10th Oct 2010 @ 10AM 10 mins. & 10 secs. It is
that comes once in 1000 years
To the one who had
Committed his entire life to
PraBuddha Bharath’s Scheduled Castes/
Backward classes and
Other neglected sections
To make them stand
On their own feet
A grateful nation pays
Its humble homage
On the solemn occasion of
“the 4th death anniversary”
(October 9, 2010)
Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji
LESSON 54 FIVE MORAL PRECEPTS 10 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY
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BUDDHA (EDUCATE)! DHAMMA (MEDITATE)! SANGHA (ORGANISE)!
Thousands of candles can be lighted from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened. Happiness never decreases by being shared. - Buddha
WISDOM IS POWER
Awakened One Shows the Path to Attain Ultimate Bliss
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Using such an instrument
The Free ONLINE e-Nālandā Research and Practice University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :
Buddha’s Sangha Practiced His Dhamma Free of cost, hence the Free- e-Nālandā Research and Practice University follows suit
As the Original Nālandā University did not offer any Degree, so also the Free e-Nālandā Research and Practice University.
The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.
§ Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches
Level I: Introduction to Buddhism
Level II: Buddhist Studies
Level III: Stream-Enterer
Level IV: Once - Returner
Level V: Non-Returner
Level VI: Arhat
Jambudvipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath scientific thought in
Philosophy and Comparative Religions;
International Relations and Peace Studies;
Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;
Languages and Literature;
and Ecology and Environmental Studies
Compiled by Dr Ron Epstein
San Francisco State University
Please send all comments, suggestions, and corrections to firstname.lastname@example.org.
“Five Moral Precepts, “ Buddhism A to Z
“Why Should We Take the Five Precepts?” Excerpted from the Teachings of the Venerable Master Hsuan Hua (1918-1995)
“Precepts for Laypeople” by Ajaan Lee
“The Healing Power of the Precepts” by Thanissaro Bhikkhu
“The Five Precepts,” Path to Freedom
“The Five Precepts,” Going for Refuge, Taking the Precepts by Bhikkhu Bodhi
“The Five Precepts of the Layperson” Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom
“Aiding Practices of the Bodhimanda,” Shurangama Sutra (.pdf file)
“The Lesser Section on Virtue”
“Sankha Sutta: The Conch Trumpet”
“Sunakkhatta Sutta”–Claiming that one is enlightened does not justify unrestrained behavior
Pañcasila — the Five Precepts (for lay men and women)
“Abhisanda Sutta”–The rewards of observing the precepts: AN VIII.39
“Vipaka Sutta”–The consequences of failing to observe the precepts: AN VIII.40
“The Precept Against Killing,” From Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom
Buddhist Resources on Vegetarianism and Animal Welfare
“Buddhist Ideas for Attaining World Peace” by Ron Epstein
“Violence and Disruption in Society: A Study of the Early Buddhist Texts” by Elizabeth J. Harris
“WHO: 1.6 million die in violence annually” by Thomas H. Maugh II
“Deaths by Mass Unpleasantness: Estimated Totals for the Entire 20th Century”
“Youth violence connected to aggression at home” by Anand Vaishnav
“Violence Unabated: Children’s Programming in A Cynical Age” by George Gerbner
“Highlights of the Television Violence Profile”
“TV today, violence tomorrow: Study links viewing by kids to aggression later in life” by Nanette Asimov
“Spanking Causes Misbehavior”
“Analysis of Studies Suggests Abortion Can Raise Breast Cancer Risk” by Jane E. Brody
“The Precept Against Sexual Misconduct,” Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom
“The Offenses and Retributions Inherent in Adultery“, Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom
“Cancer, Infidelity Link Eyed” by Paul Recer
“Coconspirator? Genital Herpes Linked to Cervical Cancer” by Nathan Seppa
“Sex and Lifespan”
“The Precept Against Consuming Intoxicants,” Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Great Perfection of Wisdom
“A Discipline of Sobriety” by Bhikkhu Bodhi
“Alcohol’s Erroneous Ways Revealed” by Emma Young
“Cannabis Smoking ‘More Harmful’ than Tobacco” by Emma Young
“Cannabis Link to MentalIillness Strengthened” by Emma Young
“Warning Over Light Pregnancy Drinking”
“Alcohol Increases Breast Cancer Risk”
“Alcohol or Drug Link Found in 80 Percent of U.S. Prisoners” by Christopher S. Wren
“Why We Are All Addicted” by Andrew Weil, M.D.
“AMA Urges Ban on Alcohol Ads” by Suzanne C. Ryan
“Cocaine Kills Brain’s ‘Pleasure’ Cells”
“Study of Twins Backs Marijuana-Drug Link“
The Five Moral Precepts are prohibitions against 1) killing, 2) stealing, 3) sexual misconduct, 4) false speech, and 5) taking intoxicants.
“The Five Precepts prohibit killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, and taking intoxicants. Why should one keep the Five Precepts? In order to:
Do not kill; do not steal; do not commit sexual misconduct; do not engage in false speech; do not take intoxicants. If you observe the Five precepts, you do not do these five kinds of evil deeds and you instead practice good acts.
1. No Killing - Be Vegetarian where possible.
“Why should one refrain from killing? It is because all living beings have a life; they love their life and do not wish to die. Even one of the smallest creatures, the mosquito, when it approaches to bite you, will fly away if you make the slightest motion. Why does it fly away? Because it fears death. It figures that if it drinks your blood you will take its life. From this you can see that all living beings love life and do not wish to die. Especially people. Everyone wants to live and no one wants to die. Although people sometimes commit suicide, ordinarily people do not seek death. Suicide is a special exception to the principle. That is why we should nurture compassionate thought. Since we wish to live, we should not kill any other living beings. That explains the precept against killing.
pāṇātipātā veramaṇī: ‘abstaining from the killing of living beings’, is the first of the 5 moral rules binding upon all Buddhists; s. sikkhāpada. (Source: Mahathera, 2007)
2. No Stealing - Do not take that which is not given.
“Stealing. If you don’t steal, no one will steal from you. Many of you have heard this verse I wrote:
If in this life you don’t cage birds,
in future lives you will not sit in jail.
If in this life you do not fish,
in future lives you will not beg for food.
If in this life you do not kill,
in future lives you’ll suffer no disasters.
If in this life you do not steal,
in future lives you won’t be robbed.
If in this life you commit no sexual misconduct,
in future lives you will not be divorced.
If in this life you do not lie,
in future lives you will not be deceived.
If in this life you do not take intoxicants, in future lives you will not go insane . . . .
“Some people say, ‘Of the Five Precepts, the four which prohibit killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, and lying are very important. But taking intoxicants is a very commonplace thing. Why prohibit that?’ When you consume intoxicants, it becomes very easy to break the other precepts. Thus, we ban such things as drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, and taking any kind of intoxicating drugs.
5. No Alcohol - No drug, no cigarettes
“Some people say, ‘The Five Precepts don’t specifically prohibit smoking tobacco or taking drugs. Doing those things is not in violation of the precepts.’ Those people are wrong. The precept against intoxicants also prohibits smoking tobacco, taking drugs, and using all intoxicating substances — including marijuana and opium.” (BRF 59-60)
“Someone may say, however, ‘I understand why one should not kill. After all, all living beings have the Buddha-nature, all can become Buddhas, and so every living being’s life should be spared. I also understand why stealing is not good and that it is important to refrain from indulging in sexual misconduct and lying, but why are intoxicants included within the Five Precepts? I always enjoyed drinking and smoking. Everybody drinks. Everybody smokes. What’s wrong with it? In fact I’m seriously considering dropping my study of the Buddhadharma just because of this prohibition against intoxicants.’
“You should stop and think about it, instead of just following the crowd. Others enjoy smoking, and so you join them; others enjoy drinking , and so you drink too. You get caught up in such company and do the things they do until eventually you get the habit as well. Most people don’t have grave illnesses, rather merely slight sicknesses and little problems. But just on account of those slight problems you would consider cutting short your study of the Buddhadharma. How stupid that would be! Do you want to know why there is a prohibition against alcohol? I’ll tell you a true story which should clarify this point.
“There once was a man who liked to drink. He took the Five Precepts, but afterwards he didn’t keep them . . . . One day he thought, ‘Perhaps I’ll have a little drink of wine’ He took out a bottle and had a few swallows. He was accustomed to having something to eat with his drink, so he set the bottle down and went outside to look for something to eat. He noticed that his neighbor’s chicken had strayed over into his yard. ‘Good,’ he thought, ‘it will make a good chaser,’ and he snatched up the pullet. At that point he broke the precept against stealing. Once he’d stolen it, he had to kill it before he could eat it, and so he broke the precept against killing. Once the chicken was cooked, he used it to chase down his wine, and soon he was roaring drunk, thus braking once again the precept against the use of intoxicants. About that time there was a knock at his door. It was the neighbor lady in search of her chicken. ‘I haven’t seen it, he blurted out, thereby breaking the precept against lying.
A second glance at the neighbor lady revealed her beauty to him and, aroused by an overpowering sexual desire, he raped her.
Afterwards he was met with litigation. All that came about because he wanted to drink. Just because he had a few drinks, he broke the other four precepts and got into a lot of trouble. Intoxicants cause one to become confused and scattered, and so they re the object of one of the Buddhist prohibitions. A person who is drunk lacks self-control.
With no forewarning he can find himself suddenly in the heavens, suddenly on earth. He mounts the clouds and drives the fog–he’ll do anything . . . .
“The Five Precepts are extremely important. Strict adherence to them will insure rebirth in the realm of humans. If you cultivate the Five Precepts, you won’t lose the opportunity to be born a person.
“If you receive the Five Precepts and do not violate them, then you are protected by good Dharma-protecting spirits, who are connected with each precept. If you break the precepts, the good spirits leave and no longer protect you. That is why receiving the precepts is extremely important in Buddhism.” (SS I 46-47)
1) Chinese Mandarin: wu jye , 2) Sanskrit: panca-sila; 3) Pali: panca-sila, sikkhapada; Alternate Translations: Five Items of Good Behavior.
(Source: Epstein, 2003: pp. 83 - 85)
Buddhist Text Translation Society (http://www.BTTSonline.org) References: BRF 59-61; DFS II 211; DFS V 902-3; S42 75-76 (precepts); TT 58; SV 14-29; BNS I 73-97; FAS Ch26(2) 4, 10,17,20, 25-26, 28.
(NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under Shastra tradition and “Fair Use” by an Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor (Compiler) of this Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)
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www.Samantabhadra-Bodhisattva.com, www.Ksitigarbha-Bodhisattva.com, www.Ksitigarbha.com,
www.Nagarjuna-Bodhisattva.com, www.Nalanda-University.com, www.Tibetan-Thangka.com,
www.Buddhist-Sutras.com, www.Buddhist-Sutra.com, www.Ayurvedic-College.org
Primary Original Source: The Tripitaka Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya teachings
(as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian Sanskrit-Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda Tradition of ancient Nalanda University) of Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely BodhisattvaBhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples.
These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya Venerables Nagarjuna, Ashvaghosha, Aryasura, Kumarajiva, Shantideva, Chandrakirti, Chandragomin, Vasubandhu, Asanga, Hui Neng, Atisha,Kamalashila, Dharmarakshita, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Patanjali, Sushruta, Charaka, Vagbhata, Nichiren, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Shen Kai, Tenzin Gyatso, Kyabje Zopa, Ajahn Chah, Vasant Lad, and other modern day masters. We consider them to be in accord with Master Hsuan Hua’s “Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers“
Nalanda Online University’s teachings are based especially on the Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, thePrajna Paramita Hridayam Sutra, the Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters.
At Nalanda Online University we practice daily and introduce you to (via downloadable multimedia MP3 audio and WMV video lectures) the teachings and practices of the Five Traditions transmitted by the Buddha Shakyamuni:
See also: Tripitaka (1. Sutras, 2. Vinaya, 3. Shastras or Abhidharma, or Tantra), Taisho Catalog Numbering System, Dharma, and names of individual sutras (such as Shurangama Sutra, Avatamsaka Sutra[Flower Adornment Sutra], Lotus Sutra [Wonderful Dharma Flower Sutra], Earth Store Sutra, Dharani Sutra, Brahma Net Sutra, Medicine Master Buddha Sutra, Sixth Patriarch Platform Sutra, Sutra in 42 Sections,Sutra on the Buddha’s Bequeathed Teaching, et al.
5. Pure Land Devotional School (Bhakti Puja - Buddha-Bodhisattva Mindfulness and Nama Japa –
Name Recitation of Buddhas Amitabha-Amitayus, Medicine Buddha - Bhaisajya Guru - Akshobhya,
and Bodhisattvas: Avalokiteshvara-Guanyin-Chenrezig-Mahakala, Tara, Samantabhadra Universal Worthy,
Manjushri-Kalarupa Great Wisdom, Maitreya Great Loving-Kindness, Mahasthamaprapta Great Strength,
Ksitigarbha - Earth Store Great Vows, Vajrapani, Vajrasattva,
Chandraprabha Moonlight Radiance, Suryaprabha Sunlight Radiance, Medicine King Bodhisattva, Medicine Superior Bodhisattva
and others Dharma Protecting Dharmapala Lokapala Bodhisattvas, Gods and Goddesses)
Compilation Sources for the Above Material on the Teachings of the Buddha:
Primary Compilation Source: Epstein, Ronald B., Ph.D, compiler, Buddhist Text Translation Society’s Buddhism A to Z, Burlingame, California: Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003. ISBN: 0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com
Secondary Compilation Source: The Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: www.budaedu.org.tw
Secondary Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password.
http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by Soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.
Secondary Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen, Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20,
The Dharma is a Priceless Jewel,
thus these research compilations
and audio and video teaching materials are
offered free-of-charge by this anonymous Buddhist Monk
for the Bodhi Resolve benefit of All Sentient Beings in the Universe…
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is redacted by an anonymous Buddhist monk
for the benefit of all living beings
so they may diligently (virya paramita) cultivate freely to
realize Bodhi enlightenment for the sake of all.
On the Buddha Shakyamuni’s Birthday 2007,
this free redaction is offered (received, upheld, read, recited, studied, pondered, explained, and written out),
in accordance with the Lotus Saddharma Pundarika Sutra Chapter 19: “Merit and Virtue of a Dharma Master” as a
selfless offering to the Buddhas and Bodhisattva Sangha above to adorn the Pure Lands and
to liberate living beings suffering in samsara below by compassionately helping them to plant good roots in this and their future rebirths.
The merit is dedicated to anuttarasamyaksambodhi.
Om Dhuru Dhuru Jaya (Victory) Mukhe (Face or Mouth) Svaha (7x)
May all be Auspicious.
Arya Bhikshu Shantideva’s Bodhisattvacharyavatara says:
Just as Manjushri works
To fulfill the aims of all limited beings
To the far reaches of space in the ten directions,
May my behavior become just like that.
Updated May 10, 2008
Press Information Bureau
(C.M. Information Campus)
Information & Public Relations Department, U.P.
Grateful Nation remembers Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji with great respect and honour
Hon’ble Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati ji pays tributes to BSP founder Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji on his fourth death anniversary
BSP Government of Uttar Pradesh has honoured Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji
Lucknow : October 09, 2010
The grateful nation today remembered Bahujan Nayak
Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji with great respect and honour today
who struggled throughout his life to provide rights to crores of
dalits, backwards and oppressed people of the Country to live
with dignity. Under the leadership of the Hon’ble Chief Minister of
U.P. and BSP National President Ms. Mayawati ji, crores of BSP
workers, office bearers, supporters, followers and Surv Samaj
people paid tributes to Bamcef, DS-4 and BSP founder Manyawar
Sri Kanshiram ji.
On the death anniversary (Punyatithi) of Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji, the Hon’ble Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati ji visited
Bahujan Samaj Prerna Kendra first, where she offered floral
tributes on Asthi Kalash of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji.
Afterwards, Hon’ble Chief Minister visited Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Smarak Sthal and paid floral tributes on his statue.
Before entering the main premises, she inspected the greenery
and cleanliness of the outer areas-jail road, VIP road and
Gitapalli marg. At Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Smarak Sthal, she
participated in the Shanti Path by Bauddha Monks. On this
occasion, Hon’ble Chief Minister did Cheever Daan to all Bauddha
Monks present there. She also visited Bauddha Vihar Shanti
Upvan and offered floral tributes to four-faceted statues of
Tathagat Gautam Buddha and Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji.
In the evening, Hon’ble Chief Minister offered floral tributes
on the statue of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji set-up at Samajik Parivartan Pratik Sthal, Gomti Nagar. Afterwards, she visited
Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sthal,
where she paid floral tributes to the statue of Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji at Pratibimb Sthal, whose inspiration was behind
the laying of foundation stone for the establishment of Dr.
Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sthal in 1995 during the
regime of BSP Government. On this occasion, she also visited Dr.
Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sangrahalaya, Samajik
Parivartan Gallery, Buddha Sthal, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Smarak
Drishya Sthal and paid homage to the statues of Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji established there. She also paid homage to all
saints, gurus and great men’s statues set-up in these premises.
After paying floral tributes to Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji
who provided a new thrust to the movement for social change,
the Hon’ble Chief Minister said that after the death of Param
Pujya Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji understood humanitarian movement of Baba Saheb
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar seriously and he took forward his
movement in a planned manner. She said that with a view to
organising dalits, backwards and other weaker sections of the
society, Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji had constituted Bahujan
Samaj Party on the anniversary of Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao
Ambedkar on 14th April, 1984.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji
had handed over the responsibility of Bahujan Samaj Party
during his lifetime to such a dynamic leadership, owing to which
people of opposition parties would never become successful in
withering away the BSP party.
Remembering the sacrifices and struggle of Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji towards BSP movement, Hon’ble Chief Minister said
that the contribution of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji in taking the
halted movement of Param Pujya Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao
Ambedkar forward with complete understanding and
responsibility could never be forgotten. His entire life was
dedicated to the establishment of equality based society in the
Country on the basis of social harmony. She said that BSP
Government in Uttar Pradesh was doing its best efforts to
remove inequality and establish mutual brotherhood among Sarv
Samaj following the path of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji. The Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her party Government
had done various important works to make the memories of
Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji everlasting, which include the
construction of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Smarak Sthal,
Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Prerna Dwar, Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Multi Speciality Hospital, Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji
Yadgar Vishram Sthal, Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Smriti Upvan,
Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Bal Chikitsalaya, Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Paryatan Prabandh Sansthan and Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Paryavaran Bhavan, besides setting up of Manyawar
Sri Kanshiram ji Engineering College of Information Technology
at Azamgarh and Ambedkar Nagar districts, Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Government Medical College at Saharanpur,
Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Agricultural and Technology
University at Banda. A district had also been created on the
name of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji, she added.
The Hon’ble Chief Minister said that in memory of this great
personality, the Government has started Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Shahari Garib Awas Yojana in all districts of the
State. The State Government has started Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji International Sports Award, Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Award for social change and Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji State Handloom Award, besides Manyawar Sri
Kanshiram ji Export Award. She said Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji
Bahujan Nayak Park is under construction in Lucknow at present.
The construction of Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Green Garden
(Eco) Park in Lucknow is in progress. All these works are a
humble homage to Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji from the grateful
U.P. Government complied with the orders of Hon’ble Supreme Court and Hon’ble High Court
Lucknow : October 09, 2010
After paying tributes to Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji at
Smarak Sthal on his death anniversary, the Hon’ble Chief
Minister of Uttar Pradesh Ms. Mayawati ji while talking to media
said that Uttar Pradesh completely complied with the orders of
the Hon’ble Supreme Court and Hon’ble High Court and regarded
it. She said that all works at Manyawar Sri Kanshiram ji Smarak
Sthal, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sthal etc. had
become completed and no construction work was being taking
place at these memorials.
Hon’ble Chief Minister regretted that no Government either
in Uttar Pradesh or in the entire Country had honoured or
respected those saints, gurus and great men who took birth in
scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and other backward sections in
the Country and struggled very hard to establish equality based
social system changing unequal social system. She said that
when BSP Government of Uttar Pradesh had honoured and
respected all such saints, gurus and great men in various forms
by constructing memorials, museum, park, statues etc., then
anti-dalit and such elements with casteist mentality made their
efforts to create hurdles in construction of these memorials and
malign the image of Uttar Pradesh Government by lodging false
complaints. More than that, these elements did not keep silence
and continuously made false allegations in the Hon’ble Supreme
Court and the Hon’ble High Court regarding continuation of
construction work at present, even after the completion of
construction works and these places being dedicated to the
people. On this occasion, she said to the media persons that after
becoming aware today, they should ask such elements where the
Hon’ble C. M. greets people on Agrasen Jayanti
Lucknow: 07 October 2010
The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Ms.
Mayawati ji has greeted the people of the State, especially
the Vaishya community on the occasion of Maharaja Agrasen
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that Maharaja Agrasen gave
the message of Sarv Samaj’s welfare by strengthening social
harmony and unity. In the present context, this message has
become more relevant, she added.
Ms. Mayawati ji said that Vaishya community played an
important role in the economic and social progress of the
Country. She expressed the hope that this community would
actively participate in the development process in future also.
The controversial yet historic Women’s Reservation Bill, ensuring 33% reservation to women in Parliament and state legislative bodies, was passed in the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday after two days of high drama that saw suspension of seven members who violently disrupted proceedings.
The Bill, pushed by the government despite the threat of withdrawal of support by Samajwadi Party and RJD, was passed by a two-third majority, a day after it was moved in the House for consideration but could not be taken up because of unruly scenes.
Of the votes polled, 186 were in favour of the bill and only one was against.
The Constitution (108th Amendment) Bill could get through with “unequivocal” support from the BJP and the Left in the Upper House where the ruling UPA coalition is in minority. The 245-member House has an effective strength of 233.
UPA ally Trinamool Congress, with two members in the Upper House, did not participate in the voting.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Leader of Opposition Arun Jaitley described the measure as “momentous and historic”.
BSP, having 12 members, walked out of the House saying the bill did not contain amendments suggested by it.
Lok Sabha also witnessed unruly scenes created by SP, RJD and JD(U) who forced four adjournments.
14 years after the first attempt was made inthe Lok Sabha and repeated failures subsequently, the Constitution amendment bill was adopted in the mandatory division with 186 members voting for it and one voting against.
In the 245-member House with an effective strength of 233, the bill required the backing of at least 155 members and the UPA had the clear support of 165 in the run up to the event.
The bill seeks to reserve for women 181 of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha and 1,370 out of a total of 4,109 seats in the 28 State Assemblies.
Ruling UPA constituent Trinamool Congress,which has two members, kept away from voting, while 15-member BSP, which has opposed the bill in its present form, walked out before voting.
JD(U), whose present Sharad Yadav is a staunch opponent of the Bill, appears to have backed the Bill fully with most of its 7 members voting for it in response to the call by one of its senior leaders and Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar.
After frenzied opposition and repeated disruptions, the Rajya Sabha on Tuesday evening finally debated the historic women’s reservation bill in the run up to a vote on the legislation.
Amongst those who spoke were Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) Arun Jaitley, CommunistParty of India-Marxist’s (CPI-M) Brinda Karat,Bahujan Samaj Party’s (BSP) Satish Mishra and Jayanthi Natarajan of Congress.
Opening the debate was Jaitley, who said his party “unequivocally” supported the women’s bill but added that the privilege ofsupporting it had been diluted by “some of the most shameful incidents in India’s parliamentary history”.
The leader of the opposition in the Rajya Sabha, who spoke after the constitution amendment bill was put to vote by Chairman Hamid Ansari, said he had a feeling of being a party to history in the making when he came to the house.
Karat, a vocal supporter of the bill, said women’s reservation in parliament and state legislatures would change the “cultureof the country because women today are still caught in a culture prison. In the name of tradition, stereotypes are imposed and we have to fight these every day”.
These stereotypes will also be broken by thebill, said Karat, who believes the entry of a larger number of women in legislatures would make for “more sensitive politics”.
“The women’s reservation bill will ensure that women of Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, Other Backward Classes, poor women and Muslim women would benefit from it,” Karat said, addressing concerns that the bill would benefit only some sections.
Congress leader and spokesperson Jayanti Natarajan also refuted critics demanding a special quota for Scheduled Caste women, saying Scheduled Castes and Tribals would continue to get reservation under the bill.
A triumphant Natarajan said no other party had the courage to deliver the promise (of reservation for women) to the people of India”. She said Congress president Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Manmohan Singhhad not lagged behind in supporting measures for women’s empowerment.
However, Bahujan Samaj Party’s Satish Mishra said his party would not be able to support the proposed legislation in the current form. He wanted the prime ministerto reserve 50 percent of all seats in legislatures for women in line with their population ratio.
Shivanand Tiwari of the Janata Dal-United (JD-U) created a minor stir in the house by speaking in favour of the bill, which has been opposed vocally by a section of his colleagues led by party president Sharad Yadav.
The AIADMK’s V. Maitreyan pointed out that the bill was a great tribute to the Indian housewife who he said had proved to be better financial managers of the household”than all the finance ministers of India”.
*.More women participation in politics and society.
*.Social norms in India strongly favour men, therefore, reservation for women is expected to create equal opportunity for men and women.
*.Due to female foeticide .infantacide and issues related to women’s health, sex ratio in India is alarming at 1.06 males per female . It is expected this will change the society to give equal status to women.
*.Women are supposedly more resistant to corruption. Therefore, this bill might prove to be a factor restraining the growth of corruption.
*.Women will get 33% reservation after this bill is passed and condition of women will improve.
Passing the Women Reservation Bill may cause bias in the democratic process because of the following reasons:
*.It may hurt the self respect of women who have come up on their own ability, it may result in lesser respect for women in the society. It may also bring down the quality of leaders.
*.Parties will be forced to find women whether or not the women identify with the overall party agenda and the rest of the issues concerning all citizens, as opposed tojust women issues. There are no provisions to prevent discrimination against men because of finding women whoare inclined towards women issues alone, or, in other words, biased against men.
*.Powerful male members of parties will be tempted to find female relatives to reserve the seat for themselves during the following cycle.
*.It is feared that reservation would only help women of the elitist groups to gain seats, therefore causing further discrimination and under-representation to the poor and backward classes (According to a National Election Study, 68 per cent of today’s women MPs are millionairesses).
A two-day national conference on Molecular Medicine and Nano-biotechnology will be held at the NIMHANS Convention Centre here from October 13.
Organised jointly by the Department of Biotechnology, Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore, and the Department of Life Sciences, Reva Institute of Science and Management, Bangalore, the conference seeks to highlight and bring forth the latest trends and developments in the domains of molecular medicine and nano-biotechnology through plenary talks, paper and poster presentations, workshops and panel discussions.
Illustrious personalities from the field of medicine, pharmacy, bio-engineering, life sciences and clinical research, besides delegates representing academics, research and development institutes, bio-tech companies and publishing houses are expected to attend the event.
“Molecular medicine can now be defined as distinctive discipline, concerned with understanding the pathogenesis of diseases at molecular level. Based on this knowledge, specific molecular tools for diagnosis, treatment and prevention are designed,” said a statement from the organisers.
The conference will be inaugurated by Principal Secretary, Information Technology, Bio-Technology and Science and Technology, Government of Karnataka Ashok Kumar Manoli.
The conference will be sponsored by Krishnadevaraya Education Trust, Bangalore, and REVA Group of Educational Institutions, Bangalore. The Hindu is the media partner.
More information can be obtained on website www.abhyuday.co.in and by sending an e-mail to email@example.com. Interested persons can call Ph: 9916303565 or 9845030652.
By Aravind T Seshagiri, Research Analsyt.
Sky is the limit; Future has no end; Growth knows no bounds; Technology Leaps!
Sounds too imaginative? Yes! Imagination is the key in human life and that is the main force behind every development of human lifestyle. Man founded technology, nurtured it, needless to say used it to perfection, and now, technology seems to have turned around and leading to ‘payback time’. What you sow, so you reap will be apt in describing the marriage of these two technologies; semiconductors and bio-tech; that has transformed into one called nano-biotechnology to form a branch called nanoway.
So what is it that we are talking about here? A techno-monitor: a chip that checks various parameters in a human body, and its functions and help in supplying appropriate potions/drugs to keep it going. Are we saying it is going to give life and increase the longevity of humans? Considering the impact that science and technology have had on the human race in the past, its natural to think that nothing is impossible.
What is Nano-biotechnology?
Nanotechnology (prefix ‘nano’ means dwarf in Greek) is an amalgamation of science and engineering that has effected the measurment in the lowest units (nanometer - billionth of a meter). Nanotechnology is a valuable contribution of the profound research by scientists and engineers to create new systems with novel functionalities. This gives nanotechnology greater share of control over a wide range of usage in applications right from high-density data to detecting DNA sequence to improved taste and wider variety of fruits and vegetables. On the commercial front, nanotechnology has enhanced every field in science, engineering, and technology; a phenomenal advantage, thus giving high efficiency and profitability.
Biotechnology is the application of biological research techniques to develop products that cater to the need of living beings.Nano-biotechnology, as the name suggests, is a mariage of nanotechnology and biotechnology. Each of these technologies has a tremendous impact by itself and therefore when they complement each other it results in efficacious fourth dimensional solutions.
Nanobiotechnology at its best
Technology is turning around to help the humans by providing easier methods to keep up a healthy living. As the population in the modern times ages, scientists are finding it difficult to manage the right combination of drugs to make them effective. The existing means of intake of drugs orally or through injections are becoming moderately effective and can be extremely painful due to the non-availability of accurate diagnosis.
One of the newer methods to deliver drugs at the right place, time, and amounts is being addressed through nano-biotechnology. Scientists and engineers have come out with new systems where the human-body parameters are monitored using a semiconductor chip that is placed inside a human body. The information recorded/acquired is then transmitted to another wrist-watch like equipment using telemetry, which, in turn, instructs the semiconductor chip to deliver the right amounts of drug to the right place.
For example: When a patient is being treated for diabetes, the semiconductor chip monitors the blood-sugar levels and passes on the information to the device outside of the body. The external device, in turn, instructs the semiconductor chip that acts as the drug delivery system, to release the right amounts of insulin into the blood, thus causing less or no side effects to the patient.
Nanotechnology used in biotechnology is definitely a life-saving innovation that has come as a boon to mankind. The above semiconductor chip application is just a modicum of what it is capable in terms of its impact on human race. The real applications can turn around the life-cycle of human beings in the years to come.
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