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B Media 4 Sarvajan Hithaya Sarvajan Sukhaya

Online edition of India’s National Newspaper
Sunday, Jun 01, 2008

Governor should trust us, says BJP

Special Correspondent

BANGALORE: The Bharatiya Janata Party on Saturday took exception to the reported stand of Karnataka Governor Rameshwar Thakur that its government should prove its majority on the floor of the Assembly before convening a joint session of both Houses.

BJP State president D.V. Sadananda Gowda, talking to journalists here after meeting leaders of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, termed the stand a “mockery of democracy.”

Mr. Gowda said the government expected the Governor to first address a joint session of the legislature. But he was insisting that Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa first prove his strength on the floor of the Assembly.

“We had demonstrated our strength before him by presenting the independent members who have expressed support to the party. We do not know why the Governor is again asking us to prove our strength,” Mr. Gowda said.

Maintaining that it was not proper on the part of Mr. Thakur to ask Mr. Yeddyurappa to prove his strength again, he said: “We have trust in the Governor. He too should trust us.”

A delegation of BJP Ministers is said to have called on the Governor on Friday night and told him that as per Article 176 of the Constitution, he should address a joint session of the legislature soon after the elections.

Joint session

The joint session has to be addressed before the legislature transacted other official businesses, they pointed out.

The delegation is also learnt to have expressed concern that the Governor would set precedence if he did not address a joint session.

Mr. Thakur is said to have told the Ministers that he would consult the Advocate-General and constitutional experts.

Karnataka results not disheartening for BSP

Tuesday, May 27, 2008 15:19 [IST]

Lucknow: Uttar Pradesh’s ruling Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) failed to win a single seat in the Karnataka assembly elections, but party bigwigs say the results are not at all disheartening.

“Whatever we have done is an achievement and will prove to be a source of encouragement for party workers to pump in greater efforts when it comes to the more crucial parliamentary election,” BSP’s national general secretary Satish Misra told IANS in an interview here.

Effort N0.1

Organise Booth Committees and Sector Committees in all the Parliament Constituencies.

Effort No.2.

Ambedkar’s Efforts for Adivasis


All these people are now realizing that Dr. Ambedkar had struggled a lot for Adivasis also. We must strive for upliftment of BCs and Adivasis said Dr. Ambedkar. The purpose of keeping them in sub-clause (2) of Hindu Code Bill was to make some provision for them and Hindu Law would “apply to them only if it is proved that Hindu customs and Hindu usages are prevallent in that class”, and it will not apply to them unless “they have adopted the customs.” [W&S, vol. 14 part 2, p.886-7]

Ambedkar asked for right of Adult franchise for Adivasis, in 1928, Simon Commision Statemnt, commenting that Legislatures are the places where “social battles have to be fought, previlages have to be destroyed, and rights have to be won”. He avered that their illeteracy should not come in way of giving them right to vote, as even an illiterate is intellegent and knows his welfare. [W&S, vol.2, p.471]

Disagreeing with the Britishers’ idea of keeping the Adivasis segregated, during the evidence taken before the joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reforms in 1933, he professed the ideal that these primitive people should not remain primitive and they should cease to be an isolated part of humanity and take part in the public affairs of this country like others. That they must not loose their lands and be landless labourers and their lands be protected from money lendes by suitable Laws. The education is more neccesary for BCs and Adivasis, more than anybody else, he said, and wanted adequate representation for them in legislature assuring the friendship of many BCs. [W&S, vol.2, p.737 ff.]

Election Commission India

Elections India : Article 324 of the constitution establishes an independent Election Commission to supervise parliamentary and state elections in India. Supervising elections in the world’s largest democracy is by any standard an immense undertaking. Some 521 million people were eligible to vote in 1991.


We the people - these are the most important words in our constitution. Everything depends on

us- the voters,who have an opportunity and the right to choose our representatives, demand

accountability and determine the direction of growth and governance of the country. Several

problems have surfaced in the gigantic task of conducting elections in India and to ensure that

elections are free and fair. With each passing election, the educated citizens of our country

seem to have grown ignorant and apathetic about the electoral process and elections. The result

has been a steady deterioration in the standards and practices of political parties reflected in

rampant corruption and the reckless use of money and muscle power to win elections.


Active participation of citizens is an absolute prerequisite to make the electoral system more representative, fair, transparent and free from all the other ills. Eleanor Roosevelt once said:“nobody can hurt you without your consent” which in this context can be rephrased as“nobody can marginalise you without your cooperation.

 Hence include all the eligible voters whose names are missing in the voters list with their photo identity.

Strive for Election Tribunal to form Election Committee like any other Parliamentary Committee with the representatives of all sections of the society to ensure that all eligible voters are included in the voters list with their photo identity. And to see that no elections are conducted till this process is completed as enshrined by the constitution of India. And the Chief Election Commission to come under RTI.

Eacha nd every Election Office in Each Constituency must have representative from different sections of the society right from the begining of the election process till the end.

Chief Election Commissioner N Gopalaswamy on Thursday fixed the responsibility for preparation

of error-free voters list, ahead of the election to Karnataka Assembly, on political parties.

Speaking to reporters here, Mr Gopalaswamy said the political parties would be given two

separate lists on February seven for deletion and additions to be made in the final list.   

‘’They will be given two weeks time for raising objections to removing and

adding names of the voters for the final list to be prepared on March ten,’’

he said.  

‘’It will be the responsibility of the political parties to ensure the final

list did not contain discrepancies any more as the EC has adopted a new

mechanism for producing error-free list,‘’ he said.


To a question on whether the elections would be postponed in case of a delay in the

implementation of the report of Mr Justice Kuldeep Singh who headed Delimitation

Commission, he said the EC did not work on the basis of ‘ifs and buts’ and as of now,

it would conduct the elections before May 28.

‘’The Commission is concerned about the voter’s list as there are only additions and no

deletions in the list.

‘’This is the reason I sent Deputy Election Commissioner R Bhattacharya, who is in charge

for Karnataka, to oversee the whole exercise,’’ Mr Gopalaswamy said.

The EC would hold elections before May 28, as the state completes six months under

President’s Rule on the date, he said.

In the draft list submitted by the State Election Commission (SEC) names of 3.48 lakh

voters had been deleted while 9.27 lakh new voters had been added as of yesterday.

Mr Gopalaswamy and his Deputies Navin Chawla and S Y Qureshi have been here for

the last two days reviewing the voters list and preparedness of the official machinery to

hold elections, following the detection of large number of bogus voters in the voter’s list.

Earlier, Congress and the BJP submitted memorandum to the CEC urging him to provide

error-free voters list and elections be held in the stipulated time.

He replied in the affirmative when asked whether he would take action against the officials

for their ‘lapses’ in preparation of the voter’s list.

Voters list mess in poll-bound Karnataka

Bangalore, Jan 5 - A family with 90 voters and a town with 30,000 voters in a population of 36,500! These are just some of

the glitches in the voters list in poll-bound Karnataka. R. Bhattacharya, deputy election commissioner at the

Election Commission of India has been in Bangalore for the last three days having talks with state

election officials on steps to ensure proper voters list ahead of polls to the 224-member assembly

expected in April/May.

The irregularities in the voters list pointed out by people and political parties has forced the state

election commission to cancel its plans to release the final list on Jan 10.

Bhattacharya met state chief electoral officer R. Ramaseshan, Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagar Palike

(Greater Bangalore City Corporation) commissioner S. Subramanya and senior officials from several

districts and told them of the Election Commission’s displeasure over the way the voters lists had

been prepared.

The state officials now plan to revise the lists and publish them by the end of this month. They have

sought the help of voters to point out anomalies.

Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee president Mallikharjun Kharge Friday mentioned the

instance of one family in north Karnataka having 90 voters on the list and of Humnabad town in Bidar

district that has 30,000 voters in a population of 36,500.

More than 7,000 in the town are school-going children, yet there are 30,000 names in the voters list.

Another Congress leader H.K. Patil said there could be around four million bogus names in the voters


Karnataka’s population is estimated at 55 million and voting population at around 42 million.

The two other main political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Janata Dal-Secular also allege

there are many irregularities in the list. The three parties have urged the state and central election

officials to rectify the anomalies

Karnataka Assembly Election 2008 was not Free and Fair election for the following reasons:

Names of over 910 voters of Ambedkar Nagar in the city were found missing in the electoral rolls.

Many names were missing in voters’ list

The facts are the results of a study conducted by Election Watch Committee
Large Number of citizens names not found in voters list
only 17% of the IT hub Bangalore  have Voters Photo Identy Cards
In several areas, voters protested deletion of their names

On large number of names reported missing in the voters’ list in almost all constituencies,

Mr. Vidyashankar said both the voters and the Election Commission were to be blamed

Effort No.3.

To ensure that only genuine SC/STs contest in Reserved Constituencies to uphold the Constitution of India on for the real purpose of Reservation. Election office for each constituency must have a representative from Nation Commission or Social welfare department of SC/STs along with the Caste Issuing Authority right from the beginning of the election process till the scrutiny date.

H.D. Kote segment caught in caste row

Staff Correspondent

‘Countermand elections or declare an Adivasi candidate as winner’

Congress, BJP, JD(S) candidates accused of producing fake caste certificates

They ‘tampered’ with records to claim they are from Nayaka community

MYSORE: The State unit of the National Front for Adivasi Self-rule (NFASR) and the Nagarahole National Park Tribal Rights Restoration Committee have appealed to President Pratibha Patil to countermand elections to the H.D. Kote (ST) Assembly Constituency, or declare as winner the Adivasi candidate who gets the highest number of votes, in view of the controversy over the caste status of five candidates including two independents.

Candidates of the Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Janata Dal (Secular) contesting from the reserved H.D. Kote constituency have been accused of producing fake caste certificates to contest in the elections.

NFASR had appealed to the State Election Commissioner to disqualify them for misguiding the Election Commission.

M.R. Ravi, Assistant Commissioner of Hunsur Sub-Division, has submitted a report to the District Election Officer (DEO) P. Manivannan on the the candidates allegedly tampering with the records in order to claim Scheduled Tribe status.

In his report sent to the DEO on May 5, he said that the Tahsildar of H.D. Kote had issued a “controversial caste certificate without verifying the original documents and failed in following the procedure while dealing with the sensitive issue of issuing caste certificates.”

Based on the recommendations, Mr. Manivannan had suspended H.D. Kote Tahsildar T. Vijaya on April 25, and ordered a departmental inquiry for issuing a caste certificate to BJP candidate Chikkaveera Naika.

Although they belong to the “Parivara” community, the Congress, Janata Dal (S) and BJP candidates contested in the elections by claiming themselves to be from the Nayaka community by tampering with official records, according to Mr. Ravi.

The Directorate of Civil Rights Enforcement had issued a circular a few years ago listing a few communities including “Parivara” which should not be categorised as Scheduled Tribes. Tribal organisations in Hunsur and H.D. Kote had launched an agitation accusing various backward groups of cornering the benefits meant for Scheduled Tribes.

Convener of Development through Education (DEED) S. Srikanth told The Hindu that the tribal rights restoration committee had appealed to the President on Saturday to countermand the elections to the constituency or declare as winner the Adivasi candidate who would get the highest number of votes

In C.V.raman Nagar Assembly Constituency One of the candidates raised objection of JDS candidate that he was a Christian. But the Election Officer said that they go by the Caste Certificate issued by the Tahisildar and hence cannot reject his candidature and only the Court has to be approached for further action.

Lambani to set foot in Assembly

His candidature was a calculated move by BJP

BIDAR: A new face, Prabhu Chavan, has made a mark in the district after winning the Aurad (reserve) seat in the district by a huge margin of votes. He is a Bharatiya Janata Party candidate who has been successful in his first attempt at the Assembly polls.

Earlier, some associations had raised an objection with the Election Commission regarding Mr. Chavan’s community. They said that Mr. Chavan hailed from the Banjara community and he therefore could not claim benefit under Scheduled Castes. But Mr. Chavan got clearance after a report from Department of Social Welfare stated that “both Banjara and Lambani are synonymous in the State”.

Effort No.4.

To insist the Election Commission ensure that all the candidates who contest for elections come under RTI to reveal their source of income and file their Income Tax at the time filing their nomination and publish the same in Election Commission’s website and in all the media well in advance before the scrutiny date.

 BJP legislators and mine owners Janardhan Reddy and Karunakar Reddy were present during the talks with some of the Independents held at a posh hotel in the city. Mr. Reddy and the former Minister, B. Sriramulu, also accompanied the Independents to the Raj Bhavan.

Among those who fall into the high assets category are Anand Singh, a builder and contractor contesting on a BJP ticket, who has declared assets at Rs 74.56 crore while the party’s Harapannahalli candidate G. Karunakar Reddy, a mining magnate, has declared assets worth Rs 34.06 crore. Karunakar Reddy, brother of mining baron Janardhan Reddy from Bellary, owns a top-bracket BMW, unheard of in these parts.

In Bellary city, Anil H. Lad, another mining biggie who recently shifted loyalties from the BJP to the Congress, declared assets worth Rs 172.72 crore.

Mining magnates with moneybags are new entrants to politics. In the last five years, those who entered the mining sector with a few thousand rupees have become quick crorepatis, admits a BJP office-bearer. “They have huge purchasing power and no party can afford to ignore them,” he said.

Among well known candidates are the BJP’s G. Somashekhara Reddy, whose family is into mining in Bellary, at Rs 29.23 crore, businessman and BJP candidate Krishna Palemar Rs 27.57 crore and Umesh Krishna Hegde, fighting on a BSP ticket, at Rs 102.82 crore.

In the first phase too, former chief minister H.D. Kumaraswamy’s assets stood at Rs 49.72 crore. “What is more surprising is that in 2004, he had declared assets worth just Rs 3.76 crore. It has jumped by Rs 46 crore in four years.

‘Mining mafia has pumped in Rs. 2,000 crore for elections’

‘The mining mafia has been giving away money to parties to gain political patronage’

‘Candidates of all the three major parties have distributed coupons as parallel currency’

S.Raghu BJP

Assets Declared Rs.6 Crore

KC Vijaya Kumar Congress

Assets Declared Rs.1.5 Crore

S.Manohar JD (S)

Assets Declared Rs.1.5 Crore

A Narayan Swamy BJP

Assets Rs.2.5 Crore

B.Gopal Congress

Assets Rs.1.2 Crore

KM Muniappa JD (S)

Assets Rs.3 Crore

A.Krishnappa (Congress)

Assets Declared Rs..7.5 Crores

L.Muniswamy (JD (S))

Assets Declared Rs.3 Crores

NS Nandish Reddy (BJP)

Assets Declared Rs.30 Crores

NL Narendra Babu Congress

Assets Rs.12.5 Lakh

RV Harish BJP

Assets Rs.2.26 Crore

K Gopaliah JD (S)

Assets Rs.4 Crore

Katta Subramanya Naidu BJP

Assets Rs.19 Crore

HM Revanna Congress

Assets Rs.5 Crore

Lokesh Gowda JD (S)

Assets Rs.28 Crore

Krishna Byre Gowda Congress

Assets Rs.5 Crore

A Ravi BJP

Assets Rs.5.45 Crore

C Narayana Swamy JD (S)

Assets Rs.15 Crore

B Anandappa (JD (S))

Assets Rs.8.99 Crore

KC Ashok Congress

Assets Rs.8.78 Crore

Muniraja BJP

Assets Rs10,84,51,900

MR Seetharam Congress

Assets: Rs.57.83 Crore

Dr.CS Ashwarth Narayana BJP

Assets: Rs.5.1 Crore

Shankaranna JD (S)

Assets: Rs.90 Lakhs

M Krishnappa BJP

Assets Rs.17.5Crore

M.Sadananda Congress

Assets:Rs 1.3 Crore

C Manjunath aks Manjunath Gutigere JD (S)

Assets Rs.5 Crore

Krishna Murthy PN (Congress)

Assets Rs.3.25 Crores

Hanumathrayappa JD(S

Assets Rs.2.45 Crores

M Srinivasa BJP

Assets Rs.12 Crores

B.Chandrappa ( Congress)

Assets Rs.9.47 Crores

SR Vishwanath BJP

Assets Rs.9.45 Crores

E.Krishnappa JD (S)

Assets Rs.46.5 Crore

R.Shankar BJP

Assets Declared Rs.10.5 Crore

R Roshan Baig, who represented Shivajinagar and the erstwhile Jayamahal twice in the past, is the Congress candidate.

Assests Declared Rs.7.5 Crores

 His main opponent is BJP’s Nirmal Kumar Surana, who had also represented Bharatinagar.

Assets Declared Rs.1.7 Crores

R Ashok (BJP)

Assets Declared Rs. 10 Crore

Dr. Gurappa Naidu (Congress)

Assets Declared Rs. 32 Crore

MV Prasad Babu (JD (S))

Assets Declared Rs.5.7 Crore

Many in poll fray not given ‘PAN’

DH News Service, Bangalore:

Many candidates who are trying their electoral luck in the first phase of polling, have not furnished their Permanent Account Number (PAN) while declaring their assets in the affidavit filed along with the nomination papers.

It is no secret that majority of candidates in the fray this time are crorepathies. But several of them, who are trying their electoral luck in the first phase of polling, have not furnished their Permanent Account Number (PAN) while declaring their assets in the affidavit filed along with the nomination papers.

EC nets Rs 40 cr in poll code implementation

CEC N Gopalswami briefed the press that of the cash and material seized, Rs 16 crore was in terms of cash, Rs eight crore worth of liquor, and Rs 16 crore worth of other materials….

Chief Election Commissioner N Gopalswami on Monday said that due to the strict implementation of the code of conduct, the State Election Commission had been able to seize cash and material worth Rs 40.83 crore in the State so far, allegedly used for wooing voters.

Speaking to reporters he said that of the cash and material seized, Rs 16 crore was in terms of cash, Rs eight crore worth of liquor, and Rs 16 crore worth of other materials.

As per section 139(A) of the Income Tax Act, any person who is carrying on any business or profession whose total sales, turnover or gross receipts are or is likely to exceed Rs 5 lakh in any previous year, must possess a PAN. Permanent Account Number is a number by which the Assessing Officer identifies any person.

However, Election Commission officials said it is not mandatory for candidates to furnish PAN numbers in the affidavit.

People of Karnataka demands inquiry into amassing of assets


People of Karnataka on Friday demanded an inquiry from the Income Tax department into the illegal amassing of assets worth crores of rupees by candidates, irrespective of their parties, who are contesting this assembly election in the state.

 Candidates who are mostly drawn from different types of mafias like real estate, land and mining have looted the property of the government and the people and had now submitted their affidavits with declaration of illegal assets worth crores of rupees to the Election Commission.

The Income Tax department should take action in investigating into the amassing of properties after they entered political life, he said.

“We have complained to the Election Commission and to take immediate action to find out from where and how they obtained such a huge property in a short period,’’ 

Mining irregularities: 15 netas get notices



Lokayukta Justice Santosh Hegde displaying incriminating documents handed over to him by a mine owner during his visit to Hospet on Saturday. DH photo

The Lokayukta has served show-cause notices on nearly 15 State politicians who were allegedly involved in several mining irregularities.

The Lokayukta has served show-cause notices on nearly 15 State politicians who were allegedly involved in several mining irregularities.

Declining to reveal the names of the politicians in the dock, Lokayukta Justice Santosh Hegde told Deccan Herald that his office had on Saturday dispatched show-cause notices to 10 to 15 politicians.

While the notices were served on four of them, the rest could not be served as the addressees were found to be out of station, he said.

Earlier, the Lokayukta had told mediapersons in Bellary that those who were issued notices included “former ministers, legislators, those who have fought elections…. everybody is in the list”.

“They will be given a week’s time to respond to the notices. At the most, we will wait for 15 days for their reply. After that a detailed report will be submitted to the government. People can obtain the information under the Right to Information Act,” he had said.

The notices issued under the Lokayukta Act have sought explanation from these politicians for their “prima facie misconduct, malpractice or actions without application of mind to legal provisions or implications and facts or without necessary enquiries” over mining activities.

The irregularities pertain to iron ore mining activities in Bellary, Chitradurga and Tumkur districts, granite mining activities in Bangalore Rural district and irregularities involving Mysore Minerals Limited.

Lokayukta probe

The notices were based on an investigation conducted by a team of Lokayukta sleuths upon a reference from the Mines department. Documents too have been enclosed with the notices.

“Different persons have been issued notices in different matters and a principal report in the matter as a whole will be prepared only after receiving and considering the responses, if any, to our show-cause notices,” Justice Hegde said.

He said though most of the investigation had been completed, the show-cause notices were held back to avoid any politicisation of the issue during the elections.

Already, similar notices have been issued in the matter to several State government officials. Notices are also being issued to mining businessmen and firms found violating mining laws and regulations.

In Bellary, the Lokayukta had said that the notices were not issued earlier because of the elections. He said it was decided not to delay the issue of notices after May 24 because it was feared that the government of that day might be blamed for influencing the action.

Had Hegde Ji has done this before or during Karnataka Assembly Elections with the names of the 15 netas, the results would have been more free and fair. Now this is the comedy done on the people and the people in turn will do comedy on such polititicians and the administration. The results will prove that.

Misra, who is credited with spearheading the BSP’s  “social engineering” campaign that took the party to new heights in Uttar Pradesh, dismissed the notion that the party failed to repeat the formula in Karnataka.

“It was quite ridiculous to assume that our social engineering failed to work in Karnataka; as a matter of fact it worked very well to make a dent on quite a large number of the 224 seats in the state”, he asserted.

“For a party that stood at zero in that state, our performance just could not be under-rated. We did quite well in the blocks and rural areas”, Misra pointed out.

According to him, “in nine constituencies, BSP stood at the number two position and at the third spot in as many as 32 seats”.

Significantly, there were a few seats where the margin by which it lost was as low as 200-800.

“We have made the desired dent in the Congress bastion at several places. I can assure you that the Congress lost several seats in Karnataka essentially because of the BSP presence.”

Confident of repeating this in several other states where assembly elections are due this year, Mayawati’s Brahmin mascot predicted “major reverses” for the Congress in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Chhattisgarh and Jammu and Kashmir.

“Once we have made our presence felt in the assembly elections in these states, it will set the pace for our party’s stride in next year’s Lok Sabha poll, which is our ultimate goal.”

Guilty persons in Noida case would not be spared—C.M.

Lucknow : May 29, 2008 The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Ms. Mayawati said that enquiry into the double murder case of Noida would be done by C.B.I. She said that a letter has been sent to the Government of India today in this connection. She appealed that the small leaders sitting on responsible posts in Congress and Central Government should co-operate the U.P. Government for arresting the guilty persons in this case leaving behind the party politics. She said that under the garb of this case dirty politics should not be done. Ms. Mayawati was addressing the media representatives at her official residence 5-Kalidas Marg here today. She said that wherever the Congress Party government were ruling, especially in Delhi, which is also the capital of the country, gruesome cases took place now and then. She said that if the members of Cabinet of our government speak against the Central Government keeping in view the approach of Centre and especially the Congress Party regarding the double murder case of Noida, then it would not be a good tradition for the healthy democracy. The Chief Minister said that the enquiry into this case was yet to be completed. The officers of Gautam Buddha Nagar district police and other senior police officers were searching the right culprits of the case. She said that without knowing the proper facts of the concerning case, the issuance of notice to D.G.P. of U.P. by the National Child Commission of the Centre and the remarks of a Union Minister belonging to Congress Party were not proper and justified. Such type of statement exhibit the dirty politics of Congress Party instead of sympathy towards the deceased victim family, which she herself and B.S.P. severely condemns. Ms. Mayawati said that information about the facts came into the light by the police department regarding this case had been given to media, after which during the examination of the case some other persons and the family members of deceased were being inquired and arrest was made. She said that the case was examined on a large scale and with the help of the experts and other electronic surveillance the facts came into light so far are very important and of serious nature unfolding of which would be against the honour and prestige. The necessary facts in this connection have been presented in the concerning court of district Gautam Buddha Nagar by the police, she said. The Chief Minister said that the family members of deceased were raising fingers on U.P. Police regarding the probe and they wanted C.B.I. enquiry into the case. It is not proper to say something finally in a hurry by our government regarding the allegations of the victim’s family till the enquiry is going on. Our Government assures the victim’s family that the true culprits would be punished in this case. So far as the question of demand of C.B.I. enquiry by the victim’s family is concerned in this case, our government is ready for handing over this case to C.B.I., if the Central Government agrees, she said. Ms. Mayawati said that after the formation of the government on the demand of victim’s families the State Government requested for C.B.I. enquiry into such type of serious cases, but on the pressure of the Union Government C.B.I. had rejected such cases one by one in lieu of some pretext, while it was held very little earlier. She said that keeping in view the bad experiences about the C.B.I. so far regarding Uttar Pradesh, it is to be said to the victim’s family that even after the acceptance of demand by our government regarding C.B.I. enquiry, it might be possible that C.B.I. could return the case after making some excuse after some period of time. But since family members of the victim have lost the confidence on U.P. Police in this case, therefore State Government was sending a letter to the Central Government for conducting C.B.I. enquiry into this case. Assuring the family members, she said that if the C.B.I. rejects for the enquiry into the case and U.P. Police again conducts the enquiry then despite it, in our government no innocent person would be punished in this case and whoever be the true culprits would be severely dealt with. If any police personnel would be found involved in saving the true culprits and our government finds proof of any conspiracy, then such police personnel would not be spared at any cost. She said that during our party government criminals and doubtful police personnel would never be protected like in the previous government regime. **********

C.M. appeals to the people of Gujar Samaj to maintain law and order

Lucknow : May 29, 2008 The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Ms. Mayawati has requested from the Centre and Rajasthan Government for finding out some middle path after mutual talks soon in order to solve the problem of including the Gujar Samaj in SC/ST list. She said that the agitation of Gujar Samaj was spreading gradually in many states and law and order situation could become worse any time in country due to it. The Chief Minister was addressing the media persons at her official residence 5-Kalidas Marg here today. She appealed to the people of Gujar Samaj of other states including U.P. that they should put forward their demands in peaceful manner and should not take law in their hands at any cost. ********

C.M. assures for no harassment of traders

Lucknow : May 29, 2008 The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati while clarifying here regarding the decision of fixing the stock limit for wheat, rice, pulses, food-grain oil-seeds and edible oils said that the directives for fixing the stock limit for these items had been given by the Union Government. The Uttar Pradesh Government had followed the directives of the Centre for fixing the stock limit, she added. Addressing the media persons at her official residence 5-Kalidas Marg, the Chief Minister said that it was the definite opinion of U.P. Government that traders should not be harassed for which the concerning officers had been directed that the permission of District Magistrate or Food Commissioner was necessary before any inspection pertaining to stock limit. Ms. Mayawati said that some persons were misguiding the traders of the State for their own vested political interests. The traders should remain conscious from such people. She assured the traders that there would not be any harassment of the traaders and State Government was fully committed for their welfare and interests. *********

CMs and CS directives

Lucknow: May 28, 2008 The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati has directed to the senior government officers for the inspection and spot verification of the schemes running by their respective departments. She has also directed to the concerning officers for ensuring the quality of development works, besides making their department offices more effective and beneficial for the people. She directed to solve the problems of the people and dispose of their complaints through meeting them at grass root level. Besides, she has also directed for holding review meetings, inspections and spot verifications of the development projects. The Chief Minister has clearly stated that officers should do their honest efforts for providing the government facilities to the people and visit them by leaving their chambers. Besides, the subordinate officers of the departments have been directed for running the welfare schemes at war-footing. Any slackness in this regard would be severely dealt with. It may be recalled that the Chief Minister has given stern directives to the senior officers in a law and order and development works review meeting held on April 24 last, reiterating her government priorities, so that people could be benefited by it. Necessary directives have been sent by the Chief Secretary, Mr. Atul Kumar Gupta in this regard to the Principal Secretary/Secretary and HODs of Public Works, Irrigation, Rural Development, Agriculture, Energy, Urban Development, Housing, Medical and Health, Food and Civil Supplies, Basic Education, Social Welfare, Women and Child Development, Backward Welfare, Minorities Welfare, Handicapped Welfare, Dr. Ambedkar Gramin Samagra Vikas, Shahri Samagra Vikas, Tax and Registration, Finance, Panchayati Raj, Home and Revenue Departments. In these directives the day of visit has been fixed for the Senior Officers of these departments. According to the tour schedule the Principal Secretary/Secretary of twelve departments will visit for three days and HODs for six days in their respective division/district/tehsil besides, making the tour programme for the subordinate officers of their respective departments. According to the programme, the Principal Secretary/Secretary of Revenue, Dr. Ambedkar Gramin Samagra Vikas, Medical and Health, Rural Development, Agriculture, Urban Development, Food and Civil Supplies, Social Welfare, Panchayati Raj, Basic Education and Home Departments will visit for four days and HODs for eight days in every month necessarily. The departments where the Principal Secretaries are posted will tour themselves. The Principal Secretary can send the Secretary for visit in his place only in unavoidable circumstances. The HODs will send their review and visit report to their Principal Secretaries. In the directives of the Chief Secretary, it has been said that Principal Secretary will send their tour report to the Chief Secretary and a copy of it will also be send to the Principal Secretary to C.M. The Principal Secretary of the concerning departments after meeting their HODs will issue the necessary directives likewise, to their subordinate headquarter, divisional and district level officers for the inspection and ensuring spot verification during the visit. The Principal Secretary/Secretary and HODs will pay special attention during the review meetings and inspections of their divisions and districts whether their subordinate officers are doing spot verification works during their visits or not. In any slackness is found in this regard, then stern action would be taken against the concerning officers. The Chief Secretary has directed that if any officer has the charge of more than one department then he would simultaneously review all concerning departments and send the reports separately. All the senior officers are expected to follow the directives themselves besides, ensuring the follow-up by their subordinate officers, so that the people could be benefited by the quality development works. **********

A warning to secular parties

The outcome sends out a warning to those secular parties who, in the interest of forming a government, go in for an electoral understanding with the BJP.For long the BJP had been trying to polarise the people along communal lines and had succeeded in weakening the secular forces in Karnataka.

The poll results also reflected the loss of credibility of the Congress and were a comment on the performance of the United Progressive Alliance government at the Centre.

The Centre’s polices, particularly in regard to price rise and the crisis in the agriculture sector, have led to resentment among the people who have rejected the Congress.

The BSP leader said that its candidates had lost because BSP could not match the money power of the BJP and this was the prime reason for the party’s rout.

The BSP votes were concentrated in slums and the BJP wooed the slum dwellers with liquor and money, he alleged.

The BSP candidate from the Tumkur city segment, Veer Dilip Kumar, polled 1,053 votes. Congress candidate from the city, Rafiq Ahmed Shaik, faced defeat by a narrow margin of 1,869 votes.

Berth pangs grip BJP


Five of the six independents whose support is key for the party to hold on to the reins of power, have also been accommodated in the Cabinet.

But several party veterans like Jagadish Shettar, D H Shankara Murthy, B Yogish Bhat and H S Shankaralinge Gowda have been left out, causing a stir in the party.

Notes of discontent in the BJP echoed on the opening day itself for the new government with several senior leaders openly expressing displeasure over their non-inclusion in the 30-member B S Yeddyurappa ministry.

Jagadish Shettar, H S Shankaralinge Gowda and A Narayanaswamy voiced their resentment, even as a section of their supporters took to the streets in Hubli, Mysore and Bangalore demanding justice to their leaders. Both Shettar and Gowda kept away from the swearing-in ceremony.

Shettar wants Home

According to sources, Shettar was keen that he be given Home portfolio. But Yeddyurappa insisted that he take up the Speaker’s post, which Shettar spurned. When the differences persisted till the last minute, Shettar walked away in a huff

Violent protests on Day One

BJP leader Jagadish Shettars supporters staged a demonstration in front of Basaveshwara statue here demanding inclusion of their leader in the Cabinet.

His supporters took to the streets in large numbers in Hubli City where a bus was torched and several others were damaged in stone throwing.

Thirty-six BJP members of the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation have threatened to submit their resignation en masse on Saturday.

In Anekal, BJP workers stoned five buses in protest against the non-inclusion of  V Narayanaswamy in the Ministry. Supporters of H S Shankaralinge Gowda and S A Ramadas took to the streets in Mysore City demanding Cabinet berths to their leaders.

Yeddyurappa leaves out Shettar from Ministry, violence erupts in Hubli

Staff Correspondent

A bus torched on Gadag Road; Shettar’s supporters stage ‘rasta roko’ at three places


DOUSING THE FLAMES: A Fire and Emergency Services personnel putting out the fire inside a NWKRTC bus set ablaze by protesters in Hubli on Friday.

HUBLI: Violence erupted in Hubli on Friday following denial of a berth to the former Minister Jagadish Shettar in the B.S. Yeddyurappa Ministry.

According to police sources, a state road transport bus proceeding to Hubli was stopped near the railway gate on Gadag Road and was torched on Friday evening.

According to them, the commuters were asked to alight from the bus and then it was torched. Before the Fire and Emergency Services personnel could rush to the spot, the bus was gutted.

Five city buses belonging to the North-West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation were damaged after miscreants threw stones at them at Keshwapur, Devangpet Road and Vishweshwar Nagar Road.

Following this, the city bus services were suspended in theses areas and those returning home from work had to face hardship because of lack of commuter transport.

Deputy Commissioner of Police D. Prakash told The Hindu that additional forces had been deployed in the city following the incident and patrolling had been intensified following the torching of the bus.

However, he clarified that so far no one had been arrested in connection with the incidents of violence.

Roads blocked

Meanwhile, several supporters of Mr. Shettar, including women, staged a “rasta roko” at three places.

The supporters blocked the road for several minutes at Keshwapur, Bhairidevarakoppa and Gadag Road and demanded that Mr. Shettar be included in the Cabinet of the newly formed Government.

Resignation threat

The Mayor and Deputy Mayor of Hubli-Dharwad and the corporators of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have threatened to resign in protest against the non-inclusion of Mr. Shettar in the Cabinet. Most supporters of Mr. Shettar had gone to Bangalore on Friday to see Mr. Shettar take oath. They were disappointed when it did not happen. Local BJP leaders told this correspondent that the next course of action would be decided at a meeting.

Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa visited Keshawa Krupa, the RSS headquarters and held talks with the Sangh leaders.He promised that he will follow the guidelines from RSS to rule the State.

Sangh Parivar has a strong presence

K.N. Venkatasubba Rao

Many of them were members of the erstwhile Jan Sangh

BANGALORE: Besides Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa, the first-ever Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Government in the State has many ministers from the ranks of the Sangh Parivar.

Some of them were even with erstwhile Bharatiya Jan Sangh from which the BJP was born in 1982.

The Ministers, who have come from the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak (RSS) ranks are Ramachandra Gowda, V.S. Acharya, R. Ashok, S. Suresh Kumar, Arvind Limbavali, Vishveshwara Hegde Kageri, and Shobha Karndlaje.

Daily Khabor @ Khabor.Com

Depicting Buddha as Hindu by RSS, specially to the international community, and pretending to respect Him, is a stategy to hoodwink the mases, as was done about Ambedkar. The process started long time back by declaring Buddha as an avatara of god in some times around eighth century and finalised till 12th century. Manohar Joshi, the then Chief Minister of Maharashtra, writing in the Introduction of Dr. Ambedkar’s W&S vol. 16, (1998) does mention Buddha as tenth incarnation of God, knowingly that the Buddhists all over the world do not believe in God, let alone its incarnations. At the same time, an average Aryan Invader Cult takes a great pride that Buddhism was driven away from this land by Adi- Sankara. They ignore that a non-existent religion can not die. Declaring the Buddha as ninth avatara of Vishnu, by the Aryan Invader’s Puranas, was meant to cause confusion in the minds of people with the result that Buddhism came to be treated as a “heretical” and “aesthetic” branch of Invaders. The modern scholars like Kane, Radhakrishnan, Swami Vivekanand and Tilak, have pushed this confusion further back to the time of origin of Buddhism, by saying that Upanishadas are the origin of Buddhist thought, thus claiming both that Buddhism was just a refined “Hinduism”, and also claiming with pride that Buddhism was driven away by the Invaders and it has died down.

As a non-existent tradition or way of life can not die, and as the decline of Buddhism in India is a historical fact, the theory of its origin as a “reformed” Aryan Invaders Cult is false. If Buddhism was a sect of “Hinduism”, then one may well ask the proud supporters of Shankaracharya, what was that religion which was “driven out by Adi Sankara”, as they claim? Was it also Hinduism? This proves that Buddhism is not a sect of Hinduism, which was nonexistant till Muslim conquest.

Buddhism was, is and will continue to be  the national Religion of the Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath 


Buddhism was the first organized religion in the modern sense of the term “religion”. It succeeded in driving out the Aryan Invaders Cult of sacrifices, but gradually succumbed to the influences of the religion of masses, who had by then, set up Buddha’s images and started temple worship. The fact that at one time Buddhism was the national religion of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth and was followed by the majority of population, is almost ignored. There is a feeling in the minds of many, that Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth is and was a Hindu country having always had a majority of Hindus. This again is a misconception. In historical times the population of  Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth never had majority of Hindus. Swami Vivekananda, estimated Buddhists to be two thirds of population [L.M.Joshi: 1977: 358] and Dr. Ambedkar says Buddhist were in majority. [W&S, 7, 345] Then there were Jains and Veerashaivas and Tribal religions in addition to Muslims, Sikhs and Christians coming in the later times. Aryan Invaders Cult had lost all the respect of masses as well as princely rulers. They were smarting under this defeat. [Untouchables, W&S vol.7, p.346] They did everything in their power to finish off Buddhism and after Muslim invasion, succeeded in it.


Buddhism was the national religion of the Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath , not only because the Buddha was in Jambudvipa, but because it was the source and inspiration of the national awakening of Great Prabuddha Bharath empires and for the first time, united Jambudvipa that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath in a common cultural synthesis and organization and because unlike the Aryan Invaders cult, which was the religion of the privileged classes, Buddhism was the first religion of the common people, not forced on them, but accepted by their free will and pleasure; and because Buddhism caused progress in science and art, literature and religion, commerce and industry, internal progress and international reputation; and lastly, because no other religion has till this day been able to make Jambudvipa, that is the Freat Prabuddha Bharath a great nation as Buddhism did. [Swami Dharmatirtha, p. 76]



Aryan Invaders Cult usurped Buddhism


Aryan Invaders became the leaders of Buddhism because of their learning, and first disfigured it thoroughly with ritualism and images, and then destroyed its separate organization of monasteries and monks with the help of the foreign masters who came into power. But the Buddhism of Harsha and Nagarjuna did not disappear, it formed the nucleus of the later Hinduism, superadded with horrors of caste. To become the sole leaders of the country and to enforce their system of castes, has always been the prime motive of Aryan Invaders Cult, and if Buddhist order of monks and monasteries had survived, the Aryan Invaders could not have achieved this goal. So they completely destroyed the external institution of Buddhism, the monks and monasteries. Aryan Invaders became the undisputed leaders, and a new popular religion, Hinduism, emerged with important aspect of caste, as Dharmatitha observed:

“… Caste is an entirely independent social order which was neither in the ancient Aryan religion nor in primitive Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath religion nor in Buddhism. It is the unique contribution of the Aryan Invader priests, and none else ever wanted it, until the country lost its national religion and political freedom, and the Aryan Invaders succeeded in imposing the system upon the people almost at the point of the bayonet with of alien masters. [Swami Dharmatirtha, p. 110]


Aryan Invaders Cult does not mean Aryan Invaders alone


As the British Imperialism does not mean the British people and symbolizes a vast system and has numerous votaries among Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath also, Aryan Invaders Cult, similarly, does not signify the Aryan Invaders exclusively, but an ancient order of things of which the Aryan Invaders are the leaders and champions. It stands for the aggregate of ideals, institutions and past history of the socio-religious constitution of the Hindu society. We have to serve the welfare of the entire nation and not the sentiment of separate castes, though Aryan Invaders, or Kshatriyas or others must accept a larger share of the blame for the disaster which has befallen us all. We have to understand that it is the pernicious system which is throttling us all equally, and is the subject of our criticism. A prominent thinker of Maharashtra, Raosaheb Kasbe, has elaborated the subject by saying that,  Aryan Invaders are fortunte that, “Aryan Invaders” is a name of Caste as well as of a Varna“, thereby implying Class, this status being bestowed upon them by Smritis. As a class and as a power structure, Aryan Invaders have developed vested interests. Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth  writers divide the history as Aryan Invaders Vs. Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth , instead of Vedic Vs. non-Vedic, and when the words having Aryan Invaders as one of their components are used by them to criticise these vested interests, the meaning implied is against the power structure and not agaist the caste. If this is a blameworthy mistake, the mistake is committed by the authors of Smritis, specially “Yama smriti”, and they and the later authors desrve the blame. [Kasbe Raosaheb, “hindu muslim prashna aani sawarkara cha hindu rastravaad”, (marathi) Sugawa Publ. 1994, p.242 ff.]


Causes of fall of Buddhism


We saw M. M. Kane’s views and those of other scholars. Caliber of Vajrayani Buddhists was not the cause, neither was the Tantric practices. Buddhist Siddhas were the forerunners of Bhakti cult, which now Hindus claim to be theirs. In this respect Aryan Invaders Cult books must not be relied upon.

Techniques of imposing slavery over the population by the Aryan Invaders Cults were studied. In present times the struggle is amongs the followers of Phule, Shahu, Ambedkar Versus those of Tilak Gandhi Golwalkar. We saw the Sryan Invaders Cult tendency to find faults with Buddhism for country’s ills, like Sawarkar in his “saha soneri pane” blaming Buddhist Ahimsa and ignorng the real reason being Chaturvarna.

Position of women in ancient Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth has been studied in detail in Pre-Vedic and Vedic times and Buddhist Doctrines and Laws about them contrasted and Manu’s role in their degradation stressed. This continued in Rajput and in middle ages in pre-British times, and got worst during Peshawa rule.

Even today Buddhism is the national Religion of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath 


We saw how Buddhism was the national religion of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath and that it is flourishing even now in the garb of Hinduism with superadded Chaturvarna. We saw Buddhism is not a sect of Hinduism, irrespective of false propaganda of RSS. As Dr. Tulsiram, Associate Proffesor, School of International Studies, JNU and editor of Hindi monthly ‘Vishwa Ashvaghosah’, observes the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, has organised a number of “World Hindu Buddhist Conferences”, at Haridwar, Modi Puram, Sarnath, Rajgir, Buddha Gaya, and Lumbini. At these conferences, it is falsely claimed that since Buddhism is an essential part of Hinduism, those who want to embrace Buddhism should embrace Hinduism directly. Also the text books are manipulated e.g. in a class IX book, the Sangha Parivar’s Government in Gujrath has inserted that “the caste system is the greatest gift of Aryans to humankind.” One of the reasons of reasserting Sankrit is preservation of caste. He observes:

“… The religion based on caste system has annihilated millions of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth  over the centuries. About three million Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth women have been raped and around one million  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth killed from the time of Independence. This is 25 times more than number of soldiers killed during the wars fought after independence. That is why Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharth  do not need Aryan culture or Hindu Dharma based on caste any more. …” [Dr. Tulsiram, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]


 Orphan of Humanity


Buddha was ignored in his own country. Vedantists’ claim that Vedanta alone can save the world and humanity has proved false and let alone saving the world, Hindus did not cultivate any superior virtues and ideals, and deny justice and humanity to their own kith and kin. Failure of Socialist Reformers was because they are steeped in the culture of caste and the religion of deception and exploitation. Same is the condition of the so called Nationalists, who only cultivated regionalism and language struggle and a good number of our Socialists and Nationalists turned out to be rank Capitalists and fanatical Communalists. Of many revolutions against Aryan Invaders Cult, only work of Guru Govind Singh and Sikhism seems to have survived, at least to some extent, being influenced by saints like Kabir and Nanak, all under spirit of Buddhism.


Hindus became Hindus by Conversion


The derogatory sense of the word “Hindu” is forgotten, it is also forgotten that Aryan Invaders Cult did not like to be called as Hindus, not a long time back and that Hindus became Hindus by a sort of mass conversion or mass classification by the Muhammadans, and the various castes acquired their status by a similar process of mass classification behind their backs by the Aryan Invaders Cult first and lastly by the British Government by laws made for them. We saw that Hinduism is not a religion in the sense in which Buddhism Muhammadanism and Christianity are. It is a loose conglomeration of castes, which is described by one author as a “grocery shop”, where the comodity called “grocery” is not sold. Therefore, all those who are not Muhammadans or Christians are treated as Hindus, where all types of worship is allowed, as long as Aryan Invaders supremacy is maintained. Even for these Christians and Mohamedans, Aryan Invaders have plans to incorporate in Hinduism and terms like “Mohemadi Hindus” are already coined for them, and full preparations are going on for its implementation. Also plans are afoot to create new ‘Swastika’ temples for such “purified” Christians. Thus the vagueness of Hinduism is a virtue for them, and language of Vedanta is the garb of camaflouge of equality, which help in the desire of Aryan Invader elites to govern the OBCs. Arrogance of Aryan Invaders, who rule Hindus, did not change since the times of Abbe Dobois, neither did their attitude towards women.


Suggestions for nation building


The constructive thoughts and efforts and guiding as to what must be done as advised by Swamiji are summerised in the ability to evolve new ideals and institutions to embody the spirit of the collective life and will and avoid an obstinate clinging to mere existence and past glories. India had been suffering under the two imperialisms, Aryan Invaders Cult and British placed one above the other, and three tests of Hindu Nationalism should be (1) Opposition to caste, (2) opposition to priestcraft and idolatry, and (3) Inter-religious tolerance and fraternisation. It must be realised that more nationalism persisted in the past before the British arrived, and there was more fellow feeling in teachings of saints, inspired by Buddhism.


Modus operandi of Aryan Invaders Cult to enslave Hindus


That the kalivarjya was the method of Aryan Invaders to tackle the Buddhist influence over the masses and impose their supremacy. All laws and rules, were amended including Civil, Criminal, Revenue and Personal laws, without actually condemning them. Who suffered in Kalivarjya were the OBCs due to failure of export of their productions. These are the masses of which Indian society is made of, and it is the need of the day to educate them. The process of emancipation of masses was started by Mahatma Phule, strengthened by Shahu, and put in Indian Constitution by Dr. Ambedkar. Now it is the duty of masses to protect the Constitution, if they want to protect themselves from oncoming Aryan Invaders tyranny.


Decline and fall of Buddhism


Techniques in causing decline and fall of buddhism, the Caliber of Vajrayani Buddhists, the methods of Aryan Invaders Cult Conquest by peaceful means, the domestic and sexual invasion in Kerala are discussed, and the role of Shankara explained. Various techniques of Aryan Invaders Cult controls, the difference between Local and Regional Aryan Invaders Cult the admission of kings to Varna System, the extension of Varna system, the Extension of Sanskritic deities, the creation and developement of ceremonial and the Sanskritisation of names of places discussed and the social self of Aryan Invaders explained. It was seen how Buddha’s Sangha was captured by Aryan Invders, and how Aryan Invaders destroyed Buddhism from outside also and how Kautilya checked growth of Buddhism and how Buddhism tried to thwart attempts of Aryan Invaders Cult and how Aryan Invaders Cult crushed Nationalism.


Foreign invasions


The foreigners like Shakas, Pahlavas Hunas etc. were assimilated by Buddhist ideals and not the Aryan Invaders Cult, and the Hindu Muslim Conflict would not have been there if Buddhism was alive at the time of Muslim invasion. We saw the Aryan Invaders had comunications links with foreign forces and that they obtained foreign help to topple kings unwanted for them.

About the conditions at the time of arrival of Europeans, Raja Sekhar Vundru, IAS, former JNU student writes:

“Vasco da Gama landed in 1498 in Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath, a veritable social hell for the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath. Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath feeding on carcasses, lurking like animals in the day with a status worse than an animal and conditions of life worse than a million genocides of a Hitler. The greatness of  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharathlies in their confidence to accept the ultra sub-human existence and breed dasyus, menials, slave, asuras, chandalas and untouchables: unparalleled and unrecorded in the history of world civilizations.” [Raja Sekhar Vundru, “The Pioneer”, Dalit Millennium Issue, 30 Jan. 2000]


How Hindus enjoyed Aryan Invaders Cult slavery?


The evils of Hindu caste system are well known. The theory of karma castrated the society and deprived all the masses from the motivation to revolt against the domination and atrocities of the priestly class, making all the Hindus the slaves of Aryan Invaders. We know that Rigvedic Society had only three Varnas. The fourth varna, i.e. of Shudras was added by “purusha-sukta“, late in Buddhist times and was a planned to destroy the egalatarian Buddhist society, to stop Kshatriya revolt against Aryan Invaders and to stop the flow of Shudras towards Buddha’s Dhamma.

We discussed the sexual behaviour of Aryans and how the ancient Aryan society did not have the marriage institution as we believe it today, or rather had no marriage institution at all. The barbarous Aryan society considered no relationship like brother- sister, father-daughter. Rajwade has explained how the priests had to satisfy the sexual demand of any woman approaching them at the time of yajnyas, then and there in open ground, in presence of Vedic fire. The Buddha fought against this and included vow to abstain from mithyachara, i.e. improper behaviour in sexual matters, among the five shilas.

Conversion from three varna society to four varna society was a great revolution in Aryan society, and entry of shudras into Chaturvana system, transformed savage society to rural one, claims Rajwade. But the Buddha discarded Varna System, where Shudras were made the beasts of burden with all the forced labour duties and no rights. Buddhists had no caste and Ashokan Society was integrated and that caste revived on the decay of Buddhism and emergence of Shaivism and Vaishnavism around 8th century A.D.

The productive castes suffered in Kalivarjya, one of the means adopted by Aryan Invaders to dominate Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath. The national Religion was destroyed by Caste System and Caste hierarchy with Aryan Invaders having vested interests. They grew most powerful with the duty of kings being enjoined to worship Aryan Invaders, whose arrogance was not an empty claim and Aryan Invaders ruled over masses also not only the kings. Free Lands and houses were given to them, with no taxes and no fear of punishments. Secular powers were also exercised by Aryan Invaders and Aryan Invaders Sabhas had power over all castes. Dharma Sastras were recasted in Muslim Rule and laws amended to establish Aryan Invaders supremacy. Means employed by Aryan Invaders to enslave Hindus included Punishments and Ordeals on Caste basis, and false philosophies created to support immoral acts to distort the religion. Buddhism had tried to save masses from Aryan Invaders Cult slavery but in vain. We know how Vijaynagar Empire was a seat of exploitation of masses and Aryan Invaders Cult was punished for the crimes.

Scheduled Tribes (aadivaasi)


Fall of Buddhism saw the rise of untouchables, the so called criminal tribes and Aadivaasis. Their problems are discussed, explaining differences between Castes and Tribes and origins of various names. Their history is traced from Prehistoric Period and it is explained that they are not remenents of Neolithic Age but are post Buddhistic. We know how Indus Valley civilization did not belong to Aryans, how Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath was land of Naagas and its language Tamil, and how Vratyas were Naagas. We know history of the Sisunaaga Dynasty, that Naaga worship is non-Vedic and Naagas were Buddhists. There was a casteless society among the Naaga culture, Naagas having their Republics. We know the denegration of Naagas in Mahabharata, which opens with a curse on Naagas. We know Naaga Rajas in Kashmir and Rise of Buddhism there with Ahimsa of Buddha, and studied Serpent worship during Mauryan Dynasty, the times of Naagaarjuna and Kanishka, the Buddhist Sculptures and that Ayrans created writings, whereas Naagas created structures. We studied importance of Tribal Population in Sanchi and Amaravati Stupas and antiquity of Naaga clans.


Other effects of Fall of Buddhism


We know other efects of Caste culture were deprivation of Education and spread of illiteracy and how fall of Buddhism directly affected the multitudes of population, who were denied education. How Gurukul system was detrimental to the interests of masses is explained and how a most educated country, where foreign scholars were coming to take higher education in Jambudviap, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath Universities, became the most illiterate country of the world due to fall of Buddhism is explained.

We know how position of women detoriated and ultimately reached to the stage of burning of widows. We know that Rajput Age was Dark Age of Jambudvipa, thatis the Great Prabuddha Bharath and how Aryan Invaders created Rajputs to get hold over the population, and how it caused the degradation and fall of Jambudvipa, thatis the Great Prabuddha Bharath  masses.

Kulin system of Bengal:  was created to increase the population who would be willing to accept the supremacy of Aryan Invaders and all the ill effects of this System is explained.

Sambandham System of Kerala: Aryan Invaders managed to gain control over the Buddhist Nayars by this method of “Cultural fertilization” and  it destroyed the cultural fabric of old Kerala society.

Devadasis: A system of Religious prostitution is discussed. It was put forward by the present author, for the first time, that Devadasis were degraded Buddhist nuns, in his book in 1991, “Tirupati Balaji was a Buddhist Shrine”. The subject is discussed more fully here.

Fall of Science: How Science was on zenith in Buddhist Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath and Aryan Invaders purposefully caused its fall to uphold their own supremacy after the fall of Buddhism.

Kashmir Problem: A Buddhist country of Kashmir became Mohammedan country, thereby leading to all the present problems is discussed.

Language Problem: Acountry, which speaking one language and one or two scripts during the Buddhist period was divided into a country of multiple languages and scripts.

The Remedies


The reason why need to know the history is to guide us in future. If that purpose is not served, it has no meaning. The rulers of the society know it. Therefore, those who like that the oppressors should keep on oppressing and sufferers should go on suffering, never wish that the masses should know the real history. They present only those aspects of history which suits them, even distorting the facts. To find the cure, one has to know and understand the cause of ailments. If the interpretation of the history is on proper lines, the remedies would be correct. There is no doubt that now all realize that the real cause of all the ills of this country has been its religion. If this is realized, the ills can be cured and Indian masses can see the bright future. We narrate the views of some of the prominent thinkers.


In key note address at the recent “Bahujan Conference” at Nagpur by a prominent OBC thinker and writer, expressed his views on the future course of action to be taken by OBCs. He stressed the importance of realizing the principle that OBCs and the Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath  are co-sufferers. They should make it a point that they will neither tolerate the injustice done by others, nor would commit injustice against others. Vedic culture came into being after the destruction of Indus Culture. Among those who opposed Vedic culture, prominent was the Buddha and his movement was much more powerful than that of Phule, Shahu and Ambedkar. [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]

Amartya Sen got the Nobel Prize, he said, but did not get enough publicity in Indian media, not even as much as the Beauty Contests did. The reason was that while discussing the Asian cultural history, Sen pointed out that the main reason why education did not reach the grass root levels in Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath was that machinery of education remained in the hands of fistful of priests, and that as contrasted against this, education reached the people at bottom levels of society in the other neighbouring nations like Ceylon and others, because they were following Buddhism. The Bahujans must realize that a person who declares these facts would not get any appreciation from the established society here. [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]

Amartya Sen, when questioned by journalists about his preceptor and the father of his ideals on Welfare State, had acknowledged the Buddha as his ‘guru’ and Ashoka as his ideal, a fact which never appeared in any Aryan Invaders Cult media. [Speech by P. S. Changole at Aurangabad, ‘Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]

He explained how Indus Culture was followed by Vedic onslaught, how Buddhism was followed by Counter-revolution by Manu, how Saints and Shivaji was followed by Peshawai and now how after the revolution of Phule, Shahu and Ambedkar we are faced with danger of destruction of this system by Aryan Invaders Cult counter- revolution by the R.S.S. If we wish to avert this calamity the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath must sort out the points of conflicts and unite. [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]

He urged the OBCs to discard Wamana as an incarnation, and questioned how he can be our ideal instead of Bali. He also opined that OBC youths should reexamine the ‘Gita‘, and if it teaches you to follow the duties of ‘Chaturvarnya‘, you would be required to throw it away. ‘Gita‘ talks of ’swadharma’, which does not mean Hindu or Islam religion, it means ‘Chaturvarna dharma‘’. He asked OBCs to evaluate the history of the Buddha through their own values instead of those of Manu, Shankara or Aryan Invaders Cult books. He asked them to examine their own religion and ask themselves what exactly, it offers them. It offers nothing but slavery, he stressed. [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]

He averred that it is a false history, taught to us that Shankara defeated Buddhism, but if he had evolved some strategy and helped its decline, not only for Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath, but also even for people in grass root level, and for those who call themselves as Kshatriyas and for Marathas and Kunbis and OBCs, it was not a golden day of glory but it is was a moment of pushing them into darkness and slavery. He advised that the sufferings of  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath are the sufferings of OBCs, and vice versa. We are not fighting against any caste, not even Aryan Invaders, but against a system of inequality imposed over Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath by the religious books. Some OBCs think they are Kshatriyas, and should side with Aryan Invaders because of our scriptures which condemn the ‘Shudras’ and not the ‘Kshatriyas’. Their mentality is to accept the slavery of Aryan Invaders but not to consider Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath equal to themselves. But if you inspect the reality, you would find that not only Ekalavya and Shambuka suffered but also Tukaram, who was an OBC, suffered. For the scriptures, Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath and OBCs are both ‘Shudras’ and both deserve condemnation and are deprived from their rights. Today OBCs are projected as neo- Kshatriyas and made to fight against Muslims and Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath, but they must not forget that they are being used as tools and will the thrown away after their utility ends. If the merit is important, there is no doubt that Shivaji’s merit as a ‘Kshatriya‘ was proved. Why then his coronation was opposed by the Aryan Invaders of Maharashtra. Today Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath honour Shivaji and Shahu with full reverence, not as a strategy or convenience, but from the bottom of their hearts, then why OBCs should not honour Ambedkar likewise? [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000] Similar views are expressed by him later in “First Maratha Sahitya Sammelan” held very recently at Amravati in Vidarbha. This literary meet of Marathas was highly maligned by Brahmanical press and scholars.  


Aryan Invaders  attitude towards Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath 


 The attitude of elitist media towards these people.

“Media explosion finds news value in  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath only when they are killed. Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath do not see themselves as victims of atrocities. Atrocities are part of their daily life. For Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath persecution is as old as Shambuka, denial as old as Eklavya; revolution as old as Buddha; valor as old as Asura; slavery as old as dasyu and untouchability as old as touch. Nevertheless, Manudharma’s tentacles are wide spread and all-compassing.” [Raja Sekhar Vundru, “The Pioneer”, Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath Millennium Issue, 30 Jan. 2000]


The best remedy is as uggested by Late Manyawar dadasahib Kanshram ji ‘B Media 4 Sarvajan Hithaya Sarvajan Sukhaya’.


Each and every elite and educated of Sarv Samj in general and Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath in particular must become the media to counter the anti-Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath propaganda of the Aryan Invaders Cult media. Thay must start their own News Papers, since Aryan Invaders News Papers are just their Views Papers & the media is controlled by the Moneyed, Mafia & Manuvadis.


The Educated and the elite Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great prabuddha Bharath must start their own websites and blogs and write about the need for empower themselves and spread Dhamma for the welfare and happiness for all.


When Dr. Ambedkar was trying for “Hindu Code Bill”, which was to remove the injustice on Hindu women, Jereshastri the then Shankarachrya of Sankeswara Pitha, wrote:

“… Milk or Ganges water may be holy, but if it comes through a nallah or a gutter, it can not be considered sacred. Similarly, the ‘Dharmasastra’ howsoever it may be authentic, it can not be considered authentic because it has come from a ‘Mahar’ like Dr. Ambedkar. Ambedkar is a scholar, it is said that his study of scriptures is great, but he is an ‘antyaja’. How can the Ganga of Scriptures comming from the nallah of Ambekar be holy? It must be discardable like milk comming from the gutter…”

Quoting this passage from ‘Nav Bharat‘, daily, 21 Jan. 1950, Yashwant Manohar observes, even the women for whose liberation was this Bill opposed it. We see today these women participating in hindutwavadi organizations. They opposed Mandal Commission, and they still oppose the reservation of OBC and other women, however, they demand right to priesthood. [Yashwant Manohar:, 1999: p.73]


Our religion and Constitution must not have contradictions


In his last speech during Sarnath visit in 1956, Dr. Ambedkar spoke to students, as reported by Nanak Chand Rattu, in Benares University Hall. Speaking on Adi Shankara philosophy, he said that if the Aryan Ivaders pervaded all, a Aryan Invader and an untouchable were equal. But Shankara did not apply his doctrine of Aryan Invader to social organization and kept the discussions only on Vedantic level. Had he applied it on a social level and preached social equality, his proposition would have been profound and worth consideration, in spite of his belief in the world being an illusion. Rattu reports:

“He, therefore, asked the students whether they would follow Hindu scriptures which supported graded inequality propounded by Purush Sukta and give religious sanction to social inequality or whether they would stand by the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity propounded in the Constitution, and refute the graded inequality preached by the Hindu scriptures.” [Rattu: 1997: 99]


How Buddhist Books reached West


Arrogance and hatred against Buddhism is seen by the fact that around 1816 A.D. after Nepal was settled under British rule, Brian Hodgson came there as Assisant to the Resident in a newly opened Office. He obtained many MSS from Buddhist pundits like Amrutananda, and sent the collection to Asiatic Society of Bengal and to Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath House in Paris and other libraries. Once, Minister Rana Bahadur Jang of Nepal seized a Buddhist Vihar and threw away all the books in the street. Dr. Wrights, who was Physician to British Resident got it collected and presented to the Cambridge University. From these sourses Burnuff and his disciple Max Muller compiled early history of Buddhism. [Kasbe: 1996: 315]


How Upnishads reached West


It is also interesting to know that it was Dara Shukoh, brother of Emperor Aurangjeb, who got many Upnishads translated into Persian through pundits of Kashi. These were later translated into Latin. Duparron obtained a copy from a French scholar M. Gentyl in court of Sirajuddolah, and later Burneere took it to France on his trip to Bengal in 1775 A.D., and translated into French, and later published in Latin. Weber commented on these in his “Jambudvipa,that is Prabuddha Bharath Studies”. The South Jambudvipa,that is Prabuddha Bharath collection was published for the first time in 1851 by W. Elliot in Journal of Asiatic Society in Bengal, and later translated and incorporated in ‘Bibliotheca India. [Kasbe: 1996: 228]




That the main target of Aryan Invaders Cult was the OBCs, in ancient times as it is today, is clear from more sourses than one. Kasbe describes one instance where OBCs are equated with impotents etc. According to him, “Jabaloupnishad”, which is a later Upnishad, is highly venomous to the orthdox as they believe it planted the seeds of starting of Buddhism and destruction of Vedic religion. The reason was it had allowed renunciation of household duties and accepting the “pravajya” any time, wihout going through the tradional Ashramas. Ahitagni Shankar Ramchandra Rajwade, a Vedic scholar, criticised bitterly this upnishad in his criticism of ‘nasdiya sukta bhashya‘, saying that when a sentence ‘yadahrev virjettdahrev pravajet‘ appeared in this upnishad, it paved the way for all the “bungled and botched” ‘vratyas’, ‘patitas’ etc. for a life of “Liberty-Equality- Fraternity”, thereby reducing the importance of Aryan Invaders in the society. Though Jabalopnishad advocated ‘sanyas‘ at any age, there were upnishands that time in existence asking for taking sanyas after all three ashramas, and also upnishadas which included the ‘Kumbhar‘ (potter), and ‘Teli‘ (oilmen) among the list of those for whom ‘sanyas‘ was prohibited, like to impotent, outcaste, deaf, dumb etc. [Raosaheb Kasbe, “manav aani dharm chintan”, Sugawa, Pune, 1996, p. 223]


A neglected message from Dr. Ambedkar to OBCs


An article was published recently in Marathi local magazine by Suhas Sonwane based on daily Loksatta. The following is a gist of it, translated from Marathi.

Mr. Gawande, a close friend of Dr. Ambedkar, who was then the Law Minister in Nehru Cabinet in 1947, asked for a message for the Maratha people to be published in the Souvenir of “Maratha Mandir” of Bombay. Ambedkar declined saying that he had no relation with the Organization or the Marathas, but on persistent insistence, a message was given and published in the souvenir on 23rd March 1947. It was made available by Shri Vijay Survade recently and was undocumented till now. Dr. Ambedkar said:

“This principle will apply not only to Marathas but all Backward Castes. If they do not wish to be under the thumb of others they should concentrate on two things, one is politics and the other is education.”

“One thing I like to impress on you is that the community can live in peace only when it has enough moral but indirect pressure over the rulers. Even if a community is numerically weak, it can keep its pressure over the rulers and create its dominance as is seen by the example of status of present day Aryan Invaders in India. It is essential that such a pressure is maintained, as without it, the aims and policies of the state can not have proper direction, on which depends the development and progress of the state.”

“At the same time, it must not be forgotten that education is also important. Not only elementary education but higher education is most essential to keep ahead in competition of communities in their progress.”

“Higher education, in my opinion, means that education, which can enable you to occupy the strategically important places in State administration. Aryan Invaders had to face a lot of opposition and obstacles, but they are overcoming these and progressing ahead.”

“I can not forget, rather I am sad, that many people do not realize that the Caste system is existing in Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath for centuries because of inequality and a wide gulf of difference in education, and they have forgotten that it is likely to continue for some centuries to come. This gulf between the education of Aryan Invaders and Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath will not end just by primary and secondary education. The difference in status between these can only be reduced by higher education. Some non-Brahmins must get highly educated and occupy the strategically important places, which has remained the monopoly of Aryan Invaders since long. I think this is the duty of the State. If the Govt. can not do it, institutions like “Maratha Mandir” must undertake this task.”

“I must emphasize one point here that middle class tries to compare itself with the highly educated and well placed and well to do community, whereas lower class all over the world has same fault. The middle class is not as liberal as upper one, and has no ideology as lower one, which makes it enemy of both the classes. The middle class Marathas of Maharashtra also have this fault. They have only two ways out, either to join hands with upper classes and prevent the lower classes from progress, and the other is to join hands with lower classes and both together destroy the upper class power coming against the progress of both. There was a time, they used to be with lower classes, now they seem to be with the upper class. It is for them to decide which way to go. The future of not only Indian masses but also their own future depends upon what decision the Maratha leaders take. As a matter of fact it all should be left to the skill and wisdom of the leaders of Marathas. But there seems to be a lack of such wise leadership among the Marathas.”

What he said about Marathas, equally applies to all OBCs, and still holds true after half a century. Dr. Ambedkar wrote much to educate the OBCs. It is only now that OBCs are awakening gradually. It must not be forgotten that the future of this country depends on them.


Buddhist “Bahujan” meant Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath 


Vedic social stucture was created for supremacy of Aryan Invaders and it was not possible to liberate all the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath masses without destroying it. “Bahujan Samaj” of Buddha was not the middle castes like Kunbis, Telis and Malis but comprised of all  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath - Kunbis Telis to Mang Mahars and Nomadic and ex- Criminal tribes, opined Ambedkarite laureate Yashwant Manohar. [’Prabuddha Bharat‘, 30.4.2000]


OBC Problem


It is not properly realized that the ultimate fate of  Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  depends upon what course of action the OBCs take. The Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  have already made their choice, that they do not wish to lead a life of Slavery under the Aryan Invaders. As a matter of fact, they always wished to free themselves from it one way or the other. If the present movement of Ambedkar for Deekhsha to Buddhism is sabotaged and if it fails, they would find other alternatives. It is for the OBCs to decide what they wish to do, whether to join Ambedkarite movement or to join Aryan Invaders Cult movement. That the political power in Independent democratic Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  is mostly in the hands of the OBCs, is technically speaking, true. But the real power evades them. What is the reason? There is a lot of awakening among them, these days, and everybody seems to be searching for the solution, but the real reason is elluding them. The real reason, in our opinion, is that these people are not concerned with their “Cultural Slavery” under the Aryan Invaders.


Examples of Aryan Invaders hostility towards OBCs


OBC youth in Maharashtra had demanded of the Government that certain books which had deroatory remarks about OBCs be banned. The then Govt. of Maharashtra under Sharad Pawar had declared the ban. But perhaps it was not effected. The President of Marathi Sahitya Sammelan held at Panaji (Goa) a few years back, Shri Ram Shewalkar, then criticised the Maharashtra Govt. for this decision as, he claimed, it was against the “freedom of speech”, going out of the way by speaking what was not in the written speech.

The then Chairman of the Marathi Sanskruti Mandal, a Govt. organization for promotion of literature, criticised that an OBC saint Tukdoji Maharaj, who played a great role during Independance movement, is termed as “Rashtra Sant”, and in his opinion, only a Aryan Invader saint Ramdas deserved this appellation.

Recently the word “Kunbi” was shown to have been included in a dictionary mentioned having derogatory meaning, for which the publisher had to apologise.

At all these times, OBCs had protested. Sometimes, in their caste functions, they talk of denouncing the Aryan Invaders slavery. They talk that Eklavya was deceived by Dronacharya, that killing of Shambuka was wrong. But they can not deny the grip of cultural slavery on their minds. They can not demand that the name of Dronacharya given to the highest award in Sports be withdrawn. They can not stop participating in “Ganesh Festival” started by B. G. Tilak, and which was then criticised by the Mahatma Phule’s followers in Satya Shodhak Samaj and requested a ban on it.

As a matter of fact, the relationship of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  to ‘upper’ castes in all the political parties run by Aryan Invaders, as various teams from A to E of Aryan Invaders Cult in Kanshiram’s terms, is like Ram and Hanuman, as put forward by Kancha Ilaiah, whose observation about Congress applies to all parties under Aryan Invaders Cult control:

“…The Congress was systematically moulded into being a bhadralok party. They talked about the welfare of the  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath castes, while all the state resources were cornered by the Hindus. The relationship between an ‘upper’ caste man and a Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  caste man within Congress was like that between Rama and Hanuman. It is a common knowledge that Hanuman was a South Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  who joined the imperial army of Rama to fight against the South Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath Nationalist ruler - Ravana. Hanuman worked day in and day out in the interest of ‘Ramrajya’ (an anti- Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath and anti-woman kingdom), yet his place in the administration was marginal and subservient. Similarly, all the  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath activists who joined the Congress party were given subservient places in the party hierarchy. Their main task was to mobilize the masses, and organize the ‘praise melas’ of ‘upper’ caste Congress leaders in whose name they would carry the party flag. They would organize the photographers to publicize the images of ‘upper’ caste Congress leaders. The aim of an average ‘upper’ caste Congress leader would be to mould every Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  into a trustworthy Hanuman. While Ambedkarism was creating a small force of conscious people among Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Bharath  who were trying to organize into an autonomous political force, a large number were (perhaps for the sake of fringe benefits that the Congress administration could offer, perhaps for other reasons) willing to be Hanumans. [p.58]

Kancha Ilaiah, himself an OBC, has very convincingly put forward that the process of “Sanskritisation”, i.e. elevating one’s own caste, without demolishing the framework of Chaturvarna can never end the Aryan Invaders Cult domination. Describing how various methods of Sanskritisation are futile, he observed:

“…Sanskritization process did not dilute caste identities and caste based humiliations. Many Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath  who got Sanskritized later realized that Sanskritization is no solution to Hindu barbarity. This is the why Ambedkar embraced Buddhism to build a counterculture to Hinduism, and Periyar Ramasamy Naiker attempted to establish the hegemony of Dravida culture by attacking Hindu culture and Hindu Gods.” [Kancha Ilaiah, “Why I am not a Hindu”, publ. Samaya, Calcutta, third reprint 1998, p.70]

Kancha Ilaiah, strongly advocates ‘Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharathisation ’ - signifying dignity of labour rather than of leisure and combining physical and mental knowledge as Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath do - rather than hinduization, of the civil society, state and administrative apparatus, which is the real solution to the problems of  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath. He feels that only through liberation of  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath that the rest of the society, namely, the ‘upper castes’ can be liberated. And this process, which could be “very painful and tortuous” should start with addressing to the UC women, who also feel that  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath are the “others”, but are receptive to Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath questions, as they seem to prefer “divorce and remarriage” of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath to “wife-murder” policy of UCs. [p.129]

Second thing he recommends is the capture of Hindu temples by expelling Aryan Invaders, for the wealth they hold, convert them into centres of public education, taking care that the Aryan Invaders Cult god culture does not get assimilated into Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath culture. It is comparatively easier for neo-Kshatriyas to unlearn many things than baniyas and Aryan Invaders, but he warns that this anti-caste revolution may be more tortuous than the ‘proletarian cultural revolution’ in China. He avers about the NRIs that the post capitalist markets into which these NRIs are integrated did not de-caste them as is very clear from their pro-Hindutva proclamations from abroad. [Kancha, p.131]

Examples of OBC awakening


Apart from Dr. Salunkhe’s advice to OBCs, there are other indicaters of OBC awakening. A recent literary meet of “Mana” community in Maharashtra declared themselves to be of “Naaga” clan and associated themselves with the Buddhist culture, denying the Aryan Invaders’ one. The important Adivasis are already dissociating themselves from the hindutvavadis and associating with Ambedkarites, in spite of strong propaganda by BSO of converting them into “Vanavasis”. Everybody is realizing that the way of liberation is the fight against the caste and Aryan Invaders supremacy.


Ambedkar’s Efforts for Adivasis


All these people are now realizing that Dr. Ambedkar had struggled a lot for Adivasis also. We must strive for upliftment of BCs and Adivasis said Dr. Ambedkar. The purpose of keeping them in sub-clause (2) of Hindu Code Bill was to make some provision for them and Hindu Law would “apply to them only if it is proved that Hindu customs and Hindu usages are prevallent in that class”, and it will not apply to them unless “they have adopted the customs.” [W&S, vol. 14 part 2, p.886-7]

Ambedkar asked for right of Adult franchise for Adivasis, in 1928, Simon Commision Statemnt, commenting that Legislatures are the places where “social battles have to be fought, previlages have to be destroyed, and rights have to be won”. He avered that their illeteracy should not come in way of giving them right to vote, as even an illiterate is intellegent and knows his welfare. [W&S, vol.2, p.471]

Disagreeing with the Britishers’ idea of keeping the Adivasis segregated, during the evidence taken before the joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reforms in 1933, he professed the ideal that these primitive people should not remain primitive and they should cease to be an isolated part of humanity and take part in the public affairs of this country like others. That they must not loose their lands and be landless labourers and their lands be protected from money lendes by suitable Laws. The education is more neccesary for BCs and Adivasis, more than anybody else, he said, and wanted adequate representation for them in legislature assuring the friendship of many BCs. [W&S, vol.2, p.737 ff.]


“Jati Todo Samaj Jodo”


 One thing is sure that Mayawati and Kanshiram talk of “Jati Todo Samaj Jodo“, which does not mean, as VTR seems to suggest, that they advocate consolidation of each caste. On the contrary, they say break your own caste, forget about wellbeing of only your caste and strive for making up a “Bahujan Samaj” identity, which alone can convert the minority into majority as Aryan Invaders Cult has broken the society into various castes numbering about six thousand. It should be our aim to unite these various castes into one identity of “Bahujan”. They believe that political solution is the most important method and quote Ambedkar that political power is the master key to all the ailments of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath. They point out to the tremendous work that has been done in U.P. in a short span of her rule there. They have not tried to strengthen only Chamar caste, as is presumed by VTR. They have asked to strengthen all Bahujans to come together and work for common good of all Bahujans including Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath. They never worked for “separate but equal” castes. Neither Dr. Ambedkar, nor Shahu, nor Phule worked on the lines mentioned by VTR. They always worked to bring all together, demolishing walls among the castes, never ever, they advocated salvation of any individual caste or that of an individual person within a caste. A well known letter by Dr. Ambedkar to a Mang youth is proof thereof.

G. P. Deshpande, Prof. Of International politics at JNU and a theater personality in Delhi advises that a caste-group is never a leader and Dr. Ambedkar never thought so either. What he identified was central contradiction in Indian society epitomised in and by the Varna and Jati system. The transformative movement that Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath needs so badly today should take note of this understanding. Ambedkar’s relevance lies precisely in this approach in building a wider social base. The present  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath movement, Deshpande comments, is yet to define itself and demonstrate that it is conscious of the whole within which it is to function, and avers that it has as much relevance for Savarnas and upper castes as it has for the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath and other classes. He concludes:

“Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath, today, have to realise that it is all a question of hegemony. He also has to realise that in matters of politics and culture, he will provide leadership only if his politics is of genuine ‘jatyanta’ (end of caste). Interests of caste have to be secondary to the interests of end of caste.” [G. P. Deshpande, “The Pioneer”,  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharathMillennium Issue, 30 Jan. 2000]


Kancha Ilaiah

He laments that Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath are the oldest people of the globe, and yet have no calender of their own and a largest group in the world without the own individual dates of birth. They invented through their scientific approach to production by counting seeds, birds and animals the ‘concept of zero’, which was “patented” by Bana Bhatta, an Aryan Invader. These first invaders, the Aryan Hindus, condemned the discovery of tool making, leather making, and wool weaving as Chandala processes.

The degradation of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath was achieved through two methods - danda and mantra, first ‘Danda’ i.e. violence and second ‘Mantra’ i.e. by developing the consent systems. As an example of second, he observes:

“Did not Hinduism make us do the same thing when it forced us to celebrate the birthday of Rama as Ramnavami, a dateless day, a man who killed my ancestors Tataka, Vali, Shambhuka and Ravana, and cut off the nose and earlobes of most beautiful woman of  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath, Shurpanakha?  What a difference in godhood.” [Kancha Ilaiah, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

“Post independent  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath has not given the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath anything except a saga of atrocities. The Hinduism that rendered this country calenderless is forcing all Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath to call themselves Hindus. I made my position very clear that “I am not a Hindu” as I cannot worship the very gods who killed my ancestors. My predicament is that of Angada, the son of Bali who was killed by Rama and while his father’s dead body lying there he was forced to worship the killer of his father, Rama. I refuse to do that.” [Kancha Ilaiah, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

Describing the sufferings of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath for last two thousand years, Kancha Ilaiah describes:

“In the first millennium, the Shudras along with the Chandalas suffered all kinds of atrocities at the hands of the Hindu rulers who constructed a Swarna Yuga (golden age) of their own during political rule of Guptas. It was during this period that the scientific temper the Shudras constructed among themselves was destroyed and they were pushed into most dark period of their life. During the first millennium Manu Dharma as law and Kauttilya’s brutal state craft were brought into force and they destroyed all the creative ability of the Shudras, Chandalas and Adivasis (SCAs). Except the text ‘Mritchakatika‘ by Shudraka, all other texts including ‘Megha Sandesha’ by Kalidasa were written in the image of Brahmanical leisure- centered classes. The history of SCAs from then was rendered invisible and non-existent.” [Kancha Ilaiah, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

“… By the beginning of the second millennium, Aryan Invaders, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas (AIKVs) had eaten away the vitals of Subcontinent. These three leisure and pleasure centered castes lived in celestial and spiritual luxuries and sexual orgies. During this period, the AIKVs destroyed the Buddhist ethical and productive life and also symbols of that civilization and errected erotic temples translating the sexual pleasure-centered discourse of Vatsayana’s ‘Kamasutra’ culture into sculpture at the cost of enormous labour power of the unpaid sculptors. All the sculptors came from the SCA backgrounds. Investment of wealth and labour on constructing structures like Khajuraho and Konark reflected the negative cultural mould of the ruling castes/classes. No single structure that reflected the productive culture of people was errected during the period.” [Kancha Ilaiah, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

Gail Omvedt


Today as  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath heads into new millennium, its own sixth millennium of civilization, it has no clear vision of where it is going, kind of society it wants and how it proposes to build it, she laments and emphasizes, the fervor of freedom fighters and Nehruvian socialism are gone and “Gandhian version of Hinduism is empty now”, and its modern ‘avatar‘, the environmentalists wish the revival of traditional forms of production and culture in the form of “Ram Raj”. She feels that neither Gandhism, nor socialism are more than empty terms in India, and Hindutva Nationalism alternative is itself based upon the Brahmanic version of Indian tradition. She recommends five new visions for the  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath masses of  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath:

“1. Alternative awakenment” - based on moralism, rationalism, whether religious or aesthetic or agnostic, a genuine democratic socialism can have its roots only in “Ambedkar’s Buddhism”.

“2. Alternative spirituality” - “…Even before Ambedkar chose Buddhism in 1956, it had emerged with Pandit Iyothee Thass and Tamil Buddhism; with Srilanka’s Anagarika Dharmapala, Brahmanand Reddy of Andhra and Acchutananda of Uttar Pradesh. Phule took Buddhism as an important source of ‘Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath’tradition. …”

“3. Alternative Economics” - “…Ambedkar’s economic trajectory went from conventional welfare liberal economics in twenties to endorsement of state socialism that lasted upto 1947, to a final disillusionment of Soviet model and efforts to seek alternative Buddhist economics, described variously as democratic socialism, liberal socialism, a mixed economy or simply as beyond labels. …”

“4. Alternative Nationalism” - Only Ambedkar realized the need for English to unite all Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath  in Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath. “This illustrates that real nationalism in  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath must (be) realized in the language of the people, not in the Sanskritised Hindi taught in schools or link language of cinema.”

“5. Empowerment of women” - In contrast to Aryan Invaders Cult subordination of women, Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath leaders projected a vision of women as equal citizens with rights to individual fulfillment. [Gail Omvedt, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

Hindu Muslim Unity


Arvind Das, the editor of New Delhi review journal, “Biblio”, commenting on the attitude of elites, observe that any of those who demand that Christians apologize for the Inquisition or Muslims be sorry for being designated “Babur ki aulad” do not express the slightest regret for the centuries of oppression that they have practiced on the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath, and there is only a thundering silence in that respect. [Arvind Das, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan.2000]

Syed Shahabuddin, editor of Muslim India and former M.P. observes that the Draft constitution had declared Muslims and SCs as minorities and provided reservations for both. But Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel moved resolution and Muslims were denied facilities. He observes:

“… The goal of Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath Muslim unity is neither racial kinship nor religious uniformity but political unity. … Even if the forward Shudras were not included, the EBCs (the Backward backwards), SCs, STs, and Muslims alone form about 67.5 percent of the population. … a majority that lives below the poverty line. They own less than 15 per cent of national resources and have a long way to go before they become equal partners in the national enterprise - in power sharing as well as effective participation in decision making.” [Syed Shahabuddin, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]

He advocates alliance of deprived, but thinks it is unrealistic to think on national level. But in MLA segments, where the strength of these people exceeds fifty percent, it can be tried. In UP BSP and in Maharashtra RPI represent Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath, but there is no party of Muslims anywhere, he laments, and stresses the need for “composite leadership”. He also stresses the need of common agenda, and feels that the Aryan Invaders Cult order is on the decline, but not so Aryan Invaders Cult. He laments that every emergent class tends to be reborn as a Neo-Aryan Invaders aspiring for social domination. Those who stand for social justice cannot accept such succession and, therefore, the battle for Identity, Dignity and Equality will go on, he avers. [Syed Shahabuddin, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]


Communism and Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath 


A lot has been written by Dr. Ambedkar discarding Communist idiology. Prof. T. K. Oomen at JNU, explains layers of  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath movement. There are people who concentrate on economic side and others on caste basis. But he feels that all  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath are not proletarians and a small substratum among this traditionally unprivileged class has undergone a process of elitisation. In addition, Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath consciousness is qualitatively different from proletarian or caste consciousness. Stressing the importance of cultural enlightenment, he comments that it is no accident that Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath protests in  Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath first crystallized against socio- cultural oppression like untouchability, which was followed by mobilization for political enfranchisement and finally protests against economical exploitations were heard. [T. K. Oomen, “The Pioneer”, 30 Jan. 2000]


Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath Unity is not enough


Without in any way denigrating the efforts of those who are striving for Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath Unity, I feel, even if all the  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath, of all castes, shades and colours, unite, they cannot achieve any power without the help of other oppressed castes, as they are only about 16% or so. And if there is no power, caravan of Ambedkar will be on retrograde journey. Many non-Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath non- Aryan Invaders castes are realizing the mischief done by Caste system, they are having dialogue with Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath and uniting with them, as is seen in North Indian states. And the message is spread broad and wide and all regions of this country are awakening.


Should we not destroy our identity?


Are various leaders ready to give up their identities on argument that Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath liberation must get priority over all other demands? One does not have to give up ones identity, if we are talking at this stage of only political unity. But if we unite only politically at this stage, a time will come, when we have to unite religiously and socially also. At that time, I would like to ask these leaders, “Can they afford not to dissolve their identities?” If they did, their castes would be wiped out by the BSO. One has only to see the way these sub-castes are fighting among themselves just for crumbs, they have forgotten that their real enemy, BSO, is safe and secure in its own citadel. Even at this stage, infighting among the sub-castes is counter productive and injurious to the interest of their own caste.


Role of Jains and Osho


There are always some sporadic news items keep appearing in papers that, some youths have started a social movement to assert that Jains are not Hindus. We read that at one time Jainism was a revolutionary religion, and they had to suffer for it at the hands of BSO. K.A.N.Sastri tells us how eight thousand Jains were put to death by impalement by a Saiva King and how a festival is celebrated every year, even now, to commemorate this event in a temple at Madura. [K. Jamanadas, “Tirupati Balaji was a Buddhist Shrine” p.134]. Whether same revolutionary spirit will be revived among the Jains again, is more than I can predict.

I only know of one Jain revolutionary in modern times. He is Osho Rajnish, who said about the glass of orange juice given by Robindranath Tagore to break the fast of M. Gandhi at the conclusion of Poona Pact, “But this orange juice, this one glass of orange juice, contains millions of people’s blood!” [“Dr. Ambedkar aur Osho”, Hindi, by Sandesh Bhalekar p. 43] He had the courage to denounce Manu in no uncertain terms that if we could forget Manusmriti whole world would call us more liberal and broad minded; Manu is sitting on our chest like a big stone. [p.51] Some Ambedkarite scholars like Lokhande and Bhalekar project him as ‘in lineage of Phule, Shahu and Ambedkar’. Other equally prominent scholars like Yashwant Manohar call such projections as pollution (pradushan) in  Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa, that is the Great PrabuddhaBharath literature. What role, if any, the followers of Osho, the world over, will play in opposing BSO in future, is a question better left alone for the future generations to work out.

Future of Buddhism in India


The struggle for destruction of Caste is the precursor of the spread of Buddhism, but need not be a precondition. Equitable distribution of land and fast implementation of Land Reforms is the need of the day. They know that this will dilute the hegemony of Aryan Invaders, and so such reforms are not implemented. With this attitude, one may contrast the honesty of the British, who knew that imparting education to lower castes will, one day, enable these people to drive away the alien rulers, but still they did not keep us ignorant. Under such circumstances we conclude this tract with the prophesy of Dr. Ambedkar about future of Indian Buddhism.

After comparing Buddhism with Hinduism, while comparing Buddhism with other non-Hindu religions, Dr. Ambedkar observes:

(i) The society must have either the sanction of law or the sanction of morality to hold it together. Without either society is sure to go pieces. He explains that in all societies law plays a very small part. It is intended to keep the minority within the range of social discipline. The majority is left and has to be left to sustain its social life by the postulates and sanction of morality. Religion in the sense of morality, must therefore, remain the governing principle in every society.

(ii) That religion as defined in the first proposition must be in accord with science. Religion is bound to lose its respect and therefore become the subject of ridicule and thereby not merely lose its force as a governing principle of life but might in course of time be disintegrated and lapse if it is not in accord with science. In other words, religion if it is to function, must be in accord with reason which is merely another name for science.

(iii) That religion as a code of social morality, must recognize the fundamental tenets of liberty, equality and fraternity. Unless a religion recognize these three fundamental principles of social life religion will be doomed.

(iv) That religion must not sanctify or ennoble poverty. Renunciation of riches by those who have it may be a blessed state. But poverty can never be. To declare poverty to be a blessed state is to pervert religion, to perpetuate vice crime, to consent to make earth a living hell.

Which religion fulfills all these requirement, he asks, emphasing that the days of the Mahatmas are gone and the world cannot have a new Religion and choice is limited to existing ones, and avers that the only religion which satisfies all these tests is Buddhism. Buddhism is the only religion which the whole world can have. The new world needs religion far more than the old world did, and it can only be religion of the Buddha. The confusion is because most of those who have written about the Buddha have propagated the idea that the only thing Buddha taught was Ahimsa. Without minimizing its importance, as it is a great doctrine and the world can not be saved unless it, he emphasized that Buddha taught many other things besides Ahimsa. He observed:

“… He taught as a part of religion, social freedom, intellectual freedom, economic freedom and political freedom. He taught equality, equality between man and man but between man and woman. It would be difficult to find a religious teacher to compare with Buddha whose teachings embrace so many aspects of the social life of a people whose doctrines are so modern and whose main concern was to give salvation to man in his life on earth and not to promise it to him in heaven after he is dead.” [Buddha and future of his religion”, p. 9]



Kanshi Ram: from BAMCEF to the Bahujana Samaj Party

Kanshi Ram was born in 1934 as a Raedasi Sikh, a community of Punjabi Chamars converted to Sikhism. The family had 4 or 5 acres of land, some of it inherited and the rest acquired through government allocation after Independence), a small landed background is characteristic of many Scheduled Caste legislators but remains a comparative rarity for Dalits in general. Kanshi Ram’s father was himself ’slightly’ literate, and he managed to educate all his four daughters and three sons. Kanshi Ram, the eldest, is the only graduate. He was given a reserved position in the Survey of India after completing his BSc degree, and in 1958 he transferred to the Department of Defence Production as a scientific assistant in a munitions factory in Poona. Kanshi Ram had encountered no Untouchability as a child, and overt discrimination was not a phenomenon within the educated circles of his adult life. But his outlook underwent a sudden change in 1965 when he became caught up in a struggle initiated by other Scheduled Caste employees to prevent the abolition of a holiday commemorating Dr Anibedkar’s birthday.’4 During this conflict Kanshi Ram encountered a depth of high-caste prejudice and hostility towards Dalits that was a revelation to him. His almost instant radicalisation was completed soon after by a reading of Ambedkar’s Annihilation of Caste: he read the book three times in one night, going entirely without sleep.

Kanshi Ram’s introduction to the political ideas of Ambedkar - he has never been attracted to Buddhism - was through his Mahar Buddhist colleague and friend at the munitions factory, D. K. Khaparde. Together the two of them began formulating ideas for an organisation to be built by educated employees from the Scheduled and Backward castes. Such an organisation would work against harassment and oppression by high-caste officers, and also enable the often inward-looking occupants of reserved postions to give something back to their own communities. So Kanshi Ram and Khaparde began to contact likely recruits in Poona. At about this time Kanshi Ram abandoned any thought of marriage, largely because it did not fit into a life he now wanted to dedicate to public con-cerns. He had also quite lost interest in his career, though he continued in the job until about 1971. He finally left after a severe conflict over the non-appointment of an apparently qualified Scheduled Caste young woman. During this conflict he had gone so far as to strike a senior official, and he did not even bother attending most of the ensuing disciplinary pro-ceedings. He had already made up his mind to become a full-time activist, and the movement was by then strong enough to meet his modest needs.

In 1971 Kanshi Ram and his colleagues established the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Minorities Employees Welfare Association, which was duly registered under the Poona Charity Commissioner. Their primary object was: To subject our problems to close scrutiny and find out quick and equitable solu-tions to the problems of injustice and harassment of our employees in general and the educated employees in particular.

Despite the Association’s inclusive reach, its aggressively Ambedkarite stance ensured that most of its members were Mahar Buddhists. Within a year of its establishment there were more than one thousand members and it was able to open an office in Poona: many of the members were from the Defence and Post and Telegraph Departments, and their first annual conference was addressed by the then Defence Minister, Jagjivan Ram. Kanshi Ram’s next organisational step was to create the basis of a national association of Scheduled Caste government servants. As early as 1973 he and his colleagues established the All India Backward and Minority Employees Federation (BAMCEF), and a functioning office was established in Delhi in 1976. BAMCEF was relaunched with greater fanfare on 6 December 1978, the anniversary of Ambedkar’s death, with claims of two thousand delegates joining a procession to the Boat Club Lawns in New Delhi (BAMCEF Bulletin April 1979). Although the stated objects of the new organisation were essentially the same as those of the earlier body, the rhetoric had grown bolder. It was not merely the oppressors who came in the line of fire, but also many of the reserved office holders too:
As all the avenues of advance are closed to them in the field of agriculture, trade, commerce and industry almost all the educated persons from these [oppressed] communities are trapped in Govt. services. About 2 million educated oppressed Indians have already joined various types of sobs during the last 26 years. Civil Service Conduct rules put some restrictions on them. But their inherent timidity, cowardice, selfishness and lack of desire for Social Service to their own creed have made them exceptionally useless to the general mass of the oppressed Indians.The only ray of hope is that almost everywhere in the country there are some edu-cated employees who feel deeply agitated about the miserable existence of their brethren. (BAMCEF Bulletin 2 1974)

By the mid-1970S Kanshi Ram had established a broad if not dense network of contacts throughout Maharashtra and adjacent regions. During his frequent train trips from Poona to Delhi, he adopted the habit of getting down at major stations along the way - Nagpur, Jabalpur and Bhopal, among others - to contact likely sympathisers and to try to recruit them to the organisation (Kanshi Ram Interview: 1996). Once he had moved to Delhi he pushed into Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, as well as further into Madhya Pradesh. Parallel to his work among edu-cated employees Kanshi Ram was also contacting a wider audience with simple presentations of Ambedkar’s teachings. Thus in 1980 he put together a roadshow called ‘Ambedkar Mela on Wheels’. This was an oral and pictorial account of Ambedkar’s life and views, together with con-temporary material on oppression, atrocities and poverty. Between April and June 1980 the show was carted to thirty-four destinations in nine States of the north. Jang Bahadur Patel, a Kurmi (Backward Caste) and President of the Uttar Pradesh Branch of the Bahujana Samaj Party until late 1995, recalls meeting Kanshi Ram for the first time when he brought his roadshow to Lucknow (Interview: 25 November 1995). Kanshi Ram talked persuasively about how Ambedkar had struggled for all the down-trodden classes, and how the Scheduled Castes, Tribes and also the Backwards and Minorities were all victims of Brahminism. Because of their weight of numbers, these people had the potential to convert them-selves from ‘beggars to rulers’. It was all a matter of organisation. Patel immediately joined BAMCEF, though he was in a distinct minority as a non-Untouchable: Untouchables constituted about 90 per cent of the membership, with the other io per cent being split between tribals and Backward Caste people.
BAMCEF’s motto, ‘Educate, Organise and Agitate’, was adopted from Ambedkar, and its activities were formally divided into a number of welfare and proselytising objects. But increasingly Kanshi Ram’s agita-tional activities were leading him into politics. By the late 70s he was no longer content with being the leader of reserved office holders, a class for whom he had less than complete respect. Kanshi Ram’s first attempt to create a radical political vehicle capable of mobilising the larger body of Original Inhabitants of jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath (DS4) formed in 1981. This was conceived as a political organisation parallel to BAMCEF: it shared the same President in Kanshi Ram, the same office, and many of the same members. DS4 was a quasi- rather than fully fledged political party, partly because government servants were forbidden to take part in electoral politics. But DS4 made little concrete progress, and late in 1984 Kanshi Ram took the plunge and formed the Bahujana Samaj Party (a variant on the name of Phule’s nineteenth-century organisation). Inevitably, this caused major strains in BAMCEF ranks. Their agitational activities had placed many of his colleagues from the Poona and early Delhi periods in a delicate position as government servants and, in any case, the political loyalty of many of them was to the several strands of the Republican Party. There were also strains arising from Kanshi Ram’s will to total domination of all three organisations. And the need for money was rising with the push into politics: one of the Maharashtra workers recalls delivering Kanshi Ram a purse of forty thousand rupees collected from Maharashtra in 1984. These several strains grew more severe over the next two years, and early in 1986 a major split took place. Kanshi Ram announced at that time that he was no longer willing to work for any organisation other than the Bahujana Samaj Party. His transition from social worker to politician was complete.

Kanshi Ram is more an organiser and political strategist than an innov-ative thinker or charismatic public speaker. While his Ambedkarite ideol-ogy has remained constant and lacking in any innovation, there has been a progressive sharpening of his rhetoric. The early issues of BAMCEF’s monthly magazine, The Oppressed Indian, were full of his didactic exposi-tions of Ambedkar’s views on Indian society. These have now given way to simpler formulations, repeated in numerous newspaper accounts and both public and private speech. The central proposition is that Indian society is characterised by the self-interested rule of io per cent over the other 90 per cent (the bahujan samaj or common people). Although the ruling io per cent is composed of several castes, they derive their legiti-macy and ruling ideology from Brahminism. All the institutions of society reflect this ruling ideology and distortion, including the press. These institutions can therefore be termed Manuwadi (after the great Brahmin-inspired text) or Brahminwadi. In the marketplace of elections, such simplicity has been further reduced to crudeness and epithet. A slogan coined after the formation of DS4 was, ‘Brahmin, Bania, Thakur Chor, Baki Sab Hem DS-Four’. Loosely translated, this rhyme states that Brahmins, Banias and Rajputs are thieves, while the rest of society are their victims. The epithets reached their height during the election cam-paign for the UP Assembly in 1993, the most notorious being: ‘Tilak, Taraju, Talwar. Maaro Unko Joote Char’. This slogan, with its insistent rhythm in Hindi, advocates that Brahmins, Banias and Rajputs, each identified by a slighting term, be beaten four times with a shoe - a tradi-tionally demeaning form of punishment because of the ritual impurity of leather. While Kanshi Ram and Mayawati denied authorship of such slogans, they served as a simple and dramatically offensive marker of the party’s ideological position.

Kanshi Ram’s strategy and his larger understanding of social change are now considerably evolved. He no longer believes in the primacy of social reform. Rather, expenditure of effort on any object other than the capture of government is seen to be superfluous. It is administrative power that will bring about desired social change, not vice versa. So he declines to spell out policies on basic issues such as the liberalisation of the Indian economy or on land reforms. His view is that such issues are irrelevant to the project of gaining power, and that the appropriate poli-cies will fall into place once power is attained. His picture of India is of a kind of holy war on the part of the bahujan samaj against their Brahminwadi oppressors. In the context of this war debates about policy are almost frivolities. This is a stance of pure fundamentalism, but it also frees him to engage in the most ruthless pragmatism in the name of capturing power.

Consistent with this stance, Kanshi Ram has become increasingly critical of the institution of reservation in government employment. Reservation is a ‘crutch’ - useful for a cripple, but a positive handicap for someone who wants to run on his own two feet (Kanshi Ram interview:1996). He now throws off the line that once the bahujan samaj get to power throughout India, it will be they who can condescend to the Brahmins by giving them reservation proportional to their own meagre population. There is more than a little bravado in this, but there is no doubt that Kanshi Ram is now hostile to the system of institutional preference that was the indispensable basis of his own personal and polit-ical career. It seems that he believes that reservation has now done enough for the Scheduled Castes. He notes that of some 500 Indian Admin-istrative Service (IAS) Officers in Uttar Pradesh, 137 are from the Scheduled Castes. By comparison, there are only seven lAS officers from the Backward Castes, six of them Yadavs (Hindustan Times, 6 April 1994). His point is not that there are now too many Scheduled Caste officers -their number conforms strictly to the legal quota - but too few from the Backward Castes. He apparently assumes that the capture of political power will automatically transform the composition of the bureaucratic elite.
The Bahujana Samaj Party first made headway in Punjab, Kanshi Ram’s home State, but his primary political task was to wean the Chamars of Uttar Pradesh from Congress. It was Kanshi Ram’s fortune that he built the party at the historical moment that the long-term Congress decline became a landslide. The formal entry of his party into Uttar Pradesh was in a by-election in 1985 for the Lok Sabha seat of Bijinor, in which its candidate was Mayawati. She is a Jatav (or Chamar), the daughter of a minor government official in Delhi, and had completed a BA and LLB from the University of Delhi. Mayawati had made contact with Kanshi Ram in 1977 while she was a student, and had gradually been drawn into his organisation. Her opponents in Bijinor included Ram Vilas Paswan - the two have had poor relations since this contest - and Meira Kumar, Jagjivan Ram’s daughter, representing Congress. Rajiv Gandhi was at the height of his popularity at the time, and Meira Kumar won the seat easily. But by 1989 the Bahujana Samaj Party had put in five years of solid organising work in UP and also in the neighbouring regions of Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Delhi, and parts of Haryana. And mean-while the Congress Party had slumped in popularity. Kanshi Ram had prepared the ground carefully. He had selected organisers and candidates from a variety of social backgrounds. One of his organisers was Dr Mahsood Ahmed, a temporary lecturer in history at Aligarh Muslim University. Mahsood had become disillusioned with Congress when Indira Gandhi made her infamous tilt towards the Hindus in the early 1980s (Mahsood interview: 27 November 1995). He joined BAMCEF and then switched to DS4 in 1983 as a full-time organiser and fund raiser. Mahsood was later put in charge of the whole of eastern Uttar Pradesh for the Bahujana Samaj Party.

The years of organisation bore fruit in 1989 and 1991. In the four State Assembly and Parliamentary (Lok Sabha) polls for Uttar Pradesh between 1989 and 1991 the Bahujana Samaj Party’s share of the vote varied only marginally between 8.7 and 9.4 per cent. But this impressive vote produced a disappointing number of seats - in 1989 the party won thirteen out of 425 State Assembly seats, and in 1991 it won twelve. The party won only two Parliamentary seats in 1989, and one in 1991; Kanshi Ram himself subsequently won a by-election from UP in 1992. Both the strength and the weakness of the party is that its primary ‘vote bank’, the Chamars, are relatively evenly spread across the State. This spread gives the Bahujana Samaj a chance in a large number of seats, but also make it logically impossible to win even a single seat without strong support from other communities. Although it has attracted a measure of Muslim, Backward Caste and other Scheduled Caste support, it has encountered considerable resistance in these target communities. We need to look more closely at this problem.

First, there is the question of why the majority of Jatavs of western UP deviated from their kinfolk in the eastern part of the State, and continued to vote Congress in 1989 and 1991. The answer to this question is not entirely clear. Some have blamed the result on the poor organising capacities of Mayawati - she was in charge of this region - but the deeper reason may be the Jatavs’ historical association with B. P. Maurya. In a move of some desperation, Congress resurrected the 70-year-old Maurya as one of four national Vice-Presidents in the run-up to the 1996 elections. But by then Mayawati had become an electorally popular figure in eastern UP. As to the Scheduled Castes other than the Chamars/Jatavs, only Pasis appear to have voted for Kanshi Ram’s party in large numbers. The Valmikis (formerly known as Bhangis) voted solidly for the BJP in the 1993 Assembly elections, and the sole Valmiki in the Lok Sabha elected in 1991 represented the BJP (though in 1980 he had been elected for the Janata Party). Mangal Ram Premi MP - his biography is sketched in chapter 8- accounts for the Valmiki support of the BJP by simply advert-ing to the community’s dislike of the Chamars (Interview: 4 November 1995). The Chamars are more numerous, better educated and more successful in acquiring reserved positions than the Valmikis, and this tends to produce resentment. Many of the Dhobis too have recently voted for the BJP. In short, Kanshi Ram’s party has not solved the problem of how to mobilise all or even most of the Scheduled Castes. The problem that dogged Ambedkar has thus repeated itself in Uttar Pradesh, though Kanshi Ram’s Chamars are both more numerous and numerically more dominant among the Untouchables than were Ambedkar’s Mahars in the western part of the country.

Among Backward Castes, Kanshi Ram’s strongest support has come from the Kurmis. In Bihar, this is an upwardly mobile peasant community responsible for several of the worst atrocities against Original Inhabitants of jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath . But in Uttar Pradesh the Kurmis are comparatively low on the scale of prosperity. Moreover, they have had a history of anti-Aryan Invaders radicalism - Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur remains a source of inspiration to some of them. And a sprinkling of them had been members of the Republican Party. The Kurmis could see advantage in being associated with a party that was not dominated by the more numerous Yadavs (whose firm affiliation is with Mulayam Singh’s Samajwadi Party). As to the large number of other Backward Castes in UP, over the last several years there has been an intense three-way tussle between the BJP, the Bahujana Samaj Party and the Samajwadi Party to capture their support. All three have had some success, but perhaps the larger part of this vote is a floating one that will flow with the main political current of the time. The last community to consider is the Muslims. In the aftermath of the destruction of the Babri Masjid the Muslims have been politically leaderless. They have shunned Congress for what they see to have been its culpable failure to prevent the demolition of the mosque, and have given considerable support to Mulayam Singh’s Samajwadi Party and some support to Kanshi Ram. Thus in the municipal elections of Uttar Pradesh in November 1995 and in the national and UP elections of 1996 it seems that UP Muslims were prepared to vote for whichever party was locally the strongest anti-BJP force. In short, the politics of post-Congress Uttar Pradesh are currently cast largely in terms of community vote banks. Political strategy is a matter of positioning one’s party so as to retain one s core vote bank and also attract others at the margins. At least as much as any other player, Kanshi Ram has adapted to this game with calculating skill.


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