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08/16/13
1013 LESSON 17-08-2013 SATURDAY FREE ONLINE eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY run through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org [Flag of Spain] [Flag of Mexico] Spanish Bosque Theravada offers Spanish language translations of suttas and articles by teachers from the Thai forest traditions. Buddha Soto Zen has a growing library of Spanish language translations. Centro Mexicano del Buddhismo Theravada A.C. offers an extensive collection of Spanish language texts. TextosBudistas 3) School of Information Sciences and Technology; Latest information on Integrated Product Design and Manufacture Development of components
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1013 LESSON 17-08-2013 SATURDAY 

FREE ONLINE  eNālāndā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY 
run through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

[Flag of Spain] [Flag of Mexico] Spanish
Bosque Theravada offers Spanish language translations of suttas and articles by teachers from the Thai forest traditions.
Buddha Soto Zen has a growing library of Spanish language translations.
Centro Mexicano del Buddhismo Theravada A.C. offers an extensive collection of Spanish language texts.
TextosBudistas

3)  School of Information Sciences and

Technology;

Latest information on Integrated Product Design and Manufacture Development of components


Buddha

“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.
Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.
Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
Do not believe in traditions simply because they have been handed down for many generations.
But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything
agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and
all, then accept it and live up to it.”

Estimates of the precise number of Buddhists in the world vary between 350
and 1,500 million, making Buddhism the second, third or fourth largest world
religion.

The exact number of adherents is impossible to specify for a number of
reasons:

bullet “… they did not have congregational memberships and often did not
participate in public ceremonies.”
 
bullet In totalitarian countries without religious freedom, reliable data is
impossible to collect. For example, in 1995, only 5% of Chinese adults were
willing to admit to pollsters that they belong to a religion. As a result,
Wikipedia quotes Buddhist numbers in China alone as ranging from 106 million
to 1.06 billion.
 
bullet Many persons, particularly in Asia, follow a
syncretistic religion which is a blend of various world religions. A
combination of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism is one common example. There
is no obvious way to compute a meaningful number of Buddhists under such
circumstances.  7,8

Buddhism was founded in Northern India by Siddhartha Gautama in the sixth
century BCE. However,
Buddhists believe that there were countless Buddhas — humans who have achieved enlightenment — before him and that there
will be many more after him. When Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment, he assumed the title
Lord Buddha (one who has awakened with awarenes)

Buddhism shares with  kamma and dhamma

bullet Kamma is the sum total of an individual’s actions of body, speech and mind
— good, bad and neutral — taken in their current and previous lives.
 
bullet Dhamma, in Buddhism, refers to two items:

bullet The teachings of the Buddha; a person’s path to awakenment, and
bullet The fundamental principles that order the universe
 


In contrast to Christianity, classical Buddhism does not involve the recognition or worship of
deities. It also does not teach the existence of the human soul.

Buddhism had become established in Sri Lanka. From there,
it expanded across Asia, evolving into two or three main forms:

bullet Theravada Buddhism (sometimes called Southern Buddhism; occasionally spelled Therevada) “has
been the dominant school of Buddhism in most of Southeast Asia since the thirteenth century, with the establishment of the
monarchies in Thailand, Burma, Cambodia and Laos.

 
bullet Mahayana Buddhism (sometimes called Northern Buddhism) is largely found in China, Japan, Korea, Tibet and Mongolia.
 
bullet Vajrayāna Buddhism  (a.k.a. Tantric Buddhism, Mantrayana, Tantrayana, Esoteric Buddhism, or
True Words Sect). Some consider this to be a part of Mahayana Buddhism; others view it as a third Buddhist path.

To these might be added:

bullet Tibetan Buddhism. This developed largely in isolation from Theravada
and Mahayana Buddhism because of the remoteness of Tibet.
 
bullet Zen Buddhism. This developed from within the Chinese Mahayana
school known as Chan. Zen Buddhism is becoming increasingly popular in the
West.

Since the late 19th century:

bullet Modern Buddhism has emerged as a truly international
movement. It started as an attempt to produce a single form of Buddhism,
without local accretions, that all Buddhists could embrace.

Quotations involving Buddhism:

bullet “Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic
religion for the future: it transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers
both the natural & spiritual, and it is based on a religious sense aspiring from the
experience of all things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity”
A widely cited, but apparently spurious quotation attributed to
Albert Einstein. 1
bullet “The greatest achievement is selflessness.
The greatest worth is self-mastery.
The greatest quality is seeking to serve others.
The greatest precept is continual awareness.
The greatest medicine is the emptiness of everything.
The greatest action is not conforming with the worlds ways.
The greatest magic is transmuting the passions.
The greatest generosity is non-attachment.
The greatest goodness is a peaceful mind.
The greatest patience is humility.
The greatest effort is not concerned with results.
The greatest meditation is a mind that lets go.
The greatest wisdom is seeing through appearances.” Atisha.
2

 
bullet “If you live the sacred and despise the ordinary, you are still bobbing
in the ocean of delusion.” Zen Master Lin-Chi.
3

 
bullet “Aware of the suffering caused by the destruction of life, I vow to
cultivate compassion and learn ways to protect lives of people, animals,
plants, and minerals. I am determined not to kill, not to let others kill, and
not to condone any killing in the world, in my thinking, and in my way of
life.” The First Precept of Mindfulness Training, Thich Nhat Hanh.
4
 
bullet “When the mind
begins to become still, we then begin to truly see it. When you first try to
stabilize and pacify the mind, initially it will become very busy because
it’s not accustomed to being still. In fact, it doesn’t even necessarily
want to become still, but it is essential to get a hold of the mind to
recognize its nature. This practice is extremely important. … Eventually you will find
yourself in a state where your mind is clear and open all the time. It is
just like when the clouds are removed from the sky and the sun can clearly
be seen, shining all the time. This is coming close to the state of
liberation, liberation from all traces of suffering. … The truth of this
practice is universal. It isn’t necessary to call it a religion to practice
it. Whether one is a Hindu or a Moslem or a Christian or a Buddhist simply
doesn’t matter. Anyone can practice this because this is the nature of the
mind, the nature of everyone’s mind. If you can get a handle on your mind,
and pacify it in this way, you will definitely experience these results, and
you will see them in your daily life situation. There is no need to put this
into any kind of category, any kind of “ism.” Venerable Gyatrul Rinpoche.
5
 
bullet “… meditation, which involves a process of emptying oneself of logic and
reason, is a ploy by Satan to deceive the devotee into preparing himself as fertile
ground for demon possession.” A rejection of Buddhism by a conservative
Christian author.


[Flag of Spain] [Flag of Mexico] Spanish
Bosque Theravada offers Spanish language translations of suttas and articles by teachers from the Thai forest traditions.
Buddha Soto Zen has a growing library of Spanish language translations.
Centro Mexicano del Buddhismo Theravada A.C. offers an extensive collection of Spanish language texts.
http://www.bosquetheravada.org/

Bosque Theravada

Web budista dedicada al Tipitaka y a la Tradición Tailandesa del Bosque

Lunes, 12 de Agosto de 2013


El Nibbana final del Buda

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DN 16 {7D.3,131-240} Mahaparinibbana Sutta - Gran discurso acerca del Nibbana final. Un extenso discurso que describe los eventos que antecedieron al Parinibbana del Buda. Una colorida narrativa que contiene los últimos viajes e instrucciones del Buda antes de su muerte.


                                                                         
                                                              


Viernes, 09 de Agosto de 2013


Discurso sobre el origen dependiente

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DN 15 {7D.2,95-130} Mahanidana Sutta – Gran Discurso sobre el origen. Uno
de los discursos más profundos de todo el Canon Pali, en el cual se
ofrece un extenso tratamiento de la enseñanza sobre el origen
dependiente (paticcasamuppada) y sobre la carencia del “yo” (anatta).


                                                                         
                                                                


Martes, 06 de Agosto de 2013


El linaje de los Budas

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DN 14 {7D.1,1-91} Mahapadana Sutta - Gran discurso sobre el linaje. En
este discurso se hace referencia a los siete últimos budas, anteriores a
Sidhattha Gotama. Además, en la primera parte del sutta, se mencionan
“las treinta y dos marcas del Gran Hombre” que describen las
características físicas del Buda.


                                                                         
                                                                


Sábado, 03 de Agosto de 2013


El brahmán Sonadanda

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DN 4 {6D.4,300-322} Sonadanda Sutta - Discurso con Sonadanda. El
Bienaventurado preguntó a Sonadanda lo siguiente: ¿A través de cuántas
cualidades se puede reconocer a un brahmán como tal? ¿A través de
cuántas cualidades podría él afirmar verdaderamente, sin incurrir en
falsedades, “soy un brahmán”?


Martes, 30 de Julio de 2013


El milagro más grande de todos

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DN 11 {6D.11,481-500} Kevaddha Sutta – Discurso con Kevaddha. En
este discurso, Kevaddha pide al Buda que haga algunos milagros para
ganarse la fe de la gente. Buda se niega hacerlo y le explica cuál es el
mejor milagro, fruto del entrenamiento de la propia mente.

                                         
                                                                       
                       


TextosBudistas


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