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“One who sees the Dhamma sees me. One who sees
me sees the Dhamma.” Buddha
Budh is Wisdom
is a Title Like a President or Prime Minister of a Country-meaning- Any
One with an Exalted, Blessed, Noble and an Awakened Mighty Great Mind
with full Awareness
Dhamma is the Practice of His Teachings
There are five nikayas (collections) of suttas:
The Vinaya Pitaka, the first division of the Tipitaka,
is the textual framework upon which the monastic community (Sangha) is
built. It includes not only the rules governing the life of every
Theravada bhikkhu (monk) and bhikkhuni (nun), but also a
host of procedures and conventions of etiquette that support harmonious
relations, both among the monastics themselves, and between the
monastics and their lay supporters, upon whom they depend for all their
When the Buddha first established the Sangha, the community
initially lived in harmony without any codified rules of conduct. As
the Sangha gradually grew in number and evolved into a more complex
society, occasions inevitably arose when a member would act in an
unskillful way. Whenever one of these cases was brought to the Buddha’s
attention, he would lay down a rule establishing a suitable punishment
for the offense, as a deterrent to future misconduct. The Buddha’s
standard reprimand was itself a powerful corrective:
It is not fit, foolish man, it is not becoming, it is not proper, it
is unworthy of a recluse, it is not lawful, it ought not to be done.
How could you, foolish man, having gone forth under this Dhamma and
Discipline which are well-taught, [commit such and such offense]?… It
is not, foolish man, for the benefit of un-believers, nor for the
increase in the number of believers, but, foolish man, it is to the
detriment of both unbelievers and believers, and it causes wavering in
— The Book of the Discipline, Part I, by I.B. Horner (London: Pali Text Society, 1982), pp. 36-37.
The monastic tradition and the rules upon which it is built are
sometimes naïvely criticized — particularly here in the West — as
irrelevant to the “modern” practice of Buddhism. Some see the Vinaya as
a throwback to an archaic patriarchy, based on a hodge-podge of ancient
rules and customs — quaint cultural relics that only obscure the
essence of “true” Buddhist practice. This misguided view overlooks one
crucial fact: it is thanks to the unbroken lineage of monastics who
have consistently upheld and protected the rules of the Vinaya for
almost 2,600 years that we find ourselves today with the luxury of
receiving the priceless teachings of Dhamma. Were it not for the
Vinaya, and for those who continue to keep it alive to this day, there
would be no Buddhism.
It helps to keep in mind that the name the Buddha gave to the spiritual path he taught was “Dhamma-vinaya” — the Doctrine (Dhamma) and Discipline (Vinaya)
— suggesting an integrated body of wisdom and ethical training. The
Vinaya is thus an indispensable facet and foundation of all the
Buddha’s teachings, inseparable from the Dhamma, and worthy of study by
all followers — lay and ordained, alike. Lay practitioners will find in
the Vinaya Pitaka many valuable lessons concerning human nature,
guidance on how to establish and maintain a harmonious community or
organization, and many profound teachings of the Dhamma itself. But its
greatest value, perhaps, lies in its power to inspire the layperson to
consider the extraordinary possibilities presented by a life of true
renunciation, a life lived fully in tune with the Dhamma.
The Suttavibhanga contains the basic training rules for bhikkhus and
bhikkhunis, along with the “origin story” for each one. These rules are
summarized in the Patimokkha, and amount to 227 rules for the bhikkhus, 311 for the bhikkhunis. The Patimokkkha rules are grouped as follows:
With this background, we may now look at the content of the rules.
What follows is a list summarizing the basic meanings of the rules,
organized into five major categories: dealing with Right Speech, Right
Action, Right Livelihood, Communal harmony and the etiquette of a
contemplative. The first three categories — the factors of the Noble
Eightfold Path that make up the training in heightened virtue — are
especially useful for showing how the rules relate to the Buddhist path
as a whole.
These five categories are not sharply distinct types. Instead, they
are more like the colors in the band of light thrown off by a prism —
discernably different, but shading into one another with no sharp
dividing lines. Right Speech, for instance, often shades into Communal
harmony, just as Right Livelihood shades into personal etiquette. Thus
the placement of a particular rule in one category rather than another
has been a somewhat arbitrary process. There are a few cases — such as
Pācittiyas 46 & 84
— where the reason for placing the rule in a particular category will
become clear only after reading the detailed discussions in BMC.
Each rule is followed by a code giving the rule’s number in its section of the Patimokkha.
If you count the number of rules in the list, you will see that they
do not quite equal 227. This is because there are a couple of cases
where I have condensed two or three Sekhiya rules into one summary.
MN 117 defines wrong speech as lying, divisive speech, abusive speech, and idle chatter.
Making an unfounded charge to a bhikkhu that he has committed a
pārājika offense, in hopes of having him disrobed, is a saºghādisesa
offense. (Sg 8)
Distorting the evidence while accusing a bhikkhu of having committed
a pārājika offense, in hopes of having him disrobed, is a saºghādisesa
offense. (Sg 9)
The intentional effort to misrepresent the truth to another individual is a pācittiya offense. (Pc 1)
Making an unfounded charge to a bhikkhu — or getting someone else to
make the charge to him — that he is guilty of a saºghādisesa offense is
a pācittiya offense. (Pc 76)
Telling a bhikkhu about insulting remarks made by another bhikkhu —
in hopes of winning favor or causing a rift — is a pācittiya offense. (Pc 3)
An insult made with malicious intent to another bhikkhu is a pācittiya offense. (Pc 2)
Visiting lay families — without having informed an available bhikkhu
— before or after a meal to which one has been invited is a pācittiya
offense except during the robe season or any time one is making a robe.
Entering a village, town, or city during the period after noon until
the following dawn, without having taken leave of an available bhikkhu
— unless there is an emergency — is a pācittiya offense. (Pc 85)
Mayawati: Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa that is The Great Prabuddha Bharath ’queen’, now Brahmin messiah
Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj
objection to projecting Mayawati ”
NEW DELHI: The former Prime Minister and Janata Dal (Secular)
president, H.D. Deve Gowda, on Friday asserted that moves to form a
Third Front were very much alive and that the efforts would regain
momentum once the Assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan,
Delhi and other States were over next month.
“It [the Third Front] is 100 per cent going to be a reality. It will
have a significant strengthen in the next Lok Sabha,” he said, in an
informal chat with reporters.
Asked about the move to project Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister and
Bahujan Samaj Party leader Mayawati as the prime ministerial candidate,
he recalled that his party had declared its support for her and said
there was no change in the stance.
Asked about the possibility of the JD (S) and the Congress coming
together for the by-elections to eight seats in the Karnataka Assembly,
he said his party was still open to the idea of an alliance. It was for
the Congress to make up its mind.
Seven of the Assembly seats fell vacant following the defection of
four JD (S) and three Congress MLAs to the Bharatiya Janata Party
(BJP), and one following the death of a JD (S) MLA
Charging the BJP with using money power freely in the recent local
body elections, Mr. Gowda said, “the unprecedented policy of the party
to be in power at any cost is causing immense harm to the social fabric
of the State.”
Asked about the resignation of five JD(U) members of Parliament from
the Lok Sabha over the attack on Biharis in Maharashtra, he said
party’s action was commendable, as it had kept its promise.
LUCKNOW: Six Bahujan Samaj Party candidates filed their nomination
papers for the Rajya Sabha elections from Uttar Pradesh on Friday. The
party leader, Chief Minister Mayawati, was present during the
The nominations were submitted to the Returning Officer, Pradeep
Dubey, in the Central Hall of the State Assembly here. The elections
are due on November 21.
The BSP candidates are Vir Singh, Avtar Singh Karimpuri, Raja Ram,
Brij Lal Khabri (all Dalits), Akhilesh Das and Brijesh Pathak (Upper
Mr. Vir Singh, who is an advocate by profession, has been
re-nominated. He is in charge of the Maharashtra unit of the BSP,
whereas Mr. Karimpuri, a Sikh, is the president of the Punjab unit of
A BSP member of the UP Legislative Council, Mr. Raja Ram is
currently in charge of the BSP’s Madhya Pradesh unit and has been given
Mr. Brij Lal Khabri is a former BSP Member of Parliament and is presently in charge of the BSP’s Jharkhand unit.
Of the two Upper Caste nominees, Dr. Das belongs to the Vaishya
community and is also the BSP candidate from Lucknow for the Lok Sabha
A Brahmin, Mr. Pathak is the sitting BSP MP from Unnao, and
following his nomination for the Rajya Sabha polls, will gave way to
another candidate from the Brahmin community to contest the Lok Sabha
election from Unnao.
There are 300 plant varieties that trainees were taught to grow as part of the programme
The fair also has stalls displaying horticultural books and equipment
Bangalore: Tucked away in a cosy part of Jeevanbimanagar is the
Horticultural Campus of The Association of People with Disability
(APD). It was brimming with people on Friday as it was their annual
The fair is the collective effort of 75 trainees and 40 staff of the
10-month residential horticultural programme of the APD. It features
over 300 varieties of plants that the trainees had been taught to grow
and nurture as part of the programme. Culinary and medicinal herbs,
potted flowers and tree plants were the favourites of close to 200
people who visited the fair in the first half of the day alone.
Jija Madhavan Harisingh, Director-General of Police, who inaugurated
the fair, said she was honoured to be associated with the APD. She
added that she would be happy to absorb the trainees of the APD into
the Fire and Emergency Services Department.
“Most of these trainees are from rural areas in the State, while
some come from outside the State as well,” said Ganesh Hegde, Senior
Programme Manager, Horticulture. He said that the focus of APD’s
horticulture programme was to make the trainees self-reliant. APD sees
great employment potential in Bangalore as far as gardening is
concerned, he said.
“In the one-month bridge course in the beginning of the programme,
they were taught the most basic things such as learning to take a bath
every day and cleaning,” said Rajni Wadhwani, volunteer at the APD. For
six months, the trainees were given theoretical training and the rest
of the four months were spent in practical learning in different parts
of the State, after which they are ready to seek employment. Only men
are part of the horticultural programme.
The Garden Fair is a result of the trainees’ learning and the
horticulture campus of the APD also features related stalls such as
composting, displays of horticultural books and equipment.
“The prices of the plants are fairly competitive,” said Ms.
Wadhwani. In its 12th year, the Garden Fair has become instrumental in
raising funds for APD, she said. Members of the APD also say that over
5,000 people are expected to visit the Garden Fair this year.
The fair is open to the public between 9 a.m. and 6 p.m. every day
till November 11. For further details contact the Horticultural Campus
of the APD at 25288672.
Bangalore: “Garden Fair – 2008”, an event showcasing exotic culinary
herbs, medicinal plants, and over 300 varieties of flora cultivated by
the people with disabilities, will be organised by the Association of
People with Disability (APD) from November 7 to 14.
Senior IPS officer Jija Harisingh will inaugurate the event, which
will be held at the APD Horticultural Training Centre situated in the
LIC Colony, Jeevanbhimanagar.
“Garden Fair – 2008” has been organised to create awareness about
the neglected talent of the people with disability. The APD
Horticultural Training Centre, which was founded in 1987, grooms people
with speech, hearing and visual impairment, orthopaedic disabilities,
mild mental retardation and epilepsy.
They teach the disabled to grow plants, which serves as a
therapeutic activity that generates income through production and sale
of horticultural products. They attempt to make the physically disabled
self-reliant and give them an opportunity to integrate with society.
The Horticulture Centre offers a 10-month course on horticulture,
including six months of hands-on experience, aimed at providing
professional training to people with disabilities.
Pandyan Krishnan, an epileptic who has been at the nursery for over
three years, said, “I have learnt to remove weeds, re-pot plants, water
the plants and have found great happiness in being accepted by
society.” Balaji Singh, who is confined to a wheelchair, said: “I came
to this centre as a student and now I spend my time teaching others in
a similar condition as me. This nursery has added worth to my life
which was previously lacking.”
Washington: Barack Obama has launched his official
website, which invites users to share their ideas with the
President-elect. Asking citizens to share their vision for America, Mr.
Obama’s official website — www.change.gov
— went online enabling visitors to post, search and share details
related to his remarkable journey to the Oval Office. It states the
Obama-Biden combine’s plan of “increasing the number of legal
immigrants to keep families together and meet the demand for jobs that
employers cannot fill”. — PTI