Free Online FOOD for MIND & HUNGER - DO GOOD ๐Ÿ˜Š PURIFY MIND.To live like free birds ๐Ÿฆ ๐Ÿฆข ๐Ÿฆ… grow fruits ๐Ÿ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅ‘ ๐Ÿฅญ ๐Ÿ‡ ๐ŸŒ ๐ŸŽ ๐Ÿ‰ ๐Ÿ’ ๐Ÿ‘ ๐Ÿฅ vegetables ๐Ÿฅฆ ๐Ÿฅ• ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅฌ ๐Ÿฅ” ๐Ÿ† ๐Ÿฅœ ๐ŸŽƒ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐Ÿ…๐Ÿœ ๐Ÿง… ๐Ÿ„ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅ’ ๐ŸŒฝ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐ŸŒณ ๐Ÿ“ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅฅ ๐ŸŒต ๐Ÿˆ ๐ŸŒฐ ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿซ ๐Ÿ… ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ’Plants ๐ŸŒฑin pots ๐Ÿชด along with Meditative Mindful Swimming ๐ŸŠโ€โ™‚๏ธ to Attain NIBBฤ€NA the Eternal Bliss.
Kushinara NIBBฤ€NA Bhumi Pagoda White Home, Puniya Bhumi Bengaluru, Prabuddha Bharat International.
Categories:

Archives:
Meta:
November 2023
M T W T F S S
« Jan    
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930  
03/31/22
๐“›๐“”๐“ข๐“ข๐“ž๐“ 4390 Thu 1 Apr 2022 DO GOOD๐Ÿ˜ŠPURIFY MIND- Letโ€™s convert all our homes to show the Path for All Societies to Attain NIBBANA Please visit Kushinara NIBBฤ€NA Bhumi Pagoda White Home Mindful Meditative Lab 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL III Stage, Punya Bhumi Bengaluru Magadhi Karnataka Awakened Youniverse Practising Best reform to be choosers is for all 99.9% All Awakened Aboriginal Societies to grow vegetables and fruits in pots and be happy like FREE BIRDS ๐Ÿฆ ๐Ÿฆข ๐Ÿฆ… ๐Ÿ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅ‘ ๐Ÿฅญ ๐Ÿ‡ ๐ŸŒ ๐ŸŽ ๐Ÿ‰ ๐Ÿ’ ๐Ÿ‘ ๐Ÿฅ ๐Ÿฅฆ ๐Ÿฅ• ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅฌ ๐Ÿฅ” ๐Ÿ† ๐Ÿฅœ ๐Ÿชด ๐ŸŒฑ ๐ŸŽƒ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐Ÿ…๐Ÿœ ๐Ÿง… ๐Ÿ„ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅ’ ๐ŸŒฝ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐ŸŒณ ๐Ÿ“ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅฅ ๐ŸŒต ๐Ÿˆ ๐ŸŒฐ ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿซ ๐Ÿ… ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ’ IN HOMES ๐Ÿ  ๐Ÿก
Filed under: General, Theravada Tipitaka , Plant raw Vegan Broccoli, peppers, cucumbers, carrots
Posted by: site admin @ 11:47 pm
๐“›๐“”๐“ข๐“ข๐“ž๐“  4390  Thu  1
Apr 2022

DO GOOD๐Ÿ˜ŠPURIFY MIND- Letโ€™s convert all our homes  to show the Path for All Societies to Attain NIBBANA


Please visit
Kushinara NIBBฤ€NA Bhumi Pagoda
White Home
Mindful Meditative Lab
668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross
HAL III Stage,
Punya Bhumi Bengaluru
Magadhi Karnataka
Awakened Youniverse
Practising
Best
reform to be choosers is for all 99.9% All Awakened Aboriginal
Societies to grow vegetables and fruits in pots and be happy like FREE
BIRDS ๐Ÿฆ ๐Ÿฆข ๐Ÿฆ… ๐Ÿ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅ‘ ๐Ÿฅญ ๐Ÿ‡ ๐ŸŒ ๐ŸŽ ๐Ÿ‰ ๐Ÿ’ ๐Ÿ‘ ๐Ÿฅ ๐Ÿฅฆ ๐Ÿฅ• ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅฌ ๐Ÿฅ” ๐Ÿ† ๐Ÿฅœ ๐Ÿชด ๐ŸŒฑ ๐ŸŽƒ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐Ÿ…๐Ÿœ ๐Ÿง… ๐Ÿ„ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿฅ— ๐Ÿฅ’ ๐ŸŒฝ ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ‘ ๐ŸŒณ ๐Ÿ“ ๐ŸŠ ๐Ÿฅฅ ๐ŸŒต ๐Ÿˆ ๐ŸŒฐ ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿซ ๐Ÿ… ๐Ÿ ๐Ÿซ’ IN HOMES ๐Ÿ  ๐Ÿก

http://oaks.nvg.org/tripitaka.html
Site Map

Tipitaka, the Pali Canon of Buddhism

Buddhist  Dhamma

It is a good thing that no drop of blood has to be shed in the name of Buddha, on his word.

Buddhism is not a mere philosophy; it is not merely “love of wisdom”;
it is very much more comprehensive. Philosophy deals mainly with
knowledge and is not concerned with practice for attaining elevated
states of mind; whereas Buddhism emphasises practice and realisation.

Buddhism is not “a system of standardised faith and worship” either. It
does not demand blind faith. A Buddhist is not invited to sacrifice his
freedom of thought by becoming a follower of Buddha. The starting point
of Buddhism is self-help meditation, followed by some reasoning or
understanding, or, in other words, Samma-ditthi. A discerning Buddhist
seeks to live up to Buddha’s basic teachings, and what are they? They
foster self-development in certain ways. The core is meditation, then
other self-help practices and skills for your own good. Great teachings
to steer by in life, come in addition. But you don’t have to believe a
thing to begin with, and do not have to call you a Buddhist, even. What
matters to grasp is this: Fair Buddism is for you; not the other way
round; and that attitude is rooted in old teachings of Buddha.

Buddhism is a system devised to get rid of ills of life and foster
intense and even jubilant gladness of heart. It is neither sceptical nor
dogmatic.

Buddha’s teachings, also called the Dharma, show the way to such ends.
This Dharma is not something apart from oneself, for Buddha exhorts in
the Parinibbana Sutta: “Abide with oneself as an island, with oneself as
a Refuge. Abide with the Dharma as an island, with the Dharma as a
Refuge. Seek no external refuge.”

Buddhist Canon

Buddhist canon depends on old Buddhist records, which were formed for
oral transmission. Within five hundred years or so the oldest ones that
have come down to us had been put down in writing, and those that have
survived, are found mainly on Ceylon (today: Sri Lanka).

The Pali language is a Middle Indo-Aryan language of north Indian
origin, related to Old Indo-Aryan Vedic and Sanskrit dialects. Buddha
appears to have taught by conversation, by use of matrikas
(schemes of presentation formulated by him), and his teachings were
handed down through oral instruction for generations. His sayings spread
through India to Ceylon in the 200s BC, where they were written down in
Pali in the 1st century BC. Hence, it took some five centuries before
the first extant texts were written down after the time of Buddha, and
the huge canon that grew up around him for centuries after his demise,
is accounted for as a result of joint efforts of many. Many things in
this canon - legends and anecdotes, similes and metaphors, phrases and
idioms - have been taken almost verbatim from a common Indian stock.

The earliest records of Buddhism are inscriptional, as seen in the
famous edicts of emperor Asoka (c. 269-232 BC), after he converted to
Buddhism. The inscriptions were written in a variety of Indo-Aryan
languages close to early Sanskrit, but later than it.

Pali, the vehicle of the earliest Buddhist texts that have survived, is
said to be a western Indian dialect on a substratum of several central
and eastern ones. Pali is not a living language any more, but its texts
form the doctrinal foundation of Thereveda Buddhism. This dialect came
to be used by the Theravada school of Buddhism, one of many schools in
early Buddhism. Consequently, the Pali dialect is incorrectly identified
with Buddha’s own speech. Buddha came from northern India in what is
now Nepal.

~เณžโฌฏเณž~

Tipitaka Texts

“In the Tipitaka one finds milk for the babe and meat for the strong,”
says Narada Thera. Here is how these canonical text collections came
about: Buddha left no written records of His Teachings; disciples
preserved them by committing to memory and transmitting them orally from
generation to generation. During the reign of the Sinhala King
Vattagamani Abhaya, about 83 B.C., the Tipitaka was committed to writing
on palm leaves (ola) in Ceylon.

This voluminous Tipitaka, which contains the essence of Buddha’s
Teaching, is estimated to be about eleven times the size of the Bible.
The Tipitaka consists of the Basket of Discipline (Vinaya Pitaka), the
Basket of Discourses (Sutta Pitaka), and the Basket of Ultimate Doctrine
(Abhidhamma Pitaka).

The texts of the Pali canon of Theraveda Buddhism form a vast body of literature that is called Tipitaka (”The Three Baskets”; Sanskrit: Tripitaka).
Tipitaka contains what is considered the most authentic texts of what
Buddha stood for, despite many additions and modifications.

  1. Vinayapitaka deals with rules of conduct for the congregations (sangha); some of which may help spiritual communities of today also.
  2. Suttapitaka brings Buddha’s sermons and dialogues; they are the dominant teachings of Theraveda Buddhism.
  3. Abhidhammapitaka deals with expositions of theories.

The texts of the three baskets (Tipitaka) are distinguished from the commentaries on many of them.

1. Regulations for monks and nuns, Vinayapitaka

The Vinayapitaka, where large sections have fallen into disuse,
is divided into five major parts grouped into three divisions. The five
parts (books, Vibhanga) are:

  1. Parajika Pali - Major Offenses
  2. Pacittiya Pali - Minor Offenses (Khandaka):
  3. Mahavagga Pali - Greater Section
  4. Cullavagga Pali - Shorter Section
  5. Parivara Pali - Epitome of the Vinaya

The three divisions are: Sutta-vibhanga (”Division of Rules”); Khandhakas (”Sections”); and Parivara (”Accessory”):

1.1. The Sutta-vibhanga is a commentary on the Patimokkha-sutta
(”Obligatory Rules”), which forms the nucleus of the Vinayapitaka. It
is one of the oldest parts of the Pali canon and utilizes an archaic
language. It consists of two parts, (1.1.1) the Bhikkhu-patimokkha (”Rules for Monks”) and the (1.1.2) Bhikkhuni-patimokkha (”Rules for Nuns”).

The commentary on the Patimokkha is divided into the Maha-vibhanga of 227 rules for monks and the Bhikkhuni-vibhanga of additional rules and regulations for nuns.

1.2. The Khandhaka section of the Vinaya consists of two parts, the (1.2.1) Mahavagga (”Great Grouping”) and the (1.2.2) Cullavagga
(”Small Grouping”). These two sections lack logical sequence. They
contain rules for ordination; descriptions of rainy-season retreats,
instructiond of nuns; and so forth. The Cullavagga supplements the details of the Mahavagga to make an authoritative compilation of Buddha’s sayings of discipline.

1.3. The Parivara contains summaries and classifications of the disciplinary rules. It is a later supplement.

2. Buddha Discourses and Sermons, Sutta

2.1. The Sutta Pitaka (”Basket of Discourse, Sutra”) is the largest of the “three baskets” (Tipitaka). It consists of five collections (nikayas)
that contain prose discourses attributed to Buddha, as spoken on
various occasions. There are also a few discourses delivered by some of
his better known disciples such as Sariputta, Ananda, and Moggallana in
it. There may be seemingly contradictory statements. Most of the sermons
were intended mainly for the benefit of Bhikkhus [ascetic monks]. There
are several other discourses which deal with both the material and
moral progress of His lay followers.

Interspersed are stanzas to illustrate or sum up particular points.
Many of the discourses seem drawn out and repetitive, but they were
actually made to serve oral transmission and - yes - propaganda. Also,
they are hints on how to meditate, with illustrations by excellent
similies.

All the sayings of these discourses hardly represent the exact words of
Buddha, although some phrases may have been accurately remembered. They
can reveal glimpses of the personality and soaring spirit of Buddha.

The grouping of the discourses into collections (nikayas) has no topical basis. The third and fourth nikayas (Samyutta and Anguttara) seem to reflect a later development, they serve to rearrange the topics dealt with in the Digha and Majjhima Nikayas

The five nikayas or collections are:

  1. Digha Nikaya (Collection of Long Discourses).
  2. Majjhima Nikaya (Collection of Middle-Length Discourses).
  3. Samyutta Nikaya (Collection of Kindred Sayings).
  4. Anguttara Nikaya (Collection of Discourses arranged in accordance with numbers).
  5. Khuddaka Nikaya (Smaller Collection).

2.1.1 The Digha Nikaya (”Collection of Long Discourses”) contains 34 suttas,
some of considerable length, presenting a vivid picture of the
different aspects of life and thought at Buddha’s time. Divided into
three books, it contrasts superstitious beliefs, various doctrinal and
philosophical speculations, and ascetic practices with Buddhist ethical
ideas, which are elucidated with the help of similes and examples taken
from the everyday life of the people. One of the most interesting suttantas (”discourses”) is the Mahaparinibbana Sutta, which gives an account of the last days of Buddha and stresses the importance of striving for emancipation.

2.1.2 The Majjhima Nikaya (”Collection of the Middle Length Sayings”) contains 152 suttas
in its present version, while the Chinese one, preserving the lost
Sarvastivada collection, has 222, some of which are also found in other nikayas (collections) of the Pali canon. Like the Digha, the suttas in the Majjhima present Buddhist ideas and ideals, illustrating them by profound similes of beauty.

2.1.3 The Samyutta Nikaya (”Collection of Kindred Discourses”) has altogether 2,941 suttas, classed in 59 divisions (called samyutta) grouped in five parts (vaggas).

2.1.3.1 The first vagga (part) has suttas that contain stanzas. The suttas
begin with a description of the particular occasion when the stanzas
were spoken; the stanzas themselves represent a kind of questioning and
answering.

2.1.3.2 The second vagga deals with the important principle of dependent origination - the chain of cause and effect affecting all things.

2.1.3.3 The third vagga presents the anatman (no-self) doctrine,
which is the rejection of an abiding principle that could be termed a
self or a pure ego.

2.1.3.4 The fourth vagga is very similar to the previous one,
but here it is not the philosophical principle underlying the analysis
that is stressed but the transitoriness of the elements constituting
reality.

2.1.3.5 The fifth vagga is devoted to a discussion of the basic principles of Buddhist philosophy, religion, and culture.

2.1.4 The Anguttara Nikaya (”Collection of the Gradual Sayings”) contains as many as 2,308 small suttas
arranged according to the number of topics discussed, ranging from one
to eleven. There are three areas in which training is needed: in
conduct, concentration, and insight - and [at least] eight worldly
concerns: gain, loss, fame, blame, rebuke, praise, pleasure, and pain.
Here, too, similes enliven the presentation.

2.1.5 The Khuddaka Nikaya (”Collection of Small Texts”) is subdivided into fifteen books:

  1. Khuddaka-patha (”Small Reading”, or Shorter Texts). This
    is the smallest book in the entire Tipitaka. Compiled for use by primary
    trainees, its contents are used on various occasions. Two suttas have been borrowed from the Suttanipata (see below), and their recitation is regarded as very auspicious.
  2. Dhammapada (Way of Truth), also called “Verses on the
    Dhamma” - This work contains 423 verses in 26 chapters. Presenting
    maxims of Buddhist ethics, it not only occupies an eminent place in the
    religious life of the peoples in Buddhist countries but is also of
    universal appeal, as it recommends a life of peace and nonviolence and
    declares that enmity can never be overcome by enmity, only by kindness.
  3. Udana (Paeans of Joy), or “Utterances”. This
    contains 80 utterances attributed to Buddha or his chief disciples, when
    they had achieved the bliss of their emancipation or spoke in
    appreciation of a sublime state.
  4. Iti Vuttaka (”Thus said” Discourses), or “Thus Said” -
    This contains 112 short pieces dealing with ethical principles, such as
    generosity, good and evil, greed, passion, and malice.
  5. Sutta Nipata (Collected Discourses), or “Collection of suttas
    - This is one of the oldest Buddhist texts in existence today. It is
    partly in verse, partly in a mixed style of prose and verse. The verse
    part is of high poetic quality.
  6. Vimana Vatthu (Stories of Celestial Mansions), or
    “Tales of Heavenly Mansions” - This book describes the different abodes
    of deities, male and female, who are born in the heavens as a result of
    their former meritorious deeds.
  7. Peta Vatthu (Stories of Petas), or “Tales of Ghosts” -
    This work gives an account of the various purgatories and the woes of
    the beings reborn there as a result of their wicked deeds.
  8. Theragatha (Psalms of the Brethren), or “Hymns of the
    Elders” - This collection contains songs attributed to 264 personal
    disciples of Buddha. The songs are said to have been composed when their
    authors experienced the bliss of emancipation.
  9. Therigatha (Psalms of the Sisters), or “Hymns of the
    Senior Nuns” - These are the songs attributed to about 100 female
    disciples of Buddha. They provide rich material for the study of the
    position of women at the time of Buddha. Their merit consists in their
    revealing the deep impression Buddha’s teaching made upon their life. A
    personal tone is unmistakable.
  10. Jataka (Birth Stories), or “Lives [of Buddha]” - Only
    the verses are considered to be canonical, while the 547 tales of
    Buddha’s previous lives are considered a later addition. The prose
    stories contain legends, fables, humorous anecdotes, and short sayings,
    as well as lengthy romances.
  11. Niddesa (Expositions), or “Exposition” - This work, consisting of two parts, Mahaniddesa and Cullaniddesa, actually belongs to the group of commentaries. The last two chapters comment on the Suttanipata.
  12. Patisambhida Magga (Analytical Knowledge), or “The Way of Analysis” - This is a kind of encyclopaedia of the philosophical ideas in the Sutta Pitaka. It is primarily meant for reference and intensive study.
  13. Apadana (Lives of Arahats), or “Stories” - This is a collection of stories of the previous lives of Buddha, the pratyeka
    buddhas (who attain enlightenment by themselves and are unconcerned
    about the enlightenment of others), and the arhats of the early Buddhist
    sangha, whose Theragatha and Therigatha songs are
    incorporated and embellished with rich biographical detail. The
    concluding sentence of each apadana in the collection is intended to
    show that even the smallest meritorious act has the potentiality of
    giving vast positive results even after a long time. All the stories are
    in verse.
  14. Buddhavamsa (The History of Buddha), or “Lineage of
    Buddha” - This work relates the lives of 24 previous buddhas, of Gotama
    (the historical Buddha), and of Metteyya (Sanskrit: Maitreya; the future
    buddha). According to the text, the stories are told by the historical
    Buddha himself.
  15. Cariya Pitaka (Modes of Conduct), or “Basket of
    Conduct” - This collection retells 35 Jatakas (stories of Buddha’s
    previous lives) in verse form, illustrating the bodhisattva’s practice
    of the 10 perfections (paramitas) necessary for the attainment of
    Buddhahood.

In addition to the above come: Nettippakarana (Burmese Tipitaka only); Petakopadesa (Burmese Tipitaka only): and Milindapanha (Questions of Milinda) (Burmese Tipitaka only)

3. Abhidhamma Pitaka of Scholasticism

The Abhidhamma Pitaka (”Basket of Scholasticism”) is the third
of the three “baskets”. It comprises seven works that are based on the
contents of Buddha’s discourses and deal with selected and specific
topics that form the basis for the later philosophical interpretations.
The Pali version is a strictly Theravada collection and has little in
common with the Abhidhamma works recognized by other schools.

The Abhidhamma Pitaka contains the profound philosophy of Buddha’s
teaching in contrast to the illuminating and simpler discourses in the
Sutta Pitaka. Narada Thera says, “In the Sutta Pitaka is found the
conventional teaching (vohara desana) while in the Abhidhamma Pitaka is
found the ultimate teaching (paramattha-desana).”

In Abhidhamma, consciousness is defined. Thoughts are analyzed and
classified from an ethical standpoint mainly. Mental states are
enumerated. Mind and matter are discussed, an ethical system is evolved,
with the aim of realizing Nibbana.

The seven books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka in the Pali canon are:

3.1. Dhammasangani (”Summary of Dhamma” or “Classification of Dhammas), an enumeration of the entities constituting reality.

3.2. Vibhanga (”Division”, or “The book of Divisions), a definition of these entities from various points of view.

3.3. Kathavatthu (”Points of
Controversy”, or “Points of Controversy), a later work discussing the
controversial doctrinal points among the various ancient schools.

3.4. Puggalapannatti (”Designation of
Person”, or “Descriptions of Individuals), an interesting psychological
typology in which people are classified according to their intellectual
acumen and spiritual attainments.

3.5. Dhatukatha (”Discussion of
Elements”, or “Discussion with reference to elements), a classification
of the elements of reality according to various levels of organization.

3.6. Yamaka (”Pairs”, or “The Book of Pairs), dealing with basic sets of categories arranged in pairs of questions.

3.7. Patthana (”Activations”, or “The Book of Relations), a voluminous work discussing 24 kinds of causal relations.

Early Noncanonical Texts in Pali

The noncanonical literature of Theravada Buddhism consists to a large extent of commentaries on the Tipitaka texts but also includes independent works.

Nagasena, Buddhadatta, Buddhaghosa, and Dhammapala attempted to harmonize apparently conflicting teachings and to grasp the inner meanings:

Nagasena was the learned monk who debated with the well-informed Greco-Bactrian ruler Menander, as described in the literary prose work Milinda-panha
(”Questions of King Menander”), which Nagasena is supposed to have
compiled about 150 BC, and certainly before 400 AD, since Buddhaghosa
from the 400s quotes the work as an authority. In it, the king has
conversations with the monk. The work is one of the few postcanonical
works of the Theravada school that was not produced in Ceylon (modern
Sri Lanka).

Buddhaghosa, who flourished in the early 400s, was a prolific writer who settled on Ceylon. The first work that he wrote was the Visuddhimagga (”Way to Purity”), a revered compendium of Theravada teaching. He also wrote commentaries on the Vinaya, the first four nikayas, and the seven books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka.
Other works are traditionally attributed to Buddhaghosa too, although
modern scholarship indicates that he was not the author. These works
include commentaries on the Suttanipata and the Khuddaka-patha, as well as the extremely important commentaries on the Dhammapada and the Jatakas. The commentary on the Jatakas
has as its introduction what is perhaps the most famous “biography” of
Buddha, and concludes with 547 stories. Some of them are great for kids
in the West too, through the values they show. They serve enculturation
well. In all Theravada countries these narratives and romances have
exerted a tremendous influence on fine arts and law too.

Buddhadatta, a contemporary of Buddhaghosa, was
from Tamil Nadu in southern India. Like Buddhaghosa he went to Sri Lanka
to study at the Mahavihara in Anuradhapura. He wrote his works in a
monastery. His Abhidhammavatara (”The Coming of the Abhidhamma”), is a summary of the older commentaries on the Abhidhamma Pitaka.
He reduced Buddhaghosa’s five metaphysical ultimates - ie, form,
feeling, sensations, motivations, and perception - to four, namely,
mind, mental events, forms, and nirvana.

Dhammapala was slightly later than Buddhadatta and Buddhaghosa, and in the same tradition. In his commentary on Buddhaghosa’s Visuddhimagga, he quotes a verse from the Hindu scripture Bhagavadgita. His work reveals something of the intellectual activity at the time.

The Dipavamsa (”History of the Island”), seems to be a poor
redaction in Pali of an older Old Sinhalese version of how Sri Lanka was
occupied and built.

During and after the “revival” and spread of the Theravada in the
centuries after AD 1000, more Theravada literature was made:
commentaries and independent works written in Pali in Sri Lanka and the
Theravada countries of Southeast Asia (for example, the highly respected
commentary on the Mangala Sutta written in northern Thailand in the 16th century). The 14th-century cosmology called the Traiphumikatha (Three Worlds According to King Ruang), is the oldest known full-length text written in Thai.

Contents


Buddhist tripitaka tipitaka canon, Literature  

Abbreviations of the texts of the Pali canon: [Link]

Twig

Holder, John J., ed and tr. Early Buddhist Discourses. Cambridge, UK: Hackett Publishing Company, 2006.

Shaw, Sarah. Buddhist Meditation: An Anthology of Texts from the Pali Canon. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2006.

Thanissaro, Bhikkhu. The Wings to Awakening: An Anthology from the Pali Canon. Barre, MA: Dhamma Dana Publication, 1996.

Buddhist tripitaka tipitaka canon, To top    Section     Set    Next

Buddhist tripitaka tipitaka canon.
User’s Guide   แดฅ    Disclaimer 
ยฉ 2007โ€“2018, Tormod Kinnes, MPhil [Email] 

โ€œPurity or impurity depends on oneself,
No one can purify another.โ€
โ€• Tipitaka. Suttapitaka. Khuddakanikaya. Dhammapada. English & Pali

youtube.com

No one can purify another - Dhammapada Verse 165

youtube.com/shorts/dJVVNrD
via

โ€œHow blissful it is, for one who has nothing. Attainers-of-wisdom are
people with nothing. See him suffering, one who has something, a person
bound in mind with people.โ€
โ€• Gautama Buddha
youtube.com
Gautama Buddha: How blissful it is, for one who has nothing. Attain…
How
blissful it is, for one who has nothing. Attainers-of-wisdom are people
with nothing. See him suffering, one who has something, a person bound
in mind wi…

โ€œA religion is not judged by the contents of its book but by the power of its Spirit.โ€
โ€• Eli Of Kittim, The Little Book of Revelation: The First Coming of Jesus at the End of Days
เค…เคจเคพเคคเฅเคฎเคตเคพเคฆ | ANATMAVADA IN BUDDHISM |เค†เคคเฅเคฎเคพ เคนเฅ‹เคคเฅ€ เคนเฅˆ เคฏเคพ เคจเคนเฅ€เค‚ ?๐Ÿค” เคฌเฅเคฆเฅเคง เค•เฅเคฏเคพ เค†เคคเฅเคฎเคพ เค•เฅ‹ เคฎเคพเคจเคคเฅ‡ เคฅเฅ‡ !Antamavad
G
M
T
Y
Text-to-speech function is limited to 200 characters

Leave a Reply