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𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4129 Fri 22 Oct 2021 Do Good Purify Mind - Path to Eternal Bliss Do Mindful Swimming Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One Grow Broccoli, pepper,cucumber,Beans in Pots, Sujata fed Buddha, Ashoka planted fruit bearing trees all over the world and in space.Mayawati wants that rule. Dr B.R.Ambedkar thundered “Main Bharat Baudhmay karunga.” (I will make this country Buddhist) All Aboriginal Awakened Societies Thunder ” Hum Prapanch Prabuddha Prapanchmay karunge.” (We will make the whole world Prabuddha Prapanch -Hi Tech Radio Free Animation ClipartOnline Positive Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
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𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4129  Fri 22 Oct 2021

Do Good Purify Mind - Path to Eternal Bliss

Do Mindful Swimming
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Grow Broccoli, pepper,cucumber,Beans in Pots,
Sujata fed Buddha, Ashoka planted fruit bearing trees all over the world and in space.Mayawati wants that rule.
Dr B.R.Ambedkar thundered “Main Bharat Baudhmay karunga.” (I will make this country Buddhist)
All
Aboriginal Awakened Societies Thunder ” Hum Prapanch Prabuddha
Prapanchmay karunge.” (We will make the whole world Prabuddha Prapanch

-Hi Tech Radio Free Animation ClipartOnline Positive Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.



Wake up at 03:45 AM

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Practicing Mindful Swimming at Dolphin Aquatics at Halasuru from 05:30 AM to 07:00 AM


The Buddha spoke in a language called Magadhi Prakrit.

Magadhi
Prakrit is the spoken language of the ancient Magadha kingdom, one of
the 16 city-state kingdoms at the time, located in the eastern Indian
subcontinent, in a region around modern-day Bihār, and spanning what is
now eastern India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. The first Magadha king is
Bimbisara (558 BC –491 BC), during whose reign the Buddha attained
enlightenment. Both king Bimbisara and his successor

son Ajatashatru, were mentioned in several Buddhist Sutras, being lay disciplines, great friends and protectors of the Buddha
When
a just born baby is separated and kept in isolation, after some days it
will speak a natural human language just like all other species like
birds, animals, inspects etc have their own languages for communication.

So also the human beings have their natural (Prakrit) language. That is
Magadhi Prakrit the natural human language.
Asokan Edict - Delhi Inscription
Transliteration
devānaáđpiye piyadasi lājā hevaáđ āhā ye atikaáđtaáđ
aáđtalaáđ lājāne husa hevaáđ ichisu kathaáđ jane
dhaáđmavaáļhiyā vāáļheya nocujane anulupāyā dhaáđmavaáļhiyā
vaáļhithā etaáđ devānaáđpiye piyadasi lājā hevaáđ āhā esame
huthā atākaáđtaáđ ca aáđtalaáđ hevaáđ ichisu lājāne katha jane

Translation

Thus spoke king Devanampiya Piyadasi: “Kings of the olden time have gone to heaven under
these very desires. How then among mankind may religion (or growth in grace) be increased?
Yea, through the conversion of the humbly-born shall religion increase”
Some modern descendants of BrāhmÄŦ
Bengali,
DevanāgarÄŦ,
Gujarāti,
Gurmukhi,
Kannada,
Khmer,
Malayalam,
Odia,
Sinhala,
Tamil,
Telugu,
Tibetan
Links
Information about BrāhmÄŦ
BrāhmÄŦ fonts
The Edicts of King Asoka
ALPHABETUM - a Unicode font
specifically designed for ancient scripts, including classical
& medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian,
Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic,
Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Old Nordic, Ogham,
Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic,
Linear B, Anatolian scripts, Coptic, Cypriot, Brahmi, Old Persian cuneiform:
Some of the writing systems used to write Sanskrit
Brāhmi,
Devanāgari,
Grantha,
KharoáđĢáđ­hi,
Śāradā,
Siddham,
Thai,
Tibetan, (and many more)
Syllabic alphabets / abugidas
Ahom,
Badaga,
Balinese,
Batak,
Baybayin (Tagalog),
Bengali,
Bima,
Blackfoot,
Brahmi,
Buhid,
Burmese,
Carrier,
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Mongolian Horizontal Square Script,
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Tamil,
Telugu,
Thai,
Tibetan,
Tigalari (Tulu),
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Tocharian,
Tolong Siki,
Varang Kshiti
The Brahmi script was the
ancestor of all
South Asian writing
systems. In
addition, many East and Southeast Asian scripts,
such as Burmese, Thai,
Tibetan, and even
Japanese to a very small extent (vowel order),
were also ultimately derived from the Brahmi
script. Thus the Brahmi script was the Indian
equivalent of the Greek script that gave arise
to a host of different systems. You can take a
look at
the evolution of Indian scripts,
or
the evolution of Southeast Asian scripts.
Both of these pages are located at the very
impressive site
Languages and Scripts of India.
You can also take a look at
Asoka’s edict at Girnar,
inscribed in the Brahmi script.
Related links:
Languages and Scripts of
India
Eden’s Page: Scripts of all
of Asia
The Tamil Buddhists of the Past Present and the Future
All Awakened Aboriginal Societies were Buddhists, are Buddhists and will continue tro be Buddhists
Buddhism
must be taught in Tamil; preaching and worshipping Buddhism in Tamil;
Tamil Bikkus should have world followers and Tamil Bhikkus must visit
their homes. That togetherness should be there.

Ancient Buddhist links between Tamil Nadu and all over the world

Tamil Nadu and all over the world enjoyed very close ties, thanks to a shared interest in Buddhism.

The
fascinating story of the historical links - Golden threads between
Buddhism in Tamil Nadu and all over the world was narrated by Dr. Shu
Hikosake, Director and Professor of Buddhism, Institute of Asian Studies
in Madras in his book 1989 Buddhism in Tamil Nadu: a New Perspective.
Dr. Hikosaka’s study is based on his doctoral dissertation.

The
earliest inscriptions in Tamil Nadu written in the Brahmi character of
the time, on the walls of the natural caves in the Tamil districts of
Madura, Ramnad and Tirnnelveli belongs to the third century BC. They are
of considerable interest to students of South Indian Buddhism. It is
learnt from these Brahmi inscriptions, that Buddhism had come into Tamil
Nadu even then. However, the epigraphical evidence seems to confirm
that, it was to King Asoka and the missionary monk Mahinda (believed to
be his son) that the introduction of Buddhism into Tamil Nadu may be
attributed. In his Rock-Edict No. III, King Asoka says that his Dharma
Vijaya prevailed in the kingdoms of the Colas, Pandyans and at
Tambapanni (Sri Lanka). Particularly the edict number XIII found near
Peshawar, there is reference to the Buddhist missions of Asoka. Among
the countries referred to are Cola, Pandya, and Tambapanni. This
inscription was written in 258 B.C. and is direct evidence of the
Buddhist missions of Asoka to the Tamil country and Sri Lanka even
though it does not mention about his son Mahinda. As Buddhist missions
to Sri Lanka had to come by way of South India, the spread of Buddhism
in Sri Lanka and South India in the 2nd century AD should be considered
contemporary events, but it was King Asoka’s son Mahinda who was
responsible for the introduction of Buddhism in Tamil Nadu and Sri
Lanka. Mahinda is said to have erected seven viharas at Kaveripattinum,
the capital of Cola while he was on his way to Sri Lanka. According to
Dr. Hikosaka, contrary to the general impression, Buddhism might have
gone to Sri Lanka from Tamil Nadu by sea-route, a route by which one can
reach Sri Lanka easily. Since there existed very close cultural
affinities between Sri Lanka and the Tamil country from time immemorial,
the Buddhist activities in India could have easily influenced in some
way or other the Buddhism of Sri Lanka, says Dr. Hikosaka.

Even
though it is believed that Buddha had visited this region, South India
(Andhra) and Sri Lanka, according to historians, Buddhism began to make a
strong impact on Tamil Nadu only in the 3rd century AD. During that
period Buddhism had spread widely in Tamil Nadu and won the patronage of
the rulers. The remains of a Buddhist monastery excavated at
Kaveripattinum which could be assigned to the fourth century are
believed to be the earliest archaeological relics of Buddhism in Tamil
Nadu. The major urban centers of Kanchipuram, Kaveripattinam, Uragapura
(Uraiyur), and Madurai were not only centers of Buddhism, but these were
also important centers of Pali learning. The other minor towns of Tamil
country where Buddhism was active were Buddhamangalam, Sanghamangalam,
Kumbakonam, Mayurapattanam, Alamkudipatti, Kuvam, Sanghamangai,
Tiruppadirippuliyur, and so on.
Tamil Buddhists contribute to Buddhist scriptures

It
was at this time that Tamil Nadu gave some of its greatest scholars
(both Theravada and Mahayana) to the Buddhist world. Tamil Nadu boasted
of outstanding Buddhist monks, who had made remarkable contributions to
Buddhist thought and learning. Three of the greatest Pali scholars of
this period were Buddhaghosa, Buddhadatta, and Dhammapala and all three
of them were associated with Buddhist establishments in the Tamil
kingdoms.

Buddhadatta
or Thera Buddhaatta as he is called lived during the time of
Accyutarikkanta, the Kalabra ruler of the Cola-Nadu; was a senior
contemporary of Buddhaghosa. He was born in the Cola kingdom and lived
in the 5th Century AD. Under the patronage of this ruler, Buddhadatta
wrote many books. Among his best known Pali writings are the
Vinaya-Vinicchaya, the Uttara-Vinicchaya and the Jinalankara-Kavya.
Among the commentaries written by him are the Madhurattha-Vilasini and
the Abhidhammavatara. In the Abhidhammaratara he gives a glowing account
at Kaveripattinum, Uragapuram, Bhutamangalam and Kanchipuram and the
Mahavihara at Anuradapura, (Sri Lanka).
While he was at Sri Lanka, he
composed many Buddhist works such as Uttara-viniccaya Ruparupa Vibhaga
Jinalankara etc. Buddhaghosha, contemporary of Buddhadatta also composed
many Buddhist commentaries.
Buddhaghosha
is a Tamil monk, who made a remarkable contribution to Buddhism in Sri
Lanka. He stayed and studied Buddhist precepts at Mahavihara in
Anuradhapura. The Visuddhimagga was the first work of Buddhaghosha which
was written while he was in Sri Lanka.

After
Buddhaghosha, the important Theravada monk from the Tamil country was
Dhammapala. Dhammapala lived in the Mahavihara at Anuradhapura. He
composed paramathadipani which was a commentary on Buddhaghosha’s work
on Khuddaka Nikaya and Paramathamanjusa, which was a commentary on
Buddhaghosha’s Visuddhimagga. A close study of the three Buddhist monks
viz Buddhadatta, Buddhaghosha and Dhammapala shows that Tamil Buddhists
were closely associated with the Sri Lankan Buddhists around the 5th
century AD.

The
author of Nettipakarana is another Dhammapala who was a resident of a
monastery in Nagapattinam, another important Buddhist centre from
ancient times. One more example is the Cola monk Kassapa, in his Pali
work, Vimatti-Vinodani, this Tamil monk provides interesting information
about the rise of heretical views in the Cola Sangha and the consequent
purification that took place. There are so many other Tamil monks who
are attributed to the Pali works some of them were resident at
Mayura-rupa-pattana (Mylapore, Madras) along with Buddhagosha.
The
Tamil Buddhist monks used Pali languages in preference to Tamil in
their writings. This is because the Buddha spoke in Magadi Prakrit
(Pali). Sanskrit is the sacred language of the Hindus, and similarly
Pali is considered as the sacred language of the Buddhists. The well
known Tamil Buddhist epics found were Manimekalai, Silappadhikaram,
Valaiyapathi, Kundalakesi, and Jivaka Cintamani. Manimekalai, a purely
Buddhist work of the 3rd Sangam period in Tamil literature is the most
supreme and famous among the Buddhist work done in Tamil Nadu. It is a
work expounding the doctrines and propagating the values of Buddhism.
The interaction between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lankan monks finds mention in
Manimekalai, which is set in the Tamil towns of Kaveipumpattinam,
Kanchi, and Vanchi. There is mention about the presence of wondering
monks of Sri Lanka in Vanchi, which was the capital of the Chera Kings
of Tamil Nadu. The Chinese traveller, Tsuan Tsang, wrote that there were
around 300 Sri Lankan monks in the monastery at the Southern sector of
Kanchipuram. Ancient Kanchipuram, the capital of Tondaimandalam, ruled
by the Tamil Pallava dynasty, an offshoot of Chola rulers was the major
seat of Tamil learning and is also known as the city of thousand
temples. Even Thirukkural, the ancient Tamil couplets/aphorisms
celebrated by Tamils is based on Buddhist principals. Although Buddhism
has become almost extinct from Tamil Nadu, it has contributed a great
deal to the enrichment of Tamil culture and has exerted a significant
influence, both directly and indirectly, on the Tamil religious and
spiritual consciousness, present as well as past.

Tamil Buddhism in Sri Lanka

As
Buddhism was one of the dominant religions in both Tamil Nadu and Sri
Lanka, naturally there were very close relations between the two
regions. The monks from Sri Lanka, too, went across to the Tamil kingdom
and stayed in the monasteries. As Dr. Leslie Gunawardana says, `The
co-operation between the Buddhist Sangha of South India and Sri Lanka
produced important results which are evident in the Pali works of this
period`. He also says that the Tamil Buddhist monks were more orthodox
than their counterparts in Sri Lanka. Indeed, the relations between the
Tamil and Sinhala Buddhist monks were so close that the latter sought
the assistance of the former in political turmoil.

In
Sri Lanka, the Tamil Buddhists who followed Theravada Buddhism shared
the common places of worship with the Sinhalese, but there were also
Tamil Buddhists who were following the Mahayana Buddhism and they had
their own Mahayana temples. There are still some Tamil Mahayana Buddhist
establishments (Palli) in the east and possibly in the Jaffna
peninsula. The best known was Velgam Vehera (see details below), which
was renamed Rajaraja-perumpalli after the Cola emperor. Another was the
Vikkirama-calamekan-perumpalli.

Some
ten miles northwest of Trincomalee off the Trincomalee - Horowupothana
road is an ancient Buddhist shrine with origins dating back to the years
before the second century. It is a historical fact that among the many
ancient Buddhist shrines in Sri Lanka Velgam Vehera which was renamed
Rajaraja-perumpalli, also called Natanar Kovil by the present day Tamils
stands out as the only known example of a `Tamil Vihare or Buddhist
Palli` or as the late Dr. Senerath Paranavithana described it in his
book `Glimpses of Ceylon`s Past` as an `Ancient Buddhist shrine of the
Tamil people`. Some of the Tamil inscriptions found at the site record
donations to this shrine and are dated in the reigns of the Chola Kings,
Rajaraja and Rajendradeva. It was his view that the date of the
original foundation of the vihare was no doubt considerably earlier than
the reign of King Bhatika Tissa II.

The
situation in Tamil Nadu, however, began to change towards the beginning
of the 7th Century AD when the rise of Vaishnavism and Saivism posed a
serious challenge to Buddhism and Jainism. There was a significant
increase in Hindu/Brahmanical influence and soon the worship of Siva and
Visnu began to gain prominence. The Buddhist and Jaina institutions in
Tamil Nadu came under attack when they began to lose popular support and
the patronage from the rulers. One result of this was the migration of
Buddhist and Jaina monks and devoted lay members to kingdoms where they
could find refuge. While the Jainas and Buddhists (mostly Mahayana) were
able to go to Kannada and Andhra/Telugu regions, a large part of the
Buddhists (Theravada) turned to Sri Lanka and assimilated with the local
Buddhist population.

Mahavihara monks of Anuradapura and the Pali chronicles

Although
Buddhism flourished in South India in ancient times, the 5th century AD
Pali chronicles such as the Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa written by the
Mahavihara monks of Anuradapura (Sri Lanka) remained silent about the
introduction of Buddhism to South India. This is because, when
Hindu/Brahmanism started reappearing in India and posed a threat to
Buddhism, the Mahavihara monks of Anuradapura (Sri Lanka) due to their
strong devotion to Buddhism and desire to consolidate and protect this
religion in Sri Lanka wrote the Pali chronicles Deepavamsa/Mahavamsa
just to glorify Buddhism and the Buddhist kings of Sri Lanka and not to
record objectively what happened. The `Lion Ancestry` and the myths
about the origin of the Sinhala race as pre-destined, true custodians of
the island of Sri Lanka and guardians of Buddhism is a myth of the
creative authors to protect Buddhism and is not the common true history.
The ancient Sri Lankan Kingdom (Anuradapura) was ruled by both Buddhist
and Hindu kings. There is no evidence what so ever to prove that they
were Sinhala. An analysis of the Pali chronicles (Deepavamsa/Mahavamsa)
makes it very clear that the Mahavihara monks who authored them in the
5th century AD have created the ethnic identity Sinhala, yoked it with
Buddhism and created a new ethno-religious identity in Sri Lanka known
as Sinhala-Buddhist to sustain the religion in the country for 5000
years.

The
ancient Brahmi inscriptions (before 7th century AD) in Tamil Nadu are
in old Tamil where the Tamil names did not end with an ‘N’ or an ‘M’,
but were very similar to those Sanskrit/Pali names. It was only after
the 7th century AD, that the Tamil language adopted some changes to its
Grammar, script, etc. and evolved into the present form. This might have
happened after the Tamils developing what is commonly called as the
pulli (dot) system which is peculiar to Tamils in particular among the
Indian languages and due to this dot system the words/names ending with
‘A’ ends up with ‘N’ and ‘M’. This is the reason why, in the Pali
chronicles and in the Brahmi stone inscriptions the names of the Tamil
Kings of Anuradhapura were referred to as Sena, Guttika, Elara,
Pulahatha, Bahiya, Panayamara, Parinda, Dathiya, etc and not as Senan,
Guttikan, Ellalan, etc. Similarly in Tamil Nadu, the names of the
ancient kings were referred to as Kulothunga Chola, Vikrma Chola, Aditya
Chola, Kulasekara Pandya, Vira Wickrama Pandya, Parakrama Pandya,
Sundara Pandya, etc.

It
is believed that most of the Tamil Buddhist literary work has been
destroyed during religious controversies. The loss of Tamil Buddhist
literature was a death blow to Tamil Buddhism. Apart from the Brahmi
inscriptions and other archeological evidence found in Tamil Nadu and
the available Tamil literary works, the Rock-Edicts of King Asoka also
sheds much light on this subject. Even though the Pali chronicles did
not mention the ethnic background of the ancient Sri Lankan Buddhists
and the Buddhist kings right from Devanampiya Tissa, the Mahavamsa
referred to the Non-Buddhist kings as Tamils (invaders).
The above facts and
the non-existence of Tamil Buddhists during the colonial period (due to
the 10th century Chola invasion) led the 19th century European Pali
scholars who translated the Pali chronicles to assume and subsequently
the present day Sri Lankans to believe that the ancient Buddhists and
the Buddhists Kings of Sri Lanka were Sinhalese.

Unfortunately,
today there are no Tamil Buddhists in Sri Lanka but the majority of the
early Tamils of Sri Lanka (before the 10th century Chola invasion) were
Buddhists. The ancient Buddhist remains in the North and East of Sri
Lanka are the remnants left by the Tamil Buddhists and not anybody else.
They are part of the heritage of Sri Lankan Tamils. Only the Buddhist
temples, statues and structures build in the recent past and present in
the North and East remain as Sinhala-Buddhist.

Important Questions

Sri
Lankans must be aware of their past and open to its own people. Sri
Lankans must believe that the Buddhist sites in Sri Lanka belongs to all
people ove the world. They must be aware about the early Tamil
Buddhists of Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu.In Sri Lanka a Buddhist should be a
Sinhalese and a Tamil.

Not
only the Indians but even the Sri Lankan Tamils must not give up
Buddhism. For them to go back to Buddhism, has 2500 years of Buddhism in
Sri Lanka (the so called Dhammadveepa) influenced any major changes in
the Sinhala society (the so called guardians of Buddhism chosen by none
other than the Buddha) in terms of attitude, character, behavior,
morality and so on. Buddhist monks practicing Ahimsa (non-violence),
Karuna (compassion), Metta (affection), and Maithriya (loving-kindness)
towards fellow humans (irrespective of race/religion).
Prof.
Sunil Ariyaratne’s dream of future Tamil Buddhists is very genuine and
apt during this period. As he says, it may recreate the togetherness,
the common bond that once existed between the Sinhalese and Tamils. It
will not be a surprise if Nanda Malini sings about the Damila Buddhayo
of the past and the future but can his dream materialize? Of course,
miracles do happen; Martin Luther King Junior’s dream came true so let
us have some hope.

The
great Maurya emperor Ashoka had erected a Buddhist stupa in present-day
Kancheepuram in the third century BC when the city was an early
Buddhist settlement.

A
seven-foot high Buddha sculpture in the Kamakshi temple stands
testimony to the strong influence of Buddhismin the region. The
stylistic pattern shows that it’s from the third century BC.
The
city of Kanchi was known as ‘Kanchimudur’ under the chieftain
Thondaiman Ilanthiryan who ruled the region during the first century AD.

A
long Tamil poem “Perumpanarupadai” sung by poet Kadiyalur Rudran
Kannanar gives a graphic description of Kanchi city. Karikala Chola
brought Kanchi under his control in the second century and it was from
the third century that the Pallavas started ruling Kancheepuram.

The
most ancient temple still surviving here is the Kailasantha temple
built by Narasimhavarman during the seventh century AD. “In 1961, some
beautiful pillars inside the temple,with inscriptions, were pulled down.

To prevent further damage to the structure. The pillars are in the Government Museum in Egmore at the entrance.

āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŽāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪŪāŊ

āŪ…āŪĐāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪīāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪĢāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊ āŪšāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ, āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪąāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ; āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪšāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪĢāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪĩāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ; āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪļāŪļāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪļāŪļāŊ āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĩāŊ€āŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪŠāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ’āŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊˆ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ.

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪīāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪīāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪīāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ
āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪĩāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ, āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ āŪ†āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĻāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪŋ.

āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŊ
āŪ‡āŪĢāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŪĪāŊˆ - āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŊ†āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŊ†āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŊŠāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊ, āŪ‡āŪŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĐ āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ āŪ·āŊ āŪđāŪŋāŪ•āŊ‹āŪšāŊ‡āŪ•āŊ, 1989 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊ āŪžāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪīāŪŪāŊˆ
āŪžāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪīāŪŪāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪ†āŪšāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ†āŪŊāŊāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪĩāŪĐāŪŪāŊ: a āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ. āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ
āŪđāŪŋāŪ•āŊ‹āŪšāŪūāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪŊāŊāŪĩāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊˆāŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ†āŪŊāŊāŪĩāŊ āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ.

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ, āŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ‚āŪ°āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪĩāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪ‡āŪŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊˆ
āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪ‡āŪŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪŋ.āŪŪāŊ.
āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŊŠāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ. āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŪāŪūāŪĢāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŪŋāŪšāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪ†āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŪŋ āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŊ, āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸ āŪĩāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ.
āŪŽāŪĩāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪąāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪŽāŪŠāŪŋāŪšāŪūāŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŪūāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‰āŪąāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊ†āŪ°āŪŋāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ,
āŪ…āŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪŪāŪŋāŪ·āŪĐāŪ°āŪŋ āŪŪāŊ‹āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪ (āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪĐ āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ),
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŪĪāŊ
āŪ°āŪūāŪ•āŊ-āŪŽāŪŸāŪŋāŪŸāŊ āŪŽāŪĢāŊ III, āŪ•āŪŋāŪ™āŊ āŪ…āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŪū āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪœāŪŊāŪū āŪ•āŊ‹āŪēāŪūāŪļāŊ, āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŠāŪūāŪĐāŪŋ (āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ) āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŊāŪŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪœāŪŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪĩāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪĪāŊ†āŪ°āŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŊ†āŪ·āŪūāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ…āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŽāŪŸāŪŋāŪŸāŊ āŪŽāŪĢāŊ XIII,
āŪ…āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪŊāŪĢāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŊ‹āŪēāŪū, āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŠāŪūāŪĐāŪŋ āŪ†āŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŪąāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊ 258 B.C. āŪ‡āŪēāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ. āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ
āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ†āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪļāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪŊāŪĢāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪĻāŊ‡āŪ°āŪŸāŪŋ āŪ†āŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪĢāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ, ​​āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪ°āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪē
āŪĻāŪŋāŪ•āŪīāŊāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪŠāŊŠāŪąāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĐ āŪ…āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪūāŪĩāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪīāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪ°āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪūāŪĐ āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪ°āŪŋāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪāŪīāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪļāŊˆ āŪŪāŪđāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ
āŪđāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ‹āŪšāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋ, āŪŠāŊŠāŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪŠāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪąāŪūāŪ•, āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪīāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪŽāŪģāŪŋāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡āŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪšāŊāŪšāŪūāŪ° āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ‡, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡āŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪšāŊāŪšāŪūāŪ° āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ‡, āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĻāŪŸāŪĩāŪŸāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ‹ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŸāŪŪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ‹
āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŸāŪŪāŊ‹ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪĩāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ, āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ.

āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊ
āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪŠāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪū
(āŪ†āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪū) āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪšāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋ, āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ 3 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ
āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŊ āŪĩāŪēāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ.
āŪ…āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŪ°āŪĩāŪēāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŪ°āŪĩāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪĪāŪ°āŪĩāŊˆ āŪĩāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪĻāŪūāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ
āŪ•āŪĩāŊ‡āŪ°āŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŽāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģ
āŪŽāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪĪāŊŠāŪēāŊāŪŠāŊŠāŪ°āŊāŪģāŊ
āŪ†āŪ°āŪūāŪŊāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŪāŊ, āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪ°āŪŋāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŪŪāŊ,
āŪ‰āŪ°āŪĩāŪŠāŊāŪ° (āŪŊāŊ‚āŪ°āŪūāŪŊāŊāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ) āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪą āŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ, āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪ°āŊˆ āŪ†āŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŊˆ
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪŪāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪŪāŪēāŊ, āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪ•āŪąāŊāŪąāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊ āŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪ•
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ. āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĻāŪūāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŪēāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪą āŪšāŪŋāŪąāŊ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪēāŪŪāŊ, āŪšāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪēāŪŪāŊ, āŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŊ‹āŪĢāŪŪāŊ, āŪŪāŪŊāŊāŪ°āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŪāŊ, āŪ…āŪēāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋ,
āŪ•āŊāŪĩāŊ‚āŪŪāŊ, āŪšāŪūāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŊ, āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪēāŪŋāŪŊāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ āŪ†āŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŊˆ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ.

āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĪāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪšāŪŪāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪ‰āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŪū-āŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŪŋāŪ•āŪūāŪšāŪūāŪŊāŪū āŪ°āŊ‚āŪŠāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊ āŪ‰āŪŠāŪ•āŪū āŪœāŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū
āŪœāŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪ°āŪū āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪą āŪŠāŪē āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĐāŪūāŪ°āŊ

āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪšāŊ
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊāŪ•
āŪŠāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊˆ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪ°āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪģāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪ·āŊ‹āŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪēāŊ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĩāŪŋāŪšāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ.

āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪ·āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊ, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŊ†āŪ°āŪūāŪĩāŪūāŪŸāŪū āŪŪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪū.
āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪ°āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪū āŪĩāŪūāŪīāŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŪū āŪĻāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪū
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪ°āŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪžāŊāŪšāŪūāŪļāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪļāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪĢāŪĐāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪļāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪļāŊāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŪāŪ•āŪū āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪĢāŪĐāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪļāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪū, āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊ‹āŪšāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪū āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪĻāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪ†āŪŊāŊāŪĩāŊ 5 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĻāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐāŪ°āŊ.
āŪĻāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŪĐāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊŠāŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪū, āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊŠāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪ‰āŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪĢāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪ•āŊ‹āŪēāŪū āŪŪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪļāŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪū, āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ
āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪēāŪū āŪšāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ
āŪđāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ•āŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪšāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ°āŪļāŊāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŪ•āŪĩāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ
āŪĩāŪīāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŪĢāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŪū-āŪ°āŊ‚āŪŠāŪū-āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŪū (āŪŪāŊˆāŪēāŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ, āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊˆ) āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪđāŪūāŪ•āŊ‹āŪ·āŪūāŪĩāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ
āŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŊ‡āŪąāŪŋāŪĐāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ.

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŊāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋ āŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪŋāŪŪāŊˆ āŪ…āŪģāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪāŪĐāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĪāŪŋ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪŋ
(āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ) āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŪŋāŪĐāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪšāŪŪāŪļāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ‡āŪŠāŊ‹āŪēāŊ
āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪĻāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪĐāŪŋāŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆ, āŪšāŪŋāŪēāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŪŋāŪ•āŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŊ, āŪĩāŪūāŪēāŪŠāŪĪāŪŋ, āŪ•āŊāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪēāŊ‡āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋ,
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪœāŊ€āŪĩāŪ• āŪšāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĐāŪŋ āŪ†āŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŊˆ āŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĐ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ 3 āŪĩāŪĪāŊ
āŪšāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆ Manimekalai
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ• āŪ‰āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪīāŊāŪŠāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪąāŪĪāŊ.
āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŸāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪĩāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪŠāŪ°āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡āŪŊāŪūāŪĐ
āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ Manimekalai āŪ‡āŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊˆāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĪāŊ.
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ‡āŪ°āŪū āŪ•āŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪļāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪĩāŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪšāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŊˆāŪŊāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ 300 āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪšāŊ€āŪĐ āŪŠāŪŊāŪĢāŪŋ,
āŪšāŊāŪšāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊāŪ™āŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪĩāŪū āŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ†āŪģāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŸāŊ‹āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŪāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŪāŊ, āŪšāŊ‹āŪī āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪąāŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪĪāŪūāŪĐ āŪ†āŪšāŪĐāŪŪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸ āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪū, āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪœāŊ‹āŪŸāŪŋ /
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĩāŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŪ•āŊ
āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪĩāŊˆ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŸāŊāŪŸ āŪ…āŪīāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸ
āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ…āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪšāŊāŪšāŪūāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪąāŪŋāŪĩāŊ‚āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪēāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊˆ
āŪ…āŪģāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĪāŊ.

āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŪūāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪŪāŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ• āŪĻāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ
āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ. āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸ, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪīāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪŪāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŪŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ. āŪēāŊ†āŪļāŊāŪēāŪŋ āŪ•āŊāŪĢāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪĐ, āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪšāŪūāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡āŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ’āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪīāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊ†āŪģāŪŋāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ.
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪšāŪ•āŪĩāŪūāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĩāŪŋāŪŸ āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ
āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪūāŪĐ āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ• āŪĻāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ,
āŪŠāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊˆāŪŊāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ…āŪ°āŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪģāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪūāŪģāŊ āŪ‰āŪĪāŪĩāŪŋāŪŊāŊˆāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊ‡āŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ.

āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ,
āŪĪāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪŸāŪū āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪĩāŪĐāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŪūāŪĐ
āŪĩāŪĢāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊŠāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪ‡āŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪŠāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŪ°āŊ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪŊāŪĐ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ
āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĩāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ, āŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪū
āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪ•āŪŋāŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪū āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪĻāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪĩāŪĐāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ (āŪŠāŪēāŊāŪēāŪŋ) āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŊāŪūāŪīāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĢ āŪĪāŊ€āŪŠāŪ•āŪąāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ. āŪšāŪŋāŪąāŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ Velgam Vehera (āŪ•āŊ€āŪīāŊ‡ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĩāŪŋāŪĩāŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŊāŪ•), āŪ•āŊ‹āŪēāŪū
āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪ°āŪšāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪąāŪ•āŊ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪū-āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪģāŊāŪģāŪŋ āŪŽāŪĐ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊŠāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪŪ-āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪŪāŊ‡āŪ•āŪĐāŊ-āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪģāŊāŪģāŪŋ āŪ†āŪĩāŪūāŪ°āŊ.

āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊ‹āŪĢāŪŪāŪēāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊ‹āŪĢāŪŪāŪēāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊ‹āŪĢāŪŪāŪēāŊˆ
āŪĩāŪŸāŪŪāŊ‡āŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŊˆāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ - āŪđāŊŠāŪ°āŊŠāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŪĐāŪū āŪšāŪūāŪēāŊˆ āŪ‡āŪ°āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŊ‡
āŪ†āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŊ‡ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪšāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū-āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪģāŊāŪģāŪŋ
āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪą āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŪē āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪĩāŊˆ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŊ
āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪū-āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪģāŊāŪģāŪŋ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪą āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĻāŪŸāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ…āŪīāŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊ†āŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪ°āŪūāŪĻāŪĩāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĐ, āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ “āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ†āŪēāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŪūāŪē
‘āŪ•āŊāŪģāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŊāŪļāŊāŪļāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪĩāŪ°āŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪšāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĪāŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŪĪāŪŋāŪĩāŊ āŪĻāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ‹āŪī āŪŪāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪĐ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪū
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŊ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪŸāŊ‡āŪĩāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊ‡āŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐ. āŪĩāŪŋāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ…āŪšāŪēāŊ
āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊ‡āŪĪāŪŋ āŪ•āŪŋāŪ™āŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ•āŪū āŪĪāŪŋāŪļāŊāŪļ II āŪ‡āŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊˆāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ•āŪĢāŪŋāŪšāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊ‡ āŪšāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ‡āŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ.


āŪ†āŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊ,
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĻāŪŋāŪēāŊˆāŪŪāŊˆ 7 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ,
āŪĩāŊˆāŪ·āŊāŪĢāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊˆāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ,
āŪœāŊˆāŪĐāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŊ€āŪĩāŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪšāŪĩāŪūāŪēāŊˆ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĩāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ, ​​7 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ / āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪĐāŪūāŪĐ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŪŋāŪšāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ
āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪ°āŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ, āŪĩāŪŋāŪ°āŊˆāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪĩāŪū āŪĩāŪīāŪŋāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ·āŊ āŪĩāŪīāŪŋāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊ āŪ†āŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĩāŊˆ
āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪąāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĐ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪœāŊˆāŪĐ
āŪĻāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪĩāŪĐāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ, āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ†āŪĪāŪ°āŪĩāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŸāŪŪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ†āŪĪāŪ°āŪĩāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪ‡āŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪēāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŊ€āŪīāŊ āŪĩāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪ‡āŪĪāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪģāŊˆāŪĩāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪœāŊˆāŪĐāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪŸāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪœāŊ†āŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ (āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪū) āŪ•āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŸ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪū / āŪĪāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪē āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ, ​​āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ (āŪĪāŊ‹āŪĩāŪ°āŪūāŪŸāŪū) āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŋāŪŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊŠāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪĢāŊˆāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ.

āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪšāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ

āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĩāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, 5 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ
āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊ āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ āŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŪūāŪŪāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪą 5 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪģāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ° āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪŪāŪŪāŊ,
āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĪāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ•
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ. āŪāŪĐāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪēāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ / āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŪĢāŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋ,
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĩāŪēāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŊˆāŪ•āŊ
āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ’āŪ°āŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĢāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ,
āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪšāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŪūāŪēāŊ, āŪŠāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪŪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊ€āŪŠāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū /
āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ…āŪ°āŪšāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪŋāŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋ,
āŪŠāŊāŪąāŪĻāŪŋāŪēāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪĐ āŪĻāŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊˆ āŪŠāŪĪāŪŋāŪĩāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ. āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŠāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪĪāŊ‹āŪąāŊāŪąāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪēāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪēāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŠāŊŠāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪē. āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŊ (āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪŠāŊ‚āŪ°āŪū)
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ°āŪūāŪœāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ†āŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŪāŊ
āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪ°āŊ‚āŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪŽāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ†āŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ. āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪŪāŪŪāŊ (āŪĪāŊ€āŪŠāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū / āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū)
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŊāŊāŪĩāŊ 5 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪąāŊāŪąāŊˆ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊ āŪŪāŪđāŪūāŪĩāŪđāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŊˆāŪĪāŊ
āŪĪāŊ‚āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ‡āŪĐāŪ°āŊ€āŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ…āŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ
āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐāŪ°āŊ 5000 āŪ†āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪ• āŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĩāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪģ
āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ.

āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŪŋ āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ (7 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊ) āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ ‘n’ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ ‘āŪŽāŪŪāŊ’ āŪ‰āŪŸāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪšāŪŪāŪļāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪ / āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪēāŪĩāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ. āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ 7 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋ āŪ…āŪĪāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĢāŪŪāŊ, āŪļāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŸāŊ, āŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪēāŪŋāŪŊāŪĐ
āŪšāŪŋāŪē āŪŪāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊˆāŪŊ āŪĩāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ.
āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪ• āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪšāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŸāŪūāŪŸāŊ
āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŪĢāŪŪāŪūāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ, ‘āŪ’āŪ°āŊ’ āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊ / āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ ‘n āŪ‰āŪŸāŪĐāŊ
āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĩāŪŸāŊˆāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ ‘āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ’ āŪŽāŪŪāŊ ‘. āŪ…āŪĻāŊāŪ°āŪūāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ…āŪ°āŪšāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪŪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŪŋ āŪļāŊāŪŸāŊ‹āŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ,
āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŪū, āŪ•āŊāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪū, āŪŽāŪēāŪūāŪ°āŪū, āŪŠāŪđāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪū, āŪŠāŪđāŪŋāŪŊāŪū, āŪŠāŪūāŪĐāŪŪāŪ°āŪū, āŪŠāŪūāŪ°āŪŋāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪū, āŪŸāŊ‡āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū
āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪĩāŊˆ, āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŪĐāŊ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪē, āŪ•āŊāŪēāŊ‹āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū āŪšāŊ‹āŪīāŪ°āŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ°āŪŪāŪū āŪšāŊ‹āŪīāŪ°āŊ, āŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ°āŪŪāŪū āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū,
āŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ°āŪŪāŪū āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū, āŪ•āŊāŪēāŪšāŊ‡āŪ•āŪ°āŪū āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū, āŪšāŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪ° āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū, āŪŠāŪ°āŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū,
āŪšāŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪū āŪŠāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŪū āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪą āŪ•āŊāŪēāŊ‹āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĐāŊ, āŪŽāŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪēāŪĐāŊ, āŪŠāŪīāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪ…āŪ°āŪšāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ.

āŪŪāŪĪ
āŪšāŪ°āŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪūāŪĐāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪ…āŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĪāŪūāŪ• āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪīāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪ°āŪĢ āŪĪāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ. āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪŪāŪŋ āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪą āŪĪāŊŠāŪēāŊāŪŠāŊŠāŪ°āŊāŪģāŊ āŪ†āŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŪĩāŪŋāŪ°, āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪĩāŪŋāŪ°, āŪ…āŪšāŊ‹āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ°āŪūāŪ•āŊ-āŪŽāŪŸāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪļāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪĩāŪŋāŪ·āŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪģāŪŋāŪšāŊāŪšāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū
āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊ‡āŪĩāŪūāŪĐāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŊ āŪĪāŪŋāŪļāŊāŪļāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪļāŊ āŪĩāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪšāŪūāŪ°āŪŋ āŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪĢāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŪūāŪ•āŪŪāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ
āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪŪāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
(āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ) āŪŽāŪĐ āŪ•āŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŸāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ.

āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĩ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ
(10 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ‹āŪīāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŪĢāŪŪāŪūāŪ•) āŪŪāŊ‡āŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐ, 19 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪāŪ°āŊ‹āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪžāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ 19 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ
āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪāŪ°āŊ‹āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŪŋ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪžāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪĩāŪīāŪŋāŪĻāŪŸāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ.


āŪĪāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ·āŊāŪŸāŪĩāŪšāŪŪāŪūāŪ•,
āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŊāŪēāŊˆ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊˆ (10 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ‹āŪīāŪŠāŊ
āŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊ) āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŪŸāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪ•āŪŋāŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŽāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŽāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪē. āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ• āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐāŪ°āŊ. āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ, āŪšāŪŋāŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪšāŪŪāŊ€āŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŊ†āŪīāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪŸāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŪŋāŪīāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪĪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ.

āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊ āŪ•āŊ‡āŪģāŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ

āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ…āŪĪāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊŠāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŪģāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ…āŪĐāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ‡
āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ“āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪĐ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪļāŊāŪ°āŊ€āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪū āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ†āŪ°āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•
āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ†āŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•
āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ.

āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪŪāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪŪāŪēāŊ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŊ.
āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪšāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋ, āŪ‡āŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ 2500 āŪ†āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŊ (āŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŊ€āŪŠāŪū āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ…āŪīāŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŪĩāŊˆ) āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪšāŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŽāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊ
āŪŪāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ (āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŪēāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ) āŪ…āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪŠāŪūāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŊ, āŪĻāŪŸāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ, āŪ…āŪąāŪĻāŊ†āŪąāŪŋ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪē. āŪ…āŪđāŊˆāŪŪāŊāŪšāŪū (āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪĪ
āŪĩāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆ), āŪ•āŪ°āŊāŪĢāŪū (āŪ‡āŪ°āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ), āŪŪāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪū (āŪŠāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ), āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪū (āŪ…āŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŪŊāŪĩāŊˆ)
āŪšāŪ• āŪŪāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ (āŪ‡āŪĐāŪŪāŊ / āŪŪāŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪŠāŊŠāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪŪāŪēāŊ) āŪŠāŪŊāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊ†āŪģāŪĪāŊāŪĪ
āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ.

āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊ
āŪšāŊāŪĐāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĐāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪĐāŪĩāŊ āŪŽāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪē āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪĐāŪĩāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ
āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŠāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ,
āŪ…āŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŊŠāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ
āŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ, āŪ’āŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊˆ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪēāŪūāŪŪāŊ. āŪĻāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪū āŪŪāŪūāŪēāŪŋāŪĐāŪŋ āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŪūāŪē
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŸāŪŪāŪŋāŪēāŪū āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪŊāŊ‹ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋ āŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪēāŊ, āŪ…āŪĪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪ†āŪšāŊāŪšāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĪāŊ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ•āŪĐāŪĩāŊ āŪ’āŪīāŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŪū?
āŪĻāŪŋāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪ•, āŪ…āŪąāŊāŪŠāŊāŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪĻāŪŸāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ; āŪŪāŪūāŪ°āŊāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪēāŊ‚āŪĪāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŪŋāŪ™āŊ āŪœāŊ‚āŪĐāŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŪĐāŪĩāŊ
āŪĻāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ, āŪŽāŪĐāŪĩāŊ‡ āŪšāŪŋāŪē āŪĻāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪĻāŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪĩāŊ‹āŪŪāŊ.

āŪ•āŪŋ.āŪŪāŊ. āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŪāŪĪāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪ…āŪ·āŊ‹āŪ•āŪūāŪĩāŊˆ āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪģāŊāŪģāŪūāŪ°āŊ.
āŪ•āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ·āŪŋ
āŪ•āŊ‹āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪāŪīāŊ āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋ āŪ‰āŪŊāŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪąāŊāŪŠāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŪĢāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĩāŪēāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ
āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪģāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŪŋ.āŪŪāŊ. āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪļāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪēāŪūāŪĐ āŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆ āŪ•āŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ.

āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪŪāŊ ‘āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪĪāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ’ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŪīāŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪšāŪŋāŪąāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŪāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪēāŪūāŪĢāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĐāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŊ€āŪīāŊ ‘āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŪāŊāŪĪāŊ‚āŪ°āŊ’ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ…āŪīāŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ.

āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪĻāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸ āŪĪāŪŪāŪŋāŪīāŊ āŪ•āŪĩāŪŋāŪĪāŊˆ “Perumpanarupadai” Poet Kadiyalur Rudran āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪĐāŪūāŪ°āŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŠāŪūāŪļāŊ āŪ•āŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪĻāŪ•āŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪƒāŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪģāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ•āŊŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ•āŪ°āŪŋāŪ•āŪūāŪēāŪū āŪšāŊ‹āŪīāŪ°āŊ
āŪ‡āŪ°āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ€āŪīāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪĪāŪĐāŪĪāŊ
āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŊ€āŪīāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪĩāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŊ, āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŊ‚āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ
āŪŠāŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪĩāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪžāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ†āŪģāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊ.
āŪāŪīāŪūāŪŪāŊ
āŪĻāŊ‚āŪąāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪ°āŪšāŪŋāŪŪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪĐāŊ āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪŊ āŪ•āŊˆāŪēāŪūāŪšāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪĩāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŠāŪīāŪŪāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ•āŊ‹āŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ. “1961 āŪ†āŪŪāŊ āŪ†āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ, āŪ•āŊ‹āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪģāŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪē āŪ…āŪīāŪ•āŪūāŪĐ āŪĪāŊ‚āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ,
āŪ•āŪēāŊāŪĩāŊ†āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪŸāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪīāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĐ.

āŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ‡āŪĪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĪāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•. āŪĻāŊāŪīāŊˆāŪĩāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪ…āŪ°āŪšāŪūāŪ™āŊāŪ• āŪ…āŪ°āŊāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŸāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊ‚āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŪĐ.

Buddha’s
own words from Theravada Tipitaka has the power to unite all the
sentient and non-sentient beings in the universe. I wish to be part of
your efforts on 7-11-21 at Kancipuram. From 2nd to 7th November I will
be in West Tambaram and leave Kancipuram on 7th Nov to Bengaluru. Kindly
inform the address and the time of the event. Hunger is the worst
kind of illness said the Buddha

May we propagate to Grow Broccoli, pepper,cucumber,Beans in Pots,

Sujata fed Buddha to overcome His hunger, Ashoka planted fruit bearing trees all over his empire.

All Aboriginal Awakened Societies Thunder ” Hum Prapanch Prabuddha
Prapanchmay karunge.” We will make the whole universe are Prabuddha Prapanch.




30) Classical English,Roman,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gb4hWb3crAs

SN 35.20 (S iv 13)
Abhinanda Sutta
— Delight —

One,bhikkhus,who
does not delight in(visible)forms, sounds,odors,tastes,bodily,mental
phenomena,does not delight in unsatisfactoriness. Of one who does not
delight in unsatisfactoriness, I say: ‘he is liberated from
unsatisfactoriness’.

Vatthu Sutta|01|Most Ven Dhammajiva Maha Thero|2021-10-14
Nissarana Vanaya
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61) Classical Kyrgyz-КÐŧаŅŅÐļКаÐŧŅ‹Ðš КŅ‹Ņ€ÐģŅ‹Ð·,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eh6OIUJ3jqQ
SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
ÐÐąŅ…ÐļÐ―Ð°Ð―Ðīа ÐĄÐ°Ņ‚Ņ‚Ņ‚а
- ЛазŅƒŅ€Ð°Ðīа - КÐŧаŅŅÐļКаÐŧŅ‹Ðš КŅ‹Ņ€ÐģŅ‹Ð·-КÐŧаŅŅÐļКаÐŧŅ‹Ðš КŅ‹Ņ€ÐģŅ‹Ð·Ņ‡Ð°

(КÓĐŅ€ŌŊÐ―ŌŊÐŋ
Ņ‚ŅƒŅ€ÐģÐ°Ð―) Ņ„ÐūŅ€ÐžÐ°ÐŧаŅ€ÐīŅ‹, ŌŊÐ―ÐīÓĐŅ€ÐīŌŊ, ÐķŅ‹Ņ‚Ņ‚аŅ€, Ņ‚Ð°ÐąÐļŅ‚Ņ‚ÐĩŅ€ÐīÐļ, ÐīÐĩÐ―Ðĩ, аКŅ‹Ðŧ-ŅŅ
КŅƒÐąŅƒÐŧŅƒŅˆŅ‚аŅ€Ņ‹Ð―, ÐšÐ°Ð―Ð°Ð°Ņ‚Ņ‚Ð°Ð―ÐīŅ‹Ņ€Ð°Ņ€ÐŧŅ‹Ðš ÐķаКŅ‚Ð°Ð― КŅƒÐąÐ°Ð―ÐąÐ°ÐđŅ‚. ÐšÐ°Ð―Ð°Ņ‡Ņ‹ÐŧŅ‹ÐšŅ‚Ð°Ð―
Ņ‹Ņ€Ð°Ņ…аŅ‚Ņ‚Ð°Ð―ÐąÐ°ÐģÐ°Ð― аÐīаООŅ‹Ð―, ÐīÐĩÐŋ аÐđŅ‚аО: “АÐŧ ÐšÐ°Ð―Ð°Ð°Ņ‚Ņ‚Ð°Ð―ÐīŅ‹Ņ€Ņ‹ÐŧÐąÐūÐūÐīÐūÐ― ÐąÐūŅˆÐūŅ‚ŅƒÐŧÐģÐ°Ð―”,
- ÐīÐĩÐđО.
Ð–Ð°Ð― ŅŅ€ÐģÐļŅ‚КÐĩÐ― ŅŅÐšÐļ Ņ‹Ņ€ÐŧаŅ€ Ņ‚ÐūÐŋŅ‚ÐūОŅƒ / КŅ‹Ņ€ÐģŅ‹Ð·Ņ‡Ð° ÐŦŅ€ÐŧаŅ€
КŅ‹Ņ€ÐģŅ‹Ð·Ņ‡Ð° ÐŦŅ€ÐŧаŅ€
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62) Classical Lao-āš„āšĨāšēāšŠāšŠāšīāšāšĨāšēāš§,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YQNQw2QwCDU
SN 35.20 (s IV 13)
Abhinanda Sutta
- delight - āŧƒāš™ Lao Lao- āšāšēāš™āš™āŧāšēāŧƒāšŠāŧ‰āšžāšēāšŠāšēāšĨāšēāš§

āšŦāš™āšķāŧˆāš‡,
bhikkhus, āšœāšđāŧ‰āš—āšĩāŧˆāššāŧāŧˆāšĄāšĩāš„āš§āšēāšĄāšŠāšļāšāŧƒāš™āšŪāšđāššāŧāššāšš (āŧ€āššāšīāŧˆāš‡āŧ€āšŦāšąāš™), āšĄāšĩāšŠāš―āš‡, āšĄāšĩāšĨāšŧāš”āšŠāšēāš”,
āšŪāšđāššāšŪāŧˆāšēāš‡, āš›āš°āšāšŧāš”āšāšēāš™āš—āšēāš‡āš”āŧ‰āšēāš™āšˆāšīāš”āŧƒāšˆ, āššāŧāŧˆāšžāŧāŧƒāšˆāŧƒāš™āš„āš§āšēāšĄāššāŧāŧˆāšžāŧāŧƒāšˆ.
āš‚āš­āš‡āšœāšđāŧ‰āš—āšĩāŧˆāššāŧāŧˆāšĄāšĩāš„āš§āšēāšĄāšāšīāš™āš”āšĩāŧƒāš™āš„āš§āšēāšĄāššāŧāŧˆāšžāŧāŧƒāšˆ, āš‚āŧ‰āšēāšžāš°āŧ€āšˆāšŧāŧ‰āšēāŧ€āš§āšŧāŧ‰āšēāš§āŧˆāšē:
‘āšĨāšēāš§āŧ„āš”āŧ‰āšŪāšąāššāšāšēāš™āš›āšŧāš”āš›āŧˆāš­āšāšˆāšēāšāš„āš§āšēāšĄāššāŧāŧˆāšžāŧāŧƒāšˆ’.
Phark PhoumJai Thee Kerd Pen LAO - LAO song.wmv
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63) Classical Latin-LXII) Classical Latin,
https://giphy.com/gifs/animation-cartoon-classic-xT8qBd4M9JRAAavUmA
SN 35.20 (S III XIII)
Abhinanda Sutta
- Delight - In Classical Latin-LXII) Classical Latin

Una,
Bhikkhus, qui non delectet in (visibilia) formae, sonos, odoris,
gustibus, corporalis, mentis phaenomena, non delectat in unsatisfactrix.
Qui non delectat in unsatisfactrix, inquam: ‘et liberatur a
unsatisfactrix.

Black And White Animation GIF by aap

64) Classical Latvian-Klasiskā latvieÅĄu valoda,

https://tenor.com/view/%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%97%E0%B8%9E-%E0%B9%82%E0%B8%8A%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%B5-lucky-god-chinese-god-for-prosperity-gif-15574515
SN 35,20 (S IV 13)
Abhinanda sutta
- prieks - klasiskā latvieÅĄu-klaÅĄaukā latvieÅĄu valodā

Viens,
Bhikkhus, kurÅĄ nav iepriecināt (redzamas) formas, skaņas, smakas,
gaumes, Ä·ermeņa, garÄŦgās parādÄŦbas, nav iepriecināt neapmierinumu. No
tā, kurÅĄ nav iepriecināt neapmierinumu, es saku: “ViÅ†ÅĄ ir atbrÄŦvots no
neapmierinuma”.

āđ€āļ—āļž āđ‚āļŠāļ„āļ”āļĩ GIF - āđ€āļ—āļž āđ‚āļŠāļ„āļ”āļĩ Lucky God GIFs
65) Classical Lithuanian-Klasikinė lietuviÅģ kalba,

https://tenor.com/view/yes-jumping-clay-jumping-clay-thailand-thank-you-%E0%B8%82%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%9A%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B8%E0%B8%93%E0%B8%84%E0%B9%88%E0%B8%B0-gif-13740168
- Delight - klasikiniame lietuviÅģ-Klasikinėje LietuviÅģ kalba

Vienas,
Bhikkhus, kuris negailestinga (matomÅģ) formÅģ, garsÅģ, kvapÅģ, skonio,
kÅŦno, psichikos reiÅĄkiniÅģ, nesiruoÅĄia nepatenkinto. IÅĄ to, kas nejaučia
nepatenkinimu, sakau: “Jis yra iÅĄlaisvintas nuo nepatenkinimo”.

Yes Jumping Clay GIF - Yes Jumping Clay Jumping Clay Thailand GIFs

66) Classical Luxembourgish-Klassesch LÃŦtzebuergesch,

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bwx1Ktz39Cs
Sn 35,20 (s iv 13)
Abhinanda Sutta
- Freed - an klassesch LÃŦtzebuerger-klasschesch LÃŦtzebuergesch

Etude
keen, Bhikkh, dÃĐi net frou in (sichtbar) Formen, KlÃĪngen, KlÃĪng,
SchnÃĐif, kierperlech, gezegt PhenmÃŦttel, kierperlech Phimme Vun engem
deen net an Onzefriddenheet verstÃĪerkt huet, sot ech: ‘Hien ass vun der
Onzefriddenheet befreit’.
Comprehensive Course on Buddhism - Session 26 of 28 - Sunday 17 Oct, 2021
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Comprehensive Course on Buddhism - Session 26 of 28 - Sunday 17 Oct, 2021

67) Classical Macedonian-КÐŧаŅÐļŅ‡ÐĩÐ― ОаКÐĩÐīÐūÐ―ŅÐšÐļ,

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [22.10.21 10:40]
https://giphy.com/gifs/dog-excited-joy-dudcZA9e14HIY

SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
Abhinanda sutta.
- РаÐīÐūŅŅ‚ - ÐēÐū КÐŧаŅÐļŅ‡ÐĩÐ― ОаКÐĩÐīÐūÐ―ŅÐšÐļ-КÐŧаŅÐļŅ‡ÐĩÐ― ОаКÐĩÐīÐūÐ―ŅÐšÐļ

ЕÐīÐĩÐ―,
БÐĨККÐĢ, КÐūŅ˜ Ð―Ðĩ ŅƒÐķÐļÐēа ÐēÐū (ÐēÐļÐīÐŧÐļÐēÐļ) Ņ„ÐūŅ€ÐžÐļ, зÐēŅƒŅ†Ðļ, ОÐļŅ€ÐļŅÐļ, ÐēКŅƒŅÐūÐēÐļ,
Ņ‚ÐĩÐŧÐĩŅÐ―Ðļ, ОÐĩÐ―Ņ‚аÐŧÐ―Ðļ Ņ„ÐĩÐ―ÐūОÐĩÐ―Ðļ, Ð―Ðĩ ŅƒÐķÐļÐēа ÐēÐū Ð―ÐĩзаÐīÐūÐēÐūÐŧÐļŅ‚ÐĩÐŧÐ―ÐūŅŅ‚а. ОÐī ÐūÐ―ÐūŅ˜ КÐūŅ˜
Ð―Ðĩ ŅƒÐķÐļÐēа ÐēÐū Ð―ÐĩзаÐīÐūÐēÐūÐŧÐļŅ‚ÐĩÐŧÐ―Ðū, ÐēÐĩÐŧаО: “ÐĒÐūŅ˜ Ðĩ ÐūŅÐŧÐūÐąÐūÐīÐĩÐ― ÐūÐī
Ð―ÐĩзаÐīÐūÐēÐūÐŧÐļŅ‚ÐĩÐŧÐ―ÐūŅŅ‚а”.


68) Classical Malagasy,КÐŧаŅÐļŅ‡ÐĩÐ― ОаÐŧÐģаŅˆÐšÐļ,

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [22.10.21 10:55]
https://giphy.com/gifs/baseball-derek-jeter-blimp-PvOaViFP2GKQ
Sn 35.20 (s iv 13)
Abhinanda Sutta
- Mahafaly - amin’ny fiteny anglisy, КÐŧаŅÐļŅ‡ÐĩÐ― ОаÐŧÐģаŅˆÐšÐļ

Ny
iray, ny bhikkhus, izay tsy mankafy ny endrika (hita), ny feo, ny
fofona, ny tsiro, ny zava-bita ara-batana, ny toe-tsaina, dia tsy
mahafaly ny tsy mahafa-po. Ny iray izay tsy tia ny tsy mahafa-po dia hoy
aho: ‘Malalaka tsy ho afa-po’ izy.


otter GIF
  • 69) Classical Malay-Melayu Klasik,

    • 70) Classical Malayalam-āī•āĩāīēāīūāīļāīŋāī•āĩāī•āĩ― āīŪāīēāīŊāīūāīģāī‚,

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [22.10.21 10:55]
https://tenor.com/view/baby-dancing-oh-yeah-gif-13850795
SN 35.20 (āī•āĩū IV 13)
āī…āī­āīŋāīĻāīĻāĩāīĶ āīļāĩāīŸāĩāīŸāĩ
- āī†āīĻāīĻāĩāīĶāī‚ - āī•āĩāīēāīūāīļāīŋāī•āĩāī•āĩ― āīŪāīēāīŊāīūāīģāīĪāĩāīĪāīŋāĩ―- āī’āī°āĩ āīĪāī°āī‚

āī’āīĻāĩāīĻāĩ,
āī­āīŋāī•āĩāī·āĩāīķāīūāīļāĩ, (āīĶāĩƒāīķāĩāīŊāīŪāīūāīŊ) āī°āĩ‚āīŠāī™āĩāī™āīģāīŋāĩ―, āīķāīŽāĩāīĶāī™āĩāī™āĩū, āīĶāĩāĩžāī—āīĻāĩāī§āī‚, āī…āī­āīŋāī°āĩāīšāīŋāī•āĩū,
āī…āī­āīŋāī°āĩāīšāīŋāī•āĩū, āīķāīūāī°āĩ€āī°āīŋāī•, āīŪāīūāīĻāīļāīŋāī• āīŠāĩāī°āīĪāīŋāī­āīūāīļāī™āĩāī™āĩū āīŽāīĻāĩāīĻāīŋāīĩ āīĪāĩƒāīŠāĩāīĪāīŋāī•āī°āīŪāīēāĩāīē.
āīĪāĩƒāīŠāĩāīĪāīŋāī•āī°āīŪāīēāĩāīē, āīĪāĩƒāīŠāĩāīĪāīŋāī•āī°āīŪāīēāĩāīēāĩ†āīĻāĩāīĻāĩ āīžāīūāĩŧ āīŠāīąāīŊāĩāīĻāĩāīĻāĩ: ‘āī…āīŊāīūāĩū āīĪāĩƒāīŠāĩāīĪāīŋāī•āī°āīŪāīēāĩāīē’ āīŽāīĻāĩāīĻāīĪāĩ
āīŠāĩāī°āī•āĩ‹āīŠāīŋāīŠāĩāīŠāīŋāī•āĩāī•āĩāīĻāĩāīĻāĩ.

Yay Happy Sticker - Yay Happy Excited Stickers
  • 71) Classical Maltese-Klassiku Malti,

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [22.10.21 11:01]
https://giphy.com/gifs/cute-animal-otter-13tBQEgQ1N4dRC
SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
Abhinanda SUTTA.
- Delight - Klassiku Malti-Klassiku Malti

Wieħed,
Bhikkhus, li ma delight fil (viŞibbli) formoli, ħsejjes, irwejjaħ,
gosti, ġisem, fenomeni mentali, ma delight fis mhux sodisfaċenti. Ta
‘wieħed li ma delight fil unsatiSfacoriness, I say: “huwa liberat minn
unsatiSfacoriness”.


avenuebeat delight avenue beat GIF
  • 72) Classical Maori-Maori Maori,

    https://giphy.com/gifs/valentines-valentines-day-valentine-maori-sakai-yoJC2jPkinPSdcKk48

SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
Abhinanda sutta
- Kia koa - i roto i te reo Maori-Maori-Maori

Ko
tetahi, ko Bhikkhus, e kore nei e pai ki nga momo (oro), oro, reka,
reka, tirohanga hinengaro, kaore e pai ki te kore e pai. Ko te tangata e
kore e pai ki te makona, ka mea ahau:

valentines day xoxo GIF
  • 73) Classical Marathi-āĪ•āĨāĪēāĪūāĪļāĪŋāĪ•āĪē āĪŪāĪūāĪ“āĪ°āĨ€,


  • https://tenor.com/view/facepalm-oh-no-discouraged-ashamed-dismayed-gif-14286720
    āĪāĪļāĪāĪĻ 35.20 (āĪāĪļ āĪšāĨŒāĪĨāĪū 13)
    āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪĻāĪūāĪ‚āĪĶ āĪļāĨāĪŸāĨāĪŸāĪū
    - āĪ†āĪĻāĪ‚āĪĶ - āĪķāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ€āĪŊ āĪŪāĪ°āĪūāĪ āĨ€- āĪ•āĨāĪēāĪūāĪļāĪŋāĪ•āĪē āĪŪāĪūāĪūāĪ°āĨ€

    āĪāĪ•,
    āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪļ, āĪœāĨ‹ (āĪĶāĨƒāĪķāĨāĪŊāĪŪāĪūāĪĻ) āĪŦāĨ‰āĪ°āĨāĪŪ, āĪ§āĨāĪĩāĪĻāĨ€, āĪ—āĪ‚āĪ§, āĪļāĨāĪĩāĪūāĪĶ, āĪķāĪūāĪ°āĨ€āĪ°āĪŋāĪ•, āĪŪāĪūāĪĻāĪļāĪŋāĪ• āĪ˜āĪŸāĪĻāĪū,
    āĪļāĪŪāĪūāĪ§āĪūāĪĻāĨ€āĪŠāĪĢāĪūāĪĪ āĪ†āĪĻāĪ‚āĪĶ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪ āĪĻāĪūāĪđāĨ€. āĪœāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚āĪĻāĪū āĪ…āĪļāĪ‚āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ·āĪūāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ†āĪĻāĪ‚āĪĶ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĪ āĪĻāĪūāĪđāĨ€, āĪŪāĨ€ āĪŪāĨāĪđāĪĢāĪĪāĨ‹:
    ‘āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪļāĪ‚āĪĪāĨāĪ·āĨāĪŸ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ·āĨāĪŸāĨ€āĪŠāĪūāĪļāĨ‚āĪĻ āĪŪāĨāĪ•āĨāĪĪ āĪ†āĪđāĨ‡’.


  • Facepalm Oh No Sticker - Facepalm Oh No Discouraged Stickers
  • 74) Classical Mongolian-ÐĄÐūÐ―ÐģÐūÐīÐūÐģ МÐūÐ―ÐģÐūÐŧ,

    https://tenor.com/view/kids-falling-over-beach-ball-gif-14881634
  • SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
    ÐÐąŅ…ÐļÐ―Ð°Ð―Ðīа ÐĄÐ°Ņ‚Ņ‚а
    - ÐĒ ÐĄŅŅ€Ņ - ÐĄ ÐĒŅÐ―Ðķ Costald-ÐļÐđÐ― ŅÐūÐ―ÐģÐūÐīÐūÐģ ŅƒŅƒÐŧÐīаŅ€Ņ‚

    НŅÐģ,
    ДŅƒŅƒ, ÐīŅƒŅƒ, ŌŊÐ―ŅŅ€, аОŅ‚, аОŅ‚, аОŅ‚, ÐąÐļÐĩ ОаŅ…ÐąÐūÐīÐļÐđÐ― ŌŊзŅÐģÐīŅÐŧ, ÐąÐļÐĩ ОаŅ…ÐąÐūÐīÐļÐđÐ―
    ŌŊзŅÐģÐīŅÐŧ, ÐąÐļÐĩ ОаŅ…ÐąÐūÐīÐļÐđÐ― ŌŊзŅÐģÐīŅÐŧ, ŅŅŅ‚ÐģŅÐŧ Ņ…Ð°Ð―ÐģаÐŧŅƒŅƒÐ― ÐąŅƒŅ ÐąÐ°ÐđÐīаÐŧ, ŅŅŅ‚ÐģŅÐŧ
    Ņ…Ð°Ð―ÐģаÐŧŅƒŅƒÐ― ÐąŅƒŅ ÐąÐ°ÐđÐīаÐģ. ÐĄŅŅ‚ÐģŅÐŧ Ņ…Ð°Ð―ÐģаÐŧŅƒŅƒÐ― ÐąŅƒŅ ÐąÐ°ÐđÐīаÐŧÐī ÐīŅƒŅ€ÐģŌŊÐđ ÐąÐ°ÐđÐīаÐģ, ÐąÐļ:
    “ÐĄŅŅ‚ÐģŅÐŧ Ņ…Ð°Ð―аОÐķÐģŌŊÐđ ÐąÐ°ÐđÐīÐŧааŅ Ņ‡ÓĐÐŧÓĐÓĐÐŧÓĐÐģÐīŅÓĐÐ―”.




  • Russian Language Russia GIF


  • 75) Classical Myanmar (Burmese)-Classical မှန္မီ (ဗမီ),

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrlRfAy4qaQ
  • SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
    Enghinanda Sutta
    - á€™á€―á€ąá€·á€œá€ŧေီ္ - ဂနá€đထဝင္မှန္မီ (မှန္မီ) - Classical Myanmar (မှန္မီ) –classical မှန္မီ (ဗမီ)

    ရဟန္á€ļတိá€Ŋ့တစယ
    á€Ķá€ļ က (မှင္နိá€Ŋင္သေီ) ပá€Ŋá€ķစá€ķမá€ŧီá€ļကိá€Ŋမနá€ūစ္သက္သေီအရီမá€ŧီá€ļ, အသá€ķမá€ŧီá€ļ, အနá€ķ့,
    အနá€ķ့, အရသီမá€ŧီá€ļ, မကá€ŧေနပ္သေီအမá€ūá€Ŋတရီá€ļကိá€Ŋမနá€ūစ္သက္သူတစ္ á€Ķá€ļ သည္
    ‘သူကမကá€ŧေနပ္မá€ūá€Ŋá€€á€”á€ąá€œá€―á€á€šá€œá€―á€á€šá€œá€•á€šá€œá€•á€šá€”á€ąá€á€ē့တယယ’ လိá€Ŋ့ငá€Ŧပှေီတယ္။
    á€›á€―á€ūေတိဂá€Ŋá€ķစေတá€Ūတေီ္သမိá€Ŋင္á€ļ(အစအဆá€Ŋá€ķá€ļ)(အသá€ķá€‘á€―á€€á€šá€›á€Ŋပ္ပှ)ပန္á€ļခá€ŧá€Ūမá€ŧိá€Ŋá€ļမီန္နá€ūင့ယကá€ŧေီ္မိá€Ŋá€ļဇေီ္
    Myint Moh Maymay Official
    157K subscribers
    á€›á€―á€ūေတိဂá€Ŋá€ķစေတá€Ūတေီ္သမိá€Ŋင္á€ļ(အစအဆá€Ŋá€ķá€ļ)ပန္á€ļခá€ŧá€Ūမá€ŧိá€Ŋá€ļမီန္နá€ūင့ယကá€ŧေီ္မိá€Ŋá€ļဇေီ္
    ဇီတá€đေတီá€đႀကá€Ūá€ļဆယá€đဘှá€ē႔
    ပနá€đá€ļခ္á€Ū - မ္ိá€ģá€ļမီနá€đ
    ေနီကá€đခá€ķစကီá€ļေá€ŧပီ á€ŧမင့á€đမိá€Ŋရá€đေမေမအဖှá€ē့သဎá€ļမ္ီá€ļ
    Producer - Myint Moh Maymay
    ━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━——
    Enjoy & stay connected with us!
    ▹ Subscribe to Myint Moh Maymay Official : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCql3
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    ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ (၁ - ၉ )
    ————————————————–
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၁) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bIT21
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၂) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0tUR
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၃) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBXxY
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၄) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoAPr
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၅) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSkLC
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၆) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAsFG
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၇) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwtpB
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၈) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JmNHl
    ▚မသင့ယမိá€Ŋရ္မေမေ - ယá€Ĩ္ကá€ŧေá€ļလိမá€đမီတေá€ļကဗá€ŧီမá€ŧီá€ļ(၉) [Myint Moh Maymay Official]
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bY1OU
    —————————————-
    ▹▹▹ About Story ▹▹▹
    —————————————-
    ▹ေႂကှá€ļေဟီငá€đá€ļဆပá€đတá€ē့လူဝငá€đစီá€ļ Chewy Haung Sat Tal Lu Win Sar
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6n1x
    ▹ ရှီေခ္ီငá€đá€ļ႐ိá€Ŋá€ļá€€á€™á€―á€„á€đစီေလá€ļ(á€™á€―á€„á€đစီဇီတá€đလမá€đá€ļ) Ywar chaung yoe ka Hmin sar lay
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g-uSE
    ▹ á€™á€―á€„á€đစီေလá€ļဖိá€Ŋá€ļနá€Ū(á€™á€―á€„á€đစီဇီတá€đလမá€đá€ļ) Hmin Sar Lay Phoe Ni
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=akPXV
    ▹ Thu Myar Ma Kaung Kyan Bay Dan Hti(story) သူမ္ီá€ļမေကီငá€đá€ļႀကá€ķေဘá€ļဒဏá€đထိ(ပá€ķá€Ŋá€ŧပငá€đ)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=taS2w
    ▹A Htal Thal (Story) အထညá€đသညá€đ(ပá€ķá€Ŋá€ŧပငá€đ)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Is87
    ▹သိáūကီá€ļမငá€đá€ļႀကá€Ūá€ļá€Ķá€ļမီဃ (Thi gyar min gyi U Mar ga)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsAPM
    ▹Nyi Nyut Kya Par So (story) ညá€ŪáŦႊတá€đáūကပá€Ŧစိá€Ŋ႔(ပá€ķá€Ŋá€ŧပငá€đ)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSZTT

    #MyintMohMaymayOfficial#MyintMohMaymay#á€ŧမင့á€đမိá€Ŋရá€đေမေမ#သá€Ŋဝဏၰသီမဇီတá€đေတီá€đ#ဇီတá€đေတီá€đႀကá€Ūá€ļဆယá€đဘှá€ē႔#á€™á€―á€„á€đစီဇီတá€đလမá€đ#ေနီကá€đခá€ķစကီá€ļေá€ŧပီá€ŧမင့á€đမိá€Ŋရá€đေမေမအဖှá€ē့သဎá€ļမ္ီá€ļ#ပနá€đá€ļခ္á€Ūမ္ိá€ģá€ļမီနá€đ#ေá€ŧပီငá€đá€ļခငá€đá€ļေစီငá€đá‚”á€™á€―á€„á€đစီေလá€ļကá€ķá€á―á€žá€”á€đ


    á€›á€―á€ūေတိဂá€Ŋá€ķစေတá€Ūတေီ္သမိá€Ŋင္á€ļ(အစအဆá€Ŋá€ķá€ļ)(အသá€ķá€‘á€―á€€á€šá€›á€Ŋပ္ပှ)ပန္á€ļခá€ŧá€Ūမá€ŧိá€Ŋá€ļမီန္နá€ūငယ့ကá€ŧေီ္မိá€Ŋá€ļဇေီ္
  • 76) Classical Nepali-āĪķāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ€āĪŊ āĪŪāĨāĪŊāĪūāĪ‚āĪŪāĪūāĪ° (āĪŽāĪ°āĨāĪŪāĪū),
    https://tenor.com/view/prygat-jumping-otnosheniya-relationship-proval-gif-10982287
    SN 35 35.20 (S IV 13)
    āĪ˜āĨƒāĪĢāĪĻāĪū āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪūāĪŸāĪū
    - āĪ†āĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ - āĪķāĪūāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ€āĪŊ āĪĻāĨ‡āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€ āĪĻāĨ‡āĪŠāĪūāĪēāĨ€āĪŪāĪū- sauneriry āĪūāĨāĪŊiry (āĪŽāĪūāĪŽ āĪŪāĪū)

    āĪāĪ•, āĪ­āĪ•āĨāĪ–, āĪœāĨ‹ āĪœāĨ‹ āĪ°āĪŪāĪūāĪ‡āĪēāĨ‹ āĪ—āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨˆāĪĻāĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪūāĪŪāĨ€ āĪāĪ• āĪ…āĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ·āĨāĪŸāĪĪāĪūāĪŪāĪū āĪ°āĪŪāĪūāĪ‰āĪāĪĶāĨˆāĪĻāĨŒāĪ‚, āĪŪ āĪ­āĪĻāĨāĪ›āĨ: ‘āĪŠ āĪ…āĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ·āĨāĪŸāĪŋāĪŽāĪūāĪŸ āĪļāĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ° āĪđāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ›āĨĪ
  • ÐŋŅ€Ņ‹ÐģаŅ‚ŅŒ ÐūŅ‚Ð―ÐūŅˆÐĩÐ―ÐļŅ ÐŧŅƒÐķа ÐŋŅ€ÐūÐēаÐŧ ÐŋÐŧÐūŅ…Ðū GIF - Prygat Jumping Otnosheniya GIFs

  • 77) Classical Norwegian-Klassisk norsk,

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSnD30bcAS8
    SN 35.20 (S IV 13)
    Abhinanda Sutta.
    - Delight - i klassisk norsk-klassisk norsk

    En,
    Bhikkhus, som ikke gleder seg over (synlige) former, lyder, lukt,
    smaker, kroppslige, mentale fenomener, gleder seg ikke pÃĨ
    utilfredsstillende. Av en som ikke gleder seg over utilfredsstillende,
    sier jeg: “Han er frigjort fra utilfredsstillende”.
    Classical Chillout - Pachelbel,Mozart,Beethoven,Debussy,Janacek,Bach,Handel
    Classic Chillout
    49.4K subscribers
    Classical
    chillout music for studying,concentration,sleep or just chillin :)
    There was a problem with upload,last few minutes where cut.last song is
    Samuel Barber - Adagio for strings.Sorry for that everyone…

    Track list:
    0:00 Pachbell - Canon
    5:20 Mozart - Eine Kleine Natchtmusik - Andante
    11:08 Beethoven - Fur Elise
    14:07 Tchaikovsky - String quartet No1 - Andante
    20:49 Debussy - Clair de Lune
    25:37 Janacek - Idyll for strings - Adagio
    31:15 Albinoni - Adagio in G minor
    39:45 Debussy - The girl with the Flaxen hair
    42:00 Bach - Air on a G string
    47:10 Williams - Greensleeve
    51:41 Handel - Largo from Xerxes
    56:00 Bach - Fugue in C minor
    58:54 Holst - The planets - Venus
    1:06:56 Bach - Goldberg variations - Aria
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    Columbia Co., Ltd. (on behalf of COLUMBIA); SODRAC, UNIAO BRASILEIRA DE
    EDITORAS DE MUSICA - UBEM, ASCAP, LatinAutor - UMPG, LatinAutor, UMPI,
    Public Domain Compositions, BMG Rights Management (US), LLC,
    LatinAutorPerf, and 12 Music Rights Societies
    Song
    8. La fille aux cheveux de lin
    Artist
    Daniel Barenboim
    Licensed to YouTube by
    UMG (on behalf of Deutsche Grammophon (DG)); EMI Music Publishing, IMPEL, Concord Music Publishing, and 1 Music Rights Societies
    Song
    Air on a G String
    Artist
    Jorgen Ernst Hansen, Societas Musica Chamber Orchestra Copenhagen
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    Publishing, Shapiro Bernstein, Sony ATV Publishing, and 5 Music Rights
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    Song
    Fantasia on Greensleeves
    Artist
    Jean-Francois Paillard, Orchestre de Chambre
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    Music for a Quiet Morning
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    INgrooves (on behalf of Denon); LatinAutor, UMPI, SODRAC, Polaris Hub AB, LatinAutorPerf, and 11 Music Rights Societies


    • 78) Classical Odia (Oriya)

      https://tenor.com/view/%E3%82%B2%E3%82%B2%E3%82%B2-%E3%83%9E%E3%82%B8%E3%81%8B-%E9%A9%9A%E3%81%8F-%E3%83%93%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E3%83%AA-whats-happening-gif-15781964
      SNC 35.20 (S IV 13)
      āŽ…āŽŽāŽšāŽŋāŽĻāŽĢā­āŽĄāŽū āŽļāŽĶāŽū |
      - āŽ†āŽĻāŽĻā­āŽĶ - āŽķāŽūāŽļā­āŽĪā­āŽ°ā­€ā­Ÿ āŽ“āŽĄāŽŋāŽ† (āŽ“āŽĄāŽŋāŽ†)

      āŽœāŽĢā­‡,
      āŽ­āŽŋāŽ•ā­āŽ•āŽļā­, āŽŊāŽŋāŽ (āŽĶā­ƒāŽķā­ā­ŸāŽŪāŽūāŽĻ) āŽŦāŽ°ā­āŽŪ, āŽķāŽŽā­āŽĶ, āŽķā­ā­ąā­‡āŽ·, āŽŽāŽŋāŽķā­‡āŽ·, āŽŪāŽūāŽĻāŽļāŽŋāŽ• āŽ˜āŽŸāŽĢāŽū, āŽķāŽūāŽ°ā­€āŽ°āŽŋāŽ•,
      āŽŪāŽūāŽĻāŽļāŽŋāŽ• āŽ˜āŽŸāŽĢāŽū, āŽ…āŽļāŽĻā­āŽĪā­āŽ·ā­āŽŸāŽĪāŽūāŽ°ā­‡ āŽ†āŽĻāŽĻā­āŽĶāŽŋāŽĪ āŽđā­āŽ āŽĻāŽūāŽđāŽŋāŽ | āŽŊāŽŋāŽ āŽ…āŽļāŽĻā­āŽĪā­āŽ·ā­āŽŸāŽĪāŽūāŽ°ā­‡
      āŽ†āŽĻāŽĻā­āŽĶāŽŋāŽĪ āŽđā­āŽ āŽĻāŽūāŽđāŽŋāŽ, āŽŪā­āŽ āŽ•āŽđā­āŽ›āŽŋ: ‘āŽļā­‡ āŽ…āŽļāŽĻā­āŽĪā­āŽ·ā­āŽŸāŽĪāŽūāŽ°ā­ āŽŪā­āŽ•ā­āŽĪāŽŋ āŽŠāŽūāŽ‡āŽ›āŽĻā­āŽĪāŽŋ |


    ã‚ēã‚ēã‚ē マã‚ļか GIF - ã‚ēã‚ēã‚ē マã‚ļか éĐšã GIFs


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