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𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4037 Wed 21 𝓙ð“ūð“ĩ 2021 Friends https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbDNlTXatp4 30) Classical English,Roman, 𝓓ð“ļ 𝓖ð“ļð“ļ𝓭 𝓟ð“ūð“ŧð“ēð“Ŋ𝔂 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭 ð“ð“―ð“―ð“Šð“ē𝓷 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞 𝓞ð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓎ð“ļð“ķð“Ū ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“žð“― 𝓘ð“ĩð“ĩ𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 - 𝓑ð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Š. 𝓖ð“ēð“ŋð“Ū 𝓊 𝓜ð“ē𝓞𝓞ð“Ū𝓭 𝓒𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“―ð“ļ 8800662528 ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“Ąð“Ū𝓰ð“ēð“žð“―ð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷 ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ŧð“Ū ð“đ𝓊ð“ŧð“― ð“ļð“Ŋ ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧ𝓰ð“Ūð“žð“― 𝓚ð“ūð“žð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ŧ𝓊 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 ð“ŧð“Ū𝓎ð“ĩð“ē𝓷ð“ē𝓷𝓰 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“īð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓭 𝓞𝓷ð“Ū 𝔀ð“ēð“―ð“ą 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 ð“Ī𝓷ð“ēð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞ð“Ū ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“Ķð“Ūð“ĩð“Ŋ𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū, 𝓗𝓊ð“đð“đð“ē𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓟ð“Ū𝓊𝓎ð“Ū ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“Ēð“ļ𝓎ð“ēð“Ūð“―ð“ēð“Ū𝓞 ð“Ŧ𝔂 3-12-2021 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ūð“ķ ð“―ð“ļ ð“Šð“―ð“―ð“Šð“ē𝓷 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞 𝓊𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“Ūð“ēð“ŧ 𝓕ð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓖ð“ļ𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓐𝓎𝓎ð“ļð“ŧ𝓭ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“―ð“ļ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“Ī𝓷ð“ēð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞ð“ēð“―ð”‚ ð“ļð“Ŋ ð“Ēð“ē𝓷𝓰𝓊ð“đð“ļð“ŧð“Ū 𝓞ð“ūð“ŧð“ŋð“Ū𝔂/ð“ŧð“Ūð“ŋð“ēð“Ū𝔀 ð“Ŧ𝓊𝓞ð“Ū𝓭 ð“ļ𝓷 131 𝓎ð“ļð“ūð“·ð“―ð“ŧð“ēð“Ū𝓞. 𝓕ð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓙ð“ū𝓷ð“Ū 18, 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“ĩ𝓭 𝔀ð“ēð“ĩð“ĩ ð“Ŧð“Ū 100% ð“Ŋð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“ąð“Šð“đð“đ𝔂 ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓓ð“Ū𝓎ð“Ūð“ķð“Ŧð“Ūð“ŧ 8ð“―ð“ą. ð“Ģð“ąð“Ūð“ēð“ŧ ð“đð“ŧð“Ū𝓭ð“ēð“Žð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓞 𝓊ð“Ŧð“ļð“ūð“― ð“˜ð“―ð“Šð“ĩ𝔂 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ŋð“ēð“― ð“Ūð”ð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ĩ𝔂. ð“Ģð“ąð“Ū 𝓞𝓎ð“ēð“Ū𝓷𝓎ð“Ū ð“Ŧð“Ūð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓭 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝓷ð“Ū𝔀 ð“―ð“Ūð“Žð“ąð“·ð“ē𝓚ð“ūð“Ū ð“ē𝓷ð“ŋð“ļð“ĩð“ŋð“Ū𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“ķð“ļð“ĩð“Ū𝓎ð“ūð“ĩð“Ū 𝓝ð“ē𝓎ð“ļð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ķð“ē𝓭ð“Ū 𝓐𝓭ð“Ū𝓷ð“ē𝓷ð“Ū 𝓓ð“ē𝓷ð“ū𝓎ð“ĩð“Ūð“ļð“―ð“ē𝓭ð“Ū (𝓝𝓐𝓓), ð”€ð“ąð“ēð“Žð“ą ð“đð“ĩ𝓊𝔂𝓞 𝓊 ð“ŧð“ļð“ĩð“Ū ð“ē𝓷 𝓰ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓰𝔂 ð“ē𝓷 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“ąð“ūð“ķ𝓊𝓷 ð“Ŧð“ļ𝓭𝔂. ð“Ēð“―ð“ū𝓷𝓷ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“Šð“·ð“―ð“ē-𝓊𝓰ð“Ūð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“Ŧð“ŧð“Ū𝓊ð“īð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą 𝓎ð“ļð“ūð“ĩ𝓭 𝓞ð“Ūð“Ū ð“ąð“ūð“ķ𝓊𝓷𝓞 ð“ĩð“ēð“ŋð“Ū ð“―ð“ļ 150 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“ŧð“Ū𝓰ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“Ū ð“ļð“ŧ𝓰𝓊𝓷𝓞 ‘ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“đð“ŧð“ē𝓎ð“Ū ð“ļð“Ŋ 𝓊 𝓎ð“ļð“Ŋð“Ŋð“Ūð“Ū 𝓊 𝓭𝓊𝔂’ 𝓔-ð“Ŧð“ļð“ļð“ī-𝓓𝓞 𝓖𝓞𝓞𝓓 𝓟ð“Īð“Ąð“˜ð“•ð“Ļ 𝓜𝓘𝓝𝓓 𝓐ð“Ģð“Ģ𝓐𝓘𝓝 𝓔ð“Ģð“”ð“Ąð“ð“ð“› 𝓑𝓛𝓘ð“Ēð“Ē ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓚ð“ūð“žð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ŧ𝓊 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 𝓑𝓗ð“Ī𝓜𝓘 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊 18ð“Ŋð“― 𝓓ð“ē𝓊. 𝓊 3𝓓 360 𝓭ð“Ū𝓰ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū 𝓎ð“ēð“ŧ𝓎ð“ūð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧ 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊 ð“Šð“― ð“Ķð“ąð“ēð“―ð“Ū 𝓗ð“ļð“ķð“Ū, 668 5ð“―ð“ą 𝓐 𝓜𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ąð“ļ𝓊𝓭, 8ð“―ð“ą 𝓒ð“ŧð“ļ𝓞𝓞, 𝓗𝓐𝓛 𝓘𝓘𝓘 ð“Ēð“―ð“Šð“°ð“Ū, 𝓟ð“ū𝓷ð“ē𝔂𝓊 𝓑𝓗ð“Ī𝓜𝓘 𝓑ð“Ū𝓷𝓰𝓊ð“ĩð“ūð“ŧð“ū, ð“œð“Šð“°ð“Šð“­ð“ąð“ē 𝓚𝓊ð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“Šð“ī𝓊, 𝓟ð“ŧ𝓊ð“Ŧð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“‘ð“ąð“Šð“ŧð“Šð“― ð“˜ð“·ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ ð“ąð“―ð“―ð“đ://𝓞𝓊ð“ŧð“ŋ𝓊ð“ģ𝓊𝓷.𝓊ð“ķð“Ŧð“Ū𝓭ð“ī𝓊ð“ŧ.ð“ļð“ŧ𝓰 ð“Ŧð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Šð“žð“Šð“ē𝓭2ð“ū𝓞@𝓰ð“ķ𝓊ð“ēð“ĩ.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ ð“ģ𝓎𝓞4ð“Ūð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ@ð“ļð“ūð“―ð“ĩð“ļð“ļð“ī.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ ð“ģð“Žð“ąð“Šð“·ð“­ð“ŧ𝓊𝓞ð“Ūð“īð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓊𝓷@ð”‚ð“Šð“ąð“ļð“ļ.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ 080-25203792 9449260443 9449835875 𝔀ð“ēð“žð“ąð“Ū𝓞 ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ŧð“Ū 𝓊 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“īð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“đ𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“·ð“Ūð“ŧ 𝔀ð“ēð“―ð“ą 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“ēð“žð“― ð“˜ð“·ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ ð“―ð“Ūð“ķð“đð“ĩð“Ū𝓞, 𝓜ð“ļð“·ð“Šð“žð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“ēð“Ū𝓞, ð“Ĩð“ēð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓊𝓞, 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊𝓞. 𝓕ð“ļð“ŧ ð“đð“ŧð“ļð“đð“Šð“°ð“Šð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą ð“đð“ĩð“Šð“·ð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“ŧ𝓊𝔀 ð“Ĩð“Ū𝓰𝓊𝓷 𝓑ð“ŧð“ļ𝓎𝓎ð“ļð“ĩð“ē, ð“đð“Ūð“đð“đð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞, 𝓎ð“ū𝓎ð“ūð“ķð“Ŧð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞, 𝓎𝓊ð“ŧð“ŧð“ļð“―ð“ž, ð“Ŧð“Ū𝓊𝓷𝓞 ð“ŋð“Ū𝓰ð“Ūð“―ð“Šð“Ŧð“ĩð“Ū𝓞, 𝓓𝔀𝓊ð“ŧð“Ŋ ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ūð“ēð“― 🍎 🍉 ð“―ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū𝓞 ð“ē𝓷 ð“đð“ļð“―ð“ž 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“ļð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“ĩ𝓭 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ūð“Šð“― ð“ĩð“ēð“īð“Ū ð“Ŧð“ēð“ŧ𝓭𝓞 𝓊𝓞 ð“đð“ĩ𝓊𝓷𝓷ð“Ū𝓭 ð“Ŧ𝔂 𝓝𝓐ð“Ē𝓐, 𝓑ð“ŧð“ēð“―ð“ēð“žð“ą ð“Ŧð“ēð“ĩð“ĩð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ēð“ŧð“Ū ð“Ąð“ēð“Žð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓭 𝓑ð“ŧ𝓊𝓷𝓞ð“ļ𝓷 ð“Ŋð“ĩð“Ū𝔀 ð“ēð“·ð“―ð“ļ 𝓞ð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū 𝓊ð“Ŧð“ļ𝓊ð“ŧ𝓭 𝓊 ð“Ĩð“ēð“ŧ𝓰ð“ē𝓷 𝓖𝓊ð“ĩð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ē𝓎 ð“ŋð“Ū𝓞𝓞ð“Ūð“ĩ 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓙ð“Ūð“Ŋð“Ŋ 𝓑ð“Ū𝔃ð“ļ𝓞. ð“”ð“·ð“―ð“ēð“ŧð“Ū 𝓔𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ą 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū 𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū 𝓐ð“ķð“ūð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“Ēð“Īð“Ąð“ð“‘ð“˜ ð“ļð“Ŋ 𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ē. ð“ð“žð“ąð“ļð“ī𝓊 ð“đð“ĩð“Šð“·ð“―ð“Ū𝓭 ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ūð“ēð“― ð“Ŧð“Ū𝓊ð“ŧð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“―ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū𝓞 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“ļð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ ð“ąð“ē𝓞 ð“Ūð“ķð“đð“ēð“ŧð“Ū. 𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ē ð“Ŋð“Ū𝓭 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“đð“ļð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą 𝓐ð“ķð“ūð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“Ēð“ūð“ŧ𝓊ð“Ŧð“ąð“ē . 𝓐ð“ĩ𝓞ð“ļ ð“―ð“ļ ð“―ð“ŧ𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“đð“Ūð“ļð“đð“ĩð“Ū ð“ļ𝓷 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭ð“Ŋð“ūð“ĩ ð“Ē𝔀ð“ēð“ķð“ķð“ē𝓷𝓰, ð“Ģð“ąð“Šð“ē ð“’ð“ąð“ē, 𝓚𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧð“ē 𝓐ð“ŧð“―ð“ž, 𝓙ð“ū𝓭ð“ļ, 𝓚𝓊ð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“Ū, 𝓚ð“ū𝓷𝓰 𝓕ð“ū ð“ķ𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ē𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ž. 𝓟ð“ŧð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ē𝓎ð“Ū 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭ð“Ŋð“ūð“ĩ ð“Ē𝔀ð“ēð“ķð“ķð“ē𝓷𝓰 - ð“Ĩð“ēð“ķ𝓊ð“ĩð“ļ 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“īð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓭 ð“ð“žð“ąð“ļð“ī𝓊 𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩð“ē 𝓕ð“Ūð“ĩð“ĩð“ļ𝔀.
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𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4037  Wed 21 𝓙ð“ūð“ĩ 2021

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30) Classical English,Roman,

𝓓ð“ļ 𝓖ð“ļð“ļ𝓭 𝓟ð“ūð“ŧð“ēð“Ŋ𝔂 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭 ð“ð“―ð“―ð“Šð“ē𝓷 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞
𝓞ð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓎ð“ļð“ķð“Ū ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“žð“― 𝓘ð“ĩð“ĩ𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 - 𝓑ð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Š.
𝓖ð“ēð“ŋð“Ū
𝓊 𝓜ð“ē𝓞𝓞ð“Ū𝓭 𝓒𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“―ð“ļ 8800662528 ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ
ð“Ąð“Ū𝓰ð“ēð“žð“―ð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷 ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ŧð“Ū ð“đ𝓊ð“ŧð“― ð“ļð“Ŋ ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧ𝓰ð“Ūð“žð“―
𝓚ð“ūð“žð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ŧ𝓊 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 ð“ŧð“Ū𝓎ð“ĩð“ē𝓷ð“ē𝓷𝓰 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“īð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓭
𝓞𝓷ð“Ū 𝔀ð“ēð“―ð“ą 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 ð“Ī𝓷ð“ēð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞ð“Ū ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ
ð“Ķð“Ūð“ĩð“Ŋ𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū, 𝓗𝓊ð“đð“đð“ē𝓷ð“Ū𝓞𝓞 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓟ð“Ū𝓊𝓎ð“Ū ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ
ð“Ēð“ļ𝓎ð“ēð“Ūð“―ð“ēð“Ū𝓞 ð“Ŧ𝔂 3-12-2021 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ūð“ķ ð“―ð“ļ
ð“Šð“―ð“―ð“Šð“ē𝓷 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞 𝓊𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“Ūð“ēð“ŧ 𝓕ð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ
𝓖ð“ļ𝓊ð“ĩ
𝓐𝓎𝓎ð“ļð“ŧ𝓭ð“ē𝓷𝓰
ð“―ð“ļ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“Ī𝓷ð“ēð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞ð“ēð“―ð”‚ ð“ļð“Ŋ ð“Ēð“ē𝓷𝓰𝓊ð“đð“ļð“ŧð“Ū
𝓞ð“ūð“ŧð“ŋð“Ū𝔂/ð“ŧð“Ūð“ŋð“ēð“Ū𝔀 ð“Ŧ𝓊𝓞ð“Ū𝓭 ð“ļ𝓷 131 𝓎ð“ļð“ūð“·ð“―ð“ŧð“ēð“Ū𝓞.
𝓕ð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓙ð“ū𝓷ð“Ū 18, 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“ĩ𝓭 𝔀ð“ēð“ĩð“ĩ ð“Ŧð“Ū 100% ð“Ŋð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū 𝓊𝓷𝓭
ð“ąð“Šð“đð“đ𝔂 ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓓ð“Ū𝓎ð“Ūð“ķð“Ŧð“Ūð“ŧ 8ð“―ð“ą. ð“Ģð“ąð“Ūð“ēð“ŧ
ð“đð“ŧð“Ū𝓭ð“ēð“Žð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓞 𝓊ð“Ŧð“ļð“ūð“― ð“˜ð“―ð“Šð“ĩ𝔂 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ŋð“ēð“―
ð“Ūð”ð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ĩ𝔂.
ð“Ģð“ąð“Ū
𝓞𝓎ð“ēð“Ū𝓷𝓎ð“Ū ð“Ŧð“Ūð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓭 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝓷ð“Ū𝔀 ð“―ð“Ūð“Žð“ąð“·ð“ē𝓚ð“ūð“Ū
ð“ē𝓷ð“ŋð“ļð“ĩð“ŋð“Ū𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“ķð“ļð“ĩð“Ū𝓎ð“ūð“ĩð“Ū 𝓝ð“ē𝓎ð“ļð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ķð“ē𝓭ð“Ū
𝓐𝓭ð“Ū𝓷ð“ē𝓷ð“Ū 𝓓ð“ē𝓷ð“ū𝓎ð“ĩð“Ūð“ļð“―ð“ē𝓭ð“Ū (𝓝𝓐𝓓), ð”€ð“ąð“ēð“Žð“ą ð“đð“ĩ𝓊𝔂𝓞
𝓊 ð“ŧð“ļð“ĩð“Ū ð“ē𝓷 𝓰ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓰𝔂 ð“ē𝓷 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū
ð“ąð“ūð“ķ𝓊𝓷 ð“Ŧð“ļ𝓭𝔂. ð“Ēð“―ð“ū𝓷𝓷ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“Šð“·ð“―ð“ē-𝓊𝓰ð“Ūð“ē𝓷𝓰
ð“Ŧð“ŧð“Ū𝓊ð“īð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą 𝓎ð“ļð“ūð“ĩ𝓭 𝓞ð“Ūð“Ū ð“ąð“ūð“ķ𝓊𝓷𝓞 ð“ĩð“ēð“ŋð“Ū ð“―ð“ļ
150 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“ŧð“Ū𝓰ð“Ū𝓷ð“Ūð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“Ū ð“ļð“ŧ𝓰𝓊𝓷𝓞 ‘ð“Ŋð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“đð“ŧð“ē𝓎ð“Ū
ð“ļð“Ŋ 𝓊 𝓎ð“ļð“Ŋð“Ŋð“Ūð“Ū 𝓊 𝓭𝓊𝔂’
𝓔-ð“Ŧð“ļð“ļð“ī-𝓓𝓞
𝓖𝓞𝓞𝓓 𝓟ð“Īð“Ąð“˜ð“•ð“Ļ 𝓜𝓘𝓝𝓓 𝓐ð“Ģð“Ģ𝓐𝓘𝓝 𝓔ð“Ģð“”ð“Ąð“ð“ð“› 𝓑𝓛𝓘ð“Ēð“Ē
ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ļð“ķ 𝓚ð“ūð“žð“ąð“ē𝓷𝓊ð“ŧ𝓊 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 𝓑𝓗ð“Ī𝓜𝓘 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊 18ð“Ŋð“―
𝓓ð“ē𝓊. 𝓊 3𝓓 360 𝓭ð“Ū𝓰ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū 𝓎ð“ēð“ŧ𝓎ð“ūð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧ 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊 ð“Šð“―
ð“Ķð“ąð“ēð“―ð“Ū 𝓗ð“ļð“ķð“Ū, 668 5ð“―ð“ą 𝓐 𝓜𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ąð“ļ𝓊𝓭, 8ð“―ð“ą 𝓒ð“ŧð“ļ𝓞𝓞,
𝓗𝓐𝓛 𝓘𝓘𝓘 ð“Ēð“―ð“Šð“°ð“Ū, 𝓟ð“ū𝓷ð“ē𝔂𝓊 𝓑𝓗ð“Ī𝓜𝓘 𝓑ð“Ū𝓷𝓰𝓊ð“ĩð“ūð“ŧð“ū,
ð“œð“Šð“°ð“Šð“­ð“ąð“ē 𝓚𝓊ð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“Šð“ī𝓊, 𝓟ð“ŧ𝓊ð“Ŧð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“‘ð“ąð“Šð“ŧð“Šð“―
ð“˜ð“·ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ
ð“ąð“―ð“―ð“đ://𝓞𝓊ð“ŧð“ŋ𝓊ð“ģ𝓊𝓷.𝓊ð“ķð“Ŧð“Ū𝓭ð“ī𝓊ð“ŧ.ð“ļð“ŧ𝓰
ð“Ŧð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“Šð“žð“Šð“ē𝓭2ð“ū𝓞@𝓰ð“ķ𝓊ð“ēð“ĩ.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ
ð“ģ𝓎𝓞4ð“Ūð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ@ð“ļð“ūð“―ð“ĩð“ļð“ļð“ī.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ
ð“ģð“Žð“ąð“Šð“·ð“­ð“ŧ𝓊𝓞ð“Ūð“īð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓊𝓷@ð”‚ð“Šð“ąð“ļð“ļ.𝓎ð“ļð“ķ
080-25203792
9449260443
9449835875
𝔀ð“ēð“žð“ąð“Ū𝓞
ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ŧð“Ū 𝓊 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“īð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“đ𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“·ð“Ūð“ŧ 𝔀ð“ēð“―ð“ą 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ
𝓑ð“ūð“­ð“­ð“ąð“ēð“žð“― ð“˜ð“·ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“·ð“Šð“―ð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ ð“―ð“Ūð“ķð“đð“ĩð“Ū𝓞,
𝓜ð“ļð“·ð“Šð“žð“―ð“Ūð“ŧð“ēð“Ū𝓞, ð“Ĩð“ēð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓊𝓞, 𝓟𝓊𝓰ð“ļ𝓭𝓊𝓞.
𝓕ð“ļð“ŧ
ð“đð“ŧð“ļð“đð“Šð“°ð“Šð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“”ð“―ð“Ūð“ŧ𝓷𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓑ð“ĩð“ē𝓞𝓞 ð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą
ð“đð“ĩð“Šð“·ð“―ð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“ŧ𝓊𝔀 ð“Ĩð“Ū𝓰𝓊𝓷 𝓑ð“ŧð“ļ𝓎𝓎ð“ļð“ĩð“ē, ð“đð“Ūð“đð“đð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞,
𝓎ð“ū𝓎ð“ūð“ķð“Ŧð“Ūð“ŧ𝓞, 𝓎𝓊ð“ŧð“ŧð“ļð“―ð“ž, ð“Ŧð“Ū𝓊𝓷𝓞 ð“ŋð“Ū𝓰ð“Ūð“―ð“Šð“Ŧð“ĩð“Ū𝓞,
𝓓𝔀𝓊ð“ŧð“Ŋ ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ūð“ēð“― 🍎 🍉
ð“―ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū𝓞 ð“ē𝓷 ð“đð“ļð“―ð“ž 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“ļð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“Ū 𝔀ð“ļð“ŧð“ĩ𝓭
𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“ē𝓷 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū ð“―ð“ļ ð“Ūð“Šð“― ð“ĩð“ēð“īð“Ū ð“Ŧð“ēð“ŧ𝓭𝓞 𝓊𝓞
ð“đð“ĩ𝓊𝓷𝓷ð“Ū𝓭 ð“Ŧ𝔂 𝓝𝓐ð“Ē𝓐, 𝓑ð“ŧð“ēð“―ð“ēð“žð“ą ð“Ŧð“ēð“ĩð“ĩð“ēð“ļ𝓷𝓊ð“ēð“ŧð“Ū
ð“Ąð“ēð“Žð“ąð“Šð“ŧ𝓭 𝓑ð“ŧ𝓊𝓷𝓞ð“ļ𝓷 ð“Ŋð“ĩð“Ū𝔀 ð“ēð“·ð“―ð“ļ 𝓞ð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū 𝓊ð“Ŧð“ļ𝓊ð“ŧ𝓭
𝓊 ð“Ĩð“ēð“ŧ𝓰ð“ē𝓷 𝓖𝓊ð“ĩð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ē𝓎 ð“ŋð“Ū𝓞𝓞ð“Ūð“ĩ 𝓊𝓷𝓭 𝓙ð“Ūð“Ŋð“Ŋ
𝓑ð“Ū𝔃ð“ļ𝓞.
ð“”ð“·ð“―ð“ēð“ŧð“Ū
𝓔𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ą 𝓊𝓷𝓭 ð“Ēð“đ𝓊𝓎ð“Ū 𝓊ð“ŧð“Ū 𝓐ð“ķð“ūð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“Ēð“Īð“Ąð“ð“‘ð“˜ ð“ļð“Ŋ
𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ē. ð“ð“žð“ąð“ļð“ī𝓊 ð“đð“ĩð“Šð“·ð“―ð“Ū𝓭 ð“Ŋð“ŧð“ūð“ēð“―
ð“Ŧð“Ū𝓊ð“ŧð“ē𝓷𝓰 ð“―ð“ŧð“Ūð“Ū𝓞 𝓊ð“ĩð“ĩ ð“ļð“ŋð“Ūð“ŧ ð“ąð“ē𝓞 ð“Ūð“ķð“đð“ēð“ŧð“Ū.
𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ē ð“Ŋð“Ū𝓭 ð“―ð“ąð“Ū ð“đð“ļð“ļð“ŧ ð“―ð“ąð“ŧð“ļð“ūð“°ð“ą
𝓐ð“ķð“ūð“­ð“ąð“Š ð“Ēð“ūð“ŧ𝓊ð“Ŧð“ąð“ē .
𝓐ð“ĩ𝓞ð“ļ
ð“―ð“ļ ð“―ð“ŧ𝓊ð“ē𝓷 ð“đð“Ūð“ļð“đð“ĩð“Ū ð“ļ𝓷 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭ð“Ŋð“ūð“ĩ ð“Ē𝔀ð“ēð“ķð“ķð“ē𝓷𝓰,
ð“Ģð“ąð“Šð“ē ð“’ð“ąð“ē, 𝓚𝓊ð“ĩ𝓊ð“ŧð“ē 𝓐ð“ŧð“―ð“ž, 𝓙ð“ū𝓭ð“ļ, 𝓚𝓊ð“ŧð“Šð“―ð“Ū, 𝓚ð“ū𝓷𝓰
𝓕ð“ū ð“ķ𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ē𝓊ð“ĩ 𝓊ð“ŧð“―ð“ž.
𝓟ð“ŧð“Šð“Žð“―ð“ē𝓎ð“Ū 𝓜ð“ē𝓷𝓭ð“Ŋð“ūð“ĩ ð“Ē𝔀ð“ēð“ķð“ķð“ē𝓷𝓰 - ð“Ĩð“ēð“ķ𝓊ð“ĩð“ļ 𝓐𝔀𝓊ð“īð“Ū𝓷ð“Ū𝓭 ð“ð“žð“ąð“ļð“ī𝓊 𝓜𝓊𝓷ð“ēð“ķð“Ū𝓰𝓊ð“ĩð“ē 𝓕ð“Ūð“ĩð“ĩð“ļ𝔀.

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06) Classical Devanagari,Classical Hindi-Devanagari- āĪķāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ€āĪŊ āĪđāĪŋāĪ‚āĪĶāĨ€,
āĪ­āĪ—āĪĩāĪūāĪĻ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĪđāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚, ‘āĪēāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ†āĪ‚āĪ–āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĨāĨ‹āĪĄāĪžāĨ€ āĪ§āĨ‚āĪē āĪđāĨˆ, āĪ‰āĪļ āĪ…āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪđāĪŸāĪū āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ‚,
āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĪūāĪ°āĨāĪ— āĪŠāĪ° āĪšāĪēāĨ‡āĪ‚āĪ—āĨ‡āĨĪ āĪķāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ€āĪ–āĨ‡ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ•āĨāĪķāĪē āĪđāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪūāĪĪāĨ‡,
āĪĻāĨˆāĪĪāĪŋāĪ•āĪĪāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪķāĪūāĪļāĪŋāĪĪ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪ›āĨ€ āĪĪāĪ°āĪđ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ–āĨ‡āĪĪāĨ€ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪœāĪū āĪ°āĪđāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆ, āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪķāĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪ‚
āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĪđāĪūāĪ° āĪĶāĪŋāĪŊāĪū āĪœāĪū āĪ°āĪđāĪū āĪđāĨˆ, āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪāĪ• āĪŪāĪđāĪūāĪĻ āĪ†āĪķāĨ€āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪūāĪĶ āĪđāĨˆ - āĪŪāĪ‚āĪ—āĪēāĪū āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū
āĪĶāĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪĩāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĩāĪŋāĪ• āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪūāĪĄāĪžāĪū āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪūāĪāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡
āĪēāĪŋāĪāĨĪ
āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŪāĨ‚āĪē āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪūāĪ āĪ—āĪ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪū āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĪū
āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪŊāĪĻ, āĪļāĪŋāĪ–āĪūāĪāĪ‚ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪ­āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŸāĪūāĪ•āĪū - āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪĻāĨˆāĪĪāĪŋāĪ•āĪĪāĪū
āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪūāĪ‚āĪĪ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪ­āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪšāĪŊ
āĪĻāĨˆāĪĪāĪŋāĪ• āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪķāĪūāĪļāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū
āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪŊāĪĻ
āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ “āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĪū āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪ–āĨ‚āĪĻ”
āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪūāĪĄāĪžāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪķāĪūāĪļāĪŋāĪĪ āĪ†āĪšāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ•āĪū āĪŪāĪđāĪĪāĨāĪĩāĨĪ
āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨƒāĪ·āĨāĪ āĪ­āĨ‚āĪŪāĪŋ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚ āĪ‰āĪĻāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ†āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪ• āĪŪāĪđāĪĪāĨāĪĩ āĪ•āĨ‹
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĪŸ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪŠāĪūāĪ—āĪēāĨ‹āĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪū āĪĻāĪūāĪŪāĪ• āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĩāĪđāĪūāĪ°āĪŋāĪ• āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ•āĪū āĪœāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡ āĪŪāĪ āĪĩāĪūāĪļāĨ€ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪķāĪūāĪļāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ†āĪĩāĪķāĨāĪŊāĪ• āĪŪāĨ‚āĪē
āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪđāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
āĪļāĪūāĪĪ ‘āĪ…āĪŠāĪ°āĪūāĪ§ - āĪāĪŠāĨˆāĪŸāĪŋāĪļ’ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŪāĪ āĪĩāĪūāĪļāĨ€ āĪ†āĪšāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĪ‚āĪ˜āĪĻ
Sikkhapada āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ…āĪĩāĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪāĪ• āĪļāĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪĻāĨāĪŊ āĪļāĪŪāĨ€āĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪū - āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪŊāĪū āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪķāĪūāĪļāĪĻ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ‰āĪĻāĪ•āĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĪ‚āĪ˜āĪĻ āĪāĪŠāĨˆāĪŸāĪŋāĪļāĨĪ
āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŸāĪūāĪ•āĪū - āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪĶāĪ°āĨāĪķāĪĻ
āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪū āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ—āĨˆāĪ°-āĪŠāĪūāĪ°āĪ‚āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ•, āĪŠāĨˆāĪ°āĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪĨāĪū āĪŠāĪ°āĪŪ āĪķāĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪēāĪ—
āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪŠāĪđāĪšāĪūāĪĻāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪ­āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪŠāĪūāĪ°āĪ‚āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ• āĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‰āĪŠāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ— āĪ•āĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĨĪ
āĪļāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪŸāĪūāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪšāĪŊ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŊāĪđ āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪūāĪļ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪ•āĨāĪ•āĪŠāĪūāĪĩāĪĪāĪūāĪĻāĪū āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū - āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŪāĨ‚āĪē āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪĢ āĪšāĪūāĪ° āĪŪāĪđāĪūāĪĻ āĪļāĪĪāĨāĪŊ āĪŠāĪ°āĨĪ
āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪ•āĨāĪ•āĪŠāĪūāĪĩāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪĻ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ·āĪŊāĨĪ āĪĶāĨ‹ āĪšāĪ°āĪŪ āĪļāĨ€āĪŪāĪūāĪāĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪŪāĪ§āĨāĪŊ āĪŠāĪĨ āĪĶāĨ‹ āĪšāĪ°āĪŪ āĪļāĨ€āĪŪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪĨāĪūāĨĪ
āĪļāĪĪāĨāĪŊ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĪđāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ āĪšāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŽāĪūāĪ°āĪđ āĪĪāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĨ‡āĨĪ
āĪĶāĨ€āĪ˜āĪū, āĪŪāĪœāĪāĪŋāĪŪāĪū, āĪ•āĨāĪĄāĨāĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū, āĪ…āĪ‚āĪ—āĨāĪŸāĪūāĪ°āĪū, āĪļāĨˆāĪŪāĨāĪŊāĪĪāĪū āĪĻāĪŋāĪ•āĪūāĪŊāĪūāĪļ-āĪšāĪŊāĪĻāĪŋāĪĪ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĪū
āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪŊāĪĻ
āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķāĪŪāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŸāĪūāĪ•āĪū- āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪŪāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĩāĪŋāĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ
āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķāĪŪāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŸāĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪšāĪŊ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŊāĪđ āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪūāĪļ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
āĪŠāĨˆāĪĻāĪūāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĨ€ (āĪŠāĪūāĪ°āĪ‚āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ•) āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĪ°āĪŪāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪĨāĪū (āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪŸāĨ€āĪŪāĨ‡āĪŸ) āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ€āĪš āĪ­āĨ‡āĪĶāĨĪ āĪŠāĨˆāĪ°āĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪĨāĪū
CITTTA āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĢ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪķāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĢāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚, 89 āĪŊāĪū 121 āĪ°āĪūāĪœāĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĢ
āĪ•āĪŋāĪ āĪ—āĪ āĪšāĨ‡āĪĪāĪĻāĪū āĪšāĨ‡āĪĪāĪļāĪŋāĪ•āĪūāĪļ āĪšāĨ‡āĪĪāĪĻāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĪūāĪĻāĪļāĪŋāĪ• āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪ—āĪ āĪĻ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ Cetasika
āĪ•āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ Cetasika āĪ•āĨ€ āĪšāĪūāĪ° āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŊāĪđ Citta āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪāĪ• āĪļāĪđāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ€ āĪ•āĨ‡
āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ CITTA (āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū) āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ•āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ Citta āĪ”āĪ°
Cetasika Dhammas - Sampayoga āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ āĪļāĪ‚āĪŽāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ‚āĨĪ āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ Cetasikas Cittas -
Sahagata āĪļāĨ‡ āĪœāĨāĪĄāĪžāĨ‡ āĪđāĨāĪ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ Cetasikas āĪāĪ• Citta āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪđāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ—āĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ
āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪū āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‡āĪĪāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪļ
āĪĨāĨˆāĪŪāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ—āĪŊāĪū āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪūāĨĪ
āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪūāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ…āĪēāĪ—-āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪĶāĨƒāĪ·āĨāĪŸāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‹āĪĢāĨĪ
āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪļāĪ‚āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĨĪ
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪšāĨ€āĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ­āĪūāĪ°āĪĪ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊ āĪœāĪ—āĪđāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪ° āĪŠāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ—āĪŊāĪūāĨĪ
āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪ­āĨ‚āĪŪāĪŋ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪūāĪ āĪœāĪūāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨˆāĪĻāĪŋāĪ• āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪļāĪ‚āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ•āĪū
āĪ…āĪ­āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪļāĨĪ
āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪ°āĨ‹āĪđ - āĪļāĪūāĪ‚āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĪŋāĪ•, āĪĻāĨˆāĪĪāĪŋāĪ• āĪ”āĪ° āĪ‰āĪĻāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ†āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪ• āĪŪāĪđāĪĪāĨāĪĩāĨĪ
āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪūāĪĄāĪū āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĨāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚
3 āĪ°āĪĪāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĪū āĪŪāĪđāĪĪāĨāĪĩ, āĪķāĨāĪ°āĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪūāĪ‚āĪœāĪēāĪŋ āĪ•āĪū āĪ­āĨāĪ—āĪĪāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ āĪĪāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĨ‡āĨĪ
āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ āĪ—āĨāĪĻāĪū āĪķāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪšāĨāĪšāĪĪāĪŪ āĪ—āĨāĪĢāĨĪ
āĪŽāĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĨ€ āĪ…āĪĩāĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪđāĪ° āĪ•āĪŋāĪļāĨ€ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĪāĪĻāĪū āĪšāĪūāĪđāĪŋāĪāĨĪ āĪŠāĨŒāĪ·āĨāĪŸāĪŋāĪ•, (āĪ•āĨāĪļāĪūāĪēāĪū),
unwholesome, (āĪ…āĪ•āĨāĪēāĪū) āĪ•āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪđāĨˆ - āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪ›āĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĪū, āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĩāĪŋāĪ• āĪ—āĨāĪĢ āĪ”āĪ° āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ
āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪĶāĪļ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ§āĪūāĪĩāĨ€ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĶāĪļ āĪĄāĨ€-āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ§āĪūāĪĩāĨ€ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĪŋāĪļāĨ€ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ†āĪšāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ•āĪū āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪŪāĪūāĪĢ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚, āĪ‡āĪļ
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĪūāĪ° āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪŠāĪŠāĪ° āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ“āĪ° āĪŽāĪĒāĪžāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪŊāĪū āĪĻāĨ€āĪšāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ“āĪ° āĪŽāĪĒāĪžāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨāĪ āĪŪāĪūāĪĻāĪļāĪŋāĪ• āĪĩāĪŋāĪ•āĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‹
āĪŽāĪĒāĪžāĪūāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪĨāĨāĪ°āĨ€āĪŦāĨ‹āĪēāĨāĪĄ āĪŽāĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĨ€ āĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪūāĪ‚āĪĪ: āĪĶāĪūāĪĻāĪū, āĪļāĪŋāĪēāĪū, āĪ­āĪĩāĪĻ āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĪŋāĪēāĪū, āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪ§āĪŋ, āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪŊāĪū
āĪĶāĪļ āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨāĪĢāĪĪāĪū - āĪŠāĨˆāĪ°āĪūāĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨĪ
āĪ•āĪūāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĪđāĪĪāĨāĪĩ āĪ”āĪ° āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ‡āĪļāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĢāĪūāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĪāĪĻāĪū
āĪ†āĪŪ āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪœāĪŠ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ‡āĪĻ āĪ•āĪū āĪœāĪŠ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĪū āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪ°āĨĪ
āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĪū āĪ…āĪ­āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪļ
āĪšāĪūāĪ° āĪķāĪūāĪĻāĪĶāĪūāĪ° āĪ°āĪūāĪœāĨāĪŊ - āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĪđāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪĩāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪ°āĪļ - āĪŪāĨ‡āĪŸāĪū, āĪ•āĪ°āĨāĪĢāĪū, āĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪū, āĪ…āĪŠāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ•āĨ‡āĪ–āĪū
āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ•āĪŋāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪāĪ• āĪĶāĨ‚āĪļāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĪūāĪĄāĪžāĪū āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪŪ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪūāĪ­
āĪļāĪŪāĪĨāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪĩāĪŋāĪŠāĪķāĨāĪŊāĪĻāĪū āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĻāĨĪ
āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĻ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ‡āĪļāĪ•āĨ‡ 40 āĪĩāĪŋāĪ·āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚āĨĪ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĪū āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĪū āĪœāĪĻāĨāĪŪ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪ°āĪ‚āĪ­āĪŋāĪ• āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ
āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪ°āĪ‚āĪ­āĪŋāĪ• āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪ˜āĪŸāĪĻāĪūāĪāĪ‚ - āĪŪāĪđāĪūāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪ•āĪ–āĪĻāĪūāĪĻāĪū
āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜āĪ°āĨāĪ· - 6 āĪļāĪūāĪē āĪ•āĨ€ āĪĪāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪŊāĪū
āĪļāĨāĪĩāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ€āĪ•āĪ°āĪĢ āĪ”āĪ° āĪ•āĪūāĪŪāĨāĪ• āĪ­āĨ‹āĪ— āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŪāĨ‚āĪē āĪŠāĪĪāĪĻāĨĪ
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜āĪ°āĨāĪ· - āĪŽāĨ‹āĪ§āĨ€ āĪāĪ• āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨƒāĪĪ āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪŊāĪĻ
āĪ—āĪĪāĪŋ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪļāĨāĪĨāĪūāĪŠāĪŋāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĪū āĪļāĪĪāĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĪū āĪŠāĪđāĪŋāĪŊāĪū - āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪ•āĨāĪ•āĪūāĪŠāĪūāĪĩāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪĻ
āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĪū āĪŦāĨˆāĪēāĪūāĪĩ - āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪļāĨāĪĨāĪūāĪŠāĪĻāĪū
āĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪ° āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŪ āĪ•āĪū āĪ—āĪ āĪĻ - āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪļ
āĪŪāĪđāĪūāĪĻ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ§āĪĻ - āĪŪāĪđāĪūāĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĪĩāĪūāĪĻāĪūāĨĪ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĪūāĪđāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪŊ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪ•āĨˆāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĻāĪŋāĪ•āĪē āĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪū āĪļāĨ€āĪ–āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ•āĪ°āĪĢ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪū āĪ‡āĪĪāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪļ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪļāĪūāĪđāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪŊ
āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪ•āĪūāĪŪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū
(āĪŠāĪūāĪ‚āĪš nik Âą yas, āĪŊāĪū āĪļāĪ‚āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪđ)
1. D2GHA-NIK Âą ya [34 suttas; 3 VAGGAS, āĪŊāĪū āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪŊ (āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•)]
(1) s2lakkhandavagga-p Âą 1/4i (13 āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
(2) āĪāĪŪāĪāĪāĪš Âą āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
(3) āĪŠāĨ€ Âą Ξikavagga-p Âą 1/4i (11 suttas)
2. āĪŪāĪœāĪāĪŋāĪŪāĪū-āĪĻāĪŋāĪ• Âą āĪđāĪūāĪ‚ [152 āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸāĪūāĪļ; 15 VAGGAS; 3 āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪœāĪŋāĪĪ,
5 Vaggas āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ•, Paoo Âą SA (’āĪŠāĪšāĪūāĪļ’) āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪœāĪūāĪĻāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ]
(1) m3lapaoo Âą ssa-p Âą 1/4i (’āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŸâ€™ āĪŠāĪšāĪūāĪļ)
1. m3lapariy Âą Yavagga (10 Suttas)
2. S2han Âą Davagga (10 Suttas)
3. Tatiyavagga (10 Suttas)
4. MAH Âą YAMAKAVAGGA (10 SUTTAS)
5. C31/4AYAMAKAVAGGA (10 SUTTAS)
(2) majjhimapao Âą sa-p Âą 1/4i (’āĪŪāĪ§āĨāĪŊ’ āĪŠāĪšāĪūāĪļ)
6. āĪ—āĪđāĪŠāĪĪāĪŋ-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸ)
7. āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
8. Paribb Âą Jaka-Vagga (10 Suttas)
9. āĪ†āĪ° Âą āĪœāĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
10. āĪŽāĨ€āĪ†āĪ° Âą āĪđāĪŪāĪĻāĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
(3) uparipaoo Âą sa-p Âą 1/4i (āĪŪāĪĪāĪēāĪŽ ‘āĪŠāĪšāĪūāĪļ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ§āĪŋāĪ•â€™)
11. āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĩāĪĶāĪđāĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪļ)
12. āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŠāĪĶāĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸ)
13. āĪļāĨāĪĻāĪūāĪŸāĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (10 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ)
14. āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ—āĪū-āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū (12 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪļ)
15. SA1/4 Âą Yatana-Vagga (10 Suttas)
3. SA1/2YUTTA-NIK Âą ya [2,904 (7,762) āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸāĪūāĪļ; 56 SA1/2YUTAS; 5 VAGGAS; āĪ…āĪēāĪ— āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĪū
6 āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚]
(1) SAG Âą Thavagga- SA1/2YUTTA-P Âą 1/4i (11 SA1/2YUTAS)
(2) NID Âą Navagga- SA1/2YUTTA-P Âą 1/4i (10 SA1/2YUTAS)
(3) āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄāĪūāĪĩāĪ—āĪ—āĪū-āĪāĪļāĪ 1/2YUTTA-P Âą 1/4i (13 SA1/2YUTAS)
(4) SA1/4 Âą yatanavagga-sa1/2yutta-p Âą 1/4i (10 SA1/2YUTAS)
(5) MAH Âą VAGGA- SA1/2YUTTA-P Âą 1/4i āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ I (6 SA1/2YUTAS)
(6) MAH Âą VAGGA-SA1/2YUTTA- P Âą 1/4i VOL II (6 SA1/2YUTAS)
4. Aaguttara- nik Âą ya [9,557 suttas; IN11 NIP Âą TAS, āĪŊāĪū āĪļāĪŪāĨ‚āĪđ, āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨ€ āĪĪāĪ°āĪđ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪļāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĪ
āĪļāĪ‚āĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪŪāĪ• āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪļāĨ‡; āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠ Âą āĪŸāĨ€āĪ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪˆ vaggas āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚; 10 āĪŊāĪū āĪ…āĪ§āĪŋāĪ• āĪļāĨ‚āĪŸ
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū; 6 āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‚]
(1) eka-duka-tika-nipata-p Âą 1/4i (āĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‡, twos, threes)
(2) Catukka- āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪŸāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (āĪšāĨŒāĪ•āĪū)
(3) āĪŠāĪĻāĪ•āĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪŸāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (āĪŦāĪŋāĪĩāĨāĪļ)
(4) āĪ āĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪļāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪūāĪŸāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (āĪ›āĪ•āĨāĪ•āĨ‡, āĪļāĪūāĪĪ)
(5) āĪÎžÎžhaka-lavaka-nipata-p Âą 1/4i (āĪ†āĪ , āĪĻāĪūāĪ‡āĪĻ)
(6) āĪĶāĪūāĪļāĪ•āĪū-āĪāĪ•āĪĶāĪūāĪļāĪ•āĪū-āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪūāĪĪāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (āĪĶāĪļāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚, āĪ—āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ°āĪđ)
5. Khuddaka-nik Âą ya [āĪ›āĨ‹āĪŸāĨ€ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪŽāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪļāĪ‚āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪđ, āĪāĪ• āĪĩāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪ§ āĪ‡āĪ•āĪŸāĨāĪ āĪū-
18 āĪŪāĨāĪ–āĨāĪŊ āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ†āĪˆāĪāĪĻāĪœāĨ€; āĪ‡āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ, āĪļāĪ‚āĪ•āĪēāĪĻ āĪķāĪūāĪŪāĪŋāĪē āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚
āĪļāĨˆāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪūāĪ‚āĪĪāĪŋāĪ• āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŸāĨāĪļ, āĪ‡āĪĪāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪļ, āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶ, āĪ”āĪ° āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪĢāĨ€āĪ•āĪūāĪ° āĪļāĪūāĪđāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪŊ āĪœāĨ‹ āĪđāĨˆ
TipiΞAka āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪđāĨ€ āĪķāĪūāĪŪāĪŋāĪē āĪ•āĪŋāĪŊāĪū āĪ—āĪŊāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ; 12 āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‚]
(1) āĪ•āĨāĪ§āĪ•āĪūāĪŠ Âą āĪĨāĪū, āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪūāĪŠāĪūāĪĄāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪŊāĨ‚āĪĄāĨ€ Âą āĪĻāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i
1. āĪ•āĨāĪ§āĪ•āĪūāĪŠ Âą āĪĨāĪū (āĪĻāĨŒ āĪķāĨ‰āĪ°āĨāĪŸ āĪŦāĨ‰āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‚āĪēāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ, āĪāĪ• āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪĢ āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ‰āĪŠāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ— āĪ•āĪŋāĪŊāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪĻāĨŒāĪļāĪŋāĪ–āĪŋāĪŊāĪū āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪļ)
2. āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪūāĪŠāĪūāĪĄāĪū (āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĪŋāĪ•āĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪļāĪ­āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŽāĪļāĨ‡ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§; 423 āĪ•āĪū āĪļāĪ‚āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪđ
26 VAGGAS āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶ)
3. UD Âą NA (8 Vaggas āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚, āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡ 80 āĪ–āĨāĪķāĪđāĪūāĪē āĪ‰āĪšāĨāĪšāĪūāĪ°āĪĢ, āĪœāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĪūāĪĪāĪ° āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚
āĪ‰āĪĻ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ•āĨāĪ› āĪ—āĪĶāĨāĪŊ āĪ–āĪūāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪœāĨ‹ āĪ‰āĪšāĨāĪšāĪūāĪ°āĪĢ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪŠāĨāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚)
(2) Itivuttaka, Suttanip Âą ta-p Âą 1/4i
4. āĪ‡āĪŸāĪŋāĪĩāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū (4 āĪāĪĻāĪ†āĪˆāĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪŸāĨ€āĪāĪāĪļ, 112 āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪļ, āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪķāĨāĪ°āĨāĪ†āĪĪ, “āĪ†āĪˆāĪŸāĨ€āĪ†āĪˆ āĪĩāĨ‚āĪŸāĪū 1/2 āĪ­āĪ—āĪĩāĪĪ” [āĪ‡āĪļ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĪūāĪ° āĪĨāĪū
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪĶāĨāĪĩāĪūāĪ°āĪū āĪ•āĪđāĪū])
5. Suttanip Âą Ta (5 Vaggas; 71 suttas, āĪœāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĪūāĪĪāĪ° āĪ•āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚; āĪ‡āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪļāĪŽāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪ›āĨ‡ āĪķāĪūāĪŪāĪŋāĪē āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĪ, āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪŽāĪļāĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‹āĪ•āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪļ
(3) vim Âą navatthu, petavatthu, therag Âą th Âą Âą āĪ”āĪ° therig Âą th Âą -p Âą 1/4i
6. vim Âą Navatthu (VIM Âą Na āĪ•āĪū āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĨ āĪđāĨˆ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡āĪēāĨ€; 85 āĪ•āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ 7 VAGGAS āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ…āĪ§āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ
āĪļāĨāĪĩāĪ°āĨāĪ—āĨ€āĪŊ āĪ•āĨāĪ·āĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ—āĨāĪŊāĪĪāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨāĪĻāĪ°āĨāĪœāĪĻāĨāĪŪ)
7. Petavatthu (4 Vaggas, 51 āĪ•āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĶāĪŊāĪĻāĨ€āĪŊ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪĢāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ [āĪŠāĨ‡āĪŸāĪļ] āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĨˆāĪĶāĪū āĪđāĨāĪ
āĪĶāĨāĪ–āĨ€ āĪ°āĪūāĪœāĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪ‰āĪĻāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ—āĨ€āĪŊ āĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĪĢ)
8. āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨˆāĪ— Âą āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ‚ Âą (264 āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĪđāĪĪāĪĪāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪūāĪŠāĨāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪūāĪĶ āĪ–āĨāĪķāĨ€ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĻāĪĪāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶ
āĪŽāĨāĪœāĨāĪ°āĨāĪ— āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĨ; 107 āĪ•āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚, 1,279 āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪūāĪŪ Âą thas)
9. āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪ— Âą āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ‚ Âą (āĪŠāĪŠāĪ° āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪĻ, 73 āĪŽāĨāĪœāĨāĪ°āĨāĪ— āĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪļ āĪļāĨ‡; 73 āĪ•āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚, 522 āĪœāĨ€ Âą āĪĨāĪūāĪļ)
(4) āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪāĨĪ āĪŪāĨˆāĪ‚
(5) āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ II
10. āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū (āĪ—āĨ‹āĪŸāĪūāĪŪāĪū āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ‰āĪĻāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪœāĪĻāĨāĪŪ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĄāĪŋāĪļāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪœāĪĻāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚; 547
āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚, āĪ†āĪĩāĪķāĨāĪŊāĪ• āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪļāĪ‚āĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪūāĪ° āĪāĪĻāĪ†āĪˆāĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪŸāĨ€āĪ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪœāĪŋāĪĪ
āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĨ€ āĪļāĨāĪĻāĪūāĪāĪ‚āĨĪ āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨāĪĢ āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚ āĪĩāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĩ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪĢāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚ āĪœāĨ‹
āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ€āĪ›āĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĨ€ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ‚āĨĪ
(6) āĪāĪŪāĪāĪāĪš Âą āĪĻāĪŋāĪĄāĪļāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i
(7) c31/4anidessa-p Âą 1/4i
11. āĪĻāĪŋāĪĄāĪļāĪū (āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŠ Âą āĪŸāĨ€āĪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĶāĨ‹ āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪ° āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪĢāĨ€)
MAH Âą āĪĻāĪŋāĪĄāĪļāĨ‡: 4 āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ‚āĪ—āĪū āĪŠāĪ° āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪĢāĨ€
C31/4ANIDESSA: 5 āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ‚ VAGGA āĪŠāĪ° āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪĢāĨ€ āĪ”āĪ°
1 āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ–āĪ—āĪ—āĪūāĪĩāĪŋāĪļ Âą āĪ“āĪ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū
(😎 paΞisambhid Âą Magga-P Âą 1/4i
12. PaΞisambhid Âą Magga (āĪāĪ• āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪķāĨˆāĪēāĨ€ āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨƒāĪĪ āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĢ
āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪĢ, vin Âą ya āĪ”āĪ° sutta piΞakas āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪ­āĨ€ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ–āĨ€āĪ‚āĪšāĪū āĪ—āĪŊāĪū; āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ vaggas,
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‡āĪ• āĪŊāĨāĪ•āĨāĪĪ āĪĶāĪļ āĪĩāĪŋāĪ·āĪŊ [āĪ•āĪūāĪĨ Âą])
(9) Apad Âą NA-P Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪāĨĪ āĪŪāĨˆāĪ‚
13. Apad Âą Na (550 āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪļ āĪ”āĪ° 40 āĪ­āĪŋāĪ–āĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨāĪĩ āĪœāĨ€āĪĩāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ›āĪ‚āĪĶāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĶāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪ‚)
(10) Apad Âą Na, Buddhava1/2sa āĪ”āĪ° cariy Âą piΞaka-p Âą 1/4i
14. āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪĩāĪū 1/2SA (āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‡āĪĪāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪļ āĪœāĪŋāĪļāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§, āĪāĪ• āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪœāĪĩāĪūāĪŽ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪķāĨāĪĻāĨĪ āĪļāĪ°āĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū, āĪĪāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪĩāĨ€ āĪļāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ§ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĄāĨ€ 2PAAKARA āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĨ€ āĪŽāĪĪāĪūāĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĪŦāĪē 24 āĪŽāĨŒāĪĶāĨāĪ§, āĪœāĪŋāĪļāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪŸāĪūāĪŪāĪū āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪķāĪūāĪŪāĪŋāĪē āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚āĨĪ)
15. āĪ•āĨˆāĪ°āĨ€ Âą āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū (āĪœāĨ‡ Âą āĪĪāĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪļāĨ‡ 35 āĪ•āĪđāĪūāĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚ āĪĶāĪļ āĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪ°āĨˆāĪŪ 2 āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪļāĨāĪĨāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ—āĪˆ)
(11) āĪĻāĨ‡āĪŸāĪŋāĪŠāĪ•āĪ°āĪūāĪĻāĪū, peΞakopadesa-p Âą 1/4i
16. āĪĻāĨ‡āĪŸāĪŠāĪŋāĪŠāĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĪū (āĪ›āĨ‹āĪŸāĨ€ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪ‚āĪĨ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĪāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĨ‡āĪŸ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĪū-
āĪ†āĪˆāĪāĪĻāĪœāĨ€ āĪ•āĨˆāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĻāĪŋāĪ•āĪē āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪ‚āĪĨ)
17. peΞakopadesa (āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪ° āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĪāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪ‰āĪŠāĪšāĪūāĪ°
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĪū āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪĢ)
(12) āĪŪāĪŋāĪēāĪŋāĪ‚āĪĶāĪūāĪŠāĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i
18. āĪŪāĪŋāĪēāĪŋāĪ‚āĪĄāĪū-āĪŠāĪūāĪĻāĨāĪđāĪū (āĪ°āĪūāĪœāĪū āĪŪāĪŋāĪēāĪŋāĪ‚āĪĄāĪū āĪĶāĨāĪĩāĪūāĪ°āĪū āĪ•āĪŋāĪ āĪ—āĪ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪķāĨāĪĻāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪāĪ• āĪ°āĪŋāĪ•āĨ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĄ āĪ”āĪ°
āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪ° āĪĶāĨāĪĩāĪūāĪ°āĪū āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪ°āĨĪ āĪĻāĪūāĪ—āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĪū; āĪŊāĪđ āĪŽāĪđāĪļ āĪđāĨāĪˆ āĪļāĨ€āĪāĨĪ 500 āĪļāĪūāĪē āĪŽāĪūāĪĶ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ Âą Parinibb Âą Na āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡)
āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķ āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū
[āĪļāĪūāĪĪ āĪļāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķ āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū
[āĪļāĪ­āĨ€ āĪ§āĪūāĪŪāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪļāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĪ, āĪļāĪūāĪ° āĪāĪ•āĨāĪļāĪŠāĨ‹āĪœāĪžāĪŋāĪķāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĪ āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄ; āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪ
12 āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‚]
1. dhammasaagao2
(dhammas āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ—āĪĢāĪĻāĪū)
(1) dhammasaagao2-p Âą 1/4i
2. āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ—āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
(āĪ­āĨāĪ°āĪūāĪŪ āĪ•āĪū āĪ­āĨ‡āĪĶ āĪŊāĪū āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĢ)
(2) āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ—āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
3. āĪĄāĨ€āĪāĪš Âą āĪĪāĨāĪ•āĪūāĪĨ Âą
(āĪĪāĪĪāĨāĪĩāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪšāĪ°āĨāĪšāĪū; āĪŊāĨ‡ 1 āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄ āĪāĪ• āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪŊāĨ€ āĪŽāĪĻāĪūāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚
āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪ§āĪŪāĪū āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĪāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪ†āĪ§āĪūāĪ° āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪšāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĻāĪū āĪšāĪūāĪđāĪŋāĪ)
4. āĪŠāĪ—āĪ—āĪēāĪūāĪŠāĪĻāĪūāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĨ€
(āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪ•āĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪŠāĪĶāĪĻāĪūāĪŪ; āĪĶāĪļ āĪ…āĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪŊ: āĪāĪ•āĪē āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĪū āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪđāĪūāĪ°
āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪ•āĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚, āĪœāĨ‹āĪĄāĪžāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪĶāĨ‚āĪļāĪ°āĪū, āĪĪāĨ€āĪĻ āĪļāĪŪāĨ‚āĪđāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪĪāĨ€āĪļāĪ°āĪū, āĪ†āĪĶāĪŋ
(3) āĪĄāĨ€āĪāĪš Âą āĪĪāĨāĪ•āĪūāĪĨ Âą-āĪŠāĨāĪ—āĪ—āĪēāĪūāĪŠāĪĻāĪĻāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĨ€-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
5. āĪ•āĨˆāĪĨ Âą āĪĩāĨˆāĪŸāĪĨāĨ-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
(āĪĩāĪŋāĪĩāĪūāĪĶ āĪŊāĪū āĪ—āĪēāĪĪ āĪĶāĨƒāĪķāĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪŋāĪ‚āĪĶāĨ; āĪ…āĪ‚āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪ āĪ…āĪ‚āĪ• āĪ”āĪ° āĪšāĪ°āĨāĪšāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪŠāĪŸāĪĻāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚, āĪ…āĪ‚āĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪķāĪūāĪļāĪĻāĪ•āĪūāĪē āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĪŊ āĪ†āĪŊāĨ‹āĪœāĪŋāĪĪ āĪĪāĨ€āĪļāĪ°āĨ€ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ·āĪĶ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŽāĪļāĨ‡)
(4) āĪ•āĨˆāĪĨ Âą āĪĩāĨˆāĪŸāĪĨāĨ-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
6. āĪŊāĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42
(āĪœāĨ‹āĪĄāĪžāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•; ambi āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪđāĪē āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪŊāĨāĪ—āĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĪ, āĪĩāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ§āĨ€ āĪļāĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‰āĪŠāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ—
āĪ…āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪĩāĪļāĪĻāĨ€āĪŊāĪĪāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪĪāĪ•āĪĻāĨ€āĪ•āĨ€ āĪķāĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪŸāĨ€āĪ• āĪ‰āĪŠāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ— āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ­āĪūāĪ·āĪŋāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ‚)
(5) āĪŊāĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ I
(6) āĪŊāĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ II
(7) āĪŊāĪūāĪŪāĪūāĪ•āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/42, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ III
7. PaicΞh ¹ Na
(āĪļāĪ‚āĪŽāĪ‚āĪ§āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ•; 24 āĪļāĪķāĪ°āĨāĪĪ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪāĪ• āĪŊāĨ‹āĪœāĪĻāĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪ°
āĪļāĪ‚āĪŽāĪ‚āĪ§ [paccaya] āĪœāĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĪāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪāĪ• āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨāĪĢ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĢāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪŽāĪĻāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĪđāĨāĪŪāĪūāĪ‚āĪĄ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŊāĪūāĪ‚āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪ•āĨ€)
(😎 PaicΞh Âą NA-P Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ I
(9) PaicΞh Âą NA-P Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ II
(10) PaicΞh ¹ NA-P ¹ 1/4i, VOL III
(11) PaicΞh Âą NA-P Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪē iv
(12) paicΞh Âą na-p Âą 1/4i, āĪĩāĨ‰āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ‚āĪŪ āĪĩāĨ€
(1) āĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪ†āĪ° Âą jika-p Âą 1/4i āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ•āĨ
āĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪ†āĪ° Âą āĪœāĪŋāĪ• Âą (āĪĻāĪŋāĪ·āĨāĪ•āĪūāĪļāĪĻ) 4
Saaghadises Âą (āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŽāĨˆāĪ āĪ•āĨ‡āĪ‚) 13
Aniyat Âą (āĪ…āĪĻāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĪ•āĪūāĪēāĨ€āĪĻ) 2
Nissagiy Âą p Âą cittiy Âą (āĪœāĪŽāĨāĪĪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪŊ) 30
(2) āĪŠāĨ€ Âą cittiya-p Âą 1/4i
āĪļāĨāĪ§āĪū āĪŠāĨ€ Âą cittiy Âą (āĪļāĪūāĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪŊ) 92
āĪŠāĨ€ Âą tidesaniy Âą (āĪļāĨāĪĩāĨ€āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ•āĨāĪĪāĪŋ āĪŠāĨāĪĻ: āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪū āĪ­āĨ‹āĪœāĪĻ) 4
Sekhiya (āĪļāĪ‚āĪŽāĪ‚āĪ§āĪŋāĪĪ āĪķāĪŋāĪ·āĨāĪŸāĪūāĪšāĪūāĪ° āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĪœāĪūāĪĩāĪŸ) 75
Adhikaraoasamath Âą (āĪ•āĪūāĪĻāĨ‚āĪĻāĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪū) 7
(āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ•āĨāĪĻāĨ€ āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ·āĨāĪ•āĪ°āĨāĪ·) ______
227
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ–āĨāĪĻāĨ€
8
17
0
30
166
8
75
7
______
311
2. āĪ–āĪūāĪ‚āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū [āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪĶāĨ‹ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĪūāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‚]
(3) āĪāĪŪāĪāĪāĪš Âą āĪĩāĪūāĪ—āĨāĪ—āĪū-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i (10 āĪĩāĪ°āĨāĪ— [āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄāĪđāĪūāĪ–]; āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪāĪĪāĪŋāĪđāĪūāĪļāĪŋāĪ• āĪ–āĪūāĪĪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪķāĨāĪ°āĨ‚ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ, āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ–āĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĻ āĪ”āĪ° āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪķāĨāĪ°āĨāĪ†āĪĪāĨ€ āĪĩāĨƒāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪŋ;
āĪļāĪ‚āĪ—āĪ āĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪ‚āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪĻāĪēāĪŋāĪ–āĪŋāĪĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ–āĪū:
1. āĪ†āĪĶāĨ‡āĪķ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪĩāĨ‡āĪķ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ (UPASAMPAD Âą)
2. UPOSATHA āĪŽāĨˆāĪ āĪ• āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ•āĪ–āĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨāĪĻāĪ°āĪūāĪĩāĨƒāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋ
3. āĪŽāĪ°āĪļāĪūāĪĪ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĨŒāĪļāĪŪ (āĪĩāĪūāĪļ) āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĶāĨŒāĪ°āĪūāĪĻ āĪĻāĪŋāĪĩāĪūāĪļ
4. āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪ°āĨ‹āĪđ āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪūāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪŠāĪĻ āĪ•āĪŋāĪŊāĪū, āĪœāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ€āĪāĪĩāĨ€ Âą āĪ°āĪūāĪĩ Âą āĪ•āĪđāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
5. āĪŠāĨ‹āĪķāĪūāĪ• āĪ”āĪ° āĪŦāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ€āĪšāĪ° āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ–āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ
6. āĪšāĪŋāĪ•āĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪļāĪū āĪ”āĪ° āĪ­āĨ‹āĪœāĪĻ
7. āĪ°āĨ‰āĪŽāĨāĪļ āĪ•āĪū āĪĩāĪūāĪ°āĨāĪ·āĪŋāĪ• āĪĩāĪŋāĪĪāĪ°āĪĢ (āĪ•āĪūāĪŊāĨ‹āĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĪū)
8. āĪŽāĨ€āĪŪāĪūāĪ° āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪļ, āĪļāĨāĪēāĨ€āĪŠāĪŋāĪ‚āĪ— āĪ”āĪ° āĪŽāĪūāĪ—āĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪŪāĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ€ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ
9. āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪūāĪđāĨ€ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ·āĨāĪŠāĪūāĪĶāĪĻ āĪ•āĪū āĪĪāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĪū
10. āĪķāĪŋāĪœāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĪūāĪŪāĪēāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪūāĪđāĨ€
(4) C31/4AVAGGA-P Âą 1/4i (āĪŊāĪū CULLAVAGGA) (12 āĪ–āĪ‚āĪĄāĪūāĪ• āĪ†āĪ—āĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪŸāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡āĪļ-
āĪļāĪ‚āĪļāĨāĪĨāĪūāĪ—āĪĪ āĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ Dures, āĪœāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡ āĪļāĪūāĪ˜āĪūāĪ•āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪūāĪŪ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪœāĪūāĪĻāĪū āĪœāĪūāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ:
1. āĪ‰āĪĻ āĪ…āĪŠāĪ°āĪūāĪ§āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪŸāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ āĪœāĨ‹ āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ†āĪĪāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ‚
(āĪļāĪūāĪ˜ Âą āĪĄāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĪū)
2. āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĩāĨ€āĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪū āĪŠāĪ° āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ•āĨ āĪĄāĪūāĪēāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪāĪ‚
3. āĪāĪ• āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨāĪĩāĪūāĪ°āĪū āĪ…āĪŠāĪ°āĪūāĪ§āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪ‚āĪšāĪŊ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŠāĪŸāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪāĪ‚
4. āĪļāĪ‚āĪ˜ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪĻāĨ‚āĪĻāĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ“āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĨāĪēāĪāĪūāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ
5. āĪĩāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪ§āĨĪ āĪļāĨāĪĻāĪūāĪĻ, āĪŠāĨ‹āĪķāĪūāĪ• āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪĶāĪŋ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ āĪĻāĪŋāĪŊāĪŪ
6. āĪ†āĪĩāĪūāĪļ, āĪŦāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ€āĪšāĪ°, āĪ†āĪĩāĪūāĪļ, āĪ†āĪĶāĪŋ
7. SCHISMS
8. āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪ°āĨāĪ— āĪ”āĪ° āĪķāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪ•āĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĻāĨŒāĪļāĪŋāĪ–āĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ•āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĪĩāĨāĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‚
9. āĪŠāĨ€ Âą āĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪū āĪļāĨ‡ āĪŽāĪđāĪŋāĪ·āĨāĪ•āĪūāĪ°
10. āĪ­āĪŋāĪ–āĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪļ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĪĻāĨāĪĩāĪŊ āĪ”āĪ° āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķ
11. āĪ†āĪ° Âą āĪœāĪ—āĪđāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ€ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ·āĪĶ āĪ•āĪū āĪēāĨ‡āĪ–āĪū
12. āĪĩāĨ€āĪˆāĪāĪļ Âą āĪēāĨ€ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĶāĨ‚āĪļāĪ°āĨ€ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪ·āĪĶ āĪ•āĪū āĪēāĨ‡āĪ–āĪū
3. Pariv Âą Ra-P Âą 1/4i [āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪļāĪūāĪ°āĪūāĪ‚āĪķ, āĪāĪ• āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪĩāĨāĪŊāĪĩāĪļāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĪ
āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪķ āĪ”āĪ° āĪŠāĪ°āĨ€āĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ Catechism]
(5) āĪŠāĪūāĪ°āĪŋāĪĩ Âą āĪ†āĪ°āĪ-āĪŠāĨ€ Âą 1/4i āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĪūāĪ‚āĪšāĪĩāĨ€āĪ‚ āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪ• āĪŠāĪūāĪ āĪ• āĪ•āĨ‹ āĪļāĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪŪ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪ…āĪē āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‚āĪŠ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ•āĪūāĪ°āĨāĪŊ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆ
āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪŊāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĨ‹āĪĄāĪūāĪ•āĪū āĪ•āĪū āĪāĪ• āĪĩāĪŋāĪķāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ·āĪĢāĪūāĪĪāĨāĪŪāĪ• āĪļāĪ°āĨāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ•āĨāĪ·āĪĢ āĪ•āĪ°āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪāĨĪ
āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū āĪŠāĪŋāĪŊāĪūāĪ•āĪū -āĪĶāĪŋāĪ˜āĪū āĪĻāĪŋāĪ•āĪūāĪŊāĨāĪŊāĪū
DN 9 -
āĪŠāĨ‹āĪ§āĪŠāĪĶāĪū āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū
{āĪ…āĪ‚āĪķ}
- āĪŠāĨ‹āĪķāĪūāĪŠāĪĶāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪķāĨāĪĻ -
Pohhapada āĪĩāĪŋāĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪļāĪĩāĪūāĪēāĨ‹āĪ‚ āĪļāĨ‡ SaÃąÄ āĪ•āĨ€ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪ•āĨƒāĪĪāĪŋ reagriding āĪŠāĨ‚āĪ›āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŸ: āĪļāĪūāĪĶāĪū āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪ‚āĪĨ
āĪ…āĪŽ, āĪ­āĪ—āĪĩāĪūāĪĻ, āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆ, āĪ”āĪ° āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪūāĪĶ; āĪŊāĪū āĪ•āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ, āĪ”āĪ° āĪŽāĪūāĪĶ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū; āĪŊāĪū āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪ”āĪ°
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪāĪ• āĪļāĪūāĪĨ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ?
Potthapada, āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪ āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ, āĪ”āĪ°
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪūāĪĶāĨĪ āĪ”āĪ° āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĪū āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪūāĨĪ āĪāĪ• āĪļāĪŪāĪāĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ, ‘āĪŊāĪđ āĪ‡āĪļ āĪŠāĪ° āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪ­āĪ°āĪĪāĪū āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ‚ āĪđāĨˆ āĪ•āĪŋ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĪū āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ
āĪŠāĨˆāĪĶāĪū āĪđāĨ‹ āĪ—āĪŊāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ ‘āĪĪāĪ°āĨāĪ• āĪ•āĨ€ āĪ‡āĪļ āĪŠāĪ‚āĪ•āĨāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŪāĪūāĪ§āĨāĪŊāĪŪ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨ‹āĪˆ āĪŪāĪđāĪļāĨ‚āĪļ āĪ•āĪ° āĪļāĪ•āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ āĪ•āĪŋ āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡
āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪŠāĪđāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ€ āĪđāĨˆ, āĪ”āĪ° āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪŽāĪūāĪĶ, āĪ”āĪ° āĪ•āĨˆāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆ
āĪœāĨāĪžāĪūāĪĻ āĪ§āĪūāĪ°āĪĢāĪū āĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĪāĨāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ†āĪĪāĪū āĪđāĨˆāĨĪ
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āē­āē—āēĩāēūāēĻāģ
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§ ‘āēœāēĻāē° āēĶāģƒāē·āģāēŸāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēļāģāēĩāēēāģāēŠ āē§āģ‚āēģāģ āē‡āē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, āē…āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĪāģ†āē—āģ†āēĶāģāēđāēūāē•āēŋ,
āē…āēĩāē°āģ āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēđāēūāēĶāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĻāēĄāģ†āēŊāģāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ†.
55) Classical Kannada- āēķāēūāēļāģāēĪāģāē°āģ€āēŊ āē•āēĻāģāēĻāēĄ,
Friends

āē­āē—āēĩāēūāēĻāģ
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§ ‘āēœāēĻāē° āēĶāģƒāē·āģāēŸāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēļāģāēĩāēēāģāēŠ āē§āģ‚āēģāģ āē‡āē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, āē…āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĪāģ†āē—āģ†āēĶāģāēđāēūāē•āēŋ,
āē…āēĩāē°āģ āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēđāēūāēĶāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĻāēĄāģ†āēŊāģāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ†. āē•āģāē°āēūāēŦāģāēŸāģāēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āēēāēŋāēĪāē°āģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē•āģŒāēķāēēāģāēŊāēĶāēŋāē‚āēĶ,
āēĻāģˆāēĪāēŋāē•āēĪāģ†āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēķāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēŽāēĶāģāē§āēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēšāģ†āēĻāģāēĻāēūāē—āēŋ āēŽāģ†āēģāģ†āēļāēēāģāēŠāēĄāģāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ†,
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēŋāēĩāē‚āēĪāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊ āēŠāēĶāē—āēģāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† āē‰āēĄāģāē—āģŠāē°āģ†āēŊāēūāē—āēŋ āēĻāģ€āēĄāģāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ†, āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋāēŊāģŠāē‚āēĶāģ‚ āē’āē‚āēĶāģ āēĶāģŠāēĄāģāēĄ
āē†āēķāģ€āē°āģāēĩāēūāēĶ - āēŪāē‚āē—āēēāēū āēļāģ‚āēŸāģāēŸāēū
āēŠāģāē°āēŠāē‚āēšāēĶ āēœāēĻāē°āģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† āēĻāēŋāēœāēĩāēūāēĶ āēĨāģ‡āē°āēĩāēūāēĄāēū āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§āē§āē°āģāēŪāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāē‚āēšāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāēēāģ.
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēŪāģ‚āēē āēŽāģ‹āē§āēĻāģ†āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē°āģāēĩ āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āēŸāēŋāēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āē‚āēĄāģāēŽāē°āģāēĩāē‚āēĪāģ†, āēĨāēĪāē°āēūāēĄāēū āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§āē§āē°āģāēŪāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē…āē§āģāēŊāēŊāēĻ āēŪāēūāēĄāēēāģ, āē•āēēāēŋāēļāēēāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āē­āģāēŊāēūāēļ āēŪāēūāēĄāēēāģ.
āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊāēū āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēū - āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēĻāģ€āēĪāēŋāēķāēūāēļāģāēĪāģāē°
āēļāēŋāēĶāģāē§āēūāē‚āēĪ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āē­āģāēŊāēūāēļāēĶ āēŠāģāē°āē•āēūāē° āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊāē•āģāē•āģ† āēŠāē°āēŋāēšāēŊ
āēĩāģˆāēĻāēūāēŊāēĶ āēĩāēŋāēĩāēŋāē§ āē­āēūāē—āē—āēģ āē…āē§āģāēŊāēŊāēĻāēĩāģ āēĻāģˆāēĪāēŋāē• āēķāēŋāēļāģāēĪāēŋāēĻ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāēūāē—āēŋ
āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ “āēĶāēŋ āēēāģˆāēŦāģ āēŽāģāēēāēĄāģ āē†āēŦāģ āē§āēŪāģāēŪ”
āēĨāģ‡āē°āēĩāēūāēĄāēūāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēķāēŋāēļāģāēĪāēŋāēĻ āēĻāēĄāēĩāēģāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊ āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŪāģāē–āģāēŊāēĪāģ†.
āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģ āēđāēŋāēĻāģāēĻāģ†āēēāģ† āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ āēĪāēŪāģāēŪ āē†āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĪāģāēŪāēŋāē• āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŪāģāē–āģāēŊāēĪāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŽāēđāēŋāē°āē‚āē—āēŠāēĄāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĩāģ†.
āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŊāģ‹āē—āēŋāē• āēđāģāēŊāēūāē‚āēĄāģāēŽāģāē•āģ āēŪāēūāēĻāēŋāēļāģāēŸāēŋāē•āģ āēķāēŋāēļāģāēĪāēŋāēĻ āē…āē—āēĪāģāēŊ āē•āģ‹āē°āģ āē†āē—āēŋ āēŠāēŸāēŋāēŪāģŠāē–āē–āēū āēŽāē‚āēĶāģ āē•āē°āģ†āēŊāēēāģāēŠāēĄāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āēāēģāģ ‘āē…āēŠāē°āēūāē§āē—āēģ āē°āģ‚āēŠāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēŪāģŠāēĻāēļāģāēŸāēŋāē•āģ āēĩāē°āģāēĪāēĻāģ†āē—āēģ āē‰āēēāģāēēāē‚āē˜āēĻāģ† - apattis’
āēļāēŋāē–āē•āēūāēŠāēĶāēū āēŠāē°āēŋāē•āēēāģāēŠāēĻāģ†āēŊ āēļāēūāēŪāēūāēĻāģāēŊ āēĩāēŋāēŪāē°āģāēķāģ† - āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊāēū āēķāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āēŠāģŠāēŸāēŋāēļāģ āē…āēĩāē° āē‰āēēāģāēēāē‚āē˜āēĻāģ†.
āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēū - āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēĪāēĪāģāēĩāēķāēūāēļāģāēĪāģāē°
āēļāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēū āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āē…āēēāģāēēāēĶ āēļāēūāē‚āēŠāģāē°āēĶāēūāēŊāēŋāē•, āēŠāē°āēŪāēūāēĪāģāēŸāēū āē…āēēāģāēŸāēŋāēŪāģ‡āēŸāģ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāēŋāē‚āēĶ
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēūāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŠāģāē°āēĪāģāēŊāģ‡āē•āēŋāēļāēēāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āē­āģāēŊāēūāēļ āēŪāēūāēĄāēēāģ āēļāēūāē‚āēŠāģāē°āēĶāēūāēŊāēŋāē• āē­āēūāē·āģ†āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ
āēŽāēģāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āēļāēŸāģāēŸāēĻāēūāēŸāēū āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēūāē—āģ† āēŠāē°āēŋāēšāēŊ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē‡āēĶāģ āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āē­āēŋāē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪ āēŠāēŋāēŸāē•āēūāēļāģāēĻāēŋāē‚āēĶ āē­āēŋāēĻāģāēĻāēĩāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†.
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāē•āģāē•āē•āēŠāēūāēĩāēĪāēūāēĻ āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ - āēĻāēūāēēāģāē•āģ āē‰āēĶāēūāēĪāģāēĪ āēļāēĪāģāēŊāē—āēģ āēŪāģ‡āēēāģ† āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēŪāģ‚āēēāē­āģ‚āēĪ āēŽāģ‹āē§āēĻāģ†.
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāē•āģāē•āģāēŠāģāēŠāēĩāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēĻ āēļāģ‚āēŸāģāēŸāēĶ āēĩāēŋāē·āēŊāē—āēģāģ. āēŽāē°āēĄāģ āēĩāēŋāēŠāē°āģ€āēĪ.
āēŪāē§āģāēŊāēŪ āēŪāēūāē°āģāē—āēĩāģ āēŽāē°āēĄāģ āēĩāēŋāēŠāē°āģ€āēĪāē—āēģāēŋāē‚āēĶ āē­āēŋāēĻāģāēĻāēĩāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†.
āēļāēĪāģāēŊ āēļāģ‚āēŸāģāēŸāēūāēĶ āēšāē•āģāē°āēĶ āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ āēđāē‚āēĪāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēđāēĻāģāēĻāģ†āē°āēĄāģ āēŪāēūāē°āģāē—āē—āēģāģ.
āēĄāēŋāē—āēū, āēŪāēœāģāēœāēŋāēŪāēū, āē•āģāēĄāģāēĄāē•āēū, āē…āē‚āē—āģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāē°āēū, āē†āēŊāģāēĶ āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģ āēļāē‚āēŊāēĪ āēĻāēŋāē•āēūāēŊāēļāģ-āē…āē§āģāēŊāēŊāēĻ
āē…āē­āēŋāē§āēŪāģāēŪāēū āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēū- āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēļāģˆāē•āēūāēēāēœāēŋ
āē…āē­āēŋāē§āēŪāēŪāēū
āēŠāēŋāēŸāēūāē•āēūāē—āģ† āēŠāē°āēŋāēšāēŊ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊāēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŸāē•āēūāēļāģāēĻāēŋāē‚āēĶ āē‡āēĶāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ†
āē­āēŋāēĻāģāēĻāēĩāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†. āēŠāēĻāģāēŸāģāēŸāēŋ (āēļāēūāē‚āēŠāģāē°āēĶāēūāēŊāēŋāē•) āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāē°āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāēū (āē…āēēāģāēŸāēŋāēŪāģ‡āēŸāģ) āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪāē—āēģ
āēĻāēĄāģāēĩāēŋāēĻ āēĩāģāēŊāēĪāģāēŊāēūāēļ. āēŠāģāēŊāēūāē°āēūāēŪāēūāēĪāģāēĨāēū āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēū āēĩāēŋāēķāģāēēāģ‡āē·āēĢāģ†āēŊ āēĩāēŋāēĩāēŋāē§ āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāģ,
āēŠāģāē°āēœāģāēžāģ†āēŊāģ 89 āē…āēĨāēĩāēū 121 āē° āē°āēūāēœāģāēŊāē—āēģāēūāē—āēŋ āēĩāēŋāēķāģāēēāģ‡āē·āēŋāēļāēēāģāēŠāēĄāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, Cetasikas
āēŠāģāē°āēœāģāēžāģ†āēŊ āēŪāēūāēĻāēļāēŋāē• āē…āē‚āēķāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāēĶāģ†. āēļāģ†āēŸāēļāēŋāē•āēū āēŽāē‚āēĶāē°āģ‡āēĻāģ. āēļāēŋāēŸāēļāēŋāē•āēūāēĶ āēĻāēūāēēāģāē•āģ
āē—āģāēĢāēēāē•āģāē·āēĢāē—āēģāģ āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēū āēļāēđāēūāēŊāē•āēĻāēūāē—āēŋ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĻāēŋāē°āģāēĩāēđāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĩāģ†. āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēū (āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻ)
āēļāģāēĩāē°āģ‚āēŠ āēāēĻāģ? āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāģ†āēŸāēļāēŋāē•āēū āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪāēļāģ āē…āēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āēļāē‚āēŊāģ‹āēœāēŋāēļāēŽāģ‡āē•āģ -
āēļāģāēŊāēūāē‚āēŠāēķāģ‹āēŊāģ‹āē—. āēļāēŋāēŸāēļāēŋāē•āēūāē—āēģāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āēļāēŋāēŸāēļāģāē—āģ† āēļāē‚āēŽāē‚āē§āēŋāēļāēŋāēĩāģ† - āēļāēđāē—āēŸāēū. āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēū
āē…āēļāģ‹āēļāēŋāēŊāģ‡āēŸāģāēļāģāēĻāē‚āēĪāģ† āēļāģ†āēŸāēļāēŋāē•āēūāēļāģ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĩāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĻāēŋāē°āģāēĩāēđāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āēĨāģ†āē°āēĩāēūāēĄāēū āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§āē§āē°āģāēŪāēĶ āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļ
āēĨāģ‡āē°āēūāēĄāēūāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āē‚āēĄāģāēŽāē°āģāēĩāē‚āēĪāģ† āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻ.
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēŽāē—āģāē—āģ† āēĩāēŋāēĩāēŋāē§ āēĶāģƒāē·āģāēŸāēŋāē•āģ‹āēĻāē—āēģāģ.
āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēļāē‚āēļāģāē•āģƒāēĪāēŋāēŊ āēŪāģ‚āēē.
āē­āēūāē°āēĪāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŽāģ‡āē°āģ†āēĄāģ† āē•āē‚āēĄāģāēŽāē°āģāēĩāē‚āēĪāģ† āēŠāģāē°āēūāēšāģ€āēĻ.
āēĶāģˆāēĻāē‚āēĶāēŋāēĻ āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēļāē‚āēļāģāē•āģƒāēĪāēŋāēŊ āē…āē­āģāēŊāēūāēļ āēĩāēŋāē­āēŋāēĻāģāēĻ āē­āģ‚āēŪāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āē‚āēĄāģāēŽāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§ āēļāēŪāēūāē°āē‚āē­āē—āēģāģ - āēļāēūāē‚āēļāģāē•āģƒāēĪāēŋāē•, āēĻāģˆāēĪāēŋāē• āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āēĩāē° āē†āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĪāģāēŪāēŋāē• āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŪāģāē–āģāēŊāēĪāģ†.
āēĨāģ‡āē°āēĩāēūāēĄāēū āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§ āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēŪāģ‚āēē āēŠāēĶāģāē§āēĪāēŋāē—āēģāģ
3 āē°āēŸāēĻāēūāēļāģāēĻ āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŪāģāē–āģāēŊāēĪāģ†, āē—āģŒāē°āēĩāēūāē°āģāēŠāēĢāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŠāēūāēĩāēĪāēŋāēļāģāēĩ āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ āēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāģ.
āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ āēŠāēŸāģāēŸāģ āē†āēķāģāē°āēŊāēĶ āē…āēĪāģāēŊāģāēĻāģāēĻāēĪ āēēāē•āģāē·āēĢāē—āēģāģ.
āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋāēŊāģŠāēŽāģāēŽāē°āģ‚ āē…āē°āģāēĨāēŪāēūāēĄāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāēŽāģ‡āē•āēūāēĶ āēŪāģ‚āēēāē­āģ‚āēĪ āēŠāē°āēŋāē•āēēāģāēŠāēĻāģ†āē—āēģāģ. āē†āē°āģ‹āē—āģāēŊāē•āē°,
(āē•āģāēļāģāēēāēū), āē…āēĻāēūāē°āģ‹āē—āģāēŊāē•āē°, (āē…āē•āģāēļāēūāēēāēū) - āē’āēģāģāēģāģ†āēŊāēĶāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē•āģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēĩāē°āģ, āē…āēĩāē°āģ āēĻāēŋāēœāēĩāēūāēĶ
āē—āģāēĢāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻ.
āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāģāē°āēķāē‚āēļāēĻāģ€āēŊ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĄāēŋ-āēŪāģ†āē°āēŋāēŸāģ‹āē°āēŋāēŊāē° āē•āģāē°āēŪāē—āēģāģ āē’āēŽāģāēŽāē° āēĻāēĄāēĩāēģāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ
āē°āģ‚āēŠāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĩāģ†, āēđāģ€āē—āēūāē—āēŋ āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŪāģ‡āēēāģāēŪāģāē–āēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēšāēēāēŋāēļāģāēĩ āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē•āģ†āēģāē•āģāē•āģ† āēšāēēāēŋāēļāģāēĩ
āēŪāēūāēĻāēļāēŋāē• āēŽāģ†āēģāēĩāēĢāēŋāē—āģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē‰āē‚āēŸāģāēŪāēūāēĄāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āēŪāģ‚āē°āģāēŠāēŸāģāēŸāģ āēŪāģ‚āēēāē­āģ‚āēĪ āēĪāēĪāģāēĩ: āēĄāēūāēĻāēū, āēļāēŋāēēāēū, āē­āēĩāēĻ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāēŋāēēāēū, āēļāēŪāēūāē§āēŋ, āēŠāēŊāēū
āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāē°āēŋāēŠāģ‚āē°āģāēĢāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ - āēŠāģāēŊāēūāē°āēūāēŪāēŋāēļāģ.
āē•āēŪāģāēŪāēĻ āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŪāģāē–āģāēŊāēĪāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē…āē°āģāēĨāēŪāēūāēĄāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāģāēĩāģāēĶāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āēĶāē° āēŠāē°āēŋāēĢāēūāēŪāēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻ
āēˆ āēŠāē āēĢāēĶ āēļāēūāēŪāēūāēĻāģāēŊ āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āēļāēŸāģāēŸāēū āēŠāē āēĢ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāē°āēĢāģ†.
āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĻāēĶ āē…āē­āģāēŊāēūāēļ
āēĻāēūāēēāģāē•āģ āē­āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēūāēĶ āē°āēūāēœāģāēŊāē—āēģāģ - āēŽāģāē°āēđāģāēŪ āēĩāēŋāēđāēūāē°āēūāēļāģ - āēŪāģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēū, āē•āē°āģāēĢ, āēŪāģāēĄāēŋāēŸāēū,
āē‰āēŠāģāēŠāģ‡āē•āēū āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āēĩāēŋāē•āēŋāē°āēĢ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āē…āēĩāē°āģ āēŠāē°āēļāģāēŠāē° āē­āēŋāēĻāģāēĻāēĩāēūāē—āēŋāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĩāģ†.
āēĨāģ‡āē°āēĩāēūāēĄāēū āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§āē§āē°āģāēŪāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĻāēĶ āēŠāģāē°āēŊāģ‹āēœāēĻāē—āēģāģ
āēļāēŪāēĪāēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāēŠāēūāēļāēĻāēū āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĻ.
āē§āģāēŊāēūāēĻ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āēĶāē° 40 āēĩāēŋāē·āēŊāē—āēģāģ.
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻ
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēœāēĻāēĻ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē†āē°āē‚āē­āēŋāē• āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻ
āēĩāēŋāēĩāēŋāē§ āē†āē°āē‚āē­āēŋāē• āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻ āē˜āēŸāēĻāģ†āē—āēģāģ - āēŪāēđāēūāē­āēŋāēĻāēūāē•āģƒāēĪāēŋ
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāģ‹āēĶāēŊāē•āģāē•āēūāē—āēŋ āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēļāģ ‘āēđāģ‹āē°āēūāēŸ - 6 āēĩāē°āģāē·āē—āēģ āēŠāģāē°āēūāēŊāēķāģāēšāēŋāēĪāģāēĪ
āēļāģāēĩāēŊāē‚ āēŪāē°āēĢāēĶāē‚āēĄāēĻāģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē‡āē‚āēĶāģāē°āēŋāēŊ āēĪāģŠāēĄāē—āēŋāēļāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāģāēĩ āēŪāģ‚āēēāē­āģ‚āēĪ āē­āģ€āēĪāēŋ.
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāģ‹āēĶāēŊāēĶ āēđāģ‹āē°āēūāēŸ - āēŽāģ‹āē§āēŋ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēĩāēūāēĶ āē…āē§āģāēŊāēŊāēĻ
āēŪāģ‹āē·āēĻāģ āēļāģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēŋāē‚āē—āģ āē†āēŦāģ āēĶāēŋ āēĩāģāēđāģ€āēēāģ āē†āēŦāģ āēŸāģāē°āģāēĪāģ - āē§āēŪāģāēŪāē•āģāē•āģāēŠāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēĻāēū
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āēđāē°āēĄāģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ† - āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶ āēļāģāēĨāēūāēŠāēĻāģ†
āēļāēĻāģāēŊāēūāēļāēŋāē—āēģ āēŠāēĩāēŋāēĪāģāē° āē•āģāē°āēŪāēĶ āē°āēšāēĻāģ† - āē­āēŋāē•āģāēĻāēŋāēļāģ
āē—āģāē°āģ‡āēŸāģ āēĄāēŋāēļāģ†āēĻāģāēļāģ - āēŪāēđāēūāēŠāē°āēŋāēĻāģāēĩāēūāēĻāēū.
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āē­āēūāē·āģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāēūāēđāēŋāēĪāģāēŊ
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āē•āģāēŊāēūāēĻāģŠāēĻāēŋāē•āēēāģ āē­āēūāē·āģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē•āēēāēŋāēŊāēēāģ
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āē—āģāē°āēūāēŪāē°āģ
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āē­āēūāē·āēū āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļ
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āēļāēūāēđāēŋāēĪāģāēŊ
āēŠāēūāēēāēŋ āēĩāē°āģāē•āģāēļāģ
āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŊāē°āēūāē•āēū
(āēāēĶāģ āēĻāēŋāē•āģ Âą āēŊāēūāēļāģ, āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āēļāē‚āē—āģāē°āēđāēĢāģ†āē—āēģāģ)
1. D2GHA-NIK Âą āēŊāēū [34 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ; 3 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ, āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē…āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŊāē—āēģāģ (āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋ āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•)]
(1) s2lakkhandavagga-p Âą 1/4i (13 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
(2) āēŪāēūāēđāģ Âą āēĩāē—āēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
(3) p Âą Âąikavagga-p Âą 1/4i (11 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
2. āēŪāēœāģāēœāēŋāēŪāēū-āēĻāēŋāē•āģ Âą āēŊāēū [152 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ; 15 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ; 3 āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĩāēŋāē‚āē—āēĄāēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†,
5 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋ, Pooo Âą SA (’āēāēĩāēĪāģāēĪāģ’) āēŽāē‚āēĶāģ āē•āē°āģ†āēŊāēēāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†]
(1) M3LAPAOO â„Ē SSA- P Âą 1/4i (’āē°āģ‚āēŸāģ’ āēāēĩāēĪāģāēĪāģ)
1. m3lapariy Âą āēŊāēūāēĩāēūāē—āģāē— (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
2. S2HAN â„Ē āēĶāēūāēĻāēūāē— (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
3. āēĪāēūāēĪāēŋāēĩāēūāē—āģāē—āēū (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
4. āēŪāēūāēđāģ Âą āēŊāēŪāē•āģāē•āēĩāēūāē— (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
5. C31/4āēŊāēŪāē•āēĩāēūāē— (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
(2) Majjhimapaoo Âą Sa-P Âą 1/4i (’āēŪāē§āģāēŊāēŪ’ āēāēĩāēĪāģāēĪāģ)
6. āē—āēđāēūāēŠāēĪāēŋ-āēĩāē—āēū (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
7. āē­āēŋāē–āēūāē•āģ-āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē—āģ (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
8. āēŠāģāēŊāēūāē°āēŋāēŽāģāēŽāģ ↑ āēœāēūāē•āēū-āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē—āēū (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
9. r Âą ja- vagga (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
10. BR Âą āēđāēĻāēūāēĻāēū-āēĩāē—āēū (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
(3) uparipaoo Âą sa-p Âą 1/4i (āē…āē‚āēĶāē°āģ† ‘āēāēĩāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē•āģāē•āēŋāē‚āēĪ āēđāģ†āēšāģāēšāģ’)
11. āēĶāģ‡āēĩāēĶāēūāēđāēĻ-āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē—āģ (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēļāģ)
12. āē…āēĻāģāēŠāēĶāēū-āēĩāē—āēūāē—āēū (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
13. āēļāģāēĻāēūāēĻāēūāēŸāēū-āēĩāē—āēū (10 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēļāģ)
14. āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—-āēĩāē—āēū (12 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēļāģ)
15. sa1/4 Âą āēŊāēūāēĪāēūāēĻāēū-āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē—āēū (10 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ)
3. sa1/2yutta-nik Âą āēŊāēū [2,904 (7,762) āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēļāģ; 56 sa1/2yuttas; 5 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ; āēĩāēŋāē‚āē—āēĄāēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†
6 āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ]
(1) SAG Âą ThAVAGG-SA1/2YUTTA-P Âą 1/4I (11 SA1/2YUTTAS)
(2) NID → NAVAGGA- SA1/2YUTTA- P ± 1/4I (10 SA1/2YUTTAS)
(3) āē–āē‚āēĄāēūāēĩāēūāē—āēū-āēļāēū 1/2yutta-p Âą 1/4i (13 sa1/2yuttas)
(4) sa1/4 Âą yatanavagga-sa1/2yutta-p Âą 1/4i (10 sa1/2yuttas)
(5) āēŪāēūāēđāģ Âą vagga-sa1/2yutta-p Âą 1/4i i i (6 sa1/2yuttas)
(6) mah Âą vagga-sa1/2yutta-p Âą 1/4i ii (6 sa1/2yuttas)
4. āē…āē—āģāēŸāģāēŸāē°āēū-āēĻāēŋāē•āģ Âą āēŊāēū [9,557 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēū; IN11 NIP â„Ē TAS, āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē—āģāē‚āēŠāģāē—āēģāģ āēļāē‚āēŠāģ‚āē°āģāēĢāēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēœāģ‹āēĄāēŋāēļāēŋāēĩāģ†
āēļāē‚āē–āģāēŊāēūāēĪāģāēŪāē•āēĩāēūāē—āēŋ; āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋ āēĻāēŋāēŠāģ Âą TA āēđāēēāēĩāēūāē°āģ vagagas āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāēĶāģ†; 10 āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āēđāģ†āēšāģāēšāģ āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ
āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋ āēĩāē—āēūāē—āēū; 6 āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāģ]
(1) āē‡āē•āēū-āēĄāģāē•āēū-āēŸāēŋāē•āēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i (āē’āēĻāģāēļāģ, āēŸāģāēĩāģŠāēļāģ, āēĨāģāē°āģ€āēļāģ)
(2) āē•āģāēŊāēūāēŸāģāē•āēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i (āēĻāēūāēēāģāē•āģ)
(3) āēŠāēūāēĻāģāē•āēūāē•āēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i (āēŦāģˆāēĩāģāēļāģ)
(4) āēšāē•āģāē•āēū-āēļāēĪāģāēĪāēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i (āēļāēŋāē•āģāēļāēļāģ, āēļāģ†āēĩāģ†āēĻāģāēļāģ)
(5) āē…āē–āēūāē•āēū-āēĻāēĩāē•āēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāēŋ. 1/4i (āēŽāē‚āēŸāģ, āēĻāģˆāēĻāģāēļāģ)
(6) āēĶāēūāēļāē•āēū-āēŽāē•āēūāēĶāēūāēļāēū-āēĻāēŋāēŠāēŸāēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i (āēđāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ, āēŽāēēāģ†āēĩāģ†āēĻāģāēļāģ)
5. āē–āģāēĶāēūāē•-āēĻāēŋāē•āģ Âą āēŊāēū [āēļāēĢāģāēĢ āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģ āēļāē‚āē—āģāē°āēđ, āē‡āēĪāē°āģ† āē•āģ‚āēŸ-
18 āēŪāģāē–āģāēŊ āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āģƒāēĪāēŋāē—āēģ ING; āē‡āēĶāģ āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēļāģ, āēļāē‚āē•āēēāēĻāē—āēģāģ āē’āēģāē—āģŠāē‚āēĄāēŋāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āēļāģˆāēĶāģāē§āēūāē‚āēĪāēŋāē• āēŸāēŋāēŠāģāēŠāēĢāēŋāē—āēģāģ, āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļāē—āēģāģ, āēķāģāēēāģ‹āē•āē—āēģāģ, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē°āģāēĩ āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻāē•āēūāē° āēļāēūāēđāēŋāēĪāģāēŊ
āēŸāēŋāēŠāēŋāē•āēūāē• āēļāģāēĩāēĪāēƒ āē…āēģāēĩāēĄāēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†; 12 āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāģ]
(1) āē•āģāēĶāēūāē•āēūāēŠāģ ↑ āēĨāēū, āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēŠāēĄ & ud Âą na-p Âą 1/4i
1. āē•āģāēĶāēūāē•āēūāēŠāģ Âą āēĨāēū (āē’āē‚āēŽāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāēĢāģāēĢ āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ, āēĪāē°āēŽāģ‡āēĪāēŋ āē•āģˆāēŠāēŋāēĄāēŋāēŊāēūāē—āēŋ āēŽāēģāēļāēēāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āē…āēĻāēĻāģāē­āēĩāēŋ āē­āēūāē•āģāē•āēļāģ)
2. āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēŠāēĄāēū (āēŸāēŋāēŠāēŋāēŊāēūāē•āēūāē•āēĶ āēŽāēēāģāēēāēū āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē…āēĪāģāēŊāē‚āēĪ āēŠāģāē°āēļāēŋāēĶāģāē§; 423 āēļāē‚āē—āģāē°āēđ
26 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģāēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēķāģāēēāģ‹āē•āē—āēģāģ)
3. ud Âą na (8 vagagagas āēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ, 80 āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āē†āēđāģāēēāēūāēĶāē•āē°āēĩāēūāēĶ āēŪāēūāēĪāģāē—āēģāģ, āēđāģ†āēšāģāēšāēūāē—āēŋ āēķāģāēēāģ‹āē•āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ, āēœāģŠāēĪāģ†āē—āģ†
āē‰āēšāģāēšāēūāē°āēĢāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģŠāē°āēđāģŠāēŪāģāēŪāēŋāēĶ āēļāē‚āēĶāē°āģāē­āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āģ†āēēāēĩāģ āē—āēĶāģāēŊ āē–āēūāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ)
(2) āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļ, āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēĻāēŋāēŠāģ Âą āēĪāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i
4. āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļ (4 āēĻāēŋāēŠāģ Âą āēŸāēūāēļāģ, 112 āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ, āēŠāģāē°āēĪāģ€ āē†āē°āē‚āē­, “āēāēŸāēŋāē vutta1/2 āē­āē—āēĩāēŸāēū” [āēđāģ€āē—āģ†
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āē°āēŋāē‚āēĶ āēđāģ‡āēģāēŋāēĶāē°āģ])
5. āēļāēŸāģāēŸāēĻāēŋāēŠāģ Âą āēŸāēū (5 āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ; 71 āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēļāģ, āēđāģ†āēšāģāēšāēūāē—āēŋ āēŠāēĶāģāēŊāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ; āē…āēĪāģāēŊāģāēĪāģāēĪāēŪāēĩāēūāēĶāēĩāģāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē’āēģāē—āģŠāē‚āēĄāēŋāēĶāģ†
āēĪāēŋāēģāēŋāēĶāēŋāē°āģāēĩ, āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āē…āēĪāģāēŊāē‚āēĪ āēœāēĻāēŠāģāē°āēŋāēŊ āēļāģ‚āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāģ
(3) vim Âą āēĻāēĩāēŸāģāēŸāģ, āēŠāģ†āēŸāēĩāēūāēĪāģāēĨāģ, āēĨāģ†āē°āē—āģ Âą āēĨāģ Âą & āēĨāģ†āē°āēŋāē—āģ Âą āēĨāģ† -āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i
6. āēĩāēŋāēŪāģ Âą āēĻāēĩāēŸāģāēŸāģ (āēĩāēŋāēŪāģ Âą āēĻāēū āēŽāē‚āēĶāē°āģ† āēŪāģāēŊāēūāēĻāģāē·āēĻāģ; 85 āē•āēĩāēŋāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ 85 āē•āēĩāēŋāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ
āēļāģāēĩāē°āģāē—āģ€āēŊ āē•āģāē·āģ‡āēĪāģāē°āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēŪāģ†āē°āēŋāēŸāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāģāēĻāē°āģāēœāēĻāģāēŪ)
7. āēŠāģ†āēŸāēūāēĩāēūāēĪāģāēĨāģ (4 āē°āē—āēūāēļāģ, 51 āē•āēĩāēŋāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ āēķāģ‹āēšāēĻāģ€āēŊ āēœāģ€āēĩāēŋāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ [petas] āēœāēĻāēŋāēļāēŋāēĶāēĩāģ
āēĪāēŪāģāēŪ āēĄāģ†āēŪāēūāē°āģ†āēŸāģ‹āē°āēŋāēŊāēļāģ āē•āģƒāēĪāģāēŊāē—āēģāēŋāē‚āēĶāēūāē—āēŋ āē…āēĪāģƒāēŠāģāēĪ āē°āēūāēœāģāēŊāē—āēģāģ)
8. āēĨāģāē°āģ‡āē—āģ Âą āēĨāģ Âą (264 āē°āēŋāē‚āēĶ āē…āē°āēūāēđāģāēŊāēūāēŸāēŋāēķāēŋāēŠāģāēĻ āēļāēūāē§āēĻāģ† āēĻāē‚āēĪāē° āēļāē‚āēĪāģ‹āē· āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē†āēĻāē‚āēĶ āēŠāēĶāģāēŊāē—āēģāģ
āēđāēŋāē°āēŋāēŊ āē­āēŋāē•āģāē•āģāēļāģ; 107 āē•āēĩāēŋāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ, 1,279 āē—āģāē°āēūāē‚ Âą āēĨāēūāēļāģ)
9. āēĨāģ†āē°āēŋāē—āģ Âą āēĨāēŋ Âą (73 āēđāēŋāē°āēŋāēŊ āēļāēĻāģāēŊāēūāēļāēŋāē—āēģāēŋāē‚āēĶ (73 āē°āēĩāē°āģ†āē—āģ†, 73 āē•āēĩāēŋāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģ, 522 āē—āģāē°āēūāē‚ Âą āēĨāēūāēļāģ)
(4) āēœāģ† Âą āēĪāē•āēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ. āēĻāēūāēĻāģ
(5) āēœāģ† Âą āēĪāē•āēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ II
10. āēœāģ† ↑ āēĪāē•āēū (āē•āģ‹āēĄāēŋāēļāēūāēŸāģāēŸāēū āē…āēĩāē° āēœāēĻāģāēŪ āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ āē—āģ‹āēĪāēŪ āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģāēĶāēĻāģ; 547
āēķāģāēēāģ‹āē•āē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋāēĻ āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ, āēĻāēŋāēŠāģ Âą āēŸāēū āē†āē—āēŋ āēĩāēŋāē‚āē—āēĄāēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†, āē…āē—āēĪāģāēŊāēĩāēŋāē°āģāēĩ āēķāģāēēāģ‹āē•āē—āēģ āēļāē‚āē–āģāēŊāģ†
āē•āēĨāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģ‡āēģāēŋ. āēŠāģ‚āē°āģāēĢ āēœāģ† Âą āēĪāē•āēū āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ āēĩāēūāēļāģāēĪāēĩāēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēœāģ† Âą āēĪāē•āēū āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻāē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋāēĩāģ†
āēŠāēĶāģāēŊāē—āēģ āēđāēŋāē‚āēĶāģ† āē•āēĨāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēŋāēļāēŋ.
(6) āēŪāēūāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēŋāēĄāģ†āēļāģāēļāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i
(7) C31/4NIDESSA-P Âą 1/4i
11. āēĻāēŋāēĄāģ†āēļāģāēļāēū (āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸāēūāēĻāēŋāēŠāģāēĻ āēŽāē°āēĄāģ āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģ āēŽāē—āģāē—āģ† āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻ)
āēŪāēūāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēŋāēĄāģ†āēļāģāēļāēū: āē•āēūāēŪāģ†āē‚āēŸāē°āēŋ 4 āēĻāģ‡ āēĩāē—āēūāē—āēū
C31/4NIDESSA: 5 āēĻāģ‡ āēĩāē—āēūāē—āēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻ
1 āēĻāģ‡ āēĩāē—āēūāē—āēūāēĶ āē–āē—āģāē—āēĩāēŋāēļāģ ↑ āē“ āēļāģāēŸāģ
(😎 PaΞisambhid Âą Magga-P Âą 1/4i
12. PAΞISAMPHID â„Ē Magga (āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āē…āē­āēŋāē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪāēŋāē• āēķāģˆāēēāēŋāēŊ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēĩāēūāēĶ āēĩāēŋāēķāģāēēāģ‡āē·āēĢāģ†
āēŽāģ‹āē§āēĻāģ†, āēĩāēŋāēĻāģ Âą āēŊāēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŊāē•āēūāē•āē—āēģ āēŽāēēāģāēēāēū āē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāēŋāē‚āēĶ āēšāēŋāēĪāģāē°āēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģ†; āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ āēĩāē—āēūāēļāģ,
āēŠāģāē°āēĪāēŋ āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāē·āēŊāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē°āģāēĩ [āē•āēūāēĨāģ Âą])
(9) apad Âą na-p Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ. āēĻāēūāēĻāģ
13. āē…āēŠāēĄāģ Âą āēĻāēū (550 āē­āēŋāē•āģāē•āģāēļāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ 40 āē­āēŋāē•āģāē•āģāēĻāēŋāēļāģāēĻ āēđāēŋāē‚āēĶāēŋāēĻ āēœāģ€āēĩāēĻāēĶ āēŠāēĶāģāēŊāē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋāēĻ āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ)
(10) apad ¹ na, buddhava1/2sa & cariy ¹ piΞaka-p ¹ 1/4i
14. āēŽāēĄāģāē§āēūāēĩāēĩāēū 1/2 āēŽāēļāģāēŽ (āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āē‡āēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļāēĩāģ āēŽāģŒāēĶāģāē§, āē‰āēĪāģāēĪāē°āēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ
āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāģ†āēŊāēŋāē‚āēĶ āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāģ†. āēļāē°āēŋāēŠāģāēĪāēĪāēū, āē†āēļāģāē•āēŸāēŋāē•āģ āēļāģāēŪāģ†āē§āēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĄāēŋ 2āēŠāēĻāēūāē° āē•āēĨāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģ‡āēģāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āē—āģāēĄāēūāēŪ āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§ āēļāģ‡āē°āēŋāēĶāē‚āēĪāģ† āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĻāē‚āēĪāē°āēĶ 24 āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āē°āģ.)
15. Cariy Âą PiΞaka (āēœāģ† Âą āēŸāģāēŊāēūāē•āēūāēĶāēŋāē‚āēĶ 35 āē•āēĨāģ†āē—āēģāģ āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāēŋ Âą āē°āēūāēŪāģ 2 āē…āēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēŋāēļāēēāģ āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēļāģāēĨāģ†āē—āģŠāēģāēŋāēļāēŋāēĶāēĩāģ)
(11) āēĻāģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēŋāēŠāģāēŠāē°āēĻāēū, āēŠāģ†āēļāēūāē•āģ‹āēŠāēĄāģ†āēļāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i
16. āēĻāģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēŋāēŠāģāēŠāē°āēĻāēū (āēļāēĢāģāēĢ āē—āģāē°āē‚āēĨāē—āēģāģ āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻāēŋāēļāēēāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēŋāēļāēēāģ āēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāēļāģ-
āē•āģāēŊāēūāēĻāģŠāēĻāēŋāē•āēēāģ āēŠāē āģāēŊāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēļāģ‡āē°āēŋāēļāēŋ)
17. PeΞakopadesa (āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēŋāēļāģāēĩ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāē°āēŋāēļāģāēĩ āēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēļāģ†āēŸāģāēŸāēŋāē‚āē—āģ āē”āēŸāģ
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēŽāģ‹āē§āēĻāģ†)
(12) āēŪāēŋāēēāēŋāē‚āēĄāēŠāēūāēĻāģ-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i
18. āēŪāēŋāēēāēŋāē‚āēĄāēū-āēŠāēĻāģāēđāēū (āē°āēūāēœ āēŪāēŋāēēāēŋāē‚āēĄāēū āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŽāēĶāģāē°āēŋāēļāēŋāēĶ āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāģ†āē—āēģ āēĶāēūāē–āēēāģ†
VEN āēŪāģ‚āēēāē• āē‰āēĪāģāēĪāē°āē—āēģāģ. āēĻāēūāē—āēļāģ†āēĻāēū; āēˆ āēšāē°āģāēšāģ† āēĻāēĄāģ†āēŊāēŋāēĪāģ. 500 āēĩāē°āģāē·āē—āēģ āēĻāē‚āēĪāē°
MAH Âą Parinibb Âą āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ na)
āē…āē­āēŋāē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪ āēŠāēŋāēŊāē•āēūāē•
[āēāēģāģ āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģ āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēļāģāēĨāēŋāēĪ, āē…āēŪāģ‚āē°āģāēĪ āēĻāēŋāē°āģ‚āēŠāēĢāģ†āēŊ āē…āēŪāģ‚āē°āģāēĪ āēĻāēŋāē°āģ‚āēŠāēĢāģ†; āēŪāģāēĶāģāē°āēŋāēļāēēāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
12 āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāģ]
1. āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēļāģāēļāēūāē—āēūāēĩāģ 2
(āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪāē—āēģ āēŽāēĢāēŋāē•āģ†)
(1) āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēļāģāēļāēūāē—āēūāēĩāģ 2-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i
2. āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/42
(āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŪāē—āēģ āēĩāģāēŊāēĪāģāēŊāēūāēļ āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āēĩāēŋāēķāģāēēāģ‡āē·āēĢāģ†)
(2) āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/42
3. dh Âą tukath Âą
(āē…āē‚āēķāē—āēģ āēšāē°āģāēšāģ†; āēˆ 1 āēĻāģ‡ āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāģ āē’āē‚āēĶāģ āēŸāģāē°āģˆāēēāēūāēœāēŋāēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē°āģ‚āēŠāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĩāģ†
āē…āē­āēŋāē§āēŪāēŪāģāēŪāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē…āē°āģāēĨāēŪāēūāēĄāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāēēāģ āē†āē§āēūāē°āēĩāēūāē—āēŋāē°āēŽāģ‡āē•āģ)
4. āēŠāē—āēūāēēāēŠāēĻāēūāēŸāģāēŸāēŋ
(āēĩāģāēŊāē•āģāēĪāēŋāē—āēģ āēđāģ†āēļāē°āģ‡; āēđāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āē§āģāēŊāēūāēŊāē—āēģāģ: āēāē•āģˆāē• āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēđāē°āēŋāēļāģāēĩāēūāē—
āēĩāģāēŊāē•āģāēĪāēŋāē—āēģāģ, āēœāģ‹āēĄāēŋāē—āēģāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† 2 āēĻāģ‡, 3 āēĻāģ‡ āē—āģāē‚āēŠāģāē—āēģāģ āēŪāģ‚āē°āģ, āē‡āēĪāģāēŊāēūāēĶāēŋ.
(3) dh Âą tukath Âą -puggalapaÃąatati-p Âą 1/42
5. āē•āēūāēĨāģ Âą āēĩāēūāēŸāģāēŸāģ-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/42
(āēĩāēŋāēĩāēūāēĶ āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āēĪāēŠāģāēŠāģ āēĶāģƒāē·āģāēŸāēŋāē•āģ‹āēĻāē—āēģ āē…āē‚āē•āē—āēģāģ; āēŽāēŽāģāēŽāēŋāēļāēŋāēĶ āē…āē‚āē•āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēšāē°āģāēšāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āēŠāēūāēŸāģāēĻāēūāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē…āēŊāģ‹āē•āēūāēĶ āē†āēģāģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊ āēļāēŪāēŊāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĻāēĄāģ†āēĶ 3 āēĻāģ‡ āē•āģŒāēĻāģāēļāēŋāēēāģāēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĻāģ†āēēāģ†āēļāēŋāēĶāē°āģ)
(4) āē•āēūāēĨāģ Âą āēĩāēūāēŸāģāēŸāģ-āēŠāģ Âą 1/42
6. āēŊāēŪāēūāē•āēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/42
(āēœāģ‹āēĄāēŋ āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āēĶ; āēœāģ‹āēĄāēŋāēŊāēūāē—āēŋāēĶāģāēĶāģ, āē…āē‚āēŽāēŋ-
āēĩāģāēŊāē•āģāēĪāēŋāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĪāēūāē‚āēĪāģāē°āēŋāē• āēŠāēĶāē—āēģ āēĻāēŋāē–āē°āēĩāēūāēĶ āēŽāēģāē•āģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĩāģāēŊāēūāē–āģāēŊāēūāēĻāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēūāē°āģ†)
(5) āēŊāēŪāē•āēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/42, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ āēĻāēūāēĻāģ
(6) āēŊāēŪāē•āēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/42, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ II
(7) āēŊāēŪāē•āēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/42, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ III
7. āēŠāēūāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū
(āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āēĶ āēļāē‚āēŽāē‚āē§āē—āēģāģ; 24 āē·āē°āēĪāģāēĪāģāē—āēģ āēŊāģ‹āēœāēĻāģ†āēŊ āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāē°āēĢāģ†
āēļāē‚āēŽāē‚āē§āē—āēģāģ [paccaya] āē‡āēĶāģ āē…āē°āģāēĨāēŪāēūāēĄāēŋāē•āģŠāēģāģāēģāēēāģ āēļāē‚āēŠāģ‚āē°āģāēĢ āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēļāģāēĨāģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē°āģ‚āēŠāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āē§āēŪāģāēŪāēĶ āē‡āēĄāģ€ āēŽāģāē°āēđāģāēŪāēūāē‚āēĄāēĶ āēŊāē‚āēĪāģāē°āēķāēūāēļāģāēĪāģāē°)
(😎 āēŠāģˆāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ āēĻāēūāēĻāģ
(9) āēŠāģˆāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ II
(10) āēŠāģˆāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū-āēŠāģ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ III
(11) āēŠāģˆāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ IV
(12) āēŠāģˆāēđāģ Âą āēĻāēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i, āēļāē‚āēŠāģāēŸ āēĩāēŋ
(1) p Âą r Âą jika-p Âą 1/4i āē­āēŋāē•āģ
p Âą r Âą jik Âą (āēđāģŠāē°āēđāēūāē•āģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ†) 4
āēļāēūāē˜āģ‡āēĄāģāēļāģ â„Ē (āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶ āēļāē­āģ†āē—āēģāģ) 13
aniyat Âą (āē…āēĻāēŋāē°āģāēĶāēŋāē·āģāēŸ) 2
āēĻāēŋāēļāģāēŊāēūāē—āēŋāēŊāēū Âą āēŠāēŋ Âą āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēŋ Âą (āēĻāēŋāē·āģ‡āē§āēĶāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† āēŪāģāē•āģāēĪāēūāēŊ) 30
(2) āēŠāēŋ Âą āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēŋāēŊāēū-āēŠāēŋ Âą 1/4i
āēļāģāēĄāģāēđāēū āēŠāēŋ Âą āēļāēŋāēŸāģāēŸāēŋ Âą (āēļāēūāēŪāēūāēĻāģāēŊ āēŽāē•āģāēļāģāē•āģāēŊāēĪāģ†) 92
p Âą āēŸāģˆāē—āē°āģ€āēĻāēŋ Âą (āēĪāēŠāģāēŠāģŠāēŠāģāēŠāēŋāē—āģ† āēŪāē°āģ: āē†āēēāģāēŪāģāēļāģ āēŦāģāēĄāģ) 4
āēļāģ†āē–āēŋāēŊāēū (āēķāēŋāē·āģāēŸāēūāēšāēūāē°āēĶ āēŽāē—āģāē—āģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē…āēēāē‚āē•āēūāē°āē—āēģ āēŽāē—āģāē—āģ†) 75
āē†āēĶāēŋāē•āēūāē°āēļāēŪāēĪāģ Âą (āē•āēūāēĻāģ‚āēĻāģ āēŠāģāē°āē•āģāē°āēŋāēŊāģ†) 7
(āē­āēŋāē•āģāēĻāēŋ āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† āēŪāģāē•āģāēĪāēūāēŊāēĩāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†) ______
227
āē­āēŋāē•āģāēĻāēŋ
8
[17]
0 āēĶ
[30]
166
8
75
[7]
______
311
2. āē–āē‚āēĄāēūāē• [āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģ āēŽāē°āēĄāģ āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē•āē—āēģāģ]
(3) mAh Âą vagga-p Âą 1/4i (10 āēĩāēŋāē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāģ [āē–āē‚āēĄāēūāē•āēļāģ]; āēāēĪāēŋāēđāēūāēļāēŋāē• āē–āēūāēĪāģ†āē—āēģāģŠāē‚āēĶāēŋāē—āģ† āēŠāģāē°āēūāē°āē‚āē­āēĩāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āēŽāģāēĶāģāē§āēĻ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāģ‹āēĶāēŊ, āēŪāģŠāēĶāēē āēĶāģŒāē°āģāēœāēĻāģāēŊāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶ āē†āē°āē‚āē­āēŋāē• āēŽāģ†āēģāēĩāēĢāēŋāē—āģ†;
āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶ āē•āģāē°āēŋāēŊāģ†āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĻāēŋāēŊāē‚āēĪāģāē°āēŋāēļāģāēĩ āē•āģ†āēģāē—āēŋāēĻ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĩāēŋāēĩāē°āēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†:
1. āē†āēĶāģ‡āēķāē•āģāē•āģ† āēŠāģāē°āēĩāģ‡āēķāē•āģāē•āēūāē—āēŋ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ (āēŊāģāēŠāēūāēļāēūāē‚āēŠāēĶāģ Âą)
2. uposatha āēļāē­āģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ P Âą Timokkha āēĻ āēĩāēūāēšāēĻ
3. āēŪāēģāģ†āēŊ āē‹āēĪāģāēĩāēŋāēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĻāēŋāēĩāēūāēļ (āēĩāēļāģāēļāēū)
4. āēļāēŪāēūāē°āē‚āē­āēĩāģ āēŠāēūāēĩāģ ↑ āē°āēūāēĩāģ Âą āēŽāē‚āēĶāģ āē•āē°āģ†āēŊāēēāģāēŠāēĄāģāēĩ āēĩāēļāģāēļāēūāēĻāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĪāģ€āē°āģāēŪāēūāēĻāēŋāēļāēŋāēĶāģ†
5. āē‰āēĄāģāē—āģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāģ€āē āģ‹āēŠāē•āē°āēĢāē—āēģ āēēāģ‡āē–āēĻāē—āēģāģ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ
6. āē”āē·āē§ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē†āēđāēūāē°
7. āēĻāēŋāēēāģāēĩāē‚āē—āēŋāēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĩāēūāē°āģāē·āēŋāē• āēĩāēŋāēĪāē°āēĢāģ† (āē•āēūāēŦāēŋāēĻāēū)
8. āē…āēĻāēūāē°āģ‹āē—āģāēŊāēĶ āē­āēŋāē•āģāē•āģāēļāģ, āēļāģāēēāģ€āēŠāēŋāē‚āē—āģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĻāēŋāēēāģāēĩāē‚āē—āēŋ āēĩāēļāģāēĪāģāē—āēģāēŋāē—āģ† āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ
9. āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶ āēĩāēŋāēšāēūāē°āēĢāģ† āēĻāēĄāģ†āēļāģāēĩ āēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻ
10. āēŊāģ‹āēœāēĻāģ†āē—āēģ āēŠāģāē°āē•āē°āēĢāē—āēģāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēŠāģāē°āē•āģāē°āēŋāēŊāģ†āē—āēģāģ
(4) c31/4avagga-p Âą 1/4i (āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē•āēēāģāēĩāēūāēĩāēūāē—) (12 āē–āē‚āēĄāēūāē•āē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāē·āģāēŸāģ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāģāē°āģŠāēļāģ-
āēļāēūāē—āēūāē•āēŪāģāēŪ āēŽāē‚āēĶāģ āē•āē°āģ†āēŊāēēāģāēŠāēĄāģāēĩ āēļāēūāē‚āēļāģāēĨāēŋāē• āēšāēŸāģāēĩāēŸāēŋāē•āģ†āē—āēģāģ āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāē—āēģāēŋāē—āēūāē—āēŋ āēĄāē°āģāē—āēģāģ:
1. āēļāē‚āē˜āē•āģāē•āģ† āēŪāģāē‚āēšāēŋāēĪāēĩāēūāē—āēŋ āēŽāē°āģāēĩ āē…āēŠāē°āēūāē§āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŽāēĶāģāē°āēŋāēļāēēāģ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ
(āēļāēūāē˜āģ Âą āēĄāēŋāēļāģāēļāēū)
2. āēŠāē°āģ€āē•āģāē·āģ†āēŊ āēŪāģ‡āēēāģ† āē­āēŋāē–āē–āēĻāģāēĻāģ āēđāēūāē•āģāēĩ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāģ
3. āē­āģ€āē–āēūāē°āēŋāē‚āēĶ āē…āēŠāē°āēūāē§āē—āēģ āēļāē‚āē—āģāē°āēđāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŽāēĶāģāē°āēŋāēļāēēāģ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāģ
4. āēļāē‚āē˜āēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē•āēūāēĻāģ‚āēĻāģ āēĩāēŋāē§āēūāēĻāē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēĻāģ†āēēāģ†āē—āģŠāēģāēŋāēļāģāēĩ āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ
5. āē‡āēĪāē°āģ†. āēļāģāēĻāēūāēĻ, āē‰āēĄāģāē—āģ†, āē‡āēĪāģāēŊāēūāēĶāēŋāē—āēģāēŋāē—āģ† āēĻāēŋāēŊāēŪāē—āēģāģ.
6. āēĩāēūāēļāēļāģāēĨāēūāēĻāē—āēģāģ, āēŠāģ€āē āģ‹āēŠāē•āē°āēĢāē—āēģāģ, āēĩāēļāēĪāēŋ, āē‡āēĪāģāēŊāēūāēĶāēŋ.
7. āēŊāģ‹āēœāēĻāģ†āē—āēģāģ
8. āēķāēŋāē•āģāē·āē•āē°āģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēĻāēĩāēķāēŋāē·āģāēŊāē° āē­āģāē•āģāē•āēļāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē•āē°āģāēĪāēĩāģāēŊāē—āēģ āēĪāē°āē—āēĪāēŋāē—āēģāģ
9. āēŠāēŋ Âą āēĪāēŋāēŪāģŠāē•āģāē–āēūāēĶāēŋāē‚āēĶ āēđāģŠāē°āē—āēŋāēĄāģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ†
10. āē­āēŋāē•āģāē•āģāēĻāēŋāēļāģāēĻ āē†āē°āģāēĄāēŋāēĻāģ‡āē·āēĻāģ āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēļāģ‚āēšāēĻāģ†
11. āē†āē°āģ Âą āēœāēūāē—āēūāēđāēūāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ 1 āēĻāģ‡ āē•āģŒāēĻāģāēļāēŋāēēāģāēĻ āē–āēūāēĪāģ†
12. āēĩāģ†āēļāģ Âą li āēĻāēēāģāēēāēŋ 2 āēĻāģ‡ āē•āģŒāēĻāģāēļāēŋāēēāģāēĻ āē–āēūāēĪāģ†
3. Pariv Âą RA-P Âą 1/4I [āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊāēū āēļāēūāē°āēūāē‚āēķ, āē’āē‚āēĶāģ āē°āģ€āēĪāēŋāēŊāēēāģāēēāēŋ āēĩāģāēŊāēĩāēļāģāēĨāģ†
āēļāģ‚āēšāēĻāģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēŠāē°āģ€āē•āģāē·āģ†āē—āēūāē—āēŋ āē•āģāēŊāēūāēŸāģ†āēšāēŋāēļāēŪāģ]
(5) Pariv Âą RA-P Âą 1/4I āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ āēāēĶāēĻāģ‡ āēŠāģāēļāģāēĪāē• āē°āģ€āēĄāē°āģ āē…āēĻāģāēĻāģ āēļāē•āģāē°āēŋāēŊāē—āģŠāēģāēŋāēļāģāēĩ āē’āē‚āēĶāģ āē°āģ€āēĪāēŋāēŊ āē•āģˆāēŠāēŋāēĄāēŋāēŊāēūāē—āēŋ āē•āēūāē°āģāēŊāēĻāēŋāē°āģāēĩāēđāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āēĩāēŋāēĻāēūāēŊ āēŠāēŋāēŊāēļāēūāē•āēĶ āēļāē‚āēŠāģ‚āē°āģāēĢ āēĩāēŋāēķāģāēēāģ‡āē·āēĢāēūāēĪāģāēŪāē• āēļāēŪāģ€āē•āģāē·āģ†āēŊāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŪāēūāēĄāēēāģ.
āēļāģāēŸāģāēŸ āēŠāēŋāēŊāē°āēūāē•āēū -āēĄāēŋāē—āēū āēĻāēŋāē•āģ
āēĄāēŋāēŽāēĻāģ 9 -
Poáđ­áđ­hapāda āēļāģ‚āēŸāģāēŸāēū
{āē†āēŊāģāēĶ āē­āēūāē—āē—āēģāģ}
- Pouhapāda āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāģ†āē—āēģāģ -
Poáđ­áđ­hapāda āēĩāēŋāēĩāēŋāē§ āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāģ†āē—āēģāēĻāģāēĻāģ saÃąnā āēļāģāēĩāē°āģ‚āēŠāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āēŠāģāē°āēķāģāēĻāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
āē—āēŪāēĻāēŋāēļāēŋ: āēļāē°āēģ āēŠāē āģāēŊāē—āēģāģ
āēˆāē—, āēēāēūāē°āģāēĄāģ, āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ† āēŪāģŠāēĶāēē, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻ āēĻāē‚āēĪāē° āē‰āē‚āēŸāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†; āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āēŪāēūāēĄāģ
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāģ āēŪāģŠāēĶāēēāģ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ† āēĻāē‚āēĪāē°; āē…āēĨāēĩāēū āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ† āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāģ āēāē•āē•āēūāēēāēĶāēēāģāēēāēŋ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†?
Pothatapada, āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ† āēŪāģŠāēĶāēēāģ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻ āēĻāē‚āēĪāē°. āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĶ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊāģ āē‰āē‚āēŸāēūāē—āģāēĩāģāēĶāē°āēŋāē‚āēĶ āēŽāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ†. āē’āē‚āēĶāģ āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, ‘āē‡āēĶāģ āēĻāēĻāģāēĻ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāēĻāģāēĻāģ āē…āēĩāēēāē‚āēŽāēŋāēļāēŋāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāēŋāēĶāģ†. ‘āēĪāēūāē°āģāē•āēŋāē•āēĪāģ†āēŊ āēˆ āēļāēūāēēāēŋāēĻ āēŪāģ‚āēēāē• āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāēļāēŽāēđāģāēĶāģ
āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊāģ āēŪāģŠāēĶāēēāģ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĶ āēĻāē‚āēĪāē°, āēŪāēĪāģāēĪāģ āēđāģ‡āē—āģ† āē‰āē‚āēŸāēūāē—āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†
āēœāģāēžāēūāēĻāēĩāģ āē—āģāē°āēđāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊ āē‰āēĶāģāē­āēĩāēŋāēļāģāēĩāēŋāē•āģ†āēŊāēŋāē‚āēĶ āēŽāē°āģāēĪāģāēĪāēĶāģ†.
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Knowledge is Spherical
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“Evam me sutam” — “Thus have I heard.”
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All the original sermons chanting heard during the Buddha’s forty-five year teaching career.
Most of these sermons therefore begin with the disclaimer, “Evam me sutam” — “Thus have I heard.”
After
the Buddha’s death the teachings continued to be passed down orally
within the monastic community, in keeping with an Prabuddha Bharathian
oral tradition
that long predated the Buddha.
By 250 BCE the Sangha had systematically
arranged and compiled these teachings into three divisions: the Vinaya
Pitaka (the “basket of discipline” — the texts
concerning
the rules and customs of the Sangha), the Sutta Pitaka (the “basket of
discourses” — the sermons and utterances by the Buddha and his close
disciples), and the Abhidhamma Pitaka (the “basket of special/higher
doctrine” — a detailed psycho-philosophical analysis of the Dhamma).
Together these three are known as the Tipitaka, the “three baskets.” In
the third century BCE Sri Lankan monks began compiling a series of
exhaustive commentaries to the Tipitaka; these were subsequently
collated and translated into Pali beginning in the fifth century CE.
The
Tipitaka plus the post-canonical texts (commentaries, chronicles, etc.)
together constitute the complete body of classical Theravada
literature.
Pali
was originally a spoken language with no alphabet of its own. It wasn’t
until about 100 BCE that the Tipitaka was first fixed in writing, by
Sri Lankan scribe-monks, who wrote the
Pali
phonetically in a form of early Brahmi script. Since then the Tipitaka
has been transliterated into many different scripts (Devanagari, Thai, Burmese, Roman, Cyrillic, to name a few).
Although
English translations of the most popular Tipitaka texts abound, many
students of Theravada find that learning the Pali language — even just a
little bit here and there — greatly deepens their understanding and
appreciation of the Buddha’s teachings.
It is the truth towards which the words in the Tipitaka point that ultimately matters, not the words themselves.
Tipitaka
will quietly continue to serve — as it has for centuries — as an
indispensable guide for millions of followers in their quest for
Awakening.
A Brief Summary of the Buddha’s Teachings
The Four Noble Truths
Shortly
after his Awakening, the Buddha delivered his first sermon, in which he
laid out the essential framework upon which all his later teachings
were
based. This framework consists of the Four Noble Truths, four
fundamental principles of nature (Dhamma) that emerged from the Buddha’s
radically honest and penetrating assessment of the human condition. He
taught these truths not as metaphysical theories or as articles of
faith, but as categories by which we should frame our direct experience
in a way that conduces to Awakening:
Dukkha: suffering, unsatisfactoriness, discontent, stress;
The
cause of dukkha: the cause of this dissatisfaction is craving (tanha)
for sensuality, for states of becoming, and states of no becoming;
The cessation of dukkha: the relinquishment of that craving;
The
path of practice leading to the cessation of dukkha: the Noble
Eightfold Path of right view, right resolve, right speech, right action,
right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
Because of our ignorance (avijja) of these Noble Truths,
because of our inexperience in framing the world in their terms, we
remain bound to samsara, the wearisome cycle of birth, aging, illness,
death, and rebirth. Craving propels this process onward, from one moment
to the next and over the course of countless lifetimes, in accordance
with kamma, the universal law of cause and effect. According to this
immutable law, every action that one performs in the present moment —
whether by body, speech, or mind itself — eventually bears fruit
according to its skillfulness: act in unskillful and harmful ways and
unhappiness is bound to follow; act skillfully and happiness will
ultimately ensue. As long as one remains ignorant of this principle, one
is doomed to an aimless existence: happy one moment, in despair the
next; enjoying one lifetime in heaven, the next in hell.
The
Buddha discovered that gaining release from samsara requires assigning
to each of the Noble Truths a specific task: the first Noble Truth is to
be comprehended; the second, abandoned; the third, realized; the fourth,
developed. The full realization of the third Noble Truth paves the way
for Awakening: the end of ignorance, craving, suffering, and kamma
itself; the direct penetration to the transcendent freedom and supreme
happiness that stands as the final goal of all the Buddha’s teachings;
the Unconditioned, the Deathless, Unbinding — Nibbana the Eternal Bliss.
The Eightfold Path and the Practice of Dhamma
Because
the roots of ignorance are so intimately entwined with the fabric of
the psyche, the unawakened mind is capable of deceiving itself with
breathtaking ingenuity. The solution therefore requires more than simply
being kind, loving, and mindful in the present moment. The practitioner must
equip him- or herself with the expertise to use a range of tools to
outwit, outlast, and eventually uproot the mind’s unskillful tendencies.
For example, the practice of generosity (dana) erodes the mind’s
habitual tendencies towards craving and teaches valuable lessons
about
the motivations behind, and the results of, skillful action. The
practice
of virtue (sila) guards one against straying wildly off-course and into
harm’s way. The cultivation of goodwill (metta) helps to undermine
anger’s seductive grasp. The ten recollections offer ways to alleviate
doubt, bear physical pain with composure, maintain a healthy sense of
self-respect, overcome laziness and complacency, and restrain oneself
from unbridled lust. And there are many more skills to learn.
The
good qualities that emerge and mature from these practices not only
smooth the way for the journey to Nibbana; over time they have the
effect of transforming the practitioner into a more generous, loving,
compassionate, peaceful, and clear-headed member of society.
The individual’s sincere pursuit of Awakening is thus a priceless and timely gift to a world in desperate need of help.
Discernment (paÃąÃąa)
The
Eightfold Path is best understood as a collection of personal qualities
to be developed, rather than as a sequence of steps along a linear
path. The development of right view and right resolve (the factors
classically identified with wisdom and discernment) facilitates the
development of right speech, action, and livelihood (the factors
identified with virtue). As virtue develops so do the factors identified
with concentration (right effort, mindfulness, and concentration).
Likewise,
as concentration matures, discernment evolves to a still deeper level.
And so the process unfolds: development of one factor fosters
development of the next, lifting the practitioner in an upward spiral
of spiritual maturity that eventually culminates in Awakening.
The
long journey to Awakening begins in earnest with the first tentative
stirrings of right view — the discernment by which one recognizes the
validity of the four Noble Truths and the principle of kamma.
One
begins to see that one’s future well-being is neither predestined by
fate, nor left to the whims of a divine being or random chance. The
responsibility for one’s happiness rests squarely on one’s own
shoulders. Seeing this, one’s spiritual aims become suddenly clear: to relinquish
the habitual unskillful tendencies of the mind in favor of skilful
ones. As this right resolve grows stronger, so does the heartfelt desire
to live a morally upright life, to choose one’s actions with care.
At
this point many followers make the inward commitment to take the
Buddha’s teachings to heart, to become “Buddhist” through the
act of taking refuge in the Triple Gem: the Buddha (both the historical
Buddha and one’s own innate potential for Awakening), the Dhamma (both
the Buddha’s teachings and the ultimate Truth towards which they point),
and the Sangha (both the unbroken monastic lineage that has preserved
the teachings since the Buddha’s day, and all those who have achieved at
least some degree of Awakening). With one’s feet thus planted on solid
ground, and with the help of an admirable friend or teacher
(kalyanamitta) to guide the way, one is now well-equipped to proceed
down the Path, following in the footsteps left by the Buddha himself.
Virtue (sila)
Right
view and right resolve continue to mature through the development of
the path factors associated with sila, or virtue — namely, right speech,
right action, and right livelihood.
These
are condensed into a very practical form in the five precepts, the
basic code of ethical conduct to which every practicing Buddhist
subscribes: refraining from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying,
and using intoxicants. Even the monks’ complex code of 227 rules and
the nuns’ 311 ultimately have these five basic precepts at their core.
Concentration (samadhi)
Having
gained a foothold in the purification of one’s outward behavior through
the
practice of sila, the essential groundwork has been laid for delving
into the most subtle and transformative aspect of the path: meditation
and the development of samadhi, or concentration. This is spelled
out in detail in the final three path factors: right effort, by which
one learns how to favor skillful qualities of mind over unskillful ones;
right mindfulness, by which one learns to keep one’s attention
continually grounded in the present moment of experience; and right
concentration, by which one learns to immerse the mind so thoroughly and
unwaveringly in its meditation object that it enters jhana, a series of
progressively deeper states of mental and physical tranquillity.
Right
mindfulness and right concentration are developed in tandem through
satipatthana (”frames of reference” or “foundations of mindfulness”), a
systematic approach to meditation practice that embraces a wide range of
skills and techniques. Of these practices, mindfulness of the body
(especially mindfulness of breathing) is particularly effective at
bringing into balance the twin qualities of tranquillity (samatha) and
insight (vipassana), or clear-seeing. Through persistent practice, the
meditator becomes more adept at bringing the combined powers of
samatha-vipassana to bear in an exploration of the fundamental nature of mind
and bodyAs the meditator masters the ability to frame his immediate
experience in terms of anicca (inconstancy), dukkha, and anatta
(not-self), even the subtlest manifestations of these three
characteristics of experience are brought into exquisitely sharp focus.
At
the same time, the root cause of dukkha — craving — is relentlessly
exposed to the light of awareness. Eventually craving is left with no
place to hide, the entire karmic process that fabricates dukkha
unravels,
the eightfold path reaches its noble climax, and the meditator gains,
at long last, his or her first unmistakable glimpse of the Unconditioned
Nibbana the Eternal Bliss.
Awakening
This
first awakenment experience, known as stream-entry (sotapatti), is the
first of four progressive stages of Awakening, each of which entails the
irreversible shedding
or weakening of several fetters (samyojana), the manifestations of
ignorance that bind a person to the cycle of birth and death.
Stream-entry marks an unprecedented and radical turning point both in the
practitioner’s current life and in the entirety of his or her long
journey in samsara. For it is at this point that any lingering doubts
about the truth of the Buddha’s teachings disappear; it is at this point
that any belief in the purifying efficacy of rites and rituals
evaporates; and it is at this point that the long-cherished notion of an
abiding personal “self” falls away. The stream-enterer is said to be
assured of no more than seven future rebirths (all of them favorable)
before eventually attaining full Awakening.
But full Awakening is still
a long way off. As the practitioner presses on with renewed diligence,
he or she passes through two more significant landmarks:
once-returning
(sakadagati), which is accompanied by the weakening of I the fetters of
sensual desire and ill-will, and non-returning (agati), in which these
two fetters are uprooted altogether.
The final stage of Awakening —
arahatta — occurs when even the most refined and subtle levels of
craving and conceit are irrevocably extinguished.
At
this point the practitioner — now an arahant, or “worthy one” — arrives
at the end-point of the Buddha’s teaching. With ignorance, suffering, stress,
and rebirth having all come to their end, the arahant at last can utter
the victory cry first proclaimed by the Buddha upon his Awakening:
“Birth is ended, the holy life fulfilled, the task done! There is nothing further for the sake of this world.”
— MN 36
The
arahant lives out the remainder of his or her life inwardly enjoying
the bliss of Nibbana, secure at last from the possibility of any future
rebirth. When the arahant’s aeons-long trail of past kamma eventually
unwinds to its end, the arahant dies and he or she enters into
parinibbana — total Unbinding. Although language utterly fails at
describing this extraordinary event, the Buddha likened it to what
happens when a fire finally burns up all its fuel.
“The
serious pursuit of happiness” Buddhism is sometimes naÃŊvely criticized
as a “negative” or “pessimistic” religion and philosophy. Surely life is
not all misery and disappointment: it offers many kinds of happiness
and sublime joy. Why then this dreary Buddhist obsession with
unsatisfactoriness and suffering?
The
Buddha based his teachings on a frank assessment of our plight as
humans: there is unsatisfactoriness and suffering in the world. No one
can argue this fact. Dukkha lurks behind even the highest forms of
worldly pleasure and joy, for, sooner or later, as surely as night
follows day, that happiness must come to an end. Were the Buddha’s teachings
to stop there, we might indeed regard them as pessimistic and life as
utterly hopeless. But, like a doctor who prescribes a remedy for an
illness, the Buddha offers both a hope (the third Noble Truth) and a
cure (the fourth). The Buddha’s teachings thus give cause for
unparalleled optimism and joy. The teachings offer as their reward the
noblest, truest kind of happiness, and give profound value and meaning
to an otherwise grim existence. One modern teacher summed it up well:
“Buddhism is the serious pursuit of happiness.”
Theravada Comes West
Until
the late 19th century, the teachings of Theravada were little known
outside of southern Asia, where they had flourished for some two and
one-half millennia. In the past century, however, the West has begun to
take notice of Theravada’s unique spiritual legacy in its teachings of
Awakening.
In recent decades this interest has swelled, with the monastic Sangha
from various schools within Theravada establishing dozens of monasteries
across Europe and North America. Increasing numbers of lay meditation
centers, founded and operated independently of
the
monastic Sangha, strain to meet the demands of lay men and women —
Buddhist and otherwise — seeking to learn selected aspects of the
Buddha’s teachings.
The
turn of the 21st century presents both opportunities and dangers for
Theravada in the West: Will the Buddha’s teachings be patiently studied
and put into practice, and allowed toestablish deep roots in Western
soil, for the benefit of many generations to come? Will the current
popular Western climate of “openness”
and cross-fertilization between spiritual traditions lead to the
emergence of a strong new form of Buddhist practice unique to the modern
era, or will it simply lead to confusion and the dilution of these
priceless teachings? These are open questions; only time will tell.
Spiritual
teachings of every description inundate the media and the marketplace
today. Many of today’s popular spiritual teachings borrow liberally from
the Buddha, though only rarely do they place the Buddha’s words in
their true context. Earnest seekers of truth are therefore often faced
with the unsavory task of wading through fragmentary teachings of
dubious accuracy.
How are we to make sense of it all?
Fortunately
the Buddha left us with some simple guidelines to help us navigate
through this bewildering flood. Whenever you find yourself questioning
the authenticity of a particular teaching, heed well the Buddha’s advice
to his stepmother:
[The
teachings that promote]
the qualities of which you may know, ‘These qualities lead to passion,
not to dispassion; to being fettered, not to being unfettered; to
accumulating, not to shedding; to self-aggrandizement, not to modesty;
to discontent, not to contentment; to entanglement, not to seclusion;
to laziness, not to aroused persistence; to being burdensome, not to
being unburdensome’: You may categorically hold, ‘This is not the
Dhamma, this is not the Vinaya, this is not the Teacher’s instruction.’
[As for the teachings that promote] the qualities of
which
you may know, ‘These qualities lead to dispassion, not to passion; to
being unfettered, not to being fettered; to shedding, not to
accumulating; to modesty, not to self-aggrandizement; to contentment,not
to discontent; to seclusion, not to entanglement; to aroused persistence,
not to laziness; to being unburdensome, not to being burdensome’: You
may categorically hold, ‘This is the Dhamma, this is the Vinaya, this is
the Teacher’s instruction.’
— AN 8.53
The truest test of these teachings, of course, is whether they yield the
promised results in the crucible of your own heart.
The Buddha presents the challenge; the rest is up to you.
END
NAM MO SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA.( 3
TIMES ).
RESEARCH THEREVADA RELIGION BY BACH LIEN HOA.( TAM THANH
).MHDT.30/3/2012.
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10 Life Lessons From Buddha (Buddhism)
In
this video we will be talking about 10 Life Lessons From Buddha.
Gautama Buddha was a philosopher, meditator, spiritual teacher, and
religious leader who …

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