KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL
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(16) LESSON Tue Jul 11 2007- (2668 Sun 1 Jul LESSON) 1-10 early to recent Chronology of Pali Canon TIPITAKA
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  (16) LESSON Tue Jul  11  2007- (2668 Sun 1 Jul  LESSON) 

1-10 early to recent Chronology of Pali Canon

TIPITAKA

in 01) Classical Magahi Magadhi,
02) Classical Chandaso
language,

03)Magadhi Prakrit,
04) Classical Hela Basa (Hela Language),
05) Classical Pali,


06) Classical Deva Nagari,
07) Classical Afrikaans-- Klassieke Afrikaans
08) Classical Albanian-Shqiptare klasike,
09) Classical Amharic-አንጋፋዊ አማርኛ,
10) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى
11) Classical Armenian-դասական հայերեն,
12) Classical Azerbaijani- Klassik Azərbaycan,
13) Classical Basque- Euskal klasikoa,
14) Classical Belarusian-Класічная беларуская,
15) Classical Bengali-ক্লাসিক্যাল বাংলা,
16) Classical  Bosnian-Klasični bosanski,
16) Classical Bosnian-Klasični bosanski,17) Classical Bulgaria- Класически българск,
18) Classical  Catalan-Català clàssic
19) Classical Cebuano-Klase sa Sugbo,
20) Classical Chichewa-Chikale cha Chichewa,
21) Classical Chinese (Simplified)-古典中文(简体),
22) Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體),
23) Classical Corsican-Corsa Corsicana,
24) Classical  Croatian-Klasična hrvatska,
25) Classical  Czech-Klasická čeština,
26) Classical  Danish-
Klassisk dansk,

27) Classical  Dutch- Klassiek Nederlands,

28) Classical English,



The Buddha’s first sermon after his awakenment

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/564005553303724624

From 560 B.C. to 400 B.C. Siddartha Guatame lived his life, the Four Noble Truths were revealed, the First Buddhist council was held and Buddhism reached Nepal.

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/564005553303729091/

The Eight Spoked Wheel and the Bodhi are the main symbols of Buddhism. The wheel symbolizes the turning of the truth and the law and the tree refers to the place where Buddha acheived enlightenment.

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/564005553303717821/


The eight fold path is the way that enlightenment may be reached. It is divided into 3 sections: wisdom, ethical conduct and mental discipline. The 4 noble truths tell of the truths of suffering and how to surpass it.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_gBe7rO60I
Theravada Buddhist. “Pali with English Translation” Chanting.
Thai Forest Temple
Published on Apr 23, 2011
Created By Acariya Vassa.
Category
Nonprofits & Activism


http://www.suanmokkh-idh.org/talks/chanting-book-ver1-02.pdf
Pali ChaNting
Pali ChaNtingPali ChaNting
Pali ChaNting



Gautama Buddha
>
Quotes


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVKK-WVW2uw


The Awakenment Of The Buddha
TrueTube
Published on Feb 4, 2014
Why do we get old, get ill and die? How can we escape from suffering?
The story of how Prince Siddhartha Gautama left a life of luxury to
embark on a search for the answers, and how he eventually became the
Buddha — the Enlightened One. Animation by Ceiren Bell
Category
Education


youtube.com
Why
do we get old, get ill and die? How can we escape from suffering? The
story of how Prince Siddhartha Gautama left a life of luxury to embark
on a search …
https://www.thoughtco.com/the-four-noble-truths-450095

The Buddha’s first sermon after his awakenment centered on the Four Noble Truths, which are the foundation of Buddhism. The Truths are something like hypotheses and Buddhism might be defined as a process of verifying and realizing the truth of the Truths.

The Four Noble Truths

A common, sloppy rendering of the Truths tells us that life is
suffering; suffering is caused by greed; suffering ends when we stop
being greedy; the way to do that is to follow something called the
Eightfold Path.

In a more formal setting, the Truths read:

  1. The truth of suffering (dukkha)
  2. The truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya)
  3. The truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha)
  4. The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga)

Quite often, people get hung up on “life is suffering” and decide
Buddhism isn’t for them. However, if you take the time to appreciate
what the Four Noble Truths are really about, everything else about
Buddhism will be much clearer. Let’s look at them one at a time.

The First Noble Truth: Life Is Dukkha

The First Noble Truth is
often translated as “life is suffering.” This is not as dire as it
sounds, it’s actually quite the opposite, which is why can be confusing.

Much confusion is due to the English translation of the Pali/Sanskrit word dukkha
as “suffering.” According to the Ven. Ajahn Sumedho, a Theravadin monk
and scholar, the word actually means “incapable of satisfying” or “not
able to bear or withstand anything.” Other scholars replace “suffering”
with “stressful.”

Dukkha also refers to anything that is temporary,
conditional, or compounded of other things. Even something precious and
enjoyable is dukkha because it will end.

Further, the Buddha was not saying that everything about life is
relentlessly awful. In other sermons, he spoke of many types of
happiness, such as the happiness of family life. But as we look more
closely at dukkha, we see that it touches everything in our lives,
including good fortune and happy times.

Among other things, the Buddha taught that the skandhas
are dukkha. The skandhas are the components of a living human being:
form, senses, ideas, predilections, and consciousness. In other words,
the animated body you identify as yourself is dukkha because it is
impermanent and it will eventually perish.

The Second Noble Truth: On the Origin of Dukkha

The Second Noble Truth teaches that the cause of suffering is greed or desire. The actual word from the early scriptures is tanha, and this is more accurately translated as “thirst” or “craving.”

We continually search for something outside ourselves to make us
happy. But no matter how successful we are, we never remain satisfied.
The Second Truth is not telling us that we must give up everything we
love to find happiness. The real issue here is more subtle – it’s attachment to what we desire that gets us into trouble.

The Buddha taught that this thirst grows from ignorance of the self.
We go through life grabbing one thing after another to get a sense of
security about ourselves. We attach not only to physical things but also
to ideas and opinions about ourselves and the world around us. Then we
grow frustrated when the world doesn’t behave the way we think it should
and our lives don’t conform to our expectations.

Buddhist practice brings about a radical change in perspective. Our
tendency to divide the universe into “me” and “everything else” fades
away. In time, the practitioner is better able to enjoy life’s
experiences without judgment, bias, manipulation, or any of the other
mental barriers we erect between ourselves and what’s real.

The Buddha’s teachings on karma and rebirth are closely related to the Second Noble Truth.

The Third Noble Truth: The Cessation of Craving

The Buddha’s teachings on the Four Noble Truths are sometimes
compared to a physician diagnosing an illness and prescribing a
treatment. The first truth tells us what the illness is and the second
truth tells us what causes the illness. The Third Noble Truth holds out
hope for a cure.

The solution to dukkha is to stop clinging and attaching. But how do
we do that? The fact is that you can’t by an act of will. It’s
impossible to just vow to yourself, okay, from now on I won’t crave anything. This doesn’t work because the conditions that give rise to craving will still be present.

The Second Noble Truth tells us that we cling to things we believe
will make us happy or keep us safe. Grasping for one ephemeral thing
after another never satisfies us for long because it’s all impermanent.
It is only when we see this for ourselves that we can stop grasping.
When we do see it, the letting go is easy. The craving will seem to
disappear of its own accord.

The Buddha taught that through diligent practice, we can put an end
to craving. Ending the hamster wheel-chase after satisfaction is
enlightenment (bodhi, “awakened”). The enlightened being exists in a state called nibbna.

The Fourth Noble Truth: The Eightfold Path

The Buddha spent the last 45 or so years of his life giving sermons
on aspects of the Four Noble Truths. The majority of these were about
the Fourth Truth — the path (magga).

In the Fourth Noble Truth,
the Buddha as a physician prescribes the treatment for our illness: The
Eightfold Path. Unlike in many other religions, Buddhism has no
particular benefit to merely believing in a doctrine. Instead, the
emphasis is on living the doctrine and walking the path.

The path is eight broad areas of practice that touches every part of
our lives. It ranges from study to ethical conduct to what you do for a
living to moment-to-moment mindfulness. Every action of body, speech,
and mind are addressed by the path. It is a path of exploration and
discipline to be walked for the rest of one’s life.

Without the path, the first three Truths would just be a theory;
something for philosophers to argue about. The practice of the Eightfold
Path brings the dhamma into one’s life and makes it bloom.

Understanding the Truths Takes Time

If you are still confused about the four Truths, take heart; it’s not
so simple. Fully appreciating what the Truths mean takes years. In
fact, in some schools of Buddhism thorough understanding of the Four
Noble Truths defines enlightenment itself.


http://www.buddhanet.net/pali_chant.htm

Pali
Chanting in the Theravada Buddhist Tradition

* Basic Pronunciation

Vandanâ

Namô Tassa Bhagavatô Arahatô Sammâ-Sambuddhassa
(3x)

Homage to the Triple
Gems
Homage to Him, the Blessed One, the Exalted One, the Fully Enlightened
One.


Ti-Sarana

Buddham Saranam Gacchâmi.
Dhammam Saranam Gacchâmi.
Sangham Saranam Gacchâmi.
Dutiyampi Buddham Saranam Gacchâmi.
Dutiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchâmi.
Dutiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchâmi.
Tatiyampi Buddham Saranarn Gacchâmi.
Tatiyampi Dhammam Saranam Gacchâmi.
Tatiyampi Sangham Saranam Gacchâmi.


Translation: The
Three Refuges


I go to the Buddha
as my refuge.
I go to the Dhamma - The Teachings, as my Refuge.
I go to the Sangha - The Community, as my Refuge.
For the second time I go to the Buddha as my Refuge.
For the second time I go to the Dhamma - The Teachings, as my Refuge.

For the second time I go to the Sangha - The Community, as my Refuge.

For the third time I go to the Buddha as my Refuge.
For the third time I go to the Dhamma - The Teachings, as my Refuge.

For the third time I go to the Sangha - The Community, as my Refuge.


Panca-sila



Pânâtipâtâ Veramani Sikkhâpadam Samâdiyâmi.

Adinnâdânâ Veramani Sikkhâpadam Samâdiyâmi.

Kâmesu Micchâcârâ Veramani Sikkhâpadam
Samâdiyâmi.
Musâvâdâ Veramani Sikkhâpadam Samâdiyâmi.

Surâ Mêraya Majja Pamâdatthânâ Verami
Sikkhâpadam Samâdiyâmi


Imâni Panca Sikkhâpadâni Samâdiyâmi (3x)


Translation: The
Five Precepts


I undertake to observe
the precept to abstain from destroying living beings.
I undertake to observe the precept to abstain from taking things not
given.
I undertake to observe the precept to abstain from sexual misconduct.

I undertake to observe the precept to abstain from false speech.
I undertake to observe the precept to abstain from liquor causing intoxication
and heedlessness.
I undertake to observe the Five Precepts to the best of my ability.(3x)


Buddha Vandana

Iti pi so Bhagavâ-Araham Sammâ-sambuddho.
Vijjâ-carana sampanno Sugato Lokavidû Anuttarro
Purisa-damma-sârathi Satthâ deva-manussânam
Buddho Bhagavâti


Translation - Homage
to the Buddha
Thus
indeed, is that Blessed One: He is the Holy One, fully enlightened,
endowed with clear vision and virtuous conduct, sublime, the Knower
of the worlds, the incomparable leader of men to be tamed, the teacher
of gods and men, enlightened and blessed.


Dhamma Vandana


Svâkkhato
Bhagavatâ Dhammo Sanditthiko Akâliko Ehi-passiko Opanâyiko
Paccattam
veditabbo viññuhiti.


Translation - Homage
to the Teachings
The Dhamma of the Blessed One is perfectly expounded; to be seen here
and how; not delayed in
time; inviting one to come and see; onward leading (to Nibbana); to
be known by the wise, each for himself.


Sangha Vandana


Supati-panno Bhagavato
sâvaka sangho, Ujupati-panno Bhagavato sâvaka sangho.
Ñâya-patipanno Bhagavato sâvaka sangho. Sâmici-patipanno
Bhagavato sâvaka sangho
Yadidam cattâri purisa yugâni attha-purisa-puggalâ
Esa Bhagavato sâvaka sangho.
Âhu-neyyo, pâhu-neyyo, Dakkhi-neyyo,añjalikaraniyo,
anuttaram puññakkhetam lokassâti


Translation - Homage
to the Disciples of the Buddha
The Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples has entered on the good way;
the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples has entered on the straight
way; the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples has entered on the proper
way, that is to say; the Four Pairs of Men, the Eight Types of Persons;
the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples is fit for gifts, fit for
hospitality, fit for offerings, and fit for reverential salutation,
as the incomparable field of merit for the world.


Maha-Mangala
Sutta


Êvam mê
suttam êkam samayam bhagavâ Sâvatthiyam viharati Jêtavanê
Anâthapindikassa ârâmê,
atha kho aññatarâ dêvatâ abhikkantaya
rattiyâ abhikanta vannâ kêvalakappam Jêtavanam
bhâsetvâ, yêna bhagavâ tênupasamkami.
Upasam kamitvâ bhagavantam abhivâdetvâ êkamantam
atthâsi. Êkamantam thitâ kho sâ dêvatâ
bhagavantam gâthâya ajjhabhâsi.
Bahû dêvâ manussâ ca mangalâni acintayum

Âkankhamânâ sotthânam brûhi mangala muttamam.


Asêvanâ
ca bâlânam panditânam ca sêvanâ
Pûjâ ca pûjaniyânam êtam mangala muttamam


Patirûpa dêsa
vâso ca pubbê ca kata puññatâ
Atta sammâ panidhi ca êtam mangala muttamam


Bâhu saccam
ca sippan ca vinayo ca susikkhito
Subhasitâ ca yâ vâcâ êtam mangala muttamam


Mâtâ
pitu upâtthanam puttadârassa sangaho
Anâkulâ ca kammantâ êtam mangala muttamam


Dânam ca dhamma
cariyâ ca ñâtakanam ca sangaho
Anavajjâni kammâni êtam mangala muttamam


Ârati virati
pâpâ majjapânâ ca saññamo
Appamâdo ca dhammêsu êtam mangala muttamam


Gâravo ca
nivâto ca santutthi ca kataññutâ
Kâlêna dhamma savanam êtam mangala muttamam


Khanti ca sôvacassatâ
samanânam ca dassanam
Kâlêna dhamma sâkacchâ êtam mangala muttamam


Tapô ca brahman
cariyam ca ariya saccâ na dassanam
Nibbâna sacchi kiriyâ ca êtam mangala muttamam


Phutthassa lôka
dhammêhi cittam yassa na kampati
Asokam virajam khêmam êtam mangala muttamam


êtâdisâni
katvâna sabbattha maparâjitâ
Sabbhattha sotthim gacchanti tam têsam mangala muttamanti.


Translation:
Discourse
on Blessings


Thus have I heard:
On one occasion
the Exalted One was dwelling at the monastery of Anathapindika, in Jeta’s
Grove, near Savatthi. Now when the night was far spent, a certain deity,
whose surpassing splendour illuminated the entire Jeta Grove, came to
the presence of the Exalted One, and, drawing near, respectfully saluted
Him and stood at one side. Standing thus, he addressed the Exalted One
in verse:
Many deities and men, yearning after good, have pondered on Blessings.
Pray, tell me the Highest Blessing!


Not to associate
with fools, to associate with the wise, and to honour those who are
worthy of honour - this is the Highest Blessing.

To reside in a suitable locality, to have done meritorious actions in
the past, and to set oneself in the right course - this is the Highest
Blessing.


Vast-learning, perfect
handicraft, a highly trained discipline, and pleasant speech
- this is the Highest Blessing.


The support of father
and mother, the cherishing of wife and children, and peaceful occupations
- this is the Highest Blessing.


Liberality, righteous
conduct, the helping of relatives, and blameless actions
- this is the Highest Blessing.


To cease and abstain
from evil, forbearance with respect to intoxicants, and steadfastness
in virtue - this is the Highest Blessing.


Reverence, humility,
contentment, gratitude and the opportune hearing of the Dhamma
- this is the Highest Blessing.


Patience, obedience,
sight of the Samanas (Sanctified Ones), and religious discussions at
due seasons - this is the Highest Blessing.


Self Control, Holy
Life, perception of the Noble Truths, and the realisation of Nibbana

- this is the Highest Blessing.


He whose mind does
not flutter by contact with worldly contingencies, Sorrowless, Stainless,
and Secure - this is the Highest Blessing.


To them, fulfilling
matters such as these, every-where invincible, in every way moving happily
- these are the Highest Blessings.


Karaniya Sutta


Karanîya -
mattha kusalêna - yantam santam padam abhisamecca,
Sakkô ujû ca sûjû ca - suvaco cassa mudu anati
mâni.


Santussakô
ca subharô ca - appa kicco ca salla-huka vutti,
Santindriyô ca nipakô ca - appagabbhô kulêsu
ananugiddhô.


Na ca khuddam samâcarê
kinci - yêna viññu parê upavadeyyum
Sukhinô vâ kheminô hontu - Sabbê sattâ
bhavantu sukhitattâ.


Yêkêci
pâna bhûtatthi - tasâ vâ thâvarâ
vâ anava, sêsâ,
Dîghâ vâ yê mahantâ vâ — majjhimâ
rassakâ - nuka thûlâ.


Ditthâ vâ
yêva additthâ - yêca dûrê vasanti avidûrê,

Bhûta vâ sambhavêsi vâ - sabbê sattâ
bhavantu sukhitattâ.


Na parô param
nikubbêtha - nâti maññêtha katthaci
nam kanci,
Byârôsanâ patigha saññâ - nâñña
- maññassa dukkha miccheyya.


Mâtâ
yathâ niyam puttam - âyusâ êka putta manu rakkhe,

Êvampi sabba bhûtêsu - mânasam bhâvayê
aparimânam.


Mettam ca sabba
lôkasmin - mânasam bhâvayê aparimânam,

Uddham adhô ca tiriyam ca - asambâdham avêram asapattam.


Tittham caram nisinnô
vâ - sayâno vâ yâva tassa vigata middho,
Êtam satim adhittheyya — brahma mêtam vihâram idhamâhu.


Ditthin ca anupa
gamma - sîlavâ dassanêna sampanno,
Kâmêsu vineyya gêdham - nahi jâtu gabbhaseyyam
punarêtiti.



Translation:
Discourse
on Loving Kindness


He who is skilled
in his good and who wishes to attain that state of Calm should act (thus:)
He should be able, upright, perfectly upright, obedient, gentle, and
humble.


Contented, easily
supportable, with few duties, of light livelihood, controlled in senses,
discreet, not imprudent, not be greedily attached to families.


He should not commit
any slight wrong such that other wise men might censure him. May all

beings be happy and secure. May their minds be wholesome.


Whatever living
beings there be: feeble or strong, long, stout, or medium, short, small,
or large, seen or unseen, those dwelling far or near, those who are
born and those who are to be born –may all beings, without exception,
be happy-minded!


Let not one deceive
another nor despise any person whatever in any place. In anger or ill
will, let him not wish any harm to another.


Just as a mother
would protect her only child even at the risk of her own life, even
so let him cultivate a boundless heart towards all beings.


Let his thoughts
of boundless love pervade the whole world: above, below and across–without
any obstruction, without any hatred, without any enmity, Whether he
stands, walks, sits or lies down, as long as he is awake, he should
develop mindfulness. This, they say, is the Highest Conduct.


Not falling into
error, virtuous and endowed with insight, he gives up attachment to
sense-desires. He will surely not be born in any womb again.


Ratana
Sutta


Yânîdha bhûtâni samâgatâni - bhummâni
vâ yâ niva antalikkhê
Sabbêva bhûtâ sumanâ bhavantû - athôpi
sakkacca sunantu bhâsitam.


Tasmâhi bhûtâni
sâmêtha sabbê - mettam karôtha mânusiya
pajâya,
Divâ ca rattô ca haranti yê balim - tasmâhi
nê rakkhatha appamattâ.


Yam kinci vittam
idha vâ huram vâ - saggêsu vâ yam ratanam panitam,

Nano samam atthi tathâgatena - idampi buddhê ratanam panîtam,

Êtêna saccêna suvatthi hôtu.


Khayam virâgam
amatam panîtam - yadajjhagâ sakkyamunî samâhito,

Na têna dhammena samatthi kinci - idampi dhammê ratanam
panîtam
Êtêna saccêna suvatthi hôtu.


Yambuddha settho
parivannayî sucim - samâdhi mânam tarikañña
mâhu
Samâdhinâ têna samô na vijjati - idampi dhammê
ratanam panîtam
Êtêna saccêna suvatthi hôtu.
Ye puggalâ attha satam pasatthâ - cattâri êtâni
yugâni honti,
Te dakkhineyyâ sugatassa sâvakâ - êtêsu
dinnâni mahapphalâni,
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Ye suppa yuttâ
manasâ dalhêna - nikkamino gôtama sâsanamhi

Te patti pattâ amatam vigayha - laddhâ mudhâ nibbutim
bhunjamânâ
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.

Yathinda khîlo pathavim sito siyâ - catubbhi vâtêbhi
asampa kampiyo,
Tathûpamam sappurisam vadâmi — yô ariya saccâni
avecca passati,
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Yê ariya saccâni
vibhâvayanti - gambhira paññnêna sudêsitâni,

Kincâpi tê honti bhusappamattâ - na te bhavam attamam
âdiyanti,
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Sahâvassa
dassana sampadâya - tayassu dhammâ jahitâ bhavanti,

Sakkâya ditthi vicikicchitam ca — silabbatam vâpi yadatthi
kinci,
Catûhapâye hi ca vippamutto - Chacâbhi thânâni
abhabbo kâtum,
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Kincâpi sô
kammam karôti pâpakam - kâyêna vâcâ
udacêtasâ vâ,
Abhabbo sô tassa paticchâdâya - abhabbatâ ditta
padassa vuttâ,
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Vanappagumbê
yathâ phussitaggê - gimhâna mâsê pathamasmin
gimhe,
Tathûpamam dhamma varam adêsayi — nibbânagâmin
paramam hitâya,
Idampi buddhê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Varô varaññû
varadô varâharo - anuttarô dhamma varam adêsayi,

Idampi buddhê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Khinam purânam
navam netthi sambhavam - viratta cittâ âyatike bhavasmim,

Te khina bijâ avirulhicchandâ - nibbanti dhirâ yathâ
yam padipo
Idampi sanghê ratanam panîtam - êtêna saccêna
suvatthi hôtu.


Yânîdha
bhûtâni samâgatani — bhummani vâ yâniva
antalikkhe,
Tathâgatam dêva manussa pûjitam- Buddham namasâma
suvatthi hotu.


Yânîdha
bhûtâni samâgatani — bhummani vâ yâniva
antalikkhe,
Tathâgatam dêva manussa pûjitam - Dhammam namassâma
suvatthi hotu.


Yânîdha
bhûtâni samâgatani — bhummani vâ yâniva
antalikkhe,
Tathâgatam dêva manussa pûjitam - Sangham namassâma
suvatthi hotu.


Translation -
The Jewel Discourse


This Discourse was
delivered by the Buddha in the city of Vesali whose citizens appealed
to the Buddha for help, being afflicted by famine, pestilenee and disturbances
from evil spirits. As a mark of protection for the people of Vesali,
the Buddha delivered this discourse after which the evil spirits were
exorcised and the pestilence subsided.


Whatever beings
are here assembled, whether terrestrial or celestial, may they all be
happy!
Moreover may they attentively listen to my words!


Accordingly give
good heed, all ye beings! Show your love to the human beings who, day
and night, bring offerings to you. Wherefore guard them zealously.


Whatever treasure
there be either here or in the world beyond, or whatever precious jewel
in the precious jewel. By this truth may there be happiness!


The tranquil Sage
of the Sakyas realised that Cessation, Passion-free, Immortality Supreme.

There is nought comparable with the Dhamma. Verily, in the Dhamma is
this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


That Sanctity praised
by the Buddha Supreme is described as “concentration without interruption.
There is nought like that Concentration. Verily, in the Dhamma is this
precious jewel. By this truth may there be happiness!


Those Eight Individuals,
praised by the virtuous, constitute four pairs. They, the worthy of
offerings, the disciples of the Welcome One, - to these gifts given
yield abundant fruit.


Verily, in the Sangha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


With steadfast mind,
applying themselves thoroughly in the Dispensation of Gotama, exempt
(from passion), they have attained to “that which should be attained”,
and, plunging into the Deathless, they enjoy Peace obtained without
price.
Verily, in the Sangha is this precious jewel.


By this truth may
there be happiness!
Just as a firm post, sunk in the earth, cannot be shaken by the four
winds; even so do I declare him to be a righteous person who thoroughly
perceives the Noble Truths.


Verily, in the Sangha
is the precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


Those who comprehend
clearly the Noble Truths, well taught by Him of wisdom deep, do not,
however exceeding heedless they may be, undergo an eighth birth.


Verily, in the Sangha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


For him with the
acquisition of Insight, three conditions come to nought - namely, self-illusion,
doubt, and indulgence in (wrongful) rites and ceremonies, should there
be any. From the four states of misery, he is absolutely freed, and
is incapable of committing the six heinous crimes.


Verily, in the Sangha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


Whatever evil deed
he does, whether by deed, word or thought, he is incapable of hiding
it; for it hath been said that such an act is impossible for one who
has seen the Path.


Verily, in the Sangha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


Like unto the woodland
groves with blossomed tree tops in the first heat of the summer season,
hath the sublime doctrine, that leads to Nibbana, been taught for the
Highest Good.


Verily, in the Buddha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness.


The unrivalled Excellent
One, the Knower, the Giver, and the Bringer of the Excellent has expounded
the excellent Doctrine.


Verily, in the Buddha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


Their past is extinct,
a fresh becoming there is not, their minds are not attached to a future
birth, their desires grow not - those wise ones go out even as this
lamp.


Verily, in the Sangha
is this precious jewel.
By this truth may there be happiness!


We beings here assembled,
whether terrestrial or celestial, salute the Accomplished Buddha, honoured
by gods and men. May there be happiness!


We beings here assembled,
whether terrestrial or celestial, salute the Accomplished Dhamma, honoured
by gods and men. May there be happiness!


We beings here assembled,
whether terrestrial or celestial, salute the Accomplished Sangha, honoured
by gods and men. May there be happiness!


* Basic Pronunciation


a as a in what â
as a in father
i as i in mint î as ee in see
u as u in put û as oo in pool
e as a in cage o as o in no
n as ng in sing ñ as gn in signore


Pausing
Prolong for vowels with ^ or ( - ) such as â, î , û,
e and o.
Pause for double letter such as dd in Buddha : Bu-ddha,
mm in Dhammam : Dha-mmam, ss in Ehi-passiko : E-hi-pa-ssiko



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February 15th is Nirvana day for the Mayana Buddhists. This day remembers the death of Buddha and his passing into Nirvana. It is a day of contemplation and meditation.

 

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06/29/18
(15) LESSON Mon Jul 10 2007- (2667 Sat 30 Jun LESSON) TIPITAKA Gautama Buddha > Quotes Gautama Buddha quotes (showing 321)
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  (15) LESSON Mon Jul  10  2007- (2667 Sat 30 Jun  LESSON) 

TIPITAKA

Gautama Buddha
>
Quotes

 

Gautama Buddha quotes
(showing  321)


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This is a collection of the teachings of the Buddha that are more short and poetic than his other teachings.…

Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
>
Quotes

 

Gautama Buddha quotes
(showing 1-30 of 321)

1) “However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them?”


Gautama Buddha








2) “There is nothing more dreadful than the habit of doubt. Doubt
separates people. It is a poison that disintegrates friendships and
breaks up pleasant relations. It is a thorn that irritates and hurts; it
is a sword that kills.



Gautama Buddha
3) “All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is
founded on our thoughts and made up of our thoughts. If a man speak or
act with an evil thought, suffering follows him as the wheel follows the
hoof of the beast that draws the wagon…. If a man speak or act with a
good thought, happiness follows him like a shadow that never leaves
him.”


Gautama Buddha
4) “No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.”


Gautama Buddha,

Sayings Of Buddha

5) “Peace comes from within.  Do not seek it without.”


Gautama Buddha
6) “You only lose what you cling to.”


Gautama Buddha






7) “Three things can not hide for long: the Moon, the Sun and the Truth.”


Gautama Buddha
8) “Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do
not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your
religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of
your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have
been handed down for many generations. But after observation and
analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is
conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and
live up to it.”


Gautama Buddha
9) “Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent
of throwing it at someone else; you are the one who gets burned.”
“Doubt everything. Find your own light.”


Gautama Buddha
10) “Let us rise up and be thankful, for if we didn’t learn a lot at
least we learned a little, and if we didn’t learn a little, at least we
didn’t get sick, and if we got sick, at least we didn’t die; so, let us
all be thankful.”


Gautama Buddha
11) “Your purpose in life is to find your purpose and give your whole heart and soul to it”


Gautama Buddha
12) “Every morning we are born again. What we do today is what matters most.”


Gautama Buddha
13) “There is no path to happiness: happiness is the path.”


Gautama Buddha
14) “Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no
matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your
own common sense.”


Gautama Buddha
15) “If you truly loved yourself, you could never hurt another.”


Gautama Buddha
16) “A man is not called wise because he talks and talks again; but if
he is peaceful, loving and fearless then he is in truth called wise.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada: The Sayings of the Buddha

17) “You will not be punished for your anger; you will be punished by your anger.”


Gautama Buddha
18) “Now, Kalamas, don’t go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by
scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by
agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought,
‘This contemplative is our teacher.’ When you know for yourselves that,
‘These qualities are skillful; these qualities are blameless; these
qualities are praised by the wise; these qualities, when adopted &
carried out, lead to welfare & to happiness’ — then you should enter
& remain in them.

[Kalama Sutta, AN 3.65]”


Gautama Buddha

http://s2.favim.com/orig/28/buddha-Favim.com-233037.gif
19) “It is like a lighted torch whose flame can be distributed to ever
so many other torches which people may bring along; and therewith they
will cook food and dispel darkness, while the original torch itself
remains burning ever the same. It is even so with the bliss of the Way.

[Sutra of 42 Sections]”


Gautama Buddha

http://libertyinfinity.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Buddha-enlightened-meditation-animated-gif.gif
20) “Greater in battle
than the man who would conquer
a thousand-thousand men,
is he who would conquer
just one —
himself.
Better to conquer yourself
than others.
When you’ve trained yourself,
living in constant self-control,
neither a deva nor gandhabba,
nor a Mara banded with Brahmas,
could turn that triumph
back into defeat.”


Gautama Buddha
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-zH33kZ-zZMk/VSCftWUzFNI/AAAAAAAAQNQ/7OORneWYIUQ/s1600/Buda%2B12.gif
21) “An insincere and evil friend is more to be feared than a wild
beast; a wild beast may wound your body, but an evil friend will wound
your mind.”


Gautama Buddha
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-psyUumqPwVw/VSCgJtn-oVI/AAAAAAAAQQc/eVSMrgKN75k/s1600/Buda%2B8.gif
22) “Conquer the angry one by not getting angry; conquer the wicked by
goodness; conquer the stingy by generosity, and the liar by speaking
the truth.

[Verse 223]”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada

http://animationsa2z.com/attachments/Image/buddhism/buddhism11.gif
23) “Whatever a monk keeps pursuing with his thinking and pondering, that becomes the inclination of his awareness.”


Gautama Buddha
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-zuMrXRz0v80/VSCf-sBi_4I/AAAAAAAAQO8/5cMa02erjNc/s1600/Buda%2B26.gif
24) “If you do not change direction, you may end up where you are heading”


Gautama Buddha
25) “If we couhttps://1.bp.blogspot.com/-vsGjsJEwif4/VSCf9BgZ3qI/AAAAAAAAQOw/TuxHoxv_IH8/s1600/Buda%2B22.gifld see the miracle of a single flower clearly our whole life would change. ”


Gautama Buddha
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/13/fe/a0/13fea0192c63c4d7c6a8f064a50173a7.gif
26) “These… things, householder, are welcome, agreeable, pleasant, & hard to obtain in the world:

Long life is welcome, agreeable, pleasant, & hard to obtain in the world.

Beauty is welcome, agreeable, pleasant, & hard to obtain in the world.

Happiness is welcome, agreeable, pleasant, & hard to obtain in the world.

Status is welcome, agreeable, pleasant, & hard to obtain in the world.

…Now,
I tell you, these… things are not to be obtained by reason of prayers
or wishes. If they were to be obtained by reason of prayers or wishes,
who here would lack them? It’s not fitting for the disciple of the noble
ones who desires long life to pray for it or to delight in doing so.
Instead, the disciple of the noble ones who desires long life should
follow the path of practice leading to long life. In so doing, he will
attain long life…

[Ittha Sutta, AN 5.43]”


Gautama Buddha

http://www.speakgif.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/buddha-heart-animated-gif.gif
27) “Words do not express thoughts very well; every thing immediately
becomes a little different, a little distorted, a little foolish. And
yet it also pleases me and seems right that what is of value and wisdom
of one man seems nonsense to another.”


Gautama Buddha
https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9WBgIeSPRkM/VSCgGjRnBHI/AAAAAAAAQQA/J3_98w96JMY/s1600/Buda%2B6.gif
28) “Do not look for a sanctuary in anyone except your self.”


Gautama Buddha
“Meditate.
Live purely. Be quiet.
Do your work with mastery.
Like the moon, come out
from behind the clouds!
Shine”


Gautama Buddha
zen dream GIF














38) “Nothing is forever except change.”


Gautama Buddha














46) “Better than a thousand hollow words is one word that brings peace.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada

























60) “The greatest prayer is patience.”


Gautama Buddha
61) “You throw thorns, falling in my silence they become flowers.”


Gautama Buddha
62) “May all that have life be delivered from suffering”


Gautama Buddha
63) “There are only two mistakes one can make along the road to truth; not going all the way, and not starting.”


Gautama Buddha
64) “She who knows life flows, feels no wear or tear, needs no mending or repair.”


Gautama Buddha
65) “To become vegetarian is to step into the stream which leads to nirvana.”


Gautama Buddha
66) “If you light a lamp for somebody, it will also brighten your path. ”


Gautama Buddha
67) “When you realize how perfect everything is you will tilt your head back and laugh at the sky”


Gautama Buddha
68) “Kindness should become the natural way of life,not the exception.”


Gautama Buddha
69) “If you find no one to support you on the spiritual path, walk alone. There is no companionship with the immature.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada

70) “The one who has conquered himself is a far greater hero than he who has defeated a thousand times a thousand men.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada: The Sayings of the Buddha

71) “Wear your ego like a loose fitting garment.”


Gautama Buddha
72) “A family is a place where minds come in contact with one another.
If these minds love one another the home will be as beautiful as a
flower garden. But if these minds get out of harmony with one another it
is like a storm that plays havoc with the garden.”


Gautama Buddha
73) “friendship is the only cure for hatred, the only guarantee of peace.”


Gautama Buddha
74) “To force oneself to believe and to accept a thing without
understanding is political, and not spiritual or intellectual.”


Gautama Buddha
75) “In the end, only three things matter: how much you loved, how
gently you lived, and how gracefully you let go of things not meant for
you.”


Gautama Buddha
76) “a dog is not considered a good dog because he is a good barker. a
man is not considered a good man because he is a good talker.”


Gautama Buddha
77) “Speak the truth do not become angered and give when asked, even
be it a little. By these three conditions one goes to the presence of
the gods.”


Gautama Buddha
78) “When you come upon a path
that brings benefit
and happiness to all,
follow this course
as the moon
journeys through the stars.”


Gautama Buddha
79) “What you are is what you have been. What you’ll be is what you do now.”


Gautama Buddha
80) “In separateness lies the world’s greatest misery; in compassion lies the world’s true strength.”


Gautama Buddha
81) “Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.”


Gautama Buddha
83) “If you propose to speak always ask yourself, is it true, is it necessary, is it kind.”


Gautama Buddha
84) “People with opinions just go around bothering one another.”


Gautama Buddha
85) “If a traveller does not meet with one who is his better, or his
equal, let him firmly keep to his solitary journey; there is no
companionship with a fool.”


Gautama Buddha
86) “He is able who thinks he is able.”


Gautama Buddha
87) “Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship. ”


Gautama Buddha
88) “life is a river always flowing. do not hold onto things. work hard.”


Gautama Buddha
89) “Those who attempt to conquer hatred by hatred are like warriors
who take weapons to overcome others who bear arms. This does not end
hatred, but gives it room to grow. But, ancient wisdom has advocated a
different timeless strategy to overcome hatred. This eternal wisdom is
to meet hatred with non-hatred. The method of trying to conquer hatred
through hatred never succeeds in overcoming hatred. But, the method of
overcoming hatred through non-hatred is eternally effective. That is why
that method is described as eternal wisdom. ”


Gautama Buddha
90) There are no chains like hate…dwelling on your brother’s faults
multiplies your own. You are far from the end of your journey.”


Gautama Buddha
91) “Be a lamp unto yourself. Work out your liberation with diligence.”


Gautama Buddha
92) “Silence the angry man with love. Silence the ill-natured man with
kindness. Silence the miser with generosity. Silence the liar with
truth.”


Gautama Buddha
93) “Remembering a wrong is like carrying a burden on the mind.”


Gautama Buddha
94) “He who experiences the unity of life sees his own Self in all
beings, and all beings in his own Self, and looks on everything with an
impartial eye.”


Gautama Buddha
95) s to be evil so that good can prove its purity above it.”


Gautama Buddha
96) “There isn’t enough darkness in all the world to snuff out the light of one little candle.”


Gautama Buddha
97) “A man traveling across a field encountered a tiger. He fled, the
tiger after him. Coming to a precipice, he caught hold of the root of a
wild vine and swung himself down over the edge. The tiger sniffed at him
from above. Trembling, the man looked down to where, far below, another
tiger was waiting to eat him. Only the vine sustained him.

98) Two
mice, one white and one black, little by little started to gnaw away the
vine. The man saw a luscious strawberry near him. Grasping the vine
with one hand, he plucked the strawberry with the other. How sweet it
tasted! ”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada: Verses on the Way

99) “More than those who hate you, more than all your enemies, an undisciplined mind does greater harm.”


Gautama Buddha
100) “To insist on a spiritual practice that served you in the past is
to carry the raft on your back after you have crossed the river.”


Gautama Buddha
“Anger will never disappear so long as thoughts of resentment are cherished in the mind.”


Gautama Buddha
“Most problems, if you give them enough time and space, will eventually wear themselves out”


Gautama Buddha,

Sayings of the Buddha

“It is better to travel, than to arrive”


Gautama Buddha
“Be where you are; otherwise you will miss your life.”


Gautama Buddha
“There is nothing so disobedient as an undisciplined mind, and there is nothing so obedient as a disciplined mind.”


Gautama Buddha
“Every human being is the author of his own health or disease.”


Gautama Buddha
“one moment can change a day, one day can change a life and one life can change the world”


Gautama Buddha
“be greatly aware of the present.”


Gautama Buddha
“How wonderful! How wonderful! All things are perfect, exactly as they are.”


Gautama Buddha
“Be vigilant; guard your mind against negative thoughts.”


Gautama Buddha
“All descriptions of reality are temporary hypotheses.”


Gautama Buddha
“All things appear and disappear because of the concurrence of
causes and conditions. Nothing ever exists entirely alone; everything is
in relation to everything else.”


Gautama Buddha
“Learn this from water: loud splashes the brook but the oceans depth are calm.”


Gautama Buddha
“‎Imagine that every person in the world is enlightened but you.
They are all your teachers, each doing just the right things to help you
learn perfect patience, perfect wisdom, perfect compassion.”


Gautama Buddha
“The Gift of Truth excels all other Gifts.”


Gautama Buddha
“Happiness does not depend on what you have or who you are, it solely relies on what you think.”


Gautama Buddha
“Though one should live a hundred years without wisdom and
control, yet better, indeed, is a single day’s life of one who is wise
and meditative.”


Gautama Buddha
“I never see what has been done; I only see what remains to be done.”


Gautama Buddha
“Look not to the faults of others, nor to their omissions and
commissions. But rather look to your own acts, to what you have done and
left undone.”


Gautama Buddha
“The forest is a peculiar organism of unlimited kindness and
benevolence that makes no demands for its sustenance and extends
generously the products of its life activity; it affords protection to
all beings, offering shade even to the axe-man who destroys it.”


Gautama Buddha
“Bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya lokānukampāya:

For the good of the many, for the happiness of the many, out of compassion for the world.”


Gautama Buddha

“Wakefulness is the way to life.
The fool sleeps
As if he were already dead,
But the Master is awake
And he lives forever.

He watches.
He is clear.

How happy he is!
For he sees that wakefulness is life.
How happy he is,
Following the path of the awakened.

With Great perseverance
He meditates, seeking
Freedom and happiness. ”


Gautama Buddha





“Few among men are they who cross to the further shore. The others merely run up and down the bank on this side.”


Gautama Buddha




“Through countless births in the cycle of existence
I have run, not finding
although seeking the builder of this house;
and again and again I faced the suffering of new birth.
Oh housebuilder! Now you are seen.

You shall not build a house again for me.
All your beams are broken,
the ridgepole is shattered.
The mind has become freed from conditioning:
the end of craving has been reached.”


Gautama Buddha





“Words have the power to both destroy and heal. When words are both true and kind, they can change our world.”


Gautama Buddha




“The non-doing of any evil,
the performance of what’s skillful,
the cleansing of one’s own mind:
this is the teaching of the Awakened. ”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“He who loves 50 people has 50 woes; he who loves no one has no woes.”


Gautama Buddha




“Generosity brings happiness at every stage of its expression. We
experience joy in forming the intention to be generous. We experience
joy in the actual act of giving something. And we experience joy in
remembering the fact that we have given.”


Gautama Buddha




“From a withered tree, a flower blooms”


Gautama Buddha




“To be idle is a short road to death and to be diligent is a way
of life; foolish people are idle, wise people are diligent. ”


Gautama Buddha





“The only real failure in life is not to be true to the best one knows.”


Gautama Buddha




“The mind is everything. What you think, you become”


Gautama Buddha




“The teaching is simple. Do what is right. Be Pure.”


Gautama Buddha




“The virtuous man delights in this world and he delights in the next”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada: The Sayings of the Buddha





“Whoever sees me sees the teaching, and whoever sees the teaching sees me.”


Gautama Buddha




“Do not overlook tiny good actions, thinking they are of no
benefit; even tiny drops of water in the end will fill a huge vessel.

Do
not overlook negative actions merely because they are small; however
small a spark may be, it can burn down a haystack as big as a mountain.”


Gautama Buddha





“Victory breeds hatred. The defeated live in pain. Happily the peaceful live,
giving up victory and defeat.”


Gautama Buddha




“Awake. Be the witness of your thoughts. You are what observes, not what you observe”


Gautama Buddha




“The ignorant man is an ox. He grows in size, not in wisdom.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Work out your own salvation. Do not depend on others.”


Gautama Buddha




“Resolutely train yourself to attain peace.”


Gautama Buddha




“A jug fills drop by drop.”


Gautama Buddha




“Following the Noble Path is like entering a dark room with a
light in the hand; the darkness will all be cleared away, and the room
will be filled with light.”


Gautama Buddha




“If you are facing in the right direction, all you need to do is keep on walking.”


Gautama Buddha




“Yes, Kālāmas, it is proper that your have doubt, that you have
perplexity, for a doubt has arisen in a matter which is doubtful. Now,
look you Kālāmas, do not be led by reports, or traditions, or hearsay.
Be not led by the authority of religious texts, not by the delight in
speculative opinions, nor by seeming possibilities, not by the idea:
‘this is our teacher’. But, O Kālāmas, when you know for yourself that
certain things are unwholesome, and wrong, and bad, then give them up…
And when you know for yourself that certain things are wholesome and
good, then accept them and follow them.”


Gautama Buddha




“contentment is the greatest wealth”


Gautama Buddha




“The wise man makes an island of himself that no flood can overwhelm.”


Gautama Buddha




“Those who consider the inessential to be essential
And see the essential as inessential
Don’t reach the essential,
Living in the field of wrong intention”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“What you think, you become.
What you feel, you attract.
What you imagine, you create.”


Gautama Buddha




“Just to say ‘I believe’ or ‘I do not doubt’ does not mean that
you understand and see. To force oneself to see and accept a thing
without understanding is political and not spiritual or intellectual.”


Gautama Buddha




“In this world
Hate never yet dispelled hate
Only love dispels hate
This is the law
Ancient and inexhaustible
You to shall pass away
Knowing this,how can you quarrel”


Gautama Buddha


“It is in a man’s own mind, not his enemy or foe, that leads him to evil ways.”


Gautama Buddha




“Subhuti, someone might fill innumerable worlds with the seven
treasures and give all away in gifts of alms, but if any good man or any
good woman awakens the thought of Enlightenment and takes even only
four lines from this Discourse, reciting, using, receiving, retaining
and spreading them abroad and explaining them for the benefit of others,
it will be far more meritorious. Now in what manner may he explain them
to others? By detachment from appearances-abiding in Real Truth. -So I
tell you-

Thus shall you think of all this fleeting world:

A star at dawn, a bubble in a stream;

A flash of lightening in a summer cloud,

A flickering lamp, a phantom, and a dream.

When
Buddha finished this Discourse the venerable Subhuti, together with the
bhikshus, bhikshunis, lay-brothers and sisters, and the whole realms of
Gods, Men and Titans, were filled with joy by His teaching, and, taking
it sincerely to heart they went their ways.”


Gautama Buddha,

Diamond Sutra





“As a flower that is lovely and beautiful, but is scentless, even
so fruitless is the well-spoken word of one who practices it not.”


Gautama Buddha




“Ennui has made more gamblers than avarice, more drunkards than thirst, and perhaps as many suicides as despair.”


Gautama Buddha




“Here bhikkhus, some misguided men learn the Dhamma–discourses,
stanzas, expositions, verses, exclamations, sayings, birth stories,
marvels, and answers to questions–but having learned the Dhamma, they do
not examine the meaning of those teachings with wisdom. Not examining
the meaning of those teachings with wisdom, they do not gain a
reflective acceptance of them. Instead they learn the Dhamma only for
the sake of criticising others and for winning in debates, and they do
not experience the good for the sake of which they learned the Dhamma.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya





“Will not be punished for your anger, your anger is the punishment.”


Gautama Buddha




“Know well what leads you forward and what holds you back, and choose the path that leads to wisdom.”


Gautama Buddha




“if the selflessness of phenomena is analyzed and if this analysis
is cultivated, it causes the effect of attaining nirvana. through no
other cause does one come to peace.”


Gautama Buddha




“When you like a flower, you just pluck it.
But when you love a flower, you water it daily.”


Gautama Buddha




“Of bones the city is made,
Plastered with flesh and blood,
Where decay and death are deposited,
And pride, and ingratitude.”


Gautama Buddha




“Therefore, be ye lamps unto yourselves, be a refuge to
yourselves. Hold fast to Truth as a lamp; hold fast to the truth as a
refuge. Look not for a refuge in anyone beside yourselves. And those,
who shall be a lamp unto themselves, shall betake themselves to no
external refuge, but holding fast to the Truth as their lamp, and
holding fast to the Truth as their refuge, they shall reach the topmost
height.”


Gautama Buddha




“Live in joy, in love,
even among those who hate.

Live in joy, in health,
even among the afflicted.

Live in joy, in peace,
even among the troubled.

Look within, be still.
Free from fear and attachment,
know the sweet joy of the way.”


Gautama Buddha





“If you knew what I know about the power of giving you would not let a single meal pass without sharing it in some way. ”


Gautama Buddha




“Every experience, no matter how bad it seems, holds within it a blessing of some kind. The goal is to find it.”


Gautama Buddha




“What we are today comes
from our thoughts of yesterday,
and present thoughts build
our life of tomorrow: our life is the
creation of our own mind”


Gautama Buddha




“How blissful it is, for one who has nothing. Attainers-of-wisdom
are people with nothing. See him suffering, one who has something, a
person bound in mind with people.”


Gautama Buddha




“Do not give your attention to what others do or fail to do; give it to what you do or fail to do.”


Gautama Buddha




“As a lotus flower is born in water, grows in water and rises out
of water to stand above it unsoiled, so I, born in the world, raised in
the world having overcome the world, live unsoiled by the world.”


Gautama Buddha




“THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS

I. Suffering does exist.

II. Suffering arises from “attachment” to desires.

III. Suffering ceases when “attachment” to desire ceases.

IV. Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the eightfold path:

1. Right understanding (view).
2. Right intention (thought).
3. Right speach.
4. Right action.
5. Right livelihood.
6. Right effort.
7. Right mindfulness.
8. Rght meditation (concentration).

Buddha’s fourfold consolation:

With
a mind free from greed and unfriendliness, incorruptible, and purified,
the noble disciple is already during this lifetime assure of a fourfold
consolation:

“If there is another world (heaven), and a cause
and effect (Karma) of good and bad actions, then it may be that, at the
dissolution of the body, after death, I shall be reborn in a happy
realm, a heavenly world.” Of this first consolation (s)he is assured.

“And
if there is no other world, no reward and no punishment of good and bad
actions, then I live at least here, in this world, an untroubled and
happy life, free from hate and unfriendliness.” Of this second
consolation (s)he is assured.

“And if bad things happen to bad
people, but I do not do anything bad (or have unfriendliness against
anyone), how can I, who am doing no bad things, meet with bad things?”
Of this third consolation (s)he is assured.

“And if no bad things happen to bad people, then I know myself in both ways pure.” Of this fourth consolation (s)he is assured.”


Gautama Buddha





“Not merely by rules of conduct and religious observances, nor by
much learning either, nor even by attainment of concentration, nor by
sleeping alone, do I reach the happiness of freedom, to which no
worldlings attain. If you have not put an end to compulsions, nurse your
faith”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“those which are produced from causes are not produced. they do
not have an inherent nature of production. those which depend on causes
are said to be empty; those who know emptiness are aware.”


Gautama Buddha




“Our theories of the eternal are as valuable as are those that a
chick which has not broken its way through its shell might form of the
outside world.”


Gautama Buddha




“All phenomena do not inherently exist because of being
dependent-arisings. All phenomena do not inherently exist because of
being dependently imputed.”


Gautama Buddha




“Opinion, O disciples, is a disease; opinion is a tumour; opinion
is a sore. He who has overcome all opinion, O disciples, is called a
saint, one who knows.”


Gautama Buddha,

Buddhist Scriptures





“I consider the positions of kings and rulers as that of dust motes. I observe treasure of gold and gems as so many bricks
and pebbles. I look upon the finest silken robes as tattered rags. I see myriad worlds of the universe as small seeds of
fruit, and the greatest lake in India as a drop of oil on my foot. I perceive the teachings of the world to be the illusion of,
magicians. I discern the highest conception of emancipation as golden brocade in a dream, and view the holy path of the
illuminated one as flowers appearing in one’s eyes. I see meditation as a pillar of a mountain, Nirvana as a nightmare of
daytime. I look upon the judgment of right and wrong as the serpentine dance of a dragon, and the rise and fall of beliefs
as but traces left by the four seasons.”


Gautama Buddha




“When the Aggregates arise, decay and die, O bhikkhu, every moment you are born, decay, and die.”


Gautama Buddha




“Rule your mind or it will rule you.”


Gautama Buddha




“All wrong-doing arises because of mind. If mind is transformed can wrong-doing remain”


Gautama Buddha




“From craving is born grief, from craving is born fear. For one freed from craving there’s no grief - so how fear?”


Gautama Buddha




“Thousands of candles can be lit from a single candle, and the
life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by
being shared.”


Gautama Buddha


“So too, friend, purification of virtue is for the sake of
reaching purification of mind; purification of mind is for the sake of
reaching purification of view; purification of view is for the sake of
reaching purification by overcoming doubt; purification by overcoming
doubt is for the sake of reaching purification by knowledge and vision
of what is the path and what is not the path; purification by knowledge
and vision of what is the path and what is not the path is for the sake
of reaching purification by knowledge and vision of the way;
purification by knowledge and vision of the way is for the sake of
reaching purification by knowledge and vision; purification by knowledge
and vision is for the sake of reaching final Nibbāna [Nirvana] without
clinging. It is for the sake of final Nibbāna without clinging that the
holy life is lived under the Blessed One.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya



“analyzing through special insight and realizing the lack of inherent existence constitute understanding of the signless.”


Gautama Buddha


“those which arise dependently are free of inherent existence.”


Gautama Buddha


“The darkest night is ignorance.”


Gautama Buddha


“You are as the yellow leaf.
The messengers of death are at hand.
You are to travel far away.
What will you take with you?

You are the lamp
To lighten the way.
Then hurry, hurry.

When your light shines
Without impurity or desire
You will come into the boundless country.

Your life is falling away.
Death is at hand.
Where will you rest on the way?
What have you taken with you?

You are the lamp
To lighten the way.
Then hurry, hurry.

When your light shines purely
You will not be born
And you will not die.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“Monks, even if bandits were to savagely sever you, limb by limb,
with a double-handled saw, even then, whoever of you harbors ill will at
heart would not be upholding my Teaching. Monks, even in such a
situation you should train yourselves thus: ‘Neither shall our minds be
affected by this, nor for this matter shall we give vent to evil words,
but we shall remain full of concern and pity, with a mind of love, and
we shall not give in to hatred. On the contrary, we shall live
projecting thoughts of universal love to those very persons, making them
as well as the whole world the object of our thoughts of universal love
— thoughts that have grown great, exalted and measureless. We shall
dwell radiating these thoughts which are void of hostility and ill
will.’ It is in this way, monks, that you should train yourselves.”


Gautama Buddha



“من يعتقد أنه قادر فهو قادر.”


Gautama Buddha


“Like a caring mother
holding and guarding the life
of her only child,
so with a boundless heart
of lovingkindness,
hold yourself and all beings
as your beloved children.”


Gautama Buddha


“Like the moon, come out from behind the clouds! Shine.”


Gautama Buddha


“Greater than all the joys
Of heaven and earth,
Greater still than dominion
Over all the worlds,
Is the joy of reaching the stream.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“Bhikkus, all is burning. And what is the all that is burning?

The
eye is burning, visible forms are burning, eye-consciousness is
burning, eye-contact is burning; also whatever is felt as pleasant or
painful or neither-painful-nor-pleasant that arises with eye-contact as
its condition, that too is burning. Burning with what? Burning with the
fire of greed, with the fire of hate, with the fire of delusion, with
birth, ageing and death, with sorrow, with lamentation, with pain, grief
and despair it is burning.”


Gautama Buddha



“Meditate, Ānanda, do not delay, or else you will regret it later. This is our instruction to you.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya



“I do not believe in a fate that falls on men however they act;
but I do believe in a fate that falls on them unless they act.
Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.
The way is not in the sky. The way is in the heart.”


Gautama Buddha


“To live a pure unselfish life, one must count nothing as one’s own in the midst of abundance.”


Gautama Buddha


“He has no need for faith who knows the uncreated, who has cut off
rebirth, who has destroyed any opportunity for good or evil, and cast
away all desire. He is indeed the ultimate man.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world.”


Gautama Buddha


“Success isn’t the key to happiness.
Happiness is the key to success.”


Gautama Buddha


“Pure-limbed, white-canopied, one-wheeled, the cart roles on. See him that cometh: faultless, stream-cutter, bondless he.”


Gautama Buddha


“To life in the consciousness of the inevitability of suffering,
of becoming enfeebled, of old age and of death, is impossible — we must
free ourselves from life, from all possible life.”


Gautama Buddha


“Love yourself and watch — today, tomorrow, and always.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“Your actions are your only belongings.”


Gautama Buddha


“The rain could turn to gold and still your thirst would not be
slaked. Desire is unquenchable or it ends in tears, even in heaven.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“This I tell you: decay is inherent in all conditioned things. Work out your own salvation, with diligence.”


Gautama Buddha


“You can not travel the path until you have become the path itself”


Gautama Buddha


“Our life is shaped by our mind, for we become what we think.”


Gautama Buddha


“Don’t give yourself to negligence,
Don’t devote yourself to sensual pleasure,
Vigilant and absorbed in meditation
One attains abundant happiness.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada



“The foot feels the foot when it feels the ground.”


Gautama Buddha


“Tiga hal yang tidak bisa lama tersembunyi : Matahari , bulan , dan kebenaran”


Gautama Buddha


“Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment. A”


Gautama Buddha


“If a person has faith, Bhāradvāja, he preserves truth when he
says: ‘My faith is thus’; but he does not yet come to the conclusion:
‘Only this is true, anything else is wrong.’ In this way, Bhāradvāja,
there is the preservation of truth; in this way he preserves truth; in
this way we describe the preservation of truth. But as yet there is no
discovery of truth.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya


“This is how to contemplate our conditioned existence in this fleeting world:

Like a tiny drop of dew, or a bubble floating in a stream;
Like a flash of lightning in a summer cloud,
Or a flickering lamp, an illusion, a phantom, or a dream.

So is all conditioned existence to be seen.”


Gautama Buddha





“Vsetko co sme, je dosledkom je dosledkom toho, co sme si mysleli”


Gautama Buddha




“Through the round of many births I roamed without reward, without rest, seeking the house-builder.

Painful is birth again & again.

House-builder, you’re seen!
You will not build a house again.
All your rafters broken,
the ridge pole destroyed,
gone to the Unformed,
the mind has come to the end of craving.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“All that we are is the result of what we have thought. The mind is everything. What we think we become.”


Gautama Buddha




“To keep the body in good health is a duty… otherwise we shall not be able to keep our mind strong and clear.”


Gautama Buddha




“Suppose a man threw into the sea a yoke with one hole in it, and
the east wind carried it to the west, and the west wind carried it to
the east, and the north wind carried it to the south, and the south wind
carried it to the north. Suppose there were a blind turtle that came up
once at the end of each century. What do you think, bhikkhus? Would
that blind turtle put his neck into that yoke with one hole in it?”
“He might, venerable sir, sometime or other at the end of a long period.”
“Bhikkhus,
the blind turtle would sooner put his neck into that yoke with a single
hole in it than a fool, once gone to perdition, would take to regain
the human state, I say. Why is that? Because there is no practising of
the Dhamma there, no practising of what is righteous, no doing of what
is wholesome, no performance of merit. There mutual devouring prevails,
and the slaughter of the weak.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya





“A fool suffers, thinking,
“I have children! I have wealth!”
One’s self is not even one’s own.
How then are children? How then is wealth?”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Oneself, indeed, is one’s own protector.
One does, indeed [make] one’s own destiny.
Therefore, control yourself
As a merchant does a fine horse.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Nė viena pasaka nepatikėkit,
Nors šimtmečius ilgus
Daugybė kraštų jas laikė tikrove.
Netikėkit ir tuo, ką
Kiti žmonės be perstojo kalba,
Nors išminčiaus žodžius jie kartotų
Ar pasiremtų raštais šventais.
Netikėkite niekuo,
Sapnuose ką regėjot, ką vaizduotė sukūrė,
Nors manot, kad siunčia tuos vaizdinius
Dievas.
Nepriimkite žodžių už tiesą,
Nors kažkas juos pridengtų šventuolio ar
Meistro vardu.
Patikėkit tik tuo, ko karti patirtis
Ilgai Jus pačius per išbandymus mokė,
Kas nekliudo gerovės nei Jums, nei kitiems.”


Gautama Buddha




“Emotion arise from Desire, hence an Illusion.”


Gautama Buddha




“The less you have, the less you have to worry about.”


Gautama Buddha




“Năm pháp nào cần phải an trú nội tâm?
“Ta nói đúng thời, không
phải phi thời; ta nói đúng sự thật, không phải không đúng sự thật; ta
nói lời nhu hòa, không phải nói lời thô bạo; ta nói lời liên hệ đến mục
đích, không phải lời không liên hệ đến mục đích; ta nói với tâm từ bi,
không nói với tâm sân hận”.
Năm pháp này cần phải an trú nội tâm.”


Gautama Buddha,

Tam tạng kinh bằng tiếng Pali





“Just as on a rubbish heap swept up on a main road a purely
fragrant, delightful lotus might there spring up, Even so amidst those
rubbish heaps (of men) does the savaka of the Perfectly Enlightened One
outshine in insight the blind puthujjana”


Gautama Buddha




“Jīvaka, I say that there are three instances in which meat should
not be eaten: when it is seen, heard, or suspected [that the living
being has been slaughtered for oneself]. I say that meat should not be
eaten in these three instances. I say that there are three instances in
which meat may be eaten: when it is not seen, not heard, and not
suspected [that the living being has been slaughtered for oneself]. I
say that meat may be eaten in these three instances.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya





“It’s your road…and yours alone… Others may walk it with you, but
no one can walk it for you. No matter what path you choose, really walk
it.”


Gautama Buddha




“I shall live here in the rains,
There in winter,
Elsewhere in summer,” muses the fool,
Not aware of the nearness of death.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Many do not realize that
We here must die
For those who realize this
Quarrels end.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Ambition is like love, impatient of both delays and rivals”


Gautama Buddha




“Delightful are forests
Where the public does not delight.
There the passion-free delight,
Not seeking sensual pleasure.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“In life we cannot avoid change, we cannot avoid loss. Freedom and
happiness are found in the flexibility and ease with which we move
through change.”


Gautama Buddha




“Tune as the sitthar, neither high nor low, and we will dance away the hearts of men.”


Gautama Buddha




“When the mind is pure, joy follows like a shadow that never leaves.”


Gautama Buddha




“Though all one’s life a fool associates with a wise person,one no
more comprehends the Truth than a spoon tastes the flavor of the soup.”


Gautama Buddha




“Your worst enemy cannot hurt you as much as your own thoughts, when you haven’t mastered them.”


Gautama Buddha




“You don’t gather the beauty of a flower by plucking her petals.”


Gautama Buddha




“We live in illusion and the appearance of things. There is a
reality. We are that reality. When you understand this, you see that you
are nothing, and being nothing, you are everything. That is all.”


Gautama Buddha




“Love is a fleeting emotion, to reach true nirvana one must know themselves and forsake love, for it breeds contempt.”


Gautama Buddha




“Just as a candle cannot burn without fire, men cannot live without a spiritual life.”


Gautama Buddha




“És Brahmá, a Teremtő, felső ruháját fél vállán átvetve, összetett
kézzel meghajolt a Magasztos felé, és így szólította meg a Magasztost:

-
Uraim, a Magasztosnak hirdetnie kell a Tant! A Megvilágosultnak
hirdetnie kell a Tant! Vannak lények, akiknek lelki szemeit alig fedi
por, de ha nem hallják a Tant, akkor nem érik el a megváltást. Ezek meg
fogják érteni a Tant.

Így beszélt Brahmá, a Teremtő, majd így folytatta:

Magadha földjén ezelőtt a tiszta Tant
gyarló személyek tanították tévesen.
Halhatatlanság kapuját te tárd ki most!
Hallják világosan a tiszta, szent igét!

Ki hegytetőre, fel a sziklabércre jut,
fentről körülnéz az alanti tájakon.
Te mindent-látó, te is így tekints alá
az igazság várfokáról a szenvedő,
szakadatlanul születő-kiszenvedő
lényekre, mert te legyőzted a szenvedést.

Kelj fel, te nagy csata vitézi győztese!
Járd a világot, seregek vezére!
Tanítsd a Tant, magasztos Szent!
Lesznek, akik megértenek.”


Gautama Buddha,

Sayings Of Buddha





“Virtuous people always let go.
They don’t prattle about pleasures and desires.
Touched by happiness and then by suffering,
The sage shows no sign of being elated or depressed.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada

“Sensual craving gives rise to grief;
Sensual craving gives rise to fear.
For someone released from sensual craving
There is no grief;
And from where would be fear?”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Fearless, free of craving, and without blemish,
Having reached the goal
And destroyed the arrows of becoming
One is in one’s final body.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Just as treasures are uncovered from the earth, so virtue appears
from good deeds, and wisdom appears from a pure and peaceful mind. To
walk safely through the maze of human life, one needs the light of
wisdom and the guidance of virtue.”


Gautama Buddha




“Szerzetesek, vannak tanulatlan, közönséges emberek, akik nem
gondolnak a nemes dolgokkal, nem hallottak a nemes tanról, járatlanok a
nemes tanban; nem gondolnak az igaz emberekkel, nem hallottak az igaz
emberek viselkedéséről, járatlanok az igaz ember viselkedésében. Az
ilyenek nem ismerik fel a fontos tanokat, nem ismerik fel a fölösleges
tanokat. Mivel nem ismerik fel a fontos tanokat, és nem ismerik fel a
fölösleges tanokat, a fölösleges tanokkal foglalkoznak, és a fontos
tanokkal nem foglalkoznak.

Melyek azok a fölösleges tanok,
szerzetesek, amelyekkel foglalkoznak? Ha egy tannal való foglalkozás
következtében feltámad a még fel nem támadt örömvágy indulata, a már
feltámadt örömvágy indulata pedig erősödik, feltámad a még fel nem
támadt létezni vágyás indulata, a már feltámadt létezni vágyás indulata
pedig erősödik, feltámad a még fel nem támadt balgaság indulata, a már
feltámadt balgaság indulata pedig erősödik, az ilyen tan fölösleges, és
ők ezzel foglalkoznak.”


Gautama Buddha,

Sayings Of Buddha





“na kalamat va na anche k bayan mikonand hich yek vagheiate bartar
nist.zira bartarin vagheiat chizist k ba mohavere natavan b omghe an
rah yaft.”


Gautama Buddha




“Seseorang harus mencarikan kebahagiaan untuk orang lain sama seperti yang diinginkan untuk diri sendiri”


Gautama Buddha




“Just as a line drawn on water with a stick will quickly vanish
and will not last long; even so is human life like a line drawn on
water. It is short, limited, and brief; it is full of suffering, full of
tribulation. This one should wisely understand, one should do good and
live a pure life; for none who is born can escape death.”


Gautama Buddha




“Joy comes not through possession or ownership but through a wise and loving heart.”


Gautama Buddha




“First, rely on the spirit and meaning of the teachings, not on the words;
Second, rely on the teachings, not on the personality of the teacher;
Third, rely on real wisdom, not superficial interpretation;
And fourth, rely on the essence of your pure Wisdom Mind, not on judgmental perceptions.”


Gautama Buddha




“He who envies others does not obtain peace of mind.”


Gautama Buddha




“What we think, we become.”


Gautama Buddha




“All Beings are owners of their Karma. Whatever volitional actions
they do, good or evil, of those they shall become the heir.”


Gautama Buddha




“You must make the effort yourself. The Masters only point the way.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Teaching of Buddha





“ដីកាទាំង១៣របស់ព្រះសម្មាសម្ពុទ្ធ
១​. ការសម្រេចផលដ៏អស្ចារ្យបំផុតគឺការអស់ភាពអត្មានិយម។
២. តម្លៃដ៏ខ្ពង់ខ្ពស់បំផុតគឺភាពម្ចាស់ការលើខ្លួនឯង។
៣. គុណតម្លៃដ៏ប្រសើរបំផុតគឺការបម្រើអ្នកដទៃ។
៤. សិក្ខាបទដ៏ល្អបំផុតគឺសតិតាមទាន់។
៥. ឪសថដ៏សក្ដិសិទ្ធបំផុតគឺការអស់ការប្រកាន់ភ្ជាប់។
៦. ការប្រព្រឹត្តដ៏ត្រឹមត្រូវបំផុតគឺការមិនដើរស្របតាមរបៀបពិភពលោក។
៧. មន្ដគាថាដ៏វិសេសវិសាលបំផុតគឺការអស់ទៅនៃចំណង់។
៨. សប្បុរសធម៌ដ៏បរិសុទ្ធបំផុតគឺការមិនជាប់ជំពាក់។
៩. សេចក្ដីសុខដ៏បវរបំផុតគឺចិត្តស្ងប់។
១០.សេចក្ដីអត់ធន់ដ៏ខ្ពស់បំផុតគឺការអោនលំទោន។
១១. សេចក្ដីប្រឹងប្រែងដ៏ប្រសើរបំផុតគឺការមិនព្រួយបារម្ភអំពីលទ្ធផល។
១២. វិបស្សនាដ៏ស៊ីជម្រៅបំផុតគឺចិត្តមិនប្រតិកម្ម(ចិត្តឩបេក្ខា)
១៣. បញ្ញាដ៏ជ្រៅជ្រះបំផុតគឺការមើលធ្លុះអាការៈខាងក្រៅ។”




“Life is pain”


Gautama Buddha




“For behold your body —
A painted puppet, a toy,
Jointed, sick and full of false
imaginings,
A shadow that shifts and fade.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada : The Sayings of Buddha





“What is the happiness ? Is it really happiness ? Nothing stable,
just happen, stay and decay… Everything is impermanence,
dissatisfaction and nothing can ever belong to itself”


Gautama Buddha




“All that we are is a result of what we have thought.”


Gautama Buddha




“All too soon this body
Will lie on the ground,
Cast aside, deprived of consciousness,
Like a useless scrap of wood.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Who have not led the holy life
nor riches won while young,
they linger on as aged cranes
around a fished-out pond.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“AS one instructs others,
So should one do oneself:
Only the self-controlled should restrain others.
Truly, it’s hard to restrain oneself.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Those who are free of resentful thoughts surely find peace.”


Gautama Buddha




“When desire flows,
Pleasure arises.
Attached to happiness, seeking enjoyment,
People are subject to birth and old age.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Patience is the highest asceticism.”


Gautama Buddha




“The moment you see how important it is to love yourself, you will stop making others suffer.”


Gautama Buddha




“Venez, contemplez ce monde, multicolore comme les chars royaux,
dans lequel les sots se plongent, et avec lequel les sages ne conservent
point d’attaches.”


Gautama Buddha




“Those who do not know satisfaction, even when living in a
heavenly palace, are still not satisfied. Those who do not know
satisfaction, even if rich, are poor. People who know satisfaction, even
if poor, are rich.”


Gautama Buddha




“I am not the I that you see. Most of these quotes do not belong to me.”


Gautama Buddha




“The universe itself is change and life itself is but what you deem it”


Gautama Buddha




“To enjoy good health, to bring true happiness to one’s family, to
bring peace to all, one must first discipline and control one’s own
mind. If a man can control his mind he can find the way to
Enlightenment, and all wisdom and virtue will naturally come to him.”


Gautama Buddha

“It is possible to live 24 hours in a state of love.”


Gautama Buddha




“Happiness never decreases by being shared”


Gautama Buddha




“Be a lamp unto yourself, be a refuge to yourself. Take yourself to no external refuge.”


Gautama Buddha




“Happiness comes when your words are of benefit to yourself and others.”


Gautama Buddha

tags:
happiness




“Live every act fully, as if it were your last.”


Gautama Buddha




“Above all, do not lose your desire to walk.”


Gautama Buddha




“All beings tremble before violence.
All fear death.
All love life.

See yourself in others.
Then whom can you hurt?
What harm can you do?”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Buddha said, “Forgive? But I am not the same man to whom you did
it. The Ganges goes on flowing, it is never the same Ganges again. Every
man is a river. The man you spit upon is no longer here. I look just
like him, but I am not the same, much has happened in these twenty-four
hours! The river has flowed so much. So I cannot forgive you because I
have no grudge against you.”

“And you also are new. I can see you
are not the same man who came yesterday because that man was angry and
he spit, whereas you are bowing at my feet, touching my feet. How can
you be the same man? You are not the same man, so let us forget about
it. Those two people, the man who spit and the man on whom he spit, both
are no more. Come closer. Let us talk of something else.”


Gautama Buddha





“Whatever an enemy might do to an enemy, or a foe to a foe, the ill-directed mind can do to you even worse”


Gautama Buddha




“The world is on fire!
And are you laughing?
You are deep in the dark.
Will you not ask for light?

For behold your body—
A painted puppet, a toy,
Jointed and sick and full of false
imaginings,
A shadow that shifts and fades.

How frail it is!
Frail and pestilent,
It sickens, festers and dies.
Like every living thing
In the end it sickens and dies.

Behold these whitened bones,
The hollow shells and husks of a dying
summer.
And are you laughing?”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“A person of wisdom should be truthful, without arrogance, without deceit, not slanderous and not hateful.

The wise person should go beyond the evil of greed and miserliness.
To have your mind set on calmness, you must take power over sleepiness, drowsiness and lethargy.
There is no place for laziness and no recourse to pride.

Do not be led into lying, do not be attached to forms.
You must see through all pride and fare along without violence.
Do not get excited by what is old, do not be contented with what is new.
Do not grieve for what is lost or be controlled by desire.”


Gautama Buddha





“Every human being is the author of its own health or disease,”


Gautama Buddha




“Who leaves behind all human bonds
And has cast off the bonds of heaven,
Detached from all bonds everywhere:
He is the one I call a brahmin.”


Gautama Buddha




“Be your own lamp.”


Gautama Buddha




“មនុស្សម្នាក់មិនត្រូវបានគេហៅថាបណ្ឌិត​ ពីព្រោះគាត់និយាយហើយនិយាយទៀត;

ប៉ុន្ដែបើគាត់មានក្ដីស្ងប់,មានក្ដីស្រឡាញ់និងគ្មានភាពភ័យខ្លាច,បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ត្រូវបានគេហៅថាបណ្ឌិតពិតប្រាកដ។”


Gautama Buddha





“The growth of wisdom may be measured exactly by the diminution of ill temper”


Gautama Buddha,

Sayings Of The Buddha: A Daybook





“The trouble is, you think you have time.”


Gautama Buddha




“Every day, I am thinking:
‘How can I lead all living beings
to enter the unsurpassed way
so as to quickly acquire the body of a Buddha?”

(LS 16: 3.23)
Lotus Sutra, Chapter 16, Section 3, Paragraph 23”


Gautama Buddha





“Among all shravakas and pratyekabuddhas, bodhisattvas are the
foremost. So is the Lotus Sutra; among all sutras, it is the foremost!
Just as the Buddha is the King of the Law; so is the Lotus Sutra, it is
the King of all Sutras!”

(LS 23:2.16)
Lotus Sutra, Chapter 23, Section 2, Paragraph 16”


Gautama Buddha





“Among all the sutras I have expounded,
Lotus Sutra is the first and foremost!
If you are able to uphold the Lotus Sutra,
it means you are able to uphold the body of a Buddha!”

(LS 11: 3.35)
Lotus Sutra, Chapter 11, Section 3, Paragraph 35”


Gautama Buddha





“Let those who desire Buddhahood not train in many Dharmas but only one.
Which one? Great compassion.
Those with great compassion possess all the Buddha’s teaching as if it were in the palm of their hand.”


Gautama Buddha




“Better it is to live alone; there is no fellowship with a fool.
Live alone and do no evil; be carefree like an elephant in the elephant
forest.”


Gautama Buddha,

Dhammapada







“So also is the case if I don’t care the one abusing me. He is the one going to be demeaned.”


Gautama Buddha,

Buddha





“Mirror mirror on the wall, show the real me or naught at all.”


Gautama Buddha




“A person of wisdom should be truthful, without arrogance, without deceit, not slanderous and
not hateful. The wise person should go beyond the evil of greed and miserliness.
To have your mind set on calmness, you must take power over sleepiness, drowsiness and
lethargy. There is no place for laziness and no recourse to pride.
Do not be led into lying, do not be attached to forms. You must see through all pride and fare
along without violence.
Do not get excited by what is old, do not be contented with what is new. Do not grieve for
what is lost or be controlled by desire.”


Gautama Buddha




“KINH HẠNH PHÚC
Mangalasutta

Như vầy tôi nghe
Một thời Thế Tôn
Ngự tại Kỳ Viên tịnh xá
Của trưởng giả Cấp Cô Ðộc
Gần thành Xá Vệ
Khi đêm gần mãn
Có một vị trời
Dung sắc thù thắng
Hào quang chiếu diệu
Sáng tỏa Kỳ Viên
Ðến nơi Phật ngự
Ðảnh lễ Thế Tôn
Rồi đứng một bên
Cung kính bạch Phật
Bằng lời kệ rằng:

Chư thiên và nhân loại
Suy nghĩ điều hạnh phúc
Hằng tầm cầu mong đợi
Một đời sống an lành
Xin ngài vì bi mẫn
Hoan hỷ dạy chúng con
Về phúc lành cao thượng

Thế Tôn tùy lời hỏi
Rồi giảng giải như vầy:

Không gần gũi kẻ ác
Thân cận bậc trí hiền
Cúng dường bậc tôn đức
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Ở trú xứ thích hợp
Công đức trước đã làm
Chân chánh hướng tự tâm
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Ða văn nghề nghiệp giỏi
Khéo huấn luyện học tập
Nói những lời chơn chất
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Hiếu thuận bậc sanh thành
Chăm sóc vợ và con
Sống bằng nghề lương thiện
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Bố thí hành đúng Pháp
Giúp ích hàng quyến thuộc
Hành vi không lỗi lầm
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Xả ly tâm niệm ác
Tự chế không say sưa
Tinh cần trong thiện pháp
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Biết cung kính khiêm nhường
Tri túc và tri ân
Ðúng thời nghe chánh pháp
Là phúc lành cao thượng
Nhẫn nhục tánh thuần hoá
Thường yết kiến sa môn
Tùy thời đàm luận pháp
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Thiền định sống phạm hạnh
Thấy được lý thánh đế
Chứng ngộ quả niết bàn
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Khi xúc chạm việc đời
Tâm không động không sầu
Tự tại và vô nhiễm
Là phúc lành cao thượng

Những sở hành như vậy
Không chỗ nào thối thất
Khắp nơi được an toàn
Là phúc lành cao thượng .”


Gautama Buddha





“Jangan percaya hal apapun hanya karena kamu telah mendengarnya.
Jangan percaya hal apapun hanya karena hal itu telah dibicarakan dan
digunjingkan oleh banyak orang.
Jangan percaya hal apapun hanya
karena hal itu tertulis dalam kitab-kitab keagamaanmu. Jangan percaya
hal apapun hanya karena hal itu dikatakan berdasarkan otoritas guru-guru
dan sesepuh-sesepuhmu.
Jangan percaya tradisi apapun hanya karena tradisi itu telah diwariskan dari satu generasi ke generasi lainnya.
Tetapi
setelah kamu observasi dan analisis, maka ketika kamu mendapati hal
apapun sejalan dengan akal-budimu dan menolongmu untuk mendatangkan
kebaikan dan manfaat bagi satu dan semua orang, maka terimalah itu dan
jalankanlah.”


Gautama Buddha




“من محت حسناتهُ سيئاتهُ، فسوف ينيرُ العالم مثل قمرٍ انجلى عنه السحاب.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada


tags:
بوذا




“على المرء ان يتبع الطيب والحكيم، كما يتبع القمر مسلك النجوم.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada

“Kinh Từ Bi
Karaṇīyamettasutta

Hiền nhân cầu an lạc
Nên huân tu pháp lành
Có nghị lực chơn chất
Ngay thẳng và nhu thuận
Hiền hoà không kiêu mạn
Sống dễ dàng tri túc
Thanh đạm không rộn ràng
Lục căn luôn trong sáng
Trí tuệ càng hiển minh
Tự trọng không quyến niệm
Không làm việc ác nhỏ
Mà bậc trí hiền chê
Nguyện thái bình an lạc
Nguyện tất cả sanh linh
Tràn đầy muôn hạnh phúc

Với muôn loài chúng sanh
Không phân phàm hay thánh
Lớn nhỏ hoặc trung bình
Thấp cao hay dài ngắn
Tế thô không đồng đẳng
Hữu hình hoặc vô hình
Ðã sanh hoặc chưa sanh
Gần xa không kể xiết
Nguyện tất cả sanh linh
Tràn đầy muôn hạnh phúc

Ðừng làm hại lẫn nhau
Chớ khinh rẻ người nào
Ở bất cứ nơi đâu
Ðừng vì niệm sân si
Hoặc hiềm hận trong lòng
Mà mong người đau khổ
Hãy mở rộng tình thương
Hy sinh như từ mẫu
Suốt đời lo che chở
Ðứa con một của mình
Hãy phát tâm vô lượng
Ðến tất cả sanh linh
Từ bi gieo cùng khắp
Cả thế gian khổ hải
Trên dưới và quanh mình
Không hẹp hòi oan trái
Không hờn giận căm thù

Khi đi đứng ngồi nằm
Bao giờ còn tỉnh thức
An trú chánh niệm nầy
Phạm hạnh chính là đây
Ai từ bỏ kiến chấp
Khéo nghiêm trì giới hạnh
Thành tựu được chánh trí
Không ái nhiễm dục trần
Không còn thai sanh nữa.”


Gautama Buddha





“الأخيار يشِعّون من البعيد مثل جبال الهملايا، لكن الأشرار لا يراهم أحد. مثل سهامٍ أطلقت في الليل.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Nenhum filósofo querelante poderá alcançar a pureza por meio de
sua doutrina pessoal; ele segue uma luz que ele próprio fabricou, por
ele autoprojetada, e daí dizer que e a ‘’vê'’. O verdadeiro brâmane está
além do tempo, não se baseia em conceito algum, nem se submete a
qualquer seita; compreende todas as teorias correntes, mantendo-se,
porém, desapegado de qualquer delas. Liberto dos laços do mundo, embora
viva no mundo, segue o sábio, tranquilo,o seu caminho; livre de seitas,
em meio aos sectários, livre de agitações, em meio aos agitados,
admitindo o que o mundo comete (…) Liberto de todos os conceitos
baseados nas coisas vistas e ouvidas, aliviado, pois, de sua carga, não
mais está o sábio tranquilo sujeito ao tempo, transcendendo tanto o
desejo, quanto a abstinência.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada : The Sayings of Buddha





“Hard to restrain, unstable is this mind; it flits wherever it
lists. Good it is to control the mind. A controlled mind brings
happiness.”


Gautama Buddha




“Let a man leave anger, let him forsake pride, let him overcome
all bondage! No sufferings befall the man who is not attached to name
and form and who calls nothing his own.

[Verse 221]
TR- Friedrich Max Müller”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Manopubbangama dhamma
manosettha manomaya
manasa ce padutthena
bhasati va karoti va
tato nam dukkhamanveti
cakkamva vahato padam.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“Should a seeker not find a companion who is better or equal, let
him resolutely pursue a solitary course; there is no fellowship with the
fool.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“The fool worries, thinking, “I have sons, I have wealth.” Indeed,
when he himself is not his own, whence are sons, whence is wealth?”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada





“A wise man, recognising that the world is but an illusion, does not act as if it is real, so he escapes the suffering

If
a man speaks or acts with an evil thought, pain follows him. If a man
speaks or acts with a pure thought, happiness follows him, like a shadow
that never leaves him.”


Gautama Buddha





“Doubt everything; find your own light.”


Gautama Buddha




“How, dear sir, did you cross the flood?”
“By not halting, friend, and by not straining I crossed the flood.”
“But how is it, dear sir, that by not halting and by not straining you crossed the flood?”
“When
I came to a standstill, friend, then I sank; but when I struggled, then
I got swept away. It is in this way, friend, that by not halting and by
not straining I crossed the flood.”


Gautama Buddha




“Anger will never disappear so long as thoughts of resentment are
cherished in the mind. Anger will disappear just as soon as thoughts of
resentment are forgotten.”


Gautama Buddha





“Aquele que, ávido de desejos, colhe as flores das paixões é
surpreendido pela morte antes mesmo da saciedade. Que o sábio viva em
sua aldeia, assim como a abelha recolhe o néctar sem prejudicar a cor e o
perfume da flor.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada : The Sayings of Buddha





“Is it timely? Is it necessary? Is it kind?”


Gautama Buddha




“Considera quem te aponta os defeitos como se te desvendasse
tesouros. Segue o sábio que te reprova os erros. Na verdade, estar em
tal companhia é um grande bem, e não um mal.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada : The Sayings of Buddha

zben a Magasztos egyedül, magában ült ott, ez a gondolata támadt:

-
Ez a tan mély, nehezen felfogható, nehezen érthető, nyugalmat adó,
magasrendű, ésszel fel nem érhető, titkos, csak bölcseknek szóló.
Számomra világos lett. Ám az emberek vágyaik rabjai, vágyaikon
csüggenek, vágyaikat élvezik. Ezért az emberek, akik vágyaik rabjai,
vágyaikon csüggenek, vágyaikat élvezik, nem fogják megérteni az okok és
okozatok láncolatának összefüggését, nem fogják megérteni a létcsírák
kioltását, az érzelmek elvetését, a létszomj elfojtását, a szenvedély
eltávoztatását, a nyugalmat, a nirvánát. Ha tehát hirdetni fogom a tant,
és a többi ember nem érti meg tanításomat, csak baj háramlik belőle
rám, fölösleges fáradság háramlik belőle rám.

És ekkor ez az addig nem hallott vers ötlött fel a Magasztos előtt:

Nehezen jöttem én is rá, másnak hiába mondanám.
A gonoszság, a gyűlölség elzárja más elől a Tant.

Ár ellen úszó, mély, titkos, alig látszó szikrányi fény;
a gonoszság sötétsége nem hagyja megpillantani.

Mikor a Magasztos mindezt végiggondolta, úgy döntött, hogy megmarad magányában, és nem fogja hirdetni a Tant.”


Gautama Buddha





“Se un uomo viene colpito da una freccia avvelenata e non vuole
che gli sia tolta prima di sapere chi l’abbia lanciata, a quale casta
appartenga, quale sia il suo nome, quale sia la sua famiglia, quale sia
la sua statura, quale sia la sua carnagione, da quale paese provenga, il
tipo di arco che usa, il tipo di corda, il tipo di freccia, il tipo di
penne, il tipo di punta, ecc., costui morirà prima di conoscere tutte
queste cose.”


Gautama Buddha




“Greater still is the truth of our connectedness.”


Gautama Buddha




“Si quieres conocer la verdad de la vida y la muerte, debes
reflexionar continuamente sobre esto: en el universo solo hay una ley
que no cambia nunca, la de que todas las cosas cambian y ninguna cosa es
permanente.”


Gautama Buddha




“The Sage

A person of wisdom should be truthful, without arrogance, without deceit, not slanderous and
not hateful. The wise person should go beyond the evil of greed and miserliness.
To have your mind set on calmness, you must take power over sleepiness, drowsiness and
lethargy. There is no place for laziness and no recourse to pride.
Do not be led into lying, do not be attached to forms. You must see through all pride and fare
along without violence.
Do not get excited by what is old, do not be contented with what is new. Do not grieve for
what is lost or be controlled by desire.”


Gautama Buddha








“لا تستهون شأن الشر.
تقول: الشر بعيد، لن يقربني.
حتى الجرّة تصبح ملأى بالماء من القطرات.
الأحمق سوف يُرى ممتلئاً بالشر، حتى لو جاء إليه قليلا فقليلا.”


Gautama Buddha,

The Dhammapada








in 23) Classical English,
Buddha
Buddha
Buddha
Buddha
Buddha
Buddha
https://i.pinimg.com/150x150/f2/21/ad/f221ad26b9a5cbfa5f5cc63e5f8f0584.jpgBuddha

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(15) LESSON Mon Jul 10 2007- (2667 Sat 30 Jun LESSON) TIPITAKA The Buddha’s words Part-2
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TIPITAKA The Buddha’s words Part-2

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51 Best Buddha Quotes With Pictures about Spirituality & Peace


Best-Buddha-quotes




Best Life Quotes By Buddha


Gautama Buddha also is known as Siddhartha Gautama. With the help of
Siddhartha Gautama teachings, Buddhism takes place. Gautama Buddha was
born in Lumbini. Siddhartha Gautama realizes that meditation is the only
path to awakening. Gautama decides to live his life as a Yogi. Gautama
starts seated under a Pipal tree which is known as Bodhi Tree. Gautama
meditation regular 49 days, to have attained Enlightenment.


Gautama Buddha, also known as Shakyamuni Buddha or Siddhartha Buddha
or Buddha founded Buddhism. He was one of the many Sramana philosophers
of his time. According to the Buddhist tradition, Buddha was born in
Lumbini, now in Nepal. He was brought up by his mother’s younger sister
and his father wanted him to be a great king. It is said that his father
shielded him from religious teachings and human sufferings.


Buddha was married to Yashodhara at the age of 16 and they both had a
son named Rahula. When he was 29; he saw an old man despite his
father’s efforts to hide from him the aged, suffering old people. This
depressed him and he quit his palace for the life of a mendicant.
According to the early Buddhist texts, when Buddha realized that
meditative dhyana was the right path to awakening. Several life lessons
and teachings have been provided by Buddha in his biographies and
Buddhist texts.


One of my all time favorite Buddha quote is, “As you walk, eat, and
travel, be where you are. Otherwise, you will miss most of your life”.
This is quite true in all aspects of our life. Be it something that you
are doing, eating or be it someplace you are traveling to; we can never
experience life to its best if we are not completely present
there, at that particular moment. We need to be mentally and physically
present to see life happening. That is how we will never miss a single
bit of our life.


Buddha has taught us so many life lessons; each lesson is a gem and
gives us an opportunity to understand the world and make it a better
place. His teachings and ideologies help us walking on this path of life
and helping us throughout the journey. Buddha once said, “You only lose
what you cling to”. It is very difficult to not get used to the things
that we have in our life; the things that help us grow and be what we
are. And we can only lose those things that we cling on to; how can
someone lose something that he never had. To live a happy and content
life; we must not forget the lessons that Buddha have taught us, they
will help us face the hardships of life with a smile on our face and
faith in our heart because, in the end, it is the faith that matters.


From that time Gautama was known as Lord Buddha. Buddha changes
people like Angulimala, Cannibals such as Alavaka. Buddha totally
changed the lives of many who believed in him. Buddha believed that by
meditation everyone can get to awakening. Gautam Buddha also known for
giving best quotes about human life. He gave so many spiritual and
inspirational quotes to this world. Which is really helpful for those
who follow them in their life.





Here we are with Best Buddha Quotes which will help many of us to change our lives.



1. “In the end, only three things matter: How much you loved,
how gently you lived, and how gracefully you let go of things not meant
for you.”


Buddha Quotes





2. “Buddha was asked,”what have you gaines from mediation?”

He replied “NOTHING”! However let me tell you what i have lost:
anger, anxiety, depression, insecurity, fear of old age and death.”


buddha quotes on love





3. “When the student is ready, the teacher will appear.”


buddha quotes on happiness





4. “The less you respond to negative people, the more peaceful your life will become.”


buddha quotes on karma





5. “Health is the greatest gift, contentment is the greatest
wealth, A trusted friend is the best relative, liberated mind is the
greatest bliss.”


buddha quotes on death





6. “The thought manifests as the word: the word manifests as the
deed: the deed develops into character. So watch the thought and its
ways with care, and let it spring from love born out of concern for all
beings.”


buddha quotes on change





7. “Do not learn how to react learn how to respond.”


buddha quotes images





8. “If your compassion does not include yourself, It is incomplete.”


lord buddha quotes about love





9. “Everything that has a begining has an ending.

Make your peace with that and all will be well.”


buddha quotes on love and marriage





10. “If anything is worth doing, do it with all your heart.”


Buddha quotes about life





11. “Your worst enemy cannot harm you as much as your own unguarded thoughts.”


Buddha quotes about change





12. “The root of suffering is attachment.”


Buddha quotes about death





13. “Holding onto anger is like drinking poison and expecting the other person to die.”


Buddha quotes about change





14. “All that we are is the result of what we have thought.”


Buddha quotes about calm





15. “Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.”


Buddha quotes death loved one





16. “What you think you become, what you feel, you attract. what you imagine, you create.”


Buddha quotes about ego





17. “Nothing can harm you as much as your own thoughts unguarded.”


Buddha quotes about family





18. “Relax nothing is in control.”- Buddhist Meditation quotes by Lord Buddha.


Buddha quotes about flower








20. “The trouble is you think you have time.”


Buddha quotes about giving





21. “Your work is to discover your world and then with all your heart give yourself to it.”


Buddha quotes about happiness





22. “Believe nothing, no matter where you read it or who has
said it, not even if i have said it. Unless it agrees with your own
reason and your own common sense.”


Buddha quotes about healing





23. “Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.”


Buddha quotes about judgement





24. “On the long journey of human life… Faith is the best of companions.”


Buddha Quotes





25. “To understand everything is to forgive everything.”


buddha quotes on love





26. “Holding onto anger is like drinking poison and expecting the other person to die.”


Buddha quotes about judgement





27. “No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the past.”


Buddha quotes about healing





28. “There is no path to happiness: Happiness is the path.”


Buddha quotes about happiness





29. “No matter how hard the past, you can always begin again.”


Buddha quotes about giving





30. “If you want to fly, give upeverything yhat weighs you down.”


Buddha quotes about flower





31. Short life quotes of Buddha- “you only lose what you cling to.”


Buddha quotes about family





32. “when we meet real tragedy in life, we can react in two
ways- Either by losing hope and falling into self-destructive habits or
by using the challenge to find our inner strength.”


Buddha quotes about ego





33. Buddha meditation quotes – “Nothing can harm you as much as your own thoughts unguarded.”


Buddha quotes death loved one





34. “Don’t rush anything. When the time is right, it’ll happen..”


Buddha quotes about calm





35. “The whole secret of existence is to have no fear.”


Buddha quotes about change





36. Real life quotes from Gautama Buddha – “Be kind to all creatures; this is the true religion.”


Buddha quotes about death





37. “Those who are free of resentful thoughts surely find peace.”


Buddha quotes about change



38. “No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.”


Buddha quotes about life





39. “Believe nothing, no matter where you read it or who has said it, not even if i have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.”


buddha quotes on love and marriage





40. “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light”


lord buddha quotes about love





41. “Quiet the mind, and the soul will speak.”


buddha quotes images





42. Inspirational quotes on karma by Buddha – “Be patient everything comes to you in the right moment.”


buddha quotes on change





43. “if your compassion does not include yourself, it is incomplete.”


buddha quotes on death





44. “Each morning we are born again. What we do today is what matters most.”


buddha quotes on karma





45. “A man who conquers himself is greater than one who conquers a thousand men in a battle.”


buddha quotes on happiness





46. “All human unhappiness comes from not facing reality squarely, exactly as it is.”


buddha quotes on love





47. “It is better to be hated for what you are than to be loved for what you are not.”


Buddha Quotes





48. “He who does not understand your silence will probably not understand your words.”


Buddha quotes about spirituality





49. “You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger.”


Buddha Quotes about peace





50. “Happiness does not depend on what you haveor who you are it solely relies on what you think.”


Buddha Quotes for enemy





51. “Happiness or sorrow – “whatever befalls you, walk on untouched, unattached.”


Buddha Quotes



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(15) LESSON Mon Jul 10 2007- (2667 Sat 30 Jun LESSON) TIPITAKA The Buddha’s words Part-3
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TIPITAKA The Buddha’s words Part-3

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SuttaCentral

Early Buddhist texts, translations, and parallels

The wisdom of the Buddha has been preserved in a vast ocean of ancient texts.
Many of these scriptures have now been translated into the world’s languages.

SuttaCentral brings these together and makes them freely available.
Setting aside the boundaries of language and tradition, we let the Buddha speak for himself.

The Buddha’s words
What’s here
SuttaCentral
contains early Buddhist texts, known as the Tipiṭaka or “Three
Baskets”. This is a large collection of teachings attributed to the
Buddha or his earliest disciples, who were teaching in India around 2500
years ago. They are regarded as sacred canon in all schools of
Buddhism. You can find all of our texts through the sidebar menu on the
left.
Where to begin
There
are thousands of early Buddhist texts, and they’re not organized for
easy reading. But here’s the good news: you are not alone. We’ve been
down this road ourselves, and have tried to make it a little easier for
you. Here are some things you can try.
Meet SuttaCentral
Tipiṭaka—the three baskets
Sixteen gilt and lacquer leaves with two gilt and lacquer book covers. Wood coated with lacquer,<br />
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Discourses
These
are our primary sources for understanding what the Buddha taught. They
record the Buddha’s teachings and conversations on specific occasions
with a diverse range of people. Discourses are called sutta in Pali,
which is spelled sūtra in Sanskrit.
Monastic Law
The
texts on Monastic Law (vinaya) detail the lifestyle, rules, and
procedures for Buddhist monks and nuns. They provide the guidelines for
Buddhist monastics to this day, and in addition, paint a detailed and
vivid picture of everyday life in ancient India.
Abhidhamma
Abhidhamma
texts are systematic summaries and analyses of the teachings drawn from
the earlier discourses. The Abhidhamma (spelled abhidharma in Sanskrit)
is somewhat later than the Discourses and Vinaya.
Why we read
SuttaCentral—a new beginning
We’re
proud to share with you the new SuttaCentral. The team has been working
on it for over two years, and we think it’s something special. The new
site features an entirely new translation of the four Pali nikāyas,
prepared specially for SuttaCentral by Bhante Sujato. And the whole site
has been re-built to be faster, clearer, and more flexible.
Indexes and Terminology
Like
any specialized field, Buddhist studies has it’s own terminology and
content. It’s easy to get lost or to miss references, so here we provide
indexes of terms in the early texts sorted by subject, name and simile,
as well a glossary of important terms. These hand-curated lists offer
another way to find the sutta or passage that you’re looking for.


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http://www.realbuddhaquotes.com/

“The
calmed say that what is well-spoken is best; second, that one should
say what is right, not unrighteous; third, what’s pleasing, not
displeasing; fourth, what is true, not false.” – The Buddha

subhasita

“The calmed say that what is well-spoken is best;
second, that one should say what is right, not unrighteous;
third, what’s pleasing, not displeasing;
fourth, what is true, not false.” – The Buddha

(From the Sutta Nipata)

“Having
gone on his almsround, the sage should then go to the forest, standing
or taking a seat at the foot of a tree. The enlightened one, intent on
jhana, should find delight in the forest, should practice jhana at the
foot of a tree, attaining his own satisfaction.” The Buddha

intent on jhana

“Having gone on his almsround, the sage should then go to the forest,
standing or taking a seat at the foot of a tree. The enlightened one,
intent on jhana, should find delight in the forest, should practice
jhana at the foot of a tree, attaining his own satisfaction.” The Buddha
The Buddha. (Source: Nalaka Sutta, Sutta Nipata.)

“A
mind unruffled by the vagaries of fortune, from sorrow freed, from
defilements cleansed, from fear liberated — this is the greatest
blessing.” The Buddha

a mind unruffled

“A mind unruffled by the vagaries of fortune, from sorrow
freed, from defilements cleansed, from fear liberated — this is the
greatest blessing.” The Buddha (Mangala Sutta).



http://www.realbuddhaquotes.com/page/2/

“Let
none find fault with others; let none see the omissions and commissions
of others. But let one see one’s own acts, done and undone.” The Buddha

Lotus isolated on black

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from the Dhammapada, verse 50.

Let none find fault with others; let none see the
omissions and commissions of others. But let one see one’s own acts,
done and undone. – The Buddha.

“Whatever is not yours: let go of it. Your letting go of it will be for your long-term happiness & benefit.”

“Whatever is not yours: let go of it. Your letting go of it will be
for your long-term happiness and benefit” is a genuine quote from the
Buddhist scriptures. It’s from the Na Tumhaka Sutta of the Samyutta Nikaya.

“Whatever is not yours … your letting go of it will be for your longterm happiness & benefit.” Buddha

“Should
a person do good, let him do it again and again. Let him find pleasure
therein, for blissful is the accumulation of good.” The Buddha

blissful is the accumulation of good

“Should a person do good, let him do it again and again. Let him find
pleasure therein, for blissful is the accumulation of good.” The Buddha
(Dhammapada, verse 118)

“Should you find a wise critic to point out your faults, follow him as you would a guide to hidden treasure.”

should you find a wise critic

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from verse 76 of the Dhammapada. Here’s a link to an alternative translation.

“Should you find a wise critic to point out your faults, follow him as you would a guide to hidden treasure.” Buddha

“The
one in whom no longer exist the craving and thirst that perpetuate
becoming; how could you track that Awakened one, trackless, and of
limitless range.”

the one in whom the craving and thirst

From the Dhammapada, verse 180:

“The one in whom no longer exist the craving and thirst that
perpetuate becoming; how could you track that Awakened one, trackless,
and of limitless range?”
The Buddha

“How could you track that Awakened one, trackless, and of limitless range?” The Buddha

“Hatred is never appeased by hatred in this world. By non-hatred alone is hatred appeased. This is a law eternal.” The Buddha

non-hatred

This is a genuine Buddha quote, from the Dhammapada:

Hatred is never appeased by hatred in this world. By non-hatred alone is hatred appeased. This is a law eternal.

“They
blame those who remain silent, they blame those who speak much, they
blame those who speak in moderation. There is none in the world who is
not blamed.”

they blame those who remain silent

From the Dhammapada, verse 227:

“They blame those who remain silent, they blame those who speak much,
they blame those who speak in moderation. There is none in the world
who is not blamed.”
–The Buddha

“They blame those who remain silent … who speak much … who speak in moderation.” The Buddha

“There is none in the world who is not blamed.” The Buddha

http://www.realbuddhaquotes.com/page/4/

“As
a water bead on a lotus leaf, as water on a red lily, does not adhere,
so the sage does not adhere to the seen, the heard, or the sensed.” The
Buddha

water does not cling

This is a genuine Buddha quote.

As a water bead on a lotus leaf,
as water on a red lily,
does not adhere,

so the sage
does not adhere
to the seen, the heard, or the sensed.

It’s from the Jara (old age) Sutta of the Sutta Nipata.

In the original Pali this is:

Udabindu yathāpi pokkhare
Padume vāri yathā na lippati,
Evaṃ muni no palippati
Yadidaṃ diṭṭhasutaṃ mutesu vā.

“Conquer
anger with non-anger. Conquer badness with goodness. Conquer meanness
with generosity. Conquer dishonesty with truth.” The Buddha

conquer anger with non-anger

From the Dhammapada, verse 223:

“Conquer anger with non-anger. Conquer badness with goodness.” The Buddha

“Conquer meanness with generosity. Conquer dishonesty with truth.” The Buddha

“Having
gone on his almsround, the sage should then go to the forest, standing
or taking a seat at the foot of a tree. The enlightened one, intent on
jhana, should find delight in the forest, should practice jhana at the
foot of a tree, attaining his own satisfaction.” The Buddha

intent on jhana

“Having gone on his almsround, the sage should then go to the forest,
standing or taking a seat at the foot of a tree. The enlightened one,
intent on jhana, should find delight in the forest, should practice
jhana at the foot of a tree, attaining his own satisfaction.” The Buddha
The Buddha. (Source: Nalaka Sutta, Sutta Nipata.)

“Better
it is to live one day seeing the rise and fall of things than to live a
hundred years without ever seeing the rise and fall of things.” The
Buddha

the rise and fall of things

This is a genuine Buddha quote, from the Dhammapada:

Better it is to live one day seeing the rise and fall of
things than to live a hundred years without ever seeing the rise and
fall of things.

“See
them, floundering in their sense of mine, like fish in the puddles of a
dried-up stream — and, seeing this, live with no mine, not forming
attachment for states of becoming.” The Buddha

see them floundering

This is a genuine quote from the Buddhist scriptures. It’s from the Sutta Nipata.

“See them, floundering in their sense of mine, like fish in the
puddles of a dried-up stream — and, seeing this, live with no mine, not
forming attachment to experiences.”
—The Buddha

“Live with no sense of ‘mine,’ not forming attachment to experiences.” The Buddha


“Let
none find fault with others; let none see the omissions and commissions
of others. But let one see one’s own acts, done and undone.” The Buddha

Lotus isolated on black

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from the Dhammapada, verse 50.

Let none find fault with others; let none see the
omissions and commissions of others. But let one see one’s own acts,
done and undone. – The Buddha.

“Some do not understand that we must die, But those who do realize this settle their quarrels.” The Buddha

Golden statue of seated Buddha in lotus position

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s the 6th verse of the Dhammapada:

Some do not understand
that we must die,
But those who do realize this
settle their quarrels.
~ The Buddha

“Know
from the rivers in clefts and in crevices: those in small channels flow
noisily, the great flow silent. Whatever’s not full makes noise.
Whatever is full is quiet.” The Buddha

small channels flow noisily

This is a genuine quotation from the Buddhist scriptures. It’s from the Sutta Nipata

“Know from the rivers in clefts and in crevices: those in small
channels flow noisily, the great flow silent. Whatever’s not full makes
noise. Whatever is full is quiet.”
The Buddha

“Whatever’s not full makes noise. Whatever is full is quiet.” The Buddha

“If with a pure mind a person speaks or acts, happiness follows them like a never-departing shadow.”

photo-1457282367193-e3b79e38f207

This is a genuine quote from the Buddhist scriptures. It’s from the Dhammapada:

“If with a pure mind a person speaks or acts, happiness follows them like a never-departing shadow.” The Buddha

“If
a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is carried
away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The Buddha

If a man going down into a river

if a man going down into a river (2)

“If a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is
carried away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The
Buddha

(From the Sutta Nipata)

“We
will develop and cultivate the liberation of mind by lovingkindness,
make it our vehicle, make it our basis, stabilize it, exercise ourselves
in it, and fully perfect it.” The Buddha

develop love

This is a canonical quote, and it’s rather lovely. It’s from the Samyutta Nikaya, and in Bhikkhu Bodhi’s translation you’ll find it on page 708:

“Therefore, bhikkhus, you should train yourselves thus:
‘We will develop and cultivate the liberation of mind by lovingkindness,
make it our vehicle, make it our basis, stabilize it, exercise
ourselves in it, and fully perfect it.’ Thus should you train
yourselves.”

“A
mind unruffled by the vagaries of fortune, from sorrow freed, from
defilements cleansed, from fear liberated — this is the greatest
blessing.” The Buddha

a mind unruffled

“A mind unruffled by the vagaries of fortune, from sorrow
freed, from defilements cleansed, from fear liberated — this is the
greatest blessing.” The Buddha (Mangala Sutta).

“The
calmed say that what is well-spoken is best; second, that one should
say what is right, not unrighteous; third, what’s pleasing, not
displeasing; fourth, what is true, not false.” – The Buddha

subhasita

“The calmed say that what is well-spoken is best;
second, that one should say what is right, not unrighteous;
third, what’s pleasing, not displeasing;
fourth, what is true, not false.” – The Buddha

(From the Sutta Nipata)

“As an elephant in the battlefield withstands arrows shot from bows all around, even so shall I endure abuse.” The Buddha

endure abuse

As an elephant in the battlefield withstands arrows shot from bows all around, even so shall I endure abuse.

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from the Dhammapada, verse 320.

“Just
as the great ocean has one taste, the taste of salt, so also this
teaching and discipline has one taste, the taste of liberation.” The
Buddha

one taste

“Just as the great ocean has one taste, the taste of salt, so also
this teaching and discipline has one taste, the taste of liberation.”
The Buddha (from the Udana)

Format
http://www.realbuddhaquotes.com/page/6/

“To
support mother and father, to cherish wife and children, and to be
engaged in peaceful occupation — this is the greatest blessing.” The
Buddha

to support mother and father

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from the Mangala Sutta.

“To support mother and father, to cherish wife and
children, and to be engaged in peaceful occupation — this is the
greatest blessing.”

“They
blame those who remain silent, they blame those who speak much, they
blame those who speak in moderation. There is none in the world who is
not blamed.”

they blame those who remain silent

From the Dhammapada, verse 227:

“They blame those who remain silent, they blame those who speak much,
they blame those who speak in moderation. There is none in the world
who is not blamed.”
–The Buddha

“They blame those who remain silent … who speak much … who speak in moderation.” The Buddha

“There is none in the world who is not blamed.” The Buddha

“‘As
I am, so are these. As are these, so am I.’ Drawing the parallel to
yourself, neither kill nor get others to kill.” The Buddha

As I am, so are these

This is a genuine quote from the Buddhist scriptures, said to have been uttered by the Buddha himself:

‘As I am, so are these.
As are these, so am I.’
Drawing the parallel to yourself,
neither kill nor get others to kill.

It’s from a text called the Nalaka Sutta, which is found in the Sutta Nipata)

“If
a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is carried
away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The Buddha

If a man going down into a river

if a man going down into a river (2)

“If a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is
carried away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The
Buddha

(From the Sutta Nipata)

“Should you find a wise critic to point out your faults, follow him as you would a guide to hidden treasure.”

should you find a wise critic

This is a genuine Buddha quote. It’s from verse 76 of the Dhammapada. Here’s a link to an alternative translation.

“Should you find a wise critic to point out your faults, follow him as you would a guide to hidden treasure.” Buddha

“Purity and impurity depend on oneself; no one can purify another.”

purity and impurity depend on oneself

From the Dhammapada:

“By oneself is evil done; by oneself is one defiled. By oneself is
evil left undone; by oneself is one made pure. Purity and impurity
depend on oneself; no one can purify another.”
The Buddha

“Purity and impurity depend on oneself; no one can purify another.” The Buddha

//www.realbuddhaquotes.com/page/7/

“Conquer
anger with non-anger. Conquer badness with goodness. Conquer meanness
with generosity. Conquer dishonesty with truth.” The Buddha

conquer anger with non-anger

From the Dhammapada, verse 223:

“Conquer anger with non-anger. Conquer badness with goodness.” The Buddha

“Conquer meanness with generosity. Conquer dishonesty with truth.” The Buddha

“If
a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is carried
away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The Buddha

If a man going down into a river

if a man going down into a river (2)

“If a man going down into a river, swollen and swiftly flowing, is
carried away by the current — how can he help others across?” – The
Buddha

(From the Sutta Nipata)

“Better
it is to live one day seeing the rise and fall of things than to live a
hundred years without ever seeing the rise and fall of things.” The
Buddha

the rise and fall of things

This is a genuine Buddha quote, from the Dhammapada:

Better it is to live one day seeing the rise and fall of
things than to live a hundred years without ever seeing the rise and
fall of things.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWOVWYgiSkc
buddha’s teachings
Anxiety and Depression Tips
Published on Nov 30, 2017
Real teachings by the Buddha.
Category
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Real teachings by the Buddha.

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(14) LESSON Sun Jul 09 2007- (2666 Fri 29 Jun LESSON) Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle. The cameras are usually mounted on top of an automobile for scenes through cities and highways, while films such as The Timekeeper use a static camera and many CGI effects. The first film was America the Beautiful (1955 version) in the Circarama theater, which would eventually become Circle-Vision theater in 1967. Oh yes! Check out the Clam (brand) screen tent. I got the circular one that is 11 ft. in dia. Put the hub on the ground - let it it fall outward and begin to pull the sides out as you walk around. It has pre-installed spring rods that you pull outward as you walk around it and then go inside and push up the top. Less than 5 min.
Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka
Posted by: site admin @ 6:10 pm

  (14) LESSON Sun Jul  09  2007- (2666 Fri 29 Jun  LESSON) 

Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle. The cameras are usually mounted on top of an automobile for scenes through cities and highways, while films such as The Timekeeper use a static camera and many CGI effects. The first film was America the Beautiful (1955 version) in the Circarama theater, which would eventually become Circle-Vision theater in 1967.

Oh
yes! Check out the Clam (brand) screen tent. I got the circular one
that is 11 ft. in dia. Put the hub on the ground - let it it fall
outward and begin to pull the sides out as you walk around. It has
pre-installed spring rods that you pull outward as you walk around it
and then go inside and push up the top. Less than 5 min.


GIF pics
GIF picsVipassana Gif

Circle-Vision 360°


Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle. The cameras are usually mounted on top of an automobile for scenes through cities and highways, while films such as The Timekeeper use a static camera and many CGI effects. The first film was America the Beautiful (1955 version) in the Circarama theater, which would eventually become Circle-Vision theater in 1967.

It is used for a few attractions at Disney theme parks, such as Epcot’s O Canada!, Reflections of China, and Disneyland’s defunct America the Beautiful (1967 version), Wonders of China, and American Journeys, which were housed in the Circle-Vision theater in Tomorrowland.
At the 2011 D23 Expo, Disneyland Resort President George Kalogridis
announced that CircleVision would be making a return to Disneyland Park
with a new presentation of America the Beautiful in CircleVision 360,
though it is not currently known where the film will be presented (as
the original theater was replaced with another attraction), and whether
this will be a version of the original film or a new film with the same
name and concept.

By using an odd number
of screens, and a small space between them, a projector may be placed
in each gap, projecting across the space to a screen. The screens and
projectors are arranged above head level, and lean rails may be provided
for viewers to hold or to lean against while standing and viewing the
film.

Parks that use Circle-Vision technologyDisneyland Park
Magic Kingdom
Epcot
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Paris
Other usesExpo 64
Expo 67

  • Sponsors
    • The Telephone Association of Canada
  • Notes: The “B-25″ airplane was used to film the aerial shots.[2]
  • This
    is one of the rarest Circle-Vision movies, for except for a brief
    appearance in January 1974 at Magic Kingdom during their “Salute to
    Canada”, it has been unseen since 1967. The film was the inspiration for
    the original “O Canada!” film that played at Epcot from 1982-2007.


    • Man and His World – after Expo 67
      In 1970 this theater became the USA Pavilion, presenting the film
      “America the Beautiful”, with a post-show exhibit of Americana including
      a well-guarded Moon rock.
    Expo 86
    • Grand opening: May 2, 1986
    • Closed: October 13, 1986
    • Designer: ??
    • Location: Telecom Canada Pavilion, Expo 86, Vancouver
    • Formal Name of Attraction
      • “Telecom Canada”
    • Film Shown
      • “Portraits of Canada/Images du Canada”
    • Sponsors
    • Notes – Following Expo, the movie played temporarily at the Canada pavilion at EPCOT Center.
    Other

    French cinematic pioneers toyed with the technology from 1884, leading to Cinéorama. Another system (developed in the 21st century) substantially similar is in use at the site of the Terracotta Army exhibit at Xian, China. The Badaling Great Wall near Beijing, China has a Circle-Vision theater featuring scenes from the Great Wall of China.

    See also
    References
    1. Official Expo 67 guide book, page 178. Toronto: Maclean-Hunter Publishing Co. Ltd., 1967.
    2. “Expo 67 - Plane used to film “Canada 67″ - Disney Circle Vision 360″.

    Circle-Vision 360°


    https://www.quora.com/What-would-make-a-good-meditation-tent

    Jerry Jaran


    Oh
    yes! Check out the Clam (brand) screen tent. I got the circular one
    that is 11 ft. in dia. Put the hub on the ground - let it it fall
    outward and begin to pull the sides out as you walk around. It has
    pre-installed spring rods that you pull outward as you walk around it
    and then go inside and push up the top. Less than 5 min. You buy the
    side panels separately. I got 3- for low sun, wind or privacy. They
    attach with velcro. There is one that is just 6 ft across. I think it’s
    square. I use 1 ft. spikes for stakes with a big washer welded to the
    top as the tent grommets are big and the ground in Utah is hard. The
    supplied stakes are a little weak. See on youtube and website.

    I
    got the green one. I thought the brown with white top would be too
    bright inside. The only neg. thing about it is that even though it is a
    screen tent it gets hot inside midday if it’s 100*. But you are likely
    not in it then anyway. Don’t let that deter you from this great tent. I
    think it’s also the best overall camping tent with the available sides.

    Check out what I have inside- the Corona Swing Hammock. The worlds best zero gravity lounger. At wayfair.com. (without canopy)

    Tionna Smith


    For Good Meditation tent visit https://thepartytents.com/
    In thepartytents you can afford a tent at $99.99 for your purpose of
    meditaion. 10X10 Party tent is the correct choice for 1 to 3 persons can
    meditate at the same time.

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  • comments (0)
    (13) LESSON Sat Jul 08 2007- (2665 Thu 28 Jun LESSON) Learning Buddha’s Word By Own Dialects Or Magadhi? It should be Magadhi. The Original Language of the Buddha and His Teachings The languages used in Hela Diva in Buddha’s period Magahi language in 1) Classical Magahi Magadhi, 2) Classical Chandaso language, 3)Magadhi Prakrit,4) Classical Hela Basa (Hela Language), 5) Classical Pali, 6) Classical Deva Nagari,07) Classical Afrikaans, - Klassieke Afrikaans,08) Classical Albanian-Shqiptare klasike,09) Classical Amharic-አንጋፋዊ አማርኛ,10) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى 11) Classical Armenian-դասական հայերեն,12) Classical Azerbaijani- Klassik Azərbaycan,13) Classical Basque- Euskal klasikoa,14) Classical Belarusian-Класічная беларуская,15) Classical Bengali-ক্লাসিক্যাল বাংলা,16) Classical Bosnian-Klasični bosanski,17) Classical Bulgaria- Класически българск, 18) Classical Catalan-Català clàssic, 19) Classical Cebuano-Klase sa Sugbo, 20) Classical Chichewa-Chikale cha Chichewa, 21) Classical Chinese (Simplified)-古典中文(简体), 22) Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體), 23) Classical Corsican- Corsa Corsicana, 24) Classical Czech-Klasická čeština, 24) Classical Croatian- Klasična hrvatska, 24) Classical Czech-Klasická čeština
    Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka
    Posted by: site admin @ 10:07 am
    comments (0)
    (13) LESSON Sat Jul 08 2007- (2665 Thu 28 Jun LESSON) Learning Buddha’s Word By Own Dialects Or Magadhi? It should be Magadhi. The Original Language of the Buddha and His Teachings The languages used in Hela Diva in Buddha’s period Magahi language in 1) Classical Magahi Magadhi, 2) Classical Chandaso language, 3)Magadhi Prakrit,4) Classical Hela Basa (Hela Language), 5) Classical Pali, 6) Classical Deva Nagari,07) Classical Afrikaans, - Klassieke Afrikaans,08) Classical Albanian-Shqiptare klasike,09) Classical Amharic-አንጋፋዊ አማርኛ,10) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى 11) Classical Armenian-դասական հայերեն,12) Classical Azerbaijani- Klassik Azərbaycan,13) Classical Basque- Euskal klasikoa,14) Classical Belarusian-Класічная беларуская,15) Classical Bengali-ক্লাসিক্যাল বাংলা,16) Classical Bosnian-Klasični bosanski,17) Classical Bulgaria- Класически българск, 18) Classical Catalan-Català clàssic, 19) Classical Cebuano-Klase sa Sugbo, 20) Classical Chichewa-Chikale cha Chichewa, 21) Classical Chinese (Simplified)-古典中文(简体), 22) Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體), 23) Classical Corsican- Corsa Corsicana, 24) Classical Czech-Klasická čeština, 24) Classical Croatian- Klasična hrvatska, 24) Classical Czech-Klasická čeština
    Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka
    Posted by: site admin @ 4:03 am

    24) Classical Croatian-
    Klasična hrvatska,




    24) Classical Czech-
    Klasická čeština




    23) Classical Corsican

    23) Corsa Corsicana

    (13) LESSUNA Sat Jul 08 2007-
    (2665 u 28 giugno LESSON)

    U studiu di u Bouddhistu da i Parole o Magadhi?

    Sò deve esse Magadhi.

    A Lingua Originale di u Bouddhë è i so Sìstici
    I Lingue in Hela Diva in u tempu di Buda
     
    da
    Analítica
    Intiziuali Net -Online Tipiṭaka Ricerca è Prutizzioni Università è
    articuli novi à http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in105 CLASSIC LANGUAGES

    Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya
    http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā


    un Canali di NEW GOOD FOR NEW WELFARE, FABULTURA E PAZ FOR ALL
    SOCIETIES Catering à più di 3000 E-Mail: 200 WhatsApp, Facebook è
    Twitter.


    a Energia Pessibile più preziosa di u situ informativu è di ricerca
    inducizione di l’insignamenti di u Cridanatu cù Sensibilizazione u
    Bouddha è in u Pianu Technu-Puliticu-Soziu è Traspremimentu Ecunòmicu
    Cummutu da quelli millioni di persone in u mondu.
    Rendiazione
    di traduzzione esatta in a so lettura di sta Università in a lingua
    materna in questa traduzzione di Google è di a splutazione dodbica di
    diventà un Stream
    Enterer (Sottapanna) è pè ottene Eterna Bliss com a Goal Finale.

    http://www.orgsites.com/oh/awakenedone/

    Prughjetti Awakeness

    Tutti i 84.000 Khandas As Found in u Pali Suttas

    Tradizzjonalmentu sò 84.000 Dharma Doors - 84.000 manere di crescita Awakeness. Forsi quì; sicuru u Buddtu hà insignatu un grande numaru di pratichi chì purtanu à Awakeness. Sta pagina web tenta di catalogà quelli chì sò truvati in Pali Suttas (DN, MN, SN, AN, Ud & Sn 1). Ci hè 3 traversi:

    I discursi di Buddtu sò diverti in 84.000, cum’è per indirizzi separati. A
    divisioni comprende tutte ciò chì hè statu parratu da Buddha. “Aghju
    ricivutu da Bouddha”, disse Ananda, “82.000 Khandas, è da i
    sacrificadori 2000;
    quessi
    sò 84.000 Khandas maintenuti da mè “. Sò dividuti in 275,250, quantu à i
    stanzi di u testu originale, è in 361.550, quant à i stanzzi di u
    cummentariu.
    Tutti
    i discorsi, cumpresi quelli di u Budda è quelli di u cummentatore, sò
    spartuti in 2.547 banawaras, chì cuntenenu 737.000 stanzas, è 29.368.000
    carte separati.

    http://www.buddha-vacana.org/

    BuddhaSasana-A casa di Pali

     Buddha Vacana
    - E parolle di u Boudou -
    U Buddhismu Classicu (Assistenzi di l’Impurtitatu cù Sensibilizazione) sò pertendu à u mondu, è tutti sò u dirittu esclusivu:


    a Energia Pessibile più preziosa di u situ informativu è di ricerca
    inducizione di l’insignamenti di u Cridanatu cù Sensibilizazione u
    Bouddha è in u Pianu Technu-Puliticu-Soziu è Traspremimentu Ecunòmicu
    Cummutu da quelli millioni di persone in u mondu.

    Rendering
    traduzzioni esplicale cum’è una lettura di sta Università in a lingua
    materna in questa traduzzione di Google https://translate.google.com è a
    dumania di ripubblicazione dà diventà un Cumpagnu di l’Intreter
    (Sottapanna) è pè ottene Eterna Bliss com a Goal Finali.
    Analytic
    Insight-Net - FREE Online Analytic Insight-Net Tipiṭaka Research &
    Practice Università è NEWS RELATATI à http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in105
    CLASSIC LANGUAGES

    buddhasaid2us@gmail.com
    jcs4ever@outlook.com,
    sarvajanow@yahoo.co.in

    https://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=10635

    U studiu di u Bouddhistu da i Parole o Magadhi?
    Cita
    Post Fri Dec 02, 2011 1:38 am

    Dear All,

    Ci
    era dui Bhikkhus si lamintonu à u Bouddhie, chì qualchissia di i
    Bhikkhus eranu recite a parolla di u Budde per ùn utilizà a lingua
    Chandaso ma sò i so dialetti, cusì urganizamu Bouddha per unificà
    l’accitazione di a parolla di Bouddha cù u Chandaso lingua ma si rifiuta
    da u Bouddha
    u Buddtu hà parlatu questu:
    Anujānāmi, bhikkhave, sakāya niruttiyā buddhavacanaṃ pariyāpuṇitu'’nti.

    Tradottu di Prof. Rhys Davids & Oldenberg:
    “A vi dicu, o Bhikkhus, per amparà e parole di u Bouddha, ogni in u so dialettu”
    Ma in l’altra banda, u commentatore Pali Tipitaka, Ven. Bhadanta Achariya Buddhagosha in u so cumenti:
    Sakhya niruttiyāti ettha sakā nirutti nāma sammāsambuddhena vuttappakāro māgadhiko vohāro.
    “Aghjustassi i paroli di u Budditu per esse acquistati in a so lingua (in Māgadhī, a lingua di u Budditu stessu)”.
    Qual’è lingua chì Gautama Buda parla da a mitulugia indiana, è per quessa hè significativu?
    Risposta
    Interessante · 10
    A dumanda
     
    Avete sta dumanda? Dumplitu Answers:
    Petra da Quora
    Determinà sta dumanda à i scrittori, è avete infurmatu nantu à novi risposte.
    3 Answers
    Dyung Le
    Dyung Le, Natu da u Buddhist
    Actualizata Jan 25, 2016

    U Buddtu hà parlatu in una lingua chjamata Magadhi Prakrit. Magadhi
    Prakrit hè a lingua parrata da l’anticu regnu Magadha, unu di i 16
    regni citatiggi in u mumentu, situatu in u subcontinuentu indianu
    orientale, in una regione circa Bihar di l’oghji, è chì spanghjenu ciò
    chì hè questu l’orientu orientale, Bangladesh,
    è u Nepal. U primu Magadha era Bimbisara (558 aC -491 aC), durante u regnu chì u Bouddhu hà assicuratu illuminazione. U
    regnu Bimbisara è u so succissore figghiu Ajatashatru, eranu mencionati
    in parechji Sutras Buddhistani, esse disciplini leiani, amichi è
    pruteggiarii di u Buddu.

    Imperu Magadha, ~ 500 aC

    U
    regnu Magadha dopu divintò parti di l’Imperu Mauryanu, unu di l’imperi
    più grandi di u mondu in u so tempu, è a più grande in u sottocuntinu
    indiano.

    Imperu Mauryanu, 265 aC

    Magadhi Prakrit hè a lingua ufficiale di u tribunale Mauryan. U so emperor “Ashoka the Great” (regnatu 273 - 232 aC) cuntinìa l’India cuntinentale. Durante
    a guerra à cunquistà Kalinga, l’ultima parti sud di l’India chì ùn era
    sottumessu à u so regnu, hà presciuttu a vista di a devastazione chì hà
    causatu centenarie di milla di morti, è hà iniziatu cun rimorsu.
    Anche
    l’annessamentu di Kalinga hè stata cumpletta, Ashoka hà avutu
    l’insignamenti di u Buddhismu, rinuncìu a guerra è a viulenza.
    Mandò
    i missionarii per viaghjà in Asia, u so figliolu Mahinda è a figliola
    Sanghamitra, chì hà stabilitu u Buddhismu in Cepponu (issa Sri Lanka) - è
    dissiru u Budismu à altri paesi.

    Ligure di pietra di Ashoka, diventemu più simbulu di l’India muderna

    Magadhi
    Prakrit hè principarmenti la lingua da quale l’edizzioni di
    l’imperatore Ashoka fussenu cumposti. Queste edtuti foru stampati nantu à
    pilastri di petra pusatu in tutta l’imperu.

    L’inscription in i pilastri cugnitate edtziunati nantu à a so moralità basatu annantu à i principii buddise.

    Ashoka Pillar à Feroze Shah Kotla, Delhi, scrittu in Magadhi, Brami è Urdu

    Geograficamente, u Bouddhite insignate in Magadha, ma i quattru posti più impurtanti in a so vita sò tuttu fora di questu. Hè probabili ca hà amparatu in parechje dialetti di l’Indo-ariani mediani, chì avianu un altu gradu di intelligibiltà mutuale.
     
    Magadhi Prakrit cuperta una genealogia cù u Sànscritu - una lingua induaurciana, cun cumuni à l’antichi Germania è persianu. U Vediu Hindu sagratu è u testu Upanicheghja sò scritte in questa lingua. Perchè
    Buddtu era un prìncipe, avia avutu u Sanskrit, a lingua di i Brahmane è
    aristucratici, è utilizatu in testi religiosi formali.
    Ma parechji di i so seguitori eranu persone chì ùn anu micca avutu educatu in Sanskrit. U recordu di u Sutra hà dichjaratu chì u Buda era cuntrariu à l’usu di u Sànscritu per a so predica. Preferisce u Magadhi vernacula per a so predica è u sermu.
     
    Ancu l’enseignature di u Budde era in Magadhi, ùn hè micca scrittu di u so insignante in questa lingua. Immediatamenti
    dopu a so morti, sottu u patruniatu di u re Ajatashatru, u so studiente
    maiò chì hà studiatu Mahakassapa hà urganizatu u “Primu cunzigista
    buddhista”, durante quale Ananda, u primu di u Bouddhistru è aide longu
    tempu, cun meme prodigioso, fù dumandatu à recite i so insignamenti,
    .
     
    Quandu
    l’insignamentu Buddhistani principianu à scopra di u tempu di Ashoka,
    sò tradotti continuamente in i dialetti lucali è lingue.
     
    Quandu
    l’insignamenti cuminciaru à esse scritte, circa trè o quattru centu
    anni dopu à a morte di u Bouddha, esistevanu digià parechje versione
    diversi è ricurdati in modu memorizatu, una di a quali hè a versione
    Pali.
    Una
    sola versione cumpletta di u settore di Vinaya (inventorii di e regule
    per esse osservatu da i monumenti / meli), u Sutra (discrive di u
    discursu di u Buddu) è Abhidharma (riunioni) hà survivutu in a lingua
    Pali, priservatu da a Scuola Theravadin.
    In
    cunseguenza questu copia hè stata cunsiderata cum’è u cuntestu
    autoritariu di l’insignamenti di u Buddu in Sri Lanka, Birmania,
    Tailanda, Laos è Cambogia, a casa di l’Scuola Theravadin.
     
    Howe …
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    Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan

    Ram Sury
    Ram Sury, lettu à nantu à a storia buddista è a filusufia
    Ricivutu u 24 di Ghjinnaghju 2016

    Aghju rispondenu - Risposta di Ram Sury à Did Gautama Buda predica in Pali o Magadhi Language?

    A mitulugia indiana ùn dice micca nunda di a lingua di Buddha.

    Ma hè divertitu chì a lingua in Pāli (o Māgadhī) hè micca cunnisciutu in tuttu in India in BCE. Ancu
    Aśoka, chì si crede hè un re di Magadha, è chì stanu vicinu à 150-200
    anni dopu a vita di u Buda - ùn hà micca una sola referenza à Pāli o
    Māgadhī, è nunda di e so inscripzioni sò in Pāli o Māgadhī - tali
    Lingua simpliciamente ùn esiste micca in u tempu di u Buddi o ancu centu anni dopu à u so tempu.



    https://www.quora.com/Did-Gautama-Buddha-preach-in-Pali-or-…

    Sò deve esse Magadhi.

    Perchè Pali (पालि / பாளி) ùn era una lingua vernacula parlata duranti u periodu di Shakyamuni, Siddhartha Gautama. Quandu
    Magadhi Bhasha cresce chì hè a lingua materna di Siddhartha, hè assai
    pussibuli chì hà datu i so insignamenti in quella lingua.

    Certi linguisti sustiniennu chì Pali devu solu esse una versione testu di Magadhi. In fatti, a parola “pali” simplicemente significa “linea” o “marca” in lingua indua-antica (Prakrits e Sanskrit). Puderete
    aduprà cum’è “testu” chì a lingua Pali hè utilizata solu dopu à u
    sistema di scritta hè statu introduttu in l’India antica.

    Certi
    altri linguisti cose chì Pali deve esse una misura di parechje lingue
    Prakrit per fà a magguranza di l’antichi indi per capiscenu
    l’insignamentu di Buda.
    In ogni casu, hè assai obvi chì u Buda ùn avissi micca usatu Pali durante a so vita. Sò deve esse Magadhi.
    quora.com
    Ba Gautama Buddha preach in Pali o Magadhi Language?
    Rispondi (1 di 6): Deve esse Magadhi. Picchì, Pali (पालि / பாளி) ùn era micca …
    http://dharmadhatu-center.org/the-original-language-of.html
    http://panhinda.sirisaddharmaya.net/the-languages-used-in-hela-diva-in-buddhas-period/
    පරම පවිත්ර සිරි සද්ධර්මය
    නිවන් අවබෝධ කර ගැනීමට උපකාරී වන්නේ පරම පවිත්ර සිරි සද්ධර්මයයි!

    I Lingue in Hela Diva in u tempu di Buda
    Posted on January 6, 2014

    Tutti i reguli di Hela Diva (Deva Hela) principianu usanu dui lingui.

        Lingua Magadhi Prakruth
        
    Hela Basa (Hela Language)

    In tuttu, a lingua di i citadini ordinarji in tuttu l’Hela Diva hè Hela Basa. Hela Basa anu statu usatu comu lingua parrata è ancu com’è una lingua scritta. Hela Basa hè stata aduprata in ogni locu da i citadini ordinarji, in u ghjornu oghje a vita è ancu in i so attività cummerciale.

    A lingua Prakruth Magadhi era una lingua di i gran erudite. U linguaggiu Magadhi fu usatu per a tecnulugia, scienza è artighjani è amministrazione di u paese. A lingua magadhi era usata cumunmente in u cuntatu di Magadha chì a cità di Rajagaha era a capitale. I scholars, capi di u paese, u cleru, i Brahmans è quarchi Compti alluntanati è utilizatu a lingua Magadhi. Tuttu chiddu chì hà cunnisciutu a lingua Maghadi hà amparatu à Hela Basa. A laguna trà a Lingua Magadhi è a lingua Hela ùn era micca tantu grande. A lingua Maghadi hè stata utilizata per amparà e so sapè particulare è di sapè o di qualchì scenza. Pò esse viduta chì a massa in u publicu generale ùn anu micca aduprà a maghadi profonda.

    U Buddtu hà fattu aduprà a lingua Maghadi per insignà à Dhamma in tutti i sittax-stati in Janbudveepa Hela Diva. U Dhamma hà pridicatu in a Lingua Maghadi era facilmente entendutu da i populu cumuni chì anu utilizatu Hela Basa. In
    i tempi antichi esaminò ci anu studiatu in Hela Diva chì anu
    cunnisciutu Hela Basa è benedite l’Artha, Dharma, Nirukthi è Patibhana
    per l’intellettuale Buddha Dhamma chì era insignatu in lingua Maghadi.
    Per
    quessa, Buddha Dhamma hà pridicatu in a lingua Magadhi da Gautama Buda
    hè stata analizata duranti u pianu è Hela Cunsultate sò scritti per
    elli.
    Hela Basa hè una lingua scritta, ma micca a lingua Maghadi. Per
    via di questu, in u listessu periodu di u tempu, l’Escrizione di
    Clientale (Attha katha) [2] in Hela Basa hè stata fatta per u Buddha
    Dhamma predica da Gautama Buda.
    Per
    analizà è prisentate i spiegazioni per i sapè di Buddtu, in l’antichità
    in Hela Bima, cinqui artha kathas scritti in Hela Basa anu statu usatu è
    sò Hela Atuwa, Kurundi Atuwa, Budukali Atuwa, Seehala Attha Katha è
    Mahaatta Katha.
    Tutti issi Attha Kathas anu scrittu nantu à u Buddha Dhamma predica da Gautama Buda in Lingua Maghadi. Questi Hela Atuwa pudemu vede ancu in u periodu Anuradhapura. L’alfabetu utilizatu per a lingua Magadhi è Hela Lingua era u stessu. Ùn ci era micca dui alfabbetu differenti. I dui lingui anu una metodulugia di lettere Prakrit. Ma di questu tempu, quiddu chì s’utiliavanu in l’India eranu i lettri di Brahmi è a lingua sànscrita. I citadini in India ùn anu mai utilizzatu a lingua Maghadi o Hela Basa. Per
    via di questu, unu pò avè chì ci sò parechji certe differenzi trà e
    lettere in Lanka in a vellezza in Helabima, chì hè u periodu di Bouddh
    previ Anuradhapura è e lettere utilizati in Anurahapura dopu à u periodu
    d’Ashoka.
    A
    cunsiguenza di questu era chì l’inscriptions reader di u periodu
    Anuradhapura hà pussutu difficiulà per leghje inscriptions scritte in u
    tempu di Buda in Hela Diva.
    Ma u patronu di e lettite in u periodu Anuradapura è u periodu Ashoka era assai simili. Questu hè per l’influenza di l’India. In
    l’antica Hela Diva, i guvirnanti è certi studiati da Yakkha Hela induve
    tribù Yakkha è Naaga anu sappiutu dui lingui, Maghadi è Hela Basa.
    I
    rutti di a tribù Yakkha, cum’è Saathaagira è Hemawatha, puderanu
    capisce u Dhamma predica per Gautama Buda in a lingua Maghadi.


    Ancu u Re Samana puderia capì à Dhamma. È ancu u grande Re Wessawana introduciu a promulgazione di Aataanaataa à Gautama Buda in lingua Magadhi. Gautama Buda pridicava a cosa à i so discìpuli in lingua nova Magadhi.

    In
    l’antichità quì Arahant Mahinda Thero hè vinutu à Hela Diva (Lanka),
    andò à a capitale di Rajagaha (Ampara) in u Regnu di Magada, hà amparatu
    adudu a lingua Magadhi è Hela Basa per qualchì pocu anni, pigghiaru u
    Budu Kali Commentarii scritti in Hela
    Basa à Anuradhapura è preached Buddha Dhamma à u Re Dewana Paathis in a lingua magdiana è Hela Basa. Questu significa chì a maiò parte di e persone chjamatu in u regnu d’Anuradhapura anu troppu in Lingua Hela Basa è Magadhi. Aglomerate gradualmente, Helabasa divinni a lingua di l’omu cumuni è a lingua Magadhi divinni a lingua di l’intellettuale.

    Sta
    lingua magadhi usata da l’intellettuale in tutte e sette stati in Hela
    Diva è ancu in Yakkha Hela è Naaga Hela ùn anu mai statu un linguaggiu
    per esse usatu da ogni regione o un regnu in India.
    Tutte e lingue impune in l’india, quellu ghjornu erani basati nantu à u Sanskrit, ma micca Prakrit.

     Dopu à pridicà Dhamma per Gautama Buda in Hela Diva, Dhamma hà scoppiatu à u Sud India è e regioni cum’è u Kerala istante. Quandu u Buddha Dhamma era spartu à stu modu, a lingua Maghadi hè stata utilizata in i regni in u Sud e Indiense uccidintali. Per via di questu, i libri in Hela Diva in Magadhi è Hela foru tradotti in lingue indiani. L’Università Indiana accuminciò à insignà a Lingua Maghadi è questu hè solu dopu a divinga di Buddha Dhamma. Pela [3] ùn hè micca una lingua. Pela
    Dhamma ùn hè nunda, ma i teste o passaggi di Buddha Dhamma in a lingua
    Magadhi chì sò in forma di e ligne o disposti in linii.
    U
    Buddhd Dhamma hè statu prisentatu per questu modu, in forma di ligne,
    cum’è aiuta in una lettura easy per cori è registrà in mente.
    Dopu
    à 7 seculi, in l’ultima parti di u tempu Anuradhapura, Pela Dhamma hè
    stata trasfurmata in una lingua chjamata Pali è a più tardi mudificà è
    una lingua di grammatica.
    A
    lingua Pali chì hè utilizata è hà amparatu in oghje hè una lingua
    creada e modificada, è micca a listessa lingua Magadhi utilizada da
    Buddha per pridicà à Dhamma.
    Ci hè parechje diffarenzii tra dui dui. Artha, Dharma è Nirukthi pò esse presentati per i termini Terme di Magadhi chì anu utilizatu da u Budda. A lingua Pali hà solu sapienti cumuni.

    [2]
    Atta Katha o Attha Katha o Artha Katha - i cumercii anu scrittu cù
    l’aiutu di spieghenanu quarchi in una manera simplicia, per fà fàciule à
    u lettore per capiscitura di certe parole difficili.

    Dharmadhatu Center

    H.H. Dorje Chang Buddha III

    A Lingua Originale di u Bouddhë è i so Sìstici

    Extracted from the book “Sutras Buddhist: Origine Development” di Kogen Mizuno.
    “A
    lingua urigginali di i sutras hè chì Ghjè avutu esse Magadhi, chì
    Shakyamuni utilizza à pridicà. Di tutti i versioni di l’indici versi di
    sutras utilizati comi testi Buddisti, quelli scritti in Pali sò i più
    numerosi è sò largamente usati in i paesi Buddi miridiunali
    Sri
    Lanka, Birmania è Tailanda, sicondu a tradizione Buddista meridionale,
    Pali hè cunsideratu cum’è a lingua chì Shakyamuni parrava, è per quessa
    hè chjamatu Magadhi o a lingua fundamentali. Ma i studii recenti
    indicanu chì ancu un pocu di a influenza Magadhi hè sempre evidente
    in a lingua Pali, e caratteristiche basa di e dui lingui sò diffirenti.
    “E
    duie famigni famigliali in lingua indiana sò Indù e Dravidian Tutti i
    sutreri buddi sò stati uriginati compilati in lingue Indices, chì si
    sviluppau in parechji parte di l’India nantu à un periudu di trè o
    quattru mila anni in l’indi L’India in più di 10 lingui maiori-
    In
    particulare u Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Bihari, Marathi è Punjabi- pertendu
    à sta famiglia, è insegni numeri parechji centu dialetti. Sànscritu è
    ​​quattordii lingui muderni sò ufficialamenti sanctioned da a
    constituenza indiana, è in una casa grande hè pussibule
    parechje
    di e lingue ricunnisciuti per esse in usu, postu chì i servitori di e
    diverse zona è i membri di a famiglia tutti parlanu in i so lingue o
    dialetti.
    “Stu
    patrimoniu linguisticu riccu era nutatu in i tempi antichi, quandu, per
    esempiu, in teatri unu pudaria identificà l’occupazione di un caratteru
    è u statu sociale per l’urdinamentu prescrittu chì ellu parlava. Re,
    ministri è di Brahmans parlonu Sanskrit, u più apprufunnitu è
    Infine,
    liens, princesses, monumenti è cortesane falonu una lingua grazia
    chjamata Shauraseni: a populazione generale, cum’è i mircanti è
    l’artiggiani, parlava Magadhi, è i bassa classi parlonu Paishachi. Ancu
    lyrics anu avutu u so gustu à a lingua d’upa, Maharashtri.

    “I
    cincu lingui sùbbitu citatinu originate in i dialetti di e diverse
    situ, ma e lingue in u tempu di Shakyamuni appartine à un periudu prima
    di quellu di questi lingui. In ogni modu, ancu in u tempu di Shakyamuni,
    i linziali riggiunali eranu diventati, è ogni lingua avia u so propiu
    caratteristiche
    unichi, cumu si vedemu da l’edtuti di Ashoka, emissi quasi duie seculi
    dopu a morti di Shakyamuni. Ashoka hà avutu i so edguti sculture in
    grossi rocci è pilastri di petra, è un editu particulari era scrittu in
    un linguaghju differenti in ogni unu di l’ottu
    I
    posti in l’india, chì si pò esse divisu in quattru o cinque gruppi
    riggiunali, currisponde à e cinque lingui utilizati in u dramma di i
    periodi più tardi in tempu di tempu fussiru lingui riggiunali di a
    famiglia Apabhramsha è
    anu più tardi sò stati sviluppati in i lingui Indiri muderni.
    “A
    lingua Shakyamuni parrava quellu in usu generale à l’altitudine media
    di u Ganges, unni era attivu. Dopu chì l’area hè stata chjamata Magadha,
    a so lingua hè chjamata Magadi (o Old Magadhi), è perchè assai
    edizzioni di l’imperatore Ashoka
    sò stati trovi in ​​questu spaziu, avemu un idea di ciò chì u Magadhi Shakyamuni parrava.
    “In
    u tempu di Shakyamuni, i Vedas, i scrittura santi di u Brahmanismu, anu
    trasmessu in u Sànscritu Vedic, chì era u precursore di u Sanskrit
    classicu. Ambientu u Sanskrit Vedic è sànscriti classicu sò eleganti,
    lingui cumplèttati è cumplessi.
    solu
    à i classi suprani educati, senza mai à e classi bassa. Shakyamuni, chì
    volia i so insignamenti per alcuni alcuni sughjetti di a società
    ugwalment, pinsò chì e classi più bassi fussinu l’enfasi di u so
    ministeru è, per quessa, pridichendu u so insignamentu in Magadhi,
    di i pirsuni cumuni, perchè ancu i bassa classi puderanu capì.
    Un
    extracte di “Bones, Stones, è Monks Buddhist: Documenti recullati nantu
    à l’archeulogichi, l’epigrafià è i testi di u Buddismu monàsticu in
    India” di Gregory Schopen
    “Avemu
    cunnisciutu, è hà cunnisciutu da qualchì tempu, chì u canon di Pali
    cum’è avemu - è hè generale cuncede à esse a nostra fonti più antica, ùn
    pò micca esse rimettutu più avanzatu da l’ultimu trimestre di u primu
    sèculu aC, a data di
    A
    riazzione Alu-vihara, a résignation antica chì pudemu avè qualchissia
    cunuscenza è chì, per una storia critica, pò serve, à pocu più cà a
    fonte di u Buddhismu di stu piriodu. Ma sapemu chì ancu esse

    problematicu perchè chì Malalasekera hà avagatu ‘… quante hè a punta
    di u Tipitaka è i so cumuzioni ridutta à scriviri à Alu-vihara semu
    similarità cum’è quelli chì avà sò scatti finu à nimu, nimu pò dì.
    In
    fattu, ùn hè micca finu à u tempu di i cumenti di Buddhaghosa,
    Dhammapala e altri, questu quì à u seculu cinqueimu è seimu seculu C.E.-
    chì pudemu sapere di qualcosa definite circa i cuntenuti di stu canon.
    “Avemu
    ancu sapendu chì ùn ci hè micca evidenza per indicà chì un canonu
    esiste prima di a redaczione Alu-vihara. Ancu Ashoka nta l’Edictu Dhabra
    specificamente urgeu i dui monumenti è i leggiani di recite certi
    testi, chì chjamò, ùn hà mancu in a so ricetta
    qualsiasi indiziatu chì ellu hà cunnisciutu un canonu, o a classificazione di testi in nikaya. “
    Purtroppu
    a grande fidenza in u regnu memoria di i monaci chì memorizianu u Sutra
    Buddhistanu da u tempu di u Bouddhie è i trasmettini verbalmente da
    generazioni à generazione per circa 400 anni prima ch’elli eranu in
    scrittura.
    E
    in quantu di cumincià u primu più prestu di Sutras, hè a mo cumprenda
    chì parte di u Sutta Nipata in Pali è parte di u Mahavastu in u Sanskrit
    Ibridu Buddhistu (da a tradizione Shravastivadin) sò i più antichi
    Sutras cunnisciuti chì sò datanu da circa 350
    anni dopu u Buddu. Invece,
    ùn eru micca di vaghjimu troppu longu nantu à sta spiegazione, ma
    pensavvi chì a persona pò esse interessatu à sapè un pocu più, se nun
    sapianu oltre, riguardu sti quistioni di lingua è i Sutras Buddhi.
    Una
    petite nota: sicondu a nostra tradizione è i registri stòrici di a
    China antica, u primu più sutra traduttu da l’induru Langues in Chinese
    era u Sutra in 42 Seccione in 69 C.E.
    Sinceramente, in Dharma, Heng Shun
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magahi_language
    Lingua Magahi
    Di Wikipedia, l’enciclopedia
    Salto a navigazione Vai à circà
    Magadhi
    मगही magahī
    Native à l’India
    Etnica di Magahi
    Native speakers
    14 milioni (censimentu di u 2001) [1]
    I prudenzi di Census conflate qualchì parranti cù Hindi. [2]
    Famiglia di lingua

    Indoeuropeu

        Indo-Iranianu
            
    Indoariali
                
    Zona orientali (Magadhan)
                    
    Bihari
                        
    Magadhi

    Forma prima

    Magadhi Prakrit
    Scrittura
    Devanagari, Kaithi
    Status ufficiale
    Lingua ufficiali in
    India (Jharkhand [3])
    Codici di lingua
    ISO 639-2 mag
    ISO 639-3 mag
    Glottolog maga1260 [4]
    Salto a navigazione Vai à circà
    Magadhi
    मगही magahī
    Native à l’India
    Etnica di Magahi
    Native speakers
    14 milioni (censimentu di u 2001) [1]
    I prudenzi di Census conflate qualchì parranti cù Hindi. [2]
    Famiglia di lingua

    Indoeuropeu

        Indo-Iranianu
            
    Indoariali
                
    Zona orientali (Magadhan)
                    
    Bihari
                        
    Magadhi

    Forma prima

    Magadhi Prakrit
    Scrittura
    Devanagari, Kaithi
    Status ufficiale
    Lingua ufficiali in
    India (Jharkhand [3])
    Codici di lingua
    ISO 639-2 mag
    ISO 639-3 mag
    Glottolog maga1260 [4]

    A
    lingua Magahi, cunnisciuta ancu Magadhi, hè una lingua parlata in
    Bihar, Jharkhand è l’est de Bengala Occidente di l’India orientali.
    Magadhi Prakrit era l’ancestru di Magadh, da quale si chjama u nome di questu. Magadhi hà à circa 18 millioni di parlanti.

    Hà una tradizioni ricca è antica di i canzuni populari è storii.
    parrata in quattru distritti di Bihar (Gaya, Patna, Jehanabad,
    Aurangabad, Nalanda, Nawada, Arwal, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura, Jamui) è
    ottu distritti di Jharkhand (Palamu, Chatra, Hazaribag, Koderma,
    Deoghar, Jamtara, singhbhum ouest,
    Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih). In Bengala Occidentale, hè parlatu in u distrittu di Malda [6]. In Odisha, hè parlatu in u distrettului.

    Magahi
    o Magadhia hè una lingua derivata da l’antica Magadhi Prakrit, chì hè
    stata creata in l’anticu regnu di Magadha, chì a core era a zona à u
    sudu di u Ganges è u livante di u Son River.
    Cugnumma hè a lingua parlata da Gautama Buda. Era a lingua ufficiale di a tribunale Mauryan, in quale l’edtuti di Ashoka eranu cumposti.

    U
    nomu Magahi hè diretta direttamenti da u nomu Magadhi Prakrit, è altri
    educanti di Magahi prefessu di chjama “Magadhi” più di “Magahi”.

    Invece chì u numaru di parlanti in Magahi hè grande, ùn hè statu custituitu in a Custituitu in India. In Bihar, u Hindi hè a lingua utilizzata per i educative è l’affari ufficiali. [7] Magadhi era assulutu legalmente in Hindi in u Census 1961. [8]

    Cuntenuti

        1 Storia
        
    2 Speakers di Magahi
        
    3 Scrittura è tradizioni littiraria
            
    3.1 Weekdays
            
    3,2 Frutta è verdura
            
    3.3 Relazioni familiari
            
    3.4 E perspettivi sposti
        
    4 Fonologia
        
    5 Morfologia
        
    6 Vede ancu
        
    7 Referenze
        
    8 I vucazioni esterni

    Storia
    Vede ancu: Magadhi Prakrit, Pali è Sadri

    L’antenatu
    di Magadhi, Magadhi Prakrit, furmatu in u subcontinuentu Indianu in una
    regione chì abbitanu oghji hè l’India è u Nepal.
    Queste rigioni eranu parti di l’anticu regnu di Magadha, u core di quale era l’aria di Bihar solu di u Ganges.

    U
    nomu Magahi hè diretta direttamenti da a parola Magadhi, è i educati di
    Magahi prefessu di chjamà Magadhi in ligna di Magahi. [9]

    Grammatica
    Kachchayano hà scrittu di l’impurtanza di Magadhi, “Ci hè una lingua
    chì hè a radicali (di tutti i lingue), l’omi è i Brahminin l’avìanu
    parlatu à u principiu di a kalpa, chì mai avutu prima un accentu umanu, è
    ancu i Buddi supremi parlonu
    : hè Magadhi “[10]

    U sviluppu di a lingua Magadhi in a so forma prisenti ùn hè cunnisciutu. Eppuru,
    i studienti in lingui anu avutu cunghjuntu chì Magahi, Maithili,
    Bhojpuri, Bengali, Assamese è Oriya originevanu di a Mithila Prakrit o
    puderia esse bengalisi Prakrit durante i seculu 8u 11.
    Sti dialetti diffirenti diferenziaru è piglià u so propiu cursu di creazione è sviluppu. Ma ùn hè certu quandu hè stallatu.
    prubabilmente chjamatu un periodu micca identificado durante el periodu
    chì a lingua muderna moderna di l’Indiana principia a piglià a forma
    moderna.
    À a fine di u XIIesimu seculu, u sviluppu di Apabhramsa righjunsi u so puntu culminale. Gujarati,
    Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Maithili e altre lingue mudernu hà
    pigliatu forma definita in i so scritti littri in u principiu di u 14u
    seculu.
    A forma distinta di Magadhi pò vedà in u Dohakosha scrittu da Sarahapa è Kauhapa. Magahi avia un risultu per u periodu di transizione di l’amministrazione Magadha [11] Tradizionalmente,
    i strolling bards reciten longu poveri epici in u dialettu, è era per
    quessa chì a parola “Magahi” vinni a significari “un bard”.
    Kaithi hè u scrittu in generale per esse. A pronuncia in Magahi ùn hè micca quantu largu in Maithili è ci sò parechji formi verbali per ogni persona. [12] Storia, Magahi ùn anu micca literatura scritta famosa.

    Ci
    sò assai canzuni populari in tuttu u circondu in u quali a lingua hè
    parlata è i strolling bards reciten diverse poemas epici à longu chì sò
    cunnisciuti più o menu nantu à tutta l’india nordu.
    In Magahi l’area di pratica abbitanti tradiziunali cantanu un bonu numaru di ballati. Induzioni di urdu ghjustu un regnu à l’idiomi lucali comu u scrittore persianu era strangitu à i populu locale.

    U
    primu successu per sparghje u Hindi hà fattu successu à Bihar in u
    1881, quandu l’ubligatoriu in ucraghjicu spjuna à a lingua ufficiale di a
    pruvincia.
    Dopu l’indipendenza, l’hindi fù datu l’unicu status ufficiale per l’Attu Linguistique Di Bihar, 1950. [13]
    Parlami di Magahi
    Magahi cantori pupulari

    Magadhi
    hè parlatu in a zona chì formanu u core di l’anticu regnu di Magadha - i
    distritti muderni di Patna, Nalanda, Gaya, Jehanabad, Arwal,
    Aurangabad, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura è Nawada.
    Magahi hè limitata à u nordu da i diversi formi di Maithili parrati in Mithila nantu à a Ganga. À l’ouest, hè cunfermata da u Bhojpuri, In u nordu distingue da Maithili è Angika. Una
    mutazione di Magahi è cunnisciuta com’è Kharostha (Khortha) hè parlatu
    da a populazione non tribale in a division di Chotanagpur di u Jharkhand
    chì compone distretti di Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Giridih, Hazaribagh,
    Koderma è Ramgarh.
    U numaru di parlantes Magadhi hè difficiule per indicà per quelli setti affidate. Per a maiò parte di i magahi-speakers, l’hindi hè u nomu genericu per a so lingua. I Persuniani di Bihar è u Jharkhand sittintriunali sò più parlantes di lingua Magadhi. [14] L’estimazioni currentu indicanu circa 18 miliuni di parlatori magadhi.
    Scrittura è tradizioni littiraria

    Magadhi hè scrittu in generale per u script Devanagari. Un scrittu successu di Magadhi hè di Kaithi. [12] Ci hè statu esse sforzu di studienti in l’area di Magahi per scopre è identificanu una tradizioni littiraria per Magadhi. Magadhi
    hà una ricca tradizione di a littiratura folklore, è in i tempi muderni
    anu duvutu diversi attività in a pubblicazione di scrittura littiraria.
    Magahi Parishad hè statu stabilitu in Patna in u 1952, chì era redenominatu Bihar Magahi Mandal. Magadhi,
    un journal, hè stata cuminciatu à u stessu tempu, chì era redenominatu
    Bihan, chì significava “dumane” o l’alba vicinu.
    In
    seguitu, Akhil Bhartiya Magahi Sahitya Sammelan hè statu stabilitu da
    Ram Prasad Singh in u 1977 è publicò una rivista famosa “Magahi Lok”.
    Un altru rivista mensile famosa hè accuminata da Magahi Academy, Gaya editatu da Dr. Ram Prasad Singh. Una altra revista “Magadhi” hè publicatu da Akhil Bhartiya Magahi Bhasa Sammelan. Hè capu di Kavi Yogesh. [15] L’Università aperta Nalanda offra diversi corsi nantu à Magahi. [16]. A lingua maghi hà assai poeti chì, cù i so scritti, hà influenzatu a massa cumuni assai. Tra d’quelli poeti u nome di Maghi Kokil JAIRAM SINGH hè indelèvule. Hè una di e ghjuveghjani di Maghi Sahitya. U so canzone “बदरिया गाव है कजरिया” hà criatu un stampu impurtante in mente di i maghi amatori. U so libru pubblicatu di novu “चिजोर” cuntene una varietà di pueti.
    Weekdays
    Magahi / Magadhi मगही / मागधि Urdu Urdu
    Domenica Eitwaar एतवार Ravivwaar Eitwaar
    Lunedì Somaar सोम I र Somwaar Peer
    Mangal Mangalwaar Mangal
    U Budhh Budhh बुध Budhh Buddhh
    Ghjovi Barashpat / Bife बृहस्पत Guruwaar / Brihaspatiwar Jumeraat
    Venneri Sookkar / Sookra शुक्कर Shukrawaar Jumma
    Sabatu Sanichchar शनिच्चर Shaniwaar Hafta
    Frutta è verdura
    Magahi / Magadhi मगही / मगधी Magahi / Magadhi मगही / मगधी
    Mango Aam आम Apple Seo सेव
    Orange Narangi / Santola / Kewla नारंगी / संतोला / केवला Lemon Lemu लेमू
    Pompelmo; Pomelo Mausmi / मौसमी Papaya Papita पपीता
    Guava Amrud अमरुद Melon Jaamun / phnela जामुन / फ्नेला
    Patata Doce Shataalu शतालु Pomegranate Anāra / Bidānā अनार / बिदाना
    Uva Angoor अंगूर Custard apple Shareefā शरीफा
    Banana Kairaa / Kēlā कैरा / केला Lychee Litchi लीच्ची
    Tomate Tamaatar टमाटर Jackfruit Katahar / kathal कटहर / कटहल
    Jack Fruit Bhuikatahar भुईकटहर Sandia Tarabūjā तरबूजा
    Muskmelon kharabūjā / Lālmi खरबूजा / लालमी
    Relazioni familiari
    Magahi / Magadhi मगही / मगधी
    Babbu Baabuji / PitaJee बाबूजी / पिताजी
    Mamma Maiya / Maay मईया / माय
    Sister Bahin / Didi दीदी / बहिन
    Fratellu Bhaai / Bhaiya भाई / भईया
    Avio Baaba / Daada बाबा / दादा
    Avamela Mama / Daadi मामा / दादी
    Sister-in-law Bhaujai / Bhauji भौजाइ / भौजी
    I tendenzi stati

    Addition di “Waa” o “eeya” per i paroli è certi verbi

    Per i nomi masculi:
    In Hindi cù Magahi / Magadhi stile - “सलमनवा के पास एगो मोटरसाइकिल है”
    In veru mudellu Magahi / Magadhi - “सलमनवा भिजुन एगो मोटरसाइकिल हई”
    Anglais - Salman has a motorcycle.

    Per i nomi femini:
    In Hindi cù Magahi / Magadhi stile - “रिमिया रिया सेनवा के बहन है”
    In veru mudellu Magahi / Magadhi - “रिमिया रिया सेनवा के बहीन हई”
    Anglais traduction - Rimi hè a surella di Riya Sen

    In Hindi cù Magahi / Magadhi stile - “लठीया चला के तोर कपरवे फोर देंगे”

    In vera lingua Magahi / Magadhi - “लठीया चला के तोहर कपरवे / कपरवा फोर देम”
    Anglais traduction - (I’ll) tira a baton è cracke u vostru cranu

    In Hindi cù Magahi / stile Magadhi - “non, se vulete”
    In a lingua Magahi / Magadhi originale - “Pensate chì avete lettu / scrivite à / accede / pannelli”
    Sapete, u papatu di Mohan hà mortu

    In più di queste tutti l’altre nomu femminile è l’altri nomini sò “waa” in i so fini.

    Addition di “eeye” o “ey” in adverbs, adjectivi è pronomi

    In Hindi cù Magahi / Magadhi stile - sìammu assai orgogliosi per avè
    In vera lingua Magahi / Magadhi - हम / हमनी बहुत नजदिके (बहुते नज़दीक) / भीरी से आवईत हिवअ / आ रहली हे
    Anglais traduction - Avemu da venenu da un locu vicinu

    Sott’a
    Magahi, unu pò truvà assai di variazioni, mentri diriggennusi da una
    zona di lucca, soprattuttu cù fini di l ’sintenza hè cum’è un tonu,
    typique Hiva, Gilles, canadese hein etc.
    Hè una lingua richia cun assai diffirenza si pò dì à qualcosa cù u rispettu à l’anzianu o unu cù u peer o più ghjovanu. Per esempiu, ci sò dui contraparti di u Hindi “aap” in esistenza scritte in e sentenzi circondi -

    In Hindi- Avete fattu sempre un postu?

    In Magahi (À l’anzianu) - chì pensate?

    In Magahi (à persone ghjustu rispunsevule o i maestri) - quale hè u vostru tempu?

    In Magahi (À un più ghjovratu) - chì pensate?

    Magahi hè una lingua di u populu in Patna. Si
    hà uni pochi di letteratura scritti corsi, però un numaru di li canti
    pupulari e ballu-antichi sò statu trasmissu di seculi da a bocca à
    bocca, forma lu menu di trasferimentu a cunniscenza è stà in sta
    litteratura.
    Immersu
    bard cunnisciutu dinù da nomu “Bhad” ricitari longa puisia epupea in
    stu dialettu, e cantari versi in onori di i rializazioni eroicu di tempu
    anticu di prìncipi ligginnariu è l ‘omi bravu comu “Alha udal aur
    fratii”.
    Ma ùn hè statu vistutu nisunu testu manuscrittu salvu chì oghje l’omi ghjucanu una forma di libru.
    Elementi

    U travagliu di ricerca nantu à stu campu:

        Munishwar Jha - “Magadhi è a so furmazione,” Calcutta di Sanskrit College Research, 1967, 256 pp
        
    Dr. Saryu Prasad - “Un studiu Descriptive di Magahi Phonology”, Ph.D. tesi sottumessi à a Patna Università.
        
    A.C. Sinha (1966) - “Fonologia è Morfologia di Dialettu Magahi”, Ph.D. tesi sottumessi à a Università di Poona.

    [Icon]
    Questa sezione stende espansione. Pudete cuntribuisce à aghjunghje. (Uttobre di u 2008)

        Dr Sweta Sinha (2014) - “The Prosody di Stress è chjodu in Magahi”, Ph.D. tesi sottumessi à a Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
        
    Dr. Sweta Sinha (2018) - “Magahi Prosody”, Bahri Publications: New Delhi. ISBN 978-93-83469-14-7.

    Linguistica

    U travagliu di ricerca nantu à u campu: Dr A.C. Sinha (1966) - “Fonologia è Morfologia di Dialettu Magahi”, Ph.D. tesi sottumessi à a Università di Poona.
    [Icon]
    Questa sezione stende espansione. Pudete cuntribuisce à aghjunghje. (Uttobre di u 2008)
    Vede ancu

        Cultura di a Regione Magadh
        
    Cultura di Bhojpuri
        
    Cultura di Mithila Region
        
    Cultura di Angika Region
        
    Lingua Magadhan

    referenze

    Magadhi à Ethnologue (18 ed ed, 2015)

    [1]

    https://www.prabhatkhabar.com/news/ranchi/jharkhand-raghubar-das-cabinet-decision-maithili-bhojpuri-angika-magahi-second-language/1135878.html

    Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). “Magahi”. Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germania: Max Planck Institute per a Ciencia di l’Histoire Humanes.

    “Quandu un Bihari persu la so mamma à Hindi”.

    Frawley, William (2003-05). Enciclopedia Internaziunali di Linguistica: Settu 4-Volume. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 9780195139778. Valuta data values ​​in: date = (help)

    “Storia di i linguagi Indian”. Diehardindian.com. Archivutu da l’urigginale nantu à u 2012-02-26. Retrieved 29-02-2012.

    Verma, Mahandra K. “Language Perchance è indiana: Una scuperta è una critica”. Struttura Linguistica è dinamica Linguistica in Asia Meridionale.

    Jain Dhanesh, Cardona George, i lingui indoariali, pp449

    P. 23 E li leggendi è i tiurìi di i buddi in paragunate cù a storia è a scienza … da Robert Spence Hardy

    Maitra Asim, Magahi Cultura, Cosmo Publications, New Delhi (1983), pp. 64

    “Maithili è Magahi”. Retrieved 2011. Avvisate data value in: | accessdate = (help)

    Brass Paul R., La Pulìtica di l’India Dandu De l’Independence, Cambridge University Press, pp. 183

    Jain Dhanesh, Cardona George, i Lingue Indoianti, pp500

    मृत्युंजय कुमार. “मागधी”. Magadhee.blogspot.com. Retrieved 29-02-2012.

        [2] Archivutu u 3 di lugliu di u 2008, à a The Wayback Machine.

    Ligami esterni

        Magahi - Una lingua storica
        
    Jain Scriptures
        
    Magahi Description detallata da Grierson, G.A.
        
    A fonologia di Magahī: Un studiu Descriptive di Saryoo Prasad

    24) Classical Croatian
    24) Klasična hrvatska

    (13) LESSON sub 8. srpnja 2007. -
    (2665 čet 28 lip LESSON)

    Učenje Buddhine riječi vlastitim dijalektima ili Magadhi?

    Trebao bi biti Magadhi.

    Izvorni jezik Buddhe i Njegova učenja
    Jezici koji se koriste u Heli Divi u Buddhinom razdoblju
     
    iz
    Analytic
    Insight Net - Online Tipiṭaka Research and Practice University i srodni
    VIJESTI putem http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in105 KLASIČNI JEZICI

    Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya
    http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

    je
    online DOBRO NEWS CHANNEL za dobrodošlicu, sreću i mir svih društava
    Ugostiteljstvo na više od 3000 e-pošte: 200 WhatsApp, Facebook i
    Twitter.

    je
    naj pozitivna energija informativnog i istraživačkog orijentiranog
    mjesta koja propagira učenja Probuđenoga Svjesnosti Buddhe i na pokretu
    tehno-političko-socio-transformacijske i ekonomske emancipacije koju
    slijede milijuni ljudi širom svijeta.
    Prikazivanje
    preciznog prijevoda kao lekcija ovog sveučilišta na materinskom jeziku
    na ovom Googleovu prevođenju i propagiranju daje pravo da postane stream
    Enterer (Sottapanna) i postizanje Vječnog blaženstva kao konačnog cilja.

    http://www.orgsites.com/oh/awakenedone/

    Probudne prakse

    Svi 84.000 Khandas Kao što je pronađeno u Pali Suttas

    Tradicionalno su 84.000 dharma vrata - 84.000 načina da dobijete Awakeness. Možda; sigurno je Buddha poučavao veliki broj praksi koji vode u Awakeness. Ova web stranica pokušava katalogizirati one pronađene u Pali Suttas (DN, MN, SN, AN, Ud & Sn 1). Postoje 3 odjeljka:

    Budističke rasprave podijeljene su na 84.000, kao i na odvojene adrese. Podjela
    uključuje sve ono što je govorio Buda. “Primio sam od Buddhe”, rekla je
    Ananda, “82.000 Khandas i od svećenika iz 2000. godine;
    to
    su 84.000 Khandas koje sam održao. “Podijeljeni su na 275.250, što se
    tiče stanja izvornog teksta, i na 361.550, što se tiče stanja komentara.
    Svi
    diskursi, uključujući i one Buddhe i one komentara, podijeljeni su na
    2.547 banawaras, koji sadrže 737.000 stanza i 29.368.000 zasebnih
    pisama.

    http://www.buddha-vacana.org/

    BuddhaSasana-dom Palija

     Buddha Vacana
    - Riječi Buddhe -
    Klasični budizam (Učenje buđenog svjesnog) pripadaju svijetu, a svatko ima isključiva prava:

    je
    naj pozitivna energija informativnog i istraživačkog orijentiranog
    mjesta koja propagira učenja Probuđenoga Svjesnosti Buddhe i na pokretu
    tehno-političko-socio-transformacijske i ekonomske emancipacije koju
    slijede milijuni ljudi širom svijeta.

    Prikazivanje
    preciznog prijevoda kao lekcija ovog sveučilišta na materinjem jeziku
    na ovom Googleovu prevođenju https://translate.google.com, a propagacija
    daje pravo na ulazak u stream (Sottapanna) i postizanje vječnog
    blaženstva kao konačnog cilja.
    Analytic
    Insight-Net - besplatan online analitički uvid-Net Tipiṭaka Research
    & Practice Sveučilište i srodni VIJESTI kroz
    http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in105 KLASIČNI JEZICI

    buddhasaid2us@gmail.com
    jcs4ever@outlook.com,
    sarvajanow@yahoo.co.in

    https://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=10635

    Učenje Buddhine riječi vlastitim dijalektima ili Magadhi?
    Citat
    Post Pet Dec 02, 2011 1:38 am

    Dragi svi,

    Bhaktu
    su se žalili na Budu, da su neki od Bhikkhova recitirali Buddhinu riječ
    ne upotrebljavajući Chandasov jezik, već vlastiti dijalekti, te su
    tražili da Buda ujedinjuje pripovijedanje Buddhine riječi koristeći
    Chandaso jezik, ali je Buddha odbio
    , tada je Buddha govorio:
    Anujānāmi, bhikkhave, sakāya niruttiyā buddhavacanaṃ pariyāpuṇitu'’nti.

    Prijevod Prof. Rhys Davids & Oldenberg:
    “Dopuštam vam, oh Bhikkhus, da naučim riječi Buddhe, svaki u svojem dijalektu”
    No, s druge strane, komentator Pali Tipitaka, Ven. Bhadanta Achariya Buddhagosha u svom komentaru:
    Sakāya niruttiyāti ettha sakā nirutti nāma sammāsambuddhena vuttappakāro māgadhiko vohāro.
    “Zadaćujem riječi Buddhe da budu naučene na svom jeziku (u Māgadhī, jezik koji koristi sam Buddha)”.
    Koji je jezik Gautama Buddha govorio po indijskoj mitologiji i zašto je to značajno?
    Odgovor
    Zanimljivo · 10
    Zahtjev
     
    Imate ovo pitanje? Zatraži odgovore:
    Zahtjev od Quore
    Ovo ćemo pitanje distribuirati pisacima i obavijestiti vas o novim odgovorima.
    3 odgovora
    Dyung Le
    Dyung Le, rođen je ponovno budistički
    Ažurirano 25. siječnja 2016. godine

    Buddha je govorio na jeziku koji se zvao Magadhi Prakrit. Magadhi
    Prakrit je govorni jezik drevnog kraljevstva Magadha, jedne od
    tadašnjih 16 kraljevstava grada i države, koji se nalazi u istočnom
    indijskom potkontinentu, u regiji oko današnjeg Bihāra, i obuhvaća ono
    što je sada istočna Indija, Bangladeš,
    i Nepal. Prvi Magadha kralj je Bimbisara (558. pne-491. Pr. Kr.), Tijekom čije vladavine Buda je postigao prosvjetljenje. I
    kralj Bimbisara i njegov nasljednik Ajatashatru, spomenuti su u
    nekoliko budističkih sutri, kao laici, veliki prijatelji i zaštitnici
    Buddhe.

    Magadha carstvo, ~ 500. pne

    Kraljevstvo
    Magadha kasnije je postalo dio Mauryanova carstva, jednog od najvećih
    svjetskih carstva u svom vremenu, a najveći ikad u indijskom
    potkontinentu.

    Mauryanovo carstvo, 265. pne

    Magadhi Prakrit službeni je jezik na sudu Mauryan. Njezin car “Ashoka Veliki” (vladar 273.-232. Pne) ujedinio je kontinentalnu Indiju. Tijekom
    rata za osvajanje Kalinge, posljednji južni dio Indije koji nije bio
    podređen svojoj vlasti, osobno je bio svjedok razaranja koja je
    uzrokovala stotinu tisuća smrti i počela je osjećati kajanje.
    Iako je pripajanje Kalinge završeno, Ashoka je prihvatio učenja budizma, odrekavši se rata i nasilja. On
    je poslao misionare da putuju diljem Azije - njegov sin Mahinda i kći
    Sanghamitra, koji je utemeljio budizam u Cejlonu (sada Šri Lanka) - i
    širio budizam u druge zemlje.

    Kameni lav Ashoka, kasnije postao simbolom moderne Indije

    Magadhi
    Prakrit pretežno je jezik kojim su se sastavljali uredbe cara Ashoka.
    Ovi su klementi bili uklesani na kamenim stupovima postavljenim diljem
    carstva.

    Natpisi na stupovima opisuju uredbe o moralnosti na temelju budističkih načela.

    Ashoka stup u Feroze Shah Kotla, Delhi, napisan u Magadhi, Brami i urdu

    Geografski, Buddha učio u Magadha, ali četiri najvažnija mjesta u svom životu su sve izvan nje. Vjerojatno
    je učio u nekoliko blisko povezanih dijalekata srednjeg indoarijanskog,
    koji je imao visok stupanj međusobne razumljivosti.
     
    Magadhi
    Prakrit dijeli rodoslovlje s sanskrtom - indoarijskim jezikom, koji ima
    zajedništvo s drevnim njemačkim i perzijskim jezikom.
    Sveta hinduistička Veda i Upanisad tekst napisana su na ovom jeziku. Budući
    da je Buddha bio knez, on bi govorio sanskrt, jezik brahmana i
    aristokrata, i koristio se u formalnim vjerskim tekstovima.
    Ali mnogi njegovi sljedbenici bili su obični ljudi koji nisu bili obrazovani na sanskrtu. Sutra je objavio da se Buda suprotstavlja uporabi sanskrta za njegovo propovijedanje. Preferirao je narodni Magadhi za propovijed i propovijed.
     
    Iako je Buddhina nauka bila u Magadhi, nema pisanog zapisa o njegovu nauku na ovom jeziku. Neposredno
    nakon njegove smrti, pod pokroviteljstvom kralja Ajatashatru, njegov
    stariji student Mahakassapa organizirao je “Prvo budističko vijeće”
    tijekom kojega je Ananda, Budin rođak i dugogodišnji pomagač, s
    izuzetnim sjećanjima, tražio da recitiraju njegova učenja koja su se
    pažljivo zapamtili
    ,
     
    Kada se budistička učenja počela širiti tijekom Ashoka vremena, oni su stalno bili prevedeni na lokalne narječje i jezike.
     
    Kad
    su zapisi počeli biti zapisani, oko tri do četiri stotine godina nakon
    smrti Buddhe, već postoji nekoliko različitih, pažljivo zapamćenih
    verzija - od kojih je jedna verzija Palija.
    Samo
    je jedna cjelovita verzija skupa Vinaya (inventar pravila koja treba
    promatrati redovnici / redovnice), Sutra (zapis o govoru Buddhe) i
    Abhidharma (Komentari) preživjeli su na jeziku Palija, sačuvanoj od
    Theravadinske škole.
    Slijedom
    toga ova je kopija smatrana autoritativnim prikazom Buddhinih učenja u
    Šri Lanki, Burmi, Tajlandu, Laosu i Kambodži, domu Theravadinske škole.
     
    Howe …
    (više)
    Upvote · 45
    Udio
     
    RecommendedAll
    Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan

    Ram Sury
    Ram Sury, dobro čitanje o budističkoj povijesti i filozofiji
    Odgovoreno 24. srpnja 2016. godine

    Na to sam odgovorio - Ram Suryov odgovor na Did Gautama Buddha propovijedao u Pali ili Magadhi jezik?

    Indijska mitologija ne govori ništa o Buddhinom jeziku.

    Ali smiješno je da Pāli (ili Māgadhī) jezik uopće nije bio poznat u Indiji u BCE. Čak
    je Aąoka, za koju se vjeruje da je kralj Magadhe i koji je živio oko
    150-200 godina poslije života Buddhe - nema jednu referencu na Pāli ili
    Māgadhī, a niti jedan od njegovih natpisa nije u Pāli ili Māgadhī -
    takav
    jezik jednostavno nije postojao ni u Buddhinom vremenu niti čak stotinama godina poslije njegova vremena.https://www.quora.com/Did-Gautama-Buddha-preach-in-Pali-or-…

    Trebao bi biti Magadhi.

    Jer, Pali (पालि / பாளி) nije bio govorni jezik koji se govori tijekom razdoblja Shakyamunija, Siddharthe Gautame. Budući
    da se vjeruje da je Magadhi Bhasha Siddharthin materinski jezik, vrlo
    je vjerojatno da je on predavao svoje učenje na tom jeziku.

    Neki lingvisti tvrde da Pali jednostavno mora biti tekstualna verzija Magadhija. Zapravo, riječ “pali” jednostavno znači “crta” ili “znak” na drevnim indoarijskim jezicima (Prakrits i Sanskrit). Može se grubo shvatiti kao “tekst” kao jezik koji je korišten Pali tek nakon što je sustav pisanja uveden u drevnu Indiju.

    Neki
    drugi lingvisti vjeruju da Pali mora biti mješavina nekoliko
    Prakritovih jezika kako bi većina starih Indijanaca razumjela Buddhina
    učenja.
    Međutim, vrlo je očito da Buddha ne bi koristio Pali tijekom svog života. Trebao bi biti Magadhi.
    quora.com
    Je li Gautama Buddha propovijedao u Pali ili Magadhi jezik?
    Odgovor (1 od 6): To bi trebao biti Magadhi. Jer, Pali (पालि / பாளி) nije bio …
    http://dharmadhatu-center.org/the-original-language-of.html
    http://panhinda.sirisaddharmaya.net/the-languages-used-in-hela-diva-in-buddhas-period/
    පරම පවිත්ර සිරි සද්ධර්මය
    නිවන් අවබෝධ කර ගැනීමට උපකාරී වන්නේ පරම පවිත්ර සිරි සද්ධර්මයයි!

    Jezici koji se koriste u Heli Divi u Buddhinom razdoblju
    Objavljeno 6. siječnja 2014

    Svi vladari Hele Dive (Deva Hela) uglavnom su koristili dva jezika.

        Magadhi Prakruth jezik
        
    Hela Baša (Hela jezik)

    U cjelini, jezik običnih građana u cijeloj Heli Divi bio je Hela Baša. Hela Baša je služila kao govorni jezik i kao pisani jezik. Hela Bašu su posvuda koristili obični građani, današnji dan života i također u svojim trgovinskim aktivnostima.

    Prakruth Magadhi jezik bio je jezik velikih učenjaka. Jezik Magadhi koristio se za tehnologiju, znanost i obrtništvo i administraciju zemlje. Magadhi jezik se obično koristio u županiji Magadha od kojih je grad Rajagaha bio glavni grad. Znanstvenici, vladari zemlje, svećenici, brahmani i neki grofovi naučili su i koristili Magadhijev jezik. Svatko tko je koristio Maghadski jezik znao je i Helu Bašu. Razlika između Magadhi jezika i Hela jezika nije bila toliko velika. Maghadski jezik bio je korišten kako bi naučio bilo kakvu vještinu i znanje ili bilo koju znanost. Može se vidjeti da masa u javnosti nije koristila duboki Maghadski jezik.

    Buddha je upotrijebio Maghadski jezik da poučava Dhammu u svih šesnaest država u Janbudveepi Hela Divi. Dhamme propovijedanje u Maghadskom jeziku lako je razumjelo i obični ljudi koji su također koristili Hela Bašu. U
    drevnim vremenima živjeli su znanstvenici u Heli Divi koji su poznavali
    i Helu Bašu, a oni predstavljaju Arthu, Dharmu, Nirukthi i Patibhanu za
    intelektualni Buddha Dhamma koji je učio na Maghadskom jeziku.
    Zbog
    toga je Buddha Dhamma propovijedao u Magadhijevom jeziku Gautama Buddha
    analiziran tijekom tog razdoblja i Hele Komentari su pisani za njih.
    Hela Baša je pisani jezik, ali ne i Maghadski jezik. Zbog
    toga, u istom vremenskom razdoblju, pisanje komentara (Attha katha) [2]
    u Heli Baši učinjeno je za Buddhu Dhamu koju je propovijedao Gautama
    Buddha.
    Da
    bismo analizirali i predstavili objašnjenja za učenja Buddhe, u
    antičkim vremenima u Heli Bimi, korištene su pet Artha kathas napisanih u
    Hela Baši, a oni su Hela Atuwa, Kurundi Atuwa, Budukali Atuwa, Seehala
    Attha Katha i Mahaatta Katha.
    Sve su to Attha Kathas napisane na Buddhi Dhammi koje je propovijedao Gautama Buddha u Maghadskom jeziku. Ove izvorne Hela Atuwa se može vidjeti čak iu razdoblju Anuradhapura. Abeceda koja se koristila za Magadhi jezik i Hela jezik bila je ista. Nije bilo dva različita pisma. Oba su jezika koristila metodologiju Prakritovih pisama. Ali ovaj put, ono što se koristi u Indiji bilo je Brahmijeva pisma i sanskrtski jezik. Uobičajeni građani u Indiji nikada nisu koristili Maghadski jezik ili Hela Bašu. Zbog
    toga se može primijetiti da postoje određene razlike između slova koja
    se upotrebljavala u Lanki u vrlo staroj dobi u Helabima, što je Buddhino
    razdoblje još prije Anuradhapura razdoblja, a slova korištena u
    Anurahapuri nakon Ashoka razdoblja.
    Posljedica
    toga je bila da su čitatelji natpisa Anuradhapura razdoblja imali
    poteškoća u čitanju natpisa napisanih u Buddinom razdoblju u Heli Divi.
    Ali obrazac pisama u razdoblju Anuradapura i razdoblja Ashoka bio je vrlo sličan. To je zbog utjecaja Indije. U
    drevnoj Heli Divi, vladari i neki učenjaci iz Yakkhe Hele, gdje žive
    Yakkha & Naaga plemena poznavali su oba jezika, Maghadi i Hela Baša.
    Vladari
    Yakkha plemena kao što su Saathaagira i Hemawatha mogli su shvatiti da
    je Dhamma propovijedao Gautama Buddha u Maghadskom jeziku.


    Čak je i kralj Samana mogao razumjeti Dhammu. A veliki kralj Wessawana uveo je i donošenje Aataanaatae Gautama Buddhi u Magadhijevom jeziku. Gautama Buddha opet je propovijedao svojim učenicima u Magadhijevom jeziku.

    U
    davna vremena Arahant Mahinda Thero došao je u Hela Divu (Lanka),
    otišao u glavni grad Rajagaha (Ampara) u kraljevstvu Magade, naučio i
    Magadhi jezik i Hela Bašu nekoliko godina, uzeo komentare Budu Kali
    napisane u Heli
    Basa na Anuradhapura i propovijedao Buddha Dhammu kralju Dewani Paathisu u Magadhijevom jeziku i Hela Basi. To znači da je većina ljudi živjela u kraljevstvu Anuradhapure previše poznavala Hela Basa i Magadhi jezik vrlo dobro. Postupno, Helabasa je postao jezik običnog čovjeka, a Magadhi jezik postao je jezik intelektualaca.

    Ovaj
    Magadhi jezik koji su koristili intelektualci u svih šesnaest država u
    Heli Divi, kao iu Yakkha Hela i Naaga Hela nikad nije bio jezik koji bi
    se koristila u bilo kojoj regiji ili bilo kojem kraljevstvu u Indiji.
    Svi jezici koji su vladali u Indiji tog dana temelje se na sanskrtu, ali ne i Prakritu.

     Nakon
    propovijedanja Dhamme od Gautama Buddha u Heli Divi, Dhamma se proširio
    postupno u Južnu Indiju i regije poput Istočne Kerale.
    Kada je Buddha Dhamma bio raširen na taj način, Maghadski jezik koristio se u kraljevstvu u Južnoj i Istočnoj Indiji. Zbog toga su knjige pisane u Hela Divi u Magadhi i Hela jezici prevedene na indijske jezike. Indijska su sveučilišta počela učiti Maghadski jezik i to tek nakon širenja Buddha Dhamme. Pela [3] nije jezik. Pela
    Dhamma nije ništa drugo osim teksta ili prolaza Buddhe Dhamme u Magadhi
    jeziku koji su u obliku linija ili raspoređenih u redove.
    Buddha Dhamma je predstavljen na ovaj način, u obliku linija, jer pomaže u lako čitanju srca i registrira na umu temeljito. Nakon
    sedam stoljeća, u posljednjem dijelu Anuradhapura razdoblja, Pela
    Dhamma je preobraćen u jezik koji se zvao Pali, a kasnije ga je
    promijenio kao jezik s gramatikom.
    Palijev
    jezik koji se danas koristi i naučava je stvoreni, izmijenjeni jezik, a
    ne isti Magadhi jezik koji Buddha upotrebljava da bi propovijedao
    Dhammu.
    Postoje mnoge razlike između ova dva. Artha, Dharma i Nirukthi mogu se prezentirati za Magadhijeve termine koje su koristili Buda. Pali jezik ima samo uobičajena značenja.

    [2]
    Atta Katha ili Attha Katha ili Artha Katha - komentari su pisani s
    ciljem da objasni nešto na jednostavan način kako bi čitateljima olakšao
    razumijevanje određenih teških riječi.

    Centar Dharmadhatu

    H.H Dorje Chang Buddha III

    Izvorni jezik Buddhe i Njegova učenja

    Izvučen iz knjige “Budistički sutri: razvoj podrijetla” Kogen Mizuno.
    “Izvorni
    jezik sutri čini se da je bio Magadhi, koji je Shakyamuni koristio u
    propovijedanju. Od svih indijanskih verzija sutri koje se danas koriste
    kao budistički tekstovi, pisani u Pali su najbrojniji i široko se
    koriste u zemljama Južne Buddhe
    Šri
    Lanka, Burma i Tajland Prema pisanju južne budističke tradicije Pali se
    smatra jezikom koji je Shakyamuni govorio, pa se naziva Magadhi ili
    temeljnim jezikom, no nedavna istraživanja pokazuju da iako je malo
    Magadhijevog utjecaja još uvijek vidljiv
    na jeziku Pali, osnovna obilježja dvaju jezika su različita.
    “Dvije
    važne jezične obitelji Indije su Indijanci i Dravidiani, a svi
    budistički sutri izvorno su sastavljeni na indijskim jezicima, koji su
    se razvili u različitim dijelovima Indije tijekom razdoblja od tri do
    četiri tisuće godina, au današnjoj Indiji više od deset glavnih jezika -
    uključujući
    hindu, urdski, bengalski, bihari, marathi i punjabi - pripadaju ovoj
    obitelji, a zajedno broje nekoliko stotina dijalekata. Sanskrt i
    četrnaest suvremenih jezika sada su službeno sankcionirani indijanskim
    ustavom, au velikoj kući je moguće
    nekoliko
    priznatih jezika koji će biti u upotrebi, budući da bi sluge iz
    različitih područja i članovi obitelji svi govorili na svojim jezicima
    ili dijalektima.
    “Ova
    bogata lingvistička baština zabilježena je u ranijim vremenima, kada
    su, primjerice, u igrama prepoznali zanimanje karaktera i socijalni
    status propisanim jezikom koji je on govorio. Kraljevi, ministri i
    brahmani govorili su sanskrtu, najcjenjenije i najcjenjenije
    ,
    kraljice, princeze, časne sestre i kurtizani govorili su graciozan
    jezik koji se zvao Shauraseni, a generalni stanovnici, kao što su
    trgovci i obrtnici, progovorili su Magadhi, a niže klase govorile su
    Paishachi, a čak i stihovi su imali ugodan jezik na uši, Maharashtri.

    “Pet
    jezika koji su upravo spomenuti potekli su iz dijalekta različitih
    područja, ali jezici u Shakyamuninu doba pripadali su razdoblju prije
    nego što je to od ovih pet jezika. Međutim, čak iu vrijeme Shakyamunija
    regionalni se jezici već razlikuju, a svaki je jezik imao svoje
    jedinstvene
    karakteristike, kao što možemo vidjeti iz uredaba Ashoke, izdane oko
    dva stoljeća nakon smrti Shakyamunija. Ashoka je imao svoje uredbe
    uklesane na velikim stijenama i kamenim stupovima, a jedan od njih bio
    je napisan na drugom jeziku u svakom od osam
    Jezici
    dekreta u Indiji, koji se mogu podijeliti u četiri ili pet regionalnih
    skupina, odgovaraju pet jezika koji se koriste u drami kasnijih
    razdoblja, s vremenom su postali regionalni jezici obitelji Apabhramsha i
    još kasnije razvili su se u moderne indijske jezike.
    “Jezik
    koji je Shakyamuni govorio bio je onaj koji se općenito upotrebljavao
    oko srednjeg dosega Gangesa, gdje je bio aktivan, budući da je to
    područje kasnije nazvano Magadha, njegov jezik zvao se Magadi (ili Stari
    Magadhi), i zato što su mnogi od uredaba cara Ashoka
    pronađeni su u ovom području, imamo ideju o tome što je Magadhi Shakyamuni govorio.
    “U
    vrijeme Shakyamunija, Vede, sveto pismo Brahmanizma, prenesene su u
    vedskom sanskrtu, koji je bio preteča klasičnog sanskrtu, a vedski
    sanskrt i klasični sanskrt su elegantni, vrlo složeni i složeni jezici.
    samo
    u obrazovane gornje klase, nikad nižim razredima. Shakyamuni, koji je
    želio da njegova učenja pošalju jednako na sve klase društva, misli da
    će niže klase biti u središtu svoje službe i stoga propovijedao njegovo
    učenje u Magadhiju, svakodnevnom jeziku
    od običnih ljudi, tako da ga ni niže klase mogu razumjeti. “
    Izvod
    iz “Bones, Stones i budistički redovnici: Zbirni radovi o arheologiji,
    epigrafiji i tekstovima monaškoga budizma u Indiji” Gregory Schopen
    “Znamo
    i znamo već neko vrijeme da je kanonski pano kao što ga imamo - i
    općenito se priznaje kao naš najstariji izvor - ne može se vratiti dalje
    od zadnje četvrtine prvoga stoljeća prije Krista, datum
    Alu-vihara
    redakcija, najranija redakcija koju možemo imati neko znanje, i to - za
    kritičku povijest - ona može poslužiti, najviše, samo kao izvor budizma
    u tom razdoblju, ali također znamo da čak i ovo
    je
    problematično jer je Malalasekera istaknuo: “Koliko daleko Tipitaka i
    njezin komentar svedeni na pisanje u Alu-vihari sličili su onima koji su
    došli do nas sada, nitko ne može reći.”
    Zapravo,
    sve do vremena komentara Buddhaghose, Dhammapale i drugih - tj. Petog
    do šeste ere C.E. - da možemo znati nešto definitivno o stvarnom
    sadržaju ovog kanona.
    “Također
    znamo da nema dokaza koji ukazuju da je kanon postojao prije redakcije
    Alu-vihara. Iako je Ashoka u svojoj zakladi Dhabra posebno naložio oba
    redovnika i laika da recitiraju određene tekstove koje je nazvao, nigdje
    u njegovoj evidenciji ne daje
    bilo kakve naznake da je znao za kanon, ili klasifikaciju tekstova u nikayas. “
    Osobno
    imam veliku vjeru u sjećanje moć redovnika koji su pamtili budističke
    sutre iz vremena Buddhe i prenijeli ih verbalno od generacije u
    generaciju oko 400 godina prije nego što su zapravo zapisani.
    A
    što se tiče datiranja najstarijih snimljenih Sutra, moje je
    razumijevanje da su dijelovi Sutta Nipata u Pali i dijelovi Mahavastua u
    budističkom hibridnom sanskrtu (od tradicije Shravastivadina)
    najstariji poznati snimljeni Sutri - oba od oko 350
    godina poslije Buddhe. Opet,
    nisam namjeravao biti previše oduševljen u ovom objašnjenju, ali mislio
    sam da bi ljudi mogli biti zainteresirani da znaju malo više, ako već
    nisu znali, o ovim pitanjima jezika i budističkim sutrama.
    Malo
    fusnota: prema našoj tradiciji i povijesnim zapisima drevne Kine
    najranija sutra prevedena od indijskih jezika na kineski bio je sutra u
    42 sekcije u 69 C.E.
    S poštovanjem, u Dharmi, Heng Shun
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magahi_language
    Magahi jezik
    Iz Wikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije
    Skoči na navigaciju Skoči na pretraživanje
    Magadhi
    मगही magahī
    Indijanac u Indiji
    Etnička pripadnost Magahi ljudi
    Izvorni govornici
    14 milijuna (popis stanovništva iz 2001. godine) [1]
    Rezultati popisa sastavljaju neke govornike s hindskom. [2]
    Jezična obitelj

    Indoevropski

        Indo-iranski
            
    Indo-Aryan
                
    Istočna zona (Magadhan)
                    
    Bihari
                        
    Magadhi

    Rani oblik

    Magadhi Prakrit
    Sustav pisanja
    Devanagari, Kaithi
    Službeni status
    Službeni jezik u
    Indija (Jharkhand [3])
    Kodovi jezika
    ISO 639-2 mag
    ISO 639-3 mag
    Glottolog maga1260 [4]
    Skoči na navigaciju Skoči na pretraživanje
    Magadhi
    मगही magahī
    Indijanac u Indiji
    Etnička pripadnost Magahi ljudi
    Izvorni govornici
    14 milijuna (popis stanovništva iz 2001. godine) [1]
    Rezultati popisa sastavljaju neke govornike s hindskom. [2]
    Jezična obitelj

    Indoevropski

        Indo-iranski
            
    Indo-Aryan
                
    Istočna zona (Magadhan)
                    
    Bihari
                        
    Magadhi

    Rani oblik

    Magadhi Prakrit
    Sustav pisanja
    Devanagari, Kaithi
    Službeni status
    Službeni jezik u
    Indija (Jharkhand [3])
    Kodovi jezika
    ISO 639-2 mag
    ISO 639-3 mag
    Glottolog maga1260 [4]

    Jezik
    Magahi, također poznat kao Magadhi, je jezik koji se govori u Biharu,
    Jharkhandu i zapadnim bengalskim državama istočne Indije.
    Magadhi Prakrit bio je predak Magada, od kojeg potječe ime. [5] Magadhi ima oko 18 milijuna govornika.

    Ima vrlo bogatu i staru tradiciju narodnih pjesama i priča. Nalenda
    se govori u deset okruga Bihara (Gaya, Patna, Jehanabad, Aurangabad,
    Nalanda, Nawada, Arwal, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura, Jamui) i osam okruga
    Jharkhanda (Palamu, Chatra, Hazaribag, Koderma, Deoghar, Jamtara, west
    singhbhum,
    Bokaro, Dhanbad, Giridih). U Zapadnom Bengalu se govori u okrugu Malda. [6] U Odishiji se govori u kendujhar okrugu.

    Magahi
    ili Magadhia jezik izveden iz drevnog Magadhi Prakrit, koji je nastao u
    drevnom kraljevstvu Magadhe, čija je jezgra bila područje južno od
    Gangesa i istočno od rijeke Son.
    Vjeruje se da je jezik govorio Gautama Buddha. Bio je to službeni jezik na sudu Mauryan, u kojem su sastavljeni Ashokovi edikti.

    Ime
    Magahi izravno je izvedeno iz naziva Magadhi Prakrit, a obrazovani
    govornici Magahi radije nazivaju “Magadhi” umjesto “Magahi”.

    Iako je broj govornika u Magahiju velik, nije ustavno prepoznat u Indiji. U Biharu Hindski je jezik koji se koristi za obrazovne i službene stvari. [7] Magadhi je legalno apsorbiran pod hindskom popisu stanovništva iz 1961. [8]

    Sadržaj

        1 Povijest
        
    2 Govornici Magahija
        
    3 Skripte i književna tradicija
            
    3.1 Radnim danom
            
    3.2 Voće i povrće
            
    3.3 Obiteljski odnosi
            
    3.4 Govorni trendovi
        
    4 Fonologija
        
    Morfologija
        
    6 Vidi također
        
    7 Reference
        
    8 Vanjske veze

    Povijest
    Vidi također: Magadhi Prakrit, Pali i Sadri jezik

    Predak Magadhi, Magadhi Prakrit, nastao je u indijskom potkontinentu u regiji koja se proteže od Indije i Nepala. Ove su regije bile dio drevnog kraljevstva Magadhe, čija je jezgra bila područje Bihara, južno od Gangesa.

    Ime Magahi izravno proizlazi iz riječi Magadhi, a obrazovani govornici Magahije radije nazivaju Magadhi umjesto Magahi. [9]

    Grammarski
    Kachchayano napisao je o važnosti Magadhija: “Postoji jezik koji je
    korijen (svih jezika), ljudi i brahmani govorili su ga na početku kalpe,
    koji nikada prije nije izgovorio ljudski naglasak, a čak su i vrhovni
    Buddhe govorili
    to je Magadhi. “[10]

    Razvoj jezika Magadhi u svoj sadašnji oblik nepoznat je. Međutim,
    stručnjaci jezika došli su do zaključka da su Magahi, Maithili,
    Bhojpuri, Bengali, Asamez i Oriya potjecali iz Mithila Prakrit ili bi
    mogli biti bengalski Prakrit tijekom 8. do 11. stoljeća.
    Ovi se različiti dijalekti diferenciraju i uzimaju vlastiti tok rasta i razvoja. Ali nije sigurno kada se to točno dogodilo. Vjerojatno je to bilo neidentificirano razdoblje tijekom kojeg moderni indijski jezici počinju uzimati moderan oblik. Do kraja 12. stoljeća, razvoj Apabhrama dosegnuo je svoj vrhunac. Gujarati,
    Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Maithili i drugi moderni jezici u
    svojim književnim spisima na početku 14. stoljeća imali su definitivan
    oblik.
    Različiti oblik Magadhija može se vidjeti u Dohakoshi koju su napisali Sarahapa i Kauhapa. Magahi je imao zastoj zbog prijelaznog razdoblja Magadhe. [11] Tradicionalno, šetajući bards recite duge epske pjesme u ovom dijalektu, i zbog toga je riječ “Magahi” značila “bard”. Kaithi je scenarij koji se općenito koristi za to. Izgovor u Magahiju nije tako širok kao u Maithiliju, a za svaku je osobu veći broj verbalnih oblika. [12] Povijesno gledano, Magahi nije imao poznatu pisanu književnost.


    Postoje
    mnoge popularne pjesme po cijelom području u kojem se govori jezik, a
    šetnja bards recitirati razne dugačke epske pjesme koje su poznate više
    ili manje preko cijele sjeverne Indije.
    U jezeru Magahi folk pjevači pjevaju dobar broj balada. Uvođenje urana značilo je neuspjeh lokalnim jezicima jer je perzijska skripta bila izvanzemaljac lokalnim ljudi