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Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
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10/29/10
LESSON 73 PURE LAND PART III 29 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY-Anyone Can Attain Eternal Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org that is part of the march past of the CARAVAN from PRABUDDHA BHARATH to PRABUDDHA PRAPANCH for “Sarvjan Hitay and Sarvajan Sukhay” i.e., for the Welfare and Happiness of Entire People & all Sentient and Non-Sentient beings-There are two mistakes one can make along the road to truth…not going all the way, and not starting. - Buddha-BUDDHA (EDUCATE)! DHAMMA (MEDITATE)! SANGHA (ORGANISE)!-WISDOM IS POWER
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LESSON 73 PURE LAND PART III  29 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY

Anyone Can Attain Eternal Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org that is part of the march past of the CARAVAN from PRABUDDHA BHARATH to PRABUDDHA PRAPANCH for “Sarvjan Hitay and Sarvajan Sukhay” i.e., for the Welfare and Happiness of Entire People & all Sentient and Non-Sentient beings

There are two mistakes one can make along the road to truth…not going all the way, and not starting. - Buddha

BUDDHA (EDUCATE)!                     DHAMMA (MEDITATE)!                   SANGHA (ORGANISE)!

WISDOM       IS    POWER

Awakened One Shows the Path to Attain Ultimate Bliss

COMPUTER IS AN ENTERTAINMENT INSTRUMENT!

INTERNET!

IS

ENTERTAINMENT NET!

TO BE MOST APPROPRIATE!

Using such an instrument

The Free ONLINE e-Nālandā Research and Practice University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :

Buddha’s Sangha Practiced His Dhamma Free of cost, hence the Free- e-Nālandā Research and Practice University follows suit

As the Original Nālandā University did not offer any Degree, so also the Free  e-Nālandā Research and Practice University.

The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.

§  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches

I.
KAMMA

REBIRTH

AWAKEN-NESS 

BUDDHA

THUS COME ONE

DHAMMA

II.
ARHAT

FOUR HOLY TRUTHS

EIGHTFOLD PATH

TWELVEFOLD CONDITIONED ARISING

BODHISATTVA

PARAMITA

SIX PARAMITAS

III.

SIX SPIRITUAL POWERS

SIX PATHS OF REBIRTH

TEN DHARMA REALMS

FIVE SKANDHAS

EIGHTEEN REALMS

FIVE MORAL PRECEPTS

IV.

MEDITATION

MINDFULNESS

FOUR APPLICATIONS OF MINDFULNESS

LOTUS POSTURE

SAMADHI

CHAN SCHOOL

FOUR JHANAS

FOUR FORMLESS REALMS

V.

FIVE TYPES OF BUDDHIST STUDY AND PRACTICE

MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA COMPARED

PURE LAND

BUDDHA RECITATION

EIGHT CONSCIOUSNESSES

ONE HUNDRED DHARMAS

EMPTINESS

VI.

DEMON

LINEAGE

with

Level I: Introduction to Buddhism

Level II: Buddhist Studies

TO ATTAIN

Level III: Stream-Enterer

Level IV: Once - Returner

Level V: Non-Returner
Level VI: Arhat

Jambudvipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath scientific thought in

mathematics,

astronomy,

alchemy,

and

anatomy

Philosophy and Comparative Religions;

Historical Studies;

International Relations and Peace Studies;

Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;

Languages and Literature;

and Ecology and Environmental Studies

 Welcome to the Free Online e-Nālandā Research and Practice University

          Course Programs:

PURE LAND PART III

Photo: Xiang Ju Chan/Dreamstime Stock Photos

Origins of Pure Land Buddhism

Mount Lushan, in southeast China, is celebrated for the soft mists that blanket its sheer peaks and deep forest valleys. This scenic area is also a world cultural site. Since ancient times many spiritual and educational centers have been located there. Among these is the birthplace of Pure Land Buddhism.

In 402 CE the monk and teacher Hui-yuan (336-416) gathered 123 followers in a monastery he had built on the slopes of Mount Lushan. This group, called the White Lotus Society, vowed before an image of Amitabha Buddhathat they would be reborn in the Western Paradise.

In the centuries to follow, Pure Land Buddhism would spread throughout China.

The Western Paradise

Sukhavati, the Pure Land of the West, is discussed in the Amitabha Sutra, one of the three sutras that are the principal texts of Pure Land. It is the most important of the many blissful paradises into which Pure Land Buddhists hope to be reborn.

Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, on the other hand, a Pure Land is thought of as a real place, not unlike the way many people conceptualize Heaven. The Pure Land is not the final destination, however.

Hui-yuan and other early masters of Pure Land believed that achieving the liberation of Nirvana through a life of monastic austerity was too difficult for most people. They rejected the “self effort” emphasized by earlier schools of Buddhism. Instead, the ideal is rebirth in a Pure Land, where the toils and worries of ordinary life do not interfere with devoted practice of the Buddha’s teachings. By the grace of Amitabha’s compassion, those reborn in a Pure Land find themselves only a short step from Nirvana.

Practices of Pure Land

Pure Land Buddhists accept the basic Buddhist teachings of the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. The primary practice common to all schools of Pure Land is the recitation of the name of Amitabha, who is also called Amida.

In Chinese, this chant is “Na-mu A-mi-to Fo” (Hail, Amida Buddha). The same chant in Japanese, called the Nembutsu, is “Namu Amida Butsu.” Sincere and focused chanting becomes a kind of meditation that helps the Pure Land Buddhist visualize Amitabha Buddha. In the most advanced stage of practice, the follower contemplates Amitabha as not separate from his own being.

Pure Land in Japan

Pure Land was founded in Japan by Honen Shonin (1133-1212), a Tendai monk who had become discouraged by monastic practice. Honen emphasized the recitation of the Nembutsu above all other practices, including visualization, rituals, and even the Precepts. Honen’s school was calledJodo-kyo or Jodo Shu (School of the Pure Land).

Honen was said to have recited the Nembutsu 60,000 times a day. When not chanting, he preached the virtues of the Nembutsu to laypeople and monastics alike, and he attracted a large following.

Honen’s openness to followers from all walks of life caused the displeasure of Japan’s ruling elite, who had Honen exiled to a remote part of Japan. Many of Honen’s followers were exiled or executed. Honen eventually was pardoned and allowed to return to Kyoto just a year before his death.

Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu

After Honen’s death, disputes over the proper doctrines and practices of Jodo Shu broke out among his followers, leading to several divergent factions. One faction was the Chinzei, headed by Honen’s disciple Shokobo Bencho (1162-1238), also called Shoko. Shoko also stressed many recitations of the Nembutsu but believed the Nembutsu did not have to be one’s only practice. Shokobo is considered to be the Second Patriarch of Jodo Shu.

Another disciple, Shinran Shonin (1173-1262), was a monk who broke his vows of celibacy to marry. Shinran stressed faith in Amitabha over the number of times the Nembutsu must be recited. He also came to believe that devotion to Amitabha replaced any need for monasticism. He founded Jodo Shinshu (True School of the Pure Land), which abolished monasteries and authorized married priests. Shodo Shinshu is also sometimes called Shin Buddhism.

Today, Pure Land–including Jodo Shinshu, Jodo Shu, and some smaller sects–is the most popular form of Buddhism in Japan.

Namo Shakyamuni Buddha

International Association of Buddhist Universities

 

Members

1. Member Universities as of May 2007

Cambodia Preah Sihamoni Raja Buddhist University
Cambodia Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University
China The Buddhist Academy of China
Hungary Budapest Buddhist University (The Dharma Gate Buddhist College)
India Nalanda University
India Institute of Buddhist Dialectics Dharamsala
India Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies (CIHTS) (Deemed University)
India University of Calcutta
Indonesia Kertarajasa Buddhist College
Indonesia Bodhi Dharma Buddhist College
Indonesia Nalanda Buddhist College
Indonesia Syailendra Buddhist College
Indonesia Smaratungga Buddhist College
Indonesia Jinarakkhita Buddhist College
Japan Koyasan University
Japan Minobusan University
Japan Rissho University
Korea Joong-Anng Sangha University
Korea Wonkwang University
Korea Dongguk University
Korea Dong Bang Buddhist College
Korea Daejin University
Korea Dongguk Chonbop Buddhist College
Laos Sangha College of Vientiane
Laos Sangha College of Champassak
Thailand/Malaysia International Buddhist College (IBC)
Mongolia Zanabazar Buddhist University
Mongolia Dashi Choiling College
Myanmar International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University (ITBMU)
Myanmar Sitagu International Buddhist Academy (SIBA)
Myanmar State Pariyatti Sasana University (Yangon)
Myanmar State Pariyatti Sasana University (Mandalay)
Myanmar Buddhist University
Singapore Buddhist and Pali College of Singapore
Sri Lanka Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Buddhasravaka Bhikshu University
Chinese Taipei Ching Chueh Buddhist Sangha University
Chinese Taipei Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies - Dharma Drum Sangha University
Chinese Taipei Nan Hua University
Chinese Taipei Fo Guang University
Chinese Taipei Hua Fan University
Chinese Taipei Yuan Guang Buddhist College and Institute of Buddhist Studies
Thailand Mahachulalongkronrajvidalaya University
Thailand Mahamakut Buddhist University
USA Naropa University
USA University of the West
Vietnam Vietnam Buddhist University, Van Hanh Monastery
Vietnam Vietnam Buddhist University in Hanoi, Non Nuoc Temple
Vietnam Vietnam Buddhist University in Thua Thien-HueHong Duc Temple
Vietnam Vietnam Buddhist Research Institute
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Hanoi College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Hue College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Can Tho College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Lam Dong College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Ba Ria – Vung Tau College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Bac Lieu College for Buddhist Studies
Vietnam Advanced School for Dharma Dissemination
Vietnam Khmer Theravada Academy for Buddhist Studies in Can Tho
Vietnam National Council for Monastic Education

2. Members of Council

Chairman

The Most Venerable Professor Phra Dharmakosajarn 
Rector, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Thailand

Vice Chairmen

  1. Venerable Xue Chen 
    Vice President, Buddhist Association of China & Buddhist Academy of China
  2. Prof. Dr. Chisho M. Namai 
    Former President & Director of the Research Institute of Esoteric Buddhist Culture, Koyasan University, Japan
  3. Prof. Dr. Le Mahn That 
    Acting Rector, Vietnam Buddhist University , Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Executive Secretary

Venerable Dr. Khammai Dhammasami 
Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, University of Oxford, UK and 
Professor, International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University (ITBMU), Yangon, Myanmar

Assistant Executive Secretaries

  1. Venerable Dr. Kim Misan 
    Joong-Ang Sangha University, Korea
  2. Dr. Tamas Agocs 
    Foreign Relations Manager & Director of Research Institute of East and West,
    Budapest Buddhist University, Hungary
  3. Venerable Associate Prof. Dr. Phramaha Somjin Samapanyo 
    Pro-Rector for Academic Affairs,
    Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Thailand

Members

Venerable Bhikkhuni Dr. Yifa, PhD (Yale),
Chair, Department of Religious Studies, University of the West, L.A, USA
Email: 
yifa@hsilai.org

The Most Venerable Dr. Ashin Nyanissara, PhD., D.Litt.,
Chancellor, Sitagu International Buddhist Academy, Myanmar
Email: 
tln3star@myanmar.com.mm

The Most Venerable Ching Hsing, PhD,
Ching Cheuh Buddhist Sangha University, Chinese-Taipei
Email: 
wusungshyi@hotmail.com

Venerable Prof. Geshe Gnawang Samten,
Director/Rector, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Sarnath, India
Email: 
gh_samten@yahoo.co.in

Venerable Prof. Tepsattha Sovanratana, MA (Kelaniya),
Vice Rector, Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University, Cambodia
Email: 
sovanratana@yahoo.com

Prof. Sumanapala Galmangoda, PhD (Kelaniya),
Director, Postgraduate Institute of Pali and Buddhist Studies & Senior Professor, Department of Pail and Buddhist Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Email: 
galman@sltnet.lk

Dr. Eko Legowo, PhD (Hawaii),
Principal, Kertarajasa Buddhist College, Batu, Jawa, Indonesia
Email: 
ssc-ina1@telkom.net

Dr. Rabindra Panth, PhD (Delhi),
Director/Rector, Nalanda University (Nalanda Mahavihar), India
Email: 
nnmdirector@sify.com

Prof. Philip Stanley, PhD (Chicago),
Chair, Department of Religious Studies, Naropa University, Colorado, USA
Email: 
philstanley@comcast.net

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