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January 2012
« Dec   Feb »
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 6:44 pm

03 01
2012 LESSON 483
Dhammapada The Dhammapada: Verses and Stories Dhammapada Verse 24
Kumbhaghosakasetthi Vatthu

 The Congress, it seems, has lost
mental balance due to which it sees elephant eating money.


Utthanavato satimato
sucikammassa nisammakarino
sannatassa dhammajivino
appamattassa yaso bhivaddhati.

Verse 24: If a person is energetic, mindful, pure in his thought, word and
deed, and if he does everything with care and consideration, restrains his
senses, earns his living according to the Law (Dhamma) and is not unheedful,
then, the fame and fortune of that mindful person steadily increase.

The Story of Kumbhaghosaka, the Banker

While residing at the Veluvana monastery, the Buddha uttered Verse (24) of
this book, with reference to Kumbhaghosaka, the banker.

At one time, a plague epidemic broke out in the city of Rajagaha. In the
house of the city banker, the servants died on account of this disease; the
banker and his wife were also attacked by the same. When they were both down
with the disease they told their young son Kumbhaghosaka to leave them and flee
from the house and to return only after a long time. They also told him that at
such and such a place they had buried a treasure worth forty crores. The son
left the city and stayed in a forest for twelve years and then came back to the

By that time, he was quite a grown up youth and nobody in the city recognized
him. He went to the place where the treasure was hidden and found it was quite
intact. But he reasoned and realized that there was no one who could identify
him and that if he were to unearth the buried treasure and make use of it people
might think a young poor man had accidentally come upon buried treasure and they
might report it to the king. In that case, his property would be confiscated and
he himself might be manhandled or put in captivity. So he concluded it was not
yet time to unearth the treasure and that meanwhile he must find work for his
living. Dressed in old clothes Kumbhaghosaka looked for work. He was given the
work of waking up and rousing the people to get up early in the morning and of
going round announcing that it was time to prepare food, time to fetch carts and
yoke the bullocks, etc.

One morning, King Bimbisara heard him. The king, who was a keen judge of
voices, commented, “This is the voice of a man of great wealth.” A
maid, hearing the king’s remark, sent someone to investigate. He reported that
the youth was only a hireling of the labourers. In spite of this report the king
repeated the same remark on two subsequent days. Again, enquiries were made but
with the same result. The maid thought that this was very strange, so she asked
the king to give her permission to go and personally investigate.

Disguised as rustics, the maid and her daughter set out to the place of the
labourers. Saying that they were travellers, they asked for shelter and was
given accommodation in the house of Kumbhaghosaka just for one night. However,
they managed to prolong their stay there. During that period, twice the king
proclaimed that a certain ceremony must be performed in the locality of the
labourers, and that every household must make contributions. Kumbhaghosaka had
no ready cash for such an occasion. So he was forced to get some coins
(Kahapanas) from his treasure. As these coins were handed over to the maid, she
substituted them with her money and sent the coins to the king. After some time,
she sent a message to the king asking him to send some men and summon
Kumbhaghosaka to the court. Kumbhaghosaka, very reluctantly, went along with the
men. The maid and her daughter also went to the palace, ahead of them.

At the palace, the king told Kumbhaghosaka to speak out the truth and gave
him assurance that he would not be harmed on this account. Kumbhaghosaka then
admitted that those Kahapanas were his and also that he was the son of the city
banker of Rajagaha, who died in the plague epidemic twelve years ago. He further
revealed the place where the treasure was hidden. Subsequently, all the buried
treasure was brought to the palace; the king made him a banker and gave his
daughter in marriage to him.

Afterwards, taking Kumbhaghosaka along with him, the king went to the Buddha
at the Veluvana monastery and told him how the youth, though rich, was earning
his living as a hireling of the labourers, and how he had appointed the youth a

Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows:

Verse 24: If a person is energetic, mindful, pure in his thought,
word and deed, and if he does every thing with care and consideration,
restrains his senses, earns his living according to the Law (Dhamma)
and is not unheedful, then, the fame and fortune of that mindful
person steadily increase.

At the end of the discourse, Kumbhaghosaka attained Sotapatti Fruition.


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a Sutta a Day Keeps Dukkha Away






Mayawati The Awakened  had gone beyond all
worldly affairs, but still gave advice on good governance.

Awakened Mayawati came from a  caste full of Dukkha and was naturally brought into
association with rulers and
ministers. Despite her origin and association, she never resorted to the
influence of political power to introduce her governance, nor allowed her governance to be misused for gaining political
power. But today, many politicians
try to drag the Mayawat’s name into politics by introducing her as a
communist, capitalist,or
even an imperialist. They have forgotten that the new political philosophy as
we know it really developed in the
West long ago. Those who try to make use of the good
name of the Mayawati for their own personal advantage must remember that Mayawati was
the Awakened
One who had gone beyond all worldly concerns.

is an inherent problem of trying to intermingle religion and with politics. The
basis of religion and caste is morality,purity
and faith, while that for politics is power. In the course of history, religion
has often been used to give legitimacy
to those in power and their exercise of that power. Religion as communalism was used to
justify wars and conquests, persecutions,
atrocities, rebellions, destruction of works of art and culture.

religion is used to pander to political whims, it has to fore go its high moral
ideals and become debased by
worldly political demands.

thrust of the Awakened Mayawati’s Governance is not directed to the creation of new
political institutions and establishing 
political arrangements. Basically, it seeks to approach the problems of society
by reforming the individuals
constituting that society and by suggesting some general principles through
which the society can be
guided towards greater humanism, improved welfare of its members, and more
equitable sharing of resources.

 There is a limit
to the extent to which a political system can safeguard the happiness and
prosperity of its people. No
political system, no matter how ideal it may appear to be, can bring about
peace and happiness as long as the
people in the system are dominated by greed, hatred and delusion. In addition,
no matter what political system
is adopted, there are certain universal factors which the members of that
society will have to experience: the
effects of good and bad governance the lack of real satisfaction or everlasting
happiness in the world
characterized by dukkha (unsatisfactoriness), anicca
(impermanence), and anatta (egolessness).

To the awakened ones,
nowhere in Samsara is there real freedom, not even in the heavens or the
world of Brahama.

 Although a good
and just political system which guarantees basic human rights and contains
checks and balances to the
use of power is an important condition for a happy in society, people should
not fritter away their time by
endlessly searching for the ultimate political system where men can be
completely free, because complete freedom
cannot be found in any system but only in minds which are free. To be free,
people will have to look
within their own minds and work towards freeing themselves from the chains of
ignorance and craving. Freedom
in the truest sense is only possible when a person uses Dhamma to develop his
character through good
speech and action and to train his/her mind so as to expand his/her mental potential
and achieve his/her ultimate aim of

 While recognizing
the usefulness of separating religion and caste from politics and the limitations of
political systems in bringing about
peace and happiness, there are several aspects of the Awakened Mayawati’s governence
which have close
correspondence to the political arrangements of the present day. Firstly, the Awakened
One Mayawati spoke about the
equality of all human beings after Babasaheb Ambedkar and Abraham Lincoln, and that classes and
castes are artificial barriers erected
by society. The only classification of human beings, according to the Awakened
One Mayawati, is based on the quality
of their moral conduct. Secondly, the Awakened One Mayawati encouraged the spirit of
social -co-operation and
active participation in society. This spirit is actively promoted in the
political process of modern
societies. Thirdly, since no one was appointed as the Awakened One Mayawati’s successor,
the members of the Bahujan Samaj Party were to be
guided by the governance and  decipline or in short, the Rule of Law. Until today very
member of the party is
to abide by the Rule of Law which governs and guides their conduct. Fourthly, the Awakened
One Mayawati encouraged the spirit of consultation and the democratic process. This is
shown within the
community of the party in which all members have the right to decide on matters
of general concern. When a
serious question arose demanding attention, the issues were put before the leaders and discussed in a
manner similar to the democratic parliamentary system used today. This
self-governing procedure may
come as a surprise to many to learn that in the assemblies of Awakened One Mayawati in PraBuddha Bharath 2,500 years and more
ago are to be found the rudiments of the parliamentary practice of the present
day. A special officer similar
to ‘Mr. Speaker’ was appointed to preserve the dignity of the Parliamentary
Chief Whip, was also appointed
to see if the quorum was secured. Matters were put forward in the form of a
motion which was open to
discussion. In some cases it was done once, in others three times, thus
anticipating the practice of Parliament in
requiring that a bill be read a third time before it becomes law. If the
discussion showed a difference of
opinion, it was to be settled by the vote of the majority through balloting.

 The Awakened
One Mayawati approach to political power is the moralization and the responsible use of
public power.The Awakened One
Mayawati preached non-violence and peace as a universal message. She did not approve of
violence or the
destruction of life, and declared that there is no such thing as a ‘just’ war. She taught: ‘The victor breeds hatred,
the defeated lives in misery. He who renounces both victory and defeat is happy
and peaceful.’

Not only did the
Awakened One Mayawati teach non-violence and peace, She was perhaps the first and only
religious and Caste teacher who went
to the Ayodhia personally to prevent the outbreak of a communal war. She diffused tension
betweenthe Hindus and
the Muslims who were about to wage war over the Babri Masjid issue.

The Awakened One Mayawati
discussed the importance and the prerequisites of a good government. She showed
how the country
could become corrupt, degenerate and unhappy when the head of the government
becomes corrupt and
unjust. She spoke against corruption and how a government should act based on
humanitarian principles and that everyone including the CBI should be brought under the Lokpal Bill.

 The Awakened One
Mayawti once said, ‘When the ruler of a country is just and good, the ministers become
just and good; when the
ministers are just and good, the higher officials become just and good; when
the higher officials are
just and good, the rank and file become just and good; when the rank and file
become just and good, the people
become just and good.

Awakened Mayawati said that immorality and crime, such as
theft, falsehood,
violence, hatred, cruelty, could arise from poverty. Rulers and
governments may
try to suppress crime through
punishment, but it is futile to eradicate crimes through force.The
Awakened Mayawati suggested economic development instead of force to
reduce crime.

The government
should use the country’s resources to improve the economic conditions of the
country. It could embark on
agricultural and rural development, provide financial support to entrepreneurs
and business,
provide adequate wages for workers to maintain a decent life with human dignity.

1)be liberal and
avoid selfishness,

2) maintain a high moral character,

3) be prepared to sacrifice one’s own pleasure for the well-being of the

4) be honest and maintain absolute integrity,

5) be kind and gentle,

6) lead a simple life for the subjects to emulate,

7) be free from hatred of any kind,

8) exercise non-violence,

9) practice patience, and

10) respect public opinion to promote peace and harmony

the behavior of rulers, She further advised:

 - A
good ruler should act impartially and should not be biased and discriminate
between one particular group
of subjects against another.

- A
good ruler should not harbor any form of hatred against any of his subjects.

- A
good ruler should show no fear whatsoever in the enforcement of the law, if it
is justifiable.

- A
good ruler must possess a clear understanding of the law to be enforced. It
should not be enforced just because
the ruler has the authority to enforce the law. It must be done in a reasonable
manner and with common

 She  stated: ‘If a man, who is unfit, incompetent, immoral,
improper, unable and unworthy of ruling, has enthroned himself a ruler with great authority, he is
subject to be punished to be
subject to a variety of punishment by the people, because, being unfit and
unworthy, he has placed himself
unrighteously in the seat of sovereignty. The ruler, like others who violate
and transgress moral codes and
basic rules of all social laws of mankind, is equally subject to punishment;
and moreover, to be censured is
the ruler who conducts himself as a robber of the public.’ She mentioned\ that a ruler who
punishes innocent people and does not punish the culprit is not suitable to
rule a country.

The ruler always
improves himself and carefully examines his own conduct in deeds, words and
thoughts, trying to
discover and listen to public opinion as to whether or not he had been guilty
of any faults and mistakes in
ruling the country. If it is found that he rules unrighteously, the public will
complain that they are ruined by
the wicked ruler with unjust treatment, punishment, taxation, or other
oppressions including corruption of
any kind, and they will react against him in one way or another. On the
contrary, if he rules righteously they
will bless him: ‘Long live
the ruler’.

Awakened Mayawati’s emphasis
on the moral duty of a ruler to use public
power to improve the welfare of the people
had inspired people of Uttar Pradesh and the entire country. to do
likewise. Awakened Mayawati, a sparkling example
of this principle, resolved to live according to and preach the highly
performing best and meritorious governance and to
serve her subjects and all
humanity. She declared her non-aggressive intentions to her neighbors,
them of her goodwill and sending
envoys to distant States bearing her message of peace and
non-aggression.Sh e
promoted the energetic practice
of the socio-moral virtues of honesty, truthfulness, compassion,
non-violence, considerate
behavior towards all, non-extravagance, non-acquisitiveness, and
non-injury to
animals. She encouraged
religious freedom and mutual respect for each other’s creed. She went on
periodic tours preaching the highly performing best and meritorious
governance to the rural people. She undertook works of public utility,
such as
founding of hospitals for men and
animals, supplying of medicine, planting of roadside trees and groves,
of wells, and construction of
watering sheds and rest houses. He expressly forbade cruelty to animals.

 Always the Awakened  Mayawati is said to be a social reformer. Among other things, She
condemned the caste system,
recognized the equality of people, spoke on the need to improve socio-economic
conditions, recognized
the importance of a more equitable distribution of wealth among the rich and
the poor, raised the status
of women, recommended the incorporation of humanism in government and
administration, and taught
that a society should not be run by greed but with consideration and compassion
for the people.

all these, hes contribution to mankind is much greater because she took off at a
point which no other social
reformer before or ever since had done, that is, by going to the deepest roots
of human ill which are found
in the human mind. It is only in the human mind that true reform can be
effected. Reforms imposed by force
upon the external world have a very short life because they have no roots. But
those reforms which spring
as a result of the transformation of man’s inner consciousness remain rooted.
While their branches spread
outwards, they draw their nourishment from an unfailing source — the
subconscious imperatives of the
life-stream itself. So reforms come about when men’s minds have prepared the
way for them, and they live
as long as men revitalize them out of their own love of truth, justice and
their fellow men.

doctrine preached by the Awakened Mayawati is not one based on ‘Political
Philosophy’. Nor is it a doctrine that
encourages men to worldly pleasures. It sets out a way to attain Eternal Bliss. In
other words, its ultimate aim is
to put an end to craving that keeps them in bondage to this
world. A stanza from the
best summarizes this statement: ‘The path that leads to worldly
gain is one, and the path that
to Eternal Bliss(by leading a religious life)is another.’

this does not mean that Awakened Mayawati cannot or should not get involved in the
political process, which
is a social reality. The lives of the members of a society are shaped by laws
and regulations, economic arrangements
allowed within a country, institutional arrangements, which are influenced by
the political arrangements
of that society. Nevertheless, if a Awakened Mayawati wishes to be involved in
politics, she should not misuse
religion and caste to gain political powers, nor is it advisable for those who have
renounced the worldly life to lead a
pure, religious life to be actively involved in politics.

you are, so is the world.”

by a set of higher ethics makes them anxious that they will be prey to anyone
who is stronger, less moral,
and capable of using violence without any sense of guilt or remorse. - Dukkha

Abiding by a set of higher ethics whose basis is compassion for other people
and reverence for life. –Dukkha

un-attachment makes people think they will be giving up worldly success and
comfort. Un-attaching from
materialism has little appeal when people everywhere are pursuing materialism
with every breath. –Dukkha

un-attached from the self and realizing that the individual self is an illusion.
- Dukkha Nirodha

out the seed of illusion, do not feed the mind with new ideals that would
succumb to corruption in the

working of time.

for nothing less than an “inner revolution” . Coming in from the cold, people
yearn for this inner revolution
because there is a hole inside them where god used to be. But in many ways that
god was only an image.
Most people fail to find what they want from spirituality because they remove
one image of god only to fill
in another (they even turn Buddha into a god, the very thing he denied).Inner
revolution, opening a path to
liberation. Nothing less will cure the human disease.

 If people could see that the human disease is temporary, the
whole world would be transformed. Despite the burden of past beliefs that underlie a horrific conflict
like the one in the Middle East,
Awakened Mayawati’s cure is taking hold, although we don’t know on what scale. Secular
spirituality forms a separate subculture in every country where people have begun to seek a new way and a new
set of beliefs. Their way doesn’t have to travel under the name of
Awakened Mayawati.
The essence is about moving ahead, not about labels. Where the growth of
consciousness is being nourished anywhere in the world, the
following trends are evident:

 There is no spiritual path that can succeed without
confronting the here and now.
Awakened Mayawati wanted us to be mindful of who were are at this moment because in the
midst of disorder and confusion, which dominates every moment, there is the seed of
Awakened Mayawati nature, of awakening.

you notice these seeds and give them value, they will
expand, and in time they will fill the holes of isolation and
meaninglessness. The path is subtle but natural, and
open to everyone. To notice who you are is simple, not difficult. You
can be gentle with yourself. There is no timetable, no need for rigor or

 Your job is to notice that there is light within you,
however small. A small candle is only different from the blazing sun by a matter of degree. Both are light by nature.
Whatever makes your light grow will serve you.

Meditation will not be a practice set apart in your day; it
will become the normal state of self-awareness, of being awake instead of asleep. For two thousand years nature
has held the cure for aloneness in its heart.

When you realize yourself as Awakened mayawati,
you are still alone, but your aloneness fills every corner of creation as far as the eye can see.

society had only adopted such innocuous dogmas like ‘ahimsa’ from Awakened Mayawati while
rejecting the essence
of her philosophy
  of ‘equality’. Ahimsa
is a social structure based on inequality and enslavement of the
‘Shudra’ and the women, amounted
hinsa and this was sought to be camouflaged by the Hindu adoption
of Awakened Mayawati’s Ahimsa.



There is Good name and fame !
In Mayawati’s imaginary Bad Name !

CM will be PM !

Badnam me hi nam hotha hai !
CM Mayawati PM banjatha hai !

 The Congress, it seems, has lost
mental balance due to which it sees elephant eating money.






Crystal-ball gazing is an occupational hazard towards the beginning
of each New Year. If anyone was really that good at figuring out all
that could happen over an entire year, he or she could make a pile.

The purpose of forecasting is  to speculate about what could happen and
give it a sense of probability.

So here are  predictions for the year.

PraBuddha Bharath

Without an
election, UPA-2 cannot continue to govern – due to internal
contradictions and worsening economic situation. For a full list of

Politicians: Fortunes of politicians? Mayawati
will win in a thumping majority in UP,

2012 will be better than 2011: surprising changes will unfold. 

The economy: India will probably grow at 7 percent
next year.

The rupee: The global risk-aversion should begin
abating in the second half of 2012, which means the rupee should start
strengthening. The rupee should fall well below Rs 50 to the dollar by
end-2012. A return to Rs 44-45 levels is some way off.

The markets: After a weak first-half, the markets
will start gathering steam in the second – especially if some reforms
are announced in the budget. The Sensex should cross 20,000 by the end
of the year and hit a new high by March 2013.

Scams: The black money, tax-havens and export scams will not blow up in 2012,since Mayawati will win in a thumping majority. The first verdicts in the 2G scam will come in the second half of 2012.

The world

The US: The economy will slow down as the current
modest revival is related to monetary looseness and the fact the no
politician wants an economy tanking in an election year.

Barack Obama will probably win re-election no matter who the
Republican candidate is if the economy seems to be stabilising itself.
But if Europe implodes, and brings the US down with it, all bets are
off. A lurch to the right is not unthinkable in this event.

Europe: The continent will probably keep muddling
along and see a mild to moderate recession in 2012. The euro will
survive, and the European Union will stay intact, but the resultant
austerity will ensure that Europe will face a lost decade of growth –
like Japan.

While German politicians keep resisting the idea of making the
European Central Bank play the role of the US Fed in the 2008 Lehman
crisis, this could change as some of the southern Club Med countries
teeter towards a more drastic recession. Eurozone’s equivalent of the
Fed’s QE1 (quantitative easing) will come after the fiscal austerity
measures start biting.

Japan: Faced with the prospect of a rising yen and a
worsening debt situation, Japan will seek to raise consumption taxes –
which is the wrong remedy for an economy that is already putting off
consumption. Real reforms will again be avoided – which would be to open
up the economy and immigration.

Like in the era of the previous strong yen, when Japanese companies
set up manufacturing bases in America and Asia, 2012 will see Japan
again doing the same. India could be one early beneficiary.

China: China will slow down, with growth falling
below 8 percent, as the economy tries to rebalance itself from an
investment and export-driven one to one with greater domestic
consumption. There will be no crash – but a steady winding down of
growth. Especially when a regime change is on the cards, no one can
afford a dramatic slowdown. That may happen in 2013 or 2014.

The yuan will strengthen against the dollar, and more and more
countries will work out direct yuan-local currency swaps to shut out the
dollar. Japan has already done so, and India has not done so only
because the political thaw required for this to take place has not
happened. But with the US-Japan-India strategic dialogue taking off, by
late 2012, a more confident India would push for a yuan-rupee swap
arrangement to reduce settlement in US dollars.

Asset classes

Gold will continue to be a big draw since the current overdependence
on the dollar continues to worry everyone. Equity will fare better than
other asset classes in the emerging markets, but not in US and Europe.
Real estate will pick up in the US, but not in India.

Debt funds are the best bet in India as the interest rate regime peaks and the Reserve Bank of India starts cutting rates.

2012 will be better
than 2011 for all of us. It will be a year of surprising change.

NEW DELHI: With an eye on the upcoming state elections, the Bahujan Samaj Party
on Thursday used the debate in the Rajya Sabha on the Lokpal and
Lokayukta Bill to launch a frontal attack on the Congress, accusing it
of destroying the country’s federal structure by introducing central
laws to intervene in the states.

MP and national general secretary Satish Chandra Mishra took the
opportunity accorded by the demand for an independent investigative
agency to indict the Congress-led government for using the Central Bureau of Investigation to harass political opponents, namely Uttar Pradesh chief minister Mayawati.

Mishra accused the UPA government of manipulating the CBI for political gains, saying that even though Mayawati
has nothing to do with the Taj corridor, the case was re-opened. And
after no wrongdoing was established, there was pressure on the CBI to
give a closure report. “Had CBI been independent, the case against BSP
chief Mayawati would have been closed long back¦ But the case wasn’t
closed, because if they agreed to close the case how would they
manipulate us.”

Mishra said the only way to have an effective
and strong Lokpal was to ensure that the investigative agency was kept
out of government control. “We want the CBI to be independent and not
under the administrative control of the government. Abhishek Manu
Singhvi, who spoke on behalf of the Congress, acknowledged that there
were instances where CBI had been misused.”

Mishra cited an acknowledgement in 2009 by Congress
general secretary Rahul Gandhi, “a leader whom you cannot defy”, on the
misuse of the CBI. “He (Rahul Gandhi) admitted and his statement was
published in the media that CBI has been misused in the past and will be
in the future.”

The BSP leader said it was clear that the
government was unwilling to let go of its control over the investigative
agency and it was unapologetic about that fact. “Singhvi said there
should be some control with the minister as far as these agencies are

Citing the “acknowledgements” by the two Congress
members, Mishra demanded that the CBI, be made independent or else it
would make the Lokpal a weak and ineffective institution. In this
context, like other members of the Opposition, he said the proposed
system gives the government a greater say over the appointment and
removal of the Lokpal.

Taking on the Congress for running
roughshod over states, Mishra charged the government with undermining
the federal structure of the country, not just in the Lokpal Bill but in
the manner in which it administered funds for centrally sponsored

“This Bill is a complete assault on the federal
structure of the country. You have decided to destroy the federal
structure. Your mindset is that you are bestowing your largesse on the
states. You think that whatever you send from here is yours and that is
how you have enacted this Lokpal legislation The era of kings is gone.
You are not emperor Akbar,” Mishra said.

Ahead of the polls,
the BSP government has been at the receiving end of missives from the
centre on misuse of funds. Mishra took the opportunity to hit out at the
Congress for behaving as if it was bestowing a largesse. “The money
that you keep saying is yours, is actually the money that states and the
people give. It is not yours.”

The BSP general secretary also
made veiled comments about the manner in which the UPA used the
“150-odd schemes of the government in the name of members of past
generation” for propaganda.

The BSP leader stressed that the
Congress was not really interested in ensuring that weaker and deprived
sections were given their due. Mishra charged the government with going
back on providing reservation in the Lokpal.

“One thing we
were satisfied about in this Bill was the reservation for scheduled
castes and tribes, other backward classes, women and minorities. But now
it appears that this is not the case. As explained by Singhvi, the
government will choose, and they may or may not give representation to
the weaker sections.”

BAHRAICH: The Bahujan Samaj Party has changed its candidates in three Assembly seats for the coming Uttar Pradesh Assembly polls.

The party which had earlier given ticket to Haji Mehfooz Ahmed
from Bahraich Sadar seat has now decided to field Mohammad Abdulla,
chairman of urban cooperative bank, BSP Regional Coordinator Udai Bhan
Gautam said at a party workers meeting in Gonda yesterday.

The party has also changed its candidate from Bhinga constituency of Srawasti district for the second time.

Earlier, the party had replaced its state ayurvedic medicine minister
Daddan Mishra, who had already resigned, by Rahim Khan on Thursday last.

The party has now announced to field Manzoor Ahmed Khan, a former block head of the area from the seat.

From Balrampur (reserve) seat, the BSP has decided to field Ram Sagar Akela, a sitting MLA from Econa seat of Shrawasti district.

The elections to 403-member UP Assembly will be held on February next year in seven phases.


55 years, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh

Sector: Politics

Career Milestones:

Along with Kanshi Ram, founded Bahujan Samaj Party in 1984
Won her first parliamentary election in 1989 from Bijnor
Before 2007, was chief minister of UP for short periods in 1995, 1997 and 2002-03
Led the Bahujan Samaj Party to victory in 2007 UP elections

Why her:

She will win the UP polls scheduled for February,
she will have a huge impact on national politics. She will succeed, and will be on her own in the general elections. Her win,
combined with a poor Congress performance, will put a question mark on  its political credentials.



The policy with regard to reservation of posts and
services under the State in terms of Article 16(4) of the
Constitution of India continued for the Scheduled Castes
and Scheduled Tribes both in direct recruitment and
promotions. Reservation for Socially and Educationally
Backward Classes was introduced with effect from 8-9-1993
as a part of implementation of the Mandal Commission’s
recommendations. Efforts were intensified by the
Government of India to increase the representation of SC
and ST in services under the Government of India, Public
Sector Enterprises and Nationalised/Public Sector Banks
during the year under report by launching a special drive
to make good the shortfalls in various categories of posts
through recruitment and reserving vacancies to the maximum
extent (50%) permissible under the Supreme Court ruling on
the matter.

6.2 The comparative position of SC & ST employees vis-a-
vis the total number of employees under the Central
Government, Public Enterprises and Nationalised/Public
Sector Banks, groupwise, as on 1-1-1993, is stated below:

                                                                       Table 1

Central Government

Group Total SC %age ST %age
1 2 3 4 5 6
A 64,197 6,293 9.80 1,967 3.06 B 1,07,120 13,036 12.17 2,513 2.35 C 23,09,003 3,67,401 12.91 1,25,424 5.43 D (excluding 10,49,703 2,17,617 20.73 72,164 6.87
Total 35,30,023 6,04,347 17.12 2,02,068 5.72 Group D 1,33,305 85,785 64.35 4,940 3.71 Sweepers
Grand total 36,63,328 6,90,132 18.84 2,07,008 5.65


6. 3 While there is a perceptible improvement in the
representation of SC in Central services, the position
about ST remains unsatisfactory. This is generaly
attributed to the general reluctance of the tribal
population to move away from their areas of habitation
which are often remote and inaccessible. There is
considerable scope for improvement if, taking advantage of
the Government of India instructions that ST employees
should as far as practicable be posted near their home
towns, the Railways, the Department of Postal the
Department of Telecommunications, etc., having
establishments in remote areas, recruit personnel from
tribal areas by deputing special teams at least for Group C
and D posts and offer them jobs near their home towns.

6.4 A recent study made by the Commission in the NMDC
units located in remote tribal areas of Bastar District in
Madhya Pradesh indicated that even for Group C and D posts
persons were appointed from outside those areas through
manipulated registration with the local Employment Exchange
at the instance of senior officers, who also happened to be
from outside, although there was acute shortage of
employment opportunities for the local tribal population.
Instructions, therefore, need to be issued that all the
establishments under the Central Government located in
remote tribal areas may recruit staff against Group C and D
posts from the local tribal population only.

Public Enterprises

6.5 The number of SC & ST employees under the PSUs has
been found to be about 554 lakhs as compared to the total
employees numbering 2,110 lakhs on 1-1-93 which is more
than 26% of the total employees on that date. The
groupwise details may be seen as under:

                                                                         Table 2

Public Sector Undertakings

Group Total SC %age ST %age
1 2 3 4 5 6
A 1,91,236 14,088 7.37 3,600 1.88 B 1,62,250 14,794 9.12 5,473 3.28 C 11,97,782 2,24,074 18.71 1,00,852 8.42 D(excluding 5,33,646 1,16,878 21.90 52,075 9.76 Sweepers
Total 20,84,914 3,69,834 17.74 1,62,000 7.77 Group D 25,362 21,606 85.19 801 3.16 Sweepers
Grand total 21,10,276 3,91,440 18.55 1,62,801 7.71


Even though the overall percentages have been achieved in
respect of SC & ST in services under the public sector,
their representation in Group A and B posts continues to
remain on the lower side. It is a well known fact that
there are limited induction levels in the PSUs and majority
of the posts are filled either by promotion or by
circulating those posts within the organisation without
allowing any opportunities to other candidates. In the
absence of any induction at the middle levels there is
hardly any chance of improvement in the present situation
when majority of the organisations have reached a
saturation point and not much of expansion is occurring.
Some improvement is, therefore, possible if stress is laid
on induction-at the middle levels.

Public Sector and Nationalised Banks

6.6 Only after the banking industry was nationalised in
1969 reservation for SC & ST in services was introduced in
the banking institutions. The application of reservation
orders was restricted to direct recruitment only. In
regard to promotion posts the managements were reluctant to
allow reservation for SC & ST on the plea that the
promotion policies in the banks were based on certain
agreements with the trade unions of the employees under the
Industrial Disputes Act, which could not be modified
without the consent of the unions and were binding on the
management. In order to ensure that the stand of the
banking sector was in conformity with the Government of
India policy of safeguarding the interests of SC & ST at
promotion stages, it was recommended in the Reports of the
Commissioner for SC & ST for the years 1975-76 and 1976-77
that the Dept. of Banking should take urgent steps to
persuade the managements of the Nationalised/Public Sector
Banks to fall in line with the Public Sector Enterprises by
accepting the principle of reservation in promotion posts
also. It was also emphasised that the agreements between
the bank managements and the employees’ trade unions should
be suitably modified so that these did not come in the way
of implementation of reservation orders in posts filled by
promotion. Subsequently the Dept. of Banking (now Banking
Division of the Dept. of Economic Affairs) issued
instructions on 31-12-1977 to all the Nationalised and
Public Sector Banks to ensure application of reservation
orders to promotion posts as well.

6.7 As a result of the implementation of reservation
orders effectively the representation of SC & ST employees
in the services under the banks improved progressively. As
per the latest information available the representation of
SC is quite good in the clerical and subordinate
categories. In the case of officers the position of SC is
slightly better than what. exists in services under the


Central Government and the Public Sector Undertakings. The
available information as on 1-1-1994 showing the
representation of SC & ST in the services under the
Nationalised/Public Sector Banks including financial
institutions is given below:

                                                                                       Table 3

Nationalised/Public Sector Banks

Cadre Total includ- SC %age ST %age ing SC&ST
1 2 3 4 5 6
Officers 2,49,016 25,515 10.24 8,333 3.34 Clerks 4,70,873 68,051 14.45 21,500 4.56 sub-staff 1,81,619 42,313 23.30 10,609 5.84 (excluding Sweepers)
Total 9,01,508 1,35,879 15.07 40,442 4.48 Sweepers 34,200 17,785 52.00 1,810 5.29
Grand Total 9,35,708 1,53,664 16.43 42,252 4.66

It would be seen from the above table that the
representation of ST is still very poor even at the level
of subordinate staff and needs to be urgently reviewed in
the Banking Division of the Ministry of Finance for
remedial measures.

6.8 Reservation in promotion in services under the
banks is restricted only to scale I, i.e., in promotion
from clerical posts to officers’ grade. There is no
reservation within officers’ category even when promotions
are based on seniority-cum-fitness criterion, on the plea
that there is always an element of selectivity while
considering candidates for promotion either based on
written tests or through interview, as per the directions
of the Banking Division. The Reserve Bank of India scheme
of promotion based on ’seniority-cum-suitability’ is
covered by the reservation policy upto grade C, i.e., Scale
III. Suitability of candidates being considered for
promotion is normally judged either based on an examination
or interview. Promotions of Staff Officers from Grade A to
Grade B under the All India merit test and those from Grade
C to Grade D and beyond in the RBI are based on selection.
It is, therefore, clear that promotions under the merit
test only under the RBI are treated as selection and not
made through interviews only. In view of this position it
is recommended that the instructions of the Banking
Division that the promotion process involving interviews
would be treated-as selection, need to be reviewed and
withdrawn so that in promotions within the officers’ grade
covered by the seniority criterion due reservation is
allowed in the banks.


University Services

6.9 The University Grants Commission (UGC), which is a
statutory body set up under the UGC Act, 1956, is charged
with the responsibility to take such steps as it may think
fit, in consultation with the Universities and other
bodies, for promotion and coordination of University
education. Since the Government of India are dealing with
the Universities through the UGC, the Government
instructions on reservation for SC & ST could not be issued
and implemented in the Universities prior to 1975 when the
UGC in a circular letter issued to the Vice-Chancellors in
August, 1975 had agreed in principle that reservation might
be provided for SC & ST in recruitment to posts of
Lecturers in the Universities and Colleges. Several
circulars on the subject of reservation in
admission/appointment from the UGC to the Universities
followed. The revised percentages of reservation for SC &
ST @ 15% and 7 1/2% respectively were also communicated to the
Universities in August 1982 with the instruction to apply
those percentages in admission to various courses of
studies and appointment to non-teaching posts and also
teaching posts upto the level of Lecturer/Asst. Professor.

6.10 In his Report for the year 1986-87 the Commissioner
for SC & ST had observed that the representation of SC and
ST in the teaching jobs in the Central Universities was
insignificant. Even at the level of Lecturers, where
reservation orders had been made applicable in the Central
Universities, the position was far from satisfactory-
the case of the State Universities also the representation
of SC and ST was found to be insignificant at all levels in
the teaching posts. An effort was made to collect the
latest information about the representation of SC and ST in
both teaching and non-teaching posts under the
Central/State Universities. Statistical information as on
1-1-1993 showing the representation of SC and ST could be
collected from all the Central Universities except the
Indira Gandhi National Open University and the same has
been summarised in the table below:


                                                                                                 Table 4

Central Universities

Total number SC %age ST %age category including SC&ST
1 2 3 4 5 6
(a) Teaching posts (i) Professors 1, 155 2 0.17 6 0.52 (ii) Readers/Associate Professors 1,774 6 0.34 16 0.90 (iii) Lecturers/Asstt.Professors/ 1,491 35 2.35 48 3.22 Directors of Physical Education (iv) Research Associates/Turors/ 257 3 1.17 2 0.78 Demonstrators
Total 4,677 46 0.99 72 1.54
(b) Non-teaching posts (i) Group A 756 26 3.44 32 4.23 (ii) Group B 1,525 49 3.21 86 5.64 (iii) Group C 9,001 414 4.60 526 5.84 (iv) Group D 10,635 2,368 22.27 672 6.32
Total 21,917 2,857 13.04 1,316 6.00

Statement showing the representation of SCs and STs in Central Universities in both
teaching and non-teaching posts (University wise) may be seen appendix.

6.11 It would be seen from the above table that the
representation of SC & ST both in teaching and non-teaching
posts is extremely poor except in the case of Group D
ministerial posts. This has been basically due to the
lukewarm attitude of the authorities in the Union Dept. of
Education which did not take any action on the
recommendation of the Commissioner for SC & ST to go in for
legislation to make it mandatory for the Universities to
follow reservation orders issued by the Government of India
from time to time. The UGC which had agreed in principle
to compile instructions in the form of a Brochure to be
made applicable uniformly to all the Central/State
Universities also failed to take steps in that direction.
Instead, it appears, the UGC set up a High Power Committee
to go into the question of legal implication of the
implementation of reservation policy, as nine out of ten
Central Universities could not properly implement the
Constitutional guarantee on quotas for SC & ST because


there was no statutory provision for it in the University
Acts. The High Power Committee recommended to make job
quotas for SC & ST legally binding on the Central
Universities. In line with the recommendation of the
Commissioner for SC & ST in his 27th Report, the Committee,
pointing out the existing legal lacuna, asked the
Government to frame a mandatory reservation policy for
administrative/teaching jobs in the Central Universities
and fix the responsibility for implementing the legislation
on the University authorities including the Vice-
Chancellors. The Dept. of Education, however, did not take
any decision on the recommendation. In view of the
position explained above it is felt that without strict
observance of the reservation orders, including ban on
dereservation of reserved posts in direct recruitment in
general and in respect of posts of Lecturers in particular,
it will be extremely difficult to get adequate number of SC
& ST persons for teaching jobs in the
Universities/Colleges. It is, therefore, reiterated that
the relevant provisions of the University Grants Commission
Act and the University Acts should be suitably amended to
achieve the objective of providing reservation for SC and
ST at various levels as allowed by the Government of India
in terms of the Constitutional provisions.

6.12 The Parliamentary Committee on the welfare of SC
and ST (Eighth Lok Sabha) in their 43rd Report had observed
that the resolution of the UGC adopted in 1975 for carrying
forward of vacancies reserved for SC & ST in the category
of Lecturers had not been followed by the Central
Universities, on the plea that the teaching posts could not
remain vacant for a long period. In the Committee’s
opinion carry forward of vacancies does not mean non-
filling of such posts. It simply means that if an SC/ST
candidate is not available in a particular recruitment
year, the post may be filled by a general category
candidate on ad hoc basis and in the subsequent years
efforts should be made to fill up the carry forward vacancy
alongwith other vacancies that may arise. The enormity of
the injustice done to SC & ST in the absence of the
practice of carry forward of reserved posts can be gauged
from the fact that out of 220 Lecturers appointed in the
Banaras Hindu University during the years 1984, 1985 and
1986 none belonged to SC/ST. The Committee recommended
that the practice of carry forward of posts reserved for SC
& ST in the category of Lecturers should be introduced in
all the Central Universities as provided in the Government
directives on the subject so that SC/ST candidates got
their due share in appointment to the cadre of Lecturers in
the Central Universities.

6.13 The matter regarding. implementation of the
reservation policy in favour of SC & ST including
dereservation of vacancies was reviewed at the meeting of


the Registrars of the Central Universities with the
representatives of the Union Dept. of Education and the UGC
on 28-8-1992 and the following decisions were taken:

(i) The Universities while inviting applications for
filling up vacancies should clearly indicate the
number of vacancies reserved for SC/ST candidates.

(ii) Since there is complete ban on dereservation of
vacancies reserved for SC/ST, the reserved vacancies
will have to be carried forward to subsequent
recruitment years. Under no circumstances such
unfilled vacancies should be filled up by general
candidates. The unfilled vacancies thus carried
forward, will remain unfilled till these are filled
by SC/ST candidates who possess the minimum
qualifications prescribed by the UGC. The UGC should
issue instructions to this effect to all the
Universities for strict adherence. The above
decision will apply to all categories (teaching and
non-teaching) while filling up the vacancies reserved
for SC & ST.

(iii) So far as non-teaching posts are concerned the
instructions issued by the Government of India may be
followed by the Universities.

6.14 At the meeting of the Vice-Chancellors of the
Central Universities with the representatives of the
Government of India and the UGC on 11-1-1993 the following
decisions were, inter alia, taken:

(i) The policy of the Government will have to be
implemented and all efforts should be made to
clear the backlog for which Special Recruitment
Drive should be launched by the Universities
keeping in view the instructions of the Government
of India in this regard. Advertisements for this
purpose shall be given in the national dailies,
the Employment News, the University News and also
over AIR and Doordarshan.

(ii) It was clarified that the Government of India
instructions for providing reservation in Class I
posts also applied to teaching posts and the
Universities should clearly indicate the number of
vacancies reserved for SC & ST while inviting
applications for filling up the posts. The best
amongst the SC/ST candidates, who possess the
prescribed qualifications, could be recommended for
appointment against the reserved vacancies.


(iii) The Central Universities should make all efforts to
clear the backlog where there is under-
representation of SC/ST in the matter of
appointments (at the level of Lecturers and the
non-teaching posts).

6.15 It is hoped that the above instructions are
implemented scrupulously by all the Central Universities to
improve the representation of SC & ST in services under
them. The Commission also recommends that similar steps
may be taken by the State Universities. It is further
recommended that uniform instructions need to be compiled
by the UGC with detailed guidelines to be followed by the
universities in the matter of recruitment/promotions and
issued to all the Universities for strict compliance.
Suitable returns also need to be prescribed for’ submission
to the UGC by the Universities to ensure compliance of the
guidelines and instructions.

Time bound promotion under
Indian Telephone Industry, Bangalore

6.16 As per the Government of India Instructions
reservation has been provided for SC & ST @ 15% and 7 1/2%
respectively both in direct recruitment on all India basis
and promotions. While the aforesaid policy was continuing,
a new policy of promotion called the ‘Time Bound Promotion
Policy’ was evolved and agreed to between the employees’
unions and the managements in a number of Public Sector
Undertakings to switch over from the vacancy based scheme
of promotions to the time bound promotion scheme. The time
bound promotion schemes as adopted by some of the PSUs have
substantially increased the eligibility condition in terms
of the number of years of service. while examining the new
concept of time bound promotions, the Bureau of Public
Enterprises (BPE) clarified to the public enterprises,
which had already introduced the new scheme, that they
might ensure that the new scheme satisfied the following

(i) All employees are promoted to the next higher grade,
scale or level on completion of the prescribed length
of service without linking the promotions to
availability of vacancies in the higher posts. In
other words, the promotions under time bound
promotion schemes are not vacancy based.

(ii) There is no element of selection or inter-personal
comparison of merit in promotions under this scheme.
However, the scheme would not be vitiated if it
permits rejection of the unfit on well-defined


6.17 A similar promotion policy based on time bound
concept was evolved by the Indian Telephone Industry and
agreed upon between the ITI management and the ITI
Employees’ Union under a memorandum of settlement dated 22-
9-79. Under this policy all the employees were entitled to
get promotion to the relevant cadre on completion of the
prescribed number of years of service. The SC/ST employees
of the ITI had been representing to the Commission against
the new policy introduced by the ITI. Their grievance has
been that as a result of this policy reservation of posts
in favour of SC & ST came to an end. The SC/ST persons
could get promotion only after completion of the specified
number of years in service and without reservation.
Thereby the comparative advantage which the SC/ST employees
were enjoying under the earlier promotion policy was taken
away under the new policy and all the employees, viz., the
SC/ST employees and those belonging to the general
category, were placed at par. The ITI SC/ST Employees’
Welfare Association filed a writ petition (No.5700/90) in
the High Court of Karnataka which gave its verdict in 1990
and directed the ITI management to take steps to ensure
that the members of SC & ST working in various cadres of
all the establishments of the ITI secured promotions not
less than 15% and 7 1/2% respectively, even under the time
bound promotion scheme on the lines of the Government of
India instructions, with effect from the date the time
bound promotion scheme was implemented by the ITI. The
High Court further directed the ITI to give all
consequential benefits to the employees belonging to SC &
ST and possessing the other conditions of eligibility in
accordance with law.

6.18 The ITI management filed a Special Leave Petition
against the orders of the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka
in Civil Appeal No.4672 to 4675 of 1990 before the Supreme
Court of India against the above direction of the Court.
It contended that implementation of the judgment of the
High Court of Karnataka would create a lot-of complications
in the matter of industrial-labour relations. The Supreme
Court of India in its order dated 18-9-1990 granted special
leave to appeal and stayed the operation of the Karnataka
High Court’s order. At this stage Shri L.R.Naik, ex-MP,
approached the National Commission for SC and ST for their
intervention. Shri Naik also met the Chairman of the
commission on 30-8-93 in this connection. The Commission
suggested to the Ministry of Welfare and the Dept. of
Personnel & Training (DOPT) to consider whether they would
like to file a petition in the Supreme Court of India,
seeking to implied themselves as parties to protect the
interests of SC/ST who had won the case in the High Court
of Karnataka. The Commission felt that contesting the case
in the Supreme Court of India against the management was


practically impossible for the SC/ST employees as they were
not in a position to bear the huge expenditure involved.
The Commission further impressed upon the Ministry that,
when the SC and ST Employees’ Welfare Association had won
the case on merits in the High Court of Karnataka, the ITI
management which was expected to protect the interests of
SC & ST should have adopted a neutral position rather than
fight against their own SC/ST employees. The Commission
also expressed the view that where SC & ST got a favourable
court verdict the management should not be permitted to go
in for appeal at public cost, and that if at all it was
affecting some of the employees, they might seek redress
from the higher court, rather than the management should
side with them against the interests of SC & ST.

6.19 The DoPT which is the nodal agency to issue
instructions on reservation matters in services under the
Government reported that since there were some serious
implications in the implementation of the judgment of the
Karnataka High Court, the ITI management had to file an SLP
before the Supreme Court of India. The DoPT further
informed the Commission that the Supreme Court had upheld
the view of the ITI in the case and set aside the order of
the High Court of Karnataka. The DoPT, while justifying
their action, felt that it might not be appropriate for
them to fetter the legal rights of the management as a
favorable verdict sometimes obtained in a lower court
might not be justified in terms of law. The Ministry of
welfare did not respond.

6.20 The outcome of the case went against the SC/ST
employees of the ITI and for that matter of other
organisations as well, but the fact remains that SC/ST
employees were no match against the powers of the
management in terms of money and legal advice. The
commission is firmly of the view that where SC/ST employees
get a favourable Judgment from a Court the management
should not be permitted to go in for appeal at public cost.
If at all, it was affecting other employees they might seek
redress from a higher court, rather than the management ,
which is expected to protect the interests of SC & ST,
should side with other employees_against the interests of
SC & ST.

Vacancies which should be taken into account
for drawing of the Select List for promotion

6.21 According to the Government of India instructions
reservation in promotion applies only to regular vacancies.
It is, therefore, essential that a select list for
promotion’s should be drawn up after carefully assessing the
number of vacancies as accurately as possible. The
instructions further provide that the purely short term
vacancies should not be taken into account for this


purpose. The Directorate General of Employment & Training
(DGE&T) in violation of the above instructions prepared a
panel of 3 against roster points 8, 9 and 10 even though
the actual number of vacancies available at that time was
only 2 falling on roster points 8 and 9. This case was
brought to the notice of the Commission by the affected SC
employee of the DGE&T.

6.22 While investigating this case the Commission found
that the vacancies in the grade of Junior Investigator
under the DGE&T were erroneously increased from 2 to 3
while holding the DPC in December 1990, adding one
temporary vacancy available for less than 4 months on
account of an employee on deputation in the National
Commission for Rural Labour on the date of the DPC meeting.
Since this was not a long term vacancy for a year or more,
as per the instructions of the DoPT referred to above,
there was no question of treating this vacancy as a long
term vacancy and preparing a panel of three persons. Had
the DGE&T prepared only a panel of two persons against the,
2 long term vacancies, the SC employee would have been
promoted against the roster point 8. The DGE&T with whom
the Commission had protracted correspondence did not agree
to the observation made by the Commission and maintained
that the reversion of the SC employee after the return of
the deputationist was in accordance with the Government
policy. The matter had to be referred to the DoPT which
accepted the recommendation of the Commission and advised
the DGE&T to provide for the SC employee. Then only the
DGE&T rectified the position in may 1994 by promoting the
SC employee retrospectively as recommended earlier by the
Commission. The DGE&T also regretted the delay. It is
abundantly clear that the authorities had deliberately
increased the number of vacancies from 2 to 3 in violation
of the Government of India instructions. It took about 3
years to convince the authorities to rectify the position.
The Commission took the matter seriously and recommended to
the DGE&T to fix responsibility for delaying the promotion
of the SC employee and take action against the erring
officer. A reply was still awaited.

Recruitment of Sweepers/Scavengers

6.23 While there is no specific reservation for the
communities traditionally working as sweepers/scavengers,
in services under the Government, majority of the employees
under various Governmental agencies working as Sweepers
come from these communities. The statistical information
collected from various agencies, showing the representation
of SC & ST in Group D posts of Sweepers as on 1-1-1993 is
reproduced below:


                                                                                Table 5


Agency Total No.of SC %age ST %age Sweepers
(i) Govt. of India 1,33,305 85,875 64.35 4,940 3.71 (ii) pals 1,25,362 21,606 85.19 801 3.16 (iii) Nationalised/Public 34,200 17,785 52.00 1,810 5.29 Sector Banks (iv) Railways as an 1-1-94 NA 40,233 NA 2,380 NA (v) State Govts. NA NA NA NA NA

All India Canara Bank Sc St Employees Association



Bel Sc St Welfare Association



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#IP 918 26 Apr - 2 May 2010

TOT(Transfer of Technology) Document on Jaguar Nose Radome Fabrication handed over to HAL

NAL indigenously designed,
developed and fabricated a composite nose radome for the Fire Control
Radar of Jaguar Maritime Aircraft for HAL, Bangalore, end user being
IAF.  In continuation to the development of 11 no. nose radomes, a
request was made by HAL – Overhaul Division for transfer of technology
of the Jaguar Nose Radome fabrication.

The TOT document was officially
handed over to HAL by Director, NAL on 16th April 2010 at a small
function held at Director’s Conference Hall.  NAL had undertaken this
project with FRP Division as a nodal point and coordinating the overall
activities with interdivisional participation by CEM Lab.,
ALD, Structural Technologies Division, CTFD and Engineering Services
Division.   HAL supported the fabrication and supply of all metallic
parts, inserts and structural static tests. CABS supported in lightning
protection tests. LRDE, CATF-ISRO and IAI – Elta, Isreal for EM tests. 
The vibration test was carried out at STTD, NAL. The radome had gone
through a systematic development right from structural design,
fabrication, full qualification tests, including flight tests and ATP
tests on all production radomes.

It is a variable thickness, nose
thick and base thin design radome. An inhouse developed closed mould 
resin injection technology has been used in fabrication of the radome. 
The composite radome is protected with anti-static / anti rain erosion
paint subjected to qualification tests, viz., EM, lightning
protection, static loading, vibration and rain erosion tests in
presence of CRI.

From the HAL side, Wg. Cdr. MP
Benjamin , DGM, Overhaul Division received the TOT documents and
mentioned that it was an auspicious day for both HAL and NAL.  He
stated that HAL is accepting technology transfer for the first time and
expressed it as a honour to take the TOT document to HAL on behalf of
their GM Mr. KG Subramony.

In the light of IAF planning to
deploy around 50 Jaguar aircrafts to its fleet with fire control
radars, it is apt that this technology transfer of indigenously
developed nose radome from NAL to HAL is befitting. Wg. Cdr. Benjamin
stated that tentatively the first radome of the 50 nos. should be ready
by June 2011. He also assured that once the mirage aircrafts get
inducted and serve the IAF, HAL may come back to NAL for indigenising
 its radome.

Director, NAL congratulated the
team for the successful execution of a national project leading to a
technology transfer by CSIR-NAL to a Public Sector and in turn to the
nations defence sector – the IAF.

Shri DV Venkatasubramanyam,
Head, FRPD also spelt a word of appreciation to all those involved in
this project and some of them who had superannuated to name a few Shri
SK Veluswamy, Shri Ranganath Rao, Shri Sathyanarayan of HAL, Dr. S
Christopher of LRDE, Dr. RMVGK Rao, Dr. S Viswanath, Shri C
Chandrashekar and Shri Dwarakanath of NAL, Shri Majeed and Shri VL Raja
of CRI-CEMILAC whose contributions need to be mentioned on this

The event was graced by Dr. Ranjan Moothithaya, Head, KTMD and team, Head, CTFD & team, Head, CEM Lab., ALD, Head, Engineering Services Division and the FRP team.

It was a moment of pride to NAL
as it also marked yet another milestone on the map of CSIR-NAL’s
achievements. The Jaguar Nose Radome Project team thanked the Director,
NAL, on this occasion.

Shylaja Srihari



Rotarian Prathibha HR Award for Woman of distinctive vocationRotarian Prathibha HR Award for Woman of distinctive vocation

Dr Girija Gopalratnam, Deputy Head, FMCD was
nominated for Women of distinctive vocation award by Rotary club,
Bangalore Downtown. She received the  award on 23 April 2010 from Ms
Jija Madhavan Harisingh, IPS, DGP & Commandant General Home Guards
and Director, Civil Defence and Fire & Emergency Services,




#IP 917 19 - 25 Apr 2010

Dr B R Ambedkar Birthday celebrations at NAL - 2010

“It is the education which
is the right weapon to cut the social slavery and it is the education
which will enlighten the downtrodden masses to come up and gain social
status, economic betterment and political freedom.”
- Bharath Ratna Dr B R Ambedkar

As we all entered the SR
Valluri auditorium, each one of us were greeted with beautiful and
colourful flowers. The day’s function commenced with a warm welcome by
Ms. Gomathy Sankaran, followed by the invocation by Ms Navaneetha, Dr.
Sandhya Rao and Ms Revathi.  Dr. R Rajendran, President SC/ST Employees
Welfare Association, NAL formally invited our Director, Dr. A R
Upadhya, honorable chief guest Prof. B Hanumaiah, Vice Chancellor,
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, and introduced the
chief guest to the audience.  

Knowledge removes ignorance
just as light removes darkness. Also knowledge is a lasting inner
wealth through which all outer achievements can be accomplished. Hence,
we light the lamp to bow down to knowledge as the greatest forms of of
all wealth. All the dignitaries on the dais lit the ceremonial lamp
and Prof. B Hanumaiah delivered the 17th Dr. B R Ambedkar Birthday
Lecture on “Dr. Ambedkar’s Vision of Women Empowerment”.
He started speaking in kannada, greeting everyone and thanking Dr.
AR Upadhya, Director for his invitation and recalled the success of the
‘National Conference on Scientific Achievements of SC/ST Scientists
and Technologists’ (NCSCST-09), which was held last year as part of
NAL’s Golden Jubilee Celebration at NAL (14 – 16 April, 2009).

Prof. B Hanumaiah in his lecture highlighted that Dr. B R Ambedkar was not only the father of Indian
Constitution, he was a freedom fighter, political leader, philosopher,
thinker, writer, economist, editor, and a revivalist for Buddhism in
India. Dr. Ambedkar was a “Pioneer of Women rights”, he argued for extensive economic and social rights for women. He mentioned that women should be given all round d
importantly social education, their well being and socio-cultural
right. He emphasised that each and every section of Indian women be
given their due share and it is a must to maintain and protect dignity
and modest of women.  He also said that it is the need of the hour to
give due share to each and every section of Indian women and believed
that without removing social-stigma, no progress or development can be
achieved. Prof. B Hanumaiah concluded saying that everyone should
understand the principles and ideologies of Dr. Ambedkar and try to
follow them.  Ms. Rama Mahadev said that every women should make her
position by her own efforts, behaviour and demand what she rightly
considers her dues.  She even highlighted the point that if you educate
a woman, it is like educating the whole family. Dr. A R Upadhya, in his
presidential remarks emphasized that the reservation policy should
reach the people who really deserve it, and who have been struggling
from centuries.  He also mentioned that those who have gained the
benefits of reservation should work for such development and which in
turn should reach the society.

Prof. B Hanumaiah
distributed awards to meritorious SC/ST students and congratulated
them. The function concluded with a vote of thanks proposed by Mr R
Veerapathiran, Liaison Officer, SC/ST, NAL.

All the meritorious students
visited various lab’s of NAL on 20 – 21st April 2010 and were shown the
scientific and research activities going on at NAL.

List of meritorious students

Master H S Harshith S/o Shri D M Sriramappa —–100/100

Kum R Veena D/o Shri R Ramachandar —–  99/100

Master M G Vivek S/o Shri K Gururaj  —–   99/100

Master H M Anket S/o Shri H S Marathe —– 99/100

Master Nikhil R Chavan S/o Shri Roopsingh Chavan  —–  99/100

Master M Ujwal     S/o Shri Manjunath Shetty  —–     99/100

Kum B VidyalakshmiD/o Shri Kunhanna B Naik —–98/100

Master K S Akash S/o  Shri A K Selvaraj   —–   98/100

Kum M Pooja D/o Shri Mariswamy  —–     97/100

Master L Kiran S/o Shri M Lokanath, TO, NTAF, NWTC, Belur —–        95/100

Master Y Revanth S/o Shri Y Lakshmikanthaiah, TO, NTAF   —–  78/100

Navaneetha and R Rajendran


Visit of Prof. A. Pistek, Director, and Prof J. Juracka, Dy Director, IAE, BUT, Brno, Czech Republic to CSIR - NAL

 Prof. A.
Pistek and Prof. J. Juracka visited CSIR-NAL during 10th to 13th April
2010.  The visit on the invitation of CSIR was to explore the possible
cooperation with CSIR-NAL in various disciplines in Aeronautical

Director made a brief
presentation of the activities at CSIR-NAL to the visitors. He further
stated the cooperation can be either collaborative type in areas of
mutual instant or involving the use of specialized technology from
either side.

Prof. Pistek appreciated the
multifarious activities of CSIR-NAL and expressed their interest in
cooperation in particular in areas like: aero elasticity, certification
issues, fatigue studies, damage tolerance, structural optimization,
finite element analysis etc.

Prof. Pistek and Prof. Juracka
also had discussions with  senior scientists of the lab during their
visit to  the various divisions and facilities. The talks paved way for
some good interaction with scientists. The meeting ended with
Prof.Pistek indicating his satisfaction of his visit to CSIR-NAL and
hoped to establish a fruitful cooperation.

Dr A R Upadhya was the Guest of Honour at  his alma mater

Dr A R Upadhya, Director, NAL
was invited  as a guest of honour for the Diamond Jubilee celebrations
and Alumini Day celebrations at Mahatma Gandhi Memorial  College, Udupi
(his alma mater). He inaugurated the Science Museum at the college on
14 March 2010, and interacted with the staff and students. He wished
all success to the college.

NAL Exhibition Team participated
in the Science exhibition held at the MGM College, Udupi on 12-14
March 2010. NAL technologies and aircraft models were displayed during
the event.

News Clipping

#IP 916 12 -18 Apr 2010

Dr. Biren Roy Trust Award for the year 2009

 The Aeronautical Society of India confers awards annually to professionals in various aeronautical fields.  Dr. Biren Roy Trust award is
one such award instituted   by Dr. Biren Roy Trust, Kolkata in the
year 1983. It is to recognize outstanding contribution in the field of
design, development, maintenance, operation, training, manufacturing
and allied areas of aviation and space.

   The award for the year 2009,
has been given to the team of NAL scientists consisting of Dr.G.N.
Dayananda, Mr.G.M. Kamalakannan and Mr. J. Ramaswamy Setty in
recognition of their contribution to the design, development and
indigenization of the state-of- the art autoclave process control
equipments, required for manufacturing advanced composites for the
countries major national aircraft programmes such as the light Combat
Aircraft (LCA) and SARAS.

The awards were given at 61st AGM on 10th April, 2010 in Bangalore.


The winners of the Dr.Biren Roy trust award from NAL are :
Left to right (front row)
Dr. G.N. Dayananda, Mr. J. Ramaswamy Setty and  Mr. G.M. Kamalakannan.
Dr. Prahlada, CC (R&D), DRDO , Dr.Kota
Harinarayana, Rajaramanna fellow,  Mr. Ashok Bhushan, Honarary
Secretary General, Aesi  are also seen.

His Excellency H.R. Bhardwaj, Governor of Karnataka( Chief Guest )and Dr. Vijay Mallya,
President,  AeSI (not seen in picture) have graced the occasion.

Congratulations to the team.




Prof P M Majumdar, IIT Bombay has won the Aerospace Education Award.


NALFOQA gets appreciation from DGCA Hqrs

NAL’s Flight Quality Assurance (NALFOQA) can
monitor the flight performance of aircraft and has been used by Air
India, Alliance Air and DGCA for over a decade. This software monitors
the flight performance of aircraft and alert airlines about the quality
of their flight operations.

Below is the text of the appreciation
letter sent to Director, NAL by Mr R Chinnadurai, Dy Director General,
AED for DGCA on the procurement of NALFOQA software to DGCA in New


This has the reference of this office having procured the subject system of software
for your office to assist flight safety activities in DGCA, HQ. After
this supply and installation, on the demand from this office a detailed
validation exercise has been carried out by NAL to match the decoded
engineering data from flight recorders of various airlines with
referred reference values. This exercise involves a large scope of work
with at time manually calculating the values with standard techniques.

This is to bring to book the
appreciation from this office for detailed and dedicated work carried
out by your team. I wish a great success for NAL to further enhance the
system related to flight recorders.

Congratulations to the NALFOQA team.

#IP 915 5 - 11 Apr 2010

NAL Scientist’s invited talk at Mistral solutions on Women’s day – 8th March 2010

I was invited to Mistral
Solutions Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore, on airport road, to give a talk on the
occasion of the celebration of the International Women’ day (IWD) on 
8th March 2010. IWD is a major day of global celebration for the
economic, political and social achievements of women.

Mistral is a CMMi Level 3
appraised, premier product realization company which provides
end-to-end services for product design and development in the embedded
space. Since I happen to work in the embedded field, I felt it was a
very appropriate place to be.  I was given some choice for the topics
& I chose to speak on ‘Tips on work life balance”.

It was a very nice experience
and for the first time I was giving a talk on a general topic. I gave a
brief introduction about NAL & then went on with the topic. It was
well received & there were about 50 women employees from various
streams (Engineering, HR, MBA, admin, testing, Marketing etc.). I
observed that the Notice Board was replete with the photos & small
write up of achievements of all great women achievers of India. Also
the history of How/why Women’s day celebration started was posted there.
I gathered that the management had sent a rose & a chocolate box
to each women employee on the morning of 8th March. A celebration in

The memento was a book by
Subroto Bagchi titled “The Professional”. I felt very happy &
honoured to. It was & will be a memorable day for me.

A brief write up of the gist of presentation made is give below;

Work life balance may be defined as meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment in each of the four quadrants of one’s life i.e. Work, Family, Friends and Self.

            For this an
individual needs to examine the four stages of the work/life balance
process & they are, Self-Assessment, Exploration, Implementation
& Evaluation. One need to reflect on personal skills, values,
interests and priorities. One has to list out goals that match the
information gained in the first stage. Personal definition of success
should be clear. One should have goals in areas of life like faith,
family, friends, finances, fitness, fun, future career development, and
finally further learning. Clear strategic action plans helps in
achieving goals on a weekly, monthly and annual basis. The goals must be
specific, measurable, action-oriented, realistic and time-sensitive.
During the Evaluation stage one must determine what went right/wrong
and why.

For many working mothers, the
work life balance is one of life’s greatest challenges. So how does a
woman balance work with family?. There’s no easy answer to this
question that impacts countless women, but here are some suggestions

  1. Loose the guilt
  2. Prioritize ruthlessly
  3. Organize
  4. Share the load
  5. Simplify
  6. Drop unnecessary activities
  7. Protect your private time
  8. Slowdown
  9. Plan fun & relaxation
  10. Learn to say ‘No’

 Hence the keyword is “BALANCE” and for achieving it one should

a) Find the right
balance that works b)Celebrate successes & not dwell on failures.
c) Live simply, expect less & give more. D) not be a perfectionist.
E) Work to live & not live to work

In summary, Life is a process, and so is striving for balance in one’s life.

Ms. Shashikala prakash

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