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Kushinara NIBBĀNA Bhumi Pagoda White Home, Puniya Bhumi Bengaluru, Prabuddha Bharat International.
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LESSON 3993 Mon 7 Jun 2021 DO GOOD PURIFY MIND MINDFULLY SWIM PLANT VEGETABLES & DWARF FRUIT BEARING TREES IN POTS ALL OVER THE WORLD FOR MINDFUL WELL BEING TO ATTAIN ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL. Bolognese The necessity to replenish our body with food due to fulfilling hunger is a problem and as the Buddha said, “Hunger is the worst illness”. All other illness can be cured in time, but hunger is incurable! A hungry man is capable of doing anything when hungry… KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA Free Online Analytical Research and Practice University for “Discovery of the Awakened One with Awareness Universe” in 117 Classical Languages. 3D 360 Degree Circle Vision Meditation Lab. White Home, 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL III Stage, Punya Bhumi Bengaluru, Magadhi karnataka State, Prabuddha Bharat International http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org buddhasaid2us@gmail.com jcs4ever@outlook.com jchandrasekharan@yahoo.com.
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LESSON 3993 Mon 7 Jun 2021

DO GOOD PURIFY MIND
MINDFULLY SWIM
PLANT VEGETABLES & DWARF FRUIT BEARING TREES IN POTS ALL OVER THE WORLD FOR MINDFUL WELL BEING TO ATTAIN ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL.

Bolognese

The necessity to replenish our body with food due to fulfilling hunger is a problem and as the Buddha said, “Hunger is the worst illness”.

All other illness can be cured in time, but hunger is incurable!

A hungry man is capable of doing anything when hungry…

KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA Free Online Analytical Research and Practice University for “Discovery of the Awakened One with Awareness Universe” in 117 Classical Languages.

3D 360 Degree Circle Vision Meditation Lab.

White Home,

668, 5A Main Road,
8th Cross HAL III Stage,
Punya Bhumi Bengaluru,
Magadhi karnataka State,
Prabuddha Bharat International

http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

buddhasaid2us@gmail.com
jcs4ever@outlook.com
jchandrasekharan@yahoo.com.

Free Online NIBBANA TRAINING
from

KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN PEACE and ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL

http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/ambedkar_buddha/

http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

buddhasaid2us@gmail.com
jcs4ever@outlook.com
jchandrasekharan@yahoo.com.

http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/ambedkar_buddha/

THE BUDDHA
AND HIS DHAMMA

Image result for picture of The Great Stupaat Sarnath, near Varanasi, is said to mark the site where the Buddhapreachedhis first sermon.
The Great Stupa
at Sarnath, near Varanasi, is said to mark the site where the Buddha
preached
his first sermon.

[*EDITOR’S INTRODUCTION*]
*AUTHOR’S UNPUBLISHED
PREFACE*

*INTRODUCTION*

*PROLOGUE*

BOOK ONE: SIDDHARTH GAUTAMA — HOW A
BODHISATTA BECAME
THE BUDDHA

*Part I — From Birth
to Parivraja*

*Part II — Renunciation for Ever*

*Part III — In Search of New
Light*

*Part IV — Enlightenment and
the
Vision of a New Way*

*Part V — The Buddha and His
Predecessors*

*Part VI — The Buddha and His
Contemporaries*

*Part VII — Comparison and
Contrast*

BOOK TWO: CAMPAIGN OF CONVERSION

*Part I — Buddha and
His
Vishad Yoga*

*Part II — The Conversion of
the
Parivrajakas*

*Part III — Conversion of the
High
and the Holy*

*Part IV — Call from Home*

*Part V — Campaign for
Conversion
Resumed*

*Part VI — Conversion of the
Low
and the Lowly*

*Part VII — Conversion of Women*

*Part VIII — Conversion of the
Fallen
and the Criminals*

BOOK THREE: WHAT THE BUDDHA TAUGHT

*Part I — His Place
in His
Dhamma*

*Part II — Different Views of
the
Buddha’s Dhamma*

*Part III — What is Dhamma*

*Part IV — What is Not Dhamma*

*Part V — What is Saddhamma*

BOOK FOUR: RELIGION AND DHAMMA
*Part I — Religion
and Dhamma*

*Part II — How Similarities in
Terminology
Conceal Fundamental Difference*

*Part III — The Buddhist Way
of
Life*

*Part IV — His Sermons*

BOOK FIVE: THE SANGH

*Part I — The Sangh*

*Part II — The Bhikkhu: the
Buddha’s
Conception of Him*

*Part III — The Duties of the
Bhikkhu*

*Part IV — The Bhikkhu and the
Laity*

*Part V — Vinaya for the Laity*

BOOK SIX: HE AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES

*Part I — His
Benefactors*

*Part II — His Enemies*

*Part III — Critics of His
Doctrines*

*Part IV — Friends and Admirers*

BOOK SEVEN: THE WANDERER’S LAST JOURNEY

*Book Seven, Part I
— The
Meeting of those Near and Dear*

*Book Seven, Part II — Leaving
Vaishali*

*Book Seven, Part III — His End*

BOOK EIGHT: THE MAN WHO WAS SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA

*Book Eight, Part I
— His
Personality*

*Book Eight, Part II — His
Humanity*

*Book Eight, Part III — His
Likes
and Dislikes*

*EPILOGUE*

by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/ambedkar_buddha/03_03.html
Book Three, Part III—What
is Dhamma
1. *To Maintain Purity of Life
is Dhamma* — 2. *To Reach Perfection in Life
is Dhamma* — 3. *To Live in Nibbana is Dhamma*
– 4. *To Give up Craving is Dhamma* — 5.
*To believe that all compound things are impermanent
is Dhamma* — 6. *To believe that Karma is
the instrument of Moral Order is Dhamma*

§ 1. To Maintain Purity of Life is Dhamma

(1.i)

1. “There are these three forms of purity… And
of what sort is purity of body?

2. “Herein a certain one abstains from taking life,
from stealing, from sinful living. This is called ‘purity of body.’

3. “And of what sort is purity of speech?

4. “Herein a certain one abstains from falsehood…

Buddha was asked, “What have you gained by Meditation?”
He replied “Nothing!”
“However, Buddha said, let me tell you what I lost:
Anger,
Anxiety,
Depression,
Insecurity,
Fear of Old Age and Death”
Let us Do good. Purify mind -

‘The gift of Dhamma excels all other gifts – sabba danam dhamma
danam jinati’

https://tenor.com/view/school-time-to-learn-adventure-time-library-gif-4472291

Pain is a Gift
Instead of avoiding it,
Learn to embrace it.
Without pain,
there is no growth
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https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circle-Vision_360°

Circle-Vision 360°
Language
Watch
Edit
Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle.[1] The cameras are usually mounted on top of an automobile for scenes through cities and highways, while films such as The Timekeeper (1992 Disney attraction) use a static camera and many CGI effects. The first film was America the Beautiful (1955 version) in the Circarama theater, which had 11 projectors using 16mm film. And would become Circle-Vision in 1967, which has 9 projectors using 35mm film.[2] Both the original 11-lens camera and the subsequent 9-lens camera (developed in 1960), as well as their projection systems, were designed by longtime Disney animator and visual effects pioneer, Ub Iwerks.[3]

A Circle-Vision 360° camera on display at the Walt Disney Family Museum
It is used for a few attractions at Disney theme parks, such as Epcot’s O Canada!, Reflections of China, and Disneyland’s defunct America the Beautiful (1967 version), Wonders of China, and American Journeys, which were housed in the Circle-Vision theater in Tomorrowland. At the 2011 D23 Expo, Disneyland Resort President George Kalogridis announced that CircleVision would be making a return to Disneyland Park with a new presentation of America the Beautiful in CircleVision 360, though it is not currently known where the film will be presented (as the original theater was replaced with another attraction), and whether this will be a version of the original film or a new film with the same name and concept.

By using an odd number of screens, and a small space between them, a projector may be placed in each gap, projecting across the space to a screen. The screens and projectors are arranged above head level, and lean rails may be provided for viewers to hold or to lean against while standing and viewing the film.

Disney Theme Parks utilizing Circle-Vision technology

Non-Disney Theatres

Other

See also

References

Disneyland Park Edit
Grand opening: 1955
Closed: 1997 (as a standalone attraction); 2000 (as a segment of the Rocket Rods preshow)
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: Tomorrowland
Formal Names of Attraction
Circarama
Circle-Vision 360
World Premiere Circle-Vision
List of Films Shown
A Tour of the West
America the Beautiful
Wonders of China
American Journeys
Former Sponsors
American Motors (1950s)
Bell System (1960s)
AT&T/ Bell System (1970s)
Pacific Southwest Airlines (1980s)
Delta Air Lines (1990s)
Followed By:
Rocket Rods
Buzz Lightyear’s Astro Blasters
Magic Kingdom Edit
Grand opening: November 25, 1971 (America The Beautiful)
Closing Date: February 26, 2006 (The Timekeeper)
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: Tomorrowland
Formal Names of Attraction
Circle-Vision 360
Metropolis Science Center
List of Films Shown
America the Beautiful (1971-1974, 1975-1979)
Magic Carpet ‘Round the World (1974-1975, 1979-1984)
American Journeys (September 15, 1984 – January 9, 1994)
The Timekeeper (November 21, 1994 – February 26, 2006)
Former Sponsors
Monsanto (Carpets)
Black & Decker
Followed by
Monsters, Inc. Laugh Floor
Epcot Edit
Grand opening: October 1, 1982
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: World Showcase
China Pavilion
Canada Pavilion
List of Films Shown
Wonders of China
O Canada! (1982 version)
O Canada!
Current Films
Reflections of China
Canada: Far and Wide
Future Films
Wondrous China
Tokyo Disneyland Edit
Grand opening: April 15, 1983
Closed: September 1, 2002
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: Tomorrowland
Formal Names of Attraction
Circle-Vision 360
Visionarium
List of Films Shown
Magic Carpet ‘Round the World
American Journeys
Visionarium (From Time to Time)
Sponsors
Fujifilm
Disneyland Paris Edit
Grand opening: April 12, 1992
Closed: September 2004
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: Discoveryland
Formal Name of Attraction
Le Visionarium
List of Films Shown
Le Visionarium
Sponsors
Renault (1992-2002)

Non-Disney Theatres Edit

Expo 61 (Turin) Edit
Grand opening: May 1, 1961
Closed: October 31, 1961
Executive Producer: Roberto de Leonardis (Royfilm)
Director: Elio Piccon
Location: Fiat Circarama Walt Disney, Expo 61, Turin
Formal Name of Attraction
“Walt Disney Presenta Italia 1961 In Circarama”[4]
Sponsor
Fiat
Notes: The Walt Disney Company rented the camera system to Fiat and worked on post-production. Disney Legend Don Iwerks, son of Ub Iwerks, was sent to Italy to train the film crew, but ultimately stayed on for the duration of the filming.[3]
Expo 64 (Lausanne) Edit
The film has unseen by the public since 1964, but a digital format is being screened at Museum für Gestaltung Zürich as part of the exhibition “SBB CFF FFS” until 2020-01-05.[5]

Grand opening: April 30, 1964
Closed: October 25, 1964
Designer: Ernst A. Heiniger
Location: Transportation Pavilion, Expo 64, Lausanne
Formal Name of Attraction
“Magic of the rails, magie du rail, Zauber der Schiene”
Sponsors
Swiss Federal Railways
Expo 67 (Montreal) Edit
This is one of the rarest Circle-Vision movies, for except for a brief appearance in January 1974 at Magic Kingdom during their “Salute to Canada”, it has been unseen since 1967. The film was the inspiration for the original “O Canada!” film that played at Epcot from 1982-2007. After the conclusion of Expo ‘67 several of the site attractions & pavilions continued to operate in the years after the fair ended. Man and His World – after Expo 67 In 1970 the theatre became the USA Pavilion, presenting the film “America the Beautiful”, with a post-show exhibit of Americana including a well-guarded Moon rock.

The Expo 67 Bell Canada Telephone Pavilion
Grand opening: April 28, 1967
Closed: October 29, 1967
Designer: Walt Disney Imagineering
Location: Bell Telephone Pavilion, Expo 67, Montreal
Formal Name of Attraction
“Canada 67″
List of Films Shown
“Canada ‘67″ – Directed by Robert Barclay. Description from the Expo’67 Guide book: “You’re on centre stage for the RCMP Musical Ride… on centre ice for hockey… on the track at the Stampede! CIRCLE-VISION 360° surrounds you with all the fun and excitement of Canada’s most thrilling events and its scenic beauty. And then, take your children to the Enchanted Forest…see exciting new communication services for the future… all in the Telephone Pavilion!”[6]
Sponsors
The Telephone Association of Canada
Notes: The “B-25″ airplane was used to film the aerial shots.[7]
Expo 86 (Vancouver) Edit
Building on the popularity of their pavilion at Expo ‘67 Telecom Canada recommissioned Disney to create a film. Following the fair, the movie would movie played temporarily at the Canada pavilion at EPCOT Center.

Grand opening: May 2, 1986
Closed: October 13, 1986
Designer: ??
Location: Telecom Canada Pavilion, Expo 86, Vancouver
Formal Name of Attraction
“Telecom Canada”
Film Shown
“Portraits of Canada/Images du Canada”
Sponsors
Telecom Canada

Other Edit

French cinematic pioneers toyed with the technology from 1884, leading to Cinéorama. Another system (developed in the 21st century) substantially similar is in use at the site of the Terracotta Army exhibit at Xian, China. The Badaling Great Wall near Beijing, China has a Circle-Vision theater featuring scenes from the Great Wall of China.

See also Edit

List of film formats
Bell Canada Pavilion (Expo 67)

References Edit

^ Gennawey, Sam (2014). The Disneyland Story: The Unofficial Guide to the Evolution of Walt Disney’s Dream. Keen Communications. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-1-62809-012-3.
^ Strodder, Chris (2017). The Disneyland Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Santa Monica Press. pp. 120–122. ISBN 978-1595800909.
^ a b Iwerks, Don (December 10, 2019). Walt Disney’s ultimate inventor : the genius of Ub Iwerks (First hardcover ed.). Los Angeles. ISBN 978-1-4847-4337-9. OCLC 1133108493.
^ “Italia 1961 in Circarama”.
^ “SBB CFF FFS”.
^ Official Expo 67 guide book, page 178. Toronto: Maclean-Hunter Publishing Co. Ltd., 1967.
^ “Expo 67 - Plane used to film “Canada 67″ - Disney Circle Vision 360″.

RELATED ARTICLES
Tomorrowland
Themed land at Disney theme parks
America the Beautiful (Disney film)
1960 film

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomorrowland

Tomorrowland
Language
Watch
Edit
This article is about the themed land at six Disney Parks. For the 2015 film, see Tomorrowland (film). For the music festival in Belgium, see Tomorrowland (festival). For other uses, see Tomorrowland (disambiguation).
Learn more
This article needs additional citations for verification.
Tomorrowland is one of the many themed lands featured at all of the Magic Kingdom styled Disney theme parks around the world owned or licensed by The Walt Disney Company. Each version of the land is different and features numerous attractions that depict views of the future. Disneyland Park in Paris includes a similar area called Discoveryland, which shares some elements with other Tomorrowlands but emphasizes visions of the future inspired by Jules Verne.

Disneyland’s Tomorrowland at Night
Theme
Future, Technology, Outer space, Discovery and Science fiction
Disneyland
Status
Operating
Opened
July 17, 1955
Magic Kingdom
Status
Operating
Opened
October 1, 1971
Tokyo Disneyland
Status
Operating
Opened
April 15, 1983
Disneyland Park (Paris)
Status
Operating
Opened
April 12, 1992
Hong Kong Disneyland
Status
Operating
Opened
September 12, 2005
Shanghai Disneyland Park
Status
Operating
Opened
June 16, 2016
Walt Disney was known for his futurist views and, through his television programs, showed the American public how the world was moving into the future. Tomorrowland was the realized culmination of his views. In his own words: “Tomorrow can be a wonderful age. Our scientists today are opening the doors of the Space Age to achievements that will benefit our children and generations to come. The Tomorrowland attractions have been designed to give you an opportunity to participate in adventures that are a living blueprint of our future.”

It is this movement into the future that has, on occasion, left Tomorrowland mired in the past. Disneyland’s Tomorrowland is now in its third generation, and the Magic Kingdom’s Tomorrowland is in its second. The Walt Disney Company has mentioned that it wanted to keep Tomorrowland from becoming “Yesterdayland”. As a self-referential joke along this line, the 2007 Walt Disney Animation Studios film Meet the Robinsons (which is set mainly in the year 2037) features an amusement park called Todayland, which has rides that look similar to Space Mountain and Disneyland’s original Rocket Jets.

Disneyland Edit

Original dedication
A vista into a world of wondrous ideas, signifying Man’s achievements… A step into the future, with predictions of constructed things to come. Tomorrow offers new frontiers in science, adventure and ideals. The Atomic Age, the challenge of Outer Space and the hope for a peaceful, unified world. During the dedication, Walt Disney started speaking, was told that he wasn’t yet on air, and then had to restart once the television viewers were watching.
History Edit

Tomorrowland taken from the Space Mountain queue
Tomorrowland 1955–1966: The “original” Tomorrowland incarnation Edit
The first Tomorrowland opened at Disneyland on July 17, 1955, with only several of its planned attractions open, due to budget cuts. The construction of the park was rushed, so Tomorrowland was the last land to be finished. It became something of a corporate showcase, despite Walt Disney’s reluctance. Monsanto Company, American Motors, Richfield Oil, and Dutch Boy Paint were some of the many companies to open showcases in Tomorrowland in the first few years.[1]

Since the park was on a strict budget, one cost-cutting idea was to reuse the sets of the Nautilus from Disney’s 1954 movie 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea as a walkthrough attraction. This remained open until 1966. For the first four years, most of Tomorrowland was generally open space and considered to be very corporate-fueled. However, the area gained more attractions as time passed, many of which have since been removed.

When Disneyland opened, Tomorrowland represented the future in the year 1986.[2]

Tomorrowland’s showpiece was the TWA Moonliner, derived from Disney’s “Man In Space” television episodes developed in the 1950s. The Moonliner was the tallest structure in the park at the time, even taller than the park icon Sleeping Beauty Castle. The Moonliner hosted Rocket To The Moon which was a ride to the moon. The entrance showpiece was the clock of the world showing the time anywhere on earth. The north show building hosted Circarama U.S.A. which showed movies on nine screens, and space station X-1 which showed a satellite view of America. The south show building showed the Monsanto Hall of Chemistry, which was a walk-through tour about chemistry. Autopia, an opening-day attraction, gave visitors a view of the National Interstate System that was to be built in the future. The attraction still remains open today, though it has been modified and rebuilt several times. This is the only attraction in Tomorrowland that has been open since opening day.

Several new attractions opened in 1955. Among them were Tomorrowland Boats, The World Beneath Us, which showed the Earth’s geology, and the Aluminum Hall of Fame, sponsored by Kaiser Aluminum. The final Tomorrowland attraction to open in 1955 was The Flight Circle which demonstrated methanol-powered model planes, boats and cars.

In 1956, Tomorrowland Boats were renamed Phantom Boats, and were closed later in the year. Dutch Boy Color Gallery opened in 1956, and sponsored Dutch Boy Paint. Two major attractions opened in 1956: the Astro Jets, where guests were able to fly their own rockets, and Skyway to Fantasyland, where guests rode “Buckets” over to Fantasyland.

In 1957, the Monsanto House of the Future, a plastic house with four wings cantilevered from a central plinth, was built. This was similar to precursors at previous World’s Fairs, though those were simply homes furnished with modern conveniences and aimed at housewives. Disneyland’s attraction displayed conveniences such as picture phones and television remote controls, and it introduced many people to their first microwave oven. The Viewliner also opened where guests could ride in “the fastest miniature train in the world.” It closed the next year making it the shortest lived Disney attraction ever.

In 1959, three major attractions, the park’s first billed E-ticket attractions, opened at Tomorrowland. These were Disneyland Monorail, Submarine Voyage, and Matterhorn Bobsleds (which later became part of Fantasyland). These additions were collectively so large in scope that they were televised as the second opening of Disneyland. New attractions came and some went as Walt Disney focused his efforts on the 1964–65 New York World’s Fair. After the Fair closed, he turned his attention to a new Tomorrowland and the Florida Project, which would later become Walt Disney World.

Tomorrowland 1967–1997: “New Tomorrowland” Edit

Disneyland’s Tomorrowland entrance in 1996, before the 1998 makeover
By 1966, Tomorrowland was becoming quickly outdated. Most of its attractions were only there as advertisements for various sponsors, such as Monsanto, despite the 1959 Tomorrowland expansion. In 1967, the area was completely rebuilt with new attractions and scenery. The original layout was demolished, with a few exceptions, and a new set of buildings were erected. The addition of the Carousel of Progress, Adventure Thru Inner Space, an improved and larger Circle-Vision auditorium, Flight to the Moon, and the PeopleMover helped give Tomorrowland its “World on the Move” theme.[citation needed]

In 1973, “The World On The Move” began to change. General Electric decided to close Carousel of Progress, which later reopened at a new home in Walt Disney World in 1975 as part of its expansion. In 1974, with the American Bicentennial approaching, Disney designers seized the opportunity of the vacant carousel theater to present a large musical extravaganza called America Sings, which featured 114 Audio Animatronics. The following year, Flight to the Moon was updated into Mission to Mars, as actual flights to the moon had become a reality since the former’s construction.[citation needed]

In 1975, construction began on Walt Disney’s proposed 1965 “Space Port”. In May 1977, this project opened to the public as Space Mountain. The same year, the Super Speed Tunnel was added as part of the Peoplemover experience, as the Epcot model that was formerly in the building moved to Florida.[citation needed]

In 1984, Circle-Vision 360 received a brand new travelogue of the United States, to replace the aging “America The Beautiful” film – American Journeys.[citation needed]

In 1986, two new attractions found homes in Tomorrowland: Star Tours and Captain EO. Captain EO replaced the Space Stage in September 1986, and Star Tours replaced Adventure Thru Inner Space in January 1987. Aside from the Skyway closing in 1994,[3] Tomorrowland remained largely unchanged for much of the following decade until it was redesigned in 1998.[4]

In 1993, The Walt Disney Company planned a major refurbishment, “Tomorrowland 2055″. This Tomorrowland was planned to have more of an extraterrestrial theme, and was going to replace Mission to Mars with ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter. In 1994, however, this plan was scrapped due to the poor initial financial performance of Euro Disneyland.[5]

Tomorrowland 1995–1998: “Tomorrowland in Decline” Edit
From 1995 to 1998 several Tomorrowland attractions were slated to be closed or remodeled. The Peoplemover, The Rocket Jets, Mission to Mars, Circle-Vision 360, Captain EO, and the Starcade were all permanently closed or planned for renovation. At this time, most of these attractions were left vacant or walled off from the public.

In 1995, the cost of an adult day pass at Disneyland was $34.00, and a Disneyland Annual Pass was $99.00. There was only one type of annual pass—as opposed to the current tiered system—and many Southern California locals had passes. Tomorrowland quickly became a local hangout for many local junior high and high school teenagers residing in Southern California. Teenagers congregated near the Tomorrowland Terrace, which featured a live band every night.

Tomorrowland became so synonymous with Southern California teenagers at that time, popular bands began to reference the local scene in their music. New Wave/Ska group No Doubt named its 1995 breakthrough album “Tragic Kingdom”, in which the titled track opens with the “remain seated” warning from Matterhorn Bobsleds. Ska band Jeffries Fan Club (1997) wrote a song called “12″ about a high school boy who meets a 12-year-old girl at Disneyland, and Pop-Punk band the Ataris’ (1998) “San Dimas High School Football Rules” was about the lead singer going to Disneyland with a girl he met and getting on all the rides.

This influx of teenagers did cause some negative consequences to the park. Disneyland had to employ more security because many of the teenagers were not respectful to the families visiting the park. To combat the issue of mischievous locals, Disneyland made minor changes, including an increase to both one-day and annual passes. Tomorrowland officially began its renovation in 1995. The three-year makeover started only two years after the park’s last major project: the construction of Mickey’s Toontown. The land was not completely closed off the entire time, but major sections were blocked off to guests, and the entrance was finally walled up in 1997. As construction continued, rumors about possible new attractions went rampant. Guests wondered if Tomorrowland would start to phase out transportation and space travel attractions (its second main focus after home technologies in the 50s) in favor of a brand new theme. By the first months of 1998, New Tomorrowland was at the forefront of every Disneyland fan’s mind, and the springtime opening drew major crowds. When Tomorrowland re-opened Disneyland had raised prices and many of the locals either moved on or aged out of using Tomorrowland as a hangout.

Tomorrowland 1998–2004: The “New-New Tomorrowland” incarnation Edit

Disneyland’s Tomorrowland entrance 2006-2009
Tomorrowland reopened on May 22, 1998, at the cost of a mere $100 million, as the land was hit with budget cuts from Disneyland’s president at the time, Paul Pressler. It is loosely based on the retro-futurist concepts of Jules Verne that Disneyland Paris’s Discoveryland featured. The entire land was painted in bronzes, golds, and dark browns, with occasional green highlights. New landscaping featured apparent vegetable plots and made reference to “neo-agrarian” concepts. The flagship attraction of the makeover was the Rocket Rods, which attempted to run a fast-paced ride on the former slow-paced PeopleMover track; the ride closed two years later due to intractable mechanical problems.

Many of the attractions remained fundamentally the same, but Circle-Vision, Captain EO, and Mission to Mars were all removed. The space formerly occupied by Circle-Vision was partly used for the queue of the Rocket Rods, while Captain EO was replaced by Honey, I Shrunk the Audience and Mission To Mars was replaced by a restaurant called Redd Rockett’s Pizza Port. The Rocket Jets attraction was redressed as a moving sculpture called the Observatron, while a similar attraction called the Astro Orbiter was placed at ground level in the entrance of Tomorrowland where the World Clock once stood. The former America Sings theater became Innoventions, a technology showcase based on the Walt Disney World: EPCOT original. The famous Tomorrowland attraction Space Mountain, which had been a gleaming white color for more than twenty years, was re-painted a copperish-brown color to go along with the redesign of Tomorrowland.[6]

Following the opening of the New Tomorrowland for the summer of 1998, the Submarine Voyage was closed in September.

In late 2003, Matt Ouimet became president of the Disneyland Resort and sought to change some of the cost-cutting trends that had become the status quo there. Space Mountain was closed for two full years while the ride was refurbished and repainted white, the original color of the attraction, and the track was completely replaced by a new track with the same track plan. The former Rocket Rods queue building was converted into Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters for a 2005 opening.[citation needed]

Tomorrowland 2005–2016: Disneyland’s Happiest Homecoming and Diamond Anniversary Edit
Main articles: Happiest Homecoming on Earth and Disneyland Forever
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In February 2005, Walt Disney Imagineering approved a repaint of Tomorrowland for the “Happiest Homecoming on Earth” 50th anniversary celebration. This new paint scheme resembled the 1967 Tomorrowland with predominantly white, blue, and silver, although some of the former gold and bronze colors were kept. The largest remainder from the 1998 color scheme was the Astro Orbitor until mid-2009, when it was repainted to match the rest of the land, and mechanisms that once caused its top to rotate properly were repaired.[citation needed]

The Submarine Lagoon at Tomorrowland. Monorail Orange is passing over a submarine.
In 2007, as part of the Year of a Million Dreams, the Submarine Voyage reopened as Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage, with the submarines fully refurbished and repowered with batteries rather than diesel engines and a theme based around the 2003 film Finding Nemo[citation needed]

Also in 2007, the Disneyland Monorail began phasing out its Mark V fleet of monorails in order to reverse engineer[clarification needed] and upgrade the Mark V’s to the new Mark VII models. The new Mark VII’s were phased in one at a time, beginning with Red and Blue in 2008 and Orange in 2009; Purple was confirmed not to undergo an upgrade and was scrapped. These new monorails were to pay homage to the original Mark I, II, and III monorails while retaining a modern, futuristic look. The previous Mark V monorail class of trains bore more of a resemblance to the Mark IV and Mark VI monorail classes of trains used on the Walt Disney World Monorail System.[citation needed]

In January 2010, Honey, I Shrunk the Audience closed to make way for a revived Captain EO, which “re-opened” due to the large public backing the 3D film had received upon Michael Jackson’s death in June 2009. It was a limited engagement (albeit with no set closing date), and eventually closed in July 2014 to use the theatre to present a preview of Marvel Studios’ Guardians of the Galaxy. Later, starting on 26 September 2014, the Magic Eye theatre was used to present a preview of Walt Disney Animation Studios’ Big Hero 6, set to have ended on 21 November 2014.[citation needed]

In July 2010, Disneyland’s Star Wars-themed motion simulator attraction Star Tours was closed to make room for its sequel, Star Tours—The Adventures Continue. The new ride, which featured other Star Wars destinations in 3-D, opened on June 3, 2011.[citation needed]

On March 21, 2015 Innoventions closed to become transformed into the Tomorrowland Expo Center. The building was closed and converted which reopened to guests on November 16, 2015. The first floor of the building hosts the “Star Wars Launch Bay”, a new Star Wars exhibit with character meet and greets, displays featuring movie props and various sneak peeks behind the scenes of Star Wars: The Force Awakens and the two other future Star Wars films. The second floor formerly hosted the “Super Hero HQ”, featuring meet and greets with Marvel characters Iron Man, Thor and Spider-Man with several displays from Innoventions remaining, but redressed to display Marvel’s various television series and comic strips.

Tomorrowland 2016–present: The “Season of the Force” Tomorrowland incarnation Edit
At the 2015 D23 Expo, Disney announced that on November 16, 2015, Tomorrowland would launch a Star Wars-themed “Season of the Force”, in celebration of Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Among the changes launched as part of the event were the new attraction Star Wars Launch Bay—an exhibition showcasing artwork and other materials related to the franchise, a Star Wars Rebels-themed update of Jedi Training Academy known as Jedi Training: Trials of the Temple, the addition of The Force Awakens-related content to Star Tours–The Adventures Continue, and a The Force Awakens-themed Space Mountain overlay known as Hyperspace Mountain.[7][8] Autopia also closed for a short period of time, but reopened in early 2016, with a new blue and silver color scheme to better fit current day Tomorrowland and a new sponsorship with Honda. In 2019, Disneyland began to remove the 1998-era Tomorrowland sign and rockwork popularly known as the “French fry rocks” in order to widen walkways and improve crowd flow as part of its ongoing Project Stardust beautification and improvement project.[9]

Attractions and entertainment Edit
Astro Orbiter (1998-present)
Autopia (1955-present)
Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters (2005-present)
Disneyland Monorail (1959-present)
Disneyland Railroad (1955-present)
Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage (2007-present)
Space Mountain (1977-present)
Star Tours—The Adventures Continue (2011-present)
Star Wars Launch Bay (2015-present)
Former attractions and entertainment Edit
Court of Honor (1955–1956)
Phantom Boats (1955–1956)
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Exhibit (1955–1966)
A Tour of the West (1955–1960)
Hall of Aluminum Fame (1955–1960)
Space Station X-1 (1955–1960)
The World Beneath Us (1955–1960)
Art Corner (1955–1966)
Clock of the World (1955–1966)
Flight Circle (1955–1966)
Hobbyland (1955–1966)
Monsanto Hall of Chemistry (1955–1966)
Rocket to the Moon (1955–1966)
Circle-Vision 360° (1955–1997, re-themed as Rocket Rods Queue)
American Dairy Association Exhibit (1956–1958)
Bathroom of Tomorrow (1956–1960)
Our Future in Colors (1956–1963)
Astro Jets (1956–1964)
Avenue of the Flags (1956–1966)
Skyway to Fantasyland (1956–1994)
Viewliner Train of Tomorrow (1957–1958)
Midget Autopia (1957–1966)
Monsanto House of the Future (1957–1967)
Mermaids (1959; 1965–1967)
Submarine Voyage (1959–1998)
The Art of Animation (1960–1966)
Bell Telephone Systems Phone Exhibits (1960–1984)
America The Beautiful (1960–1984, 1996–1997)
Flying Saucers (1961–1966)
New York World’s Fair Exhibit (1963–1964)
Fashions & Fabrics Through the Ages (1965)
Carousel of Progress (1967–1973)
Flight to the Moon (1967–1975)
Adventure Thru Inner Space (1967–1985)
Tomorrowland Stage (1967–1986)
PeopleMover (1967–1995)
Alpine Gardens (1967–1995)
Rocket Jets (1967–1997)
America Sings (1974–1988)
Mission to Mars (1975–1992)
Starcade (1977–2015)
Halyx (1981)
Magic Journeys (1984–1986)
Wonders of China (1984–1994)
Captain EO (1986–1997)
Magic Eye Theater (1986–2015)
Star Tours (1987–2010)
Toy Story Funhouse (January 27, 1996 – May 27, 1996)[10]
Hamm’s Theater with “Hamm’s All-Doll Revue”
Rocket Rods (1998–2001)
Cosmic Waves (1998–2002)
American Space Experience (1998–2003)
Honey, I Shrunk the Audience (1998–2010)
Innoventions (1998–2015)
Radio Disney Broadcast Booth (1999–2002)
Club Buzz (2001–2006)
Captain EO Tribute (2010–2015)
Super Hero HQ (2015–2016)
Jedi Training Academy (2015-2018)
Restaurants and refreshments Edit
Redd Rockett’s Pizza Port
The Spirit of Refreshment
Tomorrowland Terrace (currently themed as Galactic Grill)
Former restaurants and refreshments Edit
Space Bar (1955–1966)
Yacht Club (1955–1966)
Space Place (1977–1996)
Lunching Pad (1977–1998)
Shops Edit
Autopia’s Winner Circle
Little Green Men Store Command
The Star Trader
Tomorrowlanding
Former shops Edit
The MOD Hatter (1958–2006)
Fun Fotos (1960–1966)
Premiere Shop (1963–2005)
Character Shop (1967–1986)

Former shops Edit
The MOD Hatter (1958–2006)
Fun Fotos (1960–1966)
Premiere Shop (1963–2005)
Character Shop (1967–1986)
Magic Kingdom Edit

Planetary adornment atop the Astro Orbiter at Walt Disney World’s Magic Kingdom Park
See also: List of Magic Kingdom attractions § Tomorrowland

History Edit
Second Tomorrowland: 1971–1994 Edit
The second Tomorrowland opened on October 1, 1971 at the Magic Kingdom in the Walt Disney World Resort, Florida, and, like at Disneyland, was opened unfinished. On opening day, only two attractions opened: the Grand Prix Raceway, and the Skyway to Fantasyland.

Tomorrowland was noted for being very barren and sterile at this time, due to the land being very flat and undetailed. A large orange wall was located past the two large show buildings, and blocked guests from walking further than the Skyway building. The wall had a small stage built into it, and a large outdoor food court sat adjacent to it to compensate for a lack of food venues at the time. It was removed within two years and the Carousel of Progress took its place.

The largest counter service restaurant in the Magic Kingdom was the Tomorrowland Terrace. America the Beautiful opened in November, and Flight to the Moon opened late on Christmas Eve, 1971, due to technical problems. The south show building received an expansion in 1972, which housed If You Had Wings. The south building was further expanded in 1973, opening the Plaza Pavilion, which was an open-air restaurant, and served as a convenient way of getting from Main Street to Tomorrowland quickly.

In 1973, the plans for Tomorrowland were finalized; and for about two years, construction was a common sight. In 1974, Star Jets, a spinner attraction sat on the WEDWay Peoplemover station. It resembled a Saturn V Rocket like its Disneyland cousin, the Rocket Jets. The ride vehicles between the two had some differences. The Disneyland Rockets were more narrow and resembled the central Saturn V rocket more, while the Magic Kingdom’s vehicles look more like jets, hence the name “Star Jets”.The Space Bar, another restaurant opened below the Peoplemover station.

The next year, Space Mountain and The Carousel of Progress opened on January 15. This was the first Space Mountain to open. It was the first totally indoor roller coaster in Florida and was the first roller coaster to have computer aided designs and use zoning to have 8 trains on the track at a time. Another Railroad station was planned to be built next to the entrance and exit to Space Mountain, but due to crowds in this area, it was never built. Carousel of Progress opened on the same day, and was similar to Disneyland’s version except it rotated in the opposite direction. It also had a different song: Instead of “There’s a Great Big Beautiful Tomorrow”, the song was “The Best Time of Your Life.” In June, the second version of the WEDWay Peoplemover opened. This Peoplemover bore resemblance to Disneyland’s, but was different, in that it used linear induction motors. This means that guests could not get stuck to the tracks as they could at Disneyland if they happened to fall out of the vehicle. The only moving parts of the vehicles were the wheels and the sliding doors. The track was similar but instead of it being open air and the vehicles having roofs, the opposite is true here. Unlike Disneyland’s, the Peoplemover here never changed height.

This Tomorrowland somewhat resembled Disneyland’s Tomorrowland at the time, with large white buildings and clean geometric shapes. The triangular buildings at Disneyland were fully realized, and the opening of the Tomorrowland here had two enormous pylons which cascaded water down into the castle moat. Complementing the Pylons were two large blue triangular walls which also released water into the moat. These waterfalls were often shut off as the slightest change of wind could spray water all over guests. In the early 80’s the Waterfalls were turned off for good, and a large mosaic was painted on the blue walls, and some blue stripes were painted on the two pylons.

The colors of Tomorrowland were mainly whites complemented with ocher on the outside. The interior of the buildings were accented with reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. In Old Tomorrowland’s later years, the outside colors were changed to pinks, and blues around the Peoplemover tracks.

New Tomorrowland: 1994–present Edit
Tomorrowland went through a drastic change in 1994. It now resembles Tomorrowland from Disneyland in California slightly, but with more color. Many of the attractions changed. Some classic Tomorrowland attractions that have closed in Disneyland still live on at the Magic Kingdom, including the Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover and the Carousel of Progress, which was moved from Disneyland to Walt Disney World in 1975. A portion of Walt Disney’s model display of the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, the first incarnation of what would become Epcot, is also used as a display visible only from the Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover.

For most of its history, Tomorrowland’s color scheme was predominantly white with soft blues, creating a retro-modernist landscape. Huge monolithic towers, spires, and clean lines completed the futuristic look. In 1994, using inspiration from Discoveryland at Disneyland Paris, Tomorrowland was completely re-built and altered to resemble a galactic spaceport as it would have been envisioned by the science-fiction comic strips of the early 20th century, like Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers. Tomorrowland has since been given a much more metallic look, along with new darker blues and purples, especially along its main concourse leading from the central hub.

Interesting to note is that the spaceship atop the Cool Scanner misting station is actually a prop from the 1986 film Flight of the Navigator.[11]

On July 9, 2019, the old entrance sign has been removed.[12]

On September 17, 2019, a new entrance sign was built.

On October 27, 2020, Since Walt Disney World reopened, after being temporarily closed during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Walt Disney World announced that all recent entertainment shows are laid off, such as Citizens of Hollywood at Disney’s Hollywood Studios and Monsters, Inc. Laugh Floor at Magic Kingdom, due to dispute between the Actors’ Equity Association and Walt Disney World.[13][14]

Attractions and entertainment Edit
Astro Orbiter (1994-present)
Buzz Lightyear’s Space Ranger Spin (1998-present)
Monsters, Inc. Laugh Floor (2007-2020, 2021-present)
Space Mountain (1975-present)
Stitch’s Alien Encounter Character Greeting!
Tomorrowland Speedway (1971-present)
Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover (1975-present)
Walt Disney’s Carousel of Progress (1975-present)
Sonny Eclipse and the Amazing Astro Organ
Future attractions and entertainment Edit
Tron Lightcycle / Run[15]
Former attractions and entertainment Edit
Flight to the Moon (1971–1975)
Skyway to Fantasyland (1971–1999)
Circle-Vision 360° (1971–2006)
America the Beautiful (1971–1974, 1975–1979)
Magic Carpet ‘Round The World (1974–1975)
American Journeys (1984–1994)
The Timekeeper (1994–2006)
If You Had Wings (1972–1987)
Mission to Mars (1975–1993)
Delta Dreamflight (1989–1998)
ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter (1995–2003)
Push the Talking Trash Can (1995–2014)
Tomorrowland Power & Light Co Video Arcade (1995–2015)
Incredible Tomorrowland Expo (2013-2017, 2018)
iCan Robot (2017-2018)
Stitch’s Great Escape! (2004-2018)
Restaurants and refreshments Edit
Auntie Gravity’s Galactic Goodies
Cool Ship
Cosmic Ray’s Starlight Café
The Lunching Pad at Rockettower Plaza
Tomorrowland Terrace Cafe
Former restaurants and refreshments Edit
The Lunching Pad (Different Location) (1971–1994)
Tomorrowland Terrace Cafe (Different Location) (1971–1994)
Plaza Pavilion (1973–1994)
Space Bar (1974–1994)
Shops Edit
Buzz Lightyear Shop
Star Traders
Space Mountain Shop (Tomorrowland Power & Light)
Future shops Edit
Power Supplies (2021)
Former shops Edit
Mickey’s Star Traders
Merchant of Venus

Tokyo Disneyland Edit

See also: List of Tokyo Disneyland attractions
History Edit

Tokyo Disneyland Tomorrowland
Tokyo Disneyland’s Tomorrowland was designed as a loose copy of Disney World’s original Tomorrowland, particularly the main entryway which features nearly identical waterfalls and blue spires flanking the walkway. As is the case with other areas of Tokyo Disneyland, Tomorrowland has fewer attractions and more open spaces than its American counterparts, a move designed to facilitate a larger number of park guests. Notably missing is a PeopleMover-type attraction, whose tracks and ride vehicles have been conspicuous features of other Tomorrowland landscapes.

Although Walt Disney originally intended Tomorrowland to be a “living blueprint” of the future, Tokyo Disneyland’s Tomorrowland never directly showcased future technology, instead opting for a science fiction fantasy theme. Prominent attractions supporting this theme include Space Mountain as well as the Pan Galactic Pizza Port, a restaurant that features a large audio-animatronic pizza-making machine operated by a whimsical alien creature named Tony Solaroni.[16] In recent years, older attractions have been replaced with newer ones that feature movie tie-ins: Buzz Lightyear’s Astro Blasters and Monsters, Inc. Ride & Go Seek are two examples.

In October 2014 the Oriental Land Company announced a Beauty and the Beast-themed area to be located on the site of the now-closed Grand Circuit Raceway, making Tomorrowland’s size significantly smaller.

Attractions and entertainment Edit
Buzz Lightyear’s Astro Blasters (2004-present)
Monsters, Inc. Ride & Go Seek (2009-present)
Space Mountain (1983-present)
Star Tours—The Adventures Continue (2013-present)
Stitch Encounter (2015-present)
Tony Solaroni Show
The Happy Ride With Baymax (2020-present)

Restaurants and refreshments Edit

Pan Galactic Pizza Port

Plaza Restaurant
Pan Galactic Pizza Port
Plazma Ray’s Diner
Soft Landing
The Popping Pod
The Big Pop
Tomorrowland Terrace
Former restaurants and refreshments Edit
Space Place FoodPort
Lite Bite Satellite
Shops Edit
Planet M
Monsters, Inc. Company Store
Cosmic Encounter
Stargazer Supplies
Treasure Comet
Former shops Edit
Solar Ray’s Light Supplies

Disneyland Park (Paris) Edit

Disneyland Park in Paris has a Tomorrowland with an entirely different concept, Discoveryland. European culture was used distinctively in the park and Discoveryland uses the ideas of famed European thinkers and explorers such as Leonardo da Vinci or H. G. Wells, with Jules Verne featured most prominently. This land was heavily inspired by the abandoned Disneyland concept Discovery Bay, which would have sat at the north end of the park’s Rivers of America. An example of an attraction is HyperSpace Mountain, an enclosed outer space themed roller coaster with a tongue, which is a 2 inversion element, a corkscrew and objects made to look like spaceships and asteroids.

Architecturally designed using Jules Verne’s vision of the future as inspiration, the land is laid out very differently from its predecessors. Many Tomorrowland classics are featured in Discoveryland, such as Autopia and Orbitron, some in an altered way, but Space Mountain is changed the most. Its theme is Steampunk/Clockpunk, with elements of Raygun Gothic.

History Edit
Originally conceived as Discovery Mountain, it was originally proposed to hold more than one attraction, including an improved version of Horizons from Epcot, a larger Nautilus walk-through complete with a restaurant and a free-fall ride based on Journey to the Center of the Earth. But due to budget cuts, it opened in 1995 as Space Mountain: De la Terre à la Lune (From the Earth to the Moon). Beside the Space Mountain show building is the Nautilus Lagoon, with a walk-through recreation of the Nautilus submarine from 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.

The showcase attraction on opening day was a Circle-Vision 360 film, titled Le Visionarium. The attraction featured an eccentric time-traveling robot and his robotic assistant, who take Jules Verne into the world of today, which is pictured as the future he dreamed of. The attraction was later exported to both the Magic Kingdom and to Tokyo Disneyland.

Space Mountain was completely refurbished in 2005 for the Happiest Celebration on Earth, with a new soundtrack and special effects. Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast opened April 8, 2006, in the former building of Le Visionarium, which closed in September 2004.

Attractions and entertainment Edit
Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast (2006-present)
Orbitron – Machines Volantes (1992-present)
Autopia (1992-present)
Les Mystères du Nautilus (1994-present)
Disneyland Railroad – Discoveryland Station (1992-present)
Discoveryland Theatre - Mickey’s Philharmagic (Mickey et son Orchestre PhilharMagique) (2018-present)
Star Tours: L’Aventure Continue - Star Tours: The Adventures Continue (2017-present)
Hyperspace Mountain (2017-present)
Starport
Former attractions and entertainment Edit
Le Visionarium (1992–2004)
Space Mountain: From Earth to the Moon (1995–2005)
Honey, I Shrunk the Audience (1999–2010)
Captain EO (1992–1998; 2010-2015)
Star Tours (1992–2016)
Space Mountain Mission 2 (2005–2017)
Le Café des Visionnaires
Arcade Omega
Restaurants and refreshments Edit
Café Hyperion
Former restaurants and refreshments Edit
Buzz Lightyear’s Pizza Planet Restaurant
Shops Edit
Constellations
Star Command Photographs
Light Speed Photography
Star Traders

Hong Kong Disneyland Edit

Like the newer generations of the American Tomorrowlands, Hong Kong’s version features an emphasis on metallic trim, with many blue and purple hues. In August 2014, UFO Zone was suspended in preparation for “Tomorrowland Party Zone”, a stage as part of “Disney’s Haunted Halloween”.

As part of “Star Wars: Tomorrowland Takeover” event since June 2016, the first three expansion attractions were all closed.[17] On April 5, UFO Zone has been closed in preparation for Jedi Training: Trials of the Temple that premiered on June 25.[18] On May 2, Stitch Encounter was closed and re-themed to “Star Wars: Command Post”. On June 11, when the event started, Autopia was closed.

Starting in 2017, with the opening of Stark Expo and the Iron Man Experience,[19] the first Disney attraction to be based on a Marvel property, part of Tomorrowland will transform in phases to become Stark Expo, as part of Hong Kong Disneyland’s huge expansion plan (2017-2023). The second phase will see the opening of Ant-Man and the Wasp : Nano Battle! in March 2019,[20] taking over the former Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters building which will be transformed into the S.H.I.E.L.D. Science and Technology Pavilion. The third and last phase will be unveiled in 2023 with the completion of the Marvel area and the opening of the planned E-Ticket Avengers Quinjet, taking over the spot of the former Autopia circuit.

Attractions and entertainment Edit
Ant-Man and The Wasp: Nano Battle! (as redesigned to “Stark Expo”) (2019-present)
Hyperspace Mountain (2016-present)
Iron Man Experience (as redesigned to “Stark Expo”) (2017-present)
Iron Man Tech Showcase – Presented by Stark Industries (as redesigned to “Stark Expo”)
Orbitron (2005-present)
Future attractions and entertainment Edit
Avengers Quinjet Experience (2023) (also parts of “Stark Expo”)
Former attractions and entertainment Edit
Space Mountain: Ghost Galaxy (Halloween seasonal; 2007-2013)
Space Mountain (2005-2016)
Muppet Mobile Lab (2008–2013)
Autopia (2006–2016)
Stitch Encounter (2006–2016)
UFO Zone (2006–2016)
Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters (2005–2017)
Jedi Training: Trials of the Temple (2016-2021)
Star Wars: Command Post (2016-2021)
Restaurants and refreshments Edit
BB-8 Snack Cart
Comet Café
Starliner Diner
Former restaurants and refreshments Shanghai Disneyland Park Edit

History Edit
Shanghai Disneyland’s Tomorrowland is the newest, opening with the resort on June 16, 2016. Unlike the other 5 Tomorrowlands around the world, this one is on the left side of the park instead of being on the right side. Also this Tomorrowland does not feature Space Mountain, and instead features the TRON Lightcycle Power Run. Instead of a classic spinning rockets attraction, Shanghai’s park includes a spinning Jet Packs ride. There is a new version of Disney’s popular Buzz Lightyear dark ride called Buzz Lightyear Planet Rescue, utilizing new technology different from that of the versions of the ride located at other Disney parks.[21] TRON Realm opened on September 20, 2016 to make it the first expansion for the park.

Tomorrowland at Shanghai Disneyland
Attractions and entertainment Edit
Avengers Training Initiative
Buzz Lightyear Planet Rescue (2016-present)
Jet Packs (2016-present)
Stitch Encounter (2016-present)
TRON Lightcycle Power Run (2016-present)
TRON Realm
Former attractions and entertainment Edit
Star Wars Launch Bay (2016-2019)
Restaurants and refreshments Edit
Spiral Snacks
Stargazer Grill
Shops Edit
Intergalactic Imports
The Light Stuff
Power Supplies
Former Shops Edit
Imperial Trading Station

In media Edit

The 2010 video game Epic Mickey features a Tomorrowland-esque area named Tomorrow City, which uses elements from the Tron franchise.
The fourth season Mad Men episode “Tomorrowland”, which premiered in October 2010, is partially set at Disneyland, and at one point, Don Draper and Megan Calvet plot out the Disneyland attractions they will take Draper’s children to visit, including Mr. Toad’s Wild Ride.[22]
The 2015 film Tomorrowland by director Brad Bird, screenwriter Damon Lindelof and starring George Clooney, features a place in another dimension called Tomorrowland that is patterned after the theme park as an eponymous location and plot point.[23]

References Edit

^ Strodder, Chris (2017). The Disneyland Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Santa Monica Press. pp. 477–479. ISBN 978-1595800909.
^ Trahan, Kendra; McKim, Brian; Hawkins, Dave (2004). Disneyland Detective: An Independent Guide to Discovering Disney’s Legend, Lore, and Magic. Permagrin Publishing. p. 161. ISBN 0971746400.
^ Verrier, Richard (November 10, 1999). “Disney Grounds Skyway Ride at Orlando, Fla., Park”. Tribune Business News. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
^ “Disneyland fans complain that Tomorrowland is stuck in the past”. Orange County Register. 2019-09-01. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
^ The History of Tomorrowland 2055; a failed Land at Disneyland (YouTube). Fastpass Facts. February 27, 2018. Event occurs at 3:24 to 6:23. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
^ “Retro Space Mountain”. Yesterland.
^ “Tomorrowland at Disneyland revamps with Season of the Force ahead of new ‘Star Wars’ movie release”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
^ Glover, Erin (September 24, 2015). “Details on Season of the Force, Coming November 16 to Disneyland Park in California”. Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
^ Tuttle, Brittani (21 August 2019). “Disneyland removing rocks in front of Tomorrowland for Project Stardust”. Attractions Magazine. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
^ Strodder, Chris Strodder ; illustrated maps by Tristan Tang ; photographs by Chris; Patton, Sheryl (2008). The Disneyland encyclopedia : the unofficial, unauthorized, and unprecedented history of every land, attraction, restaurant, shop, and event in the original Magic Kingdom. Santa Monica, CA: Santa Monica Press. p. 431. ISBN 978-1595800336. Retrieved June 22, 2017 – via Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park 1990-1999.
^ 10 REAL Movie Props in Disney & Universal Studios Theme Parks - Featuring Disney Dan (YouTube). Yesterworld Entertainment. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
^ “Disney removes Tomorrowland entrance sign from Magic Kingdom”.
^ “Equity Cast Members Notified of Layoffs at Disney World World”. 28 October 2020.
^ “Full List of All Recent Disney World Entertainment Layoffs”. 28 October 2020.
^ “Rumors Point to 2022 Opening Dates for TRON Lightcycle Run and Guardians of the Galaxy: Cosmic Rewind”. 19 October 2020.
^ Rafferty, Kevin P. (2019). “Pan Galactic Pizza Port”. Magic Journey: My Fantastical Walt Disney Imagineering Career. Disney Books Group. ISBN 9781368045148.
^ “Star Wars takes over Hong Kong Disneyland this summer”.
^ “Hong Kong Disneyland Reports Second-highest Revenues, Third-highest Attendance and Record Guest Spending”.
^ “Hong Kong Disneyland to Open ‘Iron Man’ Experience in 2016″. The Hollywood Reporter. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
^ October 18, Noah Villaverde on; 2018 (2018-10-18). “‘Ant-Man And The Wasp’ Attraction Opening March 2019 At Hong Kong Disneyland”. Heroic Hollywood. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
^ “上海迪士尼度假区” [Shanghai Disney Resort] (in Chinese).
^ Alan Sepinall (Oct 18, 2010). “‘Mad Men’ – ‘Tomorrowland’: I spill your milkshake! Everyone’s looking for a fresh start in the season finale”. Hitfix.
^ Breznican, Anthony (28 January 2013). “Disney’s mysterious ‘1952′ movie has a new name … ‘Tomorrowland’ – EXCLUSIVE”. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 29 January 2013.

Edit
Flying Saucer Snacks
Shops Edit
Expo Shop
Space Traders
Pavilion Gifts
Former shops Edit
Star Command Suppliers (2005–2017)

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_former_Disneyland_attractions

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Disneyland is a theme park in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. This is a list of attractions – rides, shows, shops and parades – that have appeared at the park but have permanently closed. Character meets and atmosphere entertainment (e.g., roving musicians) are not listed. Also not listed are permanently closed attractions from Disney California Adventure.

Main Street, U.S.A. Edit

Main article: Main Street, U.S.A.
File:Disneyland Maxwell House 1955.ogvPlay media
Watch: A past icon of a coffee house called Maxwell House in Main Street, U.S.A. back in 1955
Hollywood-Maxwell’s Intimate Apparel Shop (1955–1956): Featuring the “Wizard of Bras”[1]
Maxwell House Coffee House (1955–1957)
Main Street Shooting Gallery (1955–1962): A shooting gallery themed to the 1920s
Main Street Flower Mart (1955–1977): A large display of plastic flowers: “The world’s finest natural flowers not grown by nature”
Disneyland Branch of Bank of America (1955–1993): A Bank of America with three ATMs to use
Story Book Shop (1955–1995): A book shop operated by Western Publishing
Babes in Toyland Exhibit (1961–1963): Utilizing the sets from the movie of the same name, this walk-through attraction occupied the Opera House near the park’s entrance.
Legacy of Walt Disney (1970–1973): A museum showing exhibits on how Walt Disney changed the world
Disneyland Presents a Preview of Coming Attractions (1973–1989): A preview center for up-coming attractions
Bank of Main Street U.S.A. (1993–2005)
Annual Passholder Center (2005–2009)
Main Street Opera House shows Edit
The Main Street Opera House has housed the following shows:

Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln (1965–1973): Theater presentation featuring an Audio-Animatronic Abraham Lincoln, and a replica of a similar attraction at the 1964 New York World’s Fair. Elements of the original show were incorporated into later versions of the attraction from 1975–2004 and from 2009–present.
The Walt Disney Story (1973–1975): Biographical film about Walt Disney, which originally appeared at Walt Disney World in 1972.
The Walt Disney Story featuring Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln (1975–2004: A combination of the two previous shows. Disneyland had been criticized for replacing the Lincoln tribute with a tribute to Walt Disney, and combined elements of the two shows in response. From 2001–2004 the Disney tribute was removed, and the entire show was given more of a focus on the American Civil War.
Disneyland: The First 50 Magical Years (2005–2009): An exhibition on the history of Disneyland, including a film narrated by Steve Martin.

Fantasyland Edit

Main article: Fantasyland
Mickey Mouse Club Theater (1955–1964): Walk-in theater continuously showing animated Disney films and shorts, similar to the Main Street Cinema. Renamed Fantasyland Theater (1964–1982; not to be confused with the present-day theater). Now the site of Pinocchio’s Daring Journey.
Mickey Mouse Club Circus (1955–1956): A circus arts show featuring actual cast members of the Mickey Mouse Club, live animals with Professor George J. Keller’s Jungle Killers, Bob-O the Disneyland Clown and the talking equine, The Wonder Horse!
Keller’s Jungle Killers (1956)
Merlin’s Magic Shop (1955–1983): The original magic shop in the park. A second one on Main Street, U.S.A. opened in 1957[2] and continues to this day. Steve Martin worked at the store for three years beginning in August 1960.[3] “I knew every nook and cranny of the shop,” he recalled in later years, and credited working there as helping hone his performing skills.[4]
Skyway to Tomorrowland (1956–1994): This ride, a typical aerial lift ride seen in many parks, traveled from a chalet on the west side of Fantasyland, through the Matterhorn, to a station in Tomorrowland. Cabins hung from cables and ran constantly back and forth between the two lands. The Fantasyland station stood until 2016 – closed to public access – adjacent to the Casey Jr. Circus Train, and was concealed by trees. It was demolished for Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge construction. Its support towers were removed and the holes in the Matterhorn through which the ride passed were filled in.
Junior Autopia (1956–1958): A version of the original Autopia geared towards children. The Junior Autopia featured a guide rail, which the original version of Autopia did not have at the time. The site of the Junior Autopia reopened a year later as the Fantasyland Autopia and is now part of the present-day Autopia.
Midget Autopia (1957–1966): A version of the original Autopia geared towards young children. After the Midget Autopia closed, the ride was dismantled and sent to Walt Disney’s hometown of Marceline, Missouri, where it operated for a few years. The site of the Midget Autopia is now the main walkway between It’s a Small World and the rest of Fantasyland.
Fantasyland Autopia (1959–1999): A version of the original Autopia, built on the site of the former Junior Autopia. The Fantasyland Autopia was known as the “Rescue Ranger Raceway” and themed to the Chip ‘n Dale Rescue Rangers television series from 1991–1993. Its name reverted to “Fantasyland Autopia” afterwards, and operated part-time until it permanently closed in 1999. Its track was combined with the track of the Tomorrowland Autopia to create the present-day Autopia.
Skull Rock and Pirate’s Cove (1961–1982): A dining experience themed to Captain Hook’s pirate ship. Dumbo the Flying Elephant was relocated to the former location of Skull Rock and Pirate’s Cove and reopened there in 1983.
Motor Boat Cruise (1957–1991): Simulated experience of navigating waterways in a motor boat. Renamed Motor Boat Cruise to Gummi Glen (1991–1993), based on the Gummi Bears television show.
Videopolis (1985–1995): A nighttime dance club targeted at young adults. Videopolis featured television monitors playing modern music videos and also hosted live musical acts. It also featured its very own snack bar, “Yumz”. Videopolis was converted into an amphitheatre in 1990 and was renamed Fantasyland Theatre in 1995.
Videopolis/Fantasyland Theatre shows Edit
One Man’s Dream: Stage show about Walt Disney
Dick Tracy: Diamond Double-Cross: Based on the 1990 film Dick Tracy
Beauty and the Beast Live on Stage: Stage version of the 1991 Disney adaptation of Beauty and the Beast
Plane Crazy: Original show featuring characters from The Disney Afternoon television shows
The Spirit of Pocahontas: Based on the 1995 film Pocahontas
Animazement—The Musical: Musical featuring characters from several Disney masterpieces
Snow White—An Enchanting Musical: Based on the 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

Frontierland Edit

Main article: Frontierland
Golden Horseshoe Revue (1955–1986): A musical comedy show featuring Sluefoot-Sue (Betty Taylor), an Irish Tenor (Fulton Burley) and a traveling Salesman (Wally Boag) along with Can-Can girls. An extremely popular show, it ran in the Golden Horseshoe Saloon nearly unchanged for about three decades.
Golden Horseshoe Jamboree (1986–1994): An Old West show featuring singing, dancing, joke-telling, banjo playing, and general fun and rowdiness, starring Miss Lilly, Sam the Bartender and a gang of cowpunchers.
Golden Horseshoe Variety Show (1986–2003): A variety show featuring comedian/musician Dana Daniels and Luigi, his psychic parrot. This shared the Golden Horseshoe Saloon with Billy Hill and the Hillbillies.
All-New Woody’s Roundup (1999–2000): A live-action show featuring characters from Toy Story.
Billy Hill and the Hillbillies (1994–2014): A live-action show featuring singing and comedy. In 2012 the musical/variety group moved to Big Thunder Ranch until their show was retired in early 2014. Afterward, they were hired by Knott’s Berry Farm as Krazy Kirk and the Hillbillies.
Davy Crockett Museum (1955–1956): Mostly given over to retail space, with a few exhibits detailing scenes from the television series of the same name.
File:Disneyland Frontierland 1955.ogvPlay media
Frontierland stagecoach and pack mule rides, 1955, featuring Walt Disney himself
Pack Mules (1955–1956): Real mules which were ridden in a line to view simulated frontierlands and deserts. After renovations and upgrades, the ride was renamed:
Rainbow Ridge Pack Mules (1956–1959)
Pack Mules Through Nature’s Wonderland (1960–1973); in 1973, Big Thunder Mountain Railroad and Big Thunder Ranch replaced Nature’s Wonderland.
Stage Coach (1955–1956): A real stagecoach drawn by real horses. After new scenic landscaping, it became Rainbow Mountain Stage Coaches (1956–1960).
Conestoga Wagons (1955–1960): A real Conestoga wagon drawn by real animals.
Rainbow Caverns Mine Train (1956–1959): A 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge[5] mine train attraction through the new Living Desert. After the scenery was again redone in 1960, it was also upgraded and became:
Mine Train Through Nature’s Wonderland (1960–1977): The Big Thunder Mountain Railroad attraction replaced this sedate train ride with a roller coaster version. The only element that remained in place from its scenic vistas was the mighty waterfall tumbling from Cascade Peak into the Rivers of America, visible only from various boat rides around the Rivers. The structure that formed Cascade Peak and its waterfalls was demolished in 1998 after it was found to be suffering structurally from the decades of water that had flowed over it. One of the four locomotives and two cars from the ride remained on a stretch of track where Cascade peak once stood, as a staged wreck scene. The train, however, was removed in early 2010 during the Rivers of America refurbishment. The cacti that were a part of the Living Desert section were mostly relocated to the Magic Kingdom version of Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. Other remnants from Nature’s Wonderland include the tunnel from Bear Country, the buttes from the Living Desert, the tunnel into Rainbow Caverns (though half-buried in concrete), and the jumping fish seen in Bear Country, all visible on Big Thunder Trail. The animals, however, were buried in concrete as the Imagineers didn’t know where to place them.
Mineral Hall (1956–1963): Mineral Hall was a shop located next door to the Rainbow Caverns Mine Train/Mine Train through Nature’s Wonderland ride. Operated by Ultra-Violet Products, the Mineral Hall featured a free exhibit, which included a mineral display lit by black-light. The shop also sold related gifts and mineral samples. Selling anywhere between 10 and 50 cents, the Disneyland-themed mineral samples were labeled “Walt Disney’s Mineral Land – Rocks & Minerals”.

Indian War Canoes (1956–1971): Now Davy Crockett’s Explorer Canoes, and part of Critter Country.

A Native American cast member at the Indian Village in 1955
Indian Village (1955–1971): Now Critter Country.
Big Thunder Ranch (1986–2016): A Western-themed casual area for seeing shows, viewing Disneyland’s horses on their breaks and days off, and dining at Big Thunder Barbecue which served ribs, chicken, potatoes, beans, and such. The Barbecue remained open for a few more years after the Ranch area became the Festival of Fools stage for The Hunchback of Notre Dame show. Up until its closing, the area was used for special events, a Petting Zoo, and seasonal attractions. It closed in early 2016 for Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge.
Mike Fink Keel Boats (1956–1994, 1996–1997): Shut down due to an accident in 1997 when the Gullywhumper boat began rocking side-to-side on a trip on the Rivers of America and capsized. The attraction never returned. The Gullywhumper’s sister boat, the Bertha Mae, was sold on Disney’s auctions site. In 2003, the Gullywhumper returned to the Rivers of America as a prop and is moored on Tom Sawyer Island, where it is visible from the Mark Twain Riverboat, the Sailing Ship Columbia, and the Explorer Canoes.
Little Patch of Heaven Petting Farm (2004–2005): Petting zoo located at Big Thunder Ranch to promote the film Home on the Range.

Adventureland Edit

Main article: Adventureland (Disney)
Tahitian Terrace (1962–1993): Dinner show with various Polynesian entertainment. Replaced by:
Aladdin’s Oasis (1993–1995, 1997–2008): Dinner show based on the 1992 film Aladdin. The dinner show ended in 1995 and the stage show was brought back in 1997–2008.[6]
Big Game Safari Shooting Gallery (1962–1982): A jungle-themed shooting gallery with images of wild animals as the targets.
Swiss Family Treehouse (1962–1999): Treehouse based on the film Swiss Family Robinson. Rethemed as Tarzan’s Treehouse in 1999 and still open under that name.

New Orleans Square Edit

Main article: New Orleans Square
The Disney Gallery (1987–2007): A gallery of Disney-related art. The Disney Gallery was the only area listed on Disneyland maps as both an attraction and a retail location. The Gallery sometimes featured preliminary artwork and sketches from certain attractions or movies, sometimes (as in the 100 Mickeys exhibit) the displayed art was associated only with Disney and not with any specific attraction, film, or event. Often, prints from the exhibit were available for purchase via the print-on-demand system, and the Gallery always featured items such as books about Disney artwork. The Gallery used to sell prints of the ride posters featured in the tunnels leading to and from Main Street. The former gallery was replaced by the Disneyland Dream Suite. In October 2009 the gallery re-opened, but now it resides on Main Street, U.S.A..
Disneyland Dream Suite (2008-2014): A 2,200-square-foot (200 m2) luxury apartment. It was created as part of the “Year of a Million Dreams” promotion that ran from October 1, 2006, through December 31, 2008.

Critter Country Edit

Main article: Critter Country
Bear Country opened in 1972 and was renamed Critter Country in 1988.

Country Bear Jamboree (1972–2001): An audio-animatronic show featuring traditional American folk songs sung by a variety of bears and their friends, including Henry the host and Big Al, Shaker (a.k.a. Terrence), The Sun Bonnets (Bunny, Bubbles, and Beulah), Liver Lips McGrowl, Wendell, Ernest, Gomer, Trixie, Teddi Barra, The Five Bear Rugs (Zeke, Zeb, Ted, Fred and Tennessee), and Zeke’s son Oscar. The content of the show was replaced by Country Bear Vacation Hoedown at the Country Bear Playhouse (1986–2001): Used the same animated figures as Country Bear Jamboree, redecorated. This is now the site of The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh.
The Mile-Long Bar (1972–1988): A snack bar fashioned like an old-west wooden bar with brass footrail and featuring wall-sized mirrors at either end so that it appeared that the bar went on forever. Later became Brer Bar and is now the site of the expanded Pooh Corner store (formerly Crocodile Mercantile).
Teddi Barra’s Swinging Arcade (1972–2003): Video arcade, now the site of the expanded Pooh Corner store.

Mickey’s Toontown Edit

Main article: Mickey’s Toontown
Jolly Trolley (1993–2003): The Jolly Trolley was a Trolley providing transportation from one end of Toontown to the other. Closed due to crowded walkways presenting major safety hazards, meaning the trolleys could only operate on days with sparse crowds. The Jolly Trolley’s track is still present in the main walkway of Toontown, and one car stands stationary in the middle of Toontown.
Chip ‘n Dale’s Acorn Pit (1993–1998)
Goofy’s Bounce House (1993–2008) (re-themed to Goofy’s Playhouse)
Toon Park (1993-1998 or 1999)

Tomorrowland Edit

Main article: Tomorrowland
Circarama, U.S.A. (1955–1997), renamed Circle-Vision 360° in 1967: A film presentation showing scenes from around the United States and later China. Guests stood in a large circular room and watched a film projected on nine large, contiguous screens that surrounded them. During its run, the attraction was hosted by American Motors, Bell System, AT&T Corporation, Pacific Southwest Airlines, and Delta Air Lines. In 1998, the theater became the queue for the short-lived Rocket Rods attraction. The building now houses Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters. Shows were:
A Tour of the West (1955–1959)
America the Beautiful (1960–1984)
“All Because Man Wanted to Fly” (lobby pre-show) (1984–1989)
American Journeys (1984–1996)
Wonders of China (1984–1996)[7]
America the Beautiful (1996–1997)
Clock of the World (1955–1966): A clock tower in the center of Tomorrowland
Monsanto Hall of Chemistry (1955–1966): A hands-on museum-like attraction teaching guests about chemistry
Monsanto’s Fashions and Fabrics through the Ages (1965–1966): An exhibition on the evolution of women’s attire from the stone age to the space age
Space Station X-1 (1955–1960), renamed Satellite View of America in 1958: A circular screen showed America from space.[7]
Rocket to the Moon (1955–1966): Inside a building under a tall futuristic-looking rocket ship, the audience sat in seats around central viewing screens (top and bottom of the center of the room) so that they could see where they were going as they headed away from Earth and towards other worlds. As actual flight to the Moon became more likely, the ride was refurbished as:
Flight to the Moon (1967–1975): A refurbished version of Rocket to the Moon with a mission control pre-show. The ride became obsolete as the United States sent actual manned flights to the Moon between 1969 and 1972, and it was refurbished as:
Mission to Mars (1975–1992): An updated version of Flight to the Moon, simulating a spaceflight to Mars instead of the Moon.
The attraction building is now the site of Pizza Planet, a space-themed restaurant.
Tomorrowland Boats (1955–1956), renamed Phantom Boats in 1956: The boat engines were unreliable, and this became the first permanent attraction to be removed from Disneyland. Later became the site of Submarine Voyage, now Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage.
The World Beneath Us (1955–1960): A CinemaScope film about man’s quest for energy, featuring an animated diorama of the earth’s crust.[8][7]
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Exhibit (1955–1966): A walk-through with sets from the 1954 film
Flight Circle (1955–1966): A show about planes, cars and boats
Hobbyland (1955–1966)
Art Corner (1955–1966)
Aluminum Hall of Fame (1955–1960)
Dutch Boy Color Gallery (1955–1963)
Starcade (1975-2015): A space themed arcade that was originally two stories but the second story closed in the 90s.

Rocket Jets in background, 1996, with Monorail and Submarines in foreground
Astro Jets (1956–1964): A rocket-spinner ride originally located between Submarine Voyage and Flight to the Moon. Astro Jets has undergone the following name and location changes:
Tomorrowland Jets (1964–1966): New name for the original attraction after corporate sponsor disagreements. After its closure the original attraction was dismantled and the Carousel of Progress theater was built on the site. The building now houses Star Wars Launch Bay and Super Hero HQ.
Rocket Jets (1967–1997): A new version of the same ride, in a new location above the PeopleMover loading platform. The ride’s mechanical components are now part of the Observatron, a sculpture on the same site that plays music and spins at regular intervals.
The ride’s present incarnation is known as Astro Orbitor, located at the entrance to Tomorrowland from Main Street, and debuted in 1998.
Crane Company Bathroom of Tomorrow (1956–1960)
Skyway to Fantasyland 1956–1994): Aerial lift ride; see Skyway to Tomorrowland in Fantasyland, below. The Tomorrowland station was adjacent to the north side of the Carousel of Progress/America Sings (present-day Innoventions) building and has been demolished.
Viewliner Train of Tomorrow (1957–1958): “The fastest miniature train in the world” ran alongside the Disneyland Railroad for just over a year, and therefore has the distinction of being the shortest-lived ride in the park’s history.
Monsanto House of the Future (1957–1967): A walk-through tour of a plastic house with plastic furnishings and interior and modern appliances such as dishwashers. The house was designed in roughly the shape of a plus sign with high-tech rounded exterior contours, all made from white plastic with large windows. It was outdated almost as soon as it was built. It was anchored to a solid concrete foundation that proved to be so indestructible that, when it was dismantled, the work crew gave up and left some of the support pilings in place and they can still be seen in King Triton’s Grotto between the Tomorrowland entrance and Fantasyland.

Submarine Voyage, 1995. Note Rocket Jets at background right and former Carousel of Progress/America Sings building behind palm trees at background left, abandoned at this time.
Submarine Voyage (1959–1998): Riders entered the half-submerged miniature submarines by descending through access hatches at either end of the submarine, sat on tiny fold-down seats, and leaned forward to peer out through portholes on either side of the submarine. The submarines moved around a track in the mermaid lagoon and simulated diving by having bubbles rise around it with the purported captain intoning commands over the loudspeaker (they never really submerged). On the trip, riders saw real-looking and imaginary sea life fastened to rocks or floating in the water, a treasure chest of gold, mermaids and a sea serpent, and passed under icebergs at the “North Pole”. The submarines were originally military gray and named after US Navy nuclear-powered submarines but were repainted high-visibility yellow in the 1980s. The attraction returned as “Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage” in 2007.
The Art of Animation (1960–1966)
Flying Saucers (1961–1966): Guests rode in single-rider cars on a cushion of air that were steered by shifting body weight. The air cushion was supplied from below through holes in the floor that opened when the cars passed over. The ride’s site later became the site of the Tomorrowland Stage, and is now the site of Magic Eye Theater. Luigi’s Flying Tires at Disney California Adventure was a modern-day version of the Flying Saucers.
Fashion and Fabrics Through the Ages (1965–1966)
Tomorrowland Stage (1967–1977): Performance venue for concerts and other stage shows, built on the site of the Flying Saucers. The stage was demolished due to the construction of Space Mountain, and was replaced by Space Stage (1977–1985), a performance venue that served a similar purpose to the Tomorrowland Stage. The stage’s location is now the site of the Magic Eye Theater.
General Electric Carousel of Progress (1967–1973): A sit-down show in which the building rotated the audience around a series of stages. The stages had audioanimatronic humans and household appliances showing how appliances and electronics advanced about every 20 years from the turn of the century to the “modern” era of the early 1960s. The audience stopped in front of each stage while the characters joked with each other, described life at the time in history, and demonstrated their kitchen. This ride originated at the 1964 New York World’s Fair and was installed at Disneyland after the fair closed. In 1974, Carousel of Progress was moved to Florida’s Walt Disney World, and the show building was used for America Sings and Innoventions.
PeopleMover (1967–1995): A scenic, slow-moving ride high-above Tomorrowland that was intended to demonstrate how people could be shuttled around a central urban area without rushing to board individual trains or drive individual cars. It consisted of many dozens of small open-air cars seating up to eight riders, all running continuously on a track above and through the various attractions in Tomorrowland. After the ride was closed, the track sat vacant for two-and-a-half years until the opening of the ill-fated Rocket Rods. The Walt Disney World version is still active in the Magic Kingdom under the name of Tomorrowland Transit Authority.
Adventure Thru Inner Space (1967–1985): A dark ride that pretended to shrink the rider gradually down to microscopic size within a snowflake, then further to view a water molecule in the flake, then finally to the point where one could see the throbbing nucleus of a single oxygen atom, with electrons zooming all around. The attraction was replaced by Star Tours in 1986 and is now the site of Star Tours: The Adventures Continue.
America Sings (1974–1988): A sit-down show in the same building using the same stages as Carousel of Progress. Audio-Animatronic animals sang American tunes from different eras. It was described as a “lighthearted journey to Musicland, U.S.A”. After the attraction closed in spring of 1988, most of the singing, dancing animals were recycled into the current “Splash Mountain” attraction. Earlier in 1987, two geese were removed and their outer skins peeled and used in the Star Tours queue as droids. The building sat empty from 1988–1998, except for seats, the old stages and some offices. Innoventions occupied the same building until its closure on March 31, 2015.
Magic Eye Theater (1986–2015): A theater which showed 3-D films. The theater has shown the following films:
Magic Journeys (1984–1986): A film about children’s imaginations, originally shown at Space Stage, then Magic Eye Theater.
Captain EO (1986–1997, 2010–2015): A film starring Michael Jackson about a spaceship captain and his misfit crew battling against an evil queen. The show closed in 1997 due to certain problems with Jackson’s image, but less than a year after Jackson’s death in 2009 it was brought back as the “Captain EO Tribute” for a “limited engagement”.
Honey, I Shrunk the Audience! (1998–2010): A film that served as a sequel to Honey, I Shrunk the Kids, starring Rick Moranis, Marcia Strassman, Eric Idle, and Robert Oliveri.
The 3-D technology used in the Magic Eye Theater is also used in multiple theaters at Disney California Adventure.
Tomorrowland Autopia (1955–1999): The original Autopia attraction. At least one other Autopia had existed in some form in Fantasyland since 1956. In 1999, the tracks of the Tomorrowland Autopia and the last version of the Fantasyland Autopia were combined to create the present-day Autopia, which opened in 2000.

Toy Story Funhouse (1996–1997): A temporary stage show and exhibit themed to the 1995 film Toy Story.

Rocket Rods leaving the launch platform. Cars paused before being flung down this track at high velocity.
Rocket Rods (1998–2000): A high-speed ride high above Tomorrowland along the former PeopleMover track. The ride’s queue, which went through the old Circle-Vision theater, showed early Disney films about transportation combined with more recent footage. Rocket Rods was plagued with technical problems that frequently caused the ride to shut down. Its track and station remain standing and unused, and its queue area is now part of Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters.
The American Space Experience (1998–2003): An exhibit highlighting space exploration in conjunction with NASA’s 40th anniversary. It occupied the former Premiere Shop location outside of the Circle-Vision 360 theater. Now the site of the Disney’s Fastpass distribution center for Star Tours: The Adventures Continue and part of the Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters ride.
Star Tours (1986–2010): Built at the original site for Adventure Through Inner Space, this was Disney’s first attempt at a motion simulator ride, based on the Star Wars film series. It was closed in late July 2010 to allow the area to be remodeled to a new attraction, Star Tours – The Adventures Continue which features all new simulators, along with a new story line and other changes, including the film being shown in high-definition 3-D film
Innoventions (1998–2015): Built inside the Carousel Theater, its focus was to show near-futuristic technologies. The attraction closed on March 31, 2015, once again leaving the Carousel Theater empty.
Jedi Training Academy (2015-2018)

Holidayland Edit

Main article: Holidayland
Holidayland (1957–1961): Holidayland, the “lost” land of Disneyland, was a recreation area with a separate entrance before being replaced by New Orleans Square. Holidayland featured a baseball diamond, a circus and a picnic area and more resembled a park than a themed land.

Parades Edit

Christmas in Many Lands (1957–1959?)
Mickey at the Movies (1960–1964)
Christmas Toy Parade (1960–1964?)
Fantasy on Parade (1965–1976, 1980–1986)
Mickey’s Character Parade (Early 70’s)
America on Parade (1975–1976)
Mickey’s 50th Birthday Parade (1978)
Dumbo’s Circus Parade (1979)
Disneyland’s 25th Anniversary Family Reunion Parade (1980)
It’s a Small World Parade (1981)
Flights of Fantasy (1983)
American Gazette (1984–1985)
Donald’s 50th Birthday (1984)
Mickey, Our Hero (1984)
Disneyland’s 30th Anniversary Parade (1985)
Circus Fantasy Parade (1986–1988)
Totally Minnie (1986–1987)
Snow White’s 50th Anniversary (1987)
State Fair Parade (1987–1988)
The Very Merry Christmas Parade (1987–1993)
Blast To The Past (1988–1989)
Mickey’s 60th Birthday (1988–1989)
Hooray For Disney Stars Parade (1989–1990)
Party Gras Parade (1990)
Celebration, U.S.A. (1991)
Livin’ in the USA (1992)
The World According to Goofy (1992)
Aladdin’s Royal Caravan (1993–1994)
The Lion King Celebration (1994–1997)
Crusin’ The Kingdom (1996–1997)
Light Magic (1997)
Hercules’ Victory Parade (1997–1998)
Mulan Parade (1998–1999)
45 Years of Magic Parade/Parade of the Stars (2000–2005)
Walt Disney’s Parade of Dreams (2005–2008)
Celebrate! A Street Party (2009–2010)
Paint the Night Parade (May 22, 2015 - January 8, 2017)
Pixar Play Parade (April 2018- November 2018)
Mickey’s Soundsational Parade (2011–2019)
Main Street Electrical Parade ((June 1972 - 1996), (January 19, 2017 - August 20, 2017), (August 2, 2019 - September 30, 2019))
Magic Happens (February 28, 2020 - present)

See also Edit

List of Disneyland attractions
List of former Disney California Adventure attractions
Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts

References Edit

^ “The Wizard of Bras”. Yesterland. Retrieved September 19, 2015.
^ Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park
^ Martin, Born Standing Up, p. 39
^ “Steve Martin”. disney.go.com.
^ Broggie, M. Walt Disney’s Railroad Story. Carolwood Pacific LLC. p. 289. ISBN 978-0-975-85842-4. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
^ Geryak, Cole (January 10, 2019). “Disney Extinct Attractions: Tahitian Terrace, Aladdin’s Oasis Dinner Show, and Indiana Jones Summer of Hidden Mysteries”. The Laughing Place. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
^ a b c Geryak, Cole (December 13, 2018). “Disney Extinct Attractions: Space Station X-1, The World Beneath Us, and Wonders of China”. The Laughing Place. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
^ Weiss, Werner (November 10, 2017). “Richfield Oil at Disneyland, 1955″. Yesterland. Retrieved December 12, 2017.

External links Edit

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Former Disneyland attractions.
Yesterland: With photos of bygone attractions.
General Electric Carousel of Progress at the NY World’s fair and beyond, several pages of information
Disneyland Maps: All past Disneyland large poster-sized wall maps sold in the park.
Overview of Disneyland Publications from its history
Walt’s Magic Kingdom: List of Disneyland attractions, shops, shows and restaurants since 1955.
Crane Bathroom of Tomorrow
Disneyland branch of Bank of America 1955 tri-fold brochure cover and money orders

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autopia
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This article is about the attraction at Disney theme parks. For the Doctor Who comic, see Autopia (Doctor Who comic). For the micronation project, see Saya de Malha Bank.
Autopia is a race car track Disneyland attraction, in which patrons steer specially designed cars through an enclosed track. Versions of Autopia exist at Anaheim, California and Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France. There was also an Autopia at Hong Kong Disneyland on Lantau Island, Hong Kong before it closed on June 11, 2016. Other versions of the attraction can be found at the Magic Kingdom as the Tomorrowland Speedway and formerly at Tokyo Disneyland as the Grand Circuit Raceway. A previous generation of Disneyland’s Autopia now operates at the Walt Disney Hometown Museum in Marceline, Missouri.

Autopia
DL05 039.jpg
Disneyland’s Autopia
Disneyland
Area
Tomorrowland
Coordinates
33.8125°N 117.9164°W
Status
Operating
Opening date
July 17, 1955
Magic Kingdom
Name
Tomorrowland Speedway
Area
Tomorrowland
Coordinates
28.4194°N 81.5792°W
Status
Operating
Opening date
October 1, 1971
Tokyo Disneyland
Name
Grand Circuit Raceway
Area
Tomorrowland
Coordinates
35.6314°N 139.8788°E
Status
Closed
Opening date
April 15, 1983
Closing date
January 11, 2017
Replaced by
Enchanted Tale of Beauty and the Beast
Disneyland Park (Paris)
Area
Discoveryland
Coordinates
48.8729°N 2.7794°E
Status
Operating
Opening date
April 12, 1992
Hong Kong Disneyland
Area
Tomorrowland
Coordinates
22.3147°N 114.0419°E
Status
Closed
Opening date
July 13, 2006
Closing date
June 11, 2016
Replaced by
Avengers Quinjet Experience
(Stark Expo)
General statistics
Attraction type
Race track
Manufacturer
Arrow Development
Designer
Walt Disney Imagineering
Length
782 m (2,566 ft)
Vehicle type
Race cars
Riders per vehicle
2
Duration
5:10 minutes
Height restriction
32 in (81 cm)
Fastpass available
FastPass+ available
Must transfer from wheelchair
The name Autopia is a portmanteau of the words “automobile utopia.” The term was later popularized in academic circles by British architecture critic Reyner Banham to describe Los Angeles in his 1971 book Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies.[not verified in body]

Disneyland Autopia Edit

Autopia in 1996, before its complete remodel in 2000. The Autopia cars at this time closely resembled the Corvette Stingray.

A 1967-era Corvette Stingray-style Autopia car on display in the Disneyland Hotel.

An overhead view, looking down at an Autopia car in 2003.

The Disneyland Autopia, in one form or another, is one of the few current attractions that opened with the park on July 17, 1955. When it opened, it represented the future of what would become America’s multilane limited-access highways, which were still being developed. President Eisenhower had yet to sign the Interstate Highway legislation at the time Disneyland opened.

Drivers can use the steering wheel along the track but the center rail will guide the cars along the track regardless of steering input. Drivers/children too short to depress the gas pedal are paired with taller individuals who can. Brakes are applied automatically when the driver releases the gas pedal.

The cars generate a moderate level of exhaust from the Honda GX gasoline engines that propel the cars. In 2000, it was replaced with a much larger Autopia sponsored by Chevron with many cars were replaced with Dusty, Suzy, and Sparky, the queue was even given animated dioramas featuring the Chevron Cars.

History Edit
Before the park opened, the cars were tested without the bumpers, and were almost completely destroyed by the test drivers. Bumpers were fitted around the vehicle, but there were still problems with collisions, as a guide rail had yet to be implemented on the ride. Eventually the vehicles were fitted with spring-loaded bumpers to discourage collisions.

The first fleet of Autopia cars were dubbed “Mark I”. Throughout Disneyland’s first few years, Autopia went through a few fleets, as the cars took much abuse. Though basically the same look, they went through Mark I, II, III, and IV by 1958. When the Monorail, Submarine Voyage, and Matterhorn debuted in 1959, so did a new fleet with an all-new look – the “Mark Vs”. The next design, Mark VI, came in 1964. It was at this time (1965) the center guide rail was first installed.[1] 1967 brought another new design, the Mark VIIs, which cost $5,000 for each car and looked similar to the new Corvette Stingray.[1] They would remain in service through 1999, till a breed of Mark VIIIs would hit the Autopia roadway. The cars were manufactured by Intermountain Design, Utah [2]

The Tomorrowland version was not the only form of Autopia to exist at Disneyland. Other versions, separate from the Tomorrowland version, included the Midget Autopia, Fantasyland Autopia (Rescue Rangers Raceway), and Junior Autopia. Of these, the Tomorrowland Autopia existed the longest.

The Midget Autopia opened in 1957 and was manufactured by Arrow Development.[3] It was the smallest and was the third Autopia track, after the Tomorrowland Autopia (1955) and the Junior Autopia in Fantasyland (1956). It was located next to the Storybook Land Canal Boats and the Motor Boat Cruise at the very edge of Fantasyland. Adults were not allowed on the ride.[1] It was closed in 1966 and dismantled to make way for It’s a Small World.

The ride was then donated to the city of Marceline, Missouri, where it operated in the Walt Disney Municipal Park for 11 years until parts were no longer available for the cars. One of the cars is on display in the museum whereas the concrete track on which the cars ran was ultimately demolished in 2016 to facilitate replacement of the city pool. In 2015, the Walt Disney Hometown Museum made plans to recreate the ride next to the museum in downtown Marceline, launching a Kickstarter campaign to finance the project. The project attracted a fraction of the $500,000 required to reconstruct the vehicles and track.[4][5]

Unlike all other Autopia attractions, Midget Autopia was one of several of Arrow Development’s “off-the-shelf” Arrowflite Tracked Auto Rides built at several amusement parks throughout the country, at least one of which still operates at Idlewild Park in Pennsylvania.[6]

The Fantasyland Autopia began as the Junior Autopia in 1956. Unlike the original Autopia, the Junior Autopia track had a center guard rail.[1] It closed in 1958, and reopened on January 1, 1959 as the expanded Fantasyland Autopia. It was a duplicate version of the Tomorrowland Autopia and featured the same theme of the original until March 1991, when part of the Disney’s Afternoon Avenue makeover of Fantasyland, the ride was transformed into the Rescue Rangers Raceway. The theming was kept until the beginning of 1992, when the promotion ended. The ride remained open on an interim basis until September 7, 1999, when both the Tomorrowland and Fantasyland Autopias were closed.[citation needed]

In 2000, Disneyland replaced both existing Autopia tracks with a new, much larger Autopia sponsored by Chevron. The colorful Chevrolet Corvette Stingray-style cars were replaced by three different kinds of cars: Dusty, an off-road style car; Sparky, a sports car; and Suzy, a Volkswagen Beetle-style car. Each was designed to be tied into the Chevron line of animated ‘Chevron Cars’, and four versions of the Autopia cars were sold as toys during the 2000 summer season at Chevron stations nationwide. The queue featured animated dioramas featuring the Chevron Cars, and the ride’s background music is taken directly from the park’s former PeopleMover attraction, which had closed five years prior to the new Autopia’s opening. The voice of Dusty the Autopia car is voiced by Matthew Howard, who is said to be (as of 2004) the youngest Disney ride announcer. In response to several minor incidents, the ride safety spiel was re-recorded in 2004 in order to remind parents to watch their children.[7] New for the track was a short “off-road” section.[1] Chevron’s sponsorship ended in the summer of 2012, though the Chevron Cars still appeared in the attraction’s preshow until Honda took over sponsorship, with all overt references to Chevron removed.[8]

On January 11, 2016, the attraction closed for a new building, walkway (now painted blue, white, and silver), sign, vehicle paint schemes, minor vehicle modifications, and sponsor. The attraction reopened on April 29, 2016, with Honda as its new sponsor, replacing Chevron. In early 2017 all remaining Chevron references were all removed from the attraction because on March 24, 2017, Honda revealed ASIMO Tomorrowland Speedway
The second Disney theme park to open was Magic Kingdom. An opening day attraction, the Grand Prix Raceway was based on an international car race rather than the futuristic roadways of Autopia. The original sponsor was Goodyear, as it supplied all of the tires on the Mark VII vehicles.

The track length has been the subject of incorrect discussion over the years. Through aerial photography and research it has been determined that the attraction was never lengthened, but shortened 3 times.[9][10] On opening day the track was approximately 3,118 feet. The attraction saw its length greatly reduced for the first time in 1974 for the construction of Space Mountain, with the two southern curves being shortened and the entire north portion of the track being reduced, thus shortening the ride to ~2,760 feet. An even larger section was removed to make room for Mickey’s Toontown Fair sometime between late 1987 and early 1988, this time the track was reduced to ~2,191 feet. In 2012 the final curve was again shortened to make way for Dumbo the Flying Elephant diminishing the ride to ~2,119 feet. In the end, the current attraction has lost over 32% of its original length.

In 1994, the Grand Prix theme and name was dropped in favor of Tomorrowland Indy Speedway, but the track and vehicles remained the same, as new theming to coincide with the “New Tomorrowland” overlay was installed. However, The Walt Disney World Explorer application—both the original edition released in 1996 and the Second Edition released in 1998—used the original name for the attraction’s slideshow topic in the application.[11][12]

On December 20, 1999, Walt Disney Company and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway partnered to change the theme of the track. The ride was changed to add items from the famous Speedway, such as the famous Yard of Bricks, the Scoring Pylon, Gasoline Alley and the wheel and wing logo. The loading area featured panels with the three Indy events: the Indianapolis 500, the Brickyard 400 and the United States Grand Prix.

The name was changed in 2008 to Tomorrowland Speedway, resulting in the drop of the Indy portion of the title.[13]

In 2019, the ride underwent more track adjustments to accommodate the addition of Tron Lightcycle Power Run.[14] The attraction reopened on May 18, 2019.[15]

Tokyo Disneyland Edit

in the attraction. Asimo is accompanied by Bird and are in various scenes throughout the attraction, most of the scenes replaced the carpark, and various billboards.

Versions in other Disney parks Edit

Magic Kingdom Edit

Magic Kingdom’s Tomorrowland Speedway

Tokyo Disneyland Edit

Tokyo Disneyland’s Grand Circuit Raceway
At Tokyo Disneyland, the ride was known as Grand Circuit Raceway. This version of the ride opened with the park in 1983 and remained largely unchanged. The ride was sponsored by Bridgestone and featured a grandstand for visitors to watch the “races” between drivers. The track was described as a “figure eight” shape, but was actually quite longer. A new ride, Aquatopia, opened at neighboring park Tokyo DisneySea in 2001, but other than the name similarity to the Disneyland car ride (it is a homage) Aquatopia is closer (as an attraction) to Disneyland’s former Motor Boat Cruise. Tokyo Disneyland’s version closed on January 11, 2017 to make way for a Beauty and the Beast themed area.

Disneyland Paris Edit
In Disneyland Park in Paris, the attraction, which opened with Euro Disneyland on April 12, 1992, uses the original Disneyland name of Autopia, but has a unique sense of style and theming. The cars are more rounded and feature a toy-like quality to go with a 1950s retro theme, which differs from the Discoveryland theme. The park has multiple cars that go around for approximately 7–9 minutes. The attraction is sponsored by Ford.[citation needed]

Hong Kong Disneyland Edit

See also Edit

List of Disneyland attractions
List of Magic Kingdom attractions
List of Tokyo Disneyland attractions
List of Disneyland Park (Paris) attractions
List of Hong Kong Disneyland attractions

References Edit

^ a b c d e Strodder, Chris (2008). The Disneyland Encyclopedia. California, USA: Santa Monica press. ISBN 978-1-59580-033-6.
^ (T. R. Shaw) tshaw at oitc.com. “Fun Facts of Disneyland’s Autopia”. Hiddenmickeys.org. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
^ Gurr, Bob (November 27, 2013). “DESIGN: Those Were The Times – No.23 1955 Arrow Development – Ed Morgan and Karl Bacon”. MiceChat. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
^ Reynolds, Christopher (July 31, 2015). “Disneyland’s long-lost Midget Autopia may roll again–in Missouri”.
^ Martin, Brian Burnes, Robert W. Butler, Dan Viets; edited by Donna (2002). Walt Disney’s Missouri: the roots of a creative genius (1st ed.). Kansas City, MO: Kansas City Star Books. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-9717080-6-8.
^ Weiss, Werner (August 15, 2014). “Midget Autopia Mystery”. Yesterland. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
^ oitc.com, (T. R. Shaw) tshaw at. “Fun Facts of Disneyland’s Autopia”. www.hiddenmickeys.org.
^ “California entertainment, Cars Land crowds, Matterhorn climbers +MORE”. MiceChat. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
^ “Watch the Speedway shrink over the past 40 years”. Retrodisneyworld.com. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
^ Marty Alchin. “Tomorrowland Speedway “expansion” — Medium”. Medium.com. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
^ Mindsai Productions; Disney Interactive (1996). The Walt Disney World Explorer (Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh) (1.0 ed.). Disney Interactive. Scene: Grand Prix Raceway topic.
^ WDW Explorer98- Tomorrowland Grand Prix Raceway (YouTube video). WDWExplorer98. January 5, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
^ Mongello, Lou (March 26, 2008). “Tomorrowland (Indy) Speedway – Before and After”. WDWRadio. Archived from the original on February 10, 2019. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
^ Williams, Kevin (November 30, 2018). “Magic Kingdom Rides Closing: Walt Disney World Railroad to Shut Down for a While; Tomorrowland Speedway Is Next”. WFTV. Archived from the original on December 1, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2019.
^ Figueroa, Jessica (May 18, 2019). “PHOTOS, VIDEO: Tomorrowland Speedway Reopens After Lengthy…” Walt Disney World News Today. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
^ “Hong Kong Disneyland”. www.screamscape.com.

External links Edit

Disneyland – Autopia
Magic Kingdom – Tomorrowland Speedway
Disneyland Park (Paris) – Autopia

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