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America enlisted RSS in one of the Biggest Terrorist Organisations in the World New DNA evidence is solving the most fought-over question in Indian history. And you will be surprised at how sure-footed the answer is, writes Tony Joseph தி இந்து நாளிதழ் கட்டுரை ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணின் வயிற்றிலும் புளியை கரைத்து ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணனும் Bjp காரனும் திட்டித்தீர்க்கும் பெயர்கள் . . . Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) remotely controlled by just 1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, nomber one terrorists of the world shooting, lunatic, militant, cannibal chitpavan brahmin RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) had described Shimbaji Bhide, one of the two charged with the violence against SC/STs in Maharashtra, as an “inspiration.”
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America enlisted RSS in one of the Biggest Terrorist Organisations in the World New DNA evidence is solving the most fought-over question in Indian history. And you will be surprised at how sure-footed the answer is, writes Tony Joseph  தி இந்து நாளிதழ் கட்டுரை ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணின் வயிற்றிலும் புளியை கரைத்து ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணனும் Bjp காரனும் திட்டித்தீர்க்கும்  பெயர்கள் . . .  Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) remotely controlled by just 1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, nomber one terrorists of the world shooting, lunatic, militant, cannibal chitpavan brahmin RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) had described Shimbaji Bhide, one of the two charged with the violence against SC/STs in Maharashtra, as an “inspiration.”

http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/how-genetics-is-settling-the-aryan-migration-debate/article19090301.ece

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How genetics is settling the Aryan migration debate



New DNA evidence is solving the most fought-over question in Indian
history. And you will be surprised at how sure-footed the answer is,
writes Tony Joseph



The thorniest, most fought-over question in Indian history is slowly
but surely getting answered: did Indo-European language speakers, who
called themselves Aryans, stream into India sometime around 2,000 BC –
1,500 BC when the Indus Valley civilisation came to an end, bringing
with them Sanskrit and a distinctive set of cultural practices? Genetic
research based on an avalanche of new DNA evidence is making scientists
around the world converge on an unambiguous answer: yes, they did.

This may come as a surprise to many — and a shock to some — because the dominant narrative in recent years has been that genetics research
had thoroughly disproved the Aryan migration theory. This
interpretation was always a bit of a stretch as anyone who read the
nuanced scientific papers in the original knew. But now it has broken
apart altogether under a flood of new data on Y-chromosomes (or
chromosomes that are transmitted through the male parental line, from
father to son).

Lines of descent

Until recently,
only data on mtDNA (or matrilineal DNA, transmitted only from mother to
daughter) were available and that seemed to suggest there was little
external infusion into the Indian gene pool over the last 12,500 years
or so. New Y-DNA data has turned that conclusion upside down, with
strong evidence of external infusion of genes into the Indian male
lineage during the period in question.

The reason for the
difference in mtDNA and Y-DNA data is obvious in hindsight: there was
strong sex bias in Bronze Age migrations. In other words, those who
migrated were predominantly male and, therefore, those gene flows do not
really show up in the mtDNA data. On the other hand, they do show up in
the Y-DNA data: specifically, about 17.5% of Indian male lineage has
been found to belong to haplogroup R1a (haplogroups identify a single
line of descent), which is today spread across Central Asia, Europe and
South Asia. Pontic-Caspian Steppe is seen as the region from where R1a
spread both west and east, splitting into different sub-branches along
the way.

The paper that put all of the recent discoveries together
into a tight and coherent history of migrations into India was
published just three months ago in a peer-reviewed journal called ‘BMC
Evolutionary Biology’. In that paper, titled “A Genetic Chronology for
the Indian Subcontinent Points to Heavily Sex-biased Dispersals”, 16
scientists led by Prof. Martin P. Richards of the University of
Huddersfield, U.K., concluded: “Genetic influx from Central Asia in the
Bronze Age was strongly male-driven, consistent with the patriarchal,
patrilocal and patrilineal social structure attributed to the inferred
pastoralist early Indo-European society. This was part of a much wider
process of Indo-European expansion, with an ultimate source in the
Pontic-Caspian region, which carried closely related Y-chromosome
lineages… across a vast swathe of Eurasia between 5,000 and 3,500 years
ago”.

In an email exchange, Prof. Richards said the prevalence of
R1a in India was “very powerful evidence for a substantial Bronze Age
migration from central Asia that most likely brought Indo-European
speakers to India.” The robust conclusions of Professor Richards and his
team rest on their own substantive research as well as a vast trove of
new data and findings that have become available in recent years,
through the work of genetic scientists around the world.

What’s
happened very rapidly, dramatically, and powerfully in the last few
years has been the explosion of genome-wide studies of human history
based on modern and ancient DNA, and that’s been enabled by the
technology of genomics and the technology of ancient DNA….” David Reich, Geneticist and professor, Harvard Medical School

Peter
Underhill, scientist at the Department of Genetics at the Stanford
University School of Medicine, is one of those at the centre of the
action. Three years ago, a team of 32 scientists he led published a
massive study mapping the distribution and linkages of R1a. It used a
panel of 16,244 male subjects from 126 populations across Eurasia. Dr.
Underhill’s research found that R1a had two sub-haplogroups, one found
primarily in Europe and the other confined to Central and South Asia.
Ninety-six per cent of the R1a samples in Europe belonged to
sub-haplogroup Z282, while 98.4% of the Central and South Asian R1a
lineages belonged to sub-haplogroup Z93. The two groups diverged from
each other only about 5,800 years ago. Dr. Underhill’s research showed
that within the Z93 that is predominant in India, there is a further
splintering into multiple branches. The paper found this “star-like
branching” indicative of rapid growth and dispersal. So if you want to
know the approximate period when Indo-European language speakers came
and rapidly spread across India, you need to discover the date when Z93
splintered into its own various subgroups or lineages. We will come back
to this later.

So in a nutshell: R1a is distributed all over
Europe, Central Asia and South Asia; its sub-group Z282 is distributed
only in Europe while another subgroup Z93 is distributed only in parts
of Central Asia and South Asia; and three major subgroups of Z93 are
distributed only in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and the Himalayas. This
clear picture of the distribution of R1a has finally put paid to an
earlier hypothesis that this haplogroup perhaps originated in India and
then spread outwards. This hypothesis was based on the erroneous
assumption that R1a lineages in India had huge diversity compared to
other regions, which could be indicative of its origin here. As Prof.
Richards puts it, “the idea that R1a is very diverse in India, which was
largely based on fuzzy microsatellite data, has been laid to rest”
thanks to the arrival of large numbers of genomic Y-chromosome data.

Gene-dating the migration

Now
that we know that there WAS indeed a significant inflow of genes from
Central Asia into India in the Bronze Age, can we get a better fix on
the timing, especially the splintering of Z93 into its own sub-lineages?
Yes, we can; the research paper that answers this question was
published just last year, in April 2016, titled: “Punctuated bursts in
human male demography inferred from 1,244 worldwide Y-chromosome
sequences.” This paper, which looked at major expansions of Y-DNA
haplogroups within five continental populations, was lead-authored by
David Poznik of the Stanford University, with Dr. Underhill as one of
the 42 co-authors. The study found “the most striking expansions within
Z93 occurring approximately 4,000 to 4,500 years ago”. This is
remarkable, because roughly 4,000 years ago is when the Indus Valley
civilization began falling apart. (There is no evidence so far,
archaeologically or otherwise, to suggest that one caused the other; it
is quite possible that the two events happened to coincide.)

The
avalanche of new data has been so overwhelming that many scientists who
were either sceptical or neutral about significant Bronze Age migrations
into India have changed their opinions. Dr. Underhill himself is one of
them. In a 2010 paper, for example, he had written that there was
evidence “against substantial patrilineal gene flow from East Europe to
Asia, including to India” in the last five or six millennia. Today, Dr.
Underhill says there is no comparison between the kind of data available
in 2010 and now. “Then, it was like looking into a darkened room from
the outside through a keyhole with a little torch in hand; you could see
some corners but not all, and not the whole picture. With whole genome
sequencing, we can now see nearly the entire room, in clearer light.”

Dr.
Underhill is not the only one whose older work has been used to argue
against Bronze Age migrations by Indo-European language speakers into
India. David Reich, geneticist and professor in the Department of
Genetics at the Harvard Medical School, is another one, even though he
was very cautious in his older papers. The best example is a study
lead-authored by Reich in 2009, titled “Reconstructing Indian Population
History” and published in Nature. This study used the
theoretical construct of “Ancestral North Indians” (ANI) and “Ancestral
South Indians” (ASI) to discover the genetic substructure of the Indian
population. The study proved that ANI are “genetically close to Middle
Easterners, Central Asians, and Europeans”, while the ASI were unique to
India. The study also proved that most groups in India today can be
approximated as a mixture of these two populations, with the ANI
ancestry higher in traditionally upper caste and Indo-European speakers.
By itself, the study didn’t disprove the arrival of Indo-European
language speakers; if anything, it suggested the opposite, by pointing
to the genetic linkage of ANI to Central Asians.

However, this
theoretical structure was stretched beyond reason and was used to argue
that these two groups came to India tens of thousands of years ago, long
before the migration of Indo-European language speakers that is
supposed to have happened only about 4,000 to 3,500 years ago. In fact,
the study had included a strong caveat that suggested the opposite: “We
caution that ‘models’ in population genetics should be treated with
caution. While they provide an important framework for testing
historical hypothesis, they are oversimplifications. For example, the
true ancestral populations were probably not homogenous as we assume in
our model but instead were likely to have been formed by clusters of
related groups that mixed at different times.” In other words, ANI is
likely to have resulted from multiple migrations, possibly including the
migration of Indo-European language speakers.

The spin and the facts

But
how was this research covered in the media? “Aryan-Dravidian divide a
myth: Study,” screamed a newspaper headline on September 25, 2009. The
article quoted Lalji Singh, a co-author of the study and a former
director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB),
Hyderabad, as saying: “This paper rewrites history… there is no
north-south divide”. The report also carried statements such as: “The
initial settlement took place 65,000 years ago in the Andamans and in
ancient south India around the same time, which led to population growth
in this part. At a later stage, 40,000 years ago, the ancient north
Indians emerged which in turn led to rise in numbers there. But at some
point in time, the ancient north and the ancient south mixed, giving
birth to a different set of population. And that is the population which
exists now and there is a genetic relationship between the population
within India.” The study, however, makes no such statements whatsoever —
in fact, even the figures 65,000 and 40,000 do not figure it in it!

This stark contrast between what the study says and what the media reports said did not go unnoticed. In his column for Discover
magazine, geneticist Razib Khan said this about the media coverage of
the study: “But in the quotes in the media the other authors (other than
Reich that is - ed) seem to be leading you to totally different
conclusions from this. Instead of leaning toward ANI being
proto-Indo-European, they deny that it is.”

Let’s leave that
there, and ask what Reich says now, when so much new data have become
available? In an interview with Edge in February last year, while
talking about the thesis that Indo-European languages originated in the
Steppes and then spread to both Europe and South Asia, he said: “The
genetics is tending to support the Steppe hypothesis because in the last
year, we have identified a very strong pattern that this ancient North
Eurasian ancestry that you see in Europe today, we now know when it
arrived in Europe. It arrived 4500 years ago from the East from the
Steppe…” About India, he said: “In India, you can see, for example,
that there is this profound population mixture event that happens
between 2000 to 4000 years ago. It corresponds to the time of the
composition of the Rigveda, the oldest Hindu religious text, one of the
oldest pieces of literature in the world, which describes a mixed
society…” In essence according to Reich, in broadly the same time
frame, we see Indo-European language speakers spreading out both to
Europe and to South Asia, causing major population upheavals.

The dating of the “profound population mixture event” that Reich refers to was arrived at in a paper that was published in the American Journal of Human Genetics in
2013, and was lead authored by Priya Moorjani of the Harvard Medical
School, and co-authored, among others, by Reich and Lalji Singh. This
paper too has been pushed into serving the case against migrations of
Indo-European language speakers into India, but the paper itself says no
such thing, once again!

Here’s what it says in one place: “The
dates we report have significant implications for Indian history in the
sense that they document a period of demographic and cultural change in
which mixture between highly differentiated populations became pervasive
before it eventually became uncommon. The period of around 1,900–4,200
years before present was a time of profound change in India,
characterized by the de-urbanization of the Indus civilization,
increasing population density in the central and downstream portions of
the Gangetic system, shifts in burial practices, and the likely first
appearance of Indo-European languages and Vedic religion in the
subcontinent.”

The study didn’t “prove” the migration of
Indo-European language speakers since its focus was different: finding
the dates for the population mixture. But it is clear that the authors
think its findings fit in well with the traditional reading of the dates
for this migration. In fact, the paper goes on to correlate the ending
of population mixing with the shifting attitudes towards mixing of the
races in ancient texts. It says: “The shift from widespread mixture to
strict endogamy that we document is mirrored in ancient Indian texts.”

So
irrespective of the use to which Priya Moorjani et al’s 2013 study is
put, what is clear is that the authors themselves admit their study is
fully compatible with, and perhaps even strongly suggests, Bronze Age
migration of Indo-European language speakers. In an email to this
writer, Moorjani said as much. In answer to a question about the
conclusions of the recent paper of Prof. Richards et al that there were
strong, male-driven genetic inflows from Central Asia about 4,000 years
ago, she said she found their results “to be broadly consistent with our
model”. She also said the authors of the new study had access to
ancient West Eurasian samples “that were not available when we published
in 2013”, and that these samples had provided them additional
information about the sources of ANI ancestry in South Asia.

One
by one, therefore, every single one of the genetic arguments that were
earlier put forward to make the case against Bronze Age migrations of
Indo-European language speakers have been disproved. To recap:

1.
The first argument was that there were no major gene flows from outside
to India in the last 12,500 years or so because mtDNA data showed no
signs of it. This argument was found faulty when it was shown that Y-DNA
did indeed show major gene flows from outside into India within the
last 4000 to 4,500 years or so, especially R1a which now forms 17.5% of
the Indian male lineage. The reason why mtDNA data behaved differently
was that Bronze Age migrations were severely sex-biased.

2. The
second argument put forward was that R1a lineages exhibited much greater
diversity in India than elsewhere and, therefore, it must have
originated in India and spread outward. This has been proved false
because a mammoth, global study of R1a haplogroup published last year
showed that R1a lineages in India mostly belong to just three subclades
of the R1a-Z93 and they are only about 4,000 to 4,500 years old.

3.
The third argument was that there were two ancient groups in India, ANI
and ASI, both of which settled here tens of thousands of years earlier,
much before the supposed migration of Indo-European languages speakers
to India. This argument was false to begin with because ANI — as the
original paper that put forward this theoretical construct itself had
warned — is a mixture of multiple migrations, including probably the
migration of Indo-European language speakers.

Connecting the dots

Two
additional things should be kept in mind while looking at all this
evidence. The first is how multiple studies in different disciplines
have arrived at one specific period as an important marker in the
history of India: around 2000 B.C. According to the Priya Moorjani et al
study, this is when population mixing began on a large scale, leaving
few population groups anywhere in the subcontinent untouched. The Onge
in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the only ones we know to have
been completely unaffected by what must have been a tumultuous period.
And according to the David Poznik et al study of 2016 on the
Y-chromosome, 2000 B.C. is around the time when the dominant R1a
subclade in India, Z93, began splintering in a “most striking” manner,
suggesting “rapid growth and expansion”. Lastly, from long-established
archaeological studies, we also know that 2000 BC was around the time
when the Indus Valley civilization began to decline. For anyone looking
at all of these data objectively, it is difficult to avoid the feeling
that the missing pieces of India’s historical puzzle are finally falling
into place.

The second is that many studies mentioned in this
piece are global in scale, both in terms of the questions they address
and in terms of the sampling and research methodology. For example, the
Poznik study that arrived at 4,000-4,500 years ago as the dating for the
splintering of the R1a Z93 lineage, looked at major Y-DNA expansions
not just in India, but in four other continental populations. In the
Americas, the study proved the expansion of haplogrop Q1a-M3 around
15,000 years ago, which fits in with the generally accepted time for the
initial colonisation of the continent. So the pieces that are falling
in place are not merely in India, but all across the globe. The more the
global migration picture gets filled in, the more difficult it will be
to overturn the consensus that is forming on how the world got
populated.

Nobody explains what is happening now better than
Reich: “What’s happened very rapidly, dramatically, and powerfully in
the last few years has been the explosion of genome-wide studies of
human history based on modern and ancient DNA, and that’s been enabled
by the technology of genomics and the technology of ancient DNA.
Basically, it’s a gold rush right now; it’s a new technology and that
technology is being applied to everything we can apply it to, and there
are many low-hanging fruits, many gold nuggets strewn on the ground that
are being picked up very rapidly.”

So far, we have only looked at
the migrations of Indo-European language speakers because that has been
the most debated and argued about historical event. But one must not
lose the bigger picture: R1a lineages form only about 17.5 % of Indian
male lineage, and an even smaller percentage of the female lineage. The
vast majority of Indians owe their ancestry mostly to people from other
migrations, starting with the original Out of Africa migrations of
around 55,000 to 65,000 years ago, or the farming-related migrations
from West Asia that probably occurred in multiple waves after 10,000
B.C., or the migrations of Austro-Asiatic speakers such as the Munda
from East Asia the dating of which is yet to determined, and the
migrations of Tibeto-Burman speakers such as the Garo again from east
Asia, the dating of which is also yet to be determined.

What is
abundantly clear is that we are a multi-source civilization, not a
single-source one, drawing its cultural impulses, its tradition and
practices from a variety of lineages and migration histories. The Out of
Africa immigrants, the pioneering, fearless explorers who discovered
this land originally and settled in it and whose lineages still form the
bedrock of our population; those who arrived later with a package of
farming techniques and built the Indus Valley civilization whose
cultural ideas and practices perhaps enrich much of our traditions
today; those who arrived from East Asia, probably bringing with them the
practice of rice cultivation and all that goes with it; those who came
later with a language called Sanskrit and its associated beliefs and
practices and reshaped our society in fundamental ways; and those who
came even later for trade or for conquest and chose to stay, all have
mingled and contributed to this civilization we call Indian. We are all
migrants.

Tony Joseph is a writer and former editor of BusinessWorld. Twitter: @tjoseph0010











SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are
being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison
in streets of India.
The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the
fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One should have no
illusions on this score
http://www.countercurrents.org/…/bhima-koregoan-latest-bat…/
SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are
being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison
in streets of India. It all started with the attack on SC/STs who were
celebrating the historic victory of a SC/ST army on their oppressors.
“the gruesome attack on unarmed people signifies the fear and
unwillingness of dominant just 1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, violent,
militant, number one terrorists of the
world shooting, lynching cannibal chitpavan brahmin lunatic, mentally
retarded RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) of BJP (Brashtachar Jiyadha
Psychopaths) leader Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) for the
sake of stealth, shadowy, discriminatory hindutva cult even to imagine
the reduction of the power of hindutva and some disturbance in the
social order under the hindutva mechanics. Instead of accepting the fact
that chitpavan brahimincal order has infact enslaved each other under
the ambit of caste, they opted to denounce those who assembled in
Koregoan as anti-national. Had Babasaheb Ambedkar been alive today, he
would have been another of those anti-nationals while the RSS-BJP state
would not have a second thought to send him to prison.”

Out of shear fear of survival of the chitpavan brahmins, are now facing
a backlash for making negative comments against SC/ST icons BR
Ambedkar, Kanshi Ram and Mayawati who have now organised all societies
(Sarvajan Samaj) after Modi gobbled the Master Key by tampering the
fraud EVMs to win elections.

Sarva Samaj i.e., all societies are
up in their arms to see that the Central and all state governments
selected by these fraud EVMs are dissolved and go for fresh polls with
Ballot Papers as followed by 80 democracies of the world as challenged
by Ms Mayawati who became eligible to be the Prime Minister afer her
best governance of Uttar Pradesh as Chief Minister.

Also more stories from around the world.

If you don’t mind, and if you think the content of this news letter is
critical for the dignified living and survival of humanity and other
species on earth, please forward it to your friends and spread the word.
It’s time for humanity to come together as one family! You can
subscribe to our news letter here http://www.countercurrents.org/news-letter/.

தி இந்து நாளிதழ் கட்டுரை ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணின் வயிற்றிலும் புளியை
கரைத்து ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணனும் Bjp காரனும் திட்டித்தீர்க்கும்  பெயர்கள் . .
.
.
ஏன் ?? எதனால் ?? வாருங்கள் பார்ப்போம்

Richard Martin
மற்றும் Tony Joseph இந்தப் பெயர் உலகில் உள்ள வரலாற்று ஆய்வாளர்களும்
அறிஞர்களும் தலையில் தூக்கி வைத்துக் கொண்டாடும் பெயர்கள்.
.
Professor
Richard Martin மற்றும் Tony Joseph உலகப்புகழ்பெற்ற Oxford
பல்கலைக்கழகத்தின் வரலாறு தொல்லியல் மற்றும் மரபணுவியல் (genetical)
துறையின் பேராசிரியர்கள் . .
.
இவரின் ஆராய்ச்சி முடிவுகள் மற்றும் ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகள் பல நாட்டவர்களின் அடிப்படை சித்தாந்தங்களை தகர்த்து எறிந்திருக்கிறது . . . .
.
நேற்று முன்தினம் இவருடைய குழுவினர் கடந்த நான்கு ஆண்டுகளாக . . .
.
உலகில் மனிதன் தோன்றியது எங்கே ?? ஆசியாவின் பூர்வ குடிகள் யார் ? இந்தியாவின் மற்றும் அமெரிக்காவின் ஆதி மக்கள் யார் ??

என்று
இந்திய துணைக்கண்டம் மற்றும் ஈரான் ஈராக் அமெரிக்கா ஆப்கானிஸ்தான்
பாகிஸ்தான் பர்மா மலேசியா நேபாளம் பங்களாதேசம் ஆகிய நாடுகளில் மக்களிடம்
லட்சக்கணக்கான மரபணுக்களை ஆராய்ச்சி செய்தனர் . .

 இந்தியாவில் மட்டும்
16500 க்கும் மேற்பட்ட மரபணுக்கள் ஆராய்ச்சி செய்தனர்
.
அந்த ஆராய்ச்சி முடிவுகள் நேற்று முன்தினம் வெளியிட்டனர்
.
அந்த ஆய்வறிக்கை தான் இந்தியாவில் உள்ள ஒவ்வொரு பிராமணின் வயிற்றிலும் புளியை கரைத்திருக்கிறது
.
அப்படி என்ன விஷயம் ??
.
இந்தியாவுக்குள் நாடோடிகளான ஆரியர்கள் மாடுகளோடு ஈராக் ஈரான் வழியாக ஆப்கானிஸ்தானில் நுழைந்து இந்தியாவில் பரவினர் என்றும்
.
அப்படி
சிந்துசமவெளி நாகரிகம் அழியும் தருவாயில் இருந்தது அந்த நேரத்தில் தான்
ஆரியர்கள் உள்ளே வந்தார்கள் அது சரியாக ரிக் வேதம் எழுதப்பட்ட காலகட்டம்.
.
அப்போது ஒரு இனம் இங்கே வீடுகள் கட்டி நகர நாகரீகத்துடன் வாழ்ந்து வந்தனர்
.
அவர்கள் தமிழர்கள் என்றும் ஆதாரப்பூர்வமாக நிரூபித்தும் இருக்கிறார்கள்.
.
இப்போது நமக்கு சொல்லப்பட்ட பல வரலாறுகள் பொய்யென்றாகிறது
.
அதாவது சிந்துசமவெளி நாகரிகம் ஆரிய நாகரிகம் என்று நமக்கு சொல்லப்பட்டது பொய்.
.
ஏனென்றால் அவர்கள் அப்போது தான் உள்ளேயே வருகிறார்கள் .
.
அப்போது அவர்கள் நாகரிகமடையாத நாடோடிகளாக இருந்தார்கள். அப்படி இருந்தவர்கள் எப்படி நகர நாகரிகத்துடன் வாழ முடியும் ??
.
இரண்டாவது சமஸ்கிருதம் ஆதி மொழி என்று நமக்கு சொல்லிக்கொடுத்தது பொய் . .
.
ஏனென்றால் அதுதான் உலகமொழிகளிலேயே இளைய மொழி என்று இப்போது நிரூபிக்கப்பட்டிருக்கிறது.
.
அதனால் அதற்கு கொடுக்கப்பட்ட செம்மொழி அந்தஸ்து தவறு,
 மேலும்

இப்போது தான் நமக்கு புரிகிறது . . மதுரை கீழடி ஆராய்ச்சியை ஏன் தடுக்கிறார்கள் என்று. . …

ஆதிச்ச
நல்லூர் அகழ்வாராய்ச்சி ஏன் மூடி மறைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது என்றும் இப்படி பல
கேள்விகளுக்கு இந்த ஆராய்ச்சி முடிவுகள் விடை சொல்கின்றன
.
மனித இனம் ஆப்பிரிக்காவில் தோன்றுகிறது அப்போது இந்திய துணைக்கண்டம் ஆப்பிரிக்காவுடன் ஒட்டியிருந்தது என்றும்
.
கடல்கோள்களால் இந்திய நிலப்பரப்பு பிரிந்தது என்றும் . .
.
இந்த மண்ணில் தமிழர்கள் தான் முதலில் இருந்தனர் என்றும்
.
அவர்கள் முப்பது அல்லது நாப்பதாயிரம் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்பு தோன்றியிருக்கலாம் என்றும்
இந்த ஆராய்ச்சி திட்டவட்டமாக உரக்கச் சொல்லுகிறது
.
இனிமேல்
நெஞ்சை நிமிர்த்திச் சொல்லுவோம் இது எங்கள் மண் . . . வந்தேரிகள்
வாலாட்டினால் குரல் உயர்த்துவோம் . . . தமிழன் என்பதில் மட்டற்ற பெருமை
கொண்டு மார் தட்டுவோம் என்று…..

*********அவசியம் அதிகம் ஷேர் செய்யுங்கள்*    **

genetics

http://www.thecitizen.in/index.php/en/NewsDetail/index/2/12669/RSSBJP-Responsible-for-Instigating-Violence-Against-Dalits-in-Maharashtra

Citizen




NEW DELHI: Murderer of
democratic institutions (Modi) remotely controlled by just 1%
intolerant, cunning, crooked, nomber one terrorists of the world
shooting, lunatic, militant, cannibal chitpavan brahmin RSS (Rakshasa
Swayam Sevaks) had
described Shimbaji Bhide, one of the two charged with the violence
against SC/STs in Maharashtra, as an “inspiration.”


At an election rally in Sangli’s Tasgaon in 2014, Modi referred to
the well known stealth, shadowy, discriminatory hindutva cult activist better known as Guruji as an
inspiration. Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray had also sought Bhide’s
blessings during his election rallies at the time.



The Indian Express reported on October 11, 2014: At the
Tasgaon rally, Modi had said he had come to seek blessings of Bhide
Guruji, who had been an inspiration during the early days of his life.
Modi also reminded crowds that “at the instance of Bhide Guruji”, he had
visited the Raigad fort to gain inspiration from Maratha warrior king
Chatrapati Shivaji, before accepting the responsibility of leading the
BJP to power at the centre.



Modi was also quoted as saying, ““Bhide guruji did not invite me here. I came here on his orders.”


Bhide is the founder president of the Shiv Pratishthan Hindustan, an
outfit with sizeable clout in Sangli, Satara, and Kolhapur districts of
Western Maharashtra. He was not particularly happy with the growing
distance between the BJP and Shiv Sena and was quoted as saying at the
time that he had “called them both a couple of times urging to persist
with the alliance. While they kept assuring me that alliance would
continue, they eventually snapped ties.”


 
RSS/BJP’s fascist vision for India is that SC/STs
should remain at the bottom of Indian society. Una, Rohith Vemula and
now Bhima-Koregaon are potent symbols of the resistance.

http://punjabijanta.com/news-khabran/america-enlisted-rss-in-one-of-the-biggest-terrorist-organisations-in-the-world/


http://punjabijanta.com/…/america-enlisted-rss-in-one-of-t…/
January 08, 2018, 08:45:22 AM

Punjabi Janta Forums - Janta Di Pasand »
Lounge / Jail Pinjra »
News Khabran (Moderator: MyselF GhainT) »
America enlisted RSS in one of the Biggest Terrorist Organisations in the World
« on: October 17, 2015, 01:08:31 PM »
A US-based risk management and consulting company has put the Rashtriya
Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in its category of ‘Threat Group’ and called it
“a shadowy, discriminatory group that seeks to establish a Hindu
Rashtra, a Hindu Nation.”

Terrorism Watch & Warning provides
intelligence, research, analysis, watch and warning on international
terrorism and domestic terrorism related issues; and is operated by OODA
Group LLC that helps clients identify, manage, and respond to global
risks and uncertainties while exploring emerging opportunities and
developing robust and adaptive strategies for the future.

The company had included RSS in its ‘Threat Group’ in April 2014. .


The websites describes: “The RSS is a shadowy, discriminatory group
that seeks to establish a Hindu Rashtra, a Hindu Nation. The group is
considered the radical ideological parent group of India’s ruling Hindu
nationalist party - the Indian Peoples Party (BJP). “

“The RSS is
a Hindu nationalist movement, a right wing group that was founded in
1925. Their philosophy, called Hindutva, was termed fascist by
Communists, and their main demand of the central government was that it
stop appeasing Muslims,” ​​the description continues , adding, “Hindutva
has been translated to mean variously: Hindu pride, patriotism,
fundamentalism, revivalism, chauvinism, or fascism. The group
self-justifies by ‘asserting the natural rights’. “

In its ‘Intel
analysis,’ it further adds, “The RSS was banned in 1948 following the
assassination of Mahatma Gandhi by an ex-RSS member, Nathuram Godse. The
ban was lifted the following year. Since then, the group has gained
popularity. It later began the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), widely
considered the political arm of the RSS, which now heads the central
government of India. “

Describing violence as ‘Group Activities’
for the RSS, the site further says, “Violence has been a strategy for
the Sangh movement. It is often couched as a method of self-defense
against minority groups. Hindutva has been clear about the need for
violence, particularly communal riots. The Sangh has incited rioting to
cause further chasms between religions, and thus a further separation of
religions, and to rally the Hindu community around the philosophy of
Hindutva. “

The Terrorism Watch & Warning database contains
over 1,00,000 Open source intelligence (OSINT) excerpts from 1999 to
present on terrorism and security related issues, attack database of
over 10,000 attacks, original terrorism analysis, terrorism document
repository, Homeland Security Fact Sheets and profiles over 500
Terrorist / Threat Groups.


America enlisted RSS in one of the Biggest Terrorist Organisations in the World
punjabijanta.com

https://nation.com.pk/…/rss-top-terrorist-organization-of-i…
RSS top terrorist organization of India: Former Maharashtra I.G S.M Mushrif
KOLKATA:
Former Maharashtra inspector general of police S M Mushrif termed the
BJP’s ideological mentor Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) as India’s
top terrorist organisation.

The former Maharashtra IG claimed that RSS activists have been indicted in at least 13 terror cases across India .
Trending: Trumps New Year resolution is getting under Pakistans skin


“RSS activists have been charge sheeted in at least 13 cases of terror
acts in which RDX has been used. If organisations like Bajrang Dal are
taken into the account, then the number of such cases goes up to 17,”
Mushrif said at an event in Kolkata.

“The RSS is India’s number
one terrorist organisation, there is no doubt on this,” said Mushrif ,
referring to the 2007 Mecca Masjid bombing in Hyderabad, the 2006 and
2008 Malegaon blasts in Maharashtra and the 2007 Samjhauta Express
bombings among others.
Trending: Pakistan considers blocking US supplies

Mushrif , however, asserted that “saffron terror” had no bearing on which party was in power.


“The RSS as a terror organisation has nothing to do with political
power. It is immaterial which party is in power. It is the system that
is working, it’s the Brahminical system. And when I say Brahminical, it
doesn’t mean the Brahmin, it’s the mentality, the attitude to dominate
and oppress,” he said.
Trending: Europe casts a wary eye on Chinas Silk Road plans


However, Mushrif was not in agreement with the view that intolerance
was rising in recent times. “Intolerance has been going on for a long
time. There have been many severe bigger incidents earlier, I don’t
understand why it is being highlighted now,” he asked.

Mushrif ,
along with national award winning music director and former Trinamool
Lok Sabha member Kabir Suman, was speaking at an event to commemorate
Karkare’s martyrdom.


KOLKATA:
Former Maharashtra inspector general of police S M Mushrif termed the
BJP’s ideological mentor Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) as
nation.com.pk

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEJKaJ7g7w0
Designate RSS as terrorist organization: Sikh group to NY court
Headlines Today
Published on Jan 21, 2015
Sikh Group has filed a case in New York, asking the court to designate
the RSS as a foreign terrorist organization. The court has also asked
John Kerry to respond within 60 days.


Sikh Group has filed a case in New York, asking the court to…
youtube.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QKvVZE-Z6wI
Hindu terrorist organizations RSS Leaders Met Mossad Days Before False Flag
Sikhs Seek Justice

The head of Israeli Intelligence met the RSS Leader(S) & Indian
Hindutva RAW Intelligence days before the false flag terror attack
staged on Israeli Diplomats,which was blamed on Iran.Hindutva Indian
Agencies carried out this attack on behalf of Israeli Mossad
Intelligence


The head of Israeli Intelligence met the RSS Leader(S) & Indian…
youtube.com

'Fascist Vision,' Says Rahul Gandhi Attacking BJP, RSS Over Pune Violence



Bahujan Samaj party chief Mayawati with lashing out at the RSS/BJP for
the violence that has left a 28 year old SC/ST dead in Pune.


“Maharashtra has a BJP government and they are responsible for the
violence. It seems the RSS, BJP and other casteist powers are behind
it,” Mayawati said.


“We alone can challenge and defeat the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist BJP! Get ready!”
Behanji’s clarion call to the BSP workers.


The anger was reflected in Parliament with both Houses witnessing stormy
scenes and the Rajya Sabha being adjourned several times by the
Opposition MPs.


http://www.thecitizen.in/…/RSSBJP-Responsible-for-Instigati…

Seema Mustafa,
Editor,
The Citizen.
the citizen.in


NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi had described Shimbaji Bhide, one of the two charged with…
thecitizen.in


comments (0)
2494 Sun 7 Jan 2018 LESSON http://www.tipitaka.org/eot Essence of Pāḷi Tipiṭaka 5 MAJJHIMA NIKĀYA SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison in streets of India. The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One should have no illusions on this score 👉 ஒரே தேசம் ஒரே வரி என்றெல்லாம் பிரதமர் அறிவித்துள்ளார். 👉 அறிவிக்கபடாத முழக்கம் ஒரே மதம். 👉 ஆதார் எண்ணையும் PAN எண்ணெயும் எல்லாவற்றிலும் இணைத்திட வேண்டும். How Does Aadhaar Compare With Other ID Systems In The World & How To Secure Its Leaky Database
Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: @ 2:44 am


2494 Sun  7  Jan 2018 LESSON
http://www.tipitaka.org/eot

Essence of Pāḷi Tipiṭaka

5 MAJJHIMA NIKĀYA



SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are
being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison
in streets of India.
The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the
fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One should have no
illusions on this score



https://www.youtube.com/watch…
Majjhima Nikaya 1-Mulapariyaya Sutta - The Root Of All Things- Ajahn Brahmavamso


https://www.youtube.com/watch…
Majjhima Nikaya (MN 2: part 1-1, 2009.10.17) Bhikkhu Bodhi.MPG
BAUS Chuang Yen Monastery
Published on Feb 11, 2012
Chapter 2: Sabbāsava Sutta: All the Taints

“The Majjhima Nikaya, the Middle Length Discourses”


The Buddha teaches the bhikkhus seven methods for restraining and
abandoning the taints, the fundamental defilements that maintain bondage
to the round of birth and death.

Sutta Study Class with Ven. Bhikkhu Bodhi series:

Place: Chuang Yen Monastery, Kuan Yin Hall

Time: Saturday morning, 9:30 - 11:30 am

Info: please contact (845) 225-1819, or email cym@baus.org
Category
Education


Chapter 2: Sabbāsava Sutta: All the Taints “The Majjhima…
youtube.com


1. Mūlapaṇṇāsa Pāḷi

(a) Mūlapariyāya Vagga

(b) Sīhanāda Vagga

(c) Opamma Vagga

(d) Mahāyamaka Vagga

(e) Cūḷayamaka Vagga

2. Majjhima Paṇṇāsa Pāḷi

(a) Gahapati Vagga

(b) Bhikkhu Vagga

(c) Paribbājaka Vagga

(d) Rāja Vagga

(e) Brāhmaṇa Vagga

3. Uparipaṇṇāsa Pāḷi

(a) Devadaha Vagga

(b) Ānupada Vagga

(c) Suññata Vagga

(d) Vibhaṅga Vagga

(e) Saḷāyatana Vagga


http://openeyemeditationgroup.org/page3/styled-150/files/progressinpractice_nov_21_2017.pdf

OPEN EYE
Meditation Group
See for Yourself
November 21, 2017
Progress of a Joyful Meditation Practice
Bhante Vimalaramsi Commentary
Keep it Going
Thirty minutes of meditation a day is the minimum to
start. It takes fifteen to twenty minutes to get the mind
to settle down. Then you are giving yourself another
ten productive minutes where you can truly watch and
observe. Forty-five minutes is better.
Just the fact you are sitting and not moving permits the
mind to calm down. The longer you sit the more your
mind will calm on its own, without you doing anything
else. So sitting longer and not mov-ing is vital to
progress to deeper states.
On retreat, you will at first sit at least thirty minutes, walk
fifteen minutes, then sit again, alternating like this for
the whole day. Your sittings will naturally get longer and
longer throughout the retreat and may eventually last as
long as two to three hours.
In your daily life, sitting twice a day is very helpful.
Once you’re comfortable, try to stay completely still
throughout the sitting period. If the mind insists on
moving, 6R the desire to move. The 6Rs are very
helpful in dissolving tension and finding deeper ease.
If pain arises, please watch how it arises. You can tell if
the pain is genuine by noticing what happens when you
get up from sitting. If the pain goes away very quickly,
it is a “meditation pain,” which is, in fact, a mental
pain and is not caused by anything harmful. It is just
a distraction. If it returns when you sit, try to remain
still and 6R. If, when you get up, the pain lingers and
stays with you, it is best not to sit that way in the future,
because this would be actual physical pain manifesting.
If we try to get rid of painful or unpleasant feelings
forcefully, whether mental or physical, we just add
more greed and aversion to the mind. This creates the
vicious cycle of Saṃsāra. However, if we approach
an unpleasant feeling openly and without taking it
person-ally, we view these unwholesome qualities with
wholesome awareness. This pure, clear awareness
gradually melts that disturbing feeling. Moreover, you
might notice the feeling linger, but your attitude to-ward
it has changed.
If you get sleepy sitting inside, try sitting outside but not
in the direct sun. The outdoors tends to wake you up.
You can even try do-ing the walking practice backward
after you walk forward thirty paces. Instead of turning
around, just walk backward to the starting point.
Meditation and its benefits increase if you can continue
to culti-vate awareness throughout the day. Smile and
send Mettā whenever you think of it. When you notice
difficult feelings coming up, 6R them. Do this with a
sense of fun and humor at just how crazy mind can be.
If you get serious and try to control the mind, that is just
more Craving. You may wear yourself out and become
frustrated. So do this lightly, but with as much continuity
as possible.
Add Mettā (Lovingkindness) to Everything
You can bring Lovingkindness into everything that you
do. Generally, you will do your sitting at home, but you
can also smile and radiate well-being and happiness
to all beings when you are out and about. If you are
just going out walking or shopping, you do not have to
stay with a Spiritual Friend. Stay with a general feeling
of Mettā. Smile more. Notice and 6R emotional upsets
that arise. When un-wholesome states of mind arise,
see them as opportunities. Let them be and bring up
wholesome ones. This is the meaning of Right Effort in
the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path.
Progress and Jhāna
(re-collected state)
As you make progress with the meditation, you will see
all kinds of new phenomena. Joy and other pleasant
experiences will arise. Some of them will be really worth
the price of admission! The first time you truly and
completely let go of a hindrance, you will have your first
experience of the jhāna state and be on your way to
going even deeper. You will start to be friends with fun
stuff like Joy, Contentment, Equanimity, and more. Good
times are on the way!
Brahmavihāras and Nibbāna
(Lovingkindness, Compassion, Joy, Equanimity &
Liberation)
The Buddha talked about four divine qualities of mind
that are par-ticularly wholesome. They are called the
Brahmavihāras and consist of Lovingkindness (Mettā),
Compassion (karuṇā), Sympathetic Joy (muditā)—we
actually prefer just Joy—and Equanimity (upekkhā). This
is the practice you are starting now. You will gradually go
through all these states very naturally as Mettā becomes
quieter and turns to compassion and so on through joy to
equanimity. You do not need to change the practice as
you go—the states themselves will develop and arise
on their own.
Once you become an advanced meditator, you just
have to keep the meditation going. The Brahmavihāras
develop naturally, one by one, without you having
to bring up each of these states as its own separate
meditation object. When the next state arises, then
you take that state, whether it be compassion or joy as
the feeling, to be the object of meditation and continue
sending that out now.
This is another important difference from how other
practices have you develop Mettā. The Buddha taught
that when the medita-tion is properly practiced, all four
divine states arise on their own one after the other.12
You will learn how to radiate any of these four states to
all of the six directions and then to all directions at the
same time.
As this happens, the jhānas will arise naturally on their
own as well. The word jhāna is a loaded word. It has
been translated in many dif-ferent ways, but we refer to
the jhānas as levels of understanding. We do not want
to confuse them with their one-pointed absorption jhāna
cousins. They are related, but these are ones in which
the med-itator keeps awareness of their body, whereas
the others do not. The Buddha taught that the key to
understanding Craving and distrac-tions is to realize
that mind and body are one process that cannot be
separated. Tension and tightness are bodily processes,
while thought and images are mental processes. We
not only want to pay attention to the mind but also be
aware of what is happening in the body and not ignore
or repress this awareness through one-pointed focused
concentration.
We call the jhāna states that we experience with this
meditation the Tranquil Aware Jhānas. There are eight
of them (four rūpa or “material” jhānas, and four arūpa
or “immaterial” jhānas). Beyond the eighth jhāna lies
the experience of Nibbāna itself. Your mind will be-
come so quiet that it just stops. When the mind comes
back from that cessation experience, it will be incredibly
bright and clear, with no disturbance—like a blackboard
with nothing on it.
At that point, when the next mental process arises,
you will see with astonishing clarity every link and
part of this process that we call life as it arises and
passes away. This process is what the Buddha called
Dependent Origination. There are twelve links in each
mo-ment of experience, and you will see how all of
these arise and pass away. You will see how all of
these dependently arise one upon the other.
When you see very deeply into this process, you will
understand, at a profound personal level, that all of the
“aggregates” that make up “you” or the “I” are actually
impersonal and without any sort of en-during self or
soul. This experience is so profound that Nibbāna will
arise, and you will understand the true nature of all
existence. You will have attained awakening in this
very life. There will be so much relief!
Experiencing awakening (Nibbāna) happens for many
people who follow these simple directions. It does
not take years or decades. The Buddha said that this
practice is “immediately effective.” In the Satipaṭṭhāna
Sutta of the Majjhima Nikāya, he says that this
experi-ence can take place in as little as seven
years, or even seven days! (But you must follow the
instructions exactly in the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta of the
Majjhima Nikāya)
For the full instructions by Bhante Vimalaramsi,
download the PDF from the OpenEye site on the
Smiling Mind Mediation page
.


Inline image 2


Inline image 1



SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are
being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison
in streets of India.
The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the
fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One should have no
illusions on this score

http://www.countercurrents.org/…/bhima-koregoan-latest-bat…/
SC/STs are rising up in many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are
being broken and the oppressed classes of India are marching in unison
in streets of India. It all started with the attack on SC/STs who were
celebrating the historic victory of a SC/ST army on their oppressors.
“the gruesome attack on unarmed people signifies the fear and
unwillingness of dominant just 1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, violent,
militant, number one terrorists of the
world shooting, lynching cannibal chitpavan brahmin lunatic, mentally
retarded RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) of BJP (Brashtachar Jiyadha
Psychopaths) leader Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi) for the
sake of stealth, shadowy, discriminatory hindutva cult even to imagine
the reduction of the power of hindutva and some disturbance in the
social order under the hindutva mechanics. Instead of accepting the fact
that chitpavan brahimincal order has infact enslaved each other under
the ambit of caste, they opted to denounce those who assembled in
Koregoan as anti-national. Had Babasaheb Ambedkar been alive today, he
would have been another of those anti-nationals while the RSS-BJP state
would not have a second thought to send him to prison.”


Out of shear fear of survival of the chitpavan brahmins, are now facing
a backlash for making negative comments against SC/ST icons BR
Ambedkar, Kanshi Ram and Mayawati who have now organised all societies
(Sarvajan Samaj) after Modi gobbled the Master Key by tampering the
fraud EVMs to win elections.

Sarva Samaj i.e., all societies are
up in their arms to see that the Central and all state governments
selected by these fraud EVMs are dissolved and go for fresh polls with
Ballot Papers as followed by 80 democracies of the world as challenged
by Ms Mayawati who became eligible to be the Prime Minister afer her
best governance of Uttar Pradesh as Chief Minister.

Also more stories from around the world.


If you don’t mind, and if you think the content of this news letter is
critical for the dignified living and survival of humanity and other
species on earth, please forward it to your friends and spread the word.
It’s time for humanity to come together as one family! You can
subscribe to our news letter here http://www.countercurrents.org/news-letter/.


The
incidences of Bhima Koregoan have come up as yet another battleground
of Dalits’ liberation movement against a Hindutva fascist state run by
caste system. The…
countercurrents.org


https://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/…/bjps-artful-il…/


[The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the
fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One should have no
illusions on this score.]

https://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/…/bjps-artful-il…/

BJP’s artful illusion: Actually the fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the mainstream nurtures the fringe

January 6, 2018, 2:00 AM IST

Pavan K Varma in TOI Edit Page | Edit Page, India | TOI


A word that has gained increasing currency in recent times is ‘fringe’.
Every excess, outlandish statement, aberration, deviation, derogation
from the law, or arbitrary act of violence, is ascribed to the ‘fringe’.
This fringe is distinguished from the ‘mainstream’. The aim is to
portray the fringe as the extreme, and, by contrast, the mainstream as
its opposite.

But it is now becoming increasingly clear that the
categorical divide between the two is artificial and expedient. Indeed
the two are not different entities. A fringe has an organic connection
to the mainstream because, after all, without the mainstream there
cannot be a fringe. And if it is from the mainstream that the fringe
derives its strength, then the difference between the two becomes only a
matter of convenience.

Let us test this thesis against some
recent examples. In December 2014, Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti, a minister in
the central government, made the atrocious remark about ‘ramzadon and
haraamzadon’. Obviously, she represented the fringe, because Prime
Minister Narendra Modi’s lofty slogan on assuming power was ‘sabka
saath, sabka vikas’. His approach was the mainstream, and the Sadhvi’s
comment was the loony fringe. But when only a perfunctory apology was
sought from her by the PM, and she was not even asked to resign, one is
entitled to ask who was the fringe, and who the mainstream?

Illustration: Uday Deb


The raging controversy about the film Padmavati offers another good
example. The Rajput Karni Seva, described as a fringe group, demanded a
ban on the film because it ‘distorted history’. Consequently, it openly
resorted to violence, the issuance of threats, including beheadings of
the film crew, and payments of vast amounts to those who would kill the
director, Sanjay Leela Bhansali, and cut off the nose of Deepika
Padukone. But, it was soon apparent that the Karni Sena fringe had
substantial support from the mainstream.

Suraj Pal Amu, who held
the responsible post of BJP’s chief media coordinator in Haryana, openly
doubled the bounty – to Rs 10 crore – for eliminating Deepika and
Bhansali. Rajasthan chief minister weighed in to say that no community’s
sentiments should be hurt. And, in an unprecedented move, even before
the designated authority, the Central Board of Film Certification, could
pronounce its verdict, five BJP ruled states, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat,
UP, Rajasthan and Bihar banned the film!

Sangeet Som, a two-time
BJP MLA, made the outrageous comment in October 2017 that the iconic Taj
Mahal is a blot on India’s history. Obviously the assumption would be
that his is an insane voice from the fringe. But his comments were
subsequently endorsed by Vinay Katiyar, who has been the national
general secretary of BJP and three times member of the Lok Sabha.


What is worse, GVL Rao, the national spokesperson of BJP, while
disagreeing perfunctorily with Som, proclaimed the mainstream view in a
generalised indictment of epic proportions: “The period of Islamic rule –
around 800 years – was a period of extreme exploitation, insane
barbarism, and unprecedented intolerance.” Ergo, the fringe and the
mainstream were identical.

The umbilical cord between the fringe
and the mainstream is both transparent and verifiable. If the Vishwa
Hindu Parishad, one of the larger affiliates of the Sangh Parivar, makes
a clarion call for India to become an exclusive ‘Hindu rashtra’, it is
the fringe.. But if a Union minister, Anant Kumar Hegde, said last month
that BJP is here to change the Constitution to rid it of the word
‘secular’, is he fringe or mainstream?

Sakshi Maharaj, who had
once said that Nathuram Godse’s martyrdom should be commemorated, is
definitely the fringe. In September 2017 he announced that couples who
indulge in ‘vulgar behaviour’, (read being physically affectionate in
public), instigate rape.

But his statement had the support of
Manohar Lal Khattar, no less than the chief minister of Haryana, who
said in 2014: “If a girl is dressed decently, a boy will not look at her
in the wrong way.” When queried about whether girls should have freedom
of choice, he reportedly retorted: “If they want freedom, why don’t
they roam around naked?”

Dina Nath Batra, and his unverified
assertions that ancient India – for all its creditworthy achievements –
had achieved everything that science has discovered today, is definitely
the fringe. But, no less a person than PM Modi, echoed what Batra said
when in October 2014 in Mumbai, he claimed that the manner of the birth
of Karna in the Mahabharata, and Ganeshji’s adorable form with an
elephant head, showed the existence of advanced genetic science and
plastic surgery in ancient India. Is Batra the fringe, or is he the
mainstream?

In April 2017, Pehlu Khan was carrying cattle for his
dairy farm in Nuh, for which he had a valid licence. He was lynched in
full public view, by a mob of cattle vigilantes. In spite of substantial
evidence to nail the culprits, they were all let off. Was the Rajasthan
government the fringe or the mainstream?

The truth is there are
no such distinctions. The fringe reinforces the mainstream, and the
mainstream nurtures the fringe. They are two sides of the same coin. One
should have no illusions on this score.
SC/STs are rising up in
many parts of India. Millennia old shackles are being broken and the
oppressed classes of India are marching in unison in streets of India.
It all started with the attack on SC/STs who were celebrating the
historic victory of a SC/ST army on their oppressors. “the gruesome
attack on unarmed people signifies the fear and unwillingness of
dominant just 1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, violent, militant, number
one terrorists of the world shooting, lynching cannibal chitpavan
brahmin lunatic, mentally retarded RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) of BJP
(Brashtachar Jiyadha Psychopaths) leader Murderer of democratic
institutions (Modi) for the sake of stealth, shadowy, discriminatory
hindutva cult even to imagine the reduction of the power of hindutva and
some disturbance in the social order under the hindutva mechanics.
Instead of accepting the fact that chitpavan brahimincal order has
infact enslaved each other under the ambit of caste, they opted to
denounce those who assembled in Koregoan as anti-national. Had Babasaheb
Ambedkar been alive today, he would have been another of those
anti-nationals while the RSS-BJP state would not have a second thought
to send him to prison.”

Out of shear fear of survival of the
chitpavan brahmins, are now facing a backlash for making negative
comments against SC/ST icons BR Ambedkar, Kanshi Ram and Mayawati who
have now organised all societies (Sarvajan Samaj) after Modi gobbled the
Master Key by tampering the fraud EVMs to win elections.

Sarva
Samaj i.e., all societies are up in their arms to see that the Central
and all state governments selected by these fraud EVMs are dissolved and
go for fresh polls with Ballot Papers as followed by 80 democracies of
the world as challenged by Ms Mayawati who became eligible to be the
Prime Minister afer her best governance of Uttar Pradesh as Chief
Minister.

Also more stories from around the world.

If you
don’t mind, and if you think the content of this news letter is critical
for the dignified living and survival of humanity and other species on
earth, please forward it to your friends and spread the word. It’s time
for humanity to come together as one family! You can subscribe to our
news letter here http://www.countercurrents.org/news-letter/.

Peace Is Doable


A
word that has gained increasing currency in recent times is ‘fringe’.
Every excess, outlandish statement, aberration, deviation, derogation
from the law, or arbitrary…
blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com

https://hinduexist ence.org/2017/07/24/why-hindu- rashtra-is-absolutely-urgent-i n-bharat/
The whole world has now understood what is manusmriti’s stealth,
shadowy, discriminatory hindutva cult or who are hindutvaites. Just 1%
intolerant, cunning, crooked, violent, militant, number one terrorists
of the world shooting, lynching cannibal chitpavan brahmin lunatic,
mentally retarded RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) of BJP (Brashtachar
Jiyadha Psychopaths) leader Murderer of democratic
institutions (Modi) for the sake of stealth, shadowy, discriminatory
hindutva cult even to imagine the reduction of the power of hindutva and
some disturbance in the social order under the hindutva mechanics.
Instead of accepting the fact that chitpavan brahimincal order has
infact enslaved each other under the ambit of caste, they opted to
denounce those who assembled in Koregoan as anti-national. Had Babasaheb
Ambedkar been alive today, he would have been another of those
anti-nationals while the RSS-BJP state would not have a second thought
to send him to prison.” This 1% chitpavan brahmins think that they are
1st rate athmas (souls), the kshatrias, vysias, shudras as 2nd, 3rd,4th
rate souls and the untouchables Ati shudras including SC/STs and
converted religious minorities as having no souls at all so that they
can commit any atrocities on them, But the Buddha never believed in any
soul. He said all are equal. Hence Babasaheb Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar in his
Marvelous Modern Constitution imbibed this fact and hence the Universal
Adult Franchise which as been now negated by the fraud EVMs. As long as
the chitpavan brahmins with full of hatred, anger, jealousy and delusion
which are defilement of the mind are in power and money eradicating
caste is impossible. The only solution is to create Prabuddha Bharath
and to treat the chitpavan brahmins and their stooges in mental asylums
for their mental illness.

People will cooperate in this regard.
So it is better be with Prabuddha Bharath.

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