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LESSON 4461 Sun 12 Jun 2022 Daily Wisdom DO GOOD PURIFY MIND Tipitaka: The pali canon (Readings in Theravada Buddhism). A vast body of literature in English translation the texts add up to several thousand printed pages. Most — but not all — of the Canon has already been published in English over the years. Although only a small fraction of these texts are available here at Access to Insight, this collection can nonetheless be a very good place to start.
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LESSON 4461 Sun 12 Jun  2022

Daily Wisdom


The pali canon (Readings in Theravada Buddhism). A vast body of
literature in English translation the texts add up to several thousand
printed pages. Most — but not all — of the Canon has already been
published in English over the years. Although only a small fraction of
these texts are available here at Access to Insight, this collection can
nonetheless be a very good place to start.

May be an image of 3 peopleGautama Buddha Quotes About Pain | A-Z Quotes



April 16, 2022

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Buddha’s words have Power
Awakened One ☝️ the Buddha’s 🤕 Own Words from Theravada Tipitaka are for all societies irrespective of religions, racism and castes.
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or Enlightened One — literally “Knower”, “Understander”, or “Awakened
One” — is the honorific name given to the Indian Sage, Gotama, who
discovered and proclaimed to the world the Law of Deliverance, known to
the West by the name of Buddhism.

April 16, 2022

A wise on does not
conceal anything, and
there is nothing they
hold on to.

Without acquisitiveness
or envy, they remain
unobtrusive; they have
no disdain or insult
for anyone.
-Purabheda Sutta

The Buddha on
The Eight
Worldly Winds:
“Praise and
recognition and
disregard, gain
and loss,
pleasure and
sorrow come
and go like the
wind. Rest like a
giant tree in the
midst of them

Fear is born from arming oneself.

Just see how mwny people fight!
I’ll tell you about the dreadful fear
that caused me to shake all over:
– The Buddha
Attadanda Sutta

There is no fear for
someone who is
awake, whose mind
is uncontaminated
by craving,
and is unperplexed,
and who has given up
vice and virtue

Though you may live a hundred years
unethical and unintegrated,
better is one single day
lived ethically and absorbed
(in higher meditative states.-the Buddha

For long-term benefit and happiness

Train yourself:
‘Even though I may be afflicted in body, my mind will be unafflicted.’
That is how you should train yourself.”

well-instructed disciple has regard for noble ones and is well-versed
and disciplined in their Dhamma; has regard for men of integrity and is
well-versed and disciplined in their Dhamma – his form changes and
alters, but he does not fall into sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress,
or despair over its change and alteration.”

To Two brahmans -120 years old –
Do meritorious deeds that bring bliss.
Make merit while alive.
When the world is on fire with aging and death, one should salvage [future wealth] by giving:”

“Moral conduct serves one well till old age.

Sradda if well-established, serves one well.

Knowledge is a precious treasure for man.

The merit of good actions is difficult for thieves to take away.”

A person abandons what he construes as mine. – Buddha

As a water bead on a lotus leaf does not adhere, so the sage does not adhere. – Buddha

A wise man is not deluded by what is perceived. – Buddha

Try and stick to right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration, as aging is stressful. – Buddha

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Buddha’s words have Power

A wise person’s mindfulness
holds them poised in
constant equanimity where
arrogance is impossible;
they make no comparison
with the rest of the world
as ‘superior’, ‘inferior’
or ‘equal’.
-Purabheda Sutta

Maturity is
learning to walk
away from people
and situations that
threaten your
peace of mind,
values, morals,
or self worth.
Forgive others.
Not because they
deserve forgiveness,
byt because you
deserve peace.
There are three
solutions to every
problem:accept it,
change it, or leave it.
If you can’t accept it,
change it. If you can’t
change it, leave it.
If we do not include a
broader awareness in our
practice of mindfulness,
there can be a sense of
separation from the
world. Becoming more
aware of those around us
and our impact on others
is essential on the path

The Tipitaka — The Pali Canon 1

This is the collection of Pali language
texts, which form the doctrinal
foundation of Theravada Buddhism.
The Tipitaka and the post-canonical
Pali texts, ie. the Commentaries and
Chronicles, make up the complete
body of classical Therevada texts.
Vinaya Pitaka – The rules of conduct
governing the daily affairs within the
Sangha, for both monks and nuns.

Sutta Pitaka – The discourses attributed to the Buddha and a few of
his closest disciples.

Abhidhamma Pitaka – The doctrines
reworked and reorganised into an
investigation of mind and matter.

The Pali Canon, or the Tipitaka, consists of
the collection of three Pitakas:
The Sutta Pitaka, the Vinaya Pitaka and
the Abhidhamma Pitaka,

Although traditionally attributed to the
Buddha, the Abhidhamma Pitaka is generally
accepted to be the work of later scholar
monks who re-organised and tabulated His
teachings into this set of 7 books

The Sutta Pitaka
1. The Digha Nikaya -Collection of Long Discourses :
34 suttas, some very lengthy, presenting a vivid picture of the
different aspects of life and thought at the Buddha’s time.
2.The Majjhima Nikaya – Collection of the Middle Length
Sayings : Contains 152 suttas and present teachings
with profound similies and examples.
3. The Samyutta Nikaya – Collection of Kindred Discourses :
This has 2,941 suttas, grouped into five parts, or vaggas.
4. The Anguttara Nikaya – Collection of the Gradual Sayings:
Contains as many as 2,38 small suttas arranged according
to the number of topics discussed, from one to eleven.

The Vinaya Pitaka

1. Parajka Pali – Major Offenses : The rues of discipline
concerning 49 major and minor offences and the penalties.
2. Pacittiya Pali – Major Offences : Deals with the remaining 178
sets of rules for Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunis.
3. Mahavagga Pali – Greater Section : This contains an account
of the period following the Buddha’s Awakening, His sermons
to the first five monks and some of His great disciples
joined the Sangha and attained Awakening. Also rules of
conduct and etiquette for Sangha.
4. Culavagga Pali – Lesser Section : More rules and proceedures
for institutional acts and functions.

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan

Shared with Public


A Chronological Introduction to Buddhist Scripture
religions are very simple. And I mean that in a good way. Islam for
example pretty much has one holy book, the Qu’ran on top of which
everything else is built. Then there’s Judaism…

The Buddhist Canon (4th century BC)

13 First Council at Rajagaha, at the Nava Jetavana, Shravasti
the first century after Buddha’s Parinirvana (≈death of the body of
someone who has reached Nirvana) his students and disciples, the
Buddhist community remained united. During the First Buddhist council
soon after Buddha’s Parinirvana, Buddha’s teachings and other relevant
knowledge was compiled into 3 categories or baskets (Tipitaka):
 • Vinaya Pitaka (on rules and the discipline of Sangha(≈the monks) )
 • Sutta Pitaka (also known as Sutra Pitaka, mostly discourses and sermons of the Buddha)
 • Abhidharma Pitaka (treatises on Buddhist doctrine, which are vary from school to school)
30 books compiled into these 3 categories made up the original Buddhist
Canon, the truest representation of Buddha’s original teachings,
recognized by all Buddhist sects to be canonical. It is also generally
referred to as the Tripitaka (Tipitaka in Pali) or three baskets in
English. The exact contents of the Buddhist canon have probably been
forever lost to the sands of time. Partly, because for about 400 years,
this early Buddhist Canon was mostly passed down by oral tradition. But
there’s another reason: A schism in the Buddhist community



The Second Buddhist Council (~383 BC)

the Second Buddhist Council in the North Indian town of Vesali, about
70 years after Buddha’s Parinirvana there was a big point of contention
within the Buddhist community. It was the proper conduct and discipline
of the Sangha (the monks) as well as the Vinaya, the regulatory
framework for the Sangha. It was for this reason, that the reformist
Sthavira group split from the conservative majority Mahasamghikas.
The Sthavira group would later be divided into other groups including
 • the Sarvastivada (which influenced Chinese and Tibetan Buddhism) as well as
the Vibhajyavada which would give rise to a great number of schools,
like the Tamraparniya school, which we now call Theravada
The Mahasamghikas later went on the accept the existence of the Mahayana school
 • Some scholars believe, that the Mahayana tradition developed as a lay movement outside of Mahasamghikas.
Some scholars believe, that the Mahayana tradition developed out of the
Mahasamghikas and might have influenced each other later on but this is
a matter of debate.

The Pali Canon (3rd century BCE – 1st century CE)

the 1st century BCE, Buddhism had splintered into as much as 18
different schools, which all had their own rendition or version of the
Buddhist Canon or Tripitaka. However, it is believed that at this point
in time the core (especially the Sutta part) was largely similar. It was
around this time, that the schools started to write down the Buddhist
Canon (it would be more correct to say ‘their Canon’). It generally
consisted of around 30 books, though later Buddhist traditions,
especially Mahayana have added more texts to their Tripitaka as well as a
plethora of uncanonical text. The oldest and most complete fully extant
Canon, the Pali Canon of the Theravada tradition was first compiled in
the 3rd century BCE and first written down during the Fourth (Theravada)
Buddhist Council in 29 BCE.
The oldest found Sri Lankan exemplar was
dated back to the 5th or 6th century CE. It was written in Pali, the
language of the Sthavira vibhajyavada, which even today is still studied
as a sacral language by Theravada Buddhists.
It is important to note
that the Pali Canon is not the oldest piece of Buddhist scripture ever
found. In fact, there even are parts of the Pali Canon that were
translated into different languages and are older than the Sri Lankan
(for example a Chinese translated part dating back to the 4th century
CE). The honor of oldest found text goes to the Gandharan Buddhists
texts found in modern day Pakistan, which date back to the 1st century
CE. Gandharan texts possibly belonged to the Dharmaguptaka school.
Cross-comparisons with the Pali Canon revealed that the core of the
texts could be found in the Pali Canon.


Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [12.06.22 10:48]
The Chinese Canon (5th century CE)

the Pali Canon is “the Canon of the Theravada Buddhists”, then the
Chinese Buddhist Canon is “the Canon of the Mahayana Buddhists”. The
Chinese Buddhist Canon just like the Pali Canon, has a core made up of:
 • Suttras (in Mahayana Buddhism, the collections of Sutras is called Agama)
 • Vinaya
 • Abhidharma (specifically for the Mahayana traditions)
it also contains additional Mahayana sutras (most famously the Heart
Sutra, Diamond Sutra, and Lotus Sutra) as well as esoteric Buddhist
scriptures. An early compiled version of the Chinese canon carved in
stone and aptly named the Fangshan Stone Sutras dates back to the 7th
century CE, though individual Sutras and manuscripts were proven to be
older. The oldest found copies of the Heart Sutra (known in Sanskrit as
Prajnaparamita Hrdaya) for example date back to the 6th century CE,
though it was probably first written down centuries earlier.
(For all
those, that like to learn visually, here will be a graphic I created
for the timeline of the Early Buddhist sects later on…)
 • http://www.findingdulcinea.com/guides/Religion-and-Spirituality/Sacred-Texts.xa_1.html
 • http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/history/s_canon.htm
 • https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/buddhist-councils-1404464490-1
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Buddhist_council
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahāsāṃghika
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sthavira_nikāya
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_councils
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_Buddhist_Texts
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pāli_Canon
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Buddhist_canon
 • https://www.learnreligions.com/the-heart-sutra-450023
 • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotus_Sutra

Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan, [12.06.22 10:49]


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