Safe Release from all
The young deity Subrahma once asked the Buddha:
Always frightened is this Mind!
Always agitated is this Mind!
About present problems.
About future problems.
If there is a release from this Anxiety,
please then explain it to me…
Whereupon the Blessed Buddha declared:
I see no other real safety for any living being,
except from control of the senses,
except from the relinquishment of all,
except from awakening into Awakenment!
DELHI: Though political pundits claim that the role of the Bahujan
Samaj Party (BSP) will be limited to only spoiling the Congress’ hopes
of a hattrick in the forthcoming Assembly elections, the opinion in the BSP camp is quite different.
leaders said they will not only script the “obituary” of the Congress
in the assembly polls, but also bury hopes of the BJP of making it to
power. Armed with an “impressive” share of SC population in at least 18
constituencies above 20% and banking on the “social engineering”
mantra, they claim their party will throw up many surprises.
party leaders said the task of ticket distribution being completed well
before time had given candidates enough opportunity to constitute booth
level committees and they were ready to take the fight ahead, waiting
as they were only for the official party manifesto to be released.
the meantime, the issues to be addressed had been shortlisted. Price
rise, complete statehood, regularising unauthorised colonies besides
unemployment and poor living conditions in slums were going to be the
key points to be raised.
that his party’s priorities were different from those of the Congress
and BJP, state party unit chief Brahm Singh Bidhuri said, “BJP and
Congress have only done lip service. That is what we are going to tell
that all poll calculations will be proved wrong in Delhi as had been
the case in Uttar Pradesh, Bidhuri added, “We will tell people how the
entire sealing drive started during NDA rule.”
nominee for New Delhi constituency Rajiv Singh said the social
engineering of BSP would bear fruit since the party had accommodated
every community and caste while distributing tickets. “Besides,
Mayawati addressing rallies ahead of polls would make a difference.
Even when she did not address a single rally during MCD elections, we
surprised everyone,” Singh said.
gain support from all communities, the party has given the most number
of tickets to Brahmins and Gujjars nine seats each. Aware that Jats
were going to play a key role in outer Delhi, BSP will field eight Jats
candidates. Vyshyas have got seven and Muslims have six tickets.
Punjabis have got tickets for four seats, Yadavs and Kshatriyas in
three each. The present status of the party’s list tally shows Sikhs
have got two tickets and Saini and Balmikis have got one each.
on whether the party was “worried” about the recent Mayawati bashing by
Jama Masjid Shahi Imam Syed Ahmed Bukhari, Bidhuri said they were not
concerned about “baseless” allegations. “In municipal elections we gave
tickets to 27 Muslim candidates. In Delhi, BJP will do nothing for the
community and Congress should also spell oyt what it has done. We have
already finalised tickets for three Muslim candidates in the next
general elections,” he claimed.
leaders also said they were banking on the support of poor and lower
middle class voters and lower rank government employees whom they
categorised as a “troubled lot”.
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) today (Oct 17) alleged
that the Congress is delaying assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir
as it feared a drubbing at the hustings.
“BSP is ready for polls in Jammu and Kashmir, but the Congress is
delaying the process,” party General Secretary Narendra Kashyap told
reporters in Srinagar.
The Election Commission, which recently announced the poll schedule
for Delhi, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Mizoram, had
deferred a decision on elections in the state.
When his attention was drawn that it was the commission’s decision
to delay the polls, he said it acted upon the report given by the
government on security and related issues.
“The Commission will take a decision based on the report of the
government. That is where the Congress is delaying the polls as it
fears for its future,” he added.
The party would decide on the number of seats it would contest once the election is announced, he said.
The BSP leader also announced expulsion of former party state
president Yashpal Bhagat and two other office bearers from the party
and said T K Langhe would now head the party unit in the state.
|BSP confident of coming to power in MP: Mishra|
The BSP has declared candidates for 130 of 230 constituencies.
Mishra, who is in the state to launch the poll campaign here, was addressing ‘Brahman Sammelan’, a party workers conference.
After coming to power, the BSP would work for development in Madhya Pradesh as it had done in Uttar Pradesh, he said.
The BSP leader, who is in-charge of the Sammelan, claimed that his
party was getting support from all sections of society and it would
raise issues including corruption, law and order and development during
People in the state are fed up with both the BJP and the Congress, he said.
About one hundred Congress workers, including district panchayat
member Tarachand Yadav, Prakash Rayali from Kasrawad and Vijay Verma
joined the BSP at the Sammelan. PTI
Flagging off rally, BSP South India in-charge Suresh Mane said that the
rally intends to generate public awareness on “perils of Indo-US
nuclear deal” across the length and breadth of the country. Branding
the deal as a “conspiracy to pledge the sovereignity of the country”,
he called upon the citizens to be vigilant against such destructive
“Management of nuclear waste is a Herculean task. It requires
investment of crores of rupees to set up waste management unit.
Further, nuclear power could meet only 6 pc of the total demand and
hence, Agreement is an exercise in futility. ”, he reasoned.
He claimed that India will not gain anything from the said deal and the
party has organised the rally to sensitise people on the perceived
pitfalls of the Indo-US nuclear deal.
The rally is
scheduled to reach KGF via Narasapur, Malur and Tekal and further
proceed to Mulabagal, Srinivasapur, Chintamani, Shidlaghatta,
Gudibande, Gowribidanur, Chikkaballapur, Doddaballapur and reach
Devanahalli in three days.
20-10-2008 the Jeep rally from KGF will enter Yelahanka and pass
through Pulikeshinagar, Sarvagna Nagar, Shivaji Nagar, CV Raman Nagar,
KR Puram and Mahdevpura.Will generate public awareness on the perils of
Indo-US Nuclear deal, people’s apathy on the ever rising price rise and
unemployment problem which is because
rise, regularising unauthorised colonies besides
unemployment and poor living conditions in slums were going to be the
key points to be raised in the Jeep Rally.
absorption of labour
structure of population: 1997-2002
in Labour Force Participation
in labour force by age & sex
Force Projections by Age Groups
& Labour Force: 1997-2012
of work opportunities
Labour Force & Employment
Economic reforms may have given a boost to industrial productivity and brought in
foreign investment in capital intensive areas. But the boom has not created jobs. This was
not unexpected. According to a report by the Washington-based Institute of Policy Studies
(IPS), the combined sales of the world’s top 200 MNCs is now greater than the combined GDP
of all but the world’s nine largest national economies. Yet, the total direct employment
generated by these multinationals is a mere 18.8 millions -one-hundredth of one per cent
of the global workforce.
India’s Ninth Five-Year Plan projects generation of 54 million new jobs during the Plan
period (1997-2002). But performance has always fallen short of target in the past, and few
believe that the current Plan will be able to meet its target.
India’s labour force is growing at a rate of 2.5 per cent annually, but employment is
growing at only 2.3 per cent. Thus, the country is faced with the challenge of not only
absorbing new entrants to the job market (estimated at seven million people every year),
but also clearing the backlog.
Sixty per cent of India’s workforce is self-employed, many of whom remain very poor.
Nearly 30 per cent are casual workers (i.e. they work only when they are able to get jobs
and remain unpaid for the rest of the days). Only about 10 per cent are regular employees,
of which two-fifths are employed by the public sector.
More than 90 per cent of the labour force is employed in the “unorganised
sector”, i.e. sectors which don’t provide with the social security and other benefits
of employment in the “organised sector.”
In the rural areas, agricultural workers form the bulk of the unorganised sector. In urban India, contract and
sub-contract as well as migratory agricultural labourers make up most of the unorganised
Unorganised sector is made up of jobs in which the
Minimum Wage Act is either not, or only marginally, implemented. The absence of unions in
the unorganised sector does not provide any opportunity for collective bargaining.
Over 70 per cent of the labour force in all sector combined (organised and unorganised)
is either illiterate or educated below the primary level.
The Ninth Plan projects a decline in the population growth rate to 1.59 per cent per
annum by the end of the Ninth Plan, from over 2 per cent in the last three decades.
However, it expects the growth rate of the labour force to reach a peak level of 2.54 per
cent per annum over this period; the highest it has ever been and is ever likely to
attain. This is because of the change in age structure, with the highest growth occurring
in the 15-19 years age group in the Ninth Plan period.
The addition to the labour force during the Plan period is estimated to be 53 millions
on the “usual status” concept. The acceleration in the economy’s growth rate to
7 per cent per annum, with special emphasis on the agriculture sector, is expected to help
in creating 54 million work opportunities over the period. This would lead to a reduction
in the open unemployment rate from 1.9 per cent in 1996-97 to 1.47 per cent in the Plan’s
terminal year, that is, by about a million persons - from 7.5 million to 6.63 million.
In other words, if the economy maintains an annual growth of 7 per cent, it would be
just sufficient to absorb the new additions to the labour force. If the economy could grow
at around 8 per cent per annum during the Plan period, the incidence of open unemployment
could be brought down by two million persons, thus attaining near full employment by the
end of the Plan period, according to the Plan.
However, there appears to be some confusion about the figure of open
unemployment. The unemployment figure given in the executive summary of the Ninth Plan,
gives the figure of open unemployment at 7.5 million while the annual report of the Labour
Ministry, for 1995-96, puts the figure for 1995 at 18.7 million. An internal government
paper prepared in 1997 put the unemployment figure at the beginning of the Eighth Plan at
17 millions and at 18.7 million at the end of 1994-95. Perhaps the Planning Commission
referred to the current figure while the Labour Ministry figure referred to the
accumulated unemployment backlog.
unemployment is not a true indicator of the gravity of the unemployment
problem in an economy such as India, characterised as it is by
large-scale underemployment and poor employment quality in the
unorganised sector, which accounts for over 90 per cent of the total
employment. The organised sector contributes only about 9 per cent to
the total employment.
Underemployment in various segments of the labour force is quite high.
For instance, though open unemployment was only 2 per cent in 1993-94, the incidence of
under-employment and unemployment taken together was as much as 10 per cent that year.
This, in spite of the fact that the incidence of underemployment was reduced substantially
in the decade ending 1993-94.
According to the Planning Commission, the States which face the prospect
of increased unemployment in the post-Ninth Plan period (2002- 2007) are Bihar, Rajasthan,
Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Punjab.
|Agriculture||62 per cent|
|Manufacturing & construction||16 per cent|
|Services||10 per cent|
Sundry / miscellaneous jobs
|12 per cent|
Table 1 : Age structure of population: 1997-2002
Table 2 : Trends in Labour Force Participation Rates(Per Thousand of Population)
Note: Constituent shares in labour force in 1993-94 are Rural Male 0.499, Rural Female 0.270,Urban Male 0.182 and Urban Female 0.049.
Table 3: Participation in Labour Force by Age Group and by Sex: 1997 - 2012(per thousand of population)
Note: (a) No change in labour force participation in age groups above 20 years.
Table 4 : Labour Force Projections by Age Groups
Table 5: Population and Labour Force: 1997 - 2012(million - 1st April)
Mining & Quarrying
Wholesale & Retail Trade
Transport, Storage &
Financing, Real Estate,
Community, Social and Personal
Table 7 : Population, Labour Force and Employment(Million)
Notes:1. Estimates of labour force and employment are on usual status concept and pertain to 15 yearsand above.2. Figures in brackets are compound growth rates in the preceding period. (a) As on 1st January(b) As on 1st July(c) Population at the terminal year of the plan(d) Required to attain near full employment.(e) Unemployment reduces to negligible level by the year 2007 (f) Labour force, employment and unemployment are stated as annual averages during the Plan period.
The Ease of
A radiant deity once asked the
dwell deep in the forest,
Peacefully living the Noble life,
Eating only a single meal a day,
Why is their appearance so serene?
The Blesses Buddha responded:
They do not trouble
over the past,
Nor do they crave for any future,
They live just with what is present,
Therefore are their looks so serene!
By urging towards the yet unreal
By longing back into a forever lost past,
Fools verily dry up and wither away,
Like a green creeper cut at the root…