Buddha, also known as Sakyamuni Buddha , is the founder of Buddhism . Lord Buddha attained “ Enlightenment ” under the Bodhi tree. After attaining nirvana
, Lord Buddha became a figure providing the wisdom he obtained and
helped billions of people to end their suffering and attaining the state
of Nirvana .
Two main branches of Buddhism are Theravada Buddhism , and Mahayana Buddhism. Theravada is widely supported by people of Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia and Mahayana Buddhism is widely supported by East Asia.
After attaining nirvana
, Lord Buddha
started teaching the way of life to people. Near the city of Benares, he
shared his first teachings to five holy men and they immediately
understood his teachings and agreed to follow Lord Buddha . For
forty-five years, Buddha along with his disciples started spreading Buddha’s wisdom and teachings in India. The teachings of Lord Buddha are also known as Dhamma . Let’s see some of the important teachings Lord Buddha has left behind for the sake of humanity.
During his enlightenment , Buddha found answer to three universal questions and he explained these answers and truth in a simple way for his disciple.
These Three Universal truths some basic teachings of The Buddha
1. Nothing is lost in the Universe :
The first universal truth of Buddha found was nothing is lost
in this universe. Old solar systems disintegrate into cosmic rays. We
are the child of our parents and we will be the parents of our children.
If we destroy something around us, we destroy ourselves. If we lie to
another, we lie to ourselves. Learning and understanding these truths, Lord Buddha and his disciples never killed any animal.
2. Everything changes :
The second universal truth is everything changes and keeps on changing continuously
. Dinosaurs, mammoth used to rule this planet but now we humans rule
the planet. Life is like a river, it keeps on flowing, ever-changing.
3. Law of Cause and effect:
” The kind of seed sown
will produce that kind of fruit.
Those who do good will reap good results.
Those who do evil will reap evil results.
If you carefully plant a good seed,
You will joyfully gather good fruit. “
It is mentioned in Dhammapada too, if we do some good
things, then good things will come to us. If we do something evil, then
evil things will happen to us. It is all due to cause and effect. This
law of Cause and effect is known Karma .
Most religion strongly believes in Karma, so do Buddhism . Good karma results to good results and evil karma leads to bad results.
The Noble Truth of Suffering
“There is happiness in life,
happiness in friendship,
happiness of a family,
happiness in a healthy body and mind,
but when one loses them, there is suffering.”
What are suffering ?
Suffering is everywhere. When people are born, they cry. When they are
sick, they have pain. When they are old, they have sufferings with their
body. When people die, someone dear feel sorrow for their death.
What are the cause of these suffering? Why do we feel pain? Why do people suffer?
These are the result of greed or wanting more, ignorance, wrong idea of pleasure.
In order to end these suffering, one must be able to cut off their
greed, idea of having pleasure. One must learn and have knowledge to cut
off their ignorance.
The first way to end these suffering is changing one’s views and must
try to live in a natural way and must possess peaceful mind. The state
when one ends their suffering and live a peaceful way is known as
Nirvana. This is the highest goal and aim of Buddhism and Buddha tries
to spread his knowledge to people so that they can end their suffering.
The path to end the suffering, is called Noble Eightfold path or Middle way.
Noble Eight Fold Path or Middle Way
The path to ending the suffering of people is known as Noble
Eightfold Path or Middle Way. Noble Eightfold Path is one of the
principal teachings of Buddha. These teachings of Buddha described the way leading to a acessation of dukkha and the state of self-awakening. The Noble Eightfold path is described below:
1. Right View:
What is right view?
Knowledge about the cause of suffering, knowledge to end the cause of
suffering, knowledge to way of path to end the suffering. This is called
2. Right Intention:
Right intention can also be called as “right thought”. Understanding the
right view, one should be able to differentiate between right intention
and wrong intention. One should be resolved to be free from ill will is
what right intention will teach you.
3. Right Speech:
One should always keep themselves from lying and ill speech. One should
make best use of their speech and abandon false speech and always speak
4. Right Conduct:
Never hurting others, criticizing others, well behaving, are the right
conduct. One should never conduct any actions that may harm others.
5. Right Livelihood
“Do not earn your living by harming others. Do not seek happiness by making others unhappy.”
One should never choose living where his way of living may directly or indirectly harm others.
6. Right Effort
Right effort can also be called “right endeavor”. One should always try to take any action on the goodwill of people.
7. Right Mindfulness
People must constantly keep their mind to phenomena that may affect the
body and mind. This means one must be aware of their thoughts, words,
8. Right Concentration
Also known as “right meditation”, Right concentration teach people to
concentrate and focus one thing or object at a time. Thus leading quiet
and peaceful mind.
Following these 8 Noble Eightfold Path, one can cultivate their wisdom and thus leading to the path to attain “nirvana”.
The Triple Jewel
Lord Buddha establishes the three refuges for people to follow his
teachings. A refuge is the place where people can rely on and go to for
the purpose of safety. The three refuges that Lord Buddha establishes
are as follows:
The Five Percepts
In Buddhism , Lord Buddha himself establishes five most important rules and called them Five Percepts.
These are some of the teachings; Lord Buddha himself has passed down
for the sake of humanity and for their well beings. Every Buddhists have
studied these teachings and practice them and swore never to make any
mistakes and blunder.
Buddha - The Power of Life: Buddha reveals the power of love by
reforming Angulimala, a terrible killer. The calm and compassionate face
of the Buddha is known all over the world. Buddha was a spiritual
teacher of ancient India whose great ideas on freeing mankind from
sorrow and suffering form the basis of Buddhism. Buddha was born in the
sixth century B.C into a royal family. Known as Siddhartha, he realized
that human life was short and full of sadness. He found out a path to
Enlightenment and spiritual fulfillment. He was then known as the
distances teaching people about ?the MIDDLE PATH?, the way to end to
suffering. He taught the four Noble Truths of suffering, cause of
suffering, end of suffering, and the Path to do that Buddhism offers
hope and access to spiritual understanding and satisfaction to
everybody. Throughout the world today, people still follow the teaching
of the Buddha.
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