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11 04 2012 WEDNESDAY LESSON 578 FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research And Practice UNIERSITY And THE BUDDHIST ONLINE GOOD NEWS LETTER by ABHIDHAMMA RAKKHITA through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org-Dhammapada: Verses and Stories Dhammapada Verse 131 Shelter Against Death
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11 04 2012 WEDNESDAY LESSON 578 FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research And Practice UNIERSITY

Dhammapada: Verses and Stories

Verse 131 Shelter Against Death

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Jayanti14/04/2012 Saturday

Purnima06/05/2012 Sunday

Manyvar Kanshiram
Nirwan Diwas09/10/2012 Tuesday

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Nirwan Diwas06/12/2012 Thursday



 Return of the goonda raj in Akhilesh
Uttar Pradesh

In the
badlands of Samajwadi Party (SP) ruled Uttar Pradesh , a new-age Godfather has edged out
the genteel nawabs in their own state. In just over a month since the state
voted SP to power, local MLA Azam Khan has struck terror in the erstwhile state of Rampur. He
holds court in his office on Topkhana Road, where new writs are issued almost
every week. He instructs the butchers to lower the rate at which they sell
meat; directs private doctors to reduce their fees by 20 per cent and has
ordered a spree of demolitions, of illegal structures, in the city.

Of course, no one dares disagree with his diktats. After Khan so desired, the
butchers promptly announced a reduction in buffalo meat rates. And the local
unit of the Indian Medical Association gave an undertaking that they will lower
their fees.

But Khan is still not happy. “These doctors are charging Rs.350 for just seeing a patient. We live in a poor city.
This rate is not acceptable. I will not let the poor be fleeced by these
people. And why should butchers hike their rates so much? My strength comes
from the poor. I fight on their behalf. Don’t let anyone tell you
otherwise,” said Khan, who is the minister for urban development in
Akhilesh Yadav’s Cabinet.

Private doctors, it seems, are prominent on Khan’s radar. So are local plywood
manufacturers. Dr Tanveer Ahmed Khan, who fought against the SP leader on a
Congress ticket in the assembly elections, says doctors and local businessmen
are being targeted because they supported him.

Target docs

An under-construction clinic’s the registration of which has
been temporarily cancelled.

Dr Ahmed,
along with three other doctors - Dr Mahboob Ali Khan, Dr Musarrat Mujib and Dr
Sofia Jafar - received a notice from Chief Medical Officer (CMO) Dr S.K. Jain
on April 2, cancelling his registration to run his Sewa Polyclinic and
Diagnostic Centre.

The CMO’s department inspected his clinic on April 2 and found several
‘discrepancies’ - the clinic was not clean enough, there was no lift to take
patients to the upper floors, the ramp for the purpose was “too

“Your registration stands cancelled for 15 days during which you comply
with the directions of the inspection team. If, after 15 days, it is found that
you have not improved upon the shortcomings pointed out by the inspection team,
your registration will be cancelled permanently,” said the notice by the

The Rampur Hospital of Dr Mirza Sajid Beg has been shut down
for ‘improvements’.

On the same day, a hospital
run by the local Rotary Club under the aegis of the Handicapped Children’s
Relief Society (HCRS), too, was shut down on the CMO’s order. Similarly, the
Rampur Hospital on the Rampur-Nainital highway and the Mirza Polyclinic and
Maternity Centre in Bazar Abdullah were shut down. The hospitals are owned by
Dr Mirza Sajid Beg, who is a supporter of Dr Tanveer Ahmed, as was the Rotary

The CMO, however, denies his action was political. “We were receiving a
lot of complaints. Dr Mirza Beg is a Unani practitioner but runs an allopathic
clinic. The Rotary Club hospital had expired injections and untrained staff.
Same was the case with Dr Ahmed’s clinic,” Dr Jain said.

Reign of fear

The district magistrate, Anil Dhingra, too, insists that there is “nothing
political” in any of the goings on. “Some complaints were received,
so the authorities have acted,” he said. “Come back tomorrow, I will
give you more details.”

Dr Beg was too scared to talk, so were Dr Ramesh Aggarwal and Dr RNS Mathur at
the Rotary hospital. “We can’t say anything. We will comply with the
directions issued by the authorities,” one of them said. They have closed
their hospitals and are “trying to improve”.

But Dr Ahmed is defiant. “I do not care. This is all political. I have run
this clinic for so long, but suddenly the authorities have woken up to discover
the ramp is too steep and the hospital is not clean,” he said.

The nawab of Rampur and MLA from the neighbouring Suar Tanda, Nawab Kazim Ali
Khan aka Nawaid Mian, agrees. “Political opponents are being harassed by
using official machinery. This is the true character of the SP,” he said.

Of the total 47 plywood factories flourishing in the city a month ago, only
about 10 are still functioning.

“The day the poll results came, I went to my factory and took out the
machines. I don’t want the officials to take it away,” said a plywood
manufacturer. “I live in fearâ
not of shutting down business because that
can be built
again. I do not want to be arrested. I rue the day I supported the Congress.
They ran away to Delhi in their SUVs and left us to these butchers.”

Khan believes these units built their business at the cost of the poor.
“If you’ve noticed, Rampur gets electricity 24 hours a day now. All these
illegal factories will be shut down. I have told the people of Rampur - don’t
come with any pleas on their behalf. They are sucking the blood of the
poor,” he said.

The Congress stands no chance. With support dwindling, Dr Ahmed too will not
last long. The opposition will be crushed. The new Raja of Rampur will make
sure of that.

131. Those Who Do Not Receive Happiness

Whoever harms with force
those desiring happiness,
as seeker after happiness
one gains no future joy.

Explanation: People who like to be happy and are in search of
pleasure hurt others through various acts of violence for their own happiness.
These victims too want to be happy as much as those who inflict pain on them.
Those who inflict pain do not achieve happiness even in their next birth.











1) Gods (Devas in
Sanskrit);  2)
Humans (Manushya in
Sanskrit);  3)
Asuras (Titans);  4) Animals or beasts (includes
non-human mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects, viruses and bacteria,
single-celled organisms);  5)
Ghosts (also called “hungry-ghosts” or Pretas or bhutas in Sanskrit);  6) Hell-beings or Hell-dwellers (demons live in the narakas [in Sanskrit]).

“The Six Paths of Rebirth, also called the Six
Destinies, refer to the six categories of
living beings who are not enlightened. The particular category that one finds oneself reborn in depends
upon one’s
karma at the time of
rebirth (see
karma and rebirth).” (Epstein, 2003: p. 183)

All of the rebirths in these six realms are impermanent. (Source: Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor of this Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)

The Six Paths of Rebirth are part of the Ten Dharma Realms. They are also discussed under that listing.

(Source: Epstein, 2003: p. 183)


1) Chinese Mandarin: lyou chyu , lyou dau lwun
, 2) Sanskrit: gati, sad-gatyah, 3) Pali: gati,
4) Alternate Translations: six destinies, six courses of existence.

See also: Ten Dharma Realms, Six Paths of Rebirth, the listings under the individual destinies: 1) Gods (Devas in
Sanskrit);  2)
Humans (Manushya in
Sanskrit);  3)
Asuras (Titans);  4) Animals or beasts (includes
non-human mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, insects, viruses and bacteria,
single-celled organisms);  5)
Ghosts (also called “hungry-ghosts” or Pretas or bhutas in Sanskrit);  6) Hell-beings or Hell-dwellers (demons live in the narakas [in
Living beings, Life according to Buddhist Ayurveda, Life according to modern science, karma and rebirth.

Buddhist Text Translation Society (http://www.BTTSonline.org) References: SS V 135; HD 83; TD 39-54; VBS #206, p. 7.

(NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements
have been made under Shastra tradition
and “Fair Use”
by an Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor (Compiler)
of this
Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)

Related Websites:
www.Amitabha-Buddha.com, www.Amitabha-Sutra.com,
www.Bhaisajya-Guru.com, www.Medicine-Buddha.org,
www.Avatamsaka-Sutra.com, www.Flower-Adornment.com,
www.Shurangama-Mantra.com, www.Shurangama-Sutra.com,
www.Prajna-Paramita.com, www.Diamond-Sutra.net, www.Vajra-Sutra.com,
www.Sixth-Patriarch.com, www.Dharani-Sutra.com, www.Sanghata-Sutra.com
www.Manjushri-Bodhisattva.com, www.Avalokiteshvara-Bodhisattva.com,
www.Samantabhadra-Bodhisattva.com, www.Ksitigarbha-Bodhisattva.com, www.Ksitigarbha.com,
www.Nagarjuna-Bodhisattva.com, www.Nalanda-University.com, www.Tibetan-Thangka.com,
www.Buddhist-Sutras.com, www.Buddhist-Sutra.com, www.Ayurvedic-College.org

Primary Original
Source: The Tripitaka Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya teachings
(as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian
Sanskrit-Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda
Tradition of ancient Nalanda University)
Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely Bodhisattva Bhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples. 

These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya
Nagarjuna, Ashvaghosha, AryasuraKumarajiva, Shantideva, Chandrakirti, Chandragomin, Vasubandhu, Asanga, Hui Neng, Atisha, Kamalashila, Dharmarakshita, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Patanjali, Sushruta, Charaka, Vagbhata, Nichiren, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Shen Kai, Tenzin
Gyatso, Kyabje Zopa, Ajahn Chah,
Vasant Lad, and other modern
day masters.  We consider them to be in accord with Master Hsuan Hua’s
Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine

Nalanda Online University’s teachings are based
especially on the
Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, the Prajna Paramita Hridayam Sutra, the Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra and their
commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya
Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters

At Nalanda Online University we practice daily and introduce
you to (via downloadable multimedia MP3 audio and WMV video lectures) the
teachings and practices of the
Five Traditions transmitted by the Buddha Shakyamuni:

1.  Teaching School  (Mahayana Sutrayana - Paramitayana - Hua Yan and Tian Tai, Yogachara, Nalanda Prasangika Madhyamika, Theravada Sutta)   

See also: Tripitaka (1. Sutras, 2. Vinaya, 3. Shastras or Abhidharma, or Tantra), Taisho Catalog Numbering System, Dharma, and names of
individual sutras (such as
Shurangama Sutra, Avatamsaka Sutra [Flower Adornment Sutra], Lotus Sutra [Wonderful Dharma Flower Sutra], Earth Store Sutra, Dharani Sutra, Brahma Net Sutra, Medicine Master Buddha Sutra, Sixth Patriarch Platform Sutra, Sutra in 42 Sections, Sutra on the Buddha’s Bequeathed Teaching, et al.

Moral Regulations School  (Vinaya Pratimoksha Shila - Bodhisattva Pranidhana - Vajrayana-Samaya -
Yogic Yama)

3.  Esoteric School  (Vajrayana - Mantrayana - Tantrayana - Dharani - Secret School of
the Mahayana)

4.  Meditation School  (Indian Dhyana Samadhi - Shamatha - Vipassana, Chinese Chan, Japanese Zen,
        Tibetan Mahamudra of Kagyupa, and
Tibetan Dzogchen of Nyingmapa)

5.  Pure Land Devotional School  (Bhakti Puja - Buddha-Bodhisattva Mindfulness and Nama Japa —
         Name Recitation of Buddhas
Amitabha-Amitayus, Medicine Buddha - Bhaisajya Guru - Akshobhya,
         and Bodhisattvas:
Avalokiteshvara-Guanyin-Chenrezig-Mahakala, Tara, Samantabhadra Universal Worthy,
Manjushri-Kalarupa Great
Maitreya Great
Mahasthamaprapta Great Strength, 
Ksitigarbha - Earth Store Great Vows, Vajrapani, Vajrasattva,
         Chandraprabha Moonlight
Radiance, Suryaprabha Sunlight Radiance,
Medicine King Bodhisattva, Medicine Superior Bodhisattva
         and others Dharma Protecting
Dharmapala Lokapala Bodhisattvas,
Gods and Goddesses

Compilation Sources for
the Above Material on the Teachings of the Buddha:

Primary Compilation Source: Epstein, Ronald B., Ph.D,
compiler, Buddhist Text Translation Society’s Buddhism A to Z,
Burlingame, California: Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003. ISBN:
0881393533  Paperback: 284 pages. 
www.BTTSOnline.org     www.Amazon.com  
http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118     http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20

Secondary Compilation Source: The Seeker’s Glossary of
, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee
of the United States and Canada, 1998:

Secondary Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, Digital
Dictionary of Buddhism
[DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: 
Username is “guest”, with no password.
http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large
part on the
Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by Soothill and Hodous) Delhi,
India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et
al, The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen, Boston, Massachusetts:
Shambhala Publications, 1991.  296 pages.  ISBN
978-0-87773-520-5  www.Shambhala.com,  

The Dharma is a Priceless Jewel,
thus these research compilations
and audio and video teaching materials are
offered free-of-charge by
anonymous Buddhist Monk
for the
Bodhi Resolve benefit of All Sentient Beings in the Universe

…under a Creative Commons License.

The rights to textual segments
(”quoted, paraphrased, or excerpted”) of the are owned by the
author-publisher indicated in the brackets next to each segment and are make available
and commented on (under the “shastra tradition”) under
Fair Use. For rights
regarding the Buddhist “Encyclopaedia - Glossary - Dictionary”
compilation as a whole, please know that it is offered under this
Creative Commons License.

This Nalanda University site (www.Nalanda-University.com)
is redacted by an anonymous

Buddhist monk
for the
benefit of all living beings
so they may diligently (virya
paramita) cultivate freely to
Bodhi enlightenment for the sake of all. 

On the Buddha Shakyamuni’s Birthday 2007,
this free redaction is
offered (received, upheld,
read, recited, studied, pondered, explained, and written out),
in accordance with the
Lotus Saddharma Pundarika Sutra Chapter 19: “Merit and Virtue of a Dharma Master” as a
selfless offering to the Buddhas and Bodhisattva Sangha above to adorn the Pure Lands and
liberate living beings suffering in samsara below by compassionately helping them to plant good roots in this and their
future rebirths.
merit is dedicated to anuttarasamyaksambodhi.

Increasing Effect Mantra:
Om Sambhara Sambhara (These
Bhikshu Bodhisattva Bodhichitta Vows) Bimana Sara (Spread) Maha (Greatly) Java (Rapidly) Hum (recited

To increase by 100,000 times the merit created:
Tadyatha Om Pancha Griya (five
offerings or five faces) Ava Bodhani Svaha (7x)

Om Dhuru Dhuru Jaya (Victory) Mukhe (Face or Mouth) Svaha (7x)

I Now Universally Transfer the Merit and Virtue of to All Beings to realize Anuttara-Samyak-Sam-Bodhi
(“Unsurpassed Proper and Equal Right Enlightenment”)

Sarva Mangalam.
May all be Auspicious.

Arya Bhikshu Shantideva’s Bodhisattvacharyavatara
Just as
Manjushri works
To fulfill the aims of all limited beings
To the far reaches of space in the ten directions,
May my
behavior become just like

For as long as space remains,
And for as
long as wandering beings
I too remain for that long,
Dispelling the sufferings of

(Like Ananda says in the Shurangama
introduction to the Shurangama Mantra,
“And even could the nature of
shunyata melt away, my
Supreme Resolve would still remain unmoved.)

Whatever sufferings wandering beings might have,
May all of them
ripen on me,
And through the
Bodhisattva assembly,
May wandering beings enjoy happiness.

May the teachings,
the sole medicine for the sufferings of wandering beings
And the
source of all happiness,
Continue to endure for a very
long time,
material support and shows of respect.

Updated May 10, 2008

Scrolls of the Six Paths of Rebirth



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“Illustrated Scrolls of the Six Paths of Rebirth”

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Six Paths of

The Six Paths of
Rebirth are: 1) gods, 2) humans, 3) asuras, 4) animals, 5) ghosts, and 6)
hell-dwellers. The Six Paths of Rebirth, also called the Six Destinies, refer
to the six categories of living beings who are not enlightened. The particular
category that one finds oneself reborn in depends upon one’s karma at the time
of rebirth (karma, rebirth). The Six Paths of Rebirth are part of the Ten
Dharma Realms.

Chinese Terms





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