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2314 Fri 11 Aug 2017 LESSONS http://buddhadharmaobfinternational.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/ctmwelcome_e0.gif INSIGHT-NET - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University and related NEWS through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in
105 languages sarvajan.ambedkar.org Google’s free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. and render correct translation in your mother tongue for this google translation to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba E. Section on the Elements in 23) Classical English,50) Classical Khmer-ខ្មែរបុរាណ,51) Classical Korean-고전 한국어,52) Classical Kurdish (Kurmanji)- Kurdî (Kurmancî),53) Classical Kyrgyz-Классикалык Кыргыз,54) Classical Lao-ຄລາສສິກລາວ,55) Classical Latin-LV) Classical Latin, 56) Classical Latvian- Klasiskā latviešu valoda
Filed under: General, Sutta Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
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2314 Fri 11 Aug 2017 LESSONS

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INSIGHT-NET - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University
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and render correct translation in your mother tongue for this google translation to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal

E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

E. Section on the Elements

in  23) Classical English,50) Classical Khmer-ខ្មែរបុរាណ,51) Classical Korean-고전 한국어,52) Classical Kurdish (Kurmanji)- Kurdî (Kurmancî),53) Classical Kyrgyz-Классикалык Кыргыз,54) Classical Lao-ຄລາສສິກລາວ,55) Classical Latin-LV) Classical Latin, 56) Classical Latvian- Klasiskā latviešu valoda

E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

Furthermore,
bhikkhus, a bhikkhu reflects on this very kāya, however it is placed,
however it is disposed: “In this kāya, there is the earth element, the
water element, the fire element and the air element.” 



Just as, bhikkhus, a skillful butcher or a
butcher’s apprentice, having killed a cow, would sit at a crossroads
cutting it into pieces; in the same way, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu reflects on
this very kāya, however it is placed, however it is disposed: “In this
kāya, there is the earth element, the water element, the fire element
and the air element.”


Thus he dwells observing kāya in kāya
internally, or he dwells observing kāya in kāya externally, or he dwells
observing kāya in kāya internally and externally; he dwells observing
the samudaya of phenomena in kāya, or he dwells observing the passing
away of phenomena in kāya, or he dwells observing the samudaya and
passing away of phenomena in kāya; or else, [realizing:] “this is kāya!”
sati is present in him, just to the extent of mere ñāṇa and mere
paṭissati, he dwells detached, and does not cling to anything in the
world. Thus, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing kāya in kāya.


https://www.youtube.com/watch…
khmer mohory song - Tro Khmer - khmer traditional song - Pleng khmer - khmer song

50) Classical Khmer
50) ខ្មែរបុរាណ

2314 កញ្ញា 11 សីហា 2017 មេរៀន

E. Dhātumanasikrara Pabba

ផ្នែក E. លើធាតុនានា

លើសពីនេះទៀត,
bhikkhus, មួយ bhikkhu ឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងអំពីkāyaខ្លាំងនេះ, ទោះជាយ៉ាងណាវាត្រូវបានដាក់,
ទោះជាយ៉ាងណាវាត្រូវបានគេបោះចោល: “នៅក្នុងkāyaនេះមានធាតុផែនដី, នេះ
ធាតុទឹកធាតុអគ្គីសនីនិងធាតុខ្យល់។ “

គ្រាន់តែជាការ, bhikkhus, មួយជំនាញជំនាញឬមួយ
កូនជាងរបស់កូនឆ្កែបានសម្លាប់គោមួយហើយអង្គុយនៅផ្លូវបំបែក
កាប់វាជាបំណែក។ តាមរបៀបដូចគ្នានេះដែរប៊ីគឃិសមួយអង្គដែលឆ្លុះបញ្ចាំងអំពី
នេះkāyaខ្លាំងណាស់ទោះជាយ៉ាងណាវាត្រូវបានដាក់ទោះយ៉ាងណាវាត្រូវបានគេបោះចោល: “នៅក្នុងនេះ
បាទ, មានធាតុផែនដី, ធាតុទឹក, ធាតុភ្លើង
និងធាតុខ្យល់។ “

ដូច្នេះគាត់រស់នៅសង្កេតមើលkāyaនៅក្នុងkāya
នៅខាងក្នុងឬគាត់រស់នៅសង្កេតមើលkāyaនៅក្នុងkāyaខាងក្រៅឬគាត់រស់នៅ
ការសង្កេតkāyaក្នុងkāyaខាងក្នុងនិងខាងក្រៅ; គាត់រស់នៅសង្កេតមើល
សម្មតិកម្មនៃបាតុភូតនៅក្នុងkāyaឬគាត់រស់នៅមើលការស្ថាបនា
ឆ្ងាយនៃបាតុភូតនៅក្នុងkāyaឬគាត់រស់នៅសង្កេតឃើញ samudaya និង
ការសាបសូន្យបាតុភូតនៅក្នុងkāya; ឬផ្សេងទៀត [ដឹង:] “នេះគឺជាkāya!”
sati មានវត្តមាននៅក្នុងគាត់គ្រាន់តែជាវិសាលភាពនៃតែកាណានិងតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ
paṭissati, គាត់រស់នៅដាច់ដោយឡែកនិងមិនប្រកាន់ខ្ជាប់អ្វីនៅក្នុងព្រះ
ពិភពលោក។ ដូច្នោះហើយប៊ីគឃិសបុគ្គៈឋិតថេររស់នៅការសង្កេតមើលkāyaនៅក្នុងkāya។


សូមជួយគាំទ្រវប្បធម៌ខែ្មរទាំងអស់គ្នា khmer wedding song - Tro Khmer - khmer traditional song - Pleng khmer -…
youtube.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch…
Classical Khmer Apsara dance from Cambodia


Folk
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at the heart of classical Khmer dance and it goes back to the time of
Suryavarman…
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This masterfully animated spot by Matt Greenwood playfully showcases key elements of design.
motionworks.net


New
Dhamma 1New Dhamma 2New Dhamma 3New Dhamma 4 New Dhamma 5 New Dhamma 6
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Scenery of Korea–Korean Traditional Music, Relaxing Music, Meditation, Zen, Sleep -국악명상음악

51) Classical Korean
51) 고전 한국어

2314 2017 년 8 월 11 일 금 강의

E. Dhtumanasikāra Pabba

E. 요소 섹션

더욱이,
bhikkhus, bhikkhu는이 아주 kāya에 반영하지만,
그러나 그것은 처분된다 : “이 kāya에는 지구 요소가있다.
물 요소, 화재 요소 및 공기 요소. “

비구들, 숙련 된 정육점 또는
정육점의 견습생, 암소를 죽인 채로 교차로에 앉았을 것입니다.
조각으로 자른다. 같은 방법으로, bhikkhus, bhikkhu에 반영
이 아주 kāya, 그러나 배치됩니다, 그러나 그것은 처분 : “이
카야, 지구의 원소, 물의 원소, 불의 원소
그리고 공기 요소. “

따라서 그는 kāya에서 kāya를 관찰하고있다.
내부적으로, 또는 그가 kāya에서 외부에서 Kāya를 관찰하는 동안, 또는 그가 거주하고있다.
kāya에서 kāya를 내부적으로 그리고 외부 적으로 관찰; 그는 관찰하다.
kāya에있는 현상의 samudaya, 또는 그는 지나가는 것을 관찰한다
kāya에서 현상의 멀리, 또는 그는 samudaya 및
kāya에서 현상을 지나치다. 그렇지 않으면, [실현
:]

“이것은 kāya입니다!”
사티는 단순한 ñāṇa와 단순한 정도에서 그에게 존재한다.
paṭissati, 그는 분리 된 상태에 있으며,
세계. 따라서, bhikkhus, bhikkhu는 kāya에서 kāya를 관찰합니다.

Video Clip-06/13/14 Gilsangsa Temple in Seoul Korea Camera-Canon 5D Mark 3
youtube.com




The best and most impressive moving 3 Dimensional animated gifs!
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[官方版]Jane Zhang-The Diva Dance(from the Fifth Element)(張靚穎演繹第五元素神曲)


張靚穎英文專輯即將發行,請立即關注她的官方YouTube、Facebook、Instagram、Twitter!
Dear all, Jane Zhang’s First English Album is coming very soon. Please
subscribe to her official You…
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Welcome to insight books, UK.
insight.nandawon.com


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New Kurdish Music 2010

52) Classical Kurdish (Kurmanji)
52) Kurdî (Kurmancî)

2314 Fri 11 Tîrmeh 2017 LESONS

E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

E. Beş li ser hêmanan

Wekî din,
Bhikkhus, a bhikkhu li ser vê pir kahîn nîşan dide, lê belê ev yek tê nîşandan,
Lêbelê ew eşkere dike: “Li vê kayya, erdê erdê heye
Avê, avê agir û hewa hewa. “

Wek wek, bhikkhus, kedek skeptîk an jî
Xwendekek kincê, ku kûrek kuştî, dê li ser çepê rûniştin
Jê re bikişînin; Bi heman awayî, bhikkhus, bhikkhu li ser xweş dike
Ev pir kayya, lê belê ev yek tête kirin, lê belê ew eşkere ye: “Di vê yekê de
Kāya, heya erdê ye, avê av, fire elementê
Û hêla hewayê. “

Bi vî awayî ew li kayya kaya tê dîtin
Navxweyî, an ew ew li kayya kayiyê dîtiye, an ew dimîne
Li hundurê hundir û derveyî li kaya tê dîtin. Ew rûniştin
Samudaya dînamena di kaya de, an ew li wir derbas dibe
Ji awayekî fenomena di kaya de, an ew li ser samudaya dîtiye
Di kāya de derbas kirina phenomena; An jî, [rastkirina rastiyê]] “ev kâya!”
Sati ew di heman demê de, tenê bi heya hema tenê meriv û tenê
Paṭissati, ew dimîne, û nabe ku tiştek tiştek nebe
dinya. Ji ber vê yekê, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu li kayya kaya tê dîtin.

Balloon Alphabet J Fly Letter Red Animation CliparBalloon Alphabet C Fly Letter Red Animation Clipar


كو رد ى
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Classical socialist songs in kurdish


With
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Subtitle
translation provided by Vanan Translation Service is very useful for
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Fast TAT!
vanantranslation.com


The
Kurds (Kurdish: Kurd‎, کورد) also the Kurdish people (Kurdish: Gelê
Kurd‎, گەلی کورد‎) are an ethnic group[43] in the Middle East, mostly
inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of eastern and
southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), western Iran (Eastern or
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Kyrgyz art song “Appak Suyuu” - Yulia Rutskaya / Kyrgyz Republic

53) Classical Kyrgyz
53) Классикалык Кыргыз

2314 Fri, 11 Aug 2017 LESSONS

E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

E. элементтери боюнча бөлүм

Мындан тышкары,
bhikkhus бир bhikkhu абдан Кайа Бул тууралуу чагылдырат, ал эми жайгаштырылган,
Бирок ал туура маанайда болгон деп айтылат: “Бул Кайа-жылы, жер элемент бар,
суу элемент, өрт элементи жана аба элементи “.

Эле монастырларда, мыкты Канкор же
Butcher колдуна, бир уй өлтүрүп алып, жолдордун кесилиштеринде туруп отуруп
бөлүктөргө кесип, ошол эле жол менен монастырларда бир bhikkhu боюнча чагылдырат
Бул абдан Кайа, ал коюлган болсо да, бирок ал чечилет: “Бул
Кая, жер элемент, суу элемент, өрт элемент бар
жана аба элементи “.

Ошентип, ал Кая менен Кайа байкоо жашаган нан
ички, же тышкы Кая менен Кайа байкоо жашайт, же ал жашаган
ички жана тышкы Кая менен Кайа сактоо; Ал байкоо жашайт
Кая менен кубулуштардын samudaya, же өтүп байкоо жашаган нан
жок Кая менен көрүнүштөрдүн, же samudaya байкоо жашайт
жок Кая менен көрүнүштөрдүн өтүп; же башка, [түшүнүп:] “Бул Кайа экен!”
саатан жөн гана Бейбит жана жөнөкөй жараша, анын ичинде бар
paṭissati, ал, ошондой эле эч нерсеге жабышып эмес, өзүнчө жашайт
дүйнө. Ошентип, монастырларда бир bhikkhu Кая менен Кайа байкоо жашаган нан.


Kyrgyz
art song “Appak Suyuu” (Kyrgyz: Very White Love) performed by Yulia
Rutskaya / Kyrgyz Republic Юлия Руцкая “Аппак сүйүү” music and lyrics by
Nurak Abd…
youtube.com


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The folk ethnographic theater “ORDO SAKHNA” - Game of thrones theme cover (Kyrgyzstan)


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The easiest way to caption and translate any video, with crowdsourcing, volunteers, and professional services.
amara.org


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bloopanimation.com


https://www.youtube.com/watch…
lao ai ma ti lung

54) Classical Lao
54) ຄລາສສິກລາວ

2314 ສຸກ 11 ສິງຫາ 2017 ບົດຮຽນ

E Dhtumanasikra Pabba

ພາກ E ກ່ຽວກັບອົງປະກອບ

ຍິ່ງໄປກວ່ານັ້ນ,
bhikkhus, bhikkhu ສະທ້ອນໃຫ້ເຫັນກ່ຽວກັບ kya ຫຼາຍນີ້, ແນວໃດກໍ່ຕາມມັນແມ່ນຖືກຈັດໃສ່,
ເຖິງຢ່າງໃດກໍ່ຕາມມັນຖືກຈັດແຈງວ່າ: “ໃນkāyaນີ້ມີອົງປະກອບຂອງໂລກ
ອົງປະກອບນ້ໍາ, ອົງປະກອບໄຟແລະອົງປະກອບທາງອາກາດ. “

ເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບ, bhikkhus, a butcher ຊໍານິຊໍານານຫຼື
ນັກກິລານັກປຸ້ນເມັດ, ທີ່ໄດ້ຖືກຂ້າງົວ, ຈະນັ່ງຢູ່ທີ່ຖະຫນົນຫົນທາງ
ຕັດມັນອອກເປັນຕ່ອນ; ໃນວິທີດຽວກັນ, ພະສົງ, ພະສົງກໍ່ສະທ້ອນເຖິງ
ນີ້ຫຼາຍ kya, ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມມັນແມ່ນຖືກຈັດໃສ່, ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມມັນແມ່ນ disposed: “ໃນນີ້
ແລ້ວ, ມີອົງປະກອບໂລກ, ອົງປະກອບນ້ໍາ, ອົງປະກອບໄຟ
ແລະອົງປະກອບທາງອາກາດ. “

ດັ່ງນັ້ນເພິ່ນສະແດງໃຫ້ເຫັນການສັງເກດເຫັນkāyaໃນkāya
ພາຍໃນ, ຫຼືລາວ dwells ສັງເກດເບິ່ງkāyaໃນkāyaພາຍນອກ, ຫຼືລາວ dwells
ການສັງເກດການ kya ໃນ kya ພາຍໃນແລະພາຍນອກ; ລາວຢູ່ທີ່ສັງເກດເບິ່ງ
samudaya ຂອງ phenomena ໃນkāya, ຫຼືເຂົາ dwells ສັງເກດເບິ່ງການຖ່າຍທອດໄດ້
ຢູ່ຫ່າງຈາກປະກົດການໃນ kya, ຫຼືລາວ dwells ສັງເກດເບິ່ງ samudaya ແລະ
ການຖ່າຍທອດຂອງປະກົດການໃນ kya; ຫລືອື່ນ, [realizing:] “ນີ້ແມ່ນkāya!”
sati ແມ່ນມີຢູ່ໃນພຣະອົງ, ພຽງແຕ່ໃນຂອບເຂດຂອງພຽງແຕ່nånaແລະພຽງແຕ່
ພຣະເຈົ້າສະເດັດເຂົ້າໄປໃນສະຫວັນ,
ໂລກ. ດັ່ງນັ້ນ, ພະສົງ, ສະມາຊິກຄົນໃດຫນຶ່ງສັງເກດເບິ່ງkāyaໃນkāya.


classic song
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Phi Faa Ritual in Thailand (Issan) and Laos: preparation of the ceremony


The
Phi Faa Ritual is a shamanistic ritual in Lao and Northeast-Thailand
(Issan) for healing illnesses . Phi Faa is a supernatural power residing
in the sky….
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Vientiane
(pronounced /vjɛnˈtjɑːn/, Lao ວຽງຈັນ Wiang-jun; Thai เวียงจันทน์
Wiang-chan, IPA: [wíəŋ tɕàn]; literally “City of Sandalwood”) is the
capital and l…
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Bastille - Pompeii (Latin Cover)

55) Classical Latin
LV) Classical Latin


XI Sun Aug MMCCCXIV MMXVII DICTATA

C. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

C. articulo De Elementa

Ceterum,
bhikkhus in ipsa redundat Bhikkhu kaya utcumque positi
sed se habet: “In hoc kaya, ibi elementum terrae, per
elementum aquae, aeris et ignis elementum elementum. “

Sicut bhikkhus scientem lanio uel
macello coniugatori addicti, occidit autem bovis, ut sit in biviis
in frusta concidens, Eodem modo bhikkhus in sensu cogitabit circumspectionem Bhikkhu
kaya ipsa tamen ponatur vero disponitur ‘Hoc
kaya nulla tellus elementum elementum aquae et ignis elementum
quod est elementum aeris “.

Ita manet in custodiendo kaya kaya
interius et exterius kaya manet in kaya animadverteret aut morabitur
in custodiendo kaya kaya interius et exterius; observatione versatur
samudaya kaya in phaenomenis seu exitus manet observando
avertit phaenomenis kaya aut manet et observantes samudaya
phaenomenis kaya transit; et alibi, [ubi intellegunt:] ‘hoc est kaya “
sati inest ei, quantum ipsa sola et elegans
paṭissati, remota a Sublimis habitans æternitatem, et non adherebit ad quod
mundi. Sic bhikkhus et Bhikkhu habitat in kaya kaya servatis.


A song with the title of an ancient Roman city deserves a Latin translation.
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https://www.youtube.com/watch…
LANI MISALUCHA - Magic Flute (La Nightingale The Return Concert)


Magic Flute (La Nightingale The Return Concert) Subscribe to the Star Music channel! http://bit.ly/StarMusicChannel Visit our official website! http://starmu…
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Pavlo plays his unique version of Malaguena from his PBS special “Mediterranean Nights”.
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The Latvian Radio Choir: Live from Koerner Hall:

56) Classical Latvian
56) Klasiskā latviešu valoda

2314 piektd., 11. Augusts 2017 PEDAGOŅI

E. Dhātumanasikāra Pabba

E. sadaļa par elementiem

Turklāt,
Bhikkhus, bhikkhu atspoguļo šo ļoti kāya, tomēr tas ir novietots,
Tomēr tas tiek likvidēts: “Šajā kajā ir zemes elements,
Ūdens elements, uguns elementi un gaisa elements. “

Tāpat kā bhikhhus, izveicīgs miesnieks vai a
Gaļas māceklis, nogalinot govi, sēdētu krustcelēs
Sagriež to gabalos; Tādā pašā veidā, bhikkhus, bhikkhu atspoguļo
Tas ir ļoti kāja, tomēr tas ir novietots, tomēr tas tiek likvidēts: “Šajā
Kāja, ir zemes elements, ūdens elements, uguns elementi
Un gaisa elements. “

Tādējādi viņš dzīvo, vērojot kāju kājā
Iekšēji, vai arī viņš dzīvo, vērojot, kāja ārā, vai arī viņš dzīvo
Novērojot kāju iekšā un ārā; Viņš dzīvo vērojot
Kadja parādību samūdai, vai arī viņš dzīvo, vērojot iet
Parādās kājā, vai arī viņš dzīvo, vērojot samūdaiju un
Parādīšanās pasliktināšanās Kajā; Vai arī, [realizējot:] “tas ir kāja!”
Sati atrodas viņā, tikai tiktāl, ka tas ir tikai ānana un vienkāršs
Paťissati, viņš dzīvo nošķirts un nepiesaista nevienam
Pasaule. Tādējādi, bhikhhus, bhikkhu mājo vērojot kāya kājā.


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Very fearful future for the Indian judiciary. CJI’s past record of judgements is not at all encouraging.

Future CJI Who Imposed National Anthem In Movie Halls Has A History Of Curbing Freedoms
Justice J. Dipak Misra has a concerning track record.

Going by seniority, Justice J. Dipak Misra is likely to take over as
Chief Justice of India (CJI) next year after Justice Khehar. I have
reason to find this a matter of some concern.

Recently, the
Supreme Court, through a bench led by J. Dipak Misra, mandated the
playing of the national anthem before movies in cinema halls. The
judgment has received immense criticism because it imposes a particular
notion of nationalism on people. However, that’s not all. It is
important to read the judgment in light of previous orders given by
benches led by J. Dipak Misra. Through these previous orders, it can be
observed that Misra has consistently curbed freedom through either
flawed reasoning or by creating a “chilling effect.”

J. Dipak Misra has consistently curbed freedom through either flawed reasoning or by creating a “chilling effect.

In 2015, J. Dipak Misra delivered a highly criticised judgment in the
case of Devidas Ramchandra Tuljapurkar v. State of Maharashtra. The case
is infamous because of its faulty reasoning and the bench’s attempt to
unreasonably restrict individual freedom. A poem titled “Gandhi Mala
Bhetal”‘, was published for circulation amongst the members of a private
union and the court was faced with the question of whether it was
obscene in nature. To determine obscenity, the Supreme Court in 2014
(Aveek Sarkar v. State of West Bengal), used Roth v. US, which held that
material shall be considered obscene if it deals with sex in a manner
that is appealing to “prurient interest”. This came to be known as the
“Roth test”. Later, the US Supreme Court in Memoirs v. Massachusetts
further expanded the position of Roth, by laying down three essential
requirements to be fulfilled for a material to be considered obscene.
First, the material should be patently offensive, second, it should
appeal to prurient interest and third, it should have no social value.

In the case of Devidas, Justice Dipak Misra firstly applied the Roth
test without considering all three essentials and ignoring the
requirement that the material should be “patently offensive” (where the
benchmark for patently was that it should be pornographic in nature).
Secondly, in the judgment, the court also came up with a new rule of
obscenity holding that a material is obscene if it targets a
“historically respected personality”. In this case, the poem was about
Mahatma Gandhi and the Court without defining the phrase “historically
respected personality” went beyond the tenets of Article 19(2) and
imposed on us a mandate to accept the “respectability” to Gandhi. A
contradiction arose when in the judgment the learned judge himself said
that he was aware that “the Constitution does not recognise any
personality whether historically or otherwise”. By applying a partial
Roth test and lowering the threshold especially for “historically
respected personalities”, the Supreme Court led by Justice Dipak Misra
upheld the High Court’s conviction under S.292 of the IPC. The court
firstly came up with a new and lower benchmark through flawed reasoning
to punish people for certain acts while remaining vague and, secondly,
it imposed a notion of nationalism by mandating people to accept
“respectability” of Mahatma Gandhi.

In the Devidas judgment the
learned judge himself said that he was aware that “the Constitution does
not recognise any personality whether historically or otherwise.

This is not an isolated case of flawed reasoning or half application of
law by the Supreme Court through a bench led by Justice Dipak Misra. In
the case of India, Justice Dipak Misra struck down a clause of the
make-up artist association’s by-laws by looking into the Trade Union
Act, where one-half of the statute was read and the other ignored, and
through the application of fundamental rights to private associations.
In this case, the by-law prohibited women and anyone who had not been a
resident of Maharashtra for a period of five years from becoming members
of the association and being employed as make-up artists in the film
industry. Residency of Maharashtra was domicile requirement and the
court’s reason to strike it down was that the association was formed
under the Tade Union Act and that they could not frame any rules which
were inconsistent with that. The Trade Union Act prescribed only an age
qualification, affirmed the court, and prescribing an additional
requirement of domicile violated the statute. Now, Section 21 of the
Trade Union Act actually says, “Any person who has attained the age of
fifteen years may be a member of a registered Trade Union subject to any
rules of the Trade Union.” The court by completely ignoring the fact
that the Trade Union Act is subject to the by-laws of the union came to
the conclusion that “anyone” above the age of 15 has a right to become a
member of the association without any further requirement. The second
prohibition was that women cannot become a part of the association, and
the court went on to conclude that the by-law “also violates the
constitutional mandate which postulates that there cannot be any
discrimination on the ground of sex.” Indeed, the prohibition seems
patently discriminatory but such a constitutional mandate and Part III
of the Constitution (Article 14 and Article 21) are only on the
“State”—the association clearly did not come under the ambit of State.
J. Dipak Misra somehow came to the conclusion that a by-law “which is
accepted by the statutory authority, cannot play foul of Article 21,”
applying the same to private associations as well. Here, the court
without any analysis or express mention of the horizontal application of
fundamental rights, which has always been considered a grey area in
Indian law, applied the same indirectly.

By instituting
restrictions which are not mandated even implicitly by the Constitution,
Justice Dipak Misra is not only taking Indian society backwards but
also amending the Constitution.

In May 2016, in the highly
criticised case of Subramanian Swamy & Others v. Union of India,
Justice Dipak Misra held that right to “reputation” is a fundamental
right under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and it “should not be
allowed to be sullied solely because another individual can have its
freedom.” The law of defamation can be categorised as either civil
defamation or criminal defamation (S.499 of IPC). The court, upholding
the constitutional validity of S.499, observed that the right to freedom
of speech is reasonably restricted to serve the public interest, adding
that it would be defamation if it goes against the “reputation” of a
person. This judgment was a direct attack on Article 19(2) as it stands,
by providing for a disproportionate measure of criminal prosecution
when defamation is against “reputation” of a person. In this case,
“reputation” was read into an Article where it does not exist. J. Dipak
Misra again imposed a narrow outlook towards fundamental rights by
imposing an unreasonable restriction and creating a “chilling effect”
where due to threat of prosecution, people are afraid to use their right
to free speech.

It is important to look back at these judgments
today, after the Supreme Court, in a bench led by Justice Dipak Misra,
mandated the playing of the national anthem before movies in cinema
halls. The Supreme Court forced private media production houses and
cinemas to play the national anthem before movies and people to stand up
for it, in the process dismissing “any different notion or the
perception of individual rights.” This clearly violates an individual’s
rights by mandating him or her to stand for the national anthem, where
it should be a choice.

From all the above cases, it can be seen
the Justice Dipak Misra believes in a very orthodox version of
nationalism that he is imposing on the people as well. This is clear
when he says “people should feel that they live in a nation and show
respect to the national anthem and the national flag.” According to him,
people must respect the national anthem in a way he thinks is right.

These judgments, all of which are flawed in their reasoning, show that
Justice Dipak Misra has enforced the imposition of a “chilling effect”
or his orthodox idea of nationalism. The Constitution of India
explicitly guarantees rights (including freedom of speech), but by
instituting restrictions which are not mandated even implicitly by the
Constitution, Justice Dipak Misra is not only taking Indian society
backwards but also amending the Constitution. He is restricting the
freedom of individuals by imposing his opinion of nationalism backed by
flawed reasoning.

Comments:

Rishabh Sharma
Very well written indeed!
However, I would like to add one aspect, a social aspect which adds on
to the chilling effect. Various incidents have been reported where the
audience has been manhandled and harassed the differently able and
senior citizens in the cinema hall for not standing up to show their
respect for the national anthem, my point is that such orders reinforce
the societal elements who hold such views (pertaining to imposing
nationalism) and give them a free hand to harass anyone in the name of
nationalism, such orders either judicial or executive are particularly
harmful for a society like ours. Chilling effect imposed through
societal dynamics is equally harmful if not less than the one imposed by
this order.

All the citations and references suggest the kind of research such articles require. Good work!

Atulesh Jha
Wow !
What an erudite comment indeed !

Delhi Dirt
Gandhi Mala Bhetla” (Gandhi Met Me)

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