He who loves 50 people has 50 woes; he who loves no one has no woes. - Buddha
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§ Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches
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Sakadāgāmī: ‘Once returner’
A sakadagami (once-returner) has eradicated the first three hindrances of the 10 hindrances to awaken-ness and greatly weakened the fourth and fifth; attachment to sense desires and ill-will. Such a person will be re-born to either the human or heavenly realm and will attain enlightenment there.
See: 10 hindrances and the Four stages of realization.
There are ten hindrances to awaken-ness (shown below) and four stages of realization (awaken-ness) based on how many hindrances have been eliminated and / or the degree to which they have been eliminated.
A Buddha is someone who is fully awakened. A person who is fully awakened, but not the Buddha of our time, is called an Arahant in Pali. Such a person has eradicated all ten hindrances to enlightenment:
1. The belief in a permanent personality, ego
2. Doubt, extreme skepticism
3. Attachment to rites, rituals, and ceremonies
4. Attachment to sense desires
5. Ill-will, anger
6. Craving for existence in the Form world (heavenly realms)
7. Craving for existence in the Formless world (heavenly realms)
(from Anguttara Nikaya 10.13)
An anagami (non-returner) has completely eradicated the first five hindrances and never returns to earth or any other world system (planet, solar system). Such a person is re-born to a heavenly realm and attains enlightenment from there.
A sakadagami (once-returner) has eradicated the first three hindrances and greatly weakened the fourth and fifth; attachment to sense desires and ill-will. Such a person will be re-born to either the human or heavenly realm and will attain enlightenment there.
A sotapanna (stream-entrant) has eradicated the first three hindrances and will be re-born no more than seven more times and re-birth will either be as a human or a deva in a heavenly realm.
Press Information Bureau
(Chief Minister’s Information Campus)
Information and Public Relations Department, U.P.
Hon’ble Chief Minister Grieved
Lucknow : 25 Sep 2010
The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh,
Ms. Mayawati ji has expressed profound grief over
the death of senior journalist & litterateur Mr.
Kanhaiyya Lal Nandan. She has conveyed her
heartfelt condolences and deep sympathies to
bereaved family members and prayed for peace to
In a condolence message, Ms. Mayawati ji said
that Mr. Nandan was a sensitive, humanitarian and
talented journalist. In his death, the world of
journalism and literature had suffered an irreparable
loss, which is difficult to fulfil, she added.