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Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

August 2015
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31815 MON LESSON 1612- Tipiṭaka- from Online FREE Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University (OFTRPU) through conducts lessons for the entire society and requesting every one to Render exact translation to this GOOGLE translation in their Classical Mother Tongue and in any other languages they know and PRACTICE and forwarding it to their relatives and friends will qualify them to be a faculty and to become a STREAM ENTERER (SOTTAPANNA) and then to attain ETERNAL BLISS as FINAL GOAL ! THIS IS AN EXERCISE FOR ALL THE ONLINE VISITING STUDENTS FOR THEIR PRACTICE BUDDHA is a TITLE meaning AWAKEN ONE with AWARENESS.Image result for pictures of Kanshiram with his quotes use caste Inline image 1Image result for pictures of Kanshiramcaste pocaste Patel demand for reservation is an eruption against growth that has not been inclusive or accommodative. Return to frontpage Jagatheesan, your comment just went live! in Classical English,Sinhala-සම්භාව්ය සිංහල,Myanmar(burmese)-Classical မြန်မာ (ဗမာ),Bengali-শাস্ত্রীয় বাংলা,Chinese (Simplified)-中国古典(简体),Chinese (Traditional)-中國古代(傳統),Japanese-日本の古典,Khmer-បុរាណ​ខ្មែរ,Korean-한국어 클래식,Thai- คลาสสิกไทย,
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31815 MON LESSON  1612- Tipiṭaka- from Online FREE Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University (OFTRPU) through

conducts lessons for the entire society and requesting every one to

exact translation to this GOOGLE translation in their Classical Mother
Tongue and in any other languages they know and PRACTICE and forwarding
it to their relatives and friends will qualify them to be a faculty and
to become a STREAM ENTERER (SOTTAPANNA) and then to attain ETERNAL


BUDDHA is a TITLE meaning AWAKEN ONE with AWARENESS.Image result for pictures of Kanshiram with his quotes

use caste

Inline image 1Image result for pictures of Kanshiramcaste pocaste

Patel demand for reservation is an eruption against growth that has not been inclusive or accommodative.

Return to frontpage

Jagatheesan, your comment just went live!

in  Classical EnglishSinhala-සම්භාව්ය සිංහල,Myanmar(burmese)-Classical မြန်မာ (ဗမာ),Bengali-শাস্ত্রীয় বাংলা,Chinese (Simplified)-中国古典(简体),Chinese (Traditional)-中國古代(傳統),Japanese-日本の古典,Khmer-បុរាណ​ខ្មែរ, Korean-한국어 클래식,Thai- คลาสสิกไทย,

The vast and unprecedented mobilisation of young, middle-class
Patels, or Patidars, as seen at the Kranti Rally on August 25, is a
symptom of the unrest simmering in a globalised Gujarat. The
government’s repeated projection of Gujarat as a state where “all is
well” has been undermined by the scale and strength of this protest,
which took the government, political parties and the media by surprise.
Among all the castes in Gujarat, the unity of the Patidars — which often
publicly manifests as caste patriotism — is taken as a given in the
public discourse. This perception has been reinforced by the
on strong demonstration organised on Tuesday,
where Patidars
from all parts of the state came together to shout slogans like “Jai
Sardar” and “Jai Patidar”. They demand that the government either extend
OBC reservations to Patidars or abolish the caste-based reservation
system altogether. What was achieved by the brain power for the dippressed
castes cannot be undone by the fraud EVMs and by resorting to violent
means by these 1% chitpawan brahmins by muscle power. It should be noted here that the Patidars were the
first community in this country to launch anti-reservation movements
the SC/STs and Adivasis, and later against Gujarat’s OBCs, in 1981 and
1985. Later, community leaders, under the guidance of the RSS and VHP,
shrewdly diverted the agitation, so it morphed into one against Muslims.
Non-resident Gujaratis who live abroad have also extended moral and
material support, much as they did to the Sangh Parivar’s Hindutva
agenda which was manufactured by a chitpawan brahmin vir savarkar,
nathuram godse, goplakrishna ngolale, balagangadhar tilak, hindumaha
sabha and the militant, violent,  intolerant, terrorist, stealth scare
crows RSS which is just 1% of the population that grabbed the MASTERKEY
to Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) for murdering of democratic institutions
(Modi) who believe manusmiriti system which says brahmins as 1st rate,
kshatrias as 2nd, baniyas as 3rd, shudras as 4th rate and the
aboriginals Panchamas (SC/STs)  of having no souls (Athmas) so that they
could always terrorise them. Buddha never believed in any soul. He said
all are equal. Our Constitution is for equality, fraternity, democracy
and Liberty for Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye ie., for peace, welfare
& happiness of all societies including SC/STs/ OBCs/Minorities?poor
upper castes. which is 99% of the society.

snatching the MASTER KEY by tampering the fraud EVMs these Murderers of
democratic institutions (Modi) have started all sorts of monkey tricks
to retain the ill gotten power.

ex CJI Sampath committed a grave error of judgement by ordering thew
fraud EVMs to be replaced in phases instead of total replacement as
suggested by the ex CEC Sampath because of the cost of Rs 1600 crore
involved in total replacement of these fraud EVMs. The present CJI must
order for salvaging and scraping the Central and State governments
selected by these fraud EVMs and conduct fresh elections to save
democracy instead of creating ruckus such as :

The upsurge comprises the well-off and dominant Leuva and Kadva
Patidars. They constitute around 12 per cent of the state’s population
and are the single-largest community among rich and middle-class
peasants. Since the last quarter of the 19th century, well-off Patidars
have been investing their agricultural surpluses in business, industry
and also in skill development. High rates of migration in the community,
first to Africa and later to the UK and the US, have added to their
prosperity. Indeed, in that sense they are a model community others have
tried to emulate. There is an almost universal aspiration among
Patidars to go to the US for economic purposes. Those who cannot settle
abroad look to get white-collar jobs or become industrialists.

However, in urban areas, except for a few well-established
professionals and entrepreneurs, the majority are white- or blue-collar
employees, or self-employed or casual, skilled labourers in textile or
diamond factories. The diamond industry has been a mainstay of the
community — eight in 10 diamonds in the world are said to be cut and
polished in Surat and in other towns and villages in Gujarat. But for
the last several months, the industry has been in deep crisis. Several
units have closed down, and a large number of diamond workers have been
retrenched, which has contributed to the current unrest in the Patidar

Similarly, though advances in irrigation have meant that agricultural
growth in Gujarat over the last decade has been high at around 8 per
cent per annum, this growth has not been inclusive. Small and marginal
farmers have been left behind, and the head of every third Patidar
household is a small and marginal farmer, and/ or a landless labourer.
He grapples with the constant tension of high aspirations and wretched
living conditions. Poor farmers don’t have enough resources to invest in
farming and incur debt. Hardik Patel, the leader of the agitation,
highlighted cases of farmer suicide. The government has been guilty of
ignoring the phenomenon. The poor have desperately tried to get non-farm
employment in nearby urban areas and dream of joining the urban middle
class. But urban growth, though impressive, has been unable to absorb
and accommodate these rising aspirations. It is true that economic
growth, largely in the manufacturing sector, is higher than in many
other states. But the quality of available employment does not meet the
expectations of young people. The growth in employment comes largely
from the informal sector, where there is no social security. Wages in
Gujarat are lower than in most other states. Even in the formal sector,
more often than not, employment is casual or contractual. Insecurity
haunts most young employees. In such a situation, government employment
is perceived by frustrated young Patidars as the only secure and
dignified position available. In fact, the number of these government
positions is also shrinking, though paradoxically many sanctioned posts
remain vacant for years. But these young people want simply to claim
something that they perceive others, lower in caste status, are entitled

The aspirational young want admission in professional courses,
particularly in medicine or information technology, at well-reputed
institutions, so they can acquire status and wealth. The grouse of the
angry and agitated Patidar youth is that he is deprived of that
opportunity, because these “others” with less marks are admitted to
these institutions because of quotas. His grievance is that he has to
pay high fees to attend private colleges because government offices are
closed to him. The number of government-aided institutions has also
stagnated over time, while the number of self-financed colleges has
increased. Seats in government colleges increased 31 per cent from 2001
to 2015, while in self-financed colleges, the proportion of seats
increased over 600 per cent during the same period. Fees in the latter
are six to seven times those in the former, at an average of Rs 6,000
for a government college and around Rs 4 lakh for a private college. It
is beyond the reach of most middle-class families, unless one incurs
debt. So the Patidar envies those who get admission on reserved seats.

Moreover, Patidars have harboured ambitions of migrating to the US
for years. Their relatives settled there and improved their social
status, and they wish to imitate that advancement. But the opportunities
for that, too, are sinking, which adds fuel to the fire. Then, in the
last year, the Narendra Modi government’s promise of “achhe din” and jobs does not seem to have been fulfilled, further exacerbating their anger.




My message

My message

ambedkar and brahminismGoebbelsian Doublespeak: B. R. Ambedkar and the RSS
Historically, the philosophical roots of the RSS can be located in German National Socialism and the former has constantly strived to live up to the ideals of its mentors.This is best illustrated when the RSS indulges in Goebbelsian doublespeak to further its exclusivist nationalism.A lie spoken repeatedly becomes the truth - the appropriation of Babasaheb Ambedkar into the pantheon of ‘nationalist’ heroes reveals the political frustration of the RSS to make inroads into the SC/STs/Adivasi/Moolnivasi mindscapes. Nathuram godse a chitpawan brahmin like the hindumaha sabha,1% RSS IS BURRYING THE 99%  SARVAJAN SAMAJ i.e., ALL SOCIETIES INCLUDING SC/STs/OBCs/MINORITIES/POOR UPPER CASTES WITOUT KNOWING THAT THEY ARE SEEDS THAT SPROUT AS BANNIAN & PEOPLE’S TREES! THEY DO IT FOR THE GREED OF POWER, HATRED, ANGER, JEALOUSY, DELUSION WHICH ARE DEFILEMENT OF THEIR MINDS THAT IS MADNESS REQUIRING TREATMENT IN MENTAL ASYLUMS. THEY NEED INSIGHT MEDITATION TILL THEY ARE FULLY CURED!NOW THEY ARE SCARED BECAUSE THEY SNATCHED THE MASTER KEY BY TAMPERING THE FRAUD EVMs. SO AS A STUNT THEY HAVE COME TO THE STREETS. BECAUSE OF THIS EXPOSURE THEY MAY FIND IT DIFFICULT TO STIR OUT OF THEIR HOUSES IN THE NEAR FUTURE physically eliminated Gandhi and the RSS is striving to ideologically annihilate Ambedkar.

We have to strive to deconstruct the issue of Panchjanya (April 19th 2015) and the special issue of Organiser on the 125th birth anniversary of Babasaheb which testify to the ideological vacuum and the urgency to ‘create’ new idols by the Sangh Parivar. The focus is on the engagement with the religious ideas espoused by these journals and their contradictions with Ambedkar’s philosophy. In the process, it is assumed that the marginalized groups exhibit a tabula rasa, lacking agency and remain mired in dystopia. Ever since Eklavya’s thumb, the brahmanical forces have sought to hijack history and self-hood of the oppressed communities.

The model state, Gujarat has long been considered the social laboratory for Hindutva a cult manufactured by chitpawan brahmin vid savarkar just for the greed for the MASTER KEY that was grabbed by the fraud EVMs by tampering in favor of Murderer of democratic institutions (Modi). Jan Breman1 has analyzed the well-entrenched nature of the Hindutva movement and its predecessors in Gujarat, strongly opposed to communal harmony and to the design of society as a melting pot of diverse and open-ended social segments. The mobilisation of low and intermediate castes to participate in the activities of the Sangh parivar organisations in the last two decades has broadened the base of Hindu fundamentalism as a social-political force.The ex CJI Sampath committed a grave error of judgement by ordering thew fraud EVMs to be replaced in phases instead of total replacement as suggested by the ex CEC Sampath because of the cost of Rs 1600 crore involved in total replacement of these fraud EVMs. The present CJI must order for salvaging and scraping the Central and State governments selected by these fraud EVMs and conduct fresh elections to save democracy.

The price these previously denigrated segments have to pay for their acceptance within the Hindutva fold is their willingness to express antagonism to Muslims as members of the religious minority and, in brutal acts of confrontation, to do the dirty work of cleansing on behalf of their high-caste brothers and sisters. The dynamics of inclusion and exclusion are intricately interwoven. The battle for the hearts and minds of the SC/STs has undergone a tectonic shift - from their physical labour to their cultural/religious subservience. One of the most revered icons of modern Prabuddha Bharath  - who sought to unravel the hegemony of religion and culture over the people, Babasaheb Ambedkar, has been given a ‘makeover’ by the Hindutva spin doctors.

Deifying Ambedkar

The Panchajanya issue commences with hyperbolic and effusive praise for Babasaheb, ‘a great leader who sought to organize and strengthen society on the basis of social harmony; a foresighted leader who strived to mould his country to meet the future challenges; a patriot, in short a seer of his age’. A lot of water has flowed down the Ganges since Arun Shourie’s ‘Worshipping False Gods’4 wherein Ambedkar was vilified as a traitor, as a supporter of Pakistan etc. Now, ‘Sri Guruji (Golwalkar) argues that after Buddha it is only Ambedkar who discoursed about social welfare and religious interests, to get rid of social evils. Indeed, Ambedkar is the true inheritor of Buddha’s legacy and I heartily endorse his purity.’

The above mentioned journal quotes Ambedkar on various issues without giving any reference as to its authencity. A blanket claim is made-’through his various writings and speeches (no reference to volume or book), Ambedkar engaged with savarna Hindus. In one article (no source is cited) Ambedkar wrote that Hindu religion believed that every man is a microcosm of the divine and every man is entitled to dignity. However, savarna Hindus have ill-treated SC/STss. If SC/STs are maltreated then even God is displeased’. On the contrary, Ambedkar was very conscious of the insidious operation of Hindu religion. “Hinduism is not interested in the common man. Hinduism is not interested in society as a whole. The centre of its interest lies in a class and its philosophy is concerned in sustaining and supporting the rights of that class. That is why in the philosophy of Hinduism, the interests of the common man as well as of society are denied, suppressed and sacrificed to the interest of this class of Superman”.

In yet another writing (again no source is cited), the same journal tries to put words in Ambedkar’s mouth. ‘He pointed out that till Hindu society is organized, justice and humanity will not be worshipped and till then independence is incomplete’. However, for Ambedkar, “Hinduism is inimical to equality, antagonistic to liberty and opposed to fraternity.”7 “Inequality is the soul of Hinduism. The morality of Hinduism is only social. It is unmoral and inhuman to say the least”8. As mentioned by the journal, at a speech in Amaravati (again no source as to the date and occasion for the speech), ‘Ambedkar argued that even SC/STss have rights in Hindutva. In order to establish the Hindutva philosophy, Valmiki, Chokhamela, Rohidas etc SC/STss have contributed in great measure and numerous SC/STss have sacrificed their lives to safeguard this philosophy. Hence, if Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas can enter temples, why cannot SC/STss do so?’9. In one of his abhangas, Chokhamela calls to God, “Why have you given me this birth if you have to give me birth at all? You have erred in giving me this birth; you have been unkind.”10 Chokhamela questioned his origins within the contours of the caste hierarchy (the bedrock of Hinduism) and thus he has been transformed into an advocate of Hindutva.

The attempt to falsify history is very evident in the above mentioned arguments. No distinction is made between Hinduism and Hindutva and both concepts are used as synonyms for each other. A linear trajectory is sought to be created between the Bhakti saints and Ambedkar, with scant regard for historical authenticity. The semiotics of deifying Ambedkar is apparent when the claim is made that the Indian Constitution is a new ‘Manusmriti’ or even ‘Bheemsmruti’11 On December 25, 1927, Ambedkar burned the Manusmriti, a symbol of enslavement for majority of the denizens of India. Similarly, he considered any form of hero worship as detrimental to democracy.
Acquiescing to the caution which John Stuart Mill has given to all who are interested in the maintenance of democracy, namely, not “to lay their liberties at the feet of even a great man, or to trust him with power which enable him to subvert their institutions”, he said, “There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men who have rendered life-long services to the country. But there are limits to gratefulness. As has been well said by the Irish Patriot Daniel O’Connell, no man can be grateful at the cost of his honour, no woman can be grateful at the cost of her chastity and no nation can be grateful at the cost of its liberty. This caution is far more necessary in the case of India than in the case of any other country. For in India, Bhakti or what may be called the path of devotion or hero-worship, plays a part in its politics unequalled in magnitude by the part it plays in the politics of any other country in the world. Bhakti in religion may be a road to the salvation of the soul. But in politics, Bhakti or hero-worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship.”12 It’s an anathema to ponder that Ambedkar would have even considered the constitution as ‘Bheemsmruti’. This is nothing but giving a saffron spin to the nation’s secular ethos.

Peddling Falsehoods

Another RSS mouthpiece, Organiser, collapses the value systems of Hinduism, Buddhism and Democracy into an indissoluble whole. For them, Buddhism is inseparable from Hinduism and along with democratic values, the trinity endeavour to establish righteousness14. As laid out in the article ‘Buddha and the Future of His Religion’, Ambedkar’s perspective of a true religion consists of four characteristics: a) it must remain the governing principle in every society in the sense of morality; b) it must be in accord with reason which is merely another name for science if it is to function; c) its moral code must recognize the fundamental tenets of liberty, equality, and fraternity; and d) it must not sanctify or ennoble poverty. He further said that only Buddhism can satisfy all these tests, and it is the only religion the world can have.15 In a clever sleight of hand, the Organiser quotes Ambedkar on the four characteristics of religion but omits to mention the crucial conclusion.

The effort to saffronise Ambedkar is very palpable when it is claimed that Ambedkar’s fundamental thinking has always remained ‘Bharatiya’ despite his critique of Hindu society in the name of religion. It is declared that he was a follower of Ram. His Riddles in Hinduism was first banned in Maharashtra (contrary to the claim that the text was kept in his cupboard till the last breath of his life). Rama holds no attractions for Ambedkar, for whom the most significant event in the Ramayana has to be Rama’s decapitation of a shudra for practicing asceticism. Ambedkar calls this ‘the worst crime that history has ever recorded’.

While toying with Ambedkar’s beliefs, The RSS ideologues have eschewed any historical veracity. In his work, ‘Who Were the Shudras? How they came to be the Fourth Varna in Indo-Aryan Society’, Ambedkar argues at length on the origins of Chaturvarna. However, for the Sangh Parivar scholars, caste crept into Indian society with the Islamic invaders. Very subtly, they not only lay the sin of introducing untouchability into India on Islam but also play up the fear of Hindu women being violated by the mlechha invaders.

While expurgating Ambedkar’s ideas, the Organiser is also editing generously the political terminology espoused by Ambedkar. Their antagonism to English language is well known as also the reluctance to use the term ‘India’, so the All India Scheduled Castes Federation founded by Ambedkar in April 1942 is transformed into Bharatiya Scheduled Caste Federation. The conversion to Buddhism was not merely a challenge to Hindu caste supremacy but Ambedkar provided a well thought out rationale for his act of conversion.21 The journal cooks up a novel myth that “Ambedkar promised Gandhi that he would leave Hindu Dharma but would see to it that the least damage was done. When he embraced Buddhist faith in Deekshabhumi, Nagpur on October 1956, he said, ‘I had kept my promise to Gandhiji.” Neither in Gandhi’s writings nor in Ambedkar’s writings and speeches does one come across any such conversation.

Along with Ambedkar, the Organiser is also misquoting Gandhi23 on the question of untouchability. Apparently, Ambedkar believed that untouchability is inscribed on the SC/STs body rather than being a blot on Hinduism and ‘we (untouchables) have to clean it. It means that we ourselves will have to fight this social slavery’.24 The narrative gives the impression that Ambedkar was apologetic of the caste system rather than its fiercest critic. ‘At one point he says that the Bhagvad Gita is my inspiration’. ‘He writes, ‘Jai Bhavani’ on his newspaper. He was proud of calling himself a Hindu’.25 If one were to go by the evidence as reflected in Ambedkar’s own writings, the truth is diametrically opposite. Ambedkar affirmed on 13th October 1935, at Yeola in Nasik district, “Unfortunately, I was born a Hindu untouchable. It was beyond my power to prevent that, but it is within my power to refuse to live under ignoble and humiliating conditions. I solemnly assure you that I will not die a Hindu”.

The Propaganda War

Once they succeeded in ending democracy and turning Germany into a one-party dictatorship, the Nazis orchestrated a massive propaganda campaign to win the loyalty and cooperation of Germans. The Nazi Propaganda Ministry, directed by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, took control of all forms of communication in Germany: newspapers, magazines, books, public meetings, and rallies, art, music, movies, and radio. Viewpoints in any way threatening to Nazi beliefs or to the regime were censored or eliminated from all media.27 Being very astute students, the RSS is also traversing the same path. Its political front, the Bharatiya Janata Party, is now the world’s largest political party with 8.8 crore members28. Gradually, all dissent is being stifled and landmark changes in the polity and society are being ushered in through ordinances, bypassing parliamentary debates.

One of the harshest critics of the Hindu social order was Ambedkar who sought to transform the caste society through legal, rational and constitutional norms. His followers have struggled to create an Enlightened India by interrogating the social, cultural, political and economic domains controlled by entrenched interests through political struggles, revolutionary poetry and prose, new iconography and symbols. The appropriation and deliberate misreading of Ambedkar’s life and vision will delegitimize his egalitarian ideas, demolish and demoralize the struggles to usher justice and fraternity and lead to the continued enslavement of the marginalized groups. The subversive and deliberate gesture of misquoting Ambedkar reveals the lack of historical and scholarly authenticity in the intellectual projects of the RSS. However, the SC/STs-bahujan citizens would not accept any tampering with the ideals of Babasaheb Ambedkar and would offer a befitting response.

[1]. Jan Breman, Communal Upheaval as Resurgence of Social Darwinism,, accessed on 17/05/2014, 11.30 pm
[2]. For Further details refer, Communalism as a Political Strategy,, Accessed on 20/05/2014, 12.15 am
[3]. Panchajanya, 19th April 2015, Bharat Prakashan, Delhi, Ltd
[4]. Arun Shourie’s, Worshipping False Gods: Ambedkar, and the Facts which Have Been Erased, ASA Publications, 1997
[5]. Ashok Modak, “Bharat Bhumi ka Bhakt: Bharat Ratna”, Panchajanya, Opcit, p 21
[6]. Ambedkar’s Writings and Speeches, Govt of Maharashtra, Vol 3, 1998, p 77
[7]. Ambedkar, Opcit, Vol 3, p 66
[8]. Ambedkar, Ibid, Vol 3, p 87
[9]. Panchajanya, Opcit, p 22
[10]. Eleanor Zelliot, Ambedkar’s World: The Making of Babasaheb and the SC/STs Movement, Navayana, 2013, p 54
[11]. Suvarna Rawal, “Two Stalwarts”, Revisiting Ambedkar, (Collector’s Edition), Organiser, April 2015, p 58
[12]. Friday, the 25th November, 1949, Constituent Assembly Of India - Volume Xi,, Accessed 16/4/2015, 9.45 pm
[13]. Bhimrao Bhosale, “Enlightened Thinker”, Revisiting Ambedkar, The Organiser, (Collector’s Edition) April 2015, p 78
[14]. Ibid p 77
[15]. Ahir, D.C. ―Dr. Ambedkar’s Pilgrimate to Buddhism,‖in Dr. Ambedkar, Buddhism and Social Change. Ed by A.K. Narain and D.C. Ahir. 1-16. Delhi, India: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 1994, p 8
[16]. The Organiser op cit, p 19
[17]. Ibid, p19
[18]. Ibid p 19
[19]. Hinduism and Modernity, David Smith, John Wiley & Sons, 2008, p 197
[20]. Organiser, p 15
[21]. Speech delivered by Dr. Ambedkar to the Bombay Presidency Mahar Conference, 31st May 1936, Bombay. Translated from the Marathi by Vasant W. Moon. The typescript of the translation, with handwritten emendations, was presented by the translator to Eleanor Zelliot on 25 January 1988, and has been contributed by her for this website., Accessed 16/4/2015, 11.30 pm
[22]. Organiser, op cit, p 58
[23]. Organiser, p 15. For the exact quote, refer, M. K. Gandhi, Untouchability, Harijan, 11/2/1933, Accessed on, 16/4/2015, 11.45 pm
[24]. Organiser, p 15
[25]. Ibid, p 15
[26]. Ambedkar, Writings and Speeches, Govt of Maharashtra, Vol 17, (111), 2002, p 95
[27]. Nazi Propaganda And Censorship, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Http://Www.Ushmm.Org/Outreach/En/Article.Php?Moduleid=10007677, Accessed 17/4/2015, 12.15 Am
[28]. With 8.8 Crore Members, BJP is Now the World’s Largest Party,, Accessed 17/4/2015, 12.20 am
N. Sukumar is Professor at the Dept of Political Science, Delhi University, Delhi. His email is

Buddha sculpture discovered

It’s a rare discovery as the areas under the Pandya empire did not have many Buddha icons.

It’s a rare discovery as the areas under the Pandya empire did not have many Buddha icons.

An unfinished Buddha statue, possibly from the 10th
century, was found at Rosalpatty village in Andipatty taluk of Theni
district by scholars from the Madurai-based Pandya Nadu Centre for
Historical Research (PCHR).

C. Santhalingam, the
centre’s secretary, said they received information from a student, M.
Balamurugan, who gave them photographs of sculptures in the area.

expected the sculptures to be related to Jainism, which the district is
well known for. But, we found that the sculpture in Naththathi Medu was
that of a Buddha,” he said. It was extremely rare to find a Buddha
sculpture in the southern districts which were a part of the Pandya

“Other than Pandikovil in Madurai and two
other places where Buddha sculptures were unearthed, there have been no
other records or findings related to Buddha. Madurai and the surrounding
areas predominantly have only Jain beds with sculptures and bas
reliefs,” Mr. Santhalingam said.

The scholars who
discovered the sculpture said that it was in an unfinished state, which
meant that it could not have been worshipped by people. “The sculpture
is seated with folded legs and the
or tuft of hair has not been fully sculpted. A small piece of stone in
the right cheek is also broken and the chisel marking of the image is
not smooth,” he explained.

They were able to
ascertain the possible period when the Buddha was sculpted to the 10th
Century as the features and skill used in making the sculpture were
similar to two other rare Buddha icons which were discovered in the
southern districts of the State.

The team also found
many stone figures of deities such as Muruga, Vinayaka in the area and
architectural segments of a dilapidated Shiva temple which they believed
was from the 12th or 13th century

3)    Classical Sinhala
3) සම්භාව්ය සිංහල

31815 MON පාඩම 1612- ඔන්ලයින් නොමිලේ Tipiṭaka පර්යේෂණ සහ පුහුණුව පිළිබඳ විශ්ව විද්යාලය (OFTRPU) සිට Tipiṭaka- හරහා

සමස්ත සමාජයට පාඩම් පවත්වාගෙන සහ සෑම එක් ඉල්ලා

සම්භාව්ය මව් භාෂා හා ඔවුන් දන්නවා වෙනත් ඕනෑම භාෂා මෙම ගූගල් පරිවර්තනය
කිරීමට නිශ්චිත පරිවර්තනය පිරිනමන්නේ හා පුහුණු සහ ඔවුන්ගේ ඥාතීන් හා
මිතුරන් වෙත ඉදිරිපත් වූ පීඨ විය ඔවුන් සුදුසුකම් ලබනු ඇත හා ඇළ ENTERER
(SOTTAPANNA) බවට පත් කිරීමට හා පසුව සදාකාලික සකසා ගැනීමට
අවසන් අරමුණ ලෙස දිව්ය සැපත!
මෙය ඔවුන්ගේ පුහුණු සඳහා සියලු ඔන්ලයින් බාහිර සිසුන් සඳහා අභ්යාසයකි

බුද්ධ දැනුවත් කිරීම පුළුල් සමග අවදි එක් අර්ථයක් මාතෘකාවක් වේ.

වෙන්කර ගැනීම සඳහා පටෙල් ඉල්ලුම ඇතුළුව හෝ accommodative වී නැති බව වර්ධනයට එරෙහිව පුපුරා යනු ඇත.
Jagatheesan, ඔබේ අදහස පමණක් ජීවත් ගියා!

මධ්යම පන්තික Patels, හෝ Patidars අති මහත් පෙර නොවූ විරූ බලමුලු ගැන්වීම,
අගෝස්තු 25 වන දා ලෙසකි රැලි දක්නට ලෙස, ගෝලීය ගුජරාටයේ කැකෑරෙමින් මෙම
උද්ඝෝෂන ලක්ෂනයකි.
හොඳින්” එහිදී රාජ්යයක් ලෙස ගුජරාට් පිලිබඳ ආන්ඩුවේ නැවත නැවතත්
ප්රක්ෂේපනය පුදුම විසින් රජයට, දේශපාලන පක්ෂ හා මාධ්ය ගෙන ඇති මෙම විරෝධතා
පරිමානය හා ශක්තිය, විසින් යටපත් කර ඇත.
සියලු කුල අතර, Patidars එක්සත්කම - බොහෝ විට ප්රසිද්ධියේ කුල දේශපේ්රමය
එසේ ප්රකාශිත - එයින් රාජ්ය කතිකාව දක්වා ඇති පරිදි කටයුතු කරනු ලැබේ.
පිළිබඳව විමසා බැලිමටයි රජයේ සියලු ප්රදේශ වලින් Patidars “Jai තරගමාලාවේ”
හා “Jai Patidar” වැනි සටන් පාඨ ඝෝෂා එකට ආවේ කොහෙන්ද අඟහරුවාදා සංවිධානය
කරන ලද අර්ධ මිලියන ශක්තිමත් උද්ඝෝෂණය විසින් තවදුරටත් ශක්තිමත් කර ඇත.
ආන්ඩුව සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම කුල මත පදනම් වෙන්කරවා ගැනීමේ ක්රමය Patidars හෝ
අහෝසි කිරීමට OBC ආසන වෙන් කරවා ගැනීම දීර්ඝ එක්කෝ අපි ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.
dippressed කුල සඳහා මොළයේ බලය අත්පත් කර වංචාව EVMs විසින් සහ මාංශ පේශි
බලය මගින් මෙම 1% chitpawan බ්රාහ්මණ විසින් ප්රචණ්ඩකාරී ක්රියාවන්ට
යොමුවීමේ විසින් නැති කළ නොහැක.
මඟ පෙන්වීම යටතේ, Patidars පළමු 1981 දී ගුජරාට් ගේ OBCs එරෙහිව පසුව පිල /
STS හා Adivasis එරෙහිව විරෝධී වෙන් ව්යාපාර දියත්, හා මේ රටේ ප්රජාව සහ
1985 පසුව, ප්රජා නායකයන් සිටි බව මෙහි සඳහන් කළ යුතු ය
එය මුස්ලිම් ප්රජාවට එරෙහිව එකක් බවට morphed එසේ RSS හා වීඑච්පී, බොන්නට, මෙම උද්ඝෝෂණ හරවා. අනේවාසික
විදේශ ජීවත් ගුජරාටීන් ද, එම සංග් Parivar ගේ හින්දූත්වය වූ chitpawan
බ්රාහ්මණ වන විජයබා පාබල රෙජිමේන්තුවේ savarkar විසින් නිපදවන ලද න්යාය
පත්රය, nathuram ගෝඩ්සේ, goplakrishna ngolale, balagangadhar තිලක්,
hindumaha සභා සහ සටන්කාමී කිරීමට ඔවුන් කළේ තරම් සදාචාරාත්මක සහ ද්රව්යමය
සහායක් පුළුල් වී ඇති
ප්රචණ්ඩ දැනත්, ත්රස්තවාදී, රහසිගත බිය 1 වන අනුපාතය ලෙස බ්රාහ්මණ කියන
manusmiriti පද්ධතිය විශ්වාස කරන ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදී ආයතන (මෝඩි) පිළිබඳ ඝාතනය
සඳහා Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (බීජේපී) දක්වා MASTERKEY උදුරාගෙන සිටින
ජනගහනයේ පමණක් 1% ක් වූ RSS හඬලන්නට, kshatrias
වන, 3 වැනි ලෙස baniyas, ඔවුන් හැම විටම ඔවුන් ත්රස්ත හැකි වන පරිදි
කිසිදු ආත්ම (Athmas) සහිත 4 වැනි අනුපාතිකය හා වාසික Panchamas (SC / STS)
ලෙස ශුද්රයන්.
බුද්ධ ඕනෑම ආත්මය විශ්වාස නැහැ. ඔහු සියලුම සමාන බවයි. අපේ
ආණ්ඩුක්රම ව්යවස්ථාව Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye එනම් සඳහා
සමානාත්මතාවය, සහෝදරත්වය, ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදය සහ ලිබර්ටි සඳහා වේ. පිල / STS /
OBCs / සුළු ජාතීන් ඇතුළු සියලු සංවිධාන, සාමය සඳහා, සුභසාධනය සහ සතුට?
දුප්පත් ඉහළ කුල.
වන සමාජයේ 99% ක් වේ.

වංචාව EVMs පළුදු විසින් ස්වාමියාට මූලික උදුරා පසු ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදී ආයතන
(මෝඩි) මෙම ඝාතකයින් රෝගාතුර ඇවිත් බලය රඳවා ගැනීමට වඳුරු උපක්රම සෑම
තරාතිරමකම ආරම්භ කර තිබේ.

CJI සම්පත් නිසා මෙම වංචාව EVMs මුළු විස්ථාපනය සම්බන්ධ රුපියල් 1600 කෝටි
වියදම හිටපු CEC සම්පත් යෝජනා කරන පරිදි ඒ වෙනුවට විස්ථාපනය වන අදියර ආදේශ
කල යුතු thew වංචා EVMs නියෝග විසින් ලොකු වැරදීමක් සිදු.
වත්මන් CJI මෙම වංචාව EVMs විසින් තෝරාගත් මධ්යම හා රාජ්ය ආණ්ඩු පොළ බේරා
ගැනීම හා ගාමින් සඳහා ඇණවුම් කර වැනි ruckus නිර්මාණය වෙනුවට
ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදය ආරක්ෂා කිරීමට අලුත් මැතිවරනයක් පැවැත්වීමට යුතුය:

මෙම නැගිටීම්, හොඳින් ලකුණු සහ අධිපති Leuva හා Kadva Patidars සමන්විත වේ. ඔවුන් රාජ්ය ජනගහනයෙන් 12 ක් පමණ සියයට සංස්ථාපනය හා ධනවතුන් හා මධ්යම පන්තික ගොවිජනයා අතර තනි විශාලතම ප්රජා වේ. 19
වන සියවසේ අවසන් කාර්තුවේ සිට, හොඳින් ලකුණු Patidars, ව්යාපාර සිය
කෘෂිකාර්මික අතිරික්තයක් ආයෝජනය කර්මාන්තය ද නිපුණතා සංවර්ධනය කර තිබේ.
ප්රජාව තුළ සංක්රමණය මහ අනුපාත, අප්රිකාවේ පළමු හා පසුව එක්සත් රාජධානිය හා එක්සත් ජනපදය, ඔවුන්ගේ සමෘද්ධිය එකතු කර ඇත. ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම, ඒ අර්ථයෙන් ඔවුන් ප්රජාව අන් අය අනුකරණය කිරීමට උත්සාහ කර ඇති ආදර්ශ වේ. ආර්ථික කටයුතු සඳහා එක්සත් ජනපද යන්න Patidars අතර පාහේ විශ්ව අපේක්ෂාව ඇත. විදේශ පදිංචි නොහැකි අය සුදු-කරපටි රැකියා ලබා ගැනීමට බලා හෝ කර්මාන්ත බවට පත් වේ.

වෙතත්, නාගරික ප්රදේශවල, කිහිපයක් හොඳින් ස්ථාපිත වෘත්තිකයන් හා
ව්යවසායකයින් වෙනුවෙන් හැර, බහුතර white- හෝ නිල්-කරපටි සේවකයින් හෝ
රෙදිපිළි හෝ දියමන්ති කර්මාන්තශාලා ස්වයං රැකියා හෝ අනියම්, පුහුණු
ශ්රමිකයින් වේ.
කර්මාන්තය වන අතර ප්රජා සත්කාරක ක ප්රධාන ජීවිකාව වී ඇත - ලොව අට 10
දියමන්ති ෆතිහාව හා ගුජරාට් අනෙකුත් නගර සහ ගම්වල කපා ඔප දැමූ නියමිත බව
ඔහු වැඩිදුරටත් ප්රකාශ කළේය.
එහෙත්, පසුගිය මාස කිහිපය සඳහා, කර්මාන්තය ගැඹුරු අර්බුදයකට මුහුන දී ඇත. මෙම Patidar ප්රජාව තුළ වත්මන් අසහනය දායක වී ඇති බොහෝ ඒකක වසා ඇති අතර, දියමන්ති කම්කරුවන් විශාල සංඛ්යාවක් කපා දැමින කර තිබේ.

අත්තිකාරම් පසුගිය දශකය ගුජරාට් කෘෂිකාර්මික වර්ධන වසරකට පමණ සියයට 8 ඉහළ
වී ඇති බව අදහස් ඇති නමුත් ඒ හා සමානව, මෙම වර්ධනය ඇතුළුව වී නැත.
කුඩා හා සුළු ගොවීන් ඉතිරි වී ඇති අතර සෑම තෙවන Patidar ගෘහ මූලිකයා කරන කුඩා හා සුළු ගොවි, සහ / හෝ ඉඩම් නොමැති කම්කරුවෙකු වේ. ඔහු ඉහළ අපේක්ෂාවන් සහ කාලකණ්ණි ජීවන කොන්දේසි නියත ආතතිය සමග grapples. දුගී ගොවීන් ගොවි ආයෝජනය කිරීමට තරම් සම්පත් හා ණය දැරීමට නැහැ. Hardik පටෙල්, මෙම උද්ඝෝෂණ නායකයා, ගොවි මරාගෙන මැරෙන රෝගීන් බවයි. ආණ්ඩුව සංසිද්ධිය නොසලකා හරිමින් වරදකරු වී ඇත. දුප්පත් මංමුලා ළඟ පහත නාගරික ප්රදේශ සහ නාගරික මධ්යම පන්තිය එක්වීමට සිහිනයකින් ගොවිපළ නොවන රැකියා ලබා ගැනීමට උත්සාහ කර තිබේ. එහෙත්, නාගරික වර්ධනය, ආකර්ෂණීය වුවත්, මෙම ඉහළ යන අභිලාෂයන් අවශෝෂණය හා පහසුකම් කිරීමට නොහැකි වී ඇත. එය බොහෝ දුරට නිෂ්පාදන අංශයේ ආර්ථික වර්ධනය, වෙනත් බොහෝ ප්රාන්තවල වඩා ඉහළ බව සැබෑ ය. එහෙත්, ලබා ගත හැකි රැකියා ගුණාත්මක තරුණ ජනතාවගේ අපේක්ෂා ඉටු කරන්නේ නැත. රැකියා වර්ධනය කිසිදු සමාජ ආරක්ෂණ පවතින අවිධිමත් අංශයේ සිට විශාල වශයෙන් එන. ගුජරාට් වැටුප් වෙනත් බොහෝ ප්රාන්තවල වඩා අඩු වේ. පවා විධිමත් අංශයේ, බොහෝ විට නොහැකි වඩා, රැකියා අනියම් හෝ ගිවිසුම් වේ. අනාරක්ෂිත බොහෝ තරුණ සේවකයින් යු.එස්.එ.්අයි.ඞී.. මේ තත්වය තුළ, රජයේ රැකියා ලබා ගත හැකි එකම ආරක්ෂිත සහ ගෞරවනීය ස්ථානය ලෙස අපේක්ෂා භංගත්වයට තරුණ Patidars විසින් බව පෙනේ. විදුලි
බිල බොහෝ අනුමැතිය ලත් තනතුරු වසර පුරප්පාඩුව පවතින නමුත් ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම,
මෙම රජය තනතුරු සංඛ්යාව ද, ක්රමයෙන් පිරිහෙමින් තිබේ.
එහෙත්, මේ තරුණ සඳහා හිමිකම් ඇති, හුදෙක් කුලය තත්ත්වය අඩු අනිත් අය තේරුම් දෙයක්, කියා කරන්න ඕනේ.

විශේෂයෙන් වෛද්ය හෝ තොරතුරු තාක්ෂණය වෘත්තීය පාඨමාලා අභිලාෂවත් තරුණ
අගහිඟකම් ඇතුළත්, හොඳින්-තාක්ෂණ ආයතන, ඒ නිසා ඔවුන් තත්ත්වය හා ධනය අත්පත්
කර හැක.
හා කලබල Patidar තරුණ grouse අඩු ලකුණු මෙම “අන් අය” නිසා සලාක පිළිබඳ මෙම
ආයතන ඇතුළත් නිසා, ඔහු ඒ අවස්ථාව අහිමි වී ඇති බවයි.
ඔහුගේ දුක්ගැනවිලි ඔහු රජයේ කාර්යාල ඔහුට වසා ඇති නිසා පෞද්ගලික විද්යාල සහභාගි වීම සඳහා ඉහළ ගාස්තු ගෙවිය යුතු බව ය. ස්වයං-මුදල් විද්යාල සංඛ්යාව වැඩි වී ඇත අතර, රජය ආධාර ආයතන සංඛ්යාව ද, කාලයත් එක තැන පල් වී ඇත. ස්වයං-මුදල්
විද්යාලවල, ආසන ප්රමාණයක් එම කාලය තුළ සියයට 600 කට වඩා වැඩි ඉහළ ගොස් ඇති
අතර රජය විද්යාල වල ආසන, වර්ෂ 2001 සිට 2015 දක්වා සියයට 31 වර්ධනය විය.
දී ගාස්තු හය හත වරක් හිටපු අය, රජයේ විශ්ව විද්යාල සඳහා රූ .6,000 ක
සාමාන්යයකින් සහ රුපියල් 4 පෞද්ගලික විශ්ව විද්යාල සඳහා ලක්ෂයක් පමණ වේ.
එක් ණය දැකගත හැකිය මිස එය, බොහෝ මධ්යම පන්තික පවුල් ඔබ්බෙන් වේ. ඒ නිසා Patidar රක්ෂිත ආසන මත පාරකපන්න අය කුඩුකේඩුකම්.

තව ද, Patidars වසර සඳහා එක්සත් ජනපද වෙත සංක්රමණය කිරීම අභිලාෂයන් වෙමින් තිබේ. ඔවුන්ගේ ඥාතීන් එහි පදිංචි හා ඔවුන්ගේ සමාජ තත්වය වැඩි දියුණු, ඔවුන් ඒ දියුණුව අනුකරණය කිරීමට කැමතියි. එහෙත්, ඒ සඳහා ඇති අවස්ථා ද, ගිනි ඉන්ධන එකතු කරන, ගිලෙන ඇත. එවිට, පසුගිය වසරේ, “achhe ඝෝෂාවක්” හා රැකියා නරේන්ද්ර මෝඩි ආන්ඩුව දුන්
පොරොන්දුව තවදුරටත් තම කෝපය උග්ර ඉටු කර ඇති බවක් පෙනෙන්නට නැත.
මෙය 1% CHITPAWAN බ්රාහ්මණ RSS පිල / STS / OBCs / සුළු ජාතීන් / දිළිඳු
ඉෙළ කුල WITOUT ඇතුළු සියලු සමිති ඔවුන් හැම BANNIAN සහ මහජන ගස් අංකුරය ඒක
විශ්වාස බීජ පැමිණෙන බව දැන, 99% ක් SARVAJAN සමාජ් එනම් BURRYING වෙයි!

බලයට, වෛරය, කෝපය, ඊර්ෂ්යාව, මානසික ASYLUMS තුළ ප්රතිකාර අවශ්ය පිස්සුව
බව ඔවුන්ගේ සිත් පිළිබඳ ක්ලේෂයන් වන මෝහය කෑදරකම සඳහා ඒක කරන්න.
ඔවුන් සම්පූර්ණයෙන් සුවපත් වෙන්නේ තුරු අන්තර්ඥානය සඳහා භාවනා යුතුද!

ඔවුන් වංචාව EVMs පළුදු විසින් ස්වාමියාට මූලික අකාලයේ මිය නිසාවෙන් දැන් ඔවුන් බයයි. SO යොදා ගැනුනේ ලෙස ඔවුන් පාරට පැමිණ ඇත. මේ නිසා නිරාවරණය ඔවුන් එය හිත, නුදුරු අනාගතයේ දී ඔවුන්ගේ නිවාස අතුරින් ඇවිලවීමේ විය හැක.

මගේ messageReservation

බුද්ධ මූර්ති සොයා

මෙම පාණ්ඩ්ය අධිරාජ්යයට යටතේ ප්රදේශවල බුද්ධ අයිකන නැහැ එය දුර්ලභ සොයා වේ.
මෙම පාණ්ඩ්ය අධිරාජ්යයට යටතේ ප්රදේශවල බුද්ධ අයිකන නැහැ එය දුර්ලභ සොයා වේ.

විවෘතද බුද්ධ ප්රතිමා වහන්සේ, සමහරවිට 10 වන සියවස සිට, ඓතිහාසික පර්යේෂණ
(PCHR) සඳහා මදුරෙයි මත පදනම් පාණ්ඩ්ය තමිල්නාඩු මධ්යස්ථානයේ විද්වතුන්
විසින් Theni දිස්ත්රික්කයේ Andipatty taluk දී Rosalpatty ගම්මානයේ සොයා
ගෙන ඇත.

සී Santhalingam, එම මධ්යස්ථානය ලේකම්, ඔවුන් එම ප්රදේශයේ මූර්ති ඡායාරූප ලබා දුන් ශිෂ්ය, එම් Balamurugan, තොරතුරු ලැබී තිබේ.

“අපි මූර්ති දිස්ත්රික්කයේ සදහා සුප්රසිද්ධ වන ජෛන, සම්බන්ධ යැයි අපේක්ෂා කෙරේ. එහෙත්, අප Naththathi Medu දී මූර්ති බුදු බව බව සොයා, “ඔහු සඳහන් කළේය. එය පාණ්ඩ්ය අධිරාජ්යයේ කොටසක් වූ දකුණු දිස්ත්රික්ක බුදු මූර්ති සොයා ගැනීමට ඉතා දුර්ලභ විය.

Pandikovil සහ බුද්ධ ප්රතිමා ගොඩ එහිදී තවත් ස්ථාන වඩා වෙනත්, බුද්ධ
සම්බන්ධ වෙනත් කිසිදු වාර්තා හෝ සොයා ගැනීම් සිදු වී ඇත.
මදුරෙයි සහ අවට ප්රදේශ ප්රධාන වශයෙන් ප්රතිමා සහ Bas සහන සමඟ පමණක් ජෛන ඇඳන් ඇති, “මහතා Santhalingam පවසයි.

මෙම මූර්ති සොයාගත් විද්වතුන් එය ජනතාව විසින් නමස්කාර කර ඇත නොහැකි බව අදහස් කරන විවෘතද ප්රාන්තයේ දී බවයි. “මෙම මූර්ති නවනු කකුල් වාඩිවී සිටියි සහ කෙස් usnisha හෝ tuft සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම sculpted කර නැහැ. දකුණු කම්මුලට ගැසුවොත් ගල් කෑල්ලක් ද බිඳුණු වන අතර රූපය සහගතව කළද සුමට නොවේ, “යයි ඔහු පැහැදිලි කලේය.

ඔවුන් මූර්ති සෑදීමට ලක්ෂණ හා කුසලතා රාජ්ය දකුණු දිස්ත්රික්ක දී සොයා
ගනු ලැබූ අතර තවත් දුර්ලභ බුද්ධ අයිකන සමාන මෙන් වූ බුද්ධ 10 වන සියවසේ
කිරීමට sculpted විට ඇති විය හැකි කාලය නිර්ණය කිරීමට සමත් විය.

කණ්ඩායම ද 12 වන හෝ 13 වන සියවසේ සිට මෙම ප්රදේශයේ එවැනි Muruga, Vinayaka
ලෙස දේවතාවන් හා ඔවුන් විශ්වාස කරන ලදී අබලන් ශිව දේව මාලිගාවේ වාස්තු
විද්යාත්මක අංශ බොහෝ ගල් සංඛ්යා සොයා

4)    Classical Myanmar(burmese)

4), Classical မြန်မာ (ဗမာ)

31815 MON သင်ခန်းစာ 1612- အွန်လိုင်းအခမဲ့Tipiṭakaသုတေသနစင်တာ & လေ့ကျင့်တက္ကသိုလ် (OFTRPU) မှTipiṭaka-မှတဆင့်


Classical မိခင်ဘာသာစကားနှင့်သူတို့သိမဆိုအခြားဘာသာစကားများအတွက်ဒီ Google
Translator မှအတိအကျဘာသာပြန်ချက် Render
forwarding တစ်ဦးဒြေဖြစ်ဖို့သူတို့ကိုအရည်အချင်းပြည့်မှီပါလိမ့်မယ်တစ်ဦး
Streams Enter (SOTTAPANNA) ဖြစ်လာဖို့နဲ့ပြီးတော့ Eternity မှီဖို့
နောက်ဆုံးဂိုးအဖြစ် Bliss!
ဤသူတို့ရဲ့ PRACTICE ရှိသမျှအွန်လိုင်းလာရောက်လည်ပတ်ကျောင်းသားများအတွက်လေ့ကျင့်ခန်းတစ်ခု IS

ဗုဒ္ဓသတိပြုမိနှင့်အတူနိုးထ ONE ၏အဓိပ်ပာယျခေါင်းစဉ်ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

ကြိုတင်မှာကြားထားဘို့ Patel
Jagatheesan, သင့် comment ကိုကိုယ့်အသက်ရှင်နေထိုင်သွားလေ၏!

Patel, သို့မဟုတ် Patidars ၏ကျယ်ပြန့်ခြင်းနှင့်မကြုံစဖူးစည်းရုံးခြင်း,
သြဂုတ်လ 25 ရက်နေ့တွင် Kranti ပြိုင်ပွဲမှာမြင်ကြကဲ့သို့၎င်း,
ဘယ်မှာရှိပြည်နယ်အဖြစ်ဂူ၏အစိုးရရဲ့ထပ်ခါတလဲလဲ projection
Cast အနက်ကို Patidars ၏စည်းလုံးညီညွတ်ရေး -
မကြာခဏလူသိရှင်ကြားဇာတ်မျိုးချစ်စိတ်အဖြစ်တငျပွထားတဲ့ -

Patidars “Jai Sardar” နှင့် “Jai Patidar”

system ကိုကြိုတင်မှာကြားထား Patidars သို့မဟုတ်ဖျက်သိမ်းဖို့ OBC
dippressed Cast
များအတွက်ဦးနှောက်ကိုတန်ခိုးတော်အားဖြင့်အောင်မြင်ခဲ့လိမ်လည်မှု EVMs
နှင့်ကြွက်သားတန်ခိုးတော်အားဖြင့်ဤသူ 1% chitpawan
ပုဏ္ဏားများကအကြမ်းဖက်နည်းလမ်းများမှ resorting အားဖြင့်ပြန် ပြင်.
Patidars ကိုပထမဦးဆုံး 1981 ခုနှစ်, ဂူရဲ့ OBCs ဆန့်ကျင်နောက်ပိုင်းတွင်
SC / STS နှင့် Adivasis ဆန့်ကျင်တဲ့
ရန်ဤနိုင်ငံတွင်းရှိအသိုင်းအဝိုင်းနဲ့ 1985 နောက်ပိုင်း,
ဒါကြောင့်မွတ်စလင်မ်များဆန့်ကျင်သို့ morphed ဒီတော့ RSS ကိုနှင့် VHP, သတိ, လှုပျရှားလမ်းကြောင်းပြောင်း။ non-နေထိုင်သူပြည်ပမှာနေထိုင်ကြအဘိဓါန်
Gujarati လည်း, အ Sangh Parivar ရဲ့ Hindutva တစ်ဦး chitpawan ပုဏ္ဏား
Vir savarkar ကထုတ်လုပ်ခဲ့သည့်အစီအစဉ် nathuram ဘုရား, goplakrishna
ngolale, balagangadhar tilak, hindumaha
သည်းမခံသော, အကြမ်းဖက်သမား, ကိုယ်ပျောက်ခြောကျလှနျ့ 1st
မှုနှုန်းအဖြစ်ပုဏ္ဏားကပြောပါတယ်ပေးသော manusmiriti system
ကိုယုံကြည်သူဒီမိုကရေစီအဖွဲ့အစည်းများ (မိုဒီ) ၏သတ်မှုများအတွက် Bahuth
Jiyadha Paapis (BJP) မှ MASTERKEY ဆွဲသောလူဦးရေရဲ့ 1% ဖြစ်သည့် RSS
ကိုမတွန်, kshatrias
3rd အဖြစ် baniyas,
သူတို့ကအမြဲတမ်းသူတို့ကိုအကြမ်းဖက်နိုင်အောင်မျှမစိတ်ဝိညာဉ်ကို (Athmas)
ရှိခြင်း၏ 4th မှုနှုန်းနှင့်ဘော်ရီဂျင်နီ Panchamas (SC / STS) အဖြစ်
shudras ။
ဗုဒ္ဓမဆိုဝိညာဉျကိုကိုယုံကြည်ဘူး။ သူကအားလုံးတန်းတူညီမျှကပြောသည်။ ကျွန်တော်တို့ရဲ့ဖွဲ့စည်းအုပ်ချုပ်ပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေကို
Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye ဆိုလိုသည်မှာအဘို့အတန်းတူရေး,
ရဲဘော်အချင်းချင်းသွေးသောက်စိတ်ထား, ဒီမိုကရေစီနှင့် Liberty
သည်အဘို့ဖြစ်၏။ SC / STS / OBCs /
လူနည်းစုများအပါအဝင်အားလုံးလူ့အဖွဲ့အစည်း၏, ငြိမ်းချမ်းရေးအဘို့,
လူမှုဖူလုံရေး & ပျော်ရွှင်မှုကိုရ? ဆင်းရဲသောသူသည်အထက်သွန်းလေ၏။
အရာလူ့အဖွဲ့အစည်းရဲ့ 99% ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

ထိုလိမ်လည်မှု EVMs လက်ကမြင်းအားဖြင့် Master Key
ထဲမှဆယ်နှုတ်ပြီးနောက်ဒီမိုကရေစီအဖွဲ့အစည်းများ (မိုဒီ)
tricks ၏ပေါငျးစတင်ခဲ့ပါပြီ။

CJI Sampath ကြောင့်ဤလိမ်လည်မှု EVMs
စုစုပေါင်းအစားထိုးအတွက်ပါဝင်ပတ်သက်ရူပီး 1600
ကုဋေ၏ကုန်ကျစရိတ်၏ရည်းစားဟောင်းဗဟိုအလုပ်အမှုဆောင် Sampath
အကြံပြုအဖြစ်မယ့်အစား, စုစုပေါင်းအစားထိုး၏အဆင့်အတွက်အစားထိုးခံရဖို့ thew
လိမ်လည်မှု EVMs မိန့်သဖြင့်စီရင်တော်မူခြင်း၏သင်္ချိုင်းကိုအမှားကျူးလွန်။
ပစ္စုပ္ပန် CJI သည်ဤလိမ်လည်မှု EVMs ကရွေးချယ်ဗဟိုနှင့်ပြည်နယ်အစိုးရများ
salvaging နှင့် scraping ဘို့အမိန့်နှင့်ကဲ့သို့သော ruckus

အဆိုပါအရေးတော်ပုံကြီးရေတွင်း-ချွတ်ခြင်းနှင့်လွှမ်းမိုး Leuva နှင့် Kadva Patidars ပါဝင်သည်။ သူတို့ဟာပြည်နယ်လူဦးရေရဲ့
ရာစု၏နောက်ဆုံးသုံးလပတ်တွင် ခုနှစ်မှစ. ကောင်းစွာချွတ် Patidars,
အမှန်စင်စစ်ကြောင်းသဘောနဲ့သူတို့အသိုင်းအဝုိင်းအခြားသူများအတုယူဖို့ကြိုးစားခဲ့ပြီမော်ဒယ်ဖြစ်ကြ၏။ စီးပွားရေးအရည်ရွယ်ချက်များကိုအမေရိကန်သှားဖို့ Patidars တို့တွင်နီးပါး universal ဆန္ဒရှိပါသည်။ ပြည်ပမှာအခြေချနေထိုင်လို့မရဘူးသူများသည်အဖြူ-ကော်အလုပ်အကိုင်များရဖို့ကြည့်ရှုသို့မဟုတ်လုပ်ငန်းရှင်ကြီးများဖြစ်လာပါသည်။

မှလွဲ. အများစု white- သို့မဟုတ်အပြာ-ကော်န်ထမ်း,
Self-အလုပျလုပျသို့မဟုတ်ပေါ့ပေါ့, ကျွမ်းကျင်လုပ်သားများဖြစ်ကြ၏။
- ကမ္ဘာ့မှာရှစ် 10 စိန် Surat
သို့သော်ပြီးခဲ့သည့်လပေ​​ါင်းများစွာအဘို့, စက်မှုလုပ်ငန်းနက်ရှိုင်းသောအကျပ်အတည်းဖြစ်ခဲ့သည်။ ထို Patidar
စိန်လုပ်သားများ၏ကြီးမားသောအရေအတွက်ကို retrenched ပါပြီ။

ခပ်သိမ်းသောတတိယ Patidar
အိမ်သူအိမ်သား၏ဦးခေါင်းငယ်တစ်ခုနှင့်အနားသတ်ကွက်လပ်လယ်သမားနှင့် /
သူကမြင့်မားတဲ့ရည်မှန်းချက်တွေနဲ့ငြိုငြင်လူနေမှုအခြေအနေများ၏စဉ်ဆက်မပြတ်တင်းမာမှုနှင့်အတူ grapples ။ ဆင်းရဲသားလယ်သမားတွေအတွက်လယ်ယာစိုက်ပျိုးပိုမိုလာရောက်ရင်းနှီးမြှုပ်နှံရန်အတွက်လုံလောက်တဲ့အရင်းအမြစ်ရှိသည်နှင့်ကြွေးမြီလွတ်ကြပါ။ Hardik Patel က, လှုပျရှား၏ခေါင်းဆောင်, လယ်သမားသတ်သေမှုမီးမောင်းထိုးပြ။ အစိုးရကဖြစ်ရပ်ဆန်းလျစ်လျူရှု၏အပြစ်ရှိကြောင်းခဲ့တာဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ ဆင်းရဲသောသူကိုအသည်းအသန်အနီးအနားရှိမြို့ပြဒေသများတွင်နှင့်မြို့ပြလူလတ်တန်းစားပူးပေါင်း၏အိပ်မက်၌
သို့သော်မြို့ပြဖွံ့ဖြိုးမှု, အထင်ကြီးသော်လည်းဤမြင့်တက်လိုအင်ဆန္ဒတွေကိုစုပ်ယူထားရှိရန်နိုင်ခြင်းခဲ့တာဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ ဒါဟာအဓိကအားဖြင့်ကုန်ထုတ်လုပ်မှုကဏ္ဍကိုစီးပွားရေးကြီးထွားမှု, များစွာသောအခြားပြည်နယ်များထက်ပိုမိုမြင့်မားကြောင်းမှန်သည်။ သို့သော်ရရှိနိုင်သောအလုပ်အကိုင်အခွင့်အများ၏အရည်အသွေးလူငယ်များ၏မျှော်လင့်မကိုက်ညီပါဘူး။ အလုပ်အကိုင်အခွင့်အထဲတွင်တိုးတက်မှုနှုန်းအဘယ်သူမျှမလူမှုလုံခြုံရေးအရပ်၌အလွတ်သဘောကဏ္ဍ, ကနေအဓိကအားဖြင့်ထွက်ပေါ်လာခြင်းဖြစ်သည်။ ဂူထဲမှာလုပ်ခလစာအများဆုံးအခြားပြည်နယ်များထက်နိမ့်ဖြစ်ကြ၏။ တောင်မှတရားဝင်ကဏ္ဍတွင်ပိုမိုမကြာခဏမထက်, အလုပ်အကိုင်အခွင့်အပေါ့ပေါ့သို့မဟုတ်သဘောတူထားသောဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ မလုံခြုံမှုလူငယ်အများစုန်ထမ်း haunts ။ ထိုကဲ့သို့သောအခြေအနေ၌,

Patidars အားဖြင့်ရိပ်မိသည်။ ဝိရောဓိအများအပြားပိတ်ဆို့ပို့စ်များနှစ်ပေါင်းလစ်လပ်ကျန်ကြွင်းသော်လည်းတကယ်တော့ဤအစိုးရရာထူးများအရေအတွက်ကိုလည်းကျဉ်းမြောင်းသွားဖြစ်ပါတယ်။

သို့သော်ဤလူငယ်များ၏ခွင့်ရှိသည်, ရိုးရိုးဇာတ်အဆင့်အတန်းနိမ်သူတို့အခြားသူများရိပ်မိသောအရာတစ်ခုခု, တောင်းဆိုချင်တယ်။

Aspire ငယ်ရွယ်တဲ့ဆင်းရဲဝန်ခံချက်, မှာကောင်းကောင်းမှတ်အဖွဲ့အစည်းများ,
Patidar ပျိုသောအရွယ်၏ grouse လျော့နည်းအမှတ်အသားများနှင့်အတူဤ


600 ကျော်တိုးမြှင့်နေစဉ်အစိုးရကောလိပ်များအတွက်ထိုင်ခုံ, 2001 ကနေ 2015
ခုနှစ်ရာခိုင်နှုန်း 31 ဦးတိုးမြှင့်ခဲ့သည်။
အစိုးရကောလိပ်များအတွက်ရူပီး 6000 ၏ပျမ်းမျှမှာရူပီး 4
တဦးတည်းကြွေးမြီကျူးကျော်မဟုတ်လျှင်ဒါဟာအများဆုံးလူလတ်တန်းစားမိသားစုများ၏လက်လှမ်းမမီကျော်လွန်ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ ဒီတော့ Patidar ယူထားတဲ့ထိုင်ခုံပေါ်ဝန်ခံချက်အရတဲ့သူတွေ envies ။

ထိုမှတပါး, Patidars နှစ်ပေါင်းအမေရိကန်ပြောင်းရွှေ့၏ရည်မှန်းချက်များကိုခိုလှုံခွင့်ပါပြီ။ ၎င်းတို့၏ဆွေမျိုးအဲဒီမှာအခြေချနဲ့သူတို့ရဲ့လူမှုရေးအဆင့်အတန်းတိုးတက်ကောင်းမွန်, သူတို့သည်ကြောင်းတိုးတက်ရေးကိုတုပဖို့လိုရှိ၏။ သို့သော်ထိုအဘို့အခွင့်အလမ်းများ, လွန်း, မီးမှလောင်စာထပ်ဖြည့်ထားတဲ့နစ်မြုပ်လျက်ရှိသည်။ ထို့နောက်ပြီးခဲ့သည့်နှစ်များတွင် “achhe ကြီးကို”
နှင့်အလုပ်အကိုင်အခွင့်အများ၏ Narendra Modi
ဒီနည်းကို 1% CHITPAWAN ပုဏ္ဏား RSS ကို SC / STS / OBCs / လူနည်းစု /
ဆငျးရဲတဲ့ Upper Cast WITOUT အပါအဝင်လူ့အဖွဲ့အစည်းအားလုံးမှာသူတို့ BANNIAN
& လူတွေ’S ပင်ကဲ့သို့အညွန့်သောအမျိုးအနွယ်ဖြစ်ကြ၏ဟုသိမှတ် THE 99%

မုန်းတီးမှုအမျက်ဒေါသ, မနာလို,
THE လောဘတွေအတွက်အိုင်တီလုပျဆောငျ။

သူတို့ကလိမ်လည်မှု EVMs လက်ကမြင်းအားဖြင့် Master Key ယူသွားစေချင်သနည်းတဲ့အတွက်အခုသူတို့တွှေဖြစ်ကြပါတယ်။ ဒီတော့န်အတိုင်းသူတို့လမ်းတွေပေါ်မှာငှါလာကြပြီ။ ဤအကြောင်းကြောင့်၏ထိတွေ့ခြင်းသူတို့ကခက်ခဲမဝေးတော့တဲ့အနာဂတ်မှာသူတို့ရဲ့အမျိုးထဲကနှိုးဆော်နိုငျပါတယျ။

အကြှနျုပျ၏ messageReservation


ထို Pandya အင်ပါယာအောက်ရှိဒေသများတွင်အများအပြားဗုဒ္ဓ icons များရှိသည်မဟုတ်ခဲ့ပါကြောင့်ရှားပါးရှာဖွေတွေ့ရှိမှုပါပဲ။
ထို Pandya အင်ပါယာအောက်ရှိဒေသများတွင်အများအပြားဗုဒ္ဓ icons များရှိသည်မဟုတ်ခဲ့ပါကြောင့်ရှားပါးရှာဖွေတွေ့ရှိမှုပါပဲ။

တစ်ဦးမပြီးဆုံးသေးသောဗုဒ္ဓရုပ်ထု, ဖြစ်နိုင်သည် 10
ရာစုကနေသမိုင်းဆိုင်ရာသုတေသနဦး (PCHR) များအတွက် Madurai-based Pandya
Nadu မှ Centre မှပညာရှင်များ Theni ခရိုင် Andipatty taluk အတွက်
Rosalpatty ကျေးရွာတွင်မှာရှာတွေ့ခဲ့သည်။

C. Santhalingam,
အမ် Balamurugan ထံမှသတင်းအချက်အလက်များလက်ခံရရှိကပြောပါတယ်။

“ကျနော်တို့ကပန်းပုခရိုင်ကောင်းစွာများအတွက်လူသိများသောဂျိန်းဝါဒ, ဆက်စပ်သောခံရဖို့မျှော်လင့်တယ်။ ဒါပေမယ့်ကျနော်တို့က Naththathi Medu အတွက်ပန်းပုဗုဒ္ဓ၏ထိုခဲ့တာကိုတွေ့ရှိခဲ့ “ဟုသူကပြောသည်။ ဒါဟာ Pandya အင်ပါယာ၏အစိတ်အပိုင်းတစ်ခုခဲ့ကြရသောတောင်ပိုင်းခရိုင်အတွင်းရှိဗုဒ္ဓပန်းပုရှာတွေ့ဖို့အလွန်အမင်းရှားပါးသောခဲ့သည်။

အတွက် Pandikovil
Madurai နှင့်ပတ်ဝန်းကျင်ဒေသများတွင်အဓိကအားပန်းပုနှင့် bas သက်သာနှင့်အတူသာ Jain ကကုတင်ရှိသည်, “ဟုမစ္စတာ Santhalingam ကပြောပါတယ်။


“ဒီပန်းပုခေါက်ခြေထောက်တွေနှင့်အတူထိုင်နေနှင့်ဆံပင်၏ usnish​​a သို့မဟုတ် Tufts အပြည့်အဝထုဆစ်ခဲ့ကြခြင်းမရှိသေးပေ။ လက်ျာဘက်ပါးကိုကျောက်အနည်းငယ်ကိုအပိုင်းအစလည်းကျိုးသည်နှင့်ပုံရိပ် marking ကိုဆောက်ချောချောမွေ့မွေ့မဟုတ်ဘူး “ဟုသူကရှင်းပြသည်။

သူတို့ကပန်းပုအောင်အတွက်အသုံးပြုတဲ့ features
icon တွေကိုဆင်တူခဲ့ကြသည်အဖြစ်ဗုဒ္ဓ 10th Century

12th သို့မဟုတ် 13 ရာစုကနေဧရိယာ၌ထိုကဲ့သို့သော Muruga, Vinayaka
segments များအများအပြားပိတ်သောကျောက်ကိန်းဂဏန်းများတွေ့ရှိရ

5)    Classical Bengali
5) শাস্ত্রীয় বাংলা

31815 MON পাঠ বিনামূল্যে অনলাইন ত্রিপিটক গবেষণা ও প্র্যাকটিস বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় (OFTRPU) থেকে 1612- Tipiṭaka- মাধ্যমে

সমগ্র সমাজের জন্য পাঠ এবং প্রতি এক চাইছে আয়োজন

শাস্ত্রীয় মাতৃভাষায় এবং অন্য কোন তারা জানেন প্রত্যেক এবং বাস্তবে এই
Google Translation থেকে সঠিক অনুবাদ রেন্ডার এবং তাদের আত্মীয়-স্বজন ও
বন্ধু এটা ফরোয়ার্ড তাদের একটি অনুষদ হতে যোগ্যতা অর্জন করতে হবে এবং একটি
প্রবাহ প্রবেশক পরিণত (SOTTAPANNA) এবং তারপর শাশ্বত সাধা
চূড়ান্ত লক্ষ্য হিসেবে সুখ!
এই তাদের অনুশীলনের জন্য লটারি পরিদর্শন ছাত্রদের জন্য একটি ব্যায়াম

বুদ্ধ সচেতনতা জাগ্রত এক অর্থ একটি শিরোনাম.

রিজার্ভেশন জন্য প্যাটেল চাহিদা সমেত বা ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত করতে না করেনি যে বৃদ্ধির বিরুদ্ধে একটি অগ্ন্যুত্পাত হয়.
Jagatheesan, আপনার মন্তব্যটি শুধু লাইভ গিয়েছিলাম!

25 ক্রান্তি রেলি এ হিসাবে দেখা যায় তরুণ, মধ্যবিত্ত Patels, বা Patidars
সুবিশাল এবং অভূতপূর্ব সংহতি, একটি বিশ্বায়িত গুজরাটে simmering
অস্থিরতার একটা লক্ষণ মাত্র.
সরকারের পুনরাবৃত্তি অভিক্ষেপ “সব ঠিক” যেখানে একটি রাষ্ট্র হিসেবে
আশ্চর্য সরকার, রাজনৈতিক দল ও মিডিয়া নেন যা এই প্রতিবাদ, স্কেল ও শক্তি
দ্বারা কমিয়ে করা হয়েছে.
সব জাতি মধ্যে Patidars ঐক্য - প্রায়ই প্রকাশ্যে বর্ণ দেশপ্রেম হিসাবে
টেপা যা - পাবলিক বক্তৃতা দেওয়া একটি হিসেবে নেওয়া হয়.
উপলব্ধি রাষ্ট্রের সকল অংশের থেকে Patidars ‘জয় সরদার “এবং” জয় Patidar
“মত স্লোগান দিচ্ছে একসঙ্গে এসেছিলেন যেখানে মঙ্গলবার আয়োজিত অর্ধ মিলিয়ন
শক্তিশালী বিক্ষোভ, আরো শক্তিশালী করে দিয়েছে.
তারা সরকারের Patidars করতে ওবিসি রিজার্ভ প্রসারিত বা পুরাপুরি বর্ণ ভিত্তিক রিজার্ভেশন সিস্টেম বিলোপ হয় যে দাবি. কি
dippressed বর্ণের জন্য মস্তিষ্কের ক্ষমতা দ্বারা অর্জন ছিল জালিয়াতি
ইভিএম দ্বারা এবং পেশী শক্তি দ্বারা এই 1% chitpawan ব্রাহ্মণদের দ্বারা
সহিংস উপায়ে অবলম্বী দ্বারা পূর্বাবস্থায় ফেরানো যাবে না.
Patidars নির্দেশের অধীনে, 1981 এবং পরে 1985, কমিউনিটি নেতা, এসসি / এস
টি এস এবং আদিবাসীদের, এবং পরে গুজরাটের OBCs বিরুদ্ধে বিরুদ্ধে বিরোধী
রিজার্ভেশন আন্দোলন আরম্ভ এই দেশে প্রথম কমিউনিটি ছিল যে এখানে উল্লেখ করা
আরএসএস ও ভিএইচপি, shrewdly আন্দোলন বিমুখ তাই এটি মুসলমানদের বিরুদ্ধে এক মধ্যে morphed. তারা
একটি chitpawan ব্রাহ্মণ বীর সাভারকর দ্বারা নির্মিত হয়েছিল যা সংঘ
পরিবার হিন্দুত্ববাদী এজেন্ডা, নাথুরাম গডসে, goplakrishna ngolale,
balagangadhar তিলক, hindumaha সভা ও জঙ্গি করার করেনি বিদেশে যারা বাস
অনাবাসী গুজরাটি এছাড়াও, অনেক নৈতিক ও বৈষয়িক সমর্থন বাড়ানো হয়েছে
অসহিষ্ণু, সন্ত্রাসী, চৌর্য ভীতি 1 ম হার, যেমন kshatrias হিসাবে ব্রাহ্মণ
যা বলছেন manusmiriti সিস্টেম ঈমানদারগণ (মোদি) গণতান্ত্রিক
প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলোর হত্যার জন্য Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (বিজেপি) থেকে
Masterkey ধরলাম যে জনসংখ্যার মাত্র 1%, যা আরএসএস ডাকার
3 য় যেমন Baniyas, 4 র্থ হার হিসাবে শূদ্র এবং তারা সবসময় তাদের
সন্ত্রাসিত পারে যাতে কোন আত্মার (Athmas) থাকার আদিবাসীদেরকে Panchamas
(এসসি / এস টি এস).
বুদ্ধ কোন আত্মা বিশ্বাস না. তিনি সব সমান বলেন. আমাদের
সংবিধান সমতা, ভ্রাতৃত্ব, গণতন্ত্র ও স্বাধীনতা অর্থাত্ Sarvajan Hitaye
Sarvajan Sukhaye জন্য জন্য., শান্তি, কল্যাণ ও এসসি / এস টি এস / OBCs /
সংখ্যালঘু সহ সব সমাজের সুখ? দরিদ্র উচ্চবর্ণের.
যা সমাজের 99% হয়.

জালিয়াতি ইভিএম গণতান্ত্রিক প্রতিষ্ঠানগুলোর এই হত্যাকারীদের গরমিল করে
মাস্টার কী ছিনতাইয়ের পর (মোদি) অসুস্থ অর্জিত ক্ষমতা ধরে রাখা বাঁদরামি
সমস্ত প্রকারের শুরু করেছেন.

CJI Sampath কারণ এই জালিয়াতি ইভিএম মোট প্রতিস্থাপন জড়িত রুপি 1600
কোটি টাকা ব্যয়ে সাবেক সিইসি Sampath দ্বারা প্রস্তাবিত পরিবর্তে মোট
বদলানোর পর্যায়ক্রমে প্রতিস্থাপন করা শারীরিক শক্তি জালিয়াতি ইভিএম ক্রম
দ্বারা রায় একটি বড় ভুল করেছে.
বর্তমান CJI এই জালিয়াতি ইভিএম দ্বারা নির্বাচিত কেন্দ্রীয় ও রাজ্য
সরকারগুলো salvaging এবং চাঁচুনি জন্য আদেশ এবং পরিবর্তে যেমন Ruckus তৈরি
গণতন্ত্র বাঁচাতে নতুন নির্বাচনের আচার নয়:

গণঅভ্যুত্থান সচ্ছল ও প্রভাবশালী Leuva এবং Kadva Patidars গঠিত. তারা প্রায় 12 রাজ্য জনসংখ্যার শতকরা গঠন ও সমৃদ্ধ এবং মধ্যবিত্ত কৃষকদের মধ্যে একক বৃহত্তম সম্প্রদায়. 19 শতকের শেষ দশক থেকে, সচ্ছল Patidars ব্যবসা, শিল্প এবং দক্ষতা উন্নয়নে তাদের কৃষি উদ্বৃত্ত বিনিয়োগ হয়েছে. কমিউনিটি অভিবাসনের উচ্চ হার, প্রথম আফ্রিকায় এবং পরে গ্রেট ব্রিটেন ও মার্কিন, তাদের সমৃদ্ধি যোগ আছে. প্রকৃতপক্ষে, যে অর্থে তারা অন্যদের অনুকরণ করার চেষ্টা করে থাকেন একটি মডেল কমিউনিটি হয়. অর্থনৈতিক উদ্দেশ্যে অবস্থান যেতে Patidars মধ্যে একটি প্রায় সর্বজনীন শ্বাসাঘাত নেই. বিদেশে স্থায়ীভাবে বসবাস করতে পারবেন না যারা বাবু কাজ বা হয়ে শিল্পপতি পেতে দেখুন.

শহরাঞ্চলে, কয়েক সুপ্রতিষ্ঠিত পেশাদার এবং উদ্যোক্তাদের জন্য ছাড়া
সংখ্যাগরিষ্ঠ হোয়াইট বা নীল বাবু কর্মচারী, অথবা স্বনিযুক্ত বা নৈমিত্তিক,
টেক্সটাইল বা ডায়মন্ড কারখানায় দক্ষ শ্রমিক.
শিল্প সম্প্রদায়ের একটি প্রধান অবলম্বন করেছে - বিশ্বের আট 10 হিরে কেটে
সুরাত ও গুজরাটের অন্যান্য শহর ও গ্রামে পালিশ করা হয়েছিল.
কিন্তু গত কয়েকদিন যাবৎ, শিল্প গভীর সংকটে হয়েছে. বেশ কিছু ইউনিট বন্ধ করে দিয়েছেন, এবং ডায়মন্ড শ্রমিকের সংখ্যক Patidar
কমিউনিটি বর্তমান অস্থিরতা দেখা দিয়েছে, যা retrenched হয়েছে.

অগ্রগতি গত এক দশকে গুজরাটে কৃষি প্রবৃদ্ধি প্রায় 8 বছরে শতাংশ উচ্চ করা
হয়েছে যে বোঝানো যদিও একইভাবে, এই বৃদ্ধির সমেত হয়েছে না.
ও প্রান্তিক চাষীরা পিছনে রেখে দেওয়া হয়েছে, এবং প্রতি তৃতীয় Patidar
পরিবারের মাথা একটি ক্ষুদ্র ও প্রান্তিক কৃষক, এবং / অথবা একটি ভূমিহীন
তিনি উচ্চ আকাঙ্খার ও হতভাগ্য জীবনযাপনের ধ্রুব টান সঙ্গে grapples. দরিদ্র কৃষক কৃষিকাজ বিনিয়োগ ও ঋণ বহন করতে যথেষ্ট সম্পদ নেই. Hardik প্যাটেল, আন্দোলন নেতা, কৃষক আত্মহত্যার বেশ কিছু কথা তুলে ধরেন. সরকার ঘটনাটি উপেক্ষা দোষী হয়েছে. দরিদ্র নিদারুণভাবে অ খামার কাছাকাছি শহরাঞ্চলে কর্মসংস্থান ও শহুরে মধ্যবিত্ত যোগদান স্বপ্ন পেতে চেষ্টা করেছি. কিন্তু শহুরে বৃদ্ধি, চিত্তাকর্ষক যদিও, শোষণ এবং এই ক্রমবর্ধমান আকাঙ্খার মিটমাট করতে অসমর্থ হয়েছে. এর ফলে অর্থনৈতিক প্রবৃদ্ধি, মূলত উত্পাদন খাতে, অন্যান্য অনেক রাজ্যে বেশী সত্য. কিন্তু পাওয়া কর্মসংস্থানের মানের অল্প বয়স্ক মানুষের প্রত্যাশা পূরণ করতে পারছে না. কর্মসংস্থান বৃদ্ধি মূলত কোন সামাজিক নিরাপত্তা নেই, সেখানে অনানুষ্ঠানিক খাতে, থেকে আসে. গুজরাট মজুরি সবচেয়ে অন্য রাজ্যের তুলনায় কম. এমনকি আনুষ্ঠানিক খাতে, প্রায়ই আরো বেশী না, নিয়োগ নৈমিত্তিক বা চুক্তিভিত্তিক হয়. নিরাপত্তাহীনতা সবচেয়ে তরুণ কর্মীদের কষ্ট. এই
ধরনের একটি পরিস্থিতিতে, সরকারী চাকুরী পাওয়া একমাত্র নিরাপদ ও
মর্যাদাপূর্ণ অবস্থান হিসাবে হতাশ তরুণ Patidars দ্বারা অনুভূত হয়.
আপাতবিরোধী অনেক অনুমোদিত পদের বছর ধরে শূন্য থাকা যদিও বস্তুত, এই সরকার অবস্থানের সংখ্যা এছাড়াও, সঙ্কুচিত হচ্ছে. কিন্তু এই অল্প বয়স্ক মানুষ প্রাপ্ত করার উদ্দেশ্যে এনটাইটেল করা হয়, বর্ণ অবস্থা কম তারা অন্যদের বোঝা কিছু অধিকার করার কেবল চান.

মেডিসিন বা তথ্য প্রযুক্তি পেশাগত কোর্স, এ ভাল-তথাকথিত প্রতিষ্ঠানে
উচ্চাকাক্সক্ষায় তরুণ চান ভর্তি তারা অবস্থা এবং সম্পদ অর্জন করতে পারেন,
ও বিচলিত Patidar যৌবনের অনাদর কম চিহ্ন দিয়ে এই “অন্যদের” কারণ কোটা এসব
প্রতিষ্ঠানের ভর্তি করা হয়, কারণ তিনি যে সুযোগ থেকে বঞ্চিত হয়.
প্রকাশ্যেই ক্ষোভ তিনি সরকারি অফিসে তাকে বন্ধ করা হয়, কারণ প্রাইভেট কলেজ পরিচর্যা উচ্চ ফি দিতে হয়েছে. স্ব-অর্থ দিয়ে কলেজের সংখ্যা বৃদ্ধি পেয়েছে যখন সরকার-থাকায় প্রতিষ্ঠানের সংখ্যা এছাড়াও, সময়ের থেমে গেছে. স্ব-অর্থ
দিয়ে কলেজে, আসন অনুপাতে একই সময়কালে শতাংশ 600 ওভার বৃদ্ধি যখন সরকারি
কলেজে আসন, 2001 থেকে 2015 এর 31 শতাংশ বৃদ্ধি পেয়েছে.
পরেরটির ফি ছয় একটি বেসরকারি কলেজের জন্য 4 লাখ সরকারি কলেজের জন্য রুপি প্রায় 6,000 রুপি গড়ে সাবেক যারা বার থেকে সাত হয়. এক ঋণ incurs তবে এটা সবচেয়ে মধ্যবিত্ত পরিবারের নাগালের বাইরে. সুতরাং Patidar সংরক্ষিত আসনে ভর্তি পেতে যারা হিংসা.

তাছাড়া, Patidars বছর ধরে অবস্থান মাইগ্রেট উচ্চাভিলাষ পোষণ করেছেন. তাদের আত্মীয় সেখানে বসতি স্থাপন করে এবং তাদের সামাজিক মর্যাদা উন্নত, এবং তারা যে অগ্রগতি অনুকরণ করার ইচ্ছা. কিন্তু যে জন্য সুযোগ, খুব, ডুবন্ত হয় আগুনে ঘি যোগ করা, যা. তারপর, গত বছর, “achhe দীন” এবং কাজ নরেন্দ্র মোদি সরকারের প্রতিশ্রুতি আরও তাদের রাগ হেয়, পূর্ণ হয়েছে বলে মনে হয় না.
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তারা মানসিক আশ্রয় চিকিৎসাধীন প্রয়োজন উন্মাদ যে তাদের মন মালিন্য যা ক্ষমতা, ঘৃণা, ক্রোধ, ঈর্ষা, বিভ্রমের লোভ জন্য শুভ কামনা. তারা সম্পূর্ণরূপে নিরাময় হয় ততদিন পর্যন্ত তারা ইনসাইট মেডিটেশনের প্রয়োজনীয়তা!

তারা জালিয়াতি ইভিএম গরমিল দ্বারা মাস্টার কী অক্ষরগুলো কারণ এখন তারা ভয় পায়. সুতরাং একটি দেখেছিলেন হিসাবে তারা রাস্তায় এসেছি. কারণ এই এক্সপোজার তারা এটি কঠিন অদূর ভবিষ্যতে আউট তাদের বাড়ীর আলোড়ন পেতে পারে.

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বুদ্ধ ভাস্কর্য আবিষ্কৃত

এটা পান্ড্য সাম্রাজ্যের অধীনে এলাকার অনেক বুদ্ধ আইকন না থাকায় একটি বিরল আবিষ্কার করেন.
এটা পান্ড্য সাম্রাজ্যের অধীনে এলাকার অনেক বুদ্ধ আইকন না থাকায় একটি বিরল আবিষ্কার করেন.

একটি অসমাপ্ত বুদ্ধমূর্তি, সম্ভবত 10 শতক থেকে, ঐতিহাসিক গবেষণা জন্য
মাদুরাই-ভিত্তিক পান্ড্য নাড়ু সেন্টার (PCHR) থেকে পণ্ডিতদের দ্বারা Theni
জেলার Andipatty তালুকে Rosalpatty গ্রামে পাওয়া যায় নি.

সি Santhalingam, সাপ্তাহিক এর সম্পাদক, তারা এলাকায় তাদের ভাস্কর্য
ফোটোগ্রাফ দিয়েছে একটি ছাত্র, এম Balamurugan থেকে তথ্য প্রাপ্তি বলেন.

“আমরা ভাস্কর্য জেলা ভাল জন্য পরিচিত হয়, যা জৈনধর্ম, এর সাথে সম্পর্কিত করা হবে বলে আশা. কিন্তু, আমরা Naththathi Medu মধ্যে ভাস্কর্য একটি বুদ্ধ ছিল পাওয়া, “বলেন তিনি. এটা পান্ড্য সাম্রাজ্যের একটি অংশ ছিল, যা দক্ষিণ জেলায় একটি বুদ্ধ ভাস্কর্য এটি অত্যন্ত বিরল ছিল.

মধ্যে Pandikovil এবং বুদ্ধ ভাস্কর্য unearthed যেখানে দুই অন্যান্য
জায়গা ছাড়া অন্য, বুদ্ধ এর সাথে সম্পর্কিত অন্য কোন রেকর্ড বা তথ্যও আছে.
মাদুরাই ও পার্শ্ববর্তী এলাকায় প্রধানত ভাস্কর্য এবং Bas রিলিফ সঙ্গে শুধুমাত্র জৈন শয্যা আছে, “জনাব Santhalingam বলেন.

ভাস্কর্য আবিষ্কৃত যারা পন্ডিত এটা মানুষ পূজা হয়েছে না পারে যে বোঝানো যা, একটি অসমাপ্ত রাষ্ট্র ছিল না. “ভাস্কর্য গুটান পা দিয়ে বসে আছেন এবং usnisha বা চুলের গোছা সম্পূর্ণরূপে sculpted করা হয় নি. ডান গালে চড় পাথর একটি ছোট টুকরা ভাঙা হয় এবং ইমেজ গড়েছে বাটালি মসৃণ নয়, “বলেন তিনি.

ভাস্কর্য তৈরীর জন্য ব্যবহৃত বৈশিষ্ট্য এবং দক্ষতা রাষ্ট্র দক্ষিণ জেলা
আবিষ্কৃত হয়েছে, যা দুই অন্যান্য বিরল বুদ্ধ আইকন অনুরূপ ছিল বুদ্ধ 10th
শতকের sculpted ছিল যখন তারা সম্ভব সময়ের নিরূপণ করতে সক্ষম হয়েছি.

যেমন এলাকায় Muruga, বিনায়ক এবং তারা 12th বা 13th শতাব্দী থেকে বিশ্বাস
করতেন যা একটি জীর্ণ শিব মন্দিরের স্থাপত্য অংশ হিসেবে দেবদেবীর অনেক পাথর
পরিসংখ্যান পাওয়া

6)    Classical Chinese (Simplified)

31815 MON课1612-Tipiṭaka-从在线免费大藏经研究与实践大学(OFTRPU)通过



佛是一座称号的含义AWAKEN ONE与认识。


广袤的和空前地调动青年,中产阶级PATELS,或Patidars,截至Kranti拉力赛上看到8月25日,是骚乱憋着在全球化古吉拉特邦的症状。政府的一再古吉拉特邦的投影作为的状态下“一切都很好”已经破坏了这次抗议活动,历时政府,政党和媒体感到意外的规模和实力。在古吉拉特邦的所有种姓,该Patidars的统一 - 这通常公开表现为阶级爱国主义 - 被作为一个公共话语给出。这种看法已经被组织在周二的五十万很强的示范,其中Patidars从国家的所有部分走到了一起喊口号,如“宰萨达尔”和“洁Patidar”钢筋。他们要求政府要么扩大OBC保留Patidars或完全废除种姓为基础的预约系统。什么是由大脑的功率为dippressed品级实现不能由欺诈EVM的和诉诸暴力手段对这些1%chitpawan婆罗门由肌肉力量被撤消。这里应该指出的是,Patidars是第一个社区,在这个国家发起反预订运动对SC / STS和Adivasis人,后来对古吉拉特邦的OBCS,在1981年和1985年以后,社区领导,的指导下, RSS和VHP,精明地转向搅拌,所以它演变成一个对穆斯林。
卡制造,nathuram godse,goplakrishna ngolale,balagangadhar提拉克,hindumaha院和好战,
暴力,不容忍,恐怖,隐形吓唬乌鸦RSS这是抓住了MASTERKEY到Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis(BJP)民主体制的谋杀(莫迪)谁相信manusmiriti系统,说婆罗门为第一速率,kshatrias随着人口的1% 2,巴尼亚斯为第13,shudras为第4率和无灵魂(Athmas),使他们能够始终恐吓他们的原住民Panchamas(SC / STS)。佛陀从不相信任何的灵魂。他说,所有人都是平等的。我们的宪法是平等,博爱,民主和自由为Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye即,和平,福利,所有的社会,包括SC / STS / OBCS /少数幸福吗?可怜的上等种姓。这是99%的社会。

通过篡改欺诈EVM的民主体制,这些杀人犯抢MASTER KEY后(莫迪)已经开始各种耍把戏保留生病得到力量。


热潮包括富裕和主导Leuva和Kadva Patidars。它们构成了约12%的国家的人口,并在富有人群和中产阶级农民单最大的社区。自19世纪的最后一个季度,小康Patidars一直在投资的农业剩余商业,工业以及在技能发展。高利率在社区迁移,先对非洲后来到了英国和美国,已经加入到他们的利益。事实上,在这个意义上,他们是模特界的其他人试图效仿。有Patidars中几乎普遍愿望去美国的经济目的。那些谁也不能出国定居只看得到白领工作或成为企业家。

然而,在城市地区,除了少数公认的专业人士和企业家,大部分是白色或蓝领雇员或自雇人士或休闲,纺织品或钻石工厂技术工人。钻石行业得到了社会各界的中流砥柱 - 据说八10颗钻石在世界上被切割和打磨的苏拉特和其他城镇和村庄在古吉拉特邦。但在过去的几个月里,该行业一直处于深刻的危机。一些单位纷纷倒闭,和大量钻石的工人已被裁减,这在当前动荡的Patidar社会做出了贡献。

同样地,尽管在灌溉的进步都意味着在过去十年农业增长在古吉拉特邦一直很高,平均每个每年8%左右,这种增长并没有包括在内。小户和边缘农民都被抛在后面,并每隔3 Patidar户主是一个小而边缘的农民,和/或无地劳动者。他埋头苦干的高期望和悲惨生活条件的恒张力。可怜的农民没有足够的资源来投资于农业和承担债务。 Hardik帕特尔,搅拌的领导者,强调了农民的自杀案件。政府犯了忽视的现象。穷人拼命让附近城镇的非农就业和加入城市中产阶级的梦想。但是,城市发展,但令人印象深刻的,已经无法吸收和适应这些不断提高的期望。的确,经济增长,主要是在制造业方面,比许多其他国家高。但现有就业质量不符合年轻人的期望。就业增长很大程度上来自非正规部门,在没有社会保障。在古吉拉特邦的工资水平比大多数其他国家低。即使在正规部门,往往不是,就业是休闲或合同。不安全感困扰着大多数年轻员工。在这种情况下,政府部门就业人数由失意的年轻Patidars认为是唯一可用的安全和有尊严的地位。事实上,这些政府职务的人数也在不断缩小,但矛盾的是很多认可的职位仍然空置多年。但这些年轻人想干脆要求的东西,他们认为其他人,低种姓的地位,有权。


这1%CHITPAWAN婆罗门RSS是BURRYING 99%SARVAJAN社会报即所有社会包括SC / STS / OBCS /民族/ POOR上等种姓不用其他知道他们是萌芽AS BANNIAN及人员上的树木种子!






一个未完成的佛像,可能是从10世纪,被发现在Rosalpatty村德尼县的Andipatty taluk从马杜赖基潘迪亚德邦中心的历史研究(巴勒斯坦人权中心)的学者。

C. Santhalingam,该中心的书记说,他们从学生,M. Balamurugan,谁给了他们的雕塑照片在该地区接收到的信息。

“我们预计雕塑将与耆那教,该地区是众所周知的。但是,我们发现,在Naththathi Medu雕塑是一尊佛,“他说。这是极为罕见找到一个佛像雕塑在南部地区均是在潘迪亚帝​​国的一部分。


谁发现了雕刻的学者说,它是在一个未完成的状态,这意味着它不能被崇拜的人。 “雕塑落座折叠腿和usnish​​a或头发绺尚未完全雕刻。一小块石头的右脸颊也坏了,凿图像标记并不顺利,“他解释说。



7) Classical Chinese (Traditional)

31815 MON課1612-Tipiṭaka-從在線免費大藏經研究與實踐大學(OFTRPU)通過



佛是一座稱號的含義AWAKEN ONE與認識。


廣袤的和空前地調動青年,中產階級PATELS,或Patidars,截至Kranti拉力看到8月25日,是騷亂憋著在全球化古吉拉特邦的症狀。政府的一再古吉拉特邦的投影作為的狀態下“一切都很好”已經破壞了這次抗議活動,歷時政府,政黨和媒體感到意外的規模和實力。在古吉拉特邦的所有種姓,該Patidars的統一 - 這通常公開表現為階級愛國主義 - 被作為一個公共話語給出。這種看法已經被組織在週二的五十萬很強的示範,其中Patidars從國家的所有部分走到了一起喊口號,如“宰薩達爾”和“潔Patidar”鋼筋。他們要求政府要么擴大OBC保留Patidars或完全廢除種姓為基礎的預約系統。什麼是由大腦的功率為dippressed品級實現不能由欺詐EVM的和訴諸暴力手段對這些1%chitpawan婆羅門由肌肉力量被撤消。這裡應該指出的是,Patidars是第一個社區,在這個國家發起反預訂運動對SC / STS和Adivasis人,後來對古吉拉特邦的OBCS,在1981年和1985年以後,社區領導,的指導下, RSS和VHP,精明地轉向攪拌,所以它演變成一個對穆斯林。
卡製造,nathuram godse,goplakrishna ngolale,balagangadhar提拉克,hindumaha院和好戰,
暴力,不容忍,恐怖,隱形嚇唬烏鴉RSS這是抓住了MASTERKEY到Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis(BJP)民主體制的謀殺(莫迪)誰相信manusmiriti系統,說婆羅門為第一速率,kshatrias隨著人口的1% 2,巴尼亞斯為第13,shudras為第4率和無靈魂(Athmas),使他們能夠始終恐嚇他們的原住民Panchamas(SC / STS)。佛陀從不相信任何的靈魂。他說,所有人都是平等的。我們的憲法是平等,博愛,民主和自由為Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye即,和平,福利,所有的社會,包括SC / STS / OBCS /少數幸福嗎?可憐的上等種姓。這是99%的社會。

通過篡改欺詐EVM的民主體制,這些殺人犯搶MASTER KEY後(莫迪)已經開始各種耍把戲保留生病得到力量。


熱潮包括富裕和主導Leuva和Kadva Patidars。它們構成了約12%的國家的人口,並在富有人群和中產階級農民單最大的社區。自19世紀的最後一個季度,小康Patidars一直在投資的農業剩餘商業,工業以及在技能發展。高利率在社區遷移,先對非洲後來到了英國和美國,已經加入到他們的利益。事實上,在這個意義上,他們是模特界的其他人試圖效仿。有Patidars中幾乎普遍願望去美國的經濟目的。那些誰也不能出國定居只看得到白領工作或成為企業家。

然而,在城市地區,除了少數公認的專業人士和企業家,大部分是白色或藍領僱員或自僱人士或休閒,紡織品或鑽石工廠技術工人。鑽石行業得到了社會各界的中流砥柱 - 據說八10顆鑽石在世界上被切割和打磨的蘇拉特和其他城鎮和村莊在古吉拉特邦。但在過去的幾個月裡,該行業一直處於深刻的危機。一些單位紛紛倒閉,和大量鑽石的工人已被裁減,這在當前動盪的Patidar社會做出了貢獻。

同樣地,儘管在灌溉的進步都意味著在過去十年農業增長在古吉拉特邦一直很高,平均每個每年8%左右,這種增長並沒有包括在內。小戶和邊緣農民都被拋在後面,並每隔3 Patidar戶主是一個小而邊緣的農民,和/或無地勞動者。他埋頭苦幹的高期望和悲慘生活條件的恆張力。可憐的農民沒有足夠的資源來投資於農業和承擔債務。 Hardik帕特爾,攪拌的領導者,強調了農民的自殺案件。政府犯了忽視的現象。窮人拼命讓附近城鎮的非農就業和加入城市中產階級的夢想。但是,城市發展,但令人印象深刻的,已經無法吸收和適應這些不斷提高的期望。的確,經濟增長,主要是在製造業方面,比許多其他國家高。但現有就業質量不符合年輕人的期望。就業增長很大程度上來自非正規部門,在沒有社會保障。在古吉拉特邦的工資水平比大多數其他國家低。即使在正規部門,往往不是,就業是休閒或合同。不安全感困擾著大多數年輕員工。在這種情況下,政府部門就業人數由失意的年輕Patidars認為是唯一可用的安全和有尊嚴的地位。事實上,這些政府職務的人數也在不斷縮小,但矛盾的是很多認可的職位仍然空置多年。但這些年輕人想乾脆要求的東西,他們認為其他人,低種姓的地位,有權。


這1%CHITPAWAN婆羅門RSS是BURRYING 99%SARVAJAN社會報即所有社會包括SC / STS / OBCS /民族/ POOR上等種姓不用其他知道他們是萌芽AS BANNIAN及人員上的樹木種子!






一個未完成的佛像,可能是從10世紀,被發現在Rosalpatty村德尼縣的Andipatty taluk從馬杜賴基潘迪亞德邦中心的歷史研究(巴勒斯坦人權中心)的學者。

C. Santhalingam,該中心的書記說,他們從學生,M. Balamurugan,誰給了他們的雕塑照片在該地區接收到的信息。

“我們預計雕塑將與耆那教,該地區是眾所周知的。但是,我們發現,在Naththathi Medu雕塑是一尊佛,“他說。這是極為罕見找到一個佛像雕塑在南部地區均是在潘迪亞帝國的一部分。


誰發現了雕刻的學者說,它是在一個未完成的狀態,這意味著它不能被崇拜的人。 “雕塑落座折疊腿和usnish​​a或頭髮綹尚未完全雕刻。一小塊石頭的右臉頰也壞了,鑿圖像標記並不順利,“他解釋說。



8)    Classical Japanese






若い、中産階級のPatels、またはPatidarsの広大で前例のない動員は、8月25日クランティラリーで見られるように、グローバル化グジャラート州で煮る不安の症状です。 「すべてが順調である」状態として、グジャラート州政府の繰り返し投影驚きによって政府、政党、メディアを取ったこの抗議の規模と強さによって損なわれています。グジャラート州内のすべてのカーストの中で、Patidarsの団結 - しばしば公にカースト愛国心として現れる - 公共の談話に与えられるように取られています。この認識は、状態のすべての部分からPatidarsが「ジャイセダー」と「ジャイPatidar」などのスローガンを叫ぶために一緒に来た火曜日に編成50万強力なデモンストレーション、で補強されています。彼らは、政府がPatidarsにOBCの予約を拡張したり、完全にカーストベースの予約システムを廃止のいずれかのことを求めています。何dippressedカーストのための脳力によって達成されたことは詐欺のEVMにより、筋肉の力によってこれらの1%chitpawanバラモンによって暴力的な手段に頼ることによって元に戻すことはできません。それはPatidarsはの指導の下、1981年以降1985年、地域社会のリーダーで、SC / STSとAdivasis、以降グジャラートのOBCsに対するに対する抗予約の動きを起動するには、この国で最初のコミュニティであったことに留意すべきですRSSとVHPは、ちゃっかり撹拌を流用するので、イスラム教徒に対する一つにモーフィング。
題、nathuram godse、goplakrishna

Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis(BJP)にMASTERKEYをつかんで、人口のわずか1%であり、RSSをカラス、kshatrias
第二、第三としてバーニヤース、第四レートとshudras、彼らは常に彼らを恐怖に陥れることができるように、何の魂(Athmas)を有していないの先住民Panchamas(SC / STS)。仏は、任意の魂を信じませんでした。彼はすべてが同じであると述べました。私たちの憲法はSarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhayeすなわち平等、友愛、民主主義と自由のためのものである。SC / STS / OBCs /少数民族を含むすべての社会の、平和のために、福祉&幸せ?貧しい上位カースト。これは社会の99%です。



盛り上がりは裕福と支配LeuvaとKadva Patidarsを備えます。彼らは、州の人口の約12パーセントを構成し、豊かな中産階級の農民の間で単一最大のコミュニティーです。 19世紀の最後の四半期以降、裕福Patidarsは、ビジネス、産業界でも能力開発に彼らの農業の黒字を投資されています。コミュニティの移行率の高さ、最初のアフリカへ、後に英国と米国には、彼らの繁栄に追加しました。実際、その意味で、彼らはコミュニティの他の人がエミュレートしようとしたモデルです。経済的目的のために米国に行くPatidars間でほぼ普遍的な吸引があります。海外で決済することができない人は、ホワイトカラーの仕事を得るために見るか、実業家になります。

しかし、都市部では、いくつかのよく確立された専門家や起業家​​を除いて、大部分は白 - またはブルーカラー従業員、または自営業者やカジュアル、織物またはダイヤモンド工場で熟練労働者があります。ダイヤモンド業界は、コミュニティの主力となっている - 世界で8 10ダイヤモンドを切断し、スラトにとグジャラート州内の他の町や村で研磨されていると言われます。しかし、最後の数ヶ月のために、業界は深刻な危機にありました。 Patidarコミュニティの現在の不安に貢献してきた、いくつかのユニットは閉鎖しており、ダイヤモンドの労働者の大多数が解雇されています。

灌漑の進歩は、過去10年間のグジャラート州の農業成長は年率約8パーセントで高くなっていることを意味しているものの同様に、この成長は包括されていません。小型限界農家が残されており、すべての第三Patidarの世帯主は小さく、限界農家、および/または土地を持たない労働者です。彼は高い志と悲惨な生活条件の一定の張力でグラップル。貧しい農民は農業に投資し、債務を負担するのに十分なリソースがありません。 Hardikパテル、攪拌のリーダーは、農民の自殺の例を強調しました。政府は現象を無視しての罪を犯してきました。貧困層は必死近くの都市部と都市部の中産階級への参加の夢の中で非農業雇用を取得しようとしています。しかし、都市の成長は、印象的なものの、これらの上昇願望を吸収し、収容することができませんでした。それは、経済成長は、主に製造業では、他の多くの州でより高いことは事実です。しかし、利用可能な雇用の質は若い人たちの期待を満たしていません。雇用の成長は、主に何の社会保障がないインフォーマル・セクター、から来ています。グジャラート州での賃金は他のほとんどの州でより低いです。でもフォーマル・セクターでは、少なからず、雇用はカジュアルまたは契約です。不安は、ほとんどの若い従業員を見物します。このような状況では、政府の雇用は、使用可能な唯一の安全かつ威厳のある位置としてイライラ若いPatidarsによって知覚されます。逆説的に多くの認可の記事は何年も空いたままものの実際には、これらの政府の位置の数も、縮小しています。しかし、これらの若者がする権利があり、単にカースト状態の下、彼らは他の人を知覚何かを請求したいです。


この1%CHITPAWANバラモンRSSは、SC / STS / OBCs /少数民族/ POOR

彼らは精神精神病院での処理を必要とするMADNESS ISを彼らの心の不浄ARE POWER憎しみ、怒り、嫉妬妄想GREEDのためにそれを行います。彼らが完全に硬化するTILL彼らはINSIGHT瞑想が必要です!

彼らは詐欺のEVMを改ざんして、マスターキーをひったくらので、今、彼らは怖がっています。 SO STUNTとして、彼らは街頭に出ています。このため暴露の彼らはそれが困難近い将来に自分の家の外に攪拌するかもしれません。





C. Santhalingam、センターの秘書は、彼らは彼らにエリア内の彫刻の写真を与えた学生、M Balamurugan、から情報を受け取ったと述べました。

「私たちは、彫刻地区はよくするために知られているジャイナ教、に関連すると予想しました。しかし、我々はNaththathi MEDUで彫刻​​が仏のそれであることがわかった “と彼は言いました。それはPandya帝国の一部であった南部地区の仏像彫刻を見つけることは非常にまれでした。

「マドゥライのPandikovilと仏像彫刻が発掘された2つの他の場所以外に、仏に関連した他のレコードや知見がなかったです。マドゥライとその周辺地域は、主に彫刻や浅レリーフを持つ唯一のジャイナ教のベッドがあり、 “ミスターSanthalingamは語りました。

彫刻を発見した学者は、それが人々に崇拝されていなかったことを意味しており、未完成の状態であったと述べました。 「彫刻は、折り畳まれた足で座っているとusnish​​aまたは髪の房は、完全に彫刻されていません。右頬にある石の小片も壊れており、画像のマーキングノミが滑らかではない、 “と彼は説明しました。



9)    Classical Khmer
9​) បុរាណ​ខ្មែរ

31815 មេរៀន​ទី​មន 1612-
អនុវត្ត​សៀវភៅ​ពុទ្ធសាសនា​ពន្យល់ (OFTRPU​) តាមរយៈ


​ការ​បកប្រែ​ពិតប្រាកដ​អ្នករៀបរៀង​របស់ Google
ស្ទ្រីម (SOTTAPANNA​) ហើយ​បន្ទាប់​មក​ដើម្បី​ទទួល​បាន​អស់​កល្ប​ជានិច្ច


តម្រូវ​ការ​សម្រាប់​ការ​កក់​គឺ​លោក Patel ផ្ទុះ​មួយ​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង​កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ដែល​មិន​បាន​បញ្ចូល​គ្នា​ឬ​ការ​សម្របសម្រួល​។
Jagatheesan មតិយោបល់​របស់​អ្នក​គ្រាន់​តែ​បាន​ចេញ​ផ្សាយ​បន្ត​ផ្ទាល់​!

​ធំ​និង​មិនធ្លាប់​មាន​ពីមុន​មក​នៃ​ការ Patel វ័យ​ក្មេង​វណ្ណៈ​ក​ណ្តា​ល​ឬ
Patidars ដូច​ជា​បាន​ឃើញ​នៅ Kranti Rally កាលពី​ថ្ងៃទី 25
ខែ​សីហា​គឺ​ជា​រោគ​សញ្ញា​នៃ​ភាព​ចលាចល​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ Gujarat
​ព្យាករ​របស់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ម្តង​ហើយ​ម្តង​ទៀត​នៃ​រដ្ឋ Gujarat
​ចំណោម​អ្នក​ទាំង​អស់​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ Gujarat វ​ណ្ណះ​ដែល​ជា​ការ​រួបរួម​នៃ
Patidars -
ដែល​ជា​ញឹកញាប់​បាន​បង្ហាញ​រាង​ជា​សាធារណៈ​ថា​ជា​ការ​ស្នេហាជាតិ​វណ្ណៈ -
ពាក្យស្លោក​ដូចជា “ចៃ Sardar​” និង “ចៃ Patidar​” ។
​គេ​បាន​ទាមទារ​ឱ្យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ទាំង​ពង្រីក​ការ​កក់ OBC ដើម្បី Patidars
dippressed នេះ​មិន​អាច​ត្រូវ​បាន​ធ្វើ​ដោយ EVMs
​ព្រាហ្មណ៍ chitpawan 1​% ដោយ​អំណាច​សាច់ដុំ​។
​គួរ​តែ​ត្រូវ​បាន​កត់​សម្គាល់​នៅ​ទីនេះ​ដែល Patidars
ចលនា​ប្រឆាំង​ការ​កក់​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង​ការ​ធានា / STS និង Adivasis
ហើយ​ក្រោយ​មក​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង Gujarat របស់​នេះ OBCs នៅ​ឆ្នាំ 1981 និង 1985
RSS និង VHP​, ឧបាយកល​បង្វែរ​រវើរវាយ​ដូច្នេះ​វា morphed ចូល​ទៅ​ក្នុង​គ្នា​ប្រឆាំង​នឹង​ម៉ូ​ស្លី​ម​។ ហ្កុ
ស្មារតី​និង​សម្ភារៈ​ផង​ដែរ​, ច្រើន​ដូច​ជា​ពួក​គេ​បាន​ធ្វើ​របៀប​វារៈ
Hindutva នេះ Sangh parivar ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ផលិត​ឡើង​ដោយ savarkar VIR
ព្រាហ្មណ៍ chitpawan​, nathuram ព្រះ goplakrishna ngolale​, balagangadhar
ឡាក់​, hindumaha Sabha និង​សកម្មប្រយុទ្ធ​,
​ហឹ​ង្សា​, ចាញ់​សម្លុត​ភេ​រ​វ​កម្ម​, បន្លាច​បំបាំងកាយ​រងាវ RSS
ភ្ជាប់​ដែល​មាន​តែ 1​% នៃ​ចំនួន​ប្រជាជន​ដែល​បាន​ចាប់ MASTERKEY ដើម្បី
Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP​)
សម្រាប់​ការ​សម្លាប់​អំពី​ស្ថាប័ន​ប្រជាធិ​​បតេយ្យ (លោក​ម៉ូ​ឌី​)
ដែល​ជា​អ្នក​ជឿ​ថា​ប្រព័ន្ធ manusmiriti
ដែល​និយាយ​ថា​ព្រាហ្មណ៍​ជា​អត្រា​ទី 1​, kshatrias ជា​ការ
2​, baniyas ដែល​ជា​ទី 3​, shudras ជា​អត្រា​ទី 4 និង​ជនជាតិ​ដើម​នេះ
Panchamas (SC / STS​) នៃ​ការ​មាន​ព្រលឹង​នោះ​ទេ (Athmas​)
ព្រះពុទ្ធ​មិន​ដែល​ជឿ​លើ​ព្រលឹង​ណាមួយ​។ លោក​បាន​និយាយ​ថា​ទាំង​អស់​គឺ​ស្មើ​គ្នា​។ រដ្ឋធម្មនុញ្ញ
Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye ឧ​។ ,
​ធានា / STS / OBCs / ជនជាតិ​? វណ្ណៈ​ខ្ពស់​ក្រីក្រ​។
ដែល​មាន 99​% នៃ​សង្គម​។

នេះ​បាន​ឃាតករ EVMs របស់​ស្ថាប័ន​ប្រជាធិ​​បតេយ្យ​ទាំង​នេះ (លោក​ម៉ូ​ឌី​)

CJI Sampath
ដែល​បាន​ប្រព្រឹត្ត​កំហុស​ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ​ការ​វិនិច្ឆ័យ​ដោយ​ការ​បញ្ជា EVMs
ការ​លួច​បន្លំ thew
ដូចជា​ស្នើ​ឡើង​ដោយ​អតីត CEC Sampath ដោយ​សារ​តែ​ការ​ចំណាយ​នៃ​អក្សរ 1600
crore ការ​ជំនួស​ដែល​ជាប់​ទាក់ទង​ក្នុង​ការ​លួច​បន្លំ​សរុប​ចំនួន EVMs
បច្ចុប្បន្ន CJI ត្រូវតែ​បញ្ជា​សម្រាប់ salvaging
និង​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ក​ណ្តា​ល scraping និង​រដ្ឋ​បាន​ជ្រើស​រើស​ដោយ EVMs
​តេ​យ្យ​ជំនួស​ឱ្យ​ការ​បង្កើត ruckus ដូចជា​:

កញ្ជ្រោល​ឡើង​នេះ​មាន​យ៉ាង​ល្អ​និង Leuva បិទ​លើស​លប់​និង Kadva Patidars ។ ពួក
​គេ​បាន​បង្កើត​បាន​ប្រហែល 12
​តាំង​ពី​ត្រីមាស​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នៃ​សតវត្សរ៍​ទី 19 Patidars
ជា​ការ​ពិត​ណាស់​នៅ​ក្នុង​ន័យ​ថា​ពួក​គេ​គឺ​ជា​សហគមន៍​គំរូ​មួយ​ដែល​អ្នក​ផ្សេង​ទៀត​បាន​ព្យាយាម​ធ្វើ​តាម​។ មាន​សេចក្តី​ប្រាថ្នា​ជា​សកល​ស្ទើរ​តែ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ចំណោម Patidars ដើម្បី​ចូល​ទៅ​សហរដ្ឋ​អាមេរិក​សម្រាប់​គោលបំណង​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​គឺ​។ អ្នក​ដែល​មិន​អាច​ដោះស្រាយ​នៅ​ក្រៅ​ប្រទេស​មើល​ទៅ​ដើម្បី​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​ងារ​ស​ក​អាវ​ឬ​ឧស្សាហករ​ក្លាយ​​​ទៅ​ជា​។

និង​សហគ្រិន​ភាគច្រើន​សុទ្ធតែ​ជា​កម្មករ white-
​ឧស្សាហកម្ម​ពេជ្រ​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​សំខាន់​របស់​សហគមន៍​មួយ -
ចំនួន​ប្រាំបី​ក្នុង 10
រដ្ឋ Gujarat ។
ប៉ុន្តែ​សម្រាប់​ជាច្រើន​ខែ​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ​វិស័យ​ឧស្សាហកម្ម​នេះ​បាន​នៅ​ក្នុង​វិបត្តិ​ជ្រៅ​។ គ្រឿង​ជា​ច្រើន​បាន​បិទ​ហើយ​និង​មួយ​ចំនួន​ធំ​នៃ​កម្មករ​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​
បច្ចុប្បន្ន​នេះ​នៅ​ក្នុង​សហគមន៍ Patidar ។

សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​កសិកម្ម​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ Gujarat
រយៈ​ពេល​មួយ​ទសវត្សរ៍​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ប្រមាណ 8
​ខ្នាត​តូច​និង​រឹម​បាន​បន្សល់ទុក​និង​ជា​ប្រធាន​នៃ​គ្រប់​គ្រួសារ Patidar
ទី​បី​គឺ​ជា​កសិករ​ខ្នាត​តូច​និង​បន្ទាប់​បន្សំ​និង /
លោក​បាន​ជួប​ភាព​តាន​តឹង​ថេរ​នៃ​សេចក្តី​ប្រាថ្នា​ខ្ពស់​និង​ស្ថានភាព​រស់នៅ​បរាជ័យ​។ កសិករ​ក្រីក្រ​មិន​មាន​ធនធាន​គ្រប់គ្រាន់​ក្នុង​ការ​វិនិយោគ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ការ​ធ្វើ​កសិកម្ម​និង​ទទួលរង​បំណុល​។ Hardik Patel មាន​មេ​ដឹក​នាំ​នៃ​រវើរវាយ​នេះ​បាន​គូស​បញ្ជាក់​អំពី​ករណី​នៃ​កសិករ​ដែល​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត​។ រដ្ឋាភិបាល​បាន​ថា​មាន​កំហុស​នៃ​ការ​មិន​អើពើ​បាតុភូត​នេះ​។ ជន
ប៉ុន្តែ​កំណើន​ទីក្រុង​បី​ជា​គួរ​ឱ្យ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​, មិន​អាច​ស្រូប​យក​និង​ផ្ទុក​សេចក្តី​ប្រាថ្នា​កើន​ឡើង​ទាំងនេះ​។ វា​គឺ​ជា​ការ​ពិត​ដែល​ថា​កំណើន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​ភាគ​ច្រើន​នៅ​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​នេះ​គឺ​ខ្ពស់​ជាង​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ​ជា​ច្រើន​ទៀត​។ ប៉ុន្តែ​គុណភាព​នៃ​ការងារ​ដែល​អាច​រក​បាន​មិន​បាន​បំពេញ​តាម​ការ​រំពឹង​ទុក​របស់​មនុស្ស​វ័យក្មេង​។ កំណើន​នៅ​ក្នុង​ការងារ​នេះ​បាន​មក​ពី​វិស័យ​មិន​ផ្លូវការ​ដែល​ជា​កន្លែង​គ្មាន​ស​ន្ដិ​សុខ​សង្គម​។ ប្រាក់​ឈ្នួល​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ Gujarat គឺ​ទាប​ជាង​នៅ​ក្នុង​រដ្ឋ​ភាគ​ច្រើន​ផ្សេង​ទៀត​។ សូម្បី​តែ​នៅ​ក្នុង​វិស័យ​ផ្លូវការ​ដែល​បាន​ញឹកញាប់​ជាង​មិន​មាន​ការងារ​ធ្វើ​គឺជា​ការ​ធម្មតា​ឬ​កិច្ចសន្យា​។ បុគ្គលិក​វ័យ​ក្មេង​អ​ស​ន្ដិ​សុខ haunts ច្រើន​បំផុត​។ ក្នុង
ធ្លាក់​ចុះ​បើ​ទោះ​បី​ជា​មាន​មនុស្ស​ជាច្រើន paradoxically

របស់​យុវជន Patidar
​អង្គុយ​នៅ​ក្នុង​មហាវិទ្យាល័យ​របស់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​បាន​កើន​ឡើង 31
ភាគ​រយ​ពី​ឆ្នាំ 2001 ដល់​ឆ្នាំ 201​​5
សមាមាត្រ​នៃ​អាសនៈ​បាន​កើន​ឡើង​ជាង 600 ភាគ​រយ​ក្នុង​រយៈពេល​ដូច​គ្នា​នេះ​។
​នៅ​ក្នុង​អតីត​, ជា​មធ្យម​នៃ​អក្សរ 6.000
នាក់​សម្រាប់​មហាវិទ្យាល័យ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​មួយ​និង​នៅ​ជុំវិញ​អក្សរ 4 lakh
វា​ហួស​ពី​ការ​ឈាន​ទៅ​ដល់​របស់​គ្រួសារ​វណ្ណៈ​ក​ណ្តា​ល​បាន​ច្រើន​បំផុត​ប្រសិនបើ​មនុស្ស​កើតឡើង​បំណុល​។ ដូច្នេះ Patidar ការ​ច្រណែន​អ្នក​ដែល​ទទួល​បាន​ការ​ទទួល​យក​នៅ​លើ​កៅអី​បម្រុង​។

លើស​ពី​នេះ​ទៅទៀត Patidars មាន​ចំណូល​មហិច្ឆតា​របស់​អាមេរិក​បាន​ធ្វើ​ចំណាក​ស្រុក​ទៅ​អស់​រយៈពេល​ជាច្រើន​ឆ្នាំ​។ សាច់
ប៉ុន្តែ​ឱកាស​សម្រាប់​ថា​ផង​ដែរ​គឺ​ត្រូវ​បាន​លិច​ដែល​បន្ថែម​ប្រេង​ទៅ​ឱ្យ​ភ្លើង​។ បន្ទាប់​មក​នៅ​ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ​ចុង​ក្រោយ​នេះ​ការ​សន្យា​របស់​រដ្ឋា​ភិ​បាល​
លោក Narendra Modi របស់ “achhe ឌិន​”
ឧ​សង្គម​ទាំងអស់​រួម​ទាំង​ក្រុម​ធានា / STS / OBCs / អនីតិជន / ការ​សម្ដែង
BANNIAN និង​ដើម​ឈើ​របស់​ប្រជាជន​!

​គេ​ធ្វើ​វា​លន់​អំណាច​ការ​ស្អប់​ខឹង​ច្រណែន delusion

ឥឡូវនេះ​គេ​ភ័យខ្លាច​ព្រោះ​ពួកគេ​បាន​ដណ្ដើម​យក​សោ​មេ​ដោយ​រុះរើ​ការ​ឆបោក EVMs ។ ដូច្នេះ​ជា​ការ​គ្រោះថ្នាក់​គេ​មក​តាម​ដង​ផ្លូវ​។ ដោយ​សារ​តែ​ហានិភ័យ​នេះ​ពួក​គេ​អាច​មាន​ការ​ពិបាក​ក្នុង​ការ​កូរ​ឱ្យ​ចេញ​ពី​ផ្ទះ​របស់​ពួក​គេ​នៅ​ក្នុង​ពេល​អនាគត​។

messageReservation របស់​ខ្ញុំ


វា​ជា​ការ​រក​ឃើញ​ថា​ជា​តំបន់​ដែល​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្រោម​អាណាចក្រ Pandya មិន​មាន​រូប​តំណាង​ព្រះពុទ្ធ​ជា​ច្រើន​។
វា​ជា​ការ​រក​ឃើញ​ថា​ជា​តំបន់​ដែល​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្រោម​អាណាចក្រ Pandya មិន​មាន​រូប​តំណាង​ព្រះពុទ្ធ​ជា​ច្រើន​។

អាច​ធ្វើ​ទៅ​បាន​ពី​សតវត្ស​ទី 10 ត្រូវ​បាន​រក​ឃើញ​នៅ​ភូមិ Rosalpatty
ក្នុង taluk Andipatty នៃ​ស្រុក Theni ដោយ​អ្នកប្រាជ្ញ​ពី Pandya
សម្រាប់​ការ​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​របស់​មជ្ឈមណ្ឌល​ណា​ឌូ​ប្រវត្តិ​សា​ស្រ្ត Madurai
មូលដ្ឋាន (PCHR​) ។

គ Santhalingam
Balamurugan ដែល​បាន​ឱ្យ​គេ​ថត​រូបភាព​នៃ​រូប​ចម្លាក់​នៅ​តំបន់​នោះ​។

“យើង​រំពឹង​ថា​នឹង​មាន​រូប​ចម្លាក់​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​ទាក់ទង​ទៅ​នឹង​ការ Jainism ដែល​ស្រុក​នេះ​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​ស្គាល់​ផង​ដែរ​សម្រាប់​។ ប៉ុន្តែ​យើង​បាន​រក​ឃើញ​ថា​ចម្លាក់​នៅ​ក្នុង Naththathi Medu នោះ​គឺ​ថា​ព្រះពុទ្ធ​មួយ “គាត់​បាន​និយាយ​។ វា​គឺ​ជា​ការ​កម្រ​ខ្លាំង​ណាស់​ដើម្បី​រក​រូប​ចម្លាក់​ព្រះពុទ្ធ​នៅ​ក្នុង
​ស្រុក​ភាគ​ខាង​ត្បូង​ដែល​ជា​ផ្នែក​មួយ​នៃ​អាណាចក្រ Pandya មួយ​។

Pandikovil ក្នុង Madurai
លោក​បាន​ថ្លែង​ថា​: Madurai និង Santhalingam
តំបន់​ជុំវិញ​នោះ​លើស​លុប​មាន​តែ​គ្រែ​របស់​លោក Jain

​ជា​មួយ​, ដែល​មាន​ន័យ​ថា​វា​មិន​អាច​ត្រូវ​បាន​គោរព​បូជា​ដោយ​មាន​មនុស្ស​។
“ចម្លាក់​គឺ​អង្គុយ​ជាមួយ​នឹង​ជើង​បត់​ហើយ usnish​​a ឬ tuft នៃ​សក់​របស់​អ្នក​មិន​ត្រូវ​បាន​គេ​មាំ​យ៉ាង​ពេញលេញ​។ មួយ​ដុំ​តូច​មួយ​នៃ​ថ្ម​ដែល​នៅ​ថ្ពាល់​ខាង​ស្តាំ​ត្រូវ​បាន​ខូច​ផង​ដែរ​និង​បន្លា​ក​សម្គាល់​នៃ​រូបភាព​គឺ​មិន​រលូន “គាត់​បាន​ពន្យល់​។

បាន​មាំ​ដើម្បី​សតវត្ស​ទី 10

​នេះ​បាន​រក​ឃើញ​ផង​ដែរ​តួ​លេខ​ថ្ម​ច្រើន​នៃ​ព្រះអាទិទេព​ដូចជា Muruga​,
ដែល​ពួក​គេ​ជឿ​ថា​បាន​មក​ពី​សតវត្ស​ទី 12 ឬ​ទី 13

10)    Classical Korean

10) 한국어 클래식

31815 월 레슨 온라인 무료 삼장 연구 및 연습 대학 (OFTRPU)에서 1612- Tipiṭaka- 통해

사회 전체에 대한 수업과 모든 사람에를 요구하는 행위

들의 고전 모국어와 다른 그들이 아는 언어와 연습이 Google 번역에 정확한 번역을 렌더링하고 자신의 친척과 친구에게 전달하면
그들이 교수가 될 자격이되며, 스트림 입력 자되기 (SOTTAPANNA를) 다음 영원한를 달성하기 위해
최종 목표로 블리스!
이것은 그들의 연습에 대한 모든 온라인 방문하기 학생들을위한 훈련이다

부처님 대한 인식과 각성 ONE 의미의 제목이다.

예약 파텔 수요는 포함 또는 조절되지 않았습니다 성장에 대한 분화입니다.
Jagatheesan은, 당신의 의견은 라이브 갔다!

25 일 Kranti 랠리에서 볼 수 있듯이 젊은 중산층 Patels, 또는 Patidars의 광대 한 전례 동원, 세계화 구자라트 끓인 불안의 증상입니다. 구자라트의 정부의 반복 영사는 “모두가 잘”상태로 놀라게 정부, 정당 및 미디어를했다이 시위의 규모와 강도에 의해 훼손되고있다. 구자라트의 모든 계급 가운데, Patidars의 일치 - 자주 공개적으로 카스트 애국심으로 나타난다 - 공공 담론에 주어진으로한다. 이러한 인식은 국가의 모든 부분에서 Patidars는 “자이 사르 다르 ‘와’자이 Patidar”와 같은 구호를 외치다하기 위해 함께 온 화요일에 조직 된 50 만 강한 데모에 의해 강화되고있다. 그들은 정부가 Patidars에 OBC 예약을 연장하거나 아예 카스트 기반의 예약 시스템을 폐지하거나 것을 요구한다. 무엇 dippressed 계급에 대한 뇌의 힘에 의해 달성 된 것은 사기 EVM은에 의해 근육의 힘으로이 1 % chitpawan 지식인에 의해 폭력적인 수단에 의지하여 취소 할 수 없습니다.
것은 Patidars가의지도하에, 1981 년 이후 1985 년, 지역 사회 지도자로, 사우스 캐롤라이나 / 보안 목표 명세서 및
Adivasis, 나중에 구자라트의 OBCs에 대한 안티 예약 운동을 시작하는이 나라의 첫 번째 커뮤니티 있다고 여기
RSS 및 VHP는 약삭 빠르게 교반을 전환, 그래서 무슬림에 대해 하나로 변신.
들은 chitpawan 지식인의 비르의 savarkar에 의해 제조 된 Sangh Parivar의 Hindutva 의제, 나 투람
고 드세, goplakrishna ngolale, balagangadhar TILAK, hindumaha 사바과 전투에 그랬던
것처럼 해외 거주 비거주자 Gujaratis 또한, 많은 정신적, 물질적 지원을 확장했다

력, 관용, 테러는 스텔스 겁은 1 비율로 kshatrias 등의 지식인을 말한다 manusmiriti 시스템을 믿고 (모디)
민주주의 제도의 살해 Bahuth Jiyadha Paapis (BJP)에의 MasterKey를 잡고 인구의 불과 1 % RSS를
2 번째, 3 번째로 baniyas, 4 속도로 수드라 그들은 항상 그들을 공포에 떨게 할 수 있도록 더 영혼 (Athmas를)없는의 원주민 Panchamas (SC / 보안 목표 명세서). 부처는 영혼을 믿는하지 마십시오. 그는 모두가 동일했다.
리 헌법은 평등, 박애, 민주주의와 자유, 즉 Sarvajan Hitaye Sarvajan Sukhaye을위한입니다., 평화,
복지 및 사우스 캐롤라이나 / 보안 목표 명세서 / OBCs이 / 소수 민족을 포함한 모든 사회의 행복을 위해? 가난한 상위
이는 사회의 99 %이다.

사기 EVM은에게 민주 제도의 살인범을 조작하여 마스터 키를 챙겨 후 (모디)는 병 입수 전력을 유지하기 위해 원숭이 트릭의 모든 종류의를 시작했습니다.

CJI Sampath 때문에 이러한 사기 EVM은 총 교체에 참여 루피 1,600 crore에 비용의 전 CEC Sampath에
의해 제안 대신 총 교체의 단계로 교체 할 Thew 보낸 사기 EVM은 주문에 의해 판단의 중대한 오류를 범.
본 CJI는 이러한 사기 EVM은 선택한 중앙 정부와 주정부를인양하고 긁어 주문 대신 같은 소동을 만드는 민주주의를 저장하는 새로운 선거를 실시해야합니다

급증은 잘 끄고 지배적 Leuva 및 Kadva Patidars을 포함한다. 그들은 약 12​​ 주 인구의 퍼센트를 구성하고 부자와 중산층 농민 중 단일 최대 규모의 커뮤니티입니다. 19 세기의 마지막 분기 이후, 부유 한 Patidars 사업, 산업도 기술 개발에 자신의 농업 잉여를 투자하고있다. 지역 사회에서 이주의 높은 속도, 최초의 아프리카 이후 영국과 미국은 그들의 번영에 추가했습니다. 사실, 그런 의미에서 그들은 다른 사람을 모방하려고 노력 모델 커뮤니티입니다. 경제적 목적을 위해 미국에 갈 Patidars 중 거의 보편적 인 열망이있다. 해외 정착 할 수 없습니다 사람들은 화이트 칼라 작업 또는 될 기업가를 얻을 본다.

그러나 도시 지역에서, 몇 가지 잘 구축 된 전문가 및 기업을 제외하고는 대부분은 화이트 - 또는 블루 칼라 근로자 또는 자영업자 또는 캐주얼, 섬유 또는 다이아몬드 공장에서 숙련 된 노동자입니다. 다이아몬드 산업은 지역 사회의 의지가있다 - 세계에서 8 ~ 10 다이아몬드 절단과 수랏와 구자라트의 다른 도시와 마을 연마 할 수 있다고합니다. 그러나 지난 몇 개월 동안 업계는 깊은 위기에 있었다. 여러 단위는 폐쇄 한 다이아몬드 노동자의 다수는 Patidar 커뮤니티의 현재 불안에 기여하고있는 해고되었다.

관개의 발전이 지난 10 년간 구자라트 농업 성장은 약 8 년마다 %의 높은되었음을 의미가 있지만 마찬가지로,이 성장은 포함되지 않았습니다. 작고 한계 농부들은 남아있다, 모든 세 번째 Patidar 가정의 머리는 작고 한계 농부, 그리고 / 또는 토지가없는 노동자. 그는 높은 열망과 비참한 생활 조건의 지속적인 긴장 그래 플. 가난한 농부들은 농업에 투자하고 빚을 초래하기에 충분한 자원이 없습니다. Hardik 파텔, 교반의 지도자는, 농부 자살의 사례를 강조했다. 정부는 현상을 무시의 유죄이었다. 가난한 필사적으로 비 농장 인근 도시 지역의 고용과 도시 중산층에 합류의 꿈을 얻기 위해 노력했다. 그러나 도시의 성장은 인상적이지만, 흡수하고이 상승 열망을 수용 할 수 없었다. 그것은 경제 성장은 주로 제조업 부문에, 많은 다른 국가에 비해 높은 것은 사실이다. 그러나 가능한 고용의 질은 젊은 사람들의 기대에 부응하지 않습니다. 고용 성장은 주로 어떤 사회 보장이없는 비공식 부문에서 온다. 구자라트에서의 임금은 대부분의 다른 주에 비해 낮다. 심지어 공식 부문에서,보다 더 자주하지, 고용 캐주얼 또는 계약입니다. 불안은 대부분의 젊은 직원을 괴롭 힙니다. 이러한 상황에서, 정부 고용은 사용할 수있는 유일한 안전하고 품위있는 위치로 좌절 젊은 Patidars에 의해 감지된다. 역설적으로 많은 제재 게시물 년 공석 남아 있지만, 실제로 이들 정부의 위치의 수는 또한 감소된다. 그러나이 젊은 사람들에받을 수 있습니다, 카스트 상태에서 낮은 그들은 다른 사람을 인식 뭔가 항에 간단하게 할 수 있습니다.

특히 의학 또는 정보 기술 전문 과정,,에 잘 알려져 기관의 포부 젊은 찾는 입장은 상태 및 재산을 취득 할 수 있습니다. 분노와 동요 Patidar 청소년의 그 라우스 덜 표시가있는이 “다른 사람이”때문에 할당량이 기관에 입학하기 때문에 그가, 그 기회를 박탈된다는 점이다. 그의 불만은 그가 정부 기관이 그에게 닫혀 있기 때문에 사립 대학에 참석하기 위해 높은 비용을 지불해야한다는 것이다. 사비 대학의 수가 증가하면서 공립 기관의 수는 시간이 지남에 따라 정체. 사비 대학에, 좌석의 비율이 같은 기간 %가 600 이상 증가하면서 정부의 대학에서 좌석, 2001에서 2015 사이 31 % 증가했다. 후자의 요금이 여섯 개인 대학 4 라크 정부의 대학에 대한 및 RS 주위에 R과 6,000의 평균에, 이전에 그 시간 일곱한다. 하나는 빚을 초래하지 않는 한, 대부분의 중산층 가족의 범위를 벗어납니다. 그래서 Patidar 예약 된 좌석에 입학을 얻을 사람들을 부러워.

또한, Patidars 년 동안 미국에 이주의 야망을 품고있다. 그들의 친척이 정착하고 그들의 사회적 지위를 개선하고 그 발전을 모방하고 싶습니다. 하지만의 기회가, 너무, 침몰되는 것은 불에 연료를 추가한다. 그리고, 작년에, “achhe 소음”과 작업의 나렌드라 모디 정부의 약속은 더 자신의 분노를 악화 충족 된 것으로 보이지 않는다.
본 1 % CHITPAWAN 지식인 RSS는 BURRYING 인 99 % SARVAJAN SAMAJ 즉, 사우스 캐롤라이나 /
보안 목표 명세서 / OBCs / 소수 민족 / 가난한 상층 카스트 우유없는 그들은 BANNIAN 및 인민는 트리 새싹
씨앗이되었다는 점을 포함하여 모든 사회!

그들은 정신 보호 시설에있는 치료를 필요로 광기입니다 그들의 마음의 더러움 내용입니다 전원, 증오, 분노, 질투 망상의 탐욕을 위해 그것을 할. 그들은 완전히 경화 TILL 그들은 통찰력 명상을 필요로한다!

그들은 사기 EVM은을 조작하여 마스터 키를 납치 왜냐면 지금은 무서워. 그래서 스턴트 그대로 그들은 거리로 왔습니다. 이 때문에 노출 그들은 어려운 가까운 장래에 그들의 집의 저어 찾을 수 있습니다.

내 messageReservation

불상 조각 발견

그것은 디야 제국에서 지역 여러 부처 아이콘이 없었으로 희귀 한 발견이다.
그것은 디야 제국에서 지역 여러 부처 아이콘이 없었으로 희귀 한 발견이다.

미완성 불상은, 아마도 10 세기에서 역사 연구를위한 마두 라이 기반 디야 나두 센터 (PCHR) 학자에 의해 Theni 지구 Andipatty의 taluk에 Rosalpatty 마을에서 발견되었다.

C. Santhalingam, 센터의 비서, 그들은이 지역에 그들에게 조각의 사진을 준 학생, 엠 Balamurugan, 정보를 받았다고 말했다.

“우리는 조각이 지역은 잘 알려져있다 자이나교, 관련이있을 것으로 예상. 그러나, 우리가 Naththathi Medu의 조각이 그 부처님의 것을 발견했다 “고 말했다. 그것은 디야 제국의 일부였던 남부 지역에서 불상 조각을 찾을 극히 드문이었다.

“마두 라이에서 Pandikovil과 불상 조각이 출토 된 두 개의 다른 장소 이외 부처에 관련된 다른 기록이나 연구 결과는 없었다. 마두 라이와 주변 지역은 주로 조각과 부조 만 자이나교 침대가 있습니다 “라고 Santhalingam 말했다.

조각을 발견 한 학자는이 사람들에 의해 숭배되지 않았을 수 있음을 의미하는, 미완성 상태라고 말했다. “조각은 접힌 다리를 장착하고 usnish​​a 또는 머리의 술이 완전히 조각되지 않았습니다. 오른쪽 뺨에 돌의 작은 조각은 또한 파손 된 이미지의 표시 부정 행위가 원활하지 않다 “고 설명했다.

조각 제작에 사용되는 기능과 기술은 국가의 남부 지역에서 발견 된 두 개의 다른 희귀 한 불상 아이콘 유사했다으로 부처가 10 세기에 조각 때 그들은 가능​​한 기간을 확인 할 수 있었다.

이 팀은 또한 지역의 Muruga, Vinayaka 그들은 12 또는 13 세기에서 믿었 낡은 시바 사원의 건축 분야 등의 신들의 많은 돌 그림 발견

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