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JNU row



SAVE PRABUDDHA BHARTH DEMOCRACY! RESIST HINDUTVA with Sedition Law And The Patriotism Of Those Who Have Never Been Patriotic

BSP is not just a Political Party. It is a Movement where the Sarva Samaj (All Societies) have lots of Aspiration- Ms Mayawati

The best solution is Techno-Politico-Social Transformation Movement for Sarvajan Hithaye Sarvajan Sukhaye and to save Democracy, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity as enshrined in our Constitution.

The British used this law of Sedation to crush the patriotism of the people before independence. And after independence the law has been used by brahminical castiest Congress which is for the same purpose!

And the UPA government lead by Congress used this colonial law to send renowned human-rights activist is also charged with this draconian law.

Now the so called ‘patriotic’ intolerant, violent, militant, shooting, lynching cannibals 1% chitpawan brahmin Rowdy Swayam Sevaks and all its avathars including Bahuth Jiyadha Paapies, Venomous Visha Hindutva Paapis, All Brahmin Venomous Visha Paapis etc, with full of hatred, anger, jealousy, delusion which are defilement of the psychopath mentally retarded minds of stealth hindutva cult requiring mental treatment in mental asylums that gobbled the Master Key of the country through fraud EVMs uses the same law against the JNU who go beyond the theoretical dogmas that bind us to the political, religious and social oppression in the name of democracy. A university like the JNU is the oxygen of democracy, especially when democracy metamorphoses into fascism as is happening today in Prabuddha Bharath.

http://indianmuslimobserver.com/2014/12/29/special-report-us-based-terrorism-watchdog-puts-rss-under-threat-group-category-calls-it-a-shadowy-discriminatory-group/


SPECIAL REPORT: US-based terrorism watchdog puts RSS under ‘Threat Group’ category, calls it “a shadowy, discriminatory group”


….This has become evident with the findings of a U.S.-based risk management and consulting company “Terrorism Watch & Warning“,
which published a report on 26th April 2014, terming the RSS as “a
shadowy, discriminatory group that seeks to establish a Hindu Rashtra, a
Hindu Nation.” It has also placed the RSS in its category of ‘Threat
Group’……

RSS11RSS5
RSS18

The US based rights group Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) has filed a lawsuit in
the US court to label the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as a foreign
terrorist organization, according to SFJ attorney Gurpatwant S Pannun.
It has sought such a declaration for RSS for allegedly “believing in and
practicing a fascist ideology and for running a passionate, vicious and
violent campaign to turn India into a ‘Hindu’ nation with a homogeneous
religious and cultural identity”

A US panel tracking international religious freedom has, in its latest
report on India, noted that religious minorities in the country were
exposed to “derogatory” comments by leaders of the ruling BJP as well as
“violent attacks and forced conversions by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak
Sangh (RSS) and Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP)” because of Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi)

It has also slammed the “ghar wapsi” campaign and accused the
“Hindu nationalist groups” of offering monetary inducements not only to
Muslims and Christians to convert to Hindutva but also to Hindutva who
carry out such “forced” conversions.


Now it is the duty of the students, intellectuals scholars belonging to Sarva Jan Samaj including SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities/poor upper castes to ask the CJI to dismiss the Central and all state governments selected through these fraud EVMs and to order for fresh elections with paper ballots as followed by 80 democracies of the world, as the ex CJI committed a grave error of judgement by ordering that these fraud EVMs to be replaced in phases as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath instead of a total replacement with paper ballots which helped Ms Mayawati’s BSP which gave the best governance in the post of CM by distributing the wealth equally among all sections of the society by means of distributing surplus government land to the tillers with health seeds and proper irrigation to the tillers, loans were given to the youths in to start business, and the government servants were loyal to their work that gave good results in the last UP Panchayat elections win 80 % seats which it could not win a single seat in the Lok Sabha elections because of the tampering of these fraud EVMs.As the 1% chitpawan brahmins of both Congress and Bahuth Jiyadha Paapies realised that Ms Mayawati would become the PM they tampered the fraud EVMs to thwart it.

Please watch :
How EVM Works and how can changed it’s functionality Watch this video [youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″]

- See more at: http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/#sthash.5sue6t7S.dpuf youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″ - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlCOj1dElDY


This country’s EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud-Contrary to claims by our country,s election authorities, the paperless electronic voting systems used in India suffer from significant vulnerabilities. Even brief access to the machines could allow criminals to alter election results.

http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-05-20/news/27589262_1_voting-machines-display-board-hack

American scientists ‘hack’ into Indian voting machines

http://www.pcworld.com/printable/article/id,195328/printable.html

Security Analysis of India’s Electronic Voting Machines

http://indiaevm.org/paper.html

Full technical paper at http://indiaevm.org/evm_tr2010.pdf

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/chennai/evms-are-not-foolproof-says-computer-scientist-540

Don’t stand on prestige, dump EVMs, save democracy

http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=12 Computer Science Prof. of Stanford Univ., Dr. David Dill’s statement on Indian EVMs

http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=14 (Videos, expert panel)

Election Commission concedes manipulation of EVMs

http://www.gmanews.tv/story/184694/comelec-chief-no-audit-before-poll-winners-are-proclaimed# 

‘EVMs illegally being used for a decade’

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chandigarh/EVMs-illegally-being-used-for-a-decade/articleshow/5601297.cms

Linked on USA Today 23 Feb. 2010 http://content.usatoday.com/topics/article/Places,+Geography/Countries/India/05zF4kBeFJ47y/1

Hackers can ’steal’ ballots from electronic voting machines- 2009 Electronic Voting Technology Workshop


The Sarvajans must be alert not to be used by the 1% chitpawan castiest brahmin political party leaders who shed crocodile tears. Such leaders are in Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis, Congress and Communist Parties of this country who indirectly support Murderers of democratic institutions (Modi).


Research Scholars, Intlectuals, students and all youth of 99% Sarvajans including SC/STs/ OBCs/Minorities, poor brahmins and baniyas must not go to the streets but start their own Insight-network to own websites, blogs, electronic media to counter as the 1% chitpawan brahmins who are waiting to kill them.

Manyawar Kanshiramji through his political Transformation movement united the SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities to enable Ms Mayawati to acquire the Master Key of UP. But the leaders of other backward castes either allied with the Congress or the BJP for their selfish and their family welfare by fooling their own helpless caste people denying their self respect honour and dignity and they dont open their mouths against the fraud EVMs. Each caste leadrer has its own media and TV channels just to praise themselves and to create their kith and kin as the next CM but not PM.

All the Students of Sarvajans must practice Insight meditation throughout their lives following all the good and positive precepts to shed fear in different postures of their bodies - sitting, standing, lying, jogging, cycling, swimming, boxing, wrestling Kalari Arts, Martial Arts, Kung fu, Karate, Judo, and also acquire licensed weapons from the authorities concerned for their self-defense from dreaded wild animals including the wild and violent Rowdy Swayam Sevaks who practice all their life with weapons to bury Awakened One’s teachings and Techno-politco-social transformation movement with out knowing that they are seeds that sprout as Bodhi Trees.

BSP Chief Mayawati alleged the NDA government has branded JNU as “anti-national” to implement the “extreme and offensive agenda” of RSS and termed as “political conspiracy” the arrest of JNU students’ Union president Kanhaiya Kumar on sedation charges.

She also said the role of central minister or central government after the suicide of Scheduled Caste student Rohit Vemula in Hyderabad to JNU has been very negative, which was indicative of “a very dangerous trend”.

In one stroke, the BJP led government has branded the prestigious institution like JNU as anti-national in order to implement the extreme and offensive agenda of the RSS.

1% chitpawan brahmins of intolerant Rowdy Swayam Sevaks after tampering the fraud EVMs which they opposed when the Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis were in opposition and wanted to revert to paper ballots are now silent

logo
http://news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20100828/1575461.html

RSS favours paper ballots, EVMs subjected to public scrutiny

…..RSS today asked the Election Commission (EC) to revert back to tried
and tested paper ballots and subject EVMs to public scrutiny whether
these gadgets are tamper proof. In an editorial titled ‘Can we
trust our EVMs?’, The Organiser, the RSS mouthpiece, noted it was a
fact that till date an absolutely tamper-proof machine had not been
invented and credibility of any system depends on ‘transparency,
verifiability and trustworthiness’ than on blind and atavistic faith
in its infallibility. The issue is not a ‘private affair’ and it
involves the future of this country….


The Government and the EC can’t impose EVMs as a fait accompli on Indian democracy as the only option before the voter.

and started their manuvad against the Sarvajans in general and the SC/STs in particular. They say chitpawan brahimins with all their avathars such as Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis, Visha Hinduva Paapis, All Brahmins Visha/ Venomous Paapis etc are the first rate athmas (souls), others as 2nd, 3rd, 4th rate souls and the aboriginal Adi- Mulanivasis (SC/STs) having no souls so that they can do all sorts of harm to them. Buddha never believed in any soul. He said all are equal. Hence Baba saheb Dr BR Ambedkar, Manyawar Kanshiram, Ms Mayawati wanted all the citizens to follow the teachings of the Awakened One with Awareness.

Increasing threats to the democratic-secular Indian polity from the Hindutva organizations - a concise document on the anti-national game-plan of the RSS

RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat is saying ‘the cultural identity of all Indians is Hindutva’ which has got nothing to do with spirituality.It is just a political cult
The 20th century descriptions of this 1% RSS chitpavan brahmins list inordinate frugality, untrustworthiness, conspiratorialism, phlegmatism not only murder democracy but also the real spirituality of this nation.

The true cultural identity of this country is Jambudvipan that is Prabuddha Bharath since all belong to the same race with Buddha Nature practicing equality, fraternity and liberty as enshrined in the Constitution based on Dhamma.

Now it is the Fraud EVMs that has to be exposed because the Duba Kor EVM are temperable and proved which has to be totally replaced by fool proof voting system.

CJI Sadhasivam, a brahmin allowed the Lok Sabha with majority fraud tamperable EVMs at the request of CEC Sampath another brahmin to replace the fraud EVMs in phased manner that helped RSS’s BJP to acquire the MASTER KEY.

Till all the fraud EVMs are replaced with fool proof Voting system the present CJI must order to scrap the present Lok Sabha.& have a collegium system of picking judges from SC/ST/OBC/Minorities for having a fool proof voting system to safeguard Liberty, Fraternity and Equality as enshrined in the Constitution. And also a collegium system in the Chief Election Commission consisting SC/ST/OBC/Minorities for having a fool proof voting system to safeguard Liberty, Fraternity and Equality as enshrined in d Constitution to prevent Murder of Democracy.After the fraud EVMs are replaced with fool proof voting system Lok Sabha elections must be held, if chitpawan brahmins have to be sidelined totally because of their politics of hatred towards all non chitpawan brahmins, all the non- chitpawan brahmins have to unite under BSP for Sarvajan Hitay, Sarvajan Sukhay i.e., for the welfare and happiness of all societies including, SC/STs, OBCs, Minorities and the poor upper castes by sharing the wealth of the country equally among all sections of the society as enshrined in the Constitution.

Haughty behavior by the upstart chitpvan brahmins caused conflicts with other communities which manifested itself as late as in 1948 in the form of anti-Brahminism after the killing of M.K. Gandhi by Nathuram Godse, a chitpavan brahmin just as Bal Gangadhar Tilak , Gopalkrishna Gokale. After the fall of the Maratha Empire in 1818, the chitpavan brahmins lost their political dominance to the British.The British would not subsidize the chitpavan brahmins on the same scale that their caste-fellow, the Peshwas had done in the past. Pay and power was now significantly reduced. Poorer chitpavan brahmin students adapted and started learning English because of better opportunities in the British administration. Some of the strongest resistance to change also came from the very same community. Jealously guarding their brahmin stature, the orthodox among the chitpavan brahmins were not eager to see the shastras challenged, nor the conduct of the brahmins becoming indistinguishable from that of the sudras. The vanguard and the old guard clashed many times. The chitpavan brahmin community includes two major politicians in the Gandhian tradition: Gopal Krishna Gokhale whom he acknowledged as a preceptor, & Vinoba Bhave, one of his outstanding disciples. Gandhi describes Bhave as the Jewel of his disciples, and recognized Gokhale as his political guru.However,strong opposition to Gandhi also came from within the chitpavan brahmin community.V D Savarkar,the founder of the Hindu nationalist political ideology hindutva is castiest and communal, militant, violent, intolerant, stealth political cult greed of power hating all the non-chitpavan brahimins which anger that is madness requiring treatment in mental asylums, was a chitpavan brahmin. Several members of the chitpavan community were among the first to embrace d hindutvaideology, which they thought was a logical extension of the legacy of the Peshwas and caste-fellow Tilak. These chitpavans felt out of place with the Jambudvipan social reform movement of Mahatama Phule and the mass politics of Mr.M.K. Gandhi. Large numbers of the community looked to Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha and finally the RSS. Gandhi’s assassins Narayan Apte and Nathuram Godse, drew their inspiration from fringe groups in this reactionary trend.Therefore, the RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat is saying ‘the cultural identity of all Indians is Hindutva’ covering the above facts. On kobras (the konkanastha chitpavan brahmin Community) of West of the Country. The chitpavan or chitpawan, are brahmins native to the Konkan with a sizeable Christian Protestant who after the British left grabbed all churches, hospitals, schools, colleges to become their owners and started their practice of untouchability against all the non-chitpawan brahmins. Until the 18th century,the chitpavan brahmins were not esteemed in social ranking and were indeed considered by other brahmin tribes as being an inferior caste of brahmins.It remains concentrated in Maharashtra but also has populations all over the Country and rest of the world, (USA & UK.) According to Bene Israeli legend, the Chitpavan and Bene Israel are descendants from a group of 14 people shipwrecked off the Konkan coast. several immigrant groups including the Parsis, the Bene Israelis,the kudaldeshkar gaud brahmins, and the Konkani saraswat brahmins, and the chitpavan brahmins were the last of these immigrant arrivals.The satavahanas were sanskritisers. It is possibly at their time that the new group of chitpavan brahmins were formed.Also, a reference to the chitpavan surname ghaisas, written in Prakrut Marathi can be seen on a tamra-pat (bronze plaque) of the Year 1060 A.D.belonging to the King Mamruni of Shilahara Kingdom, found at Diveagar in Konkan. With the accession of balaji bhat and his family to the supreme authority of the Maratha Confederacy, chitpavan immigrants began arriving en masse from the Konkan to Pune where the Peshwa offered all important offices his fellow-castemen. The chitpavan kin were rewarded with tax relief & grants of land. Historians cite nepotism & corruption as causes of the fall of the Maratha Empire in 1818. Richard Maxwell Eaton states that this rise of the chitpavans is a classic example of social rank rising with political fortune. Traditionally, the chitpavan brahmins were a community of astrologers and priests who offer religious services to other communities. The 20th century descriptions of the chitpavans list inordinate frugality, untrustworthiness, conspiratorialism, phlegmatism. Agriculture was the second major occupation in the community, practiced by the those who possess arable land. Later, chitpavans became prominent in various whitecollar jobs and business. Most of the chitpavan brahmins in Maharashtra have adopted Marathi as their language. Till the 1940s, most of the chitpavans in Konkan spoke a dialect called chitpavani Konkani in their homes. Even at that time, reports recorded chitpavani as a fast disappearing language. But in Dakshina Kannada District and Udupi Districts of Karnataka, this language is being spoken in places like Durgaand Maala of Karkala taluk and also in places like Shishila and Mundaje of Belthangady Taluk.There are no inherently nasalized vowels in standard Marathi whereas the chitpavani dialect of Marathi does have nasalized vowels. Earlier, d deshastha brahmins believed that they were the highest of all brahmins, & looked down upon the chitpavans as parvenus (a relative newcomer to a socioeconomic class),barely equal to the noblest of dvijas. Even the Peshwa was denied the rights to use the ghats reserved for Deshasth priests @ Nashik on the Godavari.Dis usurping of power by chitpavans from the deshastha Brahmins resulted in intense rivalry between the two brahmin communities which continued in late Colonial British India times. The 19th century records also mention Gramanyas or village-level debates between the Chitpavans, & two other communities, namely the Daivajnas, and the Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus. This lasted for about ten years.

RSS WANTS MANUSMRITI TO REPLACE DEMOCRATIC-SECULAR CONSTITUTION OF THIS COUNTRY

Half a century ago, Dr.Ambedkar surveyed the existing data on the physical anthropology of the different castes in his book The Untouchables.He found that the received wisdom of a racial basis of caste was not supported by the data,e.g.:The table for Bengal shows that the chandal who stands sixth in the scheme of social precedence and whose touch pollutes, is not much differentiated from the brahmin. In Bombay the deshastha brahmin bears a closer affinity to the Son-Koli, a fisherman caste, than to his own compeer, the chitpavan brahmin.  The Mahar, the Untouchable of the Maratha region, comes next together with the Kunbi, the peasant.  They follow in order the shenvi brahmin, the nagar brahmin and the high-caste Maratha. These results mean that there is no correspondence between social gradation and physical differentiation in Bombay. A remarkable case of differentiation in skull and nose indexes, noted by Dr. Ambedkar, was found to exist between the brahmin and the (untouchable) Chamar of Uttar Pradesh. But this does not prove that brahmins are foreigners, because the data for the U.P. brahmin were found to be very close to those for the Khattri and the untouchable Chuhra of Punjab. If the U.P. brahmin is indeed foreign to U.P., he is by no means foreign to India, at least not more than the Punjab untouchables. This confirms the scenario which we can derive from the Vedic and ItihAsa-PurANa literature:the Vedic tradition was brought east from d Vedic heartland by brahmins who were physically indistinguishable from the lower castes there, when the heartland in Punjab-Haryana at its apogee exported its culture to the whole Aryavarta (comparable to the planned importation of brahmins into Bengal and the South around the turn of the Christian era).  These were just two of the numerous intra-Indian migrations of caste groups.Recent research has not refuted Ambedkar,s views. A press report on a recent anthropological survey led by Kumar Suresh Singh explains:English anthropologists contended that the upper castes of India belonged to the Caucasian race and the rest drew their origin from Australoid types.The survey has revealed this to be a myth.Biologically &linguistically, we are very mixed, says Suresh Singh () The report says that the people of India have more genes in common, and also share a large number of morphological traits. 

There is much greater homogenization in terms of morphological and genetic traits at the regional level, says the report. For example, the brahmins of Tamil Nadu (esp.Iyengars) share more traits with non-brahmins in d state than with fellow brahmins in western or northern India.

The sons-of-the-soil theory also stands demolished. The Anthropological Survey of India has found no community in India that cant remember having migrated from some other part of the country.Internal migration accounts for much of India’s complex ethnic landscape, while there is no evidence of a separate or foreign origin for the upper castes.Among other scientists who reject the identification of caste (varNa) with race on physical-anthropological grounds, we may cite Kailash C. Malhotra:Detailed anthropometric surveys carried out among the people of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bengal and Tamil Nadu revealed significant regional differences within a caste and a closer resemblance between castes of different varnas within a region than between sub-populations of the caste from different regions. On the basis of analysis of stature, cephalic and nasal index, H.K. Rakshit (1966) concludes that the Brahmins of India are heterogeneous & suggest incorporation of more than one physical type involving more than one migration of people.A more detailed study among 8 Brahmin castes in Maharashtra on whom 18 metric,16 scopic and 8 genetic markers were studied, revealed not only a great heterogeneity in both morphological and genetic characteristics but also showed that 3 Brahmin castes were closer to non-Brahmin castes than [to the] other Brahmin castes. 

P.P. Majumdar and K.C. Malhotra (1974) observed a great deal of heterogeneity with respect to OAB blood group system among 50 Brahmin samples spread over 11 Indian states. The evidence thus suggests that varna is a sociological and not a homogeneous biological entity.

Now it is clear that it is the 1% chitpawan brahmin Rowdy Swayam Sevaks and all its avathars including Bahuth Jiyadha Paapies, Venomous Visha Hindutva Paapis, All Brahmin Venomous Visha Paapis etc, with full of hatred, anger, jealousy, delusion which are defilement of the psychopath mentally retarded minds of stealth hindutva cult requiring mental treatment in mental asylums that gobbled the Master Key of the country through fraud EVMs uses the same law against the JNU who go beyond the theoretical dogmas that bind us to the political, religious and social oppression in the name of democracy. A university like the JNU is the oxygen of democracy, especially when democracy metamorphoses into fascism as is happening today in Prabuddha Bharath are the real traiters and anti-national elements who have to be treated appropriately for their madness. With out maintaining Status quoe as per the Constitution they demolished Places of worship. The are building temples and statues for dreaded murderer nathuram godse which is contempt of the court after misusing the technology to gooble the Master key by tampering the EVMs for Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi). The must be arrested under non bailable provisions of the law to save democracy, liberty, equality and fraternity as enshrined in our Constitution and prevent manusmrity being implemented.


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(Download Free e-Book) The Constitution of India



Contents:

  • Preamble

  • Parts

  • Schedules

  • Appendices

  • Amendment Acts

PART I: THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

ARTICLE

1 Name and territory of the Union.
2 Admission or establishment of new States.
2A [Repealed.]
3 Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of
existing States.
4 Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and
the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.

PART II: CITIZENSHIP

5 Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.
6 Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from
Pakistan.
7 Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.
8 Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside
India.
9 Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be
citizens.
10 Continuance of the rights of citizenship.
11 Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

PART III: FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

General

12 Definition.
13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

Right to Equality

14 Equality before law.
15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or
place of birth.
16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
17 Abolition of Untouchability.
18 Abolition of titles.

Right to Freedom

19 Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
20 Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
21 Protection of life and personal liberty.
22 Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right against Exploitation

23 Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.

Right to Freedom of Religion

25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of
religion.
26 Freedom to manage religious affairs.
27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
28 Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in
certain educational institutions.

Cultural and Educational Rights

29 Protection of interests of minorities.
30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
31 [Repealed.]

Saving of Certain Laws

31A Saving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.
31B Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.
31C Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.
31D [Repealed.]

Right to Constitutional Remedies

32 Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part.
32A [Repealed.]
33 Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their
application to Forces, etc.
34 Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in
any area.
35 Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.

PART IV: DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

36 Definition.
37 Application of the principles contained in this Part.
38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.

39 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
39A Equal justice and free legal aid.
40 Organisation of village panchayats.
41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
43 Living wage, etc., for workers.
43A Participation of workers in management of industries.
44 Uniform civil code for the citizens.
45 Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
46 Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.
47 Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living
and to improve public health.
48 Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
48A Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and
wild life.
49 Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
50 Separation of judiciary from executive.
51 Promotion of international peace and security.

PART IVA: FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

51A Fundamental duties.

PART V : THE UNION CHAPTER I.THE EXECUTIVE

The President and Vice-President

52 The President of India.
53 Executive power of the Union.
54 Election of President.
55 Manner of election of President.
56 Term of office of President.
57 Eligibility for re-election.
58 Qualifications for election as President.
59 Conditions of President’s office.
60 Oath or affirmation by the President.
61 Procedure for impeachment of the President.
62 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the
term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.
63 The Vice-President of India.
64 The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States.
65 The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during
casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President.
66 Election of Vice-President.
67 Term of office of Vice-President.
68 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and
the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.
69 Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President.
70 Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies.
71 Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or
Vice-President.
72 Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute
sentences in certain cases.
73 Extent of executive power of the Union.

Council of Ministers

74 Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.
75 Other provisions as to Ministers.

The Attorney-General for India

76 Attorney-General for India.
Conduct of Government Business
77 Conduct of business of the Government of India.
78 Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the
President, etc.

CHAPTER II: PARLIAMENT

General

79 Constitution of Parliament.
80 Composition of the Council of States
81 Composition of the House of the People.
82 Readjustment after each census.
83 Duration of Houses of Parliament.
84 Qualification for membership of Parliament.
85 Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution.
86 Right of President to address and send messages to Houses.
87 Special address by the President.
88 Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses.

Officers of Parliament

89 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States.
90 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman.

91 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the
office of, or to act as, Chairman.
92 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his
removal from office is under consideration.
93 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People .
94 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and
Deputy Speaker.
95 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the
office of, or to act as, Speaker.
96 The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his
removal from office is under consideration.
97 Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker
and Deputy Speaker.
98 Secretariat of Parliament.

Conduct of Business

99 Oath or affirmation by members.
100 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and
quorum.

Disqualifications of Members

101 Vacation of seats.
102 Disqualifications for membership.
103 Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
104 Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under
article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified.

Powers, Privileges and Immunities of Parliament and its Members

105 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members
and committees thereof.
106 Salaries and allowances of members.

Legislative Procedure

107 Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.
108 Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.
109 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
110 Definition of “Money Bills”.
111 Assent to Bills.

Procedure in Financial Matters

112 Annual financial statement.
113 Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates.
114 Appropriation Bills.
115 Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
116 Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
117 Special provisions as to financial Bills.

Procedure Generally

118 Rules of procedure.
119 Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial
business.
120 Language to be used in Parliament.
121 Restriction on discussion in Parliament.
122 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament.

CHAPTER III: LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

123 Power of President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Parliament.

CHAPTER IV: THE UNION JUDICIARY

124 Establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.
125 Salaries, etc., of Judges.
126 Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
127 Appointment of ad hoc judges.
128 Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court.
129 Supreme Court to be a court of record.
130 Seat of Supreme Court.
131 Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
131A [Repealed.]
132 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in
certain cases.
133 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in
regard to Civil matters.
134 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters.
134A Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court.
135 Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be
exercisable by the Supreme Court.
136 Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court.
137 Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court.
138 Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
139 Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs.
139A Transfer of certain cases.
140 Ancillary powers of Supreme Court.
141 Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts.
142 Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to
discovery, etc.
143 Power of President to consult Supreme Court.
144 Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court.
144A [Repealed.]
145 Rules of Court, etc.
146 Officers and servants and the expenses of the Supreme Court.
147 Interpretation.

CHAPTER V: COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA

148 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
149 Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General.
150 Form of accounts of the Union and of the States.
151 Audit reports.

PART VI: THE STATES

CHAPTER I - GENERAL

152 Definition.

CHAPTER II: THE EXECUTIVE

The Governor

153 Governors of States.
154 Executive power of State.
155 Appointment of Governor.
156 Term of office of Governor.
157 Qualifications for appointment as Governor.
158 Conditions of Governor’s office
159 Oath or affirmation by the Governor.
160 Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies.
161 Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute
sentences in certain cases.
162 Extent of executive power of State.

Council of Ministers

163 Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.
164 Other provisions as to Ministers.
The Advocate-General for the State
165 Advocate-General for the State.

Conduct of Government Business

166 Conduct of business of the Government of a State.
167 Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to
Governor, etc.

CHAPTER III: THE STATE LEGISLATURE

General

168 Constitution of Legislatures in States.
169 Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States.
170 Composition of the Legislative Assemblies.
171 Composition of the Legislative Councils.
172 Duration of State Legislatures.
173 Qualification for membership of the State Legislature.
174 Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution.
175 Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses.
176 Special address by the Governor.
177 Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses.

Officers of the State Legislature

178 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.
179 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and
Deputy Speaker.
180 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the
office of, or to act as, Speaker.
181 The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his
removal from office is under consideration.
182 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council.
183 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and
Deputy Chairman.
184 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the
office of, or to act as, Chairman.
185 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for
his removal from office is under consideration.
186 Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman
and Deputy Chairman.
187 Secretariat of State Legislature.

Conduct of Business

188 Oath or affirmation by members.
189 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and
quorum.

Disqualifications of Members

190 Vacation of seats.
191 Disqualifications for membership.
192 Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members.
193 Penalty for sitting and voting before making oath or affirmation under
article 188 or when not qualified or when disqualified.

Powers, privileges and immunities of State Legislatures and their Members

194 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the
members and committees thereof.
195 Salaries and allowances of members.

Legislative Procedure

196 Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills.
197 Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to Bills other than Money
Bills.
198 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills.
199 Definition of “Money Bills”.
200 Assent to Bills.
201 Bills reserved for consideration.

Procedure in Financial Matters

202 Annual financial statement.
203 Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates.
204 Appropriation Bills.
205 Supplementary, additional or excess grants.
206 Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants.
207 Special provisions as to financial Bills.

Procedure Generally

208 Rules of procedure.
209 Regulation by law of procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation
to financial business.
210 Language to be used in the Legislature.
211 Restriction on discussion in the Legislature.
212 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature.

CHAPTER IV - LEGISLATIVE POWER OF THE GOVERNOR

213 Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.

CHAPTER V-THE HIGH COURTS IN THE STATES

214 High Courts for States.
215 High Courts to be courts of record.
216 Constitution of High Courts.
217 Appointment and conditions of the office of a Judge of a High Court.
218 Application of certain provisions relating to Supreme Court to High Courts.

219 Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts.
220 Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge.
221 Salaries, etc., of Judges.
222 Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another.
223 Appointment of acting Chief Justice.
224 Appointment of additional and acting Judges.
224A Appointment of retired Judges at sittings of High Courts.
225 Jurisdiction of existing High Courts.
226 Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.
226A [Repealed..]
227 Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court.
228 Transfer of certain cases to High Court.
228A [Repealed.]
229 Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts.
230 Extension of jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories.
231 Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States

CHAPTER VI: SUBORDINATE COURTS

233 Appointment of district judges.
233A Validation of appointments of, and judgments, etc., delivered by, certain
district judges.
234 Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service.

235 Control over subordinate courts.
236 Interpretation.
237 Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of
magistrates.

PART VII: THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE

238 [Repealed.]

PART VIII: THE UNION TERRITORIES

239 Administration of Union territories.
239A Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain
Union territories.
239A Special provisions with respect to Delhi.
239AA Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
239AB Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of
Legislature.
240 Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories.
241 High Courts for Union territories.
242 [Repealed.]

PART IX: THE PANCHAYATS

243 Definitions.
243A Gram Sabha.
243B Constitution of Panchayats.
243C Composition of Panchayats.
243D Reservation of seats.
243E Duration of Panchayats, etc.
243F Disqualifications for membership.
243G Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.
243H Powers to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Panchayats.
243-I Constitution of Finance Commission to review financial position.
243J Audit of accounts of Pachayats.
243K Elections to the Panchayats.
243L Application to Union territories.
243M Part not to apply to certain areas.
243N Continuance of existing laws and Panchayats.
243-O Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.

PART IXA: THE MUNICIPALITIES

243P Definitions.
243Q Constitution of Municipalities.
243R Composition of Municipalities.
243S Constitution and composition of Wards Committees, etc.
243T Reservation of seats.
243U Duration of Municipalities, etc.
243V Disqualifications for membership.
243W Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.
243X. Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities.
243 Finance Commission.
243Z Audit of accounts of Municipalities.
243ZA Elections to the Municipalities.
243ZB Application to Union territories.
243ZC Part not to apply to certain areas.
243ZD Committee for district planning.
243ZE Committee for Metropolitan planning.
243ZF Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities.
243ZG Bar to interference by Courts in electoral matters.

PART X: THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS

244 Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas.
244A Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam
and creation of local Legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefor.

PART XI: RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES

CHAPTER I: LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS

Distribution of Legislative Powers

245 Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
246 Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.

247 Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional
courts.
248 Residuary powers of legislation.
249 Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List
in the national interest.
250 Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State
List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
251 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and
laws made by the Legislatures of States.
252 Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and
adoption of such legislation by any other State.
253 Legislation for giving effect to international agreements.
254 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the
Legislatures of States.
255 Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as
matters of procedure only.

CHAPTER II: ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS

General

256 Obligation of States and the Union.
257 Control of the Union over States in certain cases.
257A [Repealed.]
258 Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases.
258A Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union.
259 [Repealed.]
260 Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India.
261 Public acts, records and judicial proceedings.

Disputes relating to Waters

262 Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or
river valleys.

Co-ordination between States

263 Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council.

PART XII: FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS
CHAPTER I: FINANCE

General

264 Interpretation.
265 Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law.
266 Consolidated Funds and public accounts of India and of the States.
267 Contingency Fund.

Distribution of Revenues between the Union and the States

268 Duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the State.

269 Taxes levied and collected by the Union but assigned to the States.
270 Taxes levied and distributed between the Union and the States.
271 Surcharge on certain duties and taxes for purposes of the Union.
272 [Repealed.]
273 Grants in lieu of export duty on jute and jute products.
274 Prior recommendation of President required to Bills affecting taxation in
which

States are interested

275 Grants from the Union to certain States.
276 Taxes on professions, trades, callings and employments.
277 Savings.
278 [Repealed.]
279 Calculation of “net proceeds”, etc.
280 Finance Commission.
281 Recommendations of the Finance Commission.

Miscellaneous financial provisions

282 Expenditure defrayable by the Union or a State out of its revenues.
283 Custody, etc., of Consolidated Funds, Contingency Funds and moneys credited
to the public accounts.
284 Custody of suitors’ deposits and other moneys received by public servants
and courts.
285 Exemption of property of the Union from State taxation.
286 Restrictions as to imposition of tax on the sale or purchase of goods.
287 Exemption from taxes on electricity.
288 Exemption from taxation by States in respect of water or electricity in
certain cases.
289 Exemption of property and income of a State from Union taxation.
290 Adjustment in respect of certain expenses and pensions.
290A Annual payment to certain Devaswom Funds.
291 [Repealed.]

CHAPTER II: BORROWING

292 Borrowing by the Government of India.
293 Borrowing by States.

CHAPTER III: PROPERTY, CONTRACTS, RIGHTS, LIABILITIES,
OBLIGATIONS AND SUITS

294 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in
certain cases.
295 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in other
cases.
296 Property accruing by escheat or laps or as bona vacantia.
297 Things of value within territorial waters or continental shelf and resources
of the exclusive economic zone to vest in the Union.
298 Power to carry on trade, etc.
299 Contracts.
300 Suits and proceedings.

CHAPTER IV: RIGHT TO PROPERTY

300A Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law.

PART XIII: TRADE, COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE
TERRITORY OF INDIA

301 Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse.
302 Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and
intercourse.
303 Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with
regard to trade and commerce.
304 Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States.
305 Saving of existing laws and laws providing for State monopolies.
306 [Repealed.]
307 Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to
304.

PART XIV: SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES
CHAPTER I: SERVICES

308 Interpretation.
309 Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a
State.
310 Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State.
311 Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil
capacities under the Union or a State.
312 All-India services.
312A Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of service of officers of
certain services.
313 Transitional provisions.
314 [Repeated.]

CHAPTER II: PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS

315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.
316 Appointment and term of office of members.
317 Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
318 Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff
of the Commission.
319 Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing
to be such members.
320 Functions of Public Service Commissions.
321 Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
323 Reports of Public Service Commissions.

PART XIVA TRIBUNALS

323A Administrative tribunals.
323B Tribunals for other matters.

PART XV: ELECTIONS

324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an
Election Commission.
325 No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a
special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex.
326 Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of
States to be on the basis of adult suffrage.
327 Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to
Legislatures.
328 Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections
to such Legislature.
329 Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.
329A [Repealed.]

PART XVI: SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES

330 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the
House of the People.
331 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the House of the People.
332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the
Legislative

Assemblies of the States

333 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative
Assemblies of the States.
334 Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after sixty years.

335 Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts.
336 Special provision for Anglo-Indian community in certain services.
337 Special provision with respect to educational grants for the benefit of
Anglo-Indian Community.
338 National Commission for Scheduled Castes.
338A National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
339 Control of the Union over the Administration of Scheduled Areas and the
welfare of Scheduled Tribes.
340 Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward
classes.
341 Scheduled Castes.
342 Scheduled Tribes.

PART XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
CHAPTER I: LANGUAGE OF THE UNION

343 Official language of the Union.
344 Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language.

CHAPTER II: REGIONAL LANGUAGES

345 Official language or languages of a State.
346 Official language for communication between one State and another or between
a State and the Union.
347 Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population
of a State.

CHAPTER III: LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, HIGH COURTS, ETC.

348 Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for
Acts, Bills, etc.
349 Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language.

CHAPTER IV - SPECIAL DIRECTIVES

350 Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances.
350A Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage.
350B Special Officer for linguistic minorities.
351 Directive for development of the Hindi language.

PART XVIII: EMERGENCY PROVISIONS

352 Proclamation of Emergency.
353 Effect of Proclamation of Emergency.
354 Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a
Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
355 Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal
disturbance.
356 Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States.
357 Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under article 356.

358 Suspension of provisions of article 19 during emergencies.
359 Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during
emergencies.
359A [Repealed.]
360 Provisions as to financial emergency.

PART XIX: MISCELLANEOUS

361 Protection of President and Governors and Rajprakukhs.
361A Protection of publication of proceedings of Parliament and State
Legislatures.
361B Disqualification for appointment on remunerative political post.
362 [Repealed.]
363 Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties,
agreements, etc.
363A Recognition granted to Rulers of Indian States to cease and privy purses to
be abolished.
364 Special provisions as to major ports and aerodromes.
365 Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by
the Union.
366 Definitions.
367 Interpretation.

PART XX: AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION

368 Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor.

PART XXI: TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS

369 Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to
certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent
List.
370 Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
371 Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat.
371A Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland.
371B Special provision with respect to the State of Assam.
371C Special provision with respect to the State of Manipur.
371D Special provisions with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh.
371E Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh.
371F Special provisions with respect to the State of Sikkim.
371G Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram.
371H Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh.
371-I Special provision with respect to the State of Goa.
372 Continuance in force of existing laws and their adaptation.
372A Power of the President to adapt laws.
373 Power of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive
detention in certain cases.
374 Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the
Federal Court or before His Majesty in Council.
375 Courts, authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the
provisions of the Constitution.
376 Provisions as to Judges of High Courts.
377 Provisions as to Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
378 Provisions as to Public Service Commissions.
378A Special provision as to duration of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

379-391 [Repealed.]
392 Power of the President to remove difficulties.

PART XXII: SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN
HINDI AND REPEALS

393 Short title.
394 Commencement.
394A Authoritative text in the Hindi language.
395 Repeals.












http://www.constitution.org/cons/india/const.html







THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA










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PREAMBLE PARTS SCHEDULES
APPENDICES INDEX AMENDMENT ACTS






PARTS







PART I THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY Art.( 1-4 )
PART II CITIZENSHIP Art.( 5-11 )
PART III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Art.( 12-35 )
PART IV DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY Art.( 36-51 )
PART IVA FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Art.( 51A )
PART V THE UNION Art.( 52-151 )
PART VI THE STATES Art.( 152-237 )
PART VII THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE Art.( 238 )
PART VIII THE UNION TERRITORIES Art.( 239-243 )
PART IX PANCHAYATS Art.( 243-243zg )
PART IXA MUNICIPALITIES Art.( 243-243zg )
PART X THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS Art.( 244-244A )
PART XI RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 245-263 )
PART XII FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS Art.( 264-300A )
PART XIII TRADE,COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA Art.( 301-307 )
PART XIV SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES Art.( 308-323 )
PART XIVA TRIBUNALS Art.( 323A-323B )
PART XV ELECTIONS Art.( 324-329A )
PART XVI

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