Discovery of Metteyya the Awakened One with Awareness Universe(FOAINDMAOAU)
From Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice University in
 116 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES in BUDDHA'S own Words through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.orgat 668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL 3rd Stage, Punya Bhumi Bengaluru- Magadhi Karnataka State -PRABUDDHA BHARAT
Categories:

Archives:
Meta:
04/25/13
26413 FRIDAY LESSON 901-THE TIPITAKA-Vinaya Pitaka- from FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org THE ONLY BUDDHIST & SARVA SAMAJ (SC/ST/OBC/MINORITIES/POOR UPPER CASTES) an Alternative Media is: http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP! People are just fed up with Congress, other regional parties BSR, KJP and BJP! capture the MASTER KEY ! For Mayawati! For equal distribution of wealth of this country to Sarva SAMAJ i.e., for SC/ST/OBC/Minorities and poor upper castes for peace,welfare and happiness of the entire people and not just for corporate interests and in - humanists. Maha Mayawati JI the next Prime Minister of PRABUDDHA BHARATH 35.58 lakh first-time voters in State VOICE OF SARVA SAMAJ So now should looting continue here in cash rich state with the id of the greedy media ? Please vote for the following BSP candidates in ELEPHANT symbol on 05-05-2013 AWAKENED ONE WITH AWARENESS ONE’S FAIR TRADE PRACTICE http://sbinformation.about.com/od/business-ideas/a/small-business-ideas.htm http://sbinformation.about.com/od/business-ideas/qt/Handyman-Small-Business-Idea.htm Handyman Small Business Idea The Pros and Cons of Starting a Handyman Business
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 8:16 pm
26413 FRIDAY LESSON 901-THE TIPITAKA-Vinaya Pitaka-
















from FREE ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org



THE ONLY BUDDHIST
& SARVA
SAMAJ (SC/ST/OBC/MINORITIES/POOR UPPER CASTES) an Alternative
Media is: http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org



The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP!

People are just fed up
with Congress, other regional parties BSR, KJP and BJP!
 capture the MASTER KEY !
For Mayawati!

For
equal distribution of wealth of this country to Sarva
SAMAJ
i.e., for
SC/ST/OBC/Minorities and poor upper castes for peace,welfare and
happiness of the entire people and not just for corporate interests and
in - humanists
.

Maha Mayawati JI the next Prime Minister of PRABUDDHA BHARATH



35.58 lakh first-time voters in State

VOICE OF SARVA SAMAJ
So now should looting continue here in cash rich state with the id of the greedy media ?

Please vote for the following BSP candidates in ELEPHANT symbol on 05-05-2013


AWAKENED ONE WITH AWARENESS ONE’S FAIR TRADE PRACTICE

http://sbinformation.about.com/od/business-ideas/a/small-business-ideas.htm
http://sbinformation.about.com/od/business-ideas/qt/Handyman-Small-Business-Idea.htm

Handyman Small Business Idea

The Pros and Cons of Starting a Handyman Business


Maha Mayawati JI the next Prime Minister of PRABUDDHA BHARATH


14anim.gif




                                                                               The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP!

People are just fed up
with Congress, other regional parties JDS, BSR, KJP
and BJP!
 capture the MASTER KEY !
For Mayawati!






Please vote for the following BSP candidates in ELEPHANT symbol on 05-05-2013






http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/16935392/1854607737/name/BSP_10_20%2Ejpg
Karnataka-pc-wise



35.58 lakh first-time voters in State


A total of 35.58 lakh young men and women in the State have enrolled in the electoral rolls to exercise their franchise for the first time in the May 5 elections to the State Legislative Assembly. File photo

A total of 35.58 lakh young men and women in the State have enrolled in
the electoral rolls to exercise their franchise for the first time in
the May 5 elections to the State Legislative Assembly.


A total of 4,36,36,966 (4.36 crore)
citizens are eligible to exercise their franchise in the State and about
18 lakh voters are added during the last few months.


In Bangalore alone, 5.34 lakh voters would cast their franchise for the first time on May 5.

There
are 2,26,84,060 male and 2,13,82,916 female voters in the Sate. The
total number of voters in Bangalore is 70,37,885, the CEO said.



Polling booths

The Election Commission would set
up 52,034 polling booths across the State. A total of 10,103 and 14,209
polling booths have been declared hyper-sensitive and sensitive
respectively, the CEO said.

He said 65,000 EVMs would
be used for ensuring peaceful polling. A total of 2.53 lakh personnel
would be roped in for polling work while 48,182 state police personnel
would be deployed across the State. Nearly 9,900 drivers and conductors
have been asked to report for work.

The CEO said
polling officials, including drivers; conductors and the police (total
3,11,142) would be given postal ballot papers to cast their votes.

To
check malpractices, nearly 2,000 flying squads have been constituted
and each squad is manned by 4 to 5 persons, including two police
personnel.

Authorities have seized cash of Rs 10 lakh
at airport in Belgaum and one person was arrested. Illegal cash was
seized in Bellary (Rs. 16.5 lakh in two different places), Koppal (Rs 10
lakh), Kumta (Rs 8.35 lakh), Davangere (10.14 lakh), and 43 solar
streetlights worth Rs. 12 lakh in Kanakapura, the CEO said


Mayawati again demands imposition of President’s Rule in UP

New Delhi: BSP supremo
Mayawati on Thursday made a fresh demand for imposition of President’s
rule in Uttar Pradesh in the wake of the controversial remarks made by
some ministers in the Akhilesh Yadav government.

“What more evidence can one look for after this. These kind of
incidents (minister’s remarks) coming to light after our letter to the
Governor vindicates our position. The Governor should not delay action
any further and recommend President’s Rule in the state,” she told
reporters outside Parliament.

Mayawati had last week met Governor B L Joshi and asked him to recommend
President’s rule claiming there was a constitutional crisis in the
state due to poor law and order situation.

UP Textile Minister Shiv Kumar Beria had yesterday triggered a
controversy by saying that no policeman can do anything without his
orders while Social Welfare Minister Ram Murti Verma said no power can
stop crimes in the state and they would continue to happen.

Asked about the reported incursion by China in Ladakh, she said,
“Centre should be serious and timely action should be taken or else the
situation could deteriorate”.

PTI


VOICE OF SARVA SAMAJ


Jagatheesan Chandrasekharan


an hour ago

VOICE OF SARVA SAMAJ

Congress has been ruling
in the Centre and States for more than 60 years.Why did they not give
rice for Re.1 per Kg all these years. First of all have they made
education free as directed in the Constitution? Leave alone promising
free laptops can they promise to give Internet connections which costs
Rs1000/- per month to all these laptops. Students will only sell these
laptops as they did in Uttar Pradesh.Congress or the BJP never even
attempted to distribute healthy seeds, land to the tillers and
uninterrupted irrigation to the farmers. Government loans were not given
to youths to start their own trade and business. Government servants
were corrupt and were not asked by these parties to be loyal and
efficient for their good governance. Hence

The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP!

People are just fed up
with Congress, other regional parties JDS, BSR, KJP and BJP!


After 15 opposition members of the 2G JPC told Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar they had no confidence in its chairman P.C. Chacko, the Congress members  demanded three BJP MPs be removed from the panel or debarred from voting due to conflict of interest.
“We have urged the speaker to remove three BJP members - Ravi Shankar Prasad, Yashwant Sinha and Jaswant Singh
- from the JPC or debar them from voting as they were either telecom
ministers or were part of a group of ministers on the issue during the
NDA rule (1998-2004) and there would be a conflict of interest if the
draft report would be discussed and finalised in their presence,”


The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members are miffed as the draft report
states the government incurred losses worth over Rs.40,000 core during
the NDA rule under then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

YAHOO! NEWS

India


If
a Scheduled Caste does some thing it is called wrong doing and punished
and if non-Scheduled Castes does the same mistake it is just an error
and escapes. This is un-Constitutional but it is the law of manu where
errorists are allowed to escape.

Congress has been ruling
in the Centre and States for more than 60 years.Why did they not give
rice for Re.1 per Kg all these years. First of all have they made
education free as directed in the Constitution? Leave alone promising
free laptops can they promise to give Internet connections which costs
Rs1000/- per month to all these laptops. Students will only sell these
laptops as they did in Uttar Pradesh.Congress or the BJP never even
attempted to distribute healthy seeds, land to the tillers and
uninterrupted irrigation to the farmers. Government loans were not given
to youths to start their own trade and business. Government servants
were corrupt and were not asked by these parties to be loyal and
efficient for their good governance.
Hence


The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP!

People are just fed up
with Congress, other regional parties JDS, BSR, KJP and BJP!
 BSP will capture the MASTER KEY !
For Mayawati!


These PAID NEWS medias have no self respect. For the sake of advertisement they violate law of the land and conduct Pre-Poll surveys. Napolean had once said that he can face two battalions but not two scribes.All surveys are bull shit.

This
time many voters may not go for voting as they are fed up with BJP,
Congress, JDS, KJP, BSR because they are all chips of the old coal and
iron blasts and vultures of the same feather flocking together who feed
on the dead bodies of farmers. If again elected these vultures may even
feed on the dead bodies of urbanites because of the ever increasing high
inflation.

The petition said around 6,000 people have been rendered homeless after
their houses were razed by the developer.


Now, candidates launch direct transfer scheme for voters.

It is another innovation from Karnataka that will revolutionise
electoral politics. If the results of the 2008 elections taught
politicians how to circumvent the anti-defection law through Operation
Kamala, 2013 elections have thrown up a direct cash transfer scheme for
bribing voters.


Outgoing Congress MLA for Kanakapura D.K. Shivakumar tops the Midas
charts, followed by two more party colleagues — Priya Krishna and
Santosh Lad.

Congress’ ‘most eligible bachelor’ is worth over Rs 900 cr in the fray from
Govindrajnagar segment. His wealth was
declared at Rs 765 crore in the 2009 Assembly bypoll
son of realtor-politician  who is a sitting MLA from Vijayanagar here.

Up-scale


As many as 57 Congress MLAs, although out of power, reported an average
asset rise of Rs. 13 crore (60 per cent) each. The Janata Dal (Secular)
has reported an average increase of Rs. 11 crore (198 per cent) in
assets of each of its MLAs.


For the Bharatiya Janata Party, its 73 MLAs became 132 per cent richer at an average increase of Rs. 6 crore each.


Other notables are Appachu Ranjan of BJP (Madikeri) whose assets have
grown from Rs. 18.2 lakh to Rs.10.65 crore, excluding the undeclared
value of his six vehicles, jewellery and immoveable property; and S.
Raghu, also of BJP, (C.V. Raman Nagar) from 72.8 lakh to Rs. 31.64 crore
in five years.


Deputy Chief Minister K.S. Eshwarappa owns assets worth
Rs. 4.8 crore, while his wife, Jayalakshmi, owns assets worth Rs. 2.47
crore.

Advani is accused of taking money from Yeddyurappa


The ADR-EW team said that this year, 42 of the 48 MLAs with criminal records have returned to the polls.

Union Law Minister Ashwani Kumar may find
himself in a spot when the CBI files its affidavit in the Supreme Court
on whether the coalgate report was vetted by the Law Ministry and the
PMO.

Calling
coal mine allocations done in 1993 to 2010 as “unauthorised and
illegal”, a Parliamentary panel on Tuesday suggested scrapping of mines
that have not started production.

The Committee
said it was “astonished” to find that although 195 blocks with 44.23
billion tonnes of reserves were allotted, no estimates for the value of
coal extracted was made by the government. It stressed the need for
introducing a proper mechanism for correct evaluation.


BJP looted Karnataka

Ruling BJP in Karnataka,is accused of “looting” the
state that it would lose the May 5 Karnataka assembly polls.

BJP broke
electoral promises and “the only thing they remembered was how to loot
public money in the state. They have done it. They are past masters in
this”.

Flaying
the government for forgetting its promises of employment, water and
24-hour power supply, he said “last time you made BJP victorious, you
trusted them. They promised you 24-hour power supply, did you get it?
They promised you employment, did you get it? They forgot employment,
power.”

BJP was talking about corruption in
Delhi, but gave “Vidhan Sabha seats to two brothers
(mining barons from Bellary Janardhana Reddy and Karunakara Reddy who
are facing corruption cases).”

VVIP chopper deal: CBI freezes bank account of ex-IAF chief

VVIP Helicopter deal 4000 crore scam

Rajasthan stone quarry scam

Farm loan waiver scam

Dental Multicrore scam

The Great Thorium Robbery ?????????? Crores

DLF- Vadra Scam

Coal block allotment scam Rs. 186000 crores

Adarsh Scam - shameless, unpatriotic scam where politicians were
allotted the houses meant for Kargil Martyrs in Jokelal State of Maharashtra.

2G Spectrum Scam 2008 Rs. 176000
crores

Granite stone scam (TN) - 18,000 crores

CWG

S-Band Scam


People always Lie in pre-polls. Indian voters never give a right answer who they voted they would adjust to your convenience. Media and money power did not work in the concluded Urban Elections. Congress won because of the absence of BSP and the ELEPHANT symbol was not alotted to any candidate. Now BSP along with SDPI and former Chairman od Backward Class Commission will do the trick.

So now should looting continue here in cash rich state with the id of the greedy media ?


The BJP has had a history of appropriating figures that had no
ideological linkage with it and were at times even opposed to it. From
Mahatma Gandhi to Bhagat Singh to Vivekananda and BR Ambedkar, the party
has tried to piggyback onto the legacies of many.


The New Indian Express

Congress has been ruling in the Centre and States for
more than 60 years.Why did they not give rice for Re.1 per Kg all these
years. First of all have they made education free as directed in the
Constitution? Leave alone promising free laptops can they promise to
give Internet connections which costs Rs1000/- per month to all these
laptops. Students will only sell these laptops as they did in Uttar
Pradesh.Congress or the BJP never even attempted to distribute healthy
seeds, land to the tillers and uninterrupted irrigation to the farmers.
Government loans were not given to youths to start their own trade and
business. Government servants were corrupt and were not asked by these
parties to be loyal and efficient for their good governance. Hence
The Only Hope of the Nation is Elephant of BSP!
People are just fed up
with Congress, other regional parties JDS, BSR, KJP and BJP!
BSP will capture the MASTER KEY !
For Mayawati!

Posted by

at
04/26/2013 10:06


கோலார் மாவட்டம், மாலூர் தொகுதியில், பா.ஜ., அறிவித்த வேட்பாளர், மனு தாக்கல் செய்யாததால், அத்தொகுதியில் பா.ஜ., போட்டியிடவில்லை.


கே.ஜே.பி. சில தொகுதிகளில், ம.ஜ.த.,
வேட்பாளர்களையும், சில தொகுதிகளில், பா.ஜ.,வுக்கு ஆதரவாகவும்,
செயல்பட்டு வருகின்றனர்.


பல தொகுதிகளில், காங்கிரஸ் அதிருப்தி வேட்பாளர்கள் தலை தூக்கியுள்ளனர்.
அவர்கள், எதிர்க்கட்சியினருக்கு பிரசாரம் செய்து வருகின்றனர்.

தேர்தலில் வென்றால், நாங்கள் தான் முதல்வர் என, சட்டசபை எதிர்க்கட்சித்
தலைவர் சித்தராமையாவும், மாநில காங்கிரஸ் தலைவர் பரமேஸ்வரும் கூறியதால்
சலசலப்பு நிலவியது.


ஊழல் முறைகேட்டில் சிக்கியதாக, முன்னாள் அமைச்சர், கட்டா சுப்பிரமணிய நாயுடு, கிருஷ்ணய்ய

ஷெட்டி, எம்.எல்.ஏ., சம்பங்கி ஆகியோருக்கு, சீட் வழங்காததால்,

அக்கட்சியிலும் அதிருப்தியாளர்கள் அதிகரித்துள்ளனர்.

கவுடா கட்சி: ம.ஜ.த.,

அனைத்து தொகுதிகளிலும் போட்டியிடுவதாக காட்டிக் கொள்வதற்காக, சில

தொகுதிகளில் பெயரளவில் மட்டுமே வேட்பாளர்களை களம் இறக்கியுள்ளது. பல

மாவட்டங்களில் இக்கட்சியிலும் அதிருப்தியாளர்களுக்கு பஞ்சமில்லை. பல

முக்கிய தலைவர்கள் ராஜினாமா செய்து, காங்கிரசில் ஐக்கியமாகியுள்ளனர்.

ம.ஜ.த., முன்னாள் சபாநாயகர்க்கு கூட, போட்டியிட அக்கட்சி,

டிக்கெட்கொடுக்கவில்லை. இத்தொகுதியில், கிருஷ்ணாவை ஆதரிக்க, கே.ஜே.பி., முடிவு செய்துள்ளது.


கெடுபிடி: தேர்தல் பிரசாரத்தின் போது, தேர்தல் கமிஷன் கடும் கெடுபிடிகளை
விதித்துள்ளதால், கர்நாடக மாநிலத்தில் எந்த தொகுதியிலும் தேர்தல்
நடப்பதாகவே தெரியவில்லை. கட் - அவுட், பேனர்களுக்கு அனுமதி
அளிக்கப்படவில்லை. திருமண விருந்து அளிப்பதற்கு கூட, தேர்தல் கமிஷன் தடை
விதித்துள்ளது. ஆனால், சில நிபந்தனைகளுடன் கர்நாடகா உயர்நீதிமன்றம்
தளர்த்தியுள்ளது.தேர்தல் கமிஷன் கெடுபிடி, இதுவரை இல்லாத வகையில், கடுமையாக
உள்ளது. வாகனச் சோதனையில், பணம், மது பாட்டில்கள், நகைகள் உட்பட, பல கோடி
ரூபாய் மதிப்புள்ள பொருட்கள் கைப்பற்றப்பட்டுள்ளன.



[Attachment(s) from Ravinder Singh included below]

LOOT INDIA SIGNALS by Vajpayee, Jaitley,
Yashwant, Mahajan+

April26, 2013

 

Within hours of taking over
power in 1999
Vajpayee Jaitley, Yashwant, Mahajan and others gave
LOOT INDIA SIGNALS. In my earlier message I had given list of Ten Sins of BJP
NDA that I am repeating here again – just 10 lines explain the MEGA LOOT.

 

Arun Jaitley had grossly
misled people of India
on 2G Issue.

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No.1 –
NDA gave all Different
and Competing Technologies to just Four Major operators – Airtel, Tata, Reliance
and ESSAR-Hutch (Vodafone).

 

Buy 1 Get 10 Scheme

 

Along with 2G GSM license
NDA gave
2G CDMA, WLL, Local Copper Line Phones, Broad Band, Internet, DTH, IPTV,
Optic Fiber, VoIP, WIFI, Blue Tooth etc all practically free.

 

Rs.8 Per Capita Real License Fee 

 

LOOT
INDIA SIGNAL No. 2 -
  Even as Rs.1600 crores with other Free Ten Services comes
to say Rs.160 crores – License fee for 4-5 All India 2G comes to just Rs.800
crores or Rs. 8 Per Capita.

 

Rs. 5 Per Minute Local Call Charges

 

LOOT INDIA SIGNAL No. 3 -  In 2006-07 I was charged Rs.550 to Rs.850 for
100 minutes to 140 minute local calls including few minutes to Chandigarh within 250 km
zoning. After new players were introduced in 2008 call rates fell to 0.30p to
0.40p per minute that have now doubled after cancellation of licenses of new 2G
operators.

 

Rs.4800 crores for 4G 20 Mhz Band

 

http://www.ril.com/downloads/pdf/PR110620102.pdf

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 4 -
  RIL paid
Rs.4800 crores for 4G 20 Mhz Spectrum that is capable of over 100 mbps data
speed and providing 2G, 3G, 4G services Voice & Data, Broadband, TV and
other services. Thus is cheap comparing with 2G.

 

$400b Imported Hardware for Telecom & IT
Services

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 5 -
  95% of the
Hardware and Software for Telecom and IT services were imported. NDA didn’t
promote INDIGENOUS TECHNOLOGIES.

 

NDA Promoted 4-5 Companies & CARTELS

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 6 -
  NDA in
allowing 4-5 Companies all Telecom and IT Services. Restricting Companies to
either Optic Fiber services or Wireless Technologies or Copper Wire
Technologies India could have Indigenous Hardware Production and ensure healthy
competition.

Poor Quality of Service

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 7 -
  Except DTH
Quality of All Other Services are Very Poor.

 

NEGLIGIBLE PUBLIC EQUITY IN TELECOMS

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 8 -
  Vajpayee
Jaitley, Yashwant, Mahajan+ Allowed Four or Five Families All The Telecom &
IT Services is already explained but ALSO ALLOWED THESE COMPANIES TO THEIR
EQUITY HOLDINGS TO OVER 50% to 80%.

 

CHIT FUNDS, MONEYLENDING, PROMOTING

TRADERS & CORPORATE EXTORTIONS

 

LOOT INDIA
SIGNAL No. 9 -
  NDA Denied
Bank Credits to Farmers, MSMEs but Promoted Traders, Moneylenders and
Corporate.

 

When public lost opportunities of Investing in IPOs and acquiring Equity
as Investments – public were made to Invest in Chit Funds, Deposit with
Moneylenders and Satta Bazaar to realize additional Income.

 

Ravinder Singh

Progressindia008@yahoo.com

 

http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/Print/1036316.aspx

We need better signal

April 02, 2013

 

India’s telecom sector was a showcase for the success of
economic reforms. When the government opened up the sector in 1994-95 to
private enterprise there were many sceptics of the private sector being put in
control of communications. Within years every critic was proved wrong.

Public sector monopoly had led to a sluggish growth of the sector. India’s
tele-density at the time of opening out was 0.8%. Less than one out of every
100 people had access to a telephone. Contrary to popular perception, mobile
telephones proved to be a boon for the common and weaker sections.

It hugely improved India’s
tele-density. The waiting list became a part of history. Costs were radically
slashed down; linemen were no longer required. Most Indians felt better
connected.

 

There were apparent mistakes
made in the initial years — though made honestly. The licence fees regime could
only ensure costlier telephony. The National Telecom Policy 1999, formulated by
the NDA government, corrected these mistakes. The switch to revenue sharing
reduced the cost to the operator and increased the volumes substantially.

The increased volumes ensured much larger revenue to the government and cheaper
services to the consumers. Technology began to converge between basic
telephony, limited mobility and full mobility. This led to the universal access
licence which was common to both, the basic and mobile services.

 

Telecom became the most
visible face of the success of economic reforms. They attracted investments,
increased employment and India
became the fastest growing telecom economy in the world offering cheaper
services.

The UPA government inherited this success story of telecom in 2004 and could
only make it better. Regrettably, the entire enthusiasm inherent in the success
story has disappeared. Though services have substantially expanded, there are
no takers for the spectrum auctions now.

Fresh investors are reluctant to look at this sector and those who have
invested in the sector must be regretting the environment in which they
function despite having earned profits. How did this success story turn
sour? 

 

The Prime Minister initially
gave the responsibility of the telecom department to a minister who apparently
had a conflict of interest. Criminal cases against the first telecom minister
of the UPA are under investigation.

After he was dropped, his successor from the same party, the DMK, decided to
run havoc with the department. In 2007-08, spectrum was allocated at rates
determined by the market mechanism of auction in 2001. The sector had hugely
expanded in seven years and the value of the spectrum had substantially
increased.

Despite being cautioned that the price determined at the time of allocation be
freshly undertaken, either through auction or through indexing, he decided to
allot the spectrum at a rate much less than the market prices. The mode of
allocation was conspiratorial. The goal post was altered halfway through.

The criteria of first-come-first-served was changed to those who pay the entry
fees ahead of others. This information appears to have been leaked out to the
most favoured applicants. The result was disastrous.

The report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India shattered confidence in the
credibility of governmental functioning. The CBI had to file chargesheets where
the minister, civil servants and investors were all arrested. The Supreme Court
took the extraordinary step of cancelling the licenses. The biggest success
story of economic reforms had now become a monumental scam.

 

A third minister was
appointed to look after the telecom department. He wanted to get sadistic
delight out of the fact that scams were not new to the telecom sector under the
UPA government.

He, therefore, selected a judge of his choice to ‘unearth’ an NDA scam. The
judge’s report was sent to the CBI. The CBI has now filed a chargesheet in the
court. The essence of the CBI case relates to the spectrum user charges. When
the service expands, the operators need extra spectrum.

Under the NTP 1999, additional spectrum charges are to be paid for through
revenue sharing. The policy framed in 2001-02 was that on 4.4 MHz, the initial
start up spectrum, a 2% user charge would be paid; up to 6.2 MHz, a 3% user
charge will be paid, and for the entire slab from 6.2 MHz to 10 MHz, the charge
would be 4%. The entire allegation against the NDA is as to why the slab between
6.2 MHz and 10 MHz was not broken in two, and between 8 MHz to 10 MHz, why an
extra 1% charge was not levied.

 

The spectrum user charges
are a tariff fixation. Tariff fixation is an executive function. The executive
at a given point of time considers various factors while increasing or reducing
tariff or while determining the size of the slabs on which a particular tariff
is charged. There is no scientific rationale on which this can be done.

Tariffs are fixed on a commercial assessment of the market conditions. The
underlying consideration has to be the promotion of the sector. An
administrator may well feel that lower tariff can reduce costs and increase the
volumes and hence benefit both, the sector and revenues.

In this case, slabs could have been fixed keeping in mind the parity between
the basic and limited mobility. Subsequent reports of the Telecom Regulatory
Authority of India appear to have accepted the principle on which these tariffs
were fixed.

If tariff fixation becomes a ground for invoking the Prevention of Corruption
Act, clauses such as causing wrongful loss to revenue, every finance minister
who reduces the customs or excise duty in the Budget may be subject to such an
accusation.

The CBI chargesheet names my then colleague, Pramod Mahajan, as a conspirator
in tariff fixation. Since he is no more, he obviously cannot be prosecuted. As
a member of the then government, I feel obliged, after examining the charge
against him, to suggest that the charge is absolutely ill-founded and baseless.

The telecom story is a case
where the UPA government and the prime minister have a lot to introspect.
Having inherited a showcase success story, the first minister appointed by the
UPA conflicted his personal interest with that of the sector.

His successor got trapped in his own shenanigans. The third minister set out to
teach the NDA a lesson. Former civil servants and investors have become his
victims. In the process he has damaged the sector, further adding to its
instability.

 

Arun Jaitley is a BJP MP and
Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. The views expressed by the author
are personal.

Handyman Small Business Idea

The Pros and Cons of Starting a Handyman Business



Home ownership comes with an endless list of things to fix, improve
and put together, and finding the time to get it all done is a common
challenge for homeowners. Plus, some of the items on the typical
homeowner to-do list may require more than your average do-it-yourself
knowledge.

If you have a well-rounded knowledge of how to fix things, starting a
business as a handyman can provide you with a great business
opportunity and a chance to help struggling homeowners finally get their
homes in order.

The Pros

Along with getting to use your jack-of-all-trades, fix-it passion to
help others, you may experience these benefits of starting a handyman
business:

  • Your startup costs are low if you already have the tools and equipment needed.
  • It’s an excellent business to start on a part-time basis.
  • You have the potential for high profits.
  • Your overhead expenses are generally low.
  • Word-of-mouth and referrals are great marketing tools in this business.
  • There is an opportunity to specialize, such as working exclusively with real estate agents, or on home remodels.
  • You can focus on commercial and/or residential services.
  • There are franchise opportunities available.

The Cons

Some of the potential challenges of starting a handyman business include:

  • You need to be in good physical condition.
  • Some of your work may be seasonal.
  • Licensing requirements in some areas can be challenging because you must meet certain criteria.
  • It can take some time to build a profitable client base.
  • You need thorough knowledge and experience in all aspects of home construction, remodeling, maintenance and repair.
  • You need a comprehensive set of solid work tools.
  • You may need a business license, liability insurance, and in some areas you need to be bonded.
  • You may need a contractors’ license.

Recommended Resources

Related Articles

comments (0)