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List of Buddhist temples
Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA
Posted by: site admin @ 3:51 am







List of Buddhist temples



Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, India was the place of Buddha’s Enlightenment.


Ancient Buddhist monasteries near Dhamekh Stupa Monument Site at Sarnath, India where Buddha delivered his first teaching.


The Parinirvana Temple with the Parinirvana Stupa at Kushinagar, India where Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death

This is a list of Buddhist temples, monasteries, stupas, and pagodas for which there are Wikipedia articles, sorted by location.

AustraliaAustralian Capital Territory
New South Wales
Queensland
South Australia
Victoria
Western Australia
Bangladesh
Bhutan


Paro Taktsang (Tiger’s Nest)
Bumthang
  • Kurjey Lhakhang - one of Bhutan’s most sacred temples - image of Guru Rinopche enshrined in rock.
Paro
  • Rinpung Dzong
  • Paro Taktsang (Tiger’s Nest) - perched on a 1,200 meter cliff, this is one of Bhutan’s most spectacular monasteries.
Punakha
Phobjika
Thimphu
Cambodia


Prasat Angkor Wat


Wat Preah Keo Morokot


Wat Phnom.
Angkor
Kampong Thom
Phnom Penh
Pursat
CanadaBritish Columbia


Monastère Bouddhiste de Tam Bao Son, Canton d’Harrington, Laurentides, Québec
Nova Scotia
Ontario
QuebecPeople’s Republic of China


The Tianning Pagoda in Beijing, built around 1120.


The Putuo Zongcheng Temple in Hebei, represents a fusion of Chinese and Tibetan architectural style.


Tianning Temple (Changzhou) in Jiangsu - the tallest pagoda and the tallest wooden structure in the world.[1]


Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, Xi’an, Shaanxi province.


Golden Temple (Chinese Buddhist) at the summit of Emei Shan, in Sichuan. Emei Shan is one of the Four Sacred Mountains of Chinese Buddhism.


The Three Pagodas of Chong Sheng Temple, Dali City, Yunnan.
Anhui
Beijing
Fujian
Guangdong
Hainan
Hebei
Henan
Hohhot
Hubei
Hong Kong
Jiangsu
Jiangxi
Ningxia
Quanzhou
Shaanxi
Shandong
Shanghai
Shanxi
Sichuan
Tibet Autonomous Region


The Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet.
Yunnan
Zhejiang
Europe


The Pagode de Vincennes, originally the Cameroon Pavilion of the 1931 Paris Colonial Exposition.


Das Buddhistische Haus in Berlin - the oldest Buddhist temple in Europe.


The main stupa at Samyé Ling monastery in Scotland
Denmark
England
France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
The Netherlands Poland
Scotland
Slovakia
  • Buddhist Temple of Dzogchen Community Wangdenling
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
IndiaAndhra Pradesh


Buddhist Monastery Remnants, Ramatheertham, Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Bihar
Goa

Buddhist caves exist in following places in Goa:

Buddha
idols have been found in several places, and some temples, some are
still in worship and are considered now as Hindu gods. Monasteries used
to exist in many places, and it can be seen from the names of the modern
villages. For example, Viharas have been found in modern Divachali or ancient Dipakavishaya, Lamgaon or ancient Lamagrama and many other places.

Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Karnataka
Kerala
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra


Deekshabhoomi, Buddhism revival place in India
Orissa


Dhauli, Orissa
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal
Indonesia


Candi Banyunibo located in a paddy field southeast of Ratu Boko
Sumatra
West Java
Central Java
East Java
Bali
Israel
Japan Fukui
Fukuoka
Gifu
Hiroshima
Hyōgo
Iwate
Kagawa


Zentsū-ji (Kūkai’s birthplace)
Kanagawa
Kyoto


Kinkaku-ji (Rinzai-Shōkoku-ji sect), the Temple of the Golden Pavilion, located in Kyoto. It was built in Muromachi period.
Miyagi
Nagano
Nagasaki
Nara


Tōdai-ji’s Daibutsu in Nara, Nara
Osaka
  • Shitennō-ji (the first Buddhist and oldest officially administered temple in Japan)
Saitama
Shiga


Konpon Chū-dō of Enryakuji in Ōtsu, Shiga
Shizuoka
Tochigi
Tokyo


Danjogaran of Mount Kōya

Sensō-ji (Temple complex)

Toyama
Wakayama


Danjogaran of Mount Kōya
Yamagata
Yamaguchi
Yamanashi
Laos


Pha That Luang
Vientiane
Luang Phrabang
Malaysia


Kek Lok Si Temple, Penang.


Sri Lanka Buddhist Temple (from Lorong Timur), Sentul, Kuala Lumpur


Puu Jih Shih Temple, Sandakan, Sabah.
Kuala Lumpur
Malacca
Penang
Kelantan
Perak
Pahang
Sabah
Mongolia


Golden Temple at Gandan Monastery in Ulan Bator.
Ulaanbaatar
Övörkhangai
Selenge
Myanmar


Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon - the most revered pagoda in Myanmar.


Ancient pagodas are built in the Mon style, Bagan.


Dhammayangyi Temple - a pyramid-shaped Buddhist temple.
Yangon Region
Yangon (Rangoon)
Mandalay Region
Bagan (Pagan)
Mandalay
Rakhine State
Bago Region
Bago
Pyay
Mon State
Shan State
Nepal


The Great Drigung Kagyud Lotus Stupa in Lumbini, Nepal
Kapilbastu District
Kathmandu District
Mustang District
Rupandehi District
  • Lumbini, birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha
New Zealand
PhilippinesDavao
Metro Manila
Russia
Singapore


Modern architecture of the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum in Singapore.
South Africa
South Korea Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon
North Chungcheong
South Chungcheong
North Gyeongsang
South Gyeongsang
North Jeolla
North Pyeongan
South Jeolla
Daejeon
Sri Lanka


Dambulla Golden Cave Temple


Mahiyangana Dagoba
Ampara
Anuradhapura
Badulla
Balapitiya
Colombo
Dambulla
Hambantota
Jaffna
Kandy
Kalutara
Kelaniya
Kurunegala
Madampe
Mahiyanganaya
Matale
Polgahawela
Polonnaruwa
Trincomalee
Taiwan


Fo Guang Shan Buddha Memorial Center, Taiwan.
Tanzania
Thailand


Wat Traimit contains Golden Buddha - the world’s largest solid gold statue.
Ayutthaya
Bangkok
Chiang Mai
Chiang Rai

Content from Wikipedia Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Pagoda


Pagoda



Bird’s eye view of the Patan Durbar Square’s pagoda temple of Nepal. It has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


Great Wild Goose Pagoda of Xi’an in China, built in the 7th century, made of brick.


Seokgatap of Bulguksa
in South Korea, built in the 8th century, made of granite. In 1966, the
Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra, the oldest extant woodblock print
and several other treasures were found in the second story of this
pagoda.

A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia[1][2] and further developed in East Asia or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka and other parts of Asia. Some pagodas are used as Taoist houses of worship. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist, and were often located in or near viharas. In some countries, the term may refer to other religious structures. In Vietnam and Cambodia, due to French translation, the English term pagoda is a more generic term referring to a place of worship,
although pagoda is not an accurate word to describe a Buddhist vihara.
The modern pagoda is an evolution of the stupa which originated in ancient India.[3][4][1] Stupas are a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept safe and venerated.[5]
The architectural structure of the stupa has spread across Asia, taking
on many diverse forms as details specific to different regions are
incorporated into the overall design.

Etymology

One proposed etymology is from a South Chinese pronunciation of the term for an eight-cornered tower, Chinese: 八角塔, and reinforced by the name of a famous pagoda encountered by many early European visitors to China, the “Pázhōu tǎ” (Chinese: 琶洲塔), standing just south of Guangzhou at Whampoa Anchorage.[6] Another proposed etymology is Persian butkada, from but, “idol” and kada, “temple, dwelling.”[7]

Another etymology, found in many English language dictionaries, is modern English pagoda from Portuguese (via Dravidian), from Sanskrit bhagavati, feminine of bhagavat, “blessed”, from bhag, “good fortune”.

Yet
another etymology of pagoda is from the Sinhala word dāgaba which is
derived from Sanskrit dhātugarbha or Pali dhātugabbha: “relic
womb/chamber” or “reliquary shrine”, i.e. a stupa, by way of Portuguese.
[8]

History


Kek Lok Si pagoda tiers labelled with their architectural styles

The origin of the pagoda can be traced to the stupa (3rd century BCE).[9] The stupa, a dome shaped monument, was used as a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics.[9] In East Asia, the architecture of Chinese towers and Chinese pavilions
blended into pagoda architecture, eventually also spreading to
Southeast Asia. The pagoda’s original purpose was to house relics and
sacred writings.[10] This purpose was popularized due to the efforts of Buddhist missionaries, pilgrims, rulers, and ordinary devotees to seek out, distribute, and extol Buddhist relics.[11]

On the other side, the stupa emerged as a distinctive style of Newa architecture of Nepal and was adopted in Southeast and East Asia. Nepali architect Araniko visited China and shared his skills to build stupa buildings in China.[12][13]

These buildings (pagoda, stupa) became prominent as Buddhist monuments used for enshrining sacred relics.[9]

Symbolism

Chinese iconography is noticeable in Chinese pagoda as well as other East Asian pagoda architectures. The image of Gautama Buddha in the abhaya mudrā is also noticeable in some Pagodas. Buddhist iconography can be observed throughout the pagoda symbolism.[14]

In an article on Buddhist elements in Han dynasty art, Wu Hung suggests that in these tombs, Buddhist symbolism was so well-incorporated into native Chinese traditions that a unique system of symbolism had been developed.[15]

Architecture

Pagodas attract lightning strikes because of their height. Many pagodas have a decorated finial
at the top of the structure, and when made of metal, this finial,
sometimes referred to as a “demon-arrester”, can function as a lightning
rod. Also Pagodas come in many different sizes, as some may be small
and others may be large.
[16]

Pagodas traditionally have an odd number of levels, a notable exception being the eighteenth century pagoda designed by Sir William Chambers at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.

The pagodas in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia are very different from Chinese and Japanese pagodas. Pagodas in those countries are derived from Dravidian architecture.[17]

Some notable pagodas

Tiered towers with multiple eaves:

Stupas called “pagodas”:

Places called “pagoda” but which are not tiered structures with multiple eaves:

Structures that evoke pagoda architecture:

Structures not generally thought of as pagodas, but which have some pagoda-like characteristics:

See also
Notes
  1. “The Origin of Pagodas”. China.org.cn. 2002-09-19. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  2. “Pagoda”. Webpages.uidaho.edu. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  3. “DEVELOPMENT OF STUPA ARCHITECTURE IN INDIA” (PDF). Shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  4. “The stupa (article)”. Khan Academy. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  5. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press
  6. Chinese
    Origin of the Term Pagoda: Liang Sicheng’s Proposed Etymology Authors:
    David Robbins Tien, Gerald Leonard Cohen Publication: Arts, Languages
    and Philosophy Faculty Research & Creative Works DownloadTien, D.
    R., & Cohen, G. L. (2017) http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/artlan_phil_facwork. David Robbins Tien. Comments on Etymology, October 2014, Vol.44, no. 1, pp. 2–6.
  7. Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Second Edition. Random House, New York, 1993.
  8. Hobson-Jobson:
    The Anglo-Indian Dictionary by Henry Yule & Arthur Coke Burnell,
    first printed 1896, reprinted by Wordsworth Editions, 1996, p. 291.
    Online Etymology Dictionary by Douglas Harper, s.v. pagoda, at http://www.etymonline.com/ (Accessed 29 April 2016)
  9. Editors, The (2012-01-26). “pagoda | architecture”. Britannica.com. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  10. A World History of Architecture. Michael W. Fazio, Marian Moffett, Lawrence Wodehouse. Published 2003. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-141751-6.
  11. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09676-7.
  12. “Nepal, China commemorate 57-year-long friendship - China News”. SINA English. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  13. The Evolution of Indian Stupa Architecture in East Asia. Eric Stratton. New Delhi, Vedams, 2002, viii, ISBN 81-7936-006-7
  14. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09676-7. page 83
  15. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09676-7. page 84
  16. Terry, T. Philip (1914). Terry’s Japanese Empire. Houghton Mifflin. p. 257.
  17. Chihara, Daigorō (1996). Hindu-Buddhist Architecture in Southeast Asia. BRILL. p. 28. ISBN 90-04-10512-3.
  18. [1]
References
  • The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. John Kieschnick. Published 2003. Princeton University Press . ISBN 0-691-09676-7.
  • A World History of Architecture. Michael W. Fazio, Marian Moffett, Lawrence Wodehouse. Published 2003. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-141751-6.
  • Psycho-cosmic symbolism of the Buddhist stupa. A. B. Govinda. 1976, Emeryville, California. Dharma Publications.
External links

Buddha
https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=China+Pavilion+at+Epcot

China Pavilion at Epcot

The China Pavilion is a Chinese-themed pavilion that is part of the World Showcase within Epcot at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida, United States. Its location is between the Norwegian and German pavilions.[1]

Layout

Visitors enter the China Pavilion through a large Chinese gate. The courtyard is dominated by a replica of the Temple of Heaven, which contains the entrance to “Reflections of China“,
a Circle-Vision 360° movie exploring China’s history and scenery, as
well as a museum containing several ancient Chinese artifacts. The
courtyard is bordered by shops selling Chinese merchandise, and two
Chinese restaurants.[2] The pavilion is decorated with ponds, crossed by bridges. Chinese acrobats also perform frequently in the pavilion.[3]

The pavilion served as the backdrop for the music video of the song “Reflection“, performed by a then-unknown Christina Aguilera, from the 1998 Disney film Mulan.[4]

Attractions and servicesAttractions

Shopping

  • Good Fortune Gifts, sells a variety of items including parasols, puppets, and toys.
  • House of Good Fortune, sells items such as housewares, tea sets, wall prints, silk robes, and porcelain goods.

Dining

  • Nine Dragons Restaurant, a full-service gourmet Chinese restaurant featuring traditional Chinese cuisine with a twist.
  • Lotus Blossom Cafe, a counter-service restaurant that serves well-known American-Chinese dishes.

Live entertainment

  • Dragon Legend Acrobats, a team of young acrobats who perform feats in the outdoor courtyard.

Character Meet & Greets

Gallery

References

  1. China in Epcot. All Ears. Accessed March 31, 2012.
  2. “360 Degrees of China”. Today at Disney. May 22, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  • China - Epcot World Showcase. WDW Info. Accessed March 31, 2012.
  • B, Erin (July 16, 2013). “Epcot World Showcase Best Kept Secrets – China”. Chip & Company. Retrieved December 29, 2017.








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    revolving globe

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    Animated stereoview of old Japan  --Animated stereoview of old Japan  --


     

    http://buddhadharmaobfinternational.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/daisy991.gifhttp://buddhadharmaobfinternational.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/lotus1.gif





    1) BUDDHIST MEDITATION


    Zen Meditation (Zazen)




    Bodhi leaf

    Vipassana Meditation

    Mindfulness Meditationhttps://67.media.tumblr.com/ba13c508cf5b31cc4e81e1336d3a5698/tumblr_inline_o3y6y7pdwS1r1aqjj_540.gif


    of meditation.

    Loving Kindness Meditation (Metta Meditation)



    Ambedkar Periyar Study  Circle

    visual-content-statistics.jpeg

    http://www.engadget.com/2016/03/15/giphy-wants-to-be-the-netflix-of-gifs/



    https://45.media.tumblr.com/947ce94ffe7923653d5d5ac9f60c544e/tumblr_o0zjq4XKIE1ss46elo1_500.gif
    Fish

    Dancing Spider-Man
    Dancing Spider-Man
    Dancing Spider-Man
    Dancing Spider-Man
    Dancing Spider-Man












    iOS Web App

    This
    is a work in progress. The Tipiṭaka (Mūla) is available for all the
    scripts, and the Aṭṭhakathā is available for the Roman script.

    To install the Pāḷi Tipiṭaka web app on your iPhone, iPod Touch, or iPad go to tipitaka.org/ios, and then follow the steps below for iPhone & iPod Touch and iPad.

    iPad
    Click on the icon at the top of the screen as shown below.

    Click on the “Add to Home Screen” button.

    Click on the “Add” button.

    The Pāḷi Tipiṭaka icon will now appear on your iPad’s home screen. 


    iPhone & iPod Touch
    Click on the icon at the bottom center of the screen as shown below.

    Click on the “Add to Home Screen” button.

    Click on the “Add” button.

    The Pāḷi Tipiṭaka icon will now appear on your iPhone’s or iPod Touch’s home screen. 


    Tipiṭaka Scripts 
    Cyrillic Web
    Devanagari Web | PDF
    Gujarati Web
    Kannada Web
    Malayalam Web
    Roman Web | PDF
    Tamil Web
    Telugu Web
    Other Scripts 
    (Bengali, Gurmukhi, Khmer, Myanmar, Sinhala, Thai, Tibetan) 


  • Magadhi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)

  • [1]

  • https://www.prabhatkhabar.com/news/ranchi/jharkhand-raghubar-das-cabinet-decision-maithili-bhojpuri-angika-magahi-second-language/1135878.html

  • Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). “Magahi”. Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

  • “How a Bihari lost his mother tongue to Hindi”.

  • Frawley, William (2003-05). International Encyclopedia of Linguistics: 4-Volume Set. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 9780195139778. Check date values in: |date= (help)

  • “History of Indian Languages”. Diehardindian.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-29.

  • Verma, Mahandra K. “Language Endangerment and Indian languages : An exploration and a critique”. Linguistic Structure and Language Dynamics in South Asia.

  • Jain Dhanesh, Cardona George, The Indo-Aryan Languages, pp449

  • P. 23 The legends and theories of the Buddhists compared with history and science … By Robert Spence Hardy

  • Maitra Asim, Magahi Culture, Cosmo Publications, New Delhi (1983), pp. 64

  • “Maithili and Magahi”. Retrieved 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

  • Brass Paul R., The Politics of India Since Independence, Cambridge University Press, pp. 183

  • Jain Dhanesh, Cardona George, The Indo-Aryan Languages, pp500

  • मृत्युंजय कुमार. “मागधी”. Magadhee.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29.

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