LESSON 66 FOUR JHANAS PART VI 22 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY
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The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.
§ Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches
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FOUR JHANAS PART VI
The first chapter below consists of Buddhist wisdom that relates to “The Fruits of the Contemplative Life” of ancient Buddhism. It is followed by sayings and extracts from The Roots of the Uposatha (Anguttara Nikaya 3.70) and some passages from Muluposatha Sutta. All three all are ancient texts of Buddhism.
Most of these extracts and sayings are attributed to Buddha (563?–483? BC). After his yogic enlightenment he devoted 45 years to sharing his teachings. Some cornerstones can be rendered as “Suffering can be ended,” and “Right livelihood favours contemplation” [well implied]. Today some 350 million people profess a Buddhist faith. There are many variants.
1. Quite withdrawn a contemplative enters and remains in the first jhana, which is rapture and pleasure accompanied by directed thought and evaluation. The contemplative permeates this very body with rapture and pleasure [Mod Buddha]
2. With the stilling of directed thought and evaluation, the contemplative enters and remains in the second jhana, which is rapture and pleasure born of composure, unification of awareness, and internal assurance. There is nothing of the contemplative’s entire body that is not pervaded by rapture and pleasure born of composure. [Mod Buddha]
3. With the fading of rapture, the contemplative remains in equanimity, mindful and alert, and physically sensitive of pleasure. He enters and remains in the third jhana, which is equanimous and mindful: he has a pleasurable abiding. [Mod Buddha]
4. With the abandoning of pleasure and stress the able practitioner enters and remains in the fourth jhana, which is purity of equanimity and mindfulness, neither-pleasure nor stress. He sits with a pure, bright awareness. Permeating the body with a pure, bright awareness is a fruit of the contemplative life. [Mod Buddha]
Most of these sayings and statements tie in with statements of Buddha as recorded in the classic Digha Nikaya. There is a link to it at the bottom of the page. - TK
FROM DEVELOPING a concentrated, pure mind one may wield manifold supranormal powers: Having been one he becomes many; having been many he becomes one. He appears. He vanishes. He goes unimpeded through walls, ramparts, and mountains as if through space. He dives in and out of the earth as if it were water. He walks on water without sinking as if it were dry land. Sitting cross-legged he flies through the air like a winged bird. [With Buddha]
Some priests and contemplatives maintain themselves by wrong livelihood, including lowly arts. [Buddha]
By directing and inclining his steadied, well concentrated mind to knowledge of the awareness of other beings, he knows the awareness of other beings, other individuals, having encompassed it with his own awareness. He discerns a mind with aversion as a mind with aversion, and a mind without aversion as a mind without aversion. He discerns a restricted mind as a restricted mind, an enlarged mind as an enlarged mind. And he discerns an excelled mind [one that is not at the most excellent level] as an excelled mind. He discerns a concentrated mind as a concentrated mind. [Buddha]
It is well to abstain from damaging seed and plant life. [With Buddha]
A good man dwells without covetousness. [Buddha] ◊
The good one abstains from running messages and errands for people. [With Buddha]
The noble one prefer a secluded dwelling, sits down, crosses his legs, holds his body erect, and brings mindfulness to the fore. [With Buddha]
With his mind thus concentrated, purified, steady, and unperturbed, he directs and inclines it to knowledge of passing away and re-appearance of things. [With Buddha]
A great man abstains from abusive speech. He speaks words that are soothing to the ear, that are affectionate, that go to the heart. [With Buddha]
THROUGH pleasure the mind should become concentrated. [With Buddha] (3)
Abandoning restlessness and anxiety, we should dwell undisturbed, with our minds inwardly stilled. [Buddha]
A fine person abstains from watching vanity shows and from heedless and idle games. [With Buddha] ◊
It is very good to abstain from the taking of life for the welfare of all living beings. [Mod Buddha]
If there were a pool of water in a mountain glen – clear, limpid, and unsullied – where a man with good eyesight standing on the bank could see shells, gravel, and pebbles, and also shoals of fish swimming about and resting, and it would occur to him, “This pool of water is clear, limpid, and unsullied.” With his mind thus concentrated and well purified, one directs and inclines the well steadied mind to the knowledge of the ending of the mental fermentations and the way leading to the cessation of fermentations.’ [Buddha]
A GOOD man lives not by stealth but by means of a self that has become pure. [With Buddha] (5)
By means of the heavenly eye, purified and surpassing the human eyes – he sees beings and he discerns how they are inferior and superior, beautiful and ugly, fortunate and unfortunate in accordance with their karma.
Endowed with this noble restraint over the sense faculties, the sturdy monk is inwardly sensitive to the pleasure of being blameless. [Mod Buddha]
Incline the concentrated mind well - and to knowledge. [Mod Buddha]
A fit man finds little interesting in philosophical discussions. [Mod Buddha]
For a monk, wrong livelihood includes such as consecrating sites for construction. [Cf. Buddha]
The fit one dwells with an awareness devoid of sloth and drowsiness, mindful, alert, percipient of light. [With Buddha]
Abandoning ill will and anger, the good man dwells with an awareness devoid of ill will, sympathetic with the welfare of all living beings. [With Buddha]
With his mind thus concentrated, he directs and inclines it to knowledge of the recollection of previous homes (meaning: past lives). He recollects manifold past lives, and in their modes and details. [Buddha]
The good man, abandoning divisive speech he loves concord, delights in concord, enjoys concord. [With Buddha]
Good health, not being in prison, freedom, a place of security, these make some people glad, nay, enraptured, nay, tranquil - and hence sensitive to pleasure. [With Buddha]
It is well to abstain from forms of scheming and persuading. They include improper ways of trying to gain material support from donors. [With Buddha]
Having crossed over uncertainty, he suffers no perplexity with regard to skilful mental qualities. [Buddha]
The fine man acts with alertness: Going forward and returning, he acts with alertness. When looking toward and looking away. When bending and extending his limbs. When carrying his outer cloak, his upper robe, and his bowl. When eating, drinking, chewing, and tasting. When urinating and defecating. When walking, standing, sitting, falling asleep, waking up, talking, and remaining silent, he acts with alertness. [With Buddha]
The good man speaks in season, speaks what is factual, what is in accordance with the goal. [With Buddha]
The fair man speaks words worth treasuring. They are reasonable and may be circumscribed. [With Buddha]
The fine man cleanses his mind. [With Buddha]
The good man abstains from false speech. He speaks the truth, holds to the truth, is firm, reliable, no deceiver. [With Buddha]
The great man cleanses his mind of covetousness. [With Buddha]
The great one abstains from idle chatter. [With Buddha]
Priests and contemplatives are to abstain from such lowly arts as forecasting defeats while living off food given in faith. [With Buddha]
The strong monk is inwardly sensitive to the pleasure of being blameless. [With Buddha]
With his mind well concentrated and inclined to the divine ear —the contemplating one knows, “That is the sound of kettledrums, that is the sound of small drums, that is the sound of conchs, that is the sound of cymbals, and that is the sound of tom-toms.” [Buddha]
A good man abstains from the use of false scales, deception, and fraud. [With Buddha]
The nobly content monk takes only his barest necessities along. [Buddha]
The proper monk is mindful and alert. [Cf. Buddha] (7)
The pure man, while living off food given in faith, abstains from collecting debts, making investments and loans, and bringing forth flames from the mouth. [Cf. Buddha]
He hears – by means of the inner ear – both kinds of sounds: divine and human, whether near or far. [With Buddha]
There seems to be little gain in talking about lowly topics and thoughtless debates. [Cf. Buddha]
Concentrate on, to gain a favourable living attuned to your deep heart.
Abstain from false speech [Buddha].
Buddha is an expert with regard to the world [Mod Buddha].
By recollecting the Tathagata [Buddha], the mind should be calmed, and joy arise, and defilements of the mind abandoned [With Buddha].
It is owing to Brahma that one’s mind is calmed [Buddha].
It should do well to abandon imposing seats and beds [Cf. Buddha].
Kingship over human beings is a meagre thing when compared with heavenly bliss [Buddha].
One should indeed abstain from fermented and distilled liquors that cause heedlessness [Buddha].
One should not tell a lie [Buddha].
One should refrain from the sexual act that is the villager’s way [Buddha].
The defiled mind can also be cleansed by recollecting solid virtues and living with them [With Buddha].
The defiled mind ought to be cleansed through the proper technique [With Buddha].
The Sangha [Community] of the Buddha’s disciples consists of those who have practiced well, straight-forwardly, methodically, and masterfully. Such disciples should be worthy of gifts, worthy of hospitality, worthy of offerings, worthy of respect, and merit [Mod Buddha].
Those who speak the truth and hold to the truth are reliable, and no deceivers [With Buddha].
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Science and Technology
“Molecular medicine can now be defined as distinctive discipline, concerned with understanding the pathogenesis of diseases at molecular level. Based on this knowledge, specific molecular tools for diagnosis, treatment and prevention are designed,” said a statement from the organisers.
Bangalore: The International Vegetarian Union (IVU) hosted conference in the city at the end of this month. The event — IVU India, South West Asia Vegetarian Congress — was held at Hotel E-Inn from October 30 to 31. Addressing presspersons here on Friday, Shankar Narayan, president, Indian Vegan Society, said there was lectures and workshops by speakers from India, Brazil, U.S.A., U.K., Iran, U.A.E., Malaysia, Singapore and New Zealand.
The keynote address was delivered by renowned physician B.M. Hegde and U.K. veg historian John Davis. The theme of the conference is ‘Practising Ahimsa: The Core of our Values’, and the aim is to incorporate ahimsa in our diet and bring together like-minded people. Also part of the conference is sampling vegan food.
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Hon’ble Chief Minister pays tributes to martyr police personnel on Police Commemoration Day
Lucknow: 21 October 2010
On the occasion of Police Commemoration Day, the
Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Ms. Mayawati ji paid her
tributes here today at police lines to police personnel who laid
down their lives while discharging their duties. She assured the
family members of martyr policemen that her government is
committed to take necessary steps for their welfare and facilities
and it would continue to do so in future as well.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her government had taken
several decisions for the welfare of martyr policemen’s family
members. She said that her government had taken the decision
to provide extra-ordinary pension facility to the dependent family
of police personnel appointed after April 1, 2005 under and
interim arrangement, if they became martyr during discharging
the duties. These families were not getting the benefit of extraordinary
pension after the implementation of contributory
pension scheme from April 1, 2005.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that the State Government had
appointed the dependents of martyr policemen on the posts of
305 Sub-Inspector, 516 Constables and 267 fourth class
employees. She said that her government had provided the
financial assistance of Rs. 43 lakh to the dependents of 14
martyr police personnel during last one year. Financial
assistance had been made available though different funds and
insurance schemes and 7124 pension cases had been disposed
off on priority basis, she said adding that sanction had been
made to provide an additional pay equal to one month pay in
every financial year to fourth class employees, if they can not
avail public holidays.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her government had made
available more than Rs. 1.50 crore under welfare fund for the
members of police force. More than Rs. 6.84 crore had been
given to 825 police personnel as medical reimbursement. An
amount of more than Rs. 2 crore had been allocated to districts
and units as facility fund to provide financial assistance to
policemen. She said that her government had given priority to
establish ‘’rule of law by law.'’ An amount of Rs. 7444 crore had
been made available in the budget of 2010-11 for police almost
double of Rs. 3525 crore in the year of 2007-08.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her government had paid
full attention for availability of resources. The State Government
had released more than Rs. 255 crore as financial sanctions for
purchasing modern equipments, weapons, communication and
anti-riot equipments, security and training equipments and
vehicles. She said that with a view to providing residential
facilities to police personnel, 687 residential buildings had been
constructed, besides the construction of administrative buildings
of 21 police stations and 11 women police stations.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her government has also
sanctioned the establishment of women police stations in
districts, construction of modern control room and constitution of
new Bomb Disposal Squad. Besides, “U.P. Police special zone
security force” had also been constituted. She said that her
government has created 2,04,000 new posts to strengthen police
force. “Uttar Pradesh Police Recruitment and Promotion Board”
had completed the process regarding the selection of 35,000
constables. This selection process was completed with full
transparency and impartiality, which had been appreciated
throughout the country, she added.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that 57 notorious criminals
were killed last year during encounter, out of which 3 criminals
were carrying the award of Rs.1 lakh on their head and 54
criminals carrying the award of Rs. 10,000 or above on their
head. An amount of more than Rs. 195 crore illegal properties
were attached by the State police taking an effecting action
against notorious mafias. She said that crimes against SC/ST
persons this year had decreased upto 25 per cent. Similarly,
rape cases decreased 15 per cent and murder for dowry had also
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that her government had
honoured 49 police personnel with“Utkrisht Sewa Samman
Chinnh”and 207 police personnel with “Sarahniya Sewa
Samman Chinnh”.Out of turn promotion had been given to 09
sub-inspectors and 04 head constables and 19 constables who
had been promoted as inspectors, sub-inspectors and head
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that clear-cut directives had
been issued to police force that stringent action should be taken
against the criminals responsible for disturbing the peace and
law and order, however powerful they may be. She said that
effective action had been taken to maintain law and order in
Indo-Nepal bordering districts and prevention of illegal
infiltration of criminals and anti-national elements.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that no communal riot took
place in the State owing to effective policing. Fool-proof security
and law and order arrangements were ensured keeping in view
the decision of High Court on Ayodhya issue on September 30,
2010. During the recently held Commonwealth Games-2010,
road cycling event was organised in district Gautam Buddha
Nagar for which security and law and order arrangements were
made according to international parameters.
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that owing to arrangements
made by the State Government communal harmony was fully
maintained and no untoward incident took place in any district of
the State. The Central Government had not given full assistance,
she said adding that only 52 companies were provided by the
Central Government, instead of needed 642 companies of central
Hon’ble Chief Minister said that our brave martyr had
brought laurels to UP Government and Police Department
through there supreme sacrifice. She called upon all the police
officers and jawans to work with new enthusiasm to achieve the
target of‘Sarvajan Hitai, Sarvajan Sukhai’ to set up example for
others. On this occasion, she honoured the widows of police
personnel who laid down there lives discharging there duties.
Paying his tributes to martyrs, DGP Mr. Karamveer Singh
said that 781 police personnel laid down their lives on the alter
of duty, out of which 99 policemen belonged to Uttar Pradesh
between the period of 1st September 2009 and 31st August 2010.
During this period, among the martyrs of U.P. police were-12
sub-inspectors, 01 SI(M)/Steno, 01 group leader, 01 ASI(M), 06
head constables, 01 fire service driver, 06 constables(driver) and
On this occasion, the Cabinet Secretary Mr. Shashank
Shekhar Singh, Chief Secretary Mr. Atul Kumar Gupta, Additional
Cabinet Secretary Mr. Net Ram, Principal Secretary Home Mr.
Kunwar Fateh Bahadur were present including several senior
police and administrative officers.
Hon’ble C. M. greets people on Valmiki Jayanti
Lucknow: 21 October 2010
The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Ms.
Mayawati ji has greeted the people of the State on the
occasion of Valmiki Jayanti.
In a greeting message, the Hon’ble Chief Minister
said that Maharishi Valmiki is also known as Adi Kavi or
first poet. He was the author of epic Ramayana in
Sanskrit and gave the message of leading an ideal life
to entire humanity through the character of Marayada
Purushottam Sri Ram. She has appealed to the people
to take inspiration from the life of Maharishi Valmiki.