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http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
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09/21/07
13-11-2007-Sarvajan Hitay Sarvajan Sukhay-SCs/STs not getting full justice in U.P.: Panel -Four arrested for duping investors
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Sarvajan Hitay Sarvajan Sukhay

Origins Of Thai Art

Kindly visit:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZsP3stpltIE&mode=related&search=

http://www.suttareadings.net/audio/index-readers.html#suci

 


Online edition of India’s National Newspaper
Saturday, Sep 22, 2007

SCs/STs not getting full justice in U.P.: Panel

Special Correspondent




Mayawati Govt. puts onus on previous regime

Usage of fake certificates in Assembly polls seen




LUCKNOW: Even as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) expressed its dissatisfaction at the tardy implementation of the Scheduled Castes /Tribe Prevention of Atrocities Act in Uttar Pradesh, the Government claimed that there has been no slackness. It further said that effective steps have been taken to prevent the misuse of the Act.

On its part, the Mayawati Government put the onus on the previous regime for the increase in crimeagainst the Scheduled Castes, as well as the slackness in the implementation of the SC/ST Act.

The Commission, which reviewed the progress of the welfare measures and other issues related with the Scheduled Castes in Uttar Pradesh concluded its two-day sitting in Lucknow on Thursday.

In its meeting with the State Government officials on Friday, the slow progress in the cases of excesses against members of the Scheduled Castes in Agra, where a Dalit youth was beaten up and tied to a tree by lawyers, and in Chaubeypur in Kanpur, was brought to the notice of the Government. In Kanpur, the case was not registered under the SC/ ST Act by the police. Both the incidents occurred in the present regime. The entire Commission visited Kanpur on Thursday. Talking to newspersons, the NCSC Chairman Buta Singh regretted that fake caste certificates procured by members of castes not entitled to qualify as the Scheduled Castes were still in use for availing reservation benefits. Mr. Singh was referring to the decision of the Samajwadi Party Government in 2005 to include 16 Other Backward Castes in the list of Scheduled Castes.

Although the decision was struck down by the Allahabad High Court on December 20, 2005, and was subsequently withdrawn by the Government, fake caste certificates were still being used, Mr. Singh said. The NCSC Chairman said lakhs of such certificates had been issued in the last couple of years but no action had been taken by the present regime. Mr. Singh pointed out that fake certificates had been used by some candidates in the Uttar Pradesh Assembly polls.

Quick on the heels of Mr. Singh’s press meet, the State Cabinet Secretary Shashank Shekhar Singh, addressed another press conference to set the record straight. The Cabinet Secretary said the Commission had been informed that 71 courts to deal with crimes against the SCs/STs had been notified in 56 districts by the Mayawati Government, and added that substantial work had been done by the present regime for the welfare of the Dalits in the last four months.

Four arrested for duping investors

Lucknow: Four persons from Ahmedabad and Mumbai who had duped investors by floating fake firms have been arrested by Special Task Force of Uttar Pradesh Police. The four persons, who had fled after winding up such a firm here in 1995, were now operating by the names of Sri Shakti Petroleum and Gas Limited, Shakti Productions Film Division and Shakti Trading Company in Virar area of Mumbai, an STF release said.

Dozens of ATM and credit cards with different names and addresses and letter pads were recovered from their possession

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12-11-2007-The Awakened One-A Sketch of the Buddha’s Life-Readings from the Pali Canon-Readings from the Pali Canon-Theravada Buddhism-A Chronology
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11-11-2007-The True Teachings of The Awakened One-Jhana is a meditative state of profound stillness and concentration in which the mind becomes fully immersed and absorbed in the chosen object of attention. It is the cornerstone in the development of Right Concentration.-Jhana is a meditative state of profound stillness and concentration in which the mind becomes fully immersed and absorbed in the chosen object of attention. It is the cornerstone in the development of Right Concentration.-Jhana is a meditative state of profound stillness and concentration in which the mind becomes fully immersed and absorbed in the chosen object of attention. It is the cornerstone in the development of Right Concentration.-Jhana is a meditative state of profound stillness and concentration in which the mind becomes fully immersed and absorbed in the chosen object of attention. It is the cornerstone in the development of Right Concentration.
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The True Teachings of The Awakened One



 



What is Theravada Buddhism?



Dhamma



Nibbana



Jhana


jhana


 


Jhana is a meditative state of profound stillness and
concentration in which the mind becomes fully immersed and absorbed in
the chosen object of attention. It is the cornerstone in the development
of
Right Concentration.

The definition (with similes)

[First jhana]

“There is the case where a monk — quite withdrawn from
sensuality, withdrawn from unskillful qualities — enters and remains in
the first jhana: rapture and pleasure born from withdrawal, accompanied
by directed thought and evaluation. He permeates and pervades, suffuses
and fills this very body with the rapture and pleasure born from
withdrawal. There is nothing of his entire body unpervaded by rapture
and pleasure born from withdrawal.

Just as if
a skilled bathman or bathman’s apprentice would pour bath powder into a
brass basin and knead it together, sprinkling it again and again with
water, so that his ball of bath powder — saturated, moisture-laden,
permeated within and without — would nevertheless not drip; even so, the
monk permeates, suffuses and fills this very body with the rapture and
pleasure born of withdrawal. There is nothing of his entire body
unpervaded by rapture and pleasure born from withdrawal…

[Second jhana]

“Furthermore, with the stilling of directed thoughts &
evaluations, he enters and remains in the second jhana: rapture and
pleasure born of composure, unification of awareness free from directed
thought and evaluation — internal assurance. He permeates and pervades,
suffuses and fills this very body with the rapture and pleasure born of
composure. There is nothing of his entire body unpervaded by rapture and
pleasure born of composure.

Just like
a lake with spring-water welling up from within, having no inflow from
east, west, north, or south, and with the skies periodically supplying
abundant showers, so that the cool fount of water welling up from within
the lake would permeate and pervade, suffuse and fill it with cool
waters, there being no part of the lake unpervaded by the cool waters;
even so, the monk permeates and pervades, suffuses and fills this very
body with the rapture and pleasure born of composure. There is nothing
of his entire body unpervaded by rapture and pleasure born of
composure…

[Third jhana]

“And furthermore, with the fading of rapture, he remains in
equanimity, is mindful & alert, and senses pleasure with the body.
He enters & remains in the third jhana, of which the Noble Ones
declare, ‘Equanimous & mindful, he has a pleasurable abiding.’ He
permeates and pervades, suffuses and fills this very body with the
pleasure divested of rapture, so that there is nothing of his entire
body unpervaded with pleasure divested of rapture.

Just as in
a blue-, white-, or red-lotus pond, there may be some of the blue,
white, or red lotuses which, born and growing in the water, stay
immersed in the water and flourish without standing up out of the water,
so that they are permeated and pervaded, suffused and filled with cool
water from their roots to their tips, and nothing of those blue, white,
or red lotuses would be unpervaded with cool water; even so, the monk
permeates and pervades, suffuses and fills this very body with the
pleasure divested of rapture. There is nothing of his entire body
unpervaded with pleasure divested of rapture…

[Fourth jhana]

“And furthermore, with the abandoning of pleasure and stress —
as with the earlier disappearance of elation and distress — he enters
and remains in the fourth jhana: purity of equanimity and mindfulness,
neither-pleasure-nor-pain. He sits, permeating the body with a pure,
bright awareness, so that there is nothing of his entire body unpervaded
by pure, bright awareness.

Just as if
a man were sitting wrapped from head to foot with a white cloth so that
there would be no part of his body to which the white cloth did not
extend; even so, the monk sits, permeating his body with a pure, bright
awareness. There is nothing of his entire body unpervaded by pure,
bright awareness.”

AN 5.28




Mastery of jhana is a mark of wisdom

“I declare a person endowed with four qualities to be one of great discernment, a great man. Which four?

“There is the case, brahman, where he practices for the
welfare & happiness of many people and has established many people
in the noble method, i.e., the rightness of what is admirable, the
rightness of what is skillful.

“He thinks any thought he wants to think, and doesn’t think
any thought he doesn’t want to think. He wills any resolve he wants to
will, and doesn’t will any resolve he doesn’t want to will. He has
attained mastery of the mind with regard to the pathways of thought.

“He attains — whenever he wants, without strain, without
difficulty — the four jhanas that are heightened mental states, pleasant
abidings in the here-&-now.

“With the ending of mental fermentations — he remains in the
fermentation-free awareness-release & discernment-release, having
directly known & realized them for himself right in the
here-&-now.

“…I declare a person endowed with these four qualities to be one of great discernment, a great man.”

AN 4.35




Jhana and insight, hand-in-hand

There’s     no jhana
for one with    no discernment,
	   no discernment
for one with    no jhana.
But one with    both jhana
	   & discernment:
he’s on the verge
	   of Unbinding.

Dhp 372




20) தமிழ் செம்மொழி
20) பாரம்பரிய இசைத்தமிழ் செம்மொழி

1988 சனி செப் 17 2016

பாடங்கள்

இந்த கூகிள் மொழிபெயர்ப்பு தமிழ் சரியான மொழிபெயர்ப்பு வழங்க செய்க
விழித்தெழுந்த ஒன்று
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விழித்தெழுந்த ஒரு உண்மையான போதனைகள்

 

தேரவாத புத்த என்ன? “

அறநெறிப்

நிப்பானாவின்
ஞானத்தில்
ஞானத்தில்
 

ஞானத்தில்
ஆழ்ந்த அமைதி மற்றும் செறிவு இதில் மனதில் முழுமையாக மூழ்கி கவனத்தை
தேர்வு பொருள் உட்கொள்ளப்படுகிறது ஒரு தியான நிலை உள்ளது.
அது சரியான ஒருமுகப்படுத்துதல் வளர்ச்சி மைல்கல் ஆகும்.
வரையறை (உவமைகளுடன்)
[முதல் ஞானத்தில்]

மிகவும்,
உணர்ச்சி மிகு இருந்து திரும்பப் பெறப்பட unskillful குணங்கள் இருந்து
திரும்பப் பெறப்பட - - “ஒரு துறவி அங்கு வழக்கு உள்ளது நுழைந்து முதல்
ஞானத்தில் நிலையில் உள்ளார்: பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் இன்பம் திரும்பப் பெறுவது
பிறந்த, இயக்கிய சிந்தனை மற்றும் மதிப்பீடு சேர்ந்து அவர் ஊடுருவி மற்றும்
பாதித்து, suffuses இந்த நிரப்புகிறது.
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் பின்வாங்கும் பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சியோடு மிகவும் உடல்.
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் பின்வாங்கும் பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சி மூலம் unpervaded அவரது
முழு உடல் எதுவும் இல்லை.

“ஒரு
திறமையான bathman அல்லது bathman பழகுனர், தண்ணீர் மீண்டும் மீண்டும் அதை
தெளித்து குளியல் பவுடர் அவரது பந்து என்று ஒரு பித்தளை பாத்திரத்தில்
குளியல் தூள் ஊற்ற அதை ஒன்றாக பிசைந்து வேண்டும் என்றால், போல் -
நிறைவுற்ற, ஈரம் அளவுடைய, உள்ளும், வியாபித்து, -
இருப்பினும் சொட்டு இருந்தது; கூட, துறவி ஊடுருவி, suffuses மற்றும்
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் திரும்ப பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சியோடு இந்த உடல் நிரப்பும்
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் பின்வாங்கும் பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சி மூலம் unpervaded அவரது
முழு உடல் எதுவும் இல்லை ….
[இரண்டாம் ஞானத்தில்]

“மேலும்,
இயக்கிய எண்ணங்கள் மற்றும் மதிப்பீடுகள் மேலும் ஆற்றல் கொண்டு, அவர்
நுழையும் மற்றும் இரண்டாவது ஞானத்தில் நிலையில் உள்ளார்:. பேரானந்தம்
மற்றும் மன பிறந்த இன்பம், இயக்கிய சிந்தனை மற்றும் மதிப்பீடு இருந்து இலவச
விழிப்புணர்வு ஐக்கியப்படுத்துவது - உள் உத்தரவாதம் அவர் ஊடுருவி மற்றும்
பாதித்து, suffuses இந்த நிரப்பும்
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் மன பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சியோடு மிகவும் உடல். பேரானந்தம்
மற்றும் மன பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சி மூலம் unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் எதுவும்
இல்லை.

“ஜஸ்ட்
வசந்த நீர் ஒரு ஏரி, இருந்து தலைதூக்காது கிழக்கு, மேற்கு, வடக்கு, அல்லது
தெற்கில் இருந்து எந்த வரத்து கொண்ட, வானம் அவ்வப்போது, ஏராளமான மழை
வழங்குவதன் போன்ற தண்ணீரை கொண்டு குளிர் ஊற்று ஏரி இருந்து தலைதூக்காது
என்று என்று
உட்புகும்
ஆணவத்தையும், மூடு மற்றும் குளிர் நீரில் அதை நிரப்ப, குளிர் நீரில் மூலம்
unpervaded ஏரி எந்த பகுதியாக அங்கு இருப்பது. எனக்கு, துறவி ஊடுருவி
மற்றும் பாதித்து, suffuses மற்றும் பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் மன பிறந்த
மகிழ்ச்சியோடு இந்த உடல் நிரப்பும் உள்ளன
பேரானந்தம் மற்றும் மன பிறந்த மகிழ்ச்சி மூலம் unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் எதுவும் இல்லை …
[மூன்றாம் ஞானத்தில்]

“மேலும்
மேலும், பேரானந்தம் மறைதல், அவர் மனஅமைதி உள்ள, உள்ளது கவனத்தில் &
எச்சரிக்கை, மற்றும் உடல் இன்பம் உணர்ந்துள்ளார். அவர் நுழையும் &
நோபல் ஒன்ஸ் பிரகடனம் இது மூன்றாவது ஞானத்தில், இருந்துவிடும் ‘Equanimous
& கவனத்தில், அவர்
ஒரு மகிழ்ச்சிகரமான மதிக்கும். ‘ அவர் ஊடுருவி மற்றும் பாதித்து, suffuses மற்றும் என்று பேரானந்தம்
அகற்றிக்கொண்டது மகிழ்ச்சியோடு unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் ஒன்றும்
இல்லை, பேரானந்தம் அகற்றிக்கொண்டது மகிழ்ச்சியோடு இந்த உடல்
நிரப்புகிறது.

“ஜஸ்ட்
ஒரு, blue- வெள்ளை, அல்லது சிவப்பு தாமரை குளத்தில், அங்கு, பிறந்து
நீரில் வளரும் இது, நீலம், வெள்ளை, அல்லது சிவப்பு தாமரைகள் சில, நீரில்
மூழ்கியிருந்த தங்க மற்றும் வெளியே எழுந்து நின்று இல்லாமல் வளம்
இருக்கலாம்
தண்ணீர்,
அவர்கள் நிறைந்திருந்த மற்றும் தொற்றியிருக்கிறது, மிளிர்ந்தன மற்றும்
அவற்றின் வேர்கள் இருந்து தங்கள் குறிப்புகள் குளிர் நீர் நிரப்பப்பட்டு,
என்று அந்த, நீலம், வெள்ளை, அல்லது சிவப்பு தாமரைகள் ஒன்றும், குளிர்ந்த
நீரை unpervaded செய்யப்படும்; கூட, துறவி ஊடுருவி மற்றும்
பாதித்து, suffuses மற்றும் பேரானந்தம் அகற்றிக்கொண்டது மகிழ்ச்சியோடு
இந்த உடல் நிரப்புகிறது. பேரானந்தம் அகற்றிக்கொண்டது மகிழ்ச்சியோடு
unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் ஒன்றும் இல்லை …
[நான்காவது ஞானத்தில்]

“மேலும்
மேலும், இன்பம் மற்றும் மன அழுத்தம் கைவிட்டார் - எழுச்சி மற்றும் துன்பம்
முந்தைய காணாமல் - அவர் நுழையும் மற்றும் நான்காவது ஞானத்தில் நிலையில்
உள்ளார்:. மனஅமைதி மற்றும் நெறிகள் தூய்மை, இரண்டும் இன்பம் அல்லது வலி
அவர், பரந்தும் அமர்ந்திருக்கிறார்
உடல் ஒரு தூய, பிரகாசமான விழிப்புணர்வு, என்று அங்கு தூய, பிரகாசமான விழிப்புணர்வு unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் எதுவும் இல்லை.

“ஒரு
மனிதன் என்று அவரது உடல் வெள்ளை துணியால் பொருந்தாது இது எந்தப் பாகமும்
இருக்கும் ஒரு வெள்ளைத் துணி கொண்டு உச்சி முதல் உள்ளங்கால் வரை
மூடப்பட்டிருக்கும் உட்கார்ந்திருந்த வெறும் போல்; கூட, துறவி, ஒரு தூய
அவரது உடல் ஊடுருவி அமர்ந்து,
பிரகாசமான விழிப்புணர்வு. தூய, பிரகாசமான விழிப்புணர்வு unpervaded அவரது முழு உடல் எதுவும் இல்லை. “

- ஒரு 5.28
ஞானத்தில் தேர்ச்சிக்கு ஞானத்தின் ஒரு குறி

“நான் பெரிய பகுத்தறியும் ஒரு, ஒரு பெரிய மனிதர். எந்த நான்கு இருக்கும் நான்கு தன்மைகளை கொடுத் துள்ளார் ஒரு நபர் அறிவிக்க?

“வழக்கு, பிரம்மன், அவர் பல மக்கள் நலன் மற்றும் சந்தோஷத்தை நடைமுறைகள்
மற்றும் மந்த முறை பல மக்கள் நிறுவியுள்ளது அங்கு இருக்கிறது, அதாவது,
போற்றத்தக்க என்ன நேர்மையானவை, திறமையான என்ன நேர்மையானவை.

“அவர்
எந்த அவர் சிந்திக்க வேண்டும் நினைத்தேன் நினைக்கிறார்கள், மற்றும் அவர்
யோசிக்க வேண்டும். விரும்பவில்லை அவன் அவனுக்கு விரும்புகிறார் எந்த
மனத்துணிவை நாடுகின்ற இல்லை எந்த நினைத்தேன் என்று இல்லை, அவர் வருவார்
விரும்பவில்லை தீர்த்துவைக்கும் இல்லை. அவர்
சிந்தனை பாதைகளை குறித்து மனதில் தேர்ச்சிக்கு அடைந்துவிட்டார்.

“அவன் பெறக்கூடிய -,, அவர் விரும்பும் போது சிரமம் இல்லாமல் சிரமம்
இல்லாமல் - & - - இப்போது இங்கே மன நிலைகள், இனிமையான abidings
உச்சபட்சமான என்று நான்கு jhanas.

“மன நொதித்தல்களில் முடிவுற்றதைத் தொடர்ந்து - அவர் நொதித்தல்-இலவச
விழிப்புணர்வு வெளியீடு மற்றும் உணர்விலும்-வெளியீட்டில், நேரடியாக இங்கே
தன்னை அறியப்படுகிறது மற்றும் அவர்கள் உணர்ந்து கொண்டு இருக்கிறது - &
- இப்போது.

“… நான் இந்த நான்கு தன்மைகளை கொடுத் துள்ளார் ஒரு நபர் பெரிய பகுத்தறியும் ஒரு, ஒரு பெரிய மனிதர் என அரசாங்கம் அறிவிக்கும்.”

- ஒரு 4.35
ஞானம் மற்றும் நுண்ணறிவால், கையில் உள்ள கை

எந்த ஞானத்தில் இல்லை
எந்த உணர்விலும் ஒன்று,
எந்த உணர்விலும்
எந்த ஞானத்தில் ஒருவர்.
ஆனால் இருவரும் ஞானத்தில் ஒரு
மற்றும் உணர்விலும்:
அவர் விளிம்பில் தான்
என்ற Unbinding.

- DHP 372

மேலும் காண்க:

    சரியான ஒருமுகப்படுத்துதல்
    
நான்காம் நோபல் உண்மையை

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10-11-2007-Spiritual Community of The True Followers of The Path Shown by The Awakened One-What is Theravada Buddhism?-Sangha-Nibbana-the true goal-Craving
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Spiritual Community of The True Followers of The Path Shown by The Awakened One

 

What is Theravada Buddhism?
 
Sangha
 
Nibbana
 
the true goal
 
Craving
tanha

The definition

“There are these three cravings. Which three? Craving for sensuality, craving for becoming, craving for non-becoming. These are the three cravings.”

Iti 58




An arrow in the heart

“Craving is… an arrow. The poison of ignorance spreads its toxin through desire, passion, & ill will.”

MN 105




Six kinds of craving

“There are these six classes of craving: craving for forms, craving for sounds, craving for odors, craving for flavors, craving for tangibles, craving for mind-objects.”

MN 9




What traps us in samsara

“Monks, I don’t envision even one other fetter — fettered by which beings conjoined go wandering and transmigrating on for a long, long time — like the fetter of craving. Fettered with the fetter of craving, beings conjoined go wandering and transmigrating on for a long, long time.”

Iti 15

Bound with the bondage of craving,
their minds smitten with becoming & non-,
they are bound with the bondage of Mara  —
	people     with no safety from bondage,
	beings     going through the wandering-on,
	       headed for birth & death.
While those who’ve abandoned craving,
free from the craving for becoming & non-,
reaching the ending of fermentations,
	though in the world,
	have gone      beyond.

Iti 58




A cause of dukkha

“And what is the cause by which stress comes into play? Craving is the cause by which stress comes into play.

AN 6.63




Cutting the roots of craving

If its root remains
undamaged & strong,
a tree, even if cut,
will grow back.
So too if latent craving
is not rooted out,
this suffering returns
	again
	&
	again.

Dhp 338

Encircled with craving,
people hop round & around
like a rabbit caught in a snare.
Tied with fetters & bonds
they go on to suffering,
again & again, for long.

Dhp 342

For a person
	forced on by his thinking,
	fierce in his passion,
	focused on beauty,
craving grows all the more.
He’s the one
	who tightens the bond.
But one who delights
	in the stilling of thinking,
always  mindful
	       cultivating
	a focus on the foul:
He’s the one
	who will make an end,
the one who will cut Mara’s bond.

Dhp 349-350




Where does craving arise, and where does it dwell?

“And where does this craving, when arising, arise? And where, when dwelling, does it dwell? Whatever is endearing & alluring in terms of the world: that is where this craving, when arising, arises. That is where, when dwelling, it dwells.

“And what is endearing & alluring in terms of the world? The eye is endearing & alluring in terms of the world. That is where this craving, when arising, arises. That is where, when dwelling, it dwells.

“The ear… The nose… The tongue… The body… The intellect…

“Forms… Sounds… Smells… Tastes… Tactile sensations… Ideas…

“Eye-consciousness… Ear-consciousness… Nose-consciousness… Tongue-consciousness… Body-consciousness… Intellect-consciousness…

“Eye-contact… Ear-contact… Nose-contact… Tongue-contact… Body-contact… Intellect-contact…

“Feeling born of eye-contact… Feeling born of ear-contact… Feeling born of nose-contact… Feeling born of tongue-contact… Feeling born of body-contact… Feeling born of intellect-contact…

“Perception of forms… Perception of sounds… Perception of smells… Perception of tastes… Perception of tactile sensations… Perception of ideas…

“Intention for forms… Intention for sounds… Intention for smells… Intention for tastes… Intention for tactile sensations… Intention for ideas…

“Craving for forms… Craving for sounds… Craving for smells… Craving for tastes… Craving for tactile sensations… Craving for ideas…

“Thought directed at forms… Thought directed at sounds… Thought directed at smells… Thought directed at tastes… Thought directed at tactile sensations… Thought directed at ideas…

“Evaluation of forms… Evaluation of sounds… Evaluation of smells… Evaluation of tastes… Evaluation of tactile sensations… Evaluation of ideas is endearing & alluring in terms of the world. That is where this craving, when arising, arises. That is where, when dwelling, it dwells.

DN 22

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Sarvajan Hitaya Sarvajan Sukhaya -U.P. Government’s concern for welfare of Schedule castes/Schedule tribes -Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati began BSP’s campaign in Gujarat by addressing a rally in Vadodara (September 16). Signaling her party’s aim to repeat its UP-success in Gujarat, BSP-supremo said that if her party could form the UP government on its own strength, it was possible for it to do so in Gujarat also.-Archaeologists discover 4,000-year-old copper hoard -Abducted Delhi boy found in Hardoi -Fossil discovery a challenging job: Misra
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Sarvajan Hitaya Sarvajan Sukhaya

The Arts of Thailand

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U.P. Government’s concern for welfare of Schedule castes/Schedule tribes

In a Cabinet meeting held here today under the Chairmanship of U.P. Chief Minister, Km. Mayawati several points were presented regarding the betterment and welfare of schedule castes and scheduled tribes. · The Uttar Pradesh Government has given the top priority to establish the ‘’rule of law by law'’ through creating the atmosphere for development and establishing the society free from injustice, crime, terror and corruption. · In the year of 2005 and 2006 the incidents regarding the harassment of scheduled castes/scheduled tribes increased tremendously. The cases of murder increased 16.9 per cent, rape 15 per cent, arson 41.7 per cent, serious injuries 49 per cent, other cognisable offences 47.3 per cent, crimes under anusuchit jati/janjati atyachar nivaran adhiniyam 43.3 per cent. · The law and order situation has improved remarkably during the four months regime of present government. Due the policies of the government the crime against scheduled castes/scheduled tribes people has decreased in 2007 in comparison to the year of 2006. The incidents of murder have decreased 26 per cent, arson 23.5 per cent, rape 16.3 per cent, serious injuries 37.8 per cent and the crimes under anusuchit jati/janjati atyachar nivaran adhiniyam decreased 1.6 per cent and Nagrik Suraksha Adhiniyam 40 per cent. · The government ensured action after inquiry in the registered cases scheduled castes/scheduled tribes harassment including murder and rape from May 13, 2007 to Aug. 31, 2007. · There is no slackness in the implementation of anusuchit jati/janjati atyachar nivaran adhiniyam and it is being ensured that this act could not be misused in any way. Cases are being registered under the act in the serious matters including murder and rape after the confirmation of crimes. · Earlier, the people were being harassed and did not get justice even their F.I.Rs were not being lodged. Directives have been issued to police for registering F.I.Rs for one month after issuing of government order in these cases after the formation of government. 7,057 F.I.Rs have been lodged so far. The Uttar Pradesh Government is also ensuring that F.I.R. could not be lodged on the basis of caste, religion and political enmity. · Arrangement has been made for appointing the police officers on the posts of police station officers, in charge inspectors 23 per cent from scheduled castes/scheduled tribes and 27 per cent from OBCs. Several muslim community people are also included in the category of OBCs. · The Uttar Pradesh Government has given the top priority for providing land to the patta land holders and removing the illegal possessions on this land through effective action. Special campaign has been launched for it under which 50,000 patta holders have got the possession during the short period of three months, while in the year of 2005-06, 27,435 scheduled caste people and 77 scheduled tribe people got the possession. Likewise, in the year of 2006-07, 21,396 scheduled caste people and 210 scheduled tribe people got possessions. The present government has also decided to regularise the illegal possessions on gram sabha land till May 13, 2007 of scheduled castes/ scheduled tribes agriculture labourers. · In the year of 2004 the government has changed the law regarding patta allotment under which scheduled caste/ scheduled tribe people were removed from the first priority though this arrangement was there for a very long time. After coming into the power the present government amended the priority order in patta allotment law under which scheduled castes/ scheduled tribes would get first priority, OBCs will be on the second number and the people belonging to upper caste living below the poverty line would be on third priority. · The present government is fulfilling its responsibility for betterment and welfare of scheduled caste/ scheduled tribe people with full honesty. The special recruitment campaign for filling the backlog posts in government services is in its last phased. · The Uttar Pradesh Government has also requested to the Centre to fill up the backlog quota at national level, but the Union Government has not taken any initiative in this regard, so far. It has also requested to the Centre to implement the reservation system in private sector jobs in view of the disinvestment in public sector, but the Union Government has not taken positive steps in this direction. The U.P. Government has decided to make arrangements regarding 10 per cent scheduled castes, 10 per cent OBCs and backward religious minorities and 10 per cent upper caste poor people reservation in the industrial units, projects and establishment that receive facilities from the government. · 16 backward castes were included in the list of scheduled castes in the year of 2004. The present government has cancelled this because it was not accordance with the law and State Government has not right to take such decision. · The Uttar Pradesh Government has taken the decision to construct two lakh houses costing Rs. 500 crore with a view to provide shelter to the scheduled caste/scheduled tribe people. · The U.P. Government has constituted a high powered State level vigilance and monitoring committee for the effective implementation of anusuchit jati/janjati atyachar nivaran adhiniyam provisions. This committee comprising MLAs, MPs and other representatives has been constituted after 15 years. · During the review of economic assistance being provided to the poor and unemployed scheduled caste people through Rashtriya Anusuchit Jati Vitta Evam Vikas Nigam (Anuvini), it was found that an amount of Rs. 22,222.20 lakh was demanded from Rashtriya Nigam against the notional allotment of Rs. 15,707.41 lakh during last five years, but the Rashtriya Nigam has made available Rs. 9,113.49 lakh only, which is 41.01 per cent of the amount demanded. The Chief Minister has written a letter in this connection on September 19, 2007 requesting the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to provide proper amount of money as soon as possible. · With the view to ensure participation of all sections of the society in public distribution system, it has been decided to implement the reservation system in the vacancies of of fair price shops allotment 21 per cent scheduled castes, 02 per cent scheduled tribes and 27 per cent belonging to OBC people with immediate effect. · The Chief Minister has requested to the Prime Minister to make available the due total amount of Rs. 529.53 crore for distribution of free books under book bank scheme to the students of vocational courses, scholarships to scheduled caste students. Giving details the Chief Minister has written that U.P. Government has not received the amount of Rs. 90.05 crore in the year of 2003-04, Rs. 92.47 crore of 2004-05, Rs. 78.88 crore of 2005-06, Rs. 112.46 crore of 2006-07, Rs. 149.88 crore of 2007-08 and Rs. 5.79 crore under the book bank scheme for vocational courses. ***********

Modi’s Political Days Numbered!

By TMO | September 20, 2007



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By Nilofar Suhrawardy, Muslim Media News Service (MMNS)

AHMEDABAD–With his party members refusing to support him- Narendra Modi, during the forthcoming assembly elections in Gujarat, political situation was never ever so complex and confusing for him and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The BJP central leadership has even been asked to decide between the party and Modi. If BJP senior leaders insist on supporting Modi, several BJP dissidents have signaled that they would rather align with Congress than remain in the party.

The Gujarat assembly elections are due in November. “Oust Narendra Modi at all costs” was the cry of BJP dissidents gathered last week along with several Congress leaders at a major farmers’ rally held at Race Course ground in Rajkot under the banner of Sardar Patel Utkarsh Sewa Mandal. More than 150,000 people, primarily from Kutch and Saurashtra turned up for the convention, with two farmer communities Patel and Koli present in significant number. Among the prominent leaders present at the convention were Vithal Radadia, Congress MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly) and BJP MPs (Members of Parliament) Somabhai Patel and Valabh Kataria.

Radadia, who played a crucial role in organizing the farmers’ convention, the mahasammelan (mega-meet), said: “All the farmers have come here on their own because they are frustrated and fed up with Modi and his government’s anti-farmer policies and stands.” “The state government doesn’t have even a piece of land to give to a poor farmer. But it magnanimously gives acres to industrialists,” he said.

With BJP dissidents mincing no words in criticizing Modi, home minister in the previous BJP government Gordhan Zadaphia said: “Modi has committed so many sins on the hallowed land of Mahatma Gandhi’s origins that all those who vote against him in the coming assembly elections will earn a lot of punya (morals). Women are raped and killed by the day while he keeps boasting that they are the most protected lot in Gujarat.” Describing Modi as the “the biggest terrorist” in the country, BJP dissident Dhiru Gajera said: “There is just no limit to man’s crimes. He will go to any level to win to coming polls. But we farmers and others will defeat his deadly designs.”

What was unique about this convention, unlike other rebel gatherings, was that for the first time the BJP dissidents called on the people to vote for the Congress and defeat the BJP. Shouting anti-Modi slogans, they adopted a resolution to defeat the “autocratic and dictatorial” chief minister in the polls. The conclave also hit out at Modi’s mentor, L.K. Advani. Claiming that there was no BJP in Gujarat, Gajera said: “It is Modi’s private limited company. There are only two parties, the Congress and Modi.”

Though the BJP dissident leaders did not refrain from urging the farmers to “crush the lotus,” the BJP symbol, they did not reveal as to what were their political plans, that of joining Congress, forming a separate party or otherwise. As expressed by Kataria: “We have not decided upon our final strategy as yet. For now, we are mobilizing people against Modi’s autocracy.” Emphasizing that their stand was against Modi and not against BJP, Soma Patel and Kataria even challenged the party to suspend them for having adopted this approach.

Against this backdrop, while Modi’s return to power seems unlikely, it is still too early to speculate whether this development signals favorable chances for the Congress or not. If the BJP decides on selecting former chief minister Keshubhai Patel, in place of Modi, party dissidents may be won over. Though Patel was not present at the farmers’ gathering, Zadaphia claimed: “We have not invited him to this convention. But we have his blessings.”

Going forward, the political drama in Gujarat has ceased to be a battle between only the Congress and BJP, as Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) aims to gain power here. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati began BSP’s campaign in Gujarat by addressing a rally in Vadodara (September 16). Signaling her party’s aim to repeat its UP-success in Gujarat, BSP-supremo said that if her party could form the UP government on its own strength, it was possible for it to do so in Gujarat also. Mayawati said: “If this could happen in UP, why can’t we do it in Gujarat?” Outlining BSP’s electoral strategy, she said: “Whether we are weak or strong in any part of Gujarat, we will field all candidates in all 182 assembly constituencies in the state and will be successful as we were in UP elections.” Lashing at both the Congress and BJP, Mayawati appealed to people of Gujarat to vote for her party to remove Modi-led government. With BJP dividing people on basis of religions and Congress on basis of castes, only BSP unites people of all communities on basis of “bhaichara” (brotherhood), she asserted. So people of Gujarat must vote for BSP, Mayawati said.

Irrespective of which party/alliance assumes power in Gujarat, it seems clear that Modi is unlikely to be chief minister!

9-39


Online edition of India’s National Newspaper
Friday, Sep 21, 2007

Archaeologists discover 4,000-year-old copper hoard

‘It was hidden in a house in Udaipurwa village for melting’

Lucknow: Archaeologists have discovered a copper hoard believed to be nearly 4,000-years-old near a village in Auraiya district of Uttar Pradesh, raising hopes of its radiocarbon dating and understanding the culture and chronology of that period.

“The hoard, weighing about 25 kilograms and consisting of various types of artifacts, including a barbed spearhead, an anthropomorphic figure, flat shouldered axes, chisels and rings, was discovered quite accidentally,” director, UP Directorate of Archeology, Rakesh Tewari, said.

He said the hoard, which was accidentally discovered by a villager in the fields on August 31 last, was hidden in a house in Udaipurwa village for melting.

The local police, however, came to know of the discovery and raided the house and recovered the hoard, Tewari said.

It was later examined by the archaeologists of the Directorate, he said, adding that the exploration of the area showed that it was part of an ancient site which comprised a thick cultural deposit.

The site was located to the south of Udaipurwa village near the Rind river, which was a tributary of Yamuna and extended roughly in an area of 1.5 to 2 acres, he said.

Cultivation

Presently, this piece of land is under cultivation, Mr. Tewari added.

“The exposed sections indicate that the site may be containing about 1.5 to 2 metre thick cultural deposit,” the director said. - PTI

Abducted Delhi boy found in Hardoi

Hardoi: An eight-year-old boy, kidnapped from Delhi two days ago, was found on Thursday near Shahabad railway station in Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh.

According to police sources, young Rahul Shukla was found by a district police team patrolling near rail tracks. He was kidnapped from Delhi’s Jehangirpuri area on Tuesday and the abductors were demanding a ransom of Rs. 5 lakh.

Police said the kidnappers had released the boy for fear of being nabbed.

Fossil discovery a challenging job: Misra

Special Correspondent

LUCKNOW: Earth scientist S.B. Misra, who discovered a fossil 565 million years of age in Mistaken Point in the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland (Canada) 40 yeas ago, says he was the first person who conducted geological mapping of the remote area.

The fossil has been named after him, Fractofusus misrai.Talking to The Hindu at his Gomtinagar residence here, the retired earth scientist recalled that the discovery of the fossil was a challenging job entrusted to him by W.D. Brueckner, Head of Department at the Memorial University, Newfoundland, St John’s. “The Avalon Peninsula was a remote area and the Mistaken Point area juts out into the Atlantic Ocean. Around 50 ships were said to have crashed into Mistaken Point.”

It was during the course of mapping that Dr. Misra discovered in 1967 imprints of “organisms” 565 million years old. “This was the first convincing and oldest discovery from North America, although a similar discovery had been made in England in 1958,” he said.

Dr. Misra, who retired after teaching in Kumaon University, Nainital (Uttarakhand), has settled down in Lucknow. He runs a school in his village, Kunaura, about 40 km from here. It is now being managed by his wife. It was his love for promoting rural education that led him to open the school in 1972, shortly after he returned from Canada.

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