The six sense media…
“And these six sense media have what as their cause…? …Name-&-form…
“And this name-&-form has what as its cause…? …Consciousness…
“And this consciousness has what as its cause…? …Fabrication…
“And this fabrication has what as its cause, what as its origination, what as its source, what as that which brings it into play? Fabrication has ignorance as its cause, ignorance as its origination, ignorance as its source, ignorance as that which brings it into play.
“Thus, from ignorance as a requisite condition come fabrications.
“From fabrications as a requisite condition comes consciousness.
“From consciousness as a requisite condition comes name-&-form.
“From name-&-form as a requisite condition come the six sense media.
“From the six sense media as a requisite condition comes contact.
“From contact as a requisite condition comes feeling.
“From feeling as a requisite condition comes craving.
“From craving as a requisite condition comes clinging/sustenance.
“From clinging/sustenance as a requisite condition comes becoming.
“From becoming as a requisite condition comes birth.
“From birth as a requisite condition, then aging & death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair come into play. Such is the origination of this entire mass of stress & suffering.
“Now from the remainderless fading & cessation of that very ignorance comes the cessation of fabrications. From the cessation of fabrications comes the cessation of consciousness. From the cessation of consciousness comes the cessation of name-&-form. From the cessation of name-&-form comes the cessation of the six sense media. From the cessation of the six sense media comes the cessation of contact. From the cessation of contact comes the cessation of feeling. From the cessation of feeling comes the cessation of craving. From the cessation of craving comes the cessation of clinging/ sustenance. From the cessation of clinging/sustenance comes the cessation of becoming. From the cessation of becoming comes the cessation of birth. From the cessation of birth, then aging & death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair all cease. Such is the cessation of this entire mass of stress & suffering.”
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The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.
§ Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches
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VOICE OF SARVAJAN
[The Buddhist Circle] Visa-on-arrival for Buddhist pilgrims to India.
Visa-on-arrival for Buddhist pilgrims from 5 more countries
NEW DELHI: As a New Year gift to Buddhist pilgrims, the government has decided to extend Visa-on-arrival facility to five ASEAN countries from January 1.
“It is being decided that Visa-on-Arrival (VoA) facility would be extended to five more countries —Cambodia, Philippines, Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar. The scheme would be operational from the New Year 2011,” a senior tourism ministry official said.
The single-entry visa, to be issued atDelhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata airports, will have a validity of 30 days.
“The decision was taken after due discussion with the ministries of external affairs and home. A formal announcement in this regard will be made soon,” the official said, adding, “the VoA would facilitate in attracting moreBuddhist pilgrims from these countries.” India had launched the VoA in January on a pilot basis for Singapore, New Zealand, Japan, Finland and Luxembourg.
“The response is so far good and 5,644 tourists availed this facility between January and November this year. Now we want to include more countries,” he said.
Tourism ministry has signed an MoU with International Finance Corporation to develop the Buddhist circuit.
“Currently, there is a special train connecting Buddhist sites and steps are being taken to make this circuit a well-connected route,” the official said.
Read more: Visa-on-arrival for Buddhist pilgrims from 5 more countries - The Times of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Visa-on-arrival-for-Buddhist-pilgrims-from-5-more-countries/articleshow/7086454.cms#ixzz17tsCaOXB
[The Buddhist Circle] Re: [Apana HR] (45) Study: International Scholarship/Education/PhD Positions….
450 SC/ST quota posts vacant in top Delhi govt hospitals
Posted online: 2010-12-10 15:47:09+05:30
New DelhiThe government today said more than 450 posts under the
reserved category were lying vacant in three top state-run hospitals
in the national capital owing to various reasons.
“498 reserved posts are lying vacant in three Central government
hospitals — Safdarjung hospital, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia hospital and
Lady Hardinge Medical College and associated hospitals on account of
death, retirement, resignation, non-availability of suitable
candidates,” Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad told the Lok Sabha
in a written reply today.
“Recruitment and filling up of these posts is a continuous process and
vacancies are filled up through the recruiting agencies based on
requirement and also taking into account the government’s reservation
policy,” Azad said.
HYDERABAD, December 8, 2010
SC, ST recruitment in AIR, Doordarshan
The Prasara Bharati officials have issued orders to the organisation’s
South Zone officials to take up recruitment of SC and ST candidates to
fill vacant posts in All India Radio and Doordarshan, following
intervention of the Programme Staff Association of AIR and DD, V.
Gopichand, State secretary of the association, said in a statement on
Tuesday. Special Correspondent
A window to the SC/ST community
Not many visiting the ongoing International Book Festival at the
Ernakulathappan Ground in Kochi would realise that the 21-year-old
guiding them from the committee office is a budding writer in her own
SC/STharude Jeevitham Oravalokanam (A look into the life of SC/STs)
authored by Ligy K.R. had fetched her the Dr. Ambedkar National
Fellowship Award. The book published by Kurukshetra Publications was
released in May this year.
She spent a week with the Adivasis of Wayanad to research on the
subject. “It was an enriching experience as I always wanted to know
about the Adivasi community,” said Ligy.
The book split into seven chapters runs into 95 pages. It tries to
give an overview of the life of the SC/ST community in the State and
the historical injustices done to them. The book remains simple but
It looks into the reasons why the SC/STs were denied proper education
and revolts held to win the community their rights.
The lives of some giants who fought for the community and the rights
ensured to the SC/STs in the Indian Constitution were some of the
She has now focused on
what she regards as the lopsided liquor policy of the State
government. She has already started writing. “Why can’t the government
hike the price of liquor sold through Beverages outlets on a par or
more than what’s being charged in bars and use the increased returns
from it to subsidize essential items,” she asks.
She has graduated in Economics and is now pursuing an MBA degree.
Hailing from a poor family in Chengamanad near Angamaly, Ligy is
candid about her financial situation and the need to start earning a
Her father is a daily wage worker while her mother is bed-ridden owing
to a spinal disease.
She is realistic enough to earn a job with a steady income and to
carry on with writing alongside.
During this week, however, she will keep aside all her worries
enjoying her time with the books which she so dearly loves.
M. P. Praveen
From: sidheeq poocholamad <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, Dec 12, 2010 at 1:26 AM
By SHAHID RAZA BURNEY | ARAB NEWS
Published: Dec 10, 2010 23:15 Updated: Dec 10, 2010 23:15
NAGPUR, India: Legislator Abu Asim Azmi created a furor in a session of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly on Friday when he alleged that according to the WikiLeaks disclosure the Hindu militant organization Rashtriya Sevak Sangh (RSS) was a thousand times more dangerous than the Al-Qaeda.
“It has been exposed in the WikiLeaks as to how a thousand times more dangerous is the RSS than the Al Qaeda. Therefore I demand that strong and stern action must be taken against the RSS,” Azmi told the Assembly.
Congress legislator from Mumbai Baba Siddiqui also created a stir in the house when he alleged that Shiv Sena working President Uddhav Thackeray was receiving money from two Mumbai-based industrial houses, based on the intercepted phone recordings between Tata Group spokeswoman Shalani and Public Relations Corporate chief Nira Radia.
Siddiqui made the allegations against Uddhav of accepting money from the two industrial houses – Reliance and Tata Group of Companies. Since Siddiqui made this allegation in English, the Sena legislators failed to grasp the allegations as there was no protest from them.