Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice University
in
 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka nīti Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
Categories:

Archives:
Meta:
October 2007
M T W T F S S
« Sep   Nov »
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031  
10/05/07
(35)The Awakened One-Desire
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 7:39 pm

2688 Sat 21 Jul LESSON (35) LESSON Sat Jul 30 2007

As Rector of Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research
and Practice University and related GOOD NEWS through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca
ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

Attempting to propagate Tipitaka to all
societies to enable them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal by taking
lessons for their Research and Fellowship. Present them the teachings
in latest Visual Format including 7D/3D Laser Holograms and Circarama
Cinema cum Meditation Hall.

Excellent!
It is suggested that people register for Vipassana Fellowship on
29-8-2018, a free online course from September to December 2018. This
will bring wisdom, happiness and peace for them and attain Eternal Bliss
as Final Goal.

2. Also register on 13-8-2018 for free online one year course on Wisdom from World Religions.
For details visit the concerned websites and http:// Sarvajan.ambedkar.org

https://www.google.co.in/search?client=safari&channel=iphone_bm&source=hp&ei=Rl9KW7y4FIfdvgSusKCICw&q=wisdom+from+world+religions&oq=&gs_l=mobile-gws-wiz-hp.1.1.41l3.0.0..6241…0.0…0.0…….0………..3.fOW77gXli20

https://wisdomfromworldreligions.com/

ABOUT
THIS FREE COURSE
Until recently, the wisdom of the world’s religions existed in different
silos, separated by barriers of language and distance. In Wisdom From
World Religions—a 6-week, 100% free online course—celebrated professor
Kenneth Rose (PhD, Harvard) helps you enrich your life with the
religious and spiritual wisdom of the world’s great faith traditions.
Through a generous grant, the Templeton World Charity Foundation will
pay the tuition of the first 2,000 participants.

WHAT YOU’LL LEARN

This course seeks to give clear and inspiring answers to many of life’s big questions:

• What clues do science and the world’s religions give about the meaning and purpose of life?
• Is science the ultimate guide to the deepest truth of life?
• Why do the many world religions offer such different pictures of the meaning of life?
• What practices can bring God, or a divine reality, into your own experience?
• Is death the end of life?
Sign up by August 12 to begin this spiritual journey.

REGISTER NOW

Vipassana Fellowship Meditation Course
An established online course in Mindfulness Meditation as found in the Serenity and Insight traditions of early Buddhism.

Please join us for one of our 10 week courses:

June 2018 (10 week course: June 16th - August 24th)
September 2018 (10 week course: September 29th - December 7th) - Registration now available.

January
2019 (10 week course)
Vipassana Fellowship’s online meditation courses have been offered since
1997 and have proven helpful to meditators in many countries around the
world. The main text is based on a tried and tested format and serves
as a practical introduction to samatha (tranquility) and vipassana
(insight) techniques from the Theravada tradition of Buddhism. Intended
primarily for beginners, the 10 week course is also suitable for
experienced meditators who wish to explore different aspects of the
tradition. The emphasis is on building a sustainable and balanced
meditation practice that is compatible with lay life. The course is led
by Andrew Quernmore, a meditation teacher for over 20 years and with a
personal meditation practice of more than 35 years. Andrew trained with
teachers in Sri Lanka and in England and has taught meditation in London
colleges and at retreats in the UK, Europe and Asia. The course is
delivered wholly online in our Course Campus.
Course Outline
Frequently Asked Questions
Application Form
Testimonials
Already enrolled? Log-in here
Parisa - Our support scheme for previous participants
Comments from participants

Participants in our earlier course wrote:

“What a wonderful experience this has been. The course was so well
organized, easily accessible, affordable, systematic, and comprehensive.
I will always be grateful for this experience in my journey.” L, USA

“I found the course immensely useful, accessible and extremely
thought-provoking.” - A, UK

“I didn’t finish everything, but what I was able to experience was
profound. Thank you so much for the tremendous wealth of thinking and
peace contained within your course.” - N, USA

“I found it very helpful and well structured. It helped me establish a
daily practice throughout the duration and to learn a lot” - I,
Argentina

“When I applied to join the course, I was struggling in my practice and
had lost heart. I can’t sufficiently express my appreciation and
gratitude for the wonderful resource you offer. The content was
immediately engaging, and was throughout delivered with clarity and
thoughtful care. Perhaps I can best express feedback in terms of how
differently things feel having completed the course. The words that pop
up are refreshment, reinvigorated, revival; joyful reconnection and
commitment. Thank you.” - E, UK

“Before joining this course I was doing meditation but not with such
discipline and without any structure. This course showed me many
beautiful aspects of meditation which I have read before but not
experienced. My sincere thanks to you and all people working for this
online course. This is great help to people who cannot go physically to
Ashrams to attend and practice.” S, India

“I greatly enjoyed it! And found it to be a great introduction to
various meditation techniques.” - M, Hong Kong

“I very much appreciated the structure of the course and the exercises,
which made it easy to integrate them into normal everyday life. Not
being in a retreat but living in normal circumstances while practicing
the exercises has enabled me to more and more notice phenomena arising
in particular situations and I indeed started to learn and observe how
suffering is created in everyday life situations and what suffering
feels like. (A bit like ‘training on the job.’) Also I noticed insights
arising, literally out of nowhere.” - A, Germany

“am very happy with the offered course, and Andrew’s use of personal
perspective really helped me understand things better. Although I’ve
previously used Vipassana meditation, this course really brought it
together for me.” J, USA

“Meditations of Loving-Kindness, Compassion, Appreciative Joy,
Equanimity etc. will no doubt help to maintain an emotional balance in
the midst of discouraging vicissitudes of life. All in all the package
was complete, precise and well crafted for the development of mind.
Thank you, with your help I began the journey. And hope, will continue
till the end.” J, India

“Truly memorable experience. Am determined more than ever to continue my
practice and perpetual exploration. Thanks for taking us through this
journey.” G, India

“I enjoyed very much the January meditation course. Although I’ve done a
few of those 10 day courses, this online course taught me new
techniques that I find helpful. I also enjoyed the readings and found
Andrew’s style of writing to be very pleasing to read. He doesn’t shove
the text down one’s throat. Instead, he imparts the information in a way
which is easy to read and leaves the reader feeling at ease - as though
this is really doable if only one approaches it with a relaxed and calm
attitude. Thanks Andrew! I hope we meet someday!” - A, USA

Recent comments:

“This course has been very helpful to me in establishing a daily
practice.” - D, USA

“I have learned much and my meditation practice has benefitted
greatly…” - C, Australia

“I would like to thank you for your well structured, informative and
personal course, it helped me for 3 months in a great way and left me
determine to continue meditation practice…” - T, Qatar

“Wonderful course. Like a guided stroll through a wondrous rainforest.
Rough terrain and stormy weather were dealt with gently but profoundly.
Beauty was to be rejoiced in. Student discussion was fun and educative.
Both my meditation practise and my Buddhism grew exponentially. Thank
you Andrew and all participants.” -S, Australia

“I enjoyed your course. I meditate each morning…” - A, USA

“Thank you very much for the Vipassana course! … I kept up, learned,
and benefitted in what feels like a major way.” - M, USA

“Impermanence! I do not like endings. Thank you so much for offering
this meditation course to the world. I was so happy to find it.” - S,
Canada

“Hi, I have just completed the course. It was fantastic, life altering.
Feel very sad that it is finished. I have now established a daily
meditation practice and will try to find a group in Sydney to further my
dhamma practice. Thank you, it really has been a remarkable experience.
I will join the Parisa and stay in touch with this organization. I have
NO complaints only gratitude. Thank you.” - K, Australia

“As we near the end of the course I just want to say ‘thank you’ for
your work on it and share some of my thinking and experience at thsi
point. Ive found the different aproaches to meditation interesting and
useful and have appreciated your focus on practicalities. The frequently
asked questions have helped to avoid my inundating you with questions,
as many people have clearly walked the path before asking them! … I am
happy that it is a practical philosophy for living an ethical life, I
like the emphasis on acting skillfully, feel that individual
responsibility for ones actions (rather than relying on redemption)
makes sense … Thank you for a very accessible path! - J, UK

Earlier comments

Dhamma Essay:
Path and Fruit by Ayya Khema

Meditation | Resources | Pali Canon | Training | Parisa
Audio | Links | Books | Newsletter | Feedback | Donate
to know - to shape - to liberate

https://www.translation-services-usa.com/languages/magahi.php

Magahi Translation Services

Translation Services » Languages » M » Magahi

Choose the first letter to select required language:

magahi translation
Translation Services USA offers professional translation services
for English to Magahi and Magahi to English language pairs. We also
translate Magahi to and from any other world language. We can translate
into over 100 different languages. In fact, Translation Services USA is
the only agency in the market which can fully translate Magahi to
literally any language in the world!

Which translation do you need?

Online translation
Professional Human translation
Translation plugin for website
Online Translation

From
Paste Your Text Here (250 characters max)

To
Your Translation

Professional Human Translation

Magahi translation

Our translation team consists of many expert and experienced
Magahi translators. Each translator specializes in a different field
such as legal, financial, medical, and more.

Get Free Translation Estimate

Whether your Magahi translation need is small or large,
Translation Services USA is always there to assist you with your
translation needs. Our Magahi translation team has many experienced
document translators who specialize in translating many different types
of documents including birth and death certificates, marriage
certificates and divorce decrees, diplomas and transcripts, and any
other Magahi document you may need translated.

We have excellent Magahi software engineers and quality
assurance editors who can localize any software product or website. We
can professionally translate any Magahi website, no matter if it is a
static HTML website or an advanced Java/PHP/Perl driven website. In the
age of globalization, you definitely would want to localize your website
into the Magahi language! It is a highly cost-effective investment and
an easy way to expand your business!

We also offer services for Magahi interpretation, voice-overs,
transcriptions, and multilingual search engine optimization. No matter
what your Magahi translation needs are, Translation Services USA can
provide for them.

Magahi Language Facts:

14 million native speakers
Spoken by 0.21% of the world population
Mainly spoken in India (Bihar)
Part of Bihari.
The Magadhi language (also known as मगही Magahi) is a language
spoken by 11,362,000 people in India. Magadhi is closely related to
Bhojpuri and Maithili and these languages are sometimes referred to as a
single language, Bihari. These languages, together with several other
related languages, are known as the Bihari languages, which form a
sub-group of the Eastern Zone group of Indo-Aryan languages.

Magadhi has approximately 13 million speakers. It is spoken
primarily spoken in the Magadh area of Bihar state. This area includes
Patna, Gaya, Aurangabad, Jehanabad, Nalanda, and other surrounding
districts. It is also spoken in some areas of Hazaribagh, Giridih,
Palamau, Munger, and Bhagalpur, with some speakers in the Malda District
of West Bengal. It is generally written using Devanagari script.

It was once mistakenly thought to be dialects of Hindi, but
have been more recently shown to be descendants and very similar to the
Eastern Group of Indic languages, along with Bengali, Assamese, and
Oriya. It has a very rich and old tradition of folk songs and stories.
An earlier form of Magadhi, known as Magadhi Prakrit, is believed to be
the language spoken by The Buddha, and the language of the ancient
kingdom of Magadha.

Translation plugin for website

Free website translation pluginFor
blogs and small, personal sites, we offer simple, free website
translator tools and WordPress plugins you can self-install on your page
template for fast, easy translation into dozens of major languages. (If
you fall into this category, check out our Free Website Translation Services for more details!)

http://dictionary.sutta.org/browse/c/chando

Pāḷi Dictionary

Home
Canon
About
►Setting
English

chandoPTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society’s Pali-English dictionary
Chando,(nt.) [Vedic chandas,from skandh,cp.in
meaning Sk.pada; Gr.i]/ambos] metre,metrics,prosody,esp.applied to the
Vedas Vin.II,139 (chandaso buddhavacanaṁ āropeti to recite in metrical
form,or Acc.to Bdhgh.in the dialect of the Vedas cp.Vin.Texts III,15Q);
S.I,38; Sn.568 (Sāvittī chandaso mukhaṁ:the best of Vedic metres).
–viciti prosody VvA.265 (enumd as one of the 6 disciplines dealing with the Vedas:see chaḷaṅga).(Page 275)

chandoPali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
chando:and (chandaṃ)The Vedas; poetical metre; metres,prosody
chandoPali-Dictionary Vipassana Research Institute
chando:Wish,desire; intention; will,resolve; power; consent,approval
chandoパーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
chando:n.[Sk.chandas] 雅語,聖語,韻律.dat.gen.chandaso; instr.abl.chandasā.-viciti 韻律学.
chando漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
chando:n.[Sk.chandas] 雅語,聖語,韻律.dat.gen.chandaso; instr.abl.chandasā.-viciti 韻律學.
chandoU Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
chando:ဆေႏၵာ (န)
ဂါထာစပ္ဆိုနည္းက်မ္း။ ကဗ်ာက်မ္း။ ဆန္းက်မ္း။

ning Centre

Do you want your child to score A* in PSLE Tamil? Join Tamilcube GOLD™ PSLE Oral workshop!

Previous

Next

In this page :
Browse Pali dictionary
English to Pali translation
Pali to English translation

Tamilcube.com

Online dictionaries

Pali dictionary
Sanskrit Dictionary |
Thai Dictionary |
Sinhala Dictionary

Pali dictionary

Enter your English or Pali word for translation in the search box below and
click ‘SEARCH’. Dictionary search tips.

English to Pali translation

Pali to English translation [To type Pali words]
Browse for basic Pali vocabulary words :
All
A B C
D E F
G H I
J K L
M N O
P Q R
S T U
V W X
Y Z

English to Pali Dictionary

English to Pali and Pali to English dictionary Online

Welcome to the web’s most popular free Modern Online
English to Pali Dictionary & Pali to English dictionary with spell
check!
You can search for Pali to English translation or English
to Pali translation. The number of words available
for search in this online dictionary has already reached
150,000 and is still growing. You can use it as a Thesaurus also.
In addition to providing you the matching Pali words for
your search, it also gives you related Pali words.

You can use this online Pali dictionary in two ways : translate English words to Pali or
translate Pali words to English. The aim of this site is to help you to learn Pali words
and Pali numbers easily.

Mobile Pali dictionary

This dictionary is the best fit to run on your phones and
mobile devices including Android phones, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch or
Blackberry.
Just visit this webpage from your mobile phone and simply
start searching.
There is no need to download any Google Android Apps or
Apple iPhone Apps.
Thousands of our visitors search this Pali dictionary
directly from their Android smart mobile phones, iPhone, iPad, iPod
Touch or Blackberry every day!

English to Pali translation dictionary

For English to Pali translation, enter the English word you want to translate to Pali meaning in the search box above and
click ‘SEARCH’.

Pali to English translation dictionary

For Pali to English translation, you have several options to enter Pali words
in the search box above.

1. Cut & Paste your Pali words (in Unicode) into the box above and
click ‘SEARCH’.

2. If you are familiar with Romanised Transliteration (phonetic), you can select the Pali to English dictionary
button above and start typing in English.
While you type English letters phonetically, these will
be automatically converted into Pali letters / Pali characters.
When there are more than one possible Pali words, the
closest Pali word will be visible, but by pressing the “Backspace” key,
you can see more matching words that you can select from.

Glossaries

Flowers names
Vegetables names
Fruits names
Spices & Pulses names
Herbs & Plants names
Animals names
Birds names
Fishes names

https://slyberdotnet.blogspot.com/2014/06/free-download-sinhala-hela-basa-keyman.html
[FREE-DOWNLOAD] Sinhala (Hela Basa) Keyman Free Download …

Posted by SLyber.net on June 29 ,2014

Download Sinhala (Heala basa) Keyman

for windows 7/8 free download

Keyboard Details
MyPC HelaBasa is the Sri Lanka’s
Number One Sinhala Fonts Package (Sinhalese Fonts / Singhalese Fonts )
containing high quality Sinhala fonts for Graphic Designers, Type
Setters, office users and domestic users with MyPC HelaBasa - Wijesekara
Sinhala Keyboard Mapping Software Driver and Braille and LiyaWel
(bordering) fonts.

sinhala keyman free download banner
File Size - 1.46MB
OS - Windows XP/7/8/Vista
License - Free ware

Download SINHALA KEYMAN
(click here)

SLyer.net

Related Posts:

[FREE-DOWNLOAD] Iskpota Sinhala Fon…

The Awakened One





Iccha Sutta


Desire




Translated from the Pali by


Thanissaro Bhikkhu

 


[A deva:]

With what is the world tied down?
With the subduing
of what is it freed?
With the abandoning
of what are all bonds
cut through?

[The Buddha:]

With desire the world is tied down.
With the subduing
of desire it’s freed.
With the abandoning
of desire all bonds
are cut through.
\"buddha\"
(34)Spiritual Community of The True Followers of The Path Shown by The Awakened One-III. Identification of the Objects of Refuge -1. The Buddha -2. The Dhamma -3. The Sangha
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 6:38 pm

2687 Fri 20 Jul LESSON (34) LESSON Fri Jul 29
2007

As Rector of Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research
and Practice University and related GOOD NEWS through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca
ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

Attempting to propagate Tipitaka to all
societies to enable them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal by taking
lessons for their Research and Fellowship. Present them the teachings
in latest Visual Format including 7D/3D Laser Holograms and Circarama
Cinema cum Meditation Hall.

Join us for View Source Conference 2018, learn to make 360° images, new speed for the Rust compiler, and more

Vegan-friendly way Recipes
Tasty steps

Continue to enjoy cakes and comfort food, curries and healthy meals -
and almost all your favourite dishes - the vegan-friendly way.

Next ’18: Wish to Join you online July 24–26.

https://in.pinterest.com/pin/7459155619033916

in.pinterest.com
Life Lessons
38 Awesome Buddha Quotes On Meditation Spirituality And Happiness 17 #DailyMeditation

http://buddhasutra.com/files/ajaniya_sutta.htm

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/164b2ff1414b8aa9?compose=new

As Rector of Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research
and Practice University and related GOOD NEWS through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca
ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

This is a non - profitable University.
Kindly find sponsorers for Flight, acomodation and fees for
to practice to propagate Tipitaka to all
societies to enable them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal by taking
lessons for their Research and Fellowship. Present them the teachings
in latest Visual Format including 7D/3D Laser Holograms and Circarama
Cinema cum Meditation Hall.

Join us for View Source Conference 2018, learn to make 360° images, new speed for the Rust compiler, and more

Inbox
x

Mozilla Unsubscribe

8:12 PM (12 hours ago)

to me

Mozilla Developer Newsletter

View Source Conference: 26 October, 2018 - London

Mozilla invites front-end developers and designers to participate in
this one-day, single-track conference. At View Source, we’ll bring
together visionary speakers to look at the web from technical and design
perspectives, across platforms and devices.

Join us for this great opportunity to network with like-minded people in a collaborative, inclusive environment.

Find out more

https://ti.to/mdn/view-source-london-2018

View Source 2018

View Source 2018

October 26th, 2018
London, England
Mozilla invites front-end developers and designers to
participate in this one-day, intimate, single-track conference. At View
Source, we’ll bring together visionary speakers to look at the web from
technical and design perspectives, across platforms and devices.Join us
at this great opportunity to network with like-minded people in a
collaborative, inclusive environment.

Tickets

Registration

Includes full conference access and all conference social events.
VAT GB126 1072 51

£99
Inc. VAT GB126 1072 51 @20%
×

Discount code

Add a discount code

Stay in touch! Sign up here for announcements related to View Source

Name
* Email Address
Additional Information

Cancellation and Substitution Policy

Tickets to this event
are non-refundable. You may transfer your registration to another person
by 21 October 2018 by providing authorization to us at viewsource-info@mozilla.com.
Confirmed and paid attendees who do not attend are liable for the
entire fee. In the unlikely event of cancellation of the conference, the
liability of View Source Conference is limited to the return of paid
registration fees.

By continuing you are agreeing to our Code of Conduct and Privacy Policy.

Venue

The RSA, 8 John Adam Street, London WC2N 6EZ.

viewsource-info@mozilla.com

View Source website

By the power of Tito. © 2011–2018 Team Tito.

View our Privacy Policy.
Retrieve your ticket.

https://events.mozilla.org/viewsource2018

View Source Conference

26
October
2018
London, England

Mozilla invites front-end developers and designers to participate
in this one-day, intimate, single-track conference. At View Source,
we’ll bring together visionary speakers to look at the web from
technical and design perspectives, across platforms and devices.

Join us at this great opportunity to network with like-minded people in a collaborative, inclusive environment.

Other News

360° Images on the Web, the Easy Way

One of the most popular uses for VR today is 360° images and video.
These are easy to discover and share online, and you don’t need to learn
any new interactions to explore the 360° experience. But building 360°
views is not as easy as exploring them.

Learn how to build them (easily)

The Arch: Using Rust & WebAssembly to animate 30k colored LED lights.

In June, Mozilla collaborated with artist Ian Brill to create an
installation called the “Arch” at JSConf EU in Berlin. The Arch gave
JavaScripters and friends an opportunity to create animations and
experience the underlying capabilities of WebAssembly and Rust.

Read about how it was made

How Nicholas Nethercote is working to speed up the Rust compiler

What does it look like behind-the-scenes for the developer who is speeding up the Rust compiler?

See Nicholas’s work

Firefox DevTools Tip 💡

Copy XPath expressions for Elements

XML paths are often used for finding elements in HTML scraping or
automation scripts. In the Inspector, right-click on an element and
select “Copy > XPath”.

Learn more about XPath

Download Firefox Developer Edition →

On MDN

1.

: The Ruby Base element

2.

Array.prototype.flat()

3.

Array.prototype.flatMap()

Events

CSSconf Argentina - August 18, 2018

A conference dedicated to developers and designers that love CSS. Look
for Miguel Angel Useche from the Mozilla Tech Speakers program!

Find out more

View Source Conference (presented by Mozilla) London - October 26, 2018

We’re returning for our fourth year of dynamic speakers exploring best
practices and exciting new techniques in web development and design.

Find out more

You’re receiving this email because we think you’re neat, AND you
subscribed to hear from us. If our newsletters aren’t sparking joy,
we’ll understand if you unsubscribe.
You can also update your email preferences at any time.

Mozilla

Download Firefox

331 E. Evelyn Avenue Mountain View CA 94041

Legal • Privacy

https://www.vegansociety.com/resources/recipes

Recipes

Skip to main content
Donate
Join
Members’ Area

Search

The Vegan Society

News

Go Vegan

Get Involved

Lifestyle

Business

Shop

Recipes

You are here

Home » Lifestyle
» Recipes
Tasty steps

Continue to enjoy cakes and comfort food, curries and healthy meals -
and almost all your favourite dishes - the vegan-friendly way. Find
more ideas, and support our work, with recipe books in our shop. Try Cooking Vegan by dietitian Vesanto Melina and chef Joseph Forest for full, nutritionally analysed recipes for all ages.

Don’t forget to head over to our blog where we often feature recipe bloggers: featured articles include how to throw an impressive dinner party for non-vegans and more.

Need more ideas on sandwich and wrap fillings? Look no further than here.

Soup

Hearty and filling soups for dinner as well as light and refreshing soups for starters.(Read more)

Starters, snacks and sides

Delicious sides, spreads, salads and sauces …(Read more)

Main meals

Plant-centred delights from around the world…(Read more)

Cakes, meringues and desserts

Tempting treats from cupcakes to cheesecakes…(Read more)

Baby and toddler

Vegan nourishment for the youngest diners.(Read more)

Special occasions

From vegan haggis to Christmas pudding: celebrate all occasions with delicious style.(Read more)

Quick and easy

Quick and cheap plant-strong food for the busy cook.(Read more)

On a budget

Affordable vegan cooking that goes a long way…(Read more)

Gluten free

Cooking free of all forms of wheat, barley and rye…(Read more)

Lifestyle

Nutrition and health
Recipes
Soup
Starters, snacks and sides
Main meals
Cakes, meringues and desserts
Baby and toddler
Special occasions
Quick and easy
On a budget
Gluten-free
Fashion
Family
Food and drink
School
Students
Shopping
Social
Travel
Publications and video
Solutions
General FAQs
Local and Group Contacts
The Vegan Shop

Sign-up for our newsletter

Join our newsletter to receive monthly competitions, offers and information on all things vegan.

Join

Email Newsletter

Twitter

Facebook

Google Plus

You Tube

Instagram
Contact Us
Media
About Us
Site Map
Privacy & Cookie Policy

Reg. Charity No: 279228 Company Reg. No: 1468880
Copyright © 1944 - 2018 The Vegan Society
We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By
clicking any link on this page you are giving your consent for us to
set cookies.

https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/food-recipes/healthy/g807/vegan-recipes/

Home
Beauty
Food
Health
Summer Safety

Subscribe
Follow

Search
Subscribe
Subscribe
Print Edition
Digital Edition
Give a Gift
Product Reviews
Product Reviews
Appliances
Beauty Products
Cars & Travel Products
Children’s Items & Toys
Clothing
Cooking Tools
Electronics
Food & Drink
Health & Fitness Products
Home & Garden Products
Home Ideas
Home Ideas
Decorating Ideas
Cleaning
Organizing
Crafts & DIY Projects
Gardening & Outdoors
Renovation & Repair
Bedroom Ideas
Living Room Ideas
Bathroom Ideas
Kitchen Ideas
Food & Recipes
Food & Recipes
Quick & Easy Recipes
Healthy Recipes
Dinner Recipes
Dessert Recipes
Cooking Tips
Party Ideas
Food News
Chicken Recipes
Soup Recipes
All Recipes
Beauty & Style
Beauty & Style
Hair Ideas
Makeup Tips
Skincare
Nails
Fashion
Hair Colors
Health
Health
Fitness
Wellness
Diet & Nutrition
Life
Life
Relationships
Parenting
Pets
Inspirational Stories
Entertainment
Career
Money
Travel
Holidays
Holidays
Christmas
Thanksgiving
Halloween
Gift Ideas
Easter
Valentine’s Day
Mother’s Day Gift Ideas
Mother’s Day
Father’s Day
Newsletter
Follow
Facebook
Twitter
Pinterest
Instagram
Youtube
Promotions
Win
Updated Privacy Notice
Updated Terms of Use

1

Why Meghan and Camilla Have Identical Jewelry

2

Your Ultimate Body Hair Removal Guide

3

60 Beautiful Braids and Braided Hairstyles

Ursrey family

4

The Day My Family Almost Drowned

18 Best Kids Lunch Boxes & Bags 2018 - Top Rated School Lunch Box Reviews

5

The Best Kids’ Lunch Boxes for School

50+ Vegan Recipes That Your Whole Family Will Love

It’s tofu’s time to shine.

By
Gabriella Vigoreaux and Amanda Garrity
Jun 20, 2018

11k

Tahini-Lemon Quinoa with Asparagus Ribbons

Get your vegetable peeler ready! Dress up this tangy quinoa salad with shaved asparagus ribbons.

Get the recipe for Tahini-Lemon Quinoa with Asparagus Ribbons »

What you’ll need: vegetable peeler ($9, amazon.com)

Grilled Asparagus and Shitake Tacos

Fully loaded, fully vegan — and all the guac you could ever dream of.

Get the recipe for Grilled Asparagus and Shitake Tacos »

Check out more healthy recipes to add to your kitchen classics.

Mushroom-Quinoa Burger

We promise these are nothing like those sad, frozen veggie patties.

Get the recipe for Mushroom-Quinoa Burger »

Winter Squash Lentil Stew Recipe

Make this in your Instant Pot for the easiest (and heartiest) family dinner.

Get the recipe for Winter Squash Lentil Stew »

Tofu Pad Thai

It may be hard to believe but this sweet and spicy pad thai is better than takeout (yep, we went there).

Get the recipe for Tofu Pad Thai »

Farmer’s Market Veggie Pasta

Pack this light summer dish the season’s finest produce, including tomatoes, zucchini, and squash.

Get the recipe from Feasting at Home »

Learn to love your food and loose weight at the same time

How to Peel a Butternut Squash

Follow our easy, five-step tutorial!

Smoky Mac Stuffed Sweet Potatoes

The natural sweetness of the
sweet potato goes perfectly with the chipotle flakes and smoky cheese
sauce in this truly amazing dish.

Get the recipe from Vegan Yack Attack »

BBQ Chickpea & Cauliflower Flatbreads with Avocado Mash

Crunchy, roasted chickpeas are the new crouton. You heard it here first.

Get the recipe for BBQ Chickpea & Cauliflower Flatbreads with Avocado Mash »

Plan with eMeals

Imagine if you could still make delicious meals for your family at a fraction of the cost. Well, it’s possible. Try the Good Housekeeping Easy Weeknights Meal Plan
FREE for 14 Days and save time and money with a week’s worth of dinners
hand-picked by our editors, including these flavor-packed “Fried” Avocado Tacos

Mean Green Detox Salad

This salad has Tuscan kale,
broccoli, purple cabbage, cilantro, parsley, grapefruit, and avocado,
making it almost as beautiful as it is delicious.

Get the recipe from Half Baked Harvest »

Pesto Pasta

Switch to a Parmesan-free vegan pesto sauce (this one is our favorite!) for a pasta dish everyone can enjoy.

Get the recipe for Summer Pesto Pasta »

Thai Peanut Sweet Potato Bowl

Roasted sweet potatoes and quinoa are topped with a sweet Thai peanut sauce in this healthy recipe.

Get the recipe from Whitney Bond »

Double Chocolate Zucchini Bread

You won’t have to twist anyone’s arm to eat veggies for breakfast when it looks like this.

Get the recipe from Ambitious Kitchen »

Split Pea Pesto Stuffed Shells

Big ol’ shells stuffed with protein-packed pesto … can it get any better than that?

Get the recipe from Detoxinista »

Asian Sesame Zucchini Noodles

This flavorful stir-fry uses zucchini noodles instead of regular ones, making it both vegan and gluten-free.

Get the recipe for Asian Sesame Zucchini Noodles »

What you’ll need: veggie spiralizer ($23, amazon.com)

Roasted Veggies and Tempeh Bowl

This simple recipe of roasted veggies, tempeh, and quinoa is easy to prepare, making it perfect for weekday lunches or dinners.

Get the recipe for Roasted Veggies and Tempeh Bowl »

Rainbow Veggie Kabobs

Trust us, you’ll want to make room on the grill for these tasty skewers filled with squash, mushrooms, tomatoes, and more.

Get the recipe for Rainbow Veggie Kabobs »

What you’ll need: bamboo skewers ($6, amazon.com)

Garden Greens and Pumpernickel Panzanella

For all you crouton lovers, this is basically a bread salad. Dig in.

Get the recipe for Garden Greens and Pumpernickel Panzanella »

Read up on more clean carb recipes now

Crispy Tofu Bowl

Topped with a spicy red chile sauce, fried tofu adds a delicious crunch to this cucumber and cashew-filled quinoa bowl.

Get the recipe for Crispy Tofu Bowl »

Creamy Vegan Linguine with Wild Mushrooms

How do we make these noodles so creamy and cheesy without cream or cheese? Click to learn our secrets.

Get the recipe for Creamy Vegan Linguine with Wild Mushrooms »

Spicy Curried Lentils

On your table in less than 10 minutes, this veggie-packed curry will seriously spice up your life.

Get the recipe for Spicy Curried Lentils »

Spring Minestrone

This nutrient-packed veggie soup is more soothing than chicken noodle.

Get the recipe for Spring Minestrone »

Vegetable Pakoras

These delicious spiced Indian
chickpea fritters, filled with onions, spinach, cilantro, potatoes, and
red pepper flakes, are surprisingly simple to make.

Get the recipe from I Love Vegan »

Beet, Mushroom and Avocado Salad

Beyond roasting the portobello
mushrooms and whisking up a simple vinaigrette, all you have to do is
assemble this heart-healthy salad.

Get the recipe for Beet, Mushroom and Avocado Salad »

Supergreen Mushroom & Orzo Soup

Doesn’t this look way more delicious than a green juice? Choose a veggie broth and omit the pesto to keep it vegan friendly.

Get the recipe for Supergreen Mushroom & Orzo Soup »

Crispy Potatoes with Vegan Nacho Sauce

This vegan “queso” is liquid gold and might be better than actual cheese.

Get the recipe for Crispy Potatoes with Vegan Nacho Sauce »

Peanutty Edamame and Noodle Salad

These naturally vegan and gluten-free noodles are made from yams, and they’re super low-cal to boot.

Get the recipe for Peanutty Edamame and Noodle Salad »

Smoky Vegan Black Bean Soup

This chunky soup is basically a veggie chili, so go ahead and load on the toppings.

Get the recipe for Smoky Vegan Black Bean Soup »

Buffalo Cauliflower Tacos

One taste of these
buffalo-sauce-and-ranch combo tacos and you’ll understand why people go
so crazy over buffalo wings. These are that good.

Get the recipe from This Savory Vegan »

More From
Healthy Recipes & Meal Ideas

kombucha

How to Make Your Own Homemade Kombucha

18 Healthy Slow Cooker Recipes

70+ Healthy Dinners to Make Tonight

eMeals

eMeals Makes Meal Planning So Much Easier

70 Healthy Lunch Ideas That Will Keep You Full

summer smoothies

Summer Smoothies

asian sesame zucchini noodles

19 Low-Calorie Zucchini Noodle Recipes

40 Easy Summer Salads That Pack in Lotsa Flavor

tahini lemon quinoa with asparagus ribbons

Tahini-Lemon Quinoa with Asparagus Ribbons

Vegan Cheesecake Recipes

18 Dreamy Vegan Cheesecake Recipes

Easy Low-Fat Recipes
Healthy Recipes & Meal Ideas
Food & Recipes
Easy Vegan Cookie Ideas
Super Healthy Vegan Snacks
The Best Meals with Tofu
The Best Vegetarian Dinner Recipes Ever
Best Vegan Cake Recipes
Delicious Vegetarian Christmas Dinner Ideas

Newsletter
Digital Editions
About Us
Media Kit
Press Room
Contact Us
Community Guidelines
Advertise Online
Customer Service
Subscribe
Other Hearst Subscriptions
Give a Gift
Events & Promotions
Giveaways
Being Green
- A Part of Hearst Digital Media

A Part of Hearst Digital Media

Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing
programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen
products purchased through our links to retailer sites.

©2018 Hearst Communications, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Updated Privacy Notice
Your California Privacy Rights
Interest-Based Ads
Updated Terms of Use
Site Map
https://cloud.withgoogle.com/next18/sf/explore

Next ’18: Wish to Join you online July 24–26.

Please send me the procedure
to
discus
Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research
and Practice University and related GOOD NEWS through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca
ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

Attempting to propagate Tipitaka to all
societies to enable them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal by taking
lessons for their Research and Fellowship. Present them the teachings
in latest Visual Format including 7D/3D Laser Holograms and Circarama
Cinema cum Meditation Hall.

Meet. Learn. Solve stuff.

Next
is where we can all come together to share big ideas in the same space
and actively make the cloud stronger. Explore how you can participate,
get your hands dirty, and bring home knowledge that makes what matters
to you tangibly better.

Keynotes

The
leading minds in cloud, including Google executives, partners, and
customers, will take the stage to inspire, educate, and power the cloud
forward in real time. All keynotes will be live streamed via the Next
’18 app with additional viewing rooms available throughout Moscone.

See keynotes

Build your schedule

Hone
your skills. Ask technical questions. Get inspired. This year’s program
is packed with breakouts, keynotes, spotlights, panels, and bootcamps.

Sign in and register to reserve seats and start building your calendar.

Build your schedule

Hone
your skills. Ask technical questions. Get inspired. This year’s program
is packed with breakouts, keynotes, spotlights, panels, and bootcamps.

Sign in and register to reserve seats and start building your calendar.

Mon23Tue24Wed25Thu26Fri27
Bookmarks

Keynote
2 Results

9 AM

Keynote • GENKEY101

Building a Cloud for Everyone

9–10:30 AM

Moscone South | Floor: Lower Level | Room: Keynote

2:30 PM

Keynote • GENKEY104

Google Cloud Customer Innovation Series - Tuesday

2:30–3:30 PM

Moscone South | Floor: Lower Level | Room: Keynote

Keynote • GENKEY101

Building a Cloud for Everyone

Tuesday, July 24 9–10:30 AM

Moscone South | Floor: Lower Level | Room: Keynote

Description

Hear
from Google Cloud leaders about how the cloud is transforming business,
making Artificial Intelligence available to everyone, and improving the
lives and circumstances of people around the world in ways never before
possible.

Keynote
Introductory

Speakers

Diane Greene
CEO,

Google Cloud

Urs Hölzle
SVP Cloud Infrastructure,

Google Cloud

Daniel Leiva
Vice President Customer Service Technology, Global Customer Experience,

eBay

Fei-Fei Li
Chief Scientist,

Google Cloud

Prabhakar Raghavan
VP of Apps,

Google Cloud

Merijn te Booij
Chief Marketing Officer,

Genesys

Related sessions

Keynote • GENKEY104

Google Cloud Customer Innovation Series - Tuesday

Tuesday, July 24 2:30–3:30 PM

Moscone South | Floor: Lower Level | Room: Keynote

Keynote • GENKEY102

Bringing the Cloud to You

Wednesday, July 25 9–10:30 AM

Moscone South | Floor: Lower Level | Room: Keynote

Next session

Google Cloud Customer Innovation Series - Tuesday
arrow_forward

Follow us

Explore our business

Google Cloud
Google Cloud Platform
G Suite
Google Maps
Chrome
Android
Google for Education
Global events

Next ’18 Tokyo
Next ’18 London
Event support

Terms of Service
Code of Conduct
Update registration
Update hotel reservation
Diversity & Inclusion
Press
FAQ
Privacy
Terms
About Google
Google Products

Help

Spiritual Community of The True Followers of The Path Shown by The Awakened One



III. Identification of the Objects of Refuge


The fruitfulness of the act of taking refuge is proportional to the depth and precision with which we understand the nature of the refuge-objects. Therefore these objects have to be identified with precision and correctly understood. Each refuge-object has a double layer of signification, one concrete and mundane, the other intangible and supramundane. The two are not entirely distinct, but intermesh in such a way that the former acts as a vehicle for the latter. An examination of each refuge in turn will make clear what their twofold signification is and how they interfuse.



1. The Buddha

The Buddha as refuge can be considered first. On one level the word “Buddha” refers to a particular figure — the man Siddhattha Gotama who lived in India in the fifth century B.C. When we take refuge in the Buddha, we take refuge in this person, for he is the practioner of the Dhamma and the historical founder of Buddhism. However, in going to him for refuge, we do not take refuge in him merely in his concrete particularity. We rely upon him as the Buddha, the awakened one, and this has a significance transcending the limits of what can be given by empirical, historical fact. What enables the Buddha to function as a refuge is his actualization of a supramundane attainment. This attainment is the state of Buddhahood or perfect awakenment, a state which has been realized by other persons in the past and will be realized again in the future. Those who realize this state are Buddhas. When we take refuge in the Buddha we rely upon him as a refuge because he embodies this attainment in himself. It is his Buddhahood that makes the Buddha a refuge.


But what is the Buddhahood of the Buddha? In brief the Buddhahood of the Buddha is the sum total of the qualities possessed by that person named Gotama which make him a Buddha. These qualities can be summed up as the abandonment of all defects and the acquisition of all virtues.


The defects abandoned are the defilements (kilesa) together with their residual impressions (vasana). The defilements are afflictive mental forces which cause inner corruption and disturbance and motivate unwholesome actions. Their principle members are greed, hatred, and delusion; from these all the secondary defilements derive. In the Buddha these defilements have been abandoned totally, completely, and finally. They are abandoned totally in that all defilements have been destroyed with none remaining. They are abandoned completely in that each one has been destroyed at the root, without residue. And they have been abandoned finally in that they can never arise again in the future.


The virtues acquired by the Buddha are very numerous, but two stand out as paramount: great wisdom (mahapañña) and great compassion (maha-karuna). The great wisdom of the Buddha has two aspects — extensiveness of range and profundity of view. Through the extensive range of his wisdom the Buddha understands the totality of existent phenomena; through his profundity of view he understands the precise mode of existence of each phenomenon.


The Buddha’s wisdom does not abide in passive contemplation but issues in great compassion. Through his great compassion the Buddha comes forth to work for the welfare of others. He takes up the burden of toiling for the good of sentient beings, actively and fearlessly, in order to lead them to deliverance from suffering.


When we go for refuge to the Buddha we resort to him as the supreme embodiment of purity, wisdom and compassion, the peerless practioner who can guide us to safety out of the perilous ocean of samsara.



2. The Dhamma

The Dhamma too involves a double reference. At the elementary level the word “Dhamma” signifies the teaching and practice of the Buddha — the conceptually formulated, verbally expressed set of doctrines taught by or deriving from the historical figure Gotama. This practice, called “the transmission” (agama), is contained in the Tipitaka or three collections of scripture and in the commentaries and expository works which explain them. The three collections are the Vinayapitaka, the Suttapitaka, and the Abhidhammapitaka. The Vinayapitaka collects together all the monastic rules and regulations detailing the discipline for Buddhist monks and nuns. The Suttapitaka contains the discourses of the Buddha expounding his doctrine and the practice of his path. The Abhidhammapitaka presents an exposition of the sphere of actuality from the standpoint of a precise philosophical understanding which analyzes actuality into its fundamental constituting elements and shows how these elements lock together through a network of conditional relations.


The verbally transmitted Dhamma contained in the scriptures and commentaries serves as the conduit to a deeper level of meaning communicated through its words and expressions. This is the Dhamma of actual achievement (adhigama), which comprises the path (magga) and the goal (attha). The goal is the final end of the teaching, nibbana, the complete cessation of suffering, the unconditioned state outside and beyond the round of impermanent phenomena making up samsara. This goal is to be reached by a specific path, a course of practice bringing its attainment, namely the noble eightfold path — right views, right intentions, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. The path divides into two stages, a mundane path and a supramundane path. The mundane path is the course of application developed when its factors are cultivated in daily life and in periods of intensified practice. The supramundane path is a state of wisdom-consciousness that arises when all the requisite conditions for realization are fully matured, usually at the peak of intensified practice. This path actually represents a state in the experience of awakenment, having the dual function of realizing nibbana and eradicating defilements.


The supramundane path comes only in momentary breakthroughs which, when they occur, effect radical transformations in the structure of the mind. These breakthroughs are four in number, called the four paths. The four divide according to their ability to cut the successively subtler “fetters” causing to samsara. The first path, the initial breakthrough to awakenment, is the path of stream-entry (sotapattimagga), which eradicates the fetters of ego-affirming views, doubt, and clinging to rites and wrong observances. The second, called the path of the once-returner (sakadagamimagga), does not cut off any fetters but weakens their underlying roots. The third, the path of the non-returner (anagamimagga), eliminates the fetters of sensual desire and ill-will. And the forth, the path of arahatship (arahattamagga), eradicates the five remaining fetters — desire for existence in the spheres of fine material and immaterial being, conceit, restlessness, and ignorance. Each path-moment is followed immediately by several moments of another supramundane experience called fruition (phala), which comes in four stages corresponding to the four paths. Fruition marks the enjoyment of the freedom from defilement effected by the preceding path-moment. It is the state of release or experiential freedom which comes when the fetters are broken.


Earlier it was said that the Dhamma is the actual refuge. In the light of the distinctions just drawn this statement can now be made more precise. The verbal teaching is essentially a map, a body of instructions and guidelines. Since we have to rely on these instructions to realize the goal, the teaching counts as an actual refuge, but it is so in a derivative way. Thus we can call it an actual but indirect refuge. The mundane path is direct, since it must be practiced, but because it serves principally as preparation for the supramundane path its function is purely provisional; thus it is an actual and direct but provisional refuge. The supramundane path apprehends nibbana, and once attained leads irreversibly to the goal; thence it may be called an actual, direct, and superior refuge. However, even the supramundane path is a conditioned phenomenon sharing the characteristic of impermanence common to all conditioned phenomena. Moreover, as a means to an end, it possesses instrumental value only, not intrinsic value. Thus its status as a refuge is not ultimate. Ultimate status as a refuge belongs exclusively to the goal, to the unconditioned state of nibbana, which therefore among all three refuges can alone be considered the refuge which is actual, direct, superior, and ultimate. It is the final resort, the island of peace, the sanctuary offering permanent shelter from the fears and dangers of samsaric becoming.



3. The Sangha

At the conventional or mundane level the Sangha signifies the Bhikkhu-Sangha, the order of monks. The Sangha here is an institutional body governed by formally promulgated regulations. Its doors of membership are open to any candidate meeting the required standards. All that is needed to enter the Sangha is to undergo ordination according to the procedure laid down in the Vinaya, the system of monastic discipline.


Despite its formal character, the order of monks fulfills an indispensable role in the preservation and perpetuation of the Buddha’s dispensation. In an unbroken lineage extending back over twenty-five hundred years, the monastic order has served as the custodian of the Dhamma. The mode of life it makes possible permits it to exercise this function. The Buddha’s dispensation, as we suggested, possesses a twofold character; it is a path of practice leading to liberation from suffering, and also a distinctive set of doctrines embedded in scriptures expounding the details of this path. The Sangha bears the responsibility for maintaining both aspects of the dispensation. Its members assume the burden of continuing the tradition of practice with the aim of showing that the goal can be realized and deliverance attained. They also take up the task of preserving the doctrines, seeing to it that the scriptures are taught and transmitted to posterity free from distortion and misinterpretation.


For these reasons the institutional Sangha is extremely vital to the perpetuation of the Buddha’s teaching. However, the order of monks is not itself the Sangha which takes the position of the third refuge. The Sangha which serves as refuge is not an institutional body but an unchartered spiritual community comprising all those who have achieved penetration of the innermost meaning of the Buddha’s teaching. The Sangha-refuge is the ariyan Sangha, the noble community, made up exclusively of ariyans, person of superior spiritual stature. Its membership is not bound together by formal ecclesiastical ties but by the invisible bond of a common inward realization. The one requirement for admission is the attainment of this realization, which in itself is sufficient to grant entrance.


Though the way of life laid down for the monastic order, with its emphasis on renunciation and meditation, is most conducive to attaining the state of an ariyan, the monastic Sangha and the ariyan Sangha are not coextensive. Their makeup can differ, and that for two reasons: first, because many monks — the vast majority in fact — are still worldlings (puthujjana) and thence cannot function as a refuge; and second, because the ariyan Sangha can also include laymen. Membership in the ariyan Sangha depends solely on spiritual achievement and not on formal ordination. Anyone — layman or monk — who penetrates the Buddha’s teaching by direct vision gains admission through that very attainment itself.2


The membership of the ariyan Sangha comprises eight types of persons, which unite into four pairs. The first pair consists of the person standing on the path of stream-entry and the stream-enterer, who has entered the way to deliverance and will attain the goal in a maximum of seven lives; the second pair of the person standing on the path of the once-returner and the once-returner, who will return to the human world only one more time before reaching the goal; the third pair of the person standing on the path of the non-returner and the non-returner, who will not come back to the human world again but will take rebirth in a pure heavenly world where he will reach the final goal; and the fourth pair of the person standing on the path of arahatship and the arahant, who has expelled all defilements and cut off the ten fetters causing bondage to samsara.


The eight persons can be divided in another way into two general classes. One consists of those who, by penetrating the practice, have entered the supramundane path to liberation but still must practice further to arrive at the goal. These include the first seven types of ariyan persons, who are collectively called “trainees” or “learners” (sekha) because they are still in the process of training. The second class comprises the arahats, who have completed the practice and fully actualized the goal. These are called “beyond training” (asekha) because they have no further training left to undertake.


Both the learners and the arahats have directly understood the essential import of the Buddha’s practice for themselves. The practice has taken root in them, and to the extent that any work remains to be done they no longer depend on others to bring it to its consummation. By virtue of this inner mastery these individuals possess the qualifications needed to guide others towards the goal. Hence the ariyan Sangha, the community of noble persons, can function as a refuge.

comments (0)