LESSON 2998 Wed 22 May 2019 Tipitaka - DO GOOD BE MINDFUL is the Essence of the Words of the Awakened One with Awareness Tipitaka is the MEDITATION PRACTICE in BUDDHA’S OWN WORDS for welfare, happiness and peace on the path of Eternal Bliss as Final Goal Mahāsatipaṭṭhāna Sutta — Attendance on awareness — [ mahā+satipaṭṭhāna ] from Analytic Insight Net -Hi Tech Radio Free Animation Clipart Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice University in 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka nīti Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 112 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhās through up a levelhttp://sarvajan.ambedkar.orgup a level Buddhasasana Buddha Sasana “In the Buddha you see clearly a man, simple, devout, alone, battling for light, a vivid human personality, not a myth. He too gave a message to mankind universal in character.” TIPITAKA BUDDHA SASANA KUSHINARA PARINIBBANA BHOOMI TBSKPB 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL III Stage Bengaluru - 560075 Karnataka India Ph: 91 (080) 25203792 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org
Voice of All Awakened Aboriginal Societies (VoAAAS)
Why Dr. Ambedkar Left Hinduism And Chose Buddhism
December 6 marks a special day for millions of SC/STs and socially backward citizens of India. It was on December 6, 62 years ago, that one of the greatest crusaders of the country’s marginalised communities, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar passed away.
But it was two months prior to his passing away, that Baba Saheb took a pivotal step that would shape the course of the life of millions. This was the time when he converted to Buddhism.Rather returned back to own home.
Baba Saheb’s conversion not only marked the beginning of Ambedkar(ite) Buddhism that continues to gather more followers every year, but also gave lakhs of SC/STs suffering under India’s oppressive caste system a new lens to view their identity from, and redefine their place in the country.
Speaking about the necessity of conversion, Ambedkar had in a speech in 1935 said, “After giving deep thought to the problem, everybody will have to admit that conversion is necessary to the Untouchables as self-government is to India. The ultimate object of both is the same. There is not the slightest difference in their ultimate goal. This ultimate aim is to attain freedom. And if the freedom is necessary for the life of mankind, conversion of Untouchables which brings them complete freedom cannot be called worthless by any stretch of imagination.”
On October 14, 1956, the leader adopted Buddhism, along with lakhs of his followers in a simple, traditional ceremony at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur.
The event was as historic as it was unique. Episodes of mass conversion are well known through time, yet this was probably the only one in the India’s recent history where lakhs of people, decided to convert from Hinduism to Buddhism not facing threat or for material gain, but because of their unswerving faith in a leader.
Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism was not impulsive. It was as much an endorsement of a new way of life for the country’s SC/ST community, as it was a total rejection of Hinduism and the oppression it came to characterise for people of the so-called ‘lower castes’.
Declaring that he was born a Hindu, but would not die as one, at a small conference held in Yeola, Nashik, Ambedkar had already quit Hinduism in 1935. Highlighting reasons for the decision, the leader told his followers, “So long as we remain in a religion, which teaches a man to treat another man like a leper, the sense of discrimination on account of caste, which is deeply rooted in our minds, can not go. For annihilating caste and untouchables, change of religion is the only antidote.”
The leader also added how Hinduism had failed to secure basic human rights for his people, perpetuating caste injustices instead.
It would, however, take more than 20 years before the leader finally adopted Buddhism, taking his time to pour over teachings of different religions. Ambedkar also attended various meetings with people of different faiths and denomination analysing the pros and cons of conversion and its implications for the country’s Dalit population.
He decided to convert to Buddhism in 1956, convinced that “Buddha’s dhamma is the best” and that Buddhism was the “most scientific religion”. He was also convinced that Buddhism could improve the social status of the country’s oppressed classes.
In the hymns of the Rig Veda, Ambedkar said, “we see man’s thoughts turned outwards, away from himself, to the world of the gods.” Buddhism, he said, “directed man’s search inwards to the potentiality hidden within himself”. Whereas the Vedas are full of “prayer, praise and worship” of the gods, Buddhism aims at “training of the mind to make it act righteously”.
Ultimately, his decision was based on the firm conviction that conversion to Buddhism could really improve the social status of the country’s most oppressed classes, and give them a life of dignity and equality.
Within two months after the conversion ceremony, Ambedkar passed away. But, the religious movement that he set in motion has thrived, and it now includes around four million Buddhists.
Dalits have not only gained a new identity and dignity during this time but have undergone a complete transformation. Educated and confident, they are no longer apologetic about their caste origins and are actively contributing to the growth story of a re-emerging India, demanding what is rightfully theirs.
And while much still needs to be done, his vision of equal India’, it is safe to say, continues to take incremental steps every day.
Why Dr. Ambedkar renounced Hinduism?
Dr. Ambedkar’s role as a prominent constitution maker of India is quite well known. However, his views on religion, particularly his reasons for renouncing Hinduism, the religion of his birth, are not as widely known. Ambedkar who was born in an “untouchable” family carried on a relentless battle against untouchability throughout his adult life. In the last part of his life, he renounced Hinduism and became a Buddhist. What were his reasons for doing so?
A detailed answer to this question can be obtained by studying his The Buddha and His Dhamma, Annihilation of Caste, Philosophy of Hinduism, Riddles in Hinduism etc. Nonetheless, some of his articles, speeches and interviews before and after his conversion to Buddhism throw some light on this question.
Ambedkar’s statement in 1935 at Yeola Conference is quite instructive in this regard. Ambedkar believed that the untouchables occupied a “weak and lowly status” only because they were a part of the Hindu society. When attempts to gain equal status and “ordinary rights as human beings” within the Hindu society started failing, Ambedkar thought it was essential to embrace a religion which will give “equal status, equal rights and fair treatment” to untouchables. He clearly said to his supporters “select only that religion in which you will get equal status, equal opportunity and equal treatment…”
Evidently, after a comparative study of different religions, Ambedkar concluded that Buddhism was the best religion from this point of view.
In his article “Buddha and the Future of his Religion” published in 1950 in the Mahabodhi Society Journal, Ambedkar has summarized his views on religion and on Buddhism in the following manner:
1. The society must have either the sanction of law or the sanction of morality to hold it
together. Without either, the society is sure to go to pieces. 2. Religion, if it is to survive, it must be in consonance with reason, which is another name for science.
3. It is not enough for religion to consist of moral code, but its moral code must recognize the fundamental tenets of liberty, equality and fraternity.
4. Religion must not sanctify or make a virtue out of poverty.
According to Ambedkar, Buddhism fulfilled these requirements and so among the existing religions it was the only suitable religion for the world. He felt that the propagation of Buddhism needed a Bible. Apparently, Ambedkar wrote The Buddha and his Dhamma to fulfill this need.
In the same article, Ambedkar has enumerated the evils of Hinduism in the following manner:
1. It has deprived moral life of freedom.
2. It has only emphasized conformity to commands.
3. The laws are unjust because they are not the same for one class as of another. Besides, the code is treated as final.
According to Ambedkar, “what is called religion by Hindus is nothing but a multitude of commands and prohibitions.”
In the same year, Ambedkar delivered a speech on Buddha Jayanti day in Delhi, in which he attacked Hindu gods and goddess and praised Buddhism because it was a religion based on moral principles. Besides, he pointed out, unlike the founders of other religions who considered themselves emissaries of god; the Buddha regarded himself only as a guide and gave a revolutionary meaning to the concept of religion. He said that Hinduism stood for inequality, whereas Buddhism stood for equality.
In May 1956, a talk by Ambedkar titled “Why I like Buddhism and how it is useful to the world in its present circumstances” was broadcast from the British Broadcasting Corporation, London. In his talk Ambedkar said:
I prefer Buddhism because it gives three principles in combination, which no other religion does. Buddhism teaches prajna (understanding as against superstition and supernaturalism), karuna (love), and samata (equality). This is what man wants for a good and happy life. Neither god nor soul can save society.
In his last speech delivered in Bombay in May 24 1956, in which he declared his resolve to embrace Buddhism, Ambedkar observed:
Hinduism believes in God. Buddhism has no God. Hinduism believes in soul. According to Buddhism, there is no soul. Hinduism believes in Chaturvarnya and the caste system. Buddhism has no place for the caste system and Chaturvarnya.
It is obvious that Ambedkar regarded Buddhism as a much more rational religion compared to Hinduism, rather the most rational religion. His main objection to Hinduism was that it sanctified inequality and untouchability through its doctrine of Chaturvarnya. Buddhism, on the other hand, rejected Chaturvarnya and supported equality. He commends Buddhism for rejecting god and soul and for emphasizing morality. According to him, prajna (understanding as against superstition and supernaturalism), karuna (love), and samata (equality), which Buddhism alone teaches, is all that human beings need for a “good and happy life”.
Ambedkar’s final religious act was to embrace Buddhism. His work The Buddha and his Dhamma contains his own understanding and interpretation of Buddhism. We may say that Buddhism as expounded in this book is what Ambedkar embraced and recommended. In this book Ambedkar has tried to interpret Buddhism in a rationalistic manner. Ambedkar did not believe in the existence of god and soul. This is obvious from the reasons he has given for embracing Buddhism as well as from his interpretation of Buddhism in Buddha and His Dhamma. In Buddhism, as interpreted by Ambedkar, there is no place for god and soul. Further, according to Ambedkar, Buddha did not believe in rebirth, karma and moksha as traditionally conceived. Besides, Buddha rejected the varna vyavastha.
It is widely recognized by scholars of Buddhism that Buddha did not believe in god and soul and also that he rejected varna-vyavastha. However, according to the traditional interpretation of Buddhism, Buddha did believe in rebirth and the related doctrine of “bondage” and liberation (nirvana). Ambedkar’s interpretation of Buddhism differs from the traditional interpretation on this point. But regrettably Ambedkar has not documented his book Buddha and his Dhamma. Therefore it is not possible to say how he arrived at his alternative interpretation of Buddhism. From a rationalist and humanist point of view, one may say that Buddhism is a better religion than Hinduism and that it is closer to rationalism-humanism compared to any other religion. Still, it cannot be denied that Buddhism is a religion and certain elements like faith, worship and other-worldliness or supernaturalism, which are common to all religions, are also found in Buddhism. Therefore the best thing is to give up all religions and adopt rational humanism as a philosophy of life.
Reader, Department of Philosophy
Patna College, Patna University
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No Copyright © 2000 dalit e-forum Last modified: January 12, 2001
Today just 0.1% intolerant, violent, militant, number one terrorists of the world,ever shooting, mob lynching, lunatic, mentally retarded Paradesis from Bene Israel chitpavan brahmins of RSS (Rowdy Rahshasa Swayam Sevaks) practicing hatred, anger, jealousy, delusion, stupidity which are defilement of the mind requiring mental treatment at mental asylums in Bene Israel who believe in manu smriti’s chitpavan brahmins as 2st rate athmas (soul). Katyias, vysias, shudras as 2nd, 3rd, 4th rate souls and the aboriginal SC/STs as having no soul at all. So that all kinds of atrocities are being perpetuated on them. But the Buddha never believed in any soul. He said all are equal. That is the reason we were Buddhists, we are Buddhists and will continue to be Buddhists.
The chitpavan brahmins are adopting this new technique by making use of slaves, stooges, chamchas , chelas, bootlicker, own mother’s flesh eaters like murder of democratic institutions and Master of diluting institutions (Modi) to gobble the Master Key by tampering the Fraud EVMs in order to practice their manusmriti by negating the Universal Adult Franchise, freedom, Equality, Fraternity and Liberty as enshrined in our Marvelous Modern Constitution utilising the independent entities such as judiciary, CEC (Chief Election Criminals), PRESSTITUTE Media and so on.
On 23-5-2019 the world will watch competition between Fraud EVMs with their software and its source code hidden from the eyes of the voters vs VVPATs not being verified 100%.
Napoleon said “ I can face two battalions but not two scribes, such bold scribes are there in social media while the regular media are filled with PRESSTITUTES along with the Chief In Justice (CJI), CEC (Chief Election Criminals) etc.
Paradesis from Bene Israel chitpavan brahmins of RSS (Rowdy Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) heritage is not our heritage. Their heritage is hindutvacult manufacturedvav by Vinay Savarkar a chitpavan brahmin like Nathuram Godse a Hindutva cult terrorist. They practice hatred, anger, jealousy, delusion, stupidity which are defilement of mind requiring men treatment at mental asylums hin Bene Israel.
A True Aboriginal SC with self respect, dignity and honour will never undermine their leaders. Only stooges, slaves, chamchas, chelas, bootlickers and own mother’s flesh eaters support Bene Israeli chitpavan brahmins. What you eat you become. You eat fruits, own mother’s flesh and nuts.
This is a democracy. Private sectors have equal or more contribution towards nation building. Anil Ambani group must now concentrate on Pilgrimage Passenger aircraft and solar powered airplanes by making use of retired aircraft personals.
Opposition leaders meet EC officials, demand verification of VVPAT slips before counting of votes
The Opposition parties also raised concerns over the transportation of EVMs ahead of counting of votes and urged the Election Commission to probe the issue.
Leaders of as many as 22 Opposition parties met the Election Commission of India (ECI) officials on Tuesday and demanded verification of voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) slips of randomly-selected polling stations before the counting of the votes polled in the just-concluded Lok Sabha election begins on May 23.
They also demanded that if any discrepancy is found during VVPAT verification, 100% counting of the paper slips of VVPATs of all polling stations of that particular Assembly segment should be done and compared with the electronic voting machine (EVM) results.
We told the EC that the VVPAT machines should be counted first and if there is any discrepancy, then all of them in that segment should be counted,” Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad told reporters in New Delhi after meeting EC officials.
Mr. Azad’s party colleague Abhishek Singhvi said despite requests to the EC since months, the poll body has now said it will meet on May 22 to discuss the issue.
“We are asking the EC to respect the mandate of people. It cannot be manipulated,” Telugu Desam Party’s (TDP) N. Chandrababu Naidu told reporters.
Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) leader Satish Chandra Mishra alleged that “there is large-scale bungling relating to EVMs in Uttar Pradesh. We demand deployment of central forces”.
The Opposition parties also raised concerns over the transportation of EVMs ahead of counting of votes and urged the EC to probe the issue.
The Opposition parties are seeking transparency and fairness in the counting of votes and respecting the mandate of the people of the country.
The CEC must and should agree to take up VVPAT matching before actual counting of votes. When there are discrepancies 100% verification must be done. If CEC does not agree then they must be called as Chief Election Criminals and Criminal cases have to be booked. All Awakened aboriginal societies must approach and expose the CEC in all democracies all over the world and start real freedom struggle to make the chitpavan brahmins of RSS (Rowdy Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks) remotely controlling the Murderer of democratic institutions and Master of diluting institutions (Modi) who gobbled the Master Key by tampering the Fraud EVMs/VVPATs to save Universal Adult Franchise, freedom, democracy, equality, Fraternity and Liberty as enshrined in our Marvelous Modern Constitution .