1338 LESSON 281114 FRIDAY
FREE ONLINE E-Nālanda Research and Practice UNIVERSITY
Course Program 1. Kamma-Arañña SuttaThe Wilderness in Classical English
Standing to one side, a devata addressed the Blessed One with a verse:
Living in the wilderness,
staying peaceful, remaining chaste,
eating just one meal a day:
why are their faces
so bright and serene?
They don’t sorrow over the past,
don’t long for the future.
They survive on the present.
That’s why their faces
are bright and serene.
From longing for the future,
from sorrowing over the past, fools wither away
like a green reed cut down.
From the Holy Buddhist Tipitaka: Sutta Pitaka - Samyutta Nikaya-19:02 mins
Samyutta Nikaya - Maha Vagga 47 Establishment of Mindfulness-1:26:48 hr
The Wilderness In The Heart
(Murderer of democratic institutions) has risen high to only fall
harder. The law of kamma i.e., cause and condition will bite him hard.
A violation of the third
precept of Pancasila. In deed all the silas have been violated -
Killing, taking which is not given ( snatched power through fradulent
EVMs that were tampered murdering of democratic institution which was
proved in the Supreme Court and was to be replaced which the ex CJI
Sadasivam allowed to be replaced in phases as suggested by the CEC
Sampath because of Rs. 1600 crore involved to replace them with fool
proof voting system as practiced by 80 democracies of the world again
(murdering of democratic institution (EC)).Telling lies as he suppressed
the fact that he was not married to the EC to become CM because of the
intoxication for the greed of power.
Modi’sfamily belonged to the Ghanch community, which M.K.Gandhi also belonged to and came into contact with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and began attending its local shakhas,
or training sessions.Haughty behavior by the upstart chitpvans caused
conflicts with other communities which manifested itself as late as in
1948 in the form of anti-Brahminism after the killing of M.K. Gandhi by
Nathuram Godse, a chitpavan.
After the fall of the Maratha Empire in 1818, the chitpavans lost their political dominance
the British. The British would not subsidize the chitpavans on the same
scale that their caste-fellow, the Peshwas had done in the past. Pay
and power was now significantly reduced. Poorer chitpavan students
adapted and started learning English because of better opportunities in
the British administration. Some of the strongest resistance to change
also came from the very same community.
Jealously guarding their
brahmin stature, the orthodox among the chitpavans were not eager to
see the shastras challenged, nor the conduct of the brahmins becoming
indistinguishable from that of the sudras. The vanguard and the old
guard clashed many times.
The chitpavan community includes two
majorpoliticians in the Gandhian tradition: Gopal Krishna Gokhale whom
he acknowledged as a preceptor, & Vinoba Bhave, one of his
disciples. Gandhi describes Bhave as the Jewel of his disciples, and recognized Gokhale as his political guru.
opposition to Gandhi also came from within the chitpavan community.V D
Savarkar,the founder of the Hindu nationalist political ideology
hindutva is castiest and communal duba kor militant stealth political
cult greed of power hating all the non-chitpavan brahimins with anger
that is madness requiring treatment in mental asylums, was a chitpavan
brahmin. Several members of the chitpavan community were among the first
to embrace d hindutva ideology, which they thought was a logical
extension of the legacy of the Peshwas and caste-fellow Tilak.
chitpavans felt out of place with the Jambudvipan social reform
movement of Mahatama Phule and the mass politics of Mr.M.K. Gandhi.
Large numbers of the community looked to Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha
and finally the RSS. Gandhi’s assassins Narayan Apte and Nathuram Godse,
drew their inspiration from fringe groups in this reactionary trend.
the RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat is saying ‘the cultural identity of all
Indians is Hindutva’ covering the above facts. On kobras (the
konkanastha chitpavan brahmin Community) of West of the Country. The
chitpavan or chitpawan, are brahmins native to the Konkan with a
sizeable Christian Protestant.
Until the 18th century, the
chitpavans were not esteemed in social ranking, and were indeed
considered by other brahmin tribes as being an inferior caste of
brahmins. It remains concentrated in Maharashtra but also has
populations all over the Country and rest of the world, (USA & UK.)
to Bene Israeli legend, the Chitpavan and Bene Israel are descendants
from a group of 14 people shipwrecked off the Konkan coast. several
immigrant groups including the Parsis, the Bene Israelis,the
kudaldeshkar gaud brahmins, and the Konkani saraswat brahmins, and the
chitpavan brahmins were the last of these immigrant arrivals.
satavahanas were sanskritisers. It is possibly at their time that the
new group of chitpavan brahmins were formed.Also, a reference to the
chitpavan surname ghaisas, written in Prakrut Marathi can be seen on a
tamra-pat (bronze plaque) of the Year 1060 A.D.belonging to the King
Mamruni of Shilahara Kingdom, found at Diveagar in Konkan. With the
accession of balaji bhat and his family to the supreme authority of the
Maratha Confederacy, chitpavan immigrants began arriving en masse from
the Konkan to Pune where the Peshwa offered all important offices his
fellow-castemen. The chitpavan kin were rewarded with tax relief &
grants of land. Historians cite nepotism & corruption as causes of
the fall of the Maratha Empire in 1818.
Richard Maxwell Eaton
states that this rise of the chitpavans is a classic example of social
rank rising with political fortune. Traditionally, the chitpavan
brahmins were a community of astrologers and priests who offer religious
services to other communities.
The 20th century descriptions of
the chitpavans list inordinate frugality, untrustworthiness,
conspiratorialism, phlegmatism. Agriculture was the second major
occupation in the community, practiced by the those who possess arable
land. Later, chitpavans became prominent in various white
collar jobs and business. Most of the chitpavan brahmins in Maharashtra have adopted Marathi as their language.
the 1940s, most of the chitpavans in Konkan spoke a dialect called
chitpavani Konkani in their homes. Even at that time, reports recorded
chitpavani as a fast disappearing language. But in Dakshina Kannada
District and Udupi Districts of Karnataka, this language is being spoken
in places like Durga
and Maala of Karkala taluk and also in places
like Shishila and Mundaje of Belthangady Taluk.There are no inherently
nasalized vowels in standard Marathi whereas the chitpavani dialect of
Marathi does have nasalized vowels. Earlier, d deshastha brahmins
believed that they were the highest of all brahmins, & looked down
upon the chitpavans as parvenus (a relative newcomer to a socioeconomic
class),barely equal to the noblest of dvijas. Even the Peshwa was
denied the rights to use the ghats reserved for Deshasth priests @
Nashik on the Godavari.Dis usurping of power by chitpavans from the
deshastha Brahmins resulted in intense rivalry between the two brahmin
communities which continued in late Colonial British India times. The
19th century records also mention Gramanyas or village-level debates
between the Chitpavans, & two other communities, namely the
Daivajnas, and the Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus. This lasted for about
Half a century ago,Dr.Ambedkar surveyed the existing
data on the physical anthropology of the different castes in his book
The Untouchables.He found that the received wisdom of a racial basis of
caste was not supported by the data,e.g.:The table for Bengal shows that
the chandal who stands sixth in the scheme of social precedence and
whose touch pollutes, is not much differentiated from the brahmin. In
Bombay the deshastha brahmin bears a closer affinity to the Son-Koli, a
fisherman caste, than to his own compeer, the chitpavan brahmin. The
Mahar, the Untouchable of the Maratha region, comes next together with
the Kunbi, the peasant. They follow in order the shenvi brahmin, the
nagar brahmin and the high-caste Maratha. These results mean that there
is no correspondence between social gradation and physical
differentiation in Bombay.
A remarkable case of differentiation
in skull and nose indexes, noted by Dr. Ambedkar, was found to exist
between the brahmin and the (untouchable) Chamar of Uttar Pradesh. But
this does not prove that brahmins are foreigners, because the data for
the U.P. brahmin were found to be very close to those for the Khattri
and the untouchable Chuhra of Punjab. If the U.P. brahmin is indeed
foreign to U.P., he is by no means foreign to India, at least not more
than the Punjab untouchables. This confirms the scenario which we can
derive from the Vedic and ItihAsa-PurANa literature:the Vedic tradition
was brought east from d Vedic heartland by brahmins who were physically
from the lower castes there, when the heartland in
Punjab-Haryana at its apogee exported its culture to the whole Aryavarta
(comparable to the planned importation of brahmins into Bengal and the
South around the turn of the Christian era). These were just two of the
numerous intra-Indian migrations of caste groups.Recent research has
not refuted Ambedkar,s views. A press report on a recent anthropological
survey led by Kumar Suresh Singh explains:English anthropologists
contended that the upper castes of India belonged to the Caucasian race
and the rest drew their origin from Australoid types.The survey has
revealed this to be a myth.Biologically &linguistically, we are very
Suresh Singh () The report says that the people of
India have more genes in common, and also share a large number of
There is much greater homogenization in
terms of morphological and genetic traits at the regional level, says
the report. For example, the brahmins of Tamil Nadu (esp.Iyengars) share
more traits with non-brahmins in d state than with fellow brahmins in
western or northern India.
The sons-of-the-soil theory also
stands demolished. The Anthropological Survey of India has found no
community in India that cant remember having migrated from some other
part of the country.Internal migration accounts for much of India’s
complex ethnic landscape, while there is no evidence of a separate or
foreign origin for the upper castes.Among other scientists who reject
the identification of caste (varNa) with race on
physical-anthropological grounds, we may cite Kailash C.
Malhotra:Detailed anthropometric surveys carried out among the people of
Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bengal and Tamil Nadu revealed
significant regional differences within a caste and a closer resemblance
between castes of different varnas within a region than between
sub-populations of the caste from different regions.
basis of analysis of stature, cephalic and nasal index, H.K. Rakshit
(1966) concludes that the Brahmins of India are heterogeneous &
suggest incorporation of more than one physical type involving more than
one migration of people.A more detailed study among 8 Brahmin castes in
Maharashtra on whom 18 metric,16 scopic and 8 genetic markers were
studied, revealed not only a great heterogeneity in both morphological
and genetic characteristics but also showed that 3 Brahmin castes were
closer to non-Brahmin castes than [to the] other Brahmin castes.
Majumdar and K.C. Malhotra (1974) observed a great deal of
heterogeneity with respect to OAB blood group system among 50 Brahmin
samples spread over 11 Indian states. The evidence thus suggests that
varna is a sociological and not a homogeneous biological entity.
chief Mohan Bhagwat is saying ‘the cultural identity of all Indians is
Hindutva’ The 20th century descriptions of the chitpavans list
inordinate frugality, untrustworthiness (Duba Kors), conspiratorialism,
phlegmatismNow it is the Fraud Duba Kor EVMs that has to be exposed
because the Duba Kor EVM CJI Sadhasivam, a brahmin allowed the Lok
Sabha with majority fraud tamperable Duba Kor EVMs at the request of
Duba Kor EVM CEC Sampath another brahmin to replace the Duba Kor EVMs
in phased manner that helped RSS’s BJP to acquire the MASTER KEY. Till
all the Duba Kor EVMs are replaced with fool proof Voting system the
present CJI must order to scrap the present
Lok Sabha.& have a
collegium system of picking judges from SC/ST/OBC/Minorities for having a
fool proof voting system to safeguard Liberty, Fraternity and Equality
as enshrined in the Constitution. And also a collegium system in the
Chief Election Commission consisting SC/ST/OBC/Minorities for having a
fool proof voting system to safeguard Liberty, Fraternity and Equality
as enshrined in the Constitution to prevent Murder of Democracy.. After
the Duba Kor EVMs are replaced with fool proof voting system Lok Sabha
elections must be held. If chitpawan brahminshave to be sidelined
totally because of their politics of hatred towards all non Ariyo
brahmins, all the non- ariyo brahmins have to unite
under BSP for
Sarvajan Hitay, Sarvajan Sukhay i.e., for the welfare and happiness of
all societies including, SC/STs, OBCs, Minorities and the poor upper
castes by sharing the wealth of the country equally among all sections
of the society as enshrined in the Constitution.
Hindu chitpavan brahmins celebrate several festivals according to the Hindu Calendar.
SAMAPATH, EVM GOVERNMENT- NEED OF THE HOUR IS Electronic Virtual Movement 4 Replacing all EVMs (EVM4RAEVMs) to save Democracy.
CJI EVM SADHASIVAM, shirked its duty & committed a grave error of
judgment by allowing in phased manner Fraud Tamperable EVMs on the
request of CEC EVM SAMPATH because of the 1600 crore cost to replace
them and dealt a fatal blow to the Country’s democracy.
CJI did not order for ballot paper system would be brought in. No such
precautionary measure was decreed by the apex court. Ex CJI did not
order that till the time this newer set of about 1300000 voting machines
is manufactured in full & deployed totally. All the people in 80
democracies in the world who simply done away with fradulent EVMs should
not recognise EVM Modi & his Government.
EVM Narendra Modi
full of hatred for non-brahmins & non Baniyas intoxicated for power
violated all good Silas of not killing, lying, stealing. EVM Militant
Stealth Cult RSS saying no reservation on the basis of castes means it
is against Constitution providing reservation for SC/STs. RSS’s Mr.
Mohan Bagawath, a brahmin & a dropout is not a Constitutional expert
to say that there should not be any caste based reservation.
Attempt to E-File through http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/registration.jsp while trying to attach
Driving Licence through http://sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/identity_file.jsp - got the result java.lang.
StringIndexOutOfBounds Exception: String index out of range: - could not proceed further.
Brought this to the notice of firstname.lastname@example.org without any response. through supremecour[at]nic[dot]in
with a confusion whether it is supremecour[at]nic[dot]in email@example.com or supremecourt[at]nic[dot]in
firstname.lastname@example.org://goidirectory.nic.in/feedback.php - all maintained by email@example.com also do not work.
often says “invalid characters found, Please Re-Enter”A correct
procedure for E-Filing must be known to all procedures/ steps required
to be taken for E-Filing process ?
Supreme Court initiatives for citizens via e -Filing - e-Filing in
Supreme Court of IndiaSupreme Court of India is also on the e-governance
track and providing its services at doorstep of the Indian citizens.
this regard, on October 2, 2006 Supreme Court started e-filing
facility. It is a simple way of filing any case via internet from his
house. e-filing via internet does not require the help of advocate.
service can be utilized by any common man as well as registered
advocate. Anybody desiring to avail this service may log on to
www.sc-efiling.nic.in/sc-efiling/index.html and sign up as a user.
sign up procedure please follow up these steps: First time users of
Supreme Court’s E-filing have to register him/her through the ‘Sign Up’
option.Through ‘e-FILING’ only Advocate-on Record’ and
petitioners-in-person can file cases in the Supreme Court of India
Advocate option is to be chosen if you are an ‘Advocate-on-Record’,
otherwise choose ‘In-person’ option in case you are
For registering first time personal
details such as Address, contact details, E-mail Id etc., which are
mandatory, need to be entered.For Advocate-on-record, his/her code
(Advocate-on-record code) will be ‘Login-ID’, while ‘In-person’will
create his/her Login-Id through ‘Sign Up’ option. Password needs to be
entered thereafter. Login Id and password will be created once the
mandatory requirements are filled properly. After successful login the
‘Disclaimer screen’ appears on the screen.
Clicking of ‘I agree’
button on Disclaimer allows the user to proceed further, while ‘I
decline’ button sends the control back to the Login screen. After
successful login, the user can file the case electronically. ‘New Case’
option allows the user to file a new case ‘Modify’ option allows a user
to carryout changes to the already e-filed case, provided the court fee
payment option is not invoked. Defects associated with the e-filed case
will be e-mailed to the advocate/petitioner by the Supreme Court
Registry.For further assistance, ‘Help’ option is available.Click here
to file case online in Supreme Court of India
http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/ - Reasons For
Banning Fradulent Tamperable EVMs Electronic voting machines (EVMs) were
introduced in a limited way in Indian elections in 1982, and they have
been in universal use since the general elections of 2004, when paper
ballots were phased out completely.
It is about time this
country reformed its voting system to ensure that the electoral verdicts
reflect the true will of the people of the country.
1. The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs
2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too!
3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe
4. Nor is The Hardware
5. EVMs are Sitting Ducks
6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern
7. Storage and Counting are Concerns
8. Vote of No Confidence
9. EC is Clueless on Technology
10. Trust Deficit1.
The Whole World has Discarded Similar EVMs.
The electronic voting machines used in this country’s elections are internationally known as
Direct Recording Electronic (DRE) voting machines which record votes directly in electronic memory.
voting machines have been banned in many countries such as Germany, the
Netherlands, Irelands etc. and such machines are allowed in most states
of the US only with a paper back up. Potential dangers of “vote fraud”
and more importantly, lack of transparency and verifiability associated
with them prompted ban or restrictions of their use. Developed nations
like the United Kingdom and France and advanced countries in our region
like Japan and Singapore have so far stuck to voting on paper ballots,
owing to their simplicity, verifiability and voter confidence in the
system. India is an exception to this international trend and we
continue to use these voting machines long discarded by the world due
to lack of awareness and appreciation of the lay public of the
concerns.2. Use of EVMs is Unconstitutional and Illegal Too! Indian EVMs
may also be held unconstitutional because they infringe upon the
fundamental rights of the voters. In India, Right to vote is a legal
right but how that vote should be exercised by a voter is his/ her
individual expression covered by Article 19 (1) (a) of the Constitution,
which guarantees fundamental rights to the citizens. In the 2002 case
pertaining to disclosure of assets and the criminal background of
candidates, the Supreme Court ruled that voters have a right to know
the antecedents of the contesting candidates and this is fundamental
and basic for survival of democracy. Accordingly, a voter has the right
to know that his vote which he exercised as a part of freedom of
expression has really gone in favour of the candidate whom he/she has
chosen. This right, fundamental in nature, is absent in the electronic
In the traditional paper ballot system, that
fundamental right was preserve because a voter knew exactly how his/ her
vote was recorded and Universal use of EVMs in Indian elections is
illegal too! In 1984, the Supreme Court of India held that the use of
electronic voting machines in elections was “illegal” as the
Representation of People (RP) Act, 1951 did not permit use of voting
machines in elections. Later, the R.P. Act was amended in 1989
incorporating Section 61A. However, the amendment says voting machines
“may be adopted in such constituency or constituencies as the Election
Commission may, having regard to the circumstances of each case,
specify.” Violating the provisions of the R.P Act, the Election
Commission has conducted 2004 and 2009 nationwidegeneral elections only
using electronic voting machines. Going by the 1984 judgment of the
Supreme Court, parliamentary elections of 2004 and 2009 may be held
illegal.3. EVM Software Isn’t Safe.
The electronic voting machines are safe and secure only if the source code used in the EVMs is genuine.
Shockingly, the EVM manufacturers, the BEL and ECIL, have shared the ‘top secret’ EVM software
with two foreign companies, Microchip (USA) and Renesas (Japan) to copy
it onto microcontrollers used in EVMs. This process could have been
done securely in-house by the Indian Worse, when the foreign companies
deliver microcontrollers fused with software code to the EVM
manufacturers, the EVM manufacturers cannot “read back” their contents
as they are either OTP-ROM or masked chips.
software given to foreign companies is not even made available with the
Election Commission, ostensibly for security reasons. With such
ridiculous decisions, the Election Commission and the public sector
manufacturers have rendered security of the EVMs a mockery. Adopting an
open standards policy by making the software public and allowing
parties to test the software installed in the EVMs would have offered
4. Nor is The Hardware. The danger for EVM manipulations is not just from its software.
the hardware isn’t safe. Dr. Alex Halderman, professor of computer
science in the University of Michigan says, “EVMs used in the West
require software attacks as they are sophisticated voting machines and
their hardware cannot be replaced cheaply.In contrast, the Indian EVMs
can easily be replaced either in part or as wholesale units.” One
crucial part that can be faked is microcontrollers used in the EVMs in
which the software is copied. EVM manufacturers have greatly facilitated
fraud by using generic microcontrollers rather than more secure ASIC or
FPGA microcontrollers. Not just only microcontrollers, mother boards
(cards which contain microcontrollers) and entire EVMs can be replaced.
Neither the Election Commission nor the manufacturers have undertaken
any hardware or software audit till date. As a result, such manipulation
attempts would go undetected. To detect such fraud, the upgraded EVMs
have a provision to interface with an Authentication Unit that would
allow the manufacturers to verify whether the EVM being used in the
election is the same that they have supplied to the Election Commission.
The EVM manufacturers developed an “Authentication Unit” engaging the
services of SecureSpin, a Bangalore based software services firm.
Unit was developed and tested in 2006 but when the project was ready
for implementation, the project was mysteriously shelved at the instance
of the Election Commission. Several questions posed to the Election
Commission for taking this decision went unanswered. 5. EVMs are Sitting
Ducks. The Indian EVMs can be hacked both before and after elections to
alter election results. Apart from manipulating the EVM software and
replacing many hardware parts discussed above, discussions with
knowledgeable sources revealed that our country’s EVMs can be hacked in
many ways. I mention just two of them below. Each EVM contains two
EEPROMs inside the Control Unit in which the voting data is stored.
They are completely unsecured and the data inside EEPROMs can be manipulated from an external
source. It is very easy to read (data from) the EEPROMs and manipulate them. The second and the
most deadly way to hack Indian EVMs is by inserting a chip with Trojan inside the display section
of the Control unit. This requires access to the EVM for just two minutes and these replacement units
can be made for a few hundred rupees. Bypassing completely all inbuilt securities, this chip would
manipulate the results and give out “fixed” results on the EVM screen. The Election Commission
is completely oblivious to such possibilities. A demonstration of these vulnerabilities is on the cards.
6. “Insider” Fraud a Concern. Personal accounts from some well placed political sources and experts
say that there are some “insiders” demanding vast sums (Rs. 5 Crore for each assembly constituency)
to fix election results. Who are these insiders? Unlike in the traditional ballot system where only the
election officials were the “insiders”, electronic voting machine regime has spawned a long chain of
insiders, all of whom are outside the ambit and control of the Election Commission of this country.
There is every possibility that some of these “insiders” are involved in murky activities in fixing
elections. The whole world—except us in India–is alive to the dangers of insider fraud in elections.
The “insiders” include the public sector manufacturers of India’s electronic voting machines
namely, the Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Electronics Corporation of India (ECIL),
the foreign companies supplying microcontrollers,private players (some of which are allegedly
owned by some political leaders) for carrying out checking and maintenance of electronic
voting machines during.
Storage and Counting are Concerns. The EVMs are stored at the district
headquarters or in a decentralized manner in different locations.
Election Commission’s concern for EVM safety becomes apparent only
during elections, where as security experts say that voting machines
must remain in a secure environment throughout their life cycle. There
could be many malpractices associated with electronic counting.
“Everybody watches polling closely. Nobody watches counting as
closely),” says Bev Harris, an American activist. Our Election
Commission takes three months to conduct parliamentary elections but
wants counting to be over in just three hours! In the rush to declare
and the winners, several serious lapses go unnoticed in the
counting process. As a result, parties cannot give it the kind of
attention that this activity deserves.
Massive discrepancies between votes polled and counted in a large number of polling stations
across the country raise serious concerns in this regard.
8. Vote of No Confidence.The political class cutting across all sides of the divide has just one
verdict: “we don’t trust the EVMs”. This vote of “no confidence” stems from the personal
experiences of parties and leaders as well as the nature of results thrown up by the EVMs.
Parties are looking at EVMs with great suspicion and dread the prospect of EVMs “defeating”
them.This mistrust in EVMs is not confined to any single party and is all pervasive. Almost
all mainstream political parties, including the BJP, Congress, left parties, regional parties like
the Telugu Desam party (TDP), AIADMK, Samajwadi party, Rastriya Lok Dal (RLD),
Janata Dal (United) etc. have all expressed reservation about EVMs in the aftermath of 2009
Lok Sabha polls. Even the Congress party that decisively won the 2009 general elections alleged
that the EVMs have been manipulated in Orissa. Today, it is difficult to find parties that vouch
for the continued use of EVMs in Indian elections. On the contrary, there is a flood of opposition
to the EVMs from the political class. 9. EC is Clueless on Technology.The Election Commission
has adopted the EVM technology about which it has practically no knowledge.
As a result, it has little control over many aspects of the election process. None of the election
neither the present commissioners nor their predecessors, have proper
understanding of the EVM technology. The only source of technical
understanding for the Election Commission is a Committee of experts led
by its chairman, Prof. P.V.
Indiresan. Even the Expert Committee
seems very weak in its capacities and understanding. Alex Halderman,
professor of computer science at the University of Michigan and an
expert on the security of voting systems who was present in New Delhi
for the launch of the book, Democracy at Risk, Can We Trust our EVMS?
commented, “When I read the 2006 technical report prepared by the Expert
Committee of the Election Commission. I scribbled on it that there was
a cause for alarm and quickly decided to agree to come here.” That
speaks volumes for the quality and rigor of security testing done on the
10. Trust Deficit. Election Commission’s
conduct in the wake of the serious reservations expressed by people has
been unbecoming of a constitutional body. It has uttered many lies –
our EVMs are “tamper proof”, they are “different” etc. etc. It has
refused to provide any clarifications sought to the petitioners in the
Supreme Court, despite a reference from the Supreme Court of India. It
has taken several questionable decisions for which it has refused to
offer any explanations. For instance, it does not explain why old EVMs
were used in Lok Sabha elections despite the recommendations of its own
It does not explain why as many as 4.48 Lakh
new EVMs (which are more secure as per the Expert Committee) were not
used in any Congress party or UPA ruled states? Why and where it had
use of state government owned EVMs? The non-transparent conduct of
Election Commission in the use of EVMs and the farce of an “enquiry” it
has conducted following serious reservations on EVMs does not inspire
confidence in its unbiased functioning.
How EVM Works and how can changed it’s functionality Watch this video [youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY”
- See more at: http://kohram.in/ten-reasons-for-banning-indian-evms/#sthash.5sue6t7S.dpuf
youtube id=”ZlCOj1dElDY” width=”620″ height=”360″ - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlCOj1dElDY
India’s EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud-Contrary to claims by our country,s election authorities, the
electronic voting systems used in India suffer from significant
vulnerabilities. Even brief access to the machines could allow criminals
to alter election results.
In this video, we demonstrate two kinds of attacks against a real Indian EVM. One attack involves
replacing a small part of the machine with a look-alike component that can be silently instructed to steal
a percentage of the votes in favor of a chosen candidate. These instructions can be sent wirelessly from a
phone. Another attack uses a pocket-sized device to change the votes
stored in the EVM between the election and the public counting session,
which in India can be weeks later.
attacks are neither complicated nor difficult to perform, but they
would be hard to detect or defend against. The best way to prevent them
is to count votes using paper ballots that voters can see. indiaEVM.org
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=br2Mjt1BecI - EVMs Can Be Tampered - Says Net India - Net India
says that the Electronic Voting Machines EVMs which are used in polling
stations can be tampered in favor of the candidates. Watch this to find
out more…..To watch live news, videos subscribe to CVR News @
EVM in INDIA
REALITY EXPOSED by Dr Subramanian
Swamyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x3THfIvvxPY - EVMs can be tampered,
experts say - Electronic voting machines could be easily tampered to
manipulate elections results, a group of foreign experts said at a
seminar in Dhaka on Tuesday. A standing committee member of the main
opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Abdul Moyeen Khan, in the
seminar said that the party would make some prototypes of the EVMs the
Election Commission made to show the people how the device could be
Non-governmental organisation Centre for Sustainable
Development organised the seminar, ‘Electronic voting machines: use and
abuse,’ at the Lake Shore hotel in the city. The organisation’s
secretary general Mahfuzullah conducted the seminar and its president
Anwar Hashim, also a former ambassador, presided over the programme.
Computer science professor in the University of California Mathew Allen
Bishop, senior software architect of Yahoo in India Shashank Shekhar and
research and development director of Hewlett Packard of the United
States Shawn Islam made presentation in the seminar highlighting how
EVMs could be tampered. All the three experts said the EVMs could be
in several ways in a short span of time to manipulate the elections
results in favour of a certain candidate if the manipulators would get
physical access to EVMs. Citing an example of the flaws of the EVM used
in the United States and in other parts of the world, Bishop said the
EVMs, electronic devices which need software to function, could be
easily tampered. Bishop, however, asked the authorities concerned to
look into certain issues before using EVMs. ‘When votes are
how do you know that the button pushed to vote for scales on the ballot
unit is in fact counted as a vote for scales?’ he said. Bishop also
said, ‘How do you know that the software is correct? There are no bugs
that affect the vote counting?
How do you know that the software on the EPROM chip is the version that is supposed to be used? There was no malware?’
said the security of the software running the EVM must be part of the
inbuilt design of the device. Earlier, Shawn Islam,m a
Bangladeshi-American, demonstrated how a vote cast for a candidate could
be stored for the candidate the voter did not vote for through software
manipulation effected beforehand. Both of the experts said that there
be a system of paper trail of the votes cast so that the voters could
see that their votes were stored for the candidate they voted for.’But,’
Shawn Islam added, ‘the EVMs developed by Bangladesh do not have any
option to add the paper trail system.’ He claimed that the EVM developed
in Bangladesh have plenty of problems. Shashank said that there was no
electronic device in the world which could not be tampered. All of the
experts said that the device must be tested by a third party before its
In reply to a question whether the EVM can be manipulated
with remote control devise without physical intervention once EVMs are
tested and certified by the experts of the political parties just before
the elections, Shawn said, ‘You must have physical interventions to
manipulate it if the EVM does not belong to any wireless network.’
a reporter asked Abdul Moyeen Khan whether the BNP would accept it if
EVMs were tested by their experts, the BNP leader parried the answer
saying that the party would develop some EVM prototypes to show how they
could be tampered.
Representatives from the Bangladesh
Nationalist Party, including its acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul
Islam Alamgir, the chairperson’s advisers Iqbal Hasan Mahmud, Sabiuddin
Ahmed, Ruhal Alam and opposition chief whip Zainul Abdin Farroque,
attended. Speaking on the occasion, former Dhaka University
vice-chancellor Moniruzzaman Mia, BRAC University professor Piash Karim
and Sushaner Janya Nagarik secretary Badiul Alam Majumder stressed the
need for building trust among political parties before introducing any
new device in the elections process.The country’s two major political
camps are now at loggerheads over the introduction of EVMs in the next
polls. The ruling Awami League-led alliance said that it would extend
all cooperation to the E C in using EVMs in the next general elections
while the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party-led alliance vowed to
resist the move.Attachments area- Preview YouTube video India’s EVMs are
Vulnerable to Fraud
-Preview YouTube video EVMs Can Be Tampered -
Says Net India Preview YouTube video EVM in INDIA REALITY EXPOSED by Dr
PM Modi’s Estranged Wife Files RTI on Her SecurityAhmedabad:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s estranged wife,
Jashodaben, has filed an RTI application asking for an explanation of
the sort of security that she gets from the government.
Modi was elected in May, Jashodaben was given round-the-clock security;
she is protected by 10 commandos, five per shift, provided by the
Gujarat government. (Also Read: If He Calls Me Once, I Will Go With Him, Says Narendra Modi’s Wife)
her three-page application, Jashoda Chiman Modi, a retired school
teacher who lives in Brahmanwada village in Unjha, Mehsana district, has
said, “I am the wife of the Prime Minister and as per protocol, I seek
details on what other facilities other than security cover I am entitled
to…I should be provided a certified copy of the order under which
security is provided to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s family members,
brothers, sisters and me.”
She has also stated, “I travel by public transport while my security personnel travel in official vehicles.”
application states, “Given that former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was
assassinated by her security guards, I am frightened by the presence of
the security cover. So kindly provide me all details about the security
personnel provided to me.”
In April, Mr Modi for the first time
publicly declared that he is married - he had not commented before that
on reports that he had an arranged marriage when he was 17. In election
papers declaring him a candidate for Parliament, he wrote the name
“Jashodaben” in a column regarding his marital status. He had left the
column blank on previous occasions, including in the last Gujarat state
election in 2012.
The Congress party had said that Mr Modi’s failure to acknowledge his marriage suggested that he does not respect women.
told a newspaper in February this year that Mr Modi left her after
three years, during which they spent some three months together; she
said they parted amicably.Story First Published: November 24, 2014 20:07 IST
Papayda wife hai and husband motor car mein
If He Calls Me Once, I Will Go With Him, Says Narendra Modi’s Wife
Despite not having been with him for 43
years, the Prime Minister’s wife is sure that Narendra Modi still has
some feelings for her.
64-year-old Jashodaben, content to be
recognised as the PM’s wife, spoke at length to mid-day at her
relatives’ place in Mira Road yesterday, before she heads back to her
home state of Gujarat today.
Perhaps it is the years of teaching,
but she seems outspoken. She asserts, hope gleaming in her eyes, that
she would go with Modi if he calls her even once. This was her first
visit to Mumbai after Modi became PM. The last time she was here was in
the’80s, when she was calling on an aunt in Sion. But things are
different now: her movement sets in motion an entire cavalcade.
she goes, five police officers of the Gujarat Police, provided to
escort her since May 30, accompany her. But she is not very fond of the
trappings of being First Lady. Remarkably, while she travels in an auto
rickshaw, the officers trail her in a sedan. She considers them a
nuisance: “They are everywhere now, even in Mumbai.”
was married to Modi in 1968, and three years after they tied the knot,
she left Modi’s house and started on the path of her education, along
which her father was instrumental in steering her. She claims that she
doesn’t regret the course of her marital life much, because Modi, after
all, had gone for desh seva service of the country.
Modi wants to speak, and does speak a lot, she has a hearing problem,
thanks again to a near-lifetime of teaching. For nearly 40 years,
Jashodaben worked as teacher in a primary school in Vadgam district’s
Rajoshana village, teaching Stds I to VII. At one time, she used to
teach 89 students and the “very noisy” kids took their toll on her aural
faculties. She retired five years ago.
Now, Jashodaben fasts
four days a week, doesn’t eat rice and reserves all her prayers on Modi.
In any case, talking to us on Friday, she appears joyous, saying, “Yes,
there’s always a desire to be together, but the media portrayed it
wrong.” “I will go and do his seva, he just has to give me a call. If he
comes down to the building where I am right now and tells me that I
should go with him, I will immediately join him.
I wish to be
with him. If he calls me, I am eager to start a new life with him. But
it has to be he who calls,” she says. She claims she had no problem
talking to the media even earlier, but there was pressure on her not to.
She didn’t say whom the pressure came from. In fact, for all these
years, she has been dying to be recognised as the PM’s wife, keen to
speak about her marriage, though she asks, “Kone kehva jau? (Whom do I
The question is spoken with a gesture that betrays
resignation to her fate. But when she speaks, it is about how she is
hopeful that someday she will get her due as Narendra Modi’s wife. Hope
had surfaced earlier this year when Modi acknowledged her as his wife
while filing his nomination papers from Vadodara for the Lok Sabha
elections. “I was elated, there were tears in my eyes.
that now, as he had acknowledged me, things would change. Even he has a
liking for me, I am sure, and hence he wrote my name (in the nomination
paper,” she said, adding, “Temna manma mara mate ek so ek taka lagni
chhe. (In his heart, he definitely has feelings for me).”
writes off the rumours that during elections, she was shut away in a
secret place. “I had been on a pilgrimage. I went to Gangasagar in
Kolkata and various other places of worship, for him. I was very happy
when he won.” Asked if she wished to go on tours with Modi, as wives of
Prime Ministers are wont to do, she said, “How could I? But, if he shows
me respect and calls me, I will.”
Jashodaben sports all the
insignia of a married woman. She has on sindoor, a tika and a
mangalsutra. The necklace had broken once, so she had stopped wearing
it, but when Modi publicly declared that she was his wife, she got a new
one. She follows every custom a wife does, and claims she will do so
all her life.
Surprise Surprise, the news is coming in that Yashoda Bhen Modi,
estranged wife of Narindra Modi has filed an RTI application, asking
information on what was her entitlement about receiving the State
security cover being the wife of the Prime Minister of India. She
appeared on the TV and said that wherever she goes she travels by public
transport but her security guards who accompany her are usually using
government vehicles. More crucially, she pointed out that Mrs Indra
Gandhi was killed by her security guards and she is concerned whether
the security staff has been duly screened before giving the job to them
and whether she should feel safe in their company???.
Needless to say that the security cover is the responsibility of the
Gujarat State and not the Central government. So it is not clear who has
advised her to write to the Central Administration for information
under the RTI Act.
Deshmukh | 2 days ago
Permalink | Share | Report Abuse | Like (68) | Unlike (54)
@Anonymous: Private life? Modi has a record of doing fekugiri and then
leaving people in a lurch.. ….She is just another victim of an
egoistic man who like to feed on self praise. Modi has risen high to
only fall harder. The law of kamma i.e., cause and condition from these
people will bite him hard.
Sachin | 2 days ago
Permalink | Share | Report Abuse | Like (64) | Unlike (34)
@Anonymous: Oh really! where were you when Feku was peeping into a girl’s life? Oh, i forgot, Andhe bhakts cant see that.
This is interesting. After reading this, you’ll never look at a banana in the same way again.
Bananas contain three natural sugars – sucrose, fructose and glucose
combined with fiber. A banana gives an instant, sustained and
substantial boost of energy.
Research has proven that just two bananas provide enough energy for a
strenuous 90-minute workout. No wonder the banana is the number one
fruit with the world’s leading athletes.
But energy isn’t the only way a banana can help us keep fit. It can also
help overcome or prevent a substantial number of illnesses and
conditions, making it a must to add to our daily diet.
According to a recent survey undertaken by MIND amongst people suffering
from depression, many felt much better after eating a banana. This is
because bananas contain tryptophan, a type of protein that the body
converts into serotonin, known to make you relax, improve your mood and
generally make you feel happier.
Forget the pills – eat a banana. The vitamin B6 it contains regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood.
High in iron, bananas can stimulate the production of hemoglobin in the blood and so helps in cases of anemia.
This unique tropical fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in
salt, making it perfect to beat blood pressure So much so, the US Food
and Drug Administration has just allowed the banana industry to make
official claims for the fruit’s ability to reduce the risk of blood
pressure and stroke.
200 students at a Twickenham school ( England ) were helped through
their exams this year by eating bananas at breakfast, break, and lunch
in a bid to boost their brain power. Research has shown that the
potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more alert.
High in fiber, including bananas in the diet can help restore normal
bowel action, helping to overcome the problem without resorting to
One of the quickest ways of curing a hangover is to make a banana
milkshake, sweetened with honey. The banana calms the stomach and, with
the help of the honey, builds up depleted blood sugar levels, while the
milk soothes and re-hydrates your system.
Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body, so if you suffer from heartburn, try eating a banana for soothing relief.
Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness.
Before reaching for the insect bite cream, try rubbing the affected area
with the inside of a banana skin. Many people find it amazingly
successful at reducing swelling and irritation.
Bananas are high in B vitamins that help calm the nervous system..
Overweight and at work? Studies at the Institute of Psychology in
Austria found pressure at work leads to gorging on comfort foodlike
chocolate and chips. Looking at 5,000 hospital patients, researchers
found the most obese were more likely to be in high-pressure jobs. The
report concluded that, to avoid panic-induced food cravings, we need to
control our blood sugar levels by snacking on high carbohydrate foods
every two hours to keep levels steady.
The banana is used as the dietary food against intestinal disorders
because of its soft texture and smoothness. It is the only raw fruit
that can be eaten without distress in over-chroniclercases. It also
neutralizes over-acidity and reduces irritation by coating the lining of
Many other cultures see bananas as a ‘cooling’ fruit that can lower both
the physical and emotional temperature of expectant mothers. In
Thailand , for example, pregnant women eat bananas to ensure their baby
is born with a cool temperature.
So, a banana really is a natural remedy for many ills. When you compare
it to an apple, it has FOUR TIMES the protein, TWICE the carbohydrate,
THREE TIMES the phosphorus, five times the vitamin A and iron, and twice
the other vitamins and minerals.. It is also rich in potassium and is
one of the best value foods around So maybe its time to change that
well-known phrase so that we say, ‘A BANANA a day keeps the doctor