VR1 MEDIA FREE ONLINE TRAINING ON PRECEPTS AND TRADE-32
ON MORALITY THE WAY OF CULTIVATION
What we generally refer to as morality is the conscious attempt to benefit society. By, constrast, immorality is toinfringe upon others and to undermine social order. Buddhism is a religion that places humanity at the centre of everything, and Buddhist moral standards are reason, law, and guidance. For example, “Entering the court, one assists the king with determination and loyalty; at home one assists one’s parents with respect, sincerity, filialness, and loyalty”. It goes on to assert. “If one yearns and strives for good, onewill be able to settle down; if one yearns for and strives to be filial and respectful,one will glorify one’s parents.
COMPREHENCIVE PALI COURSE
The ComprehensivePāḷi Course contains
instructionson all aspects of the
study of Pāḷi language including grammar, compositionand syntax. It is intended for all those who want to learn Pāḷi language, one of the three classical languages of Prabuddha Bharath,
the other two being Sanskrit and Prakrit. Lord Buddha taught in Pāḷi language which is also known as Māgadhi.
Pāḷi was spoken in the
Indo-gangetic plain now covered by Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal
and some parts of Madhya Pradesh. Buddha delivered His messagein Pāḷi, the language which both the elite and the ordinary people could master, so that the spirit of His Dhamma could enrich the minds of all. In this way Pāḷi played a historical rolein a practical manner through centuries and, indeed, it does even today in all the Buddhist countries.
of Pāḷi is not only important but an imperative to have a clear and objective grasp of history of Prabuddha Bharath and linguistics. All over the world it is being studied. Only in Prabuddha Bharath, due to lack of facilities, and, it is regrettable to say, sectarian
bias, the rightful place of Pāḷi has not been restored.
Comprehensive Pāḷi Course is intended to introduce the students of Prabuddha Bharath linguistics into
the richheritage of Pāḷi language and
literature. This course is complete by itself. The answers of the lessons givenin the end of the
was prepared in 1954, when I taught at the Pali Post-Graduate Institute at Nalanda. Thereafter it was used to instruct the students undergoing course in Pāḷi studies and Buddhology in Bangalore.
is being considered as the text for students of Pāḷi language at different universities, in Karnataka under the auspicious of Mahabodhi Buddhist Open University and Mahabodhi MonasticAcademy,
THE PALI LANGUAGE
Pāḷimeans “Buddha Vacanam”, the word of the Buddha consisting
the texts of the Tipitaka, the sacred Buddhist Canon,containing the original teachings of the
Buddha. Hence we come across
the phrase, “Imaṁ tāva pāliyam, aṭṭhakathāyam pana”which occur in the texts of Tipitaka. In the
commentaries however …”.
In Pāḷi lexicon the definition of Pāḷi is given thus: “Pa-paleti, rakkhati tiPāḷi: since it
preserves the the ‘Buddha Vacana’ in the form of the
sacred texts. It is called Pāḷi.
As to the origin of Pāḷi, Emperor Ashoka has left an evidence in his Bhabhri edict, “Imāni bhanteDhammapaliyāyāni: These,
Venerable Sir, are the texts of the Dhamma.” In
course of time, paliyāyā became Pāḷi, an elliptical form. The home of Pāḷi is Magadha. That is why it is also known as Māgadhi. “Sammāsambuddhene vuttappakāra māgadhiko vohāro
– The Māgadhi medium used by the
Supremely Awakened One.” The Māgadhi language
was the lingua franca of region comprising Bihar, parts ofAssam, Bengal, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and area otherwise called
Gangetic plain, washed and fertilized by two river
systems, Gangaand Yamuna.
purposely did not speak in Chandas, the language of Vedas, also called as Vedic Sanskrit. He spoke in the language of the common people. “Anujānāmi bhikkhave
sakāyaniruttiā Buddhavacanaṁpariyāpunitaṁ - Monks, I instruct that the words
of the Buddha are learnt in the
standard vernacularof the masses.”
It is quiet obvious that had the Buddha given instructions in Vedic
Sanskrit, Buddhism would have become distorted and
turned into another Theistic doctrine beyond the
grasp of common people, accessible only to the elite class.
This is one reason, why Pāḷi is subjected to step-motherly treatment by sanskritists.
interest of Sanskrit, at least classical Sanskrit, which is widely studied today.Pāḷi should be propagated as a sister discipline. This apart, chronologically, Pāḷi is decidedly older than modern classical Sanskrit.
It is hoped
that in the age of science and technologywhen language studies
are becoming more and more objective, Pāḷi should be studied widely as a discipline inseparable from other classical languages of Prabuddha
Alphabet and Pronunciation
The Pāḷi alphabet consist of 41 letters: 8
sara (vowels), the niggahīta (ṁ),
are treated as nons because they areSimilarly declined.
There are 3 genders (linga) in Pāḷi language, viz.,
which denote males are masculine and
Those which denote females are
feminine. But qualities and inanimate things are not
necessarily neuter.Therefore, gender in Pāḷi is only a
grammatical distinctionexisting in words.
In Pāḷi there are two numbers (vacana):
Pāḷi does not have dual,
as found in Sanskrit.
This makes Pāḷi simpler.
There are 8 cases in Pāḷi:
1. Paṭhamā vibhatti= Nominative case= subject
2. Dutiyā vibhatti=
Accusative case = Object
Instrumental case (prepositions)
4. Catuthṭ vibhatti= Dative case= to, far
5. Pancami vibhatti= Ablative
6. Chaṭṭhī vibhatti= Genitive/possessive case = of
7. Sattamī vibhatti= Locative
case=on, in, at,
8. Alapana vibhatti= Vocative case= Oh, etc.
are declined according th the genders,Numbers and cases.
Declension of nouns (Nāma vibhatti)Masculine gender (Noun ending in a)
5.Pancami:ā, asmā, amhā, toebhi, ehi
7.Sattamī:e, asmiṁ, amhiesu
example:Buddha = The awakened One.
: The following words are similarly declined:
The Awakened One Paṇḍita = wise One
The teachings of the Sāvaka =
Buddha, TruthLobha = Greed
Order of the Buddha’sVihāra =
Monastic disciplesDosa = Hatred
Samaṇa = MonkPāda = foot
CM cracks down on cops, wants security for weaker sections
Express News Service Posted online: Saturday , Jul 11, 2009 at 0214 hrs
Lucknow : Rattled by the spate of atrocities against SC/STs and other criminal activities, Chief Minister Mayawati cracked the whip on Friday by issuing stern directives to the police officers. They have been asked to provide adequate security and justice to the SC/STs, women and the others in the state. Mayawati said three separate orders have been issued by the government to the district police chiefs and DIGs of all the ranges to contain crime against women and SC/STs as well as prevent incidents of caste and communal clashes.
In case of laxity in compliance with the fresh government directives, the police officers will have to face the punishment, she said.
According to Mayawati, the old mindset of caste-based inequality and discrimination was still prevalent in the society and justice remained a far cry for the SCs and STs.
In the event of any incident of atrocity against a Dalit, the DIG, SSP or the SP of the district will have to visit the place of the incident.
The police officers have been directed to furnish an “action taken report” to the DGP and the state government as well.
The government has also directed the district police chiefs to launch a campaign against the criminals and be alert against caste and communal violence cases. She said similar directives as in case of SC and ST will apply here also.
Regarding the incident in Meerut, where the 15-year-old son of a local trader was abducted and later killed, Mayawati said if needed the state government may order an inquiry by the crime branch of the CID into the incident.
Maya to rope in private firms for upkeep of memorials
Express News Service Posted: Jul 11, 2009 at 0202 hrs Lucknow As the various memorials, parks and sthals coming up in the city are nearing completion, the state government has begun to appoint private firms for their maintenance and management. For this purpose, the Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) has invited offers from reputed firms. With a contract of three years, the selected firm will also have to take steps to promote tourism at these memorials.
Offers have been invited for the management of Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Sthal, Kanshiram Smarak Sthal, Baudha Vihar Shanti Upwan, Kanshiram Park, Bhimrao Ambedkar Vihar, Bhimrao Ambedkar Samajik Parivartan Prateek Sthal and Samta Mulak Chowk.
Firms have been asked to submit their bids by July 25. A pre-bid conference will be organised on July 18 to discuss the scope of work and receive suggestions from the firms having expertise in the management of such memorials.
The government has already formed a society for the maintenance of these memorials and parks. The vice-chairman of LDA is its member secretary. According to an official, the society will also appoint local agencies for sanitation and security of the memorials. “The firm that the LDA is going to appoint will manage these small agencies,” he said.
To be eligible, applicant firms must have at least one official with an MBA, a security superintendent, a sanitation expert, a full-time civil engineer and an electrical engineer.
Within 15 days after its selection, the firm will have to prepare a roadmap for security arrangements for these memorials, cleanliness of the premises and day-to-day maintenance of other utility areas.
The firm will have to prepare a separate plan for visits by VIPs.
It will also have to draft a plan regarding coordination with district administration and local police for maintaining law and order in and around the memorials.
A separate plan will be made for the management and upkeep of library, residential, dinning and meditation facilities being developed at Baudha Vihar Shanti Upwan in Alambagh.
UP says all okay on Noida statue front
The Uttar Pradesh government on Saturday claimed that construction in the controversial park at Noida has followed all norms.
government’s assertion comes a day after a Union environment ministry
team said the 33-acre project near Atta Market flyover has flouted
norms by giving a go-by to the mandatory Environmental Impact
Assessment and locating the park near the Okhla bird sanctuary, among
Shashank Shekhar Singh said late Saturday evening that construction
work in the area is being carried out far from the bird sanctuary’s
boundary and that it will not have any adverse impact on birds in the
He said the state
government has got a certificate from the Chief Forest Conservator and
the Chief Forest Conservator (Wildlife) in this regard.
that trees have been felled for the project — the expert team from the
Environment ministry had said as many as 6,000 trees had been felled to
make way for the project — but claimed they were cut without violating
the Tree Conservation Act.
BSP initiative to recruite 35,000 police constable
This initiative need to be appreciated. Police and Bureaucracy need to be liberated from the hands of castism and religious fundamentalism.
UP Special armed force is notorious for its communal colour.
Hope the new recruitment under BSP govt. will bring radical changes to the police.
You can decontaminate a Nuclear plant but you can’t decontaminate a sick hindu mind.
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Even if you dont know anyone, please pass on this info, some one might be in need of this help desperately. Thanks & Regards,
Mayawati statue spree to continue
Mayawati has unveiled several statues of herself (Pic: Kumar Prithvi)
India’s Supreme Court has declined to stop the building of statues of the politician Mayawati and her allies.
court said it could not intervene unless there was evidence of misuse
of public money on the part of the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh
Ms Mayawati, a low-caste Dalit - formerly “untouchable” - is an icon for India’s 160m low-caste Hindus.
She is accused of self-glorification by her critics. But she accuses her opponents of conspiring against her.
Legal experts say that Friday’s decision is a major relief for Ms Mayawati’s plans to continue major building works.
She is building several statues of herself, her political mentors and elephants- the symbol of her party.
man, lawyer Ravi Kant, who initially filed a petition in the Supreme
Court a fortnight ago accusing Ms Mayawati of wasting public money and
space to build vast statues asked the court to halt the statue
But the judge declined the request saying that the
matter would be heard four weeks from the day the original petition was
“If a democratically elected government decides to do
something without misappropriating public money, there is little the
courts can do,” Chief Justice KG Balakrishnan said.
cabinet has approved a project, we think the court should not
interfere,” the court said, refusing to interfere in the ongoing work
for installation of the statues.
Uttar Pradesh is one of India’s most deprived states, with a high crime rate and poor health services.
Ms Mayawati’s spending on statues and memorials has been described as “shameful” by India’s Home Minister P Chidambaram.
In May she unveiled 15 new memorials, including two of herself.
Statues of political leaders are generally put up posthumously, but Ms Mayawati says that belief is outdated.
History in Stone- Ambedkar Park : A Photo Feature
Individuals will pass away soon but the stones
remain for long to tell the history. That is how we today know the
buddhist history. Remember that dogs keep barking and Elephant keeps
moving and a new history is in making.
Brahmin’s envy is dalits pride so go for a ride.
History in Stone- Ambedkar Park : A Photo Feature
(All Photos Courtesy: Luisa Steur)
Poetry in stone
I dreamt of writing OUR history
A dream never come true.
They- the historians- were busy
Blogging and loitering in Facebook pages
(their Orkut profiles stand deleted, reasons best known to them)
Then came her
And she wrote OUR history.
SHE gave us visibility
So now, WE can afford to be ‘invisible’.
Etched in the grandeur of culture
OUR history in stone stands tall.
Burn Shelley’s Ozymandias
It will never tell OUR story
And WE don’t need YOUR Shakespeare, Tagore and Gandhi..
WE have OUR history
WE have our dream!
ALL INDIA SCHEDULED CASTE AND SCHEDULED TRIBE UNIVERSITY TEACHERS’ FEDERATION (AISCSTUTF)
Dear Friends, SC ST teachers of colleges and universities
Please join thefederation e group at aiscstutf@googlegro ups.com
and subsequently become part of our federation movement. We intend to
associate and achieve organic unity of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled
Tribe university and college teachers of India, approximately 10,000 at
present, less by 1,00,000 as per constitutional requirements causing
huge intellectual and financial loss to the community. With an
objective of consolidating intellectual resources of the society, we
affirm our belief in the three objectives set by Mahamanav Jotiba
Phule, Baba Saheb Ambedkar and Manyawar Kanshiram for our mission,
1.Annihilation of Caste and Tribal Oppression.
2.Becoming the ruling community by establishing Social Democracy in the country.
3.Organising Enlightened India through Sane and Egalitarian leadership.