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August 2009
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VRI MEDIA FREE ONLINE TRAINING ON PRECEPTS AND TRADE-54 ON LIVELIHOOD THE WAY OF USING RESOURCES-COMPREHENSIVE PALI COURSE LESSON 8 FREE ONLINE TRAINING ON BUDDHISM FOR CHILDREN -15-The Price Maker [Foolishness] -The moral is: A fool in high office can bring shame even to a king.- A Permanent Online International Seminar on Buddhism and Buddhist Heritage of Jambudvipa, that is, the Great Prabuddha Bharath -9-THE SIX PARAMITAS-THE SIX POISONS-VIRTUOUS AND NON-VIRTUOUS ACTIONS-Meditation-BSP holds roadshow in Govindarajanagar -BSP terms Sonia’s Rae Bareli visit farce-Sarvajna who?-RPI factions could join Mayawati
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Posted by: site admin @ 7:51 pm

Kindly Vote for all the 5 BSP Candidates

contesting in the Karnataka State By - Election on 18-08-2009

Dr. Subash Bharani (Kollegal)

Ayappa (Chittapura)

Nahidha Salma (Govindarajanagara)

Mallikarjunaiah (Ramanagara)

Sujeevan Kumar (Channapatna)



to remain alert so that their
in valuable votes are neither bought nor looted nor remain unused and no
selfish person is able to misuse their votes by ensnaring them in the name of
caste and creed, money, temple and mosque or by any kind of emotional
blackmail, not to get carried away by alluring promises made in the election
manifesto of opposition parties, in other words they have to rise in their

to the defence of democracy !


Send SMS To  Friends and Relatives.






healthy approach for food consumption is to follow

The “five contemplations at meal time”: 1) by considering

Work required in producing the food, I shall be greatful

Its source; 2) reflecting on my own conduct, I shall

this offering if it accords with morality; 3) I shall
guard my

mind cautiously from overly desirous; 4) to cure the

ailment of hunger, I shall consume this food as medicine;

5) to tread on the spiritual path, I shall accept this

Regulations of Baizhang Revised by the Emperor

Shunzong of Yuan
Dynasty [Chixiu Baizhang Qinggui]).(To be Contd.)


Declension of Masculine words ending
in ‘i’


Vibhati                         Ekavacana                   Bahuvacana


1.   Paṭhamā                      i                                   ī, ayo

2.   Dutiyā                          i                                ī, ayo

3.   Tatiyā                          inā                               ībhi, īhi

4.   Catutthī                        issa, ino                       īna

5.   Pañcami                      inā,ismā, imhā             ibhi, ihi

6.   Chaṭṭhi                        issa, ino                       īna

7.   Sattamī                        ismiṁ, imhi                   isu, īsu

8.   Ālapana                       i, ī                                ī, ayo


Note: i becomes ī before hi, nam and su


For example Muni = Sage




Vibhati                         Ekavacana                   Bahuvacana


1.   Paṭhamā                      Muni                            Munī, Munayo

2.   Dutiyā                          Muni                          Munī, Munayo

3.   Tatiyā                          Muninā                                    Munībhi, Munīhi

4.   Catutthī                        Munissa, Munino          Munīna

5.   Pañcami                      Muninā,Munismā,        Munibhi, Munihi


6.   Chaṭṭhi                        Munissa, Munino          Munīna

7.   Sattamī                        Munismiṁ, Munimhi     Munisu, Munīsu

8.   Ālapana                       Muni, Munī                   Munī, Munayo


Similarly declined are:

Sākyamini = The sage of the Sakyas         Atiti = Guest


Aggi = Fire                         isi
= Seer

Adhipati = Lord                  Pati
= Husband

Bodhi = Awaken-ness        Nidhi
= Hidden treasure

ṇi = Hand                      Ravi = Sun

Dipi = Leopard                   Byādhi
=- Sickness

Gahapati = Householder    Maṇi =Gem

Vihi = Paddy                      Giri
= Mountain

Udadhi = Ocean                 Kavi
= Poet

Bhūpati = King                   Rāsi
= Heap


Adjectives are declined according to nouns they


Pāpa = Evil

Puñña = Merit

Puññavanta = Good one, Pious one

Kusala = Wholesome, Good, Moral, Skilful

Akusala = Unwholesome, Immoral, Unskilful

Gambhīra = Deep, Profund

Uṇha = Hot

Anicca = impermanent

Dīgha = Long

Nicca = Permanent

Khuddaka = Small

Sīta = Cold




Khandha = group, aggregate, heap

Kāya = body

Samudda = sea

Kāla = time

Saṁsāra = world

Pabbata = mountain

Vipāka = effect, result

Puggsala = people

Saṅkhāra = mental formations, kamma formations, thing

Mula = root, foot, bottom

Bodhirukkha = the tree of wisdom



Vedanā = feeling, sensation

Saññā = perception

Chāyā = shadow



Āyudha = weapon

Ghaha = home, house

Viññāṅa = conciousness

Marana = death

Anattā – nonself, impersonality, egolessness,



The Price Maker

Long ago and far
away, their was a king who ruled in Benares, in northern India. One of his ministers
was called the Royal Price Maker, and he was a very honest man. His job was to
set a fair price for anything the king wanted to buy or sell.

some occasions, the king did not like his price making. He did not get as big
a profit as he wanted. He did not want to pay so much when he bought, or sell
for what he thought was not enough. So he decided to change the price maker.

day he saw a nice looking young man and he thought, “This fellow will be
good for my price making position.” So he dismissed his former honest price
maker, and appointed this man to be the new one. The man thought, “I must
make the king happy by buying at very low prices and selling at very high prices.”
So he made the prices ridiculous, without caring at all what anything was worth.
This gained the greedy king a lot of money, and made him very happy. Meanwhile,
all the others who dealt with the new price maker, including the king’s other
ministers and ordinary people, became very unhappy.

Then one day a
horse merchant arrived in Benares with 500 horses to sell. There were
stallions, mares and colts. The king invited the merchant to the palace,
and called upon his Royal Price Maker to set a price for all 500 horses.
Thinking only of pleasing the king, he said, “The entire herd
of horses is worth one cup of rice.” So the king ordered that
one cup of rice be paid to the horse dealer, and all the horses were
taken to the royal stables.

course the merchant was very upset, but he could do nothing at the moment. Later
he heard about the former price maker, who had a reputation for being very fair
and honest. So he approached him and told him what had happened. He wanted to
hear his opinion, in order to get a proper price from the king. The former price
maker said, “If you do as I say, the king will be convinced of the true value
of the horses. Go back to the price maker and satisfy him with a valuable gift.
Ask him to tell the value of one cup of rice, in the presence of the king. If
he agrees, come and tell me. I will go with you to the king.”

this advice, the merchant went to the price maker and gave him a valuable gift.
The gift made him very happy, so that he saw the value of pleasing the horse dealer.
Then the merchant said to him, “I was very happy with your previous evaluation.
Can you please convince the king of the value of one cup of rice?” The foolish
price maker said, ‘Why not? I will explain the worth of one cup of rice, even
in the presence of the king.”

the price maker thought the horse dealer was satisfied with his cup of rice. He
arranged for another meeting with the king, as the merchant was departing for
his own country. The merchant reported back to the old price maker, and they went
together to see the king.

All the king’s ministers and his full court were in the royal meeting hall. The
horse merchant said to the king, “My lord, I understand that in this your
country, my whole herd of 500 horses is worth one cup of rice. Before I leave
for home, I want to know the value of one cup of rice in your country.” The
king turned to his loyal price maker and said, “What is the value of one
cup of rice?”

foolish price maker, in order to please the king, had previously priced the herd
of horses at one cup of rice. Now, after receiving a bribe from the horse dealer,
he wanted to please him too. So he replied to the king, in his most dignified
manner, “Your worship, one cup of rice is worth the city of Benares, including
even your own harem, as well as all the suburbs of the city. In other words, it
is worth the whole kingdom of Benares!”

hearing this, the royal ministers and wise men in the assembly hall started to
roar with laughter, slapping their sides with their hands. When they calmed down
a little, they said, “Earlier we heard that the kingdom was priceless. Now
we hear that all Benares, with its palaces and mansions, is worth only a cup of
rice! The decision of the Royal Price Maker is so strange! Where did your highness
find such a man? He is good only for pleasing a king such as you, not for making
fair prices for a merchant who sells his horses from country to country.”

Hearing the laughter of his whole court, and the words of his ministers and
advisers, the king was ashamed. So he brought back his former price maker to his
official position. He agreed to a new fair price for the herd of horses, as set
by the honest price maker. Having learned a lesson, the king and his kingdom lived
justly and prospered.

moral is: A fool in high office can bring shame even to a king.

A Permanent Online International Seminar on Buddhism and Buddhist
Heritage of Jambudvipa, that is, the Great Prabuddha Bharath -9


One of the many lessons which the Lord Buddha taught is first to expand our consciousness by practicing generosity
in thoughts, words, and deeds. Generosity is the first of the six
paramitas. There are three types of generosity: the giving of material
things, the giving of protection of fearlessness, and the giving of

The second paramita is moral discipline.
There are 5 moral precepts which release the mind from remorse,
anxiety, and guilt feelings when they are continually kept and
observed. These precepts are abstaining from killing, stealing, wrong
sexual activities, lying, and taking drugs and alcohol. Our mind is
tension free if we follow this rule.

The third parmita is patience.
Tolerance and non-judgmental attitude is adhered. This practice is very
essential especially when one is to understand the lesson on duality.

The fourth paramita is joyful perseverance.
It means finding enthusiasm in the study of Dhamma and all activities
connected to this. According to Nagarjuna, if one cannot understand the
teachings, it is because of lack of merit.

The fifth paramita is meditative concentration.
The Lord Buddha taught methods of meditation or mental development to
free the mind from tension. The essence of meditation is to open and
calm one’s mind and accept whatever arises without tightening at all.
We must learn to take the light with the shadow.

The sixth paramita is discriminating or primordial wisdom.
Tranquil Wisdom Meditation removes clinging and leads to wisdom, full
awareness, sharp mindfulness, and eventually to the highest goal of awaken-ness.


Four levels of awareness

In practicing, there are 4 levels of awareness.

levels of awareness are not to be confused with the two vehicles or
schools of thought.  The first vehicle is Hinayana or Theravada, which
contains Buddha’s most basic teachings, wherein one seeks awaken-ness or Arhatship, happiness through liberation.

other vehicle is Mahayana which is divided into Sutrayana and
Vajrayana, also known as Tantrayana or Mantrayana. They start and end
with the same goal of seeking awaken-ness or Buddhahood for the sake
of all sentient beings. They differ in methodology.



It is essential to practice and find skillful means of destroying the 6 poisons – pride and jealousy, attachment, ignorance, greed, and hatred.

Pride leads
to birth in the realm of the gods or devas who are totally involved in
sensual pleasure and who do not think of the Dhamma. Life term is
indefinitely long; complete with beauty, wealth, and power, but leads
to transmigration and suffering when it ends. The enjoyment they gain
is living off a large sum of borrowed money. When funds run out,
difficulties arise. The cause is practicing skillful deeds without
motivation to attain awaken-ness or wishing to be reborn as a deva.

leads to birth in the realm of the jealous semi-god where there is
power, wealth, and beauty, but it is jaded and incomplete as there are
intrigues, war, and violence.

Attachment leads to birth in the realm of the human kind with the sufferings of birth, old age, sickness, and death.

leads to birth in the realm of the animal, with the suffering of
dullness, stupidity, and enslavement literally or figuratively. Their
lives are always in danger. They are not able to express their hunger
and pain. Causes of rebirth in this realm are sexual misconduct and
abuse of others.

Greed leads
to birth as a craving spirit with suffering of hunger and thirst that
can only see lack and limitation. It is said that inhabitants of this
group have big mouths and stomachs (appetites) but have only
needle-like esophagi. They do not have the opportunity to practice
Dhamma. The main causes of rebirth in this realm are greed, avarice,
and covetousness.

Hatred leads
to birth in hell with extreme sufferings where all beings hate each
other. One can only imagine with fear and horror the topography of the
18 layers of hell. In this realm, there is only suffering. Not a word
of Dhamma is ever heard.

Chenrezig made a vow to Amitabha to lead His devotees to Dewachen and in response Amitabha gave Chenrezig the mantra “Om mani peme hung” The mantra thus closes the door to samsaric rebirth but open the door to rebirth in Dewachen.



in mind the 10 virtuous actions, the root of all merits as compared to
the 10 non-virtuous actions, the source of all bad karmas which are
rooted in the 3 poisons - greed, anger, and delusion.


The 10 Virtuous Actions are: The 10 Non- Virtuous Actions:
1. Generosity (Dana)
2. Morality (Sila)
3. Meditation (Bhavana)
4. Respect (Apacayana)
5. Service (Veyyavacca);
6. Transference of merit (Pattidana)
7. Rejoicing in other’s merit (Pattanumodana)
8. Hearing the doctrine (Dhammasavana)
9. Expounding the doctrine (Dhammasavana)
10. Forming correct views (Ditthijukamma)
1.  Killing
2.  Stealing
3.  Sexual Misconduct
4.   Lying
5.  Slandering
6.  Harsh language
7.  Frivolous talk
8.  Covetousness
9.  Ill will
10. False view



Practice meditation with detachment, devotion, and non-distraction. The practice of meditation has 2 levels. “Samatha “meditation trains the mind to be calm, peaceful, and stable
It is very important for every practitioner to acquire this foundation
before proceeding to the next level called “vipassana” or insight
meditation. Insight meditation brings awareness.  Discipline and determination again are essential for the success of meditation.

BSP holds roadshow in Govindarajanagar

BANGALORE: The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) on Tuesday held a roadshow
in parts of Govindarajanagar Assembly Constituency where bypolls are to
be held on August 18.

BSP’s national coordinator in-charge of Karnataka Ashok Siddarth,
along with party leaders and workers, went around the constituency
appealing to the voters to favour its candidate, Nahida Salma, in the
polls.Under the leadership of Marasandra Muniappa, Karnataka BSP President, leaders, Jigini Shankar, BBMP Presidents, Chikkanna, Chengappa, Tulasi Das, J.Chandrasekharan, Ethiraj, and all Office Bearers of Govindrajnagara Assembly Constituency met the voters and explained to them that price of rice was Rs. 40, Tur Dal Rs. 100, vegetable prices were shooting high, petrol price was increased by Rs. 4 per litre. which was helping the rich traders. The ruling parties received money from them to buy votes and inturn were helping them now by price rise.And that the voters were responsible as they were not alert, so that their in vakluable votes were either bought, or looted, or remained unused and selfish persons misused their votes by ensnaring them in the name of caste and creed, temple and mosque or by all kinds of emotional blackmail, they got carried away by alluring promising made in the election manifesto of ruling parties, in other words now they had to rise in their lives to the defense of democracy and asked thgem to vote for BSP in the elephant symbol. Daily they meet the voters to explain  as to why they must vote for BSP.

BSP terms Sonia’s Rae Bareli visit farce


Lucknow, Aug 11 (PTI) Terming the visit of Congress president Sonia

Gandhi to SC/ST villages in her constituency Rae Bareli as a “farce”,

BSP today said if Gandhi and here son Rahul were really concerned for

SC/STs they would have given special package for their upliftment.

“Congress president Sonia Gandhi is misleading dalits in Rae Bareli.

She is following her son Rahul. If she is really concerned about

SC/STs, she should ensure special economic package for them,” a BSP

release said here.

Rae Bareli and Amethi had given Prime Ministers in past, but status of
SC/STs there remained unchanged due to their apathetic attitude toward

the community, it said

“Except emotional blackmail, Congress had done nothing for upliftment

of SC/STs,” it said and asked Sonia Gandhi what she had done for her




PIL has been filed against Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Ms Mayawati

by an NGO Shaktivahini. A journalist friend tells us this organisation

had worked in Goa when there was large amount of funding coming in the

name of children and soon vanished from the scene as soon as the

lucrative fundings stopped. Does this petition got more to it than

saving public funds?

http://www.dnaindia .com/india/ report_sc- cannot-teach- the-people- to-respect- mahatma_1281232

SC cannot teach the people to respect Mahatma
Rakesh Bhatnagar / DNAMonday, August 10, 2009 18:18 IST

New Delhi: The Supreme Court said on Monday it doesn’t have powers to

teach people to show respect to Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the


The court stated this when a lawyer, Ravikant, sought action against

Uttar Pradesh chief minister Mayawati, a SC leader, for allegedly

describing the Mahatma as natakbaz.

When Ravikant wanted a notice to be issued to the Bahujan Samaj Party

chief, besides guidelines for showing respect to national leaders, a

bench headed by chief justice KG Balakrishnan observed that it was not

within the court’s scope.

Sarvajna who?

His life as a teenager, resulted in the gift of his ‘vachanas’ to the world.
Perhaps there is no other poet or literary figure in the world who
openly, and without bitterness, acknowledged the background of his
birth with such equanimity, and talked about it without inhibition,
turning the painful experience into an insightful experience of life
to pen his homilies. Sarvajna became a wandering monk. His
pithy three-lined poems or “tripadis” are crisp and succinct
directions to the art of a practical way of life without

The tripadis are as beautiful in construction as they are in meaning.

Nearly 2,000 tripadis are attributed to this great poet.

Historians believe that Sarvajna lived in the 16th century, yet the
ancient Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar and Sarvajna have much in common.
The content of their work is similar. Both dealt with social and
ethical issues, and they were not shackled by religious, caste and
class differences.

Dharma or righteous behaviour, as distinct from the religious
connotation, was central their work and persona.
This magnanimity and inclusiveness visible in their entire body work.

RPI factions could join Mayawati
S Balakrishnan9 August 2009, 02:34am IST

MUMBAI: Senior Republican Party of India leader Ramdas Athawale’s

statement in Aurangabad on Saturday that the RPI factions are willing

to join hands with Uttar Pradesh chief minister and BSP leader Mayawati has

created a flutter in political circles .

In the past, RPI factions had dismissed the BSP in Maharashtra as

“politically incosequential. ‘’ But the success of Mayawati’s rally at

Shivaji Park here in the run up to the recent Lok Sabha elections and

the growing support base of the BSP in SC/ST strongholds has made

these factions take notice.

Marking a major shift in his stance, Athawale told TOI, “Mayawati is

from the Ambedkarite movement and there is no harm in working with

her. Our aim is unity of the SC/STs.'’ RPI factions are upset with

ruling Congress-NCP alliance for “engineering the defeat of SC/ST

nominees in LS elections.'’

Athavale, who contested from the Shirdi LS reserved seat, has been

openly accusing education minister Radhakrishna Vikhe-Patil of

sabotaging his chances of victory. Similarly, Rajendra Gavai, son of

Kerala governor and prominent RPI leader R S Gavai, too has cried foul

after his defeat in the Amravati LS seat. The non-inclusion of

Athavale in the Union cabinet too has irked the RPI groups.

Sources in Congress and NCP conceded that if RPI factions unite and

join hands with Mayawati then they could spell trouble for nominees of

their parties in several constituencies.

Across the state in the upcoming assembly elections. Efforts are also

on to rope in Prakash Ambedkar, grandson of Babasaheb Ambedkar, in the

RPI unity efforts.

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