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Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka nīti Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
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11/10/17
2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON Buddhism by country Tripitaka in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: site admin @ 5:42 pm

2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON

Buddhism by country

Tripitaka

in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,


1. Bamum script is a writing system developed by King Njoya in the late 19th century   2. Former president Ahmadou Ahidjo ruled from 1960 until 1982.   3. A statue of a chief in Bana, West Region.   4. School children in Cameroon.  
Canada [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Canada ((listen); French: [kanadɑ]) is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories
extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic
Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square
miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area and the
1. Benjamin West’s The Death of General Wolfe (1771) dramatizes James Wolfe’s death during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec.   2. Canadian soldiers and a Mark II tank at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917   3. Canadian crew of a Sherman tank, south of Vaucelles, France, during the Battle of Normandy in June 1944   4. At Rideau Hall, Governor General the Viscount Alexander of Tunis (centre) receives the bill finalizing the union of Newfoundland and Canada on March 31, 1949  
Chad [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Chad ((listen); Arabic: تشاد‎‎ Tshād; French: Tchad pronounced [tʃa(d)]), officially the Republic of Chad (Arabic: جمهورية تشاد‎‎ Jumhūrīyat Tshād; French: République du Tchad lit. “Republic of the Chad”), is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south,
1. Chad is divided into three distinct zones, the Sudanian Savanna in the south, the Sahara Desert in the north, and the Sahelian belt in Chad’s center.   2. Ennedi Plateau in northeastern Chad   3. Lake Chad in a 2001 satellite image. On the top, the changes from 1973 to 1997 are shown, with the lake shrinking.   4. This
astronaut photograph features one of the largest of a series of ten
mostly fresh water lakes in the Ounianga Basin in the heart of the
Sahara Desert of northeastern Chad.  
Buddhism in China [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Chinese Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture. —
The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into
Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works
composed in China into a printed canon had far-reaching
1. Mogao Caves 8th-century mural depicting the legend of Emperor Wu of Han worshipping buddha statues   2. Statue of Kumārajīva in front of the Kizil Caves in Kuqa, Xinjiang province, China   3. The ruins of Nalanda University in India where Xuanzang studied.   4. Statue of Xuanzang at the Great Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an.  
Democratic Republic of the Congo [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
(French pronunciation: ​[kɔ̃ɡo]; French: République démocratique du
Congo), also known as Zaire, DR Congo, East Congo, DRC, DROC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa. The DRC borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and
1. View of Leopoldville Station and Port in 1884.   2. Force Publique
soldiers in the Belgian Congo in 1918. At its peak, the Force Publique
had around 19,000 African soldiers, led by 420 white officers.   3. Patrice Lumumba was the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.   4. Refugees in the Congo  
Republic of the Congo [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
The Republic of the Congo (French: République du Congo), also known as Congo-Brazzaville, West Congo, the Congo Republic or simply Congo, is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by five countries: Gabon and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; Cameroon to the northwest; the Central African Republic to the northeast; the
1. Marien Ngouabi changed the country’s name to the People’s Republic of the Congo, declaring it to be Africa’s first Marxist–Leninist state and was assassinated in 1977.   2. A
pro-constitutional reform rally in Brazzaville during October 2015. The
constitution’s controversial reforms were subsequently approved in a
disputed election which saw demonstrations and violence.   3. Denis Sassou Nguesso served as President from 1979 to 1992 and has remained in power ever since his rebel forces ousted President Pascal Lissouba during the 1997 Civil War.   4. Cassava is an important food crop in the Republic of the Congo.  
Costa Rica [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Costa Rica ((listen); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally meaning “Rich Coast”), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island
1. A stone sphere created by the Diquis culture at the National Museum of Costa Rica. The sphere is the icon of the country’s cultural identity.   2. The Ujarrás historical site in the Orosí Valley, Cartago province. The church was built between 1686 and 1693.   3. The 1849 national coat of arms was featured in the first postal stamp issued in 1862   4. Arenal Volcano  
Ivory Coast [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Ivory Coast ((listen)) or Côte d’Ivoire (KUUT dee-VWAHR; French: [kot divwaʁ] (listen)), officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (French: République de Côte d’Ivoire), is a country located in West Africa. Ivory Coast’s political capital is Yamoussoukro, and its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. Its bordering
1. Prehistoric polished stone celt from Boundiali in northern Ivory Coast, photo taken at the IFAN Museum of African Arts in Dakar, Senegal   2. Pre-European kingdoms   3. Louis-Gustave Binger of French West Africa in 1892 treaty signing with Famienkro leaders, in present-day N’zi-Comoé Region, Ivory Coast   4. Arrival in Kong of new French West Africa governor Louis-Gustave Binger in 1892.  
Croatia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Croatia ((listen) kroh-AY-shə; Croatian: Hrvatska [xř̩ʋaːtskaː]), officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska, listen ), is a country in Central and Southern Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country’s primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties. Croatia has a total area
1. The Branimir Inscription is the oldest preserved monument containing an inscription defining a Croatian medieval ruler as a duke of Croats   2. The Arrival of the Croats at the Adriatic Sea, painting by Oton Iveković   3. The Baška tablet, the oldest evidence of the glagolitic script   4. Ban Josip Jelačić fought Hungarians in 1848 and 1849  
Czech Republic [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
The Czech Republic ((listen) Czech: Česká republika, Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka] (listen)), also known as Czechia ((listen); Czech: Česko, pronounced [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a landlocked nation state in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech
1. Wenceslaus I, King of Bohemia (1230–1253) of the Přemyslid dynasty, Gelnhausen Codex   2. Battle between Protestant Hussites and Catholic crusaders during the Hussite Wars; Jena Codex, 15th century   3. The 1618 Defenestration of Prague marked the beginning of the Bohemian Revolt against the Habsburgs and therefore the first phase of the Thirty Years’ War.   4. Ceremonial laying of the foundation stone of the National Theatre during the Czech National Revival, 1868  
Buddhism in Czech Republic [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
With a rough estimate of fifty thousand Buddhists, Buddhism
is practiced by around 0.5% of the Czech population. The World Buddhist
Directory lists 70 Buddhist places in the Czech Republic. — The Vietnamese-speaking communities form the mainstay of the Buddhist population in the Czech Republic. The Vietnamese practice mainly Mahayana Buddhism with
1. Czech Buddhists  
Denmark [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Denmark ((listen); Danish: Danmark, pronounced [ˈdanmɑɡ] (listen)), officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and a sovereign state. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent
1. The gilded side of the Trundholm sun chariot dating from the Nordic Bronze Age   2. The Ladby ship, the largest ship burial found in Denmark   3. Larger of the two Jelling stones, raised by Harald Bluetooth   4. The National Constitutional Assembly was convened by King Frederick VII in 1848 to adopt the Constitution of Denmark.  
Egypt [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Egypt ((listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر‎‎ Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر‎‎ Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Kimi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and
1. Temple of Derr ruins at 1960.   2. The Giza Necropolis is the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.   3. The Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion, at the Temple of Dendera.   4. The Al-Hakim Mosque in Cairo, of Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth caliph, as renovated by Dawoodi Bohra   
El Salvador [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
El Salvador ((listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðor]), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally “Republic of The Savior”), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador’s capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of
1. Temazcal in Joya de Ceren.   2. Spanish Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado.   3. Tazumal ruins in Santa Ana, El Salvador.   4. A painting of the First Independence Movement celebration in San Salvador. At the center, José Matías Delgado.  
Ethiopia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Ethiopia (Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ?, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, listen ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk listen ), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and
1. A Homo sapiens idaltu hominid skull   2. Obelisk of Aksum   3. Aksumite currency of the Aksumite king Endubis, 227–35, at the British Museum. The inscriptions in Ancient Greek read “ΑΧΩΜΙΤΩ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ” (”KING OF AXUM”) and “ΕΝΔΥΒΙΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ” (”KING ENDUBIS”), the Greek language was the lingua franca by that time so the Axumite kings used it in coins to simplify foreign trade.   4. Dawit II (Lebna Dengel), Emperor of Ethiopia (nəgusä nägäst) and a member of the Solomonic dynasty  
Falkland Islands [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
The Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas, pronounced [ˈizlaz malˈβinas]) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles (483 kilometres) east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles (12,000
1. Naval confrontation during the 1914 Battle of the Falkland Islands (painting by William Lionel Wyllie)   2. Government House in Stanley is the Governor’s official residence.   3. Colony of southern rockhopper penguins on Saunders Island   4. The Christ Church Cathedral, the local parish church of the Anglican Communion. Most Falklanders identify themselves as Christian.  
Finland [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Finland ((listen); Finnish: Suomi [suo̯mi] (listen); Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a
1. Hakkapeliitta featured on a 1940 Finnish stamp   2. Northern Europe in 814   3. Now lying within Helsinki, Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
consisting of an inhabited 18th century sea fortress built on six
islands. It is one of Finland’s most popular tourist attractions.   4. White firing squad executing Red soldiers in Länkipohja, Längelmäki, in 1918.  
France [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
France (French IPA: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the
1. One of the Lascaux paintings: a horse – Dordogne, approximately 18,000 BC.   2. The Maison Carrée was a temple of the Gallo-Roman city of Nemausus (present-day Nîmes) and is one of the best-preserved vestiges of the Roman Empire.   3. With Clovis’s conversion to Catholicism in 498, the Frankish monarchy, elective and secular until then, became hereditary and of divine right.   4. The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre (1572) was the climax of the French Wars of Religion, which were brought to an end by the Edict of Nantes (1598).  
Buddhism in France [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in France, after Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. — France has over two hundred Buddhist meditation centers, including about twenty sizable retreat centers in rural areas. The Buddhist population mainly consists of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean immigrants, with a substantial minority of native French
Germany [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Germany ((listen); German: Deutschland, pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen ), is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate
1. The Nebra sky disk, c. 1700 BC   2. Martin Luther (1483–1546) initiated the Protestant Reformation.   3. Foundation of the German Empire in Versailles, 1871. Bismarck is at the centre in a white uniform.   4. Philipp Scheidemann proclaims the German Republic from the Reichskanzlei window, on 9 November 1918.  
Buddhism in Germany [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Germany looks back to a history of over 150 years. Arthur Schopenhauer was one of the earliest Germans who were influenced by Buddhism. Schopenhauer got his knowledge of Buddhism from authors like Isaac Jacob Schmidt (1779-1847). German Buddhists or Orientalists like Karl Eugen Neumann, Paul Dahlke, Georg Grimm, Friedrich Zimmermann
1. First born German monk Nyanatiloka Maha Thera.  
Ghana [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Ghana ((listen)), officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and
1. 16th – 17th century Akan Terracotta, Metropolitan Museum of Art   2. An 1850 map showing the Akan Kingdom of Ashanti within the Guinea region and surrounding regions in West Africa   3. 14th century medieval ewer looted from the Ashanti Empire in 1896 by British forces. The ewer was originally made for the court of Richard II.
Currently housed at the British Museum. Historians are unsure how it
came to reside with the Ashanti Empire in good condition after 500
years.   4. The first Anglo-Ashanti war, 1823–31  
Greco Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Greco-Buddhism, or Graeco-Buddhism, is the cultural syncretism between Hellenistic culture and Buddhism, which developed between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD in Bactria and the Indian subcontinent, corresponding to the territories of modern-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, India, and Pakistan. It was a cultural consequence of a long
1. ”Victory coin” of Alexander the Great, minted in Babylon c.322 BC, following his campaigns in India. Obv: Alexander being crowned by Nike. Rev: Alexander attacking King Porus on his elephant. Silver. British Museum.   2. The Hellenistic Pataliputra capital, discovered in Pataliputra, capital of the Maurya Empire, dated to the 3rd century BCE.   3. The Greco-Bactrian city of Ai-Khanoum (c.300-145 BC) was located at the doorstep of India.   4. Greek Gods and the “Wheel of the Law” or Dharmachakra: Left: Zeus holding Nike, who hands a victory wreath over a Dharmachakra (coin of Menander II). Right: Divinity wearing chlamys and petasus pushing a Dharmachakra, with legend “He who sets in motion the Wheel of the Law” (Tillya Tepe Buddhist coin).  
Greece [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), historically also known as Hellas, is a country in Southern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. — Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and
1. The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus (13th BC) in Mycenae   2. Fresco displaying the Minoan ritual of “bull leaping”, found in Knossos   3. The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, emblem of classical Greece.   4. Map of Alexander’s short-lived empire (334–323 BC). After his death the lands were divided between the Diadochi  
Guatemala [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Guatemala ((listen) GWAHT-ə-MAH-lə, GWAT-, GAHT-; Spanish: [gwateˈmala]), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to
1. Maya city of Tikal   2. Criollos rejoice upon learning about the declaration of independence from Spain on 15 September 1821.   3. Proclamation Coin 1847 of the independent Republic of Guatemala   4. Captain General Rafael Carrera after being appointed President for Life in 1854.  
Guinea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Guinea ((listen)), officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea
(French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to
as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as
1. Samori Toure was the founder of the Wassoulou Empire, an Islamic state in present-day Guinea that resisted French colonial rule in West Africa from 1882 until Ture’s capture in 1898.   2. President Ahmed Sékou Touré was supported by the Communist bloc states and in 1961 visited Yugoslavia.   3. Monument
to commemorate the 1970 military victory over the Portuguese raid. The
only objective not accomplished by the Portuguese raid was the capture
of Ahmed Sékou Touré.   4. Alpha Condé, the current President of Guinea.  
Honduras [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Honduras ((listen); Spanish: [onˈduɾas]), officially the Republic of Honduras (Spanish: República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America. It has at times been referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became modern-day Belize. Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by
1. A Maya stela, an emblematic symbol of the Honduran Mayan civilization at Copan.   2. Hernán Cortés, one of the conquerors of Honduras.   3. The Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa was built by the Spanish to protect the coast of Honduras from English pirates.   4. Part of the massive damage caused by Hurricane Mitch in Tegucigalpa, 1998.  
Hong Kong [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is an autonomous territory in China, south of the mainland Chinese province of Guangdong and east of the former Portuguese colony and fellow Special Administrative Region (SAR) of Macao. With around 7.2 million Hong Kongers of various
1. A painter at work, John Thomson. Hong Kong, 1871, The Wellcome Collection, London   2. Stamp with portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, 1953   3. Golden Bauhinia Square   4. Hong Kong branded as “Asia’s World City”  
Buddhism in Hong Kong [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism is a major religion in Hong Kong
and has been greatly influential in the traditional culture of its
populace. Among the most prominent Buddhist temples in the city there
are the Chi Lin Nunnery in Diamond Hill, built in the Tang Dynasty’s architectural style; the Po Lin Monastery on Lantau Island, famous for the outdoor bronze statue,
1. Main pavilions of the Chi Lin Nunnery.   2. The Big Buddha, on Lantau Island.   3. Statue of the goddess Marici, in an Esoteric Buddhist temple in Hong Kong.  
Hungary [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Hungary ((listen); Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] (listen)) is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin, and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the
1. Italian fresco depicting a Hungarian warrior shooting backwards   2. Hungarian raids in the 10th century   3. King Saint Stephen, the first King of Hungary, converted the nation to Christianity   4. The Holy Crown (Szent Korona), one of the key symbols of Hungary  
Buddhism in Hungary [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Hungary exists since 1951 when Ernő Hetényi founded Buddhist Mission in Germany as a member of the Arya Maitreya Mandala Buddhist order (Mahayana school). However, the first Buddhist community had been founded in the 1890s in Máramarossziget (today Sighetu Marmației, part of Romania). József Hollósy took refuge and he wrote Buddhista
1. Sándor Kőrösi Csoma stupa in Tar village.   2. The 33-meter-high stupa in Zalaszántó   3. András Laár  
Iceland [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Iceland ((listen); Icelandic: Ísland pronounced [ˈistlant]) is a Nordic island country of Europe located in the North Atlantic Ocean.
It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq
mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The
capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in
1. Norsemen landing in Iceland – a 19th-century depiction by Oscar Wergeland.   2. Ósvör, a replica of an old fishing outpost outside Bolungarvík   3. A 19th-century depiction of the Alþingi of the Commonwealth in session at Þingvellir   4. A map of Iceland published in the early 17th century  
India [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on
1. Paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, 6th century   2. The granite tower of Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur was completed in 1010 CE by Raja Raja Chola I.   3. Writing the will and testament of the Mughal king court in Persian, 1590–1595   4. The British Indian Empire, from the 1909 edition of The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Areas directly governed by the British are shaded pink; the princely states under British suzerainty are in yellow.  
Buddhism in India [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism is a world religion, which arose in and around the ancient Kingdom of Magadha (now in Bihar, India), and is based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama who was deemed a “Buddha” (”Awakened One”). Buddhism spread outside Magadha starting in the Buddha’s lifetime. — With the reign of the Buddhist Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, the Buddhist
1. Deekshabhoomi, located in Nagpur, Maharashtra is a Buddhist shrine in India   2. Mahabodhi Temple before restoration, Bodh Gaya, 1780s’    3. Rock-cut Lord Buddha Statue at Bojjanakonda near Anakapalle of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh.   4. Ancient Buddhist monasteries near Dhamekh Stupa Monument Site, Sarnath  
Indonesia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Indonesia ((listen) IN-də-NEE-zhə or IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndonesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]), is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans,
1. The submission of Prince Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830   2. Sukarno, the founding father and first President of Indonesia   3. Puncak Jaya in Papua, the highest summit in Indonesia and Oceania   4. Typical Indonesian rainforest, mostly found in Kalimantan and Sumatra  
Buddhism in Indonesia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Indonesia has a long history, with a considerable range of relics dated from its earlier years in Indonesia. Buddhism is recognized as one of six official religions in Indonesia, along with Islam, Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism), Hinduism and Confucianism. — According to the 2000 national census, roughly 0.8% of the total
1. Monks praying at Borobudur, the largest Buddhist structure in the world, built by the Sailendra dynasty.   2. Religion map in Indonesia. Buddhist are shown in orange   3. Borobudur Temple Compounds, located in Central Java, Indonesia   4. National vesak ceremony in Borobudur, Central Java.  
Iran [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Iran (Persian: ایران‎‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also known as Persia , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen)), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With about 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world’s 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2
1. A cave painting in Doushe cave, Lorestan, from the 8th millennium BC.   2. A bas-relief at Persepolis, depicting the united Medes and Persians.   3. Ruins of the Gate of All Nations, Persepolis.   4. Sasanian rock reliefs at Taq Bostan, in the heart of the Zagros Mountains.  
Buddhism in Iran [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Iran dates back to the 2nd century, when Parthians such as An Shigao, were active in spreading Buddhism in China. Many of the earliest translators of Buddhist literature into Chinese were from Parthia and other kingdoms linked with present-day Iran. — History — Pre-Islamic Iran — Buddhists were persecuted during the Sasanid rule in the
1. Mongol rulers Arghun and Abaqa were Buddhists. From the 14th century Universal History by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani.  
Iraq [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Iraq ( (listen), or ; Arabic: العراق‎‎ al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: عێراق‎ Eraq), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمُهورية العِراق‎‎ Jumhūrīyyat al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق‎ Komari Eraq) is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the
1. Victory stele of Naram-Sin of Akkad.   2. Bill of sale of a male slave and a building in Shuruppak, Sumerian tablet, circa 2600 BC.   3. Jehu, king of Israel, bows before Shalmaneser III of Assyria, 825 BC.   4. Relief showing a lion hunt, from the north palace of Nineveh, 645–635 BC.  
Israel [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل‎‎), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Arabic: دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎‎), is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan
1. The Large Stone Structure, archaeological site of ancient Jerusalem   2. Masada fortress, location of the final battle in the First Jewish–Roman War   3. The 13th-century Ramban Synagogue in Jerusalem   4. Jews at the Western Wall, 1870s  
Italy [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (listen)), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2
1. Hera Temple in Paestum, among the world’s largest and best-preserved Doric temples   2. Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential Renaissance man, in a self-portrait, c. 1512. Royal Library, Turin   3. Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, opening a new era in the history of humankind   4. The Altare della Patria in Rome, built in honor of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy  
Buddhism in Italy [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Italy is the third most spread religion, next to Christianity and Islam. According to Caritas Italiana, in the country there are 160,000 Buddhists, that is to say the 0.3% of the total population. — History
— The Buddhist presence in Italy begins to be known in the 1960s, with
the first attempts to ground some Buddhist centers. Between
1. Peace pagoda in Comiso  
Buddhism in Japan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Japan has been practiced since its official introduction in 552 CE according to the Nihon Shoki from Baekje, Korea,
by Buddhist monks. Buddhism has had a major influence on the
development of Japanese society and remains an influential aspect of the
culture to this day. — In modern times, Japan’s most popular schools of Buddhism are
1. Daibutsu, Kamakura.   2. Pagoda of Yakushi-ji in Nara (730)   3. Byōdō-in (Pure Land sect), located in Uji, Kyoto   4. Kinkaku-ji, the Temple of the Golden Pavilion, Shōkoku-ji sect of the Rinzai school, located in Kyoto. It was built in Muromachi period.  
Jordan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Jordan (Arabic: الأردن‎‎ al-‘Urdunn [al.ʔur.dunn]), officially The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية‎‎ Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the east and south; Iraq to the north-east; Syria to the north;
1. The ‘Ain Ghazal Statues found in Amman, are some of the oldest human statues ever found, dating back to about 7250 BC.   2. Al-Khazneh (the treasury) in the ancient city of Petra, carved into the rock in 312 BC by the Arab Nabataeans.   3. Ajloun Castle in Ajloun built by the Ayyubid Muslim leader Saladin in the 12th century AD used for defence against the Crusades.   4. Soldiers of the Hashemite-led Arab Army holding the flag of the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916.  
Kazakhstan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Kazakhstan (US: (listen), UK: ; Kazakh: Қазақстан, tr. Qazaqstan, IPA: [qɑzɑqˈstɑn] (listen); Russian: Казахстан, tr. Kazakhstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, tr. Qazaqstan Respy’bli’kasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world’s largest landlocked country, and the
1. Ablai Khan served as khan of the Middle jüz from 1771 to 1781   2. Russian settlers near Petropavlovsk   3. Young Pioneers at a Young Pioneer camp in Kazakh SSR   4. The Monument of Independence, Republic Square, Almaty.  
Buddhism in Central Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Central Asia refers to the forms of Buddhism that existed in Central Asia, which were historically especially prevalent along the Silk Road. The history of Buddhism in Central Asia is closely related to the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism during the first millennium of the common era. — History — Buddhist monastic groups — A number of
1. Pranidhi scene, temple 9 (Cave 20). Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves   2. Sogdian merchant donors giving to the Buddha. Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves   3. Bust of a bodhisattva from Kucha, 6th-7th century. Musée Guimet.   4. Kharoṣṭhī manuscript from Shanshan  
Kenya [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Kenya (locally [ˈkɛɲa] (listen)), officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa and a founding member of the East African Community (EAC). Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya’s territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to
1. The Turkana boy, a 1.6-million-year-old hominid fossil belonging to Homo erectus.   2. A traditional Swahili carved wooden door in Lamu.   3. Pottery sherds from the Kilwa Sultanate, founded in the 10th century by the Persian Sultan Ali ibn al-Hassan Shirazi.   4. The Kenya–Uganda Railway near Mombasa, about 1899.  
North Korea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (abbreviated DPRK), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is the nation’s capital and largest city. To the north and northwest the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in China) and Tumen
1. Three Koreans shot for pulling up rails as a protest against seizure of land without payment by the Japanese   2. Suspected communist sympathizers awaiting execution in May 1948 after the Jeju Uprising   3. Museum of American War Atrocities. Alleged American war atrocities against the Korean people is the main theme of the museum.   4. A Korean People’s Army soldier pointing to the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)  
Korean Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what it sees as inconsistencies in Mahayana
Buddhism. Early Korean monks believed that the traditions they received
from foreign countries were internally inconsistent. To address this,
they developed a new holistic approach to Buddhism. This approach is
1. Monks going down to their rooms after evening prayers at Haeinsa.   2. Reliquary   3. A stone image of a Buddha, near Gyeongju, South Korea. 7th century Silla.   4. Korean painting of Water-Moon Avalokiteshvara, 1310 CE, ink on silk, painted by Umun Kim  
Kuwait [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Kuwait ((listen); Arabic: الكويت‎‎ al-Kuwait, Gulf Arabic pronunciation: [ɪl‿ɪkweːt] or [lɪkweːt]), officially the State of Kuwait (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎‎ Dawlat al-Kuwait), is a country in Western Asia. Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. As of 2016, Kuwait
1. Celebration at Seif Palace in 1944   2. Abdulhussain Abdulredha, Kuwaiti actor, director, playwright and producer   3. Sadu House   4. The 372 m tall Kuwait Telecommunications Tower (leftmost) is the main communication tower of Kuwait.  
Kyrgyzstan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан, Qırğızstan, قىرعىزستان, (Kyrgyz pronunciation: [qɯrʁɯsˈstɑn]); Russian: Киргизия, Kirgizija), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасы, Qırğız Respublikası, قىرعىز رەسپۇبلىکاسى; Russian: Кыргызская Республика Kyrgyzskaja Respublika), formerly known as Kirghizia or Kirgizia, is a sovereign state in
1. Bishkek   2. Marco Polo sheep on a Kyrgyzstan stamp   3. Nomads in Kyrgyzstan   4. Kyrgyz family in the village of Sary-Mogol, Osh Region  









82) Classical Sesotho

82) Sesotho ea khale

2436 Labo 10 Nov 2017 Thuto

Tipitaka

Tipitaka (Pali, “tse tharo,” + pitaka, “libaskete”),
kapa Canon ea li-Pali, ke pokello ea litemana tsa lipuo tsa pele tsa Pali tse
theha motheo oa lithuto tsa Buddhism ea Theravada. Tipitaka le
litemana tsa Paracanonical Pali (litlhaloso, litlaleho, joalo-joalo)
hammoho le sehlopha se feletseng sa litemana tsa Theravada tsa khale.

The
Ho na le likarolo tse ngata tsa libuka tse fumanehang ka Bibeleng: phetolelong ea Senyesemane ea
litemana li kenyelletsa maqephe a likete. Boholo ba (empa hase bohle) ba
Canon e seng e hatisitsoe ka Senyesemane ho feta lilemo. Le hoja
karoloana e nyane feela ea litemana tsena e fumaneha ho websaeteng ena, ena
pokello e ka ba sebaka se setle sa ho qala.

Likarolo tse tharo tsa Tipitaka ke tsena:

Vinaya Pitaka
    
Pokello ea litemana mabapi le melao ea boitšoaro e laolang litaba
tsa letsatsi le letsatsi ka hare ho Sangha - sechaba sa bhikkhus
(baitlami ba khethiloeng) le bhikkhunis (ba khethiloeng
    
baitlami). Hase feela lethathamo la melao, Vinaya Pitaka le eena
    
e kenyelletsa lipale tse ka morao ho tšimoloho ea molao ka mong, ho fana ka
    
tlaleho e qaqileng ea tharollo ea Buddha ea potso ea hore na
    
ho boloka kutloano pakeng tsa batho kahare moeeng o moholo le o fapaneng
    
sechaba.
Sutta Pitaka
    
The
    
pokello ea li-suttas, kapa lipuo, tse boleloang ke Buddha le tse ‘maloa
    
ea barutuoa ba hae ba haufi, ba nang le lithuto tsohle tsa motheo tsa
    
Buddhism ea Theravada. (Liphetolelo tse fetang sekete tsa sutta li
    
e fumanehang mocheng ona oa marang-rang.) Li-suttas li arotsoe ka li-nikayas tse hlano (likoleke):

        Digha Nikaya - “pokello e telele”
        
Majjhima Nikaya - “pokello ea bolelele ba bohareng”
        
Samyutta Nikaya - “pokello ea sehlopha”
        
Anguttara Nikaya - “pokello e tsoetseng pele”
        
Khuddaka Nikaya - “pokello ea litemana tse nyenyane”:
            
Khuddakapatha
            
Dhammapada
            
Udana
            
Itivuttaka
            
Sutta Nipata
            
Vimanavatthu
            
Petavatthu
            
Theragatha
            
Therigatha
            
Jataka
            
Niddesa
            
Patisambhidamagga
            
Apadana
            
Buddhavamsa
            
Cariyapitaka
            
Nettippakarana (e kenyelletsong feela ka khatiso ea Burmese ea Tipitaka)
            
Petakopadesa (”")
            
Milindapañha (”")

Abhidhamma Pitaka
    
The
    
pokello ea litemana tse nang le lithuto tsa motheo
    
e hlahisitsoeng Sutta Pitaka e tsosolosoa hape hape e hlophiselitsoe hape
    
moralo o hlophisitsoeng o ka sebelisoang ho patlisiso ho
    
mofuta oa kelello le taba.

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