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9313 SATURDAY LESSON 855 -THE TIPITAKA-Vinaya Pitaka-Parajika 00 Bhikkhu-Vibhanga Pali English Sinhala Karnataka is described as the lofty land– from FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org
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9313 SATURDAY LESSON 855
-THE TIPITAKA-Vinaya Pitaka-Parajika

00

Bhikkhu-Vibhanga

Pali

English

Sinhala







Karnataka is described as the lofty land

from FREE ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org
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Quotes, Pictures, Happiness,Moral ,Worries,Buddha, Inspirational Quotes, Motivational Thoughts and Pictures


THE TIPITAKA
The Pali is based on the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tipitaka Series.

Sinhala is the A.P. de Soyza’s translations.

English is by various authors often downloaded from the Internet.
[Last update: October 25, 2010}

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Parajika



00

Bhikkhu-Vibhanga

Pali

English

Sinhala

01 

Parajika
1

Pali

English

Sinhala

02 

Parajika
2

Pali

English

Sinhala

03 

Parajika
3

Pali

English

Sinhala

04 

Parajika
4

Pali

English

Sinhala

Sanghadisesa


05 

Sanghadisesa
01

Pali

English

Sinhala

06 

Sanghadisesa
02

Pali

English

Sinhala

07 

Sanghadisesa
03

Pali

English

Sinhala

08 

Sanghadisesa
04

Pali

English

Sinhala

09 

Sanghadisesa
05

Pali

English

Sinhala

10 

Sanghadisesa
06

Pali

English

Sinhala

11 

Sanghadisesa
07

Pali

English

Sinhala

12 

Sanghadisesa
08

Pali

English

Sinhala

13 

Sanghadisesa
09

Pali

English

Sinhala

14 

Sanghadisesa
10

Pali

English

Sinhala

15 

Sanghadisesa
11

Pali

English

Sinhala

16 

Sanghadisesa
12

Pali

English

Sinhala

17 

Sanghadisesa
13

Pali

English

Sinhala

18 

Aniyata

Pali

English

Sinhala

Pacittiya


19 

N-Pacittiya
1-10

Pali

English

Sinhala

20 

N-Pacittiya
11-20

Pali

English

Sinhala

21 

N-Pacittiya
21-30

Pali

English

Sinhala

22 

Pacittiya
1-10

Pali

English

Sinhala

23 

Pacittiya
11-20

Pali

English

Sinhala

24 

Pacittiya
21-30

Pali

English

Sinhala

25 

Pacittiya
31-40

Pali

English

Sinhala

26 

Pacittiya
41-50

Pali

English

Sinhala

27 

Pacittiya
51-60

Pali

English

Sinhala

28 

Pacittiya
61-70

Pali

English

Sinhala

29 

Pacittiya
71-82

Pali

English

Sinhala

30 

Pacittiya
83-92

Pali

English

Sinhala


31 

Patidesaniya

Pali

English

Sinhala

32 

Sekha-Dhamma

Pali

English

Sinhala

33

Adhikarana
Dhamma

Pali

English

Sinhala

Bhikkhuni
Vinaya

34 

Bhikkhuni-Vibhanga

Pali

English

Sinhala

35 

Bhikkhuni-Sanghadisesa

Pali

English

Sinhala

36 

Bhikkhuni-N-Pacittiya

Pali

English

Sinhala

37 

Bhikkhuni-Pacittiya

Pali

English

Sinhala

Mahavagga

38 

 Mahakkhandhakaü

 Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 39

 Uposathakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 40

 Vassåpanàyikakkhandhakaü.

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 41

 Pavàraõakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 42

 Cammakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 43

 Bhesajjakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 44

 Kañhinakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 45

 Cãvarakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 46

 Campeyyakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

 47

 Kosambakkhandhakaü

  Pali

 English

 Sinhala

Cullavagga

 

 

 

 

 

Parivara

 

 

 

 

 

Patimokkha

1

Patimokkha 

Pali

English 

Sinhala 

2

Bhikkhuni
Patimokkha

Pali

English

Sinhala



Sariputta and Mahamoggallana

Pali

Vinayapiñake
Pàràjikapàëi
Bhikkhuvibhaïgo
Vera¤jakaõóo



1.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammàsambuddhassa.

1. Tena samayena buddho bhagavà vera¤jàyaü viharati naëeru
pucimandamåle mahatà bhikkhusaïghena saddhiü pa¤camattehi bhikkhu
satehi. Assosi kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo: “samaõo khalu bho gotamo sakyaputto
sakyakulà pabbajito vera¤jàyaü viharati naëerupucimandamåle mahatà
bhikkhusaïghena saddhiü pa¤camattehi bhikkhusatehi. Taü kho pana
bhavantaü gotamaü evaü kalyàõo kittisaddo abbhuggato: iti’pi so bhagavà
arahaü sammàsambuddho vijjàcaraõasampanno sugato lokavidå anuttaro
purisadammasàrathã satthà devamanussànaü buddho bhagavà. So imaü lokaü
sadevakaü samàrakaü sabrahmakaü sassamaõabràhmaõiü pajaü sadevamanussaü
sayaü abhi¤¤à sacchikatvà pavedeti. So dhammaü deseti àdikalyàõaü
majjhekalyàõaü pariyosànakalyàõaü sàtthaü sabya¤janaü kevalaparipuõõaü
parisuddhaü brahmacariyaü pakàseti. Sàdhu kho pana tathàråpànaü arahataü
dassanaü hotã” ti.

[BJT Page 004] [\x 4/]

2. Atha kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo yena bhagavà tenupasaïkami.
Upasaïkamitvà bhagavatà saddhiü sammodi. Sammodanãyaü kathaü sàràõãyaü
vãtisàretvà ekamantaü [PTS Page 002] [\q 2/] nisãdi. Ekamantaü nisinno
kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo bhagavantaü etadavoca: “sutaü metaü bho gotama, na
samaõo gotamo bràhmaõe jiõõe vuddhe mahallake addhagate vayo anuppatte
abhivàdeti và, paccuññheti và, àsanena và nimantetãti. Tayidaü bho
gotama tatheva. Na hi bhavaü gotamo bràhmaõe jiõõe vuddhe mahallake
addhagate vayo anuppatte abhivàdeti và, paccuññheti và àsanena và
nimanteti. Tayidaü bho gotama na sampannamevà” ti.

3. “Nàhaü taü bràhmaõa, passàmi sadevake loke samàrake sabrahmake
sassamaõabràhmaõiyà pajàya sadevamanussàya yamahaü abhivàdeyyaü và,
paccuññheyyaü và, àsanena và nimanteyyaü. Yaü hi bràhmaõa tathàgato
abhivàdeyya và, paccuññheyya và, àsanena và nimanteyya, muddhàpi tassa
vipateyyà” ti.

4. “Arasaråpo bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa pariyàyo yena
maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘arasaråpo samaõo gotamo’ ti. Ye
te bràhmaõa, råparasà saddarasà gandharasà rasarasà poññhabbarasà, te
tathàgatassa pahãõà ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà anabhàvakatà àyatiü
anuppàdadhammà ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà
vadamàno vadeyya ‘arasaråpo samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü
sandhàya vadesi. “

5. “Nibbhogo bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena
maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘nibbhogo samaõo gotamo’ ti. Ye
te bràhmaõa, råpabhogà saddabhogà gandhabhogà rasabhogà phoññhabbabhogà,
te tathàgatassa pahãõà ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà anabhàvakatà àyatiü
anuppàdadhammà. Ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà
vadamàno vadeyya ‘nibbhogo samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü
sandhàya vadesi. “

[BJT Page 006] [\x 6/]

6. “Akiriyavàdo bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo
yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘akiriyavàdo samaõo gotamo’
ti. Ahaü hi bràhmaõa akiriyaü vadàmi. Kàyaduccaritassa vacãduccaritassa
manoduccaritassa. Anekavihitànaü pàpakànaü akusalànaü dhammànaü akiriyaü
vadàmi. Ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno
vadeyya ‘akiriyavàdo samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü sandhàya
vadesi. “

7. “Ucchedavàdo bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo
yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya. ‘Ucchedavàdo samaõo gotamo’
ti. Ahaü hi bràhmaõa, ucchedaü vadàmi ràgassa dosassa mohassa
anekavihitànaü pàpakànaü akusalànaü dhammànaü ucchedaü vadàmi. Ayaü kho
bràhmaõa pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya
‘ucchedavàdo samaõo gotamo’ ti. [PTS Page 003] [\q 3/] no ca kho yaü
tvaü sandhàya vadesi.

8. “Jegucchi bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena
maü pariyàyena sammàvadamàno vadeyya ‘jegucchi samaõo gotamo’ ti. Ahaü
hi bràhmaõa, jigucchàmi kàyaduccaritena vacãduccaritena manoduccaritena.
Anekavihitànaü pàpakànaü akusalànaü dhammànaü samàpattiyà jigucchàmi.
Ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya
‘jegucchi samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü sandhàya vadesi.

9. “Venayiko bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena
maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘venayiko samaõo gotamo’ ti. Ahaü
hi bràhmaõa, vinayàya dhammaü desemi ràgassa dosassa mohassa
anekavihitànaü pàpakànaü akusalànaü dhammànaü vinayàya dhammaü desemi.
Ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya
‘venayiko samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü sandhàya vadesi. “

[BJT Page 008] [\x 8/]

10. “Tapassã bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa pariyàyo yena
maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘tapassã samaõo gotamo’ti.
Tapanãyàhaü bràhmaõa, pàpake akusale dhamme vadàmi kàyaduccaritaü
vacãduccaritaü manoduccaritaü. Yassa kho bràhmaõa, tapanãyà pàpakà
akusalà dhammà pahãõà ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà anabhàvakatà àyatiü
anuppàdadhammà, tamahaü tapassãti vadàmi. Tathàgatassa kho bràhmaõa,
tapanãyà pàpakà akusalà dhammà pahãõà ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà
anabhàvakatà àyatiü anuppàdadhammà. Ayaü kho bràhmaõa, pariyàyo yena maü
pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya. ‘Tapassã samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca
kho yaü tvaü sandhàya vadesi. “

11. “Apagabbho bhavaü gotamo” ti. “Atthi khvesa bràhmaõa, pariyàyo
yena maü pariyàyena sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘apagabbho samaõo gotamo’ ti.
Yassa kho bràhmaõa, àyatiü gabbhaseyyà punabbhavàbhinibbatti pahãõà
ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà anabhàvakatà àyatiü anuppàdadhammà, tamahaü
apagabbho’ti vadàmi. Tathàgatassa kho bràhmaõa, àyatiü gabbhaseyyà
punabbhavàbhinibbatti pahãõà ucchinnamålà tàlàvatthukatà anabhàvakatà
àyatiü anuppàdadhammà. Ayaü kho bràhmaõa pariyàyo yena maü pariyàyena
sammà vadamàno vadeyya ‘apagabbho samaõo gotamo’ ti. No ca kho yaü tvaü
sandhàya vadesi”

12. “Seyyathàpi bràhmaõa kukkuñiyà aõóàni aññha và dasa và dvàdasa
và, tànassu kukkuñiyà sammà adhisayitàni sammà pariseditàni sammà
paribhàvitàni, yo nu kho tesaü kukkuñacchàpakànaü pañhamataraü
pàdanakhasãkhàya và mukhatuõóakena và aõóakosaü padàletvà sotthinà
abhinibbhijjeyya kinti svàssa vacanãyo jeññho và kaniññho và’ ti.
‘Jeññho’ti’ssa bho gotama vacanãyo, so hi nesaü jeññho hotã’ti. Evameva
kho ahaü bràhmaõa avijjàgatàya pajàya aõóabhåtàya [PTS Page 004] [\q 4/]
pariyonaddhàya avijjaõóakosaü padàletvà eko’va loke anuttaraü
sammàsambodhiü abhisambuddho. Svàhaü bràhmaõa, jeññho seññho lokassa. “

[BJT Page 010] [\x 10/]

13. âraddhaü kho pana me bràhmaõa, viriyaü-1. Ahosi asallãnaü.
Upaññhità sati asammuññhà. Passaddho kàyo asàraddho. Samàhitaü cittaü
ekaggaü. So kho ahaü bràhmaõa, vivicceva kàmehi vivicca akusalehi
dhammehi savitakkaü savicàraü vivekajaü pãtisukhaü pañhamaü jhànaü
upasampajja vihàsiü. Vitakkavicàrànaü våpasamà ajjhattaü sampasàdanaü
cekaso ekodibhàvaü avitakkaü avicàraü samàdhijaü pãtisukhaü dutiyaü
jhànaü upasampajja vihàsiü. Pãtiyà ca viràgà upekkhako ca vihàsiü. Sato
ca sampajàno sukhaü ca kàyena pañisaüvedesiü. Yaü taü ariyà àcikkhanti
‘upekkhako satimà sukhavihàrã’ti, taü tatiyaü jhànaü upasampajja
vihàsiü. Sukhassa ca pahàõà dukkhassa ca pahàõà pubbeva
somanassadomanassànaü atthaïgamà adukkhamasukhaü upekkhàsati pàrisuddhiü
catutthaü jhànaü upasampajja vihàsiü.

14. So evaü samàhite citte parisuddhe pariyodàte anaïgaõe
vigatupakkilese mådubhåte kammaniye ñhite àne¤jappatte
pubbenivàsànussati¤àõàya cittaü abhininnàmesiü. So anekavihitaü
pubbenivàsaü anussaràmi, seyyathãdaü: ekampi jàtiü dve’pi jàtiyo
tisso’pi jàtiyo catasso’pi jàtiyo pa¤ca’pi jàtiyo dasa’pi jàtiyo vãsampi
jàtiyo tiüsampi jàtiyo cattàëãsampi jàtiyo pa¤¤àsampi jàtiyo
jàtisatampi jàtisahassampi jàtisatasahassampi, aneke’pi saüvaññakappe
aneke’pi vivaññakappe aneke’pi saüvaññavivaññakappe, ‘amutràsiü evaünàmo
evaügotto evaüvaõõo evamàhàro evaüsukhadukkhapañisaüvedã
evamàyupariyanto. So tato cuto amutra udapàdiü. Tatràpàsiü evannàmo evaü
gotto evaüvaõõo evamàhàro evaüsukhadukkhapañisaüvedã evamàyupariyanto.
So tato cuto idhåppanno’ti. Iti sàkàraü sauddesaü anekavihitaü
pubbenivàsaü anussaràmi. Ayaü kho me bràhmaõa, rattiyà pañhame yàme
pañhamà vijjà adhigatà, avijjà vihatà, vijjà uppannà, tamo vihato, aloko
uppanno, yathà taü appamattassa àtàpino pahitattassa viharato. Ayaü kho
me bràhmaõa, pañhamàbhinibbhidà ahosi kukkuñacchàpakasseva aõóakosamhà.

————————–

1. Viriyaü, machasaü

[BJT Page 012] [\x 12/]

15. So evaü samàhite citte parisuddhe pariyodàte anaïgaõe
vigatupakkilese mådubhåte kammaniye ñhite àne¤jappatte sattànaü
cutåpapàta¤àõàya cittaü abhininnàmesiü. [PTS Page 005] [\q 5/] so
dibbena cakkhunà visuddhena-1. Atikkantamànusakena satte passàmi
cavamàne uppajjamàne hãne paõãte suvaõõe dubbaõõe sugate duggate
yathàkammåpage satte pajànàmi, “ime vata bhonto sattà kàyaduccaritena
samannàgatà vacãduccaritena samannàgatà manoduccaritena samannàgatà
ariyànaü upavàdakà micchàdiññhikà micchàdiññhikammasamàdànà. Te kàyassa
bhedà parammaraõà apàyaü duggatiü vinipàtaü nirayaü uppannà. Ime và pana
bhonto sattà kàyasucaritena samannàgatà vacãsucaritena samannàgatà
manosucaritena samannàgatà ariyànaü anupavàdakà sammàdiññhikà
sammàdiññhikammasamàdànà. Te kàyassa bhedà parammaraõà sugatiü saggaü
lokàü uppannà” ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunà visuddhena-1.
Atikkantamànusakena satte passàmi vacamàne uppajjamàne hãne paõãte
suvaõõe dubbaõõe sugate duggate yathàkammåpage satte pajànàmi. Ayaü kho
me bràhmaõa, rattiyà majjhime yàme dutiyà vijjà adhigatà, avijjà vihatà,
vijjà uppannà, tamo vihato, àloko uppanno, yathà taü appamattassa
àtàpino pahitattassa viharato. Ayaü kho me bràhmaõa, dutiyàbhinibbhidà
ahosi kukkuñacchàpakasseva aõóakosamhà.

16. So evaü samàhite citte parisuddhe pariyodàte anaïgaõe
vigatupakkilese mudubhåte kammaniye ñhite àne¤jappatte àsavànaü
khaya¤àõàya cittaü abhininnàmesiü. So idaü dukkhanti yathàbhåtaü
abbha¤¤àsiü, ayaü dukkhasamudayo’ti yathàbhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü. Ayaü
dukkhanirodho’ti yathàbhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü, ayaü dukkhanirodhagàminã
pañipadà’ti yathàbhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü. Ime àsavà’ti yathàbhåtaü
abbha¤¤àsiü, ayaü àsavasamudayo’ti yathà bhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü, ayaü
àsavanirodho’ti yathàbhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü ayaü àsavanirodhagàminã
pañipadà’ti yathàbhåtaü abbha¤¤àsiü. Tassa me evaü jànato evaü passato
kàmàsavà’pi cittaü vimuccittha. Bhavàsavà’pi cittaü vimuccittha.
Avijjàsavà’pi cittaü vimuccittha. Vimuttasmiü vimuttamiti ¤àõaü ahosi.
Khãõà jàti, vusitaü brahmacariyaü, kataü karaõãyaü, nàparaü itthattàyàti
abbha¤¤àsiü. Ayaü kho me bràhmaõa rattiyà pacchime yàme tatiyà vijjà
adhigatà, avijjà vihatà, vijjà uppannà, tamo vihato, àloko uppanno,
yathà taü appamattassa àtàpino pahitattassa viharato. Ayaü kho me
bràhmaõa [PTS Page 006] [\q 6/] tatiyàbhinibbhidà ahosi
kukkuñacchàpakasseva aõóakosamhà’ti.

————————-

1. Parisuddhena - katthaci.

[BJT Page 014] [\x 14/]

17. Evaü vutte vera¤jo bràhmaõo bhagavantaü etadavoca: “jeññho bhavaü
gotamo. Seññho bhavaü gotamo. Abhikkantaü bho gotama, abhikkantaü bho
gotama, seyyathàpi bho gotama nikkujjitaü và ukkujjeyya, pañicchannaü và
vivareyya, måëhassa và maggaü àcikkheyya, andhakàre và telapajjotaü
dhàreyya cakkhumanto råpàni dakkhintãti, evamevaü bhotà gotamena
anekapariyàyena dhammo pakàsito. Esàhaü bhagavantaü gotamaü saraõaü
gacchàmi dhamma¤ca bhikkhusaïgha¤ca. Upàsakaü ma bhavaü gotamo dhàretu
ajjatagge pàõupetaü saraõaü gataü. Adhivàsetu ca me bhavaü gotamo
vera¤jàyaü vassàvàsaü saddhiü bhikkhusaïghenà” ti.

18. Adhivàsesi bhagavà tuõhãbhàvena. Atha kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo
bhagavato adhivàsanaü viditvà uññhàyàsanà bhagavantaü abhivàdetvà
padakkhiõaü katvà pakkàmi.

19. Tena kho pana samayena vera¤jà dubbhikkhà hoti dvãhãtikà
setaññhikà salàkàvuttà. Na sukarà u¤chena paggahena yàpetuü. Tena kho
pana samayena uttaràpathakà assavàõijà pa¤camattehi assasatehi vera¤jaü
vassàvàsaü upagatà honti. Tehi assamaõóalikàsu bhikkhånaü
patthapatthapulakaü pa¤¤attaü hoti. Bhikkhå pubbaõhasamayaü nivàsetvà
pattacãvaramàdàya vera¤jaü piõóàya pavisitvà piõóaü alabhamànà
assamaõóalikàsu piõóàya caritvà patthapatthapulakaü àramaü haritvà
udukkhale koññetvà koññetvà paribhu¤janti. âyasmà panànando
patthapulakaü silàyaü piüsitvà bhagavato upanàmeti. Taü bhagavà
paribhu¤jati.

20. Assosi kho bhagavà udukkhalasaddaü. - Jànantàpi tathàgatà
pucchanti, jànantàpi na pucchanti. Kàlaü viditvà pucchanti, kàlaü
viditvà na pucchanti. Atthasaühitaü tathàgatà pucchanti, no
anatthasaühitaü. Anatthasaühite setughàto tathàgatànaü. Dvãhàkàrehi
buddhà bhagavanto bhikkhå paripucchanti: ‘dhammaü và desessàma.
Sàvakànaü và sikkhàpadaü pa¤¤àpessàmà’ti. -

Atha kho bhagavà àyasmantaü ànandaü àmantesi: “kiü nu kho so ànanda
udukkhalasaddo” ti atha kho àyasmà ànando bhagavato etamatthaü [PTS Page
007] [\q 7/] àrocesi. “Sàdhu sàdhu ànanda, tumhehi ànanda, sappurisehi
vijitaü. Pacchimà janatà sàlimaüsodanaü atima¤¤issatãti.

[BJT Page 016] [\x 16/]

21. Atha kho àyasmà mahàmoggallàno yena bhagavà tenupasaïkami.
Upasaïkamitvà bhagavantaü abhivàdetvà ekamantaü nisãdi. Ekamantaü
nisinno kho àyasmà mahàmoggallàno bhagavantaü etadavoca: “etarahi bhante
vera¤jà dubbhikkhà dvihãtikà setaññhikà salàkàvuttà. Na sukarà u¤chena
paggahena yàpetuü. Imissà bhante mahàpañhaviyà heññhimaü talaü
sampannaü. Seyyathàpi khuddamadhuü anãlakaü evamassàdaü. Sàdhàhaü bhante
pañhaviü parivatteyyaü, bhikkhå pappañakojaü paribhu¤jissantã” ti.

“Ye pana te moggallàna, pañhavinissità pàõà te kathaü karissasã?” Ti.

“Ekàhaü bhante pàõiü abhinimminissàmi seyyathàpi mahàpañhavi. Ye
pañhavinissità pàõà te tattha saïkàmessàmi. Ekena hatthena pañhaviü
parivattessàmã” ti.

“Alaü moggallàna, mà te rucci pañhaviü parivattetuü. Vipallàsampi sattà pañilabheyyu” nti.

“Sàdhu bhante sabbo bhikkhusaïgho uttarakuruü piõóàya gaccheyyà”ti.

“Alaü moggallàna, mà te rucci sabbassa bhikkhusaïghassa uttarakuruü piõóàya gamana”nti.

22. Atha kho àyasmato sàriputtassa rahogatassa patisallãnassa evaü
cetaso parivitakko udapàdi: “katamesànaü kho buddhànaü bhagavantànaü
brahmacariyaü na ciraññhitikaü ahosi? Katamesànaü buddhànaü
bhagavantànaü brahmacariyaü ciraññhitikaü ahosã?” Ti.

23. Atha kho àyasmà sàriputto sàyaõhasamayaü patisallànà vuññhito
yena bhagavà tenupasaïkami upasaïkamitvà bhagavantaü abhivàdetvà
ekamantaü nisãdi. Ekamantaü nisinno kho àyasmà sàriputto bhagavantaü
etadavoca: “idha mayhaü bhante rahogatassa patisallãnassa evaü cetaso
parivitakko udapàdi: “katamesànaü kho buddhànaü bhagavantànaü
brahmacariyaü na ciraññhitikaü ahosi? Katamesànaü buddhànaü
bhagavantànaü brahmacariyaü ciraññhitikaü ahosã?” Ti.

24. “Katamesànaü nu kho bhante buddhànaü bhagavantànaü brahmacariyaü
na ciraññhitikaü ahosi? Katamesànaü buddhànaü bhagavantànaü
brahmacariyaü ciraññhitikaü ahosi?” Ti.

“Bhagavato ca sàriputta vipassissa bhagavato ca sikhissa bhagavato ca
vessabhussa brahmacariyaü na ciraññhitikaü ahosi. Bhagavato ca
sàriputta kakusandhassa bhagavato ca konàgamanassa bhagavato ca
kassapassa brahmacariyaü [PTS Page 008] [\q 8/] ciraññhitikaü ahosã” ti.

[BJT Page 018] [\x 18/]

25. “Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo yena bhagavato ca vipassissa
bhagavato ca sikhissa bhagavato ca vessabhussa brahmacariyaü na
ciraññhitikaü ahosã?” Ti.

26. “Bhagavà ca sàriputta vipassã bhagavà ca sikhã bhagavà ca
vessabhå kilàsuno ahesuü sàvakànaü vitthàrena dhammaü desetuü. Appakaü
ca nesaü ahosi suttaü geyyaü veyyàkaraõaü gàthà udànaü itivuttakaü
jàtakaü abbhutadhammaü vedallaü. Appa¤¤attaü sàvakànaü sikkhàpadaü
anuddiññhaü pàtimokkhaü.

27. Tesaü buddhànaü bhagavantànaü antaradhànena buddhànubuddhànaü
sàvakànaü antaradhànena ye te pacchimà sàvakà nànànàmà nànàgottà
nànàjaccà nànàkulà pabbajità, te taü brahmacariyaü khippa¤¤eva
antaradhàpesuü. Seyyathàpi sàriputta nànàpupphàni phalake nikkhittàni
suttena asaïgahãtàni, tàni vàto vikirati vidhamati viddhaüseti. Taü
kissa hetu? Yathà taü suttena asaïgahitattà. Evameva kho sàriputta tesaü
buddhànaü bhagavantaü antaradhànena buddhànubuddhànaü sàvakànaü
antaradhànena ye te pacchimà sàvakà nànànàmà nànàgottà nànàjaccà
nànàkulà pabbajità, te taü brahmacariyaü khippa¤¤eva antaradhàpesuü.

28. Akilàsuno1. Ca te bhagavanto ahesuü sàvake cetasà cetoparicca
ovadituü. Bhåtapubbaü sàriputta vessabhå bhagavà arahaü sammà sambuddho
a¤¤atarasmiü bhiüsanake vanasaõóe sahassaü bhikkhusaïghaü cetasà ceto
paricca ovadati anusàsati: “evaü vitakketha. Mà evaü vitakkayittha. Evaü
manasi karotha. Mà evaü manasàkattha. Idaü pajahatha. Idaü upasampajja
viharathà” ti. Atha kho sàriputta tassa bhikkhusahassassa vessabhunà
bhagavatà arahatà sammàsambuddhena evaü ovadiyamànànaü evaü
anusàsiyamànànaü anupàdàya àsavehi cittàni vimucciüsu. - Tatra sudaü
sàriputta bhiüsanakassa vanasaõóassa bhiüsanakatasmiü hoti: yo koci
avãtaràgo taü vanasaõóaü pavisati, yebhuyyena lomàni haüsanti.

29. Ayaü kho sàriputta hetu ayaü paccayo, yena bhagavato ca
vipassissa bhagavato ca sikhissa bhagavato ca vessabhussa brahmacariyaü
na ciraññhitikaü ahosã” ti.

————————-

1. Kilàsuno, syà.

[BJT Page 020] [\x 20/]

30. “Ko pana bhante hetu ko paccayo yena bhagavato ca kakusandhassa
bhagavato ca konàgamanassa bhagavato ca kassapassa brahmacariyaü
ciraññhitikaü ahosi?” Ti.

31. “Bhagavà [PTS Page 009] [\q 9/] ca sàriputta kakusandho bhagavà
ca konàgamano bhagavà ca kassapo akilàsuno ahesuü sàvakànaü vitthàrena
dhammaü desetuü. Bahuü ca nesaü ahosi suttaü geyyaü veyyàkaraõaü gàthà
udànaü itivuttakaü jàtakaü abbhutadhammaü vedallaü. Pa¤¤attaü sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü. Uddiññhaü pàtimokkhaü.

32. Tesaü buddhànaü bhagavantànaü antaradhànena buddhànubuddhànaü
sàvakànaü antaradhànena ye te pacchimà sàvakà nànànàmà nànàgottà
nànàjaccà nànàkulà pabbajità, te taü brahmacariyaü ciraü dãghamaddhànaü
ñhapesuü. Seyyathàpi sàriputta nànàpupphàni phalake nikkhittàni suttena
susaïgahãtàni, tàni vàto na vikirati na vidhamati na viddhaüseti. Taü
kissa hetu? Yathà taü suttena susaïgahitattà. Evameva kho sàriputta,
tesaü buddhànaü bhagavantaü antaradhànena buddhànubuddhànaü sàvakànaü
antaradhànena ye te pacchimà sàvakà nànànàmà nànàgottà nànàjaccà
nànàkulà pabbajità, te taü brahmacariyaü ciraü dãghamaddhànaü ñhapesuü.

33. Ayaü kho sàriputta hetu ayaü paccayo yena bhagavato ca
kakusandhassa bhagavato ca konàgamanassa bhagavato ca kassapassa
brahmacariyaü ciraññhitikaü ahosã” ti.

[BJT Page 022] [\x 22/]

34. Atha kho àyasmà sàriputto uññhàyàsanà ekaüsaü uttaràsaïgaü
karitvà yena bhagavà tena¤jaliü paõàmetvà bhagavantaü etadavoca: “etassa
bhagavà kàlo, etassa sugata kàlo, yaü bhagavà sàvakànaü sikkhàpadaü
pa¤¤àpeyya, uddiseyya pàtimokkhaü, yathayidaü brahmacariyaü addhaniyaü
assa ciraññhitika” nti.

35. “âgamehi tvaü sàriputta. âgamehi tvaü sàriputta. Tathàgato’va
tattha kàlaü jànissati na tàva sàriputta satthà sàvakànaü sikkhàpadaü
pa¤¤àpeti, na uddisati pàtimokkhaü, yàva na idhekacce àsavaññhànãyà
dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti. Yato ca kho sàriputta idhekacce
àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti, atha satthà sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü pa¤¤àpeti, uddisati pàtimokkhaü tesa¤¤eva àsavaññhànãyànaü
dhammànaü pañighàtàya.

36. Na tàva sàriputta, idhekacce àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe
pàtubhavanti, yàva na saïgho ratta¤¤umahattaü patto hoti. Yato ca kho
sàriputta, saïgho ratta¤¤umahattaü patto hoti, atha idhekacce
àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti. Atha satthà sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü [PTS Page 010] [\q 10/] pa¤¤àpeti, uddisati pàtimokkhaü
tesa¤¤eva àsavaññhànãyànaü dhammànaü pañighàtàya.

37. Na tàva sàriputta, idhekacce àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe
pàtubhavanti, yàva na saïgho vepullamahattaü patto hoti. Yato ca kho
sàriputta, saïgho vepullamahattaü patto hoti, atha idhekacce
àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti. Atha satthà sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü pa¤¤àpeti, uddisati pàtimokkhaü tesa¤¤eva àsavaññhànãyànaü
dhammànaü pañighàtàya.

38. Na tàva sàriputta, idhekacce àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe
pàtubhavanti, yàva na saïgho làbhaggamahattaü patto hoti. Yato ca kho
sàriputta, saïgho làbhaggamahattaü patto hoti, atha idhekacce
àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti. Atha satthà sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü pa¤¤àpeti, uddisati pàtimokkhaü tesa¤¤eva àsavaññhànãyànaü
dhammànaü pañighàtàya.

39. Na tàva sàriputta, idhekacce àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe
pàtubhavanti, yàva na saïgho bàhusaccamahattaü patto hoti. Yato ca kho
sàriputta, saïgho bàhusaccamahattaü patto hoti, atha idhekacce
àsavaññhànãyà dhammà saïghe pàtubhavanti. Atha satthà sàvakànaü
sikkhàpadaü pa¤¤àpeti, uddisati pàtimokkhaü tesa¤¤eva àsavaññhànãyànaü
dhammànaü pañighàtàya. “

40. Nirabbudo hi sàriputta, bhikkhusaïgho niràdãnavo apagatakàëako
suddho sàre patiññhito. Imesaü hi sàriputta pa¤cannaü bhikkhusatànaü yo
pacchimako bhikkhu, so sotàpanno avinipàtadhammo niyato
sambodhiparàyaõo” ti.

[BJT Page 024] [\x 24/]

41. Atha kho bhagavà àyasmantaü ànandaü àmantesi: “àciõõaü kho
panetaü ànanda tathàgatànaü yehi nimantità vassaü vasanti, na te
anapaloketvà janapadacàrikaü pakkamanti. âyàmànanda vera¤jaü bràhmaõaü
apalokessàmà” ti. “Evaü bhante” ti. Kho àyàsmà ànando bhagavato
paccassosi.

42. Atha kho bhagavà nivàsetvà pattacãvaramàdàya àyasmatà ànandena
pacchàsamaõena yena vera¤jassa bràhmaõassa nivesanaü, tenupasaïkami.
Upasaïkamitvà pa¤¤atte àsane nisãdi.

43. Atha kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo yena bhagavà tenupasaïkami.
Upasaïkamitvà bhagavantaü abhivàdetvà ekamantaü nisãdi. Ekamantaü
nisinnaü kho vera¤jaü bràhmaõaü bhagavà etadavoca: “nimantitamha tayà
[PTS Page 011] [\q 11/] bràhmaõa vassaü vutthà. Apalokema taü. Icchàma
mayaü janapadacàrikaü pakkamitu” nti.

44. “Saccaü bho gotama, nimantitattha mayà vassaü vutthà. Api ca yo
deyyadhammo so na dinno. Ta¤ca kho no asantaü no’pi adàtukamyatà. Taü
kutettha labbhà? Bahukiccà gharàvàsà bahukaraõãyà. Adhivàsetu me bhavaü
gotamo svàtanàya bhattaü saddhiü bhikkhusaïghenà” ti. Adhivàsesi bhagavà
tuõhãbhàvena.

45. Atha kho bhagavà vera¤jaü bràhmaõaü dhammiyà kathàya sandassetvà
samàdapetvà samuttejetvà sampahaüsetvà uññhàyàsanà pakkàmi.

46. Atha kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo tassà rattiyà accayena sake nivasane
paõãtaü khàdanãyaü bhojanãyaü pañiyàdàpetvà bhagavato kàlaü àrocàpesi:
“kàlo bho gotama. Niññhitaü bhatta” nti.

[BJT Page 026] [\x 26/]

47. Atha kho bhagavà pubbaõhasamayaü nivàsetvà pattacãvaramàdàya yena
vera¤jassa bràhmaõassa nivesanaü tenupasaïkami. Upasaïkamitvà pa¤¤atte
àsane nisãdi saddhiü bhikkhusaïghena. Atha kho vera¤jo bràhmaõo
buddhapamukhaü bhikkhusaïghaü paõãtena khàdanãyena bhojanãyena sahatthà
santappetvà sampavàretvà bhagavantaü bhuttàviü onãtapattapàõiü
ticãvarena acchàdesi. Ekamekaü ca bhikkhuü ekamekena dussayugena
acchàdesi. Atha kho bhagavà vera¤jaü bràhmaõaü dhammiyà kathàya
sandassetvà samàdapetvà samuttejetvà sampahaüsetvà uññhàyàsanà pakkàmi.

48. Atha kho bhagavà vera¤jàyaü yathàbhirantaü1. Viharitvà anupagamma
soreyyaü saïkassaü kannakujjaü, yena payàgapatiññhànaü, tenupasaïkami.
Upasaïkamitvà payàgapatiññhàne gaïgaü nadiü uttaritvà yena bàràõasã
tadavasari. Atha kho bhagavà bàràõasiyaü yathàbhirantaü viharitvà yena
vesàli, tena càrikaü pakkàmi. Anupubbena càrikaü caramàno yena vesàli
tadavasari. Tatra sudaü bhagavà vesàliyaü viharati mahàvane
kåñàgàrasàlàyaü.

Vera¤jabhàõavàro niññhito

———————

1. Yathàbhirattaü. Katthaci, 2. Vera¤ja bhàõavàraü, sãmu.


jskh msglh

mdrdcsld md,sh

NsCIq jsNX.h
 


kfud ;ii N.jf;d wryf;d iuzud iuznqoaOii

3 ta ld,fhys Nd.Hj;a
nqÈrcdKka jykafia fjzr[cd kqjr iuSmfhys kf,are hCIhd wOs.Dys; jq fldiT
.i iuSmfhys mkaishhla muK uyd NsCIq iuQyhla iu. jdih lrk fial“““““`


fjzr[c kuz n1dyauK f;fuz ‘Nj;aks” YdlH jxYfhka mejsosj Y1uK f.#;u f;u
mkaishhlaa muK jq uy;a NsCIq iuqyhla iu. fjzr[cd kqjr kf,are kuz hCIhd
wOs.Dys; jq fldiU .i iussmfhys jdih lrkafka,q’

5
‘ta Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia ta *Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia( fuz ldrKfhkqÈ wrAy;a
kuz jk fial’ ;ukau ish,q Ou!hka wjfndaO kr.kakd ,oS’ ;1sjsoHd wIag jsoHd
yd mif

6
‘fyf;u *3( fojshka iys; jQ ureka iys; jq nUqka iys; jq Y1uKn1dyaauKhka
iys; f,dalfhys fojs usksiqka iys; jq *4( i;aj iuQyh jsYsIag {dkfhka oek
m1;HCI

[ \ q 2 / ]


fldg m1ldY lrhs’ fyf;u uq, hym;a
ueo hym;a w. hym;a wF:! iys; jH[ck we;s fodia  ke;s msrsisÈ jq
n1yauphH!h h m1ldY lrhs *5( tnÌ ry;2kaf.a oelSu we;af;a kuz  hym;e hs’
lSfhah’

7
blaans;s fjzr[cd n1dyauK f;fuz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia huz ;efklayso tys
meusKsfhah’ meusK Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia iu. m1S;s jsh’ i;2gq jsh hq;2jQ ”
isysm;a lghq;2jQ” l:dj fldg ksujd tl me;a;lg jS yqkafkah’ *4( tl me;a;lg
jS yqka fjzr[c n1dyauK f;fuz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiag” ‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykai”
Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia *5( osrE” jevs uyZM jQ” fndfydal,a o;a” l,la blau
.sh” wka;su jhig meusKs nuqKkag fkd jËshs fyda wiafkka fkd ke.sgS fyda
wiqkla ndr fkd fohs”‘ lshd udjsiska th wik ,oS’ ‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykai” th
tfiauo$ Nj;a f.#;uhka jykai” *fuys 5 fhdokak ( ndr fkdfohs o$Nj;a
f.#;uhka jykai” th whq;2uh'’

8
‘nuqK” * fuys 6 +3 fhdokak( w;frys uu hful2g jËskafkuz kuz fyda oel
wiafkka ke.sgskafka kuz fyda wiqk ndr fokafkuz kuz fyda Tyq uu
fkdolafkus'’ nuqK” ;:d.;hka jykafia hful2g jËskafka kuz fyda oel wiafkka
ke.sgskafka kuz fyda wiqkla ndr fokafka kuz fyda Tyqf.a ysi levS
jefgkafkah hs’ jod

9
‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia iu.s ri ke;s flfkla jeksoehs’ weiSh’ *4( ‘nuqK”
Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia iu.s ri ke;af;la jekshhs huz ldrKhlska ug ukd fldg
lshkafka kuz nuqK” Bg fya;2jla we;af;ah” nuqK” huz ta rEm rifhda we;ao ”
Ynzo rifhda we;ao” .JO rifhda we;ao” ri rifhda we;ao” iamY! rifhda
we;ao” Tjzyq ;:d.;hka jykafiag  ke;a;dy’uq,a isËsk ,oaody’uqÈk isËsk ,o
;,a .ila fuka lrk ,oaody’

[ \ q 3 / ]
l1ufhka ke;s lrk ,oy’u;af;ys
kQmosk njg muqKqjk ,oy’Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia iu.s ri ke;af;l2 jekshhs
hula lrK fldgf.k ug ukd fldg lshkakdyq lsh;ao” ‘nuqK”fuz ta ldrKhhs Tn
hula iËyd lshhso th fkdfjz’

0
‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia iu.s mrsfNda.hla ke;af;aoe’hs weiSh’ *fuys9fPAoh
fhosh hq;2hs’( fhoSfuzoS”‘ rihka ‘ fjkqjg ‘mrsfNd.fhda’ fhdokak’(


‘ Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia jeËSu wdoS l2i,a fkdlrk nejska fkdlsrSu
lshkafklaoe’ hs weiSh'’nuqK” Y`1uK f.#;uhka jykafia fkdlsrSSu lshkafkle
hs’ huz ldrKhlska ug  ukdfldg lshkafka kuz nuqK Bg fya;2jla we;af;ah'’
nuqK uu lhska lrk krl jev” jpkfhka lrk krl jev” is;ska lrk krl jev fkd
lsrSu lshus’kdkdm1ldr ,dul wl2Y, Ou!hka fkdlsrSu lshus’ ‘Y1uK f.#;uhka
jykafia fkdlsrSu lshkafkah’ hs huz ldrKhlskaa ug ukd fldg lshkafkao$”
‘nuqK’ fuz ta l1uhhs’ kqU hula iËyd lshkafkao th fkdfjz’

3=
‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia jeËSuz wdoS f,dal pdrs;1 ke;s lrkafklaoe hs’
weiSh'’nuqK” Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia jskdYh lshkafklehs’ huz ldrKhlska ug
ukd fldg lshkafka kuz ‘nuqK” Bg fya;2jla we;af;ah’ ‘nuqK uu rd.hdf.a”
oafjzIhdf.a” fudayhdf.a” jskdYh lshus’kdkdm1ldr wl2Y, Ou!hkaf.a jskdYh
lshus’ Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia jskdYh lshkafka hhs huz ldrKhlska ug ukd
fldg lshkafka o ‘nuqK” fuz ta l1uhhs’kqU hula iËyd lshkafka o th
fkdfjz'’

33 
‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia jeËSuz wdosh ms

[ \ q 4 /]
 ldrKfhlska ug ukdfldg lshkafka
kuz” ‘nuqK” Bg fya;2jla we;af;ah’ ‘nuqK” uu Yrsrfhka flfrk je/os
ms

34
‘ Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia yslau jsh hq;af;la ks.1y l< hq;af;laoe’ hs
weiSh’ “nuqK” Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia yslau jsh hq;af;lehs huz ldrKhlska
ug ukd fldg lshkafkao” ‘nuqK” uu rd.h “oafjzYh” fudayh” yslaujSu msKsi
nK lshus’ kdkdm1ldr wl2Y, Ou!hka yslaujSu msKsi nK lshus’ Y1uK f.#;uhka
jykafia yslaujsh hq;af;lehs”  *fuys - *4( fhdokak’(

35
” Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia jeËSuz wdosh fkdlr ;miajSka fjfyik flfklaoehs’
weiSh'’ nuqK” Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia ;mia we;af;lehs ‘ huz ldrKhlska ug
ukdfldg lshkafkao ‘nuqK uu ldh ÈYaprs;h” jd.a ÈYaprs;h” ufkda ÈYaprs;h”
;ejsh hq;2hhs lshus’ wl2Y, Ou!hka ;ejsh hq;2hhs lshus’ ‘nuqK” hful2g
jkdys ;ejsh hq;2 ,dul wl2Y, Ou!fhda m1ySk jQjdyq fj;ao” uq,a WÈrK
,oaodyq fj;ao” uqÈk isËsk ,o ;,a .ila fuka lrk ,oaodyq fj;ao” wNdjhg hjk
,oaodyq fj;ao” kQmosk iajNdjhg muqKqjk ,oaodyq fj;ao” Tyqg uu ;mia
we;af;ahhs” lshus'’nuqK” ;:d.;hka jykafia jsiska ;ejSu lghq;2 jQ ,dul
wl2Y, Ou!fhda m1ySK lrk ,oaody’isËsk ,o uq,a we;a;dy’ uqÈk isËsk ,o ;,a
.ila fuka lrk ,oaody’wNdjhg hjk ,oaody’

[ \ q 5 / ]
u;af;ys kQmosk ;Fjhg muqKqjk
,oaody’ ‘nuqK” Y1uK f.#;u f;fuz ;mia we;af;ahhs huz l1uhlska lshkakdyq
lsh;a kuz ” fuz ta l1uhhs’ Tn hula iËyd lshkafkyso th fkd fjz’

36
‘Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia fojzf,dj bmoSfuka myjQfhaoe’ weiSh’ ‘nuQK” Y1uK
f.#;uhka jykafia fojzf,dj bmoSfuka fjkajQfhahhs’ huzfyhlska ug ukdfldg
lshkafkao” ‘nuqK” uu u;af;ys .rANfhys ihkh lsrSu” kej; Njhl bmoSu
ke;slrk ,oS’ isËsk ,o uq,a we;a;dyq fj;ao” uqÈk isËsk ,o ;,a.ila fuka
lrK ,oaodyq fj;ao” wNdjhg hjk ,oaaodyq o” u;af;ys kQmosk ;Fjhg muqKqjk
,oaodyqo” th uu bmoSfuka fjka jSuhhs lshus’ ‘nuqK” ;:d.;hka jykafia
u;af;ys .enl ihkh lsrSu kej; Njhl bmoSu ke;slrk ,oaody”uq,a WÈrd ouk
,oaody” uqÈk isÌ ;,a .ila fuka lrk ,oaody” wNdjhg hjk ,oaody”u;af;ys
kQmosk ;Fjhg muqKqjk ,oaody'’nuqK” Y1uK f.#;uhka jykafia bmoSsfuka f;dr
jQfhahhs lshd ug huz fyhlska lshkakdyq kuz” fuz ta l1uhhs’Tn hula iËyd
lshkafka kuz th fkd fjz’

37 
” nuqK” huz fia wgla fyda oyhla fyda fod

[ \ q 6 / ]

38 
” nuqK” udjsiska jShH!h mgka.kakd,oS’ fkd ie.jqfKah’ isysh t
 

39 
‘ta uu fufia is; tl. jQ l,ays msrsisÈ jQ l,ays oSma;su;a jq l,ays
ls,sgs ke;s jQ l,ays flfksldfha 74 fPaoh fhdokak( *348 msg(
nuqK” fuz udf.a nscqjgska l2l2ZM megshdf.a fuka m1:u my

30 
* fuys’ ‘kuhs’ hkq ‘keuSu’ lshd fjkia fldg 3 oS>ksldfha 98 fPoh
fhdokak) *340( ‘nuqK” fuz udf.a nscqjgska l2l2ZM megjdf.a fuka fofjks
my

3- 
* fuys’ ‘kuhs’ hkq ‘keuSu’ lshd fjkia fldg oS>ksldfha 90 fPoh
fhdokak( *35= msg( ‘nuqK” fuz udf.a nscqjgska l2l2ZM megjdf.a fuka
;2kafjks my

[\q 7/]

4=
fufia lS l,ays fjzr[c n1dyauK f;fuz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiag ‘Nj;a f.#;uhka
jykafia fcHIaGh’ Nj;a f.#;uhka jykafia fYa1IaGh” *fuys 3 oS>ksldfha
354 msfgz ‘iajduSks ‘hk ;ek isg .ksus” hk ;ekg fhdokak( Nj;a f.#;uhka
jykafia NsCIq ix>hd iu. fjzr[cdfjys jia jsisu bjik fialaajd’hs
lSfjzh’ Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia ;2IaKSuzNdjfhka bjiQfial’ blans;s fjzr[c
n1dyauK f;u Nd.Hj;2ka jyafiaf.a ms

43 
tl,ays jkdys fjzr[cdfjys ÈrANsCIh we;af;a fjhs’ cSj;a fjzfoda
fkdfjzfoda fydahs hk woyia fol we;af;a iqÈjQ OdkH we;af;a iSgzgq l1ufhka
cSj;a jSu we;af;a msvq is.Sfuka cSj;ajkag fkdyelafla jsh’ tl,ays jkdys
W;2re foYfhys jQ wYaj fjf

44 
NsCIqyq fmrjre fjzf,ys yeË fmdrjd md;1 isjqre /f.k fjzr[cdjg msvq msKsi
jev” msvq fkd ,nkakdyq wYaj N2uSkays msvq msKsi yeisr hj ke

45 
Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia jxf.vs Ynzoh weiQfial’ ;:d.;jrfhda okakdyqo jspdr;a”
okakdyqo fkd jspdr;a” ld,h oek jspdr;a” ld,h oek fkd jspdr;a ”
;:d.;jrfhda jevla we;sj jspdr;a” jevla ke;sj fkd jspdr;a “jevla ke;s foh
;:d.;hka jsiska ud.!fhka kik ,oS” fomrsoafolska Nd.Hj;a nqÈjre NsCIQka
jspdr;a”  ‘nK fyda jodrkafkus” Y1djlhkag YsCIdmo fyda mkjkafkushs’ lshdh

[\q 8//]

 46 
blans;s Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia wdhqIau;a wkË f;rekag l:d l,fial’ ‘wdkJoh” ta
jxf.vs Ynzoh k2ulaoehs” weiQfial’ blans;s wdhqIau;a wdkJo i:jsrhka
jykafia Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiag fuz ldrKh ie, l,fial’ ‘wdkJoh” hym;” hym;”
wdkJoh” f;dm jeks i;amqreIhka ksid ÈrANsCIh oskk ,oS’ miqj we;sjk wh
ye,a n;a yd uia Wiia fldg fkd.kakdy’ hs jodf

47
blans;ss wdhqIau;a uy uq.,ka ia:jsr f;fuz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia huz;efklays
o tys meusKsfhah’ meusK” Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia jeË tlame;a;l isgsfhah’
tlame;a;lg jS yqka wdhqIau;a uy uq.,ka f;fuz Nd.Hj;2;a jykafiag” ”
iajduSks” oeka fjzr[cdjg ÈrANsCIhls” woyia folls’ iqÈ weg we;af;ah’
iSgzgq l1ufhka cSj;a jSu we;” msvq is.d hdfuka cSj;a jkakg fkdyelal”
iajduSks” fuz mD:sjsfhys hg me;a; iY1slh” l2vd ueiaika jsiska nËsk ,o
ms
 

48 blans;s ryis.; jQ yqol,d jQ wdhqIau;a iershq;a f;rekag * 33 ( fufia is;g ielhla my

[\q 9/]
Nd.Hj;a nqÈflfkl2kaf.a Ydikh
fndfyda l,la fkdmeje;afjz o lskuz Nd.Hj;a nqÈjrekaf.a Ydikh fndfyda l,a
meje;afjz o $*5( blans;s wdhqIau;a Ydrsmq;1 ia:jsrhka jykafia ijia
ld,fhys m,iuj;ska ke.sgzfgz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia huz ;efklays o tys
meusksfhah’ meusK Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia jeË tlame;a;lg jS isgsfhah’ tl;amfil
isgs wdhqIau;a Ydrsmq;1 i:jsrhka jykafia Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiag ‘iajduSks”
fuys ryis.; jq jsfjzlhg .sh ug *fuys *4( fhdokak( ‘Ydrsmq;1h” *7 (
jsmiaiS nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a o” isLS nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a o” fjiiN@
nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a o” Ydikh fndfyda l,la *7( fkd meje;af;ah’
Ydrsmq;1h” ll2iË nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a o” fldakd.u nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a
o” ldYHm nqÈrcdKka jykafiaf.a o” Ydikh fndafyda l,la meje;af;a hhs ‘
lSfhah’

49
“iajduSks” huz lreKlska Nd.Hj;a * fuys 6 *6( fhdokak ( fkdmeje;af;aoe”
hs weiSh’ ” Ydrsmq;1h’ jsmiaiS Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia o” isLS Nd.Hj;2ka
jykafia o” fjiaiN2 Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia o” Y1djlhkag jsia;r jYfhka
Ou!foaYkd lrkag fjfyiqkdyqh’ Wkajykafia,df.a  *4( iQ;1 kuska hq;a nK”
jdi.uz folska usY1 nK ‘ .d:d” mS1;s jdlH” fufia lSfhah hk Ou!” cd;l
jsIauh ckl Ou!” n,j; am1S;sjdlH hk wx. kjhlska hq;a Ou! iaj,amh”
Y1djlhkag YsCIdmo fkdmkjk ,oS’ m1d;sfudCIh fkdfoik ,oS” ta Nd.Hj;a
nqÈjrekaf.a msrsksjSfuka nqÈkaf.ka wid wjfndaO lr.;a Y1djlhkaf.a
w;2reoyka jSfuka” huz ta” miqj isgs Y1djlflfkla we;a o fkdfhla kuz
we;a;dyq’ fkdfhla f.da;1 we;a;dyq” fkdfhla cd;s we;a;dyq”fkdfhla
jxYj,ska mejsosjQjdyq ta Ou!h jyd w;2reoyka l

[\q10/]
Bg fya;2 ljfrao$ huzfia kQ,lska
tl;2 fkd lrk,oaodyq o tfuks”" ‘Ydrsmq;1h” tfiau ta Nd.Hj;a nqÈjrekaf.a
ke;sjSfuka fkdfhla kuz we;s” fkdfhla f.da;1 we;s’ fkdfhla cd;s we;s”
fkdfhla jxYj,ska mejsos jQ ta Y1djlfhda ta Ydikh jyd ke;s l

40
“YdrSmq;1h” fmr jQ fohla lshus ‘wy!;a iuHla iuznqoO jQ fjiaiN2
Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia tla;rd Nhckl jk,eyefnlays oyila NsCIq ix>hd is;ska
is; oek wjjdo lrhs’ wkqYdikd lrhs’ fufia is;jz’ fufia fkd is;jz’ fufia
fufkys lrjz fufia fufkys fkdlrjz’ fuh w;ayrsjz’ uSg meusK jdih lrjzh”hs
lshdhs ‘YdrSmq;1h” blans;s ta NsCIQka oyig fjiaiN2 Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia
jsiska wjjdo lrkafka wkqYdikd lrkafka rd.doS jYfhka fkdf.k
flf

4-
‘iajduSks” huzlreKlska *4( ll2iË” fldakd.u” ldYHm nqÈjrekaf.a Ydikh
fndfyda l,a meje;af;ao Bg fya;2 m1;Hh ljfrao$ *5( ‘YdrSmq;1h” ll2iË”
fldakd.u” ldYHm hk nqÈjre Y1djlhkag jsia;r jYfhka Ou!foYkd lrkakg fjfyi
fkd jQjdyqo” Wkajykafia,df.a *fuys49 *4(( fhoSfuzoS” ‘iaj,am’ fjkqjg
‘fndfyda ‘ ‘jydu w;2reoyka l
 

[\q 11/]

5=
blans;s wdhqIau;a Ydrsmq;1 f;fuz wiafkka ke.sg ;ksmg isjqr taldxY
fldgfmrjd” Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia huz ;efklayso t;kays fodfyd;a uqÈ oS
Nd.Hj;2ka jykafiag ‘Nd.Hj;2ka jykai” fuh l,ah” iq.;hka jykai” thg
ld,hhs’ huzfyhlska Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia Y1djlhkag YsCIdmo mKjkafkao”
mdfudla Wfoikafkao” huzfia fuz n1yauphH!h fndfydal,a mj;afka fjz’fndfyda
l,a isgskafka fjzhhs’ fufia lSfjzh’ “Ydrsmq;1h” Tn kj;skak’ Ydrsmq;1h”
Tn kj;skak’ ;:d.;hka jykafiau Bg ld,h okafkah’ Ydrsmq;1h” ;ju Y1djlhkag
YsCIdmo fkd mKjhs’mdfudla fkd Wfoihs’ huz;dla fuys flfhd flfrys my< fkdfj;ao ta;dlah’ Ydrsmq;1h”
ix>hd flfrys flfhd flfrys my< fkdfj;a’”

 

53
“huz ;ekl isg ix>hd jia .Kkska uy;a njg meusKsfhao” *4( tl, fuaz
f,dalfhys flfhd flfrys myhd
flfrys iuyr flf,iqkag fya;2 Ou! my< fkdfj;a’”

54 ” huz ;ekl isg ix>hd msrsia jYfhka uy;a njg meusKssfhao” *fuys53 *4 ( fhdokak’ (

55 ” huz ;ekl isg ix>hd ,dNfhka uy;a njg meusKsfhao” *fuys 53 *4( fhdokak(

56 ” huz ;ekl isg ix>hd W.;a luska uy;a njg meusKsfhao* 53*4( fhdokak( Ydrsmq;1h” NsCIq

[\ q 12/]

ix>
f;fuz ÈYaYS,hkaf.ka f;drh’ WjÈrej,ska f;drh’ jsm;ska neyerh’ myjQ
ÈYaYS,hka we;af;ah’ msrsisÈh’ yr .2KOu!j,ska hqla;h’ Ydrsmq;1h” fuz
NsCIQK mkaishh w;rska hfula nd,o fyf;u fidajdkah’ wmdfhys fkd jefgk
iajNdj we;af;ah’ ksjkg kshuh’ wjfndaOh’ fY1aIaG msysg fldg we;af;ah’”

57
blans;s Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia wdhqIau;a wdkkao i:jsrhka jykafia weu;2fial’ ”
wdkkaoh” hful2 jsiska wdrdOkd lrkq ,en jia ji;ao” Tjqka fkdjspdrd
wejsoSug hdu ;:d.;jreka jsiska mqreÈ fkdlrk ,oS’ huq” fjzr[c n1dyauKhd
jspdruqhhs” jod

58 
blans;s fjzr[aP n1dyuK f;auz Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia jeË tl;a mfil isgsfhah
‘tl;a mfil isgs fjzr[aP n1dyauKhdg Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia “nuqK” Tn jsiska
wms wdrdOkd lrK ,oafouq’ jia jqiQuq’ Tnf.ka wms okjq iersierSug hdug
wjir .ksuq’ wms okjq iersierSug hdug leue;af;uqhs” lSjdy’ “Nj;a f.#;uhka
jykai” we;a;h” wdrdOkh flfhd iu. udf.a odkh ms

[\q 13 /]
Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia fjzr[ac n1dyauKhd oeyeus l:dfjka lreKq iys;j fmkajd iudoka lrjd f;o .kajd i;2gq lrjd wiafkka ke.sg jevsfial’

59
blans;s fjzr[c n1dyauK f;u ta rd;1sh wejEfuka ish .Dyfhys rij;a lEhq;2
nqosh hq;2 foh mshd iu.
ysË.;a fial’ blans;s fjzr[ac n1dyauK f;u nqÈka m1Odk fldg we;s NsCIQ
ix>hd rij;a lE hq;2 nqosh hq;2 fohskau ish;skau j<Ëjd wjika lrjd
je<Ì md;1fhka bj;g .;a w;a we;s Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia ;2ka isjqfrka
wekaojq fial’ tla tla NsCIqj tla tla jia;1 follska wekaojQfhah’

50
blans;s Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia fjzr[ac n1dyauKhd oeyeus l:dfjka Wodyrk iys;j
fmkajd iudoka lrjd W;aidyj;a lrjd i;2gq lrjd wiafkka ke.sg
jevsfial’blans;s Nd.Hj;2ka jykafia fjzr[cd kqjr leue;s;dla l,a jdih fldg
fidafrhH” ixliai” ldkHl2nzchkag ms
 


fjzr[c fldgi ksus ‘


photo
http://www.slideshare.net/samadhipunno/lec-4-the-classifying-system-of-tipitaka-in-thailand

 

Swarth
(Selfish) samaj is ruling this country. That is the reason for price
rise of all essential commodities, rail fare, petrol fare hike,
atrocities on weaker sections of the society including the women for
favoring of corporates. Let us hand over the
MASTER KEY to BSP which is for Sarvajan Hithay Sarvajan Sukhay i.e., for
the peace, welfare and happiness of the entire society for distributing

the wealth of 17lakh crores rupees equally among all sections of the
society by voting for the elephant symbol of BSP which is the only hope
of
the nation.

Karnataka is described as the
lofty land. The long coastline hedged by miles and miles of tall,
waving, palm groves adds to the natural beauty of the place. It has an
area of 74051sq mi.The capital of Karnataka is Banglore which, is
undoubtedly the trump card of Karnataka. Bangalore
is known by many names as the Garden City of India, India`s Manhattan
and Silicon Valley. It is one of the most industrialized cities of the
country; its pleasant climate makes it the seat of much commercial and
cultural enterprise. The important tourist sites are Garden city
Bangalore, Jog Falls, the beaches of Karwar and Malpe, Golgumbuz in Bijapur, the stone temples of Belur and Halebid, Mysore Palace,
the list is endless.Karnataka is on of the enchanting destinations that
enthrall you. It seems that nature has endowed all her beauty to this
state. Karnataka is actually the key to discover the enthralling beauty

of nature.

Origin of name of Karnataka

Mysore PalaceThe name Karnataka comes from the Kannada

words karu and nadu meaning elevated land. Karu nadu can also be read

as Karu which means black and nadu which means region, may be with

referance to the black cotton soil found in the Bayaluseemae region of

Karnataka. During the time of British rule, the words Carnatic or

Karnatak were used to describe this part of the region in general.

Karnataka got its name in 1973.

History of Karnataka

Karnataka has been ruled successively by the Buddhist, Hindu and Muslin
dynasties. Jainism too established its roots here. During the first
millennium AD, the whole of Karnataka was dominated by power struggles
between the various kingdoms that controlled Western Deccan. In the
Medival era, the Muslim invasions from the North forced the fractured
states of the south into close alliance with the Vijanagars who emerged
as the landlords. In 1761, the Muslim campaigner Halider Ali with
french support seized the throne. His son Tipu Sultan turned Mysore
into a major force in the south before he was killed by the British in
1799 at the battle of Srirangapatanam. In 1830 the British appointed a
Commission to rule in their place. Routed in the nineties. After which
the state was ruled successively by the Janata Dal, BJP and Congress
Governments.

Geography of Karnataka

Karnataka is situated on the western edge of the Deccan plateau and is surrounded on the North by Maharashtra and Goa, on the East by Andhra Pradesh, on the South by Tamil Nadu and Kerala
and on the West, it opens out on the Arabian Sea. Karnataka occupies
three natural regions like the Coastal strip, the Sahyadris and the
Deccan plateau. Karnataka lies between 74o and 78o East longitudes and
11o and 18o North latitudes.The state has three physical zones.The
elevation of Karnataka is 1,500 feet. The highest temperature recorded
here was 45.6 C (114.08 F) and the lowest recorded temperature was 2.8
C (37.04 F). Karnataka receives an average annual rainfall of 1139 mm.
The highest point in Karnataka is the the top of the hill
Mullayanagiri, which has an altitude of 1929 mts above sea level.

Economy of Karnataka

Karnataka - Mysore SilkKarnataka

has become one of the leading industrial states in the field of

industrial development. It has established its roots both in the

private and public sectors and in the area of computer software. As a

result national and international firms are attracted to the city of

Banglore. Karnataka is host to headquarters of several IT companies

including Infosys, which was rated “Best Employer in India” by Business

Today in 2001, and in 2002 as “India`s Most Respected Company”. The IT

industry is spreading to other major centres in Karnataka, namely:

Mysore, Mangalore and Hubli. There are the presence of a number of

traditional cottage and small industries like handlooms, silk weaving

etc. Karnataka is the leading state for silk rearing and production of

Khadi and village industries. There are numerous factories in

engineering, chemicals, electrical, and electronic goods. There are

also industries for processing of plantation products like tea, coffee,

rubber, cashew etc.

About 71% of the people are engaged in agricullture.The main crops
are rice, ragi, jowar, maize, and pulses besides oilseeds and number of
cash crops. The principal crop grown here is coffee. Cashew, coconut, arecanut, cardamom, chilies, cotton, sugarcane and tobacco are among the other crops.

Government and politics of Karnataka

Governor is the constitutional head of the Karnataka and is appointed for a period of five years. He appoints the Chief Minister.
The governor is only the ceremonial head of the state. The day to day
running if the government is taken care of by the Chief Minister and
his council of ministers. The State legislature consists of the
Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Commissioner of
Police is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and
order in the state. Sectoral development is looked after by the
district head of each development department such as PWD, Health,
Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc

At the national level, Karnataka consists of 28 parliamentary
constituencies from which 28 members of parliament get elected to the
Lok Sabha. Karnataka is dominated by three major parties. They are Indian National Congress , Janata Dal (Secular) , Bharatiya Janata Party , etc.

Transport of Karnataka

The major means of transportation here are busses, cars, trains,
motorbikes, cars, autorickshaws. With the emergence of low cost air
lines, people chose to travel by air as well.

There are 3973 km of National Highways in Karnataka. The public bus
transport in Karnataak is managed by KSRTC(Karnataka State Road
Transport Corporation). For efficient managment KSRTC was bifurcated
into three Corporations viz.

  • Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation
  • North-west Karnataka Road Transport Corporation
  • North-East Karnataka Road Transport Corporation
  • KSRTC plies various categories of busses as Volvo , deluxe buses,
    Semi-deluxe and normal buses. To provide transportation facilities to
    the rural people KSRTC provides the bus service as the Grameena Sarige.

    The railway network of Karnataka comes under the Southern and Western
    railway zones which were headquartered at Madras and Bombay. The
    railway network has a length of 3089 km. Coastal Karnataka is covered
    under the Konkan railway network.

    The one important port of Karantaka is the New Mangalore Port.
    There are ten other ports at Karwar, Belekeri, Tadri, Honnavar,
    Bhatkal, Kundapur, Hangarkatta, Malpe, Padubidri and Old Mangalore.

    The airports of Karnataka are located at Bengaluru, Mangaluru,
    Hubballi, Belagavi, Hampi and Mysore. Only from Mysore and Banglore
    international flights operate. Some of the airlines that operate from
    here are Lufthansa, British Airways, Singapore Airlines and Malaysian
    Airlines. With Bangalore being the `IT capital` of India, the air
    traffic to this city has increased manifold and to cope up with the
    problem of traffic a new airpor, Bangalore International Airport is
    being constructed at Devanahalli. The airport will be ready only by
    April 2008.

    Districts of Karnataka

    Map of KarnatakaThe state of Karnataka comprises of 27 districts that are grouped into four divisions.
    The four divisions are Bangalore division, Belgaum Division, Gulbarga Division and Mysore Division.

    Demography of Karnataka

    As per the 2001 census, the total population of the state amounts to
    52,850,562. Out of which the males constitute to about 26,898,918 and
    females to about 25,951,644. The literacy of the state is 55.98%.
    Population density is 275.6 per km sq. The sex ratio is 964 females to
    1000 males. The literacy rate is 66.6% with 76% of literate males and
    57% of literate females. Karnataka occupies Ninth place with regard to
    population and the density of population. There are people belonging to
    different religions as Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jains and
    Buddhists. The majority of the populations are Hindus. About 83.8% of
    the population are Hindus, 12.23% are Muslim, 1.91% are Christians,
    0.78% are Jains, 0.73% are Buddhist and the remaining belong to other
    religions. The official language of the people of Karnataka is Kannada.
    The other languages spoken here are Urdu, Telegu, Marathi, Tamil, Malayalam, Tulu, Konkani and Hindi. The majority of the people speak in Kannada.

    Culture of Karnataka

    Karnataka is a treasure island of ritualistic dances. The dances are
    denoted by the generic term Kunitha. The major art forms are Dollu
    Kunitha, Puja kunitha, Pata Kunitha, Gorava Kunitha, Kamsale, Devare
    Thatte Kunitha, Yellammana Kunitha, Suggi Kunitha. Other than these
    dances, Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi and Kathak are well known classical
    dances. The music of Karnataka flourished under the royal patronage of
    the Vijayanagar Empire and the Wadayars. The Hindustani music and
    Caranatic music are the popular music genres of Karnataka. Yakshagana
    is an elaborate dance-drama performance unique to Karnataka. Major
    festivals of Karnataka are Dussehra ,Hampi Festival, Tula Sankramana,
    Vairamudi Festival, Kambala or buffalo racing, Sri Vithappa fair, Sri
    Shidlingappa`s fair etc.

    More on Culture

    Karnataka Art forms

    Costume of Karnataka

    Crafts of Karnataka

    Festivals of Karnataka

    Folk Dances of Karnataka

    Music in Karnataka

    Flora and fauna of Karnataka

    Having a varied landscape, the state is quite rich in flora and
    fauna. The Sahyadris in the state of Karnataka are the most important
    area as far as the flora of state is concerned. Some of the highlights
    of the vegetation of this state are the white Mallika, the golden
    Champaka, the red rose, and the purple Padari. Apart from these, there
    are trees of Mangoes, Teak and Sandalwood found on the eastern slope.

    Education in Karnataka

    Karnataka has the highest number of educational institutions in the fields of engineering and medical sciences.

    The major educational institutions are:

    Indian Institute of Science(Bangalore)

    Indian Institute of Management Bangalore

    Some of the institutions that are involved in undergraduate engineering education are

    National Institute of Technology

    University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering

    M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology

    More on Education

    Universities in Karnataka

    Media in Karnataka

    Of the 19 channels run by Doordarshan, DD9 is an exclusive Kannada
    channel. Other private channels are TV 9 - Karnataka, Zee Kannada,
    Udaya, ETV Kannada, etc. The major newspapers of Kannada are Prajavani,
    Udayavani, Vijaya Karnataka, and Kannada Prabha. The major English
    newspapers are the Deccan Herald, Times of India, The Hindu and the
    Indian Express.

    The radio networks of the state are All India Radio, Radio City Radio Mirchi, Radio Indigo, Radio One etc

    Sports & Adventure in Karnataka

    The major sports of the people of Karnataka are Parasailing, Water
    sports, trekking scuba diving, coracling, surfing, canoeing, kayaking
    or windsurfing etc. Parasailing is one of the thrilling aero sport
    activities.

    More on Sports in Karnataka

    Assembly Constituencies of Karnataka


    Karnataka  Assembly Constituency Map

     
    List of the Constituencies in Karnataka
     

    1 Aurad
    2 Bhalki
    3 Hulsoor (SC)
    4 Bidar
    5 Humnabad
    6 Basavakalyan
    7 Chincholi
    8 Kamalapur (SC)
    9 Alland
    10 Gulbarga
    11 Shahabad (SC)
    12 Afzalpur
    13 Chitapur
    14 Sedam
    15 Jewargi
    16 Gurmitkal (SC)
    17 Yadgir
    18 Shahapur
    19 Shorapur
    19.Hassan
    20 Deodurg (SC)
    21 Raichur
    22 Kalmala
    23 Manvi
    24 Lingsugur
    25 Sindhnoor
    26 Kushtagi
    27 Yelburga
    28 Kanakagiri
    29 Gangavathi
    30 Koppal
    31 Siruguppa
    32 Kurugodu
    33 Bellary
    34 Hospet
    35 Sandur
    36 Kudligi
    37 Kottur
    38 Hadagalli
    39 Harapanahalli (SC)
    40 Harihar
    41 Davangere
    42 Mayakonda
    43 Bharamasagara (SC)
    44 Chitradurga
    45 Jagalur
    46 Molakalmuru
    47 Challakere
    48 Hiriyur (SC)
    49 Holalkere
    50 Hosadurga
    51 Pavagada (SC)
    52 Sira
    53 Kallambella
    54 Bellavi
    55 Madhugiri (SC)
    56 Koratagere

    57 Tumkur
    58 Kunigal
    59 Huliyurdurga
    60 Gubbi
    61 Turuvekere
    62 Tiptur
    63 Chiknaikanahalli
    64 Gowribidanur
    65 Chikballapur (SC)
    66 Sidlaghatta
    67 Bagepalli
    68 Chintamani
    69 Srinivasapur
    70 Mulbagal
    71 Kolar Gold Fields (SC)
    72 Bethamangala (SC)
    73 Kolar
    74 Vemgal
    75 Malur
    76 Malleswaram
    77 Rajajinagar
    78 Gandhinagar
    79 Chickpet
    80 Binnypet
    81 Chamarajapet
    82 Basavanagudi
    83 Jayanagar
    84 Shanthinagar (SC)
    85 Shivajinagar
    86 Bharathinagar
    87 Jayamahal
    88 Yelahanka (SC)
    89 Uttarahalli
    90 Varthur
    91 Kanakapura
    92 Sathanur
    93 Channapatna
    94 Ramanagaram
    95 Magadi
    96 Nelamangala (SC)
    97 Doddaballapur
    98 Devanahalli (SC)
    99 Hosakote
    100 Anekal (SC)
    101 Nagamangala
    102 Maddur
    103 Kiragaval
    104 Malavalli (SC)
    105 Mandya
    106 Keragodu
    107 Srirangapatna
    108 Pandavapura
    109 Krishnarajpet
    110 Hanur
    111 Kollegal (SC)
    112 Bannur


    113 T. Narasipur (SC)
    114 Krishnaraj
    115 Chamaraja
    116 Narasimharaja
    117 Chamundeswari
    118 Nanjangud
    119 Santhemarahalli (SC)
    120 Chamarajanagar
    121 Gundlupet
    122 Heggadadevanakote (SC)
    123 Hunsur
    124 Krishnarajanagar
    125 Periyapatna
    126 Virajpet (ST)
    127 Madikere
    128 Somwarpet
    129 Belur (SC)
    130 Arsikere
    131 Gandsi
    132 Sravanabelagola
    133 Holenarasipur
    134 Arkalgud
    135 Hassan
    136 Sakleshpur
    137 Sullia (SC)
    138 Puttur
    139 Vittal
    140 Belthangady
    141 Bantwal
    142 Mangalore
    143 Ullal
    144 Surathkal
    145 Kaup
    146 Udupi
    147 Brahmavar
    148 Coondapur
    149 Baindur
    150 Karkal
    151 Moodabidri
    152 Sringeri
    153 Mudigere (SC)
    154 Chikmagalur
    155 Birur
    156 Kadur
    157 Tarikere
    158 Channagiri
    159 Holehonnur (SC)
    160 Bhadravathi
    161 Honnali
    162 Shimoga
    163 Tirthahalli
    164 Hosanagar
    165 Sagar
    166 Sorab
    167 Shikaripur
    168 Sirsi (SC)

    169 Bhatkal
    170 Kumta
    171 Ankola
    172 Karwar
    173 Haliyal
    174 Dharwad Rural
    175 Dharwad
    176 Hubli
    177 Hubli Rural
    178 Kalghatgi
    179 Kundgol
    180 Shiggaon
    181 Hanagal
    182 Hirekerur
    183 Ranibennur
    184 Byadgi (SC)
    185 Kaveri
    186 Shirhatti
    187 Mundargi
    188 Gadag
    189 Ron
    190 Naragund
    191 Navalgund
    192 Ramdurg
    193 Parasgad
    194 Bailhongal
    195 Kittur
    196 Khanapur
    197 Belgaum
    198 Uchagaon
    199 Bagewadi
    200 Gokak (ST)
    201 Arabhavi
    202 Hukkeri
    203 Sankeshwar
    204 Nippani
    205 Sadalga
    206 Chikkodi (SC)
    207 Raibag (SC)
    208 Kagwad
    209 Athani
    210 Jamkhandi
    211 Bilgi
    212 Mudhol (SC)
    213 Bagalkot
    214 Badami
    215 Guledgud
    216 Hungund
    217 Muddebihal
    218 Huvin-Hippargi
    219 Basavana-Bagewadi
    220 Tikota
    221 Bijapur
    222 Ballolli (SC)
    223 India
    224 Sindgi

    Karnataka Parliamentary Constituencies


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    Karnataka Parliamentary Constituencies

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    Karnataka Parliamentary Constituencies





    AC_NO

    AC Name

    Total Parts

    Ward No /Area. name

     

    BBMP

     

    151

    K.R. Pura

    164

    KRPuram.CMC,MahadevapuraCMCWardno3-11

     

    KRPuram.CMC,MahadevapuraCMCWardno3-11

     

    154

    Rajarajeshwari Nagar

    172

    1-HMT,2-JALLAHALLI,3-YESHWANTHPURA,11-PEENYA,INDUSTRIAL.TOWN

     

    1-HMT,2-JALLAHALLI,3-YESHWANTHPURA,11-PEENYA,INDUSTRIAL.TOWN

     

    156

    Mahalakshmi Layout

    169

    10-MAHALAKDHMIPURA,
    12-NANDINI,LAYOUT, 13-GELEYARABALAGA

     

    14-NAGAPURNA,16-KAMALANAGAR,17-VRUSHABHAVATHINAGAR

     

    157

    Malleshwaram

    157

    4-MATHIKERE,
    5-KODANDARAMAPURA, 7-DATTATREYATEMPLE

    8-GAYATHRINAGAR,9-SUBRAHMANYANAGAR,99-ARAMANENAGAR

     

    158

    Hebbal

    134

    96-HEBBALA,97-JAYACHAMARAJENDRANAGAR

     

    98-GANGANAGARA,100-SANJAYANAGAR

     

    159

    Pulakeshi Nagar

    141

    91-PULIKESHINAGAR,,93-DEVARAJEEVANAHALLI

     

    90-SAGAIPURAM,95-KAVALBYRASANDRA

     

    160

    Sarvagna Nagar

    166

    86-MARUTHISEVANAGAR,89-KACHARAKANAHALLI,94-KADUKONDANAHALLI

     

    87-LINGARAJAPURA,88-BANASWADI

     

    161

    C.V. Raman Nagar

    151

    73-AIRPORT,84-BENNIGANAHALLI

     

    82-HOYSALANAGAR,83-SIRC.V.RAMANNAGAR,85-SARVAJNANAGAR

     

    162

    Shivajinagar

    149

    77-SAMPANGIRAMANAGARA,78-VASANTHANAGAR,79-SHIVAJINAGARA

     

    80-BHARATHINAGARA,81-HALASUR,92-JAYAMAHAL

     

    163

    Shanthinagar

    169

    69-NEELASANDRA,70-SHANTHINAGARA,71-AUSTINTOWN

     

    72-DOMALUR,74-JEEVANBHEEMANAGAR,75-JOGUPALYA,76-RICHMONDTOWN

     

    164

    Gandhinagar

    178

    25-RAMACHANDRAPURA,26-SEVASHRAMA,27-GANDHINAGARA

     

    6-Gandhinagara,
    28-CHIKKAPETE, 29-COTTONPET, 31-BINNYPET

     

    165

    Rajajinagar

    161

    15-RAJAJINAGAR,22-SHREERAMAMADIRA,23-PRKASHNAGARA

     

    18-KAMAKSHIPALYA,19-BASAVESHWARANAGARA,20-SHIVANAGARA
    24-BHASHYAMNAGARA

     

    166

    Govindarajnagar

    148

    35-MARENAHALLI,
    36-GOVINDARAJANAGARA, 37-AMARAJYOTHINAGARA

     

    21-INDUSTRIALTOWN,
    38-MOODALAPALYA, 39-CHANDRALAYOUT

     

    167

    Vijaynagar

    169

    32-KEMPARURAAGRAHARA,
    33-VIJAYANAGARA, 34-RPCLAYOUT, 40-ATHIGUPPE

     

    41GALIANJANEYASWAMYTEMPLE,
    42-BAPUJINAGAR

     

    168

    Chamarajpet

    155

    43-PADARAYANAPURA,
    45-AZADNAGARA

     

    30-SHREEKRISHNA.RAJENDRA.MARKET,
    44-JAGAJEEVANARAMNAGARA, 46-CHAMARAJAPET

     

    169

    Chickpet

    185

    47-DHARAMARAYASWAMY.TEMPLE,
    48-SUDHAMANAGARA, 49-KEMPEGOWDANAGARA

     

    50-VISHVESHWARAPURAM,
    61-MAVALLI, 62-HOMEGOWDANAGARA

     

    170

    Basavanagudi

    153

    51-BASAVANAGUDI,53-SHREENAGAR

     

    52-HANUMANTHANAGARA,54-SHREENIVASANAGARA

     

    171

    Padmanabhanagar

    137

    55-PADMANABHANAGARA

     

    56-GANESHAMANDIRA,59-YADIYURU

     

    172

    B.T.M. Layout

    146

    63-LAKKASANDRA,65-BTM.LAYOUT,68-EZIPURA

     

    66-MADIWA,67-KORAMANGALA

     

    173

    Jayanagar

    141

    57-J.P.NAGARA,60-PATTABHIRAMANAGARARA

     

    58-JAYANAGARA,64-GURAPPANAPALYA

     

    Bommanahalli CMC

     

    Bommanahalli CMC

     


















    150

    Yelahanka

    173

    Dasanpura.Hesaraghatta,
    Yelhanaka.Circle, Yelhanka(CMC).Ward.1-17and20-32

    Dasanpura.Hesaraghatta,
    Yelhanaka.Circle, Yelhanka(CMC)Ward.1-17and20-32

     

    152

    Byatarayanapura

    152

    Byatarayanpura.CMC.ward1-22,
    Jalacircle, Yelhanaka.CMC.Ward18.19, Thanisandra, Dasarahallli, Rachenahalli

    Byatarayanpura.CMC.ward1-22,Jalacircle,Yelhanaka.CMC.Ward18.19,
    Thanisandra,Dasarahallli,Rachenahalli

     

    153

    Yeshwanthpur

    175

    Yeshvanthapura.Circle,BangaloreSouth(Tavarekere,Kengeri)

    Yeshvanthapura.Circle,BangaloreSouth(Tavarekere,Kengeri)

     

    155

    Dasarahalli

    145

    CChikkabanavara,
    Gangarahally, Chikkasandra, Abbigere, Somashettihally, Laximpura,
    Medarahally, SidedahallyDasarahalli. (CMC+OG).Ward.No1-25,27-29,33-35

    CChikkabanavara,
    Gangarahally, Chikkasandra, Abbigere, Somashettihally, Laximpura,
    Medarahally, SidedahallyDasarahalli. (CMC+OG).Ward.No1-25,27-29,33-35

     

    174

    Mahadevapura

    166

    Bidarahalli.Circel,
    Hagadur, Nagondahalli.Villages, MadadevapuraCMCW.No1,2,12-31 Channasandra(OG)
    -Ward No33.

    Bidarahalli.Circel,
    Hagadur, Nagondahalli.Villages, MadadevapuraCMCW.No1,2,12-31 Channasandra(OG)
    -Ward No33.

     

    176

    Bangalore South

    182

    BegurCircle,
    Subramanyapura, Vasanthapura, Gubbalalu, Vaddarapalya, Uttarahalli, Arehalli,
    Turali, Anjanapura, Prillaganahalli. Kembathhalli, Gollaha, Thippasandra,
    Gottigere, Kottanoor, Raghuvanapalya, Doddakallasandra, Alahalli, Konankunte,
    Chunchagatta, JiganiCircle, PattanagereCMCWard.No28-63,32(OG)

    BegurCircle,
    Subramanyapura, Vasanthapura, Gubbalalu, Vaddarapalya, Uttarahalli, Arehalli,
    Turali, Anjanapura, Prillaganahalli. Kembathhalli, Gollahalli, Thippasandra,
    Gottigere, Kottanoor, Raghuvanapalya, Doddakallasandra, Alahalli, Konankunte,
    Chunchagatta, JiganiCircle, PattanagereCMCWard.No28-63,32(OG)

     

    Kasaba, Attibele,
    SarjapuraCircle, AnekalTMC

    Kasaba, Attibele,
    SarjapuraCircle, Anekal.TMC
    177Anekal176







     

     


     

    161.

    161. C.V. Raman Nagar
    (SC)

    Bangalore (M Corp.+OG) (Part)

    Bangalore (M Corp.) - Ward No.73 to 74 and 82 to 85.

    161

    C.V. Raman Nagar

    151

    73-AIRPORT,
    74-JEEVANBHEEMANAGAR,

     

    82-HOYSALANAGAR,83-SIRC.V.RAMANNAGAR,
    84-BENNIGANAHALLI ,85-SARVAJNANAGAR

     










     

    Sl.           Ward
    No.&           Impt.Localities                     Schedule

    No.          Name

     

    79           79.Airport             Jeevan Bhima Nagar (P)    North                                     By 10th
    Main Road
    &         

                                                                                                                                                   
    Suranjandas Rd  

    Shivalingaiah Col, Anada       East                                    By
    Mn/cr. Rd.Airport Rd
    & Property Compound

                                                                                                   

    Puram,
    Nanjareddy col.,          South                                By Property
    compound & HAL Wind tunnel Rd.

     

    BDA  Col. Konena Agrahara,   West                               By
    Property

    Cauvery
    Ngr.Ramagiri, KR                                              compound
    & storm water drain

                                                                                                   

    Garden ,
    Vinayaka Ngr,

    Manjunath
    Layout, NR Layout

    Rustum Garden, Ammanamma

    Layout,
    Karnataka Classic Golf

    Course                                                                                  

    78.          78.Jeevan
                 Defense Colony, Old
    Tippasandra,   North     By 1st Mn. Rd.

                    Bhima
    Ngr            , HAL 2nd Stage,
    LIC Col. Kodihali East        By 80ft.Rd, Tippasan

    Jeevan Bhima
    Ngr. (P)                                                       Mn.Rd./BEML
    Rd., 10th Mn.Rd.% Nanja Reddy Col. Mn.Rd.

                                                                
    South                        By Airport Rd.

                                                                  West                        By 100ft.Rd.        

    82           Hoysala
    Ngr         Binna Mangala, BM Kaval,Indira     North     By
    Old Madras Rd.

                                                    Ngr
    Hoysala Ngr (Murphy
    Town),   East        By
    Railway Line

                                                    Lakshmipura,
    Shastrt Ngr., Indira South     By Mn & Cr Rd, Exis

                                                    Ngr
    2nd Stage, BM Sri Circle, Hutting           ting
    ward boundry

                                                    Col.
    Michael Palya, Bairasandra                     Varthur Rd,
    Suranjan

                                                    (Jogpalya),
    Nagavara, Nagvarpalya                  Das Rd.
    80ft. Rd.1st

                                                                                                                                                   
    Mn Rd. 100 ft.Rd.10

                                                                                                                                                   
    Th
    Mn., 17 E Cr.

                                                                                                                                    West      By Main Channel Rd/

                                                                                                                                                   
    Storm
    Water Drain

    83           Sir CV Raman     CV Raman Ngr., Kaggadasan pura  North     By Mn & Rd.,

                                                    Mallesanpalya,
    Garkamantpalya,                     Existing
    ward

                                                    KG
    Col. Bhuvaneshwari Ngr.,                          Boundry,
    Varthur Rd.

                                                    Krishnappa Garden, Maruthi Ngr.                  Suranjandas Rd. Exist

                                                    New
    Tippasandra, Puttappa Col.                       Ward Boundry/AC

                                                    Venkateshwara
    Col., Seethappa col                 Boundry,
    Kagadaspur

                                                    515
    col, HAL 3rd Stage                                       Mn. Rd, Rly Line.

                                                                                                                                    East        By Kaggadaspura

                                                                                                                                                   
    Mn.Rd

                                                                                                                                    South     By kengal

                                                                                                                                                   
    Hanumanthya
    Mn.

                                                                                                                                                   
    Rd.
    & Cr.Rds.

                                                                                                                                                   
    Suranjandas Rd

                                                                                                                                                   
    BEML
    Rd.Tippa

                                                                                                                                                   
    Sanrda
    Mn.Rd

                                                                                                                                    West      By 80ft. Rd.

    84     Benniganhalli      Devesandra, Durvani Ngr. JC lay    North     By
    Old Madras Rd
    &

    Devasandra
    Mn.Rd

    Out, Hale
    Devasandra, Iyyappa Ngr East        By Mn.Rd.Village

                                                                                                    Boundry

    Roshan
    Ngr.Rly Col.,Singayana-pal                South     By whitefield Rd.

                                                                                                    Mn.Rd,
    Outer Ring

                                                                                                    Rd,
    Mn.Rd

    ya,BNarayanapura,
    Mahadevapura, West      By Mn.Rd.Property

                                                                                                    Compound
    & Old

    .Madras Rd

    71   Sarvagna
    Ngr.      Sarvagna Ngr.Dodkunte,Kalhalli    North     By
    Lazar Rd.&
    Rly

                                                                                                                                           
    Rd

                                            Kadiranpalya,
    Kathalipalya,                              East        By Rly Rd. and

                                                                                                                                           
    Mn.Rd

                                            Krishnamurthy
    Ngr.New                   South By Old Madras Rd.

                                            Baiyappanhalli,
    Jayaraj Ngr.                            West
         By Storm water

                                                                                                                                           
    Drain,
    Property

                                                                                                                                           
    Compound,
    Cr.Rd.

                                                                                                                                           
    Kenigton Rd.,

                                                                                                                                           
    Meanee
    Avenue Rd.

                                                                                                                                           
    Assayee
    Rd. &                                                                                                                                                             Buddha Vihar Rd.

     

     

     


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