Prabhu Das commonly fondly known as Mayawati is an Indian politician
heading the Bahujan Samaj Party. Being the member of the party since its
inception in 1984, she later became the party president in 2001. She
has served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh four times (briefly in
1995, 1997, 2002-2003 and 2007-2012). Mayawati has been the youngest
woman Chief Minister and the first ever female Scheduled Caste member to become
Chief Minister of any state. After losing in the 2012 legislative
assembly elections to Samajwadi Party, she resigned from her post as a
party leader on March 2012, and later that month she was elected to a
seat in Rajya Sabha through acclamation. As the leader of the party, she
has also been lauded for mobilizing funds for her party.Born on 15th
January 1956 in Delhis Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani hospital, Mayawati has 6
brothers. Her father Prabhu Das was a postal employee at Badalpur in
Gautam Buddha Nagar in 1975, her mothers name is Ram Rati. In her
family, the sons were sent to private schools whereas daughters went to
low-performing government schools. Mayawati completed her B.A. in 1975
from Kalindi Womens College under the Delhi University. After the
completion of B.A., she earned a B.Ed. from VMLG College, Ghaziabad in
1976. Thereafter in 1983, she did her LLB from Delhi University. After
completing her B.Ed. course in 1976, she started teaching students in
Inderpuri JJ Colony, Delhi and was also preparing for the IAS exams.
Sometime in 1977, a well kown Scheduled Caste politician Kanshi Ram visited her
family home and was highly impressed by Mayawati’s speaking style and
motivated her to join politics. According to biographer Ajay Bose,
Kanshi Ram told her that I can make you such a big leader one day that
not one but a whole row of IAS officers will line up for your orders. In
1984, Kanshi Ram founded the Bahujan Samaj Party and the party focused
as a platform to bring social change and to improve the welfare of the
weakest of the Indian society consisting of the Bahujans or SC/STs,
Other Backward castes and religious minorities. Kanshi Ram included
Mayawati as the member of the party marking her first step in Indian
politics. She was first elected as a Member of Parliament in 1989
representing Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh in the 9th Lok Sabha elections. In
1994, she became a member of Rajya Sabha for the first time. Kanshi Ram
remained the president of BSP until 2001 however, due to his
deteriorating health in the 1990s, the party’s leadership shifted in the
hands of Mayawati, a former school teacher. In 1993, Mayawati made a
coalition with Samajwadi Party in the assembly elections and helped
Mulayam Singh Yadav in becoming the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
However on 2nd June 1995, Mayawati withdrew her support from the
government after accusing Mulayam Singh Yadav for sending goons at her
place, keeping her party legislators hostage at the Lucknow guest house
as well as trying to break her party. She also accused Mulayam Singh
Yadav that he shouted castes abuse at her. After withdrawing support
from Samajwadi Party Mayawati sought her support to Bharatiya Janata
Party and became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh on 3rd June 1995.
She created history by becoming the first ever Scheduled Caste women in India to
serve as the Chief Minister in Uttar Pradesh. On October 1995, the BJP
withdrew support to her and fresh elections were called after Presidents
rule. She won to the Lok Sabha elections in 1996 from two different
constituencies and chose to serve Harora. After that from 1996 to 1998,
she also served as MLA in the U.P state Assembly. On 21st March 1997,
she again became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh marking her second
term as the Chief Minister and retained the post till 20th September
1997. In the 12th Lok Sabha elections of 1998, she was elected as member
representing Akbarpur constituency. In 1999, she became a member of the
13th Lok Sabha. Despite Mayawati leading the party, Kanshi Ram remained
the party’s president until 2001. Being a diabetic and a host of other
serious ailments, he wasn’t able to lead an active political life. On
December 15, 2001, Kanshi Ram in a rally in Lucknow declared Mayawati
the then Vice-President of the party as his political successor. On
February she was re elected for the Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly.
On March 2002, she resigned from the Akbarpur Lok Sabha seat and on 3rd
May 2003, she became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third
time and remained on this post till 26th August 2002. Following the ill
health of Kanshi Ram, she became the National President of BSP on 18th
September 2003. In May 2004, she was re elected from Akbarpur for the
14th Lok Sabha. In July 2004, she resigned from Lok Sabha and became the
member of Rajya Sabha for the second time. On 27th August, she was
elected as the National President of BSP for the second time. Kanshi Ram
died on October 2006 due to a severe heart attack. Mayawati performed
the last rites of Kanshi Ram in Buddhist tradition which is traditionally performed by the
male heirs of the family in Hindu tradition. In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh
elections, BSP won the majority and she became the Chief Minister of
Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time and retained the post of the Chief
Minister till March 2012. In the 2007 elections, Mayawati had the slogan
to convert Uttar Pradesh to Uttam Pradesh. The governance of the
Mayawati government in Uttar Pradesh was very well praised and the
government began a major crackdown on the irregularities made by the
police department during the Mulayam Singh government. In this process,
over 18,000 policemen lost their jobs for irregularities in their hiring
and 25 IPS officers were suspended for their involvement in corruption.
She also introduced transparency into the recruiting process, including
posting the results of selection exams online. In 2008, Mayawati
launched Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Shahri Garib Awas Yojna a scheme to
build low cost houses for urban poor and completed two rounds of
construction till 2012 when her tenure of Chief Minister ended. The BSP
government is also praised for maintenance of law and order in Uttar
Pradesh and for their significant contributions in the field of
infrastructure and medical facilities in the rural and urban
areasMayawati is widely regarded as a self made woman and she began her
political career with hardwork and her own struggle. Mayawati is
unmarried and has dedicated her life to serve the weaker sections of the
society. Mayawati is criticized for wasting the tax payers money by
building several statues of icons of Buddhism, Hinduism and Dalits
including herself during her tenure as the Chief Minister. The CBI in
2002 raided her house suspecting financial irregularities related to Taj
Heritage Corridor, however in June 2007, the then Governor T.V.
Rajeshwar declared that there is no evidence of her involvement. . On
9th August 2009, Mayawati declared that she has chosen her successor
from the Scheduled Caste community who is 18-20 years junior to her and she has
pinned down the name in a sealed packet in a safe custody. The name of
the successor will be declared after her death.
EVM Machines Can Be
of USA can be conned by VW – rigging
a Voting Machine is absolutely simple. I too have Exposed how Tata & Ambani Discoms used Software to Run Electricity Meters
fast. GE Patent 6459258 clippings
Earlier I supported EC Led by SY Qureshi who
emphasized EVMs are distributed randomly
and list of Candidates in the Voting Machine is different for each constituency
and above all Integrity of Election
But after the recent ‘Pen Change Episode’, that required ‘Compromises at Many Levels’ just for a single seat when voters
were themselves ‘Elected Representatives
Familiar With Voting Process’ has shaken my confidence in Election
Commission, which I followed closely
let me confess – EVM can be Rigged Effortlessly.
Election Commission selectively invited people
& press for demonstration though I was not there but the way list of Candidates is Attached to the Voting
Machine in seconds makes me believe ‘List
Itself Can Be Changed Like Pen & Restored at the end’.
the ‘Integrity of EC can be Compromised’
it requires –
Effort and Investment and Organization to Ensure INTEGRITY Among Party Workers
to Strictly Watch Voting Machines at the time of Programming, Voting, Sealing,
Guard the Machines and Counting also.’ DISADVANTAGE FOR LESS RESOURCEFUL,
INDEPENDENTS & FIRST TIME CANDIDATES.
Paper Voting’ is Simpler, Reliable & Less Expensive. Its Only Rigging
Method was ‘Booth Capturing at Gun Point’.
The biggest problem with EC is that it do Stupid
1. Way back
when Voter ID Cards were introduced I wanted EC to differentiate between a
Temporary & Permanent Resident. Today AADHAAR could eliminate Duplicate
Voter IDs but this was not available two decades ago.
People would take Bank Loans and disappear.
Though Voters List Changed say 20 Times but Invalid
VoterID Cards not WITHDRAWN.
Registration of Candidates but EC ignored it - to Eliminate two things –
Candidates with Criminal Background,
Tickets for Money.
Registration of ‘Poll Manifesto’ 60-90 days earlier than polling day.
This is most STUPID of EC to assume 800m Plus Voters
would know Policies & Promises of Candidates & Parties and Exercise Their
Voting Rights Intelligently.
Equitable ‘Time Allocation’ on Doordarshan & TV
Channels & Media to all Candidates & Parties. EC no longer Manager
Most STUPID ‘Punjab & Goa assemblies Counting delayed
by 35 days after polls’.
Singh, Inventor & Consultant, INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PROJECTS
Hauz Khas, ND -110016, India. Ph: 091- 9871056471,
Ravinder Singh* is a WIPO awarded inventor
specializing in Power, Transportation,
Smart Cities, Water, Energy Saving,
Agriculture, Manufacturing, Technologies and Projects
Blockchain voting for shareholders as well as Elected Officials
Is blockchain going to be introduced in voting and election?
We shouldn’t be surprised if it happens. We are heading towards a future
where cash or paper base currency is to be replaced by Bitcoin or
cryptocurrencies. In this scenario, seeing blockchain in election and
voting terms, both in corporate and politics, seems quite relevant.
Being the continuation of the Blockchain Month at yourtrainingedge.com, this article discusses the blockchain implementation and use in this regard.
Blockchain voting is such a dream that has been shared by many
bitcoiners and libertarians alike. Setting the ideology aside,
blockchain voting is transparent, cheap and safe. It also tends to be
inevitable. As the US presidential primaries run the course, the US
electoral system and the usage of electronic voting machines are the
focus of public’s arguments, once again.
Blockchain and EVMs
In principle the electronic voting machines (EVMs) must not be
demonized. Their idea also hits efficiency and avoidance of human error
However, the EVMs are also not innocent. An average user has just no
clue how they are run or that they can make, or be made to make errors
and mistakes, just like another piece of computing equipment. For those
who are more technology savvy, the problem is not the lack of knowledge
and understanding of this technology, but the transparency and access,
since usually EVMs utilize proprietary software.
Until the codes are made open-sources, there should not be any
electronic voting machine, critics say. Enabling the private businesses
to count votes with the secret programs is only stupid and also
anti-democratic. Paper card stock ballots that can be counted by
machines are fine, since they can be hand counted again in order to
verify the accuracy of the machine count in close races.
The case of US is specifically problematic. A year ago, no one of
people talked to predict that there would be a big meltdown of fall, or
even most, of the voting equipment of nation in 2016. Aging machines,
not all, are failed at once on a single day. However, many people argued
that unless equipment is replaced we will be increasingly observing the
problems from these aging equipment that have already been happening
more frequently, leading to flipped votes, shut downs, frees, long lines
and lost votes and erroneous tallies, as a worst scenario.
It is against this backdrop that the blockchain entrepreneurs have
begun to develop their own solutions, and the blockchain technologies
corporation (BTC) is one of the businesses that advanced the most in
this arena. As per the latest blog post by the company, the voting
machines presently used in the elections in the US are insecure, out of
date, hard to use and mostly provided by a single vendor whose
vote-counting software is proprietary.
The BTC’s solution involves a paper ballot that carries a unique
identifier, an especially designed machine that scans the ballot offline
and burns the data on a DVD, and a blockchain where the results are
permanently recorded. What BTC has been particularly successful in is
While the first ever political party to use blockchain-based e-voting
was the Danish Liberal Alliance, which conducted an internal vote on 22
April 2014 during its annual meeting, the Libertarian Party in the US
has recently employed BTC services on at least two occasions.
Apart from the political field, the same is seen in corporate, where
blockchain voting for the shareholders is to be used. Nasdaq is using
the technology that underpins bitcoin – the blockchain – to allow
international residents of Estonia vote in shareholder meetings even
when they’re abroad, in a test that could have wider implications for
the adoption of the technology.
Estonia offers e-Residency which is a transnational digital identity
available to people who start a business online in the nation.
But if those people own stock in an Estonian publically listed firm,
they need to be physically present to vote in shareholder meetings or
nominate someone else to do it for them, an arduous process. But the
Nasdaq, using blockchain technology, is hoping to change that.
Blockchain, as we discussed earlier also, works like a big
decentralized ledger for digital currency bitcoin that records and saves
all transactions and their information on a global network, to avid
tampering. This is the technology Nasdaq has tried to apply to its
shareholders votes. In addition, a number of banks are also planning to
use the same. In future, the blockchain voting might become the norm of
the industry, we can say.
Copyright 2016 Bryant Nielson. All Rights Reserved. Bryant Nielson – Managing Director of CapitalWave Inc.–
Being a big believer in Technology Enabled Learning, Bryant seeks to
create awareness, motivate adoption and engage organizations and people
in the changing business of education. Bryant is a entrepreneur,
trainer, and strategic training adviser for many organizations. Bryant’s
business career has been based on his results-oriented style of
empowering the individual. Learn more about Bryant at LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/in/bryantnielson
CapitalWave provides online courses about Blockchain. More information is available at: http://www.TheBlockchainAcademy.com