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1219 LESSON 30714 WEDNESDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness PRABUDDHA BHARATH rediscovered and the Buddhist Resurgence At present people working for and the Buddhist Resurgence rediscovering PRABUDDHA BHARATH Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened Ones with Awareness Traditional Wisdom Arise! Awake with Awareness! And stop not till the goal is reached! Please watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr.
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1219 LESSON 30714 WEDNESDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY


Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness

8) Classical Basque

http://www.ceangalg.net/connectg-2/connecting-tourism/learning-from-the-best-cultural-tourism/#comment-1025


  1. Learning from the Best – Cultural Tourism


    Examples of Best Practice

  2. Ceangal G - Connect G
    https://www.facebook.com/CeangalGConnectG?fref=ts

  1. says

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    8) Euskal Klasikoa

    FREE ONLINE E-Nalanda Ikerketa eta Praktika UNIVERSITY
    Mesedez errendatu itzulpena zuzena zeure ama-hizkuntza eta beste
    hizkuntza guztietan, eta zure eta besteen zoriontasuna hedatzeko

    PRABUDDHA Bharath berraurkitua eta budista Susperraldiaren

    Gaur egun jende lanean eta budista Susperraldiaren kontaktuan PRABUDDHA Bharath
    Prabuddha Bharata
    edo Awakened Sentsibilizazio batera Ones

    Wisdom tradizionala
    Jaiki zaite! Sentsibilizazio esna! Eta ez gelditu arte helburua da iritsi!
    Mesedez, ikusi:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ

    Mahaparinibbana Sutta – මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය 1: 05: 41 h.

    Mahaparinibbana Sutta – මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය

    අතිපූජනීය නා උයනේ අරියධම්ම ස්වාමීන් වහන්සේ විසින් දේශනා කරනු ලබන මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය පිළිබඳ ධර්මානුශාසනය.

    http://thiryak.org

    http://thiryak.com

    සියලු ධර්ම දේශනා ශ්රවණය කිරීම සඳහා පිවිසෙන්න – http: //www.thiryak.org/thiryak-youtub …

    http://nobility.org/2011/07/28/liberty-berdintasuna-fraternity%E2%80%94the-anbiguoa-trilogy/
    Askatasuna, Berdintasuna, Anaitasuna-the trilogia anbiguoa

    Twitter, Skype, SMS, FACEBOOK errespetatzen

    maila bat sortu
    Zuhaitz >> ஸுத்தபிடக-திக்க நிகாய Sutta Piṭaka >> Digha Nikaya

    DN 16 – (D ii 137)

    English klasikoa

    English

    Mahāparinibbāna Sutta {zatiak} – ko jarraibideak – [Maha-parinibbāna] (Dhamma ispilua)
    Sutta honek hainbat argibide Buda bere jarraitzaile mesedetan eman biltzen kanpoan bere pasatu eta gero, eta horrek oso bat

    Gurekin argibideak nowadays.I Dhamma buruzko diskurtsoa zein da Dhammādāsa izeneko azaltzeko egingo multzo garrantzitsua, jabetu
    horietatik ariyasāvaka du, beraz, nahi izanez gero, berak izenda
    daiteke: ‘Nire ustez, ez dago niraya gehiago, ez gehiago
    tiracchāna-Yoni, ez da gehiago

    pettivisaya, zorigaitzaren egoera ez gehiago, zorigaitzaren, miseria,
    sotāpanna bat naiz, natura doan miseria estatu, batzu arabera
    ari sambodhi bideratzen. Eta zer, Ananda, diskurtso deitzen den Dhammādāsa, horietatik jabetu Dhamma piztuta

    ariyasāvaka du, beraz, nahi izanez gero, berak izenda daiteke: Nire
    ustez, ez dago niraya gehiago, ez gehiago tiracchāna-Yoni da,
    pettivisaya ez gehiago,
    zorigaitzaren egoera ez gehiago, zorigaitzaren, miseria, sotāpanna bat
    naiz, natura doan miseria estatuetan, izatearen zenbait arabera

    http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=66954

    India berraurkitua eta budista Susperraldiaren
    Azaroa 26, 2012, 7:05 pm

    article_image

    Upali K. Salgado arabera

    Maia zibilizazioa mitikoaren Guatamaia ere, Hego Amerika, towering
    Pyramids handiko eta ondo kontserbatuta Egiptoko momiak, enchanting
    greko-Ghandhara Artea eta iparraldeko Pakistan eta Kashigistan eskultura
    txikiagoa Mongolia, garela arreta erakartzeko balio dute arlo gutxi
    batzuetan Arkeologoak, egiptologo gisa identifikatu gizonen stock
    arraroa, Epigraphic eta filologo whos euren oparoenetako urte eman
    isilean lan ingeniaritza gaitasun eta lurperatuta zibilizazioen artea
    argitzeko. Aktibitate hori guztia hartu leku ona lurraren historiaren
    azpian zen sortu du Sakyamuni Gauthama Buda ministerioak lotutako galdu
    mugarriak argitzen.

    Long aurretik David Livingstone eta Cecil Rhodes esploratu, Afrika
    erdiko Wilds zabala, beste abenturazale Godfrey Fawcett boldly ausartu
    sakona krokodiloa, scorpion eta narrasti lurrak Amazon Brasilgo ibaiaren
    ibaian gora sartu, (inoiz ez itzultzeko zuen), Zetaren lotuz Txina
    erdialdeko bihotzean Persia eta Grezia izan zen ezaguna. 627 In budista
    txinatar bat monje Xuanzang (hobeto Hsuan Tsang bezala ezagutzen),
    tunika luze ilun jantzita otoitz eskuan aleak, Txina iparraldean
    Chang-baten hiri zaharra utzi, egarri aseezina bat zen, berak aurkitu
    eta ekarri itzuli gloriosa salbia, Sakyamuni Gothama Budaren suttas.
    Bere abenturazale espedizioko Zetaren, hori ezaguna zen urte bostehun
    Aurretik denean historiaren marauders olatuak nabaria du, hunoen bakea
    eta egonkortasuna Txinaren mehatxu handia izan ziren zati handi
    estalita.

    Hsuan Tsang (Xuanzang) hezi familia baten jaio zen, eta bere egun
    gazteagoak erlijioa sartu dwelled. Atzealde horretan, non Buda trod
    bidaiatzeko yearned zuen. Bidaia handi bat hainbat urte iraun On Oasis,
    Erdialdeko Asia, klima muturren, aberastasuna, haize indartsua eta lur
    izatea zaila bidaiatu nahi ezaguna Oasis lekualdatu zuen. Instantzia,
    heriotzari ihes egin zuen elurra, elur-jausi batek ia lurperatu zion.
    Zaldi gainean bidaiatzea, nor ziren euren Chinese florid bila
    portzelana, alabastroa apaingarriak zeta eta espezieak, ederki ehundu
    Persian alfonbrak bartering interesatzen merkatarien karabanak sartu
    zen. Pasatu zen handia Asian Central Talakaman basamortuan Bisnket eta
    Tashkent ukitu handik malkartsua menditsua Afganistan atarian zaio;
    ondoren Peshwar, wellknown mugako Khyber Pass the post bat Indiako
    azpi-kontinente liderra.

    Alexander Handia

    Ordurako ez zuen elkarrekintza izan da greziarren zein emaitzarekin
    batera, Alexander Handiaren eta bere artistek beren kultura oinatzak
    erakargarria Greco Ghandara eskultura erretratatzeko Indus haranean
    atzean utzi eta marmol zuria urrutiko Greziatik ekarri chiseled. Hau
    gertatu zen urte bostehun Budaren Maha ondoren – Pari Nibbana
    (desagertu)

    Zen aro hori, greziar Bactrian King Milander luze emankorra
    erregistratutako intelektual monje budista Nagasena elkarrizketak izan
    ditu. Askotan agertu liluratu Erregea eta Great Master Gotama Budaren
    irakaspenak buruz ere harrituta. Beraz, bilatzen zuen argitzeko Buda
    hitza onartu zuen aurretik. Hsuan Tsang bezala, King Milander zen beti
    zerbaiten bila esploratzaile bat bezala ….. egia besterik ez zen.

    Behin batean, King Milander eskatu Nagasena, “Ezin dago berpiztu non
    dago transmigrazioa ez da izango?” Monje erantzun zion: “Bai han
    daiteke, besterik gabe, gizon lanpara bat pizteko ahal bezain beste ezer
    baina lanpara batetik bestera mugitzen; edo ikasle izanik bertso bat
    ikasi ahal memoriaren arabera, irakasle bat, baina bertsoa ez du
    irakasleak transmigrate ikaslea da. “Berriz ere, vexed King eskatu
    Nagasena, “Ba al dago transmigrates gorputz honetatik beste edozein
    izaki?” Monje erantzun zion: “Ez dago ez da”, Erregearen ondoren, esan
    zuen, “hori da, hala bada, litzateke ez eskriturak gaiztoak emaitza ihes
    bat izango ote da?” Fraide esan du, “bai han ihes bat izango litzateke,
    eta ez badira birsortzen behar da, baina ez litzateke izango,
    birsortzen beharreko balira. Gogoaren eta gorputzaren prozesu
    konpromisoa eskriturak bai pure edo purua, eta delako Kamma horren ,
    gogoa eta gorputzaren beste prozesu batek jaio da. Beraz mind hau eta
    gorputza ez da free eskriturak gaiztoak. ”

    Hsuan Tsang bidaiatu guztiak India baino gehiago eta Saranath, non
    Deer Park at Buda Bere lehen sermoia predikatu ahal izateko. Saranath At
    145 ft altu DHAMECK stupa da. Ondoren, joan Buda Gaya budisten lekuen
    guztiak holiest zuen; eta Vaisali gertu Patna, non Ratana Sutta du
    errezitatu zuten. Hsuan Tsang Sankasen (Sankassa modernoa) bidaiatu eta
    gero Kushinara jakiteko non Buda zendu. Scholar Lal Joshi estatu,
    Kushinara (Kasinagar modernoa) iraun budisten antzinatik lekurik
    sakratua, Gupta araua amaitu arte. Txinako monje hau ikasi sanskritoa
    eta Txinara itzuli hainbat Suttas eta Buda irudiekin, nahiz eta
    horietako batzuk, zoritxarrez bidelapur by bidean lapurtu zituzten.
    Geroago itzuli zuen Suttas horiek Pekingo liburutegietan irakurriko
    dira. Ospatzen esploratzaile hau zendu hirurogeita bost urte baino 664
    at, eta Txinako pertsona eskertzen dute bere omenezko tenplu bat
    baloratzen eskuizkribu asko duten eraiki. Yogachara Beijing School da
    oraindik beste monumentua monje handia gogoratzeko sortu. Txinatar
    idatzietan, Hsuan Tsang ha sido la samsara (sufrimendu) ozeano handia
    zeharkatu itsasontzi bat likened. , Prozesuan arriskuak handia aurrean
    zuen bere bizitza, zoriona eta bere jarraitzaileek ikasteko askoz ekarri
    zuen arren

    The Silk Road relived

    1400 urte inguru geroago, txinatar emakume Chihiroren eta gritty SUN
    SHUYUN, duela urte 52 besterik jaio zen, 1960an, haurtzarotik zuen bere
    budista amona elizkoia elikatu ere, onartzen eta Presidentea Mao Kultur
    Iraultzaren bidez bizi. Gauez, bat-bateko RAID Iraultza Gorria Guardia
    arabera tenpluak non Buda artifacts suntsitu ziren oroitzapen
    desatsegina biziak izan zuen. Era berean, nork Tianain Square, Beijing
    bildutako milaka errodatzen lekuko zuen, esan ziren ideiak ez New
    Txinako Forward March mugitzen dute Komunista Estatuko izateko moduan.
    Behin Txinako epiko famatua Monkey King eta bertan uste dute,
    Presidentea Mao oinarritzen zuen bere liburu gorriaren, graduondoko hau
    Beijing eta Oxford unibertsitate batzuetako zati bat inspiratu zen
    zaharra Zetaren euren Idol Hsuan Tsang hartutako ezagutzeko berriro
    digestioa. Ez zuen zaldi Karabanak sartzeko, edo brigands arriskutsu eta
    lapurrak enroute betetzen Indiara baina arkaiko ikatza powered lurrun
    baten bultzatutako tren-makina zaratatsu arnasestuka gutxi bagoiak
    batekin, beharrik egur eserleku gogor guztietan mugitu. Beharrezkoa
    denean, bidaiatu “erlikia” bat jeep bat, askotan arreta mekanikoak
    beharrezko zuen. Sarrera-puntu gutxi mila Pakistan urrun – Bere
    ibilbidea azken hanka tamaina Hegazkina txiki batek izan sarrera bisa
    bat zuela ukatu zuten bezala mugatik post batean izan.

    Hortik aurrera bere bidaietan trenaren eta beste garraiobide batzuen
    publikoa Indian azpi-kontinente barruan ziren. Bere India bidean,
    Txinako kanpo bigarren oasi nagusietako Gaochang hiria pasatu zuen, eta,
    ondoren, NINGRONG CAVE MONASTERIOA non Bozeklil muralak ikusteko.
    Berrogeita hamar spot honetan haitzulo horietako batzuk mundu eder
    muralak budista ospetsua izan daude. Gehienak dira vandalized bat
    Alemaniako Explorer Albert van Lee Coq (1904 -06), Berlingo Museo
    Etnografikoa guztia. Alemaniarrek, suediarrek, estatubatuar eta japoniar
    gain izan elkarren oinarritu balioaren antigüedades, zibilizazio
    aberatsa izan duen Asia erdiko loratu aurkitu agerrarazi. SUN SHUYUN
    andrea bidaiatu zuen hamar mila mila ehun eta laurogei egunetan,
    omenezko Buda Saranath at, Buddha Gaya, Vaisali eta Kushinagar izateko.
    Afganistango mugatik iristean, klima etsai nagusi. Otsailaren 26ko 2001
    On the talibanen Leader, Mullah Omar Mohamed Dekretu:

    “Destacados Afganistango jakintsu Fatwa, eta Afganistango Auzitegi
    Gorenaren epaia ikusita, baina erabaki erabat guztia estatua / idoloak
    Afganistanen gaur suntsitzeko. Hau da idoloak gurtzen duten horiek
    fedegabeak jainkoak direlako, eta errespetatzen diren orain ere, eta
    Gods sartu berriro aktibatuta egongo dira. Gure Great jainko ALLAH,
    bakarrik, eta beste jainko faltsuak guztiak kendu behar dira ”

    Bamiyan kokatua km 250 North West Kabul, eta Hindu Kush eta Urtarrila
    baba mendien artean uzkurturik altueran 2850 metro ditu. The Big
    Budaren irudia 55 metroko altuera du, Carb 6an Century AD. eta a txiki
    Budaren irudia 38 metroko altuerako musulman talibanen beldurrezko eta
    gaitzespen mundu osoan izan zen, maila guztietan eta munduko foroetan
    ezaguna den taldearen arabera dinamitatu zituzten. Insensible fanatiko
    portaera honen ondoren, garaile eskatu gabeko, sinpatia eta funtsaren
    fondo handia munduko leku guztietatik budismoa bidean, dakigun bezala
    budismoa que no gerren historia erlijioso bihurtzeko with erlijioa noble
    bat izan zen. Errautsak eta dinamita hautsa Bamia at Hortik esnatzen
    budista bat sortu zen.

    Beste budista Glory eta Kultu Pathfinders

    Bere garaiko Colossus bat, nork ekarri du bere nekaezina ahaleginak,
    argi India budista bat birsortzeko batera – Hsuan Tsang, eta SUN gure
    Jet adin nagusikoa SHUYUN belaunaldi Straddling, ez British Colonial
    India, arkeologo bat bizi izan zen. Armada ingeniaria izan zen. Major
    General Sir Alexander CUNNINGHAM, bere kabuz izan ikasi sanskritoa eta
    txinatar hizkuntzak. Ari Armada askatzen On gizon militar hau aktibatuta
    arkeologoak funtsezko jokalari bat bere laguntzailea Archibald Carlyle,
    hainbat Budaren erlikiak laguntzaz ezagutuko zen. , Cunningham jarraian
    Indiako Arkeologia Inkesta lehen buru gisa Hsuan Tsang kontuak Buda, by
    trod Bere berrogei urte Mission zehar bidea jarraitu aipatuz.
    Berrogeita zazpi urterekin, 1861ean Sir ALEXANDER CUNNINGHAM emankorra
    ariketa bat hasi zuen bere Life ehortzi budista erlijioaren agerrarazi
    gainerako eskaintzeko egun, oso herrialde batean sortu zen. Garai hartan
    oso jende gutxi budismoa hitz egin zuen, Zeilan bizi izan ezik.
    Birmanian, Siam, Nepal, Tibet, Txina, Mongolia eta Japonian.
    Mendebaldean ez gaiari buruzko liburu gutxi zeuden. Budista akademikoa
    Etienne Lamotte, Louis De La Vallo Poussin, Oldenberg, Rhy Davids
    budismoa idatzi zuen, askoz beranduago, 20an mendean. ALEXANDER
    CUNNINGHAM du 170ft altuerako Buda Gaya tenplu zein izan zen lehenengo
    “Vajiraman Gaandhakuti” bezala ezagutzen berrezartzeko bere ahaleginak
    kontzentratu. Egitura datak mendeko 2 AD haratago da dotorea Gupta
    Garaia maisu arkitektonikoaren bila.

    Another bisitatu duten Buda Gaya 1868an izan zen SIR EDWIN ARNOLD,
    KCIE, zeinen poema epiko OF ASIA ARGIA interes handia piztu budismoa
    mundu osoan zehar eta inspiratu ANAGARIKA DHAMMAPALA gune bisitatzeko
    eta sendo konpontzeko kontrola hartu hasita eskuak budista sartu Hindu
    Mahantha. Neurri handi batean Mahabodhi Society of India Kalkutan bidez
    bere ahaleginak ondorioz Indian Gobernu zentrala eskatu zuen geroago
    (bere desagertu ondoren) budista Batzorde batek hainbat herrialdek atera
    izendatuko Administratu tenpluan bertan gaur egun Gizateriaren Ondare
    da,, izateko.

    Etzandako Buda zaharberritzea

    Arkeologo Archibald Carlyle asko 6,1 metro luze gorria harea harria
    etzandako Buda irudi Kushinara at berrezartzeko arduraduna izan. Irudi
    eder honek India inkesta Arkeologia ukitu zuten. Noiz Viharage
    etxebizitza da denbora berreraiki zen Buda Jayanthi 1956an Ospakizunak
    da ARDHANA stupa non 1910ean, kobrea ontzi bat eta plaka lekua Gotama
    Buda erraustua izan zen zen adieraziz aurkitu zuen, halaber, indusketak
    egin zituen. Hala arkeologoa beste JOHN MASHALL 1925 eta 1940 artean lan
    kopuru handia egin duten Sanchi at Arkeologikoa parkean Bopal egoeran
    berrezartzea zen. John Marshall harriz landutako hainbat ate eder
    budista Jathaka Ipuinak eta Sri Maha Bodhi Ceylon to
    sapling-planteamenduaren lanek identifikatu.

    Buda sorlekuan, Lumbini lorategiak bila

    Egilea Charles Allen bere liburuan: Budda ETA sahibek bost oinez
    bederatzi hazbeteko altuera leundutako harrizko zutabe bat, non
    inskribatuta lau lerro daude, eta horrek Dr Fuhrer, austriar bat, Vienan
    bizi laguntzaz geroago, izan ziren aurkikuntza aipatzen identifikatu
    izan “. Ashcan Brahmi Dr Fuhrer (Prof lndology eta Arkeologia), agerian
    esaldiak ezkutatzeko BUDHE- jatea SAKYAMINI – TI LUMMINIGAME denean
    itzulitako izateko:” Hemen Buda Lumbini Village at jaio zen “Handik
    gutxira, honako gainean. bidaiari HUAN Tsang marrazkiak hegoaldera
    eraman zen, 18km buruz eta Kapilavastupura identifikatu Prince Sidhartha
    Gauthama etxean Buda. aurkikuntza hauek guztiak 1895 eta 1897 urteen
    artean izan zen nor izan zen, Royal Society Asiako Aldizkariak arabera

    resurgent Modernoak

    budista India

    Historia erregistro luze Sakyamui Gotama Buda denbora, Agintari
    musulmanen ondoren, Akbar Handia, eta Shivaji wiped North India gurtza
    budista neurri handi batean, budismoa poltsiko txiki utziz Uttara
    Pradesh non Theravada budista doktrina bizirik. It garai modernoan, bat
    Kasta scholar eta Abokatua filmaz programatuta, DR bertan geratu zen.
    BHIMRAO Frames Ambedkar (1891 – 1956) eta “budista Revival eramango Like
    Mahathma Gandhi Dr Ambedkar da nor dira Dialits Indian gizartearen
    (Hindu kasta txikiena) milioika revered gaur Columbia University
    jakintsu batek geroago bihurtu zen.. Abokatua eta errespetatu Leader
    Politiko Sri Nehru, Rajendra Prasad eta V. Patel Kabinetearen ere.
    Indiako mugimendu abertzalea eramango dute indiar ‘Independentzia lortu
    ahal izateko. arkitektoak buruzagi izan zen, 1947an hartutako Indian
    Konstituzio berria idazteko izan zen. eman horrela Rally meza Napur
    ospatzen, “zain” kasta Indian ren 30 mila baino gehiagotan publikoki
    besarkatu zituen budismoa, eta batera egun budismoa berpiztea India
    modernoko gola lortu duena. Gaur egun, India 100 milioi pertsona baino
    gehiagoko biztanleria budista batean du Uttara Pradesh, Madya Pradesh
    Maharatra Pradesh eta Guntur inguruan Hego Ekialdean. berriro scented
    budismoa lorea bere jaiotzaren lurra bloomed. Gaur antaño ukiezina kasta
    indiar indar politiko reckonable bat dira eta eutsi administrazio
    posizioak handiko baten azpian Ehuneko bermatuta Jaurlaritzako langileen
    kontratazioa. Indiako Estatuak kia budismoa lekua Herrian to patronatua
    eman du Dhamma arrautza Chakka erabiliz (zuzentasuna Wheel, Asoka
    enperadoreak Handia erabiltzen.)

    Lagun bati bidali

    Gaur egun jende lanean eta budista Susperraldiaren kontaktuan PRABUDDHA Bharath

    FREE ONLINE E-Nalanda Ikerketa eta Praktika UNIVERSITY
    tik http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

    http://kafila.org/2010/12/30/history-in-harria-eta-metal/
    Stone eta Metal in History

    http://www.ipsnews.net/2009/01/religion-India-berreskuratzen-budismoa-non-it-zen-born/~~V

    ERLIJIOA-INDIA: budismoa berreskuratzen Non jaio zen It

    http://roundtableindia.co.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3937:rashtriya-dalit-prerna-sthal&catid=115&Itemid=127

    http://slugpost.com/2013/08/28/efforts-ekarri-back-Buda-eske-bowl/
    Ahaleginak hurbiltzeko atzera Buda eske-ontzi

    http://www.academia.edu/5595561/Exile_and_Return_the_Reinvention_of_Buddhism_and_Buddhist_Sites_in_Modern_India?login=chandrasekhara.tipitaka@gmail.com&email_was_taken=true

    Erbesteari eta Return: budismoa eta budista Sites Berrasmatzea India Modernoan gehiago
    Upinder Singh arabera

    http://www.newsweek.com/armies-ilustratuak-83927

    “SC / STS bere burua askatu behar du bere iragan zapalduak shackles.
    Budismoa askapen bidea da.” Fellow kasta kideen askok ados eta dute
    Bahujan Samaj Party, gaur egun controled Uttar Pradesh, India estatu
    handiena aldera gravitated. BSP horrek populistScheduled Kasta liderra,
    Mayawati Kumari, nor praktika budista jarraitzen du bere eguneroko
    bizitzan harritu behatzaile denean lagundu zuen bere alderdiaren 206 the
    403-kide egoera muntaia eserleku irabazi; Orduz geroztik, berak
    hasitako potentzial lehen ministro gisa touted. Mayawati argi utzi non
    bere laguntza gezur egin du, mugarriak budista eraikitzeko zehar asmo
    handiko planak bultzatuz Uttar Pradesh-tartean 150 metroko luzera, 250
    milioi dolarreko brontzezko bat Buda Kushinagar, non Buda historikoa hil
    zen.

    http://old.himalmag.com/himal-feed/53/1333-nazio-ideologia-in-a-budista-state.html

    ‘Ideologia National’ 2007ko urriaren egoera budista batean

    http://www.worldea.org/news/4233/wea-rlc-research-and-analysis-report-why-christian-persecution-is-worrisome-in-sri-lanka

    WEA-RLC Ikerketa eta azterketak Txostena: Zergatik kristau jazarpena Worrisome da Sri Lankako

    http://www.purifymind.com/ModernWorld.htm

    Mundu modernoa ere budismoa:
    Kultur eta Politikoen inplikazioa
    Bhikkhu Sangharakshita

    http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/learning-from-news/198032/spreading-theravadan-buddhism-to-rest-of-the-world

    Theravadan budismoa zabaltzea munduko gainerako emateko

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lankan_independence_movement

    Sri Lankako independentismoak

    2 The budista susperraldia eta 1915 riot
    2.1 Dharmapala, 1915 eta Zeilango Nazio Biltzarra

    http://www.bangalorenotes.com/buddhism.htm

    Budismoa MODERN INDIA T. Vijayendra IN

    http://www.resurgence.org/magazine/article2345-lan-batekin anger.html

    ANGER LAN
    Anger pasatzen gogoaren izaera pure on hodei bat da.

    http://www.uio.no/english/research/interfaculty-research-areas/plurel/groups/tibetan-and-himalayan-studies/events/2013/holdersofthelotus.html
    Budista Tibet Garaikidean Visionaries artean Apokalipsia, Paisaia, eta Nortasuna: Lotus titularren

    http://59.120.53.21:8080/ir/bitstream/987654321/756/1/8.The+Resurgence+of+Buddhism+and+Yi-gwan+Dao+in+Taiwan.pdf
    Susperraldia
    Budismoa Eta Yigwan Dao
    Taiwan,
    Eta Haien erronkak
    Christian misioa

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Buddhism
    korean budismoa

    http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/2803
    Taiwan-en Sozialki arduratzen budista Taldeak

    http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jii/4750978.0008.104/–interview-with-donald-lopez-on-the-resurgence-of-interest?rgn=main;view=fulltext

    Donald Lopez Elkarrizketa: budismoa suspertzen On, bere Tibet buruzko Liburu polemikoa eta Asian Studies of the Future UM at

    http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/ijt/07-2_061.pdf

    Budismoa susperraldia Birmanian
    G.P.CHARLES

    http://www.buddhismtoday.com/english/sociology/004-modernworld.htm

    Mundu modernoa ere budismoa:
    Kultur eta Politikoen inplikazioa
    Bhikkhu Sangharakshita
    “…… Eta jokabide konturatzen gizateriaren kodea duten Gautama Buda
    enjoined ahaleginetan. Deitu zuen bere herrikideek gainean burua
    prestatzeko libre izan nahi izan zen India ikuspegi honen altuera da,
    eta ez du soil secularity for autonomia eta aberastasuna, sasi-jainko
    horren aldare gainean Europan bere arima sakrifikatu du eta litzateke
    egun end batzuk bere existentzia fisiko immolating arabera. “esan zuen
    Sri Aurobindo

    Buda hilerri begietan

    Mesedez, ikusi:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkFpizJgwYk

    Monumentu budista Sanchi (UNESCO / NHK) 2.53 min at

    Muino baten lautadan eta 40 km-tik Bhopal begira, Sanchi gunean
    monumentu budista talde bat (monolitikoak zutabeak, jauregiak, tenpluak
    eta monasterioak) guztiak kontserbazio-egoera ezberdinetan horietatik
    gehienak itzuli 2an eta 1go mendeetan joateko bat osatzen BC Existitzen
    diren santutegi budista zaharrena da, eta India zentro budista
    nagusietako bat AD 12an mendera arte izan zen

    Iturria: UNESCO TV / © NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai
    URL: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/524/

    http://www.up-​​tourism.com/tourist-buddist_circuit.htm

    Buddist Zirkuitua

    http://www.up-​​tourism.com/destination/lucknow/other_attraction.htm

    http://www.buddhist-pilgrimage.com/uttar-pradesh.html

    http://asi.nic.in/asi_exca_imp_uttarpradesh.asp

    http://thebuddhistforum.com/wp/monumental-utzikeria-budista-guneen-the-tribune.html
    Budista Forum The

    Monumentu-gune budista utzikeria: Tribuna



9) Classical Belarusian

http://www.belarus.by/en/about-belarus/education


Official Website of the Republic of Belarus


9) Класічная Беларуская

БЯСПЛАТНА ОНЛАЙН E-Наланда навукова-практычная УНІВЕРСІТЭТ
Калі ласка аказаць правільны пераклад у вашым роднай мове і ўсіх іншых мовах і распаўсюджваюцца для вашага і іншыя шчасця

Прабуддха Бхарата зноў і будыйскі Адраджэнне

У цяперашні час людзей, якія працуюць для і будыйскі Адраджэнне зноўку Прабуддха Бхарата
Прабуддха Бхарата
або абуджаных з Awareness

традыцыйны Мудрасць
Устань! Прачнецеся з Awareness! І спыніць не да дасягаецца мэта!
Калі ласка, паглядзіце:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ

Махапариниббана Сутта - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය 1: 05: 41 гадзіну.

Махапариниббана Сутта - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය

අතිපූජනීය නා උයනේ අරියධම්ම ස්වාමීන් වහන්සේ විසින් දේශනා කරනු ලබන මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය පිළිබඳ ධර්මානුශාසනය.

http://thiryak.org
http://thiryak.com

සියලු ධර්ම දේශනා ශ්රවණය කිරීම සඳහා පිවිසෙන්න - HTTP: //www.thiryak.org/thiryak-youtub

http://nobility.org/2011/07/28/liberty-роўнасць-fraternity%E2%80%94the-двухсэнсоўным-trilogy/
Свабода, Роўнасць, Братэрства-неадназначна трылогія

Twitter, Skype, SMS, Facebook прыязны

да ўзроўню
Дрэва >> ஸுத்தபிடக-திக்க நிகாய Сутта Питака >> Дигха Никая

DN 16 - (D II 137)

класічная Англійская

англійская

Махапариниббана Сутта {урыўкі} - Апошнія інструкцыі - [маху-parinibbāna] (Люстэрка Дхаммой)
Гэта Сутта збірае розныя інструкцыі Буда даў дзеля сваіх паслядоўнікаў пасля яго сыходу, што робіць яго быць вельмі

важны набор інструкцый для нас nowadays.I будзе выкладаць дыскурс пра Дхарма, якая называецца Dhammādāsa, дэманамі
з якіх ariyasāvaka, калі ён таго пажадае, не можа абвясціць пра сябе: «Для мяне, няма больш niraya, не больш за tiracchāna-Йоні, не больш

pettivisaya, не больш за стан няшчасці, няшчасці, пакуты, Я sotāpanna, па сваёй прыродзе, свабоднай ад станаў пакуты, вызначанай з
быўшы наканавана самбодхи. А што, Ананда, гэта тое, што дыскурс пра Дхарма, якая называецца Dhammādāsa, валодаў з якіх

ariyasāvaka, калі ён таго пажадае, можа заявіць пра сябе: Для мяне, няма больш niraya, не больш за tiracchāna-Йоні, не больш за pettivisaya,
не больш за стан няшчасці, няшчасці, пакуты, Я sotāpanna, па сваёй прыродзе, свабоднай ад станаў пакут, вызначаных быцця

http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=66954

Індыя зноў і будыйскі Адраджэнне
26 лістападзе 2012 года, 7:05 вечара

article_image

па Упалі К. Сальгадо

Легендарны Майя Цывілізацыя ў Guatamaia, Паўднёвая Амерыка, якія ўзвышаюцца высока Піраміды і добра захаваліся муміі з Егіпта, чароўная грэка-Ghandhara Мастацтва і скульптура Паўночным Пакістане і Kashigistan ў ніжняй Манголіі, усяго толькі некалькі абласцей, якія прыцягнулі ўвагу рэдка наяўнасць мужчын, ідэнтыфікаваных як Археолагі, егіптолагі, Эпиграфические і філолаг чый правялі свае самыя плённыя гады працы моўчкі разгадаць інжынерныя навыкі і мастацтва пахаваных цывілізацый. Хаця ўся гэтая дзейнасць праходзіла пад добрай гісторыі Зямля была створана асвятляючы страчаныя арыенціры, звязаныя з міністэрствам Шакьямуни Гаутама Буда.

Задоўга да таго, Дэвід Лівінгстан і Сесіль Родс даследавалі, шырокія нетры Цэнтральнай Афрыкі, іншы авантурыст Годфры Фосетт смела адважыўся глыбока ў кракадзіла, скарпіёнаў і рэптылій зямель ўверх па цячэнні ракі Амазонкі Бразіліі, (ніколі не ён вярнуўся), Silk Road звязваючы сэрца цэнтральнага Кітая з Персіяй і Грэцыяй было вядома. У 627 будыйскага кітайскі манах Сюань Цзан (больш вядомы як Сюань Цанг), насіць доўгія цёмныя адзення з пацеркамі ў руках, пакінулі стары горад Чан-ап ў Паўночным Кітаі, з неспатольнай прагай, каб знайсці для сябе і вярнуць хвалебнае Сутта мудраца, Шакьямуни Gothama Буды. Яго авантурны экспедыцыі пакрытыя большую частку Вялікага шаўковага шляху, якая была вядомая амаль пяцьсот гадоў таму, калі славутыя хвалі марадзёраў гісторыі, гуны былі вялікай пагрозай для міру і стабільнасці Кітая.

СЮАНЬ Цзан (Сюань Цзан) нарадзіўся ў інтэлігентнай сям’і, і ў маладосці жылі ў рэлігію. У гэтым фоне, ён імкнуўся, каб паехаць туды, дзе Буда наступіў. На вялікае падарожжа працягласцю некалькі гадоў ён пераехаў з аазіса да аазіса Цэнтральнай Азіі, вядомы экстрэмальных кліматычных умовах, багацця, моцных вятроў і які мае складаны рэльеф мясцовасці, каб паехаць на. У адным выпадку, ён пазбег смерці, калі снег лавіна амаль пахавалі яго. Падарожжы на конях, ён далучыўся караваны гандляроў, якія былі зацікаўлены ў бартэр іх кітайскі разнастайнай гледзячы фарфор, алебастр ўпрыгажэнні шоўку і спецый, прыгожа сплеценыя персідскія дываны. Ён прайшоў праз вялікі Цэнтральнай Азіі Talakaman пустыні дакранаючыся Bisnket і Ташкент адтуль да брамы перасечанай горнай Афганістане, затым у Peshwar, шырокавядомыя пагранічнага паста ў Хайберский перавал, які вядзе да Індыйскім субкантыненце.

Аляксандр Вялікі

Да гэтага часу ўжо быў ўзаемадзеянне з грэкамі, якія прывялі, у Аляксандра Вялікага і яго мастакі пакінуўшы свае сляды культуры, якія паказваюць прывабным грэка Ghandara скульптуру ў даліне Інда точеные на белым мармуры, прывезеныя з далёкай Грэцыі. Гэта адбылося каля пяцісот гадоў пасля Maha Буды - Пары Ниббана (скон)

Менавіта ў гэтую эпоху, што грэцкі Бактрийское Кароль Milander даўным плённыя запісаныя размовы з інтэлектуальнай будыйскі манах Нагасена. Часта кароль з’явіўся зачараваны а таксама збянтэжаны пра вучэньне Вялікага Майстры готам Буды. Таму ён папрасіў патлумачыць, перш чым ён прыняў слова Буды. Як Сюань Цанг, Кароль Milander заўсёды быў даследчыкам у пошуках чаго-то ….. гэта было нішто, акрамя праўды.

У адным выпадку, кароль Milander спытаў Нагасена, “Ці можа быць адраджэнне, дзе няма перасяленне? Манах адказаў: «Так не можа, гэтак жа, як чалавек можа запаліць адну лямпу ад іншага, але нічога перамяшчаецца з адной лямпы ў іншую, або ў якасці вучня можаце даведацца верш па памяці ад настаўніка, але верш ня перасяляцца ад настаўніка вучню . Зноў жа, прыкра Кароль спытаў Нагасена, “Ці ёсць істота, якое перасяляецца з гэтага цела ў іншае? Манах адказаў: “Не, няма”, кароль сказаў: “калі гэта так, там не будуць уцёкі ад выніку злачынстваў? Манах сказаў, “ды не было б бегчы, калі яны не адрадзіцца, але не было б, калі б яны былі, каб адрадзіцца. Працэс розум і цела здзяйсняе ўчынкі ў чыстым выглядзе або нячыстыя, і з-за гэтага Камму , іншы розум і цела працэс нараджаецца. Таму гэта розум і цела не свабодны ад злых спраў “.

СЮАНЬ Цзан падарожнічаў па ўсёй Індыі і Saranath, дзе ў Deer Park Буда вымавіў сваю першую пропаведзь. У Saranath з’яўляецца 145 футаў вышынёй DHAMECK ступы. Тады ён пайшоў да Буды Гая самае святое месца выкарыстоўваецца для ўсіх будыстаў; і Vaisali побач Патна, дзе Ratana Сутта чытаўся. СЮАНЬ Цзан наведаў Sankasen (сучасны Sankassa), а затым у Kushinara дзе Буда сканаў. Акадэмія Лал Джош гаворыцца, што на Kushinara (сучасны Kasinagar) заставаўся для будыстаў самае святое месца старажытных часоў, да канца праўлення Гупта. Гэта кітайскі манах вывучаў санскрыт і вярнуўся ў Кітай з некалькімі Сутта і малюнкаў Буды, хоць некаторыя з іх былі, на жаль, абрабавалі на шляху бандытаў. Пазней ён пераклаў гэтыя Сутта для чытання ў бібліятэках Пекіне. Гэты знакаміты даследчык памёр ва ўзросце шасцідзесяці пяці ў 664, і ўдзячныя кітайцы пабудавалі ў яго гонар храм, які змяшчае шмат паважаных рукапісы. Йогачара школа ў Пекіне яшчэ адзін помнік створаны ўспомніць вялікі манах. У кітайскіх твораў, Сюань Цзан было параўнаць з лодкай, што перасёк вялікі акіян сансары (пакут). У, працэсу ён сутыкнуўся з вялікімі рызыкамі для яго жыцця, хоць ён прынёс шмат шчасця і вучыцца яго паслядоўнікаў

Шаўковы шлях перажыў

Каля 1400 гадоў праз, энергічны і пяшчаны кітаянка нд Шуюнь, нарадзіўся ўсяго 52 гадоў таму, у 1960 У дзяцінстве яна была ўзбагачаецца дзякуючы яе набожным будыстам бабулі, трываць і жыць праз культурнай рэвалюцыі старшыні Мао. Яна была яркія непрыемныя ўспаміны аб раптоўных рэйдаў ў начны рэвалюцыяй красногвардейцы у храмы, дзе артэфакты Буды былі знішчаны. Таксама яна стала сведкам расстрэлу тысяч людзей, якія сабраліся ў Tianain плошчы, Пекін, як яны, як казалі, ідэі не рухаюцца з Новага Кітая Forward сакавіка будзе Камуністычная дзяржава. Пасля пераварваецца знакаміты кітайскі эпас Кароль малпаў, на якіх яны вераць, старшыня Мао, заснаваны часткай яго чырвоную кніжачку, гэты выпускнік Пекінскай і Оксфардскага універсітэтаў быў натхнёны, каб зноў адкрыць для сябе Вялікі шаўковы шлях, прынятае іх Idol Сюань Цанг. У яе не было, каб далучыцца да каня караваны, або сустрэцца небяспечныя разбойнікі і злодзеі шляху да Індыі, але перайшоў на архаічнай вугалю харчаванне пара прывадам пыхкаючы шумны паравоз з некалькімі вагонамі, усе, хто мае цвёрдыя сядзенні з дрэва. Пры неабходнасці, яна адправілася ў “рэліквію джыпа, які часта неабходнай механічнай ўвагу. Апошні этап свайго падарожжа давялося быць невялікім па памерах самалёта, як ёй было адмоўлена ва ўязной візе на памежным пасту - кропка ўваходу ў некалькіх мілях ад Пакістана.

Пасля яе падарожжа былі на цягніку і іншых грамадскіх відаў транспарту ў межах Індыйскага субкантынента. На яе шляху ў Індыю, яна прайшла праз горада Гаачан, другі асноўны аазіс за межамі Кітая, а затым, каб убачыць NINGRONG пячорны манастыр, дзе фрэскі Bozeklil з’яўляюцца. Ёсць некаторыя пяцьдзесят пячоры ў гэтым месцы, якія мелі знакамітыя выдатны свет будыйскія фрэскі. Большасць з іх былі разбураны нямецкай Правадыра Альберт ван Лі Coq (1904 -06) для Берлінскай Этнаграфічны музей. Акрамя немцаў, шведаў, амерыканцаў і японцаў імчаліся адзін з адным, каб раскапаць старажытнасці значэнне, знойдзеныя ў багатай цывілізацыі, якая расквітнела ў Цэнтральнай Азіі. Місіс нд Шуюнь падарожнічалі дзесяць тысяч міль у ста васьмідзесяці дзён, каб аддаць даніну павагі Буды ў Saranath, Буды Гая, Вайшали і Кушинагаре. Па прыбыцці на мяжы Афганістана, варожы клімат пераважаў. На 26 лютага 2001 года Лідэр талібаў мула Махамед Амар пастанавіў:

“У сувязі з фетвы бачных афганскіх навукоўцаў і вердыкта Вярхоўнага суда Афганістана, было вырашана цалкам знішчыць усе статуі / ідалаў, якія прысутнічаюць у Афганістане. Гэта таму, што ідалы багоў няверных, што пакланяюцца ім, і паважаюць нават цяпер, і можа быць ператвораны ў багоў зноў. Наш Вялікі бог толькі Алах, і ўсе іншыя былі фальшывыя павінны быць выдалены “

Бамиан размешчаны каля 250 км на паўночны захад ад Кабула, і размешчаны паміж Гіндукуша і Кохи-Баба горных хрыбтоў на вышыні ад 2850 метраў. Вялікі Буда малюнак 55 метраў у вышыню, Carb ў 6-м стагоддзі нашай эры. і невялікі Буда малюнкаў 38 метраў вышынёй былі ўзарваны групай мусульманскай талібаў да жаху і асуджэння ўсяго свету, які быў зроблены вядомым на ўсіх узроўнях і ў сусветных форумах. Пасля гэтага нячулай фанатычнай паводзінаў, перамог непрадугледжаную, спачуванне і вялікая фонд добрай волі ў бок будызму ад ўсіх частках свету, як гэта добра вядома, што будызм быў высакародны рэлігія без гісторыі войнаў для рэлігійнага звароту. З попелу і праху дынаміту ў Bamia паўстала будыйскі абуджэнне.

Іншыя Следапыты будыйскай Славы і культу

Трансгранічным генерацыю Сюань Цзан, і нд Шуюнь нашага рэактыўнага узросце, жыў у брытанскай каланіяльнай Індыі, археолаг - калос свайго часу, які прынёс з яго нястомныя намаганні, лёгкіх ўзнавіць будыйскі Індыю. Ён быў інжынерам у арміі. Генерал-маёр сэр Аляксандр Канінгам, быў сам па сабе вывучаў санскрыт і кітайскі мовы. На вызвалення з войска гэтая ваенная чалавек павярнуўся Археолаг стаў ключавым гульцом, каб выявіць з дапамогай свайго памочніка Арчыбальд Carlyle, некалькі рэліквій Буды. У якасці першага кіраўнік археалагічнай службы індыйскай, Канінгам рушыў услед Сюань Цзан рахункаў са спасылкай ісці па шляху наступіў Будай, падчас сваёй місіі сарака гадоў. Ва ўзросце сорак сем, у 1861 сэр Аляксандр CUNNINGHAM пачалося плённае практыкаванне прысвяціць рэшту свайго жыцця, каб раскапаць пахаваны будыйскай рэлігіі, у той самай краіне ён быў заснаваны. Вельмі нешматлікія людзі ў той час гаварылі пра будызме, акрамя тых, хто жыве на Цэйлоне. Бірма, Сіям, Непал, Тыбет, Кітай, Манголія і ў Японіі. На Захадзе было мала кніг на гэтую тэму. Будыйскі Навукоўцы Эцьен Ламот, Луі Дэ Ла Валі Пусэна, Ольденберг, Rhy Давидс напісаў пра будызме значна пазней ў 20 стагоддзі. АЛЯКСАНДР CUNNINGHAM засяродзіў свае намаганні па аднаўленні 170ft высокі Буда Гая храм, які быў упершыню вядомы як “Vajiraman Gaandhakuti. Структура даты ніжэй 2-га стагоддзя нашай эры ў велічны гледзячы архітэктурны шэдэўр Гупта перыяд.

Іншы які пабываў Буды Гая ў 1868 быў сэр Эдвін Арнольд, KCIE, якога эпічная паэма Святло Азіі выклікала вялікую цікавасць у будызме па ўсім свеце і натхніў Анагарика Дхаммапала наведаць сайт і цвёрда вырашыць, каб узяць пад свой ​​кантроль у будыйскіх рукамі з індус Mahantha. Шмат у чым дзякуючы яго намаганням праз Таварыства Махабодхи Індыі ў Калькуце ён заклікаў індыйскі Цэнтральны ўрад пазней (пасля яго смерці) прызначае будыйскі Камітэт звяртаецца з некалькіх краін, каб,, кіраванне храм, які з’яўляецца сёння аб’ектам Сусветнай спадчыны.

Аднаўленне ляжыць Буды

Археолаг Арчыбальд Карлайл быў значна адказнасць за аднаўленне 6.1 метровы чырвоны пяшчанік статуя ляжыць Буды ў Kushinara. Гэта выдатны вобраз датычылася археалагічнага абследавання Індыі. Калі корпус Viharage ён быў перабудаваны ў часе для святкавання Буда Jayanthi ў 1956 годзе таксама раскапалі ARDHANA ступа, дзе ў 1910 годзе, ён знайшоў медны посуд і талерку, які паказвае гэта было месца, Гаутама Буда быў крэміраваны. Яшчэ адзін археолаг быў JOHN MASHALL які зрабіў велізарную працу ў перыяд паміж 1925 і 1940, каб аднавіць Археалагічны парк у Санча у Bopal дзяржавы. Джон Маршал вызначыў некалькі прыгожых шлюзы на камені, якія малююць будыйскі Jathaka Апавяданні і прывядзенне дрэўца Шры Маха Бодхі на Цэйлон.

У пошуках нараджэння Месца Буды, Лумбини садоў

Аўтар Чарльз Ален ў сваёй кнізе: Буда і SAHIBS ставіцца да знаходжання ў пяць футаў дзевяць цаляў вышынёй паліраванай каменны слуп, дзе ўпісаны чатыры лініі, якія пазней з дапамогай доктара фюрэра, аўстрыйскі пражывае ў Вене, былі вызначаны, каб быць “. глыбінная бомба Brahmi Доктар Фюрэр (Prof з lndology і археалогія), паказала, прысуды HIDE BUDHE- JATE SAKYAMINI - TI LUMMINIGAME калі перакладзены быць:« Тут быў Буда нарадзіўся ў Лумбини Village “Неўзабаве пасля гэтага, якая рушыла пасля. малюнкі падарожнікам Хуан Цанг ён пераехаў на поўдзень, каля 18 км і вызначаны Kapilavastupura дом князя Sidhartha Гаутама, які стаў Будай. Усе гэтыя адкрыцця адбылася паміж 1895 і 1897 г., у адпаведнасці з Каралеўскага азіяцкага грамадства Журналы

Resurgent Сучасная

будыйская Індыя

Гісторыя сведчыць, што яшчэ доўга пасля Sakyamui готам Буды час, мусульманскіх кіраўнікоў, Акбар Вялікі, і Шываджы знішчылі будыйскіх богаслужэнне ў Паўночнай Індыі ў значнай ступені, пакідаючы невялікія ачагі будызму ў Uttara Прадэш, дзе вучэнне Тхеравады будыйскай выжыў. Гэта новы час, ён быў пакінуты на касты бліскучы навуковец і юрыст, DR. Бхимрао Ramji Амбедкара (1891 - 1956), каб узначаліць будыйскі Адраджэнне Як Mahathma Гандзі Доктар Амбедкар з’яўляецца сёння шануецца мільёнамі, якія Dialits (самы нізкі з індуісцкай касты) індыйскага грамадства Ён быў вучоным з Калумбійскага універсітэта, які пасля стаў .. адвакат і паважаным Палітычны лідэр у Кабінеце Шры Неру, Раджэндра Прасад і В. Патель. Яны вядуць індыйскія нацыяналістычныя рухі, каб атрымаць незалежнасць індзейцаў. Ён быў галоўным архітэктарам распрацаваць новую індыйскую канстытуцыю, якая была прынята ў 1947 годзе. на масавым мітынгу, які адбыўся ў Napur, разам з больш чым 30 000 “плануецца” кастаў індыйскіх гадоў ён публічна прыняў будызм, і тым самым даў лідэрства ў адраджэнне будызму ў сучаснай Індыі. Сёння Індыя мае будыйскі насельніцтва больш за 100 мільёнаў чалавек у Uttara Прадэш, Madya Прадэш Maharatra Прадэш і вакол Guntur на паўднёвым усходзе. Зноў духмяны кветка будызму заквітнеў у зямлі свайго нараджэння. Сёння недатыкальных кастаў Індзейцы мінулага з’яўляюцца ўлічваем палітычная сіла і займаюць высокія пазіцыі ў адміністрацыі пад гарантуецца працэнт працаўладкавання ва ўрад. Дзяржава Індыі даў заступніцтва ў законнае месца будызму ў краіне з дапамогай Дхаммы Чакка (Кола праведнасьці, які выкарыстоўваецца імператара Ашока Вялікага.)

       Адправіць сябру

У цяперашні час людзей, якія працуюць для і будыйскі Адраджэнне зноўку Прабуддха Бхарата

БЯСПЛАТНА ОНЛАЙН E-Наланда навукова-практычная УНІВЕРСІТЭТ
ад http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

http://kafila.org/2010/12/30/history-в-камені-і-metal/
Гісторыя ў камені і метале

http://www.ipsnews.net/2009/01/religion-Індыя-адраджаючы-будызм-дзе-ён-быў-born/

РЭЛІГІЯ-Індыя: адраджэнне будызму, дзе ён нарадзіўся
http://roundtableindia.co.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3937:rashtriya-dalit-prerna-sthal&catid=115&Itemid=127

http://slugpost.com/2013/08/28/efforts-прыносяць-бэк-буды-кленчанне-bowl/
Працы па вяртанні Буды працягнутай рукой

http://www.academia.edu/5595561/Exile_and_Return_the_Reinvention_of_Buddhism_and_Buddhist_Sites_in_Modern_India?login=chandrasekhara.tipitaka@gmail.com&email_was_taken=true

Выгнанне і вяртанне: Reinvention будызму і будыйскай сайтаў у сучаснай Індыі больш
па Upinder Сінгх

http://www.newsweek.com/armies-адукаваў-83927

SC / ЗБ павінны вызваліць сябе ад кайданоў сваёй прыгнечанасць мінулым. Будызм з’яўляецца шлях да вызвалення. Многія з членаў касты калегаў згодны і імкнуўся да Bahujan Samaj партыі, якая цяпер кантраляваным Утар-Прадэш, самы вялікі штат Індыі. Лідэр БСП populistScheduled Каста, Майавати Кумар, хто варта будыйскія практыкі ў яе паўсядзённым жыцці ў шоку назіральнікаў, калі яна дапамагла яе партыя выйграе 206 месцаў у дзяржаўным сходзе 403 членаў; з тых часоў, яна пачалі падаецца як патэнцыйнага прэм’ер-міністра. Майавати ясна даў зразумець, дзе яе падтрымкі хлусня, заахвочваючы амбіцыйныя планах пабудаваць будыйскія арыенціры ўсёй Утар-Прадэш, у тым ліку 150-метровы, $ 250 млн бронзы Буды ў Кушинагаре, дзе памёр гістарычны Буда.

http://old.himalmag.com/himal-feed/53/1333-нацыянальна-ідэалогія-в-будыйскі-state.html

Нацыянальная ідэалогія ў будыйскім дзяржавы кастрычніка 2007

http://www.worldea.org/news/4233/wea-rlc-research-and-analysis-report-why-christian-persecution-is-worrisome-in-sri-lanka

ЗАА-RLC даследаванняў і аналізу Даклад: Чаму хрысціянская Пераслед выклікае непакой ў Шры-Ланцы

http://www.purifymind.com/ModernWorld.htm

Будызм ў сучасным свеце:
Культурна-палітычны падтэкст
Бхиккху Сангхаракшита

http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/learning-from-news/198032/spreading-theravadan-buddhism-to-rest-of-the-world

Распаўсюджванне Theravadan будызм ў астатняй частцы свету

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lankan_independence_movement

Шры-Ланкі рух за незалежнасць

     2 Будыйскі адраджэнне і бунт 1915
         2.1 Дхармапала, 1915 і Цэйлон нацыянальны кангрэс

http://www.bangalorenotes.com/buddhism.htm

БУДА У сучаснай Індыі Т. Vijayendra

http://www.resurgence.org/magazine/article2345-працоўны з-anger.html

РАБОТА З гневам
Гнеў з’яўляецца праходжанне воблака на чыстым прыроды розуму.

http://www.uio.no/english/research/interfaculty-research-areas/plurel/groups/tibetan-and-himalayan-studies/events/2013/holdersofthelotus.html
Трымальнікі Лотаса: Адкрыцці, Пейзаж, і ідэнтычнасць паміж будыйскімі Visionaries ў сучаснай Тыбеце

http://59.120.53.21:8080/ir/bitstream/987654321/756/1/8.The+Resurgence+of+Buddhism+and+Yi-gwan+Dao+in+Taiwan.pdf
Адраджэнне
Будызм І Yigwan Dao
На Тайвані,
І іх праблемы
Для хрысціянскай місіі

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Buddhism
карэйская будызм

http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/2803
Тайваня Сацыяльна Займаўся будыйскія групы
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jii/4750978.0008.104/–interview-with-donald-lopez-on-the-resurgence-of-interest?rgn=main;view=fulltext

Інтэрв’ю з Дональдам Лопес: На адраджэнне цікавасці да будызму, Яго Спрэчныя Кніга пра Тыбет і будучыню азіяцкіх даследаванняў у UM

http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/ijt/07-2_061.pdf

Адраджэнне будызму ў Бірме
G.P.CHARLES

http://www.buddhismtoday.com/english/sociology/004-modernworld.htm

Будызм ў сучасным свеце:
Культурна-палітычны падтэкст
Бхиккху Сангхаракшита
“…… І імкнемся рэалізаваць у паводзінах код чалавецтва, што Гаутама Буда загадаў. Менавіта з вышыні гэтага бачання Індыі лічылася, што ён заклікаў сваіх суайчыннікаў, каб падрыхтаваць сябе, каб быць свабодным, а не за сам свецкасці аўтаноміі і багацця, псеўда-бажаства на чые алтары Еўропа ахвяравала яе душу і будзе аднойчы сканчаюцца immolating яе вельмі фізічнае існаванне . сказаў Шры Аурабіндо

Буда ў вачах Свамі Вівекананда

Калі ласка, паглядзіце:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkFpizJgwYk

Помнікі будыста ў Санча (ЮНЕСКА / NHK) 2,53 хвілін

На пагорку з відам на раўніну і каля 40 км ад Бхопал, сайт Санча ўключае ў сябе групу будыйскіх помнікаў (маналітныя калоны, палацы, храмы і манастыры) усё ў розных станах захавання большасць з якіх датуюцца 2-м і 1-га стагоддзяў да н.э. Гэта найстарэйшы будыйскіх сьвятыню ў існаванні і з’яўляецца адным з асноўных будыйскі цэнтр у Індыі да 12 стагоддзя нашай эры

Крыніца: ТБ ЮНЕСКА / © NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai
URL: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/524/

http://www.up-​​tourism.com/tourist-buddist_circuit.htm

будысцкі Circuit

http://www.up-​​tourism.com/destination/lucknow/other_attraction.htm

http://www.buddhist-pilgrimage.com/uttar-pradesh.html
http://asi.nic.in/asi_exca_imp_uttarpradesh.asp

http://thebuddhistforum.com/wp/monumental-грэбаванне-з-будыйскіх-сайтаў - tribune.html
Будыйскі Форум

Манументальная грэбаванне будыйскіх сайтаў: Трыбуна

10) Classical Bengali

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Didi-Naveen-face-off-over-classical-language-status/2013/06/23/article1648475.ece

The New Indian Express

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10) ইসলাম বাংলা

বিনামূল্যে অনলাইন ই নালন্দা গবেষণা এবং প্র্যাকটিস বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
আপনার নিজের মাতৃভাষা এবং সমস্ত অন্যান্য ভাষায় সঠিক অনুবাদ রেন্ডার এবং আপনার এবং অন্যদের সুখের জন্য বংশ বিস্তার দয়া করে

Prabuddha ভারত rediscovered এবং বৌদ্ধ পুনরুদয়

বর্তমান মানুষ এ কাজ ও বৌদ্ধ পুনরুদয় Prabuddha ভারত rediscovering
Prabuddha ভরত
সচেতনতা সঙ্গে বা প্রবুদ্ধ বেশী

পরম্পরাগত উইজডম
ওঠ! সচেতনতা সঙ্গে জাগ্রত! লক্ষ্য পৌঁছেছেন হয় পর্যন্ত না বন্ধ!
লক্ষ্য করুন:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?…

Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය 1: 05: 41 ঘন্টা.

Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය

අතිපූජනීය නා උයනේ අරියධම්ම ස්වාමීන් වහන්සේ විසින් දේශනා කරනු ලබන මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්රය පිළිබඳ ධර්මානුශාසනය.

http://thiryak.org
http://thiryak.com

සියලු ධර්ම දේශනා ශ්රවණය කිරීම සඳහා පිවිසෙන්න - HTTP: //www.thiryak.org/thiryak-YouTub

http://nobility.org/2011/07/28…
স্বাধীনতা, সমতা, সমধর্মিতা-দ্ব্যর্থক ত্রয়ীর

টুইটার, স্কাইপ, এসএমএস, ফেসবুক বন্ধুত্বপূর্ণ

একটি স্তর আপ
বৃক্ষ >> ஸுத்தபிடக-திக்க நிகாய Sutta Pitaka >> Digha Nikāya

ডিএন 16 - (ডি ২ 137)

শাস্ত্রীয় ইংরেজি

ইংরেজি

Mahāparinibbāna Sutta {উদ্ধৃতাংশ} - শেষ নির্দেশাবলী - [Maha-parinibbāna] (ধর্ম মিরর)
তার এটা করা, যা দূরে পাশ করার পর এই sutta বুদ্ধ তার অনুসারীদের অনুরোধে দিয়েছেন বিভিন্ন নির্দেশাবলী তুলে ধরেছেন একটি খুব

গুরুত্বপূর্ণ Dhammādāsa যা বলা হয় ধর্ম উপর বক্তৃতা ব্যাখ্যা হবে nowadays.I আমাদের জন্য নির্দেশাবলীর সেট, আবিষ্ট
তিনি তাই ক্ষুধা যদি যা ariyasāvaka,, নিজেকে ঘোষণা করতে পারেন: ‘আমার জন্য, কোন কোন niraya, কোন tiracchāna-Yoni আছে,

pettivisaya,
অসুখী কোন রাষ্ট্র, দৈবদুর্বিপাক, দুর্বিপাক, আমি দুর্বিপাক যুক্তরাষ্ট্র
থেকে বিনামূল্যে নির্দিষ্ট প্রকৃতি দ্বারা, একটি sotāpanna am
sambodhi ধার্য করা হচ্ছে. এবং কি, আনন্দ,, Dhammādāsa বলা যা আবিষ্ট হয়, যা ধর্ম যে বক্তৃতা হয়

তিনি তাই ক্ষুধা যদি ariyasāvaka,, নিজেকে ঘোষণা করতে পারেন: আমার জন্য, কোন tiracchāna-Yoni কোন niraya, আছে, কোন pettivisaya,
অসুখী কোন রাষ্ট্র, দৈবদুর্বিপাক, দুর্বিপাক, আমি হচ্ছে নির্দিষ্ট দুর্বিপাক রাজ্যের থেকে মুক্ত প্রকৃতি দ্বারা, একটি sotāpanna am

http://www.island.lk/index.php…

ভারত rediscovered এবং বৌদ্ধ পুনরুদয়
নভেম্বর 26, 2012, 7:05 অপরাহ্ন

article_image

Upali কে Salgado দ্বারা

Guatamaia
কাল্পনিক মায়া সিভিলাইজেশন, দক্ষিণ আমেরিকা, প্রচণ্ড উচ্চ পিরামিড এবং
মিশরের ভাল সংরক্ষিত Mummies কালো, আকর্ষণীয় গ্রেকো Ghandhara শিল্প ও
নিম্ন মঙ্গোলিয়া উত্তর পাকিস্তান ও Kashigistan এর ভাস্কর্য, মনোযোগ
আকৃষ্ট হয়েছে যে মাত্র কয়েক এলাকায় প্রত্নতত্ত্ববিদ, মিশরতত্ত্ববিদের
হিসাবে চিহ্নিত পুরুষদের একটি বিরল স্টক, Epigraphic এবং ভাষাবিজ্ঞানী whos
ইঞ্জিনিয়ারিং দক্ষতা এবং কবর সভ্যতাগুলোর মধ্যে শিল্প স্পষ্ট চুপি চুপি
কাজ তাদের সবচেয়ে ফলপ্রসূ বছর কাটিয়েছি. এই সব কার্যকলাপ ভাল পৃথিবী
ইতিহাস তলদেশে স্থান গ্রহণ যতক্ষণ Sakyamuni Gauthama বুদ্ধ মন্ত্রণালয়ের
সঙ্গে যুক্ত হারিয়ে চেনার আলোকজ্জ্বল নির্মিত হয়েছিল.

ডেভিড
Livingstone এবং সীসিল Rhodes অন্বেষণ দীর্ঘ আগে, মধ্য আফ্রিকা সুবিশাল বহু
দূরে, অন্য অভিযাত্রী গডফ্রে Fawcett নির্ভয়ে, (তিনি ফিরে না না), সিল্ক
রোড লিঙ্ক ব্রাজিল ইসলাম নদীর মূল প্রজেক্টের কুমির, বিছা এবং সরীসৃপ জমি
মধ্যে গভীর গিয়েছেন পারস্য ও গ্রিসের সঙ্গে কেন্দ্রীয় চীন হৃদয় পরিচিত
ছিল. 627 একটি বৌদ্ধ চীনা হাতে জপমালা সঙ্গে দীর্ঘ অন্ধকার আঙরাখা পরা,
হিউয়েন সাঙ (ভাল Hsuan সাং হিসাবে পরিচিত) সন্ন্যাসী, নিজের জন্য খুঁজে
পেতে এবং মহিমান্বিত ফিরিয়ে আনতে, একটি অনির্বাণ তৃষ্ণা সঙ্গে, উত্তর চীন
মধ্যে চ্যাং একটি পুরোনো শহর ছেড়ে ঋষি, Sakyamuni Gothama বুদ্ধ Suttas
সেগুলো. তার দু: সাহসিক অভিযান ইতিহাসের marauders এর কুখ্যাত তরঙ্গ, হুণ
চীন শান্তি ও স্থিতিশীলতার জন্য একটি বড় হুমকি ছিল প্রায় পাঁচ শত বছর
পূর্বে পরিচিত ছিল যে সিল্ক রোড, ভাল অংশ আচ্ছাদিত.

Hsuan সাং
(হিউয়েন সাঙ) একটি শিক্ষিত পরিবার থেকে জন্মগ্রহণ করেন, এবং তাঁর কনিষ্ঠ
দিনের মধ্যে ধর্ম মধ্যে বাস ছিল. যে পটভূমি, তিনি বুদ্ধ trod যেখানে ভ্রমণ
করতে yearned. কয়েক বছর দীর্ঘস্থায়ী একটি মহান যাত্রা তিনি মরুদ্যান থেকে
সম্পদ, প্রচন্ড বেগে বাতাস বইছে এবং ভ্রমণ করতে হচ্ছে কঠিন ভূখণ্ড
আবহাওয়ায় চরম জন্য পরিচিত মধ্য এশিয়া, এর মরুদ্যান সরানো হয়েছে. একটি
বরফ ধ্বস প্রায় তাকে সমাহিত করা যখন এক উদাহরণস্বরূপ, তিনি মৃত্যুর পলান.
অশ্বপৃষ্ঠ উপর Travelling, তিনি তাদের চীনা রাঙা খুঁজছেন চীনামাটির বাসন,
তৈলস্ফটিক অলঙ্কার সিল্ক এবং মশলা, সুন্দর বোনা ফার্সি কার্পেট bartering
আগ্রহী যারা ​​ছিল ব্যবসায়ীদের Caravans যোগ দেন. তিনি পেশোয়ারের,
ভারতীয় উপমহাদেশে নেতৃস্থানীয় খাইবার পাস একটি wellknown, সীমানা পোস্টে
তারপর, শ্রমসাধ্য পাহাড়ী আফগানিস্তানের দরজা সেখানে থেকে Bisnket এবং
তাশখন্দ স্পর্শ মহান মধ্য এশিয়ার Talakaman মরুভূমি মাধ্যমে গৃহীত.

আলেকজান্ডার দ্য গ্রেট

যে
সময় দ্বারা আলেকজান্ডার গ্রেট এবং তার শিল্পী সিন্ধু উপত্যকায়
মর্মস্পর্শী গ্রেকো Ghandara ভাস্কর্য অভিনয় সংস্কৃতি তাদের পদচিহ্নের
পিছনে দূরবর্তী গ্রীস থেকে আনা সাদা মার্বেল উপর chiseled যাব, ফলে গ্রীক
সাথে মিথস্ক্রিয়া সেখানে ছিল. পরী Nibbana (মরণ) - এই প্রায় পাঁচ শত বছর
বুদ্ধ এর মহা পরে ঘটেছে

এটা গ্রিক Bactrian, রাজা Milander
বুদ্ধিজীবী বৌদ্ধ সন্ন্যাসী Nagasena সঙ্গে দীর্ঘ ফলপ্রসূ রেকর্ড করা
কথোপকথন ছিল যে এই যুগ ছিল. প্রায়ই রাজা মুগ্ধ হাজির এবং গ্রেট মাস্টার
Gotama বুদ্ধের শিক্ষা সম্পর্কে ধাঁধা. তিনি বুদ্ধ এর শব্দ গ্রহণ করার আগে
তিনি তাই ব্যাখ্যা চাওয়া. Hsuan সাং ভালো লেগেছে, রাজা Milander কিছু
সন্ধানে একটি এক্সপ্লোরার মত সবসময় ছিল ….. এটা সত্য কিন্তু কিছুই ছিল
না.

এক অনুষ্ঠানে, রাজা Milander “কোন পুনর্জন্ম আছে যেখানে কোনো
নবজন্ম হতে পারি?”, Nagasena জিজ্ঞাসা সন্ন্যাসী হ্যাঁ, ঠিক মানুষের এক
বাতি থেকে অন্য চলে আসে কিছুই কিন্তু অন্য এক বাতি আছে আলোকে করতে পারেন
হিসাবে উত্তর, “অথবা একটি পুতলি হিসাবে একটি শিক্ষক থেকে মেমরি দ্বারা একটি
আয়াত শিখতে পারেন, কিন্তু পদ্য শিক্ষক থেকে দেশাঁতরিত না পুতলি যাও.
“আবার, উত্ত্যক্ত রাজা “অন্য এই শরীর থেকে transmigrates কোন অস্তিত্ব
আছে?”, Nagasena জিজ্ঞাসা সন্ন্যাসী, রাজা, তারপর বলেন, “কোন আছে না” উত্তর
দিয়েছিলেন, “যে, তাই মন্দ কাজের ফলাফল থেকে একটি পালাবার আছে না তাহলে কি
হবে?” সন্ন্যাসী তারা নবজন্ম করা ছিল,. মন এবং শরীরের প্রক্রিয়া যে KAMMA
বিশুদ্ধ বা অশুদ্ধ, এবং কারণ হয় কাজের দেননি হ্যাঁ তারা নবজন্ম করা হয়
না, একটি পালাবার হতে পারে, কিন্তু হবে না, “বলেন অন্য মন এবং শরীরের
প্রক্রিয়া অতএব এই মন এবং শরীরের মন্দ কাজের থেকে মুক্ত নয়. জন্ম হয়. “

HSUAN
সাং সারা ভারত এবং বুদ্ধ তাঁর প্রথম সংবাদ প্রচার যেখানে হরিণ পার্ক
Saranath, ভ্রমণ. Saranath এ 145 ফুট লম্বা DHAMECK বৌদ্ধস্তূপ হয়. তারপর
তিনি বুদ্ধ গয়া সব বৌদ্ধ মহাপবিত্র স্থানে গিয়েছিলাম; এবং Ratana Sutta
পাঠ করা হয় যেখানে পাটনা, কাছাকাছি Vaisali করতে. HSUAN সাং Sankasen
(আধুনিক Sankassa) ভ্রমণ এবং তারপর Kushinara উপর বুদ্ধ দূরে পাস. পণ্ডিত
লাল জোশী Kushinara (আধুনিক Kasinagar) এ গুপ্ত শাসন শেষ পর্যন্ত, বৌদ্ধ
প্রাচীন সময়ের সবচেয়ে পবিত্র স্থান রয়েছে, যে. এই চীনা সন্ন্যাসী
সংস্কৃত চর্চিত এবং তাদের কিছু দুর্ভাগ্যবশত bandits দ্বারা পথে অপহৃত হয়,
যদিও বিভিন্ন Suttas সেগুলো এবং বুদ্ধ ইমেজ সঙ্গে চীন থেকে ফিরে আসেন. পরে
তিনি বেইজিং এর লাইব্রেরি মধ্যে পড়তে হবে এই Suttas সেগুলো অনুবাদ. এই
উদযাপন এক্সপ্লোরার 664 সালে ষাট পাঁচ বছর বয়সে অতিক্রান্ত, এবং কৃতজ্ঞ
চীনা মানুষ তাঁর প্রতি সম্মান অনেক মূল্যবান প্রাচীন পাণ্ডুলিপিতে ধারণকারী
একটি মন্দির নির্মিত হয়েছে. বেইজিং Yogachara স্কুল এখনো মহান সন্ন্যাসী
মনে রাখবেন নির্মিত অন্য স্মৃতিস্তম্ভ. চীনা লেখা, HSUAN সাং Samsara
(যন্ত্রণা) মহান মহাসাগর পার যে একটি নৌকা উপমিত করা হয়েছে. তিনি অনেক সুখ
এবং তাঁর অনুগামীদের শেখার আনা, যদিও এই প্রক্রিয়ায় তিনি, তার জীবনের
মহান ঝুঁকি সম্মুখীন

সিল্ক রোড relived

সম্পর্কে 1400 বছর পরে,
সজীব এবং বালুকাময় চীনা নারী সান SHUYUN, সহ্য এবং চেয়ারম্যান মাও এর
সাংস্কৃতিক বিপ্লব মাধ্যমে বাস, সে তার ধর্মপ্রাণ বৌদ্ধ নানী দ্বারা বাসনা
ছিল শৈশব 1960 সালে, মাত্র 52 বছর আগে জন্মগ্রহণ করেন. তিনি বুদ্ধ
হস্তনির্মিত ধ্বংস করা হয়েছে যেখানে মন্দির বিপ্লব লাল গার্ড দ্বারা রাতে
আকস্মিক অভিযান চালিয়ে প্রগাঢ় অপ্রীতিকর স্মৃতি ছিল. তারা কমিউনিস্ট
রাজ্য হতে নতুন চীন এর ফরোয়ার্ড মার্চ সঙ্গে চলন্ত না ধারনা আছে বলা
হয়েছে সে, Tianain স্কয়ার, বেইজিং এ জড়ো যারা ​​হাজার হাজার শুটিং
সাক্ষী. তারা বিশ্বাস যা বানর রাজা, চেয়ারম্যান মাও তার লিটল রেড বুক,
বেইজিং এবং অক্সফোর্ড বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় থেকে এই স্নাতক একটি অংশ তাদের আইডল
Hsuan সাং দ্বারা গৃহীত বয়সী সিল্ক রোড আবিষ্কার পুনরায় অনুপ্রানিত
ভিত্তি করে ছিল বিখ্যাত চীনা মহাকাব্য জারিত না. তিনি ঘোড়া Caravans
যোগদান করতে, অথবা ভারত পথিমধ্যে বিপজ্জনক কাজ অর্থহীন এবং তস্কররা দেখা
কিন্তু, কয়েক ঘোড়ার গাড়ি দিয়ে কাঠ সব থাকার কঠিন আসন সশব্দ চারী
puffing চালিত একটি প্রাচীন কয়লা চালিত বাষ্প সরানো না. যখন প্রয়োজন,
তিনি প্রায়ই যান্ত্রিক মনোযোগ প্রয়োজন, যা একটি জীপ্, একটি “ধ্বংসাবশেষ”
মধ্যে ভ্রমণ. কয়েক মাইল দূরে পাকিস্তান থেকে এন্ট্রি বিন্দু - তার যাত্রা
শেষ লেগ তিনি একটি সীমানা পোস্টে একটি এন্ট্রি ভিসা অস্বীকার করা হয়েছিল
একটি ছোট আকারের বিমান দ্বারা করা ছিল.

তারপর তার ভ্রমনের ট্রেন এবং
ভারতীয় উপমহাদেশের মধ্যে পরিবহন অন্যান্য পাবলিক ধরনের ছিল. ভারত তার
উপায়, সে, Gaochang শহর মাধ্যমে চীন বাইরে দ্বিতীয় প্রধান মরুদ্যান পাস
এবং তারপর Bozeklil মুরাল যেখানে NINGRONG গুহা MONASTERY দেখুন. সুন্দর
বিশ্ব বিখ্যাত বৌদ্ধ মুরাল যা ছিল এই স্থানে কিছু পঞ্চাশ গুহা আছে. তাদের
অধিকাংশই বার্লিন ethnographic যাদুঘর জন্য একটি জার্মান এক্সপ্লোরার
আলবার্ট ভ্যান লি Coq: (1904 -06) দ্বারা ভাংচুর করা হয়েছে. জার্মান,
সুইডেন নিবাসীগণ, আমেরিকানরা এবং জাপানি এছাড়া মধ্য এশিয়া ভরা খেতে যে
একটি সমৃদ্ধ সভ্যতা পাওয়া মান পুরাকীর্তি, খুঁড়ে একে অপরের সাথে raced
ছিল. মিসেস সূর্যের SHUYUN Saranath এ বুদ্ধ, বুদ্ধ গয়া, Vaisali এবং উইকি
প্রতি শ্রদ্ধা অর্থপ্রদানকারী, এক শত এবং আশি দিনের মধ্যে একটি দশ হাজার
মাইল ভ্রমণ করেন. আফগানিস্তান সীমান্তে আগমনের, একটি প্রতিকূল জলবায়ু জয়
হল. 26 রা ফেব্রুয়োরী 2001 তালেবান নেতা মোল্লা মোহাম্মদ ওমর আদেশ:

“বিশিষ্ট
আফগান বিজ্ঞ আলেম এর ফতোয়া, এবং আফগান সুপ্রিম কোর্টের রায়ের দেখুন, এটা
মূর্তি তাদের উপাসনা যারা কাফেরদের দেবতা আছে কারণ হল. সম্পূর্ণ
আফগানিস্তানে বর্তমানে সব মূর্তি / মূর্তি ধ্বংস করার সিদ্ধান্ত নিয়েছে
করা হয়েছে, এবং সম্মান করা হয় এমনকি এখন, এবং “আমাদের মহান ঈশ্বর
শুধুমাত্র আল্লাহ. আবার দেবতাদের মধ্যে হতে পারে, এবং সমস্ত অন্যান্য
মিথ্যা দেবতা মুছে ফেলা আবশ্যক

বামিয়ান কাবুলের প্রায় 250 কিমি
উত্তর পশ্চিম অবস্থিত এবং 2850 মিটার উপর একটি উচ্চতায় এ হিন্দু কুশ এবং
Kohi-বাবা পর্বতের রেঞ্জ মধ্যে nestled হয়. 6 ষ্ঠ শতাব্দিতে 55 মিটার
লম্বা বিগ বুদ্ধ ইমেজ, Carb. এবং লম্বা একটি ছোট বুদ্ধ ইমেজ 38 মিটার সব
পর্যায়ে এবং বিশ্বের ফোরামে পরিচিত ছিল, যা সমগ্র বিশ্বের ভয়াবহ এবং
নিন্দা, মুসলিম তালেবান গ্রুপ দ্বারা dynamited হয়. এটা ভাল বৌদ্ধ ধর্মীয়
রূপান্তর জন্য যুদ্ধ কোন ইতিহাস সঙ্গে একটি উন্নতচরিত্র ধর্ম ছিল যে
পরিচিত হয় এই অচেতন অন্ধবিশ্বাসী আচরণ পরে, অযাচিত, সহানুভূতি এবং বিশ্বের
সকল অংশের থেকে বৌদ্ধ প্রতি শুভেচ্ছা মহান তহবিল আছে জয়লাভ. Bamia এ খাক
এবং ডিনামাইট ধুলো থেকে একটি বৌদ্ধ জাগরণ সেখানে পড়েছিল.

বৌদ্ধ পুণ্য ও উপাসনা অন্যান্য pathfinders

একটি
বৌদ্ধ ভারত পুনঃ তার কম্বোজ, আলোর সঙ্গে আনা আউট তার সময় একটি
প্রতিমূর্তি, - HSUAN সাং, এবং আমাদের জেট বয়স সূর্য SHUYUN প্রজন্মের
Straddling, ব্রিটিশ ঔপনিবেশিক ভারত, একটি প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক মধ্যে সেখানে
বসবাস করতেন. তিনি সেনাবাহিনীর মধ্যে একটি ইঞ্জিনিয়ার ছিল. মেজর জেনারেল
স্যার আলেকজান্ডার কানিংহাম, সংস্কৃত এবং চীনা ভাষায় চর্চিত তার নিজের উপর
ছিল. সেনাবাহিনী থেকে মুক্তি হচ্ছে এই সামরিক মানুষ প্রত্নতত্ত্ববিদ তার
সহকারী আর্কিবল্ড কার্লাইল, বিভিন্ন বুদ্ধ ধ্বংসাবশেষ সাহায্যে আবিষ্কার কি
প্লেয়ার হয়ে ওঠে পরিণত. ভারতীয় প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক জরিপ প্রথম প্রধান
হিসাবে, কানিংহাম Hsuan সাং চল্লিশ বছর তার মিশন সময় বুদ্ধ, দ্বারা trod
পথ অনুসরণ উল্লেখ অ্যাকাউন্ট অনুসরণ করে. স্যার আলেকজান্ডার কানিংহাম কবর
বৌদ্ধ ধর্ম খুঁড়ে তার জীবনের বাকি উৎসর্গ ফলপ্রসূ ব্যায়াম শুরু করেন 1861
সালে চল্লিশ সাত বছর বয়সে, খুব দেশে এটা প্রতিষ্ঠিত হয়েছিল. যে সময় খুব
কম মানুষ সিংহল যেইসব ছাড়া বৌদ্ধ বক্তব্য রাখেন. বার্মা, শ্যামদেশ,
নেপাল, তিব্বত, চীন, মঙ্গোলিয়া এবং জাপান. পশ্চিম বিষয় কয়েকটি বই ছিল.
বৌদ্ধ পণ্ডিতদের Etienne Lamotte, লুই দে লা Vallo poussin, Oldenberg, Rhy
ডেভিডস 20 শতকের মধ্যে অনেক পরে বৌদ্ধ লিখেছেন. আলেকজান্ডার কানিংহাম
প্রথম “Vajiraman Gaandhakuti” হিসাবে পরিচিত ছিল, যা 170ft লম্বা বুদ্ধ
গয়া মন্দির পূর্বাবস্থায় ফিরিয়ে আনুন তার প্রচেষ্টা কেন্দ্রীভূত. 2nd
শতাব্দিতে অতিক্রম গঠন তারিখ গুপ্ত সময়কাল স্থাপত্য মাষ্টারপিস সৌম্য
খুঁজছেন হয়.

1868 সালে বুদ্ধ গয়া পরিদর্শন করেন যিনি আরেকটি যার
মহাকাব্য কবিতা এশিয়া আলো সাইটে যান এবং দৃঢ়ভাবে থেকে বৌদ্ধ হাতে
নিয়ন্ত্রণ নিতে সমাধান করতে ANAGARIKA DHAMMAPALA বিশ্বের সব বৌদ্ধ মহান
সুদ aroused এবং অনুপ্রাণিত স্যার এডুইন আর্নল্ড, দু’বার ছিল, হিন্দু
Mahantha. মূলত কলকাতার ভারতের মহাবোধি সোসাইটি মাধ্যমে তার প্রচেষ্টা
কারণে তিনি পরে (তার মৃত্যুর পর) আজ একটি ওয়ার্ল্ড হেরিটেজ সাইট, যা
মন্দির পরিচালনা পরিচালনা,, করতে বিভিন্ন দেশ থেকে টানা একটি বৌদ্ধ কমিটি
নিয়োগ ভারতীয় কেন্দ্রীয় সরকারের প্রতি আহ্বান জানিয়েছেন.

বুদ্ধ হেলান পুনরুদ্ধার

প্রত্নতত্ত্ববিদ
আর্কিবল্ড কার্লাইল Kushinara এ বুদ্ধ ইমেজ হেলান 6.1 মিটার দীর্ঘ লাল
বেলে পাথর পুনরূদ্ধার জন্য বিশেষভাবে দায়ী. এই সুন্দর ছবিটি ভারতের
প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক জরিপ দ্বারা অক্ষত ছিল. Viharage হাউজিং এটি 1956 সালে
বুদ্ধ জয়ন্তী উদযাপন জন্য সময় পুনর্নির্মিত হয় যখন তিনি 1910 সালে, তিনি
এটা Gotama বুদ্ধ দাহ করা হয় জায়গা ছিল ইঙ্গিত একটি তামা বদনা এবং প্লেট
পাওয়া যেখানে ARDHANA বৌদ্ধস্তূপ খনন. তবুও অন্য Archeologist Bopal
রাষ্ট্র সাঁচী এ প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক পার্ক পুনঃস্থাপন 1925 এবং 1940 মধ্যে কাজ
অসাধারণ পরিমাণ যারা ​​যোহন MASHALL ছিল. জন মার্শাল বৌদ্ধ Jathaka খবর
এবং সিংহল থেকে শ্রী মহা বোধি চারা এর আনয়ন বর্ণা, যা পাথর উত্কীর্ণ
বিভিন্ন সুন্দর গেটওয়ে চিহ্নিত.

বুদ্ধের জন্ম স্থান, লুম্বিনি বাগান অনুসন্ধান

লেখক
চার্লস তার বই অ্যালেন: Budda এবং SAHIBS পরে ডঃ Fuhrer, ভিয়েনা মধ্যে
অবস্থিত একটি অস্ট্রিয়ান সাহায্যে, যা ছিল চার লাইন তালিকাভুক্ত যেখানে
একটি পাঁচ ফুট নয় ইঞ্চি লম্বা পালিশ পাথর স্তম্ভ,, ফাইন্ডিং বোঝায় . অল্প
কিছুদিন পরে, উপর নিম্নলিখিত “এখানে লুম্বিনি গ্রামে এ বুদ্ধ জন্মগ্রহণ
করেন: - হতে চিহ্নিত”. হতে অনূদিত যখন TI তৈরি LUMMINIGAME Ashcan ব্রাহ্মী
ডঃ Fuhrer (lndology অধ্যাপক এবং প্রত্নতত্ত্ব), বাক্য BUDHE- JATE
SAKYAMINI লুকিয়ে ফেলুন প্রকাশ “পান্থ Huan সাং এর আঁকা তিনি রয়েল
এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি জার্নাল অনুযায়ী, দক্ষিণ সরানো সম্পর্কে 18km এবং
Kapilavastupura এই সব আবিষ্কারের 1895 এবং 1897 মধ্যে স্থান গ্রহণ. বুদ্ধ
যারা ​​ওঠে ​​প্রিন্স Sidhartha Gauthama হোম চিহ্নিত

আধুনিক পুনরুত্থিত

বৌদ্ধ ভারত

দীর্ঘ
Sakyamui Gotama বুদ্ধের সময়, মুসলিম শাসকদের পর, আকবর গ্রেট, এবং
শিবাজি, বড় পরিমাণে উত্তর ভারতে বৌদ্ধ উপাসনা সম্পুর্ন বিলুপ্ত থেরাভাদা
বৌদ্ধ মতবাদ বেঁচে যেখানে উত্তরা প্রদেশে বৌদ্ধ ছোট পকেট রেখে যে ইতিহাস
রেকর্ড. এটা আধুনিক সময়ের, এটি একটি তফশিলি জাতি উজ্জ্বল পণ্ডিত এবং উকিল,
ডিআর বাকি ছিল. ভীমরাও রামজি আম্বেদকর (1891 - 1956) “বৌদ্ধ রেনেসাঁ
নেতৃত্ব মহাত্মা গান্ধীকে ডঃ আম্বেদকর আজ Dialits ভারতীয় সমাজের (হিন্দু
জাতি সর্বনিম্ন) যারা ​​লক্ষ লক্ষ দ্বারা সম্মানিত করা হয় এর মতো তিনি পরে
যারা ​​ওঠে ​​কলম্বিয়া বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় থেকে একটি পণ্ডিত.. একজন আইনজীবী
এবং শ্রী নেহরু, রাজেন্দ্র প্রসাদ এবং ভি প্যাটেল মন্ত্রিপরিষদ একটি
সম্মানিত রাজনৈতিক নেতা. তারা ভারতীয় ‘স্বাধীনতা লাভ ভারতীয় জাতীয়তাবাদী
আন্দোলনের নেতৃত্ব. তিনি 1947 সালে গৃহীত হয়, যা নতুন ভারতীয় সংবিধানের
খসড়া প্রধান স্থপতি ছিলেন. তিনি প্রকাশ্যে এবং, বৌদ্ধ লাগায় হাজার 30
“নির্ধারিত” জাত ভারতীয় সঙ্গে বরাবর, Napur অনুষ্ঠিত একটি গণ সমাবেশ যার
ফলে আধুনিক ভারতের বৌদ্ধ রেনেসাঁ হতে দিয়েছেন. আজ, ভারত 100 মিলিয়ন
মানুষের একটি বৌদ্ধ জনসংখ্যা আছে দক্ষিণ পূর্ব উত্তরা প্রদেশ, Madya প্রদেশ
Maharatra প্রদেশ ও গুন্টুর কাছাকাছি. আবার বৌদ্ধ সুবাসিত ফুল তার জন্ম
ভূমি মুকুলিত. আজ বিগতবত্সর অস্পৃশ্য জাতি ভারতীয়দের একটি গ্রাহ্য
রাজনৈতিক শক্তি এবং একটি অধীন প্রশাসনের উচ্চ অবস্থানের রাখা সরকার
কর্মসংস্থানের জন্য নিশ্চিত শতাংশ. ভারতীয় স্টেট ধর্ম Chakka ব্যবহার করে
দেশে বৌদ্ধ ন্যায্য জায়গা থেকে পৃষ্ঠপোষকতা দেওয়া হয়েছে (সম্রাট অশোকা
গ্রেট ব্যবহৃত ন্যায়পরায়ণতা চাকা,.)

বন্ধুকে পাঠান

বর্তমান মানুষ এ কাজ ও বৌদ্ধ পুনরুদয় Prabuddha ভারত rediscovering

বিনামূল্যে অনলাইন ই নালন্দা গবেষণা এবং প্র্যাকটিস বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org থেকে

http://kafila.org/2010/12/30/h… ইন পাথর ও metal/
স্টোন এবং মেটাল ইতিহাস

http://www.ipsnews.net/2009/01… ভারতের reviving-বৌদ্ধ ধর্ম যেখানে এটি ছিল-born/

ধর্ম ভারত: বৌদ্ধ Reviving এটা জন্মগ্রহণ করেন কোথায়
http://roundtableindia.co.in/i…

http://slugpost.com/2013/08/28… বুদ্ধের-ভিক্ষা-bowl/
বুদ্ধ এর ভিক্ষাবৃত্তি বাটি আনতে প্রচেষ্টা

http://www.academia.edu/559556…

প্রবাসে এবং ফিরে: আধুনিক ভারতে বৌদ্ধ ধর্ম ও বৌদ্ধ সাইট Reinvention আরো
Upinder সিং

http://www.newsweek.com/armies…

“এসসি
/ মধ্যেও যারা অতিমাত্রায় তাদের নিপীড়িত গত শৃঙ্খল থেকে নিজেদের মুক্ত
করা হবে. বৌদ্ধ মুক্তির পথ.” সহকর্মী জাতি সদস্যদের অনেক সম্মত হন এবং এখন
উত্তর প্রদেশ, ভারতের বৃহত্তম রাজ্য হয় নিয়ন্ত্রণ, যা বহুজন সমাজ পার্টি,
দিকে gravitated আছে. তিনি তার দল 403 সদস্যের রাষ্ট্র সমাবেশ 206 টি আসন
জয় যখন তার দৈনন্দিন জীবনে বৌদ্ধ অভ্যাস অনুসরণ করে যারা ​​বিএসপি এর
populistScheduled জাতি নেতা, মায়াবতী কুমারী, পর্যবেক্ষক মর্মাহত; তারপর
থেকে, তিনি একটি সম্ভাব্য প্রধানমন্ত্রী হিসাবে দালালি করা শুরু করে.
মায়াবতী সারা বৌদ্ধ চেনার খাড়া উচ্চাভিলাষী পরিকল্পনা উত্সাহিত করে, এটা
স্পষ্ট যেখানে তার সমর্থন মিথ্যা হয়েছে উত্তর প্রদেশ সহ ঐতিহাসিক বুদ্ধ
মারা যান যেখানে উইকি, একটি 150 মিটার দীর্ঘ, $ 250 মিলিয়ন ব্রোঞ্জ বুদ্ধ.

http://old.himalmag.com/himal-… মতাদর্শ-এর একটি বৌদ্ধ-state.html

2007 অক্টোবর একটি বৌদ্ধ রাষ্ট্র ‘জাতীয় আদর্শ’

http://www.worldea.org/news/42…

বৃটিশ মিউজিয়ামে-RLC গবেষণা এবং বিশ্লেষণ প্রতিবেদন: খৃস্টান নিপীড়ন শ্রীলঙ্কা ঝামেলাপূর্ণ কেন

http://www.purifymind.com/Mode…

আধুনিক বিশ্ব বৌদ্ধ:
সাংস্কৃতিক ও রাজনৈতিক মধ্যে সেই
bhikkhu Sangharakshita

http://www.bangkokpost.com/lea…

বিশ্বের বাকি Theravadan বৌদ্ধ ছড়ানো

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S…

শ্রীলংকার স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলন

2 বৌদ্ধ পুনরূত্থান এবং 1915 দাঙ্গা
2.1 ধর্মপাল, 1915 এবং সিংহল জাতীয় কংগ্রেস

http://www.bangalorenotes.com/…

আধুনিক ভারতের টি Vijayendra বৌদ্ধ

http://www.resurgence.org/maga… পরিশ্রমী সঙ্গে-anger.html

রাগ সঙ্গে কাজ
রাগ মনের বিশুদ্ধ প্রকৃতির উপর একটি ক্ষণস্থায়ী মেঘ.

http://www.uio.no/english/rese…
সমসাময়িক তিব্বতের বৌদ্ধ Visionaries মধ্যে বাক্য, ল্যান্ডস্কেপ, এবং পরিচয়: লোটাস হোল্ডার

http://59.120.53.21:8080/ir/bitstream/987654321/756/1/8.The+Resurgence+of+Buddhism+and+Yi-gwan+Dao+in+Taiwan.pdf
পুনরূত্থান
বৌদ্ধ এবং Yigwan দাও
তাইওয়ান মধ্যে,
এবং তাদের চ্যালেঞ্জ
খৃস্টান মিশন

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K…
কোরিয়ান বৌদ্ধ

http://chinaperspectives.revue…
তাইওয়ান এর সামাজিকভাবে বৌদ্ধ গ্রুপ এনগেজ
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/ji…

ডোনাল্ড
লোপেজ সাথে একটি সাক্ষাৎকার: বৌদ্ধধর্ম মধ্যে সুদের পুনরূত্থান উপর, তাঁর
বিতর্কিত তিব্বত উপর বই এবং উম এশিয়ান স্টাডিজ ভবিষ্যত

http://www.biblicalstudies.org…

বার্মায় বৌদ্ধ পুনরুদয়
G.P.CHARLES

http://www.buddhismtoday.com/e…

আধুনিক বিশ্ব বৌদ্ধ:
সাংস্কৃতিক ও রাজনৈতিক মধ্যে সেই
bhikkhu Sangharakshita
“……
এবং আচরণের মধ্যে গৌতম বুদ্ধ নির্দেশ যে মানবতার কোড বুঝতে চেষ্টা করে.
এটা নিছক ধর্ম-নিরপেক্ষতা জন্য তিনি মুক্ত হতে নিজেদের প্রস্তুত করতে তার
দেশের প্রতি আহ্বান যে ভারতের এই দৃষ্টি উচ্চতা থেকে, এবং স্বায়ত্তশাসন ও
সম্পদ, ছদ্ম-divinities যার বেদী উপর ইউরোপ তার আত্মা বলি হয়েছে এবং তার
খুব শারীরিক অস্তিত্ব immolating কিছু দিন শেষ হবে. “শ্রী অরবিন্দ বলেন,

স্বামী বিবেকানন্দ এর চোখ বুদ্ধ

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সাঁচী (ইউনেস্কো / এনএইচকে) 2.53 মিনিট এ বৌদ্ধ স্মৃতিসৌধ

সমভূমি
এবং ভোপাল থেকে প্রায় 40 কিমি দেখা একটি পাহাড়, সাঁচী সাইট সব 2nd এবং 1
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07/28/14
1218 LESSON 29714 TUESDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness PRABUDDHA BHARATH rediscovered and the Buddhist Resurgence At present people working for and the Buddhist Resurgence rediscovering PRABUDDHA BHARATH Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened Ones with Awareness Traditional Wisdom Arise! Awake with Awareness! And stop not till the goal is reached! Please watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr.
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07/27/14
1217 LESSON 28714 MONDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness PRABUDDHA BHARATH rediscovered and the Buddhist Resurgence At present people working for and the Buddhist Resurgence rediscovering PRABUDDHA BHARATH Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened Ones with Awareness Traditional Wisdom Arise! Awake with Awareness! And stop not till the goal is reached! Please watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr.
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07/26/14
1216 LESSON 27714 SUNDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness India rediscovered and the Buddhist Resurgence Please watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr.
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07/25/14
1216 LESSON 26714 SATURDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness Please watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr. Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය
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07/24/14
1215 LESSON 25714 FRIDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness To, The Honourable Chief Justice of India - supremecourt@nic.in- Request to scrap the current Lok sabha until all the fraud Tamperable EVMs are replaced with genuine Voting system to stop murder of democracy and save Liberty, Fraternity & Equality-Setback for Gujarat govt, SC acquits all accused in 1993 Surat blast cases-Mayawati’s Interview with Smita Prakash rajanbsp@gmail.com.
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1215 LESSON 25714 FRIDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY


Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness

To, The Honourable Chief Justice of India - supremecourt@nic.in- Request to scrap the current Lok sabha until all the fraud
Tamperable EVMs are replaced with genuine Voting system to stop murder of democracy and save Liberty, Fraternity & Equality.

TWITTER, SKYPE,SMS, FACEBOOK FRIENDLY -Fraud Tamperable CJI EVM SADHASIVAM,CEC EVM SAMAPATH, EVM

GOVERNMENT- NEED OF THE HOUR IS Electronic Virtual Movement 4 Replacing all EVMs (EVM4RAEVMs) 2 save Democracy 

CJI
EVM SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave error of
judgment by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs

On
the request of CEC EVM SAMPATH because of the 1600 crore cost to replace
them and dealt a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.

CJI did not order for ballot paper system would be brought in. No such precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court.

CJI
did not order that till the time this newer set of about 1300000 voting
machines is manufactured in full & deployed totally.

All
the people in 80 democracies in the world who simply done away with
fradulent EVMs should not recognise EVM Modi & his Government.

EVM
Narendra Modi full of hatred for non-brahmins & non Baniyas
intoxicated for power violated all good Silas of not killing, lying,
stealing.

EVM Militant Stealth Cult RSS saying no reservation
on the basis of castes means it is against Constitution providing
reservation for SC/STs.

RSS’s Mr. Mohan Bagawath,a brahmin& a
dropout is not a Constitutional expert to say that there should not be
any caste based reservation.

Attempted to E-File through http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/registration.jsp while trying to attach Driving Licence through
http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/identity_file.jsp
- got the result java.lang.StringIndexOutOfBoundsException: String
index out of range: -1

And could not proceed further. Brought this
to the  notice of supremecour@nic.in without any response. through
supremecour[at]nic[dot]in
with a confusion whether it is supremecour[at]nic[dot]in supremecour@nic.in or supremecourt[at]nic[dot]in supremecourt@nic.in

http://goidirectory.nic.in/feedback.php
- all maintained by wim@nic.in also do not work.It often says “invalid
characters found, Please Re-Enter”
A correct procedure for  E-Filing must be known to the world.

procedures/
steps required to be taken for E-Filing process ?
http://www.indg.in/e-governance/vle-corner/ict-in-legal-services/egov-legal-efilling
Supreme Court initiatives for citizens via e -Filing - e-Filing in Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India is also on the e-governance track and providing its services at doorstep of the Indian citizens.
In
this regard, on October 2, 2006 Supreme Court started e-filing
facility. It is a simple way of filing any case via internet from his
house.
e-filing via internet does not require the help of advocate.
This service can be utilized by any common man as well as registered
advocate.
Anybody desiring to avail this service may log on to www.sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/index.html and sign up as a user.
For sign up procedure please follow up these steps:

    •    First time users of Supreme Court’s E-filing have to register him/her through the ‘Sign Up’ option.
    •    Through ‘e-FILING’ only Advocate-on Record’ and petitioners-in-person can file cases in the Supreme Court of India
    •   
   
•    Advocate option is to be chosen if you are an
‘Advocate-on-Record’, otherwise choose ‘In-person’ option in case you
are petitioner-in-person.
    •    For registering first time
personal details such as Address, contact details, E-mail Id etc., which
are mandatory, need to be entered.
    •   
    •    For
Advocate-on-record, his/her code (Advocate-on-record code) will be
‘Login-ID’, while ‘In-person’ will create his/her Login-Id through
   
•    ‘Sign Up’ option. Password needs to be entered thereafter. Login
Id and password will be created once the mandatory requirements
    •   
   
•    are filled properly. After successful login the ‘Disclaimer
screen’ appears on the screen. Clicking of ‘I agree’ button on
Disclaimer allows the
    •    user to proceed further, while ‘I decline’ button sends the control back to the Login screen.
    •   
   
•    After successful login, the user can file the case electronically.
‘New Case’ option allows the user to file a new case.
    •   
‘Modify’ option allows a user to carryout changes to the already e-filed
case, provided the court fee payment option is not invoked.
    •   
    •    Defects associated with the e-filed case will be e-mailed to the advocate/petitioner by the Supreme Court Registry.
    •    For further assistance, ‘Help’ option is available.
    •   
Click here to file case online in Supreme Court of India

http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/ - Reasons For Banning Fradulent Tamperable EVMs
Electronic voting machines (EVMs) were introduced in a limited way in Indian elections in 1982,
and they have been in universal use since the general elections of 2004, when paper ballots were phased out completely.
It
is about time this country reformed its voting system to ensure that
the electoral verdicts reflect the true will of the people of the
country.
1. The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs 2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too! 3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe
4.
Nor is The Hardware 5. EVMs are Sitting Ducks 6. “Insider” Fraud a
Concern 7. Storage and Counting are Concerns 8. Vote of No Confidence

9. EC is Clueless on Technology 10. Trust Deficit

1.
The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs. The electronic voting
machines used in this country’s  elections are internationally known as

Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting  machines which record votes directly in electronic memory.
Similar
voting machines have been banned in many countries such as Germany, the
Netherlands, Irelands etc. and such machines are allowed

in most states of the US only with a paper back up. Potential dangers of “vote fraud” and more importantly,
lack of transparency and verifiability associated with them prompted ban or restrictions of their use.

Developed
nations like the United Kingdom and France and advanced countries in
our region like Japan and Singapore have so far stuck to
voting on
paper ballots, owing to their simplicity, verifiability and voter
confidence in the system. India is an exception to this

international
trend and we continue to use these  voting machines long discarded by
the world due to lack of awareness and appreciation of the
lay public of the concerns.

2.
Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too! Indian EVMs may also
be held unconstitutional because they infringe upon the fundamental
rights
of the voters. In India, Right to vote is a legal right but how that
vote should be exercised by a voter is his/ her individual expression
covered

by Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution, which
guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens. In the 2002 case
pertaining to disclosure of assets
and the criminal background of
candidates, the Supreme Court ruled that voters have a right to know the
antecedents of the contesting candidates

and this is
fundamental and basic for survival of democracy. Accordingly, a voter
has the right to know that his vote which he exercised as a
part of
freedom of expression has really gone in favour of the candidate whom
he/she has chosen. This right, fundamental in nature, is absent

in
the electronic voting system. In the traditional paper ballot system,
that fundamental right was preserved because a voter knew exactly how
his/
her vote was recorded and Universal use of EVMs in Indian elections is
illegal too! In 1984, the Supreme Court of India held that the use of

electronic
voting machines in elections was “illegal” as the Representation of
People (RP) Act, 1951 did not permit use of voting machines in
elections.
Later, the R.P. Act was amended in 1989 incorporating Section 61A. However, the amendment says voting machines

“may be
adopted in such constituency or constituencies as the Election
Commission may, having regard to the circumstances of each case,
specify.”
Violating the provisions of the R.P Act, the Election
Commission has conducted 2004 and 2009 nationwide general elections only
using  

electronic voting machines. Going by the 1984 judgment
of the Supreme Court, parliamentary elections of 2004 and 2009 may be
held illegal.
3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe. The electronic voting
machines are safe and secure only if the source code used in the EVMs is
genuine. Shockingly,

the EVM manufacturers, the BEL and ECIL,
have shared the ‘top secret’ EVM software program with two foreign
companies, Microchip (USA)
and Renesas (Japan) to copy it onto
microcontrollers used in EVMs. This process could have been done
securely in-house by the Indian Worse,

when the foreign
companies deliver microcontrollers fused with software code to the EVM
manufacturers, the EVM manufacturers cannot “read back”
their
contents as they are either OTP-ROM or masked chips. Amusingly, the
software given to foreign companies is not even made available with the

Election
Commission, ostensibly for security reasons. With such ridiculous
decisions, the Election Commission and the public sector manufacturers
have
rendered security of the EVMs a mockery.  Adopting an open standards
policy by making the software public and allowing parties to test the

software
installed in the EVMs would have offered better 4. Nor is The Hardware.
The danger for EVM manipulations is not just from its software.
Even the hardware isn’t safe. Dr. Alex Halderman, professor of computer science in the University of Michigan says,

“EVMs
used in the West require software attacks as they are sophisticated
voting machines and their hardware cannot be replaced cheaply.
In
contrast, the Indian EVMs can easily be replaced either in part or
as wholesale units.” One crucial part that can be faked is
microcontrollers used

in the EVMs in which the software is
copied. EVM manufacturers have greatly facilitated fraud by using
generic microcontrollers rather than more
secure ASIC or FPGA microcontrollers. Not just only microcontrollers, mother boards (cards which contain microcontrollers) and

entire
EVMs can be replaced. Neither the Election Commission nor the
manufacturers have undertaken any hardware or software audit till date.
As
a result, such manipulation attempts would go undetected. To detect
such fraud, the upgraded EVMs have a provision to interface with an

Authentication
Unit that would allow the manufacturers to verify whether the EVM being
used in the election is the same that they have supplied
to the
Election Commission. The EVM manufacturers developed an “Authentication
Unit” engaging the services of SecureSpin, a Bangalore

based
software services firm. The Unit was developed and tested in 2006 but
when the project was ready for implementation, the project was
mysteriously
shelved at the instance of the Election Commission.
Several questions posed to the Election Commission for taking this
decision went unanswered.

5. EVMs are Sitting Ducks. The Indian
EVMs can be hacked both before and after elections to alter election
results. Apart from manipulating the
EVM software and replacing many
hardware parts discussed above, discussions with knowledgeable sources
revealed that our country’s EVMs

can be hacked in many ways. I
mention just two of them below. Each EVM contains two EEPROMs inside the
Control Unit in which the  
voting data is stored. They are completely unsecured and the data inside EEPROMs can be manipulated from an external source.

It
is very easy to read (data from) the EEPROMs and manipulate them. The
second and the most deadly way to hack Indian EVMs is by inserting
a
chip with Trojan inside the display section of the Control unit. This
requires access to the EVM for just two minutes and these replacement
units

can be made for a few hundred rupees. Bypassing completely
all inbuilt securities, this chip would manipulate the results and give
out “fixed”
results on the EVM screen. The Election Commission is
completely oblivious to such possibilities. A demonstration of these
vulnerabilities is on the cards.

6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern.
Personal accounts from some well placed political sources and experts
say that there are some “insiders” demanding vast
sums (Rs. 5 Crore
for each assembly constituency) to fix election results. Who are these
insiders? Unlike in the traditional ballot system where only the

election
officials were the “insiders”, electronic voting machine regime has
spawned a long chain of insiders, all of whom are outside the ambit and
control
of the Election Commission of this country. There is every possibility
that some of these  “insiders” are involved in murky activities in

fixing
elections. The whole world—except us in India–is alive to the dangers
of insider fraud in elections. The “insiders” include the public sector
manufacturers
of India’s electronic voting machines namely, the Bharat Electronics
Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL),

the
foreign companies supplying microcontrollers,private players (some of
which are allegedly owned by some political leaders) for carrying out
checking
and  maintenance of electronic voting machines during. 7.
Storage and Counting are Concerns. The EVMs are stored at the district
headquarters or in

a decentralized manner in different
locations. Election Commission’s  concern for EVM safety becomes
apparent only during elections, where as security
experts say that
voting machines must remain in a secure environment throughout their
life cycle. There could be many malpractices associated with

electronic
counting. “Everybody watches polling closely. Nobody watches counting
as closely),” says Bev Harris, an American activist. Our Election
Commission
takes three months to conduct parliamentary elections but wants
counting to be over in just three hours! In the rush to declare results

and
the winners, several serious lapses go unnoticed in the counting
process. As a result, parties cannot give it the kind of attention that
this activity deserves.
Massive discrepancies between votes polled
and counted in a large number of polling stations across the country
raise serious concerns in this regard.

8. Vote of No
Confidence.The political class cutting across all sides of the divide
has just one verdict: “we don’t trust the EVMs”. This vote of
“no
 confidence” stems from the personal experiences of parties and leaders
as well as the nature of results thrown up by the EVMs.

Parties
are looking at EVMs with great suspicion and dread the prospect of EVMs
“defeating” them.This mistrust in EVMs is not confined to any single
party
and is all pervasive. Almost all mainstream political parties,
including the BJP, Congress, left parties, regional parties like the
Telugu Desam party (TDP),

AIADMK, Samajwadi party, Rastriya Lok
Dal (RLD), Janata Dal (United) etc. have all expressed reservation about
EVMs in the aftermath of
2009 Lok Sabha polls. Even the Congress
party that decisively won the 2009 general elections alleged that the
EVMs have been manipulated in Orissa.

Today, it is difficult to
find parties that vouch for the continued use of EVMs in Indian
elections. On the contrary, there is a flood of opposition to the EVMs
from
the political class. 9. EC is Clueless on Technology.The Election
Commission has adopted the EVM technology about which it has practically
no knowledge.

As a result, it has little  control over many
aspects of the election process. None of the election commissioners,
neither the present commissioners nor their
predecessors, have
proper understanding of the EVM technology. The only source of technical
understanding for the Election Commission is a Committee of

experts
led by its chairman, Prof. P.V. Indiresan. Even the Expert Committee
seems very weak in its capacities and understanding. Alex Halderman,
professor of
computer science at the  University of Michigan and an
expert on the security of voting systems who was present in New Delhi
for the launch of the book,

Democracy at Risk, Can We Trust our
EVMS? commented, “When I read the 2006 technical report prepared by
the Expert Committee of the Election Commission.
I scribbled on it
that there was a cause for alarm and quickly decided to agree to come
here.” That speaks volumes for the quality and rigor of security testing
done on

the Country,s  EVMs.10. Trust Deficit. Election
Commission’s conduct in the wake of the serious reservations expressed
by people has been unbecoming of a  
constitutional body. It has
uttered many lies – our EVMs are “tamper proof”, they are “different”
etc. etc. It has refused to provide any clarifications sought to

the
petitioners in the Supreme Court, despite a reference from the Supreme
Court of India. It has taken several questionable decisions for which it
has refused to
offer any explanations. For instance, it does not
explain why old EVMs were used in Lok Sabha elections despite the
recommendations of its own Expert Committee.
It does not explain why
as many as 4.48 Lakh new EVMs (which are more secure as per the Expert
Committee) were not used in any Congress party or
UPA ruled states?
Why and where it had allowed use of state government owned EVMs? The
non-transparent conduct of Election Commission in the
use of EVMs
and the farce of an “enquiry” it has conducted following serious
reservations on EVMs does not inspire confidence in its unbiased
functioning.

How EVM Works and how can changed it’s functionality Watch this video [youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″]
- See more at: http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/#sthash.5sue6t7S.dpuf
 
youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″ - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlCOj1dElDY

India’s
EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud-Contrary to claims by our country,s
election authorities, the paperless electronic voting systems used in
India suffer from

significant vulnerabilities. Even brief access
to the machines could allow criminals to alter election results. In
this video, we demonstrate two kinds of attacks
against a real
Indian EVM. One attack involves replacing a small part of the machine
with a look-alike component that can be silently instructed to steal a
percentage

of the votes in favor of a chosen candidate. These
instructions can be sent wirelessly from a mobile phone. Another attack
uses a pocket-sized device to change the votes
stored in the EVM between the election and the public counting session, which in India can be weeks later.


These
attacks are neither complicated nor difficult to perform, but they
would be hard to detect or defend against. The best way to prevent them
is to count votes
using paper ballots that voters can see. indiaEVM.org
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=br2Mjt1BecI
- EVMs Can Be Tampered - Says Net India - Net India company says that
the Electronic Voting Machines EVMs
which are used in polling
stations can be tampered in favor of the candidates. Watch this to find
out more…..To watch live news, videos subscribe to

CVR News @ https://www.youtube.com/user/CVRNewsO…- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1xov8mrLZc -EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by
Dr Subramanian Swamy
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3THfIvvxPY
- EVMs can be tampered, experts say - Electronic voting machines could
be easily tampered to manipulate
elections results, a group of
foreign experts said at a seminar in Dhaka on Tuesday. A standing
committee member of the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party,

Abdul
Moyeen Khan, in the seminar said that the party would make some
prototypes of the EVMs the Election Commission made to show the people
how the device
could be tampered. Non-governmental organisation
Centre for Sustainable Development organised the seminar, ‘Electronic
voting machines: use and abuse,’ at the

Lake Shore hotel in the
city. The organisation’s secretary general Mahfuzullah conducted the
seminar and its president Anwar Hashim, also a former ambassador,
presided
over the programme. Computer science professor in the University of
California Mathew Allen Bishop, senior software architect of Yahoo in
India

Shashank Shekhar and research and development director of
Hewlett Packard of the United States Shawn Islam made presentations in
the seminar highlighting
how EVMs could be tampered. All the three
experts said the EVMs could be tampered in several ways in a short span
of time to manipulate the elections results in

favour of a
certain candidate if the manipulators would get physical access to EVMs.
Citing an example of the flaws of the EVM used in the United States and
in
other parts of the world, Bishop said the EVMs, electronic
devices which need software to function, could be easily tampered.
Bishop, however, asked the authorities

concerned to look into
certain issues before using EVMs. ‘When votes are counted, how do you
know that the button pushed to vote for scales on the ballot unit is
in
fact counted as a vote for scales?’ he said. Bishop also said, ‘How do
you know that the software is correct? There are no bugs that affect the
vote counting?

How do you know that the software on the EPROM
chip is the version that is supposed to be used? There was no malware?’
He said the security of the software
running the EVM must be part of
the inbuilt design of the device. Earlier, Shawn Islam, a
Bangladeshi-American, demonstrated how a vote cast for a candidate

could
be stored for the candidate the voter did not vote for through software
manipulation effected beforehand. Both of the experts said that there
be a system of
paper trail of the votes cast so that the voters
could see that their votes were stored for the candidate they voted
for.’But,’ Shawn Islam added, ‘the EVMs developed

by Bangladesh
do not have any option to add the paper trail system.’ He claimed that
the EVM developed in Bangladesh have plenty of problems. Shashank said
that
there was no electronic device in the world which could not be
tampered. All of the experts said that the device must be tested by a
third party before its use.


In reply to a question whether the
EVM can be manipulated with remote control devise without physical
intervention once EVMs are tested and certified by the experts
of
the political parties just before the elections, Shawn said, ‘You must
have physical interventions to manipulate it if the EVM does not belong
to any wireless network.’

When a reporter asked Abdul Moyeen Khan
whether the BNP would accept it if EVMs were tested by their experts,
the BNP leader parried the answer saying that the
party would
develop some EVM prototypes to show how they could be tampered.
Representatives from the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, including its
acting secretary

general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir, the
chairperson’s advisers Iqbal Hasan Mahmud, Sabiuddin Ahmed, Ruhal Alam
and opposition chief whip
Zainul Abdin Farroque, attended. Speaking
on the occasion, former Dhaka University vice-chancellor Moniruzzaman
Mia, BRAC University professor Piash Karim

and Sushaner Janya
Nagarik secretary Badiul Alam Majumder stressed the need for building
trust among political parties before introducing any new device in
the
elections process.The country’s two major political camps are now at
loggerheads over the introduction of EVMs in the next polls. The ruling
Awami League-led

alliance said that it would extend all
cooperation to the Election Commission in using EVMs in the next general
elections while the opposition
Bangladesh Nationalist Party-led alliance vowed to resist the move.

Attachments
area- Preview YouTube video India’s EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud
-Preview YouTube video EVMs Can Be Tampered - Says Net India

Preview
YouTube video EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by Dr Subramanian Swamy -
Preview YouTube video EVMs can be tampered, experts say

TWITTER, SKYPE,SMS, FACEBOOK FRIENDLY -Fraud Tamperable CJI EVM SADHASIVAM,CEC EVM SAMAPATH, EVM

GOVERNMENT- NEED OF THE HOUR IS Electronic Virtual Movement 4 Replacing all EVMs (EVM4RAEVMs) 2 save Democracy 


To, The Honourable Chief Justice of India - supremecourt@nic.in- Request to scrap the current Lok sabha until all the fraud
Tamperable EVMs are replaced with genuine Voting system to stop murder of democracy and save Liberty, Fraternity & Equality.

=====================================================================================================


Setback for Gujarat govt, SC acquits all accused in 1993 Surat blast cases-Mayawati’s Interview with Smita Prakash rajanbsp@gmail.com

Dear Sir, Thank you for the news, a rejuvenating energy we gain after reading behanji’s interview, kindly share our party news forever, regards ,

Ambeth Rajan wrote: Mayawati’s Interview with Smita Prakash, ANI Q1: Do you have to say about your party’s

dismal performance in the recent Lok Sabha elections?

A: Our vote share had risen in the 2014 general elections. Our vote base is intact, and there is no damage to it. Our party has received around
20 percent of the votes in the Lok Sabha elections. We came second on 34seats. But, the Congress Party has suffered badly in these elections. If

the Congress had fought this election with full preparation and had acquired at least a lakh of votes in every constituency, then our party
might have won those seats. But, they fared poorly and got around 20-30 thousand votes. Due to this, there was a direct fight between our party and

the BJP. Our base vote is still intact. If we had won 10 seats, but had lost our base votes, then that is more damaging.
Q2: If there had been a third front, whose prime ministerial candidate would have given Modi a close fight, then do you believe smaller parties

might have performed better?
A: We have seen a lot of third fronts, and they were formed before the elections. But, we have always suffered whenever we have aligned with any

other political party. Whenever there are elections, we have always fought alone and without any alliance. UP is the example of this. From what we
have learnt in UP, we have taken this decision, whether it is a parliament election or an assembly election, we will fight it alone. And, when results

are announced, then we consider the interest of our party and the weakersections before taking any decision on the formation of government. But we
will fight elections alone.

Q3: You were associated with UPA Government?
A: But we were not satisfied with their policies. That is why we never joined the UPA. They requested a lot, but we only gave outside support to

them so as to weaken the communal forces in the country.
Q4:  In UP, if a BJP government is formed, then will you support it?

A: There is no question of it. Though, the SP government has an absolute majority in the UP assembly, but whatever be the situation in UP, we have
no business with any other political party. We will fight the elections alone and will form the government on our own.

Q5: If the BJP asks for issue-based support in the Rajya Sabha, then will you provide it?
A: We will support the BJP-led NDA government on issues which are in best interest of the country, the people and the weaker sections.

Q6: The BJP has been saying that the Akhilesh Yadav-led UP Government will fall due to the sins they have committed?
A: It is not just the BJP, the whole of UP is saying this. There is nothing new in this statement. The public in UP is saying that the present SP

government in the state has failed on all fronts, especially on the law and order front. Crime is on a rise in the state, and our women do not feelsafe here.
In the Badaun case, the government had promised a CBI probe, but it was only after we had raised this case in the RajyaSabha, that a CBI probe was ordered.

Q7: You visited the family of Badaun rape victim after a gap of few days?
A: I thought that the SP government might think that I am trying to trouble them by visiting the victim’s family. But, I had already sent my party

leader and leader of opposition in the Vidhan Sabha Swamy Prasad Maurya to visit the family as the victims belonged to his caste. Afterwards, I had
sent Nasimuddin Siddiqui, who understood their problems and presented each and every fact in front of me. The family had demanded a CBI probe. So,

after sending my party people and listening to their demands, I held a press conference.
Q8: If mid-term polls are held, then what will be your plank for it?

A: If mid-term polls are held, then it will be our priority to reestablish law and order in the state. Especially the crime, which is on the rise,
will be controlled and the honour of women will be restored. After the lawand order situation improves, then we will focus on development.

Q9: Modi had said that vote bank politics will be finished which we witnessed during the polls as almost all sections of the society voted for the BJP?
A: But Modi had failed to break the base vote of the BSP. The BJP and its allied parties tried everything to breach into our vote base, but they failed.

However, in UP, the base vote of the SP which is a Yadav society, went to the BJP. But our base vote, which is a Dalit society, is still intact.
Q10: Your critics say that your social engineering experiment has been diluted?

A: Despite the presence of a Modi wave, our vote base is still intact. We had given tickets to people belonging to the upper class, backward class,
religious groups, and Muslim community in the Lok Sabha polls. Therefore, there is no impact on our vote base.

Q11: The SC/ST people have complained that their elected representatives are just like any other politician?
A: They are right. Because if these leaders had done anything for the people, then we would not have formed the BSP.

Q12: Same can be said BSP leaders also?
A: No, this is not the case. Despite the presence of a Modi wave our base vote was not impacted. Dalit vote, even outside of UP, has gone to the BSP.

Q13: It is being said that you are the sole leader of the party and there is no level two or three afterwards?

A: This is not the case. The BSP has its own constitution. After this, there is a unit on the national level and there is a structure on the state
level. If this was not in place, then how could I take my party forward?

Q14: It is being said that you isolate yourself and don’t meet people very often?
A: No, this not true. Vote base of parties like the Congress and its allies, who used to meet the people very often, were affected but ours is still intact.

Q15: There is no personal life of women politicians. Is it the case withyou also?
A: I know that women face difficulties when they enter into politics. When I came to politics, I had decided that I have to do something for the

weaker section and poor people. So, when I joined politics, I dedicated my  life to my ambition, and this is why I decided to remain unmarried. Being
unmarried, nobody can accuse me of nepotism. Married women who are in politics are deviated by their families and kids. I have dedicated my life

to the weakers section and poor people. I stayed unmarried to fight for the rights of the backward classes.
On 20-Jul-2014, at 7:33 am, ARUN KHOTE wrote: Friends ! Sorry for cross posting ! ARUN KHOTE PMARC

Setback for Gujarat govt, SC acquits all accused in 1993 Surat blast cases-Mayawati’s Interview with Smita Prakash rajanbsp@gmail.com

comments (0)
07/23/14
1214 LESSON 24714 THURSDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness-The Sutta Pitaka-Digha Nikāya -Mahāparinibbāna Sutta {excerpts} — The last instructions — [mahā-parinibbāna]
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Posted by: @ 4:56 pm
1214 LESSON 24714 THURSDAY FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY


Please render correct translation in your own mother tongue and all other languages and propagate for your and others happiness

Please watch:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRCAXnXmsAQ

Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය1:05:41hr.


Mahaparinibbana Sutta - මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය

අතිපූජනීය නා උයනේ අරියධම්ම ස්වාමීන් වහන්සේ විසින් දේශනා කරනු ලබන මහාපරිනිබ්බාණ සුත්‍රය පිළිබඳ ධර්මානුශාසනය.

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Liberty, Equality, Fraternity—the ambiguous trilogy


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>>ஸுத்தபிடக-திக்க நிகாய Sutta Piṭaka >> Digha Nikāya

DN 16 - (D ii 137)



Classical English



English

Mahāparinibbāna Sutta{excerpts}— The last instructions —[mahā-parinibbāna] (The Mirror of the Dhamma)
This sutta gathers various instructions the Buddha gave for the sake of his followers after his passing away, which makes it be a very

important set of instructions for us nowadays.I will expound the discourse on the Dhamma which is called Dhammādāsa, possessed
of which the ariyasāvaka, if he so desires, can declare of himself: ‘For me, there is no more niraya, no more tiracchāna-yoni, no more

pettivisaya, no more state of unhappiness, of misfortune, of misery, I am a sotāpanna, by nature free from states of misery, certain of
being destined to sambodhi. And what, Ānanda, is that discourse on the Dhamma which is called Dhammādāsa, possessed of which

the ariyasāvaka, if he so desires, can declare of himself: For me, there is no more niraya, no more tiracchāna-yoni, no more pettivisaya,
no more state of unhappiness, of misfortune, of misery, I am a sotāpanna, by nature free from states of misery, certain of being

destined to sambodhi? Here, Ānanda, an ariyasāvaka is endowed with Buddhe aveccappasāda:


செம்மொழி பாளி
தம்மாதாஸ

தம்மாதாஸங்
நாம தம்மா-பரியாயங், யேன ஸம்மன்னாகதொ ஆரியஸாவகொ ஆகன்கமானொ  அட்டணாவ
அட்டாணங் ப்யா - கரெய்ய: கின-நிரயோ-மி கின-திர்ச்சான-வொனி
கின-பெட்டிவிசவொ கின் அப்பாவ-துக்கதி-வினிபாதொ, ஸோதாப்பன்னொ - ஹமஸ்மி
அவினிபாதொ-தம்மொ நியதொ ஸம்போதி பரயனொ’தி.

கதமொ ச ஸொ, ஆனந்தா,
தம்மாதாஸொ தம்மா-பரியாயவொ, யேன ஸம்மன்னாகதொ ஆரியஸாவகொ ஆகன்கமானொ 
அட்டணாவ அட்டாணங் ப்யா - கரெய்ய: கின-நிரயோ-மி கின-திர்ச்சான-வொனி
கின-பெட்டிவிசவொ கின் அப்பாவ-துக்கதி-வினிபாதொ, ஸோதாப்பன்னொ - ஹமஸ்மி
அவினிபாதொ-தம்மொ நியதொ ஸம்போதி பரயனொ’தி?

இத்’ஆனந்தா, ஆரியஸாவகொ புத்தே அவெச்சப்பஸாத ஸம்மன்னாகதொ ஹோதி

Idhānanda, ariyasāvako Buddhe aveccappasāda samannāgato hoti

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>>ஸுத்தபிடக-திக்க நிகாய Sutta Piṭaka >> Digha Nikāya

DN 16 - (D ii 137)

மஹாபரினிப்பண ஸுத்த (அபார வீடுபேற்றுநிலை குறிக்கோள் எய்தல்)

- இறுதி நெறிமுறைக் கட்டளைத்தொகுதி -

இந்த
ஸுத்த (சூத்திரத்தொகுதி )  புத்தர் அவரை பின்பற்றுபவர்கள் பொருட்டு
பற்பலவிதமான கொய்சகமாக்கப்பட்ட மிக முக்கியமான நெறிமுறைக் கட்டளைத்தொகுதி
குழுமத்தை  முன்னேற்றமுற்ற இக்காற்கு நமக்கு கொடுத்திறுக்கிறார், 

செம்மொழி தமிழ்

(தம்மாவின் உருப்பளிங்கு)

நான்
Dhammādāsa (தம்மாவின் உருப்பளிங்கு) என  கருதப்படும் தம்மாவை
வியாக்கியானம் பண்ண பிரசங்கம் செய்ய விரும்புகிரேன்,ariyasāvaka (புனிதமான
சீடர்)ஆக ஆட்கொண்டு, ஒருவேளை அவர் தானே  விரும்பி உறுதியாக்கிக் கொண்டால்:
‘ஆக
எனக்கு, மேலும் niraya (நரகம்) இல்லை,  மேலும்
tiracchāna-yoni ( மிருகம சாம்ராஜ்யம்) இல்லை,இன்னும் மேலும் pettivisaya
(ஆவிகள் சாம்ராஜ்யம்) இல்லை,  மேலும்
பாக்கியவீனம், துரதிருஷ்டம், துக்க நிலை இல்லை, நான் sotāpanna (புனல்
பிரவேசி), இயற்கையாக துக்க நிலையில் இருந்து விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன், sambodhi
(முழுக்க தூக்கத்திலிருந்து விழிப்பு) ஆக சேர இருத்தல் உறுதி.

மற்றும்
என்ன, Ānanda (ஆனந்தா), தம்மா மீதான அந்த பிரசங்கம் Dhammādāsa (தம்மாவின்
உருப்பளிங்கு) என  கருதப்படும் தம்மாவை வியாக்கியானம் பண்ண பிரசங்கம் செய்ய
விரும்புகிரேன், ariyasāvaka (புனிதமான சீடர்) ஆக ஆட்கொண்டு, ஒருவேளை அவர்
தானே  விரும்பி உறுதியாக்கிக் கொண்டால்:
‘ஆக எனக்கு,  மேலும்
niraya (நரகம்) இல்லை, மேலும் tiracchāna-yoni ( மிருகம
சாம்ராஜ்யம்) இல்லை,  மேலும் pettivisaya (ஆவிகள் சாம்ராஜ்யம்)
இல்லை, மேலும் பாக்கியவீனம், துரதிருஷ்டம், துக்க நிலை இல்லை, நான்
sotāpanna (புனல் பிரவேசி), இயற்கையாக துக்க நிலையில் இருந்து
விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன், sambodhi (முழுக்க தூக்கத்திலிருந்து விழிப்பு) ஆக சேர
இருத்தல் உறுதி தானே?


43) Classical Kannada

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43) ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಕನ್ನಡ
ಟ್ರೀ >> suttapitaka-ಅನಾಥರಿಗೆ ನಿಕಾಯ ಸುತಾ Pitaka >> ದಿಘಾ ನಿಕಯಾ

ಡಿ ಎನ್ 16 - (ಡಿ II 137)

Mahaparinippana ಸುತಾ (ವೇಗವಾಗಿ vituperrunilai ಗೋಲ್ ಶೂಟಿಂಗ್)

- ಅಂತಿಮ ನಿಯಂತ್ರಿತ kattalaittokuti -


ಸುತಾ (cuttirattokuti) parpalavitamana கொய்சகமாக்கப்பட்ட ಬುದ್ಧ
கொடுத்திறுக்கிறார் munnerramurra ikkarku ಪ್ರಮುಖ ನಿಯಂತ್ರಣಾ
kattalaittokuti ಗ್ರೂಪ್ ತನ್ನ ಅನುಯಾಯಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಆದೇಶ,

ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ತಮಿಳು

(ಧಮ್ಮ ನ uruppalinku)

ನಾನು
Dhammādāsa (ಧಮ್ಮ ಆಫ್ uruppalinku) ಅವರು ಬಯಸಿದ್ದರು ಖಚಿತವಾಗಿ ಆಗಿತ್ತು ಬಹುಶಃ
ವೇಳೆ, ಉಳಿಸಿದ ಆಗಲು ಧರ್ಮಬೋಧೆ, ariyasāvaka (ಪವಿತ್ರ ಶಿಷ್ಯ) ಮಾಡಲು ಧಮ್ಮ
virumpukiren ವ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾನ ಪರಿಗಣಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ:
“ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ, ನನಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚು niraya
(ನರಕದ) ಯಾವುದೇ, ಹೆಚ್ಚು tiracchāna-ಯೋನಿ (ಒಂದು ರಾಜ್ಯವನ್ನು ಇಲ್ಲ), ಮತ್ತು
ಇನ್ನೂ ಹೆಚ್ಚು pettivisaya (ಶಕ್ತಿಗಳು ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯದ) ಇಲ್ಲ, ಹೆಚ್ಚು
pakkiyavinam, ಡ್ಯೂಸ್, ಶೋಕ ಮತ್ತು ಯಾವುದೇ, sotāpanna ನಾನು (ಕೊಳವೆಯ
ಪ್ರವೇಶ), ಸ್ವಾಭಾವಿಕವಾಗಿ ಖೇದ ರಾಜ್ಯದ விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன், sambodhi
(ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗಿ ನಿದ್ರೆಯಿಂದ ಜಾಗೃತಿ), ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಸೇರಲು ಮರೆಯಬೇಡಿ.

ಮತ್ತು,
ಆನಂದ (ಆನಂದ), ಧಮ್ಮ Dhammādāsa (ಧಮ್ಮ ಆಫ್ uruppalinku) ಪ್ರಸಂಗವು
ಧರ್ಮಬೋಧೆ, ariyasāvaka (ಪವಿತ್ರ ಶಿಷ್ಯ) ಮಾಡಲು ಧಮ್ಮ virumpukiren ವ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾನ
ಪರಿಗಣಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ ಅವರು ಬಯಸಿದ್ದರು ಖಚಿತವಾಗಿ ಆಗಿತ್ತು ಬಹುಶಃ ವೇಳೆ, ಉಳಿಸಿದ ಆಗಲು:

“ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ, ನನಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚು niraya (ನರಕದ) ಯಾವುದೇ, ಹೆಚ್ಚು
tiracchāna-ಯೋನಿ ಸ್ವಾಭಾವಿಕವಾಗಿ, ತಪ್ಪಿಸುವ ಖೇದ, ಮತ್ತು ಹೆಚ್ಚು pettivisaya
(ಶಕ್ತಿಗಳು ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯದ) ಇಲ್ಲ, ಹೆಚ್ಚು pakkiyavinam, ಡ್ಯೂಸ್, ಶೋಕ ಮತ್ತು
ಯಾವುದೇ, ನಾನು sotāpanna (ಕೊಳವೆಯ ಪ್ರವೇಶ) (ಒಂದು ರಾಜ್ಯವನ್ನು ಇಲ್ಲ)
விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன் , sambodhi (ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗಿ ನಿದ್ರೆಯಿಂದ ಜಾಗೃತಿ), ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ
ಇದು ಸೇರಲು ಮರೆಯಬೇಡಿ?

74) Classical Telugu

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74) క్లాసికల్ తెలుగు
ట్రీ >> suttapitaka-అనాథలు nikaya సుత్త Piṭaka >> డిఘ Nikāya

DN 16 - (డి II 137)

Mahaparinippana సుత్త (రాపిడ్ vituperrunilai గోల్ షూటింగ్లో)

- ఫైనల్ నియంత్రణ kattalaittokuti -

సూత్తా (cuttirattokuti) parpalavitamana கொய்சகமாக்கப்பட்ட బుద్ధ கொடுத்திறுக்கிறார் munnerramurra ikkarku అత్యంత ముఖ్యమైన నియంత్రణ kattalaittokuti గ్రూప్ తన అనుచరులు ఆర్డర్

సాంప్రదాయ తమిళ్

(ధమ్మం యొక్క uruppalinku)

నేను Dhammādāsa (ధమ్మం యొక్క uruppalinku) అతను అతను కోరుకున్నాడు ఖచ్చితంగా ఉండవచ్చు, సేవ్ అవ్వండి ఉపన్యాసం, ariyasāvaka (పవిత్ర శిష్యుడు) తయారు ధమ్మం virumpukiren భావానువాదం భావించబడుతుంది:
“సో, నాకు, మరింత niraya (నరకం) లేదు, మరింత tiracchāna-యోని (ఒక రాజ్యం ఉంది), మరియు ఇప్పటికీ మరింత pettivisaya (ఆత్మలు సామ్రాజ్యం) లేదు, మరింత pakkiyavinam, డ్యూస్, సంతాప మరియు సంఖ్య, sotāpanna నేను (గరాటు ఎంట్రీ), సహజంగా విచారంలో రాష్ట్ర விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன், sambodhi (పూర్తిగా నిద్ర నుండి లేవడం), కాబట్టి చేరడానికి నిర్థారించుకోండి.

మరియు, ఆనంద (ఆనంద), ధమ్మం Dhammādāsa (ధమ్మం యొక్క uruppalinku) పోస్ట్ ప్రబోధం ఒక ఉపన్యాసం, ariyasāvaka (పవిత్ర శిష్యుడు) తయారు ధమ్మం virumpukiren భావానువాదం వలె వ్యవహరించాలి దానిని అతను కోరుకున్నాడు ఖచ్చితంగా ఉండవచ్చు, సేవ్ మారింది:
“సో, నాకు, మరింత niraya (నరకం) లేదు, మరింత tiracchāna-యోని సహజంగా, కలిగి నుండి విచారంలో, మరియు మరింత pettivisaya (ఆత్మలు సామ్రాజ్యం) లేదు, మరింత pakkiyavinam, డ్యూస్, సంతాప మరియు సంఖ్య, నేను sotāpanna (గరాటు ఎంట్రీ) (ఒక రాజ్యం ఉంది) விடுவிக்கப்பட்டவன் , sambodhi (పూర్తిగా నిద్ర నుండి లేవడం), అందువలన ఇది చేరడానికి తప్పకుండా
?


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