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The Free e-Nālandā Research and Practice University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :
§ Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches
Philosophy and Comparative Religions;
International Relations and Peace Studies;
Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;
Languages and Literature;
and Ecology and Environmental Studies
(The Path of Purification) is a Theravada Buddhist commentary written by Buddhaghosa approximately in 430 CE in Sri Lanka. It is considered the most important Theravada text outside of the Tipitaka canon of scriptures. The Visuddhimagga’s structure is based on the Ratha-vinita Sutta (”Relay Chariots Discourse,” MN 24), which describes the progression from the purity of discipline to the nibbana, considering seven steps.
The Milinda Pañha
(also Milindapanha, Milindapañha, or Milindapañhā; abbrev., Mil) (Pali trans. “Questions of Milinda”) is a Buddhist text which dates from approximately 100 BCE. It is included in the Burmese edition of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism as a book of the Khuddaka Nikaya, however, it does not appear in the Thai or Sri Lankan versions.
Yasa was a bhikkhu during the time of Gautama Buddha. He was the sixth bhikkhu in the Buddha’s sangha and was the sixth to achieve arahanthood. Yasa lived in the 6th century BCE in what is now Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in northern India.
Yasa was raised in Varanasi in a life of luxury. His father was a millionaire. The family home was full of servants, musicians and dancers who catered for the family’s needs and entertainment. One day, when he had become a young man, Yasa awoke early and saw his female servants and entertainers asleep in a repulsive state. Disgusted by the spectacle, Yasa realised the vanity of worldly life, and left the family home muttering “Distressed am I, oppressed am I” and journeyed in the direction of Isipatana where the Buddha was temporarily residing after his first five bhikkhus had attained arahantship. This was five days after all of the first five bhikkhus had attained arahantship.
The Buddha was pacing up and down in an open space near where Yasa was muttering “Distressed am I, oppressed am I”, and called Yasa over to him, inviting him to sit down. Yasa took off his golden sandals, saluted and sat down. The Buddha gave a dharma discourse, and Yasa achieved the first stage of arahanthood, sotapanna.
At first, the Buddha spoke about generosity (dana), morality (sila), celestial states (sagga), the evils of sensual pleasure (kamadinava), blessing of renunciation (nekkhammanisamsa), before teaching the Four Noble Truths. Yasa’s mother had noticed her son’s absence, and notified her husband, who sent horsemen in four directions to search for Yasa. Yasa’s father headed in the direction of Isipatana, following the trail left by the golden slippers. When the millionaire saw the Buddha and asked him if he had seen Yasa, the Buddha asked him to sit down, and then delivered a dharma talk. After this Yasa’s father became the first to take refuge in the Triple Gems, the Buddha, Dharma and Sangha. Yasa, who was in the vicinity and had heard the talk given to his father, became an arahant. After father and son were reunited, the father invited the Buddha and the Sangha to his home for alms on the following day. The Buddha then ordained Yasa.
The Buddha and his six arahants visited the home of Yasa the following day. Yasa’s mother and his former wife thus became the first two female lay disciples. Upon hearing of Yasa’s ordination, four of his closest friends, Vimala, Subahu, Punnaji and Gavampati followed him into the sangha and they too became arahants. Within two months, a further fifty of Yasa’s friends had joined the Sangha and attained arahantship, bringing the total number of arahants to sixty.
Mayawati will become the first Aboriginal Inhabitant of Jambudvipa,i.e., the Great PraBuddha Bharath woman Prime Minister of PraBudha Bharath.
Kumari Mayawati, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh: “We cannot say this is the final judgment; either parties can appeal to the Supreme Court. We appeal to all to maintain communal harmony and beware of forces that try to spread communal strife. If anyone tries to spoil the peace in Uttar Pradesh, the state government will take strict action.”< ?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />
Centre never helped rather neglected us: Maya
New Delhi: Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati said, on Thursday, the Ayodhya land was acquired by Central Government in a Parliament act and the Centre was legally responsible for the entire security at the Ayodhya site. She alleges that the Central Government did not offer proper security to the state.
Mayawati also informed that in case of any law and order problem the Central government will be responsible for the matter. The state government has written to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on implementation of the High Court order.
“I am sorry to say Central Government always neglected us. They never offered us any help,” she said.
“Out of 52 companies 18 companies deputed to High Court security and 12 to Ayodhya. So we got only 19 companies for law and order. We asked for 642 companies for population of 20 crores but we got only 52,” she said.
The UP Chief Minister has appealed to people to maintain communal harmony and peace.
“The court ruling should be respected by all sections,” added Mayawati.
Mayawati informed the state government is committed for the safety and security of all and will take action against those who will try to spoil the atmosphere.
“Entire responsibility of implementation of High Court order in Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid issue lies with the Centre. If any attempt is made to disturb peace in the state, strict action will be taken by the state government against such elements” said Mayawati.