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970 LESSON 04-07-2013 THURSDAY Wishes Happy Independence Day to His Excellency Barack Obama and the people of USA from FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY run through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org Happy 4th of July!-Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan 31 Sãgàlovàda Sutta AWS SUMMIT 2013, Bangalore (hosted by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd)
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 5:40 pm

970 LESSON 04-07-2013 THURSDAY

Wishes Happy Independence Day  to His Excellency Barack Obama and the people of USA

from

FREE ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY

run through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org


Happy 4th of July!

movingthestill: Matthew Williams for Moving The Still: A GIF Festival. See this GIF and more at our live exhibition in Miami during Art Basel! And don’t forget to RSVP to the party on Friday, Dec. 7th with DJ sets by Dan Deacon and Wild Nothing!<br />
 Presented by @MilkStudios @Paddle8 @Tumblr @Smartwater | #MovingTheStill #SmartBasel






fireworks animationanimated fireworksfree fireworksfree fireworks gif clip artfireworks clipart


Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan




31

Sãgàlovàda
Sutta

AWS SUMMIT 2013, Bangalore
(hosted by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd)


awssummit.bang@shobiziems.com

TO,

The Amazon Web Services Marketing Team

Respected Sirs


FREE
ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY run through
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org wishes to be a partner with The Amazon
Services Marketing Team and to
Meet members of the AWS Partner Network who offer consulting and technology solutions to help you get started in the cloud in the area of Integrated Product Design and Manufacture Development of SOLAR AIRPLANES, Electronic/ Solar Voting Machines, Watches and spectacles. 

FREE ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY is educating people to be job givers rather than job seekers which is for the
peace, welfare, happiness of the entire people. Researches and  practices
for them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal. To achieve this the University
practices to convert it to become a campus selector for Start-up  or small enterprise for all those who wish to do  so through 5 Ways that Use the Cloud in Small Business. Discover How Cloud Computing Helps Small Business Owners Do More with Less.


Welcomes AWS
experts Dr. Werner Vogels,
CTO, Amazon, to high light on this issue and other industry leaders, Krishna Mehra Co-Founder & CTO,
Capillary, Srini Rajam, Chairman and CEO of Ittiam Systems, Renjit Paul
Senior Manager - IT, Malayala Manorama, R Chandrashekar Vice President -
Engineering & Technology, Vikram Nayak – Co-founder and CTO, Vizury
to provide our team of experts who are
willing to train people through our University to start-up new
enterprises and for upgrading large enterprises in your esteemed
hands-on sessions at the AWS Labs, as well as AWS Solutions
Architecture corner and solutions showcase at the Partner &
Solutions Pavilion.

Apart from training
farmers to cultivate healthy seeds with land to tillers and sufficient
irrigation. Government servants will be trained to be honest and be part
of good governance and proudly Researched and 

following small enterprises have been identified and published by the University:


1)   Video Production, 2) Virtual Assistant, 3) Web Design, 4)  Translation Services, 5)  Social Media Consulting, 6)  SEO Consultant, 7)  Proofreading,8)  Project Management,9)  Private Tutor, 10)  Pet Sitting ,11)  Pet Grooming,12) Pet Couture,13) Party Planning,14) Organic Lawn Care,15) Life Coaching,16)  Internet Research, 17)  Ink and Toner Cartridge Refilling,18)  Image Consulting,19)  Painting, 20)  Home Weatherization,21)  Handyman,22)  Handmade Crafts,23) Green Consultant,24)  Green Cleaning,25)  Gardening,26) Freelance Writing,27) eBay Consulting,28)  Dog Waste Removal,29) Dog Treat Bakery,30) Dog Training,31) Desktop Publishing Small Business Idea, 32) Data Entry,33) Construction Cleanup,34) Computer Training,35) Computer Repair and Maintenance,36) Composting,37) Cloth Diaper Service,38)  Bookkeeping,39)  Blog Consulting,40) Air Duct Cleaning,41 TAMPER PROOF ELECTRONIC/SOLAR MOBILE VOTING MACHINES Small Business Idea The Pros and Cons of Starting all the above Businesses and suggest to produce videos and movies of success stories.

Visited:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FXIuW7bwVUE&list=PLhr1KZpdzuke4Vz7nLdyIscour4d9XkHw


Kind Attention: Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan,

Thanks for registering at AWS Summit, Bangalore.
(organized by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd.) We are delighted to
confirm your participation.

Date: Friday, July 5, 2013

Time: 8:30am - 5:30pm

Venue:The Lalit Ashok, Bangalore

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact Ms. Vyshali P K at +91 7483104482

or email us: awssummit.bang@shobiziems.com

Gentle reminder:
Registration opens at 7:30 am and the event starts at 8:30 am. Kindly carry a copy of this confirmation email to the event to facilitate registration.

We will give you a reminder call prior to the event date.

We look forward to meeting you!

Regards,
Amazon Web Services Marketing Team


Kind Attention: Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan,

We look forward to seeing you at the AWS Summit (hosted by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd) on Friday, July 5, 2013.  We are expecting a full house and seating will be on a first come, first serve basis.

Please do arrive early to avoid the queues.

Location
The Lalit Ashok | Kumara Krupa High Grounds, Bangalore
Map it.

Some of the Highlights at AWS Summit Bangalore:

AWS Labs

Visit the AWS Hands-On Labs and take advantage of 14 self-paced lab sessions.
These labs give you an opportunity to get hands-on experience with AWS using common use cases in a live AWS environment.
The lab room is staffed with knowledgeable AWS engineers and Solutions Architects to help answer your questions.


AWS Solutions
Architect Corner
Visit the AWS Solution Architect corner and ask our subject matter experts about the AWS Cloud.
Customer Panelists
Attend the keynote to hear customer panelists from Capillary, Ittiam, Malayala Manorama, MeriTrac and Vizury.
 
   
Visit the Partners & Solutions
Pavilion
Take the time to visit the partners & solutions pavilion and talk
to our sponsoring partners and find out how they are building joint
solutions with AWS.


Friday, July 5
8:30am - 9:30am Registration and Partners & Solutions Pavillion
8:30am - 5:00pm AWS Hands-On Labs
9:30am - 9:35am Welcome Remarks by Bikram Singh Bedi, Head of India
9:35am - 11:05am Opening Keynote & Customer Panel
Speaker: Dr. Werner Vogels, CTO, Amazon

Customer Panel:

  • Krishna Mehra, Co-Founder & CTO, Capillary
  • Srini Rajam, Chairman & CEO, Ittiam
  • Renjit Paul, Senior Manager - IT, Malayala Manorama
  • R Chandra”shekar”, Head - Engineering & Tech, MeriTrac
  • Vikram Nayak, Co-Founder & CTO, Vizury
11:05am - 11:45am
Understanding the Total Cost of (Non) Ownership in the Cloud, Kingsley Wood - Business Development Manager
11:45am - 12:45pm Networking Lunch and Partners & Solutions Pavillion
12:45pm - 4:05pm 3 Breakout Tracks
4:05pm - 4:30pm Break
4:30pm - 5:10pm Fireside Chat with Dr. Werner Vogels, CTO, Amazon
5:10pm - 5:30pm Closing Remarks
5:30pm Event Concludes

Please see http://aws.amazon.com/aws-summit-2013/bangalore/ for the detailed agenda.

Sincerely,
The Amazon Web Services Marketing Team


AWS Blog  ln brk  Facebook  Twitter  YouTube  Slideshare

Amazon Web Services, Inc.
is a subsidiary of Amazon.com, Inc.
Amazon.com is a registered trademark of Amazon.com, Inc.
This message produced and distributed by Amazon Web Services, Inc., 410 Terry Ave.
North, Seattle, WA 98109-5210.

http://www.wfs.org/Forecasts_From_The_Futurist_Magazine

The “cloud” will become more intelligent, not just a place to store data.
Cloud intelligence will evolve into becoming an active resource in our
daily lives, providing analysis and contextual advice. Virtual agents
could, for example, design your family’s weekly menu based on everyone’s
health profiles, fitness goals, and taste preferences, predict futurist
consultants Chris Carbone and Kristin Nauth. “From Smart House to Networked Home,” July-Aug 2012, p. 30

http://www.pipistrel.si/plane/taurus-electro/overview

http://www.pmaviation.co.uk/

http://www.airbus.com/innovation/future-by-airbus/smarter-skies/powering-future-aircraft-and-infrastructure/

https://www.engineersaustralia.org.au/professional-development/what-engineering

http://www.compositesmanufacturingblog.com/2012/12/flight-of-fancy-a-solar-powered-airplane-performs-the-implausible-flying-day-and-night-without-fuel/

Flight of Fancy: A solar-powered airplane performs the implausible, flying day and night without fuel

http://www.stevens.edu/ses/me/undergrad/courses

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviation


http://www.stevens.edu/ses/me/undergrad/concentrations

http://www.stevens.edu/ses/me/graduate/certificates

http://newyork.startupinstitute.com/

http://labs.autodesk.com/utilities/photo_scene_editor/

http://www.seco.cpa.state.tx.us/publications/renewenergy/solarenergy.php

http://admissions.iisc.ernet.in/web/Default.aspx?ses=%20gzsny545r1lcnz55cz1ocgnn&pid=Eligiblity_Course

http://www.powerfromthesun.net/Book/chapter02/chapter02.html

http://www.linkedin.com/vsearch/p?orig=TSEO_SN&title=integrated+product+development+engineer&trk=TSEO_SN

http://www.woodward.com/interghydramanifolds.aspx

« View AWS Summit Homepage

AWS Summit 2013 | Bangalore

hosted by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd

July 5, 2013

Since its inception in 2006, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has been
providing cost-effective, flexible, secure and scalable technology
infrastructure in-the-cloud to hundreds of thousands of companies of all
sizes across over 190 countries across the globe. As part of a global
series of Summit events, the AWS Summit - Bangalore (hosted by Amazon Seller Services Pvt. Ltd)
is a free, one-day event where you will learn about the latest
technology trends in the cloud and some of the most interesting AWS
Cloud use cases and workloads. You can choose from different sessions to
help you get started or dive deeper into specific solutions and use
cases. This event is designed to bring AWS customers together along with
those interested in cloud computing so you can learn, discover, meet
other AWS customers and share ideas. You will also have an opportunity
to meet with AWS experts and get your technical and business questions
answered.

10 Reasons to Attend the Summit:

  • Hear the opening keynote by Amazon CTO, Dr. Werner Vogels.
  • Ask questions directly to a customer panel and learn how they have leveraged AWS to transform their business.
  • Learn about The Total Cost of (Non) Ownership in the cloud and cost savings using AWS.
  • Gain insights into best practices of scaling your deployments seamlessly in the Cloud.
  • Discover how you can run your applications with a high level of availability in the cloud with AWS’s global infrastructure.
  • Deep dive into common solutions and workloads in the AWS Cloud: Business Applications, Storage and Disaster Recovery, Big Data, Data Warehousing and more.
  • Gain understanding of AWS best practices for developing, architecting and deploying applications in the cloud.
  • Visit the AWS Solutions Architect Corner and get your most pertinent questions answered.
  • Meet members of the AWS Partner Network who offer consulting and technology solutions to help you get started in the cloud.
  • Network with senior industry executives and your peers.

Speakers

Dr. Werner Vogels

Dr. Werner Vogels
CTO, Amazon

Dr. Werner Vogels is Vice President and Chief Technology Officer at
Amazon where he is responsible for driving the company’s technology
vision, which is to continuously enhance the innovation on behalf of
Amazon’s customers at a global scale.



Krishna Mehra

Krishna Mehra
Co-Founder & CTO, Capillary

Krishna is the Cofounder & CTO of Capillary Technologies, where he
drives the product vision and strategy for the company. As a technology
evangelist, Krishna believes that true innovation happens at the
confluence of Technology and Business. At Capillary, he has created
powerful products that address the gaping void of customer engagement in
Retail. Capillary’s products have enabled hundreds of consumer facing
businesses worldwide to embrace emerging and cutting-edge paradigms -
including Real-time Analytics integrated Mobile and Social Media based
customer engagement technologies.



Srini Rajam

Srini Rajam
Chairman & CEO, Ittiam

Srini Rajam co-founded Ittiam Systems in 2001, along with a team of
senior leaders from the semiconductor industry. Prior to Ittiam, Srini
was the Managing Director of Texas Instruments (TI) India during
1995-2000 and led TI India to be among the most valuable R&D centers
for TI. He had also served as the first Technical Marketing Director
for TI Asia Region, member of the TI Asia Leadership Team and Chairman
of TI Asia Technical Council.



Renjit Paul

Renjit Paul
Senior Manager - IT, Malayala Manorama

Renjit Paul leads the technology team of Manorama Online which drives
the digital initiatives of various products from Malayala Manorama
group. Manorama Online has been in the digital business for more than 15
years and runs multiple websites across several verticals. His key
roles include choosing the right platform and infrastructure for
building and deploying scalable web applications and portals. Has vast
experience in working with various enterprise content management systems
for media portals. Has been working with Malayala Manorama group since
1997.



R Chandrashekar

R Chandra”shekar”
Head - Engineering & Tech, MeriTrac

R Chandra”shekar” heads the Engineering and Technology division at
MeritTrac. Heading a critical function in an evolving market, Shekar is
responsible for introducing transformational internet-based technology
products that will modernize the Indian testing and assessment
landscape. The products being developed include solutions for Online
Assessment, scheduling, online Application deployment over cloud, Tablet
based initiatives etc. He is leading the effort in development of an
end to end internet based Scalable Enterprise Assessment Platform
deployed over cloud as well as OnPrem, that will include question bank
platform, rule based Question Paper generation, massive deployment
across over 500 centers with differing internet bandwidth available,
conduct on online exams with 0% result/response loss, and automatic
report generation utilizing Open Source stack.



Vikram Nayak

Vikram Nayak
Co-Founder & CTO, Vizury

Vikram is the CTO and one of the co-founders of Vizury. He currently
oversees product architecture and technology development. He is also
responsible for driving innovation at Vizury. At Vizury, Vikram has also
been instrumental in building the engineering team from the ground-up.
Prior to this, he was a part of the Enterprise solutions group of
Trilogy (renamed Versata). At Trilogy, Vikram handled Pricing,
Configuration and project management in the Enterprise Solutions Group.
He has also worked with behavioural targeting leaders focused on the US
market.

Agenda

AWS Summit, July 5

8:30am - 9:30am Registration and Partners & Solutions Pavilion
8:30am - 5:00pm AWS Hands-On Labs
Visit the AWS Hands-On Labs and take
advantage of 14 self-paced lab sessions. These labs give you an
opportunity to get hands-on experience with AWS using common use cases
in a live AWS environment. The lab room is staffed with knowledgeable
AWS engineers and Solutions Architects to help answer your questions.
Each lab is approximately 1 hour and seating is limited to 40 attendees
at a time. All labs are available at no charge and dedicated computers
are provided.


▼ View Lab Topics

9:30am - 9:35am Welcome Remarks
Speaker: Bikram Singh Bedi, Head of India
9:35am - 11:05am Opening Keynote & Customer Panel
Speaker: Dr. Werner Vogels, CTO, Amazon


Customers:

  • Krishna Mehra, Co-Founder & CTO, Capillary
  • Srini Rajam, Chairman & CEO, Ittiam
  • Renjit Paul, Senior Manager - IT, Malayala Manorama
  • R Chandra”shekar”, Head - Engineering & Tech, MeriTrac
  • Vikram Nayak, Co-Founder & CTO, Vizury

11:05am - 11:45am ▼ Understanding the Total Cost of (Non) Ownership in the Cloud

11:45am - 12:45pm Networking Lunch and Partners & Solutions Pavilion
12:45pm - 4:05pm

Breakout Tracks:

Start-Up and Developer Track
▼ AWS Enabling the Development Lifecycle

▼ 0 to Production in 40 minutes

▼ How Start-Ups and VCs benefit from AWS

▼ Scaling Seamlessly and Going Global with the Cloud

▼ Running Lean with Optimized Architecture

Enterprise Track
▼ Extend your Datacenter in the Cloud and achieve High Availability with Reliable Security at Low Cost

▼ Running Enterprise Applications like SAP, Oracle and Microsoft on the AWS Cloud

▼ Petabyte Scale Data Warehousing at Low Cost, Co-Presented with Jaspersoft

▼ BYOD, Collaboration & Cloud Data Storage: Implementing “Borderless Security” Controls, Presented by Seclore

▼ AWS Support - Optimizing your Costs and Infrastructure with Support

Solutions and AWS Use Cases Track

▼ Web, Mobile and Social Apps on AWS

▼ Running High Churn Development & Test Environments

▼ Media Industry Use Cases on AWS

▼ Disaster Recovery, Backup and Archive in the Cloud

▼ Big Data Analytics

▼ Big Data, Presented by Intel

4:05pm - 4:30pm Break
4:30pm - 5:10pm Fireside Chat with Dr. Werner Vogels, CTO, Amazon and Bikram Bedi Singh, Head of India
5:10pm - 5:30pm Closing Remarks
5:30pm Event Concludes


Location

The Lalit Ashok | Kumara Krupa High Grounds, Bangalore


View Larger Map

Event Sponsors

Gold
Intel Logo
Jaspersoft Logo
Seclore Logo
Bronze
Aryaka Logo
Cloud Kinetics Logo
Mindtree Logo
Minjar Logo

This event is now full.

Please click here to find out more and register for the live stream of this event on July 5.


http://www.metta.lk/tipitaka/
http://www.metta.lk/tipitaka/2Sutta-Pitaka/1Digha-Nikaya/index.html

VOICE OF SARVA SAMAJ


Natalie Conner
1:43 AM (3 hours ago)

to
Your Active Email Has Been Awarded

The award may be sent to Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan # 668 5th A Main
Road, 8th Cross HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore-560075, India. It will be used
to help students of FREE onlin e-Nalanda Research and Practice
University for attaining Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.

LESSON NO 1)

https://mail.google.com/mail/?shva=1#inbox/13fa5c0f1f55b464


About Online Business / Hosting: Blogging Tools Issue

Online Business / Hosting


There are lots of places to buy cheap domain names. And while most of
the vendors are reputable, there are some key points to keep in mind.
Check out the cheapest domain registrars.

Here are six tips to buying great, cheap domain names.

1. Don’t Settle With “Close Enough” Domains

While everyone’s preference is a “.com” domain, sometimes it just
isn’t available. Resist the urge to add bizarre and hard to remember
features just to find one that is available.

Here are three things to avoid when choosing your domain name:

  • Hyphens: People will forget where the hyphens go (especially
    if there are more than one) or forget them altogether. And if you need
    to speak your site address (voice mail, radio ads, word-of-mouth) then
    the hyphen just makes it clumsy. It’s even worse if your competitor uses
    the same domain as you, only without hyphens. You’ll send daily traffic
    to his site when your visitors enter your domain incorrectly. For more
    on avoiding similar domains see the next point.
  • Almost Identical to Competitors: While it might be tempting to buy seattlecoffeeworks.com if your primary competitor is seattlecoffeegear.com,
    don’t. When a client searches for “seattle coffee” you have to compete
    against a larger, already established brand. And when a client is
    actually looking for you, they might not remember your generic sounding
    name and end up buying from your competitor. What would a good name be? Well, another Seattle based coffee shop might come to mind: Starbucks
    (named after Starbuck, the chief mate on the Pequod, a whaling ship in
    Moby Dick). Their brand means “Seattle coffee” but is more distinctive,
    memorable and likely easier to find available.
  • Multiple Spellings: Because most people can’t spell, choose a
    word (or words) that can’t be easily confused. For example, the word
    “bass” has two pronunciations and as a result will be spelled
    incorrectly, a number of ways. Bass can refer to various fish species, a low-frequency sound, more than ten different towns around the world or even a surname.

Read more: What Difference Does a Domain Make To My Blog?.

2. Buy From an Established Registrar

While there are hundreds of places to buy a domain, don’t buy from the unknown domain registrar.
The odds of them going out of business is probably low - but why put
yourself through that? The lack of customer support is probably a more
likely threat.

  • 1and1.com (domain names, ecommerce and hosting)
  • BlueHost (domain names and hosting)
  • GoDaddy (domain names, ecommerce and hosting)
  • HostGator (domain names and hosting)

3. Brain Storm Before Your Begin Searching

Use a free brainstorming tool like DomainHole (read my review) that generates huge volumes of available domain variants.

The other invaluable tool is a thesaurus. I’ve used both a print copy and the online Thesaurus.com.
Once you have your few keywords in mind, look them up. Sometimes you’ll
get the right word right away. Other times it will take a few hours of
playing with variants.

Remember: this is worth the time. You are going to be
investing hundreds of hours building a brand and generating traffic for
this domain. Choosing the right domain is very important.

4. Buy For 5 Years Minimum

There are a number of reasons to buy long term.

  • Lock in your low price: Getting a low price is great, but what will happen to the price next year?
  • Save time: Don’t worry about renewing every year.
  • SEO Benefits: Google rewards your commitment with higher search ranking.

5. Don’t Buy Auctioned Names

While many companies want single word, generic domains (insurance.com
or travel.com) you should avoid these. There are two problems with
these domains:

  1. They aren’t memorable: it is pretty hard to build a brand
    around a single, meaningless word. The word might define the industry
    but clients are looking to buy from a company not a generic site.
  2. They are expensive: premium domains sell for hundreds up to millions of dollars (Insure.com sold for $16 million in 2009).

Customers relate to brands, not dictionary entries. When the internet
was new, people would type a word into their browser and add “.com” to
the end. We don’t do that anymore. These generic domains have had their
day. Unfortunately, big companies still don’t get it and happily pay 6
or 7 digits for these low value domains.

6. Read the Fine Print

Some registrars offer private registration for free. Others charge as
much as $11.99 per year. Make sure you are comparing equal variables.
Sometimes the “cheapest” option actually costs more.

You’ll also want to make sure about the following features:

  • Auto domain renewals: Most registrars are now offering this service,
    but it’s good to check. The last thing you want is to lose your domain
    because you forgot to renew it.
  • Free domain parking
  • Free domain forwarding
  • Hosting options: While some domain registrars also offer hosting,
    many business owners opt to host their sites elsewhere. This gives them
    the freedom to change hosts without moving their domains.
  • Domain redirect
  • Renewal costs: A low price is great, but how much will it cost to renew?

With these tips, you’re ready to purchase a great, cheap domain name. Low cost domain registrars

LESSON 2)

https://mail.google.com/mail/?shva=1#inbox/13fa595e90418293

About Small Business Information: Controlling Stress

Small Business Information

How to Take Your Work with You This Summer

By , About.com GuideJune 14, 2012

Follow me on:

summer vacation

Summer vacation isn’t just for school-age kids; we all need a
break from the daily grind to refresh our perspectives and renew our
motivation. Unfortunately, though, not every small business owner is in a
position to walk away from the business, even for a few days.

Does that mean you should skip your summer vacation
entirely? Absolutely, not! You just need to figure out a way to take
some work with you so you can get the best of both worlds.

While I wouldn’t recommend working through an entire vacation without
enjoying the change of scenery and the downtime, I do think you can be
very effective at both staying in the loop and taking some time off if
you create an efficient mobile office.

Think about it. If the choice is to either stay home and miss out on
the fun, or pack it up and take it with you. I’d choose the latter!

While mobility isn’t the same for every small business, there are a
some universal tips for creating an operational mobile office that allow
you to work from anywhere. Today’s feature article outlines what you
need to know about creating a mobile office that will give you the
flexibility you need to really enjoy the summer season.

Feature Article:
How to Create a Mobile Office for Your Small Business

LESSON 3)

https://mail.google.com/mail/?shva=1#inbox/13fa553347141d2a

About Desktop Video: Handbrake: Adjusting Bit Rate


Desktop Video

From
Gretchen Siegchrist, your Guide to Desktop Video



Handbrake: Adjusting Bit Rate



Handbrake
Video Converter comes with a pre-programmed quality slider that lets
you adjust the bit rate of your file. For HD files, keep the RF at 22,
and for SD… Read more



MPEG Streamclip: Creating Still Frames


Once
you’ve finished your video, it’s time to make promotional materials.
Whether you want still images for your festival press kit or website,
you can use MPEG Streamclip to export… Read more



Blogging with Video


When
you set out to start a blog, the number of platforms to choose from can
be overwhelming. Blogging with text is one thing, but if you’re going
to be… Read more



Online Video Contests - Win Money and Prizes With Online Video


There
are lots of opportunities to win money, prizes and fame with your
videos. Find out about online film festivals, ongoing video contests,
and requests for video submissions.

LESSON 4)

https://mail.google.com/mail/?shva=1#inbox/13fa53d3012b32b8

Latest Technology News and Expert Advice
A roundup of news and tips on the topics you’re interested in | July 03, 2013
TechTarget


ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS
Fitting together hybrid cloud’s public and private cloud pieces
The state of enterprise IT and cloud vendor relations
Cloud computing adoption numbers don’t add up to vendor noise
Prepping data center infrastructure for a cloud migration
How a cloud migration affects existing data center infrastructure


EXPERT ADVICE
Fitting together hybrid cloud’s public and private cloud pieces
Cloud
market maturity means options for IT. To create an efficient hybrid
cloud, IT pros must mix and match the best public and private cloud
choices.  (SearchCloudComputing.com)
The state of enterprise IT and cloud vendor relations
Providers
have been crying cloud for years. Will enterprise IT tune out their
constant claims or will they realize this time it might be the truth?  (SearchCloudComputing.com)
Cloud computing adoption numbers don’t add up to vendor noise
Enterprises
projecting a move to cloud computing may be more hopeful than ready.
Data shows actual cloud penetration doesn’t live up to expectations.  (SearchCloudComputing.com)
Prepping data center infrastructure for a cloud migration
Cloud
migration projects affect existing infrastructure and your teams. Prep
work should start with one question: ‘Is it wise to move to cloud?’  (SearchCloudComputing.com)
How a cloud migration affects existing data center infrastructure
When
preparing for a cloud migration, don’t overlook configuration
management, network implications or storage, or the move may not be
worth the cost.  (SearchCloudComputing.com)
About This E-Newsletter

This email is published by the TechTarget Data Center and Virtualization
Media Group. Copyright 2013 TechTarget, Inc. All rights reserved.
Designated trademarks and brands are the property of their respective
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LESSON 5)

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LESSON 7)

https://mail.google.com/mail/?shva=1#inbox/13fa44b3cb02054f

Collaboration in the Cloud: everything to everyone, or too good to be true?

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31

Sãgàlovàda
Sutta

Pali

English

Sinhala

Pali


Suttantapiñake
Dãghanikàyo
Tatiya bhàgo
Pàthikavaggo1



Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammà sambuddhassa


8. (31) Sãgàlasuttaü

1. Evaü me sutaü: ekaü samayaü bhagavà
ràjagahe viharati veñavane kalandakanivàpe. Tena kho pana samayena
sigàlako1 gahapatiputto kàlasseva vuññhàya ràjagahà nikkhamitvà
allavattho allakeso pa¤jaliko puthuddisà2 namassati, purattimaü disaü
dakkhiõaü disaü pacchimaü disaü uttaraü disaü heññhimaü disaü uparimaü
disaü.

2. Atha kho bhagavà pubbaõhasamayaü nivàsetvà pattacãvaramàdàya
ràjagahaü piõóàya pàvisi. Addasà kho bhagavà sigàlakaü gahapatiputtaü
kàlasseva vuññhàya ràjagahà nikkhamitvà allavattaü allakesaü pa¤jalikaü
puthudadisà namassantaü, puratthimaü disaü dakkhiõaü disaü pacchimaü
disaü uttaraü disaü heññhimaü disaü uparimaü disaü. Disvàna sigàlakaü
gahapatiputtaü etadavoca: kinnu kho tvaü gahapatiputta kàlasseva uññhàya
ràjagahà nikkhamitvà allavattho allakeso pa¤jaliko puthuddisà [PTS Page
181] [\q 181/] namassasi, puratthimaü disaü dakkhiõaü disaü pacchimaü
disaü uttaraü disaü heññhimaü disaü uparimaü disanti?”.

“Pità maü bhante kàlaü karonto evaü avaca: ‘disà tàta
namasseyyàsã’ti. So kho ahaü bhante pituvacanaü sakkaronto garukaronto
mànento påjento kàlasseva vuññhàya ràjagahà nikkhamitvà allavattho
allakeso pa¤jaliko puthuddisà namassàmi, puratthimaü disaü dakkhiõaü
disaü pacchimaü disaü uttaraü disaü heññhimaü disaü uparimaü disanti”.

“Na kho gahapatiputta ariyassa vinaye evaü chaddisà namassitabbà”ti.

“Yathàkathaü pana bhante ariyassa vinaye chaddisà namassitabbà? Sàdhu
me bhante bhagavà tathà dhammaü desetu yathà ariyassa vinaye chaddisà
namassitabbà”ti.

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Lakkhaõasuttaüo(machasaü) 2. Puthudisà(machasaü)

[BJT Page 290] [\x 290/]

Chaddisà

3. Tena hi gahapatiputta suõàhi, sàdhukaü manasi karohi, bhàsissàmã’ti.

‘Evaü bhante’ti kho sigàlo gahapatiputto bhagavato paccassosi.

Bhagavà etadavoca:

“Yato kho gahapatiputta ariyasàvakassa cattàro kammakilesà pahãõà
honti, catåhi ñhànehi pàpakammaü na karoti, cha ca bhogànaü apàyamukhàni
na sevati, so evaü cuddasapàpakàpagato, chaddisàpañicchàdã,1
ubhayalokavijayàya pañipanno hoti, tassa ayaü ceva loko àraddho hoti
paro ca loko. So kàyassa bhedà parammaraõà sugatiü saggaü lokaü
upapajjati.

Kammakilesà

4. Katamassa cattàro kammakilesà pahãõà honti? Pàõàtipàto kho
gahapatiputta kammakileso, adinnàdànaü kammakileso, kàmesu micchàcàro
kammakiloso, musàvàdo kammakileso. Imassa cattàro kammakilesà pahãõà
hontã”ti. Idamavoca bhagavà. Idaü vatvà2 sugato, athàparaü etadavoca
satthà:

[PTS Page 182] [\q 182/] pàõàtipàtaü adinnàdànaü musàvàdo ca vuccati

Paradàragamana¤ceva nappasaüsanti paõóità’ti.

Agatigamanàni

5. Katamehi catåhi ñhànehi pàpakammaü karoti? Chandàgatiü gacchanto
pàpakammaü karoti, dosàgatiü gacchanto pàpakammaü karoti, mohàgataü
gacchanto pàpakammaü karoti, bhayàgatiü gacchanto pàpakammaü karoti.
Yato kho gahapatiputta ariyasàvako neva chandàgatiü gacchati, na
dosàgatiü gacchati, na mohàgatiü gacchati, na bhayàgatiü gacchati, imehi
catåhi ñhànehi pàpakammaü na karotã’ti. Idamavoca bhagavà idaü vatvà
sugato athàparaü etadavoca satthà:


Chandà dosà bhayà mohà yo dhammaü ativattati,
Nihãyati tassa yaso3 kàëapakkhe’va candimà.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

1. Chaddisà pañicchàdi hoti (syà) 2. Vatvàna (machasaü) 3. Yaso tassa (machasaü)

[BJT Page 292] [\x 292/]


Chandà dosà bhayà mohà yo dhammaü nàtivattati,
âpårati tassa yaso1 sukkapakkhe’va2 candimà’ti.

Cha apàyamukhàni

6. Katamàni cha bhogànaü apàyamukhàni na sevati?
Suràmerayamajjapamàdaññhànànuyogo kho gahapatiputta bhogànaü
apàyamukhaü. Vikàlavisikhàcariyànuyogo bhogànaü apàyamukhaü.
Samajjàbhicaraõaü bhogànaü apàyamukhaü. Jåtappamàdaññhànànuyogo bhogànaü
apàyamukhaü. Pàpamittànuyogo bhogànaü apàyamukhaü. âlassànuyogo
bhogànaü apàyamukhaü.

Majjapanàdãnavà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà suràmerayamajjapamàdaññhànànuyoge:
sandiññhikà dhanajànã, kalahappavaóóhanã, rogànaü àyatanaü,
akittisa¤jananã, [PTS Page 183] [\q 183/] kopãnanidaüsanã
pa¤¤àyadubbalãkaraõãtveva chaññhaü padaü bhavati. Ime kho gahapatiputta
cha àdãnavà suràmerayamajjapamàdaññhànànuyoge.

Vikàlacariyàdãnàvà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà vikàlavisikhàcariyànuyoge:
attà’pi’ssa agutto arakkhito hoti puttadàro’pi’ssa agutto arakkhito
hoti, sàpateyyampi’ssa aguttaü arakkhitaü hoti, saïkiyo ca hoti pàpakesu
ñhànesu, abhåtavacanaü ca tasmiü råhati, bahåna¤ca dukkhadhammànaü
purakkhato hoti. Ime kho gahapatiputta cha àdãnavà
vikàlavisikhàcariyànuyoge.

Samajjàbhivaraõàdãnavà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà samajjàbhicaraõe: kva3 naccaü, kva
gãtaü, kva vàditaü, kva akkhànaü, kva pàõissaraü, kva kumbhathåõanti?
Ime kho gahapatiputta cha àdãnavà samajjàbhivaraõe.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

1. Yaso tassa (machasaü) 2. Juõhapakkeva (kam) 3. Kuvaü [PTS]

[BJT Page 294] [\x 294/]

Jåtappamàdàdãnavà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà jåtappamàdaññhànànuyoge: jayaü veraü
pasavati, jito vittamanusocati, sandiññhikà dhanajàni, sabhàgatassa1
vacanaü na råhati, mittàmaccànaü paribhåto hoti, àvàhavivàhakànaü
apatthito hoti, akkhadhutto ayaü purisapuggalo nàlaü dàrabharaõàyà’ti.
Ime kho gahapatiputta cha àdãnavà jåtappamàdaññhànànuyoge.

Pàpamittànuyogàdãnavà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà pàpamittànuyoge: ye dhuttà, ye
soõóà, ye pipàsà, ye nekatikà, ye ca¤canikà, ye sàhasikà, tyàssa mittà
honti. Te sahàyà. [PTS Page 184] [\q 184/] ime kho gahapatiputta cha
àdãnavà pàpamittànuyoge.

âlassàdãnàvà

Cha kho’me gahapatiputta àdãnavà àlassànuyoge: atisãtanti kammaü na
karoti, atiuõhanti kammaü na karoti, atisàyanti kammaü na karoti,
atipàto’ti kammaü na karoti, atichàto’smãti kammaü na karoti,
atidhàto’smãti kammaü na karoti. Tassa evaü kiccàpadesabahulassa
viharato anuppannà ceva bhogà nåppajjanti, uppannà ca bhogà parikkhayaü
gacchanti. Imo kho gahapati putta cha àdãnavà àlassànuyoge”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavà, idaü vatvà sugato athàparaü etadavoca satthà:

- - - - - - - - - -

1. Sabhàye tassa (kam)

[BJT Page 296] [\x 296/]


7. “Hoti pànasakhà nàma hoti sammiyasammiyo
Yo ca atthesu jàtesu sahàyo hoti so sakhà. 1

Ussåraseyyà paradàrasevanà
Verappasaïgo1 ca anatthatà ca
Pàpà ca mittà sukadariyatà ca
Ete cha ñhànà purisaü dhaüsayanti. 2

Pàpamitto pàpasakho pàpaàcàragocaro

Asmà lokà parambhà ca ubhayà dhaüsate naro. 3.

Akkhitthiyo vàruõã naccagãtaü
Divàsoppaü pàricariyà akàle
Pàpà ca mittà sukadariyatà ca
Ete cha ñhànà purisaü dhaüsayanti. 4

Akkhehi dibbanti suraü pãvanti
Yantitthiyo pàõasamà paresaü
[PTS Page 185] [\q 185/] nihãnasevã na ca vuddhasevi2
Nihãyare kàëapakkhe’va cando. 5

Yo vàruõã adhano aki¤cano
Pipàso pivaü pàpaü gato3
Udakamiva iõaü vigàhati
Akulaü4 kàhiti khippamattano. 6

Na divàsoppasãlena rattimuññhànadessinà5,
Niccaü mattena soõóena sakkà àvasituü gharaü. 7

Atisãtaü atiuõhaü atisàyamidaü ahå,
Iti vissaññhakammanne atthà accenti màõave. 8

Yo’dha sãta¤ca uõha¤ca tãõà bhiyyo na ma¤¤ati
Karaü purisakiccàni so sukhà6 na vihàyatã”ti 9

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

1. Verappasavo (machasaü) 2. Vudadhisevi (syà), khudadhisevi (kam)
3. Pipàsosi atthapàgato (syà), pipàsopi samappapàgaso (kam) papagato
(machasaü) 4. âkulaü (syà, kam) 5. Rattinuññhànadassinà [PTS] 6. Sukaü
(machasaü)

[BJT Page 298] [\x 298/]

Mittapatiråpakà

8. Cattàro’me gahapatiputta amittà mittapatiråpakà1 veditabbà.
A¤¤adatthuharo amitto mittapatiråpako veditabbo, vacãparamo amitto
mittapatiråpako veditabbo, anuppiyabhàõã amitto mittapatiråpako
veditabbo, apàyasahàyo amitto mittapatiråpako veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi a¤¤adatthuharo [PTS Page 186] [\q 186/] amitto mittapatiråpako veditabbo.


A¤¤adatthuharo hoti appena bahumicchati,
Bhayassa kiccaü karoti sevati atthakàraõà.

Imehi kho gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi a¤¤adatthuharo amitto mittapatiråpako veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi vacãparamo amitto mittapatiråpako
veditabbo. Atãtena pañisantharati2 anàgatena pañisantharatiü,
niratthakena saïgaõhàti, paccuppannesu kivecasu byasanaü dasseti. Imehi
kho gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi vacãparamo amitto mittapatiråpako
veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhanehi anuppiyabhàõi amitto mittapatiråpako
veditabbo. Pàpakampi’ssaü3 anujànàti, kalyàõampi’ssa anujànàti,
sammukhà’ssa vaõõaü bhàsati, parammukhà’ssa avaõõaü bhàsati. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi anuppiyabhàõã amitto mittapatiråpa
veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi apàyasahàyo amitto mittapatiråpako
veditabbo: suràmerayamajjapamàdaññhànànuyoge sahàyo hoti,
vikàlavisikhàcariyànuyoge sahàyo hoti, samajjàbhivaraõe sahàyo hoti,
jåtappamàdaññhànànuyoge sahàyo hoti. Imehi kho gahapatiputta catåhi
ñhànehi apàyasahàyo amitto mittapatiråpako veditabbo’ti.

- - - - - - - - - - - - -

1. Mittapañiråpakà (sãmu) 2. Pañisandharati (kam) 3. Pàpakammampissa (syà)

[BJT Page 300] [\x 300/]

Idamavoca bhagavà. Idaü vatvà sugato athàparaü etadavoca satthà:


“A¤¤adatthuharo mitto yo ca mitto vacãparo, 1
Anuppiya¤ca yo àha apàyesu ca yo sakhà.
Ete amitte cattàro iti vi¤¤àya paõóito,
ârakà parivajjeyya maggaü pañibhayaü yathà”ti.

Suhadamittà

9. [PTS Page 187] [\q 187/] cattàro’me gahapatiputta mittà suhadà
veditabbà: upakàro2 mitto suhado veditabbo, samànasukhadukkho mitto
suhado veditabbo, atthakkhàyã mitto suhado veditabbo, anukampako mitto
suhado veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi upakàro mitto suhado veditabbo.
Pamattaü rakkhati, pamattassa sàpateyyaü rakkhati, bhãtassa saraõaü
hoti, uppanne kiccakaraõãye taddiguõaü bhogaü anuppadeti. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi upakàro mitto suhado veditabbo.

Catåhi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi samànasukhadukkho mitto suhado
veditabbo: guyhamassa àcikkhati, guyhamassa parigåhati, àpadàsu na
vijahati, jãvitampi’ssa atthàya pariccattaü hoti. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi samànasukhadukkho mitto suhado veditabbo.

Catåhi kho pana gahapatiputta ñhànehi atthakkhàyã mitto suhado
veditabbo: pàpà nivàreti, kalyàõe niveseti, assutaü sàveti, saggassa
maggaü àcikkhati. Imehi kho gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi atthakkhàyã
mitto suhado veditabbo.

Catåhi kho pana gahapatiputta ñhànehi ànukampako mitto suhado
veditabbo: abhavenassa na nandati, bhavenassa nandati, avaõõaü
bhaõamànaü nivàreti, vaõõaü bhaõamànaü pasaüsati. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta catåhi ñhànehi ànukampako mitto suhado veditabbo”ti.

- - - - - - - - - - -

1. Vacãparamo (syà) 2. Upakàrako (syà)

[BJT Page 302] [\x 302/]

Idamavoca bhagavà. Idaü vatvà sugato, athàparaü etadavoca satthà:


10. [PTS Page 188] [\q 188/] “upakàro ca yo mitto yo ca mitto sukhe dukhe1
Atthakkhàyã ca yo mitato yo ca mitto’nukampako.
Etepi mitte cattàro iti vi¤¤àya paõóito
Sakkaccaü payirupàseyya màtà puttaü’va orasaü.
Paõóito sãlasampanno jalaü aggã va bhàsati
Bhoge saüharamànassa bhamarasseva irãyato
Bhogà sannicayaü yanti vammiko’vupacãyatã.
Evaü bhoge samàhatvà2 alamatto kule gihã
Catudhà vibhaje bhoge sa ve mittàni ganthati.
Ekena bhoge bhu¤jeyya dvãhi kammaü payojaye
Catuttha¤ca nidhàpeyya àpadàsu bhavissatã”ti.

Chaddisàpañicchàdanaü

11. Katha¤ca gahapatiputta ariyasàvako chaddisàpañicchàdã hoti?
Chayimà gahapatiputta disà veditabbà: puratthimà disà màtàpitaro
veditabbà. Dakkhiõà [PTS Page 189] [\q 189/] disà àcariyà veditabbà.
Pacchimà disà puttadàrà veditabbà. Uttarà disà mittàmaccà veditabbà.
Heññhimà disà dàsakammakarà veditabbà. Uparimà disà samaõabràhmaõà
veditabbà.

- - - - - - - - - - -

1. Sukhe dukkhe ca ye sakhà (machasaü) 2. Samàharãtvà (syà)

[BJT Page 304] [\x 304/]

Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi puttena puratthimà disà màtàpitaro
paccupaññhàtabbà: bhato nesambharissàmi1, kiccaü nesaü karissàmi,
kulavaüsaü ñhapessàmi, dàyajjaü pañipacchàmi2, atha và pana petànaü
kàlakatànaü dakkhiõaü anuppadassàmã”ti. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi
ñhànehi puttena puratthimà disà màtàpitaro paccupaññhità pa¤cahi ñhànehi
puttaü anukampanti: pàpà nivàrenti, kaëyàõe nivesenti, sippaü
sikkhàpenti, patiråpena dàrena saüyojenti, samaye dàyajjaü niyyàtenti3.
Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi puttena puratthimà
disàmàtàpitaro paccupaññhità imehi pa¤cahi ñhànehi puttaü anukampanti.
Evamassa esà puratthimà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà appañibhayà.

12. Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi antevàsinà dakkhiõà disà
àcariyà paccupaññhàtabbà: uññhànena, upaññhànena, sussåsàya,
pàricariyàya, sakkaccaü sippapañiggahaõena4.

Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi antevàsinà dakkhiõà disà
àcariyà paccupaññhità, pa¤cahi ñhànehi antevàsiü anukampanti: suvinãtaü
vinenti, suggahitaü gàhàpenti, sabbasippasutaü samakkhàyino bhavanti,
mittàmaccesu pañiyàdenti5, disàsu parittànaü karonti. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi antevàsinà [PTS Page 190] [\q 190/]
dakkhiõà disà àcariyà paccupaññhità, imehi pa¤cahi ñhànehi antevàsiü
anukampanti. Evamassa esà dakkhiõà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà
appañibhayà.

- - - - - - - - - - -

1. Nesaü harissàmi (machasaü) 2. Pañipajjàmi (machasaü) 3. Niyya
denati (machasaü) 4. Sippaü pañiggahaõena (syà) sippauggahaõena (kam) 5.
Pañivedenati ( syà)

[BJT Page 306] [\x 306/]

13. Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi sàmikena pacchimà disà bhariyà
paccupaññhàtabbà: sammànanàya, anavamànanàya, 1 anaticariyàya,
issariyavossaggena, alaïkàrànuppadànena. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi
ñhànehi sàmikena pacchimà disà bhariyà paccupaññhità, pa¤cahi ñhànehi
sàmikaü anukampati: susaüvihitakammantà ca hoti, susaügahitaparijanà
ca2, anaticàrinã ca, sambhataü anurakkhati, dakkhà ca hoti analasà
sabbakiccesu. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi sàmikena pacchimà
disà bhariyà paccupaññhità imehi pa¤cahi ñhànehi sàmikaü anukampati.
Evamassa esà pacchimà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà appañibhayà.

14. Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi kulaputtena uttarà disà
mittàmaccà paccupaññhàtabbà: dànena, peyyavajjena3, atthacariyàya,
samànattatàya, avisavàdanatàya. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi
kulaputtena uttarà disà mittàmaccà paccupaññhità pa¤cahi ñhànehi
kulaputtaü anukampanti: pamattaü rakkhanti, pamattassa sàpateyyaü
rakkhanti, bhãtassa saraõaü honti, àpadàsu na vijahanti, aparapajà cassa
pañipåjenti. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi kulaputtena uttarà
disà mittàmaccà paccupaññhità imehi pa¤cahi ñhànehi kulaputtaü
anukampanti. Evamassa esà uttarà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà
appañibhayà.

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1. Avimànanàya (syà,[PTS] 2. Saïgahita parijanà ca (machasaü) 3. Piyavajjena (syà kam)

[BJT Page 308] [\x 308/]

15. Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi ayirakena 1 [PTS Page 191] [\q
191/] heññhimà disà dàsakammakarà paccupaññhàtabbà: yathàbalaü
kammantasaüvidhànena, bhattavetanànuppadànena, gilànupaññhànena,
acchariyànaü rasànaü saüvibhàgena, samaye vossaggena. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi ayirakena heññhimà disà dàsakammakarà
paccupaññhità pa¤cahi ñhànehi ayirakaü anukampanti. Pubbuññhàyino ca
honti, pacchànipàtino ca, dinnàdàyino ca, sukatakammakarà ca,
kittivaõõaharà ca. Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi ayirakena
heññhimà disà dàsakammakarà paccupaññhità imehi pa¤cahi ñhànehi ayirakaü
anukampanti. Evamassa esà heññhimà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà
appañibhayà.

16. Pa¤cahi kho gahapatiputta ñhànehi kulaputtena uparimà disà
samaõabràhmaõà paccupaññhàtabbà: mettena kàyakammena, mettena
vacãkammena, mettena manokammena, anàvañadvaratàya, àmisànuppadànena.
Imehi kho gahapatiputta pa¤cahi ñhànehi kulaputtena uparimà disà
samaõabràhmaõà paccupaññhità chahi ñhànehi kulaputtaü anukampanti. Pàpà
nivàrenti, kalyàõe nivesenti, kalyàõena manasà anukampanti, assutaü
sàventi, sutaü pariyodapenti, saggassa maggaü àcikkhanti. Imehi kho
gahapatiputta chahi ñhànehi kulaputtena uparimà disà samaõabuhmaõà
paccupaññhità imehi chabhi ñhànehi kulaputtaü anukampanti. Evamassa esà
uparimà disà pañicchannà hoti khemà appañibhayà”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavà. Idaü vatvà sugato athàparaü etadavoca satthà:


17. “Màtàpità disà pubbà àcariyà dakkhiõà disà
[PTS Page 192] [\q 192/] puttadàrà disà paccà mittàmaccà ca uttarà.
Dàsakammakarà heññhà uddhaü samaõabràhmaõà
Età disà namasseyya alamatto kule gihã.

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1. Assirakena (machasaü)

[BJT Page 310] [\x 310/]


Paõóito sãlasampanno sanho ca pañibhànavà,
Nivàtavutti atthaddho tàdiso labhate yasaü.
Uññhànako analaso àpadàsu na vedhati,
Acchinnavutti medhàvã tàdiso labhate yasaü.
Saïgàhako mittakaro vada¤¤å vãtamaccharo,
Netà vinetà anunetà tàdiso labhate yasaü.
Dàna¤ca peyyavajja¤ca atthacariyà ca yà idha,
Samànattatà ca dhammesu tattha tattha yathàrahaü.
Ete kho saïgahà loke rathassàõã’va yàyato,
Ete ca saïgahà nàssu na màtà puttakàraõà,
Labhetha mànaü påjaü và pità và puttakàraõà.
Yasmà ca saïgahe ete samavekkhanti1 paõóità,
[PTS Page 193] [\q 193/] tasmà mahattaü papponti pàsaüsà ca bhavanti te”ti.

18. Evaü vutte sigàlako2 gahapatiputto bhagavantaü etadavoca:
abhikkantaü bhante, abhikkantaü bhante. Seyyathàpi bhante nikkujjitaü và
ukkujjeyya, pañicchannaü và vivareyya, måëhassa và maggaü àcikkheyya,
andhakàre và telapajjotaü dhàreyya cakkhumanto råpàni dakkhantãti,
evameva bhagavatà anekapariyàyena dhammo pakàsito. Esàhaü bhante
bhagavantaü saraõaü gacchàmi, dhamma¤ca bhikkhusaïga¤ca. Upàsakaü maü
bhagavà dhàretu ajjatagge pàõupetaü saraõaü gatanti.

Sigàlasuttaüniññhitaü aññhamaü.

———————–

1. Sammapekkhanti (machasaü) 2. Siïgàlovàdasuttaüaü [PTS]


Digha Nikaya 31

Sigalovada Sutta

The Discourse to Sigala —
The Layperson’s Code of Discipline

Translated from the Pali by Narada Thera

For free distribution only,
by arrangement with the Buddhist Publication Society

From Everyman’s Ethics: Four Discourses by the Buddha (WH 14), translated by Narada Thera (Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, 1985).


Thus have I heard:

On one occasion the Exalted One was dwelling in the Bamboo Grove, the Squirrels’ Sanctuary, near Rajagaha.

Now at that time, young Sigala, a householder’s
son, rising early in the morning, departing from Rajagaha, with wet
clothes and wet hair, worshipped with joined hands the various quarters
– the East, the South, the West, the North, the Nadir, and the Zenith.

Then the Exalted One, having robed himself in the forenoon took bowl
and robe, and entered Rajagaha for alms. Now he saw young Sigala
worshipping thus and spoke to him as follows:

“Wherefore do you, young householder, rising early in the morning,
departing from Rajagaha, with wet clothes and wet hair, worship, with
joined hands these various quarters — the East, the South, the West,
the North, the Nadir, and the Zenith?”

“My father, Lord, while dying, said to me: The six quarters, dear
son, you shall worship. And I, Lord, respecting, revering, reverencing
and honouring my father’s word, rise early in the morning, and leaving
Rajagaha, with wet clothes and wet hair, worship with joined hands,
these six quarters.”

“It is not thus, young householder, the six quarters should be worshipped in the discipline of the noble.”

“How then, Lord, should the six quarters be worshipped in the
discipline of the noble? It is well, Lord, if the Exalted One would
teach the doctrine to me showing how the six quarters should be
worshipped in the discipline of the noble.”

“Well, young householder, listen and bear it well in mind; I shall speak.” — “Very good, Lord,” responded young Sigala.

And the Exalted One spoke as follows:

“Inasmuch, young householder, as the noble disciple (1) has eradicated the four vices in conduct,[n1] (2) inasmuch as he commits no evil action in four ways, (3)
inasmuch as he pursues not the six channels for dissipating wealth, he
thus, avoiding these fourteen evil things, covers the six quarters, and
enters the path leading to victory in both worlds: he is favoured in
this world and in the world beyond. Upon the dissolution of the body,
after death, he is born in a happy heavenly realm.

(1) “What are the four vices in
conduct that he has eradicated? The destruction of life, householder, is
a vice and so are stealing, sexual misconduct, and lying. These are the
four vices that he has eradicated.”

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

Killing, stealing, lying and adultery,
These four evils the wise never praise.

(2) “In which four ways does one commit no evil action?
Led by desire does one commit evil. Led by anger does one commit evil.
Led by ignorance does one commit evil. Led by fear does one commit evil.[n2]

“But inasmuch as the noble disciple is not led by desire, anger, ignorance, and fear, he commits no evil.”

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

Whoever through desire, hate or fear,
Or ignorance should transgress the Dhamma,
All his glory fades away
Like the moon during the waning half.
Whoever through desire, hate or fear,
Or ignorance never transgresses the Dhamma,
All his glory ever increases
Like the moon during the waxing half.

(3) “What are the six channels for dissipating wealth which he does not pursue?

(a) “indulgence in intoxicants which cause infatuation and heedlessness;
(b)
sauntering in streets at unseemly hours;
(c)
frequenting theatrical shows;
(d)
indulgence in gambling which causes heedlessness;
(e)
association with evil companions;
(f)
the habit of idleness.

(a) “There are, young householder,
these six evil consequences in indulging in intoxicants which cause
infatuation and heedlessness:

(i) loss of wealth,
(ii) increase of quarrels,
(iii) susceptibility to disease,
(iv) earning an evil reputation,
(v) shameless exposure of body,
(vi) weakening of intellect.

(b) “There are, young householder, these six evil consequences in sauntering in streets at unseemly hours:

(i) he himself is unprotected and unguarded,
(ii) his wife and children are unprotected and unguarded,
(iii) his property is unprotected and unguarded,
(iv) he is suspected of evil deeds,[n3]
(v) he is subject to false rumours,
(vi) he meets with many troubles.

(c) “There are, young householder, these six evil consequences in frequenting theatrical shows:

“He is ever thinking:

(i) where is there dancing?
(ii) where is there singing?
(iii) where is there music?
(iv) where is there recitation?
(v) where is there playing with cymbals?
(vi) where is there pot-blowing?[n4]

(d) “There are, young householder, these six evil consequences in indulging in gambling:

(i) the winner begets hate,
(ii) the loser grieves for lost wealth,
(iii) loss of wealth,
(iv) his word is not relied upon in a court of law,
(v) he is despised by his friends and associates,
(vi) he is not sought after for matrimony; for people would say he is a gambler and is not fit to look after a wife.

(e) “There are, young householder, these six evil
consequences in associating with evil companions, namely: any gambler,
any libertine, any drunkard, any swindler, any cheat, any rowdy is his
friend and companion.

(f) “There are, young householder, these six evil consequences in being addicted to idleness:

“He does no work, saying:

(i) that it is extremely cold,
(ii) that it is extremely hot,
(iii) that it is too late in the evening,
(iv) that it is too early in the morning,
(v) that he is extremely hungry,
(vi) that he is too full.

“Living in this way, he leaves many duties undone, new wealth he does not get, and wealth he has acquired dwindles away.”

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

“One is a bottle friend; one says, ‘friend, friend’ only to one’s
face; one is a friend and an associate only when it is advantageous.

“Sleeping till sunrise, adultery, irascibility, malevolence, evil companions, avarice — these six causes ruin a man.

“The man who has evil comrades and friends is given to evil ways, to ruin does he fall in both worlds — here and the next.

“Dice, women, liquor, dancing, singing, sleeping by day, sauntering at unseemly hours, evil companions, avarice — these nine[n5] causes ruin a man.

Who plays with dice and drinks intoxicants,
goes to women who are dear unto others as their own lives, associates
with the mean and not with elders — he declines just as the moon during
the waning half.

“Who is drunk, poor, destitute, still thirsty whilst drinking,
frequents the bars, sinks in debt as a stone in water, swiftly brings
disrepute to his family.

“Who by habit sleeps by day, and keeps late hours, is ever intoxicated, and is licentious, is not fit to lead a household life.

“Who says it is too hot, too cold, too late, and leaves things undone, the opportunities for good go past such men.

“But he who does not regard cold or heat any more than a blade of
grass and who does his duties manfully, does not fall away from
happiness.”

* * *

“These four, young householder, should be understood as foes in the guise of friends:

(1) he who appropriates a friend’s possessions,
(2)
he who renders lip-service,
(3)
he who flatters,
(4)
he who brings ruin.

(1) “In four ways, young householder, should one who appropriates be understood as a foe in the guise of a friend:

(i) he appropriates his friend’s wealth,
(ii) he gives little and asks much,
(iii) he does his duty out of fear,
(iv) he associates for his own advantage.

(2) “In four ways, young householder, should one who renders lip-service be understood as a foe in the guise of a friend:

(i) he makes friendly profession as regards the past,
(ii) he makes friendly profession as regards the future,
(iii) he tries to gain one’s favour by empty words,
(iv) when opportunity for service has arisen, he expresses his inability.

(3) “In four ways, young householder, should one who flatters be understood as a foe in the guise of a friend:

(i) he approves of his friend’s evil deeds,
(ii) he disapproves his friend’s good deeds,
(iii) he praises him in his presence,
(iv) he speaks ill of him in his absence.

(4) “In four ways, young householder, should one who brings ruin be understood as a foe in the guise of a friend:

(i) he is a companion in indulging in intoxicants that cause infatuation and heedlessness,
(ii) he is a companion in sauntering in streets at unseemly hours,
(iii) he is a companion in frequenting theatrical shows,
(iv) he is a companion in indulging in gambling which causes heedlessness.”

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

The friend who appropriates,
the friend who renders lip-service,
the friend that flatters,
the friend who brings ruin,
these four as enemies the wise behold,
avoid them from afar as paths of peril.

“These four, young householder, should be understood as warm-hearted friends:

(1) he who is a helpmate,
(2)
he who is the same in happiness and sorrow,
(3)
he who gives good counsel,
(4)
he who sympathises.

(1) “In four ways, young householder, should a helpmate be understood as a warm-hearted friend:

(i) he guards the heedless,
(ii) he protects the wealth of the heedless,
(iii) he becomes a refuge when you are in danger,
(iv) when there are commitments he provides you with double the supply needed.

(2) “In four ways, young householder, should one who is the same in happiness and sorrow be understood as a warm-hearted friend:

(i) he reveals his secrets,
(ii) he conceals one’s own secrets,
(iii) in misfortune he does not forsake one,
(iv) his life even he sacrifices for one’s sake.

(3) “In four ways, young householder, should one who gives good counsel be understood as a warm-hearted friend:

(i) he restrains one from doing evil,
(ii) he encourages one to do good,
(iii) he informs one of what is unknown to oneself,
(iv) he points out the path to heaven.

(4) “In four ways, young householder, should one who sympathises be understood as a warm-hearted friend:

(i) he does not rejoice in one’s misfortune,
(ii) he rejoices in one’s prosperity,
(iii) he restrains others speaking ill of oneself,
(iv) he praises those who speak well of oneself.”

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

The friend who is a helpmate,
the friend in happiness and woe,
the friend who gives good counsel,
the friend who sympathises too —
these four as friends the wise behold
and cherish them devotedly
as does a mother her own child.

The wise and virtuous shine like a blazing fire.
He who acquires his wealth in harmless ways
like to a bee that honey gathers,[n6]
riches mount up for him
like ant hill’s rapid growth.

With wealth acquired this way,
a layman fit for household life,
in portions four divides his wealth:
thus will he friendship win.

One portion for his wants he uses,[n7]
two portions on his business spends,
the fourth for times of need he keeps.

* * *

“And how, young householder, does a noble disciple cover the six quarters?

“The following should be looked upon as the six quarters. The parents
should be looked upon as the East, teachers as the South, wife and
children as the West, friends and associates as the North, servants and
employees as the Nadir, ascetics and brahmins as the Zenith.[n8]

“In five ways, young householder, a child should minister to his parents as the East:

(i) Having supported me I shall support them,
(ii) I shall do their duties,
(iii) I shall keep the family tradition,
(iv) I shall make myself worthy of my inheritance,
(v) furthermore I shall offer alms in honour of my departed relatives.[n9]

“In five ways, young householder, the parents thus ministered to as the East by their children, show their compassion:

(i) they restrain them from evil,
(ii) they encourage them to do good,
(iii) they train them for a profession,
(iv) they arrange a suitable marriage,
(v) at the proper time they hand over their inheritance to them.

“In these five ways do children minister to their parents as the East and the parents show their compassion to their children. Thus is the East covered by them and made safe and secure.

“In five ways, young householder, a pupil should minister to a teacher as the South:

(i) by rising from the seat in salutation,
(ii) by attending on him,
(iii) by eagerness to learn,
(iv) by personal service,
(v) by respectful attention while receiving instructions.

“In five ways, young householder, do teachers thus ministered to as the South by their pupils, show their compassion:

(i) they train them in the best discipline,
(ii) they see that they grasp their lessons well,
(iii) they instruct them in the arts and sciences,
(iv) they introduce them to their friends and associates,
(v) they provide for their safety in every quarter.

“The teachers thus ministered to as the South by their pupils, show their compassion towards them in these five ways. Thus is the South covered by them and made safe and secure.

“In five ways, young householder, should a wife as the West be ministered to by a husband:

(i) by being courteous to her,
(ii) by not despising her,
(iii) by being faithful to her,
(iv) by handing over authority to her,
(v) by providing her with adornments.

“The wife thus ministered to as the West by her husband shows her compassion to her husband in five ways:

(i) she performs her duties well,
(ii) she is hospitable to relations and attendants[n10]
(iii) she is faithful,
(iv) she protects what he brings,
(v) she is skilled and industrious in discharging her duties.

“In these five ways does the wife show her compassion to her husband who ministers to her as the West. Thus is the West covered by him and made safe and secure.

“In five ways, young householder, should a clansman minister to his friends and associates as the North:

(i) by liberality,
(ii) by courteous speech,
(iii) by being helpful,
(iv) by being impartial,
(v) by sincerity.

“The friends and associates thus ministered to as the North by a clansman show compassion to him in five ways:

(i) they protect him when he is heedless,
(ii) they protect his property when he is heedless,
(iii) they become a refuge when he is in danger,
(iv) they do not forsake him in his troubles,
(v) they show consideration for his family.

“The friends and associates thus ministered to as the North by a clansman show their compassion towards him in these five ways. Thus is the North covered by him and made safe and secure.

“In five ways should a master minister to his servants and employees as the Nadir:

(i) by assigning them work according to their ability,
(ii) by supplying them with food and with wages,
(iii) by tending them in sickness,
(iv) by sharing with them any delicacies,
(v) by granting them leave at times.

“The servants and employees thus ministered to as the Nadir by their master show their compassion to him in five ways:

(i) they rise before him,
(ii) they go to sleep after him,
(iii) they take only what is given,
(iv) they perform their duties well,
(v) they uphold his good name and fame.

“The servants and employees thus ministered to as the Nadir show their compassion towards him in these five ways. Thus is the Nadir covered by him and made safe and secure.

“In five ways, young householder, should a householder minister to ascetics and brahmins as the Zenith:

(i) by lovable deeds,
(ii) by lovable words,
(iii) by lovable thoughts,
(iv) by keeping open house to them,
(v) by supplying their material needs.

“The ascetics and brahmins thus ministered to as the Zenith by a householder show their compassion towards him in six ways:

(i) they restrain him from evil,
(ii) they persuade him to do good,
(iii) they love him with a kind heart,
(iv) they make him hear what he has not heard,
(v) they clarify what he has already heard,
(vi) they point out the path to a heavenly state.

“In these six ways do ascetics and brahmins show their compassion towards a householder who ministers to them as the Zenith. Thus is the Zenith covered by him and made safe and secure.” Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

The mother and father are the East,
The Teachers are the South,
Wife and Children are the West,
The friends and associates are the North.

Servants and employees are the Nadir,
The ascetics and brahmins are the Zenith;
Who is fit to lead the household life,
These six quarters he should salute.

Who is wise and virtuous,
Gentle and keen-witted,
Humble and amenable,
Such a one to honour may attain.

Who is energetic and not indolent,
In misfortune unshaken,
Flawless in manner and intelligent,
Such a one to honour may attain.

Who is hospitable, and friendly,
Liberal and unselfish,
A guide, an instructor, a leader,
Such a one to honour may attain.

Generosity, sweet speech,
Helpfulness to others,
Impartiality to all,
As the case demands.

These four winning ways make the world go round,
As the linchpin in a moving car.
If these in the world exist not,
Neither mother nor father will receive,
Respect and honour from their children.

Since these four winning ways
The wise appraise in every way,
To eminence they attain,
And praise they rightly gain.

When the Exalted One had spoken thus, Sigala, the young householder, said as follows:

Excellent, Lord, excellent! It is as if, Lord, a
man were to set upright that which was overturned, or were to reveal
that which was hidden, or were to point out the way to one who had gone
astray, or were to hold a lamp amidst the darkness, so that those who
have eyes may see. Even so, has the doctrine been explained in various
ways by the Exalted One.

“I take refuge, Lord, in the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha. May
the Exalted One receive me as a lay follower; as one who has taken
refuge from this very day to life’s end.”



Notes

1. kamma-kilesa, lit., ‘actions of defilement.’ [Go back]

2. These are the four agati, ‘evil courses of action’: chanda, dosa, moha, bhaya. [Go back]

3. Crimes committed by others. [Go back]

4. A kind of amusement. [Go back]

5. The Pali original has here “six causes” as two compound words and one double-term phrase are counted as units. [Go back]

6. Dhammapada v. 49: “As a bee, without harming the flower, its colour or scent, flies away, collecting only the honey…” [Go back]

7. This portion includes what is spent on good works: gifts to monks, charity, etc. [Go back]

8. “The symbolism is deliberately
chosen: as the day in the East, so life begins with parents’ care;
teacher’s fees and the South are the same word: dakkhina; domestic cares follow when the youth becomes man, as the West holds the later daylight; North is ‘beyond’ (uttara), so by help of friends, etc., he gets beyond troubles.” — (Rhys Davids) [Go back]

9. This is a sacred custom of the
Aryans who never forgot the dead. This tradition is still faithfully
observed by the Buddhists of Sri Lanka who make ceremonial offerings of
alms to the monks on the eighth day, in the third month, and on each
anniversary of the demise of the parents. Merit of these good actions is
offered to the departed after such ceremony. Moreover after every punna-kamma
(good action), a Buddhist never fails to think of his parents and offer
merit. Such is the loyalty and the gratitude shown to parents as
advised by the Buddha. [Go back]

10. lit., ‘the folk around’ (parijana). [Go back]


Revised: Tue 26 October 1999

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/canon/digha/dn31.html

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l,a we;sju ke.sg rc.y kqjrska f.dia fndfyda osYdjka jËskakdjq isZ.d,l
kuz .Dym;s mq;1hd Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia Ègqfjdah’ *tfia( oel isZ.d,l kuz
.Dym;s mq;1hdg fuh lSjdyqh’ )).Dym;s mq;1h” weËs,s neË f.k fndfyda
osYdjkag l2ula fyhska jËskafkysoe ))hs weiQy’


[\q 435/]

))iajduska jykai” *udf.a( mshd uefrK l, ug fufia lSfhah’ ))orej” osYdjkg kuialdr lrj)) *lshdhs(

))iajduska jykai” ta uu mshdf.a jpkhg f.#rj lrkafka nqyquka lrkafka
l,a we;sju ke.sg rc.y kqjrska kslau f.dia f;;ajq weÌuz we;sj f;;ajq
ysiflia we;sj weËs,s neËf.k osYdjkag kuialdr lruz))hs lSfhah’

)).Dym;s mq;1h” wdrAhh jskfhys *nqÈ iiafkys( fufia iosYdfjda fkdjeËsh hq;a;dyq))hs lSjdyqh’

))iajduska jykai” wdrAhh jskfhys flfia kuz iosYdfjda jeËsh hq;a;dyqo”
iajduska jykai” wdrAhh jskfhys iosYdfjda huz mrsoaolska jeËsh h;a;dyqo”
tmrsoafoka Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia ug OrAuh foaYkd l< uekjehs)) *lSfhah’(

)).Dym;s mq;1h” tfia jSkuz wij” fydËska isysfha ;nd .kqj lshkafkushs)) Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia fufia jodf

4′ )).Dym;s mq;1h huz l,l mgka W;2uz Y1djlhd jsiska lrAu laf,aY
*wmsrsisÈ l1shd( i;rla Ère lrK ,oaodyq fjoao” lreKq i;rlska mjz luz
fkdflfrAo”jia;2 jskdYhg fya;2jQ lreKq ih fiajkh fkdflfrAo fyf;u fufia
ody;rlajq ,dul .;sj,ska fjkajQfha ih osYdjka Nh kQmosk fia jid ;nkafklaj
fof,dju ch .ekSu msKsi ms

))ljr kuz lreKq i;rlska mjzluz flfrAo$ Pkaofhka *we,afuka( oafjzIfhka *fl1daOfhka( Nhska” fudayfhka” w.;shg hdfuka mjzluz lrhs’


[\q 436/]

)).Dym;s mq;1h” huz fya;2jlska wdrAh
Y1djl f;u Pkaofhka oafjzIfhka Nhska fudayfhka w.;shg fkdhkafkau fjzo”
*wdrAh Y1djl f;fuz( fuz lreKq i;rska mjzluz fkdflfrAhhs Nd.Hj;2ka
jykafia jodf

))hfula Pkaofhkao” oafjzIfhkao” Nhskao” fudayfhkao OrAuh blaujdo” ta ;eke;a;df.a hii lZMjr mCIfhys pkaÊhd fuka msrsfykafkah))’

))hfula Pkaofhkao” oafjzIfhkao” Nhskao” fudayfhkao OrAuh fkdblaujdo” ta ;eke;a;df.a hii mqr mCIfhys iË fuka msfrkafkah))’

5′ jia;2j jskdYhg fya;2jQ ljr kuz lreKq ihla fiajkh flfrAo$

)).Dym;s mq;1h” u;ajSug yd m1udohg lreKqjQ u;ameka nSu” kqiqÈiq
ld,fhys jS:sixpdrKh” kegquz fmd

6′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” u;ajSug yd m1udohg lreKqjQ u;ameka nSfuys kej;
kej; fhoSfuys fuz fodaI ihla fj;a” fuz wd;aufhysu Okh msrsySu”
flda,dy< jevsjSu” frda. mSvdjkag fya;2jSu” wmlSrA;sh we;sjSu” ,cAcd
ke;sj yeisrSu” kqjK ÈrAj, lsrSu fuz fodaI ih fj;a’

7′ ))fkdl,ays jS:sixprKfhys kej; kej; fhoSfuka ;udo ;udf.a
wUqorefjdao ;udf.a jia;2jo m1fjzYuz fkdlrk ,oafoa fkdrlakd ,oafoa fj;a’
mjsgqjQ ldrKhkayS iel lghq;af;ao fjz’ Tyq flfrys isÈ fkdjQ l;do mekk.S’
fndfydajQ Èla ysrsyerj,go fmrgq jQfjla fjhs’ fuz fodaI ih fj;a’

8′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” kegquz m

9′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” É fl

[\q 437/]

;uka n,d isgshoSu jia;2 jskdYfjz’
iNdjlg meusKs Tyqf.a jpkh fkdms

0′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” mjsgq us;2rka wdY1h lsrSfuys kej; kej; fhoSfuys
fuz fodaI ihla fj;a’ huz flfkla É fl

-’ )).Dym;s mq;1h” w,i nejzys kej; kej; fhoSfuys fuz fodaI ihla fj;a’
b;d YS;,hhs” b;d WKqiquzhhs” b;d ijiahhs” b;d WoEikhhs” b;d nv.skafka
fmf

))u;ameka nSug us;2rejQ mdkiL kuz hy,qfjla fjhs’ bosrsmsgoS muKla
hy,qlu olajk iuzush hy,qfjla fjhs’ hfula ;udyg jevla
we;sl,aysus;1jkakdjQ iL kuz hy,qfjlao fjz’

))ysr Wodjk f;la ksod.ekSuh” wka wUqjka fiajkh lsrSuh” ;ry neË
.ekSuh” wjev isÈjkfoa lsrSuh” mjsgq us;2rka fiajkh lsrSuh” ;o uiqre njh
hk fuz lreKq ih usksid jskdY lr;a))’

))mdm us;1hka we;s mjsgq hy,qjka we;s ,dul mej;2uz yd fkdyeisrshhq;2
;kayS yeisfrkakdjQ ;eke;af;a fuf,djskao mrf,djskao hk fof,djskau
msrsfya))’


[\q 438/]


))iQÈ fl

))huz flfkla *odÈ legfhka( iQÈ fl

))jia;2j Okh ke;sj jik hfula u;ameka nSfuys f,d,ajQfha iqrd ie,g
f.dia j;2r fuka iqrdmdkh lrkafka Khg nei .kshS’ jyd ;udf.a l2,h *f.or(
msrsyqKq l2,hla *f.orla( lrkafkah))’

))oyj,a ksok .;s we;sjQo” ? fkdke.sgskakdjQu .;s we;sjQo” ksf;dr
*u;amekska( u;ajQo” .eyeKqka flfrys f,d,ajQo moa.,hd jsiska .sysf.hs
jsiSu fkdl, yelsh))’

))oeka b;d iS;,h” b;d WKqiquh” b;d ijia jShhs fufia jev fkdlrk usksiqka jia;@yq bj;a lr;a))’

))fuf,dj hful2 iS;,o” WKqiquo ;Km;la mukj;a fkdis;do” W;aidyfhka jevlrkakdjQ ta usksid iemfhka fkdmsrsfykafkah))’

3=’ )).Dym;s mq;1h” us;1 fkdjQ us;2re fjiska yfisfrk fuz i;r fofkla o;hq;2 fj;a’

*3( hula .ekSug mukla hy,qluz olajk ;eke;a;d”

*4( jpkfhka mukla ie,lSuz lrk ;eke;a;d”

*5( ;uka bosrsmsgoS ia;2;s lrk /jgs,s nia lshk ;eke;a;d”

*6( mjzluz iËyd hy,qluz lrk ;eke;a;d

fudyq us;1 fkdjQ us;1hd fuka yeisfrkafkahhs o;hq;2hs’

hula .eksug us;2reluz olajkakd fuz lreKq i;rska o; hq;2hs’ ))ysia
w;ska wjq;a us;1hdf.ka lsisjla f.khdug n,dfmdfrd;a;2 fjhs’ iqZM fohla
oSfuka f,dl2 fohla leu;s fjhs’ ;uyg nshla we;s l,ayS Tyqf.a lghq;2 lrhs’
;udf.a m1fhdackh msKsi lgh;2 lrhs))’


[\q 439/]

))jpkfhka mukla ie,lsuz lrk ;eke;a;d
lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2′ bl2;ajQ fohska ix.1y lrhs’ u;2 we;sjk fohska ix.1y
lrhs’ lghq;a;la meusk isgs l,ays ;ukag jQ jsm;a;sh olajhs))’

));uka bosrsmsgoS ia;2;s lrk /jgs,s nia lshkakd lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2′
us;2rdg mjz lsrSuo wkqu; lrhs’ l2i,a lsrSuo wkqu; lrhs’ bosrsfhys
Tyqf.a .2K lshhs’ ke;s ;ek Tyqf.a w.2K lshhs))’

))mjzluz iËyd hy,qluz lrkakd lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2hs’ u;ameka mdkh
msKsi kej; kej; fhoSfuys hy,q fjhs’ fkdl,ays jS:s ixjdrKh iËyd kej; kej;
fhoSfuys hy,q fjhs’ kegquz we;s ;ekaj, yeisrSfuys hy,q fjhs’ iQÈ
fl

))fuz i;rfok fufia oek kqjK we;s ;eke;af;a nsh iys; udrA.hla fuka Èrskau Ère lrkafkah))’

33′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” fydË ys; we;s fuz us;1fhda i;r fofkla o;hq;2
fj;a’ Wmldr kuz *yeu lghq;a;loSu msgqfkdmdk( us;1fhlao” iudk iqL ÈlaL
kuz *iem Èla foflys iudk mej;2uz we;s( us;1fhlao” wka:laLdhs kuz
*wjevska j,ld jefvys fhdojk( us;1fhlao” wkqluzml kuz *u;2relu i,ld
wkqluzmd lrk( us;1fhlao o;hq;2hs))

)).Dym;s mq;1h” Wmldr kuz us;1hd lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2hs’ u;ajQ us;2rd
rlshs’ u;ajQ us;2rdf.a Okh rlshs’ Nhla meusKs us;2rdg Wmldr fjhs’
lghq;a;la we;s l,ayS fo.2Khla fldg jia;2j fohs))’

)).Dym;s mq;1h” iudk iqjÈla we;s us;2rd lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2hs’
;ukaf.a ryia us;2rdg lshhs’ us;2rdf.a ryia fy,s fkdlrhs’ us;2rdg jsm;la
meusKs l,ayS w;a fkdyrshs’ ta us;2rdf.a hym; iËyd cSjs;h mjd mqok ,oafoa
fjhs))’


[\q 440/]

)).Dym;s mq;1h” w;a:laLdhs kuz ys; jev
lshkakdjQ us;2rd lreKq i;rlska o;hq;2hs’ mjz lsrSfuka j,lajhs’ hym;a
lghq;af;ys fhdojhs’ fkdweiQ foh wiajhs’ fojzf,dj u. lshhs))’

))wkqluzmd lrK us;2rd lreKq i;rlska o; hq;2hs’ us;2rdf.a msrsysug
i;2gq fkdfjhs’ Tyqf.a oshqKqjg i;2gq fjhs’ us;2rdf.a kq.2K lshkakjqka
j

))fuz us;2rka i;rfokd kqjK we;af;a fufia oek yeËsk ujzflfkla iajlSh mqf;l2 fiajkh lrkakdla fuka hym;a fldg fiajkh lrkafkah))’

))iS,fhka hqla;jQ kqjK we;af;a os,sfik .sks fuka nn,hs’ uf,ka frdka
.kakdjQ nufrl2 fukawkqkag mSvdjla ke;sj jia;2j /ialrkakyqf.a iuzm;a
/iajSug meusfk;a))’

))fufia oeyeuska jia;2j /iafldg .sysf.hs jsiSug iurA:jQ mqoa., f;fuz jia;2j i;r fldgilg fnokafkah))’

))tys tla fldgilska iuzm;a wkqNj lrkafkah’ fofldgila lrAudka; msKsi
fhdokafkah’ i;rjk fldgi jsm;a meusKs l,ayS m1fhdack jkafkahhs ksoka fldg
;nkafkah))’

34′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” flfia kuz wdrAh Y1djl f;fuz iosYdjka jikafka
*rlskafka( fjzo” .Dym;s mq;1h” fuz osYd ihla fj;a’ ujzmsfhda kef.kysr
osYdjhhso .2rejre ol2Kq osYdjhhso wUqorefjda niakdysr osYdjhhso
hy,qus;1fhda W;2re osYdjhhso oeis oia luzlrefjda hg osYdjhhso uyK
nuqfKda Wv osYdjhhso o; hq;2hs))’


[\q 441/]

35′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” kef.kysr osYdjjQ
ujzmsfhda mq;1hd jsiska lreKq milska Wmia:dk lghq;2 fj;a’ ujzmshka
fmdaIH lsrSu” ujzmshkaf.a lghq;2 lsrSu” l2, mruzmrdj msysgqjSu” ujqmshka
i;2 jia;2j /lSu” ;jo ush mrf,dj .sh ujqmshkag mska wkqfudaoka lrjSu”
.Dym;s mq;1h” fuz lreKq miska mq;1hd jsisk Wmia:dk lrk,o kef.kysr
osYdjjQ ujzmsfhda orejkag lreKq milska wkqluzmd lr;a” mjska j

36′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” lreKq milska w;jeiaid *f.d

37′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” lreKq milska ieushd jsiska niakdysr osYdj jQ
NdrAhd f;dfuda Wmia:dk lghq;a;Sh” nqyquka lsrSfukao” wjuka fkdlsrSfukao”
wka wUqjka fiajkh fkdlsrSfukao” iem biqre mdjd oSfukao” w,xldrhg iqÈiq
weÌuz me<Ìuz oSfukao *hk fuhsks( .Dym;s mq;1h” niakdysr osYdjjQ
NdrAhdj f;dfuda lreKq milska ieushdg wkqluzmd lrhs’ fydoska lghq;2
ms

[\q 442/]

38′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” lreKq milska jkdys
l2, m1;1hd jsiska W;2re osYdjjQ us;2re ckfhda Wmia:dk lghq;a;dyqh’
oSfukao” m1sh jpkfhkao” ys;jev ie,iSfukao” iudkd;au;djfhkao *;uka yd
iudk fldg ie,lSfukao(” fkd/jgSfukao *hk fuhsks( )).Dym;s mq;1h” W;2re
osYdj jQ us;2re ckfhda fuz lreKq milska l2,mq;1hdg wkqluzmd lr;a’
m1udojQjdyq rls;a” m1udojQ l2,mq;1hdf.a *hym;a .syshdf.a( jia;2j rls;a”
NhjQjyqg msysg fj;a” jsm;a meusKs l,ayS w;afkdyrs;a’ ta l2,mq;1hdf.a
wksla msrsigo ie,ls,s lr;a’ fufia Tyq jsiska fuz W;2re osYdj jik *rlsk(
,oaoS” Nh rys; lrk ,oaoS fjz’

39′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” lreKq milska iajdushd jsiska hgosYdjjQ odis odi
luzlre ckfhda Wmia:dk lghq;a;dyqh’ Yla;sjQ mrsoafoka lghq;2 kshu
lsrSfukao” n;a jegqma oSfukao” .s,kajQ l, Wmia:dk lsrSfukao” wuq;2 rij;a
wdydr fnod oSfukao” iqÈiq l, oshhq;2 foa oSfukao *hk fuhsks( .Dym;s
mq;1h” hgosYdjjQ odis odi luzlrefjda lreKq milska iajdushdg wkqluzmd
lr;a’ m

30′ )).Dym;s mq;1h” lreKq milska jkdyS l2, m1;1hd jsiska Wv osYdj jQ
uyK nuqfkda Wmia:dk lghq;a;dyq fj;a’ ffu;1Siy.;jQ lhska lrk lrAufhkao”
ffu;1Siy.;jQ jpkfhka lrk lrAufhkao” ffu;1Siy.;jQ ys;ska lrk lrAufhkao
*fyj;a fu;a is;a fmrgq is;sjs,s j,skao(” fkdjik,o fodrgq we;s nejskao”
wdydr mdkdosh oSfukao *hk fuhsks( .Dym;s mq;1h” Wv osYdjjQ uyK nuqfkda
lreKq ihlska l2,mq;1hdg wkqluzmd lr;a’ mjzluz j,ska j

[\q 443/]

3-’ ))kqjKe;a;djQ iS,fhka hqla;jQ
fudf,dla .;s we;s” jegfyk kqjKska hq;a hgy;a mej;2uz we;s ;o.;s ke;a;djQ
tnÌ ;eke;af;a iem ,nkafkah’

))fkdmiqng jsrAhh we;s w,i fkdjQ ;eke;af;a jm;aj,oS luzmd fkdfjzo”
isÈre fkdjQ *le,,a rys;( mej;2uz we;s kqjK we;a;djQ tnÌ ;eke;af;a iem
,nkafkah))’

))ix.1y lrkakdjQ us;1hka we;slrkakdjQ *us;1hkaf.a( jpk okakdjQ
uiqreu, Èrel

))oSuo” m1sh jpk lSuo” wkqkag jev msKsi yeisrSuo” ;ukafia wkqka
ie

))f,dalfhys fuz ix.1yfhda .uka lrkakdjQ r:hdf.a lv wekh fuks’ fuz i;r
ix.1y jia;2 fkdjvkakdyq kuz” uj orejka lrK fldg nqyqukla fyda msoSula
fyda fkd,nkafkah’ mshdo orejka lrK fldg *th( fkd,nkafkah’

))huz fya;2jlska kqjKe;af;da fuz i;r ix.1y jia;@ka fydËdldr i,ld
n,;ao” tfyhska Tjzyq uy;a njg meusfK;a” meiish hq;af;dao fj;a))’

4=’ ))fufia jod< l,ayS isZ.d,l kuz .Dym;s mq;1 f;u Nd.Hj;2ka
jykafiag fufia lSfhah’ ))iajduSka jykai” fuz OrAuh b;d hym;” iajduSka
jykai”ta uu Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiao” OrAuho” NsCIq ixhdo irK hus’ Nd.Hj;2ka
jykafia ud wo mgka csjs;dka;h olajd irK .sh Wmdilfhlehs ms

*;sia tla jeksjQ isZ.d,l iQ;1h ksus(


fire











revolving globe


ZRECTOR

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Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan



movingthestill: Matthew Williams for Moving The Still: A GIF Festival. See this GIF and more at our live exhibition in Miami during Art Basel! And don’t forget to RSVP to the party on Friday, Dec. 7th with DJ sets by Dan Deacon and Wild Nothing!<br />
 Presented by @MilkStudios @Paddle8 @Tumblr @Smartwater | #MovingTheStill #SmartBasel


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