7X12 Sunday LESSON 715 மூன்று கூடைகள் திபிதகTIPITAKA from FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org- Vatthu-
Dhammapada Verse 378 Santakayatthera
Vatthu-He Is Peaceful Who Is Free From All Worldly Things-
That bhikkhu calmed of body, speech,
calmed and well-composed of mind,
who world-enjoyments has renounced,
‘one calmed’ indeed is truly called.
Explanation: For a monk to be wholly and completely tranquil,
he must be restrained in body and speech. This discipline derives
from restraint of mind. Then, when these three forms of restraints
have been achieved, the monk is automatically wholly and completely
Dhammapada Verse 378
“Upasanto” ti vuccati.
Verse 378: The bhikkhu who is calm in body,
calm in speech, and calm in mind, who is well-composed and has given up (lit.,
vomited) worldly pleasures, is called a “Tranquil One”.
The Story of Thera Santakaya
While residing at the Jetavana
monastery, the Buddha uttered Verse (378) of this book, with reference to Thera
There was once a Thera named
Santakaya, who had been a lion in his past existence. It is said that lions
usually go out in search of food one day and then rest in a cave for the next
seven days without moving. Thera Santakaya, having been a lion in his last
existence, behaved very much like a lion. He moved about very little; his
moments were slow and steady; and he was usually calm and composed. Other
bhikkhus took his behaviour to be very queer and they reported about him to the
Buddha. After hearing the account given by the bhikkhus, the Buddha said to all
of them “Bhikkhus! A bhikkhu should be calm and composed; he should
behave like Santakaya.”
Then the Buddha spoke in verse as
Verse 378: The bhikkhu
who is calm in body, calm in speech, and calm in mind, who is
well-composed and has given up (lit., vomited) worldly pleasures, is
called a “Tranquil One”.
At the end of the discourse Thera Santakaya attained arahatship.
BSP’s Sankalp Rally being
organised on the death anniversary of its founder Kanshi Ram on October 9.
Founder of Bahujan Samaj Party
“I will never get married, I will never acquire any property, I
will never visit my home, I will devote and dedicate the rest of my life
to achieve the goals of Phule -Ambedkar movement”
These pledges remind the work of Manyawar Kanshi Ram Sahib who is
remembered in the history of India as a True leader of Bahujan Samaj .
The journey of Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb and his movement of
socio-cultural revolution and economic emancipation of Bahujan Samaj
started way back in 1964. Kanshi Ram, the eldest son of Mr. Hari Singh,
resident of Khawas Pur village of Punjab ’s Roper district, was born on
15 th March, 1934 , in a Sikh family belonging to the Ramdassia
Community. He completed B.Sc. and joined as an assistant Scientist in
DRDO in Kirki Pune Maharashtra in 1957 where he was exposed to the bad
breath of Hindu social order i.e. atrocious caste system. In the
ordinance factory, where Kanshi Ram was working, the management
cancelled the holidays of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti and Buddha
Jayanti and instead granted Tilak Jayanti holiday and an additional
holiday during Diwali festival. As a reaction to this, not the
Ambedkarites from Maharashtra but a Scheduled Caste Mr. Dina Bhana, from
Rajasthan, protested against the cancellation of these two holidays.
Dina Bhana’s protest resulted in his suspension. By this atrocious act,
agitated Kanshi Ram fought the legal battle for Dina Bhana.
As a result, not only was Dina Bhana reinstated but the holidays were
also restored. The unjust and casteist act on the part of management
resulted in a new awakening in Kanshi Ram, as he did not properly
realize the casteist divisions in his youth in Punjab . Thereafter
Kanshi Ram studied the literature of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, the biggest
destroyer of Brahmanism after Buddha, Jyotiba Phule and Periyar. Kanshi
Ram Ji read “Annihilation of Castes” three times in one night which
created not only an impact on Kanshi Ram, but shaped his thinking and
future course of actions. Beside Dr. Ambedkar’s writings, Mr. Kanshi Ram
found the path of further movement in Dr. Ambedkar’s plan for political
action. Manyawar Kanshi Ram Ji quit the job in 1964 and decided that he
will never marry and devote his life for social transformation.
On 24 th September 1944 , at Madras , Dr. Babasaheb declared the
political goal of his struggle. Dr Ambedkar said, “Understand our
ultimate goal. Our ultimate goal is to become the rulers of this
country. Write this goal on the walls of your houses so that you will
never forget. Our struggle is not for the few jobs and concessions but
we have a larger goal to achieve. That goal is to become the rulers of
the land.” On 4 th October, 1945 , in the Working Committee meeting of
All India Scheduled Castes Federation again he elaborately stressed on
the political power and said , “Politics should be the life-blood of the
Scheduled Castes.” Since politics of Congress party, the mouthpiece of
the dominant castes was detrimental to the very existence and interests
of backward class people, Babasaheb tried to form a broad - base
movement of all the victims of Brahmanism.
On 18 th March, 1956 in a public meeting at Ram Leela ground, Agra ,
he said that the highly qualified people belonging to SCs have betrayed
us. They are occupying the key posts in government and doing nothing for
their poor, oppressed brothers and sisters.
It was a great loss for the movement when Dr. Babasaheb unexpectedly died on 6 th December, 1956 .
After the death of DR Ambedkar, the Republican Party of India (R P I)
as visualized by Dr. Ambedkar was formed on 3 rd October, 1957 . But
from 1958 the party began to split up under various leaders. The biggest
set-back to the party was that, it became a party of Maharashtra and
the Mahars (later converted to Buddhism after 1956) and the other
sub-castes remained the supporters of Congress and others. The clash of
personalities and personal political ambitions took the caravan in a
reverse direction rather taking ahead.
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Ji noticed the dynamism of Dr Ambedkar’s
movement. He started working with Republican Party of India. After near
about eight years of working with Republican Party of India, he became
disillusioned with its functioning. His dream of Ambedkarite movement
was completely shattered when Dadasaheb Gaikwad joined the hands with
Mohan Dhariya from Congress for a petty one Lok-Sabha reserved seat and
few lakh rupees. He observed that supporters of RPI were celebrating the
pact of RPI and Congress where RPI got just one seat and rest of seats
were given to Congress. This event was the beginning of his dissociation
from Republican Party.
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Ji decided that he will develop a society which
will work to spread the thoughts of Dr Ambedkar and other social
reformers and will never sell themselves for a small gain. He
independently started organizing the employees of Scheduled castes,
Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes mainly from Pune, Bombay , Nasik ,
Nagpur and Delhi .
He traveled all over the India along with his few activists to know
why Caravan of Dr Ambedkar was brought back rather than taking ahead.
During these days he never bothered about his health, food, transport
and worked tirelessly to awaken the educated employees. Organization of
employees of Backward Class and Religious Minorities, after doing a
necessary preparatory work within a period of five years decided to
float an organisation in 1973. As a result of it, and as per the vision
of Dr. Ambedkar, Kanshi Ramji’s started his first organization on 6 th
December 1978 in Delhi , called as BAMCEF. Subsequently, he formed
Buddhist Research Center (BRC), DS-4 and BSP.
Kanshi Ramji decided to take the Caravan of Dr Ambedkar ahead and he
considers it as his responsibility to fulfill the same. Then he started
working among educated employees and awakens them to work for the
upliftment of the downtrodden. In this process he was successful to a
large extent in awakening, realizing and transforming the expectations
of Dr Ambedkar from educated class. After the necessary ground work and
positive response from some employees in Poona , Nagpur , Delhi and
other places Kanshi Ramji decided to launch an organization for pay-back
to society. Thus, the idea of BAMCEF was conceived on 6 th December,
1973 . After ceaseless field work throughout the country for near about
five years the birth of BAMCEF took place on the lawn of Boat Club in
New Delhi , on 6 th December 1978 . During this time, he conducted
several cadre camps, meetings, seminars in different parts of the
country to awaken the employees. The basic aim of BAMCEF was to develop
genuine and capable leadership among the oppressed. Basically it has
been the organization aimed to build up the non-political roots for the
success of Dr. Ambedkar’s political vision and action. BAMCEF’s typical
feature was that it was an organization of the employees, by the
employees but not for the welfare of the employees. The first concept
given by Kanshi Ram Ji was “people who should succeed politically must
have strong non-political roots”
He witnessed the failure of Ambedkarite movement in Maharashtra ,
Kanshi Ramji had realized that the people whose non-political roots
were not strong were bound to fail politically. They can have their
political party, but they cannot succeed politically. Therefore, in
order to strengthen the non-political roots of backward class people, he
began BAMCEF experiment and spent 10-11 years in organizing the
educated employees of SC/ST/OBCs and Minorities, who were benefited by
the policy of reservation. BAMCEF created a new missionary political
conscience among the backward caste educated employees and also
established a national network for further Kanshi Ram’s movement.
Kanshi Ram Ji did not project himself a leader but worked silently as
organizer and hence he did not mind to invite Ram Vilas Paswan,
Karpoori Thakur to address 3 rd National Convention of BAMCEF which was
held at Chandigarh on 14 th -18 th October 1983 .
After spending 20 yrs of his young age Kanshi Ramji realized that
merely organizing employees would not be enough to fulfill the dreams of
Dr Ambedkar. Unless they get power and cannot become rulers. Therefore
he created another concept, i.e . ‘Power will be the product of
struggle’. He realized that Employees cannot do struggle hence he stared
DS-4 Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti. According to him, “not that
our people were not struggling. They were struggling, but not for
themselves. They were not struggling for their own cause. They were and
are struggling for somebody else as stooges. Because we are passing
through the Chamcha Age, the era of stooges, and as stooges we are
Kanshi Ram in his historical book, “THE CHAMCHA AGE”, (an Era of the
Stooges) published on 24 th September, 1982 , on the occasion of 50 th
anniversary of the Poona -Pact, has vividly exclusively dealt with the
disadvantages of the Chamcha Age.
A) Caste and Community-wise Chamchas.
1 ) The scheduled Castes - Reluctant Chamchas.
2) The Scheduled Tribes - Initiated Chamchas
3) The Other Backward Castes - aspiring Chamchas
4) The Minorities - Helpless Chamchas.
B) Party - Wise Chamchas.
C) Ignorant Chamchas.
D) Enlightened Chamchas or Ambedkarite Chamchas
E) Chamchas of the Chamchas.
F) Chamchas Abroad.
It will be apt to say that, Kanshi Ram has been the only leader who
has understood the damage caused by the Poona Pact and applied the
necessary measures as it was expected by Dr. Babasaheb. His only book
deals with the Chamcha Age phenomenon in detail.
Kanshi Ram has been very crystal clear in understanding the Poona
Pact and therefore he said, “Babasaheb Ambedkar wanted to take the
downtrodden people from Dark Age to bright age. But Gandhi intervened in
this process of change. Hence we entered into a different age then
onwards, which I have named as the age of Chamchas-the Chamcha Age-the
era of stooges”.
Thus, from the day of launching D -S4, an agitational and awakening
wing of BAMCEF, till the formation of
Bahujan Samaj Party, on 14 th
April, 1984 , Kanshi Ram conducted several experiments of social action
countrywide successfully. The programmes created sufficient awareness in
the Bahujan Samaj about their socio - political, economic and cultural
status. Hence, D-S4 proved as a milestone preparation for the long
battle of political action, social transformation and economic
Up to 1976, Kanshi Ram, being in Pune - the center of Maharashtra
witnessed the down-fall of Ambedkarite movement. In his scientific
analysis of the Chamcha Age, he has focused on the fall of Ambedkarism
from the first general election i.e. 1951 till 1980. By 1971 alliance
between R P I and Congress, his all hopes of Ambedkarite movement dashed
into dustbin. Therefore, following the advice of Dr. Ambedkar i.e.
‘political power is the key to all social progress,’ he felt absolutely
essential for the members of all oppressed and exploited communities to
prepare themselves for agitational and political action.
Most of the politicians, Researchers failed to understand the vision
of Kanshi Ram Ji and hence could not understand the Role of BSP in
Indian Democracy. Today in India there are 7 national political parties
which are lead by so called upper caste Hindus. They control all the
affairs of their parties to establish the rule of Hindu upper castes and
exploit the 85% Bahujan Samaj.
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Ji refined the rules of Indian politics. He
developed a concept that the unstable government at center is beneficial
for Bahujan Samaj as you can derive maximum advantages to deprived
sections. Therefore he used say frequently,” I want Mazboor (weak)
government at centre and not Majboot (strong) till we reach to the
Centre”. Kanshi Ram Ji articulated positively the Bahujan ideology from
Buddha to Ambedkar. Kanshi Ram Ji always acknowledged the contribution
of Ex-Mahars now Buddhists for supporting Dr Ambedkar in his war against
Manuvadi system. He said,” I have learnt two things from them one how
to learn the movement I leant from Dr Ambedkar and second how not to run
the movement from his followers in Maharashtra .”
Manyawar consistently led his movement for almost 38 yrs from
1965-2003 till his illness. Bahan Mayawati has taken up the unfulfilled
dream of Manyawar Kanshi Ram Ji and proved to be the successor of Kanshi
Ram ji’s sociopolitical struggle when she became CM of UP 4 th time
with an absolute majority in may 2007.
Born On: March 15, 1934
October 9, 2006
Rising from a deep need to fight the prevalent caste system of his time,
Kanshi Ram created a platform for all those under the clutches of the
ruling classes to speak out and fight for their rights. He did this in
more than one way, but his most prominent venture of doing the same was
when he entered politics with the B.S.P.: Bahujan Samaaj Party. This
party was centrist in nature. Kanshi Ram dedicated his life to
constantly trying to bring the backward classes to the front and give
them a voice that was strong and united. Kanshi Ram never got married
instead he dedicated his entire lifetime to fight for the rights of his
people and empower them. A great man indeed!
Kanshi Ram was born to a family that belonged to the Raedasi Sikh
community-a community which was converted to Sikhism. Kanshi Ram’s
father, who was to some extent literate, made sure that all his children
were educated. Kanshi Ram had two brothers and four sisters, out of
them all, he was the eldest and most highly educated with a BSc degree.
After completing his graduation, Kanshi joined the Department of Defence
Production and took up the position of scientific assistant. This was
in Pune in 1958.
It was after he joined the struggle against the abolition of Dr.
Ambedkar’s birthday as a holiday, in 1965, that his career in the fight
for the oppressed community started. He studied the entire caste system
and the works of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar closely and came up with many efforts
to help the oppressed rise from the ditches they were tossed into.
Finally in 1971 he quit his job and together with his colleagues
established the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward
Classes and Minorities Employees Welfare Association. The Association
was registered with the Puna Charity Commissioner. Through this
association, attempts were made to look into the problems and harassment
of the above mentioned employees and bring out an effective solution
for the same. Another main objective behind establishing this
association was to educate and create awareness about the caste system.
This association turned out to be a success with more and more people
joining it. In 1973, Kanshi Ram again with his colleagues established
BAMCEF: Backward And Minority Communities Employees Federation. The
first operating office was opened in Delhi in 1976 with the
motto-”Educate Organize and Agitate”. This served as a base to spread
the ideas of Ambedkar and his beliefs. From then on Kanshi Ram continued
building his network and making people aware of the realities of the
caste system, how it functioned in India and the teachings of Ambedkar.
Wherever he travelled he did the same and had many followers. In 1980 he
created a road show named “Ambedkar Mela” which showed the life of
Ambedkar and his views through pictures and narrations.
In 1981 he founded the Dalit Soshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti or DS4 as a
parallel association to the BAMCEF. It was created to fight against the
attacks on the workers who were spreading awareness on the caste system.
It was created to show that workers could stand united and that they
too can fight. However this was not a registered party but an
organization which was political in nature. In 1984, he established a
full-fledged political party known as the Bahujan Samaj Party. However,
it was in 1986 when he declared his transition from a social worker to a
politician by stating that he was not going to work for/with any other
organization other than the Bahujan Samaj Party. During the meetings and
seminars of the party, Kanshi Ram stated to ruling classes that if they
promised to do something, it would pay to keep the promise, or else
just accept that they were not capable of fulfilling their promises.
Contribution To Politics
By his social and political ventures, Kanshi Ram gave the so called
lower caste a voice in a magnitude that they never thought existed. This
was made possible especially in Uttar Pradesh and other north Indian
states like Madhya Pradesh and Bihar, and primarily through the efforts
of the Bahujan Samaj Party.
Kanshi Ram suffered from diabetes, hypertension and even had a heart
attack in 1994. In 2003 he had a brain stroke caused by a clot that
formed in the brain artery. After 2004, he stopped appearing publicly
because of health reasons. After being nearly bed ridden for almost two
years, he died on October 9, 2006 due to a severe heart attack. As per
his wishes, the rituals after his death were carried out according to
The most important legacy of Kanshi Ram is without a doubt the one that
underlines his association with the Bahujan Samaj Party. However, there
are certain awards that are given in his honor as well. These awards
constitute the Kanshiram International Sports award (Rs. 10 lakhs),
Kanshiram Kala Ratna Awards (Rs. 5 Lakhs) and Kanshiram Bhasha Ratna
Samman (Rs. 2.5 Lakhs). There’s also Kanshi Ram Nagar which is a
district in Uttar Pradesh. The district was named so on April 15th,
Born in Rorapur district, Punjab
Joined the Department of Defence Production as a scientific assistant, Pune
Quit his job to start Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Minorities Employees Welfare Association.
Established the first functioning office of BAMCEF in Delhi.
Founded the Dalit Soshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti.
Established the Bahujan Samaj Party.
Important speech of Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji - Part 1
Important Speech of Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji - Part 2
Few rare pictures of Behan Mayawati and Sahib Kanshi Ram Ji
Kanshi Ram’s death anniversary puts SP govt in dilemma
LUCKNOW: As Bahujan Samaj Party
president Mayawati gears up for a grand public rally on the occasion of
sixth death anniversary of the party founder Kanshiram on October 9,
the ruling Samajwadi Party government finds itself in a fix - to declare the day a public holiday, or not?
If they go with the
holiday, it would be like following a practice started by the previous
regime and eulogising the founder of the rival Bahujan Samaj Party, and
if they don’t, the SP government would be tagged anti-SC/ST.
The BSP ideologue Kanshi Ram
passed away in 2006 and Mayawati declared his death anniversary as a
public holiday after coming to power in May 2007. As a practice,
holidays are declared in the preceding financial year. So, when Akhilesh
Yadav took over the reigns of the state in March earlier this year the
notification had already been issued and a calendar of holidays
A senior government
functionary confirmed that the calendar issued by the office of
secretariat administration does mention October 9 as a public holiday.
When contacted, Lucknow district magistrate Anurag Yadav said that since the notification had been issued there remained no doubt that it would be a holiday.
During the BSP rule,
the day happened to be a grand occasion. Last year, Mayawati unveiled
484 development projects worth Rs 6,035 crore at a programme organised
at Kanshiram Smarak Sthal
Built on 86 acres of land, Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Smarak Sthal in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) India, is an example of excellent architecture and latest techniques.
on VIP road. Projects of various departments,
which were dedicated to the people, included solid waste management
schemes for Kannauj, Rae Bareli, Muzaffarnagar, Kanpur, Agra and
Allahabad, worth Rs 4.62 crore, Rs 8.78 crore, Rs 6.57 crore, Rs 56.23
crore, Rs 30.84 crore and Rs 30. 41 crore, respectively.
of that sort is likely to happen this time around. This year, BSP chief
Mayawati will address a party rally where she is likely to make her
stand clear about the FDI in retail among other issues.
The BSP’s rally on October 9 is much-awaited as party chief Mayawati
had announced that she would declare her future political strategy about
support to the UPA government during it. The holiday cancellation has
given more fodder to Mayawati for training her guns on SP. BSP had
earlier blamed the SP government, calling it anti-SC/ST after several
schemes named after Kanshiram and other SC/ST/OBC icons were scrapped by the
SP government. It has now criticised the state government for
cancelling the government holiday on the BSP founder’s death
anniversary, terming the decision too as anti-SC/ST. Reacting to the
state government’s decision, Leader of Opposition in the Assembly and
BSP general secretary Swami Prasad Maurya said that the move shows the
SP government’s “anti-SC/ST mentality”.
He said if the SP government could not give any respect to the
great men, it should also avoid “snatching” honours given to them by
previous government. The government instead of focusing on deteriorating
law and order situation has been constantly taking the decisions to
“play” with the honour accorded to great men by the previous BSP
government led by Mayawati, Maurya said.
VOICE OF SERVJAN
Practice of Hatred and anger is madness. Mental asylum is the right place for those who practice it.
LUCKNOW: The Bahujan Samaj Party on Thursday accused the ruling Samajwadi Party of conspiring to malign its image by misusing powers and levelling baseless and false allegations against its leaders.
“To hide its failure, the SP government is playing tactics to malign
BSP’s image by misusing power and through false and baseless
allegations,” leader of BSP legislature party Swami Prasad Maurya
said while talking to the reporters. He claimed that baseless
allegations are being levelled in the name of inquiry into alleged scam
in Labour and Construction Cooperative Federation (LACCFED) without any evidence.
“Names are being taken to defame us. If any allegation is proved right,
I will resign, otherwise the SP people should resign,” said Maurya, and
added that by levelling baseless and false allegations an attempt is
being made to send a wrong message and foil BSP’s Sankalp Rally being
organised on the death anniversary of its founder Kanshi Ram on October 9.
LUCKNOW: The Samajwadi Party government on Saturday cancelled the public holiday on the death anniversary of Bahujan Samaj Party founder Kanshi Ram on October 9. drawing criticism from the party, which is gearing up to hold a public rally on the same day. Kanshiram, who was born on March 15, 1934 and died in 2006, founded the The Mayawati
Government cancels holiday on Kanshi Ram death anniversity, draws flak from BSP
BSP in 1984. The party, after assuming power in 2007, had notified
October 9 as a holiday under the Negotiable Instrument Act. Kanshiram’s
birthday was also declared a holiday, but not under the Act.
The government order was issued on Saturday evening announcing the
cancellation. The government sources said that all district magistrates
had been sent the circulars to this effect.
government had announced October 9 as the public holiday after coming to
the power in May 2007. Kanshi Ram passed away in 2006. The notification
for this year’s holiday had been issued even before the Samajwadi Party
assumed power in March 2012. Sources said that it would have been a
peculiar situation for the SP government as Kanshi Ram was essentially
the founder of a political party headed by arch-rival Mayawati.
LUCKNOW: The Samajwadi Party government on Saturday cancelled the public holiday on the death anniversary of Bahujan Samaj Party founder Kanshi Ram on October 9. drawing criticism from the party, which is gearing up to hold a public rally on the same day.
Kanshiram, who was born on March 15, 1934 and died in 2006, founded the