The Tipitaka (Pali ti, “three,” + pitaka,
“baskets”), or Pali canon, is the collection of primary Pali language
texts which form the doctrinal foundation of Theravada Buddhism. The Tipitaka
and the paracanonical
Pali texts (commentaries, chronicles,
etc.) together constitute the complete body of classical Theravada texts.
The Pali canon is a vast body of literature: in English translation the
texts add up to thousands of printed pages. Most (but not all) of the Canon has
already been published in English over the years. Although only a small
fraction of these texts are available on this website, this collection can be a
good place to start.
The collection of texts concerning
the rules of conduct governing the daily affairs within the Sangha — the
community of bhikkhus (ordained monks) and bhikkhunis (ordained
nuns). Far more than merely a list of rules, the Vinaya Pitaka also includes
the stories behind the origin of each rule, providing a detailed account of the
Buddha’s solution to the question of how to maintain communal harmony within a
large and diverse spiritual community.
The collection of suttas, or
discourses, attributed to the Buddha and a few of his closest disciples,
containing all the central teachings of Theravada Buddhism. (More than nine
hundred sutta translations are available on this website.) The suttas are
divided among five nikayas (collections):
The collection of texts in which
the underlying doctrinal principles presented in the Sutta Pitaka are reworked
BSP IN POLL MODE
Maya to address five rallies in Delhi
New Delhi, PTI:
Viewing the Delhi Assembly
polls as the “semi-finals” to the crucial Lok Sabha elections, BSP
Chief Mayawati will address five rallies here to firm the party’s foray
in the national capital.
right-hand man Satish Chandra Mishra will camp in the city during the
election days to monitor the campaign while entire ministers of the
Uttar Pradesh cabinet will be assigned particular constituencies to
help candidates decide on strategy.
“Mayawati is giving special importance to Delhi
polls and she will be attending five rallies in the capital. Further
details like where these rallies will be organised are being worked
out,” a senior BSP leader told PTI.
party has already announced candidates for 68 out of the 70 Assembly
seats so that candidates, most of them first timers, get acquainted
with the constituency. After reviewing the work of candidates, the
party had also changed some of its candidates for “non-performance”.
leader said UP ministers will be assigned particular constituencies on
the basis of the caste combinations in the segment so that they can win
over “particular” communities.
“Winning seats in Delhi
polls are important as a message will spread across the country ahead
of Lok Sabha polls. We want Mayawati to be the next prime minister,”
BSP Delhi President Brahm Singh Bidhuri said.
the party made inroads into the national capital after the last year’s
Municipal Corporation polls by winning 17 of the 272 seats, Bidhuri
exuded confidence that the party will win at least 40 seats of the 70
segments this time.
rise, complete statehood demand, basic amenities such as Bijli, Sadak,
Pani and unauthorised colonies are some of the issues that the BSP
would be raising during the elections,” Bidhuri said.
said his party will take on the Congress and the BJP simultaneously as
the two parties have “done nothing for the people of the state” and
“only played politics to garner their support”.
rise of BSP in the capital is seen as a threat to the Congress
traditional vote-bank of Original Inhabitants of Jambdvipa, that is, the Great Prabuddha Bharath, Muslims and the people hailing from
eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
LUCKNOW: Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati has condemned
Tuesday’s lynching of a labourer from the State by a gang allegedly
associated with the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena at the Khapoli suburban
railway station in Mumbai.
In a letter to the Centre and the Maharashtra government on
Wednesday, Ms. Mayawati demanded immediate action against those
responsible for the violence against the migrant population from the
north Indian States.
The Chief Minister accused the Centre and the Maharashtra government
of having failed to control the violence let loose by MNS supporters
against north Indians.
Dharamdeo Rai, migrant labourer from Goria Ghat village in Sant
Kabir Nagar district, was pulled out of a compartment and killed when
he was returning home. Rai is survived by his wife and daughter. He has
three brothers. Ms. Mayawati sanctioned Rs. 2 lakh to the bereaved
A decision that came bit late
Lucknow: After only three months in Maharashtra, Dharamdev Ramnarain
Rai had decided to come back home to his village in Uttar Pradesh
following the increasing attacks against North Indians. Had he taken
the decision a little earlier he might still be alive.
The 25-year-old from Goriya Ghat village in east Uttar Pradesh’s
Sant Kabir Nagar district was lynched on a suburban train to Mumbai on
The humanities graduate who found work in a steel manufacturing unit
in Khopoli, 120 km from Mumbai, had been married for three years and
had a 15-month-old daughter.
His wife is expecting their second child.
Only regrets remain
His grieving father Ram Narain Rai, a teacher in a local school in
Goriya Ghat, said: “Dharamdev had made up his mind to return home in
view of the escalating attacks against North Indians in Maharastra.”
Detailing the events of the night, Mr. Rai told IANS over the phone:
“My son had boarded a suburban train, along with two of his other
friends from Sant Kabir Nagar, to go to Kalyan from where they had
proposed to take the Kushinagar Express to return home.”
“But just as the train reached Badlapur station (in neighbouring
Thane), a band of some 15-20 MNS (Maharashtra Navnirman Sena) goons
stormed into the compartment. Raising pro-MNS slogans, they instantly
asked for U.P. ‘bhaiyas’ whom they could identify easily as the
non-Marathi speaking passengers on board.
Pleas go unheard
“My son and his friends Virendra and Satya Prakash kept on pleading
for mercy and sought to explain to the MNS activists that they had
already made up their mind to leave the State; but the violent group
was not prepared to listen to anything and went about thrashing the
three helpless boys until they fell unconscious.”
He added that Dharamdev was hit on the head with an iron rod and could not recover.
He was declared brought dead when police turned up about 30 minutes later and took him to the nearest hospital. — IANS
185 farmers committed suicide in Karnataka in first half of 2008-09
BANGALORE: The number of reported cases of farmer suicides in
Karnataka touched 185 in the first half of this financial year
The State’s agricultural sector has been facing a plethora of
problems. Apart from the erratic monsoon this year, the shortage of
fertilizers disrupted kharif sowing, leading to a delay in sowing
operations in several districts.
The global economic slowdown is likely to depress the prices of
cotton, while sugarcane growers are threatening an agitation seeking
higher support price for their produce. Sugarcane growers are unhappy
with the procurement price (Rs. 811 a tonne) offered by the government.
The State has not been able meet the sowing target set for the
kharif season (2008). Sowing took place on 65.36 lakh hectares of land
against the target of 74.4 lakh hectares, achieving 87 per cent of the
target. As on September 30, the highest number of suicide cases was
reported from Hassan district (23). A large tract of potato crop was
destroyed in Hassan district owing to incessant rain during the kharif
season. The loss has been estimated at over Rs. 300 crore. Hassan
topped the list in the number of suicides by farmers in 2003-04 (69)
and 2004-05 (37). In Bidar district, 20 farmers committed suicide
followed by 15 in Belgaum, 13 in Chikmagalur, 12 in Mandya, and 10 each
in Bijapur and Chitradurga. The number of cases reported from other
districts are: Haveri — 2; Uttara Kannada — 6; Dharwad — 8; Koppal,
Ramanagaram and Raichur — 3 each; Tumkur, Gulbarga, Gadag and Mysore —
7 each; Shimoga — 8; Kodagu — 4; Davangere — 6; and Dakshina Kannada —
1, according to government sources. Not a single case of suicide by
farmers has been reported from six districts.
The two drought-prone districts of Kolar and Chikkaballapur, and
Bangalore Rural, Bangalore Urban, Chamarajnagar and Udupi districts
reported no suicide cases between April and September 2008. The number
of farmers committing suicide has seen a decline from 2000-01, when
2,360 farmers ended their lives. As many as 708 suicide cases were
reported in 2003-04, 271 in 2004-05, 163 in 2005-06, 343 cases in
2006-07, and 340 in 2007-08.
Uttar Pradesh : One year of development and progress
Steps towards social Democracy
assumed office of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time. Out
of the five year term given by the electorate, she has completed first year of
her rule on May, 2008.
the short period, her Government fulfilled its promise made to the people to
bring an end to the ‘Jungle Raj’ and put an effective check on extortion of the
‘goonda tax’ by enforcing the ‘rule of law by the law’ for 17 crore people of
the State and creating an ideal climate for all round development of the State.
This augured well for people who gave expression to their feelings in the
recently held by-polls for two Parliamentary seats and three Assembly seats in
which all the BSP candidates won with big margins.. It was priceless gift of
theMighty Great Minded People of Uttar
Pradesh to the Chief Minister, Ms. Mayawati, one month ahead of the completion
of one year in office.
one year evidenced State Government’s resolve to deal with criminals with an
iron hand. This resulted in total normalcy on the law and order front. No
untoward incident took place during the period and all the religious and
national festivals passed off peacefully. Her Government took several historic
and bold decisions which will go down in the history as epoch making. These
decisions are aimed at bettering the lot of deprived and weaker sections of the
society who have been suffering for a long time. This presages the glimmer of
hope in the eyes and smile on the lips of millions of people who found a
messaiah in Ms. Mayawat.
decisions like connecting Ballia with NOIDA by Ganga
Providing employment opportunities to
thousands of people by filling backlog vacancies,
Appointing more than one lakh Arogya
Rakshakas (Protectors of lives of all beings),
Recruitment of 88,0000 primary school
teachers and lifting ban on the recruitment of general category candidates,
Striking at the roots of corruption,
Non-acquisition of of farming land by the
government for industrial purposes,
Banning of auction of small farmers’ land by
Opening of big hospitals, medical colleges
and institutions for providing better health and education to common people are
such noteworthy decisions which are bound to have far reaching impact on the
progress of the State. The constructive and positive steps taken by Ms.
Mayawati and her constructive approach would prove milestone in the direction
of transforming Uttar Pradesh into a better and prosperous State.
the last 57 years, the State was burdened with loans amounting to crores of
rupees due to the wrong economic policies pursued by previous governments. The
Country has a poor record on distribution of wealth. The economic situation
worsened and the public welfare works could not be carried out in a proper way.
Keeping in view, the problems pertaining to medical and health, education,
power supply and drought conditions of Bundelkhand, the State government
demanded a package of Rs. 80,000 crore from the Central Government. But the
Union Government did not pay attention to it. The Central Government did not
release full amount of the schemes and whatever amount was released was done in
the last days of March. Consequently, the State Government undertook works with
its own resources and got them completed.
Vinay Shankar Tiwari from Gorakhpur in Eastern Uttar Pradesh or some
nearby seat on a BSP ticket. His elder son Kushal Tiwari had won
Khalilabad Lok Sabha by-elections on BSP ticket early this year. With
an aim of sending his two sons to Lok Sabha, Tiwari is trying to
strengthen his position in eastern U.P. to counter Hindu Yuva Vahini
chief Yogi Adityanath’s increasing influence. The ruling BSP is
expected to help him in this endeavour.
In a bid to ensure the entry of his son Mahesh Verma into Lok
Sabha, former Speaker of the Assembly Dhaniram Verma has switched to
BSP. The BSP has also named him as party candidate from the Kannauj
seat. Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama stands with former President Bill Clinton at a rally in Florida.
Obama is America’s future: Bill Clinton
Washington, October 30: :Democratic White House
front-runner Barack Obama and party veteran Bill Clinton have buried
the hatchet six days before the polls, with the former President
appealing to people to vote for the Illinois Senator who represented
“Are you ready for a new President? And are you ready for this
(Obama) new President,” Clinton said during his first joint appearance
with the Democratic nominee for the November 4 polls at a rally in
Kissimmee, Florida last night.
Clinton, whose wife Hillary abandoned her bid for White House
in June after losing in primaries to Obama, told a huge gathering of
over 30,000 people that he was “honoured” to voice his support for the
47-year-old Senator from Illinois.
“The presidential campaign is the greatest job interview in the
world. And on Tuesday, you get to make the hire,” he said, describing
Obama as “America’s future.”
Most US groups back Obama
By Kenneth J. Cooper
Oct. 29: To win an American election, it takes a broad coalition,
and Mr Barack Obama appears to have assembled one, recent polls
The Democratic presidential nominee leads or ties Mr John McCain in
almost every demographic group when the electorate is sliced by age,
gender, income or race. By a wide margin, young voters in their 20s
have long favoured Obama, who is 47. The elderly, once sceptical
because of his relative inexperience, have shifted since the stock
market collapse hit their retirement accounts. Mr Obama and Mr McCain,
72, now run about even among voters age 65 and older.
Mr Obama has a big advantage among women, reflecting a “gender gap”
that has benefited Democrats. But Mr McCain appears to have lost the
clear Republican edge with men. Various polls show either an even
split, or an advantage for Mr McCain or Mr Obama.
A poll for Reuters puts Mr Obama ahead with voters from every income
group except those who earn more than $100,000 a year. That prosperous
group tends to favour Republicans because of the party’s opposition to
With the majority of voters who are white, Mr Obama runs even with
Mr McCain in a New York Times poll, and two points behind in the
Reuters survey. Mr Obama has an overwhelming edge with fellow black
Americans, and not quite as large a margin with Hispanics.
When race and class are combined, polls for the Times and Newsweek
magazine show Mr Obama with a surprising lead among working-class
Many had looked askance at a black candidate who attended elite
colleges. But the bad economy appears to have changed some of their
minds. Mr Obama leads by a marginal two points in the Newsweek poll,
but by a solid 10 points in the Times poll.
Washington, Oct. 29: Barack
Obama now leads in four states won by President Bush in 2004 and is
essentially tied with John McCain in two other Republican red states,
according to new AP-GfK battleground polling. The results help explain
why the Democrat is pressing his money and manpower advantages in a
slew of traditionally GOP states, hoping not just for a win but a
transcendent victory that remakes the nation’s political map.
Less than a week before Election Day, the AP-GfK
polls show Obama winning among early voters, favoured on almost every
issue, benefitting from the country’s sour mood and widely viewed as
the winning candidate by voters in eight crucial states — Colorado,
Florida, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania and
Virginia. “If you believe in miracles,” said GOP consultant Joe Gaylord
of Arlington, Va., “You still believe in McCain.” Despite a mounting
chorus of Republicans predicting their nominee’s demise, McCain aides
insist their internal surveys show victory is still within reach.
McCain was written off prematurely last year, and
Obama seemed poised for victory in New Hampshire’s Democratic primary
just before Hillary Clinton thumped him. Even this close to Election
Day, racial tensions and the numbers of late-deciding voters identified
by the AP-GfK polling leave room for doubt. But the surveys confirm
what McCain aides acknowledge privately — their chances of winning are
low. The polling shows Obama holding solid leads in Ohio (7 percentage
points), Nevada (12 points), Colorado (9) and Virginia (7), all red
states won by Bush that collectively offer 47 electoral votes.