STAFF WRITER 20:10 HRS IST
Lucknow, Sept 12 (PTI) Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati today directed officials to
launch relief and rescue operations in flood-hit areas of the state on a war
footing, assuring that dearth of funds would not be allowed to hamper their
Reviewing the floods caused by incessant rains during the last two days and
water released by neighbouring
at her official residence here, Mayawati asked the administrative machinery of
the concerned districts to keep round-the-clock vigil and provide prompt relief
to the affected people.
Directing the officials to relocate the people to safer areas, Mayawati asked
for keeping the flood companies of the PAC in a state of high alert and sending
them to marooned areas for providing medicines and other necessary relief
ONLINE TRAINING ON PRECEPTS AND TRADE-74
Microeconomics for the Hereafter
the Buddhist microeconomics of the previous chapter, in fact we have spoken
about only the profane category of happiness due to us from following the
Buddha’s economic principles — i.e. the happiness we can expect in the present
lifetime. Our Buddhist ancestors saw each person’s life as a sort of business
which could run at a profit or at a loss. For those interested only in worldly
wealth, but who ignored spiritual values, their business was seen to trade only
in worldly wealth. However those who consecrated time for spiritual practice
saw their profit and loss in terms of merit and demerit — which were the way
to transcendental wealth. If you are not born human it is going to be difficult
to deal in merit. An angel, even though considered fortunate in birth, in fact
still has difficulty in accruing merit. If one is born in the nether realms such
as hell, the animal realm, as hungry ghosts or as Titans, then it is all the
more difficult to ‘deal in merit’. It is only in the human realm that we have
the possibility to accumulate merit for ourselves. This is why the wise were
wont to ask the Buddha two questions whenever they had the opportunity to meet
with Him, in the same way as Diighajaa.nu Byagghapajja who wanted to know what
he should do for his happiness and benefit both in this lifetime and the
next. The four practices [byagghapajjadhamma] enumerated by the Buddha
in response to Diighajaa.nu’s second question, which are for happiness in the
hereafter are as follows [samparaayikattha sa.mvattanika dhamma]
the four practices, the most important precursor of transcendental wealth is faith.
Faith is something we have often heard about, but often misunderstood — so in
our studies of the practices for happiness in the hereafter, we should start on
the right foot by making sure we understand the concept of faith. With a
correct understanding of faith, it will start to become clear how the the
Buddha could teach that ‘each time faith arises for someone, in the end it will
lead to wisdom.’
who works diligently and is not reckless with their earnings, who knows how to
earn their living in an appropriate way, while at the same time having faith,
self-discipline, who is helpful to those in need (giving an amount to them
which is appropriate), whose mind is free of stinginess, who cultivates
continuously the path to happiness in the hereafter (rather than doing virtuous
deeds sporadically or according to whim) — making such good deeds habitual.
Thus, faith, self-discipline, self-sacrifice and wisdom are the microeconomic
practices recommended by the Buddha for happiness in lives to come.
is lost nothing is lost
PRESUMPTIVE HEALTH PROTECTION (IJPHP)
Are you a cortisol victim?
DR. SHEELA NAMBIAR M.D
If you are dieting, working out and still not losing
Sometimes weight is not all that meets the eye. What lies beneath may
be the cause of the unmanageable cycle of weight-stress-and more weight.
Have you been working out, “dieting” and still not losing any
weight, or worse still, steadily gaining in girth? Are you anxious, annoyed and
frustrated with your apparently pointless weight loss efforts? Well, you may
very well be one of those people suffering from an overload of stress hormone
Cortisol. It has been found that in certain people, Cortisol overload leads to
weight gain, particularly around the abdomen.
I am often faced with clients who believe they are near starving
themselves, working out like dogs and yet not losing any weight. Aside from the
irony that most dogs rarely work, it is with some trepidation that I approach
this situation. It has been found that on questioning, most individuals
under-estimate what they eat and over-estimate how much they exercise.
What is Stress?
If, however, it is established that you honestly are unable to
lose weight despite following the necessary precautions, it may be time to
evaluate the rest of your life and take into consideration your stress levels
as one of the causes for weight gain or failure to lose weight.
Emotional stress is defined as a person’s reaction to any
situation that places special physical or psychological demands on the person
so as to unbalance his/her equilibrium (Niemann 1998). Everyone from the
corporate executive, housewife or student is under stress. How one’s body
responds to stress may vary. Although the biochemical reaction to stress is
similar for every human being, some individuals lose their appetite and weight
during stressful times, while others gain steadily.
The Stress Response: According to Hans Selye
M.D, the pioneer of Emotional stress, when the human body is faced with a
stressor (or what it perceives as a stressor), the sympathetic and endocrine
system of the body set in motion physiological responses that include the
release of hormones Cortisol and Epinephrine from the adrenal glands. Once the
stressful event has passed, the body reverts to its ‘normal homeostasis’. Most
times however, when the stress is ongoing or the individual has a personality
type that responds to most situations like they are disasters waiting to
happen, the body remains in a ‘high alert’ situation with the continuous
outpouring of stress hormones. These situations cause certain bodily changes
that include weight gain! Research findings suggest that Cortisol is the
In today’s fast paced society there is hardly an opportunity for
the body to revert to normal homeostasis after a stressful event. Consider,
deadlines at work, traffic jams, financial crisis, sick children, an unpleasant
mother-in-law, school admissions, the list is endless. The stage is set for a
body that is constantly on an over dose of Cortisol and other stress hormones.
The Food Connection: To make matters worse, food
as we all know, is not used solely to alleviate hunger. It is also seen as a
form of psychological fulfilment. Periods of stress in your life — whether a
bereavement, loss of job, divorce, exams or even change of home — can be times
when you reach for food as comfort leading to weight gain. This is called
Emotional Eating and is a common coping strategy to soothe disturbed feelings.
The weight gain and dieting itself can be a source of stress especially in
today’s world where the pressure to look slim is foisted on most people
(particularly women), by the media depiction of super slim models. This
often-unrealistic image can lead to a self-perpetuating cycle for a lot of
Stress-related weight gain: Besides the regular exercise/
healthy diet combination, “lifestyle” changes and a holistic approach to
fitness has to be observed if stress is to be effectively combated.
Exercise by itself is a great stress reliever, (Neimann, Kramer
& Lee 1991, Blumenthal et al 1999). Conversely, it may serve as a source of
stress for some people who approach it competitively or generate their own
stress by setting unrealistic goals.
Mind-Body Fitness disciplines like Yoga, Tai Chi and Pilates,
which are introspective and focus on the breath can be use for stress
management. They are an ideal support system to a regular cardio and iron
The importance lies in the strategic combination of exercise modalities
for each individual depending on his requirements. Some may need emotional
assessment and counselling while others may require longer slower cardio
sessions interspersed with high intensity weight training and/or Yoga. It is
complete foolishness for instance for an obese individual to rely solely on a
‘stress relieving’, breathing and yoga routine paying no attention to his food
or cardio in the hope of losing weight. He would also need to burn adequate
calories to make a difference to his fat percentage.
Certain foods and herbs like ginseng, ashwaganda, amla are
believed to be useful in combating stress and are called ‘adaptogens’.
Inclusion of these foods may be beneficial for some individuals.
Other issues worth considering would be, is your workout too high
in intensity? Are you providing your body with an opportunity to recover
sufficiently between workouts to grow in strength and performance, or are you
subjecting it to inappropriate, punishing, endless routines that are only
serving to stress you further?
Sometimes weight is not all that meets the eye. What lies beneath
may be the cause of the unmanageable cycle of weight-stress-and more weight. As
trying to lose the weight in itself can be stressful, attention needs to be
paid to the psyche of the individual. Careful adjustment of schedules,
monitoring of stress levels and progress and a positive approach needs to be
implemented to overcome this barrier of Cortisol over-load leading to weight
Dr Sheela Nambiar M.D, is a Obstetrician/Gynaecologist, Fitness
and Lifestyle Consultant NAFC (USA) and Director, TFL Fitness Studio, Chennai.
Did you know?
The stress hormone Cortisol has been found to cause weight gain in
some susceptible individuals.
Losing weight for such people involves a strategic combination of
exercise modalities and lifestyle.
Food plays a major role in the weight gain, as Emotional Eating is
a common coping strategy while some food items can aid in stress relief.
Exercise is a stress buster but can be counterproductive in some
people. The key lies in planning the right amalgamation of routines for such
All steamed up
With the festive season coming up, try these healthy
Nothing prepared me for the steamed food festival organised by
Chennai’s Cholayil Sanjeevanam. So far steamed food meant idly, iddiyappam and
puttu. What more can they offer, I thought rather snootily. But this
was one time I was glad to be proved wrong.
The “fragrance” of steaming food was in itself wholesome. The Food
and Beverage Manager, Elangovan, who designed the menu, said the focus was on Kozhukattai
and Ela Ada, made extra special with palm candy, jaggery, and honey.
Mushroom kozhukattai, aval kozhukattai, vegetable kozhukattai
spiced up the menu with nendram, raw mango, groundnut and aval ela
ada giving that extra dash.
Tasting the goodies aesthetically arranged on banana leaves, I
realised “steamed” did not mean “bland.” In fact, steaming retained the colour,
flavour and nutrients.
Here are some of the chef’s treasured recipes.
* * *
Take 500 gm of raw rice flour, add a pinch of salt and a few drops
of oil. Add water gradually and knead it well.
Oil mould and press the dough firmly. Fill it with the stuffing
and close it in with a thin film of dough. Steam on a banana leaf in a steamer
or idli cooker. Best eaten hot with chutney.
For mushroom filling
Chop mushroom and onions extra fine. Saute with green chilli and
ginger- garlic puree, till golden.
Pound 500 gm raw rice into tiny granules. Heat two cups of water
and stir in the granules so that the dough is smooth and without lumps. Leave
it to cool.
Meanwhile heat a little ghee and temper curry leaves, chopped
green chillies, grated coconut and channa dal.
Mix with the dough. Take a lime-sized ball of dough and shape it
with your hand. Steam it.
* * *
100 gm Wheat flour
1 tsp Coconut oil
Salt to taste
70 -80 ml Water
Mix flour, oil and salt together. Add water gradually till the
mixture is slightly soggy. Let it ferment for about 45 minutes.
Spread mixture evenly on a banana leaf cut into a round. Add
prepared stuffing, fold in a semi circle and gently press. Steam for about 15
25 gmRed aval
10 gm fried gram coarsely ground
Grated coconut 5 gm
Cardamom powder a pinch. Soak the aval for 10-15 minutes. Drain
and mix with the other ingredients. And make the ada as above.
Chop steamed or roasted peanuts and mix with chopped onions,
coconut, curry leaves, salt and pepper. Add a dash of lime juice.
Raw mango stuffing
Chop raw mango and mix with chopped onions and green chillies.
Mash ripe nendrampazham with ghee and powdered palm candy.
* * *
Kambu (millet) Idly:
1 kg of millet
300 gm Black gram dal
Soak the Black gram dal for eight hours and grind it well. Roast
millet without oil. Grind coarsely and soak for an hour.
Drain it carefully and mix it with the black gram dal batter. Keep
for 45 minutes and make the idlis the usual way. Serve hot with a green chilli
Health is lost something is lost
A BLUE PRINT FOR LIFE
THE WAY OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
today’s freedom of religion and the protection and
support of the government, Buddhism can assert a purifying
influence on the government, and government should not
be jealous of Buddhism, nor should it attend to trifling
while neglecting essentials and only rewarding philanthropy.
Instaed, it ought to encourage all activities that purify
mind and improve the social climate. Buddhism must also
be directly concerned with society, defending human rights
and the happiness and welfare of the people. As such,
Buddhists should not seek to remain aloof from politics. The
individual need not care about position, fame, and power,
but cannot forsake concern for society or the responsibility
serving others. In order to spread Dhamma nad benefit
others, Buddhists today should not seek to avoid politics
should be actively involved and do their share. For in
who can avoid politics? Although Buddhists may not wish
to be involved, they must be concerned about society and
politics. The appropriate attitude for a Buddhist today is
after government without interfering in governance.”
Precepts (Character, morality
self-discipline) is lost everything is lost
ONLINE TRAINING ON BUDDHISM FOR CHILDREN-34
Once upon time, the King of
had a royal bull elephant who was kind, patient and harmless. Along with his
sweet disposition, he had a lovely gentle face. So he was affectionately known
One night, a gang of robbers met together just
outside the elephant shed. In the darkness they talked about their plans for
robbing people. They spoke of beating and killing, and bragged that they had
given up ordinary goodness so they would have no pity on their victims. They
used rough he-man type gutter language, intended to scare people and show how
tough they were.
Since the nights were quiet, Ladyface had
nothing else to do but listen to all these terrible plans and violent rough
talk. He listened carefully and, as elephants do, remembered it all. Having
been brought up to obey and respect human beings, he thought these men were
also to be obeyed and respected, even as teachers.
After this went on for several nights,
Ladyface decided that the correct thing to do was to become rough and cruel.
This usually happens to one who associates with those of a low-minded cruel
nature. It happens especially to a gentle one who wishes to please others.
A ‘mahout’ is what the Indians call the
special trainer and caretaker of a particular elephant. They are usually very
close. Early one morning, Ladyface’s mahout came to see him as usual. The
elephant, his mind filled with the night’s robber-talk, suddenly attacked his
mahout. He picked him up in his trunk, squeezed the breath out of him, and
smashed him to the ground, killing him instantly. Then he picked up two other
attendants, one after another, and killed them just as ferociously.
Word spread quickly through the city that the
once adored Ladyface had suddenly gone mad and become a frightening man-killer.
The people ran to the king for help.
It just so happened that the king had an
intelligent minister who was known for his understanding of animals. So he
called for him and asked him to go and determine what sickness or other
condition had caused his favorite elephant to become so insanely violent.
This minister was the Bodhisatta, the
Enlightenment Being. Arriving at the elephant shed, he spoke gentle soothing
words to Ladyface, and calmed him down. He examined him and found him in
perfect physical health. As he spoke kindly to Ladyface, he noticed that the
elephant perked up his ears and paid very close attention. It was almost as if
the poor animal were starved for the sound of gentle words. So the
understanding minister figured out that the elephant must have been hearing the
violent words or seeing the violent actions of those he mistook for teachers.
He asked the elephant guards, “Have you
seen anyone hanging around this elephant shed, at night or any other
time?” “Yes, minister,” they replied, “for the last couple
of weeks a gang of robbers has been meeting here. We were afraid to do
anything, since they were such mean rough characters. Ladyface could hear their
The minister returned immediately to the king.
He said, “My lord king, your favourite elephant, Ladyface, is in perfect
physical health. I have discovered that it was by hearing the rough and vulgar
talk of thieves during many nights, that he has learned to be violent and
cruel. Unwholesome associations often lead to unwholesome thoughts and
The king asked, “What is to be
done?” The minister said, “Well my lord, now we must reverse the
process. We must send wise men and monks, who have a high-minded kind nature,
to spend just as many nights outside the elephant shed. There they should talk
of the value of ordinary goodness and patience, leading to compassion,
loving-kindness and harmlessness.”
So it was carried out. For several nights the
kind wise ones spoke of those wonderful qualities. They used only gentle and
refined language, intended to bring peacefulness and comfort to others.
Lo and behold, hearing this pleasant
conversation for several nights, Ladyface the bull elephant became even more
peaceful and pleasant than before!
Seeing this total change, the minister
reported it to the king, saying, “My lord, Ladyface is now even more
harmless and sweet than before. Now he is as gentle as a lamb!”
The king said, “It is wonderful indeed
that such a madly violent elephant can be changed by associating with wise men
and monks.” He was amazed that his minister seemed to be able to read the
mind of an elephant. So he rewarded him appropriately.
The moral is: As rough talk
infects with violence, so do gentle words heal with harmlessness.
Nahāpita = barber
Parinibbuta = Demised one, Arahat who
has passed away
Visayaṁ = object
Ārammanā = object
Saṁyojanāni = fetters
The ten fetters are:
Sakkāyadiṭṭhi = Lust pertaining to sensual world
Vicikiccā = skeptical doubt
Sīlabbata Parāmāsa = superstitious adherence to
rites and rituals
Kāmarāga = Lust pertaining to sensual world
Vyāpāda = ill-will
Rūparāga = desire pertaining to fine material sphere
Arūparāga = desire pertaining to immaterial sphere
Māna = pride, conceit
Uddhacca = restlessness
Avijjā = ignorance
Nānā = separately, different Puna = again
Evaṁ = thus, yes Vā or Athavā = or
Sīghaṁ = quickly Kathaṁ = how
Kasmā = why Tathā = in that way
So = he, that Aññatra
Yattha = wherever Tattha = there
Yasmā = because Tasmā = therefore
Attano = one’s own Kiñci = anything
Pi = emphatic particle Tena
= by that
Vaṭṭati = to be done Atita
Paccupanna = present, now Anāgata = future
Uyyāna = garden Upari = above
Ekaṁ = one pana = however
= well-wisher Asubha = repulsive
Apekkhati = expects, desires Sattā = being
Jarā/vuddhavaya = old age Pāni = living being
Kujjhitvā = having become angry Catutro = cunning