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Nibbāna) is “blowing out” or “quenching” of the activities of the worldly mind and its related suffering
In the Buddhist tradition, Nibbāna has commonly been interpreted as the extinction of the “three fires”, or “three poisons”, greed (raga), aversion (dvesha) and ignorance (moha).When these fires are extinguished, release from the cycle of rebirth (saṃsāra) is attained.
Nibbāna has also been claimed by some scholars to be identical with anatta (non-self) and sunyata
(emptiness) states though this is hotly contested by other scholars and
practicing monks. In time, with the development of the Buddhist
doctrine, other interpretations were given, such as the absence of the
weaving (vana) of activity of the mind, the elimination of desire, and
escape from the woods, cq. the five skandhas or aggregates.
Buddhist scholastic tradition identifies two types of Nibbāna: sopadhishesa-Nibbāna (Nibbāna with a remainder), and pariNibbāna or anupadhishesa-nirvana (Nibbāna without remainder, or final Nibbāna). The founder of Buddhism, the Buddha, is believed to have reached both these states.
Nibbāna, or the liberation from cycles of rebirth, is the highest aim of the Theravada tradition. In the Mahayana tradition, the highest goal is Buddhahood, in which there is no abiding in Nibbāna. Buddha helps liberate beings from saṃsāra
by teaching the Buddhist path. There is no rebirth for Buddha or people
who attain Nibbāna. But his teachings remain in the world for a certain
time as a guidance to attain Nibbāna.
Vote for BSP Brothers and Sisters,
It is well known to every one the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is the only party in the country, which “believes in doing rather than saying”.
It is for this reason that our party, unlike other parties, does not release any tempting “Election Manifestoes” and instead, issues “Appeal” to the people in general and voters in particular to ensure their vote and support for BSP in order to fulfill the remaining commitments for completing its missionary goal by adopting the path shown by Saints, Gurus and Mahapurush (Great men) born in different periods in the Bahujan Samaj like Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Chatrapati Sahu Maharaj, Narayana Guru, Periyar Ramaswamy Ji, Baba Saheb Dr.Ambedkar and more recently Manyawar Shri Kanshi Ram ji.
This we do with an aim to earn good results for the party in the elections and to achieve power to rule so that with the help of the “Master Key of Political Power” we become master of our own destiny and could ensure work and proper welfare of the poor, deprived and downtrodden sections of the society belonging to all castes and religions i.e.”Sarv Samaj”. Param pujya Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar has beautifully and wonderfully explained about the significance of the “Master Key of the Political Power”, declaring that the political power is such a “Master Key” through which all problems can be solved and also doors of progress and prosperity can be opened up.
Following this principle of Babasaheb Dr.Ambedkar, our party is contesting, on its’ own strength, KARNATAKA Legislative Assembly General Elections-2008. The Karnataka Legislative Assembly has a total number of 224 seats and the BSP is contesting on almost all the seats on its own. BSP has not at all entered into any kind of alliance or seat adjustments with any other party in this election. So, we are fighting this election on all seats on our own.
But, the pertinent question which arises here is, as to why there is a necessity for the people of the State of Karnataka to cast their votes in favour of the BSP only, rather than voting for the Congress, B.J.P. or their supporting parties? We have to understand this issue very clearly for an outstanding performance.
In this regard, I am of the view that BSP is the only Party in the country whose “Principles & Policies” and also its “style of functioning” suits very much the interests of the people belonging to “Sarv Samaj” (all sections of the society). On the other hand, other political parties make too many promises to people just before the elections or in the election year but they never translate them into reality for the true welfare of them, leaving most of their lofty electoral promises confined to papers only, rather than getting them implemented in practical terms.
It is for this very reason that, even after 60 years of independence, the “Social and Economic” condition of people belonging to Bahujan Samaj, which comprises of Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), Other Backward Class (OBCs) and Religious Minorities such as Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Parsis and Buddhists have not significantly improved due to faulty economic policies adopted by various governments of castiest leaders of different political parties, even though the population of these sections of society is very large and for this reason , we call them as “Bahujan Samaj”.
Here, I am especially talking about their wrong and erratic economic policies, mainly because at the centre as well as in most of the States, Governments’ were formed with the monetary or otherwise help of big capitalist powers and for this very reason, these parties, after coming to power, as a “return gift” to them formulated their “Economic Policies” in subservience of these capitalists, fully ignoring the interests and welfare of general public.
Due to this kind of unjust behaviour of the governments of Congress, BJP and their supporting parties, the economic condition of people belonging to Bahujan Samaj as well as poor people of “Savarn Samaj” i.e. the upper castes is turning from bad to worse. The malice is still continuing, rendering more and more such people unemployed and live a life under the darkness of poverty.< ?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />
In view of the complexity and seriousness of such kind of problems, these deprived and exploited sections of the people revolted in such a manner to form a separate political party of their own called as (the Bahujan Samaj Party-BSP) under the leadership of Manyawar Shri Kanshi Ram Ji on April, 1984, basing its ideology on policy and progrmmes of Great Baba sahib Dr. Ambedkar. And quiet obviously, with the massive support and cooperation of all the sections of the society, the BSP has acquired a “National Status” and has grown enough to be officially by the Election Commission of
Not only this, our party also gradually expanded its mass base and graduated to send its representatives in Parliament, apart from winning assembly elections in various States of the Country. In Uttar Pradesh, which is the biggest State of
Giving priority to weaker sections of the society in the process, with an aim to improve “Social and Economic” condition of the underprivileged sections of the society and poor people belonging to Sarv Samaj, our party Government in Uttar Pradesh, for the first time in the country, constituted separate “Welfare” Departments” in 1995 right at the inception of the first BSP government.
And the aspect of development were given new meaning when 25,000 villages, having predominantly Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa i.e. the Great Prabuddha Bharath (SC/STs) population, were selected for “Dr.Ambedkar Village Development Scheme” to develop them fully with all kind of basic amenities and infrastructure facilities. The process is going on and gradually all the villages of the State will be taken for such kind of developmental activities all over the State, surely changing the very face and of course the life of the rural poor in real terms. Presently, however, the name of this scheme has been changed as “Baba Saheb Dr. Ambedkar U.P. Gramsabha Samagra Vikas Yojana (Gramsabha Integrated Development Scheme.)”.
Similarly, an ambitious “Urban Integrated Development Scheme” has been formulated in the name of “ManyawarShri Kanshi Ram Ji”. Under this scheme, small towns and cities of Uttar Pradesh are being developed in a systematic manner and within time bound period. But under both these schemes, all the activities are being speeded up as much as the economic condition of the State allows. These developmental activities could well get further momentum and much speed if the Central Government fulfills its obligations of providing funds for the purpose.
|Gandhi could never understand the plight of Untouchables(SCs the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath) because he was not born as one, says VC|
MANGALORE: The ideas and writings of B.R. Ambedkar provide enough space and political context for most “isms” to exist within the wide canvas of “Ambedkar-ism,” opined Vice-Chancellor of the Karnataka State Open University Vivek Rai on Friday.
He was addressing a gathering of students and teachers of the Mangalore University to mark the 117th birth anniversary of the architect of the Indian Constitution Bhimrao Ambedkar.
Mr. Rai is of the view that, while followers of Carl Marx, Mao Zedong, Mahatma Gandhi and Ram Manohar Lohia are poles apart, they would all find a resonance of their ideologies in the teachings of Ambedkar. “Can there be an ideology based on the teachings of Ambedkar?” he asked.
Lavishing praise on the leader. Mr. Rai said: “The beauty about Ambedkar’s ideology is that it manages to exist within the country’s socio-cultural context.”
He said that Ambedkar’s teachings had social, political, theological, anthropological and even scientific soundness.
Speaking on the issue of Untouchables(SCs the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath) emancipation in the country, Mr. Rai said that the greatest impediment to upward mobility of backward castes is globalisation. “Rampant growth of the private sector at the cost of the government sector has led to widespread unemployment among educated Untouchables(SCs the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath) youth,” he said.
Expressing solidarity with the views of Mr. Rai, Vice-Chancellor of Mangalore University K.M. Kaveriappa said that both Mahatma Gandhi and B.R Ambedkar were great freedom fighters. While one fought for political emancipation, the other fought for the social emancipation of the country’s masses. He said that Gandhiji could never fully understand Ambedkar or the suffering of the socially excluded masses of India. “Gandhiji could have understood what it is like being a Untouchables(SCs the Original Inhabitants of Jambudvipa that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath) only if he was born as one,” he said.
Earlier, Vice-Chancellor of Tumkur University Anantharamaiah said that Ambedkar was always misunderstood as a leader of Dalits in this country. “He was also a scholar in Science, Mathematics, Sociology, Anthropology, Law, Political Science, Literature, the Vedas and Theology,” he said.
Vote For BSP
BSP releases 20-page appeal
The booklet traces the history, ideologies, struggle of the party
The party will distribute 10 lakh copies of the appeal in a door-to-door campaign in State
BANGALORE: Highlighting the achievements of the Mayawati government in Uttar Pradesh, the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) has appealed to Karnataka voters to elect its candidates during the Assembly elections.
BSP General Secretaries Veer Singh and P.G.R. Sindhia, on Thursday, released a 20-page appeal by their party President Mayawati to the Karnataka voters. The booklet traces the history of the BSP, its ideologies and struggle and also lists the various socio-economic projects taken up by Ms. Mayawati in Uttar Pradesh.
Explaining the main features of the appeal, Mr. Sindhia said the BSP had urged the Centre to amend the Constitution to extend reservation benefits to below poverty line (BPL) families of the “upper castes”. Stating that the BSP was not against any community, he said that for the first time in the country, the Mayawati government had extended reservation benefits to the poor from all castes.
The party activists plan to distribute 10 lakh copies of the “appeal” in Kannada, Hindi, Urdu and English during the door-to-door campaign across the State, he said. Mr. Sindhia said the State unit’s manifesto committee was preparing the poll manifesto and would bring it out in a couple of days. The BSP had been growing in strength in Karnataka and prominent people from various castes were joining the party, he said. The party would field film artiste Jai Jagadish from Madikeri and former minister K.H. Hanume Gowda from Hassan.
Online edition of India’s National Newspaper
Monday, Apr 28, 2008
‘BSP to be part of next coalition Government’
|No party can form government without our support: Sindhia|
MYSORE: The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) will be part of the next coalition government in the State, party’s national general secretary P.G.R. Sindhia has said.
Addressing a press conference here on Sunday, Mr. Sindhia said that his party was poised to win a minimum of 50 to 60 seats in the Assembly elections.
“The elections will throw up a hung Assembly and it will not be possible for anyone to form the government by keeping the BSP out”, he said.
Notwithstanding the “tall claims” being made by the BJP and the Congress that they will secure a majority on their own and form government, Mr. Sindhia said that it would be a fractured mandate this time.
“In such a situation, the BSP will be playing a crucial role in the formation of the next coalition government”, he said.
Mr. Sindhia said that the Congress, the BJP and the Janata Dal (Secular) had thrown ideologies and principles to the wind for the sake of power, forcing the people not to vote any single party to power.
In contrast to other political parties, the BSP had shown its commitment towards the welfare of all sections of society. The party’s popularity had grown gradually over the last few years, he said.
“The BSP’s vote share, which was around 2 per cent during the 2004 Assembly elections, is expected to soar to 20 per cent in the coming polls”, he said.
Mr. Sindhia said the party’s election campaign was expected to receive a boost with party leader and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati scheduled to campaign in the State from May 5.
She would be addressing election rallies and meetings, beginning with Kollegal in Chamarajanagar district and ending with Bidar, he said.
Responding to queries on speculations relating to the former Union Minister Jaffer Sharief’s plans to join the BSP, Mr. Sindhia said that the party leaders had met Mr Sharief in Bangalore four days ago and extended him an invitation to join the party.
Mr. Sharief is impressed with BSP’s ideology and had attended a public meeting addressed by Mr. Mayawati in Bangalore a few months ago. “We have extended an invitation to him to join the party. Now, it is left to him to take a decision”, he said.
The former Minister D.T. Jayakumar, who was also present at the press conference, sought to expose the “loopholes” in the professed commitment to social justice of the Janata Dal (S).
“For the Janata Dal (S), winning elections comes first and social justice next. The party has thrown the principles of social justice to the winds while distributing ticket for the elections”, he said.
Mr. Sindhia said that he had joined the BSP not because he was denied a Janata Dal (S) ticket. “I had sought ticket for a few people in the region, but the party refused to do so”, he said.
Mr. Jayakumar added that he would remain with the BSP as he subscribed to its ideology.
BSP is not favouring BJP candidate in Virajpet’
|Stop slanderous campaign against me: Kunhi Abdulla|
Leaders of minority wings of Congress, JD(S) criticised
‘Jai Jagdish should have stayed in BSP’
Madikeri: Kunhi Abdulla, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) candidate contesting from Virajpet, said here on Sunday that he was not contesting to favour the Bharatiya Janata Party candidate from the constituency as made out by the Congress and the Janata Dal (Secular) candidates.
He was speaking to presspersons here.
Mr. Abdulla threatened to take the matter to the Election Commission if the two parties did not stop the “slanderous” campaign against him. Mr. Abdulla said that his presence would affect the prospects of the BJP in Virajpet.
He said that his rival in Virajpet was the BJP candidate and not the Congress or the Janata Dal (S) candidate.
He criticised the leaders of the minority wings of the Congress and the Janata Dal (S) in Kodagu who had claimed that members of minority communities would vote for their respective parties. How these parties could show concern to the minorities now, he said. If the two parties had so much concern for the minority communities, they should have issued ticket to a member of the community to contest in Kodagu, Mr. Abdulla said.
The Congress had betrayed the minority communities in the past, he charged.
On film actor and director Jai Jagdish, who joined the BJP in Somwarpet on Sunday, Mr. Abdulla said that it was a hasty decision. Mr. Jagdish should have stayed in the BSP, he said.
Madikeri election officer had rejected the nomination papers of Mr. Jagdish as the BSP candidate a few days ago.
Mr. Abdulla, who is also the secretary of the State unit of the party, announced that the BSP would not support K.H. Vittal, the party’s candidate for Madikeri Assembly constituency. There were many aspirants for the party ticket from Madikeri, he said.
BSP leader P.G.R. Sindhia and the former MLA Krishnappa would address an election rally in Virajpet on Tuesday, Mr. Abdulla said.
President of the Kodagu unit of the BSP Appachu, vice-president P.T. Antony, general secretary Veerabhadraiah and Virajpet taluk unit president Srikant Shet were present.
Chitradurga: To receive complaints and grievances from people pertaining to Assembly elections, the district administration has set up helpline centres in six constituencies. The numbers are Chitradurga 08194221282, Hiriyur 08193227091, Hosadurga 08199230240, Holalkere 08191207131, Challakere 08195250111, Molakalmur 08198210260. — Staff Correspondent
Mayawati plans to woo Thakurs now
LUCKNOW: After wooing Brahmins, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati has now decided to cast the net wider to include other prominent castes in her social mobilisation strategy ahead of next year’s Lok Sabha elections.
The “bhaichara” (brotherhood) committees, which played a significant role in the Bahujan Samaj Party’s race to power in the 2007 Assembly elections, will be assigned a greater responsibility.
The BSP president, who held meetings with Ministers, MPs, MLAs, MLCs, coordinators and office-bearers on Friday and Saturday, redefined the role of the brotherhood committees. A social brotherhood committee was formed under the leadership of Panchayati Raj Minister Babu Singh Kushwaha.
Informed sources said that for bringing the Thakurs or Kshatriyas into the BSP fold, the State had been divided into two zones — Purvanchal (eastern Uttar Pradesh ) and western Uttar Pradesh — under the charge of Cabinet Ministers.
Starting from Sultanpur and Pratapgarh districts, the Thakurs are largely concentrated in the Purvanchal region. The BSP’s focus will be on wooing the Thakurs in the eastern part, said a senior Minister on condition of anonymity.
In Uttar Pradesh, Thakurs are considered a “floating vote.” In the past, other parties had made vigorous attempts to woo them. A campaign by the Thakur Ministers and MLAs against the Mayawati government in 2003 following the arrest of Kunda MLA Raghuraj Pratap Singh alias Raja Bhaiyya and his father Uday Pratap Singh under the Prevention of Terrorist Act preceded the formation of the Mulayam government.
On his release, Raja Bhaiyya was inducted as a Cabinet Minister in the Mulayam regime.
For further expanding the BSP’s base, the Chief Minister has divided the State into eight zones and appointed Cabinet Ministers and senior party functionaries as coordinators for each zone.
After dissolving the district units of the party, Ms. Mayawati fixed August 31 deadline for forming new ones.
We cannot be bought with saris: women
BANGALORE: Even as politicians use time-tested methods of doling out freebies to woo voters from the underprivileged classes, voices are being raised against these illegal means of enticement.
On Sunday, a few saris given out to slum dwellers by politicians were burnt by indignant members of the All India Women’s Democratic Association (AIDWA) to drive home the point that “women’s votes cannot be bought.”
K.S. Lakshmi, State General Secretary of AIDWA, said that another manner of luring women voters from poorer classes has been through the use of self-help groups (SHG), which have emerged as the influencing factors in the areas they work out of.
Urging the State Election Commission to be more vigilant, Ms. Lakshmi said that under the cover of religious events and birthday celebrations, politicians and their followers are giving away saris and other freebies.
Denial of ticket to ex-Minister may spell trouble for Congress
|Gurupadappa has considerable clout in Bidar, Aurad|
BIDAR: The denial of Congress ticket to the former Minister Gurupadappa Nagamarapalli is likely to land the Congress party in trouble in the Bidar and Aurad Assembly constituencies.
Mr. Nagamarapalli will be contesting the Bidar seat for the first time, but he has won four times from the Aurad segment which is a reserved constituency now.
He is yet to decide whether he will be contesting as an independent or will join some other party.
The performance of the Congress in Bidar district was dismal in 2004; it lost five of the six Assembly seats.
Mr. Nagamarapalli was the only candidate to win from Aurad.
Sources close to him said: “Chairmanship of the Naranja Sahakari Sakkare Karkhane Limited, Bidar, and the District Central Cooperative Bank, may help Gurupadappa Nagamarapalli to influence voters in Bidar and Aurad constituencies.”
The inclusion of 25 villages, which fall under the Janawada Circle, in the Bidar Assembly Constituency has come as a blessing for Mr. Nagamarapalli because the Naranja Sahakari Sakkare Karkhane is located in Janawada Circle.
In Aurad, Mr. Nagamarapalli may play a key role in ensuring the success of any candidate since he had won from there four times — in 1985, 1989, 1994 and 2004. He lost the elections in in 1999, but he is said to have a large number of followers in the constituency.
Mr. Nagamarapalli left the Janata Dal (Secular) and joined the Congress in 1999
Monday, April 28, 2008
Bahujan rath rolls on in State
DH News Service, Bangalore:
Taking its slogan of Sarve jana sukhaya sarve jana hitaya forward, the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) on Sunday kickstarted its poll campaign by flagging off a Bahujana Ratha from the Gali Anjaneya Swamy temple on Mysore Road.
The BSP General Secretaries P G R Sindhia and Veer Singh, who flagged off the ratha, reiterated that the BSP was becoming a formidable force in Karnataka. The campaign was launched after the BSP leaders including State President Marasandra Muniyappa performed pooja at the Gali Anjaneya Swamy Temple.
“We are confident that the BSP will play a decisive role in the formation of the new Government in Karnataka,” Sindhia, who later left for Mandya and Mysore to start his campaign tour, said.
The ratha, which will be a part of Sindhia’s 20-day tour of the State, will pass through all districts and will also be a part of Mayawati’s public meetings.
Sharief in touch
Later, Sindhia told reporters that more and more politicians were appreciating the BSP’s ideology and principles. “Veteran politician Jaffar Sharief, who has been betrayed by the Congress, has expressed that the BSP’s approach is the right approach. From our side, we have invited him to join the party. Our party supremo has also spoken to him. But he is yet to take a decision. Like this there is an undercurrent in favour of the BSP,” Sindhia said.
He said he would address public meetings at Mysore, K R Nagar, Hunsur, Piriyapatna, Madikeri, Virajpet, H D Kote, Nanjangud, Chamarajnagar, Yelandur, Hanur, Malavalli, Bangalore South, Anekal till May 1.
Later, he would continue the campaign from Hoskote on May 2 till May 21. He would also accompany Mayawati during her four-day tour of Karnataka from May 5, he added.
The EC has directed all political parties to submit their list of ‘star’ campaigners so that election expenses incurred by them can be included in the name of the party. As ‘star’ campaigners tour across the State, their expenses cannot be included in their respective names, if they are contesting the elections, official sources said.
As per the EC norms, a candidate can spend only up to Rs 10 lakh for electioneering.
4 Cong rebels in fray in Bangalore City
Despite efforts by the party to quell rebellion, four Congress candidates have remained in the fray in Bangalore City.
Samiulla, who initially figured in the first list of official candidates from Jayanagar, was later replaced with M Suresh. Irate Samiulla has remained in the fray as the rebel candidate. He did not withdraw his nominations despite the party warning all rebel candidates.
Similarly, former Congress MLA Muniswamy, who represented Shantinagar twice, has not withdrawn his nomination papers. Other two rebels are Thambi Dorai (Pulakeshi Nagar) and Rajagopala Reddy (Bangalore South).
Samiulla said the party has cheated him by denying him B-form. “My name was announced in the first list. Someone in the party gave wrong information to the high-command saying a criminal case had been booked against me. As a result I was denied B-form. Forget criminal case, not even a petty case has been filed against me. If some criminal attacks my office and kills two, how can anybody come to the conclusion that I have been facing criminal charges,” he asked.
Party leaders approached him requesting to withdraw the nomination papers. “I did not budge under the pressure. Minority people in the constituency are united and all of them are with me. There are about 55,000 votes of minorities in the constituency. As a corporator I have done many development work and earned goodwill of the public. I will definitely win,” he said.
Similarly, Muniswamy is contesting as Congress rebel candidate from Shantinagar. He said the Congress had done a blunder by denying him ticket. “I have won from Shantinagar twice. It consists of Tamilian population close to 75,000. Being a Tamilian I was the best choice for the constituency. But the party did not consider my candidature. Now it has to pay price for that,” he said.
He said KPCC president Mallikarjun Kharge called him over phone and requested him to withdraw his nomination papers. Bangalore City Congress president J Alexander and others met him at his residence to persuade him. However, he did not change his mind.
Nagamarapalli quits Congress
One more senior Congress leader has resigned from the primary membership of the party.
Former minister Gurupadappa Nagamarapalli on Sunday forwarded his resignation letter to KPCC president Mallikarjun Kharge. Though he has not cited any reason for his decision, sources said he is not happy with the party’s decision to field a Muslim candidate from Bidar. Nagamarapalli was a ticket aspirant from Bidar city.
After delimitation, his home constituency Aurad in Bidar district, has become a reserved seat. Nagamarapalli had represented Aurad Assembly constituency for the State assembly for four terms.
Yeddy’s car seized for poll violation
Mysore, DHNS: With the strict enforcement of the model code of conduct, prominent political leaders are getting added into the list of violators.
Two cars belonging to former chief minister B S Yeddyurappa and former MLC C Ramesh, who recently quit Congress and joined BJP, were seized in Hadinaru village of Nanjangud taluk, in Varuna Assembly constituency limits, on Sunday. They were using vehicles for campaigning without permission from the Election Commission.
Police have arrested one person in this connection.
Madhugiri most sensitive
DH News Service, Bangalore: Madhugiri taluk in Tumkur has been declared as the most sensitive among the 89 constituencies which will go to polls in the first phase of elections.
Chief Electoral Officer M N Vidya Shankar said considering the past history of the place, where voters are lured by corrupt methods by distributing liquor and other gifts, the Commission has declared it the most sensitive and has stepped up vigilance by keeping tabs on 25 entrances of the taluk.
A sum of Rs 4 lakh has been recovered and complaints lodged at Madhugiri where Congress candidate K N Rajanna and JD(S) candidate Gowrishankar, son of former Minister Chennigappa, are contesting.