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10/15/15
161015 FRI LESSON 1658 Tipiṭaka- from Online FREE Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University (OFTRPU) through 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org 
in
 92 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
 Email: chandrasekhara.tipitaka@gmail.com conducts lessons for the entire society and requesting every one to Render
 exact translation to this GOOGLE translation in their Classical Mother
 Tongue and in any other languages they know and PRACTICE and forwarding 
it to their relatives and friends will qualify them to be a faculty and
 to become a STREAM ENTERER (SOTTAPANNA) and then to attain ETERNAL
 BLISS as FINAL GOAL ! THIS IS AN EXERCISE FOR ALL THE ONLINE VISITING STUDENTS FOR THEIR PRACTICE MAY ALL SENTIENT AND NON-SENTIENT BEINGS BE EVER HAPPY, WELL AND SECURE !
 MAY ALL HAVE CALM, QUIET, ALERT, ATTENTIVE AND EQUANIMITY MIND
WITH A CLEAR UNDERSTANDING THAT EVERYTHING IS CHANGING ! ALWAYS DO GOOD AND BE MINDFUL BY PURIFICATION OF THE MIND ! BUDDHA MEANS AWAKENED ONE (A1)WITH AWARENESS ! WE WERE BUDDHISTS, WE ARE BUDDHISTS AND WE CONTINUE TO BE BUDDHISTS 
 DHAMMO RAKKAHATHI RAKKHITHA !
DHAMMA PROTECTS ONE WHO PROTECTS DHAMMA ! SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION NEWS A VOLCANO- SOLUTION The Intellectuals and intellegent Advocated belonging to Social Transformation Movement of Sarvajan Samaj must unitedly move the Supreme Court as the EVMs are insecure, to Scrap them and Order for fresh Lok Sabha elections and all the State Assembly elections conducted with these fraud EVMs. Propagate through Internet by creating websites, creating facebook, tweet, and sending bulk emails TV channels and media as the present media is a dead wood forgetting what Napolean said: “I can face two battalions but not two scribes”.Democratic Institutions such as CJI & CEC must follow Collegiate system consting SC/ST/OBCs/Minorities to challenge the following judgement: http://supremecourtofindia.nic.in/outtoday/9093.pdf
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 3:49 pm

161015 FRI LESSON  1658


Tipiṭaka- from Online FREE Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University (OFTRPU) through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

in

92  CLASSICAL LANGUAGES


Email: chandrasekhara.tipitaka@gmail.com

conducts lessons for the entire society and requesting every one to

Render
 exact translation to this GOOGLE translation in their
Classical Mother
 Tongue and in any other languages they know and
PRACTICE and forwarding 
it to their relatives and friends will qualify
them to be a faculty and
 to become a STREAM ENTERER (SOTTAPANNA) and
then to attain ETERNAL
 BLISS as FINAL GOAL !

THIS IS AN EXERCISE FOR ALL THE ONLINE VISITING STUDENTS FOR THEIR PRACTICE


MAY ALL SENTIENT AND NON-SENTIENT BEINGS BE EVER HAPPY, WELL AND SECURE !

MAY ALL HAVE CALM, QUIET, ALERT, ATTENTIVE AND EQUANIMITY MIND
WITH A CLEAR UNDERSTANDING THAT EVERYTHING IS CHANGING !

ALWAYS DO GOOD AND BE MINDFUL BY PURIFICATION OF THE MIND !

BUDDHA MEANS AWAKENED ONE (A1)WITH AWARENESS !

WE WERE BUDDHISTS, WE ARE BUDDHISTS AND WE CONTINUE TO BE BUDDHISTS 
  

DHAMMO RAKKAHATHI RAKKHITHA !
DHAMMA PROTECTS ONE WHO PROTECTS DHAMMA !

SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION NEWS
A VOLCANO

Ex CJI EVM SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave error of judgment
by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs on the request of
CEC EVM SAMPATH because of the 1600 crore cost to replace them and dealt
a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.


Ex CJI did not order for ballot paper system would be brought in. No such
precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court. Ex  CJI did not
order that till the time this newer set of about 1300000 voting machines
is manufactured in full & deployed totally. All the people in 80
democracies in the world who simply done away with fradulent EVMs should
not recognise EVM Murderer of democratic institutions(Modi) & his
Government. This had happened because of the the 1% chitpawan brahmins
of RSS practicing hatredness towards 99% Sarvajan Samaj including
SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities and the poor upper caste in favour of Capitalists
and Industrialists. Hatred is a defilement of mind which is madness
requiring treatment in a mental asylum with Insight Meditation till they
are cured with this illness of hate.

SOLUTION BY POLITICO-SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION MOVEMENT


 Intellectuals
and intellegent Advocated belonging to Social Transformation Movement
of Sarvajan Samaj must unitedly move the Supreme Court as the
EVMs

are insecure, to  Scrap them and Order for fresh Lok Sabha elections
and all the State Assembly elections conducted with these fraud EVMs.
Propagate through Internet by creating websites, creating facebook,
tweet, and sending bulk emails TV channels and media as the present
media is a dead wood forgetting what Napolean said: “I can face two
battalions but not two scribes”.Democratic Institutions such as CJI,
CEC, and all other pillars of democracy such as Presidents, Prime
Minister, Chief Ministers, Defence etc. must follow Collegiate system
consisting SC/ST/OBCs/Minorities to challenge the following judgement:

http://supremecourtofindia.nic.in/outtoday/9093.pdf

http://news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20100828/1575461.html


logo


RSS favours paper ballots, EVMs subjected to public scrutiny
New Delhi | Saturday, Aug 28 2010 IST


Joining the controversy regarding the reliablity of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) which have been
questioned by political parties, the RSS today asked the Election
Commission (EC) to revert back to tried and tested paper ballots and
subject EVMs to public scrutiny whether these gadgets are tamper proof.
In an editorial titled ‘Can we trust our EVMs?’, The Organiser, the RSS
mouthpiece, noted it was a fact that till date an absolutely
tamper-proof machine had not been invented and credibility of any system
depends on ‘transparency, verifiability and trustworthiness’ than on
blind and atavistic faith in its infallibility. The issue is not a
‘private affair’ and it involves the future of India. Even if the EVMs
were genuine, there was no reason for the EC to be touchy about it, the
paper commented. The Government and the EC can’t impose EVMs as a fait
accompli on Indian democracy as the only option before the voter. There
were flaws like booth capturing, rigging, bogus voting, tampering and
ballot paper snatching in the ballot paper system of polling leading the
country to switch over to the EVMs and all these problems were relevant
in EVMs too. Rigging was possible even at the counting stage. What made
the ballot papers voter-friendly was that all aberrations were taking
place before the public eye and hence open for corrections whereas the
manipulations in the EVMs is entirely in the hands of powers that be and
the political appointees manning the sytem, the paper commented. The
EVM has only one advantage — ’speed’ but that advantage has been
undermined by the staggered polls at times spread over three to four
months. ‘’This has already killed the fun of the election process,’’ the
paper noted. Of the dozen General Elections held in the country, only
two were through the EVMs and instead of rationally addressing the
doubts aired by reputed institutions and experts the Government has
resorted to silence its critics by ‘intimidation and arrests on false
charges’, the paper observed, recalling the arrest of Hyederabad-based
technocrat Hari Prasad by the Mumbai Police. Prasad’s research has
proved that the EVMs were ‘vulnerable to fraud’. The authorities want to
send a message that anybody who challenges the EC runs the risk of
persecution and harassment, the RSS observed. Most countries around the
world looked at the EVMs with suspicion and countries like the
Netherlands, Italy, Germany and Ireland had all reverted back to paper
ballots shunning EVMs because they were ‘easy to falsify, risked
eavesdropping and lacked transparency’. Democracy is too precious to be
handed over to whims or an opaque establishment and network of unsafe
gizmos. ‘’For the health of Indian democracy it is better to return to
tried and tested methods or else elections in future can turn out to be a
farce,’’ the editorial said.
– (UNI) — 28DI28.xml

http://orkut.google.com/c2623078-td7d3dc8b91979b5d.html

Today the very same fraud EVMs which was doubted by RSS on Saturday, Aug 28 2010 has been tampered in favor of 1% RSS’s Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) for Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) who WERE HATERS, who ARE HATERS and will CONTINUE TO BE HATERS.


Though the Supreme Court had ordered to replace all the fraud EVMs with fool proof voting system that is being followed by 80 democries of the world and the tried and tested paper ballots used in the recent UK elections, the ex CJI Sathasivan committed a grave error of judgement in allowing the fraud EVMs to be replaced in phases as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath because of the cost of Rs 1600 crore involved in replacing the fraud EVMs totally.


Now the country is
OF the fraud EVMs favored 1% Horrorist, Militant, Violent, Intolerant, Heckling, Lynching Stealth hindutva

chitpawan brahmin Scare Crows RSS’s Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) for Murderer of
democratic institutions (Modi)!


BY the fraud EVMs favored 1% Horrorist, Militant, Violent, Intolerant, Heckling, Lynching Stealth hindutva

chitpawan brahmin RSS’s Scare Crows Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) for Murderer of


democratic institutions (Modi)!!


FOR the fraud EVMs favored 1%Horrorist, Militant, Violent, Intolerant, Heckling, Lynching Stealth hindutva chitpawan brahmin RSS’s Scare Crows Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) for Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi)!!!


AND


OFF the 99% Sarvajan Samaj i.e., all societies including LOYAL Arogya Rakshakas (Safai Karmacharis)/SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities and Poor Upper Castes!


to
BUY the 99% Sarvajan Samaj i.e., all societies including LOYAL Arogya Rakshakas (Safai Karmacharis)/SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities and Poor Upper Castes!
 
FAR the 99% Sarvajan Samaj i.e., all societies including LOYAL Arogya Rakshakas (Safai Karmacharis)/SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities and Poor Upper Castes!


Once again the Supreme Court has to be pursued by 99% Sarvajan Samaj i.e., All Societies literates to SCRAP all the Central and Sate Elections conducted with these fraud EVMs and order for fresh elections with FOOL PROOF VOTING SYSTEM. Since the MEDIA has become DEADWOOD for the 99% and ALIVE just for 1% brahmins and Baniyas HIGHLIGHT this issue both ONLINE by creating WEBSITES, BLOGS, Emails, SMSs etc., and OFFLINE by taking the message directly to the people.

PERMANENT PEACEFUL METHOD

INSIGHT
MEDITATION IN DIFFERENT POSTURES LIKE SITTING, STANDING, LYING,
JOGGING, CYCLING, SWIMMING, KALARI, KARATE, KUNG-FU, JUDO, MARTIAL ARTS
ETC.,


Amar Khade


suggests


The practical techniques of Protest !!!


1) Protest using Motorcyles, have a good traffic jams . Mind that police does not catch you up …..( Just like the Political Rally …..Nobody will dare to catch you ..The Police are ill equipped to catch you )


2) Protest using a Truck ….Leave the rented Truck in middle of road ….Create a Traffic Jam ..Let People and Government machinery suffer for a while .Let the Traffic Police come and impound the truck …one can always pay a Little Fine and get the Truck back on the technicalities that “Truck got broke down ” ….
.
3) Do not waste your energy by shouting in protest ..Play recorded protest messages loud in a Good Public Address System ……


4) Just carry out seating protest …it is the most practical approach for protest …Government officials cannot use an kind of excessive FORCE on the seating protesters …..Meanwhile play the protest message loudly via PA system and take care to wear an ear plug or ear muffler ….The loud noise of PA system really make People crazy ……Sometimes one have to make Loud Voice when not heard ….


5)Play patriotic songs in middle of protest messages …that gives a stamp of being Nationalist ..Nobody can book you under any so called Anti-National activity ….


6) Different states got different laws regarding “Offences on Public disruption “…..study those State specific Laws and then conduct the Protests ….


7) The aim of Protest is primarily Annoyance to the establishes elite class and the causes of protest is Annoyance Due to the Public Policy or any Govt actions of Elitist towards the other disadvantaged social group …..It is just a game of Tit for Tat ….They annoy you ……You annoy them …They exert power via Public policy , via their decisions via their newly amended law …You exert power via Disruption …….Take a note that Media will be never on your side …. It will always take side of Elite class ….


8) Use your smart phone to fullest extent …It got a Video Camera …A Still Camera and good internet connection ……. If any Excessive Force used by Govt Machinery …just Record them …..Use it as a proof against the perpetrators of Excessive Force …….


We live in Democracy …Protest is my right too …..

Page
1
REPORTABLE
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO.9093 OF 2013
(Arising out of SLP (Civil) No. 13735 of 2012)
Dr. Subramanian Swamy
…. Appellant(s)
Versus
Election Commission of India
…. Respondent(s)
WITH
WRIT PETITION (C) NO. 406 OF 2012
J U D G M E N T
P. Sathasivam, CJI.
1)
Leave granted.
Civil Appeal @ SLP (C) No. 13735 of 2012
2)
This appeal is directed against the judgment and order
dated 17.01.2012 passed by the Division Bench of the High
Court of Delhi at New Delhi in W.P.(C) No. 11879 of 2009
whereby the High Court disposed of the petition by
Page
2
disallowing the prayer made by the appellant herein for
issuance of a writ of
mandamus
directing the Election
Commission of India (ECI)-Respondent herein to incorporate
a system of “paper trail/paper receipt” in the Electronic
Voting Machines (EVMs) as a convincing proof that the EVM
has rightly registered the vote cast by a voter in favour of a
particular candidate.
3)
Being aggrieved of the above, the present appeal has
been filed by way of special leave.
Writ Petition (Civil) No. 406 of 2012
4)
One Rajendra Satyanarayan Gilda has filed this Writ
Petition, under Article 32 of the Constitution of India, praying
for issuance of a writ of
mandamus/
direction(s) directing the
Union of India, the Chief Election Commissioner and the
Technical Experts Committee-Respondent Nos. 1-3 herein
respectively to effect the necessary modifications in the
EVMs so as to allow the voters to verify their respective votes
and to attach the printers to the EVMs with a facility to print
the running record of the votes for the purpose of verification
by the voters in the process of voting. He also prayed for a
2

Page
3
direction to frame guidelines and to effect necessary
amendments in the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961.
5)
In view of the pendency of the appeal filed by Dr.
Subramanian Swamy, this Court issued notice in the writ
petition and tagged with the said appeal.
6)
Heard Dr. Subramanian Swamy, appellant-in-person in
the appeal, Dr. R.R. Deshpande, learned counsel for the writ
petitioner, Mr. Ashok Desai and Ms. Meenakshi Arora, learned
senior counsel for the ECI.
Contentions:
7)
Dr. Subramanian Swamy, the appellant herein
contended before this Court that the present system of
EVMs, as utilized in the last few general elections in India,
does not meet all the requirements of the international
standards and though the ECI maintains that the EVMs
cannot be tampered with, but the fact is that EVMs, like all
electronic equipments, are open to hacking.
8)
The appellant has further highlighted that the instant
matter arises out of the refusal of the ECI to incorporate a
certain obvious safeguard in the EVMs called “paper
3

Page
4
backup”, “paper receipt” or “paper trail”, presently in use
and mandated in some countries like USA, which would easily
and cheaply meet the requirement of proof that the EVM has
rightly registered the vote cast by a voter. The appellant has
further highlighted that the “paper trail” system is to
supplement the procedure of voting as in this procedure,
after recording a vote in the EVM, a print out will come out
which will appraise the voter that his vote has been rightly
registered and the same will be deposited in a box which can
only be used by the ECI in case of election dispute.
9)
It is the categorical stand of the appellant that the
above said system will bring more accuracy in the present
system and if a particular election is challenged on the
ground that some particular identified voter’s voter or the
votes of a group of voters have been suppressed/have not
been correctly assigned by the EVMs, the accepted current
procedure is for a re-run of the same EVMs for a re-count,
however, under the new procedure, a re-count will be of the
receipts in the ballot box containing the printouts the EVMs
4

Page
5
had issued to the voter thereby ensuring more transparency
in the process.
10)
The writ petitioner has also raised similar contentions as
those of Dr. Swamy. According to the petitioner, in the
present system of voting through EVMs, there is no such
facility by which a voter can verify and confirm his own
voting. At present, a voter presses a button only but cannot
ascertain the actual voting. He is not sure whether his vote
is recorded or not, if recorded, whether it is recorded in
favour of the person to whom it was intended or not.
Whether it is valid or invalid and whether it is counted or not.
It is submitted by the petitioner that unless and until answers
to these questions are personally seen by the voter, it cannot
be said that voting is made by him because “pressing a
button of choice and getting flashed the red-light” is not
actual voting in real sense unless the voter knows well that
what has happened in consequence of pressing a button of
his choice from the EVMs.
Stand of the Election Commission of India:
5

Page
6
11)
Mr. Ashok Desai, learned senior counsel for the ECI
submitted that the apprehension that EVMs could be
tampered with is baseless. It was also informed to this Court
that the ECI has been exploring the possibility of
incorporating a viable Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail
(VVPAT) system as a part of the presently used EVMs to
make the election system more transparent. Further, it was
brought to our notice that the ECI conducted field trials for
VVPAT system earlier also but the same had not been
successful and were discontinued. The ECI also filed a
counter affidavit stating that the EVMs provided by the
Commission are of such a high end technology that it cannot
be hacked.
12) Referring to Section 61A of the Representation of the
People Act, 1951, it is submitted that the Statute itself
provides for recording of votes by EVMs and the ECI has been
given the discretion to prescribe recording of votes by such
EVMs as it may deem fit. This discretion has to be exercised
in a manner to preserve the sanctity of the election process
and ensure that the election is conducted in a free and fair
6

Page
7
manner. The ECI has exercised due diligence to ensure that
EVMs so used are “tamper proof” and it is also in the process
of exploring to incorporate VVPAT system which is
compatible with the present EVMs used by it. It is asserted
that there is no instance of tampering with EVMs so far by
anyone.
13)
It is further submitted that the EVMs used in India are
unique and unlike the ones used in the elections in USA and
other countries, which are personal computer based. EVMs
deployed by the ECI have been lauded not only in India but
also abroad. EVM’s Control Unit retains in the memory each
vote recorded elector-wise. The information stored in the
memory of the Control Unit can be retrieved by using a
device called the “decoder” which, when attached to the
Control Unit of EVM, can print out the statement of voting
data showing the order in which each voter has voted and to
whom he has voted.
14)
Insofar as the transparency of the election process as
well as the right of a voter to know whether his vote has
actually been recorded for the candidate for whom it was
7

Page
8
cast is concerned, it is submitted that as soon as a vote is
recorded by a voter by pressing the “candidate’s” button on
the Ballot Unit, a light glows against the name and symbol of
the candidate, which the voter can see for himself/ herself.
This is a visual (electronic) assurance to the voter that the
candidate for whom he has cast his vote has actually got that
vote. Thereafter, the light goes off to protect the secrecy of
voting.
15)
It is further submitted that the feasibility of VVPAT
system was sought to be explored to by various political
parties and they were explained the technical and
administrative safeguards. The ECI also constituted a
Technical Experts Committee to examine the viability of the
VVPAT system. On 27.05.2011, the Technical Experts
Committee, after discussion with political parties and civil
society members and also after seeing the demonstration of
the prototype VVPAT system developed by M/s. Bharat
Electronics Ltd. (BEL) and M/s. Electronics Corporation of
India Ltd. (ECIL), recommended that a field test of the
prototype VVPAT system should be carried out in a simulated
8

Page
9
election under different environmental conditions in
Jaisalmer, Thiruvananthapuram, Delhi, Leh and Cherapunji.
The ECI also held further meetings with the manufacturers of
EVMs on various dates to fine tune the system and expedite
the follow up action required. Several meetings were also
held with the Expert Committee on VVPAT system.
16)
In wider fulfillment of the objectives of the field trial, the
ECI has requested the National and State parties to extend
necessary cooperation by getting involved in the trial process
actively and also witness the trial in order to have a first
hand experience of the system. The ECI has also requested
the individuals including the appellant – Dr. Subramanian
Swamy and the groups, who have been engaged with the ECI
on the issue of EVM-VVPAT, to witness the trial.
17) We have carefully perused the relevant materials and
considered the rival contentions.
Discussion
18)
When the matter was listed before this Court for
hearing on 27.09.2012, Mr. Ashok Desai had brought to our
notice that the ECI is contemplating foolproof method in
9

Page
10
EVMs for which they are taking various steps in consultation
with the Technical Experts Committee and the views of all
recognized political parties. Mr. Desai also promised to
appraise this Court about the deliberations and the ultimate
decision to be taken by them in this regard. Accordingly, this
Court granted sufficient time to the ECI to file Status Report
regarding introduction of VVPAT system in EVMs to be used
in the elections.
19)
Pursuant to the directions of this Court, the ECI filed a
Status Report on the developments of VVPAT system. In the
said report, the ECI, citing various technicalities, prayed for
further time to make the system more robust for the field
conditions.
20)
On 15.12.2012, M/s BEL, Bangalore filed a report
showing the status of development of VVPAT system which
contains changes that have been carried out in VVPAT from
September to December, 2012 and also furnished
chronological changes made in VVPAT system after the field
trial of the VVPAT system held in July and August, 2012.
10
Page
11
21)
Pursuant to the directions of this Court, the Secretary,
ECI, filed an affidavit highlighting the following steps/
information:

(i)
That vide its Affidavit dated 14.01.2013, the
Commission had filed the status report regarding
introduction of the VVPAT system in the Electronic
Voting Machines (EVMs).
(ii)
That subsequently, in the Technical Expert
Committee meeting held on 04.02.2013, the
Committee approved the design of the VVPAT and
decided that software fine tuning will be done and
completed by the end of February, 2013, and
modified design specifications will be submitted to
the Technical Expert Committee for approval.
The Committee also recommended that the
Commission may for using the VVPAT and that the
VVPAT should be tried in a bye-election.
(iii)
That in the Technical Expert Committee
meeting held on 19.02.2013, the Committee
finalized the VVPAT design.
The manufacturers, namely, M/s. Bharat Electronics
Limited and M/s. Electronics Corporation of India
Limited have quoted Rs. 16,200/- (excluding duties,
taxes and transport charges) per VVPAT system.
The Commission has decided to purchase sufficient
units of VVPAT for trials in a Bye-election, at an
approximate cost of Rs.72,90,000/- (Rupees seventy
two lakh ninety thousand) approximately.
(iv)
It is submitted that the Commission will
require approximately 13 lakh VVPAT units to be
manufactures for 13 lakh EVMs presently available
and roughly about Rs. 1690 crores (One Thousand
Six Hundred Ninety Crores)(i.e. 13 lakh units x
Rs.13,000 per unit) are required for the purpose of
implementation of the VVPAT system taking into
account the possible reduction in the cost per unit
when produced in bulk.
(v)
It is further submitted that in order to
implement the new system the Conduct of Election
Rules, 1961 will require certain amendments.
In this connection, vide letter No.
3/1/2013/Vol.II/SDR/86 dated 28.03.2013, the
11
Page
12
Commission has informed the Legislative
Department of the Ministry of Law and Justice
inter
alia
the various amendments required to the
relevant parts of Rules 49A to 49X, 66A, 55C, 56C,
57C and Form 17C of the Conduct of Elections Rules,
1961, as well as introduction of Rules 49MA and 56D
in the said Rules…
(vi)
That the Commission has called for a meeting
of all the recognized National and State Parties on
10
th
May, 2013 for the purpose of demonstration of
VVPAT unit to them and for discussion with them for
eliciting their views regarding use of VVPAT system
in the elections. The petitioner herein and others
interested in the matter would also be invited at the
meeting.”
22)
It is seen from the records that after various
deliberations with the experts and persons concerned with
the technology, the Technical Experts Committee approved
the final design of VVPAT units in its meeting held on
19.01.2013. In order to meet the directions of this Court and
for proper execution of VVPAT system, as noticed above, the
ECI in its letter dated 28.03.2013, addressed to the Secretary
to the Government of India, Ministry of Law and Justice stated
that necessary ground work for amendment to the Conduct
of Election Rules, 1961 (in relevant parts in Rules 49A to 49X,
66A, 55C, 56C, 57C and Form 17C) may be made so that the
amendment to the Rules can be notified immediately which
12
Page
13
will enable the ECI to use the VVPAT system in bye-elections
in consultation with the political parties. By placing all those
materials, the ECI requested the Ministry of Law and Justice
for drafting and notifying amendment Rules expeditiously.
23)
From the materials placed by the ECI, it is noted that
the purchase order has been placed with M/s BEL and M/s
ECIL for supplying 150 and 300 VVPAT units respectively at
Rs. 16,200/- per unit excluding excise duty, sales tax and
transportation etc. costing Rs. 72,90,000/- (approx.). The ECI
has also highlighted that if the VVPAT systems are ultimately
to be used with all the 13 lakh EVMs available, the total cost
in the purchase of VVPAT units may come to about Rs. 1,690
crores, taking into account the possible reduction in the cost
per unit due to bulk production the cost may come to Rs.
13,000/- per unit approximately.
24)
The affidavit dated 21.08.2013, filed on behalf of the
ECI, shows that the Ministry of Law and Justice, on
24.07.2013, referred the draft notification to amend the
Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 to provide for use of VVPAT
system of elections to the ECI for its views and comments.
13
Page
14
The ECI suggested certain minor modifications in the draft
notification and sent the same back to the Ministry of Law
and Justice on 02.08.2013 with a request to notify the
amendment Rules at the earliest. Accordingly, the Ministry
of Law and Justice notified the amendments to the Conduct
of Election Rules, 1961 in the Gazette of India vide
notification No. S.O. 2470(E) dated 14.08.2013 to enable use
of VVPAT with EVMs.
25)
The aforesaid affidavit of the ECI also shows that the
ECI had also convened a meeting of all the recognized
National and State political parties on 10.05.2013 and
demonstrated before their representatives the working of
VVPAT system. Separately, on the same day, the ECI also
held a meeting with individuals including the appellant
herein who had been engaged with the ECI over the past
several years regarding the functioning of EVMs. VVPAT
system was demonstrated before them as well.
Representatives of political parties and other individuals
expressed their satisfaction over the VVPAT system.
Thereafter, the ECI had decided to use the VVPAT system in
14
Page
15
the bye-election from 51-Noksen (ST) Assembly Constituency
in the State of Nagaland. Instructions were issued to hold
special meetings with the contesting candidates in that
constituency to brief them about the use of VVPAT system.
The ECI also organized special training sessions for poll
officers for the use of VVPAT and steps were taken to
educate the electors for the same.
26)
After various hearings, when the matter was heard on
4.10.2013, an affidavit dated 01.10.2013 filed on behalf of
the ECI was placed before this Court. The said affidavit was
filed to place on record the performance/result of the
introduction of the VVPAT system in the bye-election from
51-Noksen (ST) Assembly Constituency of Nagaland for which
the poll was conducted on 04.09.2013 indicating the future
course of action to be decided by the ECI on the basis of said
performance. By this affidavit, it was brought to our notice
that since VVPAT system was being used for the first time,
the ECI has decided that intensive training shall be given to
the polling officers. Members of the Technical Experts
Committee of the ECI also went to supervise training and the
15
Page
16
actual use of VVPAT in the bye-election. It is further stated
that the ECI also wrote letters to all the recognized political
parties and other persons, including the appellant herein,
engaged with the ECI on this subject inviting them to witness
the use of VVPAT. It is also brought to our notice that VVPAT
was successfully used in all the 21 polling stations of 51-
Noksen (ST) Assembly Constituency of Nagaland. It was also
stated that as per the Rules, the paper slips of VVPAT shall
not be counted normally except in case the Returning Officer
decides to count them on an application submitted by any of
the candidates. However, since VVPAT system was being
used for the first time in any election, the ECI decided on its
own to count paper slips of VVPAT in respect of all polling
stations. According to the ECI, no discrepancy was found
between the electronic and paper count.
27)
In the said affidavit, it is finally stated that the ECI has
decided to increase the use of VVPAT units in a phased
manner and for this purpose the ECI has already written to
the Government of India, Ministry of Law and Justice to issue
administrative and financial sanction for procurement of
16
Page
17
20,000 units of VVPAT (10,000 each from M/s BEL and M/s
ECIL) costing about Rs. 38.01 crore.
28)
Though initially the ECI was little reluctant in
introducing “paper trail” by use of VVPAT, taking note of the
advantage in the system as demonstrated by Dr.
Subramanian Swamy, we issued several directions to the
ECI . Pursuant to the same, the ECI contacted several expert
bodies, technical advisers, etc. They also had various
meetings with National and State level political parties,
demonstrations were conducted at various places and finally
after a thorough examination and full discussion, VVPAT was
used successfully in all the 21 polling stations of 51-Noksen
(ST) Assembly Constituency of Nagaland. The information
furnished by the ECI, through the affidavit dated 01.10.2013,
clearly shows that VVPAT system is a successful one. We
have already highlighted that VVPAT is a system of printing
paper trail when the voter casts his vote, in addition to the
electronic record of the ballot, for the purpose of verification
of his choice of candidate and also for manual counting of
votes in case of dispute.
17
Page
18
29)
From the materials placed by both the sides, we are
satisfied that the “paper trail” is an indispensable
requirement of free and fair elections. The confidence of the
voters in the EVMs can be achieved only with the
introduction of the “paper trail”. EVMs with VVPAT system
ensure the accuracy of the voting system. With an intent to
have fullest transparency in the system and to restore the
confidence of the voters, it is necessary to set up EVMs with
VVPAT system because vote is nothing but an act of
expression which has immense importance in democratic
system.
30)
In the light of the above discussion and taking notice of
the pragmatic and reasonable approach of the ECI and
considering the fact that in general elections all over India,
the ECI has to handle one million (ten lakhs) polling booths,
we permit the ECI to introduce the same in gradual stages or
geographical-wise in the ensuing general elections. The
area, State or actual booth(s) are to be decided by the ECI
and the ECI is free to implement the same in a phased
18
Page
19
manner. We appreciate the efforts and good gesture made
by the ECI in introducing the same.
31)
For implementation of such a system (VVPAT) in a
phased manner, the Government of India is directed to
provide required financial assistance for procurement of units
of VVPAT.
32)
Before parting with the case, we record our appreciation
for the efforts made by Dr. Subramanian Swamy as well as
the ECI, in particular Mr. Ashok Desai and Ms. Meenakshi
Arora, learned senior counsel for the ECI.
33)
With the above directions, the appeal and the writ
petition are disposed of. No separate order is required in the
applications for intervention. Both sides are permitted to
approach this Court for further direction(s), if need arises.
………………………………………….CJI
(P. SATHASIVAM)
………………………………………..J.
(RANJAN GOGOI)
19
Page
20
NEW DELHI;
OCTOBER 8, 2013.




SAMAPATH, EVM GOVERNMENT- NEED OF THE HOUR IS Electronic Virtual Movement 4 Replacing all EVMs (EVM4RAEVMs) to save Democracy.

Ex CJI EVM SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave
error of judgment by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs on
the request of CEC EVM SAMPATH because of the 1600 crore cost to replace
them and dealt a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.

Ex CJI did not order for ballot paper system would be brought in. No
such precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court. Ex  CJI did
not order that till the time this newer set of about 1300000 voting
machines is manufactured in full & deployed totally. All the people
in 80 democracies in the world who simply done away with fradulent EVMs
should not recognise EVM Modi & his Government.

EVM Narendra Modi full of hatred for non-brahmins & non baniyas
intoxicated for power violated all good Silas of not killing, lying,
stealing. EVM Militant Violent Stealth Cult RSS saying no reservation on
the basis of castes means it is against Constitution providing
reservation for SC/STs. RSS’s Mr. Mohan Bagawath, a brahmin & a
dropout is not a Constitutional expert to say that there should not be
any caste based reservation.

Attempt to E-File through http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/registration.jsp
while trying to attach Driving Licence through
http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/identity_file.jsp - got the result
java.lang. StringIndexOutOfBounds Exception: String index out of range: -
could not proceed further.

Brought this to the  notice of
supremecour@nic.in without any response. through
supremecour[at]nic[dot]in with a confusion whether it is
supremecour[at]nic[dot]in supremecour@nic.in or
supremecourt[at]nic[dot]in
supremecourt@nic.inhttp://goidirectory.nic.in/feedback.php - all
maintained by wim@nic.in also does not work. It often says “invalid
characters found, Please Re-Enter”

A correct procedure for 
E-Filing must be known to all procedures/ steps required to be taken for
E-Filing process ?
http://www.indg.in/e-governance/vle-corner/ict-in-legal-services/egov-legal-efilling
Supreme Court initiatives for citizens via e -Filing - e-Filing in
Supreme Court of IndiaSupreme Court of India is also on the e-governance
track and providing its services at doorstep of the Indian citizens.

In this regard, on October 2, 2006 Supreme Court started e-filing
facility. It is a simple way of filing any case via internet from his
house. e-filing via internet does not require the help of advocate.

This service can be utilized by any common man as well as registered
advocate. Anybody desiring to avail this service may log on to www.sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/index.html and  sign up as a user.

For sign up procedure please follow up these steps: First time users
of Supreme Court’s E-filing have to register him/her through the ‘Sign
Up’ option.Through ‘e-FILING’ only Advocate-on Record’ and
petitioners-in-person can file cases in the Supreme Court of India
Advocate option is to be chosen if you are an ‘Advocate-on-Record’,
otherwise choose ‘In-person’ option in case you are
petitioner-in-person.

For registering first time personal details such as Address, contact
details, E-mail Id etc., which are mandatory, need to be entered.For
Advocate-on-record, his/her code (Advocate-on-record code) will be
‘Login-ID’, while ‘In-person’will create his/her Login-Id through ‘Sign
Up’ option. Password needs to be entered thereafter. Login Id and
password will be created once the mandatory requirements are filled
properly. After successful login the ‘Disclaimer screen’ appears on the
screen.

Clicking of ‘I agree’ button on Disclaimer allows the user to
proceed further, while ‘I decline’ button sends the control back to the
Login screen. After successful login, the user can file the case
electronically. ‘New Case’ option allows the user to file a new case
‘Modify’ option allows a user to carryout changes to the already e-filed
case, provided the court fee payment option is not invoked. Defects
associated with the e-filed case will be e-mailed to the
advocate/petitioner by the Supreme Court Registry.For further
assistance, ‘Help’ option is available.Click here to file case online in
Supreme Court of India http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/
- Reasons For Banning Fradulent Tamperable EVMs Electronic voting
machines (EVMs) were introduced in a limited way in Indian elections in
1982, and they have been in universal use since the general elections of
2004, when paper ballots were phased out completely.

 It is about time this country reformed its voting system to ensure
that the electoral verdicts reflect the true will  of the people of the
country.
1. The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs
2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too!
3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe
4. Nor is The Hardware
5. EVMs are Sitting Ducks
6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern
7. Storage and Counting are Concerns
8. Vote of No Confidence
9. EC is Clueless on Technology
10. Trust Deficit1.

The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs.

The electronic voting machines used in this country’s  elections are
internationally known as Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting
machines which record votes directly in electronic memory.

Similar
voting machines have been banned in many countries such as Germany, the
Netherlands, Irelands etc. and such machines are allowed in most states
of the US only with a paper back up. Potential dangers of “vote fraud”
and more importantly, lack of transparency and verifiability associated
with them prompted ban or restrictions of their use. Developed nations
like the United Kingdom and France and advanced countries in our region
like Japan and Singapore have so far stuck to voting on paper ballots,
owing to their simplicity, verifiability and voter confidence in the
system. This country is an exception to this  international trend and we
continue to use these  voting machines long discarded by the world due
to lack of awareness and appreciation of the lay public of the concerns.

2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too! This country’s EVMs may also be held unconstitutional because they infringe
upon the fundamental rights of the voters. In this country, Right to
vote is a legal right but how that vote should be exercised by a voter
is his/ her individual expression covered by Article 19 (1) (a) of the
Constitution, which guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens. In
the 2002 case pertaining to disclosure of assets and the criminal
background of candidates, the Supreme Court ruled that voters have a
right to know the  antecedents of the contesting candidates and this is
fundamental and basic for survival of democracy. Accordingly, a voter
has the right to know that his vote which he exercised as a part of
freedom of expression has really gone in favour of the candidate whom
he/she has chosen. This right, fundamental in nature, is absent in the
electronic voting system.

In the traditional paper ballot system, that fundamental right was
preserve because a voter knew exactly how his/ her vote was recorded and
Universal use of EVMs in Indian elections is illegal too! In 1984, the
Supreme Court of India held that the use of electronic voting machines
in elections was “illegal” as the Representation of People (RP) Act,
1951 did not permit use of voting machines in elections. Later, the R.P.
Act was amended in 1989 incorporating Section 61A. However, the
amendment says voting machines “may be adopted in such constituency or
constituencies as the Election Commission may, having regard to the
circumstances of each case, specify.” Violating the provisions of the
R.P Act, the Election Commission has conducted 2004 and 2009 nationwide
general elections only using  electronic voting machines. Going by the
1984 judgment of the Supreme Court, parliamentary elections of 2004 and
2009 may be held illegal.

3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe.

The electronic voting machines are safe and secure only if the source code used in the EVMs is genuine.

Shockingly, the EVM manufacturers, the BEL and ECIL, have shared the ‘top secret’
EVM software program with two foreign companies, Microchip (USA) and
Renesas (Japan) to copy it onto microcontrollers used in EVMs. This
process could have been done securely in-house by the Indian Worse, when
the foreign companies deliver microcontrollers fused with software code
to the EVM manufacturers, the EVM manufacturers cannot “read back”
their contents as they are either OTP-ROM or masked chips.

Amusingly, the software given to foreign companies is not even made
available with the Election Commission, ostensibly for security reasons.
With such
ridiculous decisions, the Election Commission and the public sector
manufacturers have rendered security of the EVMs a mockery.  Adopting an
open standards policy by making the software public and allowing
parties to test the software installed in the EVMs would have offered
better.

4. Nor is The Hardware. The danger for EVM manipulations is not just from its software.

Even the hardware isn’t safe. Dr. Alex Halderman, professor of computer
science in the University of Michigan says, “EVMs used in the West
require software attacks as they are sophisticated voting machines and
their hardware cannot be replaced cheaply. In contrast, the Indian EVMs
can easily be replaced either in part or as wholesale units.” One
crucial part that can be faked is microcontrollers used in the EVMs in
which the software is copied. EVM manufacturers have greatly facilitated
fraud by using generic microcontrollers rather than more secure ASIC or
FPGA microcontrollers. Not just only microcontrollers, mother boards
(cards which contain microcontrollers) and entire EVMs can be replaced.
Neither the Election Commission nor the manufacturers have undertaken
any hardware or software audit till date. As a result, such manipulation
attempts would go  undetected. To detect such fraud, the upgraded EVMs
have a provision to interface with an Authentication Unit that would
allow the manufacturers to verify whether the EVM being used in the
election is the same that they have supplied to the Election Commission.
The EVM manufacturers developed an “Authentication Unit” engaging the
services  of Secure Spin, a Bangalore based software services firm.

The Unit was developed and tested in 2006 but when the project was ready
for implementation, the project was mysteriously shelved at the instance
of the Election Commission. Several questions posed to the Election
Commission for taking this decision went unanswered. 5. EVMs are Sitting
Ducks. This country’s EVMs can be hacked both before and after
elections to alter election results. Apart from manipulating the EVM
software and replacing many hardware parts discussed above, discussions
with knowledgeable sources revealed that our country’s EVMs can be
hacked in many ways. I mention just two of them below. Each EVM contains
two EEPROMs inside the Control Unit in which the  voting data is
stored.

They are completely unsecured and the data inside EPROMs can be
manipulated from an external source. It is very easy to read (data from)
the
EPROMs and manipulate them. The second and the most deadly way to hack
our country’s EVMs is by inserting a chip with Trojan inside the display
section of the Control unit. This requires access to the EVM for just
two minutes and these replacement units can be made for a few hundred
rupees. Bypassing completely all inbuilt securities, this chip would 
manipulate the results and give out “fixed” results on the EVM screen.
The Election Commission is completely oblivious to such possibilities. A
demonstration of these vulnerabilities is on the cards.

6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern. Personal accounts from some well placed political sources and experts
say that there are some “insiders” demanding vast sums (Rs. 5 Crore for
each assembly constituency) to fix election results. Who are these
insiders? Unlike in the traditional ballot system where only the
election officials were the “insiders”, electronic voting machine regime
has spawned a long chain of insiders, all of whom are outside the ambit
and control of the Election Commission of this country. There is every
possibility that some of these  “insiders” are involved in murky
activities in fixing elections. The whole world—except us in this
country–is alive to the dangers of insider fraud in elections. The
“insiders” include the public sector manufacturers of this country’s
electronic voting machines namely, the Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
and Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL), the foreign companies
supplying micro controllers, private players (some of which are
allegedly owned by some political leaders) for carrying out checking and
maintenance of electronic voting machines during.

7. Storage and Counting are Concerns. The EVMs are stored at the district
headquarters or in a decentralized manner in different locations.
Election Commission’s  concern for EVM safety becomes apparent only
during elections, where as security experts say that voting machines
must remain in a secure environment throughout their life cycle. There
could be many malpractices associated with electronic counting.
“Everybody watches polling closely. Nobody watches counting as
closely),” says Bev Harris, an American activist. Our Election
Commission takes three months to conduct parliamentary elections but
wants counting to be over in just three hours! In the rush to declare
results and the winners, several serious lapses go unnoticed in the
counting process. As a result, parties cannot give it the kind of
attention that this activity deserves.

Massive discrepancies between votes polled and counted in a large
number of polling stations across the country raise serious concerns in
this regard.

8. Voteof No Confidence.The political class cutting across all sides of the
divide has just one verdict: “we don’t trust the EVMs”. This vote of “no
confidence” stems from the personal experiences of parties and leaders
as well as the nature of results thrown up by the EVMs. Parties are
looking at EVMs with great suspicion and dread the prospect of EVMs
“defeating” them.This mistrust in EVMs is not confined to any single
party and is all pervasive. Almost all mainstream political parties,
including the BJP, Congress, left parties, regional parties like the
Telugu Desam party (TDP), AIADMK, Samajwadi party, Rastriya Lok Dal
(RLD), Janata Dal (United) etc. have all expressed reservation about
EVMs in the aftermath of 2009 Lok Sabha polls. Even the Congress party
that decisively won the 2009 general elections alleged that the EVMs
have been manipulated in Orissa. Today, it is difficult to find parties
that vouch for the continued use of EVMs in Indian elections. On the
contrary, there is a flood of opposition to the EVMs from the political
class.

9. EC is Clueless on Technology.The Election Commission has adopted
the EVM technology about which it has practically no knowledge.

As a result, it has little  control over many aspects of the election process. None of the election commissioners, neither
the present commissioners nor their predecessors, have proper
understanding of the EVM technology. The only source of technical
understanding for the Election Commission is a Committee of  experts led
by its chairman, Prof. P.V.Indiresan. Even the Expert Committee seems
very weak in its capacities and understanding. Alex Halderman, professor
of computer science at the  University of Michigan and an expert on the
security of voting systems who was present in New Delhi for the launch
of the book, Democracy at Risk, Can We Trust our EVMS? commented, “When I
read the 2006 technical report prepared by the Expert Committee of the
Election Commission. I scribbled on it that there was a cause for alarm
and quickly decided to agree to come here.” That speaks volumes for the
quality and rigor of security testing done on the Country’s  EVMs.

10. Trust Deficit. Election Commission’s conduct in the wake of the serious
reservations expressed by people has been unbecoming of a 
constitutional body. It has uttered many lies – our EVMs are “tamper
proof”, they are “different” etc. etc. It has refused to provide any
clarifications sought to the petitioners in the Supreme Court, despite a
reference from the Supreme Court of India. It has taken several
questionable decisions for which it has refused to offer any
explanations. For instance, it does not explain why old EVMs were used
in Lok Sabha elections despite the recommendations of its own Expert
Committee.

It does not explain why as many as 4.48 Lakh new EVMs (which are more secure as per the Expert Committee) were not used in
any Congress party or UPA ruled states? Why and where it had allowed use
of state government owned EVMs? The non-transparent conduct of Election
Commission in the use of EVMs and the farce of an “enquiry” it has
conducted following serious reservations on EVMs does not inspire
confidence in its unbiased functioning.

How EVM Works and how can changed it’s functionality Watch this video [youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″]

-
See more at:
http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/#sthash.5sue6t7S.dpuf
youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″ -
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlCOj1dElDY

This country’s EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud-Contrary to claims by our country,s election
authorities, the paperless electronic voting systems used in India
suffer from significant vulnerabilities. Even brief access to the
machines could allow criminals to alter election results.

In this video, we demonstrate two kinds of attacks against a real Indian
EVM. One attack involves replacing a small part of the machine with a
look-alike component that can be silently instructed to steal a
percentage of the votes in favor of a chosen candidate. These
instructions can be sent wirelessly from a mobile phone. Another attack
uses a pocket-sized device to change the votes stored in the EVM between
the election and the public counting session, which in India can be
weeks later.

These attacks are neither complicated nor difficult to
perform, but they would be hard to detect or defend against. The best
way to prevent them is to count votes using paper ballots that voters
can see. indiaEVM.org

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=br2Mjt1BecI
- EVMs Can Be Tampered - Says Net India - Net India company says that
the Electronic Voting Machines EVMs which are used in polling stations
can be tampered in favor of the candidates. Watch this to find out
more…..To watch live news, videos subscribe to CVR News @
https://www.youtube.com/user/CVRNewsO…-
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1xov8mrLZc -

EVM in INDIA

REALITY EXPOSED by Dr Subramanian Swamyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3THfIvvxPY - EVMs can be tampered,
experts say - Electronic voting machines could be easily tampered to
manipulate elections results, a group of foreign experts said at a
seminar in Dhaka on Tuesday. A standing committee member of the main
opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Abdul Moyeen Khan, in the
seminar said that the party would make some prototypes of the EVMs the
Election Commission made to show the people how the device could be
tampered.

Non-governmental organisation Centre for Sustainable Development organised the seminar, ‘Electronic voting machines: use and
abuse,’ at the Lake Shore hotel in the city. The organisation’s
secretary general Mahfuzullah conducted the seminar and its president
Anwar Hashim, also a former ambassador, presided over the programme.
Computer science professor in the University of California Mathew Allen
Bishop, senior software architect of Yahoo in India Shashank Shekhar and
research and development director of Hewlett Packard of the United
States Shawn Islam made presentation  in the seminar highlighting how
EVMs could be tampered. All the three experts said the EVMs could be
tampered in several ways in a short span of time to manipulate the
elections results in favour of a certain candidate if the manipulators
would get physical access to EVMs. Citing an example of the flaws of the
EVM used in the United States and in other parts of the world, Bishop
said the EVMs, electronic devices which need software to function, could
be easily tampered. Bishop, however, asked the authorities concerned to
look into certain issues before using EVMs. ‘When votes are counted,
how do you know that the button pushed to vote for scales on the ballot
unit is in fact counted as a vote for scales?’ he said. Bishop also
said, ‘How do you know that the software is correct? There are no bugs
that affect the vote counting?

How do you know that the software on the EPROM chip is the version that is supposed to be used? There was no malware?’

He said the security of the software running the EVM must be part of the
inbuilt design of the device. Earlier, Shawn Islam,m a
Bangladeshi-American, demonstrated how a vote cast for a candidate could
be stored for the candidate the voter did not vote for through software
manipulation effected beforehand. Both of the experts said that there
be a system of paper trail of the votes cast so that the voters could
see that their votes were stored for the candidate they voted for.’But,’
Shawn Islam added, ‘the EVMs developed by Bangladesh do not have any
option to add the paper trail system.’ He claimed that the EVM developed
in Bangladesh have plenty of problems. Shashank said that there was no
electronic device in the world which could not be tampered. All of the
experts said that the device must be tested by a third party before its
use.

In reply to a question whether the EVM can be manipulated with
remote control devise without physical intervention once EVMs are
tested and certified by the experts of the political parties just before
the elections, Shawn said, ‘You must have physical interventions to
manipulate it if the EVM does not belong to any wireless network.’


When a reporter asked Abdul Moyeen Khan whether the BNP would accept it if
EVMs were tested by their experts, the BNP leader parried the answer
saying that the party would develop some EVM prototypes to show how they
could be tampered.

Representatives from the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, including its acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul
Islam Alamgir, the chairperson’s advisers Iqbal Hasan Mahmud, Sabiuddin
Ahmed, Ruhal Alam and opposition chief whip Zainul Abdin Farroque,
attended. Speaking on the occasion, former Dhaka University
vice-chancellor Moniruzzaman Mia, BRAC University professor Piash Karim
and Sushaner Janya Nagarik secretary Badiul Alam Majumder stressed the
need for building trust among political parties before introducing any
new device in the elections process.The country’s two major political
camps are now at loggerheads over the introduction of EVMs in the next
polls. The ruling Awami League-led alliance said that it would extend
all cooperation to the E C in using EVMs in the next general elections
while the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party-led alliance vowed to
resist the move.Attachments area- Preview YouTube video India’s EVMs are
Vulnerable to Fraud

-Preview YouTube video EVMs Can Be Tampered -

Says Net India Preview YouTube video EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by DrSubramanian Swamy.



http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-05-20/news/27589262_1_voting-machines-display-board-hack


American scientists ‘hack’ into Indian voting machines


LONDON:

India’s voting machines - considered to be among the world’s most
tamperproof - can be hacked, American scientists claim.
Researchers at
the University of Michigan connected a home-made device to a voting
machine and successfully changed results by sending text messages from a
mobile.
“We made an imitation display board that looks almost exactly
like the real display in the machines. But underneath some of the
components of the board, we hide a microprocessor and a Bluetooth
radio,” the BBC quoted Prof J Alex Halderman, who led the project, as
saying.


He added: “Our lookalike display board intercepts the vote totals
that the machine is trying to display and replaces them with dishonest
totals - basically whatever the bad guy wants to show up at the end of
the election.”


Moreover, they added a small microprocessor, which they say can
change the votes stored in the machine between the election and the
vote-counting session.
No one’s right mind would yet allow the use of
absolutely antiquated, completely out-dated, easily hack-able and highly
tamper-able “high school technology” based, obsolete EVMs (electronic
voting machines) in national elections, but it was used now — in 2014


More than 80 democracies in the world have simply done away with
them, dumping them in the trash, or simply declared the usage of this
simplistic voting system susceptible to fraud, and hence declaring the
same as illegal — as the Supreme Courts of Germany and Holland indeed
have done. Even Japan, from where EVMs originated, has long abandoned
its rogue babies, and is using paper ballot system since then. All the
advanced democracies in the West, except the most dull-headed ones, have
reverted to a voter verifiable system or the ballot paper. In Canada,
even at the ,most basic school level, ballot paper voting is in use.


Last year, the Supreme Court of India, having been convinced of an
undeniable, edible possibility of EVMs getting tampered with and that
easily hacked — even from afar — had ordered the imbecilic Election
Commission and the indolent Government of India to provide about 1600
crore (1600, 0000000) rupees — convert this into your respective
currency! — for manufacturing these VVPAT (Voter Verifiable Paper Audit
Trail) voting machines; which show a verifiable paper receipt to the
voter.


This is the Fundamental Right of a citizen of India, as per the
laws laid down by the Constitution. However, recent newspaper reports
tell us that only 20, 000 such voting machines have been provided for
the entire country in this, 2014 election! India has 29 states
now — with Telagana being the latest. In most of them, depending upon
their size etc., either about 400 VVPAT machines are being deployed, or
some such similar ridiculous number — more or less — has been made
available in the length and breadth of the country. It’s an asinine,
bland, cruel, demeaning joke we 1.25 billion voters have been “blessed”
with by the powers that be.


All “patriotic” hackers of our motherland made hay in May!


As to how EVMs can be hacked into, tampered with, and results
favorably manipulated via software interference and other means — from
near and from far, far away — this can easily be found by anybody by
just going to Google etc. and filling “EVM HACKING, TAMPERING” or
something to this effect in the Search. And lo, behold! a plethora of
information will just overwhelm your overly chilled-out, lesser
employed, un-billed brains.


However, the only solace for us naive fools is that quite a few
unscrupulous politicians and every other most “honorable” political
party worthy of its “salt”, would surely be playing this comic-tragic
game of hacking into and hijacking the votes of a billion people! Thus,
one who outsmarts the other such fine folks, armed with their hacking
forks in this merry-go-around, will win.
The rest — this or that
“tsunami” or wave in favor of one or the other, poll forecasts and the
“newbie”, the over enthused, seeming game changers in the making — well,
they may well fall flat on their dumb faces, if not on their smart
asses.


That the Supreme Court of India too, while passing the order of
putting new VVAT voting machines in use in a “phased manner”, has
unwittingly shirked its duty. In fact, it committed a grave error of
judgment. Perhaps dealt a fatal blow to Indian democracy. It should have
ordered, as a caution, that till the time this newer set of about
1300ooo voting machines is manufactured in full and so deployed
throughout India, ballot paper system would be brought in. No such
precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court.
Well, crib all you
want. But don’t cry, my dear countrymen. After all, the same model of
EVMs is yet very much in use in South Africa, Bangla Desh, Bhutan,
Nepal, Nigeria, Venezuela etc. These poor folks of the said “non-techy”
countries — millions of them — too cannot figure out as to what the hell
had, yet is happening, in their dear short-circuited “developed”
democracies. Nor will you.


Don’t worry, be happy! You are not alone “out there”.


Oh, by the way, the somewhat notorious lawyer who had brought in this
case — of the present lot of EVMs being tamper-able and hack-able — and,
who, had successfully fought it so, forcing the Supreme Court to order
the installation of a fail-safe voting mechanism (of Voter Verifiable
Paper Audit machines replacing the susceptible earlier Electronic Voting
Machines) to ensure a free and fair electoral process in India — well,
this oh-so-very honorable fellow too has fallen silent, like a demure
maiden. This most vociferous gentleman had openly declared on social
websites, especially Twitter, that in case VVPAT machines do not get
installed in time for 2014 elections, then, there would be a
“constitutional crisis” — putting it out there like an Indian
“pehalwan”, a la WWW wrestler, that he would challenge the same in the
apex court. He had most emphatically underlined he would ensure that
either the new fail-safe voting machines or the old time-tested paper
ballot system will be put in use during this general election in India.
However, recently, when asked specifically on Twitter about this
matter — as to what this lovely man is doing or is going to do about
this impending doomsday electoral scenario — there was a deafening
silence from his side. May be owing to the fact that since the Supreme
Court judgement late last year, this self-righteous rightist has joined
the ultra-rightist political bandwagon.


The latter has been projected by pollsters to overwhelmingly sweep these elections — as a
direct result of the doings of the monstrous public relations firm hired
from the land of the let-it-be, oops! free. This US firm is the same
that was used fruitfully by President Bush and Hillary Clinton for their
respective political campaigns. It has — let there be no doubt about
it — successfully projected its client as the potential winner and the
next numero uno in Indian politics.


What the majority of the Indians have missed in fine print is that the outgoing Chief Minister of the
state of Rajasthan, in the last year elections, had officially filed a
complaint with the election commission that the EVMs used in his state
were pre-programmed and tampered with — and that the same had come from
the state of which this presently hyped-up future Prime Minister of
India, is the current Chief Minister. Now, the lawyer who had gone to
the dogs to awaken India and the rest of the world about the mischief
and malfeasance possible with the old model of EVMs — and had in fact
written a book on this subject — is in a wink-wink deep-throat “smadhi”.
A silence that speaks truths we dumb billion idiots on this part of
slippery earth cannot fathom. Perhaps it’s a precursor of the things to
come.


Let us hope the jolly good hackers of this-that party screw-up each
other’s devilish, outright evil plans. In a dog eat dog political
crap pit we hapless billion creatures have to walk through every
election, maybe this time the ape sitting by the side — the wide-eyed
hopeful citizen of India — at least gets a tiny part of the apple pie
this messy hacking cat fight will leave behind, on the side lanes.
Perhaps these little crumbs will be enough for us to stay afloat. though
not gloat.


In a nutshell, simply put, whosoever “out-hacks” the other, will win.


Then again, we are an ancient civilization of more than 33, 0000000 gods and
goddesses — some civilized, others not so civil. Let’s hope one of these
fancied deities has a soft corner for us dumbos. Otherwise, we are
going to get screwed. A billion times over.


Therefore, I made doubly sure I did not vote. I sat on my ass on voting day — not that I
don’t do so everyday. This voting day, I absolutely did. Not only
figuratively and metaphorically, but literally. I may have many buts in
life, but at least today I have a little sore, yet not so sorry a butt.


We are a fool’s paradise.


Long live the banana republic of India!

http://www.pcworld.com/printable/article/id,195328/printable.html

Security Analysis of India’s Electronic Voting Machines

Abstract:

Elections in India are conducted almost exclusively using electronic
voting machines developed over the past two decades by a pair of
government-owned companies. These devices, known in India as EVMs, have
been praised for their simple design, ease of use, and reliability, but
recently they have also been criticized because of widespread reports of
election irregularities. Despite this criticism, many details of the
machines’ design have never been publicly disclosed, and they have not
been subjected to a rigorous, independent security evaluation. In this
paper, we present a security analysis of a real Indian EVM obtained from
an anonymous source. We describe the machine’s design and operation in
detail, and we evaluate its security, in light of relevant election
procedures. We conclude that in spite of the machine’s simplicity and
minimal trusted computing base, it is vulnerable to serious attacks that
can alter election results and violate the secrecy of the ballot. We
demonstrate two attacks, implemented using custom hardware, which could
be carried out by dishonest election insiders or other criminals with
only brief physical access to the machines. This case study contains
important lessons for Indian elections and for electronic voting
security more generally.

http://indiaevm.org/paper.html

Full technical paper at http://indiaevm.org/evm_tr2010.pdf

Excerpt:

Conclusions

Despite elaborate safeguards, India’s EVMs are vulnerable to serious attacks.
Dishonest insiders or other criminals with physical access to the
machines at any time before ballots are counted can insert malicious
hardware that can steal votes for the lifetime of the machines.
Attackers with physical access between voting and counting can
arbitrarily change vote totals and can learn which candidate each voter
selected. These problems are deep-rooted. The design of India’s EVMs
relies entirely on the physical security of the machines and the
integrity of election insiders. This seems to negate many of the
security benefits of using electronic voting in the first place. The
technology’s promise was that attacks on the ballot box and dishonesty
in the counting process would be more difficult. Yet we find that such
attacks remain possible, while being more difficult to detect.

It is highly doubtful that these problems could be remedied by simple
upgrades to the existing EVMs or election procedures. Merely making the
attacks we have demonstrated more difficult will not fix the fundamental
problem: India’s EVMs do not provide transparency, so voters and
election officials have no reason for confidence that the machines are
behaving honestly.

India should carefully reconsider how to achieve a secure and
transparent voting system that is suitable to its national values and
requirements. One option that has been adopted in other countries is to
use a voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT), which combines an
electronic record stored in a DRE with a paper vote
record that can be audited by hand [43]. Existing EVMs do not have
updatable software, but it would be possible to add a VVPAT by
interposing on the cable between the control unit and the ballot unit.
Another option is precinct-count optical scan (PCOS) voting, where
voters fill out paper ballots that are scanned by a voting machine at
the polling station before being placed in a ballot box. Attacking
either of these systems would require tampering with both the paper
records and the electronic records, provided that routine audits are
performed to make sure these redundant sets of records agree [14]. A
third option is to return to simple paper ballots. Despite all of their
known weaknesses, simple paper ballots provide a high degree of
transparency, so fraud that does occur will be more likely to be
detected.

Using EVMs in India may have seemed like a good idea when the machines were introduced in the 1980s, but science’s
understanding of electronic voting security—and of attacks against
it—has progressed dramatically since then, and other technologically
advanced countries have adopted and then abandoned EVM-style voting. Now
that we understand what technology can and cannot do, any new solutions
to the very real problems election officials face must address the
problems, not merely hide them from sight.

EVMs are not foolproof, says computer scientist
 
April 23rd, 2010

DC Correspondent, Kumar Chellappan
 
Picking
holes. A low-budget adversary armed with a small instrument can read out
votes cast, suppress the votes of one or several voters, and even
delete all the votes.
 
April 22: Electronic voting machines are
not as tamper-proof as the Election Commission of India would like us to
believe, going by the research of an Israeli comuter scientist who has
found flaws in the most advanced EVMs in the world.


“The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) EVMs developed in Israel are rated as
the most advanced machines in the world. But we have proved that they
are vulnerable to all kinds of tampering,” Avishai Wool, of the School
of Electrical Engineering, Tel Aviv University, told DC on Thursday.


“We can show how a low-budget adversary armed with a small instrument can
read out all votes already cast into the ballot box, suppress the votes
of one or several voters, rewrite votes at will and even completely
disqualify all votes in a single booth,” Prof. Wool says in the paper.
“These attacks are easy to mount and very difficult to detect.” While
Prof. Wool refused to comment on Indian EVMs, several experts have noted
that most electronic polling devices are susceptible to tampering.
Prof. Wools’ comments follow a letter qritten by David Dill, professor
of computer science at Stanford University, to Chief Election
Commissioner Navin Chawla on Indian EVMs lacking credibility.
Subramanian Swamy, former Union minister for law, said Bharat
Electronics Ltd and ECIL, who developed the Indian EVM , have withdrawn
their application for a patent for the device from the World
Intellectual Property Organisation.

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/chennai/evms-are-not-foolproof-says-computer-scientist-540

Don’t stand on prestige, dump EVMs, save democracy

http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=12 Computer Science Prof. of Stanford Univ., Dr. David Dill’s statement on Indian EVMs

http://www.indianevm.com/videos.php?id=14 (Videos, expert panel)

Election Commission concedes manipulation of EVMs

The Election Commission of India has made an amazing confession: that the
security and integrity of the entire election system will be compromised
if the EVM software and the hardware design becomes known.

This is what technologists, activists and political leaders have been saying
for many months now and the Commission had steadfastly refuted such
claims with a bizarre “our EVMs are fully tamper proof” claim.

The above revelation was made by the Election Commission in a letter
dated March 30, 2010 to V.V. Rao, petitioner in the Supreme Court on
the EVMs.

I quote below:

”…The Commission is concerned that commercial interests could use the route of reverse engineering (a process by which
the original software and hardware configuration can be accessed) which
may compromise the security and sanctity of the entire election system.”

“…It is once again made clear that any demonstration of alleged
tamperability cannot include reverse-engineering as it compromises
security and sanctity of the entire […]

http://www.indianevm.com/blogs/?p=11

Don’t stand on prestige, dump EVMs: Naidu

J. Balaji, The Hindu

Published: April 13, 2010 00:53 IST | Updated: April 13, 2010 02:54 IST

He seeks national debate to clear “doubts in the minds of voters”

Telugu Desam Party president N. Chandrababu Naidu doubts that
electronic voting machines (EVMs) are non-tamperable, and has sought a
national debate to “clear all the doubts in the minds of voters.”

“I am convinced that there is scope for tampering with the EVMs,” he said here on Monday after launching a website, www.indianevm.com, hosted by election analyst G.V.L. Narasimha Rao and information technologist Hariprasad.

Though he would not blame the Election Commission, with the existing EVMs people were not sure whether the votes they cast
went to the candidates of their choice, Mr. Naidu said. When Germany,
Singapore and some European countries had gone back to the paper ballot,
as the EVMs could be tampered with and hacked, why should India alone
use such machines? “The EC should not stand on false prestige and
gracefully go in for a debate as the issue involved the fundamental
rights of the citizens.”

Mr. Naidu said he would take up the issue with other parties. There
would be nothing wrong in the country going back to the old system of
ballot votes if the machines were not safe and susceptible to tampering.

The former Chief Secretary of Delhi and IIT alumnus, Omesh Saigal,
asked why the chip used in EVMs was allowed to be written in the United
States. “A Trojan horse is sitting inside the machine.”

During August last, the EC said it gave opportunities to political
parties and individuals who claimed that EVMs could be manipulated to
prove their case. But “they either failed or chose not to demonstrate,”
it said.

“The EC would like to underline that it always had a firm conviction and complete satisfaction
that EVMs could not be tampered with. Its faith in the machine has never
wavered through the conduct of elections in the last many years.”

None was able to actually demonstrate that the EVMs used by the Commission
could be tampered with. “What has been demonstrated or claimed to have
been demonstrated is on a privately assembled lookalike of ECI-EVMs
andnot the actual EVM, produced by the Electronics Corporation of India
Limited,” the Commission said.

http://beta.thehindu.com/news/national/article395509.ece

EVM debate rages on, lets get rid of it.

http://beta.thehindu.com/news/national/article395509.ece

EVM debate rages. Jump in and cast your vote on the spot poll on this blog.

My personal take is that advanced countries with a longer history of
democracy like the US, UK, Australia, France, Netherlands, Norway,
Sweden and many other European countries don’t use a EVM but the good old paper and ballot. Why should we move to a EVM.

1) The EVM does not provide a physical evidence of a vote. Whereby a
re count can be demanded. In earlier elections it has been seen that
after a re count a loosing candidate has won. A recount in EVM will just
mean adding up of all votes which will always add up to the earlier
number. How do we know this is correct.
2) This machine does not allow for any audit
just because it has no physical evidence. So tomorrow we shall all do
corporate accounting on a calculator (no need for bills, invoice, chalan
etc) and show the auditors the final figure on the screen of the
calculator. This is what EVM amounts to.
3) This goes against the basic Right to Information Act. Where is the evidence.
4) A 10 std Physics student can rig up such a device. I wonder why you need a micro processor even.

Please,

please jump in and tell the govt that we don’t need the EVM. Why are
they scared of going back to the old system when there is a section of
the population that does not believe in the authenticity of this device.
Don’t believe in the impartiality of the EC, its fully corrupted by
congress ideologues.

भारत मैं सभ कुछ बिकता हैं हम कैसे मान ले की EC नहीं बीके, EVM यंत्र बनाने वाले नहीं बीके होवे हैं |  

PS:

UPA won a surprise victory in 2004 and left many stunned about NDA’s
loss. Many never expected this but it happened. Incidentally EVM were
first used in 2004.  

http://sowingseedsofthought.blogspot.com/2010/04/evm-debate-rages-on-lets-get-rid-of-it.html

http://www.indianevm.com/

EVMs are prone to tampering by both external hackers and insiders.

The danger of insider fixing of elections is recognized the world over.
Hence mere faith in companies and a host of private players handling
EVMs cannot be the basis for election results. Elections can be trusted
only if the results are verifiable and auditable. Most developed
countries have rejected or reformed direct-recording EVMs. Election
Commission of India is persisting with the voting machines ignoring the
serious concerns. Hence this effort to mobilize public opinion.

In the Philippines ballot papers are used. Counting is done through voting
machines by optically scanning the ballots into the machine. Still, a
manual audit is mandated. In computing, if things can go wrong, they
always will; this is Murphy’s law of computing. I hope you have read
Stanford Univ. Prof. Dill’s letter to ECI. 


http://www.scribd.com/doc/26954805/Dr-Dill-Letter-to-ECI

The nature of the electonic counting in the Philippines

kalyan 25 Feb. 2010

EVMs and cyberlaw of the Philippines: mandated manual audit

Article posted February 24, 2010 - 09:48 PM

Commission on Elections (Comelec) chairman Jose Melo on Wednesday rejected the
idea of conducting the random manual audit before the declaration of the
winners in the May polls, saying that it will only cause unnecessary
delays.

“(We don’t want) a simple audit (to) deter proclamation,” Melo said in a press briefing.

The poll body chief issued the statement after some groups asserted that
the random manual audit be done right after the election results are
transmitted and before the winners are proclaimed. (See: More voting
machines should be audited to ensure polls’ credibility)

Section 24 of Republic Act 9369 requires a random manual audit to be
conducted in one precinct per congressional district in each province
and city.

“Any difference between the automated and manual count will result in the
determination of root cause and initiate a manual count for those
precincts affected by the computer or procedural error,” it further
said.

But Melo said that conducting the audit before the proclamation would cause a great delay because the auditors would still
have to “reconcile” the marks on a ballot that were recognized and not
recognized by the Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) machine.

“Magkakaroon ng variation yan, magdedebate, madedelay yan. Ang mark na ganyan,
bibilangin ng manual, pero hindi binilang ng makina, sino paniniwalaan
mo (There will definitely be a variation, triggering debate, which would
delay everything. Marks like those that are counted manually, but not
counted by the machine—which would you believe),” he said.

He further said that it would be fine if only the proclamation of
the winners of the local elections would be delayed, but he said that
even the national positions would have to await proclamation.

“If we are going to delay the proclamation because of a simple
concern of one machine, bakit pa tayo nag-automate (why did we automate
at all)?” he said.

Earlier, the National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections
(Namfrel) and the Consortium of Electoral Reforms (CER) also asked the
poll body to increase the number of voting machines that will undergo
auditing.

The groups said that at least 2.5 to 3 percent of the 82,200 PCOS units or five poll machines per congressional district
should be manually audited to give enough assurance that the results of
the elections are credible. —Kimberly Jane T. Tan/JV, GMANews.TV

http://www.gmanews.tv/story/184694/comelec-chief-no-audit-before-poll-winners-are-proclaimed#

‘EVMs illegally being used for a decade’

Sanjay Sharma, TNN, Feb 22, 2010, 03.44am IST

CHANDIGARH:

The electronic voting machines (EVMs) are being used in violation of
the Information Technology Act 2000, a research paper has revealed.

Author of the research paper, advocate Ajay Jagga, told The Times of
India, on Sunday that as per IT Act, 2000, a verifiable audit trail has
to be provided in case of any electronic record, which is now
admissible as evidence as per Evidence Act but in case of electronic
voting, the voter does not get any receipt with regard to his voting.

The research paper recently attracted the attention of experts when a
conference on “EVMs: How trustworthy?” in Chennai passed a unanimous
resolution on February 13 asking Jagga to approach the Election
Commission of India (ECI) for bringing the electronic voting procedure
in tune with IT Act, 2000.

Jagga said he would soon approach ECI seeking formation of legal
committee to remove the illegality or will knock the doors of court.

The lawyer said, “Unless the voter gets a receipt like the one we get in ATM or after the use of debit or
credit cards, all electronic transactions including a vote, are
illegal.” What is the evidence that the vote cast has really been
recorded and that it has been recorded in the manner the voter intended,
he asked.

For the purpose and to protect the secrecy of ballot, all such receipts, after the voter has checked his transaction, should
be put in a box which should remain with ECI to be produced as evidence
in case of a dispute, he said. The government amended the relevant laws
in 1989 to equate EVM with ballot and ballot box to facilitate
transition from ballot paper to EVM but the IT Act 2000 created a new
complication that has to be immediately resolved in the interest of
fairness of things, Jagga pointed out.

The lawyer also proved that the machine can be tampered with which has been accepted by the
government itself in its letter to withdraw patent applications filed by
Electronics Corporation of India and Bharat Electronics Ltd, makers of
the machine. The PSUs withdrew their patent applications on the ground
that the machine may not be tamper-proof, he said, adding that America
and Germany had to return to ballot paper after their machines were
found wanting.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chandigarh/EVMs-illegally-being-used-for-a-decade/articleshow/5601297.cms

Linked on USA Today 23 Feb. 2010 http://content.usatoday.com/topics/article/Places,+Geography/Countries/India/05zF4kBeFJ47y/1

Hackers can ’steal’ ballots from electronic voting machines- 2009 Electronic Voting Technology Workshop Indo-Asian News Service
Washington, August 11, 2009
First Published: 16:48 IST(11/8/2009)
Last Updated: 17:06 IST(11/8/2009)

Computer scientists have demonstrated how criminals could hack an electronic
voting machine (EVM) and ’steal’ votes using a malicious programming
approach that had not been invented when the voting machine was
designed.

The team of scientists from the Universites of California,
San Diego, Michigan and Princeton employed “return-oriented programming”
to force an electronic voting machine to turn against itself.

“Voting machines must remain secure throughout their entire service lifetime,
and this study demonstrates how a relatively new programming technique
can be used to take control of a voting machine that was designed to
resist takeover, but that did not anticipate this new kind of malicious
programming,” said Hovav Shacham.

Shacham is professor of computer science at UC San Diego’s (UC-SD )Jacobs School of Engineering
and study co-author. His study demonstrates that return-oriented
programming can be used to execute vote-stealing computations by taking
control of an EVM designed to prevent code injection.

The computer scientists had no access to the machine’s source code -
or any other proprietary information - when designing the demonstration
attack.

By using just the information that would be available to anyone who bought
or stole a voting machine, the researchers addressed a common criticism
made against voting security researchers: that they enjoy unrealistic
access to the systems they study.

“Based on our understanding of security and computer technology, it looks like paper-based elections
are the way to go. Probably the best approach would involve fast optical
scanners reading paper ballots. These kinds of paper-based systems are
amenable to statistical audits, which is something the election security
research community is shifting to,” said Shacham.

“You can actually run a modern and efficient election on paper,” he said.

“If you are using electronic voting machines, you need to have a
separate paper record at the very least,” he added. There findings were
presented at the 2009 Electronic Voting Technology Workshop.

http://www.erodov.com/forums/hackers-can-steal-ballots-electronic-voting-machines/23603.html

ECI has to answer for the holes in the bucket identified in the book
edited by Subramanian Swamy and Kalyanaraman, Electronic Voting
Machines — Unconstitutional and Tamperable (2010)

http://www.flipkart.com/electronic-voting-machines-subramanian-swamy-book-8170947987

A private co. had a project to EVMs. Are look-alike EVMs available in the market?

Why
are EVMs being manufactured abroad (with control units burnt-in with
programs in foreign countries using Indian agents)? How can BEL/ECIL
claim IP rights for such foreign-makes? How much money has been spent
for this foreign outsourcing?

ECI should scrap EVMs which are unconstitutional in any case and revert to paper ballots.Save democracy
which has flourished in India for over 1000 years since Uttaramerur
Inscription of Parakesari Varman of Parantaka Chola days. This was
mentioned in Constituent Assembly debates by the late T. Prakasham, CM
of composite Madras Presidency.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/6-EVMs-recovered-from-scrap-dealers/articleshow/7049951.cms
 
Editorial: E-voting needs a paper trail

Dec. 6, 2010

Eight

years after the “hanging chads” fiasco in Florida, and two months
before one of the most important presidential elections in U.S. history,
Congress still refuses to listen to the nation’s top computer
scientists and require a secure, auditable paper trail for all federal
elections. This despite the latest revelation of a serious problem with
the electronic voting machines used in 34 states — including Virginia
and Maryland — in addition to their well-publicized vulnerability to
hacking.

In March, Ohio officials found a programming error that
dropped votes when the data on memory cards from multiple electronic
machines are electronically transferred to a central tabulator, as they
would be on Election Day. Dozens of lawyers are ready to file legal
challenges everywhere e-voting machines are used, even those declared
“qualified” by the National Association of State Election Directors.
Such litigation could tie up final election results far longer than it
would take to count paper ballots.

State and local government officials
have spent $1.5 billion on e-voting machines in recent years, most of
it federal funds under the 2002 Help America Vote Act. But instead of
ensuring a fast, secure way to count millions of votes, they got a
technological nightmare. Studies in Ohio and California confirmed that
e-voting machines currently in use can allow individuals to cast
multiple votes, load viruses that crash the system, produce fake tallies
and even change previously cast votes.

As recently as May, a spokesman
for Premier Election Solutions (formerly Diebold Election Systems)
blamed the Ohio glitch on state-installed anti-virus software, but
eventually admitted to a decade-old “logic error” programmed on all 19
of its touch screen and optical scan models. Computer experts say every
e-voting machine now in use has serious security vulnerabilities. Even a
piece of white tape on a scanner can block votes from being
recorded.

“We don’t know how to make secure paperless voting,” says
Stanford computer science professor David Dill, founder of the Verified
Voting Foundation and author of Attack dog, a computer model that
simulates more than 9,000 ways to attack e-voting systems. Dr. Dill and
others like him have warned again and again that an auditable paper
trail is the only way to guarantee a secure election, the very bedrockof
democracy. Congress has less than two months to pass emergency
legislation requiring state election officials to add verifiable paper
trails to all voting in the November election. There is no more time to
lose.

http://washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/editorial-e-voting-needs-paper-trail
 
Source: http://www.indianevm.com/

 Download:

http://www.supremecourtofindia.nic.in/outtoday/wp%28c%29No.161of2004.pdf



http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/supreme-court-asks-election-commission-to-implement-paper-trail-in-evms-429689




Supreme Court asks Election Commission to implement paper trail in EVMs

New Delhi:  The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Election Commission to
introduce in a phased manner the paper trail in Electronic Voting
Machines (EVMs) for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, saying “it is an
indispensable requirement of free, fair and transparent” polls which
will restore confidence of the voters.

The Supreme Court, which directed the Centre to provide financial assistance to the poll panel
for introduction Vote Verifier Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) system with the
EVMs, said it will “ensure the accuracy of the voting system” and also
help in “manual counting of votes in case of dispute.”

“The ‘paper trail’ is an indispensable requirement of free and fair
elections. The confidence of voters in the EVMs can be achieved only
with introduction of the paper trail,” it said.

“EVMs with VVPAT system ensure the accuracy of the voting system. With an intent to have
fullest transparency in the system and to restore the confidence of the
voters, it is necessary to set up EVMs with VVPAT system because vote is
nothing but an act of expression which has immense importance in
democratic system,” the bench said.

“VVPAT is a system of printing paper trail when the voter casts his vote, in addition to the
electronic record of the ballot, for the purpose of verification of his
choice of candidate and also for manual counting of votes in case of
dispute,” a bench comprising Chief Justice P Sathasivam and Ranjan Gogoi
said.

The bench asked the Election Commission to introduce VVPAT in EVMs
in gradual stages or geographical-wise in the 2014 general elections.

While asking the Centre to provide financial assistance, the bench noted the submissions made by the Election
Commission in its affidavit that it has decided to increase the use of
VVPAT units in a phased manner and has already written to the Ministry
of Law and Justice to issue administrative and financial sanction for
procurement of 20,000 units of VVPAT (10,000 each from M/s BEL and M/s
ECIL) costing Rs. 38.01 crore.

The bench said, “Taking notice of the pragmatic and reasonable approach of the Election Commission and
considering the fact that in general elections all over India, the
Election Commission has to handle one million (ten lakh) polling booths,
we permit EC to introduce the same in gradual stages or
geographical-wise in the ensuing general elections.”

“The area, state or actual booth(s) are to be decided by the EC and
the EC is free to implement the same in a phased manner,” it said.

The bench passed the order on two similar petitions; one of those petitions was filed by BJP leader Subramanian Swamy.

Claiming that EVMs were open to hacking, Mr Swamy had sought directions to the
poll watchdog to introduce paper trail to easily and cheaply meet the
requirements of proof that the EVM has rightly registered the vote cast
by a voter.

Mr Swamy had moved the Supreme Court against January 2012 order of
the Delhi High Court disallowing his prayer to direct Election
Commission to incorporate the system of paper trail in EVMs.

The bench noted that though initially the poll panel was little reluctant
in introducing paper trail by use of VVPAT, pursuant to its directions,
the Election Commission contacted several expert bodies and technical
advisers and held meetings with national and state level political
parties and carried out demonstrations.

It noted that after a thorough examination, VVPAT was successfully
used in 21 polling stations of 51-Noksen (ST) Assembly Constituency of
Nagaland.

“The information furnished by the ECI,
through the affidavit dated October 1, 2013 clearly shows that VVPAT
system is a successful one,” the bench said.


EVMs have been under a cloud of suspicion over their
alleged tamparability and security problems during elections (especially
after the 2009 general elections). After rulings of Delhi High Court,
Supreme Court and demands from various political parties, Election
Commission decided to introduce EVMs with Voter-verified paper audit
trail (VVPAT) system. The Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
system is introduced in 8 of 543 parliamentary constituencies as a pilot
project in Indian general election, 2014.


BSP  is not
only a political party but also a movement of societal change. Hence
this technological game of 1% Chitpawan RSS plan has to be defeated by
strengthening the 99% intellectuals by exposing the fradulent EVMs as
done by 80 democracies of the world in the larger interest of Sarvajan
Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye i.e., for the peace, happiness and welfare of
all societies including SC/STs/ OBCs/ Minorities and the poor brahmins
and baniyas for distributing the wealth of this country among all
sections of the society as enshrined in the Constitution by making the
Supreme Court to pass orders to replace all fradulent EVMs and till such
time to scrap all elections conducted by these fradulent EVMs and then
to conduct elections with tamper proof voting system to save democracy,
equality, fraternity and liberty.

Ex  CJI EVM SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave error of
judgment by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs on the
request of CEC EVM SAMPATH because of the 1600 crore cost to replace
them and dealt a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.


Ex
CJI did not order for ballot paper system would be brought in. No such
precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court. Ex  CJI did not
order that till the time this newer set of about 1300000 voting machines
is manufactured in full & deployed totally. All the people in 80
democracies in the world who simply done away with fradulent EVMs should
not recognise EVM Murderer of democratic institutions(Modi) & his
Government. This had happened because of the the 1% chitpawan brahmins
of RSS practicing hatredness towards 99% Sarvajan Samaj including
SC/STs/OBCs/Minorities and the poor upper caste in favour of Capitalists
and Industrialists. Hatred is a defilement of mind which is madness
requiring treatment in a mental asylum with Insight Meditation till they
are cured with this illness of hate.

https://www.usenix.org/conference/evtwote-10/panel-indian-electronic-voting-machines-evms







Panel on Indian Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs)

Abstract: 


India is one of a number of nations that deploy a
uniform computerized voting system in their national elections. As the
second most populous
nation, the challenges of running a national election across such a
diverse electorate and geography is challenging. The Indian EVM voting
system is considerably more simple than voting systems in the US; it has
no interactive interface, no accessibility support, and is intended to
operate in elections with only one (or very few) contests on the ballot.
Recently, charges of irregularities perpetrated by technically-savvy
attackers have surfaced. A group of academics and advocates published a
security analysis of the Indian EVM this spring that highlights a number
of serious vulnerabilities and describes a few practical exploits. The
Electoral Commission of India has responded that these attacks are
theoretical in nature and that reports of irregularities have not been
substantiated to a degree that implicates deficiencies in the technology
itself. This panel will present two researchers from the effort this
spring, a representative from the Electoral Commission of India and an
academic advisor to the Electoral Commission of India. Panelists will
speak about the current state of Indian voting technology, the critiques
made of the EVM, and what the future holds for voting technology in
India.




presentation video


Download Video

https://c59951.ssl.cf2.rackcdn.com/evtwote10/panel.mp4

http://khis.khu.ac.kr:9090/Summon/Search?lookfor=%22EVMS%22&type=Subject



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