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October 2017
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2403 Mon 9 Oct 2017 LESSON EDUCATE! ORGANISE! CONTRIBUTE! while LEARNING! Today Dadasaheb Manyavar Kanshiram Ram’s Parinibbana day INSIGHT-NET - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University and related NEWS through http://sarvajan.ambedar.org in
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2403 Mon 9 Oct 2017 LESSON


Today Dadasaheb Manyavar Kanshiram Ram’s Parinibbana day

INSIGHT-NET - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University and related NEWS through http://sarvajan.ambedar.org in
105 languages http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org Google’s free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. and render correct translation in your mother tongue for this google translation to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.


No Brahminical media covered the news of Manyawar Kanshi Ram Eco Park which was set on fire by some goons. After coming to power in Uttar Pradesh, attacks on Dalits and Muslims have increased many times.

Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Green (Eco) Garden was constructed during the BSP government that gave right place to Dalit-Bahujan history, which has been ignored by the brahminical society.

On 3rd June 2017, Manyawar Kanshi Ram Eco Park in Lucknow was set on fire by goons, who don’t want to see Dalits progress. 3rd June is an important day in the history of Dalit-Bahujans because 3rd June 1995 is the day when BSP chief Mayawati became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the first time. So, there seems a big conspiracy behind setting Manyawar Kanshi Ram Eco Park on fire. It is an attack on the Dalit-history and attempts to destroy our history. In the past, RSS/BJP goons had picked 6th December, death anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar to destroy Babri Masjid.


All parties need to be on board for simultaneous polls: Election Commission
Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat. File
UPDATED: 08 OCTOBER 2017 22:15 IST

Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat said conducting Lok Sabha and Assembly polls together would be possible only after necessary changes to the Constitution and Representation of the People Act.

Favouring simultaneous Lok Sabha and Assembly polls, the Election Commission on said all political parties need to be brought on board before such an exercise is carried out.

“The Election Commission has always been of the view that simultaneous elections will give enough time for incumbent government to formulate policies and implement programmes continuously for a longer time without interruptions caused by imposition of model code of conduct,” Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat told PTI in New Delhi. He said conducting the polls together would be possible only when necessary changes in the Constitution and Representation of the People Act are carried out.

Existing legal and constitutional provisions mandates that elections are to be held within six months ahead of the end of the term of a State Assembly or the Lok Sabha. Mr. Rawat said after the Constitutional and legal framework are in place, it would be feasible to seek all the logistical support and conduct simultaneous elections. “Commission may conduct such elections after six months (after constitutional and legal changes are made),” the Election Commissioner said. He said bringing all political parties on board is an imperative for holding the simultaneous polls.

The Assembly elections for Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha are due in mid-2019, along with the next General Election.

Mr. Rawat said the Election Commission was in 2015 asked to give its view on the synchronised polls. “The Commission gave its views on the matter in March that year. It had suggested few steps that need to be taken before such elections are made feasible,” he said.

Mr. Rawat said it would be logistically possible to hold the elections together if sufficient time is given to the Commission. There will be requirement of 24 lakh each Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) Machines. “We need two sets of EVMs — one for Lok Sabha and another for the Assembly polls,” he said.

Mr. Rawat said orders have already been placed for more number of EVMs and VVPAT machines and new inventory ha started coming in. “The Commission would be able to get the required number of EVMs and VVPAT machines by mid 2019 or before if need be,” he said.

Mr. Rawat’s assertion assumes significance as Prime Minister Narendra Modi has already pitched for simultaneous Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. The Niti Aayog has also favoured conducting synchronised two-phase Lok Sabha and Assembly elections from 2024 in “national interest”. All elections in India should happen in a free, fair and synchronised manner to ensure minimum “campaign mode” disruption to governance, the Niti Aayog had said in its “Three Year Action Agenda, 2017-18 to 2019-20” report, released recently.

Mr. Modi said in February simultaneous elections would “cause some loss to all, including us” but political parties should not look at the idea through the narrow prism of politics. “One party or a government cannot do it. We will have to find a way together,” the Prime Minister had said.

Elections are held all the time and continuous polls lead to a lot of expenditure, he had said replying to the debate in the Lok Sabha on the Motion of Thanks to the former President Pranab Mukherjee’s address.

Mr. Modi had said that more than ₹1,100 crore was spent on the 2009 Lok Sabha polls and the expenditure had shot up to ₹4,000 crore in 2014. Over a crore government employees, including a large number of teachers, are involved in the electoral process. Thus, the continuous exercise causes maximum harm to the education sector, he had said.

Security forces also have to be diverted for the electoral work even as the country’s enemy keeps plotting against the nation and terrorism remains a strong threat, Mr. Modi had said.

‘Simultaneous Lok Sabha and Assembly elections possible by September 2018′: Poll panel logistically equipped
Firstpost • Oct 05, 2017 11:56 IST


In a bid to give thrust to Narendra Modi government’s One India One Poll, the Election Commission on Wednesday informed the BJP-led Centre that it would be “logistically equipped” by September 2018 to hold simultaneous polls for Lok Sabha and Assemblies. The Election Commission on Wednesday launched a web-based application, Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) network, aimed at efficient conduct of elections.

The announcement by the poll panel came days after it issued a formal direction that VVPAT or paper trail machines will be used at polling stations in all future elections where polls are held using EVMs.
Representational image. AP
Representational image. AP

“The Election Commission was asked by the Centre as what it would require for becoming capable of holding the parliamentary and Assembly polls together. In response, the EC had asked for funds to purchase new EVMs and VVPAT machines. The commission would be logistically equipped by September 2018, to hold parliamentary and Assembly polls together,” Election Commissioner OP Rawat told a press conference.

At the presser, the poll watchdog unveiled the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) network.

Rawat said the commission has already placed the order for the purchase of new EVMs and VVPAT (Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail) machines after receiving funds from the Centre.

He said the poll body would get 40 lakh VVPAT machines by September 2018.

VVPAT is a machine which dispenses a slip with the symbol of the party for which a person has voted for. The slip drops in a box but the voter cannot take it home. It has only been used on trial basis in some places.

Several parties have been pressing for the use of these machines to dispel doubts about EVM tampering. Sixteen parties had recently petitioned the EC to revert to paper ballot system for greater transparency. The BSP, the AAP and the Congress had attacked the EC on the issue of alleged tampering of EVMs.

Responding to a query, Rawat said the EC had received Rs 3,400 crore for VVPAT machines and Rs 12,000 crore for EVMs.

“We would be logistically ready to hold simultaneous polls by September 2018, but it is up to the government to take a decision and make necessary legal amendments for it,” the election commissioner said.

Rawat said the officers involved in the poll process, right from the booth level to the national level, would be connected through the ERO network. Besides, the facility can also be used for online registration by voters.

“ERO network would automatically detect duplicate registration of voters. Besides, officers from the booth level to the national level would be under one network and would be able to communicate with each other,” he said.

Explaining the utility of the app, he said the ERO network would effectively keep a check on duplication.

“At times, voters migrate and get themselves registered at new places. However, they fail to get their name deleted from the previous place, which results in duplication,” he added.

Rawat said an error-free electoral roll is the basis for conducting a smooth, free and fair election.

He informed that the poll panel had carried out the “electoral roll purification process” earlier and deleted duplicate registrations of voters. “ERO would make this work more easy,” he said.

When asked about the feasibility of an e-voting facility in future, Rawat said, “This (ERO) and the electronically transmitted postal ballot for service voters are the first and second steps towards it (e-voting)”.

Rawat said they had used VVPAT machines in all the recent elections on the directive of the Supreme Court.


Both, the President and the Prime Minister have made a strong pitch for holding the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections simultaneously. They have suggested that any decision by the Election Commission in this regard after consultations with political parties will be accepted. The EC believes this is a do-able proposition, provided certain legislative changes are made and infrastructure strengthened. In fact, the first election cycle to the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies post independence started simultaneously and continued till it got disrupted during the fourth Lok Sabha.

Still, some key questions arise. For instance, regional parties have their own electoral mandates, which simultaneous polls could sweep aside. If their term in a State does not end at the same time that of the Lok Sabha, will they be willing to prematurely terminate their stint?

In a recent report, the NITI Aayog has debated the key challenges cited against the motion: Would it be feasible to extend or curtail the existing terms of some State Assemblies to facilitate simultaneous elections? If elections are held simultaneously, what would happen in case the ruling party or coalition loses majority between terms, in the Lok Sabha or State assemblies? Should the term of the Lok Sabha and Assemblies be fixed? Is it feasible for the EC to conduct elections on such a massive scale? In the EC’s view, the Constitution needs to be amended for elections to be held at one go.

The terms of the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies would need to coincide — commence and expire on a particular date and not necessarily on the date when they complete five years. The situation arising out dissolution of the Lok Sabha/Assembly would have to be considered. By-polls need to be accommodated. Most critical of all, would regional parties let go of a discourse based on local issues? The onus is on political parties to arrive at a consensus.

EC Says It Will Be Ready for Simultaneous Lok Sabha, Assembly Polls by September 2018
“We will be logistically ready to hold simultaneous polls by September 2018 but it is up to the government to take a decision and make necessary legal amendments for it.’’

The BJP has been propagating simultaneous elections for a while now. Credit: Reuters
The BJP has been propagating simultaneous elections for a while now. Credit: Reuters
New Delhi: The Election Commission (EC) said on Wednesday (October 4) that it will be logistically capable of holding Lok Sabha and assembly elections simultaneously by September 2018. While the BJP – taking Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s lead – has been pushing for simultaneous elections for a while now, other political parties and political commentators have been less convinced.

The Indian Express reports that election commissioner O.P. Rawat, in Bhopal for the launch of ERONet software to check inaccuracy and duplication, said that the EC had been asked by the government whether simultaneous elections could be held. Rawat added that the commission had told the Centre about the additional resources that would be required to conduct elections at the same time. He confirmed the EC has received Rs 3,400 crore for EVMs and Rs 12,000 crore for VVPATs. The delivery of machines has begun and will be done by September 2018, he continued.

“We will be logistically ready to hold simultaneous polls by September 2018 but it is up to the government to take a decision and make necessary legal amendments for it,’’ the newspaper quoted Rawat as saying.

Assembly elections in seven states will be due by 2018 – Gujarat (terms ends January 22); Himachal Pradesh (January 7); Karnataka (May 28); Meghalaya (March 6); Mizoram (December 15); Nagaland (March 13); and, Tripura (March 14). All states except Mizoram will be done with their elections by September. In addition, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are also expected to go the polls by December 2018.

In April 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in the Lok Sabha, “These days there is talk of frequent elections. People say hold simultaneous Lok Sabha and Assembly polls. Chief Ministers are here. They have to go to the people every five years. Sometime even three-four times as there are frequent elections. All parties are telling me how elections to Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha can be held simultaneously because things get stalled and a lot of time is spent on elections. Decisions remain pending for 40-50 days due to Model Code. Opposition leaders had also met me and asked to find a way out.”

In April 2017, the NITI Aayog also backed the idea of simultaneous elections, saying it is in the national interest, “to ensure minimum campaign-mode disruption to governance”.

Scholars and experts are, however, not so convinced.

Writing in The Wire, political scientist Sudha Pai argued that holding general and assembly elections at the same time might not work – both because of the logistics and because of what it may entail for India’s federal structure:

Consequently, today the states have come to occupy a crucial position in our federal system. The rise of strong regional forces and new social identities have ensured that there is a common arena of state politics that is conscious of its own autonomy, that is somewhat divergent from national politics. It is for this reason that every state assembly election seems like a national election, throwing up new challenges to national parties. The contest almost everywhere is between a national party and regional parties, while parties based in regions are also competing for power at the Centre.

Thus, apart from not being particularly feasible, the simultaneous holding of parliamentary and state assembly elections is not suitable in our increasingly regionalised, federal democracy. As competition is the essence of democracy, it would not be desirable to have an “opposition mukt Bharat”.
Former Lok Sabha general secretary P.D.T. Achary also wrote in The Wire about why simultaneous elections may not be healthy for India’s democracy:

Elections are the means by which the people renew their faith in democracy. Since 1952, we have a 65-year history of democratic elections. These elections, though imperfect in many respects, have served one noble purpose – they have ensured accountability to the people. The people have rejected those who did not care for them. Accountability is the essence of democracy. The fear of being thrown out by the people compel politicians to address problems. Frequent elections have kept the government on its toes. In our experience, once elected, representatives slowly move away from the people. If there are no more elections for five years, the people will surely be forgotten for that duration. Frequent elections will keep the bond between the people and their representatives strong. Otherwise democracy will slowly dry up.
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Constitutional Experts Decry Modi’s Call to Hold Simultaneous Polls to Parliament, Assemblies
Although a reform in the electoral cycle could limit the amount of money and time spent in electioneering, experts believe the idea could be motivated by political considerations.

Narendra Modi will attend the EU-India Summit in Brussels on March 30. Credit: PTI
Narendra Modi has proposed that parliamentary and state assembly elections be held simultaneously. Credit: PTI
New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call to hold simultaneous elections to parliament, state assemblies, panchayats and urban local bodies has not gone down well with Constitutional experts, who believe the idea is fraught with danger as it seeks to make light of Constitutional provisions.

Although Modi called for the electoral cycle reform as a means to limit the amount of time and money spent in electioneering, and to ensure political and social workers had more time to invest in people-oriented programme, Constitutional experts believe the proposal could be motivated by political considerations, as when simultaneous elections are held voters tend to vote for the same party. Incidentally, a recent article by researchers from IDFC Institute, a Mumbai-based think tank, had also noted this trend.

The article notes the “widely held belief among political observers and politicians that the Indian voter is astute and distinguishes between voting for her State government vis-a-vis the national government” is “devoid of any evidence”. The report also noted that based on an analysis of Election Commission data from 1999 onward, there was a 77% chance the Indian voter would vote for the same party at the state and Centre if elections were held simultaneously.

Challenging Constitutional provisions

Alluding to this argument, senior advocate and former Additional Solicitor General Indira Jaising said, “Not all voters are highly educated. They do not know whether they are voting for the Assembly or Parliament. Therefore, obviously these they would be confused about who to vote for.”

Seeing a design behind the proposal, Jaising added that Modi was relying on the ‘wave theory’. “If there is a wave in the favour of the Union that that would continue for the States, at least that seems to be the motivation for him.”

Constitutional provisions, Jaising said, are very clear in the matter. Article 83(2) provides for a term of five years for the House of People (Lok Sabha), from the date of its first sitting, unless dissolved earlier. Similar provisions under Article 172 (1) provides for a five-year tenure for state legislative Assemblies from the date of its first sitting.

“See the mandatory term has to be completed first, very often what the state governments do is that they dissolve the assembly before the term ends and they conduct elections. It is the prerogative of the assembly to decide when to call an election. Legally they can do it. But in doing it for conduct of simultaneous elections, they would be misusing the Constitution,” Jiasing cautioned.

Providing a corollary to this proposed move, she said the misuse would be akin to the recent misuse of Constitutional provisions in proroguing the Lok Sabha to issue an ordinance. “You give the appearance of legality but actually you are misusing the provision. A House is not meant to be prorogued for issuing an ordinance, yet they did that thrice for the Land Acquisition Ordinance. And the law still did not come.”

However, Jaising said a single phase of election for states or even the Lok Sabha was desirable as “between one phase and another you have various opinion polls which end up influencing the voters.”

Former Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) S.Y. Quraishi had in a recent article suggested that although the idea of simultaneous elections was “good in principle,” it was “fraught with constitutional issues and administrative problems”.

Observing that frequent elections had some benefits too, Quraishi had noted that not only did they bring politicians back to the voters, they also boosted the economy, creating more jobs. But more importantly, he pointed out that such elections prevent local and national issues from getting mixed up in the minds of the voters.

The former CEC also noted that to conduct elections across the country on the same day, about 3,500 companies of paramilitary forces are required, as opposed to the 700-800 made available as of now. “Raising a few battalions of various paramilitary forces will also give relief to the extremely stretched and stressed forces, provide employment and contribute to better enforcement in troubled areas,” he suggested.

A practical solution?

A parliamentary standing committee had in its report on the Feasibility of Holding Simultaneous Elections to House of People (Lok Sabha) and State Legislative Assemblies observed that simultaneous polls would reduce: (i) the massive expenditure that is currently incurred for the conduct of separate elections; (ii) the policy paralysis that results from the imposition of the Model Code of Conduct during election time; and (iii) impact on delivery of essential services and (iv) burden on crucial manpower that is deployed during election time.

The committee had also recommended that to conduct simultaneous polls, “elections to some Legislative Assemblies could be held during the midterm of Lok Sabha” and “elections to the remaining legislative assemblies could be held with the end of Lok Sabha’s term.”

It had also suggested a cycle for this, stating that “the proposed first phase of assembly elections could be held in November, 2016. Elections to all state assemblies whose terms end within six months to one year before or after the appointed election date can be clubbed together. Similarly, the second phase of elections can be held in 2019 with the General Elections to Lok Sabha.”

E.M Sudarsana Natchiappan, the chairperson of the standing committee and a Congress Rajya Sabha MP, said such polls were practically possible, despite his party opposing the idea as “impractical, unworkable and (one that) can lead to a scenario where the necessary balance in Indian democracy given the diversity of the country is lost”.

“There is no need for amending the Constitution. If there is a consensus among the political parties to have a two-phase election, it can be done over a 10-15-year period. In the interim what we are suggesting is that the assembly elections coming in one year be conducted together. What we are suggesting is that the president has got the power to extend the period of assemblies by up to one year to bring about this uniformity. Similarly, preponing of elections can be done by the concerned chief ministers and political parties in the States,” Natchiappan said.

“Later we can have elections at mid-term of the parliament. All the states besides Jammu and Kashmir (which has elections every six years) and Bihar (which went to polls recently) can be brought into this scheme right now,” he pointed out.

Senior advocate Kamini Jaiswal said the whole idea behind simultaneous polls should also consider the issue of logistics involved when it comes to requirement of security personnel and election and administrative officials.

“At present, you cannot ensure the security of the people in one state simultaneously, and elections are being held in up to five to seven phases over a period of two months, and you want to have polls all across the country in one go. How will you ensure that? Over how many months will the elections be held? You don’t have that many officers and the security forces are not enough,” she said.

In view of recent attempts by the ruling BJP to dislodge state governments led by the Congress, Jaiswal also cautioned that a situation might arise where “if the Centre does not like a government or a political party, it will recommend President’s rule in that state. This would give a good ground. So simply said, in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh the terms will be extended and in Uttarakhand and Himachal they will be cut short. We are looking at a utopian society, but in this there will be greater misuse.”

Regional parties’ response

While many of the smaller regional parties had in their submissions before the standing committee supported the idea of simultaneous elections as this would reduce expenditure, most had expressed concerns about how it would be implemented.

The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam had extended its support to the idea in principle but cautioned that there will be problems in “adjusting the residual time period of the existing state assemblies which are currently not coterminous with the Lok Sabha. It could mean that the next Legislative Assembly in Tamil Nadu may have a tenure only from 2016 to 2019, while Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Goa, etc will have tenures from 2017 to 2019, and Bihar from 2015 to 2019. These aberrations are inevitable if a policy of simultaneous elections is adopted …”

The Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) had said it supports the idea as it would reduce the financial burden on small parties and reduce the time for which the model code of conduct is applicable to the states, which often leads to policy paralysis and a slow implementation of developmental programmes.

The Indian Union Muslim League has supported the idea of holding simultaneous elections and said that it would lead to significant saving in time, energy and resource across the country.

The Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam also supported the proposal and said, “if a government is formed after premature dissolution, its term should be fixed for the remaining period only. Only then it will ensure the conduct of elections simultaneously for parliament or assembly ….”

The Shiromani Akali Dal was also supportive of the idea, but asked “An important point needs to be considered is that in case if in some state a hung assembly is formed, as recently happened in Delhi, what mechanism will be available? As President rule in such a situation cannot be imposed for the remaining full term of the legislative assembly. And if there happens to be a re-election due to any factor what should be the term of the assembly thus constituted? Such solution needs to be clarified in time so as to implement the new policy.”

Meanwhile, the Communist Party of India and the Nationalist Congress Party had found the idea unfeasible, while the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen had stated that “fractured verdicts or unstable governments cannot be avoided in any democracy and Indian democracy is no exception.”

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Why Modi’s Idea of Holding State, Parliamentary Elections Together May Not Work
Apart from the impracticality of the idea, competition is the essence of democracy and it would not be desirable to have an “opposition mukt Bharat”.

Credit: PTI
Credit: PTI
In a television interview recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi suggested that holding elections simultaneously for parliament and the state assemblies needs to be seriously considered. It would save the country from the permanent electoral cycle, party politics and polarising issues that it is presently caught in and provide more time and opportunity for governments to undertake governance. Pointing out that the issue had already been considered by a parliamentary committee, Modi held that it should be considered by the Election Commission (EC), a respected, autonomous body.

More recently, on September 5, 2016, on the occasion of Teacher’s Day, President Pranab Mukherjee supported the idea and urged all parties to consider doing away with constant elections to ensure political stability. These statements by the prime minister and the president have sparked a debate on whether holding elections simultaneously is feasible and would suit the working of our democratic system.

Advantages versus disadvantages

The constitution describes India as a ‘union of states’ and gives the states control over their own governments, which are directly elected. Apart from stipulating that elections have to be held every five years for both parliament and state assemblies, the constitution is silent over whether this should happen simultaneously.

The Supreme Court has held that wherever enacted laws are silent or make insufficient provision for the conduct of elections, the EC has residuary powers under the constitution, to act in an appropriate manner.

There are undoubtedly advantages in holding national and state elections together. It would reduce the time and cost involved in conducting elections in terms of the use of paramilitary forces, government staff on election duty, EC staff, organising booths, electronic voting machines and voter slips. The imposition of the ‘Model Code of Conduct’ every time an election is scheduled delays the implementation of central and state government infrastructure projects and welfare schemes, and takes away time and effort from governance issues. The cost of campaigning for parties would be less and, as some commentators hold, voters may vote for the same party at the centre and in the states, thereby promoting cooperative federalism and stable coalitions.

Nonetheless, the sheer logistics involved in holding simultaneous elections would perhaps be unmanageable. The electorate exceeds 670 million in about 7,00,000 polling stations spread across widely varying geographic and climatic zones. Polling stations are located in the snow-clad mountains in the Himalayas, the deserts of the Rajasthan and in sparsely populated islands in the Indian Ocean. In a large and diverse country, finding a period when elections can be held throughout the country is difficult.

The EC has to take into account the weather, the agricultural cycle, exam schedules and religious festivals and public holidays. The commission has to ensure peaceful polling, prevent booth capturing and violence, check expenditure of candidates, deal with petitions during the election, all of which require a vast number of paramilitary forces who are moved from one part of the country to another. There is also the question of what happens to simultaneous polls if a ruling party or coalition loses the confidence of an assembly before the five-year term of its government has ended. Will there then be an extended period of president’s rule, to ensure synchronicity with the election calendar?

The political agenda

Critics have alleged that the prime minister’s interest in simultaneous elections is politically motivated and does not arise out of a concern for better governance. Holding national and state elections together could, it is hoped, help the BJP create a ‘wave’ by a well-organised, aggressive, campaign like 2014, to persuade the electorate to vote for the same party, and capture power at the Centre and in the states. The use of social media today makes it possible for parties to reach out to voters in remote areas without holding rallies, something the BJP made good use of in the 2014 elections. The victory of the BJP across the country would help in promoting its ideology and programme of creating a culturally united ‘Hindu’ nation.

An ‘opposition mukt’ Bharat?

However, the trajectory that democratic politics has followed since independence does not seem to support this prospect. In the immediate post-independence period, elections to parliament and state assemblies were indeed held simultaneously. Media reports of the time show that the burden of winning elections was on the MLAs – not the MPs – who organised and carried out the campaign.

But this was a period of single party dominance. The number of opposition parties was limited, as was their size, and the Congress could win seats in parliament and in state assemblies in many states. The decline of the Congress and its support base in the states led Indira Gandhi in 1972, to disconnect national and state assembly elections. She had hoped by this, to increase central control over party organisations in the states and regain Congress’s dominance and meet the challenge posed by the rise of regional or state parties. However, she was proved wrong; the states emerged much stronger and developed a separate political and cultural arena. Regional and local issues assumed more importance in assembly elections.

There are many examples of the electorate in states voting differently in national and state elections, even when held temporally close to one another. The most recent example is Odisha in 2014, where both general elections and assembly election occurred in quick succession. Commenting on the subject in the 1980s, Paul Brass had maintained that the longer term tendencies on the sub-continent would continue to be towards greater pluralism and decentralisation.

Historically, regions with diverse cultures and languages have co-existed on the Indian sub-continent. The colonial period witnessed the rise of regional consciousness based on movements that provided regions an identity of their own. This eventually translated into the demand for linguistic states, post-independence. Even in its heyday, the single dominant Congress system could not cover all regions, notably the south and the northeast. In the late 1980s, the breakdown of the ‘Congress system’ and the parallel process of regionalisation of politics, have introduced changes that would make it difficult for a single party to capture power at the Centre and in the states.

The states today have strong parties which are able to maintain control over their home turf and forge alliances in national coalitions. In the 1984 national election, regional parties obtained only 11% of the total votes cast; by 2009 this rose to 28.4%, while in 2014, it was 27.6%. The BJP in the 2014 elections could gain only 31% of popular votes. Despite the achievement of a parliamentary majority by the BJP in the 2014 national elections, much negotiation and bargaining between the central and state governments was required recently before key pieces of legislation, such as the GST, could be agreed to by the latter. Underpinning these changes, the party system has moved from a single dominant, to a highly fragmented, multi-party system. As parliamentary majorities are manufactured in the states, it is worth asking whether there ever was a national party system. Instead, it could be electoral patterns in the states that have historically driven national politics.

Consequently, today the states have come to occupy a crucial position in our federal system. The rise of strong regional forces and new social identities have ensured that there is a common arena of state politics that is conscious of its own autonomy, that is somewhat divergent from national politics. It is for this reason that every state assembly election seems like a national election, throwing up new challenges to national parties. The contest almost everywhere is between a national party and regional parties, while parties based in regions are also competing for power at the Centre.

Thus, apart from not being particularly feasible, the simultaneous holding of parliamentary and state assembly elections is not suitable in our increasingly regionalised, federal democracy. As competition is the essence of democracy, it would not be desirable to have an “opposition mukt Bharat”.

Sudha Pai is National Fellow, Indian Council of Social Sciences, former rector and professor, Centre for Political Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University
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President Pranab Mukherjee Backs Modi’s ‘One India One Election’ Idea
Addressing a class of government-run school students on Teacher’s Day, Mukherjee supported the idea of holding all elections together and talked about secularism and evolution of the democratic process in India post independence.

President Pranab Mukherjee teaching students in a class at a government school on Teacher’s Day in New Delhi on Monday. Credit: Twitter
President Pranab Mukherjee teaches students of Class 11 of a Delhi government-run school on Teacher’s Day in New Delhi on Monday. Credit: Twitter
New Delhi: President Pranab Mukherjee indicated on Monday that he is in favour of holding all elections together, an idea that was mooted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently.

According to a report, when a Class 11 student asked the president on the spending on elections and whether it would be good to hold all polls at once, he replied, “The Election Commission can also put in their idea and efforts on holding the polls together and that will be highly beneficial.”

Mukherjee, while teaching students in the school inside the President’s Estate in Delhi as part of the second edition of his ‘Pranab Sir’s class’, also said India is “substantially free” from the globally witnessed menace of homegrown terrorism as citizens possess “ethnicity in mind and have faith in pluralism”.

The president also spoke about the worrisome development of “political assassinations” in India and its neighbourhood adding that despite these instances “we have had a stable political regime”.

The special session was held to observe ‘Teachers Day’ with students of Class 11 of the Delhi government-run Dr. Rajendra Prasad Sarvodaya Vidyalaya, during which Mukherjee said “secularism is part of the life” for Indians.

India has suffered the brunt of terrorism, including that of the cross-border variety, he said.

The president said it was the credit and success of India’s policy and acumen of the administration that incidents of homegrown terrorism, the biggest menace to international peace and community, has kept India “substantially free” from its tentacles.

“It is we who are attacked and we are the victims of cross-border attacks… But not so much of homegrown terror,” he said, adding this was because of the “ethnicity of mind, belief and faith in pluralism, huge diversity in language, religion, food… Almost in everything.”

We all belong to the same system, the president said, adding that this quality was “unique”.

Talking for about 50 minutes to the students on the subject of ‘Politics in India since Independence’, he recounted the evolution of the democratic process in India post independence, the building up of the electoral process and participation of Indians in the constitutional democracy.

The president, who has worked as a teacher before he took the political plunge, also taught the students about the formation of political parties including the creation of the BJP from Jansangh and the advent of coalition politics in the country.

He remembered the “formation” of states by the State Reorganisation Commission as an “important development” in India’s history.

Mukherjee called the partition of the country a “psychological trauma” for the people who were extricated from their homes adding creation of communal tension was an aftermath of this but our political leaders and statesmen controlled these issues.

Ever since the ex CEC Sathasivam committed a grave error of judgement by ordering that the fraud EVMs could be replaced in a phased manner as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath, the results are in favour of Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi)’a BJP (Brashtachar Jiyadha Psychoaths) It was clearly proved that the EVMs could be tampered and hence the replacement of the entire EVMs. Sampath the ex CEC wanted them to be replaced in a phased manner because of the cost of Rs 1600 crore at that time. But they never ordered for ballot papers to be used till the entire fraud EVMs were replaced.Now those who gobbled the Master Key by tampering the fraud EVMs wanted to continue with them to loot the country defeating and negating the Universal Adult Franchise guaranteed in our Modern Constitution.
The PRESSTITUE media supports these looters including the ex CJI, CEC, Modi, and the Judiciary who are not feeling that they have equal powers that of the executive.
Just as the media conducts survey and opinion polls, the cadres of BSP must approach the voters to seek votes with paper ballots in a List system of voting. Then Modi will not even get 1% https://www.google.co.in/amp/www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/over-100-dalits-embrace-buddhism/article19825057.ece/amp/

Over 100 Dalits embrace Buddhism
Conversion ceremony held at Buddhist Renaissance conference in Guduvancheri on Sunday
Udhav Naig
UPDATED: 09 OCTOBER 2017 07:06 IST

Organisers to hold more such conferences all over the State

More than a hundred Dalits embraced Buddhism at a Buddhist Renaissance conference in Guduvanchery on the outskirts on Sunday.

Satva of Mass Movement for Transformation, one of the organisers, said they intended to follow in the footsteps of Babasaheb Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who left the Hindu religion and embraced Buddhism along with a million Dalits on October 14, 1956.

“Through his writings, Dr. Ambedkar proved that we are historically Buddhists. This is an effort to redefine and rediscover our culture and identity,” he said.

The event organisers said that around 2,000 people attended the day-long event, which featured seminars and talks by various academics and intellectuals speaking on different topics.

Making it clear that their organisation was apolitical, Dr. Satva said they were planning to organise similar Buddhist conferences all over the State.

“We are not doing this because we are victims. Personally, we have not been subjected to physical violence that many Dalits undergo in India. However, we still face social boycott.

“This is an effort to move towards a better, egalitarian society through Buddhism,” he said.

Speaking on the importance of conversion, Punitha Pandian, editor, Dalit Murasu, said that conversion to Buddhism was an important way of liberation for Dalits.

“Dalits have been wrongly identified as Hindus. This is an attempt to reclaim our identity. We don’t say that it is a solution for everything: this is a fight for self-respect and dignity. Conversion gives Dalits dignity and a sense of community,” he said.

Resolutions passed

They passed a number of resolutions including removal of sub clause in Article 25, which posits Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism as a sub-sect of Hinduism, urging the Indian government to declare Bodh Gaya as a holy place, create separate commissions for minority religions instead of just a National Commission.

The organisers said the event would be held in October every year.

A participant, Sooriya Buddhamitr, said there was a lot of work to be done.

“We are already trying to build a sangha and create a sense of community amongst Buddhists,” he said.

This trend will continue all over the country because 99% of all societies are of the same DNA who are the aboriginal inhabitants except the 1% intolerant, violent, militant, shooting, lynching, lunatic, mentally retarded number one terrorists of the world the cannibal chitpavan brahmins of RSS (Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) who are
involved in violence because of fear of their wrong doings.
Returning back to the Original Home Buddhism will bring peace and happiness.

Ms Mayawati declared that she will see that all return back to their original home Buddhism as we were Buddhists, are Buddhists and would continue to be Buddhists.
Now the intellectuals must start translating all the original Teachings of the Buddha as in Tipitaka in all the languages of the world as desired by Manimehalai, Pandit Iotheedas, Babasaheb Ambedkar and all Buddhist Monks all over the world.

manyawar kanshiram ji 11 th parinibbana day observed as Sankalpa day at BSP state head office at Bangalore on 9-10-2017. M/s Hasmi, R Muniyappa, B Kamalanabhan,Changappa, Eranna, Udaya Kumar, Ramesh Katriguppa, Samuel dist leaders M Nagraj,Gurumurthy, Sandeep ,Mahendra ,Devoor and smt Laxmi Gopinath and other leaders participated.

Kanakapura assembly enda dadasaheb kanshiram jee hanondane varshada mahaparinibbanada anagavagi bahujana sankalpa dina karyakramadali.b.annadanappa.t.Gopi.t.KRISHNAMURTHY.krishnappa. shivanna.Venkatachala.shivavenkataiah.and others.

(8/10/17, NPR mahal, guduvanchery, Chennai)


This conference thankfully bows before Lord Buddha who preached the doctrine of one love which embraces the Whole world, non violence against the killing of living beings and Unity of people as one world,
And we salute and thank everyone in the name of Lord Buddha, who have gathered here for this conference which has been conducted with the noble intention of disseminating the principles and preachings of the Lord Buddha to the people.

Condolences to:

The demise of Professor I.Ulaganathan, who was the head of the Thangavayal boudha sangham and son of poet Iyyakannu, who was a direct disciple of Pandithar Ayotheedasar.

And to the demise of Dr. Saeppan, who was a senior member of the Indian republic party and head of Tamilnadu Ambedkarite organisations.

And, for the demise of the eminent rationalist writers Narendra dabholkar, Govind pansare, Kalburgi and Gauri lankesh, who were brutally murdered for exposing the fallacies of the Hindutva.

Thanks giving:

We thank the Pandithar Ayotheedasar, Anagarika dharmapala, ma.singaravelar, professor. Lakshmi narasu, Thangavayal ka.Appaduraiar, saasanathayaka murugesam,poet periyasamy and poet Iyyakannu, the renaissance men, who strived hard for the revival of Buddhism , which was sabotaged for quite a long period from this Indian subcontinent.

And we thank Bodhisatva Dr.B.R.Ambedkar,

who initiated the Buddhist renaissance and paved way for the flourishing of Buddhism all over the Indian subcontinent.

Who was also the head of the flag committee of the Indian republic, for imprinting the Ashoka dhamma chakra in the Indian flag, demolishing the conspiracies of the hindutva forces to prevent it, and to the then Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru for being supportive to Dr.Ambedkar in that cause.

Mr.Ramvilas paswan and the then late prime minister V.P.Singh, who were responsible in getting reservations for those who have embraced Buddhism from Hinduism.


1. The Indian government has to ensure the Fundamental right of religious freedom, that the article 25 of the Indian constitution guarantees, to the people of Indian republic, to choose a religion according to their conscience and practice that religion freely, fearlessly and safely. We ask the Indian government to come forward, for the elimination of threats that exists to this fundamental right.

2. The clause 2 of the sub clause(b) in the explanation of article 25 needs to be removed, which states as,

Explanation II.—In sub-clause (b) of clause (2), the reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.

The explanation in this clause puts the fundamental right guaranteed by the Indian constitution in query. To consider the religion of Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism to be a part of Hinduism, not only parodies the individual identity of these religion but also it suppresses the right of self-dependence, of these religions. Hence the aforementioned Explanation of clause 2 needs to be completely removed from the Indian constitution, and we ask the Indian government to make necessary amendments to ensure the existence of all religions with self- dependence and integrity.

3.This conference asks the central and state governments to ensure the Fundamental right of, freedom to manage religious affairs that Article 26 of the Indian constitution guarantees.

4. Religion is an individual right. The backward castes people enjoy reservations without any religious restrictions,Irregardless of the religion they practice, be it Hinduism, Christianity or Islam. In the same way the religious freedom of the backward castes are safeguarded, the laws. which demand religious restrictions as a condition for the dalits to avail the reservations should be repealed.
This conference demands the Indian government to give the dalit people their right to safeguard their reservations and to choose a religion of their own choice.

5. Indian constitution confirms that India is a secular country and this conference asks the central and state governments, to ensure the same and to protect its people from the Threats posed to this country by the hindutva religious fundamentalists and to safeguard their religious freedom.

6. The bodh gaya, the place where Buddha attained his nirvana should be announced as an international holy shrine. Bodh gaya, is an eponym, as Buddha in his lifetime, preached his dhamma and attained nirvana in the city of Gaya, situated on the banks of the river niranjana, and Bodh Gaya got its name thus. In the city the governments of various Buddhist countries have established their cultural centres, thus the city has an international stature. It’s also a holy site for the Buddhist from all over the world. Hence this conference asks the Indian government to announce it as an international holy site and to make necessary arrangements for the appropriate infrastructure needed in this regard.

7. The non-Buddhists in the panel of the Bodhgaya vihar trust should be evicted and only those who follow and profess the dhamma of Buddha should be made members of the trust panel. We ask the state government of Uttar Pradesh and the central government to appoint members in this manner.

8. For the past thousand years, due to religious tussles, the Buddhist vihars and temples used by the people until then have been converted to Hindu temples. This injustice have occurred all over India, the Indian archaeological department of India should publish a white paper announcing the temples that were converted as such in their survey report.

9. The vishnupada temple in bodhgaya, tirupati perumal temple, Sri rangam sayana buddha temple,thiruvallur Veera raghava temple known earlier as veera raghular, kanchi kamatchi temple which was taradevi temple, many such temples have been Buddha vihars and places of worship of Buddhist female deities. Historians have confirmed many such Buddhist vihars have been turned into Hindu temples all over India. Hence this conference reiterates that the Buddhists have the right to reclaim these temples and we ask the state and central government to help us in reclaiming these temples and to ensure Buddhist worship practices in these temples.

10. The statues of Buddha and various Buddhist deities under the control of tamilnadu archaeological department, kept in the museums prevents it from the people’s eyes. The statues should be instilled in the same places where they were found and vihars should be built to safeguard the statue and make it a place of worship. We ask the tamilnadu government to help us in this regard.

11. The minority commissions of the central government have completed ignored the Buddhists and the jains. Hence the current minority commission should be dismissed and the new minority commission should be established directly as a separate Buddhist minority commission, Jain minority commission, Christian minority commission and Muslim minority commission, under a single ministry and single department. Thus this conference Stresses the central and state governments to Create appropriate laws safeguarding the political and economic minority benefits for the Buddhists.

12. The conference requests the state and the central governments to establish a minority corpus fund and should ensure that the funds should be available for people belonging to the Buddhist minorities to establish educational and medical institutions to serve the people, to safeguard their social, economic and political freedom, and to provide special priority while applying for loans from the banks.

Working plan resolutions:

1. This conference requests all the Buddhist associations in Tamilnadu to gather under one roof. From the gathered associations, a chief bhikku should be selected and a administrative organisation should be established in support to the chief bhikku. Through this administrative organisation efforts should be made in developing rapport and integration with the Buddhist sanghas all over India and across the world.

2. For the dissemination of the buddha dhamma, we need bhikkus, anagarikas and field workers in large numbers, so we have to instill new rules and regulations regarding bhikkus and anagarikas , to recognize the bhikkus, to train them, to provide them the help they need. These rules and regulations should be based on the guidelines from vinayapitakam, and it should imbibe the appropriate modern era practices accordingly.

3. A corpus fund should be created, to be contributed by the Buddhists and Buddhist enthusiasts towards the expenses to be meted out for the transport and Financial support of the bhikkus, anagarikas and the field workers, when they work with the people for the dissemination of the dhamma. The conference requests to help and contribute in this regard.

4. The bhikkus, anagarikas and the field workers created thus, Though their primary principle is to disseminate the dhamma of Buddha, religious conversion should not be made a precondition. Rather, work should be initiated in every villages in conducting evening schools, medical camps, Teaching martial arts, environmental cleanliness management, giving financial advices, planting trees, teaching the importance of love and compassion towards fellow human beings.

5.We should teach people the meditation methods of Buddha and mind training, to relieve the apprehensions of people in the society in the name of castes and religion,so that people live with peace in their mind and live their lives confidently.

6.Amidst the times when youngsters and old people get addicted to alcohol, smoking and drug abuse, steps should be taken to relieve them from the clutches of addiction, thereby bringing peace to their families and appropriate propaganda must be made as needed.

7. The statues of Buddha and the statues of Buddhist small deities which are scatteredand buried all over tamilnadu , those which are disfigured, should be identified and a data base should be established with historical, archaeological references to those statues, and steps needed for presenting those datas before the international community with evidences, effort should also be made to technologically organise in social internet platforms. This conference requests the followers of the dhamma and beloved enthusiasts, to help in establishing small vihars and temples with the redeemed statues of Buddha and the small deities.

8. Buddha dhamma training classes should be organised in every district. Apart from teaching thirisaranam, principles of panchsheel and the eightfold path, Efforts should be made in training people to carry the messages from “the budhha and his dhamma” by Dr.B.R.Ambedkar and “Adhivedham” written by ayotheedasapandithar so that it reaches the people in every villages.

9. Through the head organisation that’s to be made, efforts should be made towards distribution of pamphlets, small publications, organising people through internet platforms, and a group of scholars should be administered with the duty of bringing the elements and preachings of the dhamma of Buddha in Tamil and they should also be endowed with the responsibility of compiling the entire Buddhist history of the Tamils.

10. This conference requests that, an association by the name, young People’s Buddhist association(YPBA) should be established so that the youngsters will learn the dhamma and thereby the youngsters will impart the dhamma to the fellow youngsters.

Clarion call

The luminous path of the dhamma, Ignitedn by the light of Asia, the Lord Buddha in the Indian subcontinent, has illuminated not only the lives of people in the Indian subcontinent but also the people across various countries of the world, leading them to the path of progression in their socio-economic conditions and social wellbeing.

To establish that good milieu here in India especially Tamilnadu, This conference makes a clarion call to join hands with us in the efforts this conference endeavours in creating that good milieu and let us all march, towards bringing this world under one roof, of love.

“மனிதநேயத்தின் மானுட உருவம் மான்யவார் கன்சிராம்ஜி”


* “1996 அக்டோபர் 14 ஆன இன்று நாம் பாபாசாகேப் டாக்டர் அம்பேத்கர் பவுத்த நெறியை மீட்டெடுத்த 40 ஆவது வருடத்தை நாம் மகிழ்ச்சியாக கொண்டாடி வருகிறோம்.1956 அக்டோபர்14 ல் அவர் பவுத்த நெறியை மீட்டெடுத்தார்.அதன் 50 வது வருடம் 2006 அக்டோபர் 14 ஆகும்.அந்த நாளில் இந்தியாவின் பிரதமராக பாபாசாகேப் டாக்டர் அம்பேத்கரின் பிள்ளை ஒருவர் இருப்பார்.அவர் இந்தியாவில் மனித நேயத்தை மீட்டெடுப்பார்.அதற்க்காக நான் என் உயிரைக்கொடுத்து உழைப்பேன்.அந்த தேதியில் என்னால் அதை நிறைவேற்ற முடியாவிட்டால் நான் என் உயிரை விட்டு விடுவேன் ” மான்யவார் கன்சிராம்ஜி.

அதன் பின் எதிர்பாராத விதமாக 2002 ம் வருடத்தில் பக்கவாதம் தாக்கி,சுயநினைவை இழந்து 4 வருடம் கோமாவில் இருந்தார் மான்யவார் கன்சிராம்ஜி.4 வருடத்தில் அவர் கண்திறக்கவே இல்லை.

* 2006 அக்டோபர் 8 ம்தேதி திடிரென கண்விழித்தார் மான்யவார் கன்சிராம்ஜி.அருகில் இருந்த பெகன்ஜி மாயாவதியிடம் அவர் ” இன்றைக்கு என்ன தேதி ?, என்ன வருடம்” எனக்கேட்டார்.

அதற்கு பெகன்ஜி “2006 அக்டோபர் 8″ என்றார்.

உடனே மான்யவார் கன்சிராம்ஜி ” நீங்கள் இந்தியாவின் பிரதமராகி விட்டீர்களா ?,” என்றார். இல்லை என்றார் பெகன்ஜி மாயாவதி.

“அக்டோபர் 14 ,2006 க்கு இன்னும் 5 நாள்தானே உள்ளது.” என்றார். ஆம் என்றார் பெகன்ஜி மாயாவதி.

மான்யாவர் தான் சொன்னதை செய்ய முடியாமல் போனதை எண்ணி வருந்தி கண்ணீர் விட்டார்.

மறுநாள் அக்டோபர் 9 , 2006 அவர் கொடுத்த வாக்கின் படி உயிரை விட்டுவிட்டார்..

இன்று “தலைவர்களை உருவாக்கிய தலைவர்” கன்சிராம்ஜியின் உடல் நம்மைவிட்டு பிரிந்த தினம்..

கற்பிப்போம் “அவரது வாக்கை நிறைவேற்ற”

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ஜெய்பீம்! ஜெய் பாரத்!! ஜெய் கன்சிராம்ஜி !!!

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