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September 2019
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2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON Buddhism by country
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: site admin @ 6:39 pm

2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON


in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,

Buddhism by country

Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism ( or ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia,
1. Standing Buddha statue at the Tokyo National Museum. One of the earliest known representations of the Buddha, 1st–2nd century CE.   2. ”The Great Departure”, relic depicting Gautama leaving home, first or second century (Musée Guimet)   3. Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath, India, where the Buddha gave his first sermon. It was built by Ashoka.   4. Buddha statue depicting Parinirvana (Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India)  
China [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world’s most populous country,
with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9.6
million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world’s second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by
1. China’s First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is famed for having united the Warring States‘ walls to form the Great Wall of China. Most of the present structure, however, dates to the Ming dynasty.   2. Classical Gardens of Suzhou   3. A detail from Along the River During the Qingming Festival, a 12th-century painting showing everyday life in the Song dynasty’s capital, Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng)   4. A 19th-century depiction of the Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864)  
Chinese Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Chinese Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture. —
The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into
Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works
composed in China into a printed canon had far-reaching
1. ① Buddhist monks at Jintai Temple in Zhuhai, Guangdong, mainland China.   2. ② Brahma Palace of the Buddhist Vatican (梵宫) in Wuxi, Jiangsu, mainland China, has become a focus of Chinese Buddhist and other East Asian Buddhist schools.   3. ③ A government-approved Buddhist house church (居士林 jūshìlín), part of a wider movement of lay Buddhist gatherings, in Beijing.   4. White Horse Temple, traditionally held to be at the origin of Chinese Buddhism.  
Mahayana [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for “Great Vehicle”) is one of two (or three, under some classifications) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies
and practice. This movement added a further set of discourses, and
although it was initially small in India, it had long-term historical
significance. The Buddhist
1. Ancient Buddhist stūpas in Borobodur, Indonesia.   2. A statue of Prajñāpāramitā personified, from Singhasari, East Java, Indonesia.   3. Mahāyāna Buddhist triad, including Bodhisattva Maitreya, the Buddha, and Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. 2nd–3rd century CE, Gandhāra.   4. Bodhisattva seated in dhyāna. Afghanistan, 2nd century  
East Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or pan-ethno-cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it includes China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Mongolia, South Korea, North Korea, Japan and Taiwan; it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian
Theravada [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Theravāda (Pali, literally “school of the elder monks“) is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha’s teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core. The Pali canon is the only complete Buddhist canon which survives in a classical Indic Language, Pali, which serves as the sacred language and lingua franca of Theravada Buddhism.
1. Map showing the three major Buddhist divisions.   2. Ashoka and Moggaliputta-Tissa at the Third Council, at the Nava Jetavana, Shravasti   3. Sanghamitta and the Bodhi Tree   4. Mihintale, the traditional location of Devanampiya Tissa’s conversion  
Vajrayana [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Vajrayāna, Mantrayāna, Esoteric Buddhism and Tantric Buddhism refer to the various Buddhist traditions of Tantra and “Secret Mantra“, which are systems of beliefs and practices that developed in medieval India and spread to Tibet and East Asia under varying names and forms. In Tibet, Buddhist Tantra is termed Vajrayāna, while in China it is

1. Mahasiddhas,
Palpung monastery. Note the figure of the great adept Putalipa at top
center, seated in a cave and gazing at an image of the meditational
deity Samvara and the figure at the bottom left holding a skull-staff (Khaṭvāṅga).   2. Diamond Realm Mandala, based on the tantric Vajrasekhara Sutra, and symbolizing the final realization of Vairocana Buddha in Shingon.   3. Vajrayana adopted Indian Tantric deities such as Bhairava, a fierce form of Shiva, known as Yamantaka in Tibetan Buddhism.   4. Tangut Auspicious Tantra of All-Reaching Union.  
Southeast Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia and Bay of Bengal, to the east by Oceania and Pacific Ocean, and to the south by
1. A megalithic statue found in Tegurwangi, Sumatra. 1500 CE   2. Bronze drum from Sông Đà, northern Vietnam. Mid-1st millennium BC   3. Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, Cambodia   4. Kampung Laut Mosque in Tumpat is one of the oldest mosques in Malaysia, dating to the early 18th century.  
Tibet [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
((listen); Tibetan: བོད་, Wylie: bod, ZYPY: Poi, Lhasa dialect IPA:
pʰøː˨˧˩; Chinese: 西藏; pinyin: Xīzàng /ɕi⁵⁵ t͡sɑŋ⁵¹/) is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Qiang, and Lhoba peoples and is now also
1. Tibetan family in Kham attending a horse festival   2. King Songtsen Gampo   3. Tibet in 1734. Royaume de Thibet (”Kingdom of Tibet”) in la Chine, la Tartarie Chinoise, et le Thibet (”China, Chinese Tartary, and Tibet”) on a 1734 map by Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville, based on earlier Jesuit maps.   4. Tibet in 1892 during the Qing dynasty.  
Himalayas [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, (or ) form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
— The Himalayas got their name from the Sanskrit language which means
“abode of snow”. Hima means Snow and Alaya means Abode. — The Himalayan
range has many of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest,
1. The north face of Mount Everest seen from the path to the base camp in Tibet Autonomous Region, China   2. Indus River   3. Tilicho lake in Manang, Nepal   4. Captive snow leopard  
Mongolia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Mongolia (listen) (Mongolian: Монгол Улс in Mongolian Cyrillic; ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ — ᠤᠯᠤᠰ [mɔŋˈɢɔɮ ʊɮs] in Mongolian script; Mongol Uls in Mongolian Latin script; literally: Mongol State) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer
1. Pasture land in Arkhangai Province. Mongolia was the heartland of many nomadic empires.   2. Mongolian ordos (palaces) were likened to “cities on the move” (Plano Carpini).   3. Altan Khan (1507–1582) founded the city of Hohhot, helped introduce Buddhism and originated the title of Dalai Lama   4. Castle built in northern Mongolia by Tsogt Taij in 1601.  
Russia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Russia ((listen); Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a country in Eurasia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area,
1. Kievan Rus’ in the 11th century   2. The Baptism of Kievans, by Klavdy Lebedev   3. Sergius of Radonezh blessing Dmitry Donskoy in Trinity Sergius Lavra, before the Battle of Kulikovo, depicted in a painting by Ernst Lissner   4. Tsar Ivan the Terrible, illustration in Tsarsky Titulyarnik, 17th century  
Cambodia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Cambodia ((listen); Khmer: កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea IPA: [kɑmpuˈciə]), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer:
ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa, IPA: [ˈprĕəh
riəciənaːˈcɑk kɑmpuˈciə]), is a country located in the southern portion
of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898
1. Glazed stoneware dating back to the 12th century.   2. Khmer army going to war against the Cham, from a relief on the Bayon.   3. Faces of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara at Prasat Bayon.   4. Map of Indochina in 1760.  
Thailand [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Thailand (TY-land), officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), Thailand is the world’s 50th-largest country. It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 69 million people.

1. The ruins of Wat Chaiwatthanaram at Ayutthaya   2. Siamese envoys presenting letter to Pope Innocent XI, 1688   3. Bangkok’s Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret.   4. Royal Thai Embassy in Washington, D.C.  
Myanmar [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Myanmar (Burmese pronunciation: [mjəmà]), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 5,876
1. Pagodas and kyaungs in present-day Bagan, the capital of the Pagan Kingdom.   2. Temples at Mrauk U.   3. A British 1825 lithograph of Shwedagon Pagoda shows British occupation during the First Anglo-Burmese War.   4. The landing of British forces in Mandalay after the last of the Anglo-Burmese Wars, which resulted in the abdication of the last Burmese monarch, King Thibaw Min.  
Bhutan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Bhutan (འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ Druk Yul), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, India in the south, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, and Arunachal Pradesh
1. The Dzong in the Paro valley, built in 1646.   2. Trashigang Dzong, built in 1659.   3. A thrikhep (throne cover) from the 19th century. Throne covers were placed atop the temple cushions used by high lamas. The central circular swirling quadrune is the gankyil in its mode as the “Four Joys”.   4. A topographic map of Bhutan.  
Sri Lanka [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Sri Lanka (or (listen); Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā, Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located southeast of India and northeast of the Maldives. — The island is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. The majority of the population is from the
1. Sculpture of reclining Buddha at Dambulla cave temple, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.   2. Ptolemy’s world map of Ceylon, first century CE, in a 1535 publication.   3. The Sigiriya rock fortress.   4. A Buddhist statue in the ancient capital city of Polonnaruwa, 12th century  
Laos [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Laos ((listen), , or ; Lao: ລາວ, Lao pronunciation: [láːw], Lāo), officially the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of
1. Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.   2. A statue of Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang kingdom.   3. Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s.   4. Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972.  
Japan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meaning “State of Japan”) is a sovereign island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and China in the southwest. — The
1. The “King of Na gold seal“, said to have been granted to Na king of Wa (Japan) by Emperor Guangwu of Han in 57 CE. The seal reads “漢委奴國王”. Tokyo National Museum   2. Samurai warriors facing Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan; Suenaga, 1293   3. Emperor Meiji (1868–1912), in whose name imperial rule was restored at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate   4. Chinese generals surrendering to the Japanese in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895  
Taiwan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Taiwan ((listen)), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Its neighbors include China (officially the People’s Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations. — The island of Taiwan
1. A young Tsou man   2. Fort Zeelandia, the Governor’s residence in Dutch Formosa   3. Japanese colonial soldiers march Taiwanese captured after the Tapani Incident from the Tainan jail to court, 1915.   4. General Chen Yi (right) accepting the receipt of General Order No. 1 from Rikichi Andō (left), the last Japanese Governor-General of Taiwan, in Taipei City Hall  
Singapore [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Singapore ((listen), ) is an island country in Southeast Asia and one of the few remaining sovereign city-states in the world. It is sometimes referred to as the “Lion City”, “Garden City” or the “Little Red Dot“. It lies one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia’s Riau Islands to the
1. 1825 survey map. Singapore’s free port trade was at Singapore River for 150 years. Fort Canning hill (centre) was home to its ancient and early colonial rulers.   2. Sir Stamford Raffles’s statue at the Singapore River spot where he first landed   3. Raffles Hotel was established in 1887.   4. Singapore Naval Base, built in 1953  
South Korea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (abbreviated ROK), is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Officially, its territory consists of the whole Korean Peninsula and its adjacent islands, which are largely mountainous. South Koreans lead a distinctive urban lifestyle, as half of them live
1. Seokguram Grotto from the Silla era, a UNESCO World Heritage Site   2. Balhae and Silla, 830 CE   3. The Tripitaka Koreana — the Buddhist canon (Tripiṭaka) carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks and stored (and still remaining) at Haeinsa, a World Heritage Site   4. Changdeok Palace, one of the Five Grand Palaces built during the Joseon Dynasty and a World Heritage Site  
Malaysia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Malaysia ((listen) mə-LAY-zhə or (listen) mə-LAY-see-ə; Malaysian pronunciation: [məlejsiə]) is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 330,803 square kilometres (127,720 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized
1. ”Malaysia” used as a label for the Malay Archipelago on a 1914 map from a United States atlas   2. Fort A Famosa in Melaka built by the Portuguese in the 16th century.   3. The Dutch fleet battling with the Portuguese armada as part of the Dutch–Portuguese War in 1606 to gain control of Melaka.   4. Statue of Francis Light in the Fort Cornwallis of Penang, the first British colony in what was to become Malaysia.  
Vietnam [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Vietnam (UK: , US: (listen); Vietnamese: Việt Nam [vîət nāːm] (listen)), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (listen)), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it is the world’s 14th-most-populous country
1. A Đông Sơn bronze drum, circa 800 BC.   2. French Indochina in 1913.   3. US helicopter spraying chemical defoliants (probably Agent Orange) over the Mekong Delta, 1969.   4. The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi.  
Afghanistan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Afghanistan ((listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‎, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, abɣɒnisˈtɒn], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. The country has a population of 35 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world.
1. Bilingual (Greek and Aramaic) edict by Emperor Ashoka from the 3rd century BCE discovered in the southern city of Kandahar   2. One of the Buddhas of Bamiyan. Buddhism was widespread before the Islamic conquest of Afghanistan.   3. The Friday Mosque of Herat is one of the oldest mosques in Afghanistan. (March 1962 photo)   4. Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the last Afghan empire and viewed as Father of the Nation  
Buddhism in Afghanistan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism was one of the major religions in Afghanistan during pre-Islamic era. The religion was widespread south of the Hindu Kush mountains. Buddhism first arrived in Afghanistan in 305 BC when the Greek Seleucid Empire made an alliance with the Indian Maurya Empire. The resulting Greco-Buddhism flourished under the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom (250
1. Ancient buddhist cave, Jalalabad  
Algeria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر‎‎ al-Jazā’ir; Berber: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ, Dzayer; French: Algérie), officially the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country’s far north. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi),
1. Roman ruins at Djémila   2. Ancient Roman ruins of Timgadon the street leading to the local Arch of Trajan   3. Numidia along with Egypt, Rome, and Carthage 200 BC   4. Ancient Roman theatre in Djémila  
Buddhism in Africa [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism, as a major world religion, is practiced in Africa. Though there have been some conversion amongst Africans, most of the Buddhists in Africa, are of Asian, mostly Chinese, Vietnamese, Sri Lankan or Japanese descent. — South Africa is holds the largest Buddhist population in the continent. According to the 2010s estimates, Buddhist adherents
1. Nan Hua Temple in Bronkhorstspruit, South Africa is the largest Buddhist pagoda in Africa.  
Angola [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Angola , officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola pronounced [ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa and is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the
1. An illustration depicting Portuguese encounter with Kongo Royal family.   2. Portuguese troops on patrol in Angola during the Angolan War of Independence.   3. FNLA insurgents being trained in Zaire in 1973   4. Monument to the memory of Agostinho Neto and Angolan independence, in Luanda  
Argentina [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Argentina ((listen); Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a federal republic in the southern portion of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbor Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay

1. The surrender of Beresford to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata   2. Cristina Fernández and Néstor Kirchner during the Bicentenario. The couple occupied the presidency of Argentina for 12 years, him from 2003 to 2007 and her from 2007 to 2015.   3. Puna Flamenco, typical of the Northwest region of Puna   4. High precipitation along with cold temperatures in the west form permanent snowfields such as the Perito Moreno Glacier  
Australia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Australia ((listen), , ), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and
1. Aboriginal rock art in the Kimberley region of Western Australia   2. Portrait of Captain James Cook, the first European to map the eastern coastline of Australia in 1770   3. Tasmania’s Port Arthur penal settlement is one of eleven UNESCO World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites.   4. The Last Post is played at an Anzac Day ceremony in Port Melbourne, Victoria. Similar ceremonies are held in many suburbs and towns.  
Buddhism in Australia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
In Australia, Buddhism is a small but growing religion. According to the 2006 census, 2.1 percent of the total population of Australia, or 418,749 people, identified as Buddhist. It was also the fastest-growing religion
by percentage, having increased its number of adherents by 79 percent
between the 1996 and 2001 censuses. Buddhism is the second
1. Phap Hoa Temple, a Vietnamese Buddhist temple in Adelaide.  
Austria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Austria ((listen); German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐˌʁaɪç] (listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, listen ), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy
1. First
appearance of the word “Ostarrîchi”, circled in red. Modern Austria
honours this document, dated 996, as the founding of the nation.   2. Venus of Willendorf, 28,000 to 25,000 BC. Museum of Natural History Vienna   3. The Battle of Vienna in 1683 broke the advance of the Ottoman Empire into Europe.   4. The Congress of Vienna met in 1814–15. The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.  
Buddhism in Austria [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism is a legally recognized religion in Austria and it is followed by more than 10,000 Austrians. Although still small in absolute numbers (10,402 at the 2001 census),
Buddhism in Austria enjoys widespread acceptance. A majority of
Buddhists in the country are Austrian nationals (some of them
naturalized after immigration from Asia,
1. The Peace Pagoda, a stupa in Vienna, Austria.   2. Buddhist Cemetery at the Vienna Zentralfriedhof  
Bahrain [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Bahrain ((listen); Arabic: البحرين‎‎ al-Baḥrayn), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: مملكة البحرين‎‎ Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn), is a small Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast
1. Arad Fort in Arad; constructed before the Portuguese assumed control.   2. Bahrain harbor, c. 1870   3. A photograph of the First Oil Well in Bahrain, with oil first being extracted in 1931   4. Manama souq in 1965  
Bangladesh [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Bangladesh ((listen) or ; Bengali:
বাংলাদেশ Bāṃlādēśa, pronounced [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃ] (listen), lit. ”The country
of Bengal”), officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
(গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near
1. Gold coin (about 670 CE) from the reign of King Rajabhata of the Khadga dynasty   2. The 15th-century Sixty Dome Mosque built during the Bengal Sultanate is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site   3. The wall carvings on the 17th-century Atia Mosque built during the Mughal Empire   4. The 1906 All India Muhammadan Educational Conference in Dacca, Eastern Bengal and Assam  
Buddhism in Bangladesh [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
It is said that Lord Buddha once in his life came to this region East Bengal to spread Buddhism and he was successful to convert the local people of East Bengal to Buddhism. East Bengal
what today known as Bangladesh was a Buddhist country before Islamic
invasion which came to force during 13th century. During Islamic
invasion many Buddhists and
1. The Somapura Mahavihara is the oldest Buddhist institution in Bangladesh.   2. The earliest statue of Buddha found in Mahasthangarh   3. Atisha is one of the ancient priests from the Pala dynasty who is followed within the Bangladeshi Buddhist sects.  
Belgium [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
((listen)), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in
Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and the North Sea.
It is a small, densely populated country which covers an area of 30,528
square kilometres (11,787 sq mi) and has a population of about 11
million people. Straddling the cultural
1. Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830 (1834), by Gustaf Wappers   2. A relief map of Belgium   3. Polders along the Yser river   4. The Belgian Federal Parliament in Brussels, one of six different governments of the country  
Buddhism in Belgium [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
is a small religion in Belgium but despite lack of official recognition
by the Belgian government has grown rapidly in recent years. As of the
1997 estimate, 29,497 Belgian people identified their religion as
Buddhist (about 0.29% of the total population) — Buddhism in Belgium before official recognition — Belgium has been comparatively slow
1. Meeting of Belgian Buddhist representatives at Yeunten Ling Tibetan Institute, Huy on 3 September 1997  
Belize [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Belize ((listen)), formerly British Honduras, is an independent country on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the north by Mexico, on the south and west by Guatemala, and on the east by the Caribbean Sea. Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. — Belize has an area of 22,800 square kilometres
1. ”Caana” at Caracol   2. ”El Castillo” at Xunantunich   3. An
excerpt from the 1898 Gazette that declared 10 September an official
holiday, part of the efforts of the Centennial Committee   4. Belizean Coast Guard working with the United States Navy  
Buddhism in Bhutan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism is the major religion in Bhutan. Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan, and Buddhists comprise two-thirds to three-quarters and Hinduism one-quarter of its population. Although the Buddhism practiced in Bhutan originated in Tibetan Buddhism, it differs significantly in its rituals, liturgy, and monastic organization. The
1. Bhutanese Buddhist monk looking out the window of a monastery.  
Botswana [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Botswana , officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as Batswana (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September
1. Starting fire by hand. San people in Botswana.   2. British colonial drawing of a “Booshuana village”, 1806.   3. Stamp of British Bechuanaland from 1960   4. A lechwe in the Okavango Delta  
Brazil [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Brazil ((listen); Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 3.2 million square miles (8.5 million km²) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest country by area
1. Megaliths in the Solstice Archaeological Park, in Amapá, erected between 500 and 2000 years ago, probably to carry out astronomical observations.   2. Representation of the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in Porto Seguro, 1500.   3. Painting showing the arrest of Tiradentes; he was sentenced to death for his involvement in the best known movement for independence in Colonial Brazil.   4. The Acclamation of King João VI of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in Rio de Janeiro, 6 February 1818  
Brunei [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Brunei ((listen), broo-NYE), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام‎), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state
1. The tomb of a ruler of Po-ni in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.   2. British adventurer James Brooke negotiating with the Sultan of Brunei, which led to the signing of the Treaty of Labuan, 1846   3. Ahmad Tajuddin, the 27th Sultan of Brunei, with members of his court in April 1941, eight months before the Japanese invaded Brunei.   4. Japanese battleships at Brunei in October 1944.  
Buddhism in Brazil [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
With nearly 250,000 Buddhists, Brazil is home to the third largest Buddhist population in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. Buddhism in Brazil consists of practitioners from various Buddhist traditions and schools. A number of Buddhist organisations and groups are also active in Brazil, with nearly 150 temples spread across the
1. Busshinji, Sōtō Zen Buddhist temple in Liberdade, São Paulo, is the headquarters for the school’s mission in South America.   2. Tibetan Buddhist temple in Três Coroas, Rio Grande do Sul.  
Bulgaria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Bulgaria ((listen); Bulgarian: България, tr. Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, tr. Republika Bǎlgariya, pronounced [rɛˈpublikɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea
1. Khan Krum feasts with his nobles after the battle of Pliska. His servant (far right) brings the wine-filled skull cup of Nicephorus I.   2. The walls of Tsarevets fortress in Veliko Tarnovo, the capital of the second empire   3. Hristo Botev, a prominent revolutionary in the April Uprising   4. Bulgarian soldiers with wire cutters during WWI  
Burkina Faso [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Burkina Faso (US: (listen) bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its
1. The cavalry of the Mossi Kingdoms were experts at raiding deep into enemy territory, even against the formidable Mali Empire.   2. Armed men prevent the French explorer Louis-Gustave Binger from entering Sia (Bobo-Dioulasso) during his stay in April 1892.   3. The capital, Ouagadougou, in 1930   4. Maurice Yaméogo (center) was the first President of Upper Volta.  
Buddhism in Myanmar [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Myanmar is predominantly of the Theravada
tradition, practised by 89% of the country’s population It is the most
religious Buddhist country in terms of the proportion of monks in the
population and proportion of income spent on religion. Adherents are
most likely found among the dominant Bamar people, Shan, Rakhine, Mon, Karen, Zo, and
1. 18th-century depiction of Lokanātha   2. Mandalay’s
Kuthodaw Pagoda, which houses marble slabs containing all of the
Tipitaka scriptures, was constructed during the reign of King Mindon.   3. In February 2012, 1000 Buddhist monks and followers gathered for the 18th annual Shwegyin Nikaya Conference at the compound of Dhammaduta Zetawon Tawya Monastery in Hmawbi Township, Yangon Region.   4. Monks throughout Myanmar make alms rounds around the community in the early morning.  
Buddhism in Cambodia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Buddhism in Cambodia is currently a form of Theravada Buddhism. Buddhism has existed in Cambodia since at least the 5th century, and in its earlier form was a type of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Theravada Buddhism has been the Cambodian state religion since the 13th century (except during the Khmer Rouge period), and is currently estimated to be the faith
1. Cambodian statue of Avalokiteśvara Bodhisattva. Sandstone, 7th century CE.   2. Under Jayavarman VII, Buddhism was the state religion.   3. Buddhist nun. Bayon Temple, Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, Cambodia (January 2005).   4. Adolescent monks in Cambodia  
Cameroon [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
Cameroon (French: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon’s coastline lies on the

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