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Be a lamp unto yourself. Work out your liberation with diligence.– Buddha-31-08-2010 FREE ONLINE e- Nālandā UNIVERSITY-EDUCATE (BUDDHA)! MEDITATE (DHAMMA)! ORGANISE (SANGHA)!-LESSON – 16-WISDOM IS POWER-Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org-Course Programs:-Rebirth Part IV-The laws of kamma are as inviolable as the law of gravity-Paccha-bhumika Sutta-[Brahmans] of the Western Land-Why not just settle for divine rebirth among the devas?: -Upacala Sutta: Sister Upacala-The preciousness of our human life-Nakhasikha Sutta: The Tip of the Fingernail-Chiggala Sutta: The Hole-How to gain rebirth as an elephant or a horse-Janussonin Sutta: To Janussonin-What’s so bad about being reborn?:-Nālandā: A pleasant project-GOOD GOVERNANCE-Central Governments led by Congress and BJP and other parties responsible for poor plight of farmers-BSP against forced acquisition of agricultural lands of farmers in the country-BSP to support farmers’ proposed August 26 siege of Parliament-Carry out relief and rescue works on war-footing in flood affected areas —C.M.-Drive against adulterators to continue-State Medical and Health Minister demands Rs. 10 lakh assistance for family members of vaccine victims-Five health workers including a doctor suspended in Mohanlalganj vaccination incident-Rs. 50,000 aid provided to parents of deceased children
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Be a lamp unto yourself. Work out your liberation with diligence.
– Buddha

31-08-2010 FREE ONLINE e- Nālandā UNIVERSITY

EDUCATE (BUDDHA)!   MEDITATE (DHAMMA)!  ORGANISE (SANGHA)!

LESSON – 16

WISDOM IS POWER

Awakened One Shows the Path to Attain Ultimate Bliss

Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:

http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

COMPUTER IS AN ENTERTAINMENT INSTRUMENT!

INTERNET!

IS

ENTERTAINMENT NET!

TO BE MOST APPROPRIATE!

Using such an instrument

The Free e-Nālandā University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :

Buddha Taught his Dhamma Free of cost, hence the Free- e-Nālandā follows suit

As the Original Nālandā University did not offer any Degree, so also the Free  e-Nālandā University.

Main Course Programs:

I.
KAMMA

REBIRTH

AWAKEN-NESS 

BUDDHA

THUS COME ONE

DHARMA

II.
ARHAT

FOUR HOLY TRUTHS

EIGHTFOLD PATH

TWELVEFOLD CONDITIONED ARISING

BODHISATTVA

PARAMITA

SIX PARAMITAS

III.

SIX SPIRITUAL POWERS

SIX PATHS OF REBIRTH

TEN DHARMA REALMS

FIVE SKANDHAS

EIGHTEEN REALMS

FIVE MORAL PRECEPTS

IV.

MEDITATION

MINDFULNESS

FOUR APPLICATIONS OF MINDFULNESS

LOTUS POSTURE

SAMADHI

CHAN SCHOOL

FOUR DHYANAS

FOUR FORMLESS REALMS

V.

FIVE TYPES OF BUDDHIST STUDY AND PRACTICE

MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA COMPARED

PURE LAND

BUDDHA RECITATION

EIGHT CONSCIOUSNESSES

ONE HUNDRED DHARMAS

EMPTINESS

VI.

DEMON

LINEAGE

with

Level I: Introduction to Buddhism

Level II: Buddhist Studies

TO ATTAIN

Level III: Stream-Enterer

Level IV: Once - Returner

Level V: Non-Returner
Level VI: Arhat

Jambudvipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath scientific thought in

mathematics,

astronomy,

alchemy,

and

anatomy

Philosophy and Comparative Religions;

Historical Studies;

International Relations and Peace Studies;

Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;

Languages and Literature;

and Ecology and Environmental Studies

 Welcome to the Free Online e-Nālandā University-

Course Programs:

Rebirth Part IV

http://what-buddha-said.net/drops/Rebirth.htm

The laws of kamma are as inviolable as the law of gravity: SN XLII.6

http://www.cambodianbuddhist.org/english/website/canon/samyutta/sn42-006.html

Samyutta Nikaya XLII.6

Paccha-bhumika Sutta

[Brahmans] of the Western Land

Translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu.
For free distribution only.

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn42/sn42.006.than.html

·  Tipitaka ·  Samyutta Nikaya ·  SN 42 

SN 42.6 

PTS: S iv 311 

CDB ii 1336

Paccha-bhumika Sutta: [Brahmans] of the Western Land

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

© 1999–2010

On one occasion the Blessed One was staying near Nālandā in the Pavarika Mango Grove. Then Asibandhakaputta the headman went to the Blessed One and on arrival, having bowed down to him, sat to one side. As he was sitting there he said to the Blessed One: “The brahmans of the Western lands, lord — those who carry water pots, wear garlands of water plants, purify with water, & worship fire — can take [the spirit of] a dead person, lift it out, instruct it, & send it to heaven. But the Blessed One, worthy & rightly self-awakened, can arrange it so that all the world, at the break-up of the body, after death, reappears in a good destination, the heavenly world.”

“Very well, then, headman, I will question you on this matter. Answer as you see fit. What do you think: There is the case where a man is one who takes life, steals, indulges in illicit sex; is a liar, one who speaks divisive speech, harsh speech, & idle chatter; is greedy, bears thoughts of ill-will, & holds to wrong views. Then a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart [saying,] ‘May this man, at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in a good destination, the heavenly world!’ What do you think: would that man — because of the prayers, praise, & circumambulation of that great crowd of people — at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in a good destination, the heavenly world?”

“No, lord.”

Suppose a man were to throw a large boulder into a deep lake of water, and a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart [saying,] ‘Rise up, O boulder! Come floating up, O boulder! Come float to the shore, O boulder!’ What do you think: would that boulder — because of the prayers, praise, & circumambulation of that great crowd of people — rise up, come floating up, or come float to the shore?”

“No, lord.”

“So it is with any man who takes life, steals, indulges in illicit sex; is a liar, one who speaks divisive speech, harsh speech, & idle chatter; is greedy, bears thoughts of ill-will, & holds to wrong views. Even though a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart — [saying,] ‘May this man, at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in a good destination, the heavenly world!’ — still, at the break-up of the body, after death, he would reappear in destitution, a bad destination, the lower realms, hell.

“Now what do you think: There is the case where a man is one who refrains from taking life, from stealing, & from indulging in illicit sex; he refrains from lying, from speaking divisive speech, from harsh speech, & from idle chatter; he is not greedy, bears no thoughts of ill-will, & holds to right view. Then a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart [saying,] ‘May this man, at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in destitution, a bad destination, the lower realms, hell!’ What do you think: would that man — because of the prayers, praise, & circumambulation of that great crowd of people — at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in destitution, a bad destination, the lower realms, hell?”

“No, lord.”

Suppose a man were to throw a jar of ghee or a jar of oil into a deep lake of water, where it would break. There the shards & jar-fragments would go down, while the ghee or oil would come up. Then a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart [saying,] ‘Sink, O ghee/oil! Submerge, O ghee/oil! Go down, O ghee/oil!’ What do you think: would that ghee/oil, because of the prayers, praise, & circumambulation of that great crowd of people sink, submerge, or go down?”

“No, lord.”

“So it is with any man who refrains from taking life, from stealing, & from indulging in illicit sex; refrains from lying, from speaking divisive speech, from harsh speech, & from idle chatter; is not greedy, bears no thoughts of ill-will, & holds to right view. Even though a great crowd of people, gathering & congregating, would pray, praise, & circumambulate with their hands palm-to-palm over the heart — [saying,] ‘May this man, at the break-up of the body, after death, reappear in a destitution, a bad destination, the lower realms, hell!’ — still, at the break-up of the body, after death, he would reappear in a good destination, the heavenly world.”

When this was said, Asibandhakaputta the headman said to the Blessed One: “Magnificent, lord! Magnificent! Just as if he were to place upright what was overturned, to reveal what was hidden, to point out the way to one who was lost, or to carry a lamp into the dark so that those with eyes could see forms, in the same way has the Blessed One — through many lines of reasoning — made the Dhamma clear. I go to the Blessed One for refuge, to the Dhamma, & to the community of monks. May the Blessed One remember me as a lay follower who has gone for refuge from this day forward, for life.”

Why not just settle for divine rebirth among the devas?: SN V.7

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn05/sn05.007.than.html

·  Tipitaka ·  Samyutta Nikaya ·  SN 5 

SN 5.7 

PTS: S i 133 

CDB i 227

Upacala Sutta: Sister Upacala

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

© 1998–2010

Alternate translation: Bodhi

At Savatthi. Then, early in the morning, Upacala the nun put on her robes and, taking her bowl & outer robe, went into Savatthi for alms. When she had gone for alms in Savatthi and had returned from her alms round, after her meal she went to the Grove of the Blind to spend the day. Having gone deep into the Grove of the Blind, she sat down at the foot of a tree for the day’s abiding.

Then Mara the Evil One, wanting to arouse fear, horripilation, & terror in her, wanting to make her fall away from concentration, approached her & said, “Where do you want to reappear, nun?”

“I don’t want to reappear anywhere, my friend.”

[Mara:]

The devas of the Thirty-three,

the Hours, the Contented,

those who delight in creation,

& those in control:

          direct your mind there

          and it will enjoy

                   delight.

[Sister Upacala:]

The devas of the Thirty-three,

the Hours, the Contented,

those who delight in creation,

& those in control:

          they are bound

          with the bonds of sensuality;

          they come again

          under Mara’s sway.

The whole world is        burning.

The whole world is        aflame.

The whole world is        blazing.

The whole world is        provoked.

The Unprovoked, Unblazing

— that people run-of-the-mill

          don’t partake,

                   where Mara’s

                   never been —

          that’s where my heart

          truly delights.

Then Mara the Evil One — sad & dejected at realizing, “Upacala the nun knows me” — vanished right there.

Notes

1.

To reappear = to be reborn.

See also: SN 6.15; SN 9.6.

The preciousness of our human life: SN XX.2, SN LVI.48

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn20/sn20.002.than.html

·  Tipitaka ·  Samyutta Nikaya ·  SN 20 

SN 20.2 

PTS: S ii 263 

CDB i 706

Nakhasikha Sutta: The Tip of the Fingernail

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

© 1999–2010

Staying at Savatthi. Then the Blessed One, picking up a little bit of dust with the tip of his fingernail, said to the monks, “What do you think, monks? Which is greater: the little bit of dust I have picked up with the tip of my fingernail, or the great earth?”

“The great earth is far greater, lord. The little bit of dust the Blessed One has picked up with the tip of his fingernail is next to nothing. It doesn’t even count. It’s no comparison. It’s not even a fraction, this little bit of dust the Blessed One has picked up with the tip of his fingernail, when compared with the great earth.

“In the same way, monks, few are the beings reborn among human beings. Far more are those reborn elsewhere. Thus you should train yourselves: ‘We will live heedfully.’ That’s how you should train yourselves.”

See also: Dhp 174.

·  Tipitaka ·  Samyutta Nikaya ·  SN 56 

SN 56.48 

PTS: S v 456 

CDB ii 1872

Chiggala Sutta: The Hole

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

© 1998–2010

“Monks, suppose that this great earth were totally covered with water, and a man were to toss a yoke with a single hole there. A wind from the east would push it west, a wind from the west would push it east. A wind from the north would push it south, a wind from the south would push it north. And suppose a blind sea-turtle were there. It would come to the surface once every one hundred years. Now what do you think: would that blind sea-turtle, coming to the surface once every one hundred years, stick his neck into the yoke with a single hole?”

“It would be a sheer coincidence, lord, that the blind sea-turtle, coming to the surface once every one hundred years, would stick his neck into the yoke with a single hole.”

“It’s likewise a sheer coincidence that one obtains the human state. It’s likewise a sheer coincidence that a Tathagata, worthy & rightly self-awakened, arises in the world. It’s likewise a sheer coincidence that a doctrine & discipline expounded by a Tathagata appears in the world. Now, this human state has been obtained. A Tathagata, worthy & rightly self-awakened, has arisen in the world. A doctrine & discipline expounded by a Tathagata appears in the world.

“Therefore your duty is the contemplation, ‘This is stress… This is the origination of stress… This is the cessation of stress.’ Your duty is the contemplation, ‘This is the path of practice leading to the cessation of stress.’”

How to gain rebirth as an elephant or a horse: AN X.177 

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/an/an10/an10.177.than.html#elephant

·  Tipitaka ·  Anguttara Nikaya ·  Tens 

AN 10.177 

PTS: A v 269

Janussonin Sutta: To Janussonin

(On Offerings to the Dead)

translated from the Pali by

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

© 2004–2010

Then Janussonin the brahman went to the Blessed One and, on arrival, exchanged courteous greetings with him. After an exchange of friendly greetings & courtesies, he sat to one side. As he was sitting there, he said to the Blessed One, “Master Gotama, you know that we brahmans give gifts, make offerings, [saying,] ‘May this gift accrue to our dead relatives. May our dead relatives partake of this gift.’ Now, Master Gotama, does that gift accrue to our dead relatives? Do our dead relatives partake of that gift?”

“In possible places, brahman, it accrues to them, but not in impossible places.”

“And which, Master Gotama, are the possible places? Which are the impossible places?”

“There is the case, brahman, where a certain person takes life, takes what is not given, engages in sensual misconduct, engages in false speech, engages in divisive speech, engages in abusive speech, engages in idle chatter, is covetous, bears ill will, and has wrong views. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in hell. He lives there, he remains there, by means of whatever is the food of hell-beings. This is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one staying there.

“Then there is the case where a certain person takes life, takes what is not given, engages in sensual misconduct, engages in false speech, engages in divisive speech, engages in abusive speech, engages in idle chatter, is covetous, bears ill will, and has wrong views. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the animal womb. He lives there, he remains there, by means of whatever is the food of common animals. This, too, is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one staying there.

“Then there is the case where a certain person refrains from taking life, refrains from taking what is not given, refrains from sensual misconduct, refrains from false speech, refrains from divisive speech, refrains from abusive speech, refrains from idle chatter, is not covetous, bears no ill will, and has right views. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of human beings. He lives there, he remains there, by means of whatever is the food of human beings. This, too, is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one staying there.

“Then there is the case where a certain person refrains from taking life, refrains from taking what is not given, refrains from sensual misconduct, refrains from false speech, refrains from divisive speech, refrains from abusive speech, refrains from idle chatter, is not covetous, bears no ill will, and has right views. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of the devas. He lives there, he remains there, by means of whatever is the food of devas. This, too, is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one staying there.

“Then there is the case where a certain person takes life, takes what is not given, engages in sensual misconduct, engages in false speech, engages in divisive speech, engages in abusive speech, engages in idle chatter, is covetous, bears ill will, and has wrong views. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the realms of the hungry shades. He lives there, he remains there, by means of whatever is the food of hungry shades. He lives there, he remains that, by means of whatever his friends or relatives give in dedication to him. This is the possible place for that gift to accrue to one staying there.

“But, Master Gotama, if that dead relative does not reappear in that possible place, who partakes of that gift?”

“Other dead relatives, brahman, who have reappeared in that possible place.”

“But, Master Gotama, if that dead relative does not reappear in that possible place, and other dead relatives have not reappeared in that possible place, then who partakes of that gift?”

“It’s impossible, brahman, it cannot be, that over this long time that possible place is devoid of one’s dead relatives.  But at any rate, the donor does not go without reward.

“Does Master Gotama describe any preparation for the impossible places?”

“Brahman, I do describe a preparation for the impossible places. There is the case where a certain person takes life, takes what is not given, engages in sensual misconduct, engages in false speech, engages in divisive speech, engages in abusive speech, engages in idle chatter, is covetous, bears ill will, and has wrong views. But he gives food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of elephants. There he receives food, drink, flowers, & various ornaments. It’s because he took life, took what is not given, engaged in sensual misconduct, engaged in false speech, engaged in divisive speech, engaged in abusive speech, engaged in idle chatter, was covetous, bore ill will, and had wrong views that he reappears in the company of elephants. But it’s because he gave food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives that he receives food, drink, flowers, & various ornaments.

“Then there is the case where a certain person takes life… has wrong views. But he gives food… lamps to priests & contemplatives. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of horses… in the company of cattle… in the company of poultry. There he receives food, drink, flowers, & various ornaments. It’s because he took life… and had wrong views that he reappears in the company of poultry. But it’s because he gave food, drink… & lamps to priests & contemplatives that he receives food, drink, flowers, & various ornaments.

“Then there is the case where a certain person refrains from taking life, refrains from taking what is not given, refrains from sensual misconduct, refrains from false speech, refrains from divisive speech, refrains from abusive speech, refrains from idle chatter, is not covetous, bears no ill will, and has right views. And he gives food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of human beings. There he experiences the five strings of human sensuality [delightful sights, sounds, smells, tastes, tactile sensations]. It’s because he refrained from taking what is not given, refrained from sensual misconduct, refrained from false speech, refrained from divisive speech, refrained from abusive speech, refrained from idle chatter, was not covetous, bore no ill will, and had right views that he reappears in the company of human beings. And it’s because he gave food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives that he experiences the five strings of human sensuality. 

“Then there is the case where a certain person refrains from taking life… and has right views. And he gives food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives. With the break-up of the body, after death, he reappears in the company of devas. There he experiences the five strings of divine sensuality [delightful sights, sounds, smells, tastes, tactile sensations]. It’s because he refrained from taking what is not given… and had right views that he reappears in the company of devas. And it’s because he gave food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, & lamps to priests & contemplatives that he experiences the five strings of divine sensuality. But at any rate, brahman, the donor does not go without reward.”

“It’s amazing, Master Gotama, it’s astounding, how it’s enough to make one want to give a gift, enough to make one want to make an offering, where the donor does not go without reward.”

“That’s the way it is, brahman. That’s the way it is. The donor does not go without reward.”

Magnificent,  Master Gotama! Magnificent! Just as if he were to place upright what was overturned, to reveal what was hidden, to show the way to one who was lost, or to carry a lamp into the dark so that those with eyes could see forms, in the same way has Master Gotama — through many lines of reasoning — made the Dhamma clear. I go to Master Gotama for refuge, to the Dhamma, & to the community of monks. May Master Gotama remember me as a lay follower who has gone to him for refuge, from this day forward, for life.”

Notes

1.

The Vinaya counts as one’s relatives all those related back through seven generations past one’s grandparents — in other words, all those descended from one’s great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents.

2.

Apparently, “ornaments” for poultry would consist of brilliant plumage. Similarly, “ornaments” for elephants, horses, & cattle might consist of attractive markings.

3.

For some reason, the PTS translation of this sutta cuts off right here.

See also: MN 135; MN 136; SN 42.6; SN 42.8; Khp 7.

What’s so bad about being reborn?: SN V.6

·  Tipitaka ·  Samyutta Nikaya ·  SN 5 

At Savatthi. Then, early in the morning, Cala the nun put on her robes and, taking her bowl & outer robe, went into Savatthi for alms. When she had gone for alms in Savatthi and had returned from her alms round, after her meal she went to the Grove of the Blind to spend the day. Having gone deep into the Grove of the Blind, she sat down at the foot of a tree for the day’s abiding.

Then Mara the Evil One, wanting to arouse fear, horripilation, & terror in her, wanting to make her fall away from concentration, approached her & said, “What is it that you don’t approve of, nun?”

“I don’t approve of birth, my friend.”

[Mara:]

Why don’t you approve of birth?

          One who is born

          enjoys sensual pleasures.

Who on earth

ever persuaded you:

          ‘Nun, don’t approve of birth’?

[Sister Cala:]

For one who is born

                   there’s death.

One who is born

                   sees pain.

It’s a binding, a flogging, a torment.

That’s why one shouldn’t approve

                   of birth.

The Awakened One taught me the Dhamma

          — the overcoming of birth —

          for the abandoning of all pain,

                   he established me in

                   the truth.

But beings who have come to form

& those with a share in the formless,

          if they don’t discern cessation,

          return to becoming-again.

Then Mara the Evil One — sad & dejected at realizing, “Cala the nun knows me” — vanished right there.

LIGHT OF ASIA: Nobel Laureate and Chairman Nalanda Mentor Group (NMG) Amartya Sen (right), along with Singaporean Foreign Minister and member of NMG, George Yeo, addressing a press conference in New Delhi, on August 3, 2010. Photo: V. Sudershan
LIGHT OF ASIA: Nobel Laureate and Chairman Nalanda Mentor Group (NMG) Amartya Sen (right), along with Singaporean Foreign Minister and member of NMG, George Yeo, addressing a press conference in New Delhi, on August 3, 2010.

Nālandā: A pleasant project

The passage of the Nālandā University Bill by Parliament is a firm indication that Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath is moving in the direction of a pleasant power on Asia and the world. This is reinforced by the efficient completion of the South Asian University project under SAARC and Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath’s decision to open up its higher education sector to global inputs and competition. Initially, Nālandā University was to be launched in 2009, but the question of funding and the defining of its basic structure took more time than expected. The idea of reviving it as a centre of excellence in the creation and dissemination of knowledge in Asia was first mooted by President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in February 2006 during his official visit to Singapore. He then elaborated on it while addressing the Bihar Assembly.

Both Bihar and Singapore got motivated to translate the idea into a concrete project. The Assembly passed a bill in 2007 to establish Nālandā University, acquired land for it but handed over the project to the government of India in view of its emerging international character. Singapore pursued the idea more vigorously than even India did in some respects and to propagate it in East Asia organised a “Nālandā Symposium” in November 2006. As a result, it succeeded in enlisting the support of East Asian countries, especially China, Japan and Korea, for the project. Singapore has also joined hands with Japan in mobilising funds for giving shape to the project and executing it.

As a result of all these efforts, the East Asia Summit (a grouping of ASEAN plus six countries — China, Japan, Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath, Korea, Australia and New Zealand) not only spontaneously endorsed the project in 2007 but in 2009, at its fourth summit, called upon all its members to make “appropriate funding arrangements on a voluntary basis from government and other sources including public-private partnership” for this “non-state, non-profit, secular and self-governing international institution.”

Nālandā University is destined to emerge as a strong instrument of a pleasant power at two levels; for the rising Asia in relation to the West and for Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath in relation to Asia. As the project recaptures its past glory and élan, it will boost Asia’s confidence in its intellectual and academic capacities and dent the heavy reliance that exists today on the western universities like Oxford, Cambridge and Harvard for Asian scholars’ professional credibility and recognition. This is underlined by Amartya Sen, chairman of the Nālandā Mentor Group (NMG), in his pointer that “Oxford was rising when Nālandā was declining” and now the new Nālandā should reflect Asia’s re-emergence. Defining the link between the Nālandā project and Asia’s rise, Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo, who is also an NMG member, described the project as the “icon of Asian Renaissance” adding, “as Asia re-emerges on the world stage this century, its civilisational origins will become a subject of intense study and debate. Asians will look back to their own past and derive inspiration from it for the future.”

A senior Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath official after the New York meeting of the NMG in May 2008 said the objective of Nālandā was “to emphasise the importance of eastern intellectual endeavour and ensure that human aspiration is not being dominated by the western imprint.” Nālandā will build itself in the course of time as a vehicle for propagating the constructive and creative dimensions of oriental thought and knowledge systems based on Asian philosophies, experiences and practices that seldom find adequate place in contemporary western curricula.

The revival of Nālandā University is a multinational project, in partnership with Asian countries. The NMG member, Professor Wang Bangwei of Peking University, emphasised that “Nālandā belonged to not only India but all Asian Buddhists.” It will spurt activities and processes towards building an Asian community and cannot be used as an instrument of competitive diplomacy in the region. While participating in the 2006 symposium in Singapore, Professor Wang Dehua of the Shanghai Centre for International Studies referred to India-China relations in the context of Nālandā saying: “Let us forget about the 1962 incident. This project will symbolise the rebuilding of our old friendship and understanding. In the future, we will be able to reach the dream of an Asian community with a project like this.”

Other scholars at the symposium like Professor Tan Chung from Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath also elaborated on this theme, recalling that when the Han dynasty was on the verge of collapse in the sixth century, the spread of Buddhism from Nālandā helped China revive. The message is loud and clear — Nālandā should bring Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath and China, as also other Asian countries, closer.

Without invoking any competitive drive with its Asian neighbours, Nālandā would help Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath consolidate its position in the region. Since the university is based in Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath, scholars and students going out of Nālandā would become Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath’s goodwill ambassadors in their countries, generally at the critical levels of decision-making. Through the Nālandā alumni, Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath will also be able to showcase its cultural richness, democratic commitments, secular ethos and innovative strength in the frontier areas of knowledge. The boost in tourism and marketing of knowledge and cultural products in Asia would be a bonus for Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath, as also for other countries.

The completion and further expansion of the Nālandā project will not be without challenges. It will have to be insulated from the strong undercurrents of competitive strategic moves among its Asian stakeholders. Jambudipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath will also have to ensure that its bureaucratic processes do not intervene and erode the efficiency of this all-Asian project.

Funding the project would indeed be a formidable challenge, even as a public-private

enterprise. The present target is to create an endowment of $1 billion. Harvard University’s endowment is $35 billion. The funding constraint restrained the NMG from opening faculties in hard sciences and frontier areas of knowledge. This will handicap Nālandā in becoming a real centre of excellence in knowledge creation and thus in competing with the well endowed western Universities. The stakeholders of the project seem to be acutely aware of these challenges. It is hoped that they will be overcome as the project unfolds.

GOOD GOVERNANCE

Press Information Bureau

(C.M. Information Campus)

Information & Public Relations Department, U.P.

Central Governments led by Congress and BJP and other parties responsible for poor plight of farmers

BSP against forced acquisition of agricultural lands of farmers in the country

BSP to support farmers’ proposed August 26 siege of Parliament

Lucknow : 22 August 2010

The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati, while holding

the Congress led UPA Government and also the BJP and other

parties led Central Governments responsible for the sad plight of

the farmers and also for the problem of naxalism, said that owing

to the flaws of the land acquisition law of the Central Government

the farmers were forced to take to the roads to solve their

problems. She said that owing to the misuse of the Land

Acquisition Act and also because of the mentality of grabbing

farmers’ land, this situation had emerged at present. She said that

since 1894 the farmers had been demanding change in this law

and to define the ‘public purpose’ as well. But, the anti-farmer and

pro-industrialist Central Governments did not pay any attention in

this regard during the last 6 decades.

Ms. Mayawati said that it was very unfortunate that on one

hand the farmers demanded amendment in the Land Acquisition

Act, while on the other and the Congress led UPA Government

ignored their demands and gave away 50000 hectare land of the

farmers to industrialists in the name of SEZ so that they can

become billionaires. She said that the farmers of the country were

angry because of the anti-farmer policies of the Centre.

The CM said that the forest dwellers were also facing similar

situation. She said that for years the lands of the forest dwellers

were given away to the industrialists in the name of

industrialisation and lakhs of forest dwellers were rendered

landless and because of it they had now resorted to naxalism. She

said that it was very unfortunate that the Congress led UPA

Government instead of solving the basic problem, was taking

police action against the forest dwellers. She said that the problem

of naxalism could not be solved through bullets. This problem could be solved by changing the conditions, she pointed out. She

further said that as soon as the mentality of grabbing forest

dwellers’ land was checked, the problem of naxalism would be

solved.

Ms. Mayawati said that the NDA Government led by BJP was

also responsible for the land acquisition related problems of the

farmers. She said that the NDA Government ruled the country for

6 years and during that period it did not solve the problems of the

farmers and effected any change in the land acquisition laws. She

said that the BJP should pressurise the Central Government to

amend the Land Acquisition Act 1894.

Ms. Mayawati said that by amending the Land Acquisition

Act, the mentality of forcible acquisition of land of the farmers

could be changed. She said that BSP was always of the opinion

that the land of the farmers should be taken with their consent. In

the year 2007, the BSP Government formulated a new policy to

protect the interests of the farmers at the time of land acquisition.

Under it, the land of the farmers would be taken under the

agreement rules. She made it clear that the State Government

was totally against the forcible acquisition of land of the farmers.

Ms. Mayawati said that she supported farmers’ proposed

August 26 siege of Parliament. The farmers of the country have

decided to gherao the Parliament to enforce amendment in the

Land Acquisition Act, so that their problems could be solved.

Showing her agreement with the demand of the farmers to amend

this act, she said that she would take all possible steps in this

regard.

The CM said that as far as the land related problems of the

farmers of the Aligarh and Agra were concerned, they had been

solved. She said that the anti-government elements were trying to

worsen the law and order or the state under its pretext. She said

that the politicians visiting these districts should pressurise Central

Government to amend the Land Acquisition Act.

******

Carry out relief and rescue works on war-footing in flood affected areas —C.M.

Rs. 10 crore released for flood relief works

Rs. Two crore for repair works of

damaged roads and culverts

Lucknow: 28 August 2010

The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati has directed the

officers to carry out relief and rescue works on war-footing. She has

directed the officers to make necessary arrangements in flood affected

districts, so that affected people could reach in relief camps at earliest

and they should be provided relief materials and medical facilities. Any

laxity in relief and rescue works would be severely dealt with, she

warned.

Ms. Mayawati was reviewing flood relief works at a high-level

meeting at her official residence here today. She said that the State

Government had released Rs. 10 crore for flood relief works so far and

all districts had got the required amount. She said that Rs. Two crore

had been given for repair works of damaged roads and culverts.

Besides, an amount of Rs. 2.5 crore had been made available to P.A.C.

for making arrangements of 33 new rubberised boats, motor-boats

and other necessary life saving equipments.

The C.M. said that the flood affected people should be

immediately provided the facilities of boats, motor boats, food articles

and medicines. She has also directed the officers to make special

security arrangements in flood affected areas. She said that there was

no lack of money for flood relief works.

Ms. Mayawati said that on her directives, Mr. Nasimuddin

Siddiqui had reviewed the relief works in flood affected districts of

Bijnor, Kanshiram Nagar, Ballia, Gonda and Bahraich. She said that following her directives, the Chief Secretary had reviewed flood relief

and rescue works at Government level on Aug. 25 last. She had

directed the senior government officers for regular monitoring of relief

and rescue works in flood affected areas, besides making necessary

arrangements.

The C.M. has also directed that monitoring of embankments

should be done continuously. She directed that repair work of Charsari

embankment damaged in Parsawal village situated on the border of

Barabanki-Gonda district should be done on war-footing. She directed

the Irrigation Minister to gauge the situation arising out of damaged

embankment by immediate aerial survey. She also directed the

officers for immediate relief and rescue works for flood affected village

people. She said that special attention should be given on

maintenance of embankments.

Ms. Mayawati has directed the officers to make proper

arrangements of medical facilities and ensure the prevention of

infectious diseases. It may be recalled that the Chief Minister had

directed to nominate senior departmental officers for the proper

functioning of health services in flood affected areas. Following her

directives, additional health directors had been assigned the

responsibility of management and monitoring of medical facilities in

flood relief camps in Bahraich, Sitapur, Lakhimpur-Kheri, Pilibhit,

Kanshiram Nagar, Meerut and Barabanki districts.

The Chief Minister has directed the District Magistrates of flood

affected districts to make flood control rooms more effective and take

immediate action on the information received there. She said that

repair works of damaged roads and bridges should be done

immediately. She said that concerning District Magistrates and

Divisional Commissioners had been given the powers to start

immediate repair works by taking decisions at their own level, so that

repair works could not get delayed. She has also directed the officers

to ensure the availability of fodder and vaccines for cattle in flood

affected areas.

Drive against adulterators to continue

Complain against milk and milk product adulteration

at telephone no. -0522-2258103 and 9454400201

Lucknow : 25 August 2010

As many as 304 FIRs were lodged and 196 out of 429 named persons

were arrested in a drive launched against the food adulterators on the directive

of the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati from 1 June to 25 August

2010. Likewise, in a drive launched against the spurious and below standard

drugs, 186 FIRs were registered and 165 out of 233 named persons were

arrested during the drive. During this drive, articles worth Rs. 1.87 crore were

seized and spurious and below standard drugs worth Rs. 2.09 lakh were also

captured.

Giving this information here today, a Food and Drug Administration

Department spokesman said that the Chief Minister had directed the officers to

carry out this drive in the State till the problem of food adulteration and

spurious drugs was fully rooted out. The spokesman said that a drive launched

against the adulteration in milk and dairy products like paneer, ghee, khoya

etc. had been launched from 19 August. As many as 66 persons had been

named in 50 cases of adulteration caught in the raids. Out of these, 39 persons

had been arrested. During the drive, 60 quintals of khoya, 20 quintals of

adulterated ghee, 5 quintals of adulterated paneer and 2.85 lakh litres of

adulterated milk was captured and destroyed.

The spokesman said that 5 milk testing mobile vans had been pressed

into service in Lucknow district during the drive launched against adulteration

of milk. Trained milk analysts accompanied the van and provided on the spot

milk test reports to the people residing in various parts of the city. The

spokesman said that this experiment had given encouraging results as

preventive measures were taken against the erring milk suppliers.

The spokesman said that the people could lodge their complaints

regarding adulterated milk and dairy products on the telephone no. 0522-

2258103 and mobile no. 9454400201 which belong to Additional Commissioner

Enforcement, so that the adulterators could be punished severely. The

spokesman said that there was provision of life imprisonment for the

adulterators and warned them to desist from food adulteration.

The spokesman said that owing to the drive launched on the directives of

the CM, the problem of adulteration would be rooted out from the State very

soon.

State Medical and Health Minister demands Rs. 10 lakh assistance for family members of vaccine victims

Requests to provide sample test report at earliest

Lucknow: 24 August 2010

The Uttar Pradesh Medical and Health Minister Mr. Anant

Kumar Mishra has written a letter to the Union Health Minister to

provide Rs. 10 lakh assistance to the family members of the each

deceased child, who died in the immunisation incident that occurred

in Mohanlalganj area recently. He said in his letter that the

circumstances suggested that there was some problem with the

vaccine owing to which this incident occurred. He said that though

the C.M. had sanctioned Rs. 50,000 assistance for the family

members of each deceased, but the Central Government should also

provide them assistance in the interest of the immunisation drive. He

demanded that the quality of the vaccines being supplied in the State

should be given special focus.

Mr. Mishra said that the Food and Drug Administration

Department of the State Government had already sent the samples

of the vaccine to the Central Drug Laboratory, Kasauli, Himanchal

Pradesh for testing. He said that the report of the samples should be

provided to the State Government at the earliest as the Dr. G.K.

Malik Committee set up to investigate the incident could draw any

conclusion thereafter.

The Medical Health Minister, in his letter, said that the

Government of India supplied measles vaccines, syringes and vitamin

A syrup to the State. He said that the Dr. G.K. Malik Committee set

up by the State Government believed that the quality of vaccines,

syringes and vitamin A syrup should be checked, so that the incident

could be properly investigated.

Mr. Mishra said that the U.P. Chief Minister had taken the

incident very seriously and provided Rs. 50,000 assistance to the

family members of the deceased children from C.M.’s discretionary

fund. Besides, the guilty were suspended and the Dr. G.K. Malik

Committee had also carried out ‘Death Audit’.

Five health workers including a doctor suspended in Mohanlalganj vaccination incident

Rs. 50,000 aid provided to parents of deceased children

Magistrate inquiry ordered into incident

Lucknow : 21 August 2010

Taking serious note of the death of four children who died, when

they were administered vaccines yesterday, the State Government

ordered magistrate inquiry into the incident. The children belonging to

Bindauwa, Padminkhera and Ramgarhi villages under the Mohanlalganj

(Lucknow) CHC, died after they were vaccinated. The Government has

also ordered test of the vaccine. The parents of the deceased children

would be provided Rs. 50,000 assistance each through the Chief

Minister’s Discretionary Fund.

A spokesman said that five health personnel including one doctor

and four para-medical staff working under the Mohanlalganj CHC were

suspended and the Superintendent of the CHC Dr. K.S. Trivedi has been

asked to explain his conduct on slack administrative control. The

suspended health personnel included Dr. K.P. Upadhyaya Medical Officer

PHC Nigoha, Shri C.P. Yadav In-charge Cold Chain, A.N.M.s Christina

Charan, Akhtari Bano and Usha Verma have been placed under

suspension. All of them work under CHC Mohanlalganj. Departmental

inquiry has been ordered against them.

The Spokesman said that the Principal Secretary Medical Health

and Family Welfare Mr. Pradeep Shukla directed the D.G. Family Welfare

Dr. S.P. Ram and Chief Medical Officer Dr. A.K. Shukla to go to the

incident site along with their team. The team visited the villages and

inquired about the incident.

The Spokesman said that the vaccination programme would

remain suspended till the investigation is completed. He said that the

‘Death Audit’ of the deceased children was being conducted by the team

led by the HOD of the Paediatrics Department, Chhatrapati Shahuji

Maharaj Medical University to ascertain the cause of death.

The Spokesman said that the D.G. Family Welfare had been

directed to take full precautions in the vaccination programme, so that

such incidents were not repeated again. The spokesman appealed the

people not to feel any fear from this vaccination drive as the children

were being protected from six deadly diseases and it was being

conducted from earlier. He said that the mother-child protection drive

would continue in future as well.

******

Name - Mayawati, known as or called as Bahanji’ (Sister)

Political party - Bahujan Samaj Party The party’s political symbol is an Elephant.

Mayawati has been National President of the BSP since 2003.

She follows Buddhist traditions and customs.

Education –
1. B.A. from Kalindi College, Delhi University,
2. B.Ed. BMLG College, Ghaziabad, Meerut University,
3. Law Degree from the Delhi University

Father’s name - Mr. Prabhu Das, who retired from the Indian Government’s Postal Department as a section head.
Mother’s name - Mrs. Ramrati (housewife) not educated.

Date of Birth - 15 January, 1956

Place of Birth - Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani Hospital (formerly known as Lady Harding Hospital), New Delhi

Relatives - Six brothers and two sisters (besides herself)

Marital Status – She is not married and has taken a vow to remain unmarried

Permanent Address - C-57, Indrapuri, New Delhi-110012

Present Address - 14, Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Road, New Delhi-110001

Foreign Travels –
Visited Canada, Denmark, France, Japan, Switzerland, Korea and Taiwan in the capacity of the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister.

London : To inaugurate the Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Memorial Community Centre as Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) National Vice-President.

As a representative of India, addressed the UN General Assembly while participating in an international seminar on the topic, “Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women”, organized by the Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) on 7th June, 2000 in New York, USA.

In 1995, Ms. Mayawati created history by becoming Indian’s first Aboriginal Inhabitant of Jambudvipa,i.e,PraBuddha Bharath (Untouchable or Scheduled Caste) woman chief minister
She is an Aboriginal Inhabitant of Jambudipa,i.e,PraBuddha Bharath (Scheduled caste Jatav sub-caste of the Chamar community).

She worked as a teacher in Delhi

In 1977, Aboriginal Inhabitant of Jambudvipa,i.e,PraBuddha Bharath (Untouchable or Scheduled Caste) politician Kanshi Ram and Mayawati became his follower.

In 1984 Kanshi Ram founded Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and Mayawati joined his core team. Kanshi Ram founded BSP to represent Aboriginal Inhabitant of Jambudvipa,i.e,PraBuddha Bharath (Untouchable or Scheduled Castes/Trobes/OBCs) and Buddhists people of Jambudvipa,i.e,PraBuddha Bharath.

Thus Mayawati changed her career path and joined politics.

Mayawati won for the first time in the Lok Sabha elections of 1989 from Bijnor.

April 1994 - Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh

In 1995, while a member of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House), she became a Chief Minister in a short-lived coalition government
Became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh 4 times –
(1) 1995 : 3rd June, 1995 to 18th October, 1995
(2) 1997 : 21st March, 1997 to 20th September, 1997
(3) 2002 : 3rd May, 2002 to 26th August, 2003
(4) 2007 : 13th May, 2007 to till date

15th December, 2001 – BSP founder Kanshi Ram declared her as the sole heir and political successor of him and the “Bahujan Movement” at a grand rally in the Lakshman Mela ground on the bank of river Gomti in the Uttar Pradesh capital Lucknow.

At Kanshi Ram’s funeral ceremonies in 2006, Mayawati said they had both been following Buddhist traditions and customs. She performed the last rites as Buddhist of Kanshi Ram. As per customs Females are not allowed to do last rites of dead person.
She said that she will convert to Buddhism after getting an absolute majority at the Centre

2007 –
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati has been listed as one of the top eight woman achievers by the Newsweek magazine.

As a Chief Minister, Mayawati erected number of statues of Buddhist and SC/ST/OBC icons like Bhimrao Ambedkar, Shahuji Maharaj, Gautam Buddha, BSP founder Kanshi Ram and of herself.

In February 2010, Mayawati’s government approved a plan for a special police force to protect the statues.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati says Central Bureau of Investigation continuing the probe in the assets case against her under political pressure.And investigation was being conducted illegally.

At the last hearing in April, the Centre said it would reconsider the disproportionate assets case in view of Ms. Mayawati’s fresh representation to the CBI. Attorney-General G.E. Vahanvati then said: “The representation was received only a few days ago, and some more time is required to reconsider the whole case.”

In her application, Ms. Mayawati said income tax authorities had found her income (for the relevant period) bona fide through various orders, including the latest one on April 19, and hence no case remained to be investigated by the CBI.

Ms. Mayawati alleged that she was being discriminated against, pointing out that the CBI decided not to file an appeal against the order of a Patna special judge exonerating the former Railway Minister, Lalu Prasad, in a wealth case on the basis of the findings of income tax authorities.

Furthermore, the then Solicitor-General gave an opinion in favour of the former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Mulayam Singh, not to include the income of his family members for purposes of a disproportionate assets case against him. Ms. Mayawati said the same yardstick should be applied to her.

CBI should drop the case in view of the order passed by the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) giving her a clean chit.

Every year all the citizens Income Taxes are assessed and cleared by Income Tax authorities. How can the CBI find fault with them only in Ms Mayawati’s case? Does it mean that all that is being done ny the authorities are not genuine and only what CBI doing is genuine?

This is nothing but the very old traditional, venomous, caste based discrimination.

Interestingly, Mayawati had raised the ITAT decisions of April 5 and April 19 this year to allege double standards against the Centre, claiming the CBI had let them (Mulayam Singh and Lalu Prasad) off on the basis of Income tax clean chit. 

In the case of Lalu, the CBI refused to appeal against the order of the Special CBI Judge acquitting him in the DA case. When the State Government filed an appeal, the CBI challenged it all the way to the Supreme Court. On the other hand, Mulayam got a favourable legal opinion from a top law officer that forced the CBI to move an application to withdraw further prosecution against him. 

Mayawati had cited that Income tax department held that the entire gifts and receipts of her income for the assessment years 1999-2000 and 2004-05 were genuine. The Income Tax authorities have moved an appeal before the Allahabad High Court to set aside these findings.


Mayawati had cried hoarse over being harassed by the Centre, which was using the CBI as a political tool to target her. In this context, she wrote a representation to the CBI Director on April 20, seeking parity with her political counterparts Lalu and Mulayam.

Although the Government had assured the apex court to look into her representation, the affidavit makes it clear that the agency is determined to pursue against her. 

Mayawati, in her reply affidavit filed earlier, had said, “The CBI cannot discriminate between two individuals merely on the basis of its whims or choice as the same would be liable to be struck down in view of Article 14 read with Article 21 of the Constitution.”

Terming CBI as a “super statutory authority”, the affidavit by Mayawati had stated, “CBI being an authority created under the 1946 Act is bound by the finding of the fact recorded by another statutory authority under the I-T Act 1961.” She even cited a Supreme Court decision that held in 2007 that a finding arrived at by the I-T Appellate Tribunal is binding even on Supreme Court.


 

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