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10/20/10
We wish the Elephant of BSP!to win large number of seats to acquire the MASTER KEY! and make Chief Minister Bahen Ms Mayawati Ji !as the Prime Minister PraBuddha Bharath Matha Maha Mayawati Ji!-First phase of Bihar elections (Factfile)-LESSON 65 FOUR JHANAS PART V 21 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY-Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org-”It is ignorance that smothers, and it is carelessness that makes it invisible. The hunger of craving pollutes the world, and the pain of suffering causes the greatest fear.”- The Buddha Quotes-BUDDHA (EDUCATE)! DHAMMA (MEDITATE)! SANGHA (ORGANISE)!-WISDOM IS POWER-Travelogue to the four jhanas by Ajahn Brahmavamso-Asoka Vijayadashami & Dhamm Chakra Pravartan-Do not allow osteoporosis to break you: doctors-kyphon balloon kyphoplasty-CONVERGENCE of Information Technology, Integrated Praduct Development, Biotechnology and Nanotechnology-GOOD GOVERNANCE-Hon’ble Chief Minister Ji directs officers to take necessary steps immediately to check spread of dengue and other fever related diseases Ensure fogging and spray of pesticides in affected areas-Saryu Canal Project started in 1978 got delayed due to careless approach of earlier Governments
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Posted by: site admin @ 11:48 pm

We wish the Elephant of  BSP!
to win large number of seats to acquire the MASTER KEY!
and make Chief Minister Bahen Ms Mayawati Ji !
as the Prime Minister PraBuddha Bharath Matha Maha Mayawati Ji!

First phase of Bihar elections (Factfile)

New Delhi, Oct 20 – The first of the six phases of the month-long elections to the Bihar state assembly is to be held Thursday.

Here is a factfile of the first phase:

Number of assembly constituencies – 47

Total voters – 10.7 million (5,678,567 men and 5,022,230 women)

Total number of candidates – 631

Total number of woman candidates – 52

Assembly constituency with maximum candidates – Kadwa (22 candidates)

Assembly constituency with minimum candidates – Singheshwar (Scheduled Caste constituency – seven candidates)

Party-wise list of candidates – Bahujan Samaj Party (45), Bharatiya Janata Party (21), Communist Party India (11), Communist Party of India-Marxist (7), Congress (47), Nationalist Congress Party (33), Janata Dal-United (26), Rashtriya Janata Dal (31) and other parties 156

Independent candidates – 238

Electronic voting machines to be used – 25,728

Largest assembly constituency area-wise – Saharsa

Largest assembly constituency voter-wise – Saharsa

IANS

LESSON 65 FOUR JHANAS PART V  21 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY

Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

“It is ignorance that smothers, and it is carelessness that makes it invisible. The hunger of craving pollutes the world, and the pain of suffering causes the greatest fear.”- The Buddha Quotes

BUDDHA (EDUCATE)!                     DHAMMA (MEDITATE)!                   SANGHA (ORGANISE)!

WISDOM       IS    POWER

Awakened One Shows the Path to Attain Ultimate Bliss

COMPUTER IS AN ENTERTAINMENT INSTRUMENT!

INTERNET!

IS

ENTERTAINMENT NET!

TO BE MOST APPROPRIATE!

Using such an instrument

The Free ONLINE e-Nālandā Research and Practice University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :

Buddha’s Sangha Practiced His Dhamma Free of cost, hence the Free- e-Nālandā Research and Practice University follows suit

As the Original Nālandā University did not offer any Degree, so also the Free  e-Nālandā Research and Practice University.

The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.

§  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches

I.
KAMMA

REBIRTH

AWAKEN-NESS 

BUDDHA

THUS COME ONE

DHAMMA

II.
ARHAT

FOUR HOLY TRUTHS

EIGHTFOLD PATH

TWELVEFOLD CONDITIONED ARISING

BODHISATTVA

PARAMITA

SIX PARAMITAS

III.

SIX SPIRITUAL POWERS

SIX PATHS OF REBIRTH

TEN DHARMA REALMS

FIVE SKANDHAS

EIGHTEEN REALMS

FIVE MORAL PRECEPTS

IV.

MEDITATION

MINDFULNESS

FOUR APPLICATIONS OF MINDFULNESS

LOTUS POSTURE

SAMADHI

CHAN SCHOOL

FOUR JHANAS

FOUR FORMLESS REALMS

V.

FIVE TYPES OF BUDDHIST STUDY AND PRACTICE

MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA COMPARED

PURE LAND

BUDDHA RECITATION

EIGHT CONSCIOUSNESSES

ONE HUNDRED DHARMAS

EMPTINESS

VI.

DEMON

LINEAGE

with

Level I: Introduction to Buddhism

Level II: Buddhist Studies

TO ATTAIN

Level III: Stream-Enterer

Level IV: Once - Returner

Level V: Non-Returner
Level VI: Arhat

Jambudvipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath scientific thought in

mathematics,

astronomy,

alchemy,

and

anatomy

Philosophy and Comparative Religions;

Historical Studies;

International Relations and Peace Studies;

Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;

Languages and Literature;

and Ecology and Environmental Studies

 Welcome to the Free Online e-Nālandā Research and Practice University

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FOUR JHANAS PART V

http://www.dharmaweb.org/index.php/Travelogue_to_the_four_jhanas_by_Ajahn_Brahmavamso

Travelogue to the four jhanas by Ajahn Brahmavamso

Travelogue to the four jhanas
By Ajahn Brahmavamso




This morning the talk is going to be on Right Concentration, Right Samadhi, on the four jhanas which I promised to talk about earlier this week and about exactly what they are, how to get into them, so one can recognise them after they’ve arisen and also to understand their place in the scheme of things. If one ever looks at the Buddha’s teachings - the Suttas - one finds that the word ‘jhana’ is mentioned very, very often. There is a common theme, which occurs in almost every teaching of the Buddha and is part of the eightfold path - Samma Samadhi - Right Concentration, which is always defined as ‘cultivating the four jhanas.’ In this meditation retreat, if we are really talking about meditation and we want to cultivate meditation, there is no reason why we shouldn’t aim to cultivate the jhana states, because they give a depth to one’s meditation which one can experience as something quite special and one could also experience the power of these states as well as the bliss of these states. It is that quality of bliss and that quality of power which you will later be able to use to really develop the powerful insights into the nature of your mind and the nature of all phenomena. I shall begin by talking about the Buddha’s own story which is related in the Suttas. He attained jhana almost by chance as a young boy sitting under a rose-apple tree, just watching while his father was doing some ceremony. It was a very pleasurable experience and what the Buddha, or the Buddha-to-be, remembered was just the pleasure of that experience and a little bit about its power. But like many people, like may meditators, many practitioners, he formed the wrong view that anything so pleasurable can have nothing at all to do with ending suffering and enlightenment, that something so pleasurable must be a cause for more attachment in this world. It was because of thoughts like these that for six years the Buddha just wandered around the forests of India doing all sorts of ascetic practices. In other words almost looking for suffering, as if through suffering you could find an end of suffering. It was only after six years of futility that the Buddha decided, having had a meal, and this is how it is actually said in the Suttas, that he recalled this pleasurable experience of the first jhana as a young boy, maybe he said “this might be the path to enlightenment.” and the insight knowledge arose in him, “This is the path to enlightenment, to Bodhi.” Because of that insight, the Buddha, as everyone knows, sat under the Bodhi tree, developed the jhanas and based on the power of that jhana, the clarity of that jhana, developed all of these wisdoms, first of all recollecting past lives, recollecting the action of kamma, the depth of kamma, how it sends beings to various parts of rebirth, and then lastly the Four Noble Truths.

It was only because of the power of that sort of mind that he could penetrate to such a degree of subtlety and uncover things which had been clouded completely from him. Since then he always tried to teach and encourage the practice of jhana as an essential ingredient of the Eightfold Path, an essential part of becoming enlightened. If one wishes to use Buddhism not as only a half-hearted path but to take it to its fullness, and aim for enlightenment, then sooner or later one will have to come across these jhanas, cultivate them, get to know them and use their power and do exactly the same as the Buddha did and become fully enlightened.

Many of the other talks which monks give tell you about the problem of suffering in existence, they tell you about the difficulties of life and the problems of rebirth and more death, but I think its also our responsibility, if we are going to tell you the problem, then we must tell you the solution as well and tell you the solution in all its detail, not holding anything back. Part of that solution, an essential part of that solution is developing these things which we call jhana.

Now what these jhanas actually are - I’ll just talk about the four jhanas this morning and I’m going to carry on from what I might call the launching pad of that second stage of meditation which I’ve been talking about a lot while I’ve been teaching meditation during this retreat. The second stage of meditation in my scheme of things is where you have full continuous awareness of the breath. So the mind is not distracted at all, every moment it has the breath in mind and that state has been stabilised with continual attention until the breath is continually in mind, no distraction for many minutes on end. That’s the second stage in this meditation. It coincides with the third stage in the Buddha’s Anapanasati Sutta, where the meditator experiences whole body of breath, where the body here is just a word for the accumulation of all the parts of an inbreath, all the parts of an outbreath and the sequential awareness of these physical feelings. The next stage, the third stage in my scheme, the fourth stage in the Buddha’s Anapanasati Sutta, is where, having attained that second stage and not letting it go, not letting go of the awareness of the breath one moment, one calms that object down, calms the object of the breath down.

There are several ways of doing that. Perhaps the most effective is just developing an attitude of letting go, because the object of the breath will calm down naturally if you leave it alone. However, sometimes some meditators have difficulty letting go to that degree and so another method which can be very effective is just suggesting calm, calm, calm. Or suggesting letting go. There is a great difference between the attitude of letting go and suggesting letting go. With suggesting letting go, you are still actually controlling things, you are getting involved in it but at least you are getting involved by sending it in the right direction, sending it towards the place where the attitude of letting go is occurring, without the need to put it into words or to give it as orders or commands. You are programming the mind in the right direction. But I use both, either just letting go as an attitude of mind or subconscious suggesting, just calm, calm, calm, and to feel the object of your attention, being here the feeling of the breath, get more and more refined, more subtle. The difficulty or the problem here will be that you have to always maintain your attention clearly on the breath. In other words, not letting go of the second stage when you develop the third stage. Keep full awareness of the breath, but just make that breath softer and softer and softer, more and more subtle, more and more refined, but never letting go of it. As the breath gets more and more refined, the only way of not letting go of it is by treating it very, very gently. You’re going towards an effortless awareness on the breath, an effortless attention where the breath is just there.

A bit of a problem here with many meditators is that they are not quite sure of the correct way of knowing the breath in this state. There is a type of knowing which is just knowing, being mindful of, without naming, without thinking, without analysing, a sub-verbal type of knowing. You have to be confident that you are actually watching the breath. Sometimes you may not have the width of mind to know exactly what type of breath you are watching, but you know you are watching the breath. The point is, it’s a type of knowing which is getting much more refined. Our usual knowing is very wide and full of many details. Here, the details are narrowing down until a point comes where sometimes we have so few details that we don’t know if we truly know, a different type of knowing, a much more refined knowing. So the wisdom has to be very strong here and confidence has to be strong, to understand that one still knows the breath. The breath hasn’t disappeared at all and you do not need, as it were, to widen the width of knowing through effort of will, this will just disturb the mind. Just allow everything to calm down. The object will calm down and so will the knowing start to calm down. It’s at this stage where you start to get a samadhi nimitta arising. I call this part of the third stage.

If you calm the physical feeling of breath down, the mental feeling of breath starts to arise — the samadhi nimitta – usually a light which appears in the mind. However, it can sometimes just appear to be a physical feeling. It can be a deep peacefulness; it can even be like a blackness. The actual description of it is very wide simply because the description is that which everyone adds on to a core experience, which is a mental experience. When it starts to arise you just haven’t got the words to describe it. So what we add to it is usually how we understand it to ourselves. Darkness, peacefulness, profound stillness, emptiness, a beautiful light or whatever. Don’t particularly worry about what type of nimitta it actually is.

If you want to know the way to develop that nimitta, then this fourth stage of developing the four jhanas is to pay attention to that aspect of the nimitta which is beautiful, which is attractive, which is joyful, the pleasant part of it. And again, it is at this stage where you have to be comfortable with pleasure and not be afraid of it, not fear that it is going to lead to some sort of attachment, because the pleasure of these stages can be very intense at times, literally overpowering: overpowering your sense of self, overpowering your control, overpowering your sensitivity to your physical body. So you have to look for that pleasure and happiness which is in the nimitta, and this becomes the fourth stage because once the mind has noticed the pleasure and happiness in the nimitta, that will act like what I call the magnet or the glue. It is that which will draw one’s attention onto it, and it’s not the will or the choice or the decision which takes the attention and puts it onto the samadhi nimitta. In fact once the choice, the intention, the orders inside yourself arise, they’ll actually push you away. You have to let the whole process work because the samadhi nimitta at this stage is very pleasurable; it literally pulls the mind into it. Many meditators when the possibly experience their first taste of a jhana, experience the mind falling into a beautiful hole. And that’s exactly what’s happening. It’s the joy, the bliss, the beauty of that nimitta which is before the mind that actually pulls the mind into it. So you don’t need to do the pushing, you don’t need to do the work. At this stage it becomes a natural process of the mind. Your job is just to get to that second stage, calm that breath down, allow the samadhi nimitta to arise. Once the samadhi nimitta arises strongly, then the jhana happens in and of itself.

Again, because the quality of knowing is very strong but very narrow in these states, while you are in these states, there is no way that you can truly assess where you are and what’s happening to you. The ability to know through thinking, through analysing, is taken away from you in these states. You usually have to wait until you emerge from these states, until your ordinary thinking returns again, so you can really look back upon and analyse what has happened. Any of these jhana states are powerful experiences and as a powerful experience, they leave a deep imprint on your mind.

Unfortunately there is not a word in our English language which corresponds to a positive trauma. The word ‘trauma’ is like a very strong negative, painful experience which leaves its imprint in you. This is similar in its strength and result to a trauma and you remember it very clearly because it has a severe impact on your memory. However, these are just purely pleasant experiences, like pleasant traumas, and as such you recall them very easily. So after you’ve emerged from a jhana, it’s usually no problem at all just to look back with the question, “what was that?” and to be able to see very clearly the type of experience, the object, which you were aware of for all this time and then you can analyse it. It’s at this point that you can find out exactly where you were and what was happening, but in the jhana you can’t do this.

After the jhana, one can know it by what the Buddha called ‘the jhana factors‘. These are the major signposts which tell you what particular states you’ve been in. It’s good to know those signposts but remember, these are just signposts to these states, these are the main features of these states and in the first jhana there are many subsidiary features. In fact the first jhana is quite wide. However, if it’s a first jhana experience it has to have the five main features, the five main jhana factors. The second jhana is much narrower, much easier to find out whether this is where you’ve been. It’s the same with the third and the fourth jhana, they get narrower still. The width of description for this experience, which you may offer, narrows down as you attain more profound depths of letting go.

But with the first jhana, the Buddha gave it five factors. The main factors are the two which is piti-sukka. This is bliss. Sometimes, if you look in books about the meaning of these terms, they will try and split them into separate factors. They are separate things, but in the first couple of jhanas piti and sukka are so closely intertwined that you will not be able to distinguish one from the other and it’s more helpful not to try, but to look at these two factors as just ‘bliss’. That’s the most accurate description which most people can recognise: “This is bliss.” The Buddha called it vivekaja piti-sukka, that particular type of bliss which is born from detachment, born from aloofness, born from seclusion. Viveka is the word for ’seclusion’, ‘aloofness’, ’separateness’ and it means ’separated from the world of the five senses’. That’s what you’ve separated yourself from and this is the bliss of that separation, which is the cause of that happiness and bliss. And that bliss has a particular type of taste which other blisses do not share, it is the bliss of seclusion. That is why it is also sometimes called the bliss of renunciation. You’ve renounced those things; therefore you are secluded from them.

There are two other factors which confuse people again and again. They are the two terms ‘vitakka’ and ‘vicira’ — which Bikkhu Bodhi in his Majima Nikaya translates as ‘initial’ and ’sustained’ application of thought or ‘initial’ and ‘applied’ thought. However, it should be known and recognised, that thinking, as you normally perceive it, is not present in these jhanas at all. That which we call thought has completely subsided. What these two terms refer to is a last vestige of the movement of the mind which, if it was continued, would give rise to thinking. It is almost what you might call sub-verbal thought. It is a movement of the mind towards a meditation object. That’s called vitakka. However it has to appear on a sub-verbal level, just a movement, just an intention, without the mind breaking into words and labels.

The mind moves onto the object, and remember the ‘object’ here, the thing you are aware of, is the piti-sukha. That is why it is the main factor of this jhana, because you are aware of bliss. That’s the object of your meditation, not the breath, not the body, not any words but you are aware of bliss. And you will also be aware, and this is one of the characteristics of the first jhana, that the mind will still be wobbling a little bit. The bliss which is the object of your awareness will appear, as it were, to fade or to recede, and as it fades, as it recedes, as it weakens, the mind will go towards it again. Attracted as it were, by its power, by its bliss, the mind goes towards it; that is called ‘vitakka’, the movement of the mind onto its object. When it reaches the object it will hold onto it, this is called ‘vicira’, which will be an effort of mind, but a very subtle effort of mind. This is an effort of mind; this is not an effort of will. It is not an effort coming from you, it’s the mind doing it by itself. All along you are a passive observer to all of this. And as it holds onto it, eventually, as it were, it will lose its grip and will recede away from the object of bliss again. In this way, the object of bliss will appear to be wobbly, not truly firm. As such, the mind will seem to have a little bit of width to it, but not be truly solid. However, that width is very small and you never move far away from that bliss because as soon as you move a little away from it, it retracts and pulls the mind straight back again.

Because it’s only got a little bit of width this is called one-pointedness of mind: all of the energy, the focus, of the mind being in one point, both in space and one point in time. This experience does not change over many, many, many minutes in a full first jhana. This experience is maintained, it’s just the mind going towards this bliss and this bliss lasting there for a long time. Now again, this is only how you’ll see it when you emerge from the jhana. You will not be able to analyse this experience into five factors during that time because the mind will not have that width, that ability to think, the ability to analyse, while you are in the state. While in the state all you’ll be aware of is just the bliss. You are literally blissed out, not really quite knowing why or what’s happening, but having some sort of feeling or confidence that this is worthwhile, this is beautiful, this is profound, this is worth doing, so that you can stay in those states.

It’s usual that a person’s first experience of jhana will be the first jhana. After a while, the strength of the samadhi, what you actually brought into that state with you, will begin to decline and the mind will move away from the bliss, and the vitakka will not be strong enough to take it back into it again, and you emerge from the jhana. The jhana will break up and you will be able to think and analyse again. Thoughts will come up into your mind and this will probably be one of the first things which arises after the jhana breaks, as it were. The mind will still have a lot of happiness and bliss to it but will not be as one-pointed. The body will usually not be recognised at the beginning and only later will the mind care to look and see what the body has been doing all this time.

The mind will be very powerful at this stage. You’ve just emerged from a jhana, you’ll still have a lot of happiness and bliss and in the words of the Buddha the mind will be ‘malleable’, it will be ‘workable’. It will be like a piece of clay which is not too wet and not too dry, which you can turn into any shape you want with ease because of the power which you invested in the mind, and that becomes the experience of the first jhana. Once you’ve experienced that once then it’s good to find out what caused that jhana to arise. What did you do? Or more appropriately, what did you let go of, to give rise to that jhana? Rather than what you did, what you let go of becomes a much more powerful indicator of the ways into these states. You usually find out that you developed that second stage when you started to let go of this ‘controller’, let go of the wandering mind, let go of the fear of these states and especially when you let go of the controller and just allowed the mind to show its face when you’re not there, giving all the orders. Once you start to get to know this and get to know the ways into these jhanas, then you should try and develop them, to repeat them again and again because not only are you developing insight, you are developing the skill, the skill of letting go of things which are the causes of deep attachment.

As you develop these jhanas more and more, they are very enjoyable things to develop. Sometimes people feel that a holy life, a spiritual practice should be harsh and severe. If you want to make it harsh and severe that’s up to you, but if you want to go on a happy path, a path of bliss which is also going to lead to enlightenment at the same time, this is it. Even though these are very strong pleasures, mental pleasures, the Buddha said they are not to be feared. He said this in many places in the Suttas and there was one place, in the Digha Nikaya, where he told the monks: if a person develops these jhanas, makes much of them, is almost attached to them, attached to their development then there are four consequences of that attachment to that development. The word I am translating here as attachment is anuyoga. Our word ‘yoke’ comes from this word ‘yoga‘ which means ‘tying onto’. Anu means ‘along with’ or ‘tied along with’ so it literally means ‘practising frequently’, doing it again and again and again, what some people would interpret as ‘being attached to.’

So there are four results from practising jhanas in this way, not five results, not three results, but four results. And those four results of practising jhana again and again and again are stream entry, once returner, non-returner and Arahat. The Buddha was unequivocal about this. It does not lead to more attachment to the world, it actually leads to the enlightenment experiences, to separation from the world. The way to develop them is that as you develop the first jhana more and more, you can aim towards the higher jhanas. The only way you can aim towards the higher jhanas is to do it before you enter this whole area of the mind we call the jhana realm. Because once you are in any jhana, you are stuck there and you cannot give any orders or any commands, you cannot drive your vehicle once you are in any of these absorptions. The aiming, the driving, the putting in of instructions has to be done beforehand.

It is very difficult to find similes for this. A very weak simile, but one I’ve used before is like someone charging into a house with four rooms and the fourth room is way down the back, the third room is just a little bit before that, the second room a bit before that and the first one is just inside the door. The floors are made out of this very, very slippery ice so you cannot make any momentum once you have got in the first door. All your momentum has to be built up from outside, so you charge the first door and if you are going very fast, you may be able to slip right through the first room and into the second room. If you are going really fast you may even get into the third room and if you are going very, very fast as you charge the front door, you may slip all the way into the fourth room. But once you are in any of these rooms you cannot add to your momentum. So the only way you can gain these deeper jhanas is, before you enter any of these states, making sure that your effort to let go, your resolve to abandon, that your desire to settle all disturbances is so strong that you settle the disturbance of this doing mind and next you settle the vitakka-vicira, this movement of the mind, and you settle many other things as well. The mind settles down, one thing after the other, as it goes into the deeper jhanas.

The second jhana is the first true state of samadhi because here you’ve settled down that which was a disturbance of the first jhana, which was a wobbling of the mind, the vittaka-vicara has been abandoned. So now the mind has the object of bliss firmly unified with it, and this state is one of rock-like samadhi, where there is this one object in the mind, of bliss, and there is no room in the mind at all. It is completely one-pointed, stuck solid as a rock and blissed out, so the object is not moving at all, not changing an iota, it is there one moment after another moment after another moment. Because of the solidity and stability of that state, the second jhana will last much, much longer than the first jhana; the deeper the jhanas, the longer they will last and you are usually talking in terms of hours for the second jhana, simply because it is a very solid state. Whereas the first jhana can be just for a matter of minutes, a good second jhana should be quite long — and it is very solid. Once you are in it there is no way you can get out until the energy of that jhana just uses itself up. That’s the only way, because you cannot form the resolution, “now’s the time to come out.” If someone calls you, you just will not hear them, if someone taps you on the shoulder, you will not recognise that, because you are completely separated from the external world. You are literally right in the centre of your mind and you cannot be contacted. Again, that second jhana, once it starts to break up, will break up into what is tantamount to first jhana then it will break out into the verbalisation of thought. You come down again.

For those who want to explore these states a lot, one important thing one can do, rather than to leave it to the momentum of your energy to quieten down your energy of samadhi, is to make resolutions before you enter these states. You just need to say to yourself, “I’ll just enter the jhana for half an hour or for one hour.” Because the mind is very refined in these states it will have power, your suggestion will be like programming a computer and once the hour is up, the mind will just come out of the jhanas. I can’t say exactly how it works, but it does. In the same way you can go to sleep and say, “I’ll wake up at three o’clock” and you do wake up at three o’clock or five minutes either side, without the use of an alarm clock. The mind, if you programme it with mindfulness, responds. And so that is a very useful way and a very good instruction; to use those resolutions so that you do not spend over long in those states when you have maybe an appointment or some things you have to do. Make a resolution first of all. However, when you are in that state, you cannot make a resolution, you cannot think, you cannot analyse. All you know is that you are blissed out, you are not quite sure what is happening and only afterwards you have the opportunity to emerge and then to analyse and to see what has gone on and why.

If one wishes to go deeper into the jhanas, then at this point one has to understand that that bliss, which is in the second jhana born of samadhi, born of full unification of mind, a bliss with a different taste, has an aspect to it which is still troublesome to the mind and that is this aspect of piti. This is almost like a mental excitement and that can be overcome if one aims to quieten that bliss down.

 Ajahn Brahmavamso
Perth, Western Australia, 1998
 (Edited from a talk given by Ajahn Brahmavamso during the 9-day retreat in North Perth, Western Australia, December 1997)

Asoka  Vijayadashami  & Dhamm Chakra Pravartan< ?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />

Celebration at < ?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags” />Doha, Qatar

Date : 15th October, 2010

Indian Buddhist friends celebrated Asoka Vijayadashami & Dhammchakra Pravartak Din at Srilankan Embassy Qatar

. This celebration is very unique as there were presences of more than hundred children with white uniform for the dhamma class. This environment reminds us feeling of Dikhaboomi Nagpur participation & celebration at our home town india.

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We revised the Trisharn; Panch-sheels followed with dhamma talk at beautiful Vihar of embassy premises at morning 9:45hrs.

We were amazingly viewing the activities of Dhamma Classes. This class is conducted every alternate Friday to rejuvenate Pali language in which abundantly Buddhist literature written & available.  It also helps to sustain cultural activities for coming generation. Such type of dhamma class is really useful for student & younger to understand what is Buddhism & associate culture.

His Excellency Srilankan Ambassador Mr. Vijaya Padukkage welcomed us with pleasant smile and spared an hour to discuss the intention of over visit. He explained; Buddhism is nothing but Science. He noted that we were the first Indian Buddhist who met.

He added the importance of Dhamma class, Tourism at Srilanka in view with Buddhist pilgrimage. He also visited to North India region from Lumbini – Nepal, Sarnath, Kushinara, Varanasi, Gaya etc. Srilankan respects India as Buddhist origin & King Asoka work.  He granted permission to visit vihar in week days & also off days with 2 days prior oral notification.

This visit & celebration was possible with the consistent effort of Mr. Uttam Vaidya & his srilankan friend Mr. JAGGTHA.

Srilankan Kids at dhamma class.

Ambassador narrating the srilankan caves painting like Ajanta, India paintings Cave

Later we discussed the Dhamma Dana importance & to help project for underprivileged at maharastra area. We decided to contribute the Dana monthly basis 25 Qatari Riyal at least, can be paid yearly basis also. We also decided to meet last Friday of every month for the feasibility of projects; dhamma talk and other activities.  We enjoyed the lunch at Hotel Alishan.

Mr.  Rajendra, Mrs. Nirupama Panchabhai and children Arin & Arya presence enhanced, motivated and reminded us to celebrate such occasion with family. Mr. Roshan Jambulkar, Mr. Prashant Bele, Mr. Vipin Nimbalkar, Mr. Nilesh Sahare, Mr. Sheshrao Ranveer, Mr. Dipesh Sonare & Naresh Lanjewar were present;

Reported by

Naresh Lanjewar

 Do not allow osteoporosis to break you: doctors

If you are of a certain vintage and rather unmindful of your diet and lifestyle, there could be trouble ahead, particularly concerning your bones. You will do well to be careful the next time you come across road humps or potholes as bumpy rides can injure or even fracture your spine. With 83 per cent of all spinal fractures in the country caused by osteoporosis, spine surgeons say vehicles negotiating road humps could harm the spine of those suffering from osteoporosis.

With October 20 being observed as World Osteoporosis Day, spine surgeons are propagating the prevention mantra. Lifestyle changes including quitting smoking, curtailing excessive alcohol intake, exercising regularly and consuming a calcium-rich balanced diet along with adequate intake of Vitamin D are the essential aspects in preventing osteoporosis.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition that causes thinning and weakening of bones, resulting in their breaking easily. It is a progressive disease although people do not develop it all of a sudden. Fracture of arms, legs, wrist and spine in a patient will heal normally, but they are susceptible to suffer fractures more often.

Spine surgeons Rajagopalan of St. John’s Hospital and Mahesh Bijjawara of Bhagwan Mahaveer Jain Hospital, who are also members of the Association of Spine Surgeons of India, who spoke to presspersons on Tuesday, say warning signs include persistent back pain, spine deformities, recurrent fractures and chronic medical problems, including a decrease in height. In most cases, fracture is the first indication of the problem. The most common diagnostic test for osteoporosis is a bone mineral densitometry, a non-invasive scan that measures bone density in the hip, wrist, heel or hand, they say.

Osteoporosis is becoming a major distressing disease, acquiring a household status. The doctors say developing the condition means loss of vital minerals in the bone — mainly calcium — and causing bones to become extremely brittle.

Incidence

In India, one in three women above the age of 50 is combating osteoporosis, along with one in five men. Although early detection and timely treatment can substantially decrease the risk, it is difficult to rebuild a bone that has been weakened by the condition. But with advances in medicine and availability of several modes of treatment including kyphon balloon kyphoplasty, osteoporosis patients can cope better with the condition.

http://www.kyphon.com/us/patient.aspx?contentid=17

Balloon Kyphoplasty

If you have been diagnosed with a spinal fracture caused by osteoporosis, cancer or benign tumors, balloon kyphoplasty is a treatment option you may want to consider. Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can significantly reduce back pain and repair the broken bone of a spinal fracture.

The procedure is called balloon kyphoplasty because orthopaedic balloons are used to lift the fractured bone and return it to the correct position.

Before the procedure, you will have a medical exam and undergo diagnostic studies such as X-rays, to determine the precise location of the fracture. Balloon kyphoplasty can be done under local or general anesthesia—your physician will decide which option is appropriate for you.

Balloon kyphoplasty takes about one hour per fracture treated. It can be done on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on medical necessity. After the procedure, you will likely be transferred to the Recovery Room for about an hour for observation.

 

How Balloon Kyphoplasty Works

While in the hospital, you may be encouraged to walk and move about. Patients usually report immediate relief from pain [17,19,29]  and are able to walk and move about during their hospital stay.

Your doctor will probably schedule a follow-up visit and explain limitations, if any, on your activity. Most patients report being satisfied with the procedure and are gradually able to resume activity once discharged from the hospital. [17,19]

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and serious adverse events can occur. Be sure to discuss these with your doctor.

Also, please note that not all patients are candidates for balloon kyphoplasty.

CONVERGENCE of Information Technology, Integrated Praduct Development, Biotechnology and Nanotechnology

What is Biotechnology?

Pamela Peters, from Biotechnology: A Guide To Genetic Engineering. Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Inc., 1993.

Biotechnology in one form or another has flourished since prehistoric times. When the first human beings realized that they could plant their own crops and breed their own animals, they learned to use biotechnology. The discovery that fruit juices fermented into wine, or that milk could be converted into cheese or yogurt, or that beer could be made by fermenting solutions of malt and hops began the study of biotechnology. When the first bakers found that they could make a soft, spongy bread rather than a firm, thin cracker, they were acting as fledgling biotechnologists. The first animal breeders, realizing that different physical traits could be either magnified or lost by mating appropriate pairs of animals, engaged in the manipulations of biotechnology.

What then is biotechnology? The term brings to mind many different things. Some think of developing new types of animals. Others dream of almost unlimited sources of human therapeutic drugs. Still others envision the possibility of growing crops that are more nutritious and naturally pest-resistant to feed a rapidly growing world population. This question elicits almost as many first-thought responses as there are people to whom the question can be posed.

In its purest form, the term “biotechnology” refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and the human environment. Prehistoric biotechnologists did this as they used yeast cells to raise bread dough and to ferment alcoholic beverages, and bacterial cells to make cheeses and yogurts and as they bred their strong, productive animals to make even stronger and more productive offspring.

Throughout human history, we have learned a great deal about the different organisms that our ancestors used so effectively. The marked increase in our understanding of these organisms and their cell products gains us the ability to control the many functions of various cells and organisms. Using the techniques of gene splicing and recombinant DNA technology, we can now actually combine the genetic elements of two or more living cells. Functioning lengths of DNA can be taken from one organism and placed into the cells of another organism. As a result, for example, we can cause bacterial cells to produce human molecules. Cows can produce more milk for the same amount of feed. And we can synthesize therapeutic molecules that have never before existed.

GOOD GOVERNANCE

Press Information Bureau

(C.M. Information Campus)

Information & Public Relations Department, U.P.

Hon’ble Chief Minister Ji directs officers to take necessary steps immediately to check spread of dengue and other fever related diseases

Ensure fogging and spray of pesticides in affected areas

Lucknow : 20 October 2010

The Hon’ble Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati Ji directed the

officers to take necessary steps immediately to check spread of dengue and

other fever related diseases. She directed the officers to ensure that all the

necessary medicines were available in the Government hospitals and hold camps

in the areas affected badly by dengue. She said that any laxity in the treatment

of the patients would not be tolerated and the guilty would be punished after

fixing their responsibilities.

Hon’ble Chief Minister Ji, after returning from her Bihar visit, reviewed the

steps being taken by the Health Department to check the spread of the dengue

and other fever related diseases at a high level meeting held at her official

residence here today. She directed the officers to ensure that the serious

patients were admitted to the hospitals and the beds were also available. The

dengue patients should be treated properly, she warned.

Hon’ble Chief Minister Ji has directed all the CMO’s and the CMO (Family

Welfare) to ensure that medicines were available in their respective hospitals in

adequate quantity. The State Government had already provided funds for the

purpose, she pointed out. Still, if more funds were required then the demand

should be forwarded to the government so that the same could be allocated.

Directing the officers to quickly control the spread of dengue and other infectious

diseases, she said that fogging and spray of pesticides should be ensured in the

affected areas.

Hon’ble Chief Minister Ji directed that the doctors should ensure their

availability in hospitals round the clock and arrangement of ambulances should

be ensured so that dengue and other patients could be quickly taken to the

hospitals. She asked them to ensure effective arrangement of the testing of the

patients and availability of blood for patients should also be ensured on priority

basis. She asked the officers to ensure that the control rooms set up by Health

Department at State HQ and district HQs remained functional round the clock.

During the review meeting, the senior officers of the Health Department

apprised the CM that the death of some people in the Khadra area of Lucknow 2-

3 days back had been taken very seriously. The Principal Secretary Medical

Health and Family Welfare and DG Medical Health and Family Welfare twice

visited the affected area today and took stock of the situation.

It was informed at the meeting that ten mobile teams had been set up at

three important hospitals viz. Balrampur Hospital, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

Hospital and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital to deal with the dengue. The

mobile teams would look after the patients at the camps and provide them

treatment and medicine and serious patients would be taken to the hospitals

through ambulances and treated. Round the clock medical treatment and testing

facilities has been provided in the Khadra area. The medical camp and the

availability of ambulance would continue till the situation becomes normal.

—————

Saryu Canal Project started in 1978 got delayed due to careless approach of earlier Governments

Lucknow: 20 October 2010

A Spokesman of the State Government has said that Saryu

Canal Project started in 1978 got delayed owing to careless

approach. Terming the delay in earlier years as unfortunate, he

said that Bahraich, Shrawasti, Balrampur, Gonda, Basti, Sant

Kabir Nagar, Siddharth Nagar and Gorakhpur etc. districts got

affected owing to non completion of the project. The present

Government had taken the action of providing maximum amount

of money every year for the progress of Saryu Canal Project and

keeping in view the importance of the project continuous request

had been made to the Government of India to include this

project into ‘’National Project'’ with a view to completing it

timely. Further action would be taken after getting the money

from the Union Government, he added.

The spokesman said that Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar

Pradesh is reviewing the project from time to time, in which it

was found that this project got delayed owing to careless

attitude of earlier Governments and the districts which had to be

benefited were devoid of it. He said that an amount of Rs. 78.68

cr. was sanctioned in 1978 for this project. By creating 14.04

lakh hectare irrigation capacity in Ghaghara-Rapti-Doaab, an

amount of Rs. 299.20 cr. was sanctioned on March 24, 1982 on

the name of Saryu Canal Project. The cost of this project was

revised as Rs. 1256.00 cr. in 1992-93. Again, the revised cost

was estimated Rs. 2765.16 cr. in 1998-99.

Giving this information, the Spokesman said that Central

Water Commission had sanctioned the cost of the project as Rs.

7270.32 cr. in the meeting of TAC on March 11, 2010 including

the works of first, second and third phase of Saryu Canal Project.

The Spokesman said that during review it was found that

budgetary provision was not made according to the demand till

1995-96. Railways and National Highway Authority also

constructed bridges with delay. He said that after 1995-96,

money was not made available by Nabard/AIBP.

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