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LESSONS 3345 Tue 5 May 2020 Tipitaka Chanting Free Online Research Paper on COVID-19 controversy Chanting for Protection from Covid-19| Chanted By Bhante Indarathana
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LESSONS 3345 Tue 5 May 2020
    Tipitaka Chanting

Free Online Research Paper on COVID-19 controversy
Chanting for Protection from Covid-19| Chanted By Bhante Indarathana

3.7K subscribers
Paritta chanting is the recital of some of the Sutras uttered by the
Buddha in the Pali language for the blessing and protection of human
beings from various calamities and dangers.
Listen or Chant together with devotion. Experienced healing and peace.
May all beings be free from danger and harm. may the world be free from COVID -19 pandemic.

Current World Population - COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:
1,203,487 who are well, happy and secure! They are calm, quiet, alert
and attentive with their wisdom, having an equanimity mind not reacting
to good and bad thoughts with a clear understanding that everything is

48,206,092 Births this year
231,412 Births today

20,238,073 Deaths this year

97,153 Deaths today

COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic
Last updated: May 05, 2020, 08:58 GMT



Coronavirus Cases:



Breaking News:
Major Cause of Death in CORONA is Thrombosis, Not Pneumonia !

 It seems that the disease is being attacked wrongly worldwide?

to autopsies performed by the Italians … it has been shown that it is
not pneumonia … but it is: disseminated intravascular coagulation

 Therefore, the way to fight it is with antibiotics, antivirals, anti-inflammatories and anticoagulants.

 The protocols are being changed here since noon!

 According to valuable information from Italian pathologists, ventilators and intensive care units were never needed.

 If this is true for all cases, we are about to resolve it earlier than expected.

 Important and new about Coranovirus:

 Around the world, COVID-19 is being attacked wrongly due to a serious pathophysiological diagnosis error.

 The impressive case of a Mexican family in the United States who claimed they were cured with a home remedy was documented:-
Three 500 mg Aspirins dissolved in lemon juice boiled with honey and taken hot.

 The next day they woke up as if nothing had happened to them!

Well, the scientific information that follows proves they are right!

 This information was released by a medical researcher from Italy:
to 50 autopsies performed on patients who died of COVID-19, Italian
pathologists have discovered that IT IS NOT PNEUMONIA, strictly
speaking, because the virus does not only kill pneumocytes of this type,
but uses an inflammatory storm to create an endothelial vascular

 As in disseminated intravascular coagulation, the
lung is the most affected because it is the most inflamed, but there is
also a heart attack, stroke and many other thromboembolic diseases.

 In fact, the protocols left antiviral therapies useless and focused on anti-inflammatory and anti-clotting therapies.

 These therapies should be done immediately, even at home, in which the treatment of patients responds very well.

 The later performed less effective.
 In resuscitation, they are almost useless.

 If the Chinese had denounced it, they would have invested in home therapy, not intensive care!


 So, the way to fight it is with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and anticoagulants.

Italian pathologist reports that the hospital in Bergamo did a total of
50 autopsies and one in Milan, 20, that is, the Italian series is the
highest in the world, the Chinese did only 3, which seems to fully
confirm the information.

 Previously, in a nutshell, the disease
is determined by a disseminated intravascular coagulation triggered by
the virus;  therefore, it is not pneumonia but pulmonary thrombosis, a
major diagnostic error.

 We doubled the number of resuscitation places in the ICU, with unnecessary exorbitant costs.

retrospect, we have to rethink those chest X-rays that were discussed a
month ago and were given as interstitial pneumonia;  in fact, it may be
entirely consistent with disseminated intravascular coagulation.

in ICUs is useless if thromboembolism is not resolved first.  If we
ventilate a lung where blood does not circulate, it is useless, in fact,
nine (9) patients out of ten (10) die.

 Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory.

 It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia, that determines mortality.

 Why thrombi are formed❓

inflammation, according to the literature, induces thrombosis through a
complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism.

what the scientific literature said, especially Chinese, until
mid-March was that anti-inflammatory drugs should not be used.

the therapy being used in Italy is with anti-inflammatories and
antibiotics, as in influenza, and the number of hospitalized patients
has been reduced.

 Many deaths, even in their 40s, had a history of fever for 10 to 15 days, which were not treated properly.

inflammation did a great deal of tissue damage and created ground for
thrombus formation, because the main problem is not the virus, but the
immune hyperreaction that destroys the cell where the virus is
installed.  In fact, patients with rheumatoid arthritis have never
needed to be admitted to the ICU because they are on corticosteroid
therapy, which is a great anti-inflammatory.

 This is the main
reason why hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and becoming a
treatable disease at home.  By treating her well at home, not only is
hospitalization avoided, but also the risk of thrombosis.

 It was not easy to understand, because the signs of microembolism disappeared!

this important discovery, it is possible to return to normal life and
open closed deals due to the quarantine, not immediately, but it is time
to publish this data, so that the health authorities of each country
make their respective analysis of this information and prevent further
deaths.  useless!

 The vaccine may come later.

 Now we can wait.
 In Italy, as of today, protocols are changing.

 According to valuable information from Italian pathologists, ventilators and intensive care units are not necessary.

 Therefore, we need to rethink investments to properly deal with this disease.

(Translation by automatic device).

Never take a risk with your health, the health of your wife,children, employees or colleagues.

Sniffling and wiping  nose,
prompted  to raise worries about the virus.

A person In a meeting and sitting
about eight feet away, died suddenly after testing positive
for COVID-19. His cause of death has not been publicly disclosed.

all the deaths whose have been supposedly tested positive for
COVID-19in the world were not made publicly disclosed even to their kith
and kin.

it’s not known
who got what from whom, whether the virus was even spread at the
meeting, or if one simply had a cold at that time, the case has shaken
the community show runny nose was listed as a symptom of COVID-19  and advises anyone feeling unwell to stay home.

Public Health also recognized a runny nose as a symptom of the virus as far back as January,

Premier compares symptoms to ‘loaded gun’
“It’s terrible what happened,” he said. “People make mistakes but folks, please, we’ve come so far.”
“Call your
public health, and if you really want to shame them, call the local
media,” the premier said. “It’s just being irresponsible. If you have
symptoms, it’s like walking around with a loaded gun in your hand.”
Councillor says he was told he was ‘no longer infectious’
his statement, Kore offers a timeline of events from the weeks in
question, starting with the council meeting, where he maintains he
followed physical distancing.

The councillor
says a public health nurse told him on April 13 that he had come into
contact with someone who had tested positive for the virus.

The councillor said he requested a test of his own at the time, but said the nurse told him it wasn’t necessary.
because given Kore’s symptoms, the fact he’d been in contact with a
confirmed case and the timeline involved, Kore was already considered a
case and steps including contact tracing would begin even without
testing, Hirji said in his statement.
The doctor would not confirm whether or not the person with COVID-19 that Kore had contact with was Ciolfi, citing privacy.

Kore says he approached his doctor and arranged for a test to take place
on April 17, adding the test was the only time he left self-isolation
since the 13th.
Confirmation he had tested positive came back on April 20, according to Kore.
that day I was informed by a nurse at Niagara Region Public Health …
that I was no longer infectious and she had: ‘verified with our medical
officer of health at Niagara Region Public Health Dr. Hirji that you can
resume your normal activities of work and do not need to
self-isolate,’” he said in the statement.
The advice Kore says he
was given appears to contradict the self-isolation directions on the
health unit’s website, which call for anyone with a lab-confirmed case
of the virus to isolate for a minimum of 14 days to stop the spread and
notes that for some that period may be much longer.

Asked why
Kore wasn’t directed to self-isolate, Hirji said the science behind
COVID-19 indicates the virus is only contagious for seven or eight days
after symptoms begin to show.

“Mr. Kore was advised that his
14-day period of isolation had already ended and that he was no longer
infectious,” said the doctor. “Therefore he was informed that he did not
need to isolate further.”

In his statement Kore went on to
encourage Niagara Region Public Health to release his correspondence
with them, saying he’s willing to waive his right to privacy in order to
“set the record straight.”

However, Hirji said nearly all of the
communication that took place happened by phone and that transcripts
and recordings weren’t created.

The councillor said despite what
health officials told him he will remain in quarantine for 14 days
following his positive test out of an “abundance of caution.”

Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article.…/put-some-mo…/article31507460.ece…

This is what has happened when there is no money in the hands of the
people because of the permanent curfew where the petty shops, small
eateries, no work for daily wagers etc., etc.,

Message from top cop of Bangalore which every one should read.


All of us whether in Cities or Towns, have to be aware of the situation.

From May 3rd if the permanent curfew is lifted partially fully, we
cannot put much pressure on our police department which had worked hard
day in and day out all these days.

The police force would be very tired and they also need to spend time with their families.

We need to be responsible citizens in following traffic rules and be proactive in protecting ourselves and our belongings.

As many out there, did not have much earnings all these days so there
might be a sudden spurt in incidents due to jobloss / effect on

1. People have to be very careful this includes people
at home, children, school and college going boys/girls, working

2. Do not wear costly watches.

3. Do not wear costly chains, bangles, ear rings be careful with your hand bags.

4. Men refrain wearing high end watches, costly bracelets and chains.

5. Do not use much of your mobile phones in the public. Try to minimise mobile use in public.

6. Do not entertain giving lift ride to any strangers.

7. Do not carry more than necessary money.

8. Keep your credit and debit cards safe while you are on the move.

9. Keep calling home every now and then to check upon your elders, wife and children’s welfare.

10. Instruct elders and people at home while attending a door bell keep
a safe distance from the main door, if possible keep the grill gates
locked not to go close to the grill to receive any parcels or letters.

11. Instruct children to return home early as much as possible.

12. Don’t take any secluded or short cuts roads to reach home, try and use maximum Main roads.

13. Youngsters when you are out keep an eye on your surroundings.

14. Always have an emergency number at hand.

15. Keep a safe distance from people.

16. Public mostly will be wearing mask.

17. Those who use cab services please share your trip details with you parents, siblings, relatives, friends or guardians.

18. Try and use Govt public transport system.

19. Avoid crowded buses.

20. While going for your daily walk try and go around 6.00 AM, in the
evening maximum finish by 8.00 PM use Main roads avoid empty streets.

20. Do not spend much time in malls, beach and parks.

21. If Children have to attend tuition classes let elders drop and pick up.

22. Do not leave any valuables in your vehicles.

This has to be followed at least for 3 months or till overall situation improves.

Share to all you CARE…

Request all authorities to issue a notification in the best interest of people of our Country.

Murderers of democratic institutions and masters of diluting
institutions (Modi), Bevakoof Jhoothe Psychopaths (BJP) BS Yediyurappa
who gobbled the Master Key by tampering the fraud EVMs/VVPATs and won
elections for remotely controlling intolerant, violent, ever shooting,
mob lynching, number one terrorists of the world foreigners thrown out
from Bene israel, Tibet, Africa, etc., chitpvan brahmins fo RSS
(Rowdy/Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks), Bhaskar Rao IPS Police Commissioner’s
Office - Bangalore BBMP Commissioner BBMP Mayor BBMP-Ward-Committee

WhatsApp is trying
to suppress freedom of expression. As the Media has become PRESSTITUTES
the social media is the only way to do that. Loyal users of Internet are
its owners. Ways will be found out when people are trying to supress
its scribes as once Napolean had sis ” I can face two battalions but not
two scribes”.
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Call for Papers

Paper Submission Deadline: May 31, 2020! | Submit paper

Call for Papers

4th Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2020

The 4th Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2020 provides a
forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and
discuss the most recent innovations, trends, experiences and concerns in
the field of computer science, software engineering, system
engineering, artificial informatics, statistics and computational

The conference will be organized in five main sections:

  • Software Engineering in Intelligent Systems
  • Cybernetics and Automation Control Theory
  • Econometrics
  • Mathematical Statistics in Applied Sciences
  • Computational Intelligence

Proceedings volumes:

  • Software Engineering Perspectives in Intelligent Systems
  • Intelligent Algorithms in Systems and Software

CoMeSySo is indexed in SCOPUS and Web of Science Core Collection - Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science.

Paper Submission Deadline: May 31, 2020
Paper Acceptance Notification Date: July 10, 2020
Final Camera Ready Submission Date: August 15, 2020
Registration and Fee Payment: August 15, 2020
Conference date: October 14, 2020 - October 16, 2020

4th Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2020 will be published
in the Springer Series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing -
ISSN 2194-5357. (Former Name: Advances in Soft Computing). This series
(proceedings) is indexed by all major indexing databases. For more
Information about the book series and about indexing visit Springer

The 4th Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2020 seeks for
high-quality, original papers that address the theory, design,
development and evaluation of ideas, tools, techniques, methodologies or
applications in the following topics:

Software Engineering in Intelligent Systems, Cybernetics and Automation
Control Theory, Econometrics, Mathematical Statistics in Applied
Sciences, Computational Intelligence, Adaptive and Self-Organizing
Systems, Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, Algorithms and Analysis of
Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Systems, Bioinformatics,
Brain-Computer Interface, Computational Biology, Computational
Linguistics, Computer Aided Design, Computer Architecture, Computer
Education, Computer Networks and Communications, Computer Vision,
Cryptography, Data Mining and Machine Learning, Data Science, Databases,
Digital Libraries, Distributed and Parallel Computing, Embedded
Computing, Emerging Technologies, Graphics, Human-Computer Interaction,
Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing, Multimedia, Natural Language and
Speech, Network Science and Online Social Networks, Operating Systems,
Optimization Theory and Computation, Programming Languages, Real-Time
and Embedded Systems, Robotics, Scientific Computing and Simulation,
Security and Privacy, Social Computing, Software Engineering, Spatial
and Geographic Information Systems, Theory and Formal Methods, Visual
Analytics, World Wide Web and Web Science.

Organizing Committee Chair:

Radek Silhavy, Ph.D.,


4th Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2020 is web-based
online event. We use a web-conference technology, which allows to all
participants to share their knowledge and ideas on-line. Therefore are
no travel costs or accommodation costs. Conference is supported and
organized by, which you may know as organizer of Computer
Science On-line Conference. See more information at Participation Description page.

Program Committee Chairs:

Petr Silhavy, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Department
of Computers and Communication Systems, Faculty of Applied Informatics,
Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Czech Republic

Radek Silhavy, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Department
of Computers and Communication Systems, Faculty of Applied Informatics,
Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Czech Republic

Zdenka Prokopova, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Department of Computers and Communication Systems, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Czech Republic

Krzysztof Okarma, Ph.D., DSc, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland.

Prof. Roman Prokop, Ph.D., Professor at Department of Mathematics, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Czech Republic

Prof. Viacheslav Zelentsov, Doctor of Engineering
Sciences, Chief Researcher of St.Petersburg Institute for Informatics
and Automation of Russian Academy of Sciences (SPIIRAS), Russian

Prof. Lipo WANG, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Silvie Belaskova, Head of Biostatistics, St. Anne’s University Hospital Brno, International Clinical Research Center, Czech Republic

Roman Tsarev, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Informatics, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

International Program Committee Members:

Pasi Luukka, D.Sc. President of North European Society
for Adaptive and Intelligent Systems & School of Business and School
of Engineering Sciences Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland

Ondrej Blaha, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans, New Orleans, United States of America

Izabela Jonek-Kowalska, PhD, Faculty of Organization and Management, The Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Maciej Majewski, Ph.D., D.Sc., Department of Engineering of Technical and Informatic Systems, Koszalin University of Technology, Koszalin, Poland

Alena Vagaska, Ph.D., Department of Mathematics,
Informatics and Cybernetics, Faculty of Manufacturing Technologies,
Technical University of Kosice, Slovak Republic

Boguslaw Cyganek, Ph.D., DSc, Department of Computer Science, University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland.

Piotr Lech. Ph. D., Faculty of Electrical Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland.

Monika Bakosova, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Institute
of Information Engineering, Automation and Mathematics, Slovak
University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

Pavel Vaclavek, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic.

Miroslaw Ochodek, Ph.D., Faculty of Computing, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland.

Olga Brovkina, Ph.D., Global Change Research Centre Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic.

Elarbi Badidi, Ph.D., College of Information Technology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Gopal Sakarkar, Shri. Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Republic of India.

V. V. Krishna Maddinala, Assistant Professor, GD Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Republic of India.

Anand N Khobragade, Scientist, Maharashtra Remote Sensing Applications Centre, Republic of India.

Abdallah Handoura, Assistant Prof, Computer and Communication Laboratory,Telecom Bretagne - France

Paper Submission Instructions and Submission Process:

Authors will prepare a full conference paper following the structure:
Introduction – Methods – Results - Discussions
It is a condition of publication that all papers must be written in
clear and grammatically correct English. Prior to submitting your paper,
please follow the instructions in this instruction. For your paper
preparation, you have to follow Springer templates:
Corresponding authors will log into their account to upload the
camera-ready version of their paper + copyright form (consent to
publish), if the paper is accepted
At least two reviewers will evaluate the submission in a blind-peer
review. Authors will be informed by e-mail about the review results.
Corresponding authors will pay a conference fee. The payment process is
described here: Payment Description page.
All documents can be found in the Download section too.

Conference fees:

EUR 370,- per accepted paper. Conference fee incl. Springer conference
A note to our readers about COVID-19:

As the COVID-19 situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about
all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic… Read more

Writing the introduction and body of a paper is a big accomplishment,
but you still need to write your conclusion. Writing a conclusion can
feel difficult, but it’s easier if you plan ahead. First, format your
conclusion by revisiting your thesis, summarizing your arguments, and
making a final statement. Then, re-read and revise your conclusion to
make it effective.

Part 1

Formatting Your Conclusion

  1. 1
    Begin a conclusion by revisiting your thesis to show how you proved it.
    Explain how you demonstrated your thesis, as well as what the reader
    should take from your paper. By reminding your reader of the ideas you
    expressed in your thesis, you can more effectively show how your points
    and evidence support your thesis.[1]

    • Let’s say your thesis reads, “Allowing students to visit the library
      during lunch improves campus life and supports academic achievement
      because it encourages reading, allows students to start assignments
      early, and provides a refuge for students who eat alone.”
    • You might restate it as, “Evidence shows students who have access to
      their school’s library during lunch check out more books and are more
      likely to complete their homework; additionally, students aren’t forced
      to eat alone.”

  2. 2
    Summarize your argument in 1-2 sentences. These
    sentences should pull together all of your points and evidence for your
    reader. Don’t simply list your reasons or the evidence you provided.
    Instead, explain how your evidence works together to support your

    • You might write, “According to data, students checked out more books
      when they were allowed to visit their library during lunch, used that
      time to do research and ask for help with homework, and reported feeling
      less alone at lunch time. This shows that opening up the library during
      lunch can improve student life and academic performance.”
    • If you’re writing an argument essay, address the opposing argument,
      as well. You might write, “Although administrators worry that students
      will walk the halls instead of going to the library, schools that allow
      students into the library during lunch reported less behavioral issues
      during lunch than schools that don’t allow students in the library. Data
      show that students were spending that time checking out more books and
      working on homework assignments.”[3]

  3. 3
    End your paper with a statement that makes your reader think.
    Consider how you want your reader to feel after they finish reading
    your paper. This is the feeling you want to create in your reader when
    they read the last sentence of your paper. Here are some techniques you
    can use to create this feeling:[4]

    • Call your reader to action. For example, “By working with school
      administrators, Greenlawn ISD can increase academic achievement by
      letting students use the library during lunch.”
    • End with a warning. You might write, “If students aren’t allowed
      to use the library during lunch, they are missing out on a valuable
      learning opportunity they’ll never get back.”
    • Evoke an image. Write, “Next year, students at Greenlawn could be gathered around a table in the library reading or broadening their minds.”
    • Compare your topic to something universal to help your reader relate.
      You might write, “Everyone knows how stressful it is to have a planner
      full of assignments, so having extra time to work on them during lunch
      would be a great relief to many students.”
    • Show why the issue is significant. Write, “Giving students more
      time to spend in the library will help them become more comfortable
      spending time there, which also helps the library’s mission.”
    • Predict what would happen if your ideas are implemented. Say,
      “Next year, students at Greenlawn could increase their academic
      achievements, but results will only happen if they can use the library
      during lunch.”
    • End with a compelling quote. For instance, “As author Roald Dahl once said, ‘If you are going to get anywhere in life, you have to read a lot of books.’”

  4. 4
    Talk to your instructor if you have questions about the assignment.
    You might be writing a conclusion for a unique type of paper, such as a
    post-experiment report. If this is the case, your instructor or
    assignment sheet might provide you with different formatting
    instructions. Always follow the instructions provided by your instructor
    so you can receive full credit for your work.[5]

    • You could also ask your instructor if you can see an example of a
      well-written conclusion to give you an idea about what they expect you
      to write.

Part 2

Drafting an Effective Conclusion

  1. 1
    Avoid using introductory phrases like “in conclusion.
    It’s tempting to start off your conclusion this way, but it’s a big
    turn off to readers when you use cliches like this. You don’t need to
    use any special words to begin your conclusion.
    • If you want to use an introductory phrase, use a stronger one like
      “based on the evidence” or “ultimately.” You might also begin your first
      sentence with a word like “although,” “while,” or “since.”[6]
    • Additionally, avoid “to conclude,” “in summary,” or “in closing.”

  2. 2
    Model your conclusion based on your introduction.
    Your conclusion will be different from your introduction, but they will
    share certain features. For example, you’ll end your introduction with
    your thesis statement and begin your conclusion by revisiting that
    thesis. Additionally, your conclusion can refer back to the ideas and
    information you presented in your introduction, which brings your paper

    • For example, you may have opened your introduction with an
      anecdote, quote, or image. Bring it back up in your conclusion.
      Similarly, if you opened with a rhetorical question, you might offer a
      potential answer in your conclusion.

  3. 3
    Include all of your points in your summary, rather than focusing on one.
    You might make the common mistake of only discussing your most
    persuasive point or the last point you made. However, this can undermine
    your argument as a whole. It’s better to provide an overview of how
    your points come together to support your ideas than to give your reader
    a thorough review of your strongest point.[8]

    • For example, you wouldn’t want to end your essay about allowing
      students to use the library during lunch by stating, “As the evidence
      shows, using the library at lunch is a great way to improve student
      performance because they are more likely to do their homework. On a
      survey, students reported using the library to do research, ask homework
      questions, and finish their assignments early.” This leaves out your
      points about students reading more and having a place to spend their
      lunch period if they don’t like eating in the cafeteria.

  4. 4
    Make sure you don’t introduce any new information.
    Conclusions are tricky because you don’t want to simply repeat yourself,
    but you also shouldn’t say anything new. Read over what you’ve written
    to check that you haven’t introduced a new point, added new evidence, or
    tacked on extra information. Everything in your conclusion must be
    discussed in the introduction or body of your paper.[9]

    • If you have introduced something you think is really important
      for your paper, go back through the body paragraphs and look for
      somewhere to add it. It’s better to leave it out of the paper than to
      include it in the conclusion.

  5. 5
    Proofread and revise your conclusion before turning in your paper.
    Set aside your paper for at least a few hours. Then, re-read what
    you’ve written. Look for typos, misspelled words, incorrectly used
    words, and other errors. Additionally, check that what you’ve written
    makes sense and accurately reflects your paper.[10]

    • If something doesn’t make sense or your conclusion seems incomplete, revise your conclusion so that your ideas are clear.
    • It’s helpful to read your entire paper as a whole to make sure it all comes together.

Community Q&A

  • Question
    How do I conclude an argumentative essay?
    wikiHow Staff Editor
    Staff Answer
    You can use the same format
    discussed in this article. After you restate your thesis, make sure you
    include your concession and counterargument, then summarize your
    remaining arguments. Finally, write the final statement of your paper.
    See the example in this article.
  • Question
    How do I write a conclusion at the end of a science experiment?
    wikiHow Staff Editor
    Staff Answer
    You can follow the same formatting
    as you use for a paper for English class. Just make sure you use concise
    language that gets directly to the point in summarizing your
    hypothesis, results, and conclusions. It’s a good idea to talk to your
    instructor to check if they have specific formatting requirements. They
    may even provide you with a sample of a successful conclusion.
  • Question
    How do I write a conclusion about a famous person?
    Community Answer
    It depends on whether you’re
    writing about that person in general or a specific period in their life.
    If you’re writing about their life, you could give a very brief
    overview from their humble beginnings to their biggest accomplishments.
    If you’re writing about a specific period or event, focus on why that
    event was important. Remember, a conclusion is just meant to be a short
    but strong summation.
  • Question
    How do I write a four to six sentence conclusion on a five paragraph essay?
    Community Answer
    Repeat your three main points and say something to leave the reader thinking.
  • Question
    How do I write an essay’s conclusion?
    Community Answer
    Sum up your paper. Restate the
    thesis and the topic. Find a way to bring your hook back into play. Try
    to answer your hook. Bring back your major points. Make it short.
  • Question
    How do I write a conclusion for a short essay?
    Community Answer
    Avoid repeating things you already stated in the essay, and instead use the conclusion as a space to make your final argument.
  • Question
    How can I write a conclusion on a clean and green city?
    Community Answer
    Read over what you have written in your essay and summarize the point you are trying to make in a short and snappy paragraph.
  • Question
    Do I have to write a conclusion at the end of an essay?
    Community Answer
    Yes, you need a conclusion because it wraps up your essay.
  • Question
    How do I write the introduction of a conclusion?
    Community Answer
    Make a subtle change of topic! For
    example: Let’s say you are writing a report about how drugs affect you,
    and you just finished a section about how it makes you look. You can
    subtly change the topic by saying, “Drugs don’t make your body look
    healthy, nor are they good for you.” Just like that you have an
    introduction to your conclusion. Once that sentence is done, you can
    just summarize the rest!
  • Question
    How do I write a conclusion in a report?
    Community Answer
    Sum up all of your main points. Be
    sure to include everything, and try not to sound too repetitive. For
    example, don’t just copy down your main points word for word- try using
    different syntax to put emphasis on your writing.

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Unanswered Questions
  • How do I write a conclusion to a digital ethics essay?
  • How do I write a conclusion for a history paper?
  • What are five important guidelines for justifying a conclusion?
  • How long should a conclusion report for a 5 month scientific internship typically be?
  • How can I conclude a business plan?

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  • Make sure you aren’t simply repeating what you’ve written
    earlier. While you want to restate your ideas, present them in a new way
    for the reader.
  • Don’t write your conclusion until you’ve written the entire
    paper. It’ll be much easier to come up with your concluding thoughts
    after the body of the paper is written.
  • Don’t put any evidence or statistics in your conclusion. This information belongs in the body of your paper.[11]
  • Proofread your paper by reading it aloud. This can help you find grammatical errors, as well as awkward passages or repetition.


  • Never copy someone else’s words or ideas without giving them
    credit, as this is plagiarism. If you are caught plagiarizing part of
    your paper, even just the conclusion, you’ll likely face severe academic
  • Don’t express any doubts you may have about your ideas or arguments. Whenever you share your ideas, assume the role of expert.[12]

About This Article

Adjunct Assistant Professor of English

This article was co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD. Christopher
Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community
College in Texas. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval
Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014.
94 votes - 77%

Co-authors: 27
Updated: April 22, 2019

Views: 304,094
Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 304,094 times.

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