(WE ARE ONE )
MAY YOU BE EVER HAPPY, WELL AND SECURE!
MAY YOU LIVE LONG!
MAY ALL BEINGS BE EVRER HAPPY, WELL AND SECURE!
MAY YOU ALWAYS HAVE CALM, QUIET, ALERT, ATTENTIVE AND
WITH A CLEAR UNDESRSATNDING THAT
NOTHING IS PERMANENT!
ALMOST EVERY FRAUD involves
sending “CASH” money to a
ABSOLUTELY DO NOT send any money
Always deal ONLY locally by meeting
the seller/buyer in person.
READ and UNDERSTAND the methods used
by Fraudsters in the link above.
ONLINE TRAINING ON PRECEPTS AND TRADE-73
Buddhist Micro-economics for the
The Buddha gave a total of
four principles of economic practice for finding happiness in the present
lifetime [di.t.t.hadhammikattha-sa.mvattanika dhamma] (A.iv.281):
It is not to say that there are no more than these five ways of
unwholesomely earning a living — but these are the main ones. Thus if you
would like to know where to start looking for ways to reduce the amount of
conflict in the world, the present author’s advice would be to start by
minimizing your involvement with Unwholesome Livelihood. The Buddha taught that
any person who lapses into Unwholesome Livelihood will eventually attract a
heavy burden of negative karma for themselves. Other ways of making money which
involve economic exploitation in various ways can also be included as
unwholesome livelihood, such as criminal activities, or for example:
In the old days they used to compare an extravagent person with a low income to
the owner of a fig-tree who shakes the tree so that all the figs fall off, but
who picks up only a few of them to eat. At the other extreme, a person with a
good income who is not generous with their wealth will die in hardship
out of keeping with their social status. Steering the middle way between
stinginess and extravagence in a way appropriate to your level of income is
said to be living within your means. Aside of the main five forms of
Unwholesome Livelihood (mentioned above) which cause deterioration of
wealth, there are another four sorts of behaviour, known as the ‘Four Roads to
Ruin’ which if we can avoid them, will also help to protect our hard-earned
conclusion, for anyone to remain scrupulous after wholesomely acquiring and
saving their wealth, it is necessary to build up a network of good people [kalyaa.namitta]
around themselves first, before they come to spending their hard-earned wealth.
Habitually associating with good friends will cause one to expend with
reflection as to true benefit, and thereby use one’s wealth solely for things
which help in cultivating faith, keeping one’s precepts purely, practising
self-sacrifice and cultivating wisdom in keeping with the guidance of the
Buddha for happiness in lives to come (see next chapter).
Thus, throughout one’s life
one should earn one’s living carefully according to the four principles
of happiness in the present lifetime — never compromising one’s Buddhist
scrupulousness — and the same goes for saving one’s wealth. At the same
time one needs to develop those around one as a protective fence or network of
good friends. Surrounded by virtuous people, the tendency for our mind to be
tempted by unethical compromises will be significantly reduced — and the
interactions we have with our fellow workers will be for mutual encouragement
of further good deeds.
Metaphor of the reservoir
The four economic principles for happiness in the present lifetime can be
compared to four channels of water which supply a pool. The Four Roads to Ruin
can be compared to four outlets from the pool. If we close the inlets and open
the outlets, in the absence of rain, the pool will soon become completely dry.
There will certainly be no increase in the water level. On the contrary, if one
opens all four of the inlets by conducting oneself in keeping with the Buddhist
economic principles, while closing the outlets by avoiding all four roads to
ruin, before long the pool will be full or even overflowing. Thus, whether we
are speaking economically on a personal level or on national level, it is vital
to seal up the four possible outlets from our economic prosperity — by not
womanizing, drinking alcohol or gambling — and by associating with good
friends. These are the basics of Buddhist microeconomics for the present
lifetime — economics that you won’t find described anywhere else in the world.
If you heed the Buddha’s words on economics and put them in to practice you
will have prosperity in your future, never falling upon hard times.
is lost nothing is lost
PRESUMPTIVE HEALTH PROTECTION (IJPHP)
Mentha citrata - Ehrh.
Although no specific mention has been seen for this
A natural hybrid, M. aquatica x
Perennial growing to 0.3m by 1m.
It is hardy to zone 3 and is not
frost tender. It is in flower from August to October. The flowers are
hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy)
and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers acid,
neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland)
or no shade. It requires moist soil.
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Leaves - raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring in
salads or cooked foods. A very pungent flavour, the leaves of the true
eau-de-cologne mint are too aromatic for most tastes, though the cultivar ‘Basil’
has an excellent flavour and makes a very good substitute for basil in
pesto[K]. A herb tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves[21, 183].
Plants For A Future can not take any
responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek
advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Eau de Cologne mint, like many other members of
this genus, is often used as a domestic herbal remedy, being valued especially
for its antiseptic properties and its beneficial effect on the digestion. Like
other members of the genus, it is best not used by pregnant women because large
doses can cause an abortion. The leaves and flowering plant are anodyne,
antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, refrigerant,
stomachic, tonic, vasodilator[4, 9, 21, 165]. A tea made from the leaves has
traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive
disorders and various minor ailments. The medicinal uses of this herb are
more akin to lavender (Lavandula spp) than the mints. It is used to treat
infertility, rapid heartbeat, nervous exhaustion etc. The leaves are
harvested as the plant comes into flower and can be dried for later use.
The essential oil in the leaves is antiseptic, though it is toxic in large
An essential oil obtained from the whole plant is
a source of lavender oil which is used in perfumery[46, 105, 238]. It is also
used in oral hygiene preparations, toiletries etc. Formerly used as a
strewing herb, the plant repels insects, rats etc[14, 18, 20]. Rats and
mice intensely dislike the smell of mint. The plant was therefore used in homes
as a strewing herb and has also been spread in granaries to keep the rodents
off the grain.
Leaves: Crushed Dried
leaves have a very strong aroma, somewhat like ‘Eau de Cologne’.
A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in most
soils and situations so long as the soil is not too dry[1, 200]. Grows well in
heavy clay soils. A sunny position is best for the production of essential oils,
but the plant also succeeds in partial shade. Prefers a slightly acid soil.
Plants are very tolerant of neglect, succeeding in long grass[K]. Hybridizes
freely with other members of this genus. Most mints have fairly aggressive
spreading roots and, unless you have the space to let them roam, they need to
be restrained by some means such as planting them in containers that are buried
in the soil[K]. The flowers are very attractive to bees and butterflies. A
good companion for growing near cabbages and tomatoes, helping to keep them
free of insect pests[14, 20]. The mint will need to be grown in containers to
prevent it spreading too aggressively into the other plants. The whole plant
has a strong minty aroma with a hint of ginger. The plant produces a
better quality essential oil if the plant is grown in dry ground. Members
of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer.
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Germination is
usually fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they
are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Mentha species are
very prone to hybridisation and so the seed cannot be relied on to breed true.
Even without hybridisation, seedlings will not be uniform and so the content of
medicinal oils etc will vary. When growing plants with a particular aroma it is
best to propagate them by division[K]. Division can be easily carried out at
almost any time of the year, though it is probably best done in the spring or autumn
to allow the plant to establish more quickly. Virtually any part of the root is
capable of growing into a new plant. Larger divisions can be planted out direct
into their permanent positions. However, for maximum increase it is possible to
divide the roots up into sections no more than 3cm long and pot these up in
light shade in a cold frame. They will quickly become established and can be
planted out in the summer.
leaves have a true basil flavour though rather more minty. They can be used as
a flavouring in similar ways to basil and make an excellent pesto[K].
Health is lost something is lost
A BLUE PRINT FOR LIFE
If we wish
to lead a wonderful life, then the laws of
Nature must be obeyed. Spouses should be respectful of and
understand one another, among neighbours, friends, and
relatives there should be amity; and colleagues should aid
and support one another. To start a business, one should
first conduct market surveys, collect money, and make
appropriate arrangements for human resources and
management. To govern a nation, one should understand
public opinion, employ loyal and honest people, carefully
consider one’s words, and diligently carry out good laws.
Buddhists should set an example in fostering happiness and
good ties, meditating and increasing wisdom, as well as
shouldering the responsibility to instruct and guide all
sentient beings. If one conforms to the way in daily life –
that is Buddhist way of natural life and way of living – then
one will behave appropriately.
Precepts (Character, morality
self-discipline) is lost everything is lost
ONLINE TRAINING ON BUDDHISM FOR CHILDREN-33
Dirty Bath Water
Once upon a time, in a kingdom in
finest of the royal horses was taken down to the river to be bathed. The grooms
took him to the same shallow pool where they always washed him.
However, just before they arrived, a filthy
dirty horse had been washed in the same spot. He had been caught in the
countryside and had never had a good bath in all his life.
The fine royal horse sniffed the air. He knew
right away that some filthy wild horse had bathed there and fouled the water.
So he was disgusted and refused to be washed at that place.
The grooms tried their best to get him into
the water, but could do nothing with him. So they went to the king and
complained that the fine well-trained royal stallion had suddenly become
stubborn and unmanageable.
It just so happened that the king had an
intelligent minister who was known for his understanding of animals. So he
called for him and said, “Please go and see what has happened to my number
one horse. Find out if he is sick or what is the reason he refuses to be
bathed. Of all my horses, I thought this one was of such high quality that he
would never let himself sink into dirtiness. There must be something
The minister went down to the riverside
bathing pool immediately. He found that the stately horse was not sick, but in
perfect health. He noticed also that he was deliberately breathing as little as
possible. So he sniffed the air and smelled a slight foul odour. Investigating
further, he found that it came from the unclean water in the bathing pool. So
he figured out that another very dirty horse must have been washed there, and
that the king’s horse was too fond of cleanliness to bathe in dirty water.
The minister asked the horse grooms, “Has
any other horse been bathed at this spot today.?” “Yes,” they
replied, “before we arrived, a dirty wild horse was bathed here.” The
minister told them, “My dear grooms, this is a fine royal horse who loves
cleanliness. He does not wish to bathe in dirty water. So the thing to do is to
take him up river, where the water is fresh and clean, and wash him
They followed his instructions, and the royal
horse was pleased to bathe in the new place.
The minister returned to the king and told
what had happened. Then he said, “You were correct your majesty, this fine
horse was indeed of such high quality that he would not let himself sink into
The king was amazed that his minister seemed
to be able to read the mind of a horse. So he rewarded him appropriately.
The moral is: Even animals value cleanliness.
Declension of Neuter words
ending in ‘i’and ’ī’
i – ending
iṁ i, īni
inā, ismā, imhā ībhi,
i, ī, īno
For example: Akkhi = Eye
1. Paṭhamā Akkhi Ahhki,
4. Catutthī Ahhkino, Ahhkissa Ahhkīnaṁ
Ahhkimhā Ahhkībhi, Ahhkīhi
6. Chaṭṭhi Ahhkino,
Ahhkissa Ahhk īnaṁ
Ahhkismiṁ, Ahhkimhi, Ahhkisu, Ahhkīsu
Similarly declined are:
= water Sappi =
ghee Aṭṭhi = bone
Acci = flame Dadhi = curd Satti
ī – ending
iṁ ī, īni
inā, ismā, imhā ībhi,
ī ī, īni
1. Paṭhamā Daṇḍī Daṇḍī, Daṇḍīni
Daṇḍiṁ Daṇḍī, Daṇḍīni
Daṇḍinā Daṇḍī, Daṇḍbhi, Daṇḍīhi
Daṇḍino, Daṇḍissa Daṇḍīnaṁ
Sattamī Daṇḍini, Daṇḍismiṁ,
Daṇḍī Daṇḍī, Daṇḍīni
Similarly declined are:
Sukhakārī = giver of
Sukhakāmi = well-wisher
Pāpi = evil one
Sighayāyi = that which moves quickly
Pāni = living being
ñāṇī = one endowed with
Pakkhī = bird, winged one
Inī = one with debt
Leṇnvāsī = cave-dweller
Rogī = ailing one, sick
Kuṇi = crooked-handed one
Āma = yes
Na = no
Payojanaṁ = need, useful
Mā = don’t
Vayogata = in old age
Saṭho = crooked