2073 Sat 10 Dec 2016 LESSONS from Rector JCMesh J Alphabets Letter Animation ClipartMesh C Alphabets Letter Animation Clipart an expert who identifies experts influenced by Expert and Infulencer Sashikanth Chandrasekharan of Free Online Awaken One With Awareness Mind (A1wAM)+ ioT (insight-net of Things) - the art of Giving, taking and Living to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal through Electronic Visual Communication Course on Political Science -Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic Emancipation Movement (TPSTEEM). Struggle hard to see that all fraud EVMs are replaced by paper ballots by Start using Internet of things by creating Websites, blogs. Make the best use of facebook, twitter etc., to propagate TPSTEEM thru FOA1TRPUVF. Practice Insight Meditation in all postures of the body - Sitting, standing, lying, walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, martial arts etc., for health mind in a healthy body. from INSIGHT-NET-Hi Tech Radio Free Animation Clipart Online A1 (Awakened One) Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University in Visual Format (FOA1TRPUVF) free online university research practice up a level through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.orgup a level https://awakenmediaprabandhak. wordpress.com/ email-0565.gif from 123gifs.eu Download & Greeting Card email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com is the most Positive Energy of informative and research oriented site propagating the teachings of the Awakened One with Awareness the Buddha and on Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic Emancipation Movement followed by millions of people all over the world in 105 Classical languages. Rendering exact translation as a lesson of this University in one’s mother tongue to this Google Translation and propagation entitles to become a Stream Enterer (Sottapanna) and to attain Eternal Bliss as a Final Goal http://www.jansatta.com/national/parliament-live-parliament-winter-session-day-16-live-updates-in-hindi/202095/ ANI ✔ @ANI_news PM ne kaha jaise matdaan ke samay desh mein EVM ke baare mein prachar hota hai waise hi cashless system ka prachar hona chahiye:Ananth Kumar Wish the new CJI to look into the ex CJI Sadasivam who committed a grave error of judgement by ordering that the EVMs to be replaced in a phased manner as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath because of the cost Rs 1500 crores involved in totally replacing the EVMs.Only 8 out of 543 seats were replaced because of this judgement and till this date all these EVMs are used in all the elections. The CJI failed to order for paper ballots which are followed in 80 democracies of the world. http://www.newsnation.in/…/152014-bsp-chief-mayawati-calls-… Mayawati dares Modi: If you have guts, dissolve Parliament, hold fresh polls for correct survey on demonetisation.http://www.livemint.com/…/Mayawati-ready-for-UP-battle-with… Mayawati ready for UP battle with note ban agenda- http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/…/articles…/55885580.cms How 2016 will decide the 2017 battle for Uttar Pradesh
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Awaken One With Awareness Mind
(A1wAM)+ ioT (insight-net of Things) - the art of Giving, taking and Living to attain Eternal Bliss
as Final Goal through Electronic Visual Communication Course on
Political Science -Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic
Emancipation Movement (TPSTEEM).
Struggle hard to see that all fraud EVMs are replaced by paper ballots by
using Internet of things by creating Websites, blogs. Make the best use
of facebook, twitter etc., to propagate TPSTEEM thru
Insight Meditation in all postures of the body - Sitting, standing,
lying, walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, martial arts etc., for
health mind in a healthy body.
INSIGHT-NET- Online A1 (Awakened One) Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University
in Visual Format (FOA1TRPUVF)
is the most Positive Energy of informative and research oriented site propagating the teachings of the Awakened One with Awareness the Buddha and on Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic Emancipation Movement followed by millions of people all over the world in 105 Classical languages.
Rendering exact translation as a lesson of this
University in one’s mother tongue to this Google Translation and
propagation entitles to become a Stream Enterer (Sottapanna) and to attain Eternal Bliss as a Final Goal
Mayawati ready for UP battle with note ban agenda
Mayawati has decided to raise the demonetisation issue across the state
before elections in early 2017; BSP plans campaign rallies after
Parliament’s winter session
New Delhi: The tussle between Bahujan
Samaj Party (BSP) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) over the issue
of demonetization of high-value currency notes is now expected to play
out in the upcoming Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh.
BSP chief and former Uttar Pradesh chief minister Mayawati, along with
other political parties, tried to corner the Union government in
Parliament on the issue of demonetization, she has now decided to raise
the issue across Uttar Pradesh before elections in early 2017.
Along the lines of the 6 December rally held in Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, on
the death anniversary of Dr B.R. Ambedkar, the party will organize more
campaign rallies once the winter session of Parliament gets over. The
aim is to make demonetization a big part of BSP’s poll campaign.
Apart from demonetization, Mayawati has decided to raise atrocities
against SC/STs—such as the incident in Una, Gujarat, where SC/STs were
beaten up by self-styled cow protectors and the death of Hyderabad
Central University student Rohith Vemula—during her campaign.
“Initially we had planned an approximate number of rallies for the year
but with the announcement of demonetization, we now want to organize as
many rallies as possible and mobilize people on this issue. Our chief
Mayawati has been raising the issue at the national level in Parliament
and local leaders are doing the same in the state,” said a BSP leader in
Mayawati has decided to raise the issue of a uniform
civil code in her election campaign. BSP is against the imposition of
such a code.
The BSP, along with other opposition parties, has
been critical of the Modi’s lack of preparedness before implementing the
partial demonetization of high-value bank notes. Mayawati has called
the survey on demonetization “fake and sponsored” and urged Modi to
dissolve the Lok Sabha and call for a referendum on the issue.
“The centre’s survey showing people of the nation are in favour of
demonetization is fake. If the Modi thinks he is honest, then he should
dissolve Parliament and conduct a referendum in this regard. Parliament
is not able to work because of the Modi as the entire opposition is
demanding his presence,” said Mayawati. The survey showed that over 93%
of people taking part in it supported the move.
Party (SP), BSP’s arch rival in Uttar Pradesh, has also opposed
demonetization with SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav and chief minister
Akhilesh Yadav criticizing the centre over its anti-poor and anti-farmer
policy. However, SP’s critique seems to have paled next to BSP’s, with
Mayawati regularly holding press conferences opposing the note ban.
In her press conference on Saturday, Mayawati blamed the Modi for
creating a “Bharat bandh-like situation” through demonetization.
“Our party is completely against black money but we also believe that
people shouldn’t face inconvenience. People are standing in long queues
as the centre has created a Bharat bandh-like situation. Modi is
promoting cashless economy in a time when demonetization has made over
90% of people poor. About 100 people have lost their lives due to this
move, still the government hasn’t come forward to offer any financial
help to these people’s families,” she said.
Analysts said demonetization had drastically changed the agenda of the Uttar Pradesh election.
“Mayawati has gained high visibility through this entire episode and
she is making every effort to keep the issue alive. This issue has hit
the common man the most and any opposition will find resonance among the
public. While the BJP through its parivartan rallies in UP is trying
its best to propagate the benefits of demonetization, SP may have to
buckle up,” said S.K. Dwivedi, a Lucknow-based political analyst.
has decided to raise the demonetisation issue across the state before
elections in early 2017; BSP plans campaign rallies after Parliament’s
By meenal thakur
How 2016 will decide the 2017 battle for Uttar Pradesh
Considered as semi-finals to the mega finale of the 2019 General
Elections, the Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections in 2017 will be fought
under the shadow of 2016. The passing year threw up several issues that
will decide the outcome in 2017. Here are the ones that will matter the
decision to scrap high currency notes will radically impact the 2017 UP
polls. Those who rely less on money and more on charisma must be
Surveys have shown Mayawati-led BSP in the lead.
Samajwadi Party Feud
The war in the Samajwadi parivar left no winners, neither Akhilesh
Yadav nor Mulayam Yadav, but there will certainly be a loser—the party.
The Samajwadi war has left its own voters confused. This could boost
the prospects of the main rival of the party—the BSP.
The passing year threw up several issues that will decide the outcome in 2017. Here are the ones that will matter the most.
EU diplomats in UP: Demonetisation Will hurt you
LUCKNOW: While amused over being served tea in mugs featuring a picture
of Narendra Modi, diplomats of the European Union (EU) ask local BJP
leaders here if demonetisation will hurt the party’s chances in the
upcoming polls in Uttar Pradesh. The media feedback, they point out,
does not seem that good from UP.
The EU delegation led by Friederike Tschampa, First Counsellor and Head
of Political Affairs, EU is here as “they are very interested in UP and
election priorities of various parties”, she says. The group with
diplomats from Sweden, Netherlands, Finland, Luxembourg and Ireland
among others met the political party leaders
Read more at:
The diplomats have a volley of questions: on Triple Talaq, UP’s law and
order situation, SC/ST atrocities and even why the BJP has not
projected any Chief Ministerial face in UP.
group with diplomats from Sweden, Netherlands, Finland, Luxembourg and
Ireland among others met the UP Congress leaders and UP government
the new CJI to look into the ex CJI Sadasivam who committed a grave
error of judgement by ordering that the EVMs to be replaced in a phased
manner as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath because of the cost Rs 1500
crores involved in totally replacing the EVMs.Only 8 out of 543 seats
were replaced because of this judgement and till this date all these
EVMs are used in all the elections. The CJI failed to order for paper
ballots which are followed in 80 democracies of the world.
The present CEC says that only in 2019 entire EVMs would be replaced.
He too never ordered for paper ballots to be used till the entire EVMs
The Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) gobbled the Master Key because of these EVMs in 2014 Lok Sabha elections.
It is a clear proof that Ms Mayawati’s BSP won majority of the seats in
UP Panchayat elections which was conducted with paper ballots while
they lost in the Lok Sabha elections because of these EVMs.
CJI may be pleased to dissolve the Lok Sabha and all the state
governments selected by these EVMs and order for fresh polls with paper
ballots till the entire EVMs were replaced.
J S Khehar is all set to become the 44th Chief Justice of India (CJI).
His name has been recommended by the current CJI, T S Thakur and will be
sworn in on…
Mayawati dares Modi: If you have guts, dissolve Parliament, hold fresh polls for correct survey on demonetisation.
BSP chief Mayawati on Thursday criticised Modi’s currency ban survey,
calling it fake and challenged that if the survey is right then the Lok
Sabha should be dissolved to conduct fresh polls in the country.
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) supremo Mayawati on Thursday dared Murderer
of democratic institutions (Modi) to hold fresh elections to know the
people’s view on demonetisation.
“I want to tell Modi that if you
really are an honest man and want a correct survey and if you have
guts, then dissolve Parliament and hold fresh elections,” she said over
the demonetisation issue.
Her remarks came a day after Modi said
that more than 93 per cent of the five lakh people who participated in a
survey on Narendra Modi App have supported demonetisation.
There were two choices
Modi should stop emotionally blackmailing people, says BSP supremo Mayawati
The issue of demonetisation has rocked both the Houses since the commencement of the winter session.
Blaming BJP for the disruption, Mayawati said the entire Opposition is seeking Modi’s presence in Parliament.
Modi who gobbled the Master Key by tampering the fraud EVMs has no
right to enter the parliament. Hence he is avoiding his presence.
The ex CJI Sadasivam committed a graver error of judgement by ordering
that the EVMs to be replaced in phases as suggested by ex CEC Sampath
because of the cost Rs 1600 crore involved in replacing them totally.
Hence only 8 out of 543 seats were replaced. He never ordererd for paper
ballots to be used till the entire EVMs were replaced.
Now the CEC says that the entire EVMs will be replaced only in 2019.
BSP Chief Mayawati dismisses PM’s claims on ending black money, says his move is ‘anti-farmer’
If elections are conducted with paper ballots the BJP will lose their
deposits in all the constituencies as the BSP won majority seats in UP
chief Mayawati on Thursday criticised Modi government’s currency ban
survey, calling it fake and challenged that if the survey is right then
the Lok Sabha should be…
RSS favours paper ballots, EVMs subjected to public scrutiny
New Delhi | Saturday, Aug 28 2010 IST
Joining the controversy regarding the reliablity of Electronic
Voting Machines (EVMs) which have been questioned by political
parties, the RSS today asked the Election Commission (EC) to revert
back to tried and tested paper ballots and subject EVMs to public
scrutiny whether these gadgets are tamper proof. In an editorial
titled ‘Can we trust our EVMs?’, The Organiser, the RSS mouthpiece,
noted it was a fact that till date an absolutely tamper-proof machine
had not been invented and credibility of any system depends on
‘transparency, verifiability and trustworthiness’ than on blind and
atavistic faith in its infallibility. The issue is not a ‘private
affair’ and it involves the future of India. Even if the EVMs were
genuine, there was no reason for the EC to be touchy about it, the
paper commented. The Government and the EC can’t impose EVMs as a fait
accompli on Indian democracy as the only option before the voter.
There were flaws like booth capturing, rigging, bogus voting,
tampering and ballot paper snatching in the ballot paper system of
polling leading the country to switch over to the EVMs and all these
problems were relevant in EVMs too. Rigging was possible even at the
counting stage. What made the ballot papers voter-friendly was that
all aberrations were taking place before the public eye and hence open
for corrections whereas the manipulations in the EVMs is entirely in
the hands of powers that be and the political appointees manning the
sytem, the paper commented. The EVM has only one advantage —
’speed’ but that advantage has been undermined by the staggered polls
at times spread over three to four months. ‘’This has already killed
the fun of the election process,'’ the paper noted. Of the dozen
General Elections held in the country, only two were through the EVMs
and instead of rationally addressing the doubts aired by reputed
institutions and experts the Government has resorted to silence its
critics by ‘intimidation and arrests on false charges’, the paper
observed, recalling the arrest of Hyederabad-based technocrat Hari
Prasad by the Mumbai Police. Prasad’s research has proved that the
EVMs were ‘vulnerable to fraud’. The authorities want to send a
message that anybody who challenges the EC runs the risk of
persecution and harassment, the RSS observed. Most countries
around the world looked at the EVMs with suspicion and countries like
the Netherlands, Italy, Germany and Ireland had all reverted back to
paper ballots shunning EVMs because they were ‘easy to falsify, risked
eavesdropping and lacked transparency’. Democracy is too precious
to be handed over to whims or an opaque establishment and network of
unsafe gizmos. ‘’For the health of Indian democracy it is better to
return to tried and tested methods or else elections in future can
turn out to be a farce,'’ the editorial said.
— (UNI) — 28DI28.xml
EVMs subjected to public scrutiny
Dissolve Lok Sabha.Go for fresh polls as RSS favours paper ballots.
all the fraud EVMs are replaced with paper ballots and the CJI must
order for dismissal of Central and all State Governments selected
through these fraud EVMs and fresh elections conducted with paper
2019 general elections to have paper-trail EVMs: CEC
Polling for 2019 general elections will be conducted through
paper trail-based electronic voting machines to “enhance transparency”.
Chief Election Commissioner
(CEC) Nasim Zaidi also said that voting through the internet is not on
EC’s agenda in the near future though it is going to use information and
communication technology (ICT) in a big way to reach the voters in the
“We have reached a stage where people are demanding hundred per
cent deployment of paper audit trail machine. We have preserved the
secrecy (in this system) as well. Our plan is that by 2019, the whole
country will be covered by paper audit trail machines. The budget for
this has been committed now,” Zaidi said while addressing an
international seminar today.
The next general elections are due in 2019.
The paper audit trail machine or Voter Verified Paper Audit
Trail (VVPAT) was first introduced by the Commission in 2013 in order to
enhance transparency in the polls process and increase electorate’s
confidence that their vote goes without error to their desired
Once the vote is polled, the VVPAT linked EVM immediately takes
a printout and it is preserved for later use to tally in case there is a
dispute in the final result.
Zaidi, who was speaking on the topic ‘Leveraging Technology
for Transparent and Credible Elections’, stressed that secrecy of voters
will be zealously preserved.
While the poll watchdog is taking full advantage of ICT for
“recommending legislation” on providing electronic postal ballot
facility to overseas Indian voters, the CEC said the same confidence
cannot be expressed at present in the context of internet voting owing
to security concerns.
For e-postal ballot, Zaidi said a “safe technology” has been developed and it is being “validated and tested currently….”
“Employing internet voting or online voting is not our horizon
in the long term because it requires serious consideration of challenges
posed by technology.
“We have to weigh between perceived and actual benefits versus
perceived and actual challenges associated with online voting, security
and secrecy of voting alongwith encryption and end-to-end verification
of voters are some of the most important consideration in online
voting,” he said.
Zaidi said the EC has always marched along with
technology despite challenges coming its way like “controversies
and opposition raised by political parties and activists” while
introducing EVMs as replacement of the paper ballot system.
Zaidi said despite numerous allegations and accusations, the
EVMs have stood the test of time and have proved their accuracy in
ensuring free and fair polls across the country.
“It took the Commission more than 20 years to develop and
introduce EVMs in the country after fulfilling all legal requirements
and convincing stakeholders about justification, accuracy and integrity
of machines. EVMs are now fully accepted. They enjoy the trust and
confidence of voters.
“Our machines are tamper and security proof and have complete
integrity and transparency in storage, transportation and demonstration
to political parties and candidates during election period.
Cases of technical malfunctioning of EVMs do occur during testing and
actual use, but we have an efficient system of replacement of these
machine and within matter of less than an hour,” Zaidi said while
endorsing the EVMs.
He said despite these results, the EVMs “continued to be
attacked by activists in various media and judicial fora on account of
alleged lack of transparency”.
“According to these activists, a voter does not get any
physical evidence whether his voting has gone to the intended candidate.
This in turn has led to introduction of paper audit trail machines
after an order of Supreme Court in 2013,” he said.
The CEC said VVPAT machines hence acted to resolve the queries and clarifications sought by people in this regard.
He added that “not a single” dispute has been reported from the
country vis-a-vis VVPAT usage in polls and the EC has deployed more
than 20,000 such paper audit trail machines till now.
While moving forward in this direction, the CEC said the most important thing to be kept in mind was the security of the data.
“The biggest challenge in using ICT by electoral management
bodies lies in relation to ICT security, certification and third party
“No electoral democracy can afford to have a technology that
fails at its simplest and can be manipulated or subjected to
malpractices at its worst. This can demolish the credibility of
elections,” he said.
Zaidi said the Commission is currently working on an
e-governance vision 2020 to provide inclusive, integrated single window
view of services to all stakeholders in all phases of the electoral
cycle through various communication platforms.
CJI SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave error of
judgment by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs on the
request of CEC SAMPATH because of Rs.1600 crore cost to replace them
and dealt a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.
Ex CJI did not
order for ballot paper system to be brought in. No such precautionary
measure was decreed by the apex court. Ex CJI did not order that till
this newer set of about 13,00,000 voting machines is manufactured in
full & deployed totally. All the people in 80 democracies in the
world who simply done away with fradulent EVMs should not recognise
Modi & his Government. These Insecure EVMs must be scraped and Fresh
Lok Sabha and all the State Assembly elections conducted with these
EVMs must be scraped and Fresh elections must be ordered to save
Democracy, Liberty, Fraternity and Equality a Enshrined in the
act of CJI and CEC helped the Murderer of democratic institutions
(Modi) remotely controlled by 1% chitpawan brahmin Rakshasa Swayam
Sevaks gobble the MASTER KEY which goes against the interest of 99%
Sarvajans including SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities/poor upper castes’ liberty,
fraternity and equality as enshrined in our Modern Constitution of the
Chief Architect Babasaheb Dr BR Ambedkar.
this act is itself a proof that the EVMs are vulnerable to fraud for
which they must be punished because of their practice of hatred which is
madness requiring treatment of Insight meditation in mental asylum .
present CJI must dismiss the central and all the State Governments
selected by these fraud EVMs and order for fresh elections with paper
ballots which are followed by 80 democracies around the world.
Ms Mayawati who could not win even a single seat in the last Lok sabha
Elections because of the tampering of these fraud EVMs won more than 80 %
votes in the last UP Panchayat elections conducted through paper
ballots. That is another proof of vulnerability of these fraud EVMs.
Therefore, All the future elections have to be conducted through paper ballots.
Then Ms Mayawati will not only become the CM of UP but also the next PM of Prabuddha Bharath.
sending all the materials collected with respected to fraud EVMs which
will continue to be published till the final goal is achieved. to
BSP is not only a political party but also a movement of societal change.
Hence this technological game of 1% Chitpawan RSS plan has to be
defeated by strengthening the 99% intellectuals by exposing the
fradulent EVMs as done by 80 democracies of the world in the larger
interest of Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye i.e., for the peace,
happiness and welfare of all societies including SC/STs/ OBCs/
Minorities and the poor brahmins and baniyas for distributing the wealth
of this country among all sections of the society as enshrined in the
Constitution by making the Supreme Court to pass orders to replace all
fradulent EVMs and till such time to scrap all elections conducted by
these fradulent EVMs and then to conduct elections with tamper proof
voting system to save democracy, equality, fraternity and liberty.
is about time this country reformed its voting system to ensure that
the electoral verdicts reflect the true will of the people of the
1. The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs
2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too!
3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe
4. Nor is The Hardware
5. EVMs are Sitting Ducks
6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern
7. Storage and Counting are Concerns
8. Vote of No Confidence
9. EC is Clueless on Technology
10. Trust Deficit1.
The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs.
electronic voting machines used in this country’s elections are
internationally known as Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting
machines which record votes directly in electronic memory.
Similar voting machines have been banned in many countries such as
Germany, the Netherlands, Irelands etc. and such machines are allowed in
most states of the US only with a paper back up. Potential dangers of
“vote fraud” and more importantly, lack of transparency and
verifiability associated with them prompted ban or restrictions of their
use. Developed nations like the United Kingdom and France and advanced
countries in our region like Japan and Singapore have so far stuck to
voting on paper ballots, owing to their simplicity, verifiability and
voter confidence in the system. This country is an exception to this
international trend and we
continue to use these voting machines long discarded by the world due
to lack of awareness and appreciation of the lay public of the concerns.
2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too! This
country’s EVMs may also be held unconstitutional because they infringe
upon the fundamental rights of the voters. In this country, Right to
vote is a legal right but how that vote should be exercised by a voter
is his/ her individual expression covered by Article 19 (1) (a) of the
Constitution, which guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens. In
the 2002 case pertaining to disclosure of assets and the criminal
background of candidates, the Supreme Court ruled that voters have a
right to know the antecedents of the contesting candidates and this is
fundamental and basic for survival of democracy.
Accordingly, a voter has the right to know that his vote which he exercised as a part of freedom of expression has
really gone in favour of the candidate whom he/she has chosen. This
right, fundamental in nature, is absent in the electronic voting system.
In the traditional paper ballot system, that fundamental right was
preserve because a voter knew exactly how his/ her vote was recorded
and Universal use of EVMs in Indian elections is illegal too!
In 1984, the Supreme Court of India held that the use of
electronic voting machines in elections was “illegal” as the
Representation of People (RP) Act, 1951 did not permit use of voting
machines in elections. Later, the R.P. Act was amended in 1989
incorporating Section 61A. However, the amendment says voting machines
“may be adopted in such constituency or constituencies as the Election
Commission may, having regard to the circumstances of each case,
specify.” Violating the provisions of the R.P Act, the Election
Commission has conducted 2004 and 2009 nationwide general elections only
using electronic voting machines. Going by the 1984 judgment of the
Supreme Court, parliamentary elections of 2004 and 2009 may be held
3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe.
The electronic voting machines are safe and secure only if the source code used in the EVMs is genuine.
Shockingly, the EVM manufacturers, the BEL and ECIL, have shared
the ‘top secret’ EVM software program with two foreign companies,
Microchip (USA) and Renesas (Japan) to copy it onto microcontrollers
used in EVMs. This process could have been done securely in-house by the
Indian Worse, when the foreign companies deliver microcontrollers fused
with software code to the EVM manufacturers, the EVM manufacturers
cannot “read back” their contents as they are either OTP-ROM or masked
Amusingly, the software given to foreign companies is not even made
available with the Election Commission, ostensibly for security reasons.
With such ridiculous decisions, the Election Commission and the public
manufacturers have rendered security of the EVMs a mockery. Adopting an
open standards policy by making the software public and allowing
parties to test the software installed in the EVMs would have offered
4. Nor is The Hardware. The danger for EVM manipulations is not just from its software.
Even the hardware isn’t safe. Dr. Alex Halderman, professor of
computer science in the University of Michigan says, “EVMs used in the
West require software attacks as they are sophisticated voting machines
and their hardware cannot be replaced cheaply.In contrast, the Indian
EVMs can easily be replaced either in part or as wholesale units.” One
crucial part that can be faked is microcontrollers used in the EVMs in
which the software is copied. EVM manufacturers have greatly facilitated
fraud by using generic microcontrollers rather than more secure ASIC or
FPGA microcontrollers. Not just only microcontrollers, mother boards
(cards which contain microcontrollers) and entire EVMs can be replaced.
Neither the Election Commission nor the manufacturers have undertaken
any hardware or software audit till date. As a result, such manipulation
attempts would go undetected. To detect such fraud, the upgraded EVMs
have a provision to interface with an Authentication Unit that would
allow the manufacturers to verify whether the EVM being used in the
election is the same that they have supplied to the Election Commission.
The EVM manufacturers developed an “Authentication Unit” engaging the
services of SecureSpin, a Bangalore based software services firm.
The Unit was developed and tested in 2006 but when the project
was ready for implementation, the project was mysteriously shelved at
the instance of the Election Commission. Several questions posed to
the Election Commission for taking this decision went unanswered. 5.
EVMs are Sitting Ducks. This country’s EVMs can be hacked both before
and after elections to alter election results. Apart from manipulating
the EVM software and replacing many hardware parts discussed above,
discussions with knowledgeable sources revealed that our country’s EVMs
can be hacked in many ways. I mention just two of them below. Each EVM
contains two EEPROMs inside the Control Unit in which the voting data
They are completely unsecured and the data inside EEPROMs can be
manipulated from an external source. It is very easy to read (data from)
the EEPROMs and manipulate them. The second and the most deadly way to
hack our country’s EVMs is by inserting a chip with Trojan inside the
display section of the Control unit. This requires access to the EVM for
just two minutes and these replacement units can be made for a few
hundred rupees. Bypassing completely all inbuilt securities, this chip
would manipulate the results and give out “fixed”
results on the EVM screen. The Election Commission is completely
oblivious to such possibilities. A demonstration of these
vulnerabilities is on the cards.
“Insider” Fraud a Concern. Personal accounts from some well placed
political sources and experts say that there are some “insiders”
demanding vast sums (Rs. 5 Crore for each assembly constituency) to fix
election results. Who are these insiders? Unlike in the traditional
ballot system where only the election officials were the “insiders”,
electronic voting machine regime has spawned a long chain of insiders,
all of whom are outside the ambit and control of the Election Commission
of this country. There is every possibility that some of these
“insiders” are involved in murky activities in fixing elections. The
whole world—except us in this country–is alive to the dangers of insider
fraud in elections. The “insiders” include the public sector
manufacturers of this country’s electronic voting machines namely, the
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India
(ECIL), the foreign companies supplying micro controllers, private
players (some of which are allegedly owned by some political leaders)
for carrying out checking and maintenance of electronic voting machines
6. Storage and Counting are Concerns. The EVMs are stored at the
district headquarters or in a decentralized manner in different
Election Commission’s concern for EVM safety becomes apparent only
during elections, where as security experts say that voting machines
must remain in a secure environment throughout their life cycle. There
could be many malpractices associated with electronic counting.
“Everybody watches polling closely. Nobody watches counting as
closely),” says Bev Harris, an American activist. Our Election
Commission takes three months to conduct parliamentary elections but
wants counting to be over in just three hours! In the rush to declare
results and the winners, several serious lapses go unnoticed in the
counting process. As a result, parties cannot give it the kind of
attention that this activity deserves.
Massive discrepancies between votes polled and counted in a large
number of polling stations across the country raise serious concerns in
7. Vote of No Confidence.The political class cutting across all
sides of the divide has just one verdict: “we don’t trust the EVMs”.
This vote of “no confidence” stems from the personal experiences of
parties and leaders as well as the nature of results thrown up by the
EVMs. Parties are looking at EVMs with great suspicion and dread the
prospect of EVMs “defeating” them.This mistrust in EVMs is not confined
to any single party and is all pervasive. Almost all mainstream
political parties, including the BJP, Congress, left parties, regional
parties like the Telugu Desam party (TDP), AIADMK, Samajwadi party,
Rastriya Lok Dal (RLD), Janata Dal (United) etc. have all expressed
reservation about EVMs in the aftermath of 2009 Lok Sabha polls. Even
the Congress party that decisively won the 2009 general elections
alleged that the EVMs have been manipulated in Orissa. Today, it is
difficult to find parties that vouch for the continued use of EVMs in
Indian elections. On the contrary, there is a flood of opposition to the
EVMs from the political class.
8. EC is Clueless on Technology.The Election Commission has adopted
the EVM technology about which it has practically no knowledge.
As a result, it has little control over many aspects of the
election process. None of the election commissioners, neither the
present commissioners nor their predecessors, have proper understanding
of the EVM technology. The only source of technical understanding for
the Election Commission is a Committee of experts led by its chairman,
Prof. P.V.Indiresan. Even the Expert Committee seems very weak in its
capacities and understanding. Alex Halderman, professor of computer
science at the University of Michigan and an expert on the security of
voting systems who was present in New Delhi for the launch of the book,
Democracy at Risk, Can We Trust our EVMS? commented, “When I read the
2006 technical report prepared by the Expert Committee of the Election
Commission. I scribbled on it that there was a cause for alarm and
quickly decided to agree to come here.” That speaks volumes for the
quality and rigor of security testing done on the Country’s EVMs.
9. Trust Deficit. Election Commission’s conduct in the wake of the
serious reservations expressed by people has been unbecoming of
a constitutional body. It has uttered many lies – our EVMs are “tamper
proof”, they are “different” etc. etc. It has refused to provide any
clarifications sought to the petitioners in the Supreme Court, despite a
reference from the Supreme Court of India. It has taken several
questionable decisions for which it has refused to offer any
explanations. For instance, it does not explain why old EVMs were used
in Lok Sabha elections despite the recommendations of its own Expert
does not explain why as many as 4.48 Lakh new EVMs (which are more
secure as per the Expert Committee) were not used in any Congress party
or UPA ruled states? Why and where it had allowed use of state
government owned EVMs? The non-transparent conduct of Election
Commission in the use of EVMs and the farce of an “enquiry” it has
conducted following serious reservations on EVMs does not inspire
confidence in its unbiased functioning.
How EVM Works and how can changed it’s functionality Watch this video [youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″]
youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″ -
This country’s EVMs
are Vulnerable to Fraud-Contrary to claims by our country,s election
authorities, the paperless electronic voting systems used in India
suffer from significant vulnerabilities. Even brief access to the
machines could allow criminals to alter election results.
In this video, we demonstrate two kinds of attacks against a real
Indian EVM. One attack involves replacing a small part of the machine
with a look-alike component that can be silently instructed to steal a
percentage of the votes in favor of a chosen candidate. These
instructions can be sent wirelessly from a mobile phone. Another attack
uses a pocket-sized device to change the votes stored in the EVM between
the election and the public counting session, which in India can be
These attacks are neither complicated nor difficult
to perform, but they would be hard to detect or defend against. The best
way to prevent them is to count votes using paper
ballots that voters can see.
Can Be Tampered - Says Net India - Net India company says that the
Electronic Voting Machines EVMs which are used in polling stations can
in favor of the candidates. Watch this to find out more…..To watch live news, videos subscribe to CVR News @
EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by Dr Subramanian Swamy
can be tampered, experts say - Electronic voting machines could be
easily tampered to manipulate elections results, a group of foreign
experts said at a seminar in Dhaka on Tuesday. A standing committee
member of the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Abdul Moyeen
Khan, in the seminar said that the party would make some prototypes of
the EVMs the Election Commission made to show the people how the device
organisation Centre for Sustainable Development organised the seminar,
‘Electronic voting machines: use and abuse,’ at the Lake Shore hotel in
the city. The organisation’s secretary general Mahfuzullah conducted the
seminar and its president Anwar Hashim, also a former ambassador,
presided over the programme. Computer science professor in the
University of California Mathew Allen Bishop, senior software architect
of Yahoo in India Shashank Shekhar and research and development director
of Hewlett Packard of the United States Shawn Islam made presentation
in the seminar highlighting how EVMs could be tampered. All the three
experts said the EVMs could be tampered in several ways in a short span
of time to manipulate the elections results in favour of a certain
candidate if the manipulators would get physical access to EVMs. Citing
an example of the flaws of the EVM used in the United States and in
other parts of the world, Bishop said the EVMs, electronic devices which
need software to function, could be easily tampered. Bishop, however,
asked the authorities concerned to look into certain issues before using
EVMs. ‘When votes are counted, how do you know that the button pushed
to vote for scales on the ballot unit is in fact counted as a vote for
scales?’ he said. Bishop also said, ‘How do you know that the software
is correct? There are no bugs that affect the vote counting?
How do you know that the software on the EPROM chip is the version that is supposed to be used? There was no malware?’
said the security of the software running the EVM must be part of the
inbuilt design of the device. Earlier, Shawn Islam,m a
Bangladeshi-American, demonstrated how a vote cast for a candidate could
be stored for the candidate the voter did not vote for through software
manipulation effected beforehand. Both of the experts said that there
be a system of paper trail of the votes cast so that the voters could
see that their votes were stored for the candidate they voted for.’But,’
Shawn Islam added, ‘the EVMs developed by Bangladesh do not have any
option to add the paper trail system.’ He claimed that the EVM developed
in Bangladesh have plenty of problems. Shashank said that there was no
electronic device in the world which could not be tampered. All of the
experts said that the device must be tested by a third party before its
In reply to a question whether the EVM can be manipulated
with remote control devise without physical intervention once EVMs are
tested and certified by the experts of the political parties just before
the elections, Shawn said, ‘You must have physical interventions to
manipulate it if the EVM does not belong to any wireless network.’
When a reporter asked Abdul Moyeen Khan whether the BNP would
accept it if EVMs were tested by their experts, the BNP leader parried
the answer saying that the party would develop some EVM prototypes to
show how they could be tampered.
Representatives from the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, including its
acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir, the chairperson’s
advisers Iqbal Hasan Mahmud, Sabiuddin Ahmed, Ruhal Alam and opposition
chief whip Zainul Abdin Farroque, attended. Speaking on the occasion,
former Dhaka University vice-chancellor Moniruzzaman Mia, BRAC
University professor Piash Karim and Sushaner Janya Nagarik secretary
Badiul Alam Majumder stressed the need for building trust among
political parties before introducing any new device in the elections
process.The country’s two major political camps are now at loggerheads
over the introduction of EVMs in the next polls. The ruling Awami
League-led alliance said that it would extend all cooperation to the E C
in using EVMs in the next general elections while the opposition
Bangladesh Nationalist Party-led alliance vowed to resist the
move.Attachments area- Preview YouTube video India’s EVMs are Vulnerable
-Preview YouTube video EVMs Can Be Tampered - Says Net India
Preview YouTube video EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by Dr Subramanian Swamy.
American scientists ‘hack’ into Indian voting machines
India’s voting machines - considered to be among the world’s most
tamperproof - can be hacked, American scientists claim.
the University of Michigan connected a home-made device to a voting
machine and successfully changed results by sending text messages from a
“We made an imitation display board that looks almost exactly
like the real display in the machines. But underneath some of the
components of the board, we hide a microprocessor and a Bluetooth
radio,” the BBC quoted Prof J Alex Halderman, who led the project, as
He added: “Our lookalike display board intercepts the vote totals that the machine is trying to display and
replaces them with dishonest totals - basically whatever the bad guy wants to show up at the end of the election.”
they added a small microprocessor, which they say can change the votes
stored in the machine between the election and the vote-counting
No one’s right mind would yet allow the use of absolutely
antiquated, completely out-dated, easily hack-able and highly
tamper-able “high school
technology” based, obsolete EVMs (electronic voting machines) in national elections, but it was used now — in 2014
than 80 democracies in the world have simply done away with them,
dumping them in the trash, or simply declared the usage of this
simplistic voting system susceptible to fraud, and hence declaring the
same as illegal — as the Supreme Courts of Germany and Holland indeed
have done. Even Japan, from where EVMs originated, has long abandoned
its rogue babies, and is using paper ballot system since then. All the
democracies in the West, except the most dull-headed ones, have reverted
to a voter verifiable system or the ballot paper. In Canada, even at
the ,most basic school level, ballot paper voting is in use.
year, the Supreme Court of India, having been convinced of an
undeniable, edible possibility of EVMs getting tampered with and that
easily hacked — even from afar — had ordered the imbecilic Election
Commission and the indolent Government of India to provide about 1600
crore (1600, 0000000) rupees — convert this into your respective
currency! — for manufacturing these VVPAT (Voter Verifiable Paper Audit
Trail) voting machines; which show a verifiable paper receipt to the
This is the
Fundamental Right of a citizen of India, as per the laws laid down by
the Constitution. However, recent newspaper reports tell us that only
20, 000 such voting machines have been provided for the entire country
in this, 2014 election! India has 29 states now — with Telagana being
the latest. In most of them, depending upon their size etc., either
about 400 VVPAT machines are being deployed, or some such similar
ridiculous number — more or less — has been made available in the length
and breadth of the country. It’s an
asinine, bland, cruel, demeaning joke we 1.25 billion voters have been “blessed” with by the powers that be.
All “patriotic” hackers of our motherland made hay in May!
to how EVMs can be hacked into, tampered with, and results favorably
manipulated via software interference and other means — from near and
from far, far away — this can easily be found by anybody by just going
to Google etc. and filling “EVM HACKING, TAMPERING” or something to this
effect in the Search. And lo, behold! a plethora of information will
just overwhelm your overly chilled-out, lesser employed, un-billed
only solace for us naive fools is that quite a few unscrupulous
politicians and every other most “honorable” political party worthy of
its “salt”, would surely be playing this comic-tragic game of hacking
into and hijacking the votes of a billion people! Thus, one who
outsmarts the other such fine folks, armed with their hacking forks in
this merry-go-around, will win.
The rest — this or that “tsunami” or
wave in favor of one or the other, poll forecasts and the “newbie”, the
over enthused, seeming game changers in the making — well, they may well
fall flat on their dumb faces, if not on their smart asses.
the Supreme Court of India too, while passing the order of putting new
VVAT voting machines in use in a “phased manner”, has unwittingly
shirked its duty. In fact, it committed a grave error of judgment.
Perhaps dealt a fatal blow to Indian democracy. It should have ordered,
as a caution, that till the time this newer set of about 1300ooo voting
machines is manufactured in full and so deployed throughout India,
ballot paper system would be brought in. No such precautionary measure
was decreed by the apex court.
Well, crib all you want. But don’t cry,
my dear countrymen. After all, the same model of EVMs is yet very much
in use in South Africa, Bangla Desh, Bhutan, Nepal, Nigeria, Venezuela
etc. These poor folks of the said “non-techy” countries — millions of
them — too cannot figure out as to what the hell had, yet is happening,
in their dear short-circuited “developed” democracies. Nor will you.
Don’t worry, be happy! You are not alone “out there”.
the way, the somewhat notorious lawyer who had brought in this
case — of the present lot of EVMs being tamper-able and hack-able — and,
who, had successfully fought it so, forcing the Supreme Court to order
the installation of a fail-safe voting mechanism (of Voter Verifiable
Paper Audit machines replacing the susceptible earlier Electronic Voting
Machines) to ensure a free and fair electoral process in India — well,
this oh-so-very honorable fellow too has fallen silent, like a demure
maiden. This most vociferous gentleman had openly declared on social
websites, especially Twitter, that in case VVPAT machines do not get
installed in time for 2014 elections, then, there would be a
“constitutional crisis” — putting it out there like an Indian
“pehalwan”, a la WWW wrestler, that he would challenge the same in the
apex court. He had most emphatically underlined he would ensure that
either the new fail-safe voting machines or the old time-tested paper
ballot system will be put in use during this general election in India.
However, recently, when asked specifically on Twitter about this
matter — as to what this lovely man is doing or is going to do about
this impending doomsday electoral scenario — there was a deafening
silence from his side. May be owing to the fact that since the Supreme
Court judgement late last year, this self-righteous rightist has joined the ultra-rightist political bandwagon.
latter has been projected by pollsters to overwhelmingly sweep these
elections — as a direct result of the doings of the monstrous public
relations firm hired from the land of the let-it-be, oops! free. This US
firm is the same that was used fruitfully by President Bush and Hillary
Clinton for their respective political campaigns. It has — let there be
no doubt about it — successfully projected its client as the potential
winner and the
next numero uno in Indian politics.
the majority of the Indians have missed in fine print is that the
outgoing Chief Minister of the state of Rajasthan, in the last year
elections, had officially filed a complaint with the election commission
that the EVMs used in his state were pre-programmed and tampered
with — and that the same had come from the state of which this presently
hyped-up future Prime Minister of India, is the current Chief Minister.
Now, the lawyer who had gone to the dogs to awaken India and the rest
of the world about the mischief and malfeasance possible with the old
model of EVMs — and had in fact written a book on this subject — is in a
wink-wink deep-throat “smadhi”.
A silence that speaks truths we dumb billion idiots on this part of
slippery earth cannot fathom. Perhaps it’s a precursor of the things to
Let us hope
the jolly good hackers of this-that party screw-up each other’s
devilish, outright evil plans. In a dog eat dog political crap pit we
hapless billion creatures have to walk through every election, maybe
this time the ape sitting by the side — the wide-eyed hopeful citizen of
India — at least gets a tiny part of the apple pie
this messy hacking cat fight will leave behind, on the side lanes.
Perhaps these little crumbs will be enough for us to stay afloat.
In a nutshell, simply put, whosoever “out-hacks” the other, will win.
again, we are an ancient civilization of more than 33, 0000000 gods and
goddesses — some civilized, others not so civil. Let’s hope one of
these fancied deities has a soft corner for us dumbos. Otherwise, we are
going to get screwed. A billion times over.
I made doubly sure I did not vote. I sat on my ass on voting day — not
that I don’t do so everyday. This voting day, I absolutely did. Not only
iguratively and metaphorically, but literally. I may have many buts in
life, but at least today I have a little sore, yet not so sorry a butt.
We are a fool’s paradise.
Long live the banana republic of India!
Security Analysis of India’s Electronic Voting Machines
Elections in India are conducted almost exclusively using electronic
voting machines developed over the past two decades by a pair of
government-owned companies. These devices, known in India as EVMs, have
been praised for their simple design, ease of use, and reliability, but
recently they have also been criticized because of widespread reports of
election irregularities. Despite this criticism, many details of the
machines’ design have never been publicly disclosed, and they have not
been subjected to a rigorous, independent security evaluation. In this
paper, we present a security analysis of a real Indian EVM obtained from
an anonymous source. We describe the machine’s design and operation in
detail, and we evaluate its security, in light of relevant election
procedures. We conclude that in spite of the machine’s simplicity and
minimal trusted computing base, it is vulnerable to serious attacks that
can alter election results and violate the secrecy of the ballot. We
demonstrate two attacks, implemented using custom hardware, which could
be carried out by dishonest election insiders or other criminals with
only brief physical access to the machines. This case study contains
important lessons for Indian elections and for electronic voting
security more generally.
Full technical paper at
Despite elaborate safeguards, India’s EVMs are vulnerable to serious attacks.
Dishonest insiders or other criminals with physical access to the
machines at any time before ballots are counted can insert malicious
hardware that can steal votes for the lifetime of the machines.
Attackers with physical access between voting and counting can
arbitrarily change vote totals and can learn which candidate each voter
selected. These problems are deep-rooted. The design of India’s EVMs
relies entirely on the physical security of the machines and the
integrity of election insiders. This seems to negate many of the
security benefits of using electronic voting in the first place. The
technology’s promise was that attacks on the ballot box and dishonesty
in the counting process would be more difficult. Yet we find that such
attacks remain possible, while being more difficult to detect.
It is highly doubtful that these problems could be remedied by
simple upgrades to the existing EVMs or election procedures. Merely
making the attacks we have demonstrated more difficult will not fix the
fundamental problem: India’s EVMs do not provide transparency, so voters
and election officials have no reason for confidence that the machines
are behaving honestly.
India should carefully reconsider how to achieve a secure and
transparent voting system that is suitable to its national values and
requirements. One option that has been adopted in other countries is to
use a voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT), which combines an
electronic record stored in a DRE with a paper vote record that can be
audited by hand . Existing EVMs do not have updatable software, but
it would be possible to add a VVPAT by interposing on the cable between
the control unit and the ballot unit.
Another option is precinct-count optical scan (PCOS) voting, where
voters fill out paper ballots that are scanned by a voting machine at
the polling station before being placed in a ballot box. Attacking
either of these systems would require tampering with both the paper
records and the electronic records, provided that routine audits are
performed to make sure these redundant sets of records agree . A
third option is to return to simple paper ballots. Despite all of their
known weaknesses, simple paper ballots provide a high degree of
transparency, so fraud that does occur will be more likely to be
Using EVMs in India may have seemed like a good idea when the
machines were introduced in the 1980s, but science’s understanding of
electronic voting security—and of attacks against it—has progressed
dramatically since then, and other technologically advanced countries
have adopted and then abandoned EVM-style voting. Now that we understand
what technology can and cannot do, any new solutions to the very real
problems election officials face must address the problems, not merely
hide them from sight.
EVMs are not foolproof, says computer scientist
April 23rd, 2010
DC Correspondent, Kumar Chellappan
holes. A low-budget adversary armed with a small instrument can read
out votes cast, suppress the votes of one or several voters, and even
delete all the votes.
April 22: Electronic voting machines
arenot as tamper-proof as the Election Commission of India would like us
to believe, going by the research of an Israeli comuter scientist who
has found flaws in the most advanced EVMs in the world.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) EVMs developed in Israel are rated
as the most advanced machines in the world. But we have proved that
they are vulnerable to all kinds of tampering,” Avishai Wool, of the
School of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, told DC on
“We can show how a low-budget adversary armed with a
small instrument can read out all votes already cast into the ballot
box, suppress the votes of one or several voters, rewrite votes at will
and even completely disqualify all votes in a single booth,” Prof. Wool
says in the paper. “These attacks are easy to mount and very difficult
While Prof. Wool refused to comment on Indian EVMs,
several experts have noted that most electronic polling devices are
susceptible to tampering. Prof. Wools’ comments follow a letter qritten
by David Dill, professor of computer science at Stanford University, to
Chief Election Commissioner Navin Chawla on Indian EVMs lacking
Subramanian Swamy, former Union minister
for law, said Bharat Electronics Ltd and ECIL, who developed the Indian
EVM , have withdrawn their application for a patent for the device from
the World Intellectual Property Organisation.
Don’t stand on prestige, dump EVMs, save democracy
http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=12 Computer Science Prof. of Stanford Univ., Dr. David Dill’s statement on Indian EVMs
http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=14 (Videos, expert panel)
Election Commission concedes manipulation of EVMs
The Election Commission of India has made an amazing confession:
that the security and integrity of the entire election system will be
compromised if the EVM software and the hardware design becomes known.
This is what technologists, activists and political leaders have
been saying for many months now and the Commission had steadfastly
refuted such claims with a bizarre “our EVMs are fully tamper proof”
The above revelation was made by the Election Commission in a letter
dated March 30, 2010 to V.V. Rao, petitioner in the Supreme Court on
I quote below:
”…The Commission is concerned that commercial interests could use
the route of reverse engineering (a process by which the original
software and hardware configuration can be accessed) which may
compromise the security and sanctity of the entire election system.”
“…It is once again made clear that any demonstration of alleged
tamperability cannot include reverse-engineering as it compromises
security and sanctity of the entire […]
Don’t stand on prestige, dump EVMs: Naidu
J. Balaji, The Hindu
Published: April 13, 2010 00:53 IST | Updated: April 13, 2010 02:54 IST
He seeks national debate to clear “doubts in the minds of voters”
Telugu Desam Party president N. Chandrababu Naidu doubts that
electronic voting machines (EVMs) are non-tamperable, and has sought a
national debate to “clear all the doubts in the minds of voters.”
“I am convinced that there is scope for tampering with the EVMs,” he
said here on Monday after launching a website, www.indianevm.com,
hosted by election analyst G.V.L. Narasimha Rao and information
Though he would not blame the Election Commission, with the existing
EVMs people were not sure whether the votes they cast went to the
candidates of their choice, Mr. Naidu said. When Germany, Singapore and
some European countries had gone back to the paper ballot, as the EVMs
could be tampered with and hacked, why should India alone use such
machines? “The EC should not stand on false prestige and gracefully go
in for a debate as the issue involved the fundamental rights of the
Mr. Naidu said he would take up the issue with other parties. There
would be nothing wrong in the country going back to the old system of
ballot votes if the machines were not safe and susceptible to tampering.
The former Chief Secretary of Delhi and IIT alumnus, Omesh Saigal,
asked why the chip used in EVMs was allowed to be written in the United
States. “A Trojan horse is sitting inside the machine.”
During August last, the EC said it gave opportunities to political
parties and individuals who claimed that EVMs could be manipulated to
prove their case. But “they either failed or chose not to demonstrate,”
“The EC would like to underline that it always had a firm conviction
and complete satisfaction that EVMs could not be tampered with. Its
faith in the machine has never wavered through the conduct of elections
in the last many years.”
None was able to actually demonstrate that the EVMs used by the
Commission could be tampered with. “What has been demonstrated or
claimed to have been demonstrated is on a privately assembled lookalike
of ECI-EVMs and not the actual EVM, produced by the Electronics
Corporation of India Limited,” the Commission said.
EVM debate rages on, lets get rid of it.
EVM debate rages. Jump in and cast your vote on the spot poll on this blog.
My personal take is that advanced countries with a longer history of
democracy like the US, UK, Australia, France, Netherlands, Norway,
Sweden and many other European countries don’t use a EVM but the good
old paper and ballot. Why should we move to a EVM.
1) The EVM does not provide a physical evidence of a vote. Whereby a
re count can be demanded. In earlier elections it has been seen that
after a re count a loosing candidate has won. A recount in EVM will just
mean adding up of all votes which will always add up to the earlier
number. How do we know this is correct.
2) This machine does not
allow for any audit just because it has no physical evidence. So
tomorrow we shall all do corporate accounting on a calculator (no need
for bills, invoice, chalan etc) and show the auditors the final figure
on the screen of the calculator. This is what EVM amounts to.
3) This goes against the basic Right to Information Act. Where is the evidence.
4) A 10 std Physics student can rig up such a device. I wonder why you need a micro processor even.
please jump in and tell the govt that we don’t need the EVM. Why are
they scared of going back to the old system when there is a section of
the population that does not believe in the authenticity of this device.
Don’t believe in the impartiality of the EC, its fully corrupted by
भारत मैं सभ कुछ बिकता हैं हम कैसे मान ले की EC नहीं बीके, EVM यंत्र बनाने वाले नहीं बीके होवे हैं |
UPA won a surprise victory in 2004 and left many stunned about NDA’s
loss. Many never expected this but it happened. Incidentally EVM were
first used in 2004.
: EVMs are prone to tampering by both external hackers and insiders.
The danger of insider fixing of elections is recognized the world over.
Hence mere faith in companies and a host of private players handling
EVMs cannot be the basis for election results. Elections can be trusted
only if the results are verifiable and auditable. Most developed
countries have rejected or reformed direct-recording EVMs. Election
Commission of India is persisting with the voting machines ignoring the
serious concerns. Hence this effort to mobilize public opinion.
In the Philippines ballot papers are used. Counting is done through
voting machines by optically scanning the ballots into the machine.
Still, a manual audit is mandated. In computing, if things can go wrong,
they always will; this is Murphy’s law of computing. I hope you have
read Stanford Univ. Prof. Dill’s letter to
The nature of the electonic counting in the Philippines
kalyan 25 Feb. 2010
EVMs and cyberlaw of the Philippines: mandated manual audit
Article posted February 24, 2010 - 09:48 PM
Elections (Comelec) chairman Jose Melo on Wednesday rejected the idea of
conducting the random manual audit before the declaration of the
winners in the May polls, saying that it will only cause unnecessary
“(We don’t want) a simple audit (to) deter proclamation,” Melo said in a press briefing.
The poll body chief issued the statement after some groups asserted
that the random manual audit be done right after the election results
are transmitted and before the winners are proclaimed. (See: More voting
machines should be audited to ensure polls’ credibility)
Section 24 of Republic Act 9369 requires a random manual audit to be
conducted in one precinct per congressional district in each province
“Any difference between the automated and manual count will result
in the determination of root cause and initiate a manual count for those
precincts affected by the computer or procedural error,” it further
But Melo said that conducting the audit before the proclamation
would cause a great delay because the auditors would still have to
“reconcile” the marks on a ballot that were recognized and not
recognized by the Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) machine.
“Magkakaroon ng variation yan, magdedebate, madedelay yan. Ang mark
na ganyan, bibilangin ng manual, pero hindi binilang ng makina, sino
paniniwalaan mo (There will definitely be a variation, triggering
debate, which would delay everything. Marks like those that are counted
manually, but not counted by the machine—which would you believe),” he
He further said that it would be fine if only the proclamation of
the winners of the local elections would be delayed, but he said that
even the national positions would have to await proclamation.
“If we are going to delay the proclamation because of a simple
concern of one machine, bakit pa tayo nag-automate (why did we automate
at all)?” he said.
Earlier, the National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections
(Namfrel) and the Consortium of Electoral Reforms (CER) also asked the
poll body to increase the number of voting machines that will undergo
The groups said that at least 2.5 to 3 percent of the 82,200 PCOS
units or five poll machines per congressional district should be
manually audited to give enough assurance that the results of the
elections are credible. —Kimberly Jane T. Tan/JV, GMANews.TV
‘EVMs illegally being used for a decade’
Sanjay Sharma, TNN, Feb 22, 2010, 03.44am IST
The electronic voting machines (EVMs) are being used in violation of
the Information Technology Act 2000, a research paper has revealed.
Author of the research paper, advocate Ajay Jagga, told The Times of
India, on Sunday that as per IT Act, 2000, a verifiable audit trail has
to be provided in case of any electronic record, which is now
admissible as evidence as per Evidence Act but in case of electronic
voting, the voter does not get any receipt with regard to his voting.
The research paper recently attracted the attention of experts when
conference on “EVMs: How trustworthy?” in Chennai passed a unanimous
resolution on February 13 asking Jagga to approach the Election
Commission of India (ECI) for bringing the electronic voting procedure
in tune with IT Act, 2000.
Jagga said he would soon approach ECI seeking formation of legal
committee to remove the illegality or will knock the doors of court.
The lawyer said, “Unless the voter gets a receipt like the one we
get in ATM or after the use of debit or credit cards, all electronic
transactions including a vote, are illegal.” What is the evidence that
the vote cast has really been recorded and that it has been recorded in
the manner the voter intended, he asked.
For the purpose and to protect the secrecy of ballot, all such
receipts, after the voter has checked his transaction, should be put in a
box which should remain with ECI to be produced as evidence in case of a
dispute, he said. The government amended the relevant laws in 1989 to
equate EVM with ballot and ballot box to facilitate transition from
ballot paper to EVM but the IT Act 2000 created a new complication that
has to be immediately resolved in the interest of fairness of things,
Jagga pointed out.
The lawyer also proved that the machine can be tampered with which
has been accepted by the government itself in its letter to withdraw
patent applications filed by Electronics Corporation of India and Bharat
Electronics Ltd, makers of the machine. The PSUs withdrew their patent
applications on the ground that the machine may not be tamper-proof, he
said, adding that America and Germany had to return to ballot paper
after their machines were found wanting.
Linked on USA Today 23 Feb. 2010 http://content.usatoday.com/topics/article/Places,+Geography/Countries/India/05zF4kBeFJ47y/1
Hackers can ’steal’ ballots from electronic voting machines- 2009 Electronic Voting Technology Workshop Indo-Asian News Service
Washington, August 11, 2009
First Published: 16:48 IST(11/8/2009)
Last Updated: 17:06 IST(11/8/2009)
Computer scientists have demonstrated how criminals could hack an
electronic voting machine (EVM) and ’steal’ votes using a malicious
programming approach that had not been invented when the voting machine
The team of scientists from the Universites of
California, San Diego, Michigan and Princeton employed “return-oriented
programming” to force an electronic voting machine to turn against
“Voting machines must remain secure throughout their entire service
lifetime, and this study demonstrates how a relatively new programming
technique can be used to take control of a voting machine that was
designed to resist takeover, but that did not anticipate this new kind
of malicious programming,” said Hovav Shacham.
Shacham is professor of computer science at UC San Diego’s (UC-SD
)Jacobs School of Engineering and study co-author. His study
demonstrates that return-oriented programming can be used to execute
vote-stealing computations by taking control of an EVM designed to
prevent code injection.
The computer scientists had no access to the machine’s source code -
or any other proprietary information - when designing the demonstration
By using just the information that would be available to anyone who
bought or stole a voting machine, the researchers addressed a common
criticism made against voting security researchers: that they enjoy
unrealistic access to the systems they study.
“Based on our understanding of security and computer technology, it
looks like paper-based elections are the way to go. Probably the best
approach would involve fast optical scanners reading paper ballots.
These kinds of paper-based systems are amenable to statistical audits,
which is something the election security research community is shifting
to,” said Shacham.
“You can actually run a modern and efficient election on paper,” he said.
“If you are using electronic voting machines, you need to have a separate paper record at the very least,” he added.
There findings were presented at the 2009 Electronic Voting Technology Workshop.
ECI has to answer for the holes in the bucket identified in the book
edited by Subramanian Swamy and Kalyanaraman, Electronic Voting
Machines — Unconstitutional and Tamperable (2010)
A private co. had a project to EVMs. Are look-alike EVMs available in the market?
are EVMs being manufactured abroad (with control units burnt-in with
programs in foreign countries using Indian agents)? How can BEL/ECIL
claim IP rights for such foreign-makes? How much money has been spent
for this foreign outsourcing?
ECI should scrap EVMs which are unconstitutional in any case and
revert to paper ballots.Save democracy which has flourished in India for
over 1000 years since Uttaramerur Inscription of Parakesari Varman of
Parantaka Chola days. This was mentioned in Constituent Assembly debates
by the late T. Prakasham, CM of composite Madras Presidency.
Editorial: E-voting needs a paper trail
Dec. 6, 2010
years after the “hanging chads” fiasco in Florida, and two months
before one of the most important presidential elections in U.S. history,
Congress still refuses to listen to the nation’s top computer
scientists and require a secure, auditable paper trail for all federal
elections. This despite the latest revelation of a serious problem with
the electronic voting machines used in 34 states — including Virginia
and Maryland — in addition to their well-publicized vulnerability to
In March, Ohio officials found a programming error that
dropped votes when the data on memory cards from multiple electronic
machines are electronically transferred to a central tabulator, as they
would be on Election Day. Dozens of lawyers are ready to file legal
challenges everywhere e-voting machines are used, even those declared
“qualified” by the National Association of State Election Directors.
litigation could tie up final election results far longer than it would
take to count paper ballots.
State and local government officials have
spent $1.5 billion on e-voting machines in recent years, most of it
federal funds under the 2002 Help America Vote Act. But instead of
ensuring a fast, secure way to count millions of votes, they got a
technological nightmare. Studies in Ohio and California confirmed that
e-voting machines currently in use can allow individuals to cast
multiple votes, load viruses that crash the system, produce fake tallies
and even change previously cast votes.
As recently as May, a spokesman
for Premier Election Solutions (formerly Diebold Election Systems)
blamed the Ohio glitch on state-installed anti-virus software, but
eventually admitted to a decade-old “logic error” programmed on all 19
of its touch screen and optical scan models. Computer experts say every
e-voting machine now in use has serious security vulnerabilities. Even a
piece of white tape on a scanner can block votes from being
“We don’t know how to make secure paperless voting,” says
Stanford computer science professor David Dill, founder of the Verified
Voting Foundation and author of Attackdog, a computer model that
simulates more than 9,000 ways to attack e-voting systems. Dr. Dill and
others like him have warned again and again that an auditable paper
trail is the only way to guarantee a secure election, the very bedrock
of democracy. Congress has less than two months to pass emergency
legislation requiring state election officials to add verifiable paper
trails to all voting in the November election. There is no more time to
Supreme Court asks Election Commission to implement paper trail in EVMs
New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Election
Commission to introduce in a phased manner the paper trail in Electronic
Voting Machines (EVMs) for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, saying “it is
an indispensable requirement of free, fair and transparent” polls which
will restore confidence of the voters.
The Supreme Court, which directed the Centre to provide financial
assistance to the poll panel for introduction Vote Verifier Paper Audit
Trail (VVPAT) system with the EVMs, said it will “ensure the accuracy of
the voting system” and also help in “manual counting of votes in case
“The ‘paper trail’ is an indispensable requirement of free and fair
elections. The confidence of voters in the EVMs can be achieved only
with introduction of the paper trail,” it said.
“EVMs with VVPAT system ensure the accuracy of the voting system.
With an intent to have fullest transparency in the system and to restore
the confidence of the voters, it is necessary to set up EVMs with VVPAT
system because vote is nothing but an act of expression which has
immense importance in democratic system,” the bench said.
“VVPAT is a system of printing paper trail when the voter casts his
vote, in addition to the electronic record of the ballot, for the
purpose of verification of his choice of candidate and also for manual
counting of votes in case of dispute,” a bench comprising Chief Justice P
Sathasivam and Ranjan Gogoi said.
The bench asked the Election Commission to introduce VVPAT in EVMs
in gradual stages or geographical-wise in the 2014 general elections.
While asking the Centre to provide financial assistance, the bench
noted the submissions made by the Election Commission in its affidavit
that it has decided to increase the use of VVPAT units in a phased
manner and has already written to the Ministry of Law and Justice to
issue administrative and financial sanction for procurement of 20,000
units of VVPAT (10,000 each from M/s BEL and M/s ECIL) costing Rs. 38.01
The bench said, “Taking notice of the pragmatic and reasonable
approach of the Election Commission and considering the fact that in
general elections all over India, the Election Commission has to handle
one million (ten lakh) polling booths, we permit EC to introduce the
same in gradual stages or geographical-wise in the ensuing general
“The area, state or actual booth(s) are to be decided by the EC and
the EC is free to implement the same in a phased manner,” it said.
The bench passed the order on two similar petitions; one of those petitions was filed by BJP leader Subramanian Swamy.
Claiming that EVMs were open to hacking, Mr Swamy had sought
directions to the poll watchdog to introduce paper trail to easily and
cheaply meet the requirements of proof that the EVM has rightly
registered the vote cast by a voter.
Mr Swamy had moved the Supreme Court against January 2012 order of
the Delhi High Court disallowing his prayer to direct Election
Commission to incorporate the system of paper trail in EVMs.
The bench noted that though initially the poll panel was little
reluctant in introducing paper trail by use of VVPAT, pursuant to its
directions, the Election Commission contacted several expert bodies and
technical advisers and held meetings with national and state level
political parties and carried out demonstrations.
It noted that after a thorough examination, VVPAT was successfully
used in 21 polling stations of 51-Noksen (ST) Assembly Constituency of
“The information furnished by the ECI, through the
affidavit dated October 1, 2013 clearly shows that VVPAT system is a
successful one,” the bench said.
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