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Shrawasti to be accessible by air soon - Tipitaka The Pali Canon-BSP not against upper castes: Mayawati-BSP wrests Hardoi seat from SP BSP wrests Hardoi seat from SP- U.P. C.M. expresses gratitude to people for BSP victory in Hardoi By-election Lucknow:-U.P. C.M. reviews progress of NHAI and Lucknow Bypass projects Directive to speedily complete all road projects -UP to lure Arab world to ‘greener pastures’-Natwar, Jagat broke party discipline: BSP
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The Pali Canon

Vinaya Pitaka


Nissaggiya Pācittiya [go up]

Part One: The Bowl Chapter [go up]

1. Should any bhikkhunī make a bowl-hoard (have more than one bowl in her possession), it is to be forfeited and confessed. [See Bhikkhus’ NP 21]

2. Should any bhikkhunī, having
determined an out-of-season cloth to be an in-season cloth, distribute
it, it is to be forfeited and confessed. (§¶¨•) 2

3. Should any bhikkhunī, having
exchanged robe-cloth with another bhikkhunī, later say to her, “Here,
lady. This is your robe-cloth. Bring me that robe-cloth of mine. What
was yours is still yours. What was mine is still mine. Bring me that
one of mine. Take yours back,” and then snatch it back or have it
snatched back, it is to be forfeited and confessed. [See Bhikkhus’ NP 5]

4. Should any bhikkhunī, having
had one thing requested, (then send it back and) have another thing
requested, it is to be forfeited and confessed.

5. Should any bhikkhunī, having
had one thing bought, (then send it back and) have another thing
bought, it is to be forfeited and confessed.

6. Should any bhikkhunī, using a
fund intended for one purpose, dedicated to one purpose for a
Community, have something else bought, it is to be forfeited and
confessed. (§•)

7. Should any bhikkhunī, having
herself asked for a fund intended for one purpose, dedicated to one
purpose for a Community, use it to have something else bought, it is to
be forfeited and confessed. (§•) 3

8. Should any bhikkhunī, using a
fund intended for one purpose, dedicated to one purpose for a group,
have something else bought, it is to be forfeited and confessed. (§•)

9. Should any bhikkhunī, having
herself asked for a fund intended for one purpose, dedicated to one
purpose for a group, use it to have something else bought, it is to be
forfeited and confessed. (§•)

10. Should any bhikkhunī,
having herself asked for a fund intended for one purpose, dedicated to
one purpose for an individual, use it to have something else bought, it
is to be forfeited and confessed. (§•)

Shrawasti to be accessible by air soon

Shrawasti (Uttar Pradesh): This world famous Buddhist site will
soon be accessible by air with the airstrip being renovated, official
sources said here on Tuesday.

The work of renovating the airstrip has been awarded to RITES Ltd.
and orders to construct a VIP Lounge and Tourist Security Post will be
released soon, they said. The surfacing work is nearly finished and as
per directions of the aviation department sufficient area of adjacent
land has been acquired by the administration, said Sub-Divisional
Magistrate Babu Lal here.



Shravasti  is a newly created district of Uttar Pradesh (India)
carved out from districts of Gonda and Bahraich . Besides these two districts, Shravasti
shares its border with district Balrampur. Bhinga, the District Headquarter of Shrawasti,
  is approximately 150 k.m away from the state capital, Lucknow.

Population 923380



Tehsil Bhinga,Ikauna
Development Blocks
of Villages




Shravasti, the northeastern town of Uttar Pradesh, is
located near river Rapti. This town is closely associated with the life of Lord Buddha.
Lord Buddha
is being said that the mythological king  Sravast founded this town. Shravasti was
the capital of Kosala Kingdom during 6th century BC to 6th century AD. This prosperous
trading center was well known for its religious associations. The ‘Sobhanath’ temple is
believed to be the birthplace of Jain Tirthankar ‘Sambhavanath’ making Shravasti an
important center for the Jainas.
 As mentioned in the ‘Bruhatkalpa’
and various kalpas of the fourteenth century the name of the city was
‘Mahid’. There are subsequent mentions showing that the name of this city was
‘Sahet-Mahet’. It is   also mentioned that a vast fort covered this
city in which there were many temples having idols of Devkulikas.
Buddha is believed to have spent 24 monsoons in this city. Age-old stupas, majestic
monasteries and several temples near the village of “Sahet-Mahet” establish
Buddha’s association with Shravasti.
Moreover, Shravasti is the holy land of all the four Kalyanakas – Chayan, Birth,
Diksa and Attainment of omniscience of Bhagawan Samabhavanath.

Today a great rampart of earth
and brick surrounds this city.
excavation in ‘Sahet-Mahet’ near Shravasti City, many ancient idols and
inscriptions were found. They are now kept in museums of Mathura and Lucknow. At present,
the archaeological department of the Indian Govt. is doing excavation to perform allied


The ancient city of Shravasti, venerated by Buddhist and Jains alike, is at present a
collection of ruins called SAHET - MAHET. This twin name is applied to two distinct groups
of remains, Sahet and Mahet.Sahet is the site of the famous Buddhist monastery known as
JETAVANA VIHAR, which lay outside the limits of the Remains at SahetShravasti city. The latter is
identified with modern Mahet. The ruins at Sahet consist mainly of plinths and foundation
of monasteries and stupas, all Buddhist. The other site i.e., Mahet situated at about 500m
from the site denotes the ancient city proper.

Very little is known of the city of Shravasti until  it
rose to fame owing to its association with Buddha and Mahavira in sixth century B.C.

At the time of Buddha, Presanajit was the king of
Shravasti.The site of Sahet is said to be the park of prince Jeta, son of Presanajit,
hence named Jetavan. Sudatta (also known as Ananthapindika), a wealthy merchant of
Shravasti, bought this park from prince Jeta by paying enough  gold pieces that could
cover the park. This episode is found in a sculpture of second century B.C.  A
Jetavana scene is also found on an early Amaravati stele. The earliest structural
activities at Sahet are attributed  mainly to Suddatta, Prince Jeta and his father
King Presanajit.

In the third rainy season after his awakenment, Lord
Buddha visited Jetavana and since then he regularly made his sojourn to the monastery
spending here 24 rainy seasons in all.Remains of the memorial of  Angulimala, built by King  Ashoka

One of the interesting episodes in an off-told story of
Buddha at Shravasti was the conversion of a robber named Angulimala.

After the age of Buddha and Mahavira, the history of
Shravasti is obscure till we come to the period of Ashoka in the third century B.C. .The
material prosperity of Shravasti was at its height during  Ashoka’s period. Ashoka is
credited with the erection of two pillars, each 21m high, in addition to the construction
of several monasteries and stupas. The monasteries and shrines of Jetavana were renovated
during the early centuries of the Christian era under the patronage of Kushanas. During
the period of Gupthas, the Buddhist establishment at Jetavana was prosperous as before.

In the early fifth century FA-HIEN visited this  

In the reign of king Harsha (AD 606 - 647) Hiuen - Tsang
visited Shravasti and found it a wild ruin. There is evidence to show that some Buddhist
establishments survived in Jetavana down to the middle of the Twelfth century  mainly
due to the patronage of the Gahadavala kings of Kannauj. The history of Shravasti
thereafter is quite unknown.

The ruins of Shravasti remaind long forgotten until they were
brought to light and identified with Shravasti by Alexander Cunninghum in 1863. Successive
excavations have yielded the remains of several stupas, temples and monsteries,etc.

BSP not against upper castes: Mayawati

Says Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party work for the interests of the

Photo: A. M. Faruqui

Welcome: Bahujan Samaj Party supremo and Uttar
Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati being welcomed at an election meeting
in Bhopal on Tuesday.

Bhopal: Hoping to increase the Bahujan Samaj Party’s stake in Madhya
Pradesh, party supremo and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati on
Tuesday denied that her party was against the upper castes and said she
was in favour of reservation for the upper caste poor, but the Central
government was dithering on it.

“My government is committed to providing 10 per cent reservation to
the poor among upper castes. I have written to the Prime Minister about
this but no action has been taken,” she said, adding that the BSP was
not against the upper castes as was being projected by some political

“The BSP’s policies have never been against any caste or com munity,
the party is committed to the welfare of all sections and castes,” she
said, addressing an election meeting here.

“The party wants development of all the castes. In Uttar Pradesh,
the party has taken care of backward Muslims and we promise that we
will amend the Constitution to provide reservation to backward people
from the upper castes when we come to power at the Centre.

“Though the BSP stands for ‘Sarvajan Hitay, Sarvajan Sukhay’
(welfare of all people, happiness for all), the first priority is
people from the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as they have been
ignored by the Congress and BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) governments in
the last 60 years,” Ms. Mayawati said.

“These parties are run with capitalists’ funds. They work for the
interests of these capitalists when they come to power. But the BSP
will work for the welfare of the people since it is run with the
monetary cooperation of its followers and workers,” she said.

“To establish an equal society and also to come to power, it is
important that the BSP takes sarvajan samaj (all sections of society)
with it,” the UP Chief Minister claimed.

Ms. Mayawati, however, did not forget to reiterate her demand for
job reservations in the private sector also. “All those companies which
get government contracts will have to provide this reservation,” she
said and added: “Those companies which provide reservation will get
support from the government.” -IANS

BSP wrests Hardoi seat from SP

Special Correspondent

LUCKNOW: The Bahujan Samaj Party wrested the Hardoi Assembly seat
from the Samajwadi Party in the lone Vidhan Sabha byelection in Uttar

The seat was won by Nitin Agarwal of the BSP, who defeated his
nearest Samajwadi rival Sukh Saagar Mishra ‘Madhur’ by a margin of
17,372 votes.

While the BSP candidate polled 65,533 votes, 48,161 votes were
garnered by the Samajwadi Party nominee. With 5,737 votes, Mithilesh
Singh Chauhan of the Congress came third. He lost his deposit.

BJP did not contest

The Bharatiya Janata Party had not entered the fray.

The byelection in Hardoi was caused by the resignation of the former
Minister, Naresh Agarwal, who subsequently joined the BSP in July this
year. Mr. Agarwal had won the seat as a Samajwadi Party candidate in
the 2007 U.P. Assembly elections.

He later fell out with Samajwadi chief Mulayam Singh and joined the BSP.

Nitin Agarwal is the son of Naresh Agarwal, who has now been
appointed the national general secretary of the BSP by Uttar Pradesh
Chief Minister Mayawati.

Press Information Bureau (C.M. Information Campus) Information & Public Relations Department,

U.P. C.M. expresses gratitude to people for BSP victory in Hardoi By-election Lucknow:

November 18, 2008

The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati has expressed gratitude to the people on victory of BSP candidate Mr. Nitin Agrawal with great margin in the Sursa assembly by-election in Hardoi. She termed it as the victory of BSP Government ’ s policies and programmes adding that the results of the by-election had once again proved that BSP Government had measured up to the expectations and aspirations of the people. The Chief Minister maintained that it was the triumph of ‘ Sarvjan Hitai, Sarvjan Sukhai ’ principle, as the BSP Government was committed to the development of all sections of the society. Her commitment to the well-being of all sections would continue to be translated into action. Ms. Mayawati said that the results of the last by-elections, including Hardoi, had exposed the hollowness of the opposition parties. The people of Hardoi had rejected almost all the parties, that criticised the BSP Government continuously, she added.
1 Press Information Bureau (C.M. Information Campus) Information & Public Relations Department,

U.P. C.M. reviews progress of NHAI and Lucknow Bypass projects Directive to speedily complete all road projects
Lucknow: November 18, 2008

The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati reviewed the progress of repair and improvement works of national highways and other projects of National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) at a high-level meeting at her official residence here today. She directed that effective action should be taken on projects run by NHAI, and the work on all other roads of the State be completed at the earliest. It may be recalled, that Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati had written a letter to Prime Minister in October last regarding allocation of funds for repair and improvement work on National Highways, tardy progress of works for converting four-lanes into six-lanes on different national highways by the NHAI and the poor conditions and proper maintenance of National Roads handed over to Authority. After the review meeting by the Chief Minister, the senior government officers discussed in detail the different projects of the Authority with Mr. Vireshwar Singh, Chairman NHAI and his other colleagues. At the meeting, his attention was drawn to the slow pace of progress of the projects of National Highway Authority of India— Lucknow-Sitapur Highway, Lucknow-Kanpur Highway, Lucknow-Jhansi Highway, Basti-Gorakhpur-Kushinagar Highway and Lucknow Bypass. Mr. Vireshwar Singh assured that work on these projects would be completed soon. It was informed at the meeting that work on Lucknow Bypass in progress for the last seven years and it was still incomplete. Work on it was stopped two years ago. The Cabinet Secretary said that if Authority
PN-18Nov-08 (Prabhat)(RKS)-CM-Hardoi

UP to lure Arab world to ‘greener pastures’

After promoting the Buddhist circuit to woo international tourists,
the Uttar Pradesh government has now picked up a novel theme — 
‘Chasing the Monsoons’ — to invite tourists from the Arab countries. 

This is part of the Indian Tourism Ministry’s ‘Incredible India’
campaign that was launched as Integrated International Media Campaign
in Arabian Travel Market Convention concluded in Dubai on May 7. The
media campaign was launched to promote India as a must-see tourist
destination and focuses on both generic and niche areas to convert the
country into a destination all year long.

In this campaign, Uttar Pradesh has invited tourists from Arab
countries to UP to enjoy lush green environment and its unique circuits
during the monsoon season. 

Principal secretary (Tourism) Om Prakash, after returning from
Arabian Travel Market Convention in Dubai said, “We have been taking
various initiatives in the tourism sector with the sole objective of
attracting more tourists. Infrastructural facilities in the country are
being augmented in a well-planned manner. With an open-sky policy
providing better air connectivity, the aviation system has been
radically liberalised,” he said.

In order to overcome the shortage in accommodation, efforts are on
to build more hotel rooms in the next four years under the new state
hotel policy, he added. The new ‘Bed and Breakfast’ scheme has been
launched to cater to the requirements of more tourists.

Besides infrastructure, the major destination for all tourists is
Taj Mahal. In the Buddhist circuit, we plan to develop, Shrawasti,

and Kushinagar.

There are also plans to develop Barsana,
Vrindavan and Govardhan. The Department has also firmed up plans to
develop the Mahabharata circuit around Hastinapur and all known places
like Baghpat and Bijnore.

Keeping in mind Muslim tourists, importance has been given to the
Sufi Circuit. The circuit includes Fatehpur Sikri, Rampur, Badaun,
Bareilly, Lucknow, Kakori, Deva Sharif (Barabanki), Bahraich, Kichocha
Sharif, Kade Shah - Kada (Kaushambi), Allahabad, Kantit Sharif
(Mirzapur). All these places have shrines (mazars) or birthplaces of
famous Sufi saints. These places are being developed by the department,
added the principal secretary. 

He said people from the Arab countries like fresh and lush green places as they come from places with dry weather.

Natwar, Jagat broke party discipline: BSP

Atiq Khan

LUCKNOW: The former External Affairs Minister, K. Natwar Singh, and
his son Jagat Singh have been expelled from the Bahujan Samaj Party on
the charge of indiscipline. Mr. Natwar Singh has been charged with
working against the principles and policies of the BSP. He joined the
BSP at a rally in Lucknow on August 9 this year.

After having been expelled earlier from the Congress, he campaigned
for the Samajwadi Party-led United National Progressive Alliance in
Uttar Pradesh for the 2007 Assembly elections.

In a press release on Tuesday, BSP national general secretary Satish
Chandra Mishra charged Mr. Natwar Singh with indiscipline following the
leadership’s refusal to nominate him for the Rajya Sabha.

Mr. Mishra said that he had been clearly told that it was not
possible to nominate him as preference was given to those who had a
long association with the BSP movement. The former Minister was told
that ticket would not be given to an industrialist nor would an
opportunist be sent to the House.

As for Mr. Jagat Singh, Mr. Mishra said he had been given ticket to
contest the Lok Sabha election from Jaipur. When he realised that the
BSP would play an important role in the formation of the next
government in Rajasthan, he clamoured for contesting the Vidhan Sabha
poll from Bharatpur. However, Mr. Jagat Singh was refused nomination as
a Brahmin candidate was already named for the seat.

Mr. Mishra clarified that no party post had been given to Mr. Natwar
Singh and his son, who were in the BSP as ordinary workers. Mr. Jagat
Singh was earlier expelled from the Rajasthan BSP unit.

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