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TOP Inspirational LEADERS

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Non-ispirational MISLEADERS of ALL TIME



https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/ashoka-6226.php

Ashoka (Piya Dasi)

“GREATEST EMPEROR ON EARTH!”


Another king from another kingdom who was given the title of ‘The
Great’. Asoka the Great was the last of the great Indian empire of
Maurya and he ruled from 269 BC. He too has great conquests and his
empire was almost the entire Indian sub-continent. He was a kind and a
good-hearted leader. After the bloody Kalinga War, he was so deeply
moved and pained by the suffering that he denounced his throne and all
his wealth and adopted Buddhism. Today, he is known as an important
champion of Buddhism and he preached the values of Buddhism and the
lesson from Buddha’s life to the people.

Ashoka Biography


Ashoka was the third emperor of the Mauryan Dynasty and ruled almost
the entire Indian subcontinent. This biography profiles his childhood,
life, reign, achievements and timeline
Quick Facts

Born: 304 BC

Nationality: Indian

Famous: Leaders Emperors & Kings

Died At Age: 72

Also Known As: Dharma Ashoka, Ashoka the Terrible, Asoka, Ashoka the Great

Born in: Pataliputra

Famous as: Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty
Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Karuvaki, Maharani Devi, Rani Padmavati, Tishyaraksha

father: Bindusara

mother: Shubhadrangi

siblings: Susima

children: Charumati, Jaluka, Kunala, Mahinda, Sangamitta, Tivala

Died on: 232 BC

place of death: Pataliputra


Ashoka, also known as ‘Ashoka the Great’, was the third ruler of the
Mauryan Empire and one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled
almost the entire Indian subcontinent. He is largely credited for
spreading Buddhism in many parts of the world. He grew up to become an
absolutely fearsome king with a vision to expand his empire
continuously, which stretched across the Indian subcontinent leaving
aside the southernmost parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. However, it was
the conquest of Kalinga, seen as the bloodiest and most lethal, which
left him shattered and transformed him from a fierce vengeful ruler to a
peaceful and non-violent emperor. He built up numerous stupas across
his empire, and got many pillars constructed, the most significant of
them being the Ashoka Pillar, containing the Lion Capital of Ashoka
which is today India’s national emblem. In addition to this, his Ashoka
Chakra, inscribed on many of his relics (most prominent among which is
the Lion Capital of Sarnath and The Ashoka Pillar), is at the centre of
the National flag of India. The reign of Ashoka is considered as one of
the most glorious periods in Indian history. Even though Buddhism faded
in India after his death, it continued to flourish and spread in other
parts, particularly in eastern and south-eastern Asia
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Childhood & Early Life


Ashoka was born as Devanampriya Priyadarshi Samrat Ashoka, in 304
BC, in Pataliputra (close to modern-day Patna), to the second emperor of
the Mauryan Dynasty, Bindusara, and Maharani Dharma.

The
grandson of the founder of Mauryan Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya, he had
several half-brothers from his father’s other wives.

Born
into a royal family, he was good at fighting since childhood and
received royal military training. Besides, he was also excellent at
hunting, evident from his ability to kill a lion with only a wooden rod.

Accession & Reign

Considered a fearless and heartless military leader, he was deputed to curb the riots in the Avanti province of the empire.
He was appointed the Viceroy of Avanti province in 286 BC after suppressing the uprising at Ujjain.


He was called upon by his father to help heir-apparent Susima in
quelling a revolt at Taxila, which he did successfully, thereby becoming
the Viceroy of Taxila. He is also said to have handled and curbed a
second rebellion in Taxila later.

After his father
Bindusara’s death in 272 BC, a two-year long fierce battle broke out
between Ashoka and his half brothers. According to Dipavansa and
Mahavansa (Buddhist texts), he killed his 99 brothers, sparing just
Vitashoka or Tissa, to capture the throne.

While he ascended
the throne in 272 BC, he had to wait for four years for his coronation
in 269 BC to become the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire.

He
was supported by his father’s ministers, especially Radhagupta, who
played a major role in his victory and was appointed the Prime Minster
after Ashoka became the emperor.

He was constantly at war
during the first eight years of his reign, expanding his empire across
the Indian subcontinent, including Iran and Afghanistan in the West, and
Bangladesh and Burmese border in the East.

He was successful
in acquiring the Godavari-Krishna basin and Mysore in the south, though
the southernmost territories of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Sri Lanka
remained out of his reach.

Even though the predecessors of
Ashoka ruled over a vast empire, the kingdom of Kalinga on the northeast
coast of India (present-day Odisha and North Coastal Andhra Pradesh)
never came under the control of the Mauryan Empire. Ashoka wanted to
change this and invaded Kalinga for the same.

The bloody war
at Kalinga left over 100,000 soldiers and civilians dead and more than
150,000 deported. This large-scale killing of humans sickened Ashoka so
much that he vowed never to fight again and started practicing
non-violence.

According to Buddhist sources, he was so
influenced by the teachings of Buddhism that he converted into a
Buddhist and made it his state religion.

He issued a series
of edicts that laid down the basic rules for formulating policies in his
empire. These were announced through edicts and inscriptions in local
dialects on pillars and rocks.

A number of Buddhist monks
were sent across India and other countries, like Afghanistan, Syria,
Persia, Greece, Italy, Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia,
China, Cambodia, Laos, and Burma, to spread Buddhism.

Major Battles


He attacked Kalinga in 261 BC to further extend his Empire and
conquered it successfully, only to be shocked to see the massive
destruction caused in terms of both property and human lives.

Achievements


He is said to have built 84,000 stupas to store the relics of
Buddha and also as places of meditation, across South Asia and Central
Asia for Buddhist monks.

His ‘Ashoka Chakra’ or ‘the wheel of
righteousness’, widely inscribed on many relics of the Mauryan Emperor
(most prominent among them is the Lion Capital of Sarnath and The Ashoka
Pillar), was adopted into the Indian flag.

The pillar edicts
or Ashokstambha, measuring 40 to 50 feet high, were erected in all
places bordering the Mauryan Empire, reaching as far as Nepal, Pakistan
and Afghanistan, although only ten of them survive to date.


He administered the construction of a sculpture of four lions standing
back to back, known as the Lion Capital of Ashoka, atop the Ashoka
pillar at Sarnath (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh). It is the national emblem
of India.

The Lion Capital can be found at the Sarnath
Museum, while the Ashoka pillar, also called Ashoka column, is still
intact at its original location.

He oversaw the construction
of ‘viharas’ or intellectual hubs – Nalanda University and Taxila
University, stupas – Dhamek stupa, Bharhut stupa, Sannati stupa, Butkara
stupa, Barabar Caves, Mahabodhi Temple, and Sanchi.

Personal Life & Legacy


While on exile in Kalinga for two years to escape his brothers’
enmity, he met and fell in love with its princess, Kaurwaki, as a
commoner, both unaware of each other’s real identities. The two later
married secretly.

While being treated for his injuries at
Ujjain, he met Vidisa Mahadevi Sakya Kumari (Devi), from Vidisha, whom
he later married. The couple had two children – son Mahendra and
daughter Sanghamitra.

Apart from Kaurwaki and Devi, he is
believed to have had many other wives too. Padmavati, Tishyaraksha and
Asandhimitra were some of them, with whom he had several children.


His children, Mahendra and Sanghamitra, played a major role in
establishing and spreading Buddhism in Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka).


Even though he motivated his people to follow Buddhist values and
principles, he permitted the practice of other religions as well, such
as Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Ajivikaism, and Greek polytheism, in his
empire.

He died in 232 BC, aged 72, as a stable and merciful king who cared for his people.
























Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan

Savitri Phule

Savitribai Phule: Her humble character continues
to be printed in every text-book of Maharashtra, her revolutionary
reforms are remembered in every nook and corner of the country,
Savitribai Phule was a woman who strived against the odds. She had been
mocked, thrown eggs at, tomatoes and even stones by orthodox men but her
zeal to continue teaching girls never faded. She protested against ‘sati’,
sheltered orphaned children, embraced the untouchables, raised the bar
for women’s self-esteem and confidence, and campaigned against many
social ill-practices; a true redeemer. After the demise of her husband
Jotirao, it was Savitribai who took over responsibility of the Satya Shodhak Samaj,
a group which aimed to liberate social ideologies with regard to
untouchables and which was founded by Jotirao himself. She broke all
odds by being the first woman in Indian history to light up her
husband’s pyre. Savitribai Phule continues to remain an inspiration to
us all.

https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/narayana-guru-9827.php




Narayana Guru Biography


Narayana Guru
was a spiritual leader, saint and social reformer from Kerala, India.
Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family
life, achievements and fun facts about him.



Quick Facts

Nick Name: Nanu

Birthday: August 20, 1856

Nationality: Indian

Famous:
Social Reformers


Spiritual & Religious Leaders

Died At Age: 72

Sun Sign: Leo

Also Known As: Shree Narayana Guru Swami

Born Country: India

Born in: Chempazhanthy, Thiruvananthapuram, India

Famous as: Spiritual Leader, Social Reformer

Family:

father: Madan Asan

mother: Kuttiyamma

Died on: September 20, 1928

place of death: Sivagiri, Kerala, India

Founder/Co-Founder: Alwaye Advaita Ashram





Narayana Guru, also known
as Shree Narayana Guru Swami, was a spiritual leader, saint and social
reformer from Kerala, India. He belonged to the Ezhava community
considered as ‘Avarna’ or belonging to the lower caste. He was a social
reformer and led a movement to end the injustices prevalent in the Hindu
caste-ridden society in Kerala. He believed in spiritualism, social
equality, freedom, and brotherhood. He dedicated his entire life to
promoting spiritual enlightenment. He is venerated as a saint and “Guru”
for his profound Vedic knowledge, poetic excellence, and his teachings
of tolerance and non-violence, which impacted a large population in
India as well as abroad. He was instrumental in laying the groundwork
for social and spiritual reform in Kerala. He believed that spiritual
and social growth could be attained by education and establishment of
learning centers. Thus, he built several temples, schools, and education
centers for the underprivileged. He dismissed the ‘Chaturvarna’ and the
beliefs attached to it. Many years after his death, he was commemorated
on an Indian postage stamp by the Indian government. The Sri Lankan
government also issued a commemorative stamp in his honor.


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Childhood & Early Life
  • Narayana
    Guru, lovingly known as ‘Nanu,’ was born on August 28, 1855, in
    Chempazhanthy near Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. His father, Madan Asan,
    was a farmer from the Ezhava community, and his mother was Kuttiyamma.
  • He
    was educated in the traditional gurukul system under the tutelage of
    Chempazhanthi Mootha Pillai. His mother passed away when he was only 15
    years old.
  • At
    the age of 21, he traveled to Travancore (modern-day
    Thiruvananthapuram) to learn from the Sanskrit scholar Raman Pillai
    Asan, who belonged to the Puthuppally Varanappally family. From him,
    Narayana Guru learned the Vedas, the Upanishads, literature, and logic
    rhetoric in Sanskrit.
  • In
    1881, he abandoned his studies and returned to his village owing to his
    father’s ill health. He also set up a small village school to educate
    local children, where he was known as “Nanu Asan.”

Social Reformer
  • Narayana
    Guru left his village and home to begin his life as a spiritual
    wanderer. He traveled extensively through Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It was
    during his journeys that he became associated with the social and
    religious reformer Chattampi Swamikal, who, in turn, introduced Guru to
    Ayyavu Swamikal, who taught him meditation and yoga.
  • After
    years of traveling, he set up a sanctuary at Pillathadam cave at
    Maruthwamala and remained there for eight years, meditating and
    practicing yoga.
  • In
    1888, he went to Aruvippuram, where he meditated and took a rock from
    the river and sanctified it as a Shiva idol, which is now known as the
    Aruvippuram Shiva Temple.
  • Since
    Guru belonged to a lower caste, the upper caste Brahmins questioned the
    act of him performing the consecration known as “Aruvipuram Pratishta,”
    and his right to consecrate the Shiva idol.
  • On
    May 15, 1903, he, along with Padmanabhan Palpu, founded the ‘Sree
    Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam’ (SNDP) that worked towards the
    spiritual upliftment and education of the underprivileged Ezhava
    community.
  • In
    1904, Guru moved to Sivagiri, near Varkala, and established a school
    for children from the lower sections of the society who were often
    discriminated against and segregated.
  • In
    1912, he built the Sarada Mutt in Sivagiri. He also established several
    temples in Thrissur, Kozhikode, Anchuthengu, Kannur, Mangalore, and
    Thalassery and even traveled to Sri Lanka in 1926.
  • He initiated several activities, including the Sivagiri pilgrimage organized after his visit to Pallathuruthy in 1927.
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Fight Against Casteism
  • During
    the 19th and early 20th centuries, casteism was the order of the day in
    the Indian society. People from lower castes like the Thiyyas and
    Ezhavas and the untouchable castes like Pulayars, Paraiyars and tribals
    suffered at the hands of the Brahmins.

  • Even
    Guru wasn’t spared of these atrocities, and hence as his first act of
    protest, he erected the Siva idol at Aruvippuram in 1888. He built over
    forty-five temples in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • He
    even sanctified several non-traditional objects like a slab with the
    inscriptions “Truth, Ethics, Compassion,” a vegetarian Shiva, a mirror,
    and also a sculpture made by an Italian artist.
  • He
    preached about living with compassion and tolerance for each other. One
    of his significant works, the “Anukampadasakam,” praises the teachings
    of The Buddha, Krishna, Jesus Christ, and Adi Shankara.
Vaikom Satyagraha
  • The
    Vaikom Satyagraha was a social protest that began when people from the
    lower castes rebelled against untouchability practiced in the Hindu
    society of Travancore.
  • Reportedly,
    when an upper caste person stopped Narayana Guru on the way to Vaikom
    Temple, his followers and supporters were agitated and thus sparked the
    Vaikom Satyagraha.
  • Guru’s
    disciples Muloor S. Padmanabha Panicker and Kumaran Asan wrote poems
    disapproving of the incident. In 1918, another follower, T. K. Madhavan,
    appealed to the Sree Moolam Popular Assembly for their right to enter
    any temple without any discrimination based on caste.
  • Protesters
    like K. Kelappan and K. P. Kesava Menon formed a group and declared it
    the ‘Kerala Paryatanam.’ Mahatma Gandhi also supported the movement, and
    it snowballed into a mass movement.
  • As
    a result, the temple was opened to all, and three roads leading to it
    were built for people of all castes. This protest played a significant
    role in the Temple Entry Proclamation of 1936.
Writings & Philosophy
  • Narayana
    Guru wrote several religious works like “Atmopadesa Śatakam” and “Daiva
    Dasakam,” which are collections of spiritual poems and prayers.

  • He also translated texts like “Thirukural of Valluvar,” “Ozhivil Odukkam of Kannudaiya Vallalaar,” and “Ishavasya Upanishad.”
  • He
    believed in and preached the maxim “One Caste, One Religion, One God
    for All” (Oru Jathi, Oru Matham, Oru Daivam, Manushyanu).
  • He
    even propagated the non-dualistic philosophy of Adi Sankara, combining
    it with the concepts of social equality and brotherhood.
Family & Personal Life
  • Unfortunately,
    very little is known about Narayana Guru’s personal life. However, it
    is known that he married Kaliamma when he was about 27 years of age. He
    did not live with his wife for long.
  • The
    visit to Pallathuruthy in 1927 was the final trip made by Narayana
    Guru. His health was deteriorating, and he had several physicians caring
    for him in his last days.
  • He moved to Sarada Mutt in Sivagiri in 1928, and died on September 20 of the same year.
  • His
    tomb is situated in Sivagiri, and every year September 20 is observed
    as ‘Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi.’ His birth anniversary is observed as
    ‘Sree Narayana Jayanthi’ and both days remain public holidays in his
    honor.






Dr B.R.Ambedkar thundered “Main Bharat Baudhmay karunga.” (I will make India Buddhist)




All Aboriginal  Awakened Societies Thunder ” Hum Prapanch Prabuddha Bharatmay karunge.” (We will make world Prabuddha Prapanch)

B. R. Ambedkar
was an eminent leader, social reformer, scholar and jurist. Go through
this biography to learn in details about his life, career, works and
timeline.





Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Report Abuse

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Ambedkar,was the main
architect of Indian Institution.He worked as a professor of Law,and put
up his practice in Mumbai High court.He was identified mainly for his
Fight against Untouchability.
One of the greatest personality born ever
on this earth. The saviour of humanity especially the women and
downtrodden. The architect of modern india. The maker of the holy book
through which the whole country is running with great pride. An
educationist, socialist,economist, reformist, and a great philosopher.
An immortal personality who live with mortals. Uncomparable to anyone.
Hat’s off to this greatest personality.


First Law Minister of India.

A revolutionary writer

A revolutionary social reformer

The great follower of Lord Buddha.

In 20th century non of any leader was as
educated as Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. I asume that they are the greatest
leader ever who are followed by world


great man

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is the greatest indian ever.


He is the only Indian whose thought’s
relevance increasing with time. The Only leader of india who first think
about social justice and civil liberty


Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is always No. 1.
When we talking about social equality then Ambedkar is Greatest Leader
of India even including gandhi.like Martin king luther for america.
Ambedkar is most intelligent person of India who study in very difficult
condition.
When untouchable has no rights A man who rise the voice of people. He is
Modern man of India who give right of equality in society and give Best
Constitution to Our Nation.


His birth day is on april 14

he is the architect of our indian constitution.he is the first law minister of our independent india…


No any leader can’t equal for babasaheb!

Dr.Baba Saheb BR.Ambedkar is not a just a name it is a heart and soul of the Indian constitution,


“A responsible person must have the
courage to rethink and change his
thoughts. Of course there must be good
and sufficient reasons for unlearning
what he has learned and for recasting his
thoughts. There can be no finality in thinking.” Dr Ambedkar


“In India, a man is not a scavenger
because of his work. He is a scavenger
because of his birth irrespective of the
question whether he does scavenging or
not” — Dr Ambedkar


“Life should be great rather than long.” ~
Dr Ambedkar


GoDfather of India..

The greatest Indian BEFORE Mahatma Gandhi..!


WE ARE ” BECAUSE” HE WAS

he is the father of our development

Real father of India.

True architect of Indian Judicial system,
Only one law he missed to frame that keeps still india back ward. “Each
politician should have compulsary master degree from an regonised
university in his department which he or she is heading”.


one of the most educated person in those days
every indian shud feel proud abt dis man
Hates off to Babasaheb ambedkar


greatest Indian… challenged all the 33 carore hindu gods ,,he is truly masihaa ….BAAP OF THE NATION


no one is greater than B.R.AMBEDKAR.

Babasaheb was the architect of humanity

a great man of india,pride of india..architect of indian constitution


He will be continued to remember for his great works


In Sab ka baap… Babasahab… Greatest personality ever… God of modern india…


A great hero in deed…

he was the real hero .hero for those need
help ,thoughts of people who cant think , god for those who worship
humanity and inspiration to all HEADSOFF TO HIM


‘’ he is the leader of the nation ‘’

Very good personality ,in the indian
country ,in india no one have not the higher education in those days
compare with him,his alone the very good law maker in the past present
and future

architect of indian constitution

Pride of india

Best leader of our country

Man who has given you right to fight with “Pen & Paper”


Dr.Ambedkar, is the real great man of
india, he was not only great leader but prophet for downtodden. he also
save hindu dharma as there are evil castism in hindu dharma, he always
loves india. he changed attitude of people to think scientific. he was
most intelligent person in india. his worship should be done by not only
dalit but also people of other community and caste as he gave the great
constitution to india.


Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar was gave his hard
work not only for the dalits peoples ,all the peoples has been
treated equally because his hard work .(Article -14 of indian
constitution guaranteed )

Dr.BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR IS THE ONE MAN
ARMY for all the citizens of india,he alone gave to us the ” social
justice” in the indian history ,HE IS THE REAL GOD FOR THE BELOW POVERTY
LINE PEOPLES.

Today the indian government is fuctioning
properly why because THE GREAT LEADER DR.BABASAHEB B.R.AMBEDKAR was
gave to us the wholy book of india is “THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA “

greatest leader of india

This is the real hero of india. He is god for dalith religon

He was a real son of our country — BHIM

True legend

He is the heart of the Dalit peoples and others


Great personality and very good man.

.Role in Drafting India’s Constitution
“Ambedkar at his desk” (an art piece) at Ambedkar Museum in PuneUpon
India’s independence on August 15, 1947, the new Congress-led government
invited Ambedkar to serve as the nation’s first law minister, which he
accepted. On August 29, Ambedkar was appointed Chairman of the
Constitution Drafting Committee, charged by the Assembly to write free
India’s new Constitution. Ambedkar won great praise from his colleagues
and contemporary observers for his drafting work. In this task
Ambedkar’s study of sangha practice among early Buddhists and his
extensive reading in Buddhist scriptures were to come to his aid. Sangha
practice incorporated voting by ballot, rules of debate and precedence
and the use of agendas, committees and proposals to conduct business.
Sangha practice itself was modelled on the oligarchic system of
governance followed by tribal republics of ancient India such as the
Shakyas and the Lichchavis. Thus, although Ambedkar used Western models
to give his Constitution shape, its spirit was Indian and, indeed,
tribal.

He was enacted the womens rights bill and he fight for all communities peoples and their reservations


symbol of justice

A Man of Millenium


Most Imp Bill advocated By Dr. Ambedkar which failed due to Congress ,
1) The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act
2) Population Control Bill
3) Hindu Code Bill (Equity to all Womans)
4) Reservation On the basis of EBC(Economic Backward Class)
5) Election Candidate must be Educated ………


Great Man in History

GOD OF INDIA

A true Leader of Indian People

Most brilliant Student in a History of OXFORD University


Man OF Indian’s Heart


One of the earliest Indian student in the
United States, he earned multiple Doctorates from Columbia University
and the University of Landon in Economics, politics and law. As a
political leader Dr.B.R.Ambedkar was a better at articulating powerful
ideas than in creating the structures to see them through. But the
constitution of which he was the principle author remains the best
instrument for pursuing his ideas. The leader and spokesman of a
community left his greatest gift to all communities-a legacy that
belongs to all of us, and one of which we are yet to prove ourselves
wholly worthy.”


HE WAS VERY LEARNED PERSONALTY.


Indian law

https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/b-r-ambedkar-3657.php




B. R. Ambedkar Biography


B. R. Ambedkar
was an eminent leader, social reformer, scholar and jurist. Go through
this biography to learn in details about his life, career, works and
timeline.



Quick Facts

Birthday: April 14, 1891

Nationality: Indian

Famous:
Quotes By B. R. Ambedkar


Humanitarian

Died At Age: 65

Sun Sign: Aries

Also Known As: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, Babasaheb Ambedkar

Born Country: India

Born in: Dr. Ambedkar Nagar

Famous as: Indian Jurist

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Ramabai Ambedkar (m. 1906–1935), Savita Ambedkar (m. 1948–1956)

father: Ramji Maloji Sakpa

mother: Bhimabai Sakpal

children: Bhaiyasaheb Ambedkar

Died on: December 6, 1956

place of death: Delhi

Founder/Co-Founder: Buddhist Society of India, Independent Labour Party, Scheduled Castes Federation, Samata Sainik Dal

More Facts




B.R. Ambedkar was a
leading activist and social reformer who dedicated his life, working for
the upliftment of the Dalits (the untouchables) and the socially
backward class of India. A messiah for the downtrodden, Ambedkar
continuously fought for the eradication of caste discrimination that had
fragmented the Indian society. Born in a socially backward family,
Ambedkar was the victim of caste discrimination, inequality, and
prejudice. However, fighting against all odds, he received higher
education, becoming the first ever untouchable to do so. After
completing his studies, he launched himself politically, fighting for
the rights of the depressed class and against the inequality practiced
in the society. He was a crusader of social equality and justice.
Academically trained as a jurist, he went on to become the first law
minister of free India and the framer or chief architect of the
‘Constitution of India.’ In his later years, he acted as a revivalist of
Buddhism in India. He converted to Buddhism, freeing himself of the
perils of caste differences and unfairness practiced by the Hindus.

Primis Player Placeholder
Childhood & Early Life
  • Ambedkar
    was born Bhimrao Ramji Sakpal on 14 April 1891, in Mhow, Central
    Provinces, British India, to Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai. His
    father served in the Indian army. Ambedkar was the last of the 14
    children born to his parents.
  • Belonging
    to ‘Mahar’ caste and considered among the untouchables, he suffered
    from socio-economic discrimination. However, due to special privileges
    given to the children of parents serving the army, he received good
    education.
  • A
    young Ambedkar faced a lot of problems during his school days but he
    managed to overcome his problems. In 1897, he along with his family
    moved to Bombay where he enrolled at ‘Elphinstone High School,’ becoming
    the first ever untouchable to receive higher education.
  • Completing
    his matriculation degree in 1907, he enrolled at ‘Elphinstone College’
    in 1908, once again creating history by becoming the first untouchable
    to enter a university. He graduated from ‘Elphinstone College’ in 1912
    with a degree in economics and political science.
  • He
    secured a job with the Baroda state government but did not continue his
    job for long as he was awarded a ‘Baroda State Scholarship,’ which
    provided him the opportunity to receive postgraduate education at
    ‘Columbia University’ in New York City. To pursue the same, he moved to
    America in 1913.
  • He
    completed his MA in June 1915, majoring in economics, with sociology,
    history, philosophy, and anthropology as other subjects of study. In
    1927, he obtained a PhD in economics.
  • Meanwhile,
    in 1916, he enrolled for a bar course at ‘Gray’s Inn.’ However, due to
    the termination of his scholarship, he had to return to India.

Career
  • Upon
    returning to India, he worked as the defence secretary for the Princely
    State of Baroda. However, the work was not easy for him as he was often
    ridiculed and castigated for being an untouchable.
  • He
    quit his job as the defence secretary and took up jobs as a private
    tutor and accountant. He even established a consultancy business which
    failed to flourish due to his social status. He finally landed a job as a
    teacher at the ‘Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics’ in Mumbai.
  • A
    victim of caste discrimination, Ambedkar was inspired to uplift the
    pitiable state of the untouchables in the society. Thus, with the help
    of the Maharaja of Kolhapur, he founded a weekly journal called
    ‘Mooknayak’ which criticized the orthodox beliefs of the Hindus and the
    reluctance of politicians to fight against the discrimination.
  • Accumulating
    enough wealth, he moved to London to complete his education. In 1921,
    he received his master’s degree from ‘London School of Economics.’ Two
    years later, he acquired his D.Sc. in economics. After completing his
    law studies, he was admitted to the British bar as a barrister.
  • After
    returning to India, he started working as a legal professional in the
    country. His passion for eradicating the practice of caste
    discrimination led him to establish the ‘Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha.’
    The main aim of the organization was to provide education to the
    backward class.
  • In
    1925, he was appointed to ‘Bombay Presidency Committee’ to work under
    the ‘All-European Simon Commission.’ The commission reports were
    thrashed by the Congress which set up its own version of the
    Constitution of free India.
  • In
    1927, he actively worked against untouchability. Instead of taking the
    route of violence, he followed in the footsteps of Gandhi and led a
    ‘Satyagraha’ movement. He fought for the rights of the untouchables who
    were denied access to the main water source and temples.
  • In
    1932, due to his rising popularity as a crusader, he received an
    invitation to attend the ‘Second Round Table Conference’ in London. At
    the conference, he demanded a separate electorate for the depressed
    class, but his views were opposed by Gandhi.
  • Finally,
    he reached an understanding with Gandhi and settled for the ‘Poona
    Pact,’ according to which a reservation was granted to the depressed
    class in the regional legislative assemblies and Central Council of
    States.

  • In
    1935, he was appointed as the principal of the ‘Government Law
    College,’ a position he retained for two years. The following year, he
    founded the ‘Independent Labour Party,’ which went on to secure 14 seats
    in the 1937 Bombay elections.
  • In
    1936, he published his book ‘The Annihilation of Caste’ in which he
    ridiculed Hindu orthodox leaders and condemned the caste system
    practiced in the country. Next, he came up with his work ‘Who Were the
    Shudras?’ in which he explained the formation of the untouchables.
  • As
    soon as India became independent, he administered the transformation of
    his political party into the ‘All India Scheduled Castes Federation.’
    However, the party did not perform well at the 1946 elections, held for
    the ‘Constituent Assembly of India.’
  • He
    served as the minister for labour for the ‘Viceroy’s Executive
    Council.’ He also served on the board of the ‘Defence Advisory
    Committee.’ It was his dedication that earned him the chair of free
    India’s first law minister. He also became the chairman of the drafting
    committee of the ‘Constitution of India.’
  • The
    Constitution drafted by him aimed at bringing about a social revolution
    in the country and freeing it from any sort of discrimination. It
    provided the citizens with freedom of religion, abolished
    untouchability, advocated rights for women, and bridged the gap between
    the different classes of the society.
  • Other
    than his role as the framer of the Constitution, he also helped
    establish the ‘Finance Commission of India.’ It was through his policies
    that the nation progressed both economically and socially. He
    emphasized on free economy with a stable rupee.
  • He
    rejected the ‘Aryan Invasion Theory’ which describes the origin of the
    Aryans outside the Indian sub-continent. He came to a conclusion that
    the Aryans originally belonged to India.
  • In
    1951, following the indefinite stalling of the ‘Hindu Code Bill’ which
    was proposed by him, he resigned from the Cabinet. He contested for a
    seat at the ‘Lok Sabha’ but was defeated. He was later appointed to the
    ‘Rajya Sabha’ and remained a member of the ‘Rajya Sabha’ until his
    death.


Personal Life & Legacy
  • In
    1906, he married Ramabai, who was just nine years old at the time. In
    1912, the couple was blessed with a son named Yashwant. Apart from
    Yashwant, they had four other children, who died in infancy.
  • In 1935, Ramabai breathed her last when she succumbed to a long-term illness.
  • It
    was while undergoing treatment for neurotic pain and lack of sleep that
    he first met Dr. Sharada Kabir. The two eventually got married on April
    15, 1948. Post her wedding, she renamed herself Savita Ambedkar.
  • He
    got converted to Buddhism after attending a convention of Buddhist
    scholars in Sri Lanka. Inspired by their preaching, he wrote a book on
    Buddhism. After his conversion to Buddhism, he founded the ‘Bharatiya
    Bauddha Mahasabha’ (Buddhist Society of India) in 1955. He completed his
    final work ‘The Buddha and His Dhamma’ in 1956. The book was published
    posthumously.
  • His
    deteriorating health worsened further as he suffered from diabetes and
    weak eyesight. He breathed his last in his home on December 6, 1956.
  • Since
    he had converted to Buddhism, a Buddhist-style cremation was organized
    for him. The ceremony was attended by hundreds of thousands of
    supporters, activists, and admirers.
  • To
    commemorate his contribution to the society, a memorial was constructed
    and established. His birthday, celebrated as ‘Ambedkar Jayanti’ or
    ‘Bhim Jayanti,’ is a public holiday in India.
  • In 1990, he was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honor, ‘Bharat Ratna.’
Trivia
  • This
    revolutionary, who fought against the untouchability practiced in
    India, is popularly known as the chief architect of the ‘Constitution of
    India.’

Top 10 Facts You Did Not Know About B.R. Ambedkar
  • Ambedkar played a key role in the establishment of ‘Reserve Bank of India’ in 1935.
  • He had suggested the division of Madhya Pradesh and Bihar for better governance way back in 1955.
  • He wanted to sponsor Sanskrit as the official language of the Indian union.
  • Ambedkar contested the ‘Lok Sabha’ election twice, failing to win the election on both occasions.
  • His autobiography ‘Waiting for a Visa’ is used as a text book in the ‘Columbia University.’
  • He opposed the whole idea of reservation of jobs and constituencies and didn’t want the reservation system to exist at all.
  • He was the first Indian to complete a doctorate degree overseas.
  • Ambedkar was the one who insisted on reducing the working hours from 14 to eight hours a day in India.
  • He strongly opposed ‘Article 370’ of the Indian constitution which gave special status to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • He played a key role in forming the ‘National Employment Exchange Agency’ in India.




B. R. Ambedkar


alt


Image Credit: �� BCCL


One of the greatest personalities ever born in India, Ambedkar was a
jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist, historian,
revolutionary, writer and much more. He was a revolutionary leader and
held forth on his views even if they went against the popular grain. He
also revived Buddhism in India, a legacy still seen in Dalit
communities, who’s cause Ambedkar championed throughout his life.
Ambedkar is also known as the Father of the Indian Constitution, on
behalf of which the nation celebrated Republic Day.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Dalits

List of SC/STs
Following is a list of SC/ST people organised by profession, field, or focus.


Inspirational Leader

Kanshi Ram, Founder of Bahujan Samaj Party

Academics

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanshi_Ram
www.bamcef.info/manyawar-shri-kanshiram-ji.php

B. R. Ambedkar, jurist, economist, politician and social reformer

Early life


Kanshi Ram was born on 15 March 1934 in Ropar district, Punjab, British
India. Some sources say his birthplace was the village of Pirthipur
Bunga and others that it was Khawaspur village. Although his family were
Ramdasia Sikhs, an untouchable sect, in Punjab at that time there was
relatively little stigma attached to being an untouchable.

After studies at various local schools, Ram graduated in 1956 with a BSc degree from Government College Ropar.

Career


Kanshi Ram joined the offices of the Explosive Research and Development
Laboratory in Pune[5] under the government’s scheme of positive
discrimination. It was at this time that he first experienced caste
discrimination and in 1964 he became an activist. Those who admire him
claim that he was spurred to this after reading B. R. Ambedkar’s book
Annihilation of Caste and witnessing what he perceived to be
discrimination against a SC/ST employee who wished to observe a holiday
celebrating Ambedkar’s birth.

Ram initially supported the
Republican Party of India (RPI) but became disillusioned with its
co-operation with the Indian National Congress. In 1971, he founded the
All India SC, ST, OBC and Minority Employees Association and in 1978
this became BAMCEF, an organisation that aimed to persuade educated
members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backwards
Classes and Minorities to support Ambedkarite principles. BAMCEF was
neither a political nor a religious body and it also had no aims to
agitate for its purpose. Suryakant Waghmore says it appealed to “the
class among the Dalits that was comparatively well-off, mostly based in
urban areas and small towns working as government servants and partially
alienated from their untouchable identities”.

Later, in 1981,
Ram formed another social organisation known as SC/ST Shoshit Samaj
Sangharsh Samiti (DSSSS, or DS4). He started his attempt of
consolidating the Dalit vote and in 1984 he founded the Bahujan Samaj
Party (BSP). He fought his first election in 1984 from Janjgir-Champa
seat in Chhattisgarh. The BSP found success in Uttar Pradesh, initially
struggled to bridge the divide between Dalits and Other Backward
Classes[15] but later under leadership of Mayawati bridged this gap.


In 1982 he wrote his book The Chamcha Age (an Era of the Stooges) and
in it he used of the term chamcha (stooge) for SC/ST leaders who for
their selfish motives work for parties like the Indian National Congress
(INC) such as Jagjivan Ram or Ram Vilas Paswan and for Bharatiya Janata
Party (BJP) keeping in ethical context with Ambedkar’s book What
Gandhi and the Congress Have Done to the Untouchables to the politics of
Dalit liberation.[citation needed]

However, it was in 1986 when
he declared his transition from a social worker to a politician by
stating that he was not going to work for/with any other organization
other than the BSP. During the meetings and seminars of the party, Ram
stated to ruling classes that if they promised to do something, it would
pay to keep the promise, or else just accept that they were not capable
of fulfilling their promises.[citation needed]

After forming BSP
Ram said the party would fight first election to lose, next to get
noticed and the third election to win.[18] In 1988 he contested
Allahabad seat up against a future Prime Minister V. P. Singh and
performed impressively but lost polling close to 70,000 votes.

He
unsuccessfully contested from East Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency) in
1989 and came at fourth position. Then he represented the 11th Lok Sabha
from Hoshiarpur,[20] Kanshiram was also elected as member of Lok Sabha
from Etawah in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001 he publicly announced Mayawati as
his successor.

In the late 1990s, Ram described the BJP as the
most corrupt (mahabrasht) party in India and the INC, Samajwadi Party
and Janata Dal as equally corrupt.

Proposed conversion to Buddhism


In 2002, Ram announced his intention to convert to Buddhism on 14
October 2006, the 50th anniversary of Ambedkar’s conversion. He intended
for 20,000,000 of his supporters to convert at the same time. Part of
the significance of this plan was that Ram’s followers include not only
untouchables, but persons from a variety of castes, who could
significantly broaden Buddhism’s support. However, he died on 9 October
2006.

Mayawati his successor said “Saheb Kanshi Ram and I had
decided that we will convert and adopt Buddhism when we will get
“absolute majority” at the Centre. We wanted to do this because we can
make a difference to the religion by taking along with us millions of
people. If we convert without power then only we too will be converting.
But when you have power you can really create a stir”.Death


Saheb was a diabetic. He suffered a heart attack in 1994, an arterial
clot in his brain in 1995, and a paralytic stroke in 2003.[25] He died
in New Delhi on 9 October 2006 of a severe heart attack at the age of
72. He had been virtually bed-ridden for more than two years. According
to his wishes, his funeral rites were performed according to Buddhist
tradition, with Mayawati lighting the pyre.His ashes were placed in an
urn and kept at Prerna Sthal, where many people paid their respects.


In his condolence message, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
described Ram as “one of the greatest social reformers of our time ..
his political ideas and movements had a significant impact on our
political evolution … He had a larger understanding of social change and
was able to unite various underprivileged sections of our society and
provide a political platform where their voices would be heard.” Under
Ram’s leadership, the BSP won 14 parliamentary seats in the 1999 federal
elections.

Bahujan Samaj PartyMayawatiBAMCEF

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAMCEF

BAMCEF
BAMCEF is an Indian charitable organization. It was founded in 1978 to
enlist the aid of the comparatively well-educated among the bahujans and
other communities of India who suffer discrimination. It has no
political or religious agenda, nor does it promote agitation to achieve
its goals.[6] BAMCEF is an acronym for “The All India Backward and
Minority Communities Employees Federation”. The term backward got its
significance from the Constitution of India, which divides the oppressed
and exploited Indians into categories on the basis of their
backwardness, namely: Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST),
Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Minority Communities.

BAMCEF
The All India Backward And Minority Communities Employees Federation
Formation
6 December 1978 (39 years ago)
Founder
Kanshi Ram
Founded at
BAMCEF Convention at New Delhi
Type
Social organization of educated employees[1]
Legal status
Active
Members
2 million[2]
President
Waman Meshram (Bharat Mukti Morcha faction[3])
B. D. Borkar (Mulnivasi Sangh faction[4][5])
Website
www.bamcef.info
www.bamcef.org.in
www.bamcef.co.in
bamcefmission.com
The origins of BAMCEF lie in an organisation for employees of repressed
communities that was established in 1971 by Kanshi Ram.[6] This became
BAMCEF at a convention held in Delhi in 1978, with an official launch on
6 December 1978, the anniversary of the death of B. R. Ambedkar.[7] The
ideology of BAMCEF is to fight the entrenched system of inequality that
divides Indian society, and to abolish the caste system.

History


As an employee of the Defence Research and Development Laboratory in
Pune, Kanshi Ram realized that the formation of a bahujan bureaucracy
was important to serve Dalits’ interests. He set about forming a
federation, through which he worked his way up the bureaucratic
hierarchy. By identifying a few zealous officers, he was able to
influence lower-ranked staff.

The motto of this organisation was
‘Payback to society’, to inspire the Dalit bureaucrats to do their bit
for the Dalit masses. In this way, a continuous supply of intellectual
property, money and talent was ensured. Ram did not want to make BAMCEF
an employees’ union. He wanted it to become an organisation of educated
Bahujan employees: “the think tank, talent bank, and financial bank of
the Bahujan samaj”.

BAMCEF raised funds to promote their agenda
and for training.Kanshi Ram appointed state-level conveners as well as
mandal conveners to act as links between state and district levels.[10]
Suryakant Waghmore says it appealed to “the class among the indigenous
moolnivasi bahujans that was comparatively well-off, mostly based in
urban areas and small towns working as government servants and partially
alienated from their untouchable identities”.

Others established
the Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti (DS4) in 1981. This
organization made an impact on people in North and South India. Later,
this group was led by Ishaan Singh Tomar. Before the formation of the
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), DS4 entered local elections in Delhi and
Haryana in the name of “Limited Political Action”. Later on, Ram
dissolved DS4 and formed BSP as a completely political wing.[12] This
caused strain within BAMCEF ranks.

In early 1986, BAMCEF split.
Kanshi Ram announced that he was no longer willing to work for any
organisation other than BSP. One element of BAMCEF, which was associated
with Kanshi Ram, became a shadow organisation to help BSP in electoral
mobilisation. Those remaining in BAMCEF after Ram’s departure registered
BAMCEF as an independent non-political organisation in 1987.


Khaparde was national president of BAMCEF from 1987 until his death on
29 February 2000. His successor was Waman Chindhuji Meshram.

Narendra Jadhav, Indian economist, writer and educationist


Gopal Baba WalangkarGrace Banu, Scheduled Caste and transgender
activist; first transgender in state of Tamil Nadu be admitted to an
engineering college

Nagraj Manjule, Marathi director

Pa.Ranjith,Flim writer,Director

Governance
Non-Inspirational Mis-LeaderRamnath Kovind,President of IndiaK. R. Narayanan, former President of IndiaInspirational Leader
Mayawati, Four time Chief Minister of Uttar PradeshAshok Tanwar,
President of Haryana Congress, former Member of
ParliamentNon-Inspirational Mis-LeaderRam Vilas Paswan, President of the
Lok Janshakti Party, eight time member of Lok Sabha
B. Shyam
Sunder, Founder of Bharatiya Bhim SenaDamodaram Sanjivayya, First
Scheduled Caste Chief Minister of an Indian state(Andhra Pradesh),
first SC President of Indian National Congress party(1962)Jagjivan Ram
(1908–1986), First Labour Minister of Independent India, former Deputy
Prime Minister of IndiaJignesh Mevani, Independent MLA from Vadgam
Gujarat, youth movement leader and activistMeira Kumar, First woman
Speaker of the Lok Sabha (2009-2014), Daughter of Jagjivan Ram.Jogendra
Nath Mandal, was one of the central and leading Founding Fathers of
modern state of Pakistan, and legislator serving as country’s first
minister of law and labour, and also was second minister of commonwealth
and Kashmir affairs.Krishna Kumari Kohli, Member of Pakistan SenatRam
Lal Rahi, Minister of State for Home Affairs and Four times MP from
Mishrikh in Sitapur district.

Literature

Madara
Chennaiah, the first poet in the history of Vachana literature who was a
cobbler.Namdeo Dhasal, Marathi poet and writer from
Maharashtra.Military

Immanuvel DevendrarMadurai Veeran, a folk hero of Arunthathiyar origin.

Music
Sumeet SamosGinni MahiAmar Singh ChamkilaKanth Kaler
Religion and reform


Gallela Prasad, the fourth bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of
Cuddapah, in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.Marampudi Joji, the
third Archbishop of Hyderabad.Rettamalai Srinivasan, SC/ST Activist,
politician, freedom fighter and founder of Paraiyar Mahajana
SabhaAyyankali, social reformerGiani Ditt Singh, Started Singh Sabha
Movement to bring SC/STs of Punjab to sikh-fold.Bhagu, a devotee of
KrishnaMangu Ram Mugowalia, started Ad-Dharmi movementRavidas, mystic
poet-saInt of the bhakti movementIyothee Thass, a prominent anti-caste
activist and a practitioner of Siddha medicine, a publisher, and writer
in Tamil, who is regarded as a pioneer of the Buddhist movement in the
Tamil region in the early twentieth century.

Sports

Vithal Palwankar, Cricketer
Kanshi Ram (15 March 1934 – 9 October 2006), also known as Bahujan
Nayak or Saheb, was an Indian politician and social reformer who worked
for the upliftment and political mobilisation of the Bahujans, the
untouchable groups at the bottom of the caste system in India. Towards
this end, Kanshi Ram founded SC/ST Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti
(DS-4), the All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees’
Federation (BAMCEF) in 1971 and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984.
He ceded leadership of the BSP to his protégé Mayawati who has served
four terms as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Kanshi Ram
Founder and National president of the Bahujan Samaj Party
In office
14 April 1984 – 18 September 2003
Succeeded by
Mayawati
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Hoshiarpur
In office
1996–1998
Preceded by
Kamal Chaudhry
Succeeded by
Kamal Chaudhry
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Etawah
In office
1991–1996
Preceded by
Ram Singh Shakya
Succeeded by
Ram Singh Shakya
Personal details
Born
15 March 1934
Rupnagar district, Punjab Province, British India
Died
9 October 2006 (aged 72)
New Delhi
Political party
Bahujan Samaj Party
www.bamcef.info/manyawar-shri-kanshiram-ji.php

Early life


Kanshi Ram was born on 15 March 1934 in Ropar district, Punjab, British
India. Some sources say his birthplace was the village of Pirthipur
Bunga and others that it was Khawaspur village. Although his family were
Ramdasia Sikhs, an untouchable sect, in Punjab at that time there was
relatively little stigma attached to being an untouchable.

After studies at various local schools, Ram graduated in 1956 with a BSc degree from Government College Ropar.

Career


Kanshi Ram joined the offices of the Explosive Research and Development
Laboratory in Pune[5] under the government’s scheme of positive
discrimination. It was at this time that he first experienced caste
discrimination and in 1964 he became an activist. Those who admire him
claim that he was spurred to this after reading B. R. Ambedkar’s book
Annihilation of Caste and witnessing what he perceived to be
discrimination against a SC/ST employee who wished to observe a holiday
celebrating Ambedkar’s birth.

Ram initially supported the
Republican Party of India (RPI) but became disillusioned with its
co-operation with the Indian National Congress. In 1971, he founded the
All India SC, ST, OBC and Minority Employees Association and in 1978
this became BAMCEF, an organisation that aimed to persuade educated
members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backwards
Classes and Minorities to support Ambedkarite principles. BAMCEF was
neither a political nor a religious body and it also had no aims to
agitate for its purpose. Suryakant Waghmore says it appealed to “the
class among the Dalits that was comparatively well-off, mostly based in
urban areas and small towns working as government servants and partially
alienated from their untouchable identities”.

Later, in 1981,
Ram formed another social organisation known as SC/ST Shoshit Samaj
Sangharsh Samiti (DSSSS, or DS4). He started his attempt of
consolidating the Dalit vote and in 1984 he founded the Bahujan Samaj
Party (BSP). He fought his first election in 1984 from Janjgir-Champa
seat in Chhattisgarh. The BSP found success in Uttar Pradesh, initially
struggled to bridge the divide between Dalits and Other Backward
Classes[15] but later under leadership of Mayawati bridged this gap.


In 1982 he wrote his book The Chamcha Age (an Era of the Stooges) and
in it he used of the term chamcha (stooge) for SC/ST leaders who for
their selfish motives work for parties like the Indian National Congress
(INC) such as Jagjivan Ram or Ram Vilas Paswan and for Bharatiya Janata
Party (BJP) keeping in ethical context with Ambedkar’s book What
Gandhi and the Congress Have Done to the Untouchables to the politics of
Dalit liberation.[citation needed]

However, it was in 1986 when
he declared his transition from a social worker to a politician by
stating that he was not going to work for/with any other organization
other than the BSP. During the meetings and seminars of the party, Ram
stated to ruling classes that if they promised to do something, it would
pay to keep the promise, or else just accept that they were not capable
of fulfilling their promises.[citation needed]

After forming BSP
Ram said the party would fight first election to lose, next to get
noticed and the third election to win.[18] In 1988 he contested
Allahabad seat up against a future Prime Minister V. P. Singh and
performed impressively but lost polling close to 70,000 votes.

He
unsuccessfully contested from East Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency) in
1989 and came at fourth position. Then he represented the 11th Lok Sabha
from Hoshiarpur,[20] Kanshiram was also elected as member of Lok Sabha
from Etawah in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001 he publicly announced Mayawati as
his successor.

In the late 1990s, Ram described the BJP as the
most corrupt (mahabrasht) party in India and the INC, Samajwadi Party
and Janata Dal as equally corrupt.

Proposed conversion to Buddhism


In 2002, Ram announced his intention to convert to Buddhism on 14
October 2006, the 50th anniversary of Ambedkar’s conversion. He intended
for 20,000,000 of his supporters to convert at the same time. Part of
the significance of this plan was that Ram’s followers include not only
untouchables, but persons from a variety of castes, who could
significantly broaden Buddhism’s support. However, he died on 9 October
2006.

Mayawati his successor said “Saheb Kanshi Ram and I had
decided that we will convert and adopt Buddhism when we will get
“absolute majority” at the Centre. We wanted to do this because we can
make a difference to the religion by taking along with us millions of
people. If we convert without power then only we too will be converting.
But when you have power you can really create a stir”.Death


Saheb was a diabetic. He suffered a heart attack in 1994, an arterial
clot in his brain in 1995, and a paralytic stroke in 2003.[25] He died
in New Delhi on 9 October 2006 of a severe heart attack at the age of
72. He had been virtually bed-ridden for more than two years. According
to his wishes, his funeral rites were performed according to Buddhist
tradition, with Mayawati lighting the pyre.His ashes were placed in an
urn and kept at Prerna Sthal, where many people paid their respects.


In his condolence message, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
described Ram as “one of the greatest social reformers of our time ..
his political ideas and movements had a significant impact on our
political evolution … He had a larger understanding of social change and
was able to unite various underprivileged sections of our society and
provide a political platform where their voices would be heard.” Under
Ram’s leadership, the BSP won 14 parliamentary seats in the 1999 federal
elections.

Bahujan Samaj PartyMayawatiBAMCEF

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/BAMCEF

BAMCEF
BAMCEF is an Indian charitable organization. It was founded in 1978 to
enlist the aid of the comparatively well-educated among the bahujans and
other communities of India who suffer discrimination. It has no
political or religious agenda, nor does it promote agitation to achieve
its goals.[6] BAMCEF is an acronym for “The All India Backward and
Minority Communities Employees Federation”. The term backward got its
significance from the Constitution of India, which divides the oppressed
and exploited Indians into categories on the basis of their
backwardness, namely: Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST),
Other Backward Classes (OBC) and Minority Communities.

BAMCEF
The All India Backward And Minority Communities Employees Federation
Formation
6 December 1978 (39 years ago)
Founder
Kanshi Ram
Founded at
BAMCEF Convention at New Delhi
Type
Social organization of educated employees[1]
Legal status
Active
Members
2 million[2]
President
Waman Meshram (Bharat Mukti Morcha faction[3])
B. D. Borkar (Mulnivasi Sangh faction[4][5])
Website
www.bamcef.info
www.bamcef.org.in
www.bamcef.co.in
bamcefmission.com
The origins of BAMCEF lie in an organisation for employees of repressed
communities that was established in 1971 by Kanshi Ram.[6] This became
BAMCEF at a convention held in Delhi in 1978, with an official launch on
6 December 1978, the anniversary of the death of B. R. Ambedkar.[7] The
ideology of BAMCEF is to fight the entrenched system of inequality that
divides Indian society, and to abolish the caste system.

History


As an employee of the Defence Research and Development Laboratory in
Pune, Kanshi Ram realized that the formation of a bahujan bureaucracy
was important to serve Dalits’ interests. He set about forming a
federation, through which he worked his way up the bureaucratic
hierarchy. By identifying a few zealous officers, he was able to
influence lower-ranked staff.

The motto of this organisation was
‘Payback to society’, to inspire the Dalit bureaucrats to do their bit
for the Dalit masses. In this way, a continuous supply of intellectual
property, money and talent was ensured. Ram did not want to make BAMCEF
an employees’ union. He wanted it to become an organisation of educated
Bahujan employees: “the think tank, talent bank, and financial bank of
the Bahujan samaj”.

BAMCEF raised funds to promote their agenda
and for training.Kanshi Ram appointed state-level conveners as well as
mandal conveners to act as links between state and district levels.[10]
Suryakant Waghmore says it appealed to “the class among the indigenous
moolnivasi bahujans that was comparatively well-off, mostly based in
urban areas and small towns working as government servants and partially
alienated from their untouchable identities”.

Others established
the Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti (DS4) in 1981. This
organization made an impact on people in North and South India. Later,
this group was led by Ishaan Singh Tomar. Before the formation of the
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), DS4 entered local elections in Delhi and
Haryana in the name of “Limited Political Action”. Later on, Ram
dissolved DS4 and formed BSP as a completely political wing.[12] This
caused strain within BAMCEF ranks.

In early 1986, BAMCEF split.
Kanshi Ram announced that he was no longer willing to work for any
organisation other than BSP. One element of BAMCEF, which was associated
with Kanshi Ram, became a shadow organisation to help BSP in electoral
mobilisation. Those remaining in BAMCEF after Ram’s departure registered
BAMCEF as an independent non-political organisation in 1987.


Khaparde was national president of BAMCEF from 1987 until his death on
29 February 2000. His successor was Waman Chindhuji Meshram.
Narendra Jadhav, Indian economist, writer and educationist
B. R. Ambedkar, jurist, economist, politician and social reformer


Gopal Baba WalangkarGrace Banu, Scheduled Caste and transgender
activist; first transgender in state of Tamil Nadu be admitted to an
engineering college

Nagraj Manjule, Marathi director
Pa.Ranjith,Flim writer,Director

Governance
Non-Inspirational Mis-LeaderRamnath Kovind,President of India K. R. Narayanan, former President of IndiaIns

pirational Leader

Mayawati, Four time Chief Minister of Uttar PradeshAshok Tanwar, President of Haryana Congress, former Member of Parliament

Non-Inspirational Mis-Leader
Ram Vilas Paswan, President of the Lok Janshakti Party, eight time member of Lok Sabha

B. Shyam Sunder, Founder of Bharatiya Bhim Sena


Damodaram Sanjivayya, First Scheduled Caste Chief Minister of an
Indian state(Andhra Pradesh), first SC President of Indian National
Congress party(1962)

Jagjivan Ram (1908–1986), First Labour
Minister of Independent India, former Deputy Prime Minister of
IndiaJignesh Mevani, Independent MLA from Vadgam Gujarat, youth movement
leader and activist

Meira Kumar, First woman Speaker of the Lok
Sabha (2009-2014), Daughter of Jagjivan Ram.Jogendra Nath Mandal, was
one of the central and leading Founding Fathers of modern state of
Pakistan, and legislator serving as country’s first minister of law and
labour, and also was second minister of commonwealth and Kashmir
affairs.Krishna Kumari Kohli, Member of Pakistan SenatRam Lal Rahi,
Minister of State for Home Affairs and Four times MP from Mishrikh in
Sitapur district.

Literature

Madara Chennaiah, the first
poet in the history of Vachana literature who was a cobbler.Namdeo
Dhasal, Marathi poet and writer from Maharashtra.Military

Immanuvel Devendrar

Madurai Veeran, a folk hero of Arunthathiyar origin.

Music

Sumeet Samos
Ginni Mahi

Amar Singh ChamkilaKanth Kaler
Religion and reform

Gallela Prasad, the fourth bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cuddapah, in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.

Marampudi Joji, the third Archbishop of Hyderabad.


Rettamalai Srinivasan, SC/ST Activist, politician, freedom fighter and
founder of Paraiyar Mahajana SabhaAyyankali, social reformer

Giani Ditt Singh, Started Singh Sabha Movement to bring SC/STs of Punjab to sikh-fold.

Bhagu, a devotee of Krishnakant Chouriya

Mangu Ram Mugowalia, started Ad-Dharmi movement

Ravidas, mystic poet-saInt of the bhakti movement


Iyothee Thass, a prominent anti-caste activist and a practitioner of
Siddha medicine, a publisher, and writer in Tamil, who is regarded as a
pioneer of the Buddhist movement in the Tamil region in the early
twentieth century.

Sports

Vithal Palwankar, Cricketer

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